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Username: Mike Kelly Book: Autodesk® Revit® Architecture 2012 Essentials: AUTODESK OFFICIAL TRAINING GUIDE. No part of any chapter or book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form by any means without the prior written permission for reprints and excerpts from the publisher of the book or chapter. Redistribution or other use that violates the fair use privilege under U.S. copyright laws (see 17 USC107) or that otherwise violates these Terms of Service is strictly prohibited. Violators will be prosecuted to the full extent of U.S. Federal and Massachusetts laws.
CHAPTER 5 Stairs, Ramps, and Railings
Revit is capable of creating wonderfully complex and elegant stairs, ramps, and railings. But to get started, you need to understand the basic functionality so that you can confidentially resolve design intent. Then once the design intent is resolved, you'll have plenty of time to go back and modify the stair and revise the entire design quickly and easily! In this chapter, you learn the following skills: • • • • Creating numerous stair configurations Designing ramps Building railings for level and sloped conditions Working with parts, parameters, and properties
Creating Numerous Stair Configurations
Stairs contain many, many parameters, but not all of the parameter controls are going to be equally important during the design process. Design is often about the intent of what something is as well as where it is meant to go. Once the intent is resolved, it's necessary to go back and revise the specifics of how something will be carefully assembled. Let's first simplify the default railing that is associated to the stairs. The default railing is very busy from a design standpoint. It contains lots of balusters, which are graphically distracting. It's important that you indicate the handrail and nothing more.
Creating the “Generic” Railing
Open the default template and expand the Family tree in the Project Browser. As you can see, four railing definitions exist in the project: Guardrail – Pipe through Handrail – Rectangular. There are also two types of stair families in the default template: the Monolithic stair family and the 7 Max Riser 11″ Tread stair family.
3. Select the Finish command and go to your 3D view.2. Too much specificity too soon can cause a lot of confusion. 5.3 m] long segment. which is where you'll modify the properties of the railing. Right-click on the duplicated handrail and select Rename. To modify the type properties of this railing. Here are the steps to duplicating and creating your own custom handrail that you'll use for designing stairs.torontopubliclibrary. 1. Click Edit Rails in the Type Properties dialog box. 07/05/2012 .. FIGURE 5. Select the handrail that you've just created and drag it into your Level 1 view. As you can see in Figure 5.rvt file found on the book's companion web page. In the resulting dialog box shown in Figure 5. 4. The Type Properties dialog box opens.com. Close the dialog box by clicking OK. it will serve as the design intent handrail for your stairs. Create a 24′ [7. FIGURE 5. select the handrail in your drawing and choose Edit Type from the Type Selector. You'll do this by duplicating a railing definition that's close to what you need and then modify it to suit your purposes.ca/print?xmlid=9781. delete Rail 2 through Rail 6. www.2 Deleting types http://proquest. you're going to work from the c05_Stairs_Ramps_Railings. there are balusters and rails below the handrail portion of the railing. Start by editing the rail structure. 2.. you'll simplify this area to create your design railing.1 Duplicate and rename the handrail. Doing so initiates the Railing command and allows you to draw a portion of the railing that you've selected. Leave Rail 1. so you'll simplify the geometry. For these exercises.com/go/revit2012essentials.Page 2 of 9 Let's start by creating a railing that is useful from a design standpoint.sybex.safaribooksonline. Right-click on Handrail – Pipe and select Duplicate.1. Rename the duplicate handrail to Handrail – Design.ezproxy.
3. In the Posts panel. 2. shown in Figure 5.safaribooksonline. The image shows a railing with a handrail only. doing so opens the Edit Baluster Placement dialog box. select Regular Baluster and set its Baluster Family value to None. set the Baluster Family value for the Start. With the Type Properties dialog box open: 1. http://proquest.com. Then click OK to close the Edit Baluster Placement dialog box and click OK again to close the Type Properties dialog box. FIGURE 5. 07/05/2012 . Corner. and End posts to None.3.3 Edit Baluster Placement settings Now let's start creating our “design” stair. In the Main Pattern panel.ezproxy.Page 3 of 9 Next you'll edit the balusters. Select the Baluster Placement option and click the Edit button.torontopubliclibrary.ca/print?xmlid=9781... but for design purposes. this is exactly what you need in order to express design intent.
As you do.ca/print?xmlid=9781.5 Specifying the railings type 3. Select the Stairs tool from the Circulation panel of the Home tab on the ribbon. From the Level 1 plan view. drag the component name into the project view to activate the Stairs tool. FIGURE 5.torontopubliclibrary.4 Sketching the straight run stair 2. This is the stair that you'll use to create numerous configurations. pick a point to the left and then move your cursor to the right.5. 1.. Finish the Sketch mode. FIGURE 5. as shown in Figure 5. Specify the Handrail – Design type that you created earlier.6 The resulting stair http://proquest. Straight Run Let's start by creating a straight run stair.4). Or. The resulting stair is shown in Figure 5..safaribooksonline. there are two types of stairs in your Revit project.Page 4 of 9 Creating Your Design Stair By default.ezproxy. This will be the default handrail that Revit will use whenever you create this stair until you specify another type. Select the Railings Type option in the Tools palette. Let's duplicate the 7” Max Riser 11″ Tread stair family type in the Project Browser and name the duplicate Stair-Design.6.com. 07/05/2012 . FIGURE 5. you'll notice that Revit is telling you how many treads remain to complete a stair that starts on Level 1 through Level 2 (Figure 5.
FIGURE 5. Begin by drawing a straight run.7 A second run of stairs and landing 1. you'll notice that Revit creates the landing between the two runs automatically.ca/print?xmlid=9781.com. Let's start the sketch this time from the ribbon. but stop about halfway through the run. Doing so starts your stair in Sketch mode.ezproxy. it's important to understand how to create a variety of stair types. However.. including stairs with landings.7. Choose the Home tab. as shown in Figure 5. http://proquest. When you finish the second run of stairs.Page 5 of 9 Straight Run with Landing What you just created is the most basic type of stair: a straight run with a pair of railings. Start the second run of stairs. 2. and then click the Stairs button in the Circulation panel. 07/05/2012 .torontopubliclibrary. Follow these steps to start your first straight run of stairs.safaribooksonline..
Finish the sketch and the stair will resemble Figure 5. 07/05/2012 . you need to create some additional levels.torontopubliclibrary. including the ones you've created.9 shows several stair types.9.8 Complete stairs with a middle landing Multistory Runs For multistory runs. As shown in Figure 5.. It's easy! 1.9 Adding additional levels to the model http://proquest. open the South elevation and click the Level tool on the Datum panel of the Home tab.ca/print?xmlid=9781. First.safaribooksonline. taking care that the heights are equally spaced. Let's turn one of the stairs that we've created into a multistory stair. FIGURE 5.Page 6 of 9 3. As discussed earlier. Click on the elevation and drag the mouse from left to right to place the level. we repeated the levels at 10′-0″ [3 m] increments—up to 40′-0″ [15m)].ezproxy. Revit is able to take a stair that only goes between two levels and repeat it continuously. Figure 5. FIGURE 5. you can change the level heights by clicking the blue elevation text..8.com. But this will only work if all of the level-to-level heights are identical. For this example.
. Highlight one of the stair runs and look at its properties in the Properties palette. the entire multistory configuration changes as well. the stair will quickly propagate across all levels (Figure 5. Set it to Level 5.ezproxy.safaribooksonline. as shown in Figure 5. If you edit the stair or railings associated to the multistory stair. Once you complete the multistory stair.11).10.com. You'll see there's an option to designate the Multistory Top Level.Page 7 of 9 2. FIGURE 5.11 The completed multistory stair http://proquest. 07/05/2012 .10 Changing the properties for a multistory stair 3. Select any of the stairs you've created..ca/print?xmlid=9781. FIGURE 5.torontopubliclibrary.
ezproxy. You can then select the railing and modify its sketch to suit a particular condition.12 Stair sketch for hosting the center railing 2. http://proquest.12.Page 8 of 9 Setting the Host Function for Railings By now you've noticed railings have special relationships to stairs. Add two separate railing sketches: one for the lower run and another for the upper run. let's remember to tell the railing that it is hosted by the stairs. FIGURE 5. It's important to understand that railings are hosted by stairs. Notice the landing as well as the extra width that will easily allow traffic in both directions.. you'll also include the handrail extensions. 1. Also..torontopubliclibrary. By default Revit creates railings at the same location as the boundary sketch of the stair. And while you're at it. and this relationship allows railings to follow the path of the stairs that host them. Finish the sketch by clicking the green check on the Modify tab of the ribbon. So let's create another stair that's a bit wider than the stairs you've created thus far.ca/print?xmlid=9781. 07/05/2012 . Create the stair as shown in Figure 5.safaribooksonline.com.
Don't forget to set the host each time you create a new railing! FIGURE 5. Now create the second sketch for the upper railing. be sure to set the stair as the host for the railing. Don't forget to extend the railing beyond the lower treads and add the extension. http://proquest. Click the Pick New Host icon on the Tools palette.safaribooksonline.ezproxy. Finish the stair and the view will resemble the left side of Figure 5. then select the stair. Sketch the lower railing as shown in Figure 5.ca/print?xmlid=9781.com. Add the extensions shown as separate sketch lines. It will highlight when you hover over the stair. Drag the Handrail – Design railing type into the project view.13.14. The results will resemble the image on the right of Figure 5.Page 9 of 9 3. but it's also something that you'll deal with when creating ramps as well as sloped floors...13 Lower railing sketch 4. FIGURE 5. 07/05/2012 . 5.14 Handrail extensions One final note: not only is hosting important for railings and stairs.torontopubliclibrary. Revit will initiate the Railing tool for you and select the railing.14. Before you complete the sketch.