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By Tnis Tulp

The Colosseum

Contents
History
Ancient Medieval Modern

Physical description
Exterior Interior seating Arena and hypogeum

Contents
Use

History-

Ancient

Construction began in around 7072. Neros Domus Aurea and gigantic bronze Colossus of Nero . The area was transformed under Vespasian and his successors. Colossus was preserved, much of the Domus Aurea was torn down Construction finished in 80

History-Medieval
The Colosseum underwent several radical changes. By the late 6th century a small church. The arena was converted into a cemetery. Housing and workshops

History-Modern
Wool factory during the 16th(Pope Sixtus V) Popular tourist attraction

Exterior
Entirely free-standing structure. 189 metres long, and 156 metres wide. Base area of 6 acres. The height is 48 metres. 100,000 cubic meters of stone which were held together by 300 tons of iron clamps. 80 entrances at ground level.

Interior seating
87,000 people Seated by social standing Special boxes at the north and south ends for the Emperor and the Vestal Virgins. At the same level was the podium for the senatorial class

Arena and hypogeum


83 metres by 48 metres Wooden floor covered by sand Covering an underground structure called the hypogeum. Hypogeum consisted of a two-level subterranean network of tunnels and cages beneath the arena where gladiators and animals were held before contests

The use
Gladiatorial shows as well as a variety of other events. During the early days of the Colosseum, was used for naumachiae - simulated sea battles. Sylvae - recreations of natural scenes.

That is all.