This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
• Session 3: (18th January 2009)
– Resisters and DC circuits (Part 2) – In-class exercises on Resisters and DC circuits • Previous Session: Session 2: (11th January 2009)
– Resisters and DC circuits (Part 1)
B.Sc.Engineering [Electronics and Telecommunication (special) 1st class honors] Moratuwa, AMIE(SL), MIET(UK), MIEEE(US)
Resisters and DC circuits (Part 2)
• • • •
Standard circuit symbols Electric Power Electric Energy Non-linear resistive devices
Thermistors Light Dependant Resistor(LDR)
In-class exercises on resistors and Dc circuits
Standard circuit symbols .
Electric Power • Electric power (P) used in any part of a circuit is equal to the current (I) in that part multiplied by the voltage (V) across that part of the circuit. we obtain •P=V*I • P = V * (V/R)=V2/R • P = I * (I*R) = I2*R • Note: 1 horsepower=750W . • P= V*I – Where P=power in Watts (W) V=voltage in Volts (V) I = current in Amperes (A) • Substituting from Ohm’s Law.
. • Usually in practice. power is different.) • Standard unit of energy is Joule (J).Electric Energy • Energy and work are essentially the same and are expressed in identical units. kilowatt-hour (kWh) is a unit commonly used for large amounts of electric energy • Amount of energy of a kilowatt-hour is calculated as the product of the power in kilowatts (kW) and the time in hours (h) during which the power is used. because it is the time rate of doing work. (However.
• What’s linear behavior of a resistor? – A resistor behaves linearly when its resistance changes linearly with another physical parameter. • Nonlinear resistive devices are the resistive components that are essentially non-linear in their electrical operation.e. temperature. Thermistor.g. LDR . i.Non-linear resistive devices • Up to this point we have discussed devices which demonstrated linear behavior... • E.
self-resetting over-current protectors. also called temperature-dependant resistors. i. temperature sensors. Thermistor circuit symbol Thermistors are widely used as inrush current limiters. a type of resistor with resistance varying according to its temperature.Thermistors Thermistors are thermal + resistors. .. and self-regulating heating elements.e.
Thermistors (contd. so that their resistance remains nearly constant over a wide temperature range. Bead-type NTC Thermistor Resistors that are not thermistors are designed to have a thermal coefficients as small as possible. or posistor) or whether the resistance decreases with increasing temperature (the device is called a negative temperature coefficient (NTC) thermistor). .) Thermistors can be classified into two types depending on whether the resistance increases with increasing temperature (the device is called a positive temperature coefficient (PTC) thermistor.
the resistance of LDR decreases with the increasing light energy falling onto LDR device. as far-infrared detectors.. street lights and outdoor clocks.LDRs LDRs are Light-Dependant Resistors. LDR device .e. LDR are also called as photo-resistors or CdS Cell and it can also be referred to as a photoconductor. clock radios. i. security alarms. and inside many consumer electronic items such as camera light meters. LDR circuit symbol Main application example is as a light sensor in control systems.
In-class exercises on reistoras and DC circuits .