# Name: ................................................................. Class:............................ Latih Tubi 4 : Momentum & Gravity QUEST. 1/05 Teknik 2007 1. Diagram 2.

1 shows a boy launching a water bottle rocket using the bicycle pump at the feild. The water in the bottle is ejected at very high speed backwards and the bottle rocket moves foward. 2/06 3/05 4/20 5/20 TOTAL/56 MARKS

a) State the physics principle that involved in the movement of the water bottle rocket?. ………………………………………………………………………........................ [1 mark] b) Explain why the water bottle rocket moves foward?. ………………………………………………………………………........................ [1 mark] c) The mass of the bottle rocket is 0.2 kg and the velocity of the water ejected is 2 ms-1. If the mass of the water is 0.2 kg, calculate the velocity of the bottle rocket.

[2 mark] d) Name one application of the physics principle stated in (a) in the feild of sports. ……………………………………………………….……….................................. [1 mark] Johor 2008 2. Diagram 3.1 shows a cheetah chasing a deer in a wild world. Given that the mass and velocity of the cheetah and the deer are 60 kg , 20 ms-1 and 70 kg , 15 ms-1 res pectively. Diagram 3.2 shows the cheetah successfully landed it's jaws on the deer and both of them are moving with a same velocity of v ms-1

(a) Name a physics quantity that relates the mass and velocity. .....………………………………………………………………............................... [1 mark] 1

[1 mark] (c) The rocket is constructed in multi-stages. [1 mark] 2 ..........................………………………...... identify and state the difference between the apparent weight acted on Dr...... Each stage consist a combustion chamber and fuel.. Syeikh increases tremendously when the rocket takes off? .. ………….. State the principle used to achieve higher acceleration.....……………………………………....……........... [1 mark] (ii) Define the physics principle that you mension in d(i) .……………………………………...........……………………………………………………………................………………………... Syeikh when the capsule returns to the Earth ………………………....……………………………………... Syeikh if the acceleration of the rocket is and the mass of Dr. Soyul into the outer space and Diagram 2(b) shows the capsule... ...................................(b) State the type of energy that is possessed by the running cheetah? ........ (a) What causes the apparent weight of Dr. [1 mark] (c) Calculate the final velocity of the cheetah and the deer? [2 mark] (d) (i) Name the Physics principle that is involved in the above hunting...........………………………………………....…………………………………….......... State the purpose to have multi-stages................ Diagram 2(a) shows the rocket used to send the capsule...... Soyul is returning to the Earth.………………………...................... ……………………………………………………………….... [1 mark] (b) Show the formula that can be used to calculate the apparent weight of Dr.…………………..... Syeikh is m kg....... . [1 mark] Sabah 2010 Diagram 2(a) Diagram 2(b) 3....……………………………………………………………….... [2 mark] (d) From the aspect of direction...........

Using Diagram 9.3 [10 marks] MRSM 2008 5 (a) Diagram 9. The coin is heavier than the leaf. the propulsion of a rocket engine.2. Diagram 9. [5 marks] (b) Describe.2. Diagram 9.1. You are required to give some suggestions to improve the design of the jet engine so that it can be used on a larger jet plane that travels at a higher speed. the positions of the coin and the leaf and finally. the time taken to fall.3 shows a the structure of a jet engine for a small jet plane.2 shows the pistol and bullet after the pistol has been fired by remote control.1 and the information given about the weight of the two objects.1 shows a stationary pistol on a smooth surface. Using Diagram 9. [4 marks] (c) Diagram 9.Kedah 2009 4. [5 marks] 3 . (a) (i) What is the meaning of momentum? [1 mark] (ii) State the total momentum of the pistol and bullet in Diagram 9. in terms of momentum.1 represents a 50 sen coin and a leaf falling in a vacuum container.1 and Diagram 9. explain the suggestions based on the aspects labeled on Diagram 9. compare the magnitude and direction of the momentum of the bullet and pistol. Using Diagram 9. deduce the physical quantity which causes the objects to fall. compare the mass of the coin and the leaf. compare the total momentum before and after the bullet is fired. Using the knowledge on forces and motion and the properties of materials. Name the physics principle that can be applied to the motion of the bullet and pistol.

(i) (ii) What is meant by energy change? Explain the energy changes for the stone. explain the suggestions based on the following aspects: (i) Material used (ii) Shape of the rocket (iii) Angle of launching (iv) Volume of water in the rocket (v) Added structure for the motion of the rocket [10 marks] (c) A stone which is released from a tall building falls down in the air.2 shows a student trying to launch a water rocket. Using the knowledge on forces. During the fall. [1 mark] [4 marks] 4 . motion and properties of materials. You are required to give some suggestions on how to design a water rocket for a national competition. the stone experiences an energy change.(b) Diagram 9.

The exhaust gas is ejected out of the rocket nozzle at high speed. . (a) (b) (c) (d) 4(a)(i) (a)(ii) (b) The apparent weight acts in opposite direction compare to before.Product of mass and velocity / /momentum = mass x velocity .2 x v v = 2 ms-1 A sprinter startting off from the starting blocks TOTAL Momentum Kinetic energy (60)(20) + (70)(15) = (60+70)v V=17.Total momentum Zero .The ejected exhaust gas at high speed has a large momentum. (Newton Second Law.2 x 2 = 0.SKEMA LATIH TUBI 4 – MOMENTUM&GRAVITY 1(a) (b) (c) (d) 2 (a) (b) (c) (d) Principle of conservation of momentum When the water is pushed backwards. the rocket acquires a large momentum forward 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 .31 ms-1 (i) Principle of conservation of momentum (ii) In the absence of external forces. the total momentum of a system remains unchange TOTAL The high acceleration of the rocket Apparent weight = m (g + a) Reduce mass by dropping the stage when fuel is used up.Principle of Conservation of Momentum .Total momentum before the bullet is fired = total momentum after the bullet is fired. . the bottle gets a foward momentum Mementum of water = momentum of the rocket 0.magnitude of the momentum of the bullet and pistol is Equal .Liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen/fuel is pump into the combustion chamber for combustion . TOTAL .Force Constant a is inversly propotional to m) 1 1 2 1 5 1 1 2 1 1 6 1 1 1 1 3.Direction of the momentum of the bullet and pistol is Opposite . .According to the Principle of Conservation of Momentum.

Increase the size of the combustion chamber .Increase the number of fuel injectors// add more fuel injectors .total energy at any time is constant .Can withstand strong pressure/ -it will not break easily .More space for the fuel to be burnt .Increase the air intake 2 2 2 .kenetic energy convert to heat and sound when it hits the graound 1 1 1 1 1 6 .gravitational potential energy is maximum at the highest point//kenetic energy is maximised when almost reach to the ground .g//all object fall with the same gravitational accelaration due to gravity ASPECT/MODIFICATION Strong material such as hard plastik Aerodynamic/streamlined shape EXPLANATION Does not break easily Reduce air resistance/move with list amaunt of friction Travel very far To increase momentum/impulsive force 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 c(i) (ii) Angle of 45o Volume 1/3 of the whole volume//less/half Attach fix fin at the tail Move smoothly and stable/not wobble Energy is the ability to do work .Exhaust gas ejected at higher velocity/ -higher momentum 2 2 .More fuel to be burnt to produce greater thrust .(c) ASPECT/MODIFICATION EXPLANATION Using bigger blades/increase the number of blades/increase the speed of blade Blade made of strong material such as alloy .as the stone fall gravitational energy convert to kenetic energy .Decrease the diameter of the nozzle TOTAL 20 5(a) - The coin is havier than the leaf Both object reach the ground at the same time While falling both object at the same position The coin and leaf have the same increase in velocity/accelaration All objects falling under the influence of same gravitational feild strength.

Total 20 7 .