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Assignment 11

Assignment 11

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Published by Pavan Khetrapal

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Published by: Pavan Khetrapal on Oct 20, 2013
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TRUBA COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BHOPAL

DEPARTMENT: EX ASSIGNMENT SHEET No: DATE OF GIVEN: DATE OF SUBMISSION: INSTRUCTOR: Pavan Khetrapal TOPIC: COURSE: B.E BRANCH: EC and EX SEMESTER: I / II SUBJECT NAME AND CODE: BEEE / BE-104

Single Phase Transformers

Ques1: A transformer has 500 primary turns and 3000 secondary turns. If the primary voltage is 240 V, determine the secondary
voltage, assuming an ideal transformer. Ques2: An ideal transformer, connected to a 240 V mains, supplies a 12 V, 150 W lamp. Calculate the transformer turns ratio and the current taken from the supply. Ques3: A 5 kVA single-phase transformer has a turns ratio of 10:1 and is fed from a 2.5 kV supply. Neglecting losses, determine (a) the full-load secondary current, (b) the minimum load resistance which can be connected across the secondary winding to give full load kVA, (c) the primary current at full load kVA. Ques4: A 2400 V/400 V single-phase transformer takes a no-load current of 0.5 A and the core loss is 400 W. Determine the values of the magnetizing and core loss components of the no-load current. Draw to scale the no-load phasor diagram for the transformer. Ques5: A transformer takes a current of 0.8 A when its primary is connected to a 240 volt, 50 Hz supply, the secondary being on open circuit. If the power absorbed is 72 watts, determine (a) the iron loss current, (b) the power factor on no-load, and (c) the magnetizing current. Ques6: A 100 kVA, 4000 V/200 V, 50 Hz single-phase transformer has 100 secondary turns. Determine (a) the primary and secondary current, (b) the number of primary turns, and (c) the maximum value of the flux. Ques7: A single-phase 500 V/100 V, 50 Hz transformer has a maximum core flux density of 1.5 T and an effective core crosssectional area of 50 cm2. Determine the number of primary and secondary turns. Ques8: A 4500 V/225 V, 50 Hz single-phase transformer is to have an approximate e.m.f. per turn of 15 V and operate with a maximum flux of 1.4 T. Calculate (a) the number of primary and secondary turns and (b) the cross-sectional area of the core. Ques9: A single-phase transformer has 2000 turns on the primary and 800 turns on the secondary. Its no-load current is 5 A at a power factor of 0.20 lagging. Assuming the volt drop in the windings is negligible, determine the primary current and power factor when the secondary current is 100 A at a power factor of 0.85 lagging. Ques10: A transformer has 600 primary turns and 150 secondary turns. The primary and secondary resistances are 0.25 ohm and 0.01 ohm respectively and the corresponding leakage reactances are 1.0 ohm and 0.04 ohm respectively. Determine (a) the equivalent resistance referred to the primary winding, (b) the equivalent reactance referred to the primary winding, (c) the equivalent impedance referred to the primary winding, and (d) the phase angle of the impedance. Ques11: A 5 kVA, 200 V/400 V, single-phase transformer has a secondary terminal voltage of 387.6 volts when loaded. Determine the regulation of the transformer. Ques12: The open circuit voltage of a transformer is 240 V. A tap changing device is set to operate when the percentage regulation drops below 2.5%. Determine the load voltage at which the mechanism operates. Ques13: A 200 kVA rated transformer has a full-load copper loss of 1.5 kW and an iron loss of 1 kW. Determine the transformer efficiency at full load, at half the full load and 0.85 power factor. Ques14: A 400 kVA transformer has a primary winding resistance of 0.5 ohm and a secondary winding resistance of 0.001ohm. The iron loss is 2.5 kW and the primary and secondary voltages are 5 kV and 320 V respectively. If the power factor of the load is 0.85, determine the efficiency of the transformer (a) on full load, and (b) on half load. Ques15: A 500 kVA transformer has a full load copper loss of 4 kW and an iron loss of 2.5 kW. Determine (a) the output kVA at which the efficiency of the transformer is a maximum, and (b) the maximum efficiency, assuming the power factor of the load is 0.75. Ques16: A 2000-VA 230/115-V transformer has been tested to determine its equivalent circuit. The results of the tests are shown below Open-circuit test Short-circuit test VOC = 230 V VSC = 13.2 V IOC = 0.45 A ISC = 6.0 A POC = 30 W PSC = 20.1 W All data given were taken from the primary side of the transformer. (a) Find the equivalent circuit of this transformer referred to the low-voltage side of the transformer. (b) Find the transformer’s voltage regulation at rated conditions and (1) 0.8 PF lagging, (2) 1.0 PF, (3) 0.8 PF leading. (c) Determine the transformer’s efficiency at rated conditions and 0.8 PF lagging.

8 PF lagging.8 PF leading. The open circuit test. gives Poc = 100W. Calculate (a) the output kVA at which the efficiency of the transformer is a maximum.8 PF lagging. (b) Find the transformer’s voltage regulation at rated conditions and (1) 0. . (2) 1. Ioc = 1.80. performed with the low voltage side shorted. and (b) the maximum efficiency. performed with the high voltage side open.79 V. Ques18: A 250 kVA transformer has a full load copper loss of 3 kW and an iron loss of 2 kW. The short circuit test. (3) 0.Ques17: A 60Hz transformer is rated 30kV A. assuming the power factor of the load is 0. gives Psc = 180W. (a) Find the equivalent circuit of this transformer referred to the low-voltage side of the transformer.0 PF. 4000V/120V. Vsc = 129.1455 A. (c) Determine the transformer’s efficiency at rated conditions and 0.

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