2008-5-11

Security Level: Confidential

HUAWEI 3G/2G Interworking Solution
3G Network Planning introduce
www.huawei.com

Huawei Northwest Africa Region RNP Solution Manage: William.chen William.chen@huawei.com
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

. Use 2G network to expand the coverage of 3G network and keep continuous service provisioning.com Huawei Confidential Page 2 .3G/2G Inter-working Proposal p Minimize the impact on the existing GSM network. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. LTD. Avoid as much as possible the intersystem handover to reduce the impact on GSM network Service Continuity in idle mode p Proper 3G/2G Roaming Strategy p p Proper 3G/2G Handover Strategy Service Continuity in connected mode HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Use 3G network to bear services for dual-mode handsets considering UMTS air-interface is more efficient in cost per voice user than GSM.pdffactory.

LTD.com Huawei Confidential Page 3 .pdffactory.. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.Contents 3G/2G Roaming HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

3G/2G Roaming Solution 3G subscriber must has two pre-conditions He must has a 3G mobile phone He must apply a 3G service USIM card Ë 3G subscriber return to GSM in 3G poor coverage 3G subscriber prefer to 3G network preferred to camp on 3G network in co-cover area. LTD. 3G Subscriber camp on 3G in 2G3G co-cover area In idle mode WCDMA WCDMA GSM network There are two solution to be provided: HPLMN reselection and Cell reselection HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..com Huawei Confidential Page 4 . PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.

HPLMN reselection HPLMN reselection: selected by PLMN mark ID 2G Network 2G PLMN is set to VPLMN Important configuration HPLMN Searching time minimum:6minutes.. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.com Huawei Confidential Page 5 . 2) He will select HPLMN network periodically. GSM HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. 3G Network 1) 3G Subscriber search VPLMN and HPLMN in co-cover area. maximum: 8hours.pdffactory. LTD. 3G PLMN is set to HPLMN Suggestion configuration: 30min In idle mode WCDMA WCDMA 3G Subscriber will do HPLMN reselect after he leave the WCDMA coverage area and return to GSM network.

pdffactory..com Huawei Confidential Page 6 . LTD.Cell Selection & Reselection HPLMN reselection: selected by coverage condition Offset Offset Step 1 3G subscriber will search WCDMA and GSM signal every second Step 2 Order all signal by strength Offset should be added Signal strength GSM Cell1 WCDMA Cell1 GSM Cell2 WCDMA Cell2 Step 3 Chose the first one to camp on Cell in search WCDMA WCDMA GSM HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.

LTD.Choose which? PLMN Reselection Advantage &disadvanta ge Advantage: n n none change on 2G Slow speed of roaming from 2G to 3G.com Huawei Confidential Page 7 . usual 30minutes n n More power consumption in idle status Not support costumers with 2G SIM to enjoy 3G service n n Disadvantage: Cell Reselection Advantage: n n Rapidly roam back to 3G Less power consumption in idle status Support costumers with 2G SIM to enjoy 3G service Disadvantage Modify 2G system information HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. at least 6 minutes.. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.

com Huawei Confidential Page 8 .Contents 3G/2G Handover HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory. LTD..

GSM Macro layer Inter-system handover WCDMA f1 Inter-frequency handover: Triggered by Load/Coverage f2 Micro layer Inter-cell handover: Triggered by signal Strength Unidirectional handover from 3G to 2G 2G 3G Bidirectional handover Inter-system handover based on coverage Inter-system handover based on load Inter-system handover based on service ü ü ü ü Page 9 ü HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Huawei Confidential .Huawei supports all types of 3G/2G handover. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.. LTD.pdffactory.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www..Case Study of Layer Structure in Indonesia Dense Urban/Urban Suburban Few Layers in Suburban Sample handover First Priority Layer WCDMA (f1) Micro Macro WCDMA (f2) First Priority Layer Indoor WCDMA (f1) First Priority Layer Second Priority Layer Indoor DCS Second Priority Layer Indoor GSM Macro DCS Micro DCS Third Priority Layer Second Priority Layer Layer Fourth Priority Handover based on load Macro GSM Third Priority Layer Layer Fifth Priority Handover based on coverage Dense urban/hot spot use complicated Layer Structure Many kinds of handover is applied Huawei Confidential Page 10 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.pdffactory.com .

LTD. 2G. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www..pdffactory.com Huawei Confidential Page 11 . 2G 2G back back to to 3G 3G by by cell cell reselection reselection n n PS PS Handover Handover Strategy: Strategy: 3G 3G and and 2G 2G bidirectional bidirectional handover handover by by cell cell reselection reselection (including (including HSPA HSPA service) service) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Inter-RAT Handover strategy Cell Reselection to 2G Cell Reselection to 3G PS Handover 3G Coverage Cell Reselection to WCDMA Handover to 2G CS Handover 2G Coverage n n CS CS Handover Handover Strategy: Strategy: coverage coverage based based 3G 3G handover handover to to 2G.

. stage.pdffactory. rocketed. LTD. reaching reaching the the mature mature stage.com Huawei Confidential Page 12 . Increasing Increasing number number of of subscribers subscribers migrated migrated to to 3G. Handover Handover is is based based on on coverage coverage as as well well as as on on load load in in this this stage stage.Handover Strategy in different stages Load-based Handover Load-based Handover Coverage-based Handover Coverage-based Handover Service-based Handover INITIAL STAGE EXPANDING STAGE MATURE STAGE n n n n n n Initial Initial Stage Stage:: 3G 3G coverage coverage for for dense dense urban urban areas areas and and 2G 2G network network for for coverage coverage extension. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. leading leading to to a a lightly-loaded lightly-loaded 2G 2G network network bearing bearing voice voice and and low-speed low-speed data data services services for for 3G. Expanding Expanding Stage Stage:: 3G 3G coverage coverage expanded expanded and and 3G 3G traffic traffic increased. Coverage-based Coverage-based handover handover strategy strategy is is used. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. 3G. 3G.. stage. extension. Handover Handover is is mainly mainly based based on on service service and and load load in in this this stage. Mature Mature Stage Stage:: 3G 3G developing developing further further to to provide provide full full coverage coverage and and 3G 3G traffic traffic rocketed. increased. used.

C S _ INT R A T _ HO _ O U T _ S U C C _ R A T E (% ) 100. 00% 75.pdffactory.5%. 00% 65..5%. 00% 95. 00% 80. LTD. 00% 1000 500 0 2500 2000 1500 1 0 2 4 6 8 0 2 4 6 8 -2 -4 20 05 -2 -4 -6 -3 -8 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -2 -2 -2 -2 -4 -4 -4 -3 -4 -4 -4 -4 -4 -4 -4 -4 -4 -4 05 05 05 05 05 05 05 05 05 05 05 05 05 05 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 C S _ IN T R A T _ H O _ O U T_ S U C C C S _ IN T R A T _ H O _ O U T_ S U C C _ R A TE (% ) C S _ IN TR A T _ H O _ O U T _ A TT Average Average success success rate rate of of inter-RAT inter-RAT handover handover with with HUAWEI HUAWEI 3G/2G 3G/2G handover handover strategy strategy reaches reaches up up to to 98. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. 00% 60. 00% 85.com Huawei Confidential Page 13 20 05 -4 -3 0 . 00% 70. 00% 90. 98. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Improved 3G/2G Handover Performance The following chart shows the filed KPI measurement of 3G/2G handover during April 2005 in a live network for which HUAWEI provided 3G network equipments.

pdffactory.com Huawei Confidential Page 14 .. PS Service Only cell reselection Only System information changes in 2G BSS HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. LTD.3G/2G Inter-working Impact on 2G Network þ þ Little Little impact impact on on existing existing 2G 2G network network þ þ R99 R99 version version of of GSM GSM network network recommended recommended 3G/2G Inter-working Types 3G->2G roaming 2G->3G roaming CS Service 3G to 2G handover No need of upgrade Function Roaming 3G/2G Collaboration Only System information changes in 2G BSS 2G to 3G handover BSS needs upgrade only when GSM is the R98 or earlier version.

LTD..pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.Contents Case Study HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Huawei Confidential Page 15 .

Beijing.A. CMCC.E.com √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ Etisalat.. Holland Telekom Malaysia. Hong Kong CMCC. U. U. China China Telecom. U.A. China BMCC. Malaysia CMCC. China Telecom Malaysia. Telfort. Beijing . PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. Malaysia CMCC. Guang Zhou Etisalat. China Etisalat. Telekom Malaysia. China Etisalat. CMCC.E. NSS BSS Location √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.pdffactory. China Page 16 Huawei Confidential . Beijing . Mauritius. U.E CMCC. China CMCC Beijing.Rich Experience in 3G/2G IOT Huawei has successfully completed 3G Interoperability Testing (IOT) with major vendors’ 2G equipments around the world. China Sunday.E. Beijing.A. LTD.A. Beijing. Beijing. Emtel. Beijing. Malaysia etc.

0% 92. and Motorola 2G networks n 98% success rate of inter-system handover n Subscribers hardly noticed the handover between the two networks HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.UAE Etisalat .0% 97. SIMENS/NEC.0% 93.pdffactory.0% 96.0% 99.0% 91.0% 94.0% Handover Attempts 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 Nov-04 Dec-04 Jan-05 Feb-05 Mar-05 Apr-05 May-05 Jun-05 Average daily attempts Average SR + 3G 2G Success rate of inter-system handover for eight consecutive months of Etisalat n UAE Etisalat 2G/3G inter-working n Huawei 3G network and ERICSSON.0% 95.. LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.0% 98. ALCATEL.0% 90.2G/3G Inter-working InterRAT HO_SUCC_RATE(%) 100.com Huawei Confidential Page 17 .

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