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ANATOMY OF G.I.T

ANATOMY OF G.I.T

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Published by alokpalresha

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Published by: alokpalresha on Jul 29, 2009
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05/11/2014

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ANATOMY OF G.I.T.

By Dr.Palresha’s

MUSCLES OF ANTERIOR ABDOMEN
4

Large muscles on either side of the midline.  They are ext. oblique ,int. oblique, transversus abdominis & rectus abdominis.  2 small muscles – cremaster & pyramidalis.

ACTIONS OF THE MUSCLES

SUPPORT FOR ABDOMINAL VISCERA. EXPULSIVE ACTS – like micturation, defacation, parturition,vomiting etc FORCEFUL EXPIRATORY ACTS- like coughing, sneezing, blowing, shouting, etc MOVEMENTS OF THE TRUNK- flexion by rectus abdominis, lateral flexion is done by one sided contraction of oblique muscles , rotation by ext.oblique & internal oblique

APPLIED ANATOMY
 Loose

tone of abdominal muscles lead to umbilical hernia ,inguinal hernia, incisional hernia.  Various surgical /operative incisions are taken here.

REGIONS OF THE ABDOMEN

THERE ARE 9 REGIONS OF THE ABD. WHICH ARE DIVIDED BY FOUR IMAGINARY PLANES. The horozintal planes are the transpyloric & trantubercular planes. The vertical planes are the rt.& lt.lateral planes.

Abd.part of Oesophagus
 Abd.part

of esophagus – half inch long.  Enters abd. At level of T10.  Ends by opening into the cardiac end of the stomach at the level of T11.  Applied : oesophagial varices ,achalasia cardia,

STOMACH

LOCATION : lies obliquely in the lt. part of the abd. In epigastric, umbilical & lt. hypochondriac region.

SHAPE : empty- j shape Partially distended-piriform Obese- steerhorn stomach

SIZE: 10 inch long Capacity :at birth- 30ml Puberty – 1000ml adult- 1.5 – 2 litres.

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