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Covert Terror: Iran’s Parallel Intelligence Apparatus Covert Terror: Iran’s Parallel Intelligence Apparatus

Covert Terror: Iran’s Parallel Intelligence Apparatus Covert Terror: Iran’s Parallel Intelligence Apparatus

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Published by IHRDC
This report, together with the report Mockery of Justice: the Framing of Siamak Pourzand (2008), present a comprehensive picture of the clandestine and brutal activities of the Parallel Intelligence Apparatus or nahadhayih ittila’atiyih movazi that operated in Iran during the presidency of reformist Mohammad Khatami from 1997 to 2004. Used by the conservative establishment to maintain control over the levers of state during that period, these groups were linked to numerous government agencies including the Judiciary but operated outside the law.
This report, together with the report Mockery of Justice: the Framing of Siamak Pourzand (2008), present a comprehensive picture of the clandestine and brutal activities of the Parallel Intelligence Apparatus or nahadhayih ittila’atiyih movazi that operated in Iran during the presidency of reformist Mohammad Khatami from 1997 to 2004. Used by the conservative establishment to maintain control over the levers of state during that period, these groups were linked to numerous government agencies including the Judiciary but operated outside the law.

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Categories:Types, Research, Law
Published by: IHRDC on Jul 29, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/11/2014

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In its Basic Principles for the Treatment of Prisoners, the United Nations has called for the
abolition of solitary confinement as a punishment.344

In fact, the use of solitary confinement as a
strategy to punish detainees may provide the basis for establishing the inhuman treatment of
prisoners under international law.345

The likelihood that this practice constitutes torture is even
stronger if solitary confinement is used as a long-term strategy to “break” detainees in order to
force confessions.

The United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention noted as much in its 2004 report on
Iran’s widespread use of solitary confinement prisons, stating that “such absolute solitary
confinement, when it is of a long duration, can be likened to inhuman treatment within the
meaning of the Convention Against Torture.”346

Similarly, the United Nations Human Rights
Committee has noted that prolonged solitary confinement may amount to acts of torture or cruel,
inhuman or degrading treatment in violation of Article 7 (and Article 10) of the ICCPR.347

If used at all, solitary confinement should be imposed only for a short period of time, in an
individualized fashion, under strict supervision (including by a physician), and only for legitimate
penal reasons of discipline or preventive security measures.348

Indeed, Iran’s SPO Law provides
that while solitary confinement may be used as a form of disciplinary punishment, it may not be
used for prolonged periods of time.349

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