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Big and large are used mostly with concrete nouns the names of things you can see,

, touch etc.

They have a big/large house in the city.

Great is used mostly with abstract nouns - things you cannot see, touch etc.

It was a great mistake. I have great respect for her ideas.

Big can be used with countable abstract nouns in an informal style. Large is not used with abstract nouns.

You are making a big mistake. (NOT a large mistake.)

With uncountable concrete nouns, none of these words can be used.

You have got a lot of luggage. (NOT big/large/great luggage.)

Reference: Practical English Usage by Michael Swan Published By Oxford University Press