B.Sc.

- FIRST YEAR

CHEMISTRY
There shall be three written papers and a practical examination as follows: Max. Marks Paper – I Paper – II Paper – III Inorganic Chemistry Organic Chemistry Physical Chemistry TOTAL PRACTICAL GRAND TOTAL 33 33 34 100 50 150

Candidate will be required to pass in Theory and Practical Separately.

B.Sc. – I Chemistry (Paper-I) Inorganic Chemistry : Unit – I I. Atomic Structure: Idea of de-Broglie matter waves, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, atomic orbitals, Schrödinger wave equation, significance of Ψ and Ψ2, quantum numbers, radial and angular wave functions and probability distribution curves, shapes of s, p, d, orbitals, Aufbau and Pauli exclusion principles, Hund's multiplicity rule, Electronic configurations of the elements, effective nuclear charge. Periodic Properties: Atomic and ionic radii, ionization energy, electron affinity and electronegativitydefinition, methods of determination or evaluation, trends in periodic table and applications in predicting and explaining the chemical behaviour. Unit – II Chemical Bonding: (A) Covalent Bond – Valence bond theory and its limitations, directional characteristics of covalent bond, various types of hybridization and shapes of simple inorganic molecules and ions, valence shall electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory to NH3, H3O+, SF4, CIF3, ICl-2 and H2O, MO theory, homonuclear and heteronuclear (CO and NO) diatomic molecules, multicenter bonding in electron deficient molecules, bond strength and bond energy, percentage ionic character from dipole moment and electro-negativity difference. (B) Ionic Solids – Ionic structures, radius ratio effect and coordination number, limitation of radius ratio rule, lattice defects, semiconductors, lattice energy and Born-Haber cycle, salvation energy and solubility of ionic solids, polarizing power and polarisability of ions, Fajan's rule, Metallic bond-free electron, valence bond and band theories. Weak Interactions – Hydrogen bonding, Vander Waals forces. Unit – III IV. s-Block Elements: Comparative study, diagonal relationship, salient features of hydrides, solvation and complexation tendencies including their function in biosystems, an introduction to alkyls and aryls. Chemistry of Noble Gasses: Chemical properties of the noble gases, chemistry of xenon, structure and bonding in xenon compounds. Unit – IV VI. p-Block Elements: Comparative study (including diagonal relationship) of groups 13-17 elements, compounds like hydrides, oxides, oxyacids and halides of group 13-16, hydrides of boron-diborane and higher boranes, borazine, borohydrides, fullerenes, carbides, fluorocarbons, silicates (structural principle), tetrasulphur tetra nitride, basic properties of halogens, interhalogens and polyhalides.

II.

III.

(C)

V.

– I Chemistry (Paper-II) Organic Chemistry : Unit – I I. Alkanes and Cycloalkanes: IUPAC nomenclature of branched and unbranched alkanes. Reactive intermediates – Carbocations. hyperconjugation. The case of cyclopropane ring. bond lengths and bond angles. Optical isomerism – elements of symmetry. E & Z system of nomenclature. meso compounds. inclusion compounds. localized and delocalized chemical bonding. charge transfer complexes. Corey-House reaction and decarboxylation of carboxylic acids). free radicals. Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds: Concept of isomerism. reactivity and selectivity. optical activity. resolution of enantionmer. Structure and Bonding: Hybridization. Energy considerations. carbenes. chiral and achiral molecules with two stereogenic centers. inductive and field effects. conformation of mono substituted cyclohexane derivatives. chemical reactions. Types of isomerism. sources methods of formation (with special reference to Wurtz reaction. conformations of cyclohexane. resonances. Methods of determination of reaction mechanism (product intermediates. Baeyer's strain theory and its limitations. II.B. Relative and absolute configuration. arynes and nitrenes (with examples). molecular chirality. D & L and R & S systems of nomenclature. threo and erythro diastereomers. Types of reagents – electrophiles and nucleophiles.Sc. retention and recemization. aromaticity. Geometric isomerism – determination of configuration of geometric isomers. III. Newman projection and Sawhorse . banana bonds. stereogenic center. isotope effects. Unit – II IV. Kolbe reaction. Ring strain in small rings (cyclopropane and cyclobutane). half-headed and double-headed arrows. Assigning formal charges on intermediates and other ionic species. methods of formation. drawing electron movements with allows. Cycloalkanes – Nomenclature. Mechanism of free radical halogenation of alkanes: orientation. Conformational isomerism – conformational analysis of ethane and n-butane. geometric isomerism in oximes and alicyclic compounds. classification of carbon atom in alkanes. clatherates. Types of organic reactions. disasteromers. enantiomers. carbanions. inversion. axial and equatorial bonds. theory of strain less rings. physical properties and chemical reactions of alkanes. kinetic and stereochemical studies). hydrogen bonding. sequence rules. van der Waals interactions. Mechanism of Organic Reactions: Curved arrow notation. Isomerism in alkanes. analysis. homolytic and heterolytic bond fission. bond energy. properties of enantiomers. the alkyl group.

oxidation and polymerization. aromatic ions. mercuration and Friedel-Crafts reaction. Fischer and flying wedge formulae. Birch reduction. Arenes and Aromaticity: Nomenclature of benzene derivatives. polymerization. sulphonation. vingl and aryl halides.formulae. methods of formation. 4 additions. Energy profile diagrams. structure and bonding in alkynes. Polyhalogen compounds : Chloroform. naphthalene and Anthracene. Nomenclature. Mechanisms of nucleophilic substitution reactions of alkyl halides. nuclear and side chain reactions. VII. The aryl group. 2 and 1. Structure of benzene. Markownikoff's rule. Aromatic electrophilic substitution – general pattern of the mechanism. physical properties and relative stabilities of alkenes. conjugated and cumulated dienes. MO picture. Cycloalkenes. methods of formation. Methods of formation. electrophilic and free radical additions. Polymerization of alkenes. methods of formation. oxymercuration-reduction. Diels-Alder reaction. The addition-elimination and the elimination-addition mechanisms of nucleophilc aromatic substitution reactions. alkynylbenzenes and biphenyl. hydration. The Saytzeff rule. carbon tetrachloride. Hofmann elimination. Nomenclature and classification of dienes : isolated. Dienes and Alkynes: Nomenclature of alkenes. Substitution at the allylic and vinylic positions of alkenes. Mechanism of electrophilic and nucleophilic addition reactions. halogenation. Methods of formation of aryl halides. Chemical reactions of alkenes – mechanism involved in hydrogenation. resonance structure. mechanisms of dehydration of alcohols and dehydrohalogenation of alkyl halids. Side chain reactions of benzene derivatives. conformation and chemical reactions of cycloalkenes. hydroborationoxidation. Synthesis and uses of DDT and BHC. Industrial applications of ethylene and propene. Unit – IV VI. molecular formula and kekule structure. orientation and ortho/para ratio. Methods of formation. Methods of formation and chemical reactions of alkylbenzenes. ozonolysis. stability and carbon-carbon bond lengths of benzene. Unit – III V. Structure of allenes and butadiene. Aromaticity: The Huckle rule. acidity of alkynes. chemical reactions. chemical reaction – 1. regioselectivity in alcohol dehydration. metal-ammonia reductions. Chemical reactions of alkynes. SN2 and SN1 reactions with energy profile diagrams. role of σ and π complexes. Mechanism of nitration. . Difference between configuration and conformation. hydroxylation and oxidation with KMnO4. Activating and deactivating substituents. Aromatic nucleus and side chain. Epoxidation. hydroboration-oxidation. Relative reactivities of alkyl halides vs allyl. Alkenes. Alkyl and Aryl Halides: Nomenclature and classes of alkyl halides.

Classification. solid and liquid. structure of liquids (a qualitative description). Derivation of Bragg equation. Structural differences between solids. binary numbers and arithmetic's. classification of colloids. log x. different components of a computer. Vander Waals equation of state. Mathematical Concepts and Computers: (A) Mathematical Concepts: Logarithmic relations. mean free path and collision diameter. permutations and combinations. ex. the isotherms of vander Waals equation. the law of corresponding states. Thermography and seven segment cells. continuity of states. input-output devices. Gaseous States: Postulates of kinetic theory of gases. Colloidal States: Definition of colloids. Xn. relationship between critical constants and vander Waals constants. deviation from ideal behavior. maxima and minima.Sc. partial differentiation and reciprocity relations. Liquid crystals: Difference between liquid crystal. collision number. – I Chemistry (Paper-III) Physical Chemistry : Unit – I I. Laws of crystallography – (i) Law of constancy of interfacial angles. hardware and software. X-ray diffraction by crystals. Molecular velocities : Root mean square. linear graphs and calculation of slopes.B. sin x. programming. KCl and CsCl (Laue's method and powder method). . liquids and gases. (B) Computers: General introduction to computers. Determination of crystal structure of NaCl. average and most probable velocities. Unit – III IV. Liquification of gases (based on Joule – Thomson effect). operating systems. Solid States: Definition of space lattice. differentiation of functions like Kx. Critical Phenomena : PV isotherms of real gases. III. (ii) Law of rationality of indices (iii) Law of symmetry. Liquid State: Intermolecular forces. Probability. Symmetry elements in crystals. unit cell. Unit – II II. introduction to computer languages. structure of nematic and cholestric phases. Integration of some useful/relevant functions. V. curve sketching. reduced equation of state. Qualitative discussion of the Maxwell's distribution of molecular velocities. Factorials.

mathematical characteristics of simple chemical reactions – zero order. pseudo order. Theories of chemical kinetics: effect of temperature on rate of reaction. solvent. protective action. first order. Simple collision theory based on hard sphere model. second order. method of half life period and isolation method. Emulsifier. Experimental methods of chemical kinetics: conductometric. Catalysis. Expression for the rate constant based on equilibrium constant and thermodynamic aspects. factors influencing the rate of a reaction – concentration. preparation. characteristics of catalysed reactions. method of integration. Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis: Chemical kinetics and its scope. concept of activation energy. stability of colloids. optical and electrical. Determination of the order of reaction – differential method. enzyme catalysis. preparation and properties. Liquids in solids (gels) : classification. Hardy-Schulze law. polarimetry and spectrophotometer. classification of catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. transition state theory (equilibrium hypothesis). concentration dependence of rates. general application of colloids.Solids in liquids (sols): properties – kinetic. Radioactive decay as a first order phenomenon. pressure. rate of a reaction. inhibition. light catalyst. colloidal electrolytes. optical methods. gold number. Unit – IV VI. Liquids in liquids (emulsions) : types of emulsions. Arrhenius equation. half life and mean life. . miscellanceous examples. potentiometric. temperature.

V and VI. Calibration of Thermometer: 80-820 (Naphthalene).5-1330. Benzoic acid 121. . separation and identification of ions from Grops I. Succinic acid 184. – I (PRACTICAL) Inorganic Chemistry : 180 hrs (6 Hrs/week) Semi micro Analysis – cation analysis. Sallicylic acid 157. 1000 (Distilled Water) Determination of melting point: Naphthalene 80-820.5-1140 (Acetanilide) 132. Organic Chemistry : Laboratory techniques. 113. m-Dinitrobenzene 900 p-Dichlorobenzene 520. 4:1) Distillation: Simple distillation of ethanol-water mixture using water condenser. Toluene 110. Phthalic acid from hot water (using fluted filter paper and steamless funnel) Acetanilide from boiling water Naphthalene from ethanol Benzoic acid from water Decolorisation and crystallization using charcoal: Decolorsation of brown sugar (sucrose) with animal charcoal using gravity filtration. Distillation of nitrobenzene and aniline using air condenser Crystallization: Concept of induction of crystallization.60.5-1330. Crystallization and decolorisation of impure naphthalene (100g of naphthalene mixes with 0.5-1850 Cinnamic acid 132.5-1140.3 g of Congo Red using 1g decolorizing carbon) from ethanol. Cyclohexane 81. III. Benzene 800 Mixed melting point determination: Urea-Cinnamic acid mixture of various compositions (1:4. Aspirin 1350 Determination of boiling point: Ethanol 780.40.5-1580 Acetanilide 113. Anion analysis. 1:1.5-1220 Urea 132. II. IV.B.Sc.5-1330 (Urea).

Naphtalene. carbohydrates.Sublimation (Simple and Vacuum): Camphor. To compare the strengths of HCl and H2SO4 by studying the kinetics of hydrolysis of ethyl acetate. 4. esters. To study the effect of acid strength on the hydrolysis of an ester. 2. Physical Chemistry : Chemical Kinetics: 1. Colloids: 1. Surface Tension: 1. To study kinetically the reaction rate of decomposition of iodide by H2O4. nitro and anilide) in simple organic compounds. Phthalic acid and succinic acid. To determine the percentage composition of a given mixture (non interacting systems) by viscosity method. To determine the percentage composition of a given binary mixture by surface tension method (acetone & ethyl methyl ketone). To determine the specific reaction rate of the hydrolysis of methyl acetate/ethyl acetate catalyzed by hydrogen ions at rooms temperature. 3. To study the distribution of benzoic acid between benzene and water. To determine the viscosity of amyl alcohol in water at different concentration and calculate the excess viscosity of these solutions. bi. 2. 2. To study the distribution of iodine between water and CCl4. amines. carbonyl. S and halogens) and functional groups (phenolic. Viscosity. . amides. Distribution Law: 1.and trivalent anions. carboxylic. To prepare arsenious sulphide sol and compare the precipitating power of mono-. 3. Qualitative Analysis: Detection of extra elements (N.

B. Marks Paper – I Paper – II Paper – III Inorganic Chemistry Organic Chemistry Physical Chemistry TOTAL PRACTICAL GRAND TOTAL 33 33 34 100 50 150 Candidate will be required to pass in Theory and Practical Separately.SECOND YEAR CHEMISTRY There shall be three written papers and a practical examination as follows : Max.Sc. . .

Chemistry of Elements of First Transition Series Characteristic properties of d-block elements. complex formation. isomerism in coordination compounds. Acids and Bases Arrhenius. nomenclature of coordination compounds. Chemistry of Actinides Electronic configuration. Oxidation and Reduction Electrode potential. VII. effective atomic number concept. carbides and oxides) of the elements of the first transition series and complexes with respect to relative stability of their oxidation states. magnetic behavior. solvent system and Lewis concept of acids and bases. Pu and Am from U. II. Non-aqueous Solvents Physical properties of a solvent. V. spectral properties and stereochemistry. types of solvents and their general characteristics.B.Sc. Binary compounds (hydrides. oxidation states. Reactions in non-aqueous solvents with reference to liquid NH3 and Liquid SO2. Unit – IV VI. comparative treatment of Zr/Hf. VIII. Mo/W in respect of ionic radii. Chemistry of Lanthanide Elements Electronic structure. Bronsted-Lowry. – II Chemistry (Paper-I) Inorganic Chemistry : Unit – I I. electrochemical series and its applications. occurrence and isolation. Unit – III IV. chemistry of separation of Np. coordination number and geometry. the Lux-Flood. Nb/Ta. Chemistry of Elements of Second and Third Transition Series General characteristics. Unit – II III. oxidation states and magnetic properties. Principles involved in the extraction of the elements. Coordination Compounds Werner's coordination theory and its experimental verification. ceric ammonium sulphate and its analytical uses. valence bond theory of transition metal complexes. oxidation states and ionic radii and lanthanide contraction. chelates. .

intensity and position of I. Unit – II II. methods of formation. Ethers and Epoxides Nomenclature of ethers and methods of their formation. fingerprint region. Synthesis of epoxides. Chemical reactions – cleavage and autoxidation. Acidic nature. physical properties and acidic character. chemical reactions of glycerol. Bathochromic. hypsochromic. HaubenHoesch reaction. Ziesel's method. chemical reactions of vicinal glycols. Monohydric alcohols – nomenclature. Infrared (I. measurement of I.) absorption spectroscopy – molecular vibrations. Hooke's law. Phenols : Nomenclature. U. V. presentation and analysis of UV spectra.Sc. Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature and structure of the carbonyl groups.B. Electromagnetic Spectrum Absorption Spectra Ultraviolet (UV) absorption spectroscopy – absorption laws (Beer-Lambert law). types of electronic transitions. hyperchromic and hypochromic shifts. Alcohols Classification and nomenclature. Lederer-Manasse reaction and Reimer-Tiemann reaction.V.R. physical properties. synthesis of aldehydes and ketones with particular reference to the synthesis of aldehydes from acid . Reactions of alcohols. Concept of chromophore and auxochrome. molar absroptivity. – II Chemistry (Paper-II) Organic Chemistry : Unit – I I. Dihydric alcohols . Reactions of phenols – electrophilic aromatic substitution. structure and bonding. spectrum. Hydrogen bonding.R. acylation and carboxylation. Ketones. III. Unit – III IV. preparation of phenols. Carboxylic acids and Esters. oxidative cleavage [Pb(OAc)4 and HIO4] and pinacolpinacolone rearrangement. spectra of conjugated enes and enones. orientation of epoxide ring opening.– nomenclature. Trihydric alcohols . resonance stabilization of phenoxide ion. Gatterman syntheis. methods of formation by reduction of Aldehydes. bands. Claisen rearrangement. spectra of simple organic compounds. reactions of Grignard and organolithium reagents with epoxides. Comparative acidic strengths of alcohols and phenols. Mechanisms of Fries rearrangement.R. effect of conjugation.nomenclature. selection rules. methods of formation. Acid and base-catalyzed ring opening of epoxides.R. characteristic absorptions of various functional groups and interpretation of I.

Dicarboxylic acids: methods of formation and effect of heat and dehydrating agents. Mannich reaction. reactions of amines with nitrous acid. nitrities). . 3-dithianes. Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of Ketones. Gabriel-phthalimide reaction. Physical properties. Wittig reaction. Preparation of carboxylic acid derivatives. Structure and nomenclature of amines. synthesis of ketones from nitrites and from carboxylic acids. Mechanisms of esterificaton and hydrolysis (acidic and basic) VIII. Oxidation of aldehydes. reductive amination of aldehydic and ketonic compounds. Unit – IV VI.chlorides. Preparation of carboxylic acids. amides (urea) and acid anyhydrides. Methods of formation and chemical reactions of unsaturated monocarboxylic acids. interconversion of acid derivatives by nucleophilic acyl substitution. aldol. Preparation of alkyl and aryl amines (reduction of nitro compounds. MPV. Carboxylic Acid Derivatives Structure and nomenclature of acid chlorides. esters and amides. Wolff-Kishner. Stereochemistry of amines. VII. Hydroxy acids: malic. Use of acetals as protecting group. Halogenation of enolizable ketones An introduction to α. neutral and alkaline media. Synthesis of acid chlorides. trartaric and citric acids. Organic Compounds of Nitrogen: Preparation of nitroalkanes and nitroarenes. Picric acid. Separation of a mixture of primary. β unsaturated aldehydes and Ketones. Reactions of amines. Mechanism of nucleophillic additions to carbonyl group with particular emphasis on benzoin. Amine salts as phase-transfer catalysts. effects of substituents on acid strength. acidity of carboxylic acids. Mechanism of decarboxylation. Hofmann bromamide reaction. Cannizzaro reaction. azo coupling. Reactions of carboxylic acids. Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky reaction. Mechanisms of nuclephilc substitution in nitroarenes and their reductions in acidic. Reduction of carboxylic acids. synthesis of aldehydes and ketones uses 1. Halonitroarenes: reactivity. Chemical reactions of nitroalkanes. electrophilic aromatic substituton in aryl amines. Methods of formation and chemical reactions of halo acids. structure and bonding. Physical properties. physical properties. LiAlH4 and NaBH4 reductions. Relative stability of acyl derivatives. esters. Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature. Perkin and Knoevenagel condensations. Condensation with ammonia and its derivatives. secondary and tertiary amines. Clemmensen. chemical reaction. Structural features effecting basicity of amines. Synthetic transformations of aryl diazonium salts. physical properties.

dU & dH for the expansion of ideal gases under isotheral and adiabatic conditions for reversible process. Thermodynamic derivation of law of mass action. Bond dissociation energy and its calculation from thermo-chemical data. clausius inequality. different statements of the law. Types of systems. entropy as a function of V & T. Thermodynamics – II Second Law of Thermodynamics : Need for the law. . temperature dependence of enthalpy. entropy change in physical change. State and path functions and their differentials. Chemical Equilibrium Equilibrium constant and free energy. Cornot's cycle and its efficiency. heat capacities at constant volume and pressure and their relationship. Thermodynamic processes. Le Chatelier's principle Reaction isotherm and reaction isochore – Clapeyron-clausius equation and its applications. Carnot's theorem. entropy as a function of P & T. Equilibrium change in ideal gases and mixing of gases. Joule's law – Joule-Thomson coefficient and inversion temperature. surroundings etc. q. Calculation of w. Concept of entropy: Entropy as a state function. concept of heat and work. First Law of Thermodynamics : Statement. definition of internal energy and enthalpy.Sc. Thermodynamic scale of temperature. – II Chemistry (Paper-III) Physical Chemistry : Unit – I (Thermodynamics & Chemical Equilibrium) I. Thermodynamics – I Definitions of thermodynamic terms : System. Enthalpy of neutralization. entropy as a criteria of spontaneity and equilibrium. Thermochemistry : Standard state.B. standard enthalpy of formation – Hess's Law of heat summation and its applications. Heat of reaction at constant pressure and at constant volume. III. Kirchhoff's equation Unit – II II. intensive and extensive properties. Heat capacity.

applications.Phenol – water. conductometric titrations. application of concentration cells. Unit – III (Electrochemistry – I & Solutions) IV. Electrochemistry – I: Electrical transport:.Ideal liquid mixtures. definition and determination by Hittorf's method and moving boundary method. and single electrode potential. V. determination of solubility product of a sparingly soluble salt. . Nernst distribution law – thermodynamic derivation. Electrode reactions. liquid junction potential. weak and strong electrolytes. nicotine-water systems. Applications of conductivity measurements: determination of degree of dissociation. Calculation of thermodynamic quantities of cell reactions (∆G. Transport number. measurement of equivalent conductance. statement and concept of residual entropy. EMF of a cell and its measurements. standard electrode potential. conventional representation of electrochemical cells. Definition of pH and pKa. potentiometric titrations. Partially miscible liquids.Conduction in metals and in electrolyte solutions. Nernst equation. by potentiometric methods. derivation of cell E. trimethylamine – water. solubility product and activity coefficient. Solutions: Liquid – Liquid mixtures. variation of molar equivalent and specific conductance with dilution. sign conventions. Electrochemistry – II: Types of reversible electrodes – gas-metal ion. Migration of ions and Kohlrausch's law. Third Law of Thermodynamics: Nernst heat theorem. Electrolytic and Galvanic cells–reversible and irreversible cells. Arrhenius theory of electrolyte dissociation and its limitations. strandard hydrogen electrode-reference electrodes and their applications. Debye-Huckel-Onsager's equation for strong electrolytes (elementary treatment only). determination of Ka of acids. steam distillation.M. Nonideal system-azeotropes – HCl-H2O and ethanol – water systems. A & G as criteria for thermodynamic equilibrium and spontaneity.Gibbs and Helmholtz functions: Gibbs function (G) and Helmhotz function (A) as thermodynamic quantities. metalinsoluble salt-anion and redox electrodes. V and T. quinhydrone and glass electrodes. valency of ions. determination of pH using hydrogen. their advantage over entropy change. Raoult's and Henry's law. Unit – IV (Electrochemistry – II & Phase Equilibrium) VI. ∆H and K) Concentration cell with and without transport.F. Ostwald's dilution law its uses and limitations. Immiscible liquids. Computation of cell EMF. specific conductance molar and equivalent conductance. Variation of G and A with P. metal-ion. electrochemical series and its significance.

Solid solutions – compound formation with congruent melting point (Mg-Zn) and incongruent melting point. Hydrolysis of salts VII. derivation of Gibb's phase rule.Buffers – Mechanism of buffer action. (FeCl3-H2O) and (CuSO4-H2O) system . Henderson-Hazel equation. phase equilibria of one component system-water. Phase Equilibrium: Statement and meaning of the terms-phase. application of buffer solution. Pb-Ag systems. desilverisation of lead. component and degree of freedom. 'CO2' and 'S' systems Phase equilibria of two component system – solid liquid equilibria simple eutectic – Bi-Cd.

Organic Chemistry : Laboratory Techniques A. Estimation of copper using thiosulphate. L – alanine. glycine.001 M solutions. and 3-one using toluene and light petroleum (40:60) Separation of a mixture of dyes using cyclohexane and ethyl acetate (8. Spray reagent – ninhydrin. 4-dinitrophenylhydrazones of acetone. Alanine and aspartic acid. (6 hrs/week) Calibration of fractional weights.5). Quantitative Analysis: Volumetric Analysis : (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Determination of acetic acid in commercial vinegar using NaOH.B. Estimation of ferrous and ferric by dichromate method. Gravimetric Analysis : Analysis of Cu as CuSCN and Ni as Ni (dimethylgloxime).5:1. and L-Leucine using nbutanol:acetic acid:water (4:1:5). Spray reagent – ninhydrin. 2butanone. spray reagent – aniline hydrogen phthalate. Determination of alkali content – antacid tablet using HCl. Separation of a mixture of D.1 M to 0. Estimation of hardness of water by EDTA. Separation of green leaf pigments (spinach leaves may be used). Preparation of standards solutions. . – II (Practical) Inorganic Chemistry : 180 hrs. Dilution – 0. Preparation of separation of 2. pipettes and burettes. Separation of monosaccharide – a mixture of D-galactose and Dfructose using n-butanol:acetone:water (4:5:1). Leucine and glutamic acid. Estimation of calcium content in chalk as calcium oxalate by permanganometry. Thin Layer Chromatography Determination of Rƒ values and identification of organic compounds: (a) (b) (c) B.Sc. hexan-2. Paper Chromatography: Ascending and Circular Determination of Rƒ values and identification of organic compounds: (a) (b) (c) Separation of a mixture of phenylalanine and glycine.

2. phenol-water system) and to determine the concentration of that solute in the given phenol-water system.g. Phase Equilibrium 2. diphenylamine – benzophenone) system by cooling curve method.Qualitative Analysis: Identification of an organic compound through the functional group analysis. To study the effect of a solute (e.2H2O).g. Determination of the transition temperature of the given substance by thermometric /dialometric method (e. 3. To determine the solubility of benzoic acid at different temperatures and to determine ∆H of the dissolution process. determination of melting point and preparation of suitable derivatives. To determine the enthalpy of neutralization of a weak acid/weak base versus strong base/strong acid and determine the entrhalpy of ionization of the weak acid/weak base. To determine the enthalpy of solution of solid calcium chloride and calculate the lattice energy of calcium chloride from its enthalpy data using Born Haber Cycle.g. To construct the phase diagram of two component (e. Thermochemistry 1. succinic acid) on the critical solution temperature of two partially miscible liquids (e.g. Physical Chemistry : Transition Temperature 1. MnCl2. .4H2O/SrBr2. 3. NaCl.

Marks Paper – I Paper – II Paper – III Inorganic Chemistry Organic Chemistry Physical Chemistry TOTAL PRACTICAL GRAND TOTAL 50 50 50 150 75 225 Candidate will be required to pass in Theory and Practical Separately.B. .THIRD YEAR CHEMISTRY There shall be three written papers and a practical examination as follows: Max.Sc. .

Symbiosis. Organometallic Chemistry Definition. application of magnetic moment data for 3dmetal complexes. Pearson's HSAB concept. Metal-ligand bonding in Transition Metal Complexes Limitations of valance bond theory. correlation of µs and µeff values. spin-only formula. VIII. crystal field splitting in octahedral. spectrochemical series. Electronic spectra of Transition Metal Complexes Types of electronic transitions. – III Chemistry (Paper-I) Inorganic Chemistry : Unit – I I. Snl. Biological role of alkali and alkaline earth metal ions with special reference to Ca2+.B. Bioinorganic Chemistry Essential and trace elements in biological processes. preparation. Silicones and Phosphazenes Silicones and phosphazenes as examples of inorganic polymers. Magnetic Properties of Transition Metal Complexes Types of magnetic behavior. bonding and applications of alkyls and aryls of Li. Metal carbonyls: 18 electron rule. orbital contribution to magnetic moments. Unit – IV VII. stability constants of complexes and their determination. II. Hg. Al. structure and nature of bonding in the mononuclear carbonyls. discussion of the electronic spectrum of [Ti(H2O)6]3+ complex ion. . spectroscopic ground states. Unit – II III. properties. Hard and Soft Acids and Bases (HSAB) Classification of acids and bases as hard and soft. metalloporphyrins with special reference to hemoglobin and myoglobin. Unit – III V. factors affecting the crystal-field parameters. methods of determining magnetic susceptibility. selection rules for d-d transitions. substitution reactions of square planar complexes. an elementary idea of crystal field theory. Thermodynamic and Kinetic Aspects of Metal Complexes A brief outline of thermodynamics stability of metal complexes and factors affecting the stability.Sc. electro negativity and hardness and softness. tetrahedral and square planner complexes. Preparation. theoretical basis of hardness and softness. Orgel-energy level diagram for d1 and d9 states. VI. acid-base strength and hardness and softness. L-S coupling. nomenclature and classification of organometallic compounds. IV. nature of bonding in triphosphazenes.

structural formation. areas of signals. ethers and esters. – III Chemistry (Paper-II) Organic Chemistry : Unit – I I. Organosulphur Compounds Nomenclature. 2-tribromoethane. IR and 1H NMR spectroscopic. Mechanism of electrophilc substitution reactions of indole. IV. furan. Determination of ring size of monosaccharides. Organometallic Compounds Organomagnesium compounds : the Grignard reagents. Skraup synthesis and Bischler-Nepieralski synthesis. Spectroscopy Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Conversion of glucose intro mannose. nuclear shielding and deshielding. mechanism of osazone formation. sucrose and lactose) and polysaccharides (starch and cellulose) without involving structure determination. Methods of synthesis and chemical reactions with particular emphasis on the mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Formation of glcosides.Sc. Organozinc compounds: formation and chemical reactions. An introduction to disaccharides (maltose. Cyclic structure of D(+)-glucose. Configuration of monosaccharides. Preparation and reactions of indole. sulphonic acids. quinoline and isoquinoline. Erythro and threo diastereomers. Monosaccharides. . spin-spin splitting and coupling constants. chain lengthening and chain shortening of aldoses. acetaldehyde. sulphonamides and Sulphaguanidine. techniques. Problems pertaining to the structures elucidation of simple organic compounds using UV. Organolithium compounds: formation and chemical reactions. thiophene and pyridine. Carbohydrates Classification and nomenclature. III. thioethers. 1. structure and chemical reactions. 1. ethyl acetate. ethanol. Proton magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy. Unit – II II. formation. interpretation of 1H NMR spectra of simple organic molecules such as ethyl bromide. piperidine and pyrrole. methods of formation and chemical reactions of thiols. quinoline and isoquinoline with special reference to Fisher indole synthesis. Structures of ribose and deoxyribose. toluene and acetophenone.B. Hetrocyclic Compounds Introduction : Molecular orbital picture and aromatic characteristics of pyrrole. Comparison of basicity of pyridine. Mechanism of mutarotation. Introduction to condensed five and six membered heterocycles. interconversion of glucose and fructose. Unit – III V. Mechanism of nucleophilic substitution reaction in pyridine derivatives. chemical shift and molecular structure.

Condensation or step growth-polymerization. Synthetic Polymers Addition or chain-growth polymerization. structure and stereochemistry of amino acids.VI. Synthesis of ethyl acetoacetate: the Claisen condensation. glycerides. classical peptide synthesis. Polyesters. VIII. Oils and Detergents Natural fats. Protein denaturation/ renaturation. solid-phase peptide synthesis. Keto-enol tautomerism of ethyl acetoacetate. synthetic detergents. Classification of dyes. phenol formaldehyde resins. alkylation of diethyl malonate and ethyl acetoacetate. Classification of proteins. Soaps. epoxy resins and polyurethanes. crystal violet. urea formaldehyde resins. Structures of peptides and proteins. Alkylation of 1. acid value. The double helical structure of DNA. Synthetic Dyes Colour and constitution (electronic Concept). Structure and nomenclature of peptides and proteins. constituents of nucleic acids. Natural and synthetic rubbers. common fatty acids. Alkylation and acylation of enamines. Malachite green. Free radical vinyl polymerization. Preparation and reactions of αamino acids. Congo red. alkyl and aryl sulphonates. Chemistry and synthesis of Methyl orange. Levels of protein structure. Proteins and Nucleic Acids: Classification. iodine value. plyamides. Nucleic acids : Introduction. Saponification value. Alizarin and Indigo. end group analysis. . Ribonucleosides and ribonucleotides. hydrogenation of unsaturated oils. Organic Synthesis via Enolates Acidity of α-hydrogens. edible and industrial oils of vegetable origin. selective hydrolysis of peptides. Amino Acids. Fats. Unit – IV VII. Elementary idea of organic conducting polymers. peptide structure determination. ionic vinyl polymerization. Acid-base behaviour isoelectric point and electrophoresis. fluorescein. 3-dithianes. X. Ziegler-Natta polymerization and vinyl polymers. IX. Peptides. phenolphthalein.

calculation of energy levels from wave functions. Hamiltonian Operator. Physical Properties and Molecular Structure: Optical activity. calculation of coefficients of A. regions of the spectrum. radial wave functions. qualitative description of non-rigid rotor. sp3.O.. Physical Properties and Molecular Structure) I. dipole moment. Spectroscopy.O's used in sp and sp2 hybrid orbitals and interpretation of geometry. Introductory Quantum Mechanics: Black-body radiation. its measurements and its importance. Bohr's model of hydrogen atom (without derivation) their solution of overall solution and its defects. models. Unit – II IV. diamagnetism and ferromagnetic. basic features of different spectrophotometers. Elementary Quantum Mechanics: Schrödinger wave equation and its importance. comparison of M. Hybrid orbitals – sp. σ*. . and V. degrees of freedom. construction of M. II. angular wave functions. Molecular orbital theory.B.O. dipole moment and structure of molecules. – III Chemistry (Paper-III) Physical Chemistry : Unit – I (Introductory Quantum Mechanics. polarization – (Clausius – Mossotti equation).O. magnetic propertiesparamagnetism. induced dipole moment.O's by LCAO – H2+ ion. postulates of quantum mechanics. distribution using population distribution (Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution) determination of bond length. heat capacity of solids. quantum numbers and their importance. measurement of dipole moment-temperature method and refractivity method. orientation of dipoles in an electric field. statement of the born-oppenheimer approximation. photoelectric effect. spectral intensity. separation into three equations (without derivation). Spectroscopy: Introduction : electromagnetic radiation. Introduction to valence bond model of H2. Compton effect. π. hydrogen like wave functions. π* orbitals and their characteristics. Planck's radiation law. Magnetic susceptibility. selection rules.Sc. isotope effect. Rotational Spectrum: Diatomic Molecules: Energy levels of a rigid rotor (semi-classical principles). from A. physical interpretation of the wave function. sp2. Unit – III V. de-Broglie's hypothesis. the Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. Schrödinger wave equation for H-atom.B. III. particle in a one dimensional box. basic ideas – criteria for forming M. concept of σ. physical picture of bonding and anti-bonding wave functions.

O. Qualitative description of σ. . Thermodynamic derivation of relation between molecular weight and elevation in boiling point and depression in freezing point. effect of anharmonic motion and isotope on the spectrum. relative lowering of vapour pressure. qualitative description of selection rules and Franck-Condon principle. intensity. their energy levels and the respective transition. determination of force constant and qualitative relation of force constant and bond energies. Raman Spectrum : Concept of polarizability.Vibrational Spectrum : Infrared Spectrum: Energy levels of simple harmonic oscillator. idea of vibrational frequencies of different functional groups. photosensitized reactions – energy transfer processes (simple examples).radiative processes (internal conversion. qualitative description of fluorescence. activity and activity coefficient. difference between thermal and photochemical processes. Dilute Solutions and Colligative Properties) VI. Jablonski diagram depicting various processes occurring in the excited state. Unit – IV (Photochemistry. Colligative properties of degree of dissociation and association of solutes. Electronic Spectrum : Concept of potential energy curves for bonding and antibonding molecular orbitals. π and η M. Kinetics of Photo chemical reaction. non. Laws of photochemistry: Grothus – Drapper law. selection rules. pure vibrational spectrum. Elevation of boiling point and depression of freezing. selection rules. Abnormal molar mass. Experimental methods for determining various colligative properties. pure rotational and pure vibrational Raman spectra of diatomic molecules. Osmosis. Stark – Einstein law. Raoult's law. methods of expressing concentrations of solutions. Van't Hoff factor. molecular weight determination. law of osmotic pressure and its measurement. determination of molecular weight from osmotic pressure. intersystem crossing). Solutions. Photochemistry : Interaction of radiation with matter. phosphorescence. colligative properties. Dilute Solutions and Colligative Properties: Ideal and non-ideal solutions. quantum yield. Dilute solution. Solutions.

Instrumentation: Colorimetry (a) Job's method (b) Mole-ratio method Adulteration – Food stuffs. [(Cu(NH3)4]SO4. NaHCO3.Sc. glucose and hydroquinone./week) Preparation of sodium trioxalator ferrate (III). Benzoylation of aniline and phenol Aliphatic electrophlic substitution Preparation of iodoform from ethanol and acetone Aromatic electrophilic substitution Nitration Preparation of m-dinitrobenzene . water analysis Solvent Extraction Separation and estimation of Mg(II) and Fe(II) Ion Exchange Method Separation and estimation of Mg(II) and Zn(II) Organic Chemistry : Laboratory Techniques: Steam Distillation Naphtalene from its suspension in water Clove oil from cloves Separation of o-and p-nitrophenols Column Chromatography Separation of fluorescein and methylene blue Separation of leaf pigments from spinach leaves Resolution of racemic mixture of (+) mandelic acid Qualitative Analysis Analysis of an organic mixture containing two solid components using water.B. Preparation of Ni-DMG complex. aniline. – III (PRACTICAL) Inorganic Chemistry : Synthesis and Analysis: (a) (b) (c) (d) 180 hrs. [Ni(DMG)2] Preparation of copper tetraammine complex. NaOH for separation and preparation of suitable derivatives Synthesis of Organic Compounds (a) (b) (c) Acetylation of salicylic acid. Preparation of cis-and trans-bisoxalato diaqua chromate (III) ion. Na3[Fe(C2O4)3] and determination of its composition by permagonometry. Effluent analysis. (09 hrs.

To determine the specific rotation of a given optically active compound. To verify Beer – Lambert Law for KMnO4/K2Cr2O7 and determining the concentration of the given solution of the substance from absorption measurement. to study the saponification of ethyl acetate condutometrically. and substituted . 4. To titrate potentiometrically the given ferrous ammonium sulphate solution using KMnO4/K2Cr2O7 as titrant and calculate the redox potential of Fe++/Fe+++ system on the hydrogen scale. 2. 5.Preparation of p-nitroacetanilide Halogenation Preparation of p-bromoacetanilide Preparation of 2. Colorimetry: 1. Refractrometry. Z configuration of geometrical isomers Coformational analysis of cyclohexanes cyclohexanes Physical Chemistry : Electrochemistry: 1. Determination of the apparent degree of dissociation of an electrolyte (e. NaCl) in aqueous solution at different concentrations by ebullioscopy. 3. Molecular Weight Determination: 1. 6-tribromophenol (d) (e) (f) Diazotization/coupling Preparation of methyl orange and methyl red Oxidation Preparation of benzoic acid from toluence Reduction Preparation of aniline from nitrobenzene Preparation of m-nitroaniline from m-dinitrobenzene Stereochemical Study of Organic Compounds via Models R and S configuration of optical isomers E. to determine the solubility and solubility of a sparingly soluble electrolyte conducometrically. Determination of molecular weight of a non-volatile solute by Rast method/ Beckmann freezing point method. of glycerol and water) using Abbe's refractometer. 3. To determine stoichiometry and stability constant of complexes. To determine the ionization constant of a weak acid condutometrically. 2. Polarimetry: 1. To determine the strength of the given acid conductometrically using standard alkali solution.g.. 4. To verify law of refraction of mixtures (e. 2.g.

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