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AVKO Sequential Spelling 7 for Home Study Learning
decorate decoration decorative interrogate interrogation interrogative demonstrate demonstration demonstrative legislate legislation legislative
by Don McCabe AVKO Educational Research Foundation
This book is dedicated to: All the members of the AVKO Spelling & Educational Research Foundation, but especially to the memory of one of its first members,
Mary Clair Scott
without whose work and devotion to the cause of literacy, the AVKO Foundation might never have gotten off the ground,
Betty June Szilagyi
who was my first and by far my most important teacher,
without whose encouragement and commitment to the ideals of AVKO this edition would not be possible,
Ann, Robert, and Linda McCabe
all of whom have sacrificed much of their time and energy helping AVKO grow as well as all those friends and relatives who have been a source of encouragement. May this book help you to help others improve their abilities to read and write.
Copyright © 2006, 2003, 1992, 1975 AVKO Educational Research Foundation, Inc. Printed in the United States of America. Permission is hereby given for individual parents, tutors, and educators to reproduce any list for classroom use. Reproduction of these lists for entire schools or school districts is strictly forbidden. AVKO Educational Research Foundation, 3084 W. Willard Road, Suite 303, Clio, Michigan 48420
Publisher's Cataloging in Publication Data
McCabe, Donald J. 1. Spelling—Miscellanea 2. Reading—Miscellanea 3. Curriculum—Miscellanea 4. Literacy. Library of Congress Subject Headings: Spelling, Reading, Curriculum Library of Congress Classification Number: LB1050.2F79 Library of Congress Card Number: To be determined Dewey Decimal Classification Number 428.4 ISBN: 1-56400-967-X
AVKO Educational Research Foundation 3084 W. Willard Road Clio, MI 48420-7801 Telephone: (810) 686-9283 FAX: (810) 686-1101 Websites: http://www.avko.org and http://www.spelling.org
The Basic Concepts of Teaching Spelling by Word Families
You may have used the concept of rhyming words that have the same letter endings to help your students learn to read. For example, you may have introduced the word at, then also shared cat, bat, sat, and maybe even scat. Unfortunately, you have never had any source book for finding all the rhyming words with the same spelling patterns. [NOTE: In the latest academic jargon word families are now called “rimes.” The consonants, consonant blends, and digraphs that precede the word family (or rime) are now called onsets. Use whatever term you wish with your students. In this book, I generally use the terms base bat cat scat flat pat spat mat rat batter flatter matter battle cattle rattle bats cats scats flats pats spats mats rats batters flatters matters battles rattles batted or word family rather than the new jargon word “rime.”] The Patterns of English Spelling (formerly Word Families Plus) is now available to be used as a source book so that you can teach any word family. This is not just a simple collection of word lists. This book consists of complete patterns to help your students (and quite often parents and teachers!) see patterns that exist and to lock in on those patterns with their “computer” brains. For example, I believe that if you can teach your students (or anyone) the word at, you can also teach them: batting
flatted patted matted ratted battered flattered mattered battled rattled
flatting patting matting ratting battering flattering mattering battling rattling battery flattery batteries
OR, for a more sophisticated example, from the word act you can build: act fact tract attract distract extract subtract contract acts facts tracts attracts distracts extracts subtracts contracts acted acting active action traction attraction distraction extraction subtraction contraction
attracted distracted extracted subtracted contracted
attracting distracting extracting subtracting contracting
you will be able to demonstrate that the students who couldn't spell distinction on the first day. I want each of you to take out a sheet of paper and put your name on it. That is why I want students to correct their own mistakes when they make them—not hours. ask him to just put down—in any order— some of the letters he thinks might be in the word distinction. First the bad news. But before we start. or even weeks later. and only 29% of all 6th graders. This is so that when a child starts in the left hand column on page one (which happens to be the 61st day!) you can point out to him that the author. My next test is like a doctor's test. days. Day 3 is in the middle column on page 7. just the word distinction. It's not for a grade so don't worry about it. Don McCabe. The good news is that each one of you will correct your own paper. That's my first test. We will expect that you will point that out to your students on the 96th day. correcting their own mistakes when they make them—so they can learn from them. Inc. have them open their books to page 3.4 Perhaps the most important difference between the traditional approach to spelling and the AVKO (Audio-Visual-KinestheticOral) approach is that we use tests as a learning device and not as a method of evaluation. wanted him to make a mistake right away. Note the location of Day 1. ask your child to try and spell Mistakes are Opportunities to Learn Day 2 is in the middle column on page 5. -ed. And remember that only 11% of all 5th graders can be expected to spell the word distinction. Even those who may miss the word will have a spelling much closer to the correct spelling than they did on the first day. Okay? Now write the following sentence: The soldiers served their country with distinction. . Day 4 is in the middle column on page 9. The reason for this is to try to prevent the students from copying the base word that they had the day before and then just adding the -s. If each child has his own copy of the AVKO Student Response Book for Sequential Spelling. I believe that the natural method of learning is learning from mistakes. Today and every day until the end of school we are going to have a spelling test. It is in the middle column of page 3. were able to correctly spell it without ever having seen or studied the word. If any child shows signs of struggling with the sentence. Collect the papers. Did everybody spell their name correctly? Good. or -ing ending as the case Copyright © 2003 AVKO Educational Research Foundation. If your child still finds it difficult to put down anything. you should announce to your students: I have some good news and some bad news. On the 96th day. just so that you could show them the AVKO motto on the bottom of the page: Use a Dry Erase Board to give AVKO Sequential Spelling Tests On the first day of class when it comes time for spelling.
Depending upon the age of your children and their attitudes. If you don't get it right. you write on your dry erase board in black just the letters l-e-t-t. Congratulate him for asking an intelligent question. I want everyone of you to try. “The Mechanics of English Spelling” in The Teaching of Reading and Spelling: a Continuum from Kindergarten through College. But a short five-letter word such as pilot cannot be reduced to a meaningful one syllable base. etc. This is not the time to jump on the child doing it.). Tell them once again that they are correcting their own papers. In this class. induce. 131-146. anxious. produce Each child tries to spell the word. Again. stand. After everybody has attempted writing lettuce. there will be shouts.” Now. have them use a clean sheet of paper for every lesson. duce in green. Note well that words with a single syllable base may have structural endings and prefixes that make them have many syllables and lots of letters such as the word misunderstandings that has five syllables and seventeen letters. hotter. seeing the word (Visual). This is a very important concept. You now write the –uce in green. Yet it is one which is rarely taught in our colleges and universities. colour (Br. . but it is the time to ask your children how much they are going to learn from someone else's mistakes. you would think we would first say the word prod and then add “UCE. Isn't that why erasers are put on the ends of pencils? While your children are attempting to write the word lettuce. misunderstandings. writing the word (Kinesthetic). they don't learn by copying from themselves. by hearing the word (Audio). Then you give the second word. Will they let us make a salad without lettuce? Lettuce. Just as students don't learn by copying from others. some of your children may question why the sound “uss” is spelled u-c-e. social. At least guess what letters lettuce begins with. Nor can words such as crucial. The first word is lettuce. At this point. it's no big deal! So you erase it and write it right. They probably already know that the letters u-c-e are used to spell the sound “OO-ss” as in reduce. your children are using a multi-sensory approach to learning that research has demonstrated is a powerful method. If your local library does not have this book. I expect all of you to produce.5 may be. precious. Now you ask what the last three letters of lettuce are. you now ask your children: What are the first four letters in lettuce? Most will shout out. Now. we suggest that you ask them to get it for you from AVKO. Perhaps this is the time to let them know that this year in spelling they will be learning to spell a great many words that only seem to contradict the rules of phonics they have been taught earlier. Yes. In other words.) or bureau. lot. and saying the word (Oral). you may try to get them to spell aloud the word with you as they trace over their correct spelling. Examples of words with a single syllable base are: hot. You write pro in black. “L-E-T-T. produce. there may be some rubber necks or elastic eyeballs in action. If any mistakes have been made. produce. special. understanding. short. If your budget cannot afford the convenience of providing student response books. understand. pp. For a complete discussion of this see McCabe. “YOO SEE EE” (U-CE). have them use their erasers and write it right.” The fact of the matter is that we do just that when the letters p-r-o-d-u-c-e are used to describe the vegetables and fruits . Words whose base has more than one syllable nearly always have a different (but consistent!) pattern. color (Am. One of your children may ask why we don’t pronounced the letters p-r-o-d as “prah’d). Try to impress upon them that it doesn't make any sense to cheat.
the letters uce in green. Words that are spelled the same but have different pronunciations and meanings are called heteronyms. Have him erase absynthe or abcinse and spell absence correctly. 5. abroad To go abroad means to leave the country especially to cross the Atlantic or Pacific Oceans. again “One more time” means let’s do it again. absurd It’s absurd to expect a dog to say. Special Note: The word apathy is pronounced “AP uh THee. You should be able to quickly write A's on all of the papers. So don't give him anything except encouragement that tomorrow he will have a chance to do better and get an A. introduce 6.” The ending – pathy is pronounced “puh THee” as sympathy and empathy. amusement I make up puns for my own amusement. apathy(“AP puh thee”) A comedian once said. Number 4 is truce. among I hope we’re among friends. child abuse There is no excuse for child abuse. Neumann wrote absynthe for absence and failed to catch his mistake and correct it. But make sure that he corrects his misspelling. Write the tr in black. introduce Will you introduce me to your friend. you should NOT give him an A. child abuse 25. To induce somebody to do something.” absurd 23. amusement 18. 7. “Thank you. The third word is induce. produce (“PRAH doo-ss) Where is the produce department (dept. abolish Don’t you think it’s time to abolish blue laws? abolish 10. induce. Second Day . to abuse 24. truce. For a more complete explanation of this phenomenon see McCabe’s The Patterns of English Spelling. amuse It doesn’t take a muse. Frankenstein felt a need to get ahead (or a head) in life.6 that come from farms and gardens and are sold in stores. ahead 15. awake Are any of you still awake? awake 20. agree Don’t you agree? agree 14.)? produce reduce Now tell your children that if they have made all their corrections they will receive an A on their paper. abandon The captain gave the order to abandon ship. If little Alfred E. absent Will those of you who are absent please raise your hands. reproduce 8. absent 21. especially a child. But we don’t need to go into that right now. but nobody cares. reproduce Rabbits really know how to reproduce themselves. reduce It’s generally easier to put on weight than to reduce. Obviously you really shouldn't give him an E. to abuse It’s never right to abuse anybody. “What’s wrong withthis country is apathy. induce. avoid 19. abandon 9. among 16. Don't just put a check mark. absence Does absence really make the heart grow fonder? absence 22. avoid You should avoid clichés like the plague. again 13. just a pun to amuse me. abroad 12. You lead a horse to water and then you may try to induce him to drink the water. is to lead them into it. Both sides agreed to a truce. amuse 17.” apathy 11. ahead Dr.
7 Have your children take out their AVKO Student Response Book for Sequential Spelling or a clean sheet of paper. Bruce’sI hope you saw Bruce’s badge. abuses (uh BYOO siss”) here are many kinds of abuses of power. abuses 25. agreeable I wish you wouldn’t be so agreeable. you should give them whatever explanation you deem appropriate. produce The Third Day We begin the third day by having your children take out their AVKO Student Response Book for Sequential Spelling or by having them take a clean sheet of paper. The factory started producing new automobiles. absurdity 23. aren’t we? amongst 16. apathy 11. -ction. alarm That was just a false alarm. you will begin the slow process of programming your students’ God-given computer brains to form the various ending sounds such as – etic. You don’t want to awaken him. the third day. will we? abolishes 10. apathy I could care less if I were suffering from apathy. absurdity Being the world’s tallest midget is an absurdity. avoids 19. -usive. abuses 24. producing Number three is induced as in: The chance of getting rich quick induced a lot of people to buy into the swindler’s scheme. Number 5 is introduced. Today.. a real oxymoron. -uctive. against 13. induced Number 4 is truces. abscess Having an abscess is not my idea of fun. How many truces have to be agreed to before peace really comes? truces. avoids She avoids clichés like the plague. reproduced The show reproduced the inside of the White House. productive . Let him sleep. abundant Good humor is abundant in comic strips. you’re against me. absorb How much water can a sponge absorb? absorb 22. Bruce. abscess 21. abundant 12. awaken Sh-h-h. Number two is producing. awaken 20. You should have introduced me to your friend. the first word is Bruce. correctly. against If you’re not with me. You can start by saying: 1. However. abuses (uh BYOO ziz”) I hope he never abuses his powers. reduces 7. abandons I hope he abandons his dreams of world conquest. introduced 6. amuses 17. -etically. There is no need at this time to encumber a student’s mind with rules. agreeable 14. abandons 9. amuses The slightest thing amuses my friend. On this. abolishes If Utopia abolishes the death penalty. Bruce Howe knows how to fly airplanes. amusements How many kinds of amusements are there? amusements 18. reduces I hope our new president reduces our deficit. produce(“PRAH doo-ss”) I like to shop for fresh produce. etc. productive We are among the most productive of nations. reproduced 8. alarm 15. Bruce’s 2. -ucing. if one of your precocious students asks you about the rules. amongst We are amongst friends.
amused It amused him to picture the president vomiting amused 17. achieving 13. apathetic 11. The simple word lists for days 1-8 are found on pages 28-29. awakening 20. abundance 23. absorption A sponge is noted for its absorption of liquids. reproducing 8. achieve 12. absorption 22. abused 24. absolute I wouldn’t want to live in an absolute dictatorship. introducing They will be introducing you in just a minute. abused That stray dog looks as if it has been abused. abandoned No pet ever likes being abandoned. reduction The store said its sale was for inventory reduction. apathetic My friend is so apathetic it’s pitiful. reducing 7.8 3. deuces 5. show the words after each sentence. avoided 19. induction In logic. production 3. agreeably 14. apiece It cost us exactly three dollars apiece. induction 4. reduction 7. 1. amount What was the amount of the bill? amount 16. apiece 18. alarming 15. Then give the following words in sentences: So that your students can learn from immediate selfcorrection after any mistake. abandoning . awakening I think you’re in for a rude awakening. mischief The kid next door is always getting into mischief. deuce What the deuce does deuce mean in tennis? deuce 5. introducing 6. produce Who is in charge of buying the fresh produce? produce The Fourth Day The fourth day we begin by having the students take out their AVKO Student Response Book for Sequential Spelling and open it to page 9 or by having them take out a clean sheet of paper. deuces Some people like to play deuces are wild. inductive 4. mischief 2. alarming The crime rate has increased at an alarming rate. introduction He is a man who needs no introduction. inductiveMost of us use inductive reasoning. abandoning I heard they are abandoning their plans. introduction 6. abandoned 9. production You don’t have to make a big production out of it. abolished 10. reducing My friend is always trying new reducing diets. agreeably Our friend very agreeably followed my suggestion. achieve Everyone should want to achieve as much as possible. abolished That law should have been abolished years ago. reproducing Those gerbils keep reproducing like crazy. reproduction 8. achieving My friend is achieving what I thought was impossible. absolute 21. avoided You should have avoided using I-295. abusive I have no use for people who use abusive language. reproduction This painting is an original – not a reproduction. induction is making a generalization. abundance There is an abundance of dandelions in our lawn. abusive 25.
abusing Some people are always abusing their privileges. access We were denied access to the information. mischievous comes from mischief. acceptance I heard his acceptance speech was exhilarating. accident 5. accompany 7. abstract 22. avoiding 19.apathetically Should I care how apathetically they respond? apathetically 11. abstraction The concept of generosity is an abstraction. achieved 13. aloud Please read this aloud to the class. accompany I would like to accompany you on your vacation. achievement His greatest achievement was perfect attendance.” The Fifth Day On the 5th day we begin by having the children take out their AVKO Student Response Book for Sequential Spelling or by having them take out a new sheet of paper. accident It wasn’t any accident. agreement They reached an agreement before the deadline. accumulate . awakened 20. accept 2. accommodate 6. accomplish 8. We just change the letter f to a v and add the same –ous as we do in marvelous and humorous. amusing I suppose he didn’t find that very amusing. absolutely Are you absolutely sure we’re not lost? absolutely 21. account I don’t have an account at Bloomingdales. Then give the following words in sentences: So that your children may learn from immediate selfcorrection after any mistake. mischievous Would you say Dennis the Menace is “mis CHEE vee us” or “MISS chiv vuss”? mischievous 25 produce Which store has the best produce department. achieved We thought he should have achieved more. However. accept Please accept my apology. amounts If he amounts to anything. accord 9. The “correct” pronunciation is “MISS chiv vuss. accommodate I hope you will accommodate my guests. produce NOTE: Perhaps the most common misspelling of mischievous is mischevious. amusing 17. accumulate Money doesn’t accumulate in my bank account. acceptance 3.9 9. awakened We were awakened by the sounds of traffic. fold it. The common mispronunciation yields a pattern similar to envious and devious. achievement 12. accomplish There are a lot of things I would like to accomplish. avoiding Perhaps he was avoiding the issue at hand. aware 18. aloud 15. and use the first column. show the words after each sentence as follows: 1. agreement 14. amounts 16. abolishing Does abolishing the death penalty save money? abolishing 10. They did it on purpose. account 10. abstraction 23. abstract The word generosity is an abstract noun. accord The two countries came to an accord. abusing 24. aware Was Simple Simon aware that the pie man had only one pie for a ware. access 4. we’ll all be surprised.
adjourn 23. accurately 12. acquaints My friend acquaints everyone in the neighborhood. accent 3. adjust 24. administer Who do you want to administer your last rites? administer 25. acquaint You should acquaint yourself with good literature. accomplishes She accomplishes more in 10 minutes than most people do in an hour. acquaints 16. acknowledge 15. accustom I had to accustom myself to following a custom. accepts I hope your friend accepts your apology. accommodated I’m glad you accommodated my friend. accepts 2. accurate 12. accumulated How much snow accumulated on the ground? accumulated 11. accuses 13. acquires My friend acquires a lot of good friends that way. accounts he newspaper accounts were all different. acquit The jury voted to acquit the accused. accurate William Tell had to be accurate. adjacent They sold the building adjacent to the vacant lot. accompanied They had to be accompanied by an adult. . acquire It doesn’t hurt to acquire a bit of culture. accent Everyone has some kind of accent. accuse I didn’t accuse you of lying—just stretching the truth. accessible 4. acknowledge I hate to acknowledge that I don’t know everything. accurately Make sure you quote me accurately. acquaint 16. acquit 18. addition We built an addition to our house. adequate Is the insulation in your attic adequate? adequate 21. accidents Why do accidents always have to happen to me? accidents 5. adapt I have learned to adapt to different situations. acquires The Sixth Day The 6th day we begin by having the children take out their AVKO Student Response Book for Sequential Spelling and open it to page 13 or by having them take out a clean sheet of paper. accuses Jack always accuses Jill of leading him up a hill. accommodated 6. administration The new administration expects to do better. you can access it. acknowledged 15. adjourn There was a motion to adjourn the meeting. adapt 19. accustomed Who sang. administration 1. accomplishes 8. you were supposed to go home. according 9. acquire 17.10 11. acknowledged I’m glad they acknowledged their responsibility. adjacent 22. “I’ve grown accustomed to her face”? accustomed 14. accessible If something is accessible. adjust It takes time to adjust to a new job. accompanied 7. accustom 14. accuse 13. according According to John. accounts 10. addition 20.
accountant I heard you planned on being an accountant. accompanying 7. adjusted 24. At the height of his career he was 1 . acquired Sonny and Cher both acquired fame and fortune. additions There were no additions to the minutes. accountant 11. Most of your children probably do not know who this pianist was. adhere Must we strictly adhere to the rules? adhere 21. acquitted The jury acquitted them of any crime. adoption When did the adoption become final? adoption extremely famous. accompanying Jack was just accompanying Jill. accounted Everyone was accounted for. adapts 19. acquainted 16. adjusted She adjusted her rearview mirror. accentuate Learn to accentuate the positive. He was one of the first celebrities to die from AIDS. 24. accomplished Liberace is pronounced: Libber RAH chee. accidental Did Humpty Dumpty die an accidental death? accidental 5. adequately We were adequately prepared for the meeting. acknowledging 15. accessory Was Jill an accessory to Jack’s crime? accessory 4. I’ll eat my hat. and his language to fit the situation. adopt 25. adapts A wise person constantly adapts his ways. acquits 18. accusation That was not an accusation of insanity. acquits If the jury acquits that killer. across Did anyone come across a cross? across 14. adolescent 8. adjective What’s the difference between an adjective and an adverb? adjective 22. adherent 22. The Seventh Day 1. adjustment I had hoped for an adjustment in my billing. additional 20. accommodating The hotel staff was very accommodating. adopt My friends plan to adopt their foster child. adapted 19. additions 20. adjourned 23. adherent The official was an adherent to official bureaucratic denial of responsibility policy. accepted 2. accounted 10. his dress. accusation 12. acquainted I hope to become better acquainted with you. acquitted 18. adjournment We all quickly voted for adjournment. adequately 21. accomplished Liberace1 was an accomplished pianist. accepted He graciously accepted our invitation to dinner. adapted The dog quickly adapted itself to its new owner. additional There will be no additional fee charged. accordingly 9.11 17. adjourned We adjourned the meeting and went home. accordingly They followed the directions accordingly. adjournment 23. adolescent Their foster child is an adolescent. accentuate 3. He was as noted for his flamboyant dress and his candelabra as he was for his piano playing. accommodating 6. acquired 17. acknowledging I believe in acknowledging my sources. accused Who did you say accused you of lying to me? accused 13.
3. Say the word. and price in the fifth and rice in the sixth. Have your students (if you can) trace the corrected spelling as they spell it aloud in group chorus. We use the word frugality as an added After the Seventh Day Every single day there is a twenty-five word spelling test. Regular spelling texts as a general rule pick grade levels for words according to when the words first begin to occur in the curriculum.12 25. different word and different pronunciation). . Go on to the next— but make sure your students make an attempt at the spelling before you give the correct spelling. • Give the correct spelling. but please don't panic on days like the day when the word psychiatry is presented. Copying your spelling does not help them learn. Why don't the words used follow grade levels? Atrocities is an 11th grade word in our school's regular spelling text. Correcting their own misspelling does. but it does bring about some rather odd sequences. Put it in a sentence. Give the word.” 2.and -icities sounds have been taught in 18 different words. Since the word ice may not occur in the curriculum until the fourth grade when it appears in the science class. For example. or does not follow the normal pattern. REMEMBER: AVKO is not concerned about teaching the spelling of any one word per se. Spell the word. • Then give the next word. This method just won't work. such as the word “frugality”? We don't believe it hurts anyone to learn a new word — but that is not why we use it.” But instead of k we use the letters “ch. Immediate Feedback The most common mistake made in administering the AVKO Sequential Spelling Tests is to give the entire test and then correct. REMEMBER: Please speed your students through the tests. What are those asterisks (*) and exclamation marks doing next to some words? The asterisks (*) merely serve as a reminder that the word so marked has a homophone (same pronunciation. adolescents Frequently Asked Questions 1. This would seem to make sense. Let each child correct his own. • Let your students attempt the spelling. has a heteronym (same spelling. We teach the word atrocities only after the icity. Give it in a sentence. AVKO is concerned with the teaching of basic sounds for both spelling and reading. its introduction is delayed until that time even though nice may occur in the first grade and twice in the second grade. AVKO believes in giving students the opportunity to discover for themselves the phonics necessary for decoding through the back door of spelling and without preaching rules that may or may not be useful. In the case of words like psychiatry and psychic what is important is the teaching of the -psych root. • Say the word. Some days the tests are easier than others. Repeat the process of immediate student selfcorrection. and the structural endings iatry and ic. Why do you have so many words that are outside the vocabulary of normal adults. • Give each word separately. ache ** should logically be spelled “ake. adolescents Both adolescents pretended to be adults. different spelling).
be our guest. they should be expected to write clearly and legibly. And. 5. It also gives the student a pleasant surprise and ego boost when he discovers he can spell a word that he believes he has never heard nor seen before — just because he knows basic phonics. Do I have to use all the words that are in the tests? No. Don't just say mined. you would rather start with another word family. Instead.13 practice in sounding out spellings of words having the initial /fr/ sound and practice in spelling the ending -ality. you don't have to use them all. If a parent (or teacher) wants to include more or . whether repeats or new lessons. 7. mined. Can I give the same test more than once during the day? Yes. Why are some words in bold print? The words in bold print are those that are the most commonly used words and the most important to learn. If you wish to teach them. by all means. You will discover that most of these patterns consist of only two. fine. What we want the students to learn is to spell the most common words and to learn the most common patterns that occur in words. If your students can profit from that. we recommend that these sequential spelling tests be used for handwriting practice because the patterns. If for example. We recommend. fine. but not all. This book contains all the words that share a common spelling pattern placed on the same page (or pages in the case of families like the -tion family). three. Should the teacher count off for sloppy handwriting? Since the students get to correct their own spelling. You can use your pencil to write in your choices. The Patterns of English Spelling is your best reference to select from. We only ask that when they come up that you definitely use the word in a sentence that helps your students pick the right word. 4. We also recommend that the absolute maximum number of times that Sequential Spelling be given is four times in one day. Say something like: “mined.” 9 What does TPES stand for at the bottom of the pages? TPES stands for The Patterns of English Spelling. If you don't. you can substitute other words for the ones we have selected. Every child is different. that you allow a minimum of an hour to pass between retests. In our Sequential Spelling Series we list most of the words in each family. normal. and legal often have a change in sound (“ul” to “al”) when the ity ending is added to make ality words. can be a help in developing legible handwriting. being repetitive. fine. that is so much gravy. 6. however. 8. If your students learn to spell any of the words that are not in bold face. We have listed them for your convenience. In fact. take off for sloppy handwriting (provided the student has no physical disability and has sufficient small motor skills to write legibly). Do I have to teach all the homophones and homographs listed? Absolutely no. You know your students better than we do. A big word like misunderstandings can be broken into the following patterns: mis•un•der•st•and•ing•s. Don't be afraid to trust your own judgment. For example. It also gives you a chance to point out how the ending al in words like real. But whatever system you use or your school system requires. You can drop some. Your students may think about the word mind. we believe that the writing must be legible. You will also notice that some words (such as the words doesn't and shouldn’t) which don't follow regular patterns are repeated many times throughout the series. or four letters. So. yes. Coal is still being mined in Pennsylvania.
11. . Having your students create sentences out of the words is good exercise for their minds and will allow you to determine if they truly understand what the words really mean. Can I use the words in Sequential Spelling for composition? Yes. such as the “wanna’s” “whutcha gonna’s” etc. This book may also be obtained from the AVKO Educational Research Foundation. The page number given for The Patterns of English Spelling (TPES) also works for the Word Families in Sentence Context. 10. we have included the page references.14 to give special assignments to the students. You may also have them write the entire sentence that you dictate. of course. Is there anything I can use to help my students’ reading that will also reinforce the spelling? AVKO’s New Word Families in Sentence Context may be used in conjunction with Sequential Spelling. That will help you help them handle the problems created by speech patterns.
4. 18. The common mispronunciation yields a pattern similar to envious and devious. 11. ! lettuce ** produce induce truce introduce reduce reproduce abandon abolish apathy abroad again agree * ahead among * amuse amusement * avoid * awake absent absence absurd to ** abuse child ** abuse 2nd day Bruce producing induced truces introduced reduces reproduced abandons abolishes apathy abundant against agreeable alarm amongst amuses amusements avoids awaken abscess absorb absurdity ** abuses many ** abuses 3rd day Bruce’s badge productive inductive deuce introducing reducing reproducing abandoned abolished apathetic achieve achieving agreeably alarming * amount amused * apiece avoided awakening absolute absorption abundance abused abusive 4th day ## mischief production induction deuces introduction reduction reproduction abandoning abolishing apathetically achievement achieved agreement aloud amounts amusing aware avoiding awakened absolutely abstract abstraction abusing ## mischievous produce dept. would that pro deuce produce a trick? He bought a mount for an unknown amount of money. 3. 2. produce dept. He bought a piece of pie and a piece of cake for fifty cents apiece. 7. However. mischievous comes from mischief. 20. . The ancient Greeks believed a comedy would amuse a muse. 12. 15. 9.** produce department produce dept. You should be wide awake when you attend a wake. ** Heteronyms: abuse (“uh B’YOO-ss)/abuse (‘uh B-YOO-z”) If we abuse authority it could be called authority abuse! produce (“proh DOO-ss”)/produce (“PRAH doo-ss”) Truck farmers produce a lot of produce but no trucks. We just change the letter f to a v and add the same –ous ending as we do in marvelous and humorous. 22. You should avoid having a void in your schedule. 16. * Homophones: lettuce/let us Let us have lettuce on our sandwiches. He needs a head on his shoulders. 6. 13. 24. 14. 21. ahead/a head amuse/a muse avoid/a void awake/a wake produce/pro deuce amount/a mount apiece/a piece Stop ahead. 8. 17. 10. 19. ## Tricky Words: mischief & mischievous—Perhaps the most common misspelling of mischievous is mischievious.15 1st day 1. 25. 23. 5. If you paid the two of hearts enough.
25. 22. 20. 17. 19. 8. 5. 15. 21. 10. 14. 12. Please accept my apology for inviting everybody except you to the party. 16. ## accept acceptance ## access accident accommodate * accompany accomplish * accord * account accumulate accurate accuse * accustom acknowledge acquaint * acquire acquit adapt * addition adequate adjacent adjourn adjust administer administration 6th day accepts accent accessible accidents accommodated accompanied accomplishes according accounts accumulated accurately accuses accustomed acknowledged acquaints acquires acquits adapts additions adequately adjective adjourned adjusted adopt adolescent 7th day accepted accentuate accessory accidental accommodating accompanying accomplished accordingly accounted accountant accusation accused * across acknowledging acquainted acquired acquitted adapted additional adhere adherent adjournment adjustment adoption * adolescents 8th day acceptable accentuated accessories accidentally accommodations accompanist accomplishment accordance accounting accountants accusations accusing * across acknowledgment acquaintance acquiring acquittal adapting additionally adhesive adherents admit admission inadmissible * adolescence * Homophones: accompany/a company accord/a cord/ a chord account/a count accustom/a custom acquaint/a quaint acquire/ a quire/a choir addition/edition across/a cross adolescents/adolescence Have you ever tried to accompany a company man? We came to an accord over the ownership of a cord of wood. 3. 6. We tried to get access to the excess materials. 9. 18. In addition we had to add an editor to edit a first edition. 24.16 5th day 1. He played a strange chord. How do you account for a count (rather than a duke) ruling a country? Sometimes it’s difficult to accustom yourself to a custom of always bowing. 11. 4. How will this affect you? Will it really have an effect on you? ## Tricky Words: accept/except access/excess affect/effect . 7. 13. Have you ever had a cross neighbor yelling at you from across the street? I wish those adolescents would soon get through their adolescence. 2. 23. Did you acquaint yourself with a quaint little town? We tried to acquire a quire of paper for a choir.
also We all sew clothes. already/all ready We were all ready to go but the bus had already left. * alter alters 13.17 9th day 10th day 11th day 12th day 1. although “AW’l THOH” Although I thought I was through. ## affect affects 6. * altar altars 15. advance advancement 2. aloud/allowed We were allowed to read aloud in class. affection affectionate 8. I wasn’t. always * aloud 14. An advocate’s job is to advocate. ! touchdown touchdowns 25 crouch crouches * Homophones: advantage advent advantageous adventure ## advice adventurous ## advise advisory affected affecting effective effectively afford affording aftershock aftertaste allotment allotments * allowed allowing * already here all ready to go altered alterations He’s all through we all thought ! although altogether too much We’re all ready It’s already done. threw/through Who threw the ball through the window? allot/a lot Doctors don’t allot a lot of time for their patients. ** Heteronyms: advocate (AD vuh kit) n. after afternoon 9. ! touch touches 24. allow allows 11. it has an effect on you. alter/altar They had to alter the length of the altar cloth. * allot allots 10. ## effect effects 7. ouch pouch 17. advocate advocating 5. ## TRICKY WORDS: advice/avise affect/effect I would advise you to follow my advice. 16. advertise advertisement 4. couch couches 18. advocate (ad vuh KAY’t) v. Groucho Marx grouchy 20.. adverb adverbial 3. grouch grouches 19. altogether/all together Getting my family all together is altogether too much for me. ! Insane Words: touch “tuch” Tom said “Ouch!” before the dentist could even touch him.. almost * alone 12. pouches although poached eggs poacher grouched grouching grouchier grouchiest vouched vouching ! thorough ! thoroughly slouched slouching touched touching ! thoroughbred ! thoroughfare crouched crouching affect/effect If something will affect you. alone/a loan She went alone to get a loan from the bank. thorough “THUR roh” My room needs a thorough cleaning. voucher vouchers 22. How will this affect you? Will it really have an effect on you? . vouch vouches 21. slouch slouches 23.
mechanize mechanized 13. psych psych 22. backache backaches 4. These words use the letters ch for the sound of /k/ as in Christ. * Homophones: a choir/a quire/acquire euchre/you cur Nichols/nickels Nicole/knee coal pinochle/pea knuckle We tried to acquire a quire of paper for our men’s choir. and medical words nearly always come from the Greek. technology mocha 9. could you have a pea knuckle playing pinochle? euchre (YOO kur) pinochle (Pee nuk kul). psycho psychos 24. technicalities technology 8. ! Insane words: . Eucharist Eucharist 16. stomach stomachs 19. “You cur!” I said. psyche psyches 23. technicality technicalities 7.(See Note below) ache aches 2. mechanic mechanics 12. technique techniques 11. *! pinochle pinochle 17. monarch monarchs 20. architect architects 21. AK anchoring euchring Eucharist pinochle echoing hierarchies monarchies architectural psychics psychiatric psychiatrists psychoanalysis psychedelic 1. technical technically 6. headache headaches 3. You would think the word ache should be spelled ake as in lake. Nicole found on her knee coal that had been dropped. chemicals. scientific. “Euchre!” Pennie Nichols always has pennies and nickels in her purse. and chronic. technologies Jamocha shakes 10. I didn’t say. echo echoes 18.18 13th day 14th day 15th day ached stomach ache Nichols Nicholas Nichole Heimlich maneuver chemist chemistry chemical chaos mechanical mechanization anchored euchred Eucharist pinochle echoed hierarchy monarchy architecture psychic psychiatry psychiatrist psychotics psychological 16th day aching stomach aches charisma charismatic chiropractor chiropodist chlorine chloroform chlorophyll *a choir mechanically Anchorage. psychology psychotic 25. anchor anchors 14. psychologist psychologists Note: On this page the letters ch all have the sound of /k/. toothache toothaches 5. Religious. If peas had fingers. *! euchre euchre 15.
5. There is no law that says you must complete one full lesson every day. glisten and # Note: fasten in which the –st of the base word is kept for spelling purposes but changes to the sound of an ss. an anachronism is something horribly out of time such as a Roman soldier in 100 BCE wearing a wristwatch in a movie. 18.19 17th day 1. 7. 4. 9. a chronicle is a record of the times. you might want to take your time going through these lessons. 2. . 6. 8. 11. Since these words are a challenge to even the brightest children. 13. 10. 17. 16. 3. 24. NY scherzo schizoid characters characterizes Christ’s disciples Christians christens Christina Christmas cholesterol chromosome chronically chronicles chronologies anachronisms synchronizes chrysanthemums Chrysler’s stock schools scholars scholastics schedules schemes schematic 19th day lichens tachometer schizophrenia characteristic characterized Bach Christianity christened Christopher trachea cholesterol chromatic saccharin chronometer chronological dichotomy synchronized Bacchus bacchanalian schooled scholarship scholastically scheduled schemed schematics 20th day Kodachrome tachometers schizophrenic characteristics characterization * Bach’s music Christendom christening Christy tracheotomy cholesterol bronchi bronchitis chronometers chronologically dichotomies synchronizing tachistoscope tachistoscopic schooling scholarships scholasticism scheduling scheming schematically ** Homographs: American schedule (“SKED jul”) / British schedule (“SHED jul”) * Homophones: box/Bach’s They found Bach’s diary tucked away in a box. ! Insane words: christen (“KRIS sun”) The word christen follows the same –sten pattern as listen. 15. chronic means all the time. In Greek the word chronos means time. 23. This might be the time to talk to your children about how words are coined. chronological means in order of time. 21. 14. 12. chaos chaotic chaotically character characterize Christ Christian ! christen Christine Chris cholesterol chrome # chronic chronicle chronology anachronism synchronize chrysanthemum Chrysler school scholar scholastic ** schedule scheme schema 18th day Schenectady. 25. In English. 19. 20. 22.
* chantey 17. crochet/crow shay Did she crochet a one hoss shay or just a crow shay? chic/cheik/”sheek” The chic sheik wore expensive clothes. ** Heteronyms: ! Insane Words Although Maurice Richard (“Moh REE-ss ree SHAH’rd”) may seem like it should be pronounced as “Morris” Richard. ! chaise longue 9. “Chase Lounge. chanticleer 18.20 21st day 1. it’s still “NOO voh REEsh” parachutes/pair of chutes What a world of difference between parachutes and a pair of chutes. chaperone 20. * ! charivari 23. ricochet/Rick O’Shay Did the ball ricochet off Rick O’Shay? chute/shoot Did you see the bull shoot out of the chute? Chopin/show Pan I thought Apollo would show Pan how to play Chopin. chanson 15. Burger Chef 3. charades 21. chevron 4. chalet 10.See note below: chef 2.” Homophones: cache/cash The police found a cache of cash. chapeau 19. and guns. Chablis 6. French names usually receive the French pronunciation. carte blanch/cartes blanches One carte blanche or two cartes blanches. Charlemagne 25. chaise 8. champagne 12. charlatan 24. ** Maurice Richard 22. charivari/shivaree A shivaree is a charivari with a much easier spelling. Chevrolet 5. chanteuse 16. Cheyenne/shy Ann My little shy Ann belongs to the Cheyenne tribe. So when we hear someone correctly say. chamois 11. Lake Champlain 13. chagrin 7. . A chamois (“SHAM mee”) is that very soft leather often used in wiping water off a car in a car wash. Vichyssoise (VEE shee SWAH) is the fancy name we give to cold potato soup. Charlotte 22nd day chefs chateau chevrons Chevrolets chauffeur Chautauqua Chauvin chauvinist chalets gauche champagnes cache chandeliers chansons attaché touché papier-mâché chapeaux chaperones cliché * carte blanche * nouveau riche charlatans mustache Charlotte’s Web 23rd day Chateaubriand chateaux echelon Chevy chauffeurs machete chauvinistic chauvinists cachet * shivaree chivalry caches chenille * crochet attachés * Cheyenne * chic chicanery chiffon clichés cartes blanches * nouveaux riches panache mustaches chignon 24th day Chihuahua chateaus echelons pistachio chauffeuring machetes chauvinistically chauvinism Chinook * Chopin chivalrous cached Chevies crochets machine machinery machinist * chute parachute clothes chutes * parachutes * ricochet ricocheted ricocheted ! vichyssoise * Note: Chaise longue is often mispronounced “Chase Lounge!” It seems that most normal people have dyslexic tendencies and place the letter u after the o instead of the g. it’s still “KAH’rt BLAW’n-sh” nouveau riche/nouveaux riches One nouveau riche or two nouveaux riches. chandelier 14. “SHAYZ Long” you will know that he means the same piece of furniture as the incorrect pronunciation. drugs. chantey/shanty A working song from the wrong side of the tracks should be shanty Irish chantey.
schmaltz 8. schnapps 21. schmo 10.21 25th day 1. “SHED jul. 1968). schlemiel 3. However. Schultz 17. True. British. one meaning of the word is simply a stupid person. Schick 22. Marcia/Marsh Marcia and Tricia went to the movies with Marsha and Trish benefit/Ben a fit Will it be to our benefit to give Ben a fit? ** Heteronyms: schedule (“SKED jul”)/schedule (“SHED jul”) The American pronunciation is “SKED jul. Schumann 25 Schoener 26th day special * specialize specialization financial commercial crucial racial facial glacial judicial judicious social official beneficial * benefit artificial suspicion suspicious efficient inefficient ancient prescient conscience conscious unconscious 27th day specials specializes especial financially commercials crucially racially facials provincial judicially injudicious socially officially beneficially benefits artificially suspicions suspiciously efficiently inefficiently proficient sufficient conscientious omniscient unconsciously 28th day specialty * specialties especially noncommercial commercially fiducial fascia facially provincials prejudice judiciary antisocial unofficial beneficiary benevolent sacrificial * Marcia Patricia efficiency inefficiency proficiency insufficient conscientiously omniscience Tricia NOTE for 25th DAY: Schmuck (or shmuck) is a highly offensive and taboo word. schnozzle 15. Schuman 23. schlep 7. Schmidt 9. schlimazel 6.” * Homophones: special eyes/specialize Does Maybelline specialize in making special eyes? specialty/special tee/special tea My specialty is hitting golf balls off a special tee while drinking a special tea. the word still refers to the male sexual organ and is just as taboo as using the word “prick” to describe a nasty person. For definitions of the words in Day 25 we suggest you consult The Joys of Yiddish by Leo Rosten (McGraw-Hill. Schneider 19. schnook 13. This day’s words or any day’s words may be omitted. Albert Schweitzer 24. ** schedule 20. Note for 26th Day: In words whose base has more than one syllable the “sh” sound is rarely spelled “sh.(See Note) schmuck 5. Schenken 11. schuss 18. Those familiar with Yiddish often do not realize that most goyim do not understand the offensiveness of the term in mixed company. schnozzola 16.” For 5 days there will be many words with the ci digraph that is pronounced “sh.schnauzer (See Note) 2. schlock 4. schnitzel 12.” . Every parent should judge the appropriateness of the content for his/her children. schnorer 14.
See Note: audacious 2.. 21. 24. 25. 10. audacity fallacious fallacy tenacious tenacity pugnacious pugnacity capacious capacity spacious veracious veracity voracious voracity loquacious loquacity vivacious vivacity precious judicious officious delicious vicious malicious 30th day pernicious suspicious auspicious inauspicious avaricious ferocious ferocity atrocious atrocity atrocities luscious capricious caprice glacier glaciers ** advocate advocacy literate literacy illiterate illiteracy profligate profligacy immediate immediacy 31st day private privacy legacy legacies delicate delicacy delicacies prime primacy accurate accuracy inaccuracy pirate piracy celibate celibacy democracy democracies democrat democratic theocracy theocracies theocrat aristocracy aristocrat 32nd day bureaucracy bureaucracies bureaucrat bureaucratic diplomacy diplomat diplomatic technocracy technocratic idiocy idiocies idiotic pharmacy pharmacies pharmacist pharmaceuticals lunacy lunacies lunatics conspiracy conspiracies supremacy efficacy secrecy prophecy NOTE for 29th DAY: The –acious (“AY shus”) pattern in words such as audacious. The pattern –acity is pronounced “ASS uh tee. 17. 12. 16. The –ocity pattern is pronounced “AH suh tee. 19. 13. 4.22 29th day 1. 7. 18. 14. 8. 23. and tenacious have a strange shift in accent and pronuncation in the –ity form. gracious. 20.” ** Heteronyms: advocate (AD vuh kit”) n.” The same oddity occurs with the –ocious “OH shus” words. advocate (“ad vuh KAY’t”) v. 9. 15. . 22. And advocate’s job is to advocate for a client. 5. 11. 6. 3.
bode/bowed It doesn’t bode well for good lumber sales seeing so much lumber that is bowed. ceded/seeded The seed company was forced to cede its territory to us. 13. 5. 4. 6. 10. American) ## Tricky Words: feudal/futile During feudal times did knights have futile fights with dragons? ! Insane Words: Andre (“AH’n dray!) Hey. 2. Andrew. cedes/seeds. 18. Andre! Let’s play. They rowed boats but not on a bumpy road. recede/re-seed Their plans to re-seed the field caused their sales to recede. hey. Make do. 16. 22. mode/mowed The company mowed their lawn in the exact same mode. Andrew. 12. 8. ceding/seeding They are ceding their rights to seeding the test fields. Andre. Brit) or (SKED jul.23 33rd day 1. rode/road/rowed We rode horses. salad ballad jeremiad Jeremiah Olympiad ** schedule Iliad feud ## feudal * cede concede intercede recede precede * ! supersede proceed impede centipede stampede mother lode explode implode erode corrode electrode 34th day salads ballads jeremiads Olympia Olympiads ** schedules Dunciad feuds feudalism * cedes concedes intercedes recedes precedes * ! supersedes proceeds impedes centipedes stampedes * lodes explodes implodes eroded corroded electrodes 35th day code decode encode recode * bode foreboding episode feuded * mode * ceded conceding interceding receding preceding superseded proceeded impeded a lymph node stampeded * rode exploding imploded eroding corrosive cathode 36th day coding decoded encoding recodes bodes ** scheduled episodes feuding modes * ceding concession intercession recession preceded superseding proceeding impediment lymph nodes stampeding strode explosion implosion erosion corrosion ! Andre * Homophones: cede/seed. The farmer seeded his field. 7. 23. 24. 17. 9. 25. Ann drew Andrew” . 15. Compare Andre to Andrew as in “Go Blue. 14. 20. lode/load/lowed Can your mother load a mother lode after cows have lowed? ** Heteronyms: schedule (SHED jul. 11. 21. 19. supersede/super seed It took a super seed to supersede their plans. 3.
pterodactyl. ! laugh 6. amis. yodels 3. honest. rendezvous. ! aghast 15. psycho. Marine Corps 23. Ptolemy. Eating a toe mane may cause ptomaine. chamois (“shammy”). ! après vous 24. degris. isle/aisle/I’ll I’ll walk down the aisle on the Isle of Capri. marquis (“mahr KEE”). Silent p’s in psalm. chassis (“chassy”). ! honest 13. ! models 5. Silent s in vous. ! dishonest 14. ! laughter 7. * ! isle * Homophones: 38th day 39th day 40th day yodeled yodeling *! khan (BR.) yodelled (BR. ! Chablis 25. main) is a toe mane. * ! honourable 12. . * ! honour 11.) yodelling ! yacht club modeled modeling ! khaki (BR. pseudo. Note #2: yodel (“YOH d’l”) doubles the l in British spelling as does the word model in British spelling. aghast. isle. pneumonia. * ! honor 9. yodel 2. chablis. ! rheumatism 16. ! psychic 21. ptomaine. ghetto. ! pneumonia 18.) modelled (BR.) modelling big yachts ! laughs ! laughed ! laughing ! daughter ! daughters my daughter’s car ! ghosts ! ghosted ! ghosting ! honors ! honored ! honoring ! honorably ! dishonorable ! dishonorably * ! honours * ! honoured * ! honouring ! honourably ! dishonourable ! dishonourably ! honesty honestly ! ghoul ! dishonesty ! ghetto ! ghettos ! ghastly ! spaghetti ! ghoulish ! rheumatic fever ! khaki ! khakis ! psalms ! pterodactyl ! pterodactyls ! pneumatic! ptomaine poisoning ! ptomaine ! pseudonym ! pseudoscience ! pseudoscientific ! psychology ! psychologist ! psychological ! psychiatry ! psychiatrist ! psychiatric ! coup d’état ! coup de grâce Ptolemy ! corps ! esprit de corps ! Ptolemaic ! rendezvous ! debris ! mes amis ! chamois ! chassis ! marquis * ! isles ! island ! apropos ptomaine/toe mane/tow main Hair on the big toe (toe. ghoul.24 37th day 1. * ! honorable 10. spaghetti. ! model 4. honor.See Note # 1 ghost 8. ! psycho 20. apropos (“ap ruh POH”). coup. Silent h’s as in ghost. island. ! psalm 17. * ! coup 22. coup/coo Will the pigeons coo if there is a coup d’etat (“koo day tah”)? corps/core Can a corps be rotten to the core? con/khan Did the swindler con the khan? Note #1: (Most of the words marked ! (Insane Words) have silent letters. rheumatism khaki. ! pseudo 19.
Don’t try to psych me out. 10. It went down the chute. 8. 2-3 = B. Read the sentences to your children. 4-5 = C. 6-7 = D. 20. Did you hear that explosion? Pattern being tested Lesson word is in -uce -uction -cci. 15. 4. Are you interested in international diplomacy? 19. Let your conscience be your guide. 2. 7. We did a thorough job of cleaning that room. Or use the 0-1 wrong = A.” 13. Are we still on schedule? 12. 9. You’ll find the lettuce in the produce department. 18.25 Grading If your particular system requires that a grade be given for spelling. Some accidents are unavoidable. How you grade these tests is up to you. We won the game on a technicality. You’re giving me a headache.= k/kw -ouch -or + ough ch=k ch=k/-ality y=i/ch=k y=i/ch=k + ology ch=k/ule ch=sh. Will you vouch for him? 6. 3.= k/si -cqu. We don’t spell chic “SHEEK. Please try to be more diplomatic. 16. All they have to do is fill in the blanks. Notice that you are not testing on the whole word. AVKO gives permission for parents to duplicate (for classroom purposes only) the tests on the following pages. Who needs a course in psychology? 11. by Jiminy. I enjoy watching some commercials. i=ee ch=sh sci=sh/ence cial=“shul” ci=sh/ous=us -atic -acy -ession -osion 1 4 6 8 9 11 13 13 13 13 17 23 24 26 27 29 32 32 36 36 . We don't expect that you'll have any E's. You are testing only on the spelling patterns taught. Gold is considered to be a precious metal. 17. Don’t make a big production out of it. 5. We just had time to get to the concession stand. Evaluation Test #1 (After 40 Days) 1. 14. That is why the initial consonants or blends are given to the children. Note: You can use this as a pre-test as well as a post-test to show real gains. we would recommend that tests for grading purposes be given at a separate time and that your children be graded on their learning of the spelling of the sounds — not the words as the suggested tests for grading purposes are constructed to do. I’m glad to make your acquaintance.
15. Please try to be more diplom_____________. by Jiminy.26 Name_______________________ TEST #1 Date_______ Please. 3. Who needs a course in _____________ ? 11. You must stay with your teacher as she reads the sentences. Are you interested in international diplom_____________? 19. 20. Don’t make a big prod_____________ out of it. please. Don’t try to _____________me out. I enjoy watching some commer_____________. please do NOT start until your teacher gives you the directions. You’ll find the lettuce in the prod_____________ department. 9. Will you v_____________ for him? 6. We don’t spell _____________ “SHEEK. 5. 2. Are we still on _______edule? 12.” 13. Gold is considered to be a pre_____________ metal. We won the game on a te___nic_____________. Some a______dents are unavoidable. 1. 8. 10. We just had time to get to the conc_____________stand. Let your con_____________ be your guide. 17. It went down the _____________ute. All you have to do is to fill in the blanks with the missing letters. 16. We did a th_____________ job of cleaning that room. You’re giving me a heada___e. 18. Did you hear that expl_____________? . 14. I’m glad to make your a____aint_____________. 4. 7.
valet (“val LAY”)/valet (“VAL it”) Americans say “val LAY” but the British say “VAL lit. sobriquet. Chevrolet. chalet. 14. Pinot. 10. 24. 13. bouquet. 2.27 41st day 1. 17. escargot/escargots/S-cargo Both one escargot and two escargots are pronounced S-cargo. 25 42nd day 43rd day 44th day ! * aisle ! * aisles ! * depot ! * depots ! potpourri ! potpourri ! Maginot ! Pinot Noir ** buffet style ! sachet chalet chalets * filet mignon ! filets * fillet a fish ! fillets ! ballet ! Chevrolet ! beret a * Basque ! beret ! sobriquet ! sobriquets ! bouquet ! bouquets ! chez cherchez la femme appall appalled apparatus apparel * apparent apparently appeal appeals appear appears disappear disappears appease appeases append appended appendicitis appetite applaud applauds apply applied applicant applicable ! bon mot ! argot ! Bardot one ! * escargot ! tricot two ! * escargots ! Godot ! Margot ! cachet ! ricochet ** ! valet ** ! valets ! gourmet ! gourmets He filleted the fish. ** Heteronyms: buffet(“buf FAY”/buffet (“BUFF fit”) Winds can buffet a ship. Pierre Hebert (“Pee AY’r AY bay’r”) cello (“CHEL oh”) . Maginot. 7. 6. 4. ricochet. sachet. 16. Did you see the S-Car go? **Note: -et as an ending is often pronounced “AY” as in buffet. filleting ! Monet ! Monet’s paintings ! berets ! piquet ! croquet ! parquet ! parfait ! Andre ! rendezvous Chez Maurice appalling Pierre ! Hebert apparatus apparel apparition apparitions appealed appealing appeared appearance disappearing disappearance appeasing appeasement appending appendix appetites appetizing applauded applause applying applications application ! cello * Homophones: depots/depose Did they depose the king because he had dirty train and bus depots? aisle/isle/I’ll I’ll find an aisle in a church somewhere on the isle. beret. You can eat buffet style on a ship. 11. 3. etc. etc. potpourri. 15. The –ot ending is often pronounced “OH” as in depot.” Insane Words: Andre (“AH’n dray”). Basque beret/bask Burr Ray If Burr Ray would bask in the sun. valet. 22. croquet. parquet. cachet. gourmet. 20. filet. escargot. 21. 23. 9. would he need a Basque beret? filet/fillet/Phil lay Will Phil lay the filet of meat down and then eat the fillet of fish. ballet. Margot. Monet. 12. 18. 19. 8. Perot. piquet. 5.
14. ## Tricky Words: assay/essay Can you write an essay on how to assay? ! Insane Words: ascertain (“ASS sur TAY’n”) I am certain that you can rhyme ascertain with Casper Gain. * appoint disappoint appraise appreciate appreciation apprehend apprentice approach approve disapprove ** appropriate ** approximate * arrange ! * arraign * array * arrest arrive rhythm arrhythmia ! ascertain * assert * assail assault ## assay assemble 46th day appoints disappoints appraises appreciates appreciating apprehended apprentices approaches approves disapproves appropriately approximately arranges arraigns arrears arrests arrives rhythms arrhythmic ! ascertains asserts assails assaults assays assembling 47th day appointed disappointed appraisal appreciated * ! oui apprehending apprenticed approached approved disapproved ! apropos approximation arranged arraigned arrangement arrested arrived rhythmic ! arrividerci ! ascertained asserting assailed assaulted assayed assembly 48th day appointment disappointment appraiser appreciative apprehension apprehensive apprenticeship approaching approval disapproval ! ouija appurtenance arranging arraignment arrangements arresting arriving arroyo arrogant ascertaining assertive assertion assaulting assaying assemblies * Homophones: appoint/a point Can you appoint a point guard to a team? arrange/a range a rain/a reign/arraign array/a ray arrest/a rest assert/a Cert assail/a sail/a sale we/wee/oui Can you arrange the kitchen so we can have a range that’s bigger? During a rain storm in a king’s reign they tried to arraign a thief. . 24. We said “Oui” to the wee people. 13. You can assert yourself by demanding a Cert. 17. 15. 4. Say arrividerci or until we meet again. There’s a ray of hope if there’s an array of choices. 5. apropos (AP pruh POH”) Giving the class clown a cream pie facial was quite apropos. 10. 12. 19. 2. 6. He needed a rest before he made the arrest. ouija (WEE jee) Some people actually believe that the ouija board can be used to predict the future. 3. 18. 21. 16.28 45th day 1. 23. 7. 11. 25. 9. ** Heteronyms: appropriate “uh PROH pre it”/appropriate “uh PROH pree AY’t” It’s not appropriate to appropriate another’s property. arrividerci (“uh REE vuh DAY’r chee”) Don’t say good-by. 8. At a sale they started to assail a sail. 20. 22.
You can buy an American tire or a British tyre for your car. The nurse was asked to assist the removal of a cyst. 23. 2. 16. ! Insane Words: ouija (“wee Jee”) The name of the Ouija board comes from oui (yes in French) and jah (yes in German)! We think it should have been called a ouinein board or a ouinon (pronounced “we know”) board for the yes/no that is on it. 3. 25. assess assessor asset * assign assignment * assist ** associate assorted assume assure attach attaché attain attempt attend attendant * attest testify * attire attorney * attract attractive attribute auto automobile 50th day assesses assessors assets assigns assignments assists associates assortment assumes assures attaches attachés attains attempts attends * attendants attests testified attitude altitude attracts attractiveness attributes automatic automotive 51st day assessed assessment ! * oui assigned assistant assisted association assumption assumed assurance attached attachment attained attempted attended * attendance attested testimony attitudes altitudes attracted attraction automated ! autonomous autobiography 52nd day assessing assessments ! ouija assigning * assistants assisting * assistance assumptions assuming unassuming attaching a suite of rooms attainment * attempting attending attention attesting testimonial attitudinal latitude attracting attractions automation autosuggestion autobiographical * Homophones: assign/a sign assist/a cyst attest/a test attire/a tire/a tyre. 11. 10. 6. A tract of land can attract developers. I can attest to the difficulty of a test. A tract of land can be attractive to developers. You can tire. How many attendants were in attendance? How many assistants needed assistance? ** Heteronyms: associate (“uh SOH see it”)/associate (“uh SOH see AY’t”) I told my associate not to associate with the competition. The chef was attempting to create a tempting dessert. “Oui!” to the wee people who looked like leprechauns.29 49th day 1. You wear attire. 13. 18. 14. 8. . 21. 5. autonomous (“aw TAH’n nuh mus”) A country that runs itself is considered to be autonomous. 17. 20. 4. 9. 22. 15. attract/a tract a tract of/attractive oui/we/wee sweet/suite attempting/a tempting attendance/attendants assistants/assistance I hope they assign him to paint a sign. 7. 12. 19. It was sweet of him to rent a suite of rooms for us. We answered. 24.
4. 18. 15. 6. 11. 10. 17. you’ll need to go to a basic sick bay. * belabour * Homophones: abase/a base/a bass bases/basis be half/behalf belabor/belabour behavior/behaviour before/ be for basic/bay sick A tenor should not abase a bass for stealing a base. 2. 12. 19. What is the basis for your not touching all the bases? If you can be half as good as your brother. 8. 13. How could you be for Perot before he entered the race? If you go into the bay sick. they belabour it. 14.S. ** Heteronyms: bass (BaY-ss)/bass (“B’ASS”) I love to fish for bass and to play the bass fiddle. 5.. but the plural of basis is ALSO bases! . 7. your best behaviour if in the British Isles. in Great Britain. 23. 9. In the U. 3. bases (“BAY sis”)/bases (“BAY seez”) The plural of base is bases. 21. I’ll do it on your behalf. 16. we often belabor a subject.30 53rd day 1. Be on your best behavior when in America. 24. 22. * base sing ** bass * abase basement baseball beyond because become befall befriend begin believe belief behave bemoan besiege bequeath bestow betray between beseech bewildered bewitch * belabor 54th day * bases * basis * abasement basements baseboard became begrudge becomes befalls befriends begins believes beliefs behaves bemoans besieges bequeaths bestows betrays betwixt beseeches bewildering bewitched belabors belabours 55th day * basic ** bases abased debase basal reader beguile begrudgingly became befell befriended began believed on * behalf behaving bemoaned besieged bequeathed bestowed betrayed beware beseeched beyond bereaved belabored belaboured 56th day basically baseless abasing debasing base pay beguiling * before becoming befalling befriending beginning believing * behavior * behaviour bemoaning besieging bequest bestowing betrayal beloved beseeching below bereft belaboring belabouring 25. 20.
muggy muggier 9. A dead body is a corpse. The holy man was wholly conscious of his holey socks. ^ Tricky Words: corps/crops/corpse/corse A corps (“KOH'r) is a group of people. sly slyly 20. I can't believe he ate the whole doughnut hole. lily lilies 22. Emily Emily's car 24. An archaic word for corpse is corse. Farmers grow crops. risky riskier 15. of course. piggy piggies 4. groggy groggier 7. An apple core is different than the Marine Corps. * whisky * whiskies 12. frisky friskier 16. doggy doggies 5. B holiness unduly * whole unruly * wholly Do you think that the morning dew is due to atmospheric conditions? It is duly noted that Tom Dooley hung down his head. go in the canoe? Would you rather cough or sneeze? . * due * duly 25.31 57th day 58th day 59th day 60th day 1. Mr. soggy soggier 6. corps/core choir/quire a choir/acquire baggier baggiest shaggiest shagginess Miss Piggy's piggy-wiggy froggie (froggy) froggies soggiest Army Air ! * Corps groggiest grog buggier buggiest muggiest mugginess ! canoe ! canoes peskiest peskiness ! cough drops ! coughed ! * Col. Brown thinks there is a kernel of truth in how colonel is spelled. A quire is 500 sheets. * Lasky * Laskey's * last key 10.E. family * families 23. It's nice to have your choice between whiskey and whisky. dryly drier 21. mealy mealier 18. shaggy shaggier 3. Does the last key belong to Lasky or Laskey? My family's idea of fun is going to other families' reunions. A choir is like a chorus. Col. Almost all ministers would like to acquire a choir that never sings off-key. * whiskey * whiskeys 13. pesky peskier 11. Black the ! * colonel's hat huskier huskiest riskiest ! cantaloupe friskiest Little Friskies scaliest ! * choir mealiest short ! circuits liveliest liveliness slier sliest driest slyness * holy holier my family's car holiest ! Dept. baggy baggies 2. scaly scalier 17. true truly * Homophones: due/do/dew duly/Dooley whisky/whiskey Lasky/Laskey/last key family's/families/families' hole/whole holy/wholly/holey colonel/kernel/Col. buggy buggies 8. ! Insane Words: circuit (“SUR kit”) canoe (“kuh NOO”) cough (“KAW'f”) Do you know what an electrical circuit is? Can O. husky huskies 14. lively livelier 19.
5. 16.32 61st day 1. 12. 21. 7. ## except exorbitant expand exert exhale exhaust ## expect exhibit exhilarated exhort exhume exile expedite expel expend expense experience experiment expert explain extend extort extra extravagant extreme 62nd day exception exotic expands exerted exhaled exhausted expected exhibitor exhilarating exquisite exhumes exiles expedites expels expenditure expenses experiences experiments experts explains extended extorted !! extraordinary extravagance extremely 63rd day exceptional expansive expanded exerting exhaling exhausting unexpectedly exhibited exhilaration exquisitely exhumed exiled expedient expelled expenditures expensive experienced experimental * expertise explanation extensive extortion extraordinarily extravaganza extremity 64th day exceptionally expansion expanding exertion exhaustive exhaustion expectations exhibition accepted acceptance exhumation exiling expedition expelling expulsion unacceptable experiencing experimentally explicit explanatory extension extradition extrasensory extrovert extremities * Homophones: expert tease/expert tees/expert teas/expertise Will a golf pro with great expertise become an expert tease and tease someone who uses expert tees or drinks expert teas. 23. 2. except/accept They will accept almost any excuse except I forgot. ## Tricky Words: except/expect: I expect you to know everyone’s first name except mine. Instead. 11. it is NOT pronounced as two words extra and ordinary. 8. 18. !! Note: Although the word extraordinary appears to be a compound word. 22. 4. 17. it is pronounced: “eggs STR’ORD duh nay’r ree. 15. 20. 24. 13. 10. 19.” . 3. 6. 25. 9. 14. McCabe. Just use Mr.
day b’YOO tah’nt 17. day b’YOO 16.33 Say but spell: 65th day 1. day klah SAY 11. day TAH’nt 10. AW’n tray 23. Ed (the talking horse) neigh. DAY noo MAW’n 9. . sway’d 14.” ! Insane words mores (“moh’r RAY’z”) dossier (“daw see AY”) Customs and standards of behavior are called a society’s mores. MOH’r rayz 18. Louis XIV said.abbreviate: et set ur uh AH’n dray 25. DAW see AY 22. kuh m’YOO nuh KAY 13. say’n yoh’r REE tuh 21. e. DAY zhah VOO 8. kaf FAY 12. hur fee AH’n SAY 2 hiz fee AH’n SAY 4. say’n YOH’r 19. * Homophones: suede/swayed née/nay/neigh mores/more rays deluge/day luge Saybut spell: 66th day matinée her fiancé’s ring his fiancée’s ring negligée attaché cliché olé soufflé résumé née café au lait communiqués après vous c’est finis debuts debutantes deluge señors señoras señoritas dossiers entrées et cetera etc. Catching more rays in the summer can be part of a sub group’s mores.” Louie said. Don’t step on my blue suede shoes. day Kah luh TAHzh 6. DAY koo PAHzh 7. say lah VEE 15. The FBI compiled a dossier on Ronald Reagan. the deluge. day KAH luh TAY 5. spell out: et set ur uh 24. flah’m BAY 2.g. Judy Garland (née Frances Gumm) voted nay on having Mr. “I’d rather slide down the day luge than the night luge. abbreviate et SET ur uh André abbreviate for example The trees swayed in the strong breeze. say’n YOH’r uh 20. “After me. flambé mat in NAY her fiancé fee AH’n SAY’z his fiancée fee AH’n SAY’z décolleté neg luh ZHAY décolletage at tah SHAY decoupage klee SHAY déjà vu oh LAY dénouement soo FLAY détente rez zoo MAY déclassé NAY café kaf FAY oh LAY communiqué kuh m’YOO nuh KAY’z * suede AH pray VOO c’est la vie say fee NEE debut day bYOO’z debutante day byoo TAH’n-t-ss mores day LOO’zh señor say’n YOH’rz señora say’n yohr uhz señorita say’n Yoh’r REE tuhz dossier daw see AY entrée aw’n trayz et cetera et SET ur uh etc.
a male PROH tuh zhay protégé PROH tuh zhay her protégé’s part 3. The concept is correct per se.” you’re probably close to retirement age. PAH dray padre ro ZAY ** rosé 5. ! Insane Words Besame Mucho (“BESS uh may MOO choh”) If you know the words or the melody to this popular song. al. abbr.34 Say but spell: 67th day Saybut spell: 68th day 1. “Besame Mucho. abbr. pur SAY per se riss KAY risqué 11. KAN uh pay canapé kan uh PAYz canapés 2. soo FLAYz soufflés saw TAY sauté 9. al. blah ZAY blasé day BAK’l debacle 12. day b’YOO’d debuted day b’YOO ing debuting 16. During the day. may t’YAY métier dek ur AY shunz decorations 22. If it’s legal for a cat to purr.e. see nay kwah nah’n sine qua non see nay kwah nahn’n sine qua non 20. . for: that is i. say promote students. ** Heteronyms: rose/rosé expose/exposé Rosé wine does have a light rose color to it. 25. klee SHAYZ clichés pass SAY * passé 7. p’yoo RAY purée say AH’n-ss séance 8. sur RAH pay serape sur RAH pay’z serapes 19. don’t say you’ll pass. rez zoo MAYz résumés pah TAY pâté 10. say lush GAY’r c’est la guerre say lah vee c’est la vie 15. say aye. for: and others et. * and others and others and others and others et. MAY suh mesa MAY suz mesas 18. dek oh’r ray’t decorate day koh’r décor 21. tet ah tet tête-à-tête BESS uh may MOO choh Besamé Mucho 13. 24. day KOH’r décor pray LOOD prelude 17. RAH’n day voo rendezvous RAH’n day voo rendezvous 14. kum PAH dray compadre ek spoh ZAY exposé 6. We enjoyed the beautiful décor of the palace.e. for: that is * i. for: and others * Homophones: passé/pass say per se/ purr say décor/day corps/day core Because it’s passé. abbr. but… First shift marines can be called the day corps. core the apples. abbr.a female PROH tuh zhay protégée PROH tuh zhay his protégée’s part 4. mee tur meter ZHAH’k KAH’r teeAY Jacques Cartier 23. An exposé does expose hidden corruption.
ceiling * Homophones: ceiling/sealing vein/vane/vain rein/reign/rain weigh/way/whey weighed/wade weight/wait eight/ate/8 neigh/nay/née heir/air/e’er/Eire sleigh/slay lei/lay sheik/sheikh/shake sheik/Schiek/chic Note: Use ei (not ie) 70th day * veins deveins * reins * reigns foreigner sovereigns * weighs * weights eights freighter * neighs * sleighs inveigles * heirs skein stein Einstein burghermeister heights Heidelburg’s receives receivers deceives conceited ceilings 71st day 72nd day reindeer a reindeer’s nose deveined deveining * reined * reining * reigned * reigning foreigners a foreigner’s visa sovereignty a sovereign’s throne * weighed weighing * weighted weighty eighty eighty-one freighters neighborhood neighbor neighbors neighborly their house inveigled inveigling * Eire * Eire’s rights skeins * lei Eileen Eileen’s brother eider feisty poltergeist poltergeists height * sheik/sheikh Heidi Heidi’s friends received receiving receipt receipts deceit deceitful conceive conceivable preconceived ill-conceived When I was little. conceit 25. sovereign 7. heinous 16. Lay the lei down carefully. devein 3. The Patterns of English Spelling. Shake some sense into the sheik or the sheikh. * weight 9. They looked in vain for a vein of gold. E’er long. My weight is none of your business. During his reign. we had to rein in the horses when it started to rain. Ed’s neigh. * heir 15. * rein 4. You can wade into the water. when the vowel sounds as “AY” or as “I. height 20.35 69th day 1. Heidelburg 21. * sleigh 13. foreign 6. Judy Garland (née Frances Gumm) said nay to Mr. * eight 10. * vein 2. 442. . By the way. receive 22. an heir to Eire’s throne will be up in the air. deceive 24.M. fraulein 18.” See rule on p. ein 17. inveigle 14. Eight of us ate dinner at 8:00 P. Mr. meister 19. * reign 5. The weather vane was painted gold. Wait for me. Schiek thought the sheik was chic. freight 11. * weigh 8. I though sealing wax was used on a ceiling. Please don’t slay the driver of the sleigh. how much did Miss Muffet weigh after eating the curds and whey? She weighed an extra pound. receiver 23. * neigh 12.
e. connoisseur 16. Lt. Jones connoisseurs a * ! colonel chartreuse Eustachian tube queued queuing feuded feuding euphemistically feudal Walter Reuther feudalism feudal kernels of corn rheumatic leukemia Reuben Steuben coiffeurs chocolate # liqueur pseudoscientific pseudo Tricky Words: Eugene! Me Tarzan. neutron 9. You Gene. * queue 18. sleuth 13.g. as “that is” which stands for “id est. in * lieu of 14.g. * etc./that is e. Always say.36 73rd day 1. neutralize 4. which stands for exampli gratia. Lew.g. and Loo all donated money.e. neutral 3. al./ and others etc. Always read the abbreviation i./colonel/kernel Lt. neutralized neutralizing European Europeans * ! chic * e. Jones made colonel. et. . Eugene 6. pneumatic 24. Q missed his cue to queue up. Europe 5./for example et. masseur 17. Smith * Col. amateur 12. ! euchre Eucharist eulogized eulogizing neural neurology neurotic neurotics Eunice Eunice’s friends * i.” that is. When Col. Both the sheik and the sheikh like to wear clothes that are chic. al. Lou.e. lieutenant 15. Say either “et cetera” or “and so forth” when you read the abbreviation etc. Jones wants to be promoted to captain and not to stay forever as a lieutenant.e. eulogy 7. rheumatoid 23. * Lt. In lieu of flowers../lieutenant Sue doe/Sioux dough/pseudo i. neuter 2. neurosis 10. Mr. euphemism 20.e. The pseudo Sioux dough made me want to sue Doe. euphoria 11. streusel 25. * pseudo * Homophones: Eugene/You Gene Lou/Lew/lieu/Loo Q/cue/queue chic/sheik/sheikh (“sheik”) Col. “for example” when you read the abbreviation. he received a kernel of corn as a joke from his staff. liqueur (luh KOOR)/liquor (LIK kur) A liqueur is an alcoholic beverage much sweeter than liquor and not half as strong . * adieu 21. deuce deuces chanteuse * et al./ et cetera 74th day neuters neutrality neutralizes Europe’s Eugene’s friends eulogies eulogizes neutrons neuroses euphoric amateurs sleuths in * lieu of lieutenants connoisseurs masseuse queues feud euphemistic Beulah Euphrates rheumatism pneumonia coiffeur pseudonym 75th day 76th day neutered neutering neutralization * i. John. eucalyptus 22. Euphues 19. eulogize 8. Say “and others” when you encounter the abbreviation.
3. details. 17. 23. “Do I have to decide now?” For all intents and purposes. If you waive your rights you might wave good-bye to an acquittal.. 13. He didn’t waver about being sent on a waiver to another team. and is used especially to introduce examples. expansively * defensively offensively comprehensively apprehensively expensively intensely * Homophones: waive/wave waiver/waver decide/Dee sighed intense/in tents/intents namely/viz. The abbreviation comes from the Latin word videlicet. The abbreviation for namely (or that is to say) is spelled viz. 4. 19. 2. 25. the heat in tents in the desert is too intense for me. 22. 5. 16. expansion * defense offense comprehension apprehension expenses * intense 80th day waivers waiving motivating motivational * waving * wavered evading invading adhering coherent decisively incisions derisively repulsively impulsively compulsively revulsion * viz. 7. 24. 9. 18.37 77th day 1. 21. 12. 14. waif * waive # motive # motif conducive persuasive evasive invasive adhesive cohesive decisive incisive derisive repulsive impulsive compulsive emulsive convulsive expansive * defensive offensive comprehensive apprehensive expensive intensive 78th day waifs waives motives motifs persuade persuasively evade invade adhere cohere * decide incisively deriding repel impelling compelling emulsion convulsion expanse defending offending comprehending apprehending expend intensity 79th day * waiver waived motivate motivation persuading persuasion tax evasion invasion adhesion cohesion decision incision derision repulsion impulsion compulsion revulsive * viz. etc. 8. 11. Dee sighed. 10. # Tricky Words: motif (“moh TEE’f”)/motive (“MOH tiv”) What was the architect’s motive for changing the motif of the building’s design from Early American to Baroque? . 20. 15. 6.
but the patterns necessary to spell excluded have been. 20. is abbreviated e. 17.g. I still enjoy the game of croquet. 3. I’m suffering from exhaustion 13. The sheik loved to wear chic (“SHEEK”) clothing. You shouldn’t be so conceited. _______ ! The word excluded was not given. 11. I love pies. é=AY abbr. I hope you’re good at making arrangements 6. etc. I’m completely exhausted. After running five miles. 2. We should not have made that assumption. You can resume filling out your résumé. Who said our taxes are an excessive burden? ! 10. 14. Tom’s fiancée is planning a surprise for him. In French. for example. It was my first big disappointment. Did you fill out an application blank? 4. yes is oui. 7. 16. It’s no fun being excluded from what’s going on. I’m sending you a big bouquet of roses.. eign+er cei+t+ed ch=sh/i=ee/c=k Lesson word is in 41 43 43 48 48 51 51 51 59 ! 58 62 64 65 65 65 67 66 70 70 75 . cakes. 9. 15. In fact. candy. 18. Don’t step on my blue suede shoes. ex/h/aust ex/h/au/stion ée=AY u=w/e=AY abbr. 12. You become a foreigner when you leave our country. 19. The phrase.38 Evaluation Test #2 (After 80 Days) Pattern being tested 1. Yes in Spanish is si. quet=KAY quet=KAY pp dis/pp/oint rr/ange/ment (o)/u=w/+i=ee ss/ume/+(e)d um+p+tion xc+essive ex/cl. 5. 8. cookies. We assumed that you understood.
Did you fill out an ______________ation blank? 4. yes is ______________. 20.39 Name____________________________ Test #2 1. We should not have made that ass______________. cakes. I still enjoy the game of cro______________. 19. We a______________ that you understood. Tom’s fianc______________ is planning a surprise for him. 3. It’s no fun being excl______________ from what’s going on. It was my first big ______________ment. The phrase. In fact. You shouldn’t be so con______________. You become a for______________ when you leave our country. . 18. 7. 16. Don’t step on my blue s______________ shoes. candy. I’m suffering from ______________ 13. cookies. 11. I’m sending you a big bou______________ of roses. 8. 16. The sh______________ loved to wear ______________ clothing. 12. Who said our taxes are an exc______________ burden? ! Date_______ 10. is abbreviated ______________. for example. In French. I love pies. I hope you’re good at making a______________s 6. 17. 9. 2. ______________. Yes in Spanish is si. After running five miles I’m completely ______________ed. 17. 5. You can resume filling out your ______________.
5. 15. 13. 12. 6. 22. 10. 24. 8. 16. 23. 25. 2. . 20. 19. 21. ostensive responsive responsible explosive erosive corrosive subversive comprehensive cursive conclusive obtrusive inobtrusive successive recessive regressive excessive aggressive digressive progressive transgress depressive impressive oppressive expressive possessive 82nd day ostensible respond responsibly explode erode corrode subvert convert massive conclude obtrude passive succeed * recede regress exceed aggressively digression progression transgression depression impression oppression expression possession 83rd day ostentation response responsibility explosion erosion corrosion subversion conversion inconclusive conclusion obtrusion impassive succeeding receding regression excessively aggression digressing progressively transgressor tongue depressor impressively oppressively expressively possessively 84th day ostentatious responding responsibilities explosively eroding corroded subversively conversation conclusively inconclusively obtrusively passivity succession recession regressed excess aggressor digressed progressed depressed depressing impressed oppressed expressing possessed * Homophones: recede/re-seed As the flood waters began to recede. the farmers began to re-seed their crops. 17. 18.40 81st day 1. 3. 4. 11. 7. 14. 9.
legislative * Homophones: namely/viz. . legislature 88th day * e. Please make sure you know all the pronunciations.41 85th day 1. details. 23. 24. 22. Provoke (“pro VOH’k”) becomes provocative (“pro VAH’k uh tive”) and provocation (“PRAH vuh KAY shun”). 9. 11. The abbreviation for that is is i. 10. submitting admittance emissions remittance omitted permitting child abuse profusion reclusion inclusion including exclusively indicating provocatively sedatives creativity negatively appreciatively interrogator initiate relating contemplating * i. There are just too many to list. # NOTE: Many of the words on this page have accent shifts. 21.g. 7. indicate (“IN duh KAY’t”) shifts to indicative (“in DIK uh TIV”).g. etc.g. 15. 17. 13. 19. missive submissive admissive emissive remissive omissive permissive percussive effusive transfusive seclusive conclusive exclusive # indicative # provocative sedative creative negative appreciative interrogative initiative relative contemplative superlative 86th day missives submission admission emission remission omission permission percussion diffusive transfusion seclusion conclusion exclusion indication provocation sedation creation negation appreciation interrogation initiation relations contemplation superior legislate 87th day mission submissively admit emit remit omit permit abusive profusive reclusive inclusive concluded excluded indicator provoke sedate creating negate appreciated talkative initial relativity contemplate * viz.e. for example/e. The abbreviation for namely (or that is to say) is spelled viz. 16. 5. (Latin exempli gratia). 8.. profits/prophets Prophets who make profits are usually phonies. 20.g.. 6. 3. 14. The abbreviation for for example is e. 12. that is/i. 18. (Latin id est). The abbreviation comes from the Latin word videlicet (“wid DAY lik ket”). 2.e.e. 4. and is used especially to introduce examples. e. legislation 25.
9. 14. 21. Please make sure you know all the pronunciations. 3. 5.42 89th day 1. e. 24. 11. 17. intense heat in tents is to be avoided. 18. 22. 23. 10. There are just too many to list. 12. speculative formative native imaginative nominative alternative declarative comparative imperative lucrative operative recuperative decorative cooperative restorative narrative administrative demonstrative illustrative qualitative quantitative imitative authoritative tentative 90th day speculators formation nativity imagine nominate alternatives declare compare imperial filthy lucre operator recuperate decorate cooperate restore narrate administrate demonstrate illustrate quality quantity imitate authority tentatively represent 91st day speculate normative natal imagination nomination alternator declaration comparison emperor figurative operation recuperation decoration cooperation restoration narration administration demonstration illustration qualities quantities imitation authorities intent representation 92nd day speculating normal nation imaginatively nominees ** alternate declaring comparing empires figures operatives laxatives decorators cooperatively * et al. 19. 8. # NOTE: Many of the words on this page have accent shifts. 15.g. 4. 16.” For all intents and purposes. Demonstrate (DEM un STRAY’T) becomes demonstrative (duh MAH’n struh tive) and native (NAY tiv) becomes nativity (nuh TIV uh tee).. speculate (SPEK yoo LAY’t) shifts to speculative (SPEK yoo luh tive). representative * Homophones: and elsewhere/and others/et al. . 7. intense/intents/in tents The abbreviation for “and elsewhere” or “and others” is “et al. 13. 2. narrator administrators demonstrators illustrators qualifications quantify inimitable authoritatively for all intents representing 25. 20. 6.
16. 3.43 93rd day 1. 10. 19. 21. 8. 22. 12. 24. 11. 7. 18. 13. 14. preventative denotative connotative conservative active inactive radioactive defective effective perfective objective elective selective deflective reflective inflective collective connective respective retrospective introspective prospective perspective directive corrective 94th day prevention denotation connotation conservation activities inactivity radioactivity too many defects effectively perfection objectives election selection deflection reflection inflection collection connection respectively retrospectively introspection prospectors perspectives directions corrections 95th day preservative denote connote action activate deactivate retroactive He defected ineffective subjective detectives protective convective vindictive restrictive distinctive instinctive deductive inductive productive reproductive obstructive destructive instructive constructive 96th day preservation denoting connoting actively activation deactivation invective defector ineffectively adjective detection protection convection vindictively restrictions distinction instinctively deductions induction production reproduction obstruction destruction instructions construction . 17. 4. 6. 23. 15. 25. 2. 20. 5. 9.
3. should NOT do is proscriptive. 15. 18. So too. 9. 23. 12. 22. 7. the plaintiff asked the judge to find in his favor.44 97th day 1. 2. prescriptive and proscriptive have absolute opposite meanings. 6. 25. 11. “Must have or should do” is prescriptive. . 14. 13. reconstructive expletive secretive additive prohibitive fugitive primitive cognitive metacognitive definitive punitive nutritive acquisitive inquisitive transitive intransitive sensitive insensitive positive repetitive competitive intuitive retentive attentive preventive 98th day reconstruction expletives deleted genitive additionally prohibition fugitives primitives cognition metacognition definition nutrients nutrition acquisition inquisition transition incentive sensitivity insensitivity position repetition competition intuition retention attention prevention 99th day inventive motive * plaintive * plaintiff votive ** tempus fugit captive recognition deceptive definite receptive perceptive acquire inquire descriptive # prescriptive # proscriptive redemptive presumptive consumptive # adaptive # adoptive eruptive interruptive corruptive 100th day invention motivation complaint plaintiffs devotion infinitive captivate recognize deception definitely reception perception inception supportive description # prescription # proscription redemption presumption consumption adaptation adoption eruption interruption corruption * Homophones: plaintive/plaintiff In a small plaintive (“whiney”) voice. prescribe/proscribe are antonyms. 10. 21. 4. 16. 19. 17. ** Note ** tempus (time) fugit (runs away) Does time fly or is time a thief? # Tricky Words: adapt/adopt prescriptive/proscriptive We can adapt to changes. 20. 24. Hmmmm. Must NOT do. 8. 5. We can adopt new ways.
2. 23. Or it can be a French jet fighter plane. 3. 20. 18. 7. 4. 8. 12. 25. 22. you might make a collage (kuh LAH’zh) Love and marriage go together like a horse and carriage. . 5. A mirage (muh RAH’zh) is something that isn’t there when you see it. the Mirage. A masseur (muh SOOR) or masseuse (muh SOO-ss) gives a massage. A messenger delivers a message. 14. 21. 16. 24. 6. 13. 9. diss RUP tiv uh SUR tiv SPOH’r tive FESS tiv FESS tuh vul diss TRIB yoo tiv kun SEK yoo tiv eg ZEK yoo tiv sug JESS tiv dyh JESS tive eg ZAW stiv dim MIN yoo tiv guh RAH-zh mur RAH-zh KAM uh FLAH-zh buh RAH-zh muh SAH-zh SAB uh TAH-zh kul LAH-zh mah’n TAH-zh DAY koo PAH-zh press TEE-zh ROO-zh day LOO-zh diss RUP shun uh SUR shun FUR tiv fess TIV uh tee fess TIV uh teez distributive DISS truh BYOO shun consecutive kun SEK yoo tiv lee executive suggestive digestive exhaustive garage ## mirage camouflage barrage ## massage sabotage ## collage montage prestige rouge deluge eg ZEK yoo tivz sug JESS chun dyh JESS chun eg ZAW-ss chun guh RAH zhiz mur RAH-zhiz KAM uh FLAH zhiz buh RAH zhiz SAB uh TOO’r SAB uh TAH zhiz kul LAH zhiz mah’n TAH zhiz press TEE juss LOO-zh day LOO zhiz diminutive ESS pee uh NAH-zh 19.45 Pronunciation Guide 101st day disruptive assertive sportive festive festival Pronunciation Guide 102nd day disruption assertion furtive festivity festivities distribution consecutively executives suggestion digestion exhaustion espionage garages mirages camouflages barrages saboteur sabotages entourages collages montages Moulin Rouge prestigious luge deluges 1. 10. 17. 15. AW’n toor RAH-zh entourage AW’n toor RAH zhiz découpage moo LAH’n ROO-zh * Tricky Words: college/collage mirage/marriage message/massage In a college art class. 11.
A messenger delivers a message. VES tij jiz h’YOO-j lee SEN truh f’YOO jiz SUB tur f’YOO jiz SAH’r junt in SUR jun-ss 13. you might make a collage (kuh LAH’zh). 6.Abbreviate et cetera 15. A masseur (muh SOOR) or masseuse (muh SOO-ss) gives a massage. 12. 24. 8. SUR jun SAB uh TOO-rz camouflaged KAM uh FLAH zhing surgeon saboteurs sabotaged courage courageous outrage outrageous advantage advantageous deluged SUR junz VEN jun-ss SAB uh TAH zhing GOH’r juss kur RAY juss lee DUN junz PIJ junz BLUH-d junz STUR junz ow’t RAY jus lee 18. 11. the Mirage. 10. Spell: et SET tur uh 14. A mirage (muh RAH’zh) is something that isn’t there but you see it. 7.46 Pronunciation Guide 103rd day fuselage corsage ## massages ## college privilege sacrilege oblige Pronunciation Guide 104th day pageant pageantry massaged colleges privileges sacrilegious obliging obligations vestiges hugely centrifuges subterfuges sergeant insurgents camouflaging surgeons vengeance sabotaging gorgeous courageously dungeons pigeons bludgeons sturgeons outrageously 1. 25. 3. KAM uh FLAH-zh’d 16. 20. SAB uh TAH-zh’d 19. KUR ij kur RAY jus OW-t ray’j ow’t RAY jus ad VAN tij ad van TAY jus day LOO-zh’d * Look Alikes: college/collage mirage/marriage message/massage In a college art class. 22. koh’r SAH’zh muh SAH’zh iz KAH lij PRIV lij SAK ruh lij uh BLYH’j AH bluh GAY’t VESS tij h’YOO-j SEN truh f’YOO-j SUB tur f’YOO-j PAJ junt PAJ un tree muh SAH’zh-d KAH lij jiz PRIV lij jiz SAK ruh LIJ jus uh BLYH jing obligate AH bluh GAY shunz vestige huge centrifuge subterfuge et cetera etc. 23. Or it can be a French jet fighter plane. 9. Love and marriage go together like a horse and carriage. f’YOO suh LAH’zh 2. 5. 21. . 17. 4.
12. 14. he threw up. 9.S. I would teach a doe to sing.” You can use a plow to plough or a plough to plow. the president threw out the first ball to start the baseball season. it’s a loch. In Scotland. 18. 2. 23. TUF RUF ee NUF SLOO THROO DOH THOH THUR oh FUR loh KAW’f TRAW’f EEVZ TRAW-f PL’OW B’OW LAH’k (Ireland) LAH’k (Scotland) LAH’k J-OR-J J-OR-juh nah STAL zhuh nah STAL jik noo RAL zhuh VESS tij vess TIJ’l ree LIJ jun TUF un RUF tup SLUF SLOOZ THROO WAY DOH nut awl THOH THUR oh lee FUR lohz KAW’f-ss TRAW’F-ss EEVZ TRAW-f’ss PL’OW-z b’OW-z LAH’k-ss LAH’k-ss LAH’k-ss KAH lij kuh LEE jun kuh LEE jit NOH’r way noh’r WEE jun thee AH luh jee THEE uh LOH junz ree LIJ jus * Homophones: through/threw throughout/threw out dough/doe/do plough/plow bough/bow lough/loch/lock slough/slew slough/sluff loughs/lochs/locks/lox When he got through eating the worms. He sluffed a spade instead of trumping his partner’s ace. I like to eat lox but not loughs. For enough dough.47 Pronunciation Guide 105th day tough rough enough * **slough * through * dough though thorough furlough cough trough * eaves trough * plough * bough * lough * loch * lock George Georgia nostalgia nostalgic neuralgia vestige vestigial religion Pronunciation Guide 106th day toughen roughed up ** slough ** sloughs throughway doughnut although thoroughly furloughs coughs troughs eaves troughs * ploughs * boughs * loughs * lochs lox and bagels college collegian collegiate Norway Norwegian theology theologians religious 1. you can swim in a lake. Quays (pronounced as keys) are found along both loughs and lochs. A snake will slough his skin. 15. 25. In the U. 13. 16. St. 3. 19. In Ireland. A key opens a lock. 8. Throughout the years. 17. or locks. 4. lochs. 6. 11. . 5. 24. it’s a lough. 22. You can take a bow if the bough doesn’t break. 10. 7. 21. 20. George slew the dragon in the slough. “Do re me fa sol la ti do.
for example. the British farmer ploughed his field. a female deer” plus “do re me fa sol la ti do” could make you a lot of dough if you were inclined to bet. dough thoroughness thoroughly furloughing coughing cough drops hygienist ploughing * one cent century centavo centipede centennial centenarian centigrade centimeter centurion centuries 1.g. The American farmer plowed his field. 5. Hi. 6. 22. 25. or a lake in the U. Lough Foyle Loch Ness contagion contagious irreligious prodigy prodigious prestige prestigious legion Pronunciation Guide 108th day toughening roughest * sloughed regional * i. 8. 10. 4. 2. 13. Being able to spell “Doe. TUF fund RUF lee SLOO’z REE jun THROO ow’t DOH nut-ss THUR oh fay’r THUR oh FUR loh’d KAW’f-t KAW’f-drahp H’YH jeen PL’OW-d TUFF ning RUFF ist SLUFT REE jun ul abbrev.48 Pronunciation Guide 107th day toughened roughly sloughs region * throughout doughnuts thoroughfare thorough furloughed coughed cough drop hygiene * ploughed * e. 3.S.e.” The blood hound owner didn’t charge a cent when the dog he sent lost the scent. for example 15. 20.e.” Lock up your boats whether on a lough in Ireland. kun TAY jun kun TAY juss SAK ruh LIJ just EE’r ruh LIJ jus PRAH duh jee pruh DIJ jus press TEE’zh pres TEE jus LEE jun sacrilegious SEN ten AY’r ee un per cent (percent) percentages * Homophones: throughout/threw out hygiene/Hi Gene for example/e. for that is DOH THUR oh niss THUR oh lee FUR loh ing KAW fing KAW’f drahp-ss h’YH JEN ist PL’OW ing WUN SENT SEN chur ree sen TAH vo SEN tuh peed sen TEN ee ul SENT uh GRAY’d SENT uh MEE tur sen CHUR ee un SEN chur eez pur SENT pur SENT ij iz 14. the inspectors threw out the gadgets that didn’t pass. 23. . that is/i.. 18. tough/loch/lock ploughed/plowed dough/doe/do cent/scent/sent All throughout the day. 19.) correctly. 24..g. 11.g. a loch in Scotland. 7.) 17. 9.LAH’k FOY’l (Ireland) 16. e. 21. 12. as “that is” not “EYE E. Abbr. LAH’k Ness (Scot. Gene! What do you know about hygiene? Many phrases can be abbreviated. Read the abbreviation of that is (i.e.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. * center * center central centralize centralization centric egocentric concentric centrifuge centrifugal force centripetal centrist circle circular circuit circuitous circuitry circulate circulation circulatory circumcision circumference circumscribe circumspect circumstance
circumstantial circumvent circus coaxial co-ax co-curricular codefendant coed coeducation coefficient coequal coerce coercion coeternal co-evolve coexist coexistence cohere coherent coincide coincident coincidence coincidental coincidentally co-inventor
collaborate collaborator collaboration collapse collate collation collateral collect collection collective collectivism collector colleague ## colleges collegiate collide collision colloquial colloquialism collusion combat combatant combine combination combo
combust combustion combustible comfort comfortable comfortably command commandment ! commandant ## commander ## commandeer commemorate commemoration commence commencement commend commendation recommend recommendation commensurable comment commentary commentator commerce commercial
center/centre American spelling is center except when businesses and communities decide to use the “fancier” British spelling centre. Cf. theater/theatre.
! Insane Words:
commandant (KAH muh’n DAH’n-t) A commandant is merely a base commander with a slightly fancier title with a slightly French pronunciation.
## Tricky Words:
commander (kuh MAN dur)/commandeer (KAH muh’n DEER) The police commander decided to commandeer a civilian’s automobile to chase the bank robber.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 25. commiserate commissar commissary commission commit commitment committed committee commode accommodate commodore uncommonly commotion communicable communicate communication ! communiqué communism Communism Communist commune community companionship
accompany accompaniment comparison compartment compartmental compassionate compensation compensatory compensate competent incompetent competence incompetence competitor competition competitive complete complement complementary completion compliment complimentary comportment
comply complying compose composition composite compost composure compote compound comprehend comprehensive comprehension compressed compression compromise compulsion compulsive compulsory compute computation compliments computers comprise
conceal conceited conceive inconceivable concentration conception conceptual concert concession concierge conciliatory reconciliation conclusive conclusion concord concordance concur concurrence concurrently concussion condemn complimenting condemnation condensation
compassion non compos mentis
complement/compliment It was nice of you to compliment me on how my rugs complement the furniture and walls. complementary/complimentary The paint store gave complimentary samples of complementary colors of paints.
! Insane Words:
communiqué (Kuh m’YOO nuh KAY) We received a special communiqué informing us of his imminent arrival. compromise (KAH’m pruh myhz) Sometimes you just have to compromise and break a promise.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. condescend condescending condescension
confide ## confident confidence
congeal congested conglomeration congratulate
consecutive consent consequent consequently consequences conserve conservation conservationist conservative conservatively conservatory consider considerable considerably considerate inconsiderate consist consistency consistent inconsistent ** console consolation consolidate consolidation * consommé
condiments He is my ## confidant
condition She is my ## confidante congratulations unconditional preconditions condolences condone ** conduct ** conduct conducive conduction * conduit confection confectioner confederate confederacy confederation confer conferring conference confess confession confidential confine confinement confirm confirmation confiscate confiscated confiscation conflagration conflict conform conformist conformity conformation confound confounded confront confrontation confuse confusion congregate congregation congress congressional connect connections connoisseur connote connotation conquer conqueror conquest ## conscience conscientious ## conscious unconscious consciousness consecrate consecrated consecration
25. confessional **Heteronyms:
conduct (“KAH’n duct”)/conduct (“kun DUK’t”) He received a good conduct medal but he still doesn’t know how to conduct an orchestra. console (“kun SOH’l”)/console (“KAH’n sohl”) It is hard to console a person who has just broken a console.
conduit/khan do it/con do it) If the khan wants more electrical conduit laid, let the Khan do it or have a con do it.
## Tricky Words:
confident (“Kah’n fuh dint”)/confidant (“KAH’n fuh DAH’n-t”)/confidante (“KAH’n fuh DAH’n-t”). I am confident that Jack can be my confidant and Jill my confidante. conscience (“KAH’n shun-ss”)/conscious (“KAH’n shus”) Let your conscience be your guide. Be conscious of what you’re doing at all times.
00 for a cup of coffee is outrageous. Why carry collision insurance on an old junker? 19. Please regard this information as confidential. cisive ension ible ibility ession lature ative inct+ive+ly tiv(e)+ity scrib(e) + ing scrip + tion ition age=“Ahzh” Lesson word is in 77 79 81 83 82 87 89 96 98 ! 99 100 98 101 oughe=“Oozh” 101 ege=“ij” geous=“jus” circ/ular 103 103 109 ision=“izh un” 111 ission=“Ish un” 113 ential=“en shul” 118 . 3. were given. It is imperative that you be here on time. 8. Were you describing me? 11. the patterns necessary to spell the word. Should your rouge match your lipstick? 15. My friend is suffering from depression. You can put that in the circular file. That’s a real oasis. Do you take responsibility for your own actions? 5. Charging $5. 12. ! 10. 2. 18. 14.52 Evaluation Test #3 (After 120 Days) Pattern being tested 1. 20. The salesperson earned a hefty commission. What’s the difference between colleges and universities? 16. Did she get elected to the state legislature? 7. He showed no sensitivity to her feelings. 17. The dog instinctively began to growl at the intruder. It was a very decisive victory. 6. Have you ever heard of male intuition? 13. 9. Who is responsible for getting you here on time? 4. ______ ! This word was never given! However. Square circles are beyond my comprehension. I’m not sure I like your description. not a mirage.
00 for a cup of coffee is outra______________. 9.53 Name____________________________ Evaluation Test #3 1. What’s the difference between coll______________and universities? 16. 17. . It was a very de______________ victory. It is imper______________ that you be here on time. Date_______ 3. 18. 12. Charging $5. I’m not sure I like your de______________. Have you ever heard of male intu______________? 13. He showed no sensi______________ to her feelings. 6. Please regard this information as confid_______________. 20. Who is respons______________ for getting you here on time? 4. The salesperson earned a hefty comm______________. That’s a real oasis. Should your r______________ match your lipstick? 15. ! 10. Why carry coll______________ insurance on an old junker? 19. 8. Were you de______________ me? 11. 14. Do you take respons______________ for your own actions? 5. Square circles are beyond my compreh______________. You can put that in the ______________ file. My friend is suffering from depr______________. 2. The dog inst______________ began to growl at the intruder. not a mir______________. Did she get elected to the state legis______________? 7.
3. 7 8. 4. 21. agreement or harmony of sounds. convict (“kun VIK’t”)/convict (“KAH’n vikt”) It’s not hard to convict someone who has been a convict before. consult (kun SUL’t)/consult (KAH’n sult) If a doctor needs to consult another doctor. ** Heteronyms: content (“kun TENT”)/content (“KAH’n tent”) I am content to understand the content of this sentence. 25. 20. He already is a convert. it is called a consult (short for consultation). 15 16. 19. while consonance is accord. 6. 18. . 14. convert (“kun VERT”)/convert (“KAH’n vert”) You don’t have to convert him.54 121st day 1. 10. 12. 11. 2. contest (“kun TEST”)/contest (“KAH’n test”) I will not contest the results of the contest. 13. 9.. # Tricky Words: consume (“kun SOO’m”)/consommé (“kAH’n sum MAY”) It’s hard not to consume a bowl of good consommé. 22. 23. 24. 5. convicted conviction five convicts convoy convulse convivial conviviality convince convincing unconvinced * Homophones: consonants/consonance The letters bcdfghjklmnpqrstvwxyz are usually consonants. 17. * consonants * consonance dissonance consort conspicuous conspire conspiracy conspirators constable constant constancy constantly constellation constitute constituent constituency constitution unconstitutional constrain constraint constrict construct construction consul consult 122nd day consultant consultation consume consumer consumption contact contagious contain container containment contaminate contaminants contemporary contempt contemptible the ** content to be content contention contentious ** a contest to contest a will continent continental contingent continuance 123rd day continuously contortionist contour contribute contributions contributors contrite contrition contrive contrivance control controls controlled controlling controller convalescence convalescent convection convenient conveniently convenience conveniences convention unconventional converge 124th day converging converse conversation conversational to ** convert a ** convert conversion converter convertible convex convey conveyance conveyer belt to convict a man He is a convict.
7. 6. morally bankrupt. 21. counterespionage 14. 18. debonair (“DEB uh n’ay’r”) Most young men like to consider themselves to be debonair. 9. 19. 10. 24. countermand countermeasure counteroffensive countermove counterpane counterpart counterpoint counterrevolution countersink ! Insane Words: debris (“duh BREE”) After a flood hurricane or tornado there is always a lot of debris to clean up. 25. and living in luxury is decadence. contraband contraception contraceptives contradict contradictory contrary contrast contretemps controversy counteract countercharge counterclockwise 126th day counterweight deactivate debacle contradicts debase debate contrasts debrief controversies counteracts countercharges ! debris debilitate counterfeits ! debonair decay countermands decease deceit deceive decide decisive declare declaration declassify 127th day declassify deactivated debacles contradicted debased debating contrasted debriefs controversial counteracted countercharged ! debris debility counterfeited decayed ! decadent countermanded deceased deceitful deceptive decidedly decisively declared decompress ! déclassé 128th day declassified deactivating decode contradiction debasing debatable contrasting debriefed decompose counteracting countercharging decomposition debilitating counterfeiting decaying ! decadence countermanding decedent deception deceptively decision indecisive declaring decompression decontaminate 13.55 125th day 1. 15. 12. really cool. 4. 5. 20. decadent (“DEK uh dint”) A person whose morals have decayed is said to be decadent. 23. . déclassé (DAY klah SAY) It is not chic to go to a restaurant that is déclassé. 3. 2. counterfeit counterfeiter 16. decadence (“DEK un din-ss”) The state of being morally decayed. 11. counterintelligence 17. 22. 8.
12. 4. deliberate When you deliberate (duh LIB ur RAY’t) you make a deliberate (duh LIB uh rit) attempt to think about what you’re about to do or not do. 6. should do or shouldn’t do. the British. 21. 19. 18. 15. 5. 13. (afraid of misspelling?) usually stress the ant ending making defendant rhyme with “the end CAN’T. however. 8. declassifying decompose decomposition decompression decontaminate decrease decree decrepit dedicate dedication deduce deduct deduction deductible deductive deface de facto default defeat ** defect ** defect defend ** defendant 130th day defer deference deferential deferment deferred defiance defy defiant defiance deficit deficient deficiency defile define definition definite definitely deflect deflection defraud deformity defray defrock defrost defunct 131st day degrade degradation degree dehumanize dehumidify dehydrate dehydration de jure de facto delay delayed to ** delegate a ** delegate delegation delete deleterious to ** deliberate to be deliberate deliberately deliberation delicacy delicatessen delicately delicious delightful 132nd day delinquent delinquency delirious delirium deliver deliverance delivery deliveries delouse delete deletion delusion demand deluxe demands demarcation dematerialize demeanor dementia demented demerits demilitarized zone demise demolish demolition 24. . 7. 22. the British practiced defencive manoeuvres. 20.* defense (defence) 25. The Americans practiced defensive maneuvers. Lawyers. a strong defence. defendant rhymes with independent. defendant In normal usage. 3. 9.” # Tricky Words: decree/degree By the king’s decree the temperature in the palace was set one degree higher. 10.* defensive (defencive) * Homophones: defense/defence defensive/defencive Americans believe in a strong defense. 23.56 129th day 1. 16. 11. 17. 14. ** Heteronyms: delegate The delegate (DEL uh git) from New York tried to delegate (DEL uh GAY’t) his responsibility to a volunteer. 2.
5. 14. 13. 2. 24. . 9. 16. 25. 6.57 133rd day 1. 20. 4. 7. 22. 21. 18. 11. 12. * Homophones: desert/dessert dairy heir/derriere 134th day deplete deplore deplorable deploy deport deportation deportment depose deposit depository deposition ! depot depraved depravity depreciate 135th day desalt descend condescend condescension descendant describe description descriptive desecrate desecration desegregate desegregation desensitize to desert a ship desertion 136th day desolate desolation desperate desperado despise despicable despite despondent despondency a sandy * desert destined destiny predestined destination predestination destitute destroy destruction indestructible destructive detach detachment details detain detention demonstrate demonstrators demonstration deny undeniable denouement denounce nominate nomination denomination denominator deodorize deodorant depart department departure departmental depend dependable dependability * dependents * dependence * independence * independents depict depreciation he ate two desserts depressed depression deprived deputy derange derisive derived derivative * derriere deserve design designation designate desire desirous desirable cease and desist despair No one should desert a ship just because they didn’t get an extra dessert after dinner. 10. 8. 19. 15. 3. Have you ever spent much time in a bus depot? ! Insane Words: depot (“DEE poh”) ** Heteronyms: desert (“dee ZURl’t”) or (“DEZ zurt”) One should desert a ship just to stay on a desert island. 17. 23. The London Dairy heir fell on his derriere while singing the Londonderry Air.
Sometimes you have to devise a way to do something. 5. 8. 13. 4. 7. 23. 16. * Homonyms: diarrhea (American spelling) / diarrhoea (British spelling) . symbol/cymbal The cymbal could be a symbol for a band. detect detectives detection détente determine determination deter deterrent detergent deteriorate detest detestable dethrone detonate detonation detonator detour detract detriment detrimental develop development undeveloped deviate deviation 138th day # device devious # devise devoid devoted devotion devour devout decade Decalogue December decibel decimal decimate demidemigod demigoddess diabetes diabetic diabolic diabolism diagnose diagnosis diagnoses diagnostic 139th day diagnostics diagnostician diagonal dialect dialogue dialysis diameter diametrically diamond diapers diaphanous diaphragm * diarrhea * diarrhoea diatribe dichloride dichotomy dichotomize differ different difference indifferent differential differentiate indifference 140th day difficult difficulties difficulty digest digestible indigestion digestive tract digress digression dilapidated dilate dilemma diligent dimension three dimensional diminish diminutive diocese diocesan diode diphthong diplomat diplomacy diplomatic diploma # Tricky Words device (duh VYH-ss) / devise (dee VYH-z) A device is a thing-a-ma-jig that you use to do something with. 18. 6. 19. 21. 9. 25. 17.58 137th day 1. 12. 10. 22. 24. 2. 3. 15. 14. 20. 11.
18. 14. 16. Note: Technically these two words are not homophones. 15. 22. 24. 23. we rarely distinguish between the hard /k/ and hard /g/ in the medial position. 11. 9. 4.59 141st day 1. 7. 2. 12. disfavor (American spelling) / disfavour (British spelling) dishonor (American spelling) / dishonour (British spelling) discussed/disgust ## Tricky Words: diseased/deceased Anyone who eats the meat from diseased cattle may end up being deceased (dead!). but in general usage. 5. 3. 17. 8. 13. 10. 6. . 19. 25. * direct directions directional director disability disabilities disabled disadvantaged disagree disagreeable disappear disappearance disappoint disappointment disapprove disapproval disarm disarmament disaster disastrous disavow disband disbar disbarred disbelief 142nd day disburse disbursements discard discern discernible discharge disciple discipline disciplinary disciplinarian disclaimer disclose disclosure discolored discoloration disconcerted discontinued discount discourage discouragement discover discovery discoveries discredit discredit 143rd day * discrete * discreet discretion discretionary funds discriminate discriminatory discrimination discuss discussion disdain disdainful disease ## diseased * disfavor disfigured disenfranchised disgust disgusted disgustingly dishonest * dishonesty * dishonor * dishonour * dishonorable dishonourable 144th day disintegrate disintegration disinterested dislocated dislocation dislodged disloyal dismal dismay dismember dismiss dismissed dismissal dismount disobedient disobedience disobey disorder disorderly disorganized disorganization disoriented disowned disparage disparagement * Homophones: It was with great disgust that we allowed that distasteful subject to be discussed. 20. 21.
The Screen Writers’ Guild knows better than to gild a lily.60 145th day 1. 8. etc. 3. forming the –gue ending as in vague. Listen here row one. If you kill a gorilla. 4. almost defenseless. The lust for gold gilt can make a monk feel guilt within his soul. When it occurs at the end of words it is always followed by a silent e. Be my guest. 6. The u in this case is not a vowel. We guessed that the guest of honor would be roasted as well as toasted. 2. 24. Note: . 7. It is part of a two letter combination (digraph) that gives the hard “guh” sound. pirogue. vogue. 20. 12. intrigue. 25. If you kill a guerilla you have killed a soldier. This digraph appears both at the beginning and at the ends of words. 15. 19. 17. 9. 21. guide guidance their guild * gild a lily guile guileless guillotine guilt guilty guitar * Homophones: dissidents/dissidence guerilla/gorilla guessed/guest hero/here row guild/gild guilt/gilt The dissidents were arguing among themselves causing greater dissidence. 18. 14. disparity dispatch dispatches dispel dispense indispensable dispenser disperse displease displeasure displaced displacement display dispose disposal disposition disprove disputed indisputable disqualify disqualified disqualification disregard disreputable disrepute 146th day disrespect disrespectful disrobe disrupt disruptive disruption dissatisfied dissatisfaction dissect dissection dissent dissenter dissident * dissidents * dissidence disservice dissipate dissipation dissolve dissolution dissuade distant distance distasteful distemper 147th day distilled water distillation distillery distinct distinction distinguished distinctive distorted distortion distract distraction distress distribute distribution distributor district distrust disturbing disturbances diverse diversify diversion divide dividends division 148th day divisive divisor divorce divorcee divulge divine divinity guarantee guard guardian guardrail * guerilla * gorilla We * guessed it. 5. 22. Well. 11. rogue. 16. Starting with the word guarantee there are over 100 examples of words having the gudigraph. 10. you have killed a defenseless animal. nobody's a hero. 23. 13.
Sprague plagued vaguest idea renegued reneged intrigued fatigued harangued fugue tongue pedagoguery demagoguery poinsettia travelogue analogues dyslexia dyslexic asphyxia * catalog 152nd day mischief mischievous Bogue St. pirogues morgues although Ms. 15. 25. 5.61 149th day 1. 24. 3 4. Sprague’s car plaguing * all through reneguing reneging thorough fatiguing haranguing fugues tongues thoroughbred even though poinsettias trivia Olivia dyslexia asphyxiation asphyxiated catalogs 10. 17. 2. 14.Under the guise of. 6. they all threw up—their hands. 21. 18. 16. disguise two guys league colleague beleaguer the Hague plague vague 150th day rogue brogue vogue leagues colleagues beleaguers Tom Hague’s car plagues vaguely renegues reneges intrigues fatigues harangues distingué tongues pedagogues demagogues synagogues dialogues analogue monologues prologues epilogues catalogues 151st day rogues brogues bogue pirogue morgue beleaguered Mr. 9. 8. When they were all through partying. intrigue fatigue harangue meringue tongue pedagogue demagogue synagogue dialogue Decalogue monologue prologue epilogue * catalogue * Homophones: guise/guys catalogue/catalog catalogues/catalogs all threw/all through Under the guise of being repairmen the two guys walked into the office. 19. You can have catalogues or you can have catalogs. 7. * renegue (British) 11.* renege (American) 12.. You have your choice of a free catalogue or a free catalog. . 20. 22. 23. 13.
12.” I didn’t tell you to peddle it for a dime. 8. “Go pedal your bike. 4. hence these words could . 3. 9. 11. 10. A flower has more than one petal. 6. 14. Notes: The “t” sound in the medial position is usually pronounced “d” in normal speech. 2. 5.62 153rd day 1. 24. 15. 23. 25. 20. I said. Gold is a metal with a metallic color. 13. cubical radical medical surgical ethical cyclical encyclical chemical rhythmical comical technical clinical stoical cynical tropical topical typical stereotypical spherical clerical theatrical whimsical farcical classical musical 154th day focal radicals medically surgically ethically cyclically encyclicals chemically rhythmically comically technically clinically stoically cynically tropically topically typically stereotypically spherically clerically theatrically whimsically farcically classically musically 155th day grammatical radically mystical practical tactical poetical critical skeptical optical vertical nautical quizzical vocal local reciprocal fiscal * ## medal * ## metal * ## pedal * ## petal tidal scandal vandal sandal feudal 156th day grammatically rascals mystically practically tactically poetically critically skeptically optically vertically nautically quizzically vocally locally reciprocally fiscally * ## medals * ## metals * ## pedals * ## petals suicidal scandals vandals sandals feudalism * Homophones: medal/meddle/ “metal” pedal/peddle/ “petal” Never meddle with a man who has a medal of honor. 16. 18. Trying to force children to correctly pronounce the words by emphasizing the “t” in metal and petal could be a losing battle. also qualify as homophones. 17. 21. 19. 7. 22.
7. The police were looking for a serial killer. 11. 19. 12. 6. 21. 24. 17. 25. 23. 3. . 16.63 157th day 1. 18. 22. 5. cereal/serial 158th day legally illegally regally prodigals madrigals frugally conjugation Portuguese colony colonies colonial baronial colloquial aerial imperial material bacterial arterial memorial factorial pictorial editorial sartorial tutorial ethereal 159th day * cereal * serial burial trial terra firma terrace terrain terrestrial industry industries industrial controversy controversies controversial trivia trivial convivial By Jove jovial alluvial decimal animal prime primal mammal 160th day thermal thermos thermometer formal formally informal formality normal normally abnormal dismal baptismal anus anal per annum annual annually banal penal penance penalty arsenal signal signify significance legal illegal regal prodigal madrigal frugal conjugal Portugal adverbial proverbial connubial bronchial bronchitis radial medial remedial custodial parochial filial genial congenial menial venial centennial bicentennial * Homophones: We eat cereal for breakfast. 20. 2. 4. 9. 13. 8. 15. 10. 14.
Historically. 3. They calmed the lion with a tranquilizer. 5. My house could use a little modernization. The woman next door is an electrician. How many politicians does it take to tell the truth? it+ic+ism sym+path+y al+t(y)+ies civil+i+an anq+uil+izer ern+iz(e)+ation or(y)+iz(e)+ing s(e)+i+tiv(e)+ity ppet+iz(e)+ing ec+if+ic eg(y)+ic co+hol+ic con+om+ic+al micro+scop(e)+ic typ(e)ic+al+ly histor(y)+ic+al+ly elec+tr+ician auto+mat+ic+al+ly 119 121 122 125 127 132 132 136 136 138 139 141 144 148 148 151 152 156 157 159 apolog(y)+et+ic polit(e)+icians . the Middle East has been fought over. 13. We should feel sympathy towards those less fortunate. We are all good at memorizing different things. 7. 16. Which car is the most economical to drive? 14. There are different kinds of penalties. 17. 12. 18.64 Evaluation Test #4 (After 160 Days) Pattern Being Tested Lesson word is in 1. Nobody really likes to receive criticism. Microscopic organisms are hard to see. 8. 2. 4. 15.” 19. Choosing Mary was a strategic move. A soldier on leave can wear civilian clothes. 10. We should automatically say “Please” and “Thank you. We should all show some sensitivity towards others. 9. That dessert looks awfully appetizing. 6. 20. His answer appeared to be apologetic. Alcoholic beverages are served in bars. Basketball players are typically taller than golfers. Would you try to be more specific? 11.
say “Please” and “Thank you. We should 19. Would you try to be more sp 11. My house could use a little modern 7. . How many . Al . clothes. 15. His answer appeared to be 20. does it take to tell the truth? 17. The woman next door is an 18. . We are all good at 8. A soldier on leave can wear 5. . Choosing Mary was a strat 12.” . That dessert looks awfully a 10. . taller than golfers. Date_______ towards those less fortunate. to drive? 13. They calmed the lion with a tr 6. We should feel 3. . There are different kinds of pen 4. We should all show some sen 9. ? move. the Middle East has been fought over. Which car is the most e 14. organisms are hard to see. towards others. beverages are served in bars.65 Name____________________________ Test #4 1. . different things. Nobody really likes to receive cr 2. Basketball players are 16.
final finalist finally spine spinal cardinal origin originate original originally originality crimes criminal criminology criminologist nominal nominally nom de plume nominate nomination denomination term terminate terminal terminally 162nd day doctrine doctrinal indoctrinate indoctrination urine urinal urination * hymn hymnal autumn autumnal diagonal national international nationalist nationalism nationally rational rationalism rationalist motives motivation motivational fractions fractional 163rd day sectional functional emotional emotionally exceptional exceptionally optional proportional personal personally personality tonal zonal carnal carnival carnivorous soup du jour journal journalist journalism maternal maternity fraternal fraternity paternal 164th day eternal eternally eternity internal external nocturnal tribunal communal papal * principal * principals principality a moral principle moral principles municipal municipality cerebral cathedral liberal numeral generally generations mineral funeral literal * Homophones: hymn/him principal/principle principal’s principles She sang his favorite hymn to him. 8. 2. 24.66 161st day 1. 5. 15. 10. The letters LE are the last two letters of RULE and principle. mAn A principle is a rule. 6. 25. A principal should be more than a pal. 16. 21. . 7. 14. pAl. mAin. He is the main man. PrincipAl. 11. 4. 19. 17. 23. 22. 3. The principal’s principal principles are the main man’s rules. 9. 12. 13. 18. 20.
17. 19. Throughout the night. 20. cur” when you’re playing euchre. 22. 14.67 165th day 1. 9. 24. lateral collateral several integral integrity integrate integer sepulcher sepulchral admiral oral morally immoral mortal mortally immortal amoral ! * mores * coral * choral chorus mayoral temporal corporal pectoral 166th day doctoral studies pasture pastor pastoral * center * centre central ventral * neuter * neutre neutral neutrality morality ## immorality mortality ## immortality amorality mischief mischievous chorale choruses although * throughout thoroughly even though 167th day thoughtful thoroughfare technical technicality centrist eccentric eccentricity eccentricities mechanic mechanically technique stomach ache * ! euchre * ! pinochle echo echoes architect architecture architectural psych psyche psychic psycho psychology psychologist 168th day psychos psychics psychiatry psychiatrist psychiatric psychedelic chaos chaotic scholar scholastic cholesterol character characteristics uncharacteristically trough eaves trough architects architecturally coughing laughing * ploughing * plowing furlough Loch Ness Irish * loughs * Homophones: more rays/mores coral/choral throughout/threw out euchre/you cur pinochle/pea knuckle pastor/passed her/past her loughs/lox/locks/lochs Do the mores of sun worshipers include respecting more rays than just the sun’s? The choral group sang a song about a coral reef. Irish loughs and Scotland’s lochs go with quays and are also great for boating and fishing. 11. Lox go great with bagels. . 4. the cleaning crew threw out all the trash they collected. Note: We left days 169 through 180 for you and your children to develop if you feel you need more review than what was given during the year. 3. 2. 7. 16. 10. 8. 18. he wondered if he should have passed her. 6. “You. 13. 12. If peas were to have hands. 23. locks go with keys. could a pea knuckle play pinochle? When the pastor walked past her. 5. 25. 21. Be careful whom you call. 15.
21. 25. 10. 16. 20. 17. 18. 9. 14. 2. 23. 12. 11. 5. 24. 3. 8.68 169th day 1. 22. . ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ 170th day ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ 171st day ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ 172nd day ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ * NOTE: These should be the words you and your children have selected for final review. 7. 4. 15. 13. 6. 19.
23. 10. 12. 21. 22. 4.69 169th day 1. ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ 170th day ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ 171st day ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ 172nd day ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ * NOTE: These should be the words you and your children have selected for final review. 14. 20. 25. 24. 2. 13. 11. 18. 5. 17. 15. 19. 6. 7. 16. . 8. 9. 3.
The judge ruled that the law was unconstitutional. Who needs industrial strength mouthwash? 24.00 for a cup of coffee is outrageous. We won the game on a technicality. 17. How many major leagues are there? 20. 22. I’m sending you a big bouquet of roses. I enjoy watching some commercials. 14. Did she get elected to the state legislature? 13. 16. 9.70 FINAL EVALUATION TEST Pattern being tested Lesson word is in 1. 6. 4. Most teachers appreciate a little originality. The salesperson earned a hefty commission 15. Gold is considered to be a precious metal. I haven’t the vaguest idea what you’re talking about. 18. Do you know who wrote that editorial? 19. Don’t make a big production out of it. Two of the accident victims were critically injured. 3. 11. Tom’s fiancée is planning a surprise for him. 23. That’s a real oasis. -uction ch=k/ality cial=“shul” ci=sh/ous=us ession osion quet=KAY ée=AY u=w/e=AY au/stion age=Ahzh lature geous=jus ssion=shun ential=en shul ution+al ic+al+ly or+I+al -gues -ogue ality -inals -trial=tree’ll ician ague+est 4 13 27 29 36 36 65 65 65 64 101 87 103 113 118 56 156 158 150 149 161 161 159 139 151 . They need to establish a dialogue. Most criminals spend their lives in and out of prison. 2. A good doctor should be a good diagnostician 25. 10. Don’t step on my blue suede shoes. We just had time to get to the concession stand. Charging $5. Please regard this information as confidential. not a mirage. 5. Did you hear that explosion? 7. 12. 8. I think they’re suffering from exhaustion. 21.
We just had time to get to the conc 6. ? of roses. is planning a surprise for him. . Did she get elected to the state 13. 24. Don’t make a big prod 2. They need to establish a dial . Charging $5. 22. Date_______ 16. I enjoy watching some commer 4. injured. ? . I’m sending you a big bou 8. shoes. I think they’re suffering from exh 11. We won the game on a tech 3. 21. Most teachers appreciate a little origin_____________ . metal. 23. Two of the accident victims were crit 18. . Do you know who wrote that edit_____________? 19. Most crim_____________ spend their lives in and out of prison. The salesperson earned a hefty comm 15. stand. . Did you hear that explo 7. A good doctor should be a good diagnost_____________ . Gold is considered to be a pre 5. out of it. How many major lea_____________ are there? 20. . .71 Name____________________________ Final Evaluation Test 1. Who needs indus 25. . Don’t step on my blue s 10. Please regard this information as confid 17. . I haven’t the v strength mouthwash? idea what you’re talking about. That’s a real oasis not a 12. Tom’s fianc 9. The judge ruled that the law was unconstit_____________.00 for a cup of coffee is outra 14.