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IN

Section A

Q.1

This question consists of TWENTY FIVE sub-questions (1.1-1.25) of ONE mark each. For each of these sub-questions, four possible answer (A, B, C and D) are given, out of which only one is correct. Answer each sub-question by darkening the appropriate bubble on the OBJECTIVE RESPONSE SHEET (ORS) using a soft HB pencil. Do not use the ORS for any rough work. You may like to use the Answer Book for any rough work, if needed. Threshold of a measurement system is

Q.1.1

(A) the smallest change in input which can be detected (B) a measure of linearity of the system (C) the smallest input which can be detected (D) a measure of precision of the system International temperature acale in the range 0 − 630c C is defined by meass of a

Q.1.2

(A) mercury pressure spring thermometer (B) platinum-platinum, 10% rhodium thermocouple (C) platinum resistance thermometer (D) total radiation pyrometer. A sound intensity level of 60 dB corresponds to (B) 10 - 10 W/cm 2 (D) 10 - 10 W/cm 2

Q.1.3

(A) 10 - 6 W/cm 2 (C) 10 - 16 W/cm 2

Q.1.4

Linear variable differential transformer has

(A) two primary coils connected in phase and a secondary coil (B) tow primary coils connected in opposition and a secondary coil (C) one primary coil and two secondary coils connected in phase (D) one primary coil and two secondary coils connected in opposition

Q.1.5

Value of pH of a solution is 4. It indicates that concentration of hydrogen ions is

(A) 10 - 4 g/litre and the solution is acidic IN 1/18

88 mm Q.1. a rotameter can be installed in a pipe line Q.1.83 Q.732.7 (A) orifice meter (C) turbine type meter Q. If the glass is immersed in water.33.1.0016 mm (C) 0.1. the main screw has pitch of 0.1. It is plane polarized on reflection when the incidence angle is (A) 30c (C) 60c (B) 45c (D) 75c A gas chromatograph is used for Q. its relative refractive index is (A) 0.8 In a differential micrometer. The movement of the spindle per divisions is (A) 0.08 mm (B) 0.99 (B) 1.9 The refractive indices of glass and water are 1. respectively.gatehelp.11 IN 2/18 . The thimble has 50 divisions marked on it.0176 mm (D) 0.2001 www.4 g/litrc and the solution is alkaline (C) 10 4 mg/litre and the solution is acidic (D) 10 .48 mm and the smaller screw has pitch of 0.10 Light is incident on a glass plane of refractive index 1.com IN (B) 10 .4 mg/litre and the solution is alkaline.89 (C) 1. For flow measurement.13 (D) 2.50 and 1.6 (A) horizontally with flow inlet in a specific direction (B) horizontally with flow inlet in any direction (C) vertically with flow inlet at the bottom and the outlet at the top (D) vertically with flow inlet at the top and outlet at the bottom An example of a positive displacement flow meter is (B) rotary vane type meter (D) ultrasonic flow meter Q.1.40 mm.

2001 (A) measuring flow rate of a gas www.15 (A) 4 (C) 1 Q.1. The oscillations (A) can be reduced by increasing the proportional action (B) can be reduced by increasing the integral action (C) can be reduced by increasing the derivative action IN 3/18 .com IN (B) measuring the temperature of a gas (C) measuring the pressure of a gas (D) analysing the composition of a gas A vector normal to i + 2j − k is (B) − i − 2j + k (D) 2i + j − 2k Q.14 (A) unit step sequence (B) e jωo n (C) a periodic sequence (D) unit ramp sequence The final value of a function y (t) whose Laplace transform Y (s) = (B) 2 (D) 0 4 is s2 + 2s + 2 Q.16 A second order feedback system is found to be oscillating with a high frequency. Q.1.1.1.1.gatehelp.13 The necessary condition to diagonalisse a matrix is that (A) its Eigen values should be distinct (B) its Eigen vectors should be independent (C) its Eigen value should be real (D) the matrix is non-singular Which one of the following sequences is NOT a power signal.12 (A) i − j − k (C) − i + 2j + k Q.

2001 (D) cannot be reduced www.. The primary requirements for the buffers are (A) the input buffer should have high slew rate and the output buffer should have low bias current (B) the input buffer should have low bias current and the output buffer should have high slew rate (C) both the buffers should have low bias currents (D) both the buffers should have high slew rate A twisted pair of wires is used for connecting the signal source with the instrumentation amplifier. (B) an .17 The discrete LTI system with the following impulse response is non-causal.1. (B) y12 =− 1 S 2 (D) y22 = 1S (A) y11 = 1S (C) y21 =− 2S Q. The overall y − ammeters will satisfy the condition. as it helps reducing Q.21 (A) the effect of external interference IN 4/18 . current through the 5 Ω resistor is (A) A (C) 3 A (B) 2 A (D) 7 A Q.1.18 In the circuit shown in fig.gatehelp.S.1.com IN Q.1.1.20 A sample-and hold circuit has two buffers. are connected in cascade. one at the input and the other.2 u (n) (D) an u (n + 2) (A) an u (n − 2) (C) an + 2 u (n) Q.19 Two identical 2-port networks with y −parameters y11 =− y12 =− y21 = y22 I.

the maximum number of opcodes is Q.1 In strain gauge is attached to a bar of length 20 cm which is subjected to a tensile force.25) of TWO marks each.com IN (B) the crror due to bias currents in the amplifier (C) the loading of the source by the amplifier (D) the common mode voltage In a microprocessor with 16 address and 12 data lines. four possible answers (a).2001 www. The nominal resistance of straub gayge us 100 Ω . (b). Do not use the ORS for any rough work. (c) and (d) are given.24 In 8085 microprocessor.2 mm. CY flag may be set by the instruction (B) INX (D) ANA (A) SUB (C) CMA Q.2 Q.22 (A) 26 (C) 212 (B) 28 (D) 216 An m −bit microprocessor has an m −bit (B) instruction register (D) program counter Q.1 .2.35 Ω and 0. For each of these sub-questions.1.gatehelp. Q. You may like to use the Answer Book for any rought work. The changes in resistance and elongation in the bar measured are 0.1.25 Microprocessor 8085 regains control of the but (A) immediately after HOLD goes low (B) immediately after HOLD goes high (C) after half-clock cycle after HLDA goes low (D) after half-clock cycle after HLDA goes high This question consists of TWENTY FIVE sub-questions (2. The gauge factor of 5/18 IN . respectively.1.1. Answer each sub-question by darkening the appropriate bubble on the OBJECTIVE RESPONSE SHEET (ORS) using a soft HB pencil. if needed. out of which only one is correct.2.23 (A) flag register (C) data counter Q.

2. d-r (D) a-q.6 IN 6/18 . d-p (a) mean free path (b) humidity (c) heat transfer co-efficient (d) intensity of radiation (A) a-p. b-p.2 In the context of transducers.2.2.gatehelp. b-s.2001 the strain gauge is (A) 2 (C) 10 www. c-r. If the optical flat is as good as the reference.5 (D) 100 Q. used for measuring amplitude of vibration with frequency ω .com IN (B) 3.2.3 m (B) 34.5 An optical flat is tested against a standard reference flat in a Newton’s interferences. the fringes observed are a a set of (A) concentric rings (C) hyperbolic fringes Identify the correct matches: (B) elliptical rings (D) straight and parallel fringes Q. identify the correct matches: (p) optical pyrometer (q) Knudsen gauge (r) sling psychrometer (s) hot wire anemometer (B) a-q. d-s (C) a-r.2.4 In a spirit level. having natural frequency ωn and damping ratio ζ .5 mm of movement of the bubble corresponds to a tilt angle of 25 seconds.1 m (C) 26.2. c-p. c-s.3 A seismic vibration sensor. c-s. b-q. d-q Q. b-r.6 m Q. should have (A) ωn << ω and ζ (B) ωn = ω and ζ slightly less than 1 (C) ωn >> ω and ζ slightly less than 1 (D) ωn << ω and ζ slightly less than 1 Q.4 m (D) 15. the radius of curvature of the tube of the spirit level is (A) 52.

2. c-s.7 The typical maximum output powers associated with the lasers are given below. d-s (C) a-r.2.gatehelp. c-r. c-s. c-p.9 v (t) = 5 − 2 sin (100πt) − cos (200πt) the output of a full-wave rectifier average is (A) 2 (B) 4 (C) 5 (D) 8 Q. c-r. For a signal 0.com (p) electricity activity of the heart (q) respiratory volume measurement (r) measurement of change in volume of a body part (s) blood pressure measurement (B) a-q. d-q sin 2`x − π j 4 equals Q.2001 (a) spirometer (b) sphygmomanometer (c) plathysmograph (d) electrocardiograph (A) a-p. c-s. c-q. b-p. b-q. d-p IN Q.10 The 3-dB cut-off frequency of a first order analog high pass filter is ωc .5 sin ωc t. d-p (a) He-Ne laser (b) Argon ion laser (c) Carbon dioxide laser (d) Diode laser (A) a-p. Identify the correct matches (p) 10 mW (q) 100 mW (r) 10 W (s) 500 W (B) a-q.8 lim π π x" x− 4 4 (A) 0 (C) 1 For an input (b) 1/2 (D) 2 Q. d-r www. b-s. b-r. b-s. the output will have a phase shift of (B) − π/4 (D) π/2 (A) − π/2 (C) π/4 IN 7/18 . b-p. b-r. d-q (C) a-s. d-p (D) a-q.2. d-r (D) a-q.2. b-s. c-r.

sτ 1 + sτ Q.16 IN 8/18 .14 A process in a feedback loop with a proportional controller with ultimate gain Ku = 10 is oscillating at a frequency of Pu = 8 Hz.15 The impulse response of a discrete LTI system is u (n).5 sin ωm t) cos ωc t Q.sτ (D) 1 − sτ e . the carrier and the output signals are xc (t) − cos ωc t and y (t) = cos (ωc t + sin 2t − cos t) .2.2.2001 Q. respectively.13 (B) sin 2t − cos t (D) 2 cos 2t − sin t An analog LTI system has a negative phse shift which varies linearly with frequency. Its magnitude response is frequency independent.12 In a frequency modulated system.2.5 sin ωm t) cos ωc t (B) sin (ωc + ωm) t + cos (ωc − ωm) t (D) (1 − 0. The system (A) is unstable in the sense of bounded input bounded output (B) produces bounded ouputs for all bounded inputs (C) produces bounded outputs for all bounded inputs (D) stability properties cannot be commented upon A discrete time transfer function has a pole-zero plot shown in Fig.25 (B) 5 (D) 10 Q.com IN For a suppressed carrier amplitude modulator (AM-SC) system. respectively. the carrier and the modulating inputs are xc (t) = cos ωc t and xm (t) = 0.16 It is a Q. The system transfer function is (A) 1 − sτ 1 + sτ 2 2 (C) 1 − s2 τ2 1+s τ (B) e . The modulating input xm (t) is proportional to (A) 2 cos 2t + sin t (C) cos 2t + sin t Q.gatehelp.2.11 www.2.5 sin ωm t. The Ziegler-Nichols setting for the proportional controller is (A) 8 (C) 1. 2. The output of the system is proportional to (A) sin (ωc + ωm) t − sin (ωc − ωm) t (C) (1 + 0.2.

2.17 n The impulse response of a discrete LTI system is an u (n). input offset voltage of the operational amplifier is 2 mV. precision depends on detector sensitivity IN 9/18 .18.2001 www.2. 2. identify the INCORRECT statement (A) Standard low resistances have four terminal construction (B) In Kelvin bridge for measuring low resistance.19 In the context of low resistances.18 (A) 0 (C) 11 mV (B) 2 mV (D) 22 mV Q. The output dc-error voltage is Q.gatehelp.2.3 3 In Fig.com IN (A) low pass filter (B) high pass filter (C) band pass filter (D) notch filter Q. Its response is given by (B) (D) (A) (C) /a j j=0 /a j j=0 3 1 1−a /a j j =.

2001 www. the possible logic states of c and d are Q. b-q and r Q. when inputs a = b = 0 . b-p and s Q.22.2. (p) to provide controlling torque (q) to provide damping torque (r) to act as a base for the coil (s) to provide current into and out of the moving coil (B) a-r and s. d = 0 (C) c = 1.2.com IN (C) A pair of ratio arms in Kelivin bridge for measuring the low resistance eliminates the error due to thermo emf (D) Low resistances used for ammeter shunts are usually made with a suitable number of plates of large area and all the plates connected in parallel. d = 0 Q. d = 1 or c = 0. the output x is IN 10/18 .2.20 (a) a pair of springs (b) aluminium former (A) a-p and q. 2. b-p and q (D) b-q and r. 2. the maximum clock frequency can be (A) 50 Hz (C) 10 Hz (B) 5 kHz (D) 50 Hz In the circuit shown in Fig. an unknown signal voltage is integrated over 100 cycles of the clock.gatehelp.23 (B) c = 1. b-r and s (C) a-p and s. d = 1 or c = 1. identify the correct matches.2. d = 1 In the logic circuit shown in Fig.21 In a dual-slope type digital voltmeter. d = 0 (D) c = 0. If the signal has a 50 Hz pick up.22 (A) c = 0.23. In the context of a PMMC instrument.

P2 < 20 In Fig. P2 > 20 (C) P1 = 20. Two signals v1 (t) = 10 sin (2π # 20 # 103 t) and v2 (t) = 10 sin (2π # 20 # 106 t) are applied to the two channels. identify the circuit which is appropriate for as a power-on reset for a microprocessor. then (A) P1 = 20.25. P2 < 20 Q.25 (D) P1 > 20. P2 = 20 (B) P1 < 20. If P1 and P2 are the peak-to-peak values of the signals displayed. IN 11/18 .2.24 (B) A + B + C (D) AB + BC + CA A double beam CRO has a band-width of 10 MHz.com IN (A) AB + BC + CA (C) AB + BC + CA Q.gatehelp.2. 2.2001 www.

pressure is instantaneously changed in a stepwise manner from 5 bar to 30 bar.5 ! 0.gatehelp. is given by πr 4 (p1 − p2) μ= 8QL where r (radius of capillary tube) p1 (pressure at the inlet) p2 (pressure at the exit) L (length of the capillary tube) Q (volume flow rate) = 0. dielectric constant = 4 # 10 .11 F/m and modulus of elasticity = 8.com IN Section B This section consists of Twenty questions of Five marks each.6 # 1010 N/m 2 is used for the measurement of small displacement. (A) Determine the time constant of the transducer (B) How much time will the transducer take to indicate the pressure within 5% of the final value ? (C) On what factors does the time constant of the elastic transducer depend? A piezoelectric transducer having diameter = 8 mm.2001 www.10t (A) Sketch p (x) (B) Find the value of a (C) Find the probability of 9 being in the range [5.5 Q. change sensitivity = 2 # 10 . For an input dis12/18 Q. 15] Viscosity.3 A random variable x has a probability density function p (x) = ae .7 m 3 /s Q.6 IN . thickness = 4 mm.12 C/N. Any Fifteen out of these questions have to be answered on the Answer Book provided. Q. The transducer indicates a value of 20 bar after 30 sec.01 mm = 200 ! 3 kPa = 150 ! 2 kPa = 3m = 4 # 10 .lx . Assume that the transducer is a first order instrument. μ .4 (A) Calculate the viscosity and specify the unit (B) Calculate absolute error (C) Calculate root sum square error During measurement of pressure by an elastic transducer.

11 is determined using a standard steel ball of diameter d and a vernier height gauge. (A) Calculate the dynamic pressure (pressure due to the velocity of flow) in N/m 2 .9 cm.8 A certain pressure transducer measures the stagnation pressure (the total pressure). find the static pressure in mm of Hg. The temperature of the first point measured separately is 25cC. Q. Q.com IN (A) The force to which it is subjected.48 cm 2 /g and 72 cm 2 /g respectively.gatehelp. For a narrow beam of X-ray radiation of wavelength 62 pm.11 IN 13/18 .7 g/cm 3 and 11. Q. respectively.3 g/cm 3 . Determine the temperature difference between the two points after applying correction for loading effect in the measurement of the EMF. Light of wavelength 546 nm is used to view an object under the microscope.9 m.2001 placement of 10 . The densities of aluminium and lead are 2.03 g/cm 3 and the velocity of flow is 100 cm/s. Q.9 (A) Calculate the limiting angle of resolution (B) Using visible linght. Q. EMF generated measured by a voltage measuring device having an internal resistance of 1000 Ω is 1.10 (A) By how much is the beam attenuated in an aluminium screen 2.temperature relationship for copper-constantan thermocouple with reference junction at 0c is as follows. the mass absorption coefficients for adminum and lead are 3. The density of the fluid is 1. (B) the capacitance of the transducer. determine www.7 EMF . (B) If the total pressure measured by the transducer is 10000 N/m 2 .6 cm thick? (B) How thick must a lead screen be to attencuate the beam just as much ? The width of a V-groove shown in Fig.47 mV. what is the maximum limit of resolution for ths microscope. The aperture of the objective is 0. (C) the charge generated (D) the voltage developed A thermopile having a resistance of 100 Ω and consisting of 20 copper-constantan thermocouples is used to measure temperature difference between two points.

H = 50 mm. Q. Note the indention of this this contour at the origin is to the left.gatehelp.com IN (A) If the angle of the groove is A . C1 = C2 = 2 F and L = 1 H. Initial14/18 IN . 12. n < − 2G (B) Is this system causal ? Justify your answer.12 closed contour C shown in Fig. 14. h = 45 mm and a = 60c.14 In the circuit shown in Fig.2001 www. determine the range of the gain K of the proportional controller over which the closed loop system will be stable. (A) Draw the Nyquist plot for the system G (s) = s + 1 by plotting G along the s (s − 1) Q. (B) What is the encirclement criterion for stability of this system with the type of contour chosen? (C) Using this criterion.13 y (n) − 1 y (n − 1) = x (n) 2 y (n) = 0 (A) Evaluate the outputs for the inputs (i) x (n) = 0 for all n (ii) x (n) = = 1. n $ − 2 0. The relation between the input x (n) and the output y (n) of a system is given by Q. calculate w . derive an expression for the width w of the V-groove. (B) Given: d = 30 mm.

determine vC1 (t) and vC2 (t). Iz = 5 mA. (B) Find input resistance Ri and gain V0 /Vb (C) From the result obtained in (b).15 A small-signal approximate equivalent circuit of an amplifier is shown in Fig. Zener diode has Vz = 4 V. suggest a possible application for the amplifier. (A) Draw the actual amplifier circuit using a pnp transistor.2001 www. Q.16 (A) R1 (B) R . If the switch is closed at t = 0 .gatehelp. In the circuit shown in Fig. hfe = 100 . Given IL = 2 mA. find Q. transistors Q1 and Q2 have β = 100 . 15. (C) the range of RL IN 15/18 . 16. Use the Laplace transform approach. where ke = RL = 3kΩ. respectively.com IN ly C1 and C2 are changed to voltages 20 and 0 volts. VEBI = VEB2 = 0.7 V.

18. 20 acts as a 4-bits digital-to-analog converter. if vi = 1 V dc . R1 = R2 = 220 kΩ .1 μF .gatehelp. C = 0.com In the circuit shown in Fig.1 μ F. (C) the impulse response. find v0 (t) (C) If a similar circuit is connected in cascade.19 In the circuits shown in Fig. find Q of the composite circuit. (B) the transfer function V0 (s)/ Vi (s). Q. In the circuit shown in Fig.18 (A) Find V0 in terms of V1 and V2 . 17. Q. (B) Express V0 in terms of the common mode voltage Vc and the difference mode voltage Vd of the two input voltages. 19. V1 and V2 are the input signals.20 Determine the value of r such that the circuit shown in Fig. (B) If vi = 2 sin (1000t). IN 16/18 . R3 = 100 kΩ .17 www. (C) Find CMRR (Common mode rejection ratio) at the output V0 Q. Find (A) the output voltage. C = 0.2001 Q. IN (A) Find the transfer function V0 (s) iVi (s). assume R = 10kΩ .

Q.2001 www.gatehelp. 22(b) where T-FF. dx/dt . of the moving plate. with air as the dielectric separating the two plates by a distance x . 22(a).00 for f = 50. The detailed circuit diagram for the block Y is shown in Fig. C is a capacitor formed by two parallel plates each of area A .com IN In the circuit shown in Fig. SR-FF and monostables M1 and M2 operate on the negative going edges and Vstart is a narrow pulse.00 Hz Q. 21.22 # IN 17/18 . The clock frequency fc is adjusted such that the display is 50. Derive an expression for output v0 in terms of the velocity. One of the plates is fixed while the outer is free to move.21 A block diagram for measuring the power frequency based on the period measurement is shown in Fig.

(B) Determine fc (C) What would be the reading displayed when f = 49.C.00 Hz? ********** IN 18/18 .2001 www.com IN (A) Draw the waveforms appearing at A.E and F.B.D.gatehelp.

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