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0gSwGrf.

&GOf

(trJkif wm)

tdGKefw&GdKef tGdKefw&ef/ wvDSrmSoefvGOfra&.r&m.wJif armuf}uJif.rGL;/ anmif.rGL;/ uHSaumf.rGL;
zHk.[ wacif.aem0f wacif.xifS EJkif;tD.0S/ ayg.&dkS wrm.rGL;/ xxD.rGL;/ wnif;rGL;/ armufStGefrGL;zHk.[
EJkif;pGOf; 0g;&dGK@ xD.avhyrm. atm0f.tGyfSjc@SuS'Svdk@pGOf.xmS? 'Hk0g._yHK. qSvwGdK@S ndK;rGL;wefwef tygifpSpS
aem0fSu/ t&GD;vef 0SxrfvJOf;yOfrGL;/ 'HkqSaem0f wGef;[HkSrGL;achS tygif'dGK@Saem0fSvJh tygifpS avvif;xkdS
vJOf;/ 'HkqSxifS ajcmufSxsS ,dk@uwl.rGL;aem0fSvJh rmSxGLtaig0f; ‘atmh/ atmh’ ‘tJh/ tJh’ awGmhS “_cdGKif”
atm0f.jym. wtmtJpfS xkdSvJOf;xmS? 'HkqSuDwGdK@SxifS ap.wD.wefxsS anmif.rGL;wefwef tvm.uGKefS
uGKefSaem0fSvJh tGOf.uJkifwvGdK;vJhxdkSvJOf;trGL;/ ausmifSqSxifS w&Gyf,aem0fSvJh yoD.AGmzHk. xGKrf;oGL
wvDSt[dGKif.awGmhS ac;_yJif.vGvJOf;wGrf.oabFmSuGif./ wAsm;oD;AGLoGKrf;/ w'kef;oD;/ wAGKwftGrfjyL;oD;
vrf;zHk.vJh t&JtoSatm0f.'GKrf/ avvif;xdkSvJOf; (awmifScgS? ?wAGKwftGrfjyL;u&dkSaem0fS/ tAJkif.avmif;
a'Gayg.awGmhS taAG.orf;wvGKrfSvmS uk,mawm0f;wJif/ a'Guxif.aqGmhScsm tAJkif.atm0f.wAl;plS
AGKefyDEJkif;ygStGKrfjyL;awGmhS trOfSwGif.wig wAGKwftGrfjyL;ae;aem0fSoGL?)
wvDSaAG. cGefewfomSoD; trGefSwoD.xDqsm.raumif;/ usrfSxrfSvGOfSig./ &dGKifSpdGKifSvGOfSig./ rmS
oefvGOf ‘tGKtGK/ tt’aem0fS ASwdGK.pGOf.rGL;udGK@SemSvGOfS? wSvDSoefuxGKdif.a,efcg wsm.aAG.zHk. tJhStrJh
vkufvkuf vdwfvdwf/ aq.xmS'kef;'kef; 'gif;'gif; wnawm0f; crf;wefavmhvGOfcef;'sm.aem0fSoGL?
EJkif;rGLa&m0fSxmSuxGKdif.av w'HkvGKrf;vGKrf; qdif.aqGmif qdif.qifvGyigy&mS/ wAsm;oD;/ w
AGKwftGKrfjyL;oD; v,f.xGKrf.wGrfvGOfS,if;trDSpsS rDSacg0f wvDSutDxdkS'g.r[maem0fSoGL? armuf}uJif.
rGL;/ armuf-uifSrGL;zHk.vJh tvm.vGSxdkSvdk@vJOf;/ 'HkudkxmStD. xmSpsSum;uatm0f. xDtDjcGOf.vifSvdk@/
vifSatm0f.cHyGdKif;vdk@ jzm;'Hkwda-umfSvrf;qSigawGmhS AGKefpGOf.arGmh “jzm;'Hka[G; crf;aAG. xDaAG.oD;wm.
eDoGOf;oD; vGOfxrfS vGOfaqmif. trkStcGOf.zHk.-o” t&dkSvGEJkif;aem0fSoGL?
emif.aAGa'Ggif.vrf;aem0fSvJh toSatm0f.'GKrf/ atm0f.aAGmifavvif;/ atm0f.uJkif'sm.uGdK@St-uGOf
wjcif;jcif;ay.vGKrfS? emif.aAGa'Ggif.aem0fS xGmar.rJkif;rl. yapPSOpPm.vGdKif.wjzmSoGL? toufrOf.atm0f.vJh
vpfSqDigwfS (45) &yfay.? 'HkqSuDuGOf. xmSyl.zJkif;xifSaem0fS a0GSodGK@S,m.a[m0f atm0f.eD[kd./
a0ifSqSwdGK@SzJhSvJh a0GSzufSac:_cHwef atm0f.w[dk. wGrf.a0GSvSaoScgSvJkif;rGD. t0gSxsSaem0fSw[dk.? Am.zHk./
aAzHk./ erf;refSzHk. [lzHk.aem0fS tGOf.tm tGOf;xkdarG;oGL tcefawGmhS uJkif;az.pdGK;'g. vdkSauefS vdkSajcm
xsSoGL? &GOfwcef wdkSwAD.awGmhS tGOf.pGS&GOfat.zHk.aeaeoGL? aem0fSxGLwum.awm0f;/ ayg.uGDeD;cefvJh
&GOftJOfaxm0f; xl.zdk;/ xl.yem;/ xl.oGdK@S_cHvJkif;,m./ ukJif;odrfSajcifxkdS'g. 0gifSyapPSOpPm.EJkif;aem0fSoGL?
emif.aAGa'Ggif.,dk tHknDSaygifSzufoGLwGrf.t0gSckd wyGgSaem0fS nyOfcGdKif;rJkifSaeif.aeif.vJh/ ydkcdkydkrl.wjzmSigvJh
orf;wxGefSumSawm0f;/ rOf.rOfvSxJif;0gSvJh orf;irf;'sm. 0gSvGOfzsKefS vGOf,m;w_cdKSOpPm./ orf;irf;'sm.
0gSav.ysm.vGOf;vGOf;wJif/ rOfvSawhS,if;0gSvJh csKyfxdefS tGKef,GKef;EdGKif.Am.'sm. toSaem0fSoGL?
oSrOfvS0gSwGrf. oSavm.um.&GOf,dkeDrsKdS rOf.wJucf Of.vkd@0gifSwJwJh oSavm.um.&GOf tm'sm.&ifS&ifS?
uGyf0gStJOfaxm0f;wJif vrf;atm0f.avvif;Am. EJkif;,dk/ vdkStD.vGOfoSaz. vdkStD.vGOful.nD.az.om;
aqhSajcmxkdSAm./ r[maem0fS uGyfatm0f.wjzmS ydk0gSewÎdwJif aAif.cGSAm.xmSaem0fSoGL? emif.aAGa'Ggif.
wjzmS wvGdK;Am./ oSay. tm.EGJ@Am./ rOf.a'ghSAm.pGOf.pGOf.vJh [dk@Scdk;awhSig.vJOf;0gSoGL? uG,f.awGmhS

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“rJhSt,m;zsKefSxdkSacG&GOfaem” u&dkS'g. oSirf;aem0fS orf;atm0f. y'dk@SAOf.aEGmifSxdkS “0gSrOf.atm0f.
aem0fS vdGK;a[m0fem.acG” oS,dkwJif/ tH.rAm. [dk@Scdk;Am./ ydk0gS tvGD; twStGdKzHk.aem0fSoGL? rdGKufcGdKuf
tcdef.uatm0f.wefS/ ajzSxGLrDSaoif.vm. wa&ifigwfS&smSwm.awGmhS [JhScef;tvdkS vJkif;rmSom;
armif.ysm;/ armif.usm. wGrf.wyGifSoD; oSaz.tvrf;oGL? tcdef.vkdSausmifS avGSvl.cH.oGrfSoJifS&yf/
oSvrf;vJh yeJxGLvJOf;wJif atm0f.uJkif'sm. t&dGK@eDzJhSvGKrfS? tD.vGL;vdkSoSvrf;om;wm. emif.aAGa'Ggif.
zsifaoSaz.cef;'JOf,mzHk.oGL? [ef.tdkaem0fS EGef;oD;wGrf.axmhS,m.aem0fS xGm[ef.tdkxD/ [ef.tdkoJif
aem0fS xwdk.atmufS wGrf.cJOf.oJifausmf zHk.aem0fSoGL?
aAGa'Ggif.wGrf. tvdkSoSvrf;om; atm0f.tH.'JOf,musmS wd-uGef;azsmfvGOfcef; a0GSoD;xsSaem0fS
oGL? wd-uGef;vJh yGdKif;vJif. yGdKif;&if; xGmyG,fSpmSawmfS yapPSOpPm.vGdKif.wjzmSaeae/ uG,f.awGmhS ,dkcgaem0fS
atm0f.xJiftH.awmvJOf;ajcm0f;/ a0GSaem0fS tydkcdkatm0f.0gifSeD&dkSvJh tatm0f.vdk@vJOf;'sm.wGrf. tydk t
rmzHk.wJif wGrf.a0GSaem0fS vJOf;ac:vG'sm.jzmSaxGmif;axGmif;aem0fSoGL? a0GSaem0fS xGmAm.zdk yG,fSpmS
awmfSwjzmSraumif ayg.&dkSe,f.oxHGK.ay.udkaem0fS vdkSaoigSawm0f;a0GS tJOfaxm0f;? a0GSoufaem0fS
rOf.atm0f.vJh igwfSqD (50) &yf? wd-uGef;aem0fS xGm;xif.uDoGL vrf;avmif;awGmhS “t&dGK@SeDzJhS
oSAm.awm0f;'GdKef;eJ@,dk[GOf.” a'ghSoif.cef;xmSEJkif;aem0fSoGL? uxif.[GdKefvdkSaig0f; aAGa'Ggif.atm0f.
aqmifzJkifSudk avmxef.vGOfawGmhS “tdk; h h h h wd-uGef;wef'sm.eJ@ tD.avGSrJkifSudk,dk” &DxGLawGmhS wd-uGef;vJh
y,GKrf;xGL “aAGa'Ggif.a[G; emSarGmh&DAm.wGdK.EJkif;aem0fS/ uGyfacG[dGKefemSoSvrf;rS vGOfrdk;rdk@rdk@'sm.emS
auG;,dk” avm0f;csmcef; EJkif;aem0fSoGL? “atm h h h h h ayg.aem0fSvJh ,def;a[m0f/ tH.u'JOf,dk [ef.tdkwJwJh
wayg.tGD.awm0f;auG;aem/ wJhSajzmif; acGgif;ajzSae'g.raumif;” “0a,m0f; [dk@SwJhwayg.cdk;awm0f;u”
“warG;awm0f;/ cdk;wJhaem0fS wcdk;awm0f;wJhaem0fS EdGK@tH.pHSurGdKif/ vGOf[Jkif; [Gm.pl tHkigigaem0fS/
tGdK;aem0fScJOf.ausmf/ ,dkaem0fSxwdk.atmufS/ ,dkaem0fSEGef;oD;wGrf.axmhS,m.” a'ghSa'ghS &dkS&dkS wGrf.'JOf
orf;aAGmh tGOf.wHSygwJif/ wd-uGef;vJh wGrf.t[dk@Satm0f.ausmhvJOf;'sm.&ifSwJif [Gm.pl ayGmhSwm ayGmhSwm
cef;'sm.oGL? tH.'JOf uxif.xGL0JkifSao.csm./ tHk0JifS xlqGOf;vG acghc,f.vm.,mxl/ tHk0JifS zkwfSwvDS
qsm.zHk.wGifS wd-uGef; xl.,S 0g.omavGmif./ tGOf.pJvifScef;xDudkawGmhS ,kufvifScef;rDSnyfSwJif
“aAGa'Ggif.a[G;/ emSoSvrf;xGmwrJkifS arGmhwa'GghS[GdKefawm0f;acG/ acGvGOf,dk txJhqJkifSvGOfSxdkSvJOf;/
qJkifcsmaem0fS rOf.atm0f.vdk.rmS wrJkifSrJkifSw&dkSawm0f; rJhSvGOf[JhSvJkif;/ tm.em.rGdKef;awm0f;/ emSaem0fS
0gScdktJOfaxm0f;EJkif;0gifS/ tm.uGdKSc&m.wJhwatm0f.awm0f;/ acGaem0fS rwf'sm.EJkif;zl;a0;oGD.,m.awGmhS
vdk.xGOf.vJh xGOf.vJkif;emif.” pavGScef;aig0f;EJkif;aem0fSoGL? “tGOf.a'ghS'sm.xmSvJh uorf;,H/ wa&mhSpGdK;
a&mhScGdKSawm0f;0gifS tH.xGOf.wAGKef.awm0f;acG” a'ghSxGLEJkif;aem0fSawGmhS ,StcGOf; axmif;AOfcef;
0g.omavGmif. xDudkaem0fSoGL? “tm;vdk; h h h h zl;a0;pGdK; cGdKSaem0fS emStH.xGOf. tD.vSwGdKifS warG;awm0f;
emif.aAGa'Ggif.a[G;/ xGdKufxGdKuf wef.wef. emSutD.tm.uGdKSAm.aem0fS vdkSEJkif;eD,dk'sm./ rmScef;wrJkifSrJkifS
wa,m0f;/ t"duaem0fS atm0f.'sm. ap.wem.wGrf. arwWm.w&mS arG;awm0f;eJ@” a0GSoD; a'ghS&Dvdk@0gifS
t&om. txD ptD.cGLvGKrfS “aAGa'Ggif. eDtD.xif.oS oGKyfavGSxJif;oGL vrf;auG;” wyGifS ae.om.
awm0f;'GKrfwJif avm.,m;w&wfxkdScef; a0GSoD;EJkif;aem0fSoGL? “tGdK arG;vJOf;/ ayg.aem0fSvJh xif.cef;vJkif;/
cg;vm; em;&D.oGrfqif.u'kef. az.uxGLvSxkdScef;aem0fS” emif.aAGa'Ggif. a'ghSa'ghS&dkS&dkS ,Saoif.vm.
az.a,mif.xif.cef; a0GSoD;zHk.aem0fSoGL? wd-uGef;vJh avm.vGOfoGL aAGa'Ggif.qScsmawGmhS “acGvJh
xif.oSudkua0GSoD;aem0fSrS” “[GL; h h h h h wGrf.rmSyJkif.arGmhpgifSzma[G;/ rJhSvifSxJhqm'sm.rwGrfxmS
rJhS0gifSvdkSay. vdkSqm;/ plzGD cgif.zGDom;rmS'sm./ wGrf.rmS,yfSyJkif.oDerf;aem0fS” “ae;aem0fSwJh
warGawm0f;tD aAGa'Ggif./ eDvJh atm0f.avGSaEGmifS oJifSaEGmifS/ atm0f.aqGmhSuwJhSaeu'sm./ xkdSxdkS

2
acGxif.aomhS,dk” “awm0f; awm0f; wvSawm0f;/ wGrf.rmSyJkif./ wGrf.xif.yJkif. acGxGm; wAGdKef.awm0f;
eDwS&sKd;ig. rJhSoDvifSxJhqmxmS” “irf;c&m.wvdk.awm0f;/ ayg.aAGa'Ggif.oD;wm. acGxJhoD cef;0a,m0f;/
acGrOfxif.'dk@Saz.ig. emSvrf;/ oSabmfSwl.'sm.arG;awm0f;eJ@” a'ghSEGdKif.xmSEJkif;aem0fSwJif/ armif.usm.
xGm;wvS'GKrfwJif “[ h h h h [ h h [ [m;osKd; w&sKd;&Jh” wSqsEGdKif.xGLxmS EJkif;aem0fSawGmhS/ avmavGS
xrf.aoif.vm. xif.cef;'sm.vrf;avmif;aem0fSoGL? teDSaem0fSaem0fS oSvrf;udpPvJh xGLoGKwfS_zD.pD.
cef;'sm.aem0fSoGL?

(trJkif eD)

emif.aAGa'Ggif.wjzmS &GOfcHSOpPm.vGdKif.uGKefSwcGdKif;rJkifS a¹cGjcm.csrfSom.wcGdKif;rJkifSu&dkSaem0fS/ wd-uGef;
atm0f.aoxGSvGOfSvdk@? a0GSaem0fS,dkcg pDSyGmSa&SwJh tqif.wajy. tac.ae.wa&mhSawm0f;/ tH.tdk.
udGK@S0g.,m./ tH.yGm.udGK@S0g.yD xGm;EJkif;a0GStoufvJh igwfSqDvdGKvJOf;/ 0g.wGifSudk rOf.xif.aqmufw,f. uH
usifS'g. oOfoD.vvJh atm0f.vdk.em.vJOf; aum0f.wvif.axif;om;/ azmhavGSazmhoJifSaz.[GrfxmS'gom;/
tcdef.rJOf.rJOf. vdkSaum'dGK.oGwfSaz.om;/ xlaz. ,mxlacghc,f.vm.om;/ qSaz. ajym0f.az.uGOfSqJifSom;
pwJifa0GSatm0f.,l. pdwfulS ao.ao.cef;EJkif;aem0fSoGL? aem0fSxGLwum.awm0f; rOf.xD. rOf.armhS'g. 0gifS
wrm0gStavmif.tvif/ t&G,f.ay.ay. qm;qm;w&dkSawm0f;/ jzm;jzm;aumhaumhw&dkSawm0f;/ avGSnDS
oJifSodGKvdk@0gifS/ wG,faem0f wG,fxgifSvkd@0gifSaem0fS/ a0GSatm0f.w_cJ@Saeu ,JkifSxDatm0f.&G,f.vGOfS
aeuoGL?
uGyfaem0fSrSwJif aAG.a'Ggif.aem0fS &GOfcHSOpPm.wJhvGdKif./ touft&G,f.wJh wGrf.a0GSaem0fS csmwGrf.
igvGKrfS/ rOf.xGm;terf; &kyfa,mifSqifSvJh/ w'GKef.AGmvGpfS/ ¹yGpfSxkdwaoGmif;/ rOf.zsifrGOf;xJif;terf; nn
wvJif. EJkif;url.eHS/ oGD.,m.pdk.pdk. erf;[rf;YcdKif.YcdKif./ uGrf.wef oStifarmuf/ igif;a'ifaygif.ay.ay. aygif.w
avifavif/ a¹yGmif.armufwzkwfzJh oSw_cJ@Sc&m. rOfvSc&m. tH.tGdKSc&m.a[m0fig./ u&k%m.atm0f.ig.
arwWm.atm0f.ig./ o'<g.atm0f.ig./ rOf.a'hgSAm.,dkS,dkS &dkSAm.pGOf.pGOf.vJh usKdufig.&ufig./ rOfae; rOfvS rOf
xl.tJkif. awm.vrf;pGOf.wvJif.csif.aem0fSoGL?
aem0fSrSwJif tcdef.atm0f.ajcif tcdef.zJkif.rJkifScgcgvJh avGSv,f.ao.ao.aAGa'Ggif.xsSoGL? a'ghS
aig0f;vJh anm0f.armhS,l;yrm. aig0f;usKdufaig0f;&uf tvGD; twtGdKzHk. oJyfSaomhS &sm.aomhS [sm.aomhS
ao.ao.oGL? rGL;[m xmSachS_zD.ajzm0f;wGifS emif.aAGa'Ggif.atm0f.tHkvifSa¹zG.acghSc,f. wpefSavmif;usmS
wd-uGef;azsmfvGOfawGmhS aAGa'Ggif. xl.acghSc,f.vm. wGrf.,moG,fSwJif xlaz.cef;wd-uGef;,mxlaem0fSoGL?
w-uGef;vJh avmif.vGdK;wAef wqwfS woGif.awm0f;'GKrfEJkif;yGdKif;eDS/ AGdKefyDEJkif; atm0f.uOfSpmS
a,mhqHk; w0pfSxmSwrsKdSrsKdS/ arsm.tGKefwoOfaqmh t,JkifSxDw-uGpf-uGpfawGmhS/ qif.qif.omwefaAmhS
xmS AkwfqGdKifachSu&pfSawm'sm. t,mxlacghc,f.vm.vl;/ emif.aAGa'Ggif.atm0f.ao atm0f.&dufac.vS
a0GSxmStHk xmSatm0f.vGdK;iJkifS aygif;-umS-umS/ aygif;uJkifuJkifvJh rmS'sm.EJkif;waoawm0f;yHk.awGmhS “[GL;
h h h ,l;zHk.vJh uorf;,m;ay.vdkSacghc,f. (ajymif.)” pavGScef;aig0f;EJkif;aem0fSoGL? “tGdK h h h ,l;vJh tvGdKif.
vGOfSem.'sm.&ifSwef[aem/ avmuudk vdkS,kuf vdkSvGifS vdkSav.ysm.EJkif;,l;,dk vGdKif.tmig./ aAG.AGef
aAG.pgifS aAG.&[efSoCFm.oD; rOf.a[mfSw&mSvJh atm0f.a[mfSygao.ao./ tarG;'sm.&ifS/ eDvdkSoD;tcrf;
owWavmuwefudk,dk xGmpGOf.vdkSAvmeH/ vdkSrdGKuf&GdKifSvGOf;vGOf;/ xGm;pHSrGdKif ygSwaoif vrf;'GrfolS
orf;xGm'sm.a'g0fom;/ rOf.xGm; ygSwwD;vGifS 'Hkaem0fSolS orf;xGmvJkif.,mAGmom; tH.tH. um;um;
ae;pGOf./ wGdK.ygSwcíef;'HkarmhxifSolS xGm;tvGdK; EJkif;arGmh ausmifSwum.vdGK.vGdK./ z&mSwum.vGdK.vGdK./

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wJwJhxGm'sm.qsmawm.om;/ v,f.tGOf.awm. tGOf.EJkif.aAmhS0gifSqsm w'HkEdGK@ w'Hkxef./ rOf.xGm;'sm.
zgjzm;[defolSvJh uorf;qefS/ uvlSvJifSAGma-umif;/ ajzmif;vJifSwAsKwfSAJh/ rOf.xGm;trJhvJh yvJifSatm0f.
rGm.avGSvJOf; oif.cJifS (ygifpm;) vJh atm0f.awm.arG;aeuzJkif;/ ayg.rGL;[m[mvJh atm0f.oJifS&GdK@S&ef.ae
utrmjzm;/ qif.qif.ay.atm0f.wG,f.idGK;ygaeu tydk/ xGKrf.0gifStyJpfwJhwarG;awm0f;/ rOf.&dkSacG¹zGSAJhS
tdkyfSerf;vJh/ eD'Hkudk vdkStD.tHkwGrf. tD.atm0f.wGrf.oD.v z&mS/ w&mSEJkif;acGaem0fS xD.zdkae.” wd-uGef;
a'ghSqGmSw&Gm;xGLEJkif;aem0fawGmhS aAGa'Ggif.vJh xsSoGLtxmSomwefwJif “tGL; h h h h h eDvdkScdkjzm; wyGmS
aem0fS u&kdSomSay.xmS/ tHknDS0gifSwcGdKif;aem0fSaem0fS/ a'g0fwJhwtGSzdkawm0f;/ zJkif;vJhw awm.'g.
awm0f;/ oGdKef.oSvJhupGOf./ a[m0farG;pGOf.eDtavmif;/ avGmufSwao.ao.eDtvdk./ 0gS0wW&mSwJh au.em./
atm. h h h a0;yGmSa[G; ,HwGdK.'sm.aoGmh bHk.a[m0f b0'g.aem” a'ghS&dkS qkawmifS xGLEJkif;aem0fSawGmhS
wGrf.tplEHk 'GwfScef;trJhxDaem0fSoGL? wd-uGef;vJh “tdGK; h h h h acGoGSvJh az.uwGdK.'sm. b0a[m0f b0'g.
aem0fS eDSatm0f.qkawmifSudk'sm.oD” az.oSaqGmhScef;EJkif;aem0fSoGL? “aem0fSrS qif.qif.ay.
acGuatm0f.,l.vSig.a0GSaem0fSoe,f/ [GL; h h h ,vJi.f vJif.aem0fS acGoSwvdGK;arG;pGOf.xmS” emif.aAG
a'Ggif. a'ghS oSay.wvGdK;oGLxmSEJkif;aem0fSawGmhS/ w-uGef;vJh “acGvJh atm0f.uOfSpmS aem0fSoe,f”
&dkScef;aem0fSoGL? “oSay.vGKrfSwum.awm0f; a0GSxif.tJOfaxm0f;'GKrfEJkif;,kdcg atm0f.uJkifacG wjzmS'sm.
raumif;/ xmSrmStmra&. tmr&m.arG;awmxmS/ erf;oSygif.yefSAm.em.”/ “acGvJh xD.xD. emSb0
EJkif;,dkaem0fS oSwa[m0fawm0f;aAGa'Ggif./ uG,f.awGmhS acGtD.a'ghSaz.emS tusrf.Om%f./ emStD.em.
aea[mif;” avm.a'ghSw&wfcef;aem0fSoGL? aAGa'Ggif.vJh “a'ghSvJkif; h h a'ghSvJkif; acGem.'sm.” az.cGifSxGL
EJkif;aem0fawGmh wd-uGef;vJh “vdkSrl.u&dkSaem0fS rJkifSudkudkw&dkSawm0f;/ rmSxmSrmSw'g.vGOfS wvSvGOfSvdk@
awm0f;/ wif.w,f.vJh wwif.w,f.vdk@awm0f;/ emSaem0fSorf;atm0f.'sm.wjzmSvGKrfS tcdef.t&m.
taum0f.oJifScdef.vJh tGOf.a[m0fqGKrf. xl.odrfSqGKrf.Am./ v,f.uGD'sm.eD;cefvJh vdkSrl.xmSrmSwarG;awm0f;
aoef.vJh waoef.avsmf.awm0f;&ifS/ tcdef.AGL/ aA[H./ zufSac:oJifScdef.xJif; erf;wjzmS orf;wrmS
vGOfSaEGmifSvdk@awm0f;/ 0gifSrOf.tH.vdif. tH.vJOfvJh atm0f.vdif.vJOf'sm.ay.aem0fS/ vSw&smS 0gifSrOf.&dkS
vSuGwfSqDvJh atm0f.,GKrf;Am.'sm.awhSawhS/ aem0fSrS xGKrf.oGLemSu,GKrf;tH. oaqGmhSvS'g. vdkSwjzmS
awGmhS h h h h ” a'ghSoGLEJkif;aem0fSawGmhS xl.,Sacghc,f.vm.wJif yvdif.xl qGOf;cef; t,mxlacghc,f.vm./
wa&hSom/ w&hSom tGOf.-uKif.-uif.cef; t,mxlar.vl;aem0fSoGL?
“xGKrf.xGL tD.rmSAm.wrJkifStD./ tvGdK;&az.Am.tmem. tm.cSarGmhaemfS”/ “tm;vdk; h h h h acG
tGOf.a'ghSemS xGKrf.vdkSpgif;wm.warG;awm0f;/ xGKrf.oGLvdkScdktusifSpGdK@SpdGK@S pGOf.pGOf./ oGKef.AGmAGm/ oSa[m0f
a[m0f/ oSqGmSqGmS/ vdkScdk&dkS&dkS omSomSawGmhS ae;xl.wm./ emStJkif.wm.'sm. emif.aAGa'Ggif.a[G;” a'ghS
oGLEJkif;aem0fSawGmhS aAGa'Ggif.vJh tGOf.oD.oGdK;oGLtajzmif;AD.wJif/ “atG; h h h h aAG.a[G; apm0f;a[G; ayg.&dkS
vdkScdkaem0fS acGwGrf.xl.xJif;Am.yJkif.arGmhvmSvmSaem” ayg.&dkSvdkScdk tGOf.trJhig EJkif;ygSuirf;auyrm.
awGmhS a'ghSygcef;EJkif;aem0fSoGL? “uOfSpmS,G,GvJkif;aAGa'Ggif./ oDaem0fStcdef.t&G,f.atm0f.aeu/ emS
aem0fS ayg.vdkScdkwatm0f.awm0f;wJwJh w_cdKSOpPm.zHk. atm0f.qkuf,kufvifSwdwfSwdwfSvGKrfS/ vdkScdktJOf
axm0f;aem0fS wif.w,f.vJh wwif.w,f.awm0f;/ AGdKef'sm. aoif.0g.wtJOfaxm0f; aumifaqmif./ t
a&mif.uifSyuD.umS aem0fSouGdK/ rOf.xl.vdkScdkaem0fS emSoSay.c&m./ 'kuQc&m. oS,yfSc&m./ yapPS
OpPm.,GrfSxkdSc&m./ aAif.cGSAm.xmSc&m. tD;[dGKefAm.'GKrfa[mif;/ acGa'ghSaz.a[m0fa[m0f'sm.emS em.acG
aig0f;[Jkif;”/ “wd-uGef;a[G; acGwrOfvSxJif;awm0f;'GKrf0gS rOf.xl.pGOf.vJh vdkSoSpGOf. &dkSomS 0gSutD.rmS
wdkSyGmSaz.acGw_cdKSOpPm.aem0fS trsKdSarmhSwarG;awm0f;” a'ghSa'ghS &dkS&dkS emif.aAGa'Ggif. ,kufacghSc,f.cD;
aomhScef;tajcmif;udkaem0fSoGL? “rOf.xl.arG;'g.ig tvGdK;&wajcmawm0f;Am. armhSaEGmifSaeu'sm.” “tGL;

4
h h h h tajcmwef'sm. wjzmSigvJhacGwxD.zdkawm0f;'dGKef;”/ “tvdk;a[G; h h h h emSavGSxGKrf.nmSnmS
c&m.wvdk.awm0f;/ tAGKefyDEJkif; em;vm.aem0fSaeae xGm;wGrf.rJh wxD.awm0f;&dkSuDvJh rOf.prf.ae;wGrf.pl
aem0fS taAmhSay.vGKrfS? ,dkvJh aae;aem0fSaeaeaAGa'Ggif. tGOf.cef;EJkif;emSwxD.awm0f;0a,m0f; prf.aAmhS
wGrf.emSplaem0fS atm0f.aAmhSemSxsS/ wGmwAD. tGKwfSw_cHK;t&yfay.vGKrfS rJhSemSacGgif;Am.'sm. [J h h[J h h h
h h h”? a'ghSxGL tGOf.aqmhSrJhygtvGdK;wJif aAGa'Ggif.vJh xdefStoSvS'GKrf tGOf.wEsm.wJufStrJhig tJif.ajcif;
uawGmiftajzmif;AD.awGmhS axtoS a'gufa'guf 'suf'suf azmpfazmpf zJpfzJpfawGmhS “xkdSxdkS/ xkdS,dkcgcg
vGOfrGdKef;acGxsS vGOfrGdKef;acGvrf;/ ayg.emSoSatm0f.ae;aem0fSaem0fS vGOfv,f.rdGKef;acG/ a'ghS&DacGc&m.vJh
wvdk.awm0f;'GKrf”/ “wGrf.oSvsm;arGmhxmS aAGa'Ggif./ acGusKdufawhSemSrJkifScgcgum. tGdK;wyGifSudpP uxGL
aem0fSum.”/ “avGS avGS/ xkdSxdkS/ xkdSnmSnmS oif.cJifSjzm; ygifpm;jzm; xmSoDjzm;wef,dk oJifSaysmuf
cef;olS acGwrOfxD.awm0f;emSvGdK; acGwrOfxGm;awm0f;emSrJhig ,dkrmSigvGOfyJkif.acGvrf;”/ “uOfSpmS,G,G
vJkif;aAGa'Ggif.”/ “uOfSpmSwrJkifS/ wuOfSpmS wuOfSpDSawm0f; rGaAG. wemaAG. wsm.arGmhorf;waq.
xdkScef;awm0f;,dk/ xkdS avGSxdkScef;,dkcgcg”/ “ayg.wvSawm0f;aAGa'Ggif. acGwavGSaEGmifSawm0f;/ rOf.vS
oDrSeDavGS/ eDoGdKef.atm0f.'S/ oSAGdK@SjcSvJOf;oGLoD/ w&uf/ eD&uf/ oGH&uf/ vpfS&uf todef. taomif.
wum.awm0f; eDusKduf eD&ufarG;vJOf;oGLoD[”/ “emSavGSawm0f;'dGKef;eJ@ ajcm0fcGef;Am.ae;eJ@ w%m.zGdKifS
arm.[zdGKifS” ajcm0foif. cGef;oefpGOf.xmSEJkif;aem0fSoGL? “usKdufig. &ufig.awGmhS acGawmifSjyef.'sm.emS
aAGa'Ggif./ wpl;wpdS aqhSaqhSig/ wrwf [m;osKd;wm.igvJh &ufaEGmifS'GKrfacGeJ@/ wGdK.eDaem0fS rwfydkrwfrm”
“rwfydkrwfrmeJ@&dkS/ tdk. h h h h uEJkif;ig.aem0fSwJh h h h h ‘a'guf/ 'suf’/ ‘-uuf/ awmuf/ a-umuf’ h h h h”
aAGa'Ggif. tJhSwif.trJh/ rJhclS&if;pGOf.tD.vGif;xef.trJhatmif/ ,SxGL 0g.acg0f uatm0f.tGOf.&JcgStD'g.
acghc,f.clSaem0fSawGmhS [dk.aomhS/ wG,f.aomhS/ AGKrfaomhS/ eufaomhSpGOf.'sm.wd-uGef;uwl. aem0fSoGL?
“tm; h h h h h pkufpkuf emSowfarG;pGOf.oe,f/ eDaem0fSarwWm.atm0f.ig./ oSaAmhSvGOfSig.awGmhS a'ghSAm./
w&ufcsmaEGmifSawm0f;vJh onifS/ rOf.pifSig.vJh y,GKrf;/ csKyfxdefS tGKef;,GKef;AJif; emSa'g.oSrdGKif/ tdk h h h h
oDaem0fS rmS&Jkif;arG;eD/ tm; h h h h pkufpkuf uorf;qm” a'ghSa'ghS jcifSjcifS atm0f.tHkvifS
avm.xGdKif.xGLawGmhS/ “wd h hwd h h h hwd-uGef; ,G,G/ acGtD.a'ghSe,femS tHkvifSurGKdif/ oDvJhar._zJvGOfSig.
&ifS[/ eDaem0fSrwf;zl;a0;&ifS&ifSawGmhS tm.udGKSoD/ wGdK.oDorf;a'ghSvdkSay. vkdSyg.'sm.xmS/ eDvJhvGOfSpl
vGOfScgif.xdkSAm.”/ “aAGa'Ggif.a[G;/ rOfay.ay. rOfwefwef vdkSrl.wGrf.vdkScdk 0gifS&kdS[ tAGdKefyDEJkif;
"mwfrGL;wGrf. "mwfxD;aem0fSawm0f;eJ@um;/ rwfEJkif;zl; rwfEJkif;a0;/ rwfEJkif;pGdK;cGKdSawGmhS ygSrJkifStD.aygifS
aEGmifS/ oDvJh uOf;,l.uOfSpmSprfSrGdKif/ acGorf;xGmxJif;ykxkZOf.wjzmSu usKdufawm0f;oD tHktD.'g.eJ@/
oDvJh usKdufc&m. &ufc&m.orf;a[m0fem.&ifSu/ aem0fSxGLwum.awm0f; vGdK;a[m0f;usKduf a[m0f&uf
c&m. orf;atm0f./ t[D; h h [D; h h h h ae;rJkifSrJkifSvJh usKdufcsm &ufcsmAJif;eDrdGKif” &ef.anm0f.jzm; ,dk@jzm;
oGLxmS EJkif;vdkSay.awGmhS aAGa'Ggif.vJh “wxGmawm0f;/ wxGmawm0f;/ wxGmaEGmifSawm0f;wd-uGef;a[G;/
acGwJwJh vHk;0wusKdufaEGmifSawm0f;” a'ghSxGLEJkif;aem0fSwJif ‘'kuf/ 'uf’/ ‘-uKif/ -uif’/ ‘a-umif a-umif’
xsSvifSoefpGOf.'sm. acghc,f.&m.tplavmif;aem0fSoGL? “aAGa'Ggif.a[G; &ufcsm usKdufcsmcef;aem0fS/ eDayg.
wvSawm0f;oDwJh 0Gpfcef;wa,m0f;/ oDrOfrmSeDEJkif;rJkifSrmS rOfxGmae;rJkifSxGm” a'ghSxGLEJkif;aem0fSwJif
avm.,SpGOf.'sm.aAGa'Ggif.pl/ aAGa'Ggif.vJh eJpfavm.xdGK@ScsmxGLtplawGmhS ,ScGOf;eufaomhS vsSaomhSpGOf.
'sm.wd-uGef;uawmifaem0fSoGL? “emS h h h h h emS h h h emS h h h xGD.jzm;/ anm0f.jzm; xdkS h h h h xdkS h h hxdkS
w%m.wl./ w%m._cHK;/ w%m.Am; vHk.arGmhwqJkif;xdkScef;awm0f;rGjzm;wef,kd” cGef;cGef; xGrfxGrf [dk.
aomhS [dk.aomhSoGL wd-uGef;uwl. vpfS igwfSqif.awGmhS oGD.vDpGOf.'sm.oGL? wd-uGefvJh y'dkrfayhScgoGL
tuSwl.awGmhS “tm; h h htm; h h h arGmhvJifSqmig.EJkif;,dk/ oSnifSAJif;/ u,f.AJif;acGrGdKif tm; h h h h pkuf

5
pkuf oD;rlSrJha0hSarG;xmS tm; h h h aAGa'Ggif.ayg.emSwu,f.awm0f;wJh/ vdkSaumu,f.om;tJOfaxm0f;'GKrf
aAGa'Ggif.a[G; acGtD.oDoGL'sm.&ifS tvdk. h h h aAG.a[G; apm0f;a[G; pkuf pkuf” a'ghSa'ghS jcifSjcifSawGmhS
tGOf.0SvifS terf;ajcm0f.avmif;wJif aAGa'Ggif.vJh oS0D;oS0S/ ,l.ol.ao'GKrf/ “atm h h h acGplvGOfxdkSvJOf;/
acGvGOfSxkdSvJOf;”/ ,l.xGLEJkif;aem0fScg wpgif;tHkxGdKif. tHkvifSawm0f;'GKrf/ xGm;xGm;xGLwd-uGef;awGmhS oS
nifSvGOfpGOf.wvJif.csifSoGL? “atm h h h h acGaem0fS rGdKufvGOfS/ &GdKifSvGOfS/ usrfSxrfSvGOfS/ oSwSyGwfSvGOfS
ig./ wcsif;wac./ wnm.wm.awm0f;/ wG,f.iD.ig'g.0gifS”/ ,l.,l.xGLEJkif;aem0fSawGmhS aemif.w[dGKefrm.
oGLEJkif;aem0fSwJif avm.uGD;xGdKif.csmcef; wd-uGef;aem0fSoGL? “oDatm0f.oD;rlSaeueJ@ wd-uGef;/ qmvGOfS
em.eJ@[GOf./ tdk. h h hoGD.vJh uorf;xef.tmay.xmS,dk” a'ghScef;EJkif;aem0fSoGL? wd-uGef;vJh tJhSvsm/ tJhSvsm
oGLtrJhawGmhS “aAGa'Ggif. h h hoDedufpufxGL pGOfSxdkS/ EJkif.xdkScef;eDwJh eDoSwqmawm0f;oD” &dkSxGLEJkif;
aem0fSwJif/ qdrfScsmcef;trJhoGL? “eDwedufpufAGKef.awm0f;'GKrfoD/ uxGLvJOf;aem0fSvJh eDtrm.'sm./ pGScGifS
az.AJif;eD/ oDvJhorf;[rf;ar._zJvGOfSig.&ifSu eDvJhoSvsm;rm.'sm.&ifS”/ “atm h h h h aAGa'Ggif. xmSusKduf
xmS&uf[/ xmSusKdufwGrf.xmStH.r t[d&du 0gifS&dkSatm0f.arG;awm0f;eJ@/ eDvJhuGyfusKdufig. &ufig.
awGmhS wef.a'ghSawm0f;vJh a'ghSxef.rm.'sm.aeae/ oDtrm.warG;awm0f;/ oDwG,f.cef;eDEJkif;,dkvJh eDxmS
&ufoDtavmif;aem0fS wuJkifjyifSxdkSawm0f;/ wGrf.eSwGrf.Aif oDaxmif;cef;vJh eDxmS&ufaem0fS wwdk
xdkSawm0f;/ taomift&ifSvGOf,m; aoGSuJkifcef;0a,m0f; eDxmS&uf rJkifScgvJhw,GrfSxdkSawm0f;/ wGrf.
wewf oDcScef;0a,m0f; wGdK.cef;b0igolSvJh oDtavmif; eDtD.&uf tD.usKdufavGSxJif;aeu'sm.”
wd-uGef;vJh cGdKif;a0GSuao/ cGdKif;a0GSu'g./ te,fSa[m0f te,fSqSum;uatm0f./ ajz@Se,fvdk@/
_zJKifSe,fpgif/ apvdk@avmif;xGLwJif/ tuSwl.tGOf.aomhSoGLaAGa'Ggif.oStifcg.awGmhS tHkpGLYzdK;cef;xmSoGL?
aAGa'Ggif.vJh tGOf.y,GKrf;oGLtvGdK;awGmhS “oDa'ghSarG;'sm.xmSeJ@w-uGef;” “tarG;rJOf./ wGdKif.w,f.vlS
wGdKif.w,f.vdkS” “ayg.aem0fSvJh oGOf;rl.oD; &ufcsmvJOf;aAG.-o” xGdKif.[dGKefae;aem0fSawGmhS wd-uGef;vJh
xGm;pJif;oGL aAGa'Ggif.vGdK;awGmhS wazmhajcif;_cJ@pGOf.'sm. aAGa'Ggif.igif;a'ifaem0fSoGL?

(trJkif oGH)

“[GL; h h h acGwJwJh ,Hem.vJOf;/ usem.vJOf; oGKrfSxdkScHSwl.vJh xl.vSvJkif.ywWjrmS_cHK;/ vifSxJh
0g;vGD;yGD/ xif.uDawm0g;&ef.cgif.vrf;/ ukodkvf.uH.EJkif;eDaem0fS awm.awm.awm0f;/ ,dkrmSig 0g.wuJif.
0g.pGOf.&dkSAm.'GKrf/ xJiftH.ajcm0f.vJh wcsrfSom.'g.awm0f;xmS/ pDSyGmSvJhwayg.xGmawm0f; erf;vJhygif.yefS
*k%f.oduQm.wJhwatm0f.awm0f;/ atm h h h h uH.uH./ uH.wJhxmSrmS/ xmSrmSwJhuH./ ,yfSAm.&D;rS csrfS
om.qJkifS om.,m.qJkifS 0gifS&dkSaem0fS arG;em. rJOf.em./ aAGa'Ggif.a[G; h h h aAGa'Ggif./ ,dkcgaem0fS emSxGm
vJOf;oGL a0;osif.wd-uGef;oD;vrf;om;aemf” atm0f.,l.,l.wGifS ‘a'gif./ 'sif.’ ‘a'gif./ 'sif.’ ‘a'gif./ 'sif.’
[GdKefapGmhS [def.aig0f;a0guftGdK;aAG.AGefausmifSwJif avm.yausmufSxdGKif.awGmhS “a[G@/ a[G@ aAGa'Ggif.
xGdKif.cef;vJkif;cHSAGm/ vmajy@S rGL;_yJOfvJOf; [ef.a&m0fS,dk emSxGS'GKrf 'JOfoGrfSa&m0fSauG;,dk/ [def.aig0f;a0guf
oif.vJOf;ausmifS acgifSavmifSaig0f;a0gufoif.vJOf;tGdK;0d[m.olS xGdKif.cef;vJkif;” a'ghSxGLEJkif;aem0fSwJif
aAGa'Ggif.vJh csm.csm csm.ig/ csm.aem0f csm.xifSterf;/ tGOf.xD.xGdK@StuGKrf.xif.xGLawGmhS “xGSawm0f;
oGrfSa&m0fSvJh yomvJkif.oGrfS,m/ r[m aAif.vGdKufSig.xmSraumif;” “aAif.vGdKufSxmStD.arG;eJ@/ armhS
woD.rJhaAif.tGD.wJharG;arG;/ rOf.&dkStH.r tH.atm0fnig. 0gScdkoD; tvGD; twStGdKawGmhS t h h h t h h h”/
“tGOf.xGL h h h tGOf.xGL oDwGrf. atm0f.usrf.tGOf.a'ghSpifSyJkif.xmSaem0fS” avm.,m;w&wfwd-uGef;aig0f;
EJkif;aem0fSxGLawGmhS xGdKif.avGSjzm;cef;trJhaem0fSoGL? “[tGOf. h h h ‘aAGa'Ggif. h h h aAGa'Ggif.’ rGL;a&m0fScdk.

6
aAif.xmSxdGKif./ uSvlSay. w¹zGLwjzm/ rJhigay. rpGKef;wpGKef;/ avmif.vGdK;ay. aygif.oGKef;oGKef;/ teD.
tqJifSay.vJh wazmhwz/ uxif.xGdKif.avGSxmS awmif;wdif; awmif;wJif;EJkif;,dkay.vJh xGm;atm0f.
a[m0fay.'sm./ [l. h h h [l. h h h tqJkifSoGwfS a0;osif.wd-uGef;oD;wGm.,if;'sm./ xGm;tvrf;tyg. tYcdKif;
t_cdKSay.vJh wif.wif. w,f.w,f./ z0ukodkvf.tusKdS uxif.az.a[m0faem0fS rmSwl.wl.wef.wef.vJh
tH.Am.vGef;vGef; vGdKvGdK/ a¹cGjcm.vGdKif.uGKefS/ vGKrf;AOf. 0ajymfS/ acsmfSajy om.,m.'sm./ tGL; h h h acGwJwJh
tHkaysmf.aysmf./ tH.,H,H/ uGOfuSa[m0fa[m0f/ eufwGrf.aoGem; ouUvyfta[m0fpm;rS atm h h h h
ta[mokcH/ ta[mokcH/ ta[mokcH h h h h h h h ” a0GS,l.,l. tGOf.a'ghSoSudkcef;EJkif;aem0fSoGL?
uG,f.wJifawGmhS wd-uGef;wjzmS trsmSqSig tHknDSaygifSzufwGrf.emif.aAGa'Ggif. uxGdKif.n
yom.vGOfaem0fS a0GSaoem.vGOfpoGL a0GSxmSxif;wGrf. a0GSxmSarmhS uGm.tmig.tausmifSaem0fSoGL?
ae;vdkSrl.&GOfvGdKif.rS aygif.om.,m./ tJkif.vdkSrl.csrfSom.rS [rf;wjcif/ xl.vdkSrl.xGKrf.&GOf,HrS vGpf,yfS/
a0GSxmSeyf a0GSxmS,l.ae;aem0fSzHk.aem0fS trm.a,mhw0pfSxkdSvJOf;xmSaem0fSoGL? qif.qif.ay. avGS
apGmfSAm.vJkif;zHk./ _cHzHk.wJif tqif.wayg.ajy.awm0f;wGrf.xmSrmSom;/ aig0f;tmAm.em.vdk@0gifSoGL? wvm
taqhSoGwfS vpfS igwfSvJif.&yf v,f.avGSuGDvGOfSAm.eD; tGdK;'HkvifzHk.oGL? ayg.t&m.taum0f.oJifScdef.
vJh a0GSerf;udk,f.wJif. vifSpmAm.tGdK;aqSudk/ aem0fSxGLwum.awm0f; ayg.vStmaxifzHk./ erf;refSzkHk./
aum0f.vmzHk.aem0fS az.uxGmerf;refS¹cGKwfAm./ avmif.tGOf.a[m0fAm./ vifSpmAm.wJif xmSrmStm
wAufwAGKrfem./ rOf.vStmxJif;aA[H.xJif;aem0fS a0GSoSu,dif;vdk@/ yGdK;EJkif;rJkifSeJ@wJif tGOf.vdkAm./ tdk.
Am.tyD/ vGdKufAm./ xrf.awm vifS¹cGwfAm. xmSrmSzHk.atm0f.awif atm0f.wifwJif ,vJif.vJif.
a0GSqkawmifSawhS “vSaqhSaqhSig aA[H.zHk.aem” ae;aem0fS? ayg.rGL;[mvifS orf;vifSxrf.Am.xD
pGKrf.[m[m/ vGSxmS oSEJkif;tD.xJh/ vdk@Am. zsdK;Am. zdk; yem;at./ oJhSAm. zGpfSzsKd;Am. vrf;xsS vrf;aomif
vJh wodkSvJifS&D.jzjz/ vrf;qScsm _cHudk armufSrl;rGL;/ armufStGefrGL;/ armuf-uifSrGL;/ armufSzm;rGL;/
jyL;rGL;/ woGDrGL;/ wnif;/ wacghS/ atm.Zm./ atm.v,fS/ cJOf./ cHkSqsm./ Am./ aAaoifrGL;zHk.
orf;v,f.axmufS v,f.qlvGOfSAm.xD aem0fSvJh 'kuQ? a0GSrOf.&dkS/ rOf.jcifS vGSig./ rOfrmSawm0f;wJh
orf;waoef.avsmf.awm0f;/ emif.aAGa'Ggif.aem0fS vdkSrl.uGdK@SrOf.wJh odk.zHk. avGSxGKrf.'sm./ awmoJifS
xrf.oJifS'sm./ erf;udk,f.wJif.aq.yScsm'sm./ tdkoOftdkvm. xGKrf.'sm./ 'dGK.oGwfS'sm./ cGrfSvmS yqsL.'sm./
xDvJh vifSaxif; vifSAGKwfS 'sm.aeaewJif watm0f.ajcifcdSawm0f;aeaeoGL? aem0fSrS ,vJif.vJif.
jcifSe,f aomife,faAGa'Ggif. “aAGa'Ggif.a[G; acG&GdK;ygif.yefSig. xDaem0fSpgif;'gif.ae;aAmhSaem0fSrGdKif”
EJkif;aem0fSwJif aAGa'Ggif.vJh “tGdK rOf.atm0f.&GdK; atm0f.vGS rOf.atm0f.plSoSae;aem0fSu/ acGtD.csrfSom.
aEGmifSEJkif;,dkeJ@” a'ghScsmEJkif;aem0fSwJif tHkawhSAm.,if;'sm.xmSaem0fSoGL? uGDajzScGrfSvmSaoGem;vJh
orf;,yfSzsufwvJif. “wd-uGef;a[G; touf t&G,f. EJkif;,dkaem0fS wavGmufSzufawm0f;'GKrfwGrf.
aoGem;/ vdkSay.vdkSqm. tcdef.t&G,f.uím;wJh warG;awm0f;'GKrf/ tD.wa&Sac:vJh warG;awm0f;/ tidkSvJh
uwef oDwGrf.atm0f.aumhS ,dk@jzm;arGmhxmS [Jkif;”/ “tm;vdk; h h h aAGa'Ggif.wefvJh wtD wjcS/ ypsS yEsS
'g.ig.xmS/ EdGK@0gifSjcmu womom a-umif;a-umif; wSaEGmif;aEGmif;rS *k%f.oduQm.vJhatm0f.oudGK/
vkdSaem0fS tuGOftuS/ ao; (azmh) aem0fS tuGufS 0gifS&dkS[/ ayg.acG *k%f.atm0f.vJh emSusufoSa&.
wdkSaeae arG;awm0f;eJ@” a'ghSxGLEJkif;aem0fSvJh “EJkif;acGwJh w*k%f.wugif.awm0f;/ urOfvSig.*k%f.
tpum.orf;wxGKrf.awm0f;vdkSrl.vifS/ oDcGrfSvmS aoGem;wm. &GOfwAD.igvJh acGwaz.aEGmifSawm0f;”
a'ghSoif.pGOf.xmSEJkif;aem0fSoGL? a0GSxmSxif; wGrf. xmSxGm vJOf;'sm.jzmSaxGmif; EJkif;rdk@SwGrf.[H./
edyŠmef.wGrf.ig;&JkifS/ zDAGmuwl.wGrf.yoD.rl;/ ASwdGK.,dkcg atm0f.'sm.pGLpGL EJkif;vdwfpDS atm0f.'sm.vDSvDS
EJkif;,mzGdKifS/ qJifSAef.csm.,/ uGOfSokd;uGrf.ajym0f. wGrf. uwl.aygufacG.ay. ,if;'sm.wGdKifSwGdKifSoGL?

7
ttH.ttGSvJh ndK;aum0f.oGwfSwGrf. atmif;vsm/ cHkSqsm. wAGm armuf}uJif.apmhS-uL;/ [ef.vGL;aoif
zufSaemufS/ cJOf.atmufSwGrf. armufS-uifS&mSqm;/ y[m;ygao.ao./ wpdGK;wrsKdSigvJh
tac.tae.wcJkif.wdkSwufawm0f;? [ef.vGL;vJh apmfStH.ae;cg.cg./ tGdK@Sqsm.ae;cg.cg./ oGwfSawGmhS
aumtH.ae;cJOf.axmif;cg.cg./ tGyfStH.ae;cg.cg./ rOf.arG;awm0f; 'dGK.xDom; ae;cg.cg./ az.uqefS usrf.csm.
'dGK.Am.trsKdSrsKdS? xvD.aumif.oJifxD rOf.arG;awm0f; axmhScgif.¹cGLxD wvmwvJif. eDvJif. tH.Am.aeae
oGL? “[D; h h h h h xGmAm.uDvdkScsrfSom.vJh wpdGK;wrsKdSigvJhwa[m0f awm0f;Am.eJ/ tH.uGdK@SAm.uD'JOf
pGKrf.wm.vJh ,yfSAm.tpm;pm;/ cdk;vsm;Am.tpdGK;pGdK;/ &dGK;Am.trsKdSrsKdS w,dkSawm0f;wpdSpdS/ wdGK.taAG.rl.jzm;
wefvJh uorf;wtD uorf;apS/ ayg.&dkStxmSavm.um.c&m./ cGdKif;igt&GOf twS_cdKSay. wpl;wpdSigvJh
cGef;xmS/ xGrfxmS wGwfwGwf/ wdwfwdwf” tGOf.&D.&l.tuawmif ,l.xGLae;aem0fSawGmhS xsSaAmhS
txmSom w[GKuf[GKufaem0fSoGL?
tGdK;wvJif. a0GSvDSarmif.uH. pmzdk;/ pmyem;/ pmavm/ pmodGK@S_cHvJkif;,m.awGmhS wJOfSvdk@a-umif;
}uJ@cef;'sm.teD; ygSwAsm;xsSaem0fSoGL? tD.ul.nD.tvDSarmif.uH.wm. uxif.uGD&GOfwa&if trmaAG
a'Ggif.xsSaem0fS “wd-uGef;a[G;/ atm0f.orszl;a0; pGdK;cdGKS/ axmufvGOfS az.vGOfS ul.nD.vGOfSae;aem0fSu
tD.'g.,m.aEGmifSaea[mif;/ acGw_cdKSOpPm. tD.vGef;vGdKygae; zl;a0;wm.aem0fS acGwatm0f.ig.awm0f;
aeae awmifSawmifS[Jkif;” cGef;oif.pGOf.xmSEJkif;aem0fSoGL? a0GSoD; uxif.xDSoifSvkkd@0gifSweDScg wd-uGef;
vJh “acGrOfa'ghSig.emSatm0f.wpdS”/ “a'ghS[Jkif; h h h h a'ghS[Jkif; vJifSatm0f.&DAm.ae;cef;aem0f”/ “ayg.aem0fS
vJh arG;oGL”/ “a'ghSaoGmh h h h h a'ghSaoGmh ayg.vGdKig &GOftausmifSig emSrOfa'ghSwrkJifSa'ghS” orf;&dkSzsifae;
aem0fSwJif wd-uGef;vJh tD.a'ghSaig0f;/ a'ghSxGm'GKrf?
uydkef;vJOf;wifSuípfvmu&D; wd-uGef;igif;¹zGDS igif.oefzHk.ajcif;/ uwl.zHk.qm/ tHkxmSql;qD; ql;
qm;? aem0fSrSvJh a0GSxGOf.cef;trm aAGa'Ggif. avGS[JhSaz.woD.q&m./ aAGa'Ggif.vJh vGdKoGLa0GSaig0f;awGmhS
wavGS[JhSaz.awm0f;q&m./ terf;udk,f.wJif. ,rf;az./ aeufSaz./ pdrf.az./ xl.aAmhSwGrf. woD.e,fSa'Ggif.
awGmhS wdGKufSEGdKif. wGdKufSaqSwJif woD.orf;cg.wzJhS wd-uGef;atmhSwAufwAGdKaAmhSxmSaem0fSoGL?
uGyfwoD.e,fSa'Ggif.tpGefS raumif;/ 0gavGmfawGmhS tirf;'sm. aAGa'Ggif.tpGefSraumif; wd-uGef;xmSqmvJh
xkdSrm; ajy@SjySxdkScef;'sm.oGL? wd-uGef;wjzmS uGyfirf;ig.woD.e,fSa'Ggif./ wGrf.woD.cg.wJif “qJkifScsm
rJkifScgcgvJh ayg.xmSqm trsKdSrJkifSrJkifSw&dkSawm0f; wGrf.armhSyJkif.arGmhvmSvmSaem” qkawmifSawhS
EJkif;aem0fSoGL? uGyfaem0fSrSwJif xmSom.,m.wGrf.xmSaysmf.oGif. uGyfarmif.rsif.vGOfSig. rmrl.tavmif;
wJif wd-uGef;wjzmS yDpuf0dGKifSyrm. uGJaxmif uGJnmSxdkSAm.aem0fSoGL?

(trJkif vpfS)

xmScGSvmudk wStGdKrdkufSatm0f.,dGKif.ypfSwvpfS rGL;a&m0fScdk.apm0f;wa&m0fS/ armif.uH.wjzmS
atm0f.tHkpkd@Sar. vrf;qSigwjzmSwef'sm.oGL? axxef.t,moG,fSyHk.qJifSxHkSudkawGmhS yEsSaomhSoGL
t,mzGdKifSudkwJif xl.udrfS udyfSar.tl wJpfScef;t,mzGdKifSxGLawGmhS wa&@Som wa&@Som tGOf.qGdKifqif
achSu&pfS t,mzGdKifSvl;wJif ,l.uOfSpmSa,mhw0pfSpGOf.xmSEJkif;,dkoGL? “acGwjzmS avmu,dkwAm.
ayg.atm0f.vGKyfStH.aAmhSxmSEJkif;,dk wa¹cGjcm. csrfSom.aEGmifSawm0f;'GKrf/ crf;waeif.avvGKrf;vGKrf;
rGL;eDStHkyqm;igvJh ratm0f.zdk/ EdGK@Am.pGOf.'sm. oGdK@SvJkif;_cHudkpGKrf.eDSeDS/ crf;oJif crf;cg wqDeD&m.oD.
xmSrmSoH.o&m. woGwfS'g.'GKrf/ emSuvGKyfS urmS uusKdSpmSors erf;wm.tusKdSwrJkifSigvJh watm0f.
uJkifawm0f;/ &GOfwysm;igvJh r&GrfAm. tcdef.t&m.taum0f.oJifScdef.vJh &dkS'sm.rJhStD.tH.Am. tGSAm./

8
pdkufSAm. pJkif.Am.a[m0foGLvJh/ az.csm qyfcsmtwdkS tat. eD;cefwaxGmif;wpdSpdS/ rJhSavGSaqmif.'sm.
tcGOf.&dkSraumif/ temvGdK erf;wm.atm0f.ajcif¹cGpfS,if;,if;'sm.pGKrf.aeif.aeif./ wGdK.aAGa'Ggif.vJh orf;wrsKdS
qyfcsm ajzmfcsmae; erf;refSrSau.eyf/ wGdK.vdkSwefacwf,dkcgvJh uGDtH.'sm. tcGOf.trsKdSrsKdSaem0fS
arG;aig0f;'GKrf tmwrGdKSwrmS/ a0GSoD;uGDtwGdKifS az.aqmif.aAGaAGrS ayg.az.aAGawm0f; edufpufemS
trsKdSrsKdS/ rmS'kuQ vdkStpm;pm;/ cdk;vsm;Am.arG; ,yfScJkif.Am.arG;? emSatm0f.rGoGL atm0f.rGxJif;xJif;/
atm0f.¹cGSxJif;xJif;/ ,dif;auefS ,dif;¹cGS/ ,dif;rG ,dif;rmSaEGmifS tGL; h h h b0vdkSauefS b0vdkSajcm,dk
wvGpfxef.vSaEGmifS'GKrf/ wGdK.vkdSa¹cGaem0fS atm0f.a¹cGxJif;xJif;/ ,dif;a¹cG ,dif;jcm. ,dif;csrfSom.
wwfEGdKif.vS'GKrf/ [m; h h h h oDEGdK@[rf. rGefxif.yv†if.cHS xGmig.wrJkifS/ ayg.atm0f.vGKyfStH.aeuxmSvJh
acG,dk vdk.oDvGKrfS/ wzlSa¹cG wzlSjcm.,dk warmhSaEGmifSawm0f;/ pGeftH.wGrfygSrl.jzm; utH.wef'g.&GOfat.,dk
a0GSyapPSOpPm.olS atm0f.vGdKajcifxmS tc&m.wxef.awm0f; wGdK.eDaem0fSvGKyfS,yfS rmS,yfSoGL tH.csm
tGScsm oHkSaqmif.csmAm.awm0f;/ tH.pdkufSqGKrf.eDwodkSpufS tH.vsufSqGKrf.eDwodkSxD/ oDoHkSaqmif.csm
vJhwvdk@jcmawm0f;/ ayg.a0G.AJif;zeD wxm.0wm.aem0fS w_cdKSvJhwoGKrfSzsifSajcifxdkSAm.awm0f;/ ,dkcg
acGavm acGvrf;zkH. wysm;oD; odrfSxdkSvdk@vJOf;/ tHkc&m. tH.c&m.igvJhratm0f./ atm. h h h h h uH. h h huH.
unH;ig.EJkif;,dkvJh nH;[Jkif;/ nH;ig.wl.wl.vJh az.ucípfxkdScef;,dk/ acGpGef,dk acGtD.avGSpGef,dk”
,l.,l.xGLEJkif;aem0fSwJif xsStxmSomwefawGmhS AdkufSwa&@Scsm t,mzGdKifS tGOf.-uKif.achSu&pfS
,mzGdKifSvl;xGL/ xGm;nmSpGLYzdK;cef;xmSaem0fSoGL?
rGL;uxif.[m xmSuxif.vGKdufSyom. [JhSwGrf.tvdkSwJif armif.uH.avGSxif.arG;pGOf.'sm. aAG
a'Ggif.vrf;aem0fSoGL? wd-uGef;vJh rJhptD.aAif.vGKrfS atm0f.[GdKefwSrGm ygSEGef.wcgSaig0f; ‘YcdKif/ YcdKif’ ‘YcdKif/
YcKdif’ EJkif;aem0fSwJif tGOf.xGdKif.tuSwl. avm.em.pJif;cef;/ aAGa'Ggif.wJwJh atm0f.aAif.tGD.tJh/
atm0f.wajcmhoif.'sm.xmS w ‘ajcmh/ ajcmh’/ xJif;wqif. ‘a'gif/ 'sif’ ‘-uKif’ ‘-uif’ ‘a-umif/ a-umif’
taig0f;uxif. oif.oefvGOfxGL/ a0GSxD.vifScef; wcgSwa'gifuwl.aAGgifvGOf,G,GwJif wd-uGef;vJh
a0GSerf;wAm.vGKrf;vGKrf; waEGmhSweS/ w'kef.xlpGOf.yOftm. yOftm./ erf;wAm.vGKrf;cGSvsm; cGSvsm;/
wGrf.toSirf;irf;wJif a0GSuxif.xGdKif.awGmhS xD.vsK@SvScef;wrJkifSvGdK.vGdK./ AGefyDEJkif; vdkSa,mifSvGdK.vGdK.
wJif a0GSoS&m. EJkif;pGOf. xGdfKif;qm tJif.,Jhyrm. atm0f.jzwfSatm0f.jzpfSae;pGOf.'sm. ‘AGKuf AGKuf/ Auf
Auf’/ tHktxef. &mif;tD.[GdKefae; taig0f;oGL? wqif.a0GS,l.vSapGmhSwJif wGrf.plavmw&GLScef;aAGa'Ggif.
“a[G@ a[G@ rl.jzm;/ vdkSrl.jzm;/ xGdKif.rGdKif” avm.[JhSawhStrm/ aAGa'Ggif.vJh csm.csm/ csmig tGOf.ajcif;
uawGmifterf;/ “[m h h h xGdKif.cef;vJkif;rl.jzm;”/ “rmSwrJkifSwefwd-uGef;”/ “rGdKifrdGKif az.acG
eSavsmfSaem0fSrGdKifS/ pGefwdGK.vGOfvJOf; eDvrf;uDolS” avm.a'ghSae;aem0fSvJh “atmf.eJ@” wpJif;weJif;
awm0f;/ wcJkif.aopJif;awm0f; ca&mifSc&m.wJif wtGOf.a&Sawm0f;oGL? “tm. h h h ygSrl.jzm; wef,dkvJh/
xGdKif.0gifS&dkS[ az.eSavsmfSaem0fS rdGKifrGdKif/ acGtD.AufStDpGef,dk”/ “wrJkifSvJkif. pGefeJ@” xGdKif. xGdKif./ ajcm0f
ajcm0f/ eD.em. wefuGOfa[m0f'GKrf/ avm.,S teSavsmfS az.cef;'sm.wd-uGef;aem0fSoGL? uG,f.awGmhS
txJhqJkifSxdkSvJOf;? ,dktwGifS armif.uH.oD;pGdKSvJh “tHkawhSawhS ajcm0fyJkif.xmS/ ajcm0f[Jkif; wGrf.eS
uJhSxJhemSiGOfS,dk” a'ghSxGLEJkif;aem0fSwJif wGrf.teSodkAGmAGm tGOf.e,fygcef; wd-uGef; oD;wrm0gSaem0fSoGL?
armif.Esm.wGrf. wuJOf.aem0fS oJOfSwOf.awGmhSoGL wd-uGef;awGmhS wGrf.w_zDGSpGdKifusScgScef;'sm. wd-uGef;
aem0fSoGL? cGefavmfS wGrf.armif.ay.aem0fS oJOfScgoGLaAGa'Ggif.pl jzmSygifygifawGmhS wGrf.teSodkAGmAGm
tGOf.rdk;ygtiGOfSxsS aem0fSoGL? armif.uH.vJh vGOfaxhxGLaAGa'Ggif.xsSawGmhS “ajcm0frGKef;aig0f;[Jkif;/
ayg.ajcm0fvJh wGrf.eS odGK@SwyGwfSemSiGOfS,dk/ eDatm0f.vdk.&GOfwodef.”/ “acG&GOfwtJOfaxm0f;armif./
az.csrfSom.AJif;acGtouf” “wrJkifS &GOftJOfaxm0f;eJ@&dkS/ ayg.az.awm0f;vJh oGdK@SxJh emSiGOfSouGdK

9
xGD.rGL;jzm;/ emSyapPSOpPm. atm0f._yHK.jyif. eDatm0f.ao”/ “watm0f.awm0f;arG;'sm.armif.oD;zHk./
edufpufyJkif.arGmhacG” “a[m cSvSatm0f.awm0f;'dGKef;eJ@” a'ghSxGL wGrf.teSempsLpsLaxmif;pGOf.'sm.
aAGa'Ggif.uGKrf.aem0fSoGL? “tm; tm; h h h h rGdK;a[G; zma[G; acGtD.oDoGL”/ “ az.eJ@ az.awm0f;eJ@ a'ghSrGdKif
rGdKif tcdef.tJOfaxm0f;”/ “wAD.igvJh wtJOfaxm0f;armif.”/ “tJOfaxm0f;zsifoGL/ tJOfaxm0f;zsif [Jkif;”
wGrf.eSa&mhzsif tuGrf.wzJhSaem0fSoGL? “tm; h h h h hrGdK;a[G; zma[G; w'g.,m.awm0f;'GKrf/ acGoDoGL
oDwGrf.atm0f.edufpufarGmhacG/ wtJOfaxm0f;arG;'sm. armif.” a'ghSxGLEJkif;aem0fSawGmhS iGdK;ajcm0fpGOf.'sm.
xmSaem0fSoGL? “emStH.aphS0gifSwokdSxD wodkSpufS/ emStH.vsufSwef &GOfwdkS/ emSodrfSxkdSajcif 0ifSyapPS
OpPm.aem0fS tGOf.vdk@rJkifSudk” a'ghSxGLEJkif;aem0fSawGmhS wGrf.eS t&dGK@zJhS wASpGOf.'sm. aAGa'Ggif.igif; wAsufAsuf
aem0fSoGL? “tm; h h h tqmem.vJOf; tGOf.xGLcef;vJkif;”/ “emScH.az.emS&GOfeJ@/ emScH.oGKrfSemSoufeJ@
ayg.wvSawm0f;&GOf tD.rmSoDAm.emS a'ghS[Jkif;” “atm0f.awm0f;&ifS&ifSarmif.oD;a[G; acGtD.xl.rJkifSudk
az.oD/ oDrmSoDpGOf.vJh atm0f.oDajcifvGKrfS oSnifSAJif;acGrGdKif” a'ghSxGLEJkif;aem0fSwJif armif.uH.vJh
cg;vm;oS oSnifSayg./ a'g.oSuGJxef.xef.wJif wGrf.eS AufSpGOf.'sm.aAGa'Ggif.uawmif/ aAGa'Ggif.vJh
qmvGOfSig.wJif EJkif;pGOf.tD.wazifSazifSoGL? “uEJkif; ig.aem0fSvJh rmSoDw,fScef;aem0fS/ rmSoDpGOf.
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