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• Malabsorption syndrome (MAS), especially in broilers, has been reported in several countries. It causes significant losses to the industry due to the retardation of growth in birds. MAS becoming a major problem in the young replacement pullets since it is associated with heavy mortality and poor response to the treatment.
• Malabsorption Syndrome (MAS) is basically an infectious disease that affects the intestinal tract of young fast growing broilers. It is characterised by retarded growth, feathering abnormality, immunodepression and high mortality with lesions in bursa, thymus and proventriculus.
• The affected flocks display serious growth retardation by day 10 or even younger and at the end of the grow-out, many small birds are easily noticed.
A 5-week old pullet suffering from MAS showing retarded growth, poor feathering and extreme weakness
A 5-week old MAS pullet with pasty vents and posture.
A 9-week old layer pullet showing leg weakness.
• Until now, the precise causative agent for MAS could not be ascertained. • However, through various studies, it has been proven that the following agents are involved:
• 1. Reoviruses, calciviruses, entero like viruses, parvovirus and corona virus like particles and toga like viruses. These viruses have been demonstrated in intestinal contents or enterocytes isolated from birds with MAS, • 2. Mycotoxins such as fusarium, • 3. High stocking density and poor hygiene.
• Lesions MAS birds show a pale carcass and shanks, wasted breast muscles, the thymus and bursa small in size and the proventriculus enlarged. • The walls of the proventriculus are thickened and the lining shows areas of inflammation and haemorrhages around the opening of the mucus glands
• Inflammation of gut with liquid orange mucus faeces containing residuals of badly digested feed. • intestines filled with watery to mucoid contents. • The bursa exhibits atrophy of follicles.
An enlarged isthumus (junction) between the gizzard and proventriculus of a 9-week old layer pullet.
9-week old layer pullet suffering from MAS.
perihepatitis is frequently observed in birds with CRD
Typical facial edema
Gross lesions of the lungs