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College name

POWER GENERATION USING SUSPENSION SYSTEM


PRESENTED TO

GUIDED BY

PRESENTED BY

The conceptual idea behind the mechanism of this

project is the same as one of those used in the former ideas of producing electricity when vehicles move over speed breakers. But this project makes use of the suspension systems present inside a vehicle in which these devices would be fixed with an electromagnetic field by which electricity is produced due to vibrations within the vehicle and is stored for later use within the same system.

During the everyday usage of an automobile, only 1016% of the fuel energy is used to drive the carto overcome the resistance from road friction and air drag.

A conventional automotive shock absorber dampens suspension movement to produce a controlled action that keeps the tire firmly on the road.
This is done by converting the kinetic energy into heat energy, which is then absorbed by the shocks oil.

This is the important loss is the dissipation of vibration energy by shock absorbers in the vehicle suspension under the excitation of road irregularity and vehicle acceleration or deceleration.

In this project we will develop the power generating suspension system which can efficiently recover the vibration energy in a compact space.

BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE SYSTEM

We are working on power generating suspension system which works on the principal of conversion of linear motion in to rotary motion (rack and pinion movement) system. In this system the suspension spring provides a base upon which a cylindrical rack is mounted which have its motion in linear direction due to the vibration of the spring which rotates the pinion gear associated with the rack. Now the pinion gear has been in direct contact with a DC generator which produces varying voltage and current throughout the process. The DC produced will be passed through a rectifier circuit in order to avoid the reverse flow of current. The output current is then being used for any associative functioning of the automobile such as lighting, air conditioning, music system etc.

DESIGN

SUSPENSION SYSTEM

What is suspension system?


Suspension is the term given to the system of springs, shock absorbers and linkages

that connects a vehicle to its wheels Serve a dual purpose contributing to the car's handling and braking. Protects the vehicle itself and any cargo or luggage from damage and wear

PURPOSE OF SUSPENSION SYSTEM Supports the weight. Provides a smooth ride. Allows rapid cornering without extreme body roll. Keeps tires in firm contact with the road. Isolate passenger and cargo from vibration and shock Allows front wheels to turn side-to-side for steering. Works with the steering system to keep the wheels in correct alignment.

Basic Parts:
Control Arm:- movable lever
that fastens the steering knuckle to the vehicles body or frame.

Steering Knuckle: provides a


spindle or bearing support for the wheel hub, bearings and wheel assembly.

Basic Parts:
Ball Joints: swivel joints that
allow control arm and steering knuckle to move up and down and side to side.

Springs: supports the weight


of the vehicle; permits the control arm and Wheel to move up and down.

Basic Parts:
Shock absorbers or dampeners:- keeps the
suspension from continuing to bounce after spring compression and extension.

Control arm bushing :


sleeves that allows the control arm to swing up and down on the frame.

COIL SPRING AND LEAF SPRING

IMPORTANT COMPONENTS RACK & PINION ARRANGEMENT A rack and pinion is a type of linear actuator that comprises a pair of gears which convert rotational motion into linear motion. A circular gear called "the pinion" engages teeth on a linear "gear" bar called "the rack"; rotational motion applied to the pinion causes the rack to move, thereby translating the rotational motion of the pinion into the linear motion of the rack.

IMPORTANT COMPONENTS CIRCUIT A rectifier is an electrical device that converts alternating current (AC), which periodically reverses direction, to direct current (DC), current that flows in only one direction, a process known as rectification.

IMPORTANT COMPONENTS GENERATOR In electricity generation, an electric generator is a device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy. A generator forces electric current to flow through an external circuit. The source of mechanical energy may be a reciprocating or turbine steam engine, water falling through a turbine or waterwheel, an internal combustion engine, awind turbine, a hand crank, compressed air, or any other source of mechanical energy. Generators provide nearly all of the power for electric power grids.

IMPORTANT COMPONENTS STORAGE BATTERY An electric battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells that convert stored chemical energy into electrical energy.[1] Each battery consists of a negative electrode (anode) that holds charged ions, a positive electrode (cathode) that holds discharged ions, an electrolyte that allows ions to move from anode to cathode during discharge (and return during recharge) and terminals that allow current to flow out of the battery to perform work.

The magnetic flux B from the magnet assembly radially penetrates each coil section over the height of the magnet. Therefore emf V (volt) generated by a conductor of length L (m) in the form of coils with n turns moving in a constant magnetic field B (T), at a constant velocity v (m/s) according to above law is V= n.B.v.L

MATERIAL SELECTION
We will use Nylon as the material for making cylindrical rack.

MATERIAL SELECTION