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Calculating average atomic mass A.

The element copper has naturally occurring isotopes with mass numbers of 63 and 65. The relative abundance and atomic masses are 69.2% for mass = 62.93amu, and 30.8% for mass = 64.93 amu. Calculate the average atomic mass of copper. B. Calculate the atomic mass of bromine. The 2 isotopes of bromine have atomic masses and relative abundance of 78.92 amu (50.69%) and 80.92 amu (49.31%) C. Neon has 2 isotopes. Neon-20 has a mass of 19.992 amu and neon-22 has a mass of 21 amu. In any sample of 100 neon atoms, 90 will be neon-20 and 10 will be neon-22. Calculate the average atomic mass. D. What is the atomic mass of silicon if 92.21% of its atoms have mass 27.977 amu, 4.70% have mass 28.976, and 3.09% have mass 29.974 amu?

Answers are on the next page.

ANSWERS. There is more than one way to solve these problems. The solutions below reflect this method. I did show the alternate way for problem A only. A. .692 x 62.93 = 43.55 .308 x 64.92 = 20.00

63.55 amu
Another possible way to solve: (69.2 x 62.93) + (30.8 x 64.93) = 100 4354.76 + 1999.84 = 63.55 100 B. .5069 x 78.92 = 40.00 .4931 x 80.92 = 39.90

79.90 amu

.90 x 19.992 = 17.99 .10 x 21.99 = 2.2

20.19 amu

D.

.9221 x 27.977 = 25.80 .0470 x 28.976 = 1.36 .0309 x 29.974 = 0.93

28.09

amu