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CKD. BY DATE Sheet No.
CONCRETE ANCHOR DESIGN BASED ON ACI318-05 APPENDIX D
Basic Design Parameters:
NOTES & SKETCHES
(Per Applicable Loads Combinations in Sect. 9.2; load applications that are predominantly high cycle fatigue or impact loads are not covered.)
Nu = Vu =
Ultimate Factored Tensile Load (kips) Ultimate Factored Shear Load (kips)
f Factor Conditions: Ductile Yes Post-Installed Category 1 Steel Element Potential Failure Surfaces crossed by supplementary reinforcement proportioned to tie prism into the structural member? Anchor Type
Category 1: LOW sensitivity to instalation and HIGH reliability Category 2: MEDIUM sensitivity to instalation and MEDIUM reliability Category 3: HIGH sensitivity to instalation and LOW reliability
Anchor located in a region of concrete member where analysis indicates no cracking at service load levels? (YES = No Cracking Anticipated)
Anchors are located in region of moderate or high seismic risk, or structures assigned to intermediate or high seismic performance or design categories.
Steel strength of anchor in tension:
Nsa = nAsefuta n= Ase = futa = fy =
4 0.122 58 35
Number of Anchors in a Group
Effective Cross Sectional Area of Anchor Specified Tensile strength of anchor steel Specified Yield strength of anchor steel
Ns = fNs =
f = 0.75 > Nu =
N = Yed.5hef or greater Modification factor for eccentrically loaded anchor groups if C min > 1.2.00 k OK .NYc.00 1. in 2 f = 0.5h ef Modification factor for edge effects Modification factor for edge effects = 0.18 Basic concrete breakout strength k = 17 for post-installed anchors Alternative concrete breakout strength for 11in < hef < 25in.1(b) Effective anchor embedment depth The smallest edge distance The largest edge distance in in psi in Eccentricity of Normal Force on a group of anchor.7 + 0.73 6.5h ef if C min < 1.max = f'c= e'N = Edges = 97 3 2 2 4350 0 4 Group of Anchors in in 2 Projected concrete failure area of anchor or group of anchors.0 1.N = 1 1 2e'N 3hef ) <1 Projected area of the failure surface of a single anchor remote from edges for c a.00 1.00 for anchor in cracked section Nb = k f'c1/2hef3/2 Nb = 16f'c1/2hef5/3 Anco = Yec.5 hef Yc.5.90 5.N = 1.6. See RD.2) Ncbg = Anc Yec.N = Yc.3 Concrete Breakout strength of anchor in tension: Ncb = Anc Yed.NYed.NNb Anco Anc = hef = ca.3 cmin 1.75 k k k > Nu = 1.NYcp.min = ca. See Figure 3 Commentary Anco = 9hef2 Yec.NYc. See Commentary Figure 2 Number of Edges surrounding anchor or group of anchors.N = Nb = Ncb = fNcb = 16.N = ( 1+ Yed.NNb Anco Single Anchor (SEC D.00 1.min of 1.
PNp 0.4 Pullout strength of anchor in tension: Npn = Abh = eh= do= Np = Np = Yc.9f'cehdo 1.5.3) in2 in in Bearing area of the headed stud(s) or anchor bolt(s) See Table 1 Commentary Distance from the inner surface of the shaft to the outer tip of the bolt.00 9.19 k k f = 0.1 (SEC D.75 > Nu = 1.500 5.75 > Nu = 1.00 k > Nu = N/A Multiple Anchors: Nsbg = (1 + S/6ca1)Nsb So = Nsbg = fNsbg = 2 in k k Spacing of the outer anchors along the edge in the group.75 1.58 4. 3do<eh<4. 5.P = Np = fNp = Yc.00 k OK .5.744 7.4) Nsb = 160cAbrg1/2f'c1/2 C = Ca1 = Ca2 = Factor = Nsb = fNsb = 2 2 in in Distance from center of anchor shaft to the edge of concrete Distance from center of anchor shaft to the edge of concrete in direction orthogonal to C = C a1 See Commentary Figure 1.31 k The pullout strength in tension of a single headed stud or bolt (D-15) The pullout strength in tension of a single hooked bolt (D-16) f = 0.19 f = 0.58 4.0 38.5do Outside diameter of anchor or shaft diameter Abrg8f'c 0.3 114. C2 < 3*C 0.00 k OK 5 Concrete Side-Face Blowout strength of Headed anchor in tension: Single Anchor: (SEC D.
9824 11. parallel to anchor axis.12 58 16.6nAsefuta 0.6 Steel strength of anchor in shear: Vs = Vs = Vs = Ase= fut= Vs = fVs = nAsefuta 0.65 < Vu = 100. and with the supplementary reinforcement enclosed withing stirrups spaced at not more than 4 in.1) For cast-in headed stud anchors For cast-in headed bolt & hooked bolt anchors For post-installed anchors (D19) (D20) (D20) Effective cross-sectional area of expansion or undercut anchor sleeve. See Table 2 Commentary.04 sq. Outside diameter of anchor or shaft diameter of headed stud. Specified tensile strength of anchor sleeve.6.VVb Avco Group of Anchors (D-22) Avc = Ca1* = e'v = l= do = h= Enter Case: 97 5 0 3 0. 4 bar or greater between the anchor and the edge. Case 3: Supplementary reinforcement of a No.VYc. 4 bar or greater betwwen the anchor and the edge. if sleeve is within shear plane. See Commentary Eccentricity of shear force on a group of anchors. Case 2: Supplementary reinforcement of a No.40 21 Case 1 in2 in in in in in Projected concrete failure area on an anchor or group of anchors.VYed. Thickness of member in which an anchor is anchored.6.2) (D-21) Vcb = Av Yec. 4 bar.00 k NG 7 Concrete Breakout strength of anchor in shear: Vcb = Avc Yed.2do1/2f'c1/2Ca11. in ksi k k (SEC D.5 See commentary .VYc. Vb = 7(l/do)0. or hooked bolt. f = 0. See Figure 5 Commentary Load bearing length of anchor for shear. headed bolt.6nAsefuta 0. Case 1: No supplementary reinforcement or edge reinforcement smaller than a No.VVb Avco Single Anchor (SEC D. See Figure 4 Commentary Distance from center of anchor shaft to the edge of concrete in one direction.
78 1.50 4.5 C a1 Yc.75 < Vu = 100.2fNn if Nua > 0.00 112.75 k k k < Vu = 100.00 k NG 9 Interaction of tensile and shear forces: if Vua < 0.36 for hef < 2.5 ca1 if C a2 < 1.0 Yec.V = Yed.G.V = 1. .00 0.V = 1.7) fNn > NUA fVn > VUA NUA ΦNn VUA ΦVn N/A N/A + < 1.2fVn =========> (SEC D.7 + 0.24 2.00 k NG 8 Concrete Pryout strength of anchor in shear: Vcp = kcpNcb Kcp = Kcp = Ncb = Vcp = fVcp = 1 2 6.6.2 N.90 13.5 (SEC D.V = ( 1+ Yed.7 Continued Yec.3) k k k f = 0.81 10.0 1 2e'v 3c1 ) <1 Modification factor for eccentrically loaded anchor groups if C a2 > 1.5 for hef > 2.V = Yc.3 ca2 1.82 3.2fNn & Vua > 0.43 sqin Anchor in cracked section Case 1 f = 0.5 C a1 Modification factor for edge effects Modification factor for edge effects = 0.V = Avco = Vb = Vcb = fVcb = 1.2fVn if Nua < 0.
Program Environment: Creation Date: Design References: Microsoft Office Excel 2003 January 12th. The required strength is calculated from the applicable load combinations in Section 9. This program assumes that the anchor strength is not governed by dutile yielding of the anchored steel which would cause significant redistribution of anchor forces and attachment that distributes the loads to the anchors is sufficiently stiff. as well as the provisions of Appendix D. or for structrures assigned to intermediate or high seismic performance or design catefories.Embedment Strength per ACI 318-05 Appendix D Program Description: "Anchor Bolt(CSA). described as follows: Worksheet Name Doc Anchor Bolt Description This documentation sheet Embedment Strength per ACI Program Assumptions and Limitations: 1. load (LRFD) to determine the required shear lug and weld size. 2.2 prequalification tests when installed for use in regions of moderate or high seismic risk. The spreadsheet is designed to find the strength of a determined anchor bolt or bolts within certain concrete parameters."Anchor Bolt" --.xls" is a MS-Excel spreadsheet workbook for the analysis of anchor bolt anchorage per ACI 318-05. do not apply to the design of anchors in hinge zones of concrete structures under seismic loads. This spreadsheet program is intended to analyze and design anchor bolt and embedment strength of the concrete. Post-installed anchors shall be verified for suitability for use in concrete demonstrated by the ACI 355. This spreadsheet. Shear and tension strength is calculated from Appendix D of ACI 318. ACI 318-05 This program is a workbook consisting of two (2) worksheets. Appendix D. .2 4. 3. Tables and figures have been given adjacent to the required data cells in an attempt to self contain the calculations within the worksheet. 2008 1. 5. The spreadsheet is protected but with no password required.
VYed. Reinforcement Surfaces c.NYc.5. Nu (Ultimate Factored Tensile Load) in kips b.NYc.6nAsefuta 0. Concrete Breakout strength of anchor in shear: (SEC D.3) Vcp = kcpNcb 8.VVb Single Anchor Vcb = Av Avco Yec.2fNn if Nua > 0. Concrete Breakout strength of anchor in tension: (SEC D.3) Npn = Np = Np = Yc. Information required includes the following: Input: 1. Specific Tension and Shear Strength Variables: Each section contains the necessary input variables and attempts to be self contained. f Factor Conditions : a. Loads: a.NNb Group of Anchors Anco 3.2) Vcb = Avc Avco Yed. Interaction of tensile and shear forces: (SEC D.VYc. Concrete Side-Face Blowout strength of Headed anchor in tension: (SEC D.6. Output: 1. Steel strength of anchor in shear: (SEC D. Installment Category (Post-installed Anchor only) e.VYc. Steel strength of anchor in tension: (SEC D. Cracking from service loads f. Vu (Ultimate Factored Shear Load) in kips 2.NYed.5.NNb Single Anchor Ncbg = Anc Yec.4) Nsb = Nsbg = 160cAbrg1/2f'c1/2 (1 + S/6ca1)Nsb Single Anchor Group of Anchors 5.6.2 . Pullout strength of anchor in tension: (SEC D.5.NYcp.2fNn & Vua > 0. Anchor Type d.1) Nsa = nAsefuta 2.VVb Group of Anchors 7.2fVn if Nua < 0.6.2) Ncb = Anc Anco Yed.5.PNp Abrg8f'c The pullout strength in tension of a single headed stud or bolt 0. Concrete Type 3.1) Vs = Vs = Vs = nAsefuta 0. Steel Element b.9f'cehdo The pullout strength in tension of a single hooked bolt 4.7) if Vua < 0.6nAsefuta For cast-in headed stud anchors For cast-in headed bolt & hooked bolt anchors For post-installed anchors 6. Concrete Pryout strength of anchor in shear: (SEC D.2fVn fNn > NUA fVn > VUA NUA ΦNn + VUA ΦVn < 1. Anchor location g.Program Theory and Operation: The top left of the spreadsheet screen allows for input of required information in lightly yellow highlighted boxes.