SUBSTATION AUTOMATION

(FROM CONVENTIONAL SUBSTATION TO GSM/CDMA AUTOMATION SYSTEM)

PREPARED BY GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in, Mobile:9440336984

From substation control and protection to Fibre optics based Substation. Fibre optics based Substation to GSM /CDMA based Substation Automation. From modern Automation to intelligent Substation

System Architectures Functional Structures Application examples Features and Benefits

IT based solution for protection and control offer cost effective measures to counteract large area system disturbances. Effective fault location is mandatory for faster finding and fixing of problems. Integrated numerical protection & control allows automated power restoration and load shedding. On-line condition monitoring reduces maintenance costs and enables. Substation Automation offers infrastructure for implementing monitoring of assets. a cost effective on-line condition

Voltage instability prediction is a new approach for early indication voltage collapses and enables to work plants and systems harder. Integrated asset management improves utility performance and productivity. overall

General Principles of Substation Automation
The general principles of the substation operation have not changed, since their developing days. Therefore the control and protection tasks remain the same.

The objective of modern substation automation (SA) is to solve these tasks in a more efficient and economical way by using state of the art information technologies (IT) and to provide more functionality to work plant and systems harder.

CONVENTIONAL SUBSTATION PRACTICES
PREPARED BY GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in, Mobile:9440336984

CONVENTIONAL SUBSTATION
1. 2. I. Very Wide Cabling. i.e. from equipment to BMB/CTMB/CVT MB and from BMB/CTMB/CVT MB to Control Room Dedicated Device. For each function Dedicated Device. Bay Control – Control Panels for the Bay Circuit Breaker Control & Indication. Isolator Control & Indication. Earth Switch Indication. DC & AC Healthy Indication and Testing. Annunciation facia for Troubles. Panel Meters & Energy Meter. Bay Protection – Relay & Protection Panels - Protective Relays of Concerned bay Circuit Breaker Relay Panel (A/R, LBB, TSR, CB Troubles, Master Trip Relays etc). Line Protection Panel (21L1, 21L2, 67, 59-1, 59-2, 50 Stub, 87 Teed-1, 87 Teed-2 etc). ICT Protection Panel (87T1, 87T2, 67HV, 67IV, 50O/L, 99HV, 99IV etc). Reactor Protection Panel (87R, 64R, 21R, 87Teed-1, 87Teed-2 etc). Bus Bar Protection – Entire Substation Protection - Each Voltage Level Bus Bar Protection Panels High Impedance Bus Bar Protection With Main & Check Panels for each Bus. Medium Impedance Bus Bar Protection Panels for each Bus. Low Impedance Bus Bar Protection Panels for Each Bus. Numerical Bus Bar Protection Panels for Centralised or Distributed Architecture. Redundant Numerical Bus Bar Protection for each Voltage Level. Fault Recorder – Disturbance Recorder - For each Bay stand alone Disturbance Recorder Line, Transformer/ICT, Reactor & Bus bar Event Recorder – SOE / EL / ER for all Bays The Operation of all Equipments & Protective relays will be shown in a sequence with millisecond resolution. This is Time Synchronised with GPS. RTU – Remote Terminal Unit For Monitoring the Substation information from Load Dispatch Centre

II.

III.

III. III.

IV.

CONVENTIONAL CONTROL & PROTECTION
Bay Control
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 ABB ABB ABB

Bay Protection
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 125VDC Distributuion Battery A
n a P k r o w t e N B A

Busbar Protection
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B

Fault Recording
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B
1

Event Recording
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B
0 5 6 i t c a d n I c 0 5 6 i t a d n I

SCADA RTU
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B RTU 200 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT IN ON/OFF

Station Level

125VDC Distributuion Battery B
4 * 6 1 3 L E R

ABB
1 9 2 0 1 3 1

4

2 1

5

3 1

6

4 1

7

5 1

8

6 1

056 ci tcad nI

0 56 citc adnI

05 6 citca dnI

=W1 BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4 =W2
1 W =

RTU 200 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT IN

2 W =

1

9

2

0 1

-Q1 SEL

-Q2 SEL

3
1 Q -

1

4

2 1

5

3 1

6

4 1

7

5 1

8

6 1

ON/OFF
o b 2 . 4 n s i r e V
M R E F

c c

-Q0 SEL TESTE LAMPE LOCAL CONTROL
4 * 6 1 3 L E R n a P k r o w t e N B A

METERING
0 5 6 i t c a d n I c 0 5 6 i t a d n I

ABB
1 9 2 0 1 3 1 3

RTU 200 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT IN

4

2 1

5

3 1

6

4 1

7

5 1

8

6 1

8

ON/OFF

OUVRIR FERMER ABB LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4 ESC EXE
0 5 B E R n a P k r o w t e N B A

ABB

DISTANCE LOC

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500

Bay Level

BMB/BMK/SyMB

CVT MB/JB

CT MB/JB

Local Marshalling Boxes

Process Level

1-89A ISO 1-CVT 1-CT 1-89L ISO 1-89LE ES

GIS or AIS Switchgear
1-52 CB

1-89B ISO

SUBSTATION MONITORING SYSTEM
(Next Development)
PREPARED BY GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in, Mobile:9440336984

SUBSTATION MONITORING SYSTEM
1. 2. I. Still Very Wide Cabling. i.e. from equipment to BMB/CTMB/CVT MB and from BMB/CTMB/CVT MB to Control Room Dedicated Device. For each function Dedicated Device and some functions are Integrated due to Numerical Advantage. Bay Control – Control Panels for the Bay Circuit Breaker Control & Indication. Isolator Control & Indication. Earth Switch Indication. DC & AC Healthy Indication and Testing. Annunciation facia for Troubles. Panel Meters & Energy Meter. Bay Protection – Relay & Protection Panels - Protective Relays of Concerned bay Circuit Breaker Relay Panel (A/R, LBB, TSR, CB Troubles, Master Trip Relays etc). Line Protection Panel (21L1, 21L2, 67, 59-1, 59-2, 50 Stub, 87 Teed-1, 87 Teed-2 etc). ICT Protection Panel (87T1, 87T2, 67HV, 67IV, 50O/L, 99HV, 99IV etc). Reactor Protection Panel (87R, 64R, 21R, 87Teed-1, 87Teed-2 etc). Bus Bar Protection – Entire Substation Protection - Each Voltage Level Bus Bar Protection Panels Numerical Bus Bar Protection Panels for Centralised or Distributed Architecture. LBB is part of Bus Bar Protection Redundant Numerical Bus Bar Protection for each Voltage Level. Fault Recorder – Disturbance Recorder - For each Bay stand alone Disturbance Recorder Line, Transformer/ICT, Reactor & Busbar – Part / Inbuilt Function of Numerical Relays Event Recorder – SOE / EL / ER for all Bays – Inbuilt function of Numerical Relays RTU – Remote Terminal Unit For Balance Events not Covered by Protective relays are wired to RTU. All are connected to System and from system to communication Media to ALDC FBS – Fall Back Switch – FSK/NSK Modem. Communication Media to ALDC / SLDC for Transfer of Data and Monitoring the Data from SLDC.

II.

III.

III. III. IV. V. VI.

SUBSTATION MONITORING SYSTEM
Bay Control
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 ABB ABB ABB 125VDC Distributuion Battery A
n a P k r o w t e N B A

Bay Protection
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 125VDC Distributuion Battery B
4 * 6 1 3 L E R

Busbar Protection
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B

SCADA RTU
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B RTU 200 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT IN ON/OFF

SCADA- SMS

ABB

Station Level

1

9

2

0 1

3

1

4

2 1

5

3 1

6

4 1

7

5 1

8

6 1

RTU 200 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT IN BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4 =W1
1 W = 2 W =

1

9

2

0 1

ON/OFF

3

1
1 Q -

=W2

4

2 1

5

3 1

6

4 1

7

5 1

8

6 1

-Q1 SEL

-Q2 SEL

o b 2 . 4 n s i r e V

M R E F

c c

RTU 200 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT IN LOCAL CONTROL -Q0 SEL TESTE LAMPE
1 9 2 0 1 3 1 4 2 1 5 3 1 6 4 1 7 5 1 8 6 1 4 * 6 1 3 L E R n a P k r o w t e N B A

METERING

ABB

ON/OFF

d gi t al

ABB Power Automation AG
OUVRIR FERMER ABB LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4
0 5 B E R n a P k r o w t e N B A

RER111
500SCM 500SCM 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3

ABB

500SCM 500SCM 500SCM 01 01 01 Tx1 Tx1 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3

di gi t al

ESC

EXE

DISTANCE LOC

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500

Interbaybus Star coupler

ABBPower Automation AG

COM581

Communication Converter

FBS
C

NCC / RCC

Bay Level

BMB/BMK/SyMB

CVT MB/JB

CT MB/JB

Local Marshalling Boxes

Process Level

1-89A ISO 1-CVT 1-CT 1-89L ISO 1-89LE ES

GIS or AIS Switchgear
1-52 CB

1-89B ISO

COMMUNICATION: LEVELS OF SUBSTATION CONTROL & AUTOMATION
Control Centre Level

Substation Level

Bay Level Process Level Switchgear

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM
(Stage-1 Development)
PREPARED BY GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in, Mobile:9440336984

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM(STAGE-1)
1. 2. 3. 4. This system is exciting Conventional System to convert Remote Control System. This is same as Substation Monitoring System. Additionally One More RTU is Provided for Remote Control & Operation. Normally RTU Having 3 Types of cards 1. Analog Input Card - To Monitor the Analog Values 2. Digital Input Card – To Monitor the Status of Equipment 3. Digital Output Card – To Control & Operation of Substation Equipment Exciting RTU for only Monitoring the Substation from Remote Control Station exclusively for ALDC / SLDC / RLDC / NLDC. Without disturbing the exciting RTU the following works are carried. All Controls of Circuit Breakers & Isolators are Brought to RTU to Control Card. All Status of Circuit Breakers & Isolators are Brought to RTU to Digital Card. Each Bay is provided with Multifunction Meters. They are connected in Modbus configuration and brought to network. Transformer OTI, WTI, Online DGA & Tap Changer Positions information is available in 420mA. They are brought to RTU Analog Card. Switch yard is fixing with no of Digital Cameras and focusing the major equipment to View the yard and this is having a facility to slow motion moving round to cover all the Major equipments. This also put in Network to Monitor from remote/ Local The RTU, Energy Meters, MFM and Digital Cameras are connected in Network in Ethernet Switch and to Station Control System and connected to Modem & Router to Remote Control Center. The Operator, those who are sitting at Remote control Center having a System and he can Monitor the substation and take a decision for any thing. This is Stage-1 Substation Control System.

5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

12.

13. 14.

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM (STAGE-1)
Bay Control
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 ABB ABB ABB

Bay Protection Busbar Protection
ABB ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 125VDC Distributuion Battery A
n a P k r o w t e N B A

RTU
225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 ABB 125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B RTU 200 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT IN ON/OFF

RTU
225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 125VDC Distributuion Battery A 125VDC Distributuion Battery B RTU 200 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT IN ON/OFF

SCADA- SCS

125VDC Distributuion Battery B 125VDC Distributuion Battery A
4 * 6 1 3 L E R

125VDC Distributuion Battery B

ABB

Station Level

1

9

2

0 1

3

1

4

2 1

5

3 1

6

4 1

7

5 1

8

6 1

1

9

2

0 1

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4
3 1 4 2 1 5 3 1 6 4 1 7 5 1 8 6 1

=W1
1 Q -

1 W =

RTU 200 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT IN

RTU 200 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT IN

2 W =

=W2 ON/OFF
o b 2 . 4 n s i r e V

ON/OFF

-Q1 SEL

-Q2 SEL

M R E F

c c

LOCAL CONTROL
4 * 6 1 3 L E R n a P k r o w t e N B A

METERING RTU 200 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT IN RTU 200 1 IN 2 IN 3 IN 4 IN 5 IN 6 IN 7 IN 8 OUT IN

-Q0 SEL TESTE LAMPE

ABB
1 9 2 0 1 3 1

4

2 1

5

3 1

6

4 1

7

5 1

8

6 1

d gi ta l
ON/OFF ON/OFF

ABB Power Automation AG
LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4 OUVRIR FERMER ABB
0 5 B E R n a P k r o w t e N B A

RER111
500SCM 500SCM 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3

ABB

500SCM 500SCM 500SCM 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3

di gi t al

ESC

EXE

DISTANCE LOC

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500

Tx3 Rx3

Interbaybus Star coupler TO ALDC / SLDC / RLDC

ABBPower Automation AG

COM581

Communication Converter

FBS
C

NCC / RCC

Bay Level

BMB/BMK/SyMB

CVT MB/JB

CT MB/JB

Local Marshalling Boxes

Process Level

1-89A ISO 1-CVT 1-CT 1-89L ISO 1-89LE ES

GIS or AIS Switchgear
1-52 CB

1-89B ISO

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM
(Stage-2 Development)
PREPARED BY GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in, Mobile:9440336984

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM(STAGE-2)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. This system is adopted for New Substations, at the time of tendering. This is same as Substation Monitoring System except new IED is introduced in a Panel. It is called Bay Control Unit. This Replaces additional one More RTU for Remote Control & RTU for ALDC / SLDC / RLDC / NLDC as if it is new Substation. The Bay Control Unit IED is one unit per Bay and it is Provided in CB Relay Panel. This is almost RTU, but limited to one Bay and nothing but Mini RTU / Distributed RTU. All Controls & Status of Circuit Breakers & Isolators and Circuit Breaker Troubles and Alarms are Brought to BCU of Particular Bay in addition to Conventional Control Panel. Each Bay is provided with Energy Meters &Multifunction Meters. They are connected in Modbus configuration and brought to network. The control panel also having Panel Meters. Transformer OTI, WTI, Online DGA & Tap Changer Positions information is available in 420mA. They are brought to BCU Analog Card. Transformer Troubles and Alarms and are brought to BCU Digital Card. Transformer Tap Changer Control is brought to BCU Control Card. Switch yard is fixing with no of Digital Cameras and focusing the major equipment to View the yard and this is having a facility to Move in slow motion, around the bay to cover all the Major equipments. This also put in Network to Monitor from remote/ Local. The Numerical IEDs , Energy Meters, MFM and Digital Cameras are connected in Network in Ethernet Switch and to Station Control System and connected through Gateway to Remote Control Center and ALDC / SLDC / RLDC / NLDC. The Operator, those who are sitting at Remote control Center having a System and he can Monitor the substation and take a decision for any thing. This is Stage-2 Substation Control System. Still Extensive Wide cabling and conventional Control Panels existing.

12.

13. 14. 15.

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM (STAGE-2)
SCADA- SCS
Bay Control
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 ABB ABB ABB

Bay Protection Busbar Protection
ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 ABB 225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01 125VDC Distributuion Battery A
n a P k r o w t e N B A

125VDC Distributuion Battery B
4 * 6 1 3 L E R

125VDC Distributuion Battery A

125VDC Distributuion Battery B

ABB

d gi t a l

Station Level

1

9

2

0 1

3

1

4

2 1

5

3 1

6

4 1

7

5 1

8

6 1

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4 =W1
1 9 2 0 1 3
1 Q -

di gi t al

1 W =

2 W =

1

4

2 1

M

M

5

3 1

=W2

6

4 1

7

5 1

8

6 1

M
o b 2 . 4 n s i r e V

-Q1 SEL

-Q2 SEL

M R E F

c c

?
LOCAL CONTROL
n a P k r o w t e N B A

LOCAL SET REMOTE OPERATION METERING
4 * 6 1 3 L E R

-Q0 SEL TESTE LAMPE

ABB
1 9 2 0 1 3 1

4

2 1

5

3 1

6

4 1

7

5 1

8

6 1

ABB Power Automation AG
LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4 OUVRIR FERMER ABB
0 5 B E R n a P k r o w t e N B A

RER111
500SCM 500SCM 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3

ABB

500SCM 500SCM 500SCM 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3 01 Tx1 Rx1 Tx2 Rx2 Tx3 Rx3

ESC

EXE

DISTANCE LOC

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500

Tx3 Rx3

FBS
ABBPower Automation AG
COM581

TO REMOTE CONTROL CENTER
Communication Gate way

Inter bay bus Star coupler

Communication Converter

TO ALDC / SLDC / RLDC

C

NCC / RCC

Bay Level

BMB/BMK/SyMB

CVT MB/JB

CT MB/JB

Local Marshalling Boxes

Process Level

1-89A ISO 1-CVT 1-CT 1-89L ISO 1-89LE ES

GIS or AIS Switchgear
1-52 CB

1-89B ISO

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM
(Stage-3 Development)
Distributed Control Room using Bay Kiosks or say Portable Relay Rooms
PREPARED BY GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in, Mobile:9440336984

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM (STAGE-3)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. This system is adopted for New Substations, at the time of tendering. This is Distributed Control Rooms using Bay Kiosks and called Portable Relay Rooms. In this Conventional Control Panel is not required. The Bay Control Unit IED is one unit per Bay and it is Provided in CB Relay Panels for Control & Monitoring. This is almost RTU, but limited to one Bay and nothing but Mini RTU. All Controls & Status of Circuit Breakers & Isolators and Circuit Breaker Troubles and Alarms are Brought to BCU of Particular Bay. Each Bay is provided with Energy Meters &Multifunction Meters. They are connected in Modbus configuration and brought to network. Transformer OTI, WTI, Online DGA & Tap Changer Positions information is available in 4-20mA. They are brought to BCU Analog Card. Transformer Troubles and Alarms and are brought to BCU Digital Card. Transformer Tap Changer Control is brought to BCU Control Card. Switch yard is fixing with no of Digital Cameras and focusing the major equipment to View the yard and this is having a facility to Move in slow motion, around the bay to cover all the Major equipments. This also put in Network to Monitor from remote/ Local. The Numerical IEDs , Energy Meters, MFM and Digital Cameras are connected in Network in Ethernet Switch and to Station Control System and connected through Gateway to Remote Control Center and ALDC / SLDC / RLDC / NLDC. The Operator, those who are sitting at Remote control Center having a System and he can Monitor the substation and take a decision for any thing. This is Stage-3 Substation Control System. Still Extensive Wide cabling between Bay Kiosks/PRR to Switch yard equipment. But cables reduced to 60% to 80%. The Main Control Room Having only Network system with Printer and Aux System Monitoring. But still Auxiliary system Location is Not Distributed and Centralised. This concept is not changing. All IEDs are connected to Fibre Optic cable and Ethernet Switches. Even if FO cables damaged, still protection function is working and it is unable to Monitor and control from Control Room / RCC / ALDC / SLDC.

12.

13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

BAY LEVEL AUTOMATION (STAGE-3)
Network Control Center NCC

Station Level

ABB Network Partner AG

COM581

C E

Interbay

Bus
ABB
225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01

125VDC Distributuion Battery A
ABB
ABB Network Partner

125VDC Distributuion Battery B
REL316*4

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4
=D04 ABOBO 1
=W1 =W2 -Q1 SEL

ABB MONITORING UNIT POWER

M

M

-Q2 SEL

Bay Level

-Q0 SEL

LAMPE TESTE

M
OUVRIR FERMER

?

ABB

DISTANCE

LOCAL SET REMOTE OPERATION

ESC

EXE

LOC

LOCAL CONTROL
ABB
ABB Network Partner

METERING
REL316*4

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4
ABB
ABB Network Partner

REB500

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500

Process Level

-Q2

-Q0 -Q1

-Q9

-Q8

BAY LEVEL AUTOMATION (STAGE-3)
Features
Mainstream Hardware Mainstream Software platforms
Integrated SA System • Control (BCU) • Monitoring (BCU) • Metering (BCU) • Protection (BPU) • DR (BPU) • SOE / ER (BCU+BPU) • Billing (TVM/EM) • etc.

Benefits
Less inventories and spare parts Less training & Familiarisation Less Hardware and panels Less operation and maintenance costs More availability Minimising outage breaks Integration of third-party equipment Less cabling and installation costs Less testing and commissioning costs Less space and civil works

Open System TCP / IP Ethernet communication Using fibre optic media for communication Compact design Decentralised system structure
closer to process Distributed Control Rooms Or called Bay Kiosks Or called Portable Relay Rooms

No conventional mimic board

HIGHLIGHTS BAY LEVEL SA
Features
Numerical Protection (BPU) Numerical Control (BCU) Safe interlocking Self supervision Modern MMI / HMI Operator guidance Maintenance support

Benefits
Easy to use and to customise Efficient operation
• Avoiding errors • Less hazards and breaks • Reduction of operation costs

Increasing availability Reducing maintenance costs Higher power quality

ENHANCED FUNCTIONALITY OF BAY LEVEL SA
Features
Process status information On-line Primary equipment monitoring SA System status information Events and Alarms evaluation Disturbance records Trends and calculations Reports Supports operation decisions Efficient asset management

Benefits
Better planning
• more timely data

Efficient trouble shooting All information at one glance Better monitoring

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM
(Stage-4 Development)
PROCESS LEVEL INTELLIGENT SUBSTATION AUTOMATION
PREPARED BY GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in, Mobile:9440336984

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM (STAGE-4)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. This system is adopted for New Substations, at the time of tendering. This is Distributed IEDs for each Switch Yard Equipment for Operation and Maintenance.This is Called Process Bus Automation. Non Conventional Instrument Transformers for Voltage and Current Measurement . In this Distributed Control Rooms / Bay Kiosks / Portable relay Rooms are not required. One complete Panel for one Bay. All control, Protection IEDs TVM/EM are available. No Physical wiring from Switch Yard to Bay to Control. Total Fibre Optic Ethernet connection and IEC61850 Communication. No Cable Trenches. No DC Leakage. But Centralised Auxiliary System and Physical Cabling to all Bay switch yard equipment and relays and other accessory systems. Switch yard is fixing with no of Digital Cameras and focusing the major equipment to View the yard and this is having a facility to Move in slow motion, around the bay to cover all the Major equipments. This also put in Network to Monitor from remote/ Local. The Numerical IEDs , Energy Meters, MFM and Digital Cameras are connected in Network in Ethernet Switch and to Station Control System and connected through Gateway to Remote Control Center and ALDC / SLDC / RLDC / NLDC. The Operator, those who are sitting at Remote control Center having a System and he can Monitor the substation and take a decision for any thing. This is Stage-4 Substation Control System called Process Bus Substation Automation System. Civil Engineering Cost in the yard reduces Drastically. The Main Control Room Having only Network system with Printer and Aux System Monitoring. But still Auxiliary system Location is Centralised, but Not Distributed. This concept is not changing. Redundant, alternative communication channels are required to safe guard if FO cable damages. The reliability of system Depends on availability of Fibre Optic System.

10.

11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

INTELLIGENT SA ARCHITECTURE
Network Control Center NCC

Station Level

ABB Network Partner AG

COM581

C E

Interbay B
ABB
225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1

us
=D04+R01

125VDC Distributuion Battery A

125VDC Distributuion Battery B
REL316*4

ABB

ABB Network Partner

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4

Bay Level

=D04 ABOBO 1
=W1

ABB

POWER MONITORING UNIT

=W2 -Q1 SEL -Q2

SEL M

M
LAMPE TESTE

-Q0 SEL

M
OUVRIR FERMER

?

ABB

ESC

EXE

DISTANCE LOC

LOCAL REMOTE

SET

OPERATION

LOCAL CONTROL
ABB
ABB Network Partner

METERING
REL316*4

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4
ABB
ABB Network Partner

REB500

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500
ABB
U G T I N M R E W O P

EM
C O L

E C N A T S I D

Process B us

Process Level

PISA

PISA A

-Q2 -Q0 -Q1 -Q51

PISA A

PISA B

-T1

-Q9

-Q8

IMPLEMENTATION OF INTELLIGENT SAS
Intelligent Primary Equipment
ABB
225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01

MicroSCADA Interbay bus Ethernet Switches
d gi tal t

125VDC Distributuion Battery A
ABB

125VDC Distributuion Battery B
REL316*4

ABB Network Partner

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4
=D04 ABOBO 1
=W1

ABB

POWER MONITORING UNIT

=W2

-Q1

-Q2
PISA

-Q1 SEL

M

M

-Q2 SEL

-Q0 SEL

LAMPE TESTE

di gi t al

i it l

M

OUVRIR

FERMER

? ABB

DISTANCE

LOCAL REMOTE

SET

ESC

EXE

LOC

-Q1
-Q51

-Q2

OPERATION

LOCAL CONTROL
ABB
REL316*4

METERING

ABB Network Partner

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

COM 581
Power ABB Automation AG COM581

LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4
ABB
ABB Network Partner

Communication Converter

NCC / RCC
C

REB500

-Q0

Feeder Marshalling

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500

-Q0
PISA A

Process Bus

-T1 -Q9

PISA A PISA B

-Q8
-Q9 -Q8

INTELLIGENT SAS
ABB
ABB
225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01

PISA

PISA PISA

Actuator for isolator & earthing switch control

125VDC Distributuion Battery A
ABB

125VDC Distributuion Battery B
REL316*4

ABB Network Partner

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

Abgangsschutz 1 Line Protection I
=D04 ABOBO 1
ABB
=W1 POWER MONITORING UNIT

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4

PISA
-Q1 SEL
M M

=W2 -Q2 SEL

-Q0 SEL
M

LAMPE TESTE

OUVRIR

FERMER

Feldleitgerät Bay Controller
DISTANCE LOC

Star Coupler Actuator for circuit breaker control

?

ABB

LOCAL

SET

ESC

EXE

REMOTE

OPERATION

LOCAL CONTROL
ABB
ABB Network Partner

METERING
REL316*4

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

PISA A

Abgangsschutz II Line Protection 2
LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4
ABB
ABB Network Partner

PISA A PISA B

REB500

Bus Bar Protection
BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500

Sensors for current & voltage measurement

Process Bus
Phase L1

Inter bay bus 1 Inter bay bus 2

INTELLIGENT SA: FEATURES AND BENEFITS
Features
Bus (serial) communication to primary equipment Intelligent primary equipment Sampling and signal processing locally in primary equipment

Benefits
Further reduction in yard cabling and installation costs More information from primary equipment Operation enhancements Reducing operation and maintenance costs Less primary equipment costs Less project execution time

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM
(Stage-5 Development)
PROCESS LEVEL INTELLIGENT SUBSTATION AUTOMATION WITH GSM / CDMA NETWORK
PREPARED BY GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in, Mobile:9440336984

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM (STAGE-5)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. This system is adopted for New Substations, at the time of tendering. This is Distributed IEDs for each Switch Yard Equipment for Operation and Maintenance. This is Called Process Bus Automation. Non Conventional Instrument Transformers for Voltage and Current Measurement . In this Distributed Control Rooms / Bay Kiosks / Portable relay Rooms are not required. One complete Panel for one Bay. All control, Protection IEDs TVM/EM are available. No Physical wiring from Switch Yard to Bay to Control. Total GSM/CDMA connection and IEC61850 Communication. But Centralised Auxiliary System and Physical Cabling to all Bay switch yard equipment and relays and other accessory systems. Switch yard is fixing with no of Digital Cameras and focusing the major equipment to View the yard and this is having a facility to Move in slow motion, around the bay to cover all the Major equipments. This also put in Network to Monitor from remote/ Local. The Numerical IEDs , Energy Meters, MFM and Digital Cameras are connected in Network in Ethernet Switch and to Station Control System and connected through Gateway to Remote Control Center and ALDC / SLDC / RLDC / NLDC. The Operator, those who are sitting at Remote control Center having a System and he can Monitor the substation and take a decision for any thing. This is Stage-5 Substation Control System called Process Bus Substation Automation System. Civil Engineering Cost in the yard reduces Drastically. The Main Control Room Having only Network system with Printer and Aux System Monitoring. But still Auxiliary system Location is Centralised, but Not Distributed. This concept is not changing. Redundant, alternative communication channels are required with GSM / CDMA. The reliability of system Depends on availability of GSM / CDMA.

9.

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

INTELLIGENT GSM/CDMA SA ARCHITECTURE
Station Level
TO RCC/ALDC/SLDC GSM
ABB Network Partner AG

GSM

CDMA
COM581

CDMA
C E

ABB

225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1

=D04+R01

125VDC Distributuion Battery A

125VDC Distributuion Battery B

4 * 6 1 3 L E R

ABB

n a P k r o w t e N B A

1

9

2

0 1

3

1

4

2 1

5

3 1

6

4 1

7

5 1

8

6 1

Bay Level

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4

GSM
? ?
ABB
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

=D04 ABOBO 1
1 W = 2 W =

1 Q -

L E S

M

M

2 Q -

L E S

M

M
E P M A L S E T

0 Q -

L E S

M

M

I R V U O

M R E F

ABB

LOCAL

LOCAL SET SET REMOTE OPERATION REMOTE OPERATION
C S E

X E

LOCAL CONTROL
4 * 6 1 3 L E R

METERING

n a P k r o w t e N B A

9

0 1

1

2 1

3 1

4 1

5 1

6 1

LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4

CDMA

0 5 B E R

n a P k r o w t e N B A

ABB

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500

ABB

U G T I N M R E W O P

EM
E C N A T S I D C O L

Process Level

GSM
PISA

CDMA GSM
PISA A PISA A

CDMA
PISA B

-Q2 -Q0 -Q1 -Q51

-T1

-Q9

-Q8

IMPLEMENTATION OF CDMA / GSM INTELLIGENT SAS
Intelligent Primary Equipment
ABB
225kV LIGNE ABOBO 1 =D04+R01

MicroSCADA

125VDC Distributuion Battery A
ABB

125VDC Distributuion Battery B
REL316*4

ABB Network Partner

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

GSM
d gi tal
=D04 ABOBO 1
=W1

BAY CONTROL RELAY REC316*4
ABB

t

POWER MONITORING UNIT

=W2

-Q1

-Q2
PISA

GSM GSM CDMA CDMA
ABB
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

-Q1 SEL

M

M

-Q2 SEL

-Q0 SEL

LAMPE TESTE

M

OUVRIR

FERMER

? ABB
LOCAL CONTROL

DISTANCE

LOCAL REMOTE

SET

ESC

EXE

CDMA
COM 581
Power ABB Automation AG COM581

di gi t al

i it l

LOC

-Q1
-Q51

-Q2

OPERATION

METERING
REL316*4

ABB Network Partner

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

LINE PROTECTION RELAY REL316*4
ABB
ABB Network Partner

Communication Converter

GSM NCC / RCC

REB500

C

-Q0

Feeder Marshalling

BUSBAR PROTECTION REB500

CDMA

-Q0
PISA A

GSM

-T1 -Q9

PISA A PISA B

CDMA

-Q8
-Q9 -Q8

ADVANTAGES OF SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM

PREPARED BY GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD
gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in, Mobile:9440336984

ADVANTAGES OF SA
More Effective Long Term Planning & Loading Decisions
PLANNING

Real-time Analysis that Avoids Interruptions
ENGINEERING

Reduction in the Need for Costly Field Visits
PROTECTION

Precise and Confident Operator Decisions in Restoring Service
MAINTENANCE

ADVANTAGES OF SUBSTATION AUTOMATION
1. LOCAL & REMOTE GRAPHICAL VISUALISATION OF ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS OF BAY & SYSTEM VIEWS. 2. ALARM PAGES & SOE ARE DISPLAYED AND PRINTABLE. 3. TREND WINDOWS: SEVERAL CURVES CAN BE FULLY CUSTOMISED BY THE OPERATOR. 4. CONTROL WITH THE “SELECT-BEFORE OPERATE” SECURITY COMMANDS. 5. SAVING OF HISTORICAL FILES. 6. SYSTEM CONFIGUARATION SCREEN. 7. TIME SYNCHRONISATION 8. MONITORING OF CIRCUIT BREAKER. 9. MONITORING OF TRANSFORMER. 10. MONITORING OF CTs, PTs, & CVTs. 11. MONITORING OF RELAYS, ENERGY METERS & PANEL METERS. 12. CONFIGUARATION OF RELAYS 13. DISTURBANCE RECORD VIEW. 14. MONITORING OF SWITCH YARD SURVELLIANCE SYSTEM. 15. MONITORING OF NETWORK 16. MONITORING OF PLCC / OLTE EQUIPMENT & COMMUNICATION.

UTILISATION OF SUBSTATION AUTOMATION
1. MAINTANENCE A. TRANSFORMERS B. BREAKERS C. CTs D. PTs &CVTs E. LAs F. ISOLATORS 2. CONTROL&PROTECTION A. CONTROL (BCU) B. METERING (BCU) C. PROTECTIONS (BPU) D. PROTECTION DIAGRAMS E. CONFIGUARATION F. DISTURBANCE RECORDER G. ENERY METERS H. ANALYSIS OF FAULT I. GPS J. RTU 5. ENGINNERING A. VOLTAGE CONTROL B. FREQUENCY CONTROL C. LOAD CONTROL D. VAR CONTROL E. GRID CONTROL F. POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS (LOAD FLOW) G. HARMONIC ANALYSIS H. SYSTEM STABILITY I. ABT ANALYSIS J. GENERATION CONTROL 3. OPERATIONS: A. STATION DIAGRAM B. ALARMS C. SOE / ER D. METERING VALUES E. ICT/ EQUIP PARAMETERS F. HISTORY G. SOE H. DISTURABANCE REPORT & ANALYSIS.

4. COMMUNICATIONS A. Analog PLCC B. Digital PLCC C. FIBRE OPTIC D. DIGITAL MICROWAVE E. VSAT F. DIDICATED COMMUNICATION G. MUX H. CHANNEL AIDED PROTECTION I. DATA TRANSMISSION

6. SECURITY A.LIVE CAMERA B.SURVELLIANCE SYSTEM C. ENTRY LOG 7. INFORMATION TECH A. Web Browser View B. Commissioning Via Web View C. Advanced IT Tech D. Messages E. Notes

MONITORING OF SUBSTATION IN SMS/SCS/SA

PREPARED BY PREPARED BY GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in, ADE/MRT(PROTECTION)
Mobile:9440336984

MONITORING via IEDs for PROTECTION
Advanced analysis tools Automatic printing Summary report
GPS

Alarm Classes

CONCISE / FAST Distance to Fault
Mo 12. 11. 96 GMT 17:02.43.305 Ayer Rajah & Labrador Feeder One

User friendly visualization Universal Time synchronization

Sequence of Events # Of trips
ABB Network Partner AG REL 316*4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

IED Parameter
Bay

C E

C E

I O R F C E

Smart Screen “Wizards”
• • • • • • • One Line Diagrams Event Logger IED Faceplate IED Tabular Values Annunciator Panel Alarm List with Sorting Feature Trending

Substation Level Supervision
• Single line diagram – U, I – P, Q, E =>”fast” => “slow”

• Overview pictures – P, Q, => “slow”

• Customised measurements – P,Q, E – Summation – Minimum / maximum – Average values – Lists – Bar charts – etc. upon request

MAMIDIPALLY SS DISPLAY

SUBSTATION DISPLAY (400KV SIDE)
TAP A KV MW MVAR TAP A KV MW MVAR TAP A KV MW MVAR

F1

A KV MW MVAR

F2

A KV MW MVAR

F3

A KV MW MVAR

F4

A KV MW MVAR

F5

A KV MW MVAR

A KV MW MVAR

F6

SUBSTATION DISPLAY (220KV SIDE)
TAP A KV MW MVAR TAP A KV MW MVAR TAP A KV MW MVAR

A KV MW F1 MVAR

F2

A KV MW MVAR

A KV MW F3 MVAR

A KV MW F4 MVAR

SUBSTATION DISPLAY (220KV SIDE)
TAP A KV MW MVAR TAP A KV MW MVAR TAP A KV MW MVAR

A KV MW MVAR A KV MW F1 F2 MVAR A KV MW MVAR A KV MW F3 F4 MVAR A KV MW MVAR A KV MW MVAR

F5 F6

SOE RECORDER EVENTS LIST

Monitors and Records all System Event Characteristics

• Time stamped to nearest milli-second • Synchronizable to GPS via IRIG-B • Automatic retrieval from IED to Host • Storage on host disk • Automatically forward to operations PC • Data sort capability included – Standard filters •Time •Device Type •Alarm Condition – Custom filters per your needs

ALARM PROCESSING
Recording and time stamping of alarms

Persisting and fleeting alarms

Alarm Annunciation Panel
• Configurable Alarm Conditions
– Any present value can drive an alarm – Set range of operation

• Failure Alarms
– Equipment generated – System generated – Grouped per IED

Remote Communication of Critical Alarms

TREND CURVES

TREND PARAMETERS

Recording of Trends and Alarm Generation

Upper Alarm (A) hysteresis Upper warning (W) Lower warning

Lower alarm

A

W

ABB DISTURBANCE RECORDER

ABB Diagnostic: Fault Recording and Evaluation

Automatic Fault Location Printout

ALSTOM DISTURBANCE RECORDER

ALSTOM DISTURBANCE RECORDER

DISTURBANCE RECORDER

GE Oscillography/Fault Reporting

SIEMENS Disturbance Recorder

SIEMENS Disturbance Recorder Analysis

BASLER – DISTURBANCE RECORDER

NXT-PHASE DISTURBANCE RECORDER

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION
Alarm/Event Line Printer DM Printer For 15 Min Metering & Trends Hardcopy Printer + MFD

2 Ports for RCC & 2 Ports for ALDC/SLDC COMMUNICATION GATEWAY TO RCC & ALDC
RCC LDC

Base System
Alarm Unit

Base System
Alarm Unit

GPS Meinberg
POWER V1 OVP ACQR LOCK GPS 166 SATELLITE CONTROLLED CLOCK NORMAL OPERATION WED 11.12.1996 MEZ 11.42.25 SV 24 > SYN MENU CLR NEXT INC ACK MEINBERG

Printer Server

Ethernet (TCP/IP)
Network Partner SSLTA 88 SRS485MSRS485MSREDU/M SERVICE RS232 RS485 RS485

1MRSC60029 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028

Rugged Com/Equivalent Ethernet Switches forming ‘Redundant Managed switched Ethernet LAN on fiber optic medium Interbay bus on IEC61850 Communication Gate way with hot standby for RCC and SLDC’ For Control and Protection Relays.

Network Partner

SSLTA 88 SRS485MSRS485MSREDU/M SERVICE RS232 RS485

RS485

1MRSC60029 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028

M

M

M

?

LOCAL REMOTE

SET OPERATION

DIGITAL PLCC/ OLTE SYSTEM CARR PROT SYSTEM

ABB Network Partner AG

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

DIGITAL PLCC/ OLTE SYSTEM
C E
ABB Network Partner AG REL531

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

DIGITAL PLCC/ OLTE SYSTEM CARR PROT SYSTEM

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

M

M

M

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

?

LOCAL REMOTE

SET OPERATION

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

C E

CARR PROT SYSTEM

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

M

M

M

?

LOCAL REMOTE

SET OPERATION

CARR PROT SYSTEM

C E
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

C E

CARR PROT SYSTEM
ABB Network Partner AG REL531

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

CARR PROT SYSTEM

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

M

M

M

EM
LOCAL REMOTE SET OPERATION

HYD RAN

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

EM EM

HYD RAN AVR

EM EM EM

?

C E

C E C E

HYD RAN AVR

M

M

M

EM
LOCAL REMOTE SET OPERATION

AVR

?

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

C E

C E

M

M

M

EM
LOCAL REMOTE SET OPERATION

OTH

ABB Network PartnerREL511 AG

EM

OTH

OTH

?

C E

Auxiliary Alarm Annunciation

Service Modem

Engineering & DR work Station LAPTOP

CONTROL & RELAY PANELS IN CONVENTIONAL SYSTEM
PREPARED BY PREPARED BY GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in, ADE/MRT(PROTECTION)
Mobile:9440336984

400KV INTEGRATED CONTROL PANELS

400KV LINE CB RELAY & PROTN PANEL
4RLA
79 + 25 (AUTO RECLOSURE + CHECK SYNC RELAY) 50 Z (LBB / BFR) CB TROUBLE ALARAM AND TRIP RELAYS TSR TC-1 TSR TC-1I

4RLB

4RTB
79 + 25 (AUTO RECLOSURE + CHECK SYNC RELAY) 50 Z (LBB / BFR) CB TROUBLE ALARAM AND TRIP RELAYS TSR TC-1 TSR TC-1I

21 MAIN 1

DC I & II

DC I & II

21 MAIN 2
86 GR -A 1-PH TRIP RELAYS -6 FOR 21M1 1-PH TRIP RELAYS -6 FOR 21M2 D/T CH-2 RECEIVE RELAYS DC-1I DC-1 86 GR -A 1-PH TRIP RELAYS -6 FOR 21M1 1-PH TRIP RELAYS -6 FOR 21M2 D/T CH-2 RECEIVE RELAYS BREAKER MULTIPLICA TION RELAY

86 GR -B

86 GR -B

D/T CH-1 RECEIVE RELAYS

59 L1 59 L2 O/V STG-1 O/V STG-1i 21 MAIN 1 21 MAIN 1i AUX RELYS AUX RELYS

D/T CH-1 RECEIVE RELAYS

BREAKER UNDER VOLTAGE MULTIPLICA RELAY TION RELAY

87 HIGH TEED-1

87 LOW TEED-2

400KV LINE + R CB RELAY & PROTN PANEL
4RLA
79 + 25 (AUTO RECLOSURE + CHECK SYNC RELAY) 50 Z (LBB / BFR) CB TROUBLE ALARAM AND TRIP RELAYS TSR TC-1 TSR TC-1I

4RLRB
75 A 75 B 75 L

4RLC

4RTB
79 + 25 (AUTO RECLOSURE + CHECK SYNC RELAY)

87 MAIN HIGH IMP

21 MAIN 1

50 Z (LBB / BFR) CB TROUBLE ALARAM AND TRIP RELAYS TSR TC-1 TSR TC-1I

DC I & II

86 GR -A

1-PH TRIP RELAYS -6 FOR 21M1 1-PH TRIP RELAYS -6 FOR 21M2 DC-1

21 IMP DISTANCE

DC I & II

21 MAIN 2
86 GR -A 1-PH TRIP RELAYS -6 FOR 21M1 1-PH TRIP RELAYS -6 FOR 21M2 D/T CH-2 RECEIVE RELAYS BREAKER MULTIPLICA TION RELAY

DC-1I

86 GR -B

DC-1I

DC-1

86 GR -B

D/T CH-1 D/T CH-2 RECEIVE RECEIVE RELAYS RELAYS UNDER BREAKER VOLTAGE MULTIPLIC ATION RELAY RELAY

HIGH SPEED

64 REF AUX TRIP
RELAYS

59 L1 59 L2 O/V STG-1 O/V STG-1i 21 MAIN 1 21 MAIN 1i AUX RELYS AUX RELYS

D/T CH-1 RECEIVE RELAYS

87 HIGH TEED-1

87 LOW TEED-2

400KV ICT HV + IV CB RELAY & PROTN PANEL
4RTRA 4RTRB
75 A 75 B 75 L 50 Z (LBB / BFR) CB TROUBLE ALARAM AND TRIP RELAYS TSR TC-1 TSR TC-1I

4RTRC

75 A 75 B

87 MAIN 1 LOW IMP

50 Z (LBB / BFR) CB TROUBLE ALARAM AND TRIP RELAYS TSR TC-1 TSR TC-1I

DC I & II

87 MAIN 2 HIGH IMP

DC I & II

86 GR -A

86 GR -B

86 GR -A

86 GR -B

INTER TRIP INTER TRIP RECEIVE RECEIVE RELAYS RELAYS

HIGH SPEED AUX TRIP RELAYS

DC-1I

DC-1

67 HV

67 IV

AUX RLYS AUX RLYS INTER TRIP INTERTRIP RECEIVE RECEIVE BREAKER MULTIPLICA TION RELAY

BREAKER MULTIPLICA TION RELAY

99T HV O/F

99T IV O/F

ICT / ATF TROUBLES ALARAM & TRIP FLAG RELAYS AUX RLYS FOR HV 87 HIGH TEED-1 AUX RLYS FOR IV 87 LOW TEED-2

400KV BUS REACTOR CB RELAY & PROTN PANEL
4RBRA 4RBRB 4RTB
79 + 25 (AUTO RECLOSURE + CHECK SYNC RELAY) 75 A 75 B

50 Z (LBB / BFR) CB TROUBLE ALARAM AND TRIP RELAYS TSR TC-1 TSR TC-1I

87 MAIN HIGH IMP

50 Z (LBB / BFR) CB TROUBLE ALARAM AND TRIP RELAYS TSR TC-1 TSR TC-1I

DC I & II

21 IMP DISTANCE

DC I & II

86 GR -A

86 GR -B

86 GR -A

1-PH TRIP RELAYS -6 FOR 21M1 1-PH TRIP RELAYS -6 FOR 21M2 D/T CH-2 RECEIVE RELAYS BREAKER MULTIPLICA TION RELAY

DC-1I

DC-1

86 GR -B

64 REF
BREAKER MULTIPLICA TION RELAY 87 HIGH TEED-1

HIGH SPEED AUX TRIP RELAYS 87 LOW TEED-2

D/T CH-1 RECEIVE RELAYS

400KV BUSBAR PROTECTION & COMMON CONTROL PANEL
4RBB2 BBM1 + 96 UNITS 4RBB3 BBM2 + 96 UNITS

CONTROL & RELAY PANELS IN SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM

PREPARED BY PREPARED BY GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU GOPALA KRISHNA PALEPU ADE/400KV/ VS/HYD gk_aptransco@yahoo.co.in, ADE/MRT(PROTECTION)
Mobile:9440336984

400KV & 220KV BUSBAR & COMMON CONTROL PANEL
4RBB 2 RBB

BCU1 BCU2

BCU2

BCU1

BCU3 BUSBAR CENTRAL UNIT BUSBAR CENTRAL UNIT
89BB1 AE CMR Bus Bar Aux relays 89BB1 AE CMR 89BB2 AE CMR
DC -1 DC -2

Bus Bar Aux relays

DC -1 DC -2

89BB2 AE CMR

400KV LINE + REACTOR CB RELAY & PROTN PANEL
4RLA 4RLB 4RLRC1/RBR3 4RTB2

75A,B,L

BAY1 BCU

21L1

87R

BAY2 BCU

A/R+SC 79+25

LBB/ BU 50Z TRIP COIL

A/R+SC 79+25

LBB/ BU 50Z TRIP COIL

CB 1&2 TROUBLES HEALTHY & ALARMS LEDS

21L2

64R

CB 1&2 TROUBLES HEALTHY & ALARMS LEDS

186 R1,Y1,B1 86 GR-A R2,Y2,B2 286 86 R1,Y1,B1 GR-B R2,Y2,B2 96 50Z

DC-1

DC-2

59-1&2
CB PB

21R

D/T-1 D/T-2 Receive Receive Relays Relays

50 ZT

CB PB

99R

DC-2

Reactor Trouble Alarms & Trips

186 86 R1,Y1,B1 GR-A R2,Y2,B2 286 86 R1,Y1,B1 GR-B R2,Y2,B2

DC-1

400KV ICT CB RELAY & PROTN PANEL
4RTB2 4RTRA3 4RTRB3 4RTRC3

75A,B,L

75A,B 87T1

BAY2 BCU

BAY3 BCU

LV BAY BCU

A/R+SC 79+25

LBB/ BU 50Z TRIP COIL

LBB/ BU 50Z
CB 1&2 TROUBLES HEALTHY & ALARMS LEDS

LBB/ BU 50Z

CB 1&2 TROUBLES HEALTHY & ALARMS LEDS

TRIP COIL

87T2

CB 1&2 TROUBLES HEALTHY & ALARMS LEDS

TRIP COIL

186 86 R1,Y1,B1 GR-A R2,Y2,B2 286 86 R1,Y1,B1 GR-B R2,Y2,B2 50 ZT

DC-1

DC-1

86 GR-A 86 GR-B

DC-2

DC-2

67HV

67IV

86 GR-B 96/ 50Z

CB PB

Inter 96/ Trip 50Z Relays CB PB

99HV

99IV

Inter Trip Relays CB PB

MFM

MFM

DC-2

Transformer Trouble Alarms & Trips

86 GR-A

DC-1

220KV FEEDER CB RELAY & PROTN PANEL
2RLA1 2RLB1

75A 75B BAY1 BCU 21L1

A/R+SC 79+25

LBB/ BU 50Z TRIP COIL

21L2

CB 1&2 TROUBLES HEALTHY & ALARMS LEDS

186 86 R1,Y1,B1 GR-A R2,Y2,B2 286 86 R1,Y1,B1 GR-B R2,Y2,B2 96 / 50Z TTS

DC-2

DC-1

CB PB

D/T-1 D/T-2 Receive Receive Relays Relays

MFM

220KV BC, TBC & BS CB RELAY & PROTN PANELS
2RBC 2RTBC 2RBC

BC BCU

TBC BCU

BS BCU

LBB/ BU 50Z

LBB/ BU 50Z TRIP COIL

A/R+SC 79+25

LBB/ BU 50Z TRIP COIL

LBB/ BU 50Z

LBB/ BU 50Z TRIP COIL

CB 1&2 TROUBLES HEALTHY & ALARMS LEDS

CB 1&2 TROUBLES HEALTHY & ALARMS LEDS

CB 1&2 TROUBLES HEALTHY & ALARMS LEDS

86 GR-A 86 GR-B 96 50Z

186 86 R1,Y1,B1 GR-A R2,Y2,B2 286 86 R1,Y1,B1 GR-B R2,Y2,B2 96 50Z

DC-1

DC-1

86 GR-A 86 GR-B 96 50Z

DC-2

DC-2

CB PB

CB PB

CB PB

50/51 A,B C,N

50/51 A,B C,N

DC-2

DC-1

SUBSTATION AUXILIARIES & TERMINAL PANELS
SSAUX For AC 415V System-1 BCU1 For DC 220V System-1 BCU3 For DC 48V System-1 BCU5 For Air condition System BCU7 For Diesel Generator System BCU9
ABB Network Partner AG

For AC 415V System-2 BCU2 For DC 220V System-2 BCU4 For DC 48V System-2 BCU6 For Fire Fighting System BCU8 For fire & Smoke Detector BCU10
COM581

Base System Alarm Unit

Hot Standby Alarm Unit

Main Server
ABB Network Partner AG COM581

Redunt Server
ABB Network Partner AG COM581

C E

C E

Communication Gateway
Network Partner SSLTA 88 SERVICE RS232 SRS485M SRS485M SREDU/M RS485 RS485 1MRSC60029 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028

Router to ALDC/SLDC
Network Partner SSLTA 88 SERVICE RS232 SRS485M SRS485M SREDU/M RS485 RS485 1MRSC60029 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028

Ethernet Switch
C E

Ethernet Switch

Surveillance system

Line Printer for Alarm / Event

Metering Values DOT Matrix Printer

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION
Alarm/Event Line Printer DM Printer For 15 Min Metering & Trends Hardcopy Printer + MFD

2 Ports for RCC & 2 Ports for ALDC/SLDC COMMUNICATION GATEWAY TO RCC & ALDC
RCC LDC

Base System
Alarm Unit Service Modem

Base System
Alarm Unit

GPS Meinberg
POWER V1 OVP ACQR LOCK GPS 166 SATELLITE CONTROLLED CLOCK NORMAL OPERATION WED 11.12.1996 MEZ 11.42.25 SV 24 > SYN MENU CLR NEXT INC ACK MEINBERG

Printer Server

Ethernet (TCP/IP)
Network Partner SSLTA 88 SRS485MSRS485MSREDU/M SERVICE RS232 RS485 RS485

1MRSC60029 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028

Rugged Com/Equivalent Ethernet Switches forming ‘Redundant Managed switched Ethernet LAN on fiber optic medium Interbay bus on IEC61850 Communication Gate way with hot standby for RCC and SLDC’ For Control and Protection Relays.

Network Partner

SSLTA 88 SRS485MSRS485MSREDU/M SERVICE RS232 RS485

RS485

1MRSC60029 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028 1MRSC60028

M

M

M

?

LOCAL REMOTE

SET OPERATION

DIGITAL PLCC/ OLTE SYSTEM CARR PROT SYSTEM

ABB Network Partner AG

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

DIGITAL PLCC/ OLTE SYSTEM
C E
ABB Network Partner AG REL531

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

DIGITAL PLCC/ OLTE SYSTEM CARR PROT SYSTEM

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

M

M

M

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

?

LOCAL REMOTE

SET OPERATION

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

C E

CARR PROT SYSTEM

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

M

M

M

?

LOCAL REMOTE

SET OPERATION

CARR PROT SYSTEM

C E
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

C E

CARR PROT SYSTEM
ABB Network Partner AG REL531

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

CARR PROT SYSTEM

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

M

M

M

EM
LOCAL REMOTE SET OPERATION

HYD RAN

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

EM EM

HYD RAN AVR

EM EM EM

?

C E

C E C E

HYD RAN AVR

M

M

M

EM
LOCAL REMOTE SET OPERATION

AVR

?

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

C E

C E

M

M

M

EM
LOCAL REMOTE SET OPERATION

OTH

ABB Network PartnerREL511 AG

EM

OTH

OTH

?

C E

Auxiliary Alarm Annunciation

Engineering & DR work Station LAPTOP

POWER GRID CHINA SAS

SAS in POWER GRID, INDIA – SEONI (WR)

IEC 61850 RELAY MODELS OF DIFFERENT MANUFACTURERS
MANUFACTURERS BAY CONTROL UNIT FEEDER 67 DISTANCE 21 LINE DIFFERENTIAL 87 L DIFFERENTIAL 87 T BUSBAR 87 BB

ABB AREVA

REC 670 MICOM C264

REX 521 REF 615 MICOM P141

REL 670 MICOM
P44 2/3/4

RED 670 MICOM P543/547 L 60, L 90 SIPROTEC
7SD 522/61_

RET 670 MICOM P633/P643 T 60 SIPROTEC
7UT 633/13/2

REB 670 REB 500 MICOM P74 1/3/6 B 90, SIPROTEC
7 SS 52

GE D 25,C90+, F 60 D 90, D 60 F650 MULTILIN SIEMENS SIPROTEC SIPROTEC SIPROTEC
( SIPROTEC )

6MD 66/3

7SJ 62/3/4

7SA 522/6..

SEL TOSHIBA

SEL 451-4 GRD 150

SEL 451 GRD 140

SEL 421 GRZ 100

SEL 387L GRL 100 / 150

SEL 487E GRT 100

SEL 487B GRB 100/150

BAY LEVEL SUBSTATION AUTOMATION
DECENTRALIZED ARCHITECTURE DISTRIBUTED CONTROL ROOMS USING BAY KIOSKS CALLED PORTABLE RELAY ROOMS. BAY-ORIENTED CONCEPT – EACH BAY PROVIDED WITH BAY KIOSKS/ PORTABLE RELAY ROOMS. DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENCE – EACH BAY PROVIDED WITH CONTROL IEDs (BCUs) FOR CONTROL & MONITORING FUNCTIONS. EACH BAY PROVIDED WITH PROTECTION IEDs (BPUs) FOR PROTECTION. DECENTRALIZED FUNCTIONS. USING IEC 61850 (UNIVERSAL) SUBSTATION AUTOMATION PROTOCOL. IT IS CALLED BAY LEVEL SUBSTATION AUTOMATION.

PRESENT STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF SUBSTATION AUTOMATION SYSTEM IN APTRANSCO IS DISTRIBUTED CONTROL ROOMS USING BAY KIOSKS CALLED PORTABLE RELAY ROOMS USING IEC 61850 (UNIVERSAL) SUBSTATION AUTOMATION PROTOCOL. THIS IS CALLED BAY LEVEL SUBSTATION AUTOMATION

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