rEopr. 9EM.

MAATEZOY
(
T A EAEYIINIA
MYITHPIA
BIB/\IOrrQ/\EION
BA2!IJ\EIOV KOMnovrlA
O b O ~ EYPtnlbOY 8
A9HNAI
1934

<H EAAElljJlC; KEq..lEVc.:>V Kai O:TrO-
OU): TiJV ouyypaq>iJv Kat OlO:
L"ijv eEOlV TijV 6Trolav £mOlwKEl va 6 ouyypaq>Euc;,
Etc; TO O:Trc;naTOV TrapEA86v, Tra-
pOUaLO£:El OUOKOAlac;, TaC; 6Trolac; OEV ouvaTal TlC; 6AOTE-
AWC; v' O:Troq>uyn, Trap' DAac; TaC; TrpOOTra8E[ac; TOU va OTTJ-
n'jv TOU Etc; Trapa560ElC; Kat ljJYjAaq>TJ-
Ta tOTOPlKOO Kai EtC; aAAc.:>V, ElOlKWC; TrEpi
TOO 0:0xoATJ8£VTc.:>V. TaC; OUOKOAlac; 'WUTae; TrapOU-
aLO:£:El Kat TO OTrOUOal6TaTOV TWV 'EAEUaLVLc.:>V Mu-
OTTJP(c.:>V, TrEpi TOO 6Tro[ou TrEpalTEpc.:> 8a 0:0XOATJ8wW:v. At
TOLOUTOU E'(OOUC; Ka8lo"CaVTal Trpoq>avwc; £mOEKTl-
Kai Etc; TaC;
yvw[..La<; TraAalWV Kat VEc.:>TEpc.:>V ouyypaq>Ec.:>V, ot 6TrOlOl
TrpOOETr08TJoav, £TrL £AAlTrWV 0"C0l XELc.:>V va
aU[..LTrATJpWOOUV Ta KEVa tOToplac; Kai va TrapOUOlo-
OOUV EPYOV OOOV TO OU,vaL"OV TrATJpEO"CEpOV.
TWV OUOXEPElWV TOU"Cc.:>V, ot TrAEla COL TWV O:OXO-
ATJ8EVTc.:>v Et<; Ta 'EAEUolvla
oav TaOTa O:TrO [..Llac; [..LOVOV O:TrOljJEc.:>C;, Kat napfjA80v o:na-
TrOAAa 8E[..Law OXETl£:O[..LEva [..LE TiJV tEpaV au-
TijV TWV TrpO XPlO1:00 8PTJOKEUTlKWV na-
paOOOEc.:>V, Ta 6TrOla O:KPl!3W<; Ta OTrOUOalOTEpa, 0"--
Aa Ola TOOTO Kai OUOXEpEOTEpa, Ola -riJv O::TrOKOAUljJl v Tfj<;
tOc.:>TEPlKfj<; 6TrOOTOOEc.:><; TWV £V MUOTTJplc.:>V, ()TrOla
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OUX 1tOOl1<; tOTopLKil<; EPEUVl1<; va
Ta OKoTELva Til<; AELToupyia<; TUlV, 1tPOEAEuoE-
Ul<; at'hwv Kat TOO OK01tOO TOV (mOLOV E1tEOlUlKOV. 'Eav E-
m f\ ou, Sa Kpivouv ot avayvwotaL. '01tUlOOTJ1tOTE.
oAa Ta TOOOE oXELLKa oTOLXELa,
apxaLa Kat oAac; "'[a<; ooj3apac; 1tl1ya<; "'[a<; 0XE-
"'[0 Toiho, OU",[Ul<; WO",[E 0 va a-
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Tac; ouoKoAiac; TaC; o1toia<; oLa va 1tE-
TO OXELLKOV uALKOV Kai. va
OOOV TO ouva.ov 1tATJPl1 Tr'JV 1tapoOoav
1 j 934
r. e. MAATEZOL.
MY:ETHFIA
TON XFONQN
A'i uQxal t'WV {}Ql'}<JXEVtlXWV /lV<Jt'l'}QLWV avayoVLal Et<; LOU<;
JtQO'(<JWQLXOU<; XQovov<; t'ij<; aV{}QWJtOt'l'}LO<;, t'a<; oJtoLa<;,
to't'OQLXWV XEL/lEVWV, JtQo<JJta{}EL lH)l'} va f] 'AQxmo-
AOYLa, EL<; t'a /lOva YQaJtt'a /lVl'}/lELa, t'a oJtoLa JtE-
QlE<Jw{}l'}<Jav EJtl AL{}uW xal Jt/.lv{}WV. Ala t'WV JtQwt'wv Jtl'}Ywv t'ije;
lGwQLa<;, aL oJtoLm aJtot'EAOVVLaL aJto t'a JtEQWW{}EVLa '1EQa BL-
BHa t'wv 'I v6wv xal ITEQ<JWV, aJto wu<; 1<JwQLxou<;
'HQo60wv, MavE{}!b t'ov AtYUJtLLOV xal Bl'}Qw<Jov t'ov XaA6aLov
xnt aJto wu<; 'O/ll'}QLXOUe; xal 'OQqJLXOUe; "Y/lVOVe;, 6EV JtaQEXE-
tat tije; 6l'}/lLovQYLae; xal t'ije; <Jl'}/laala<; t'WV /lV-
<Jtl'}QLWV xat'a wue; JtQO '(<JWQlXOUe; XQovove;,
Ete; tOV /lEAEt'wvt'a O/lWe; t'a JtEQl<JW{}EVLa /lvl'}/lELa YEVVaLaL f]
O'XE\jJLe; on t'a t'o JtQwwv JtaQa t'WV
bwv t'WV BOQELWV XWQwv xal OUXL, we; yEvLxwe; JtWt'EUELal, lmo
1'WV AlyvJt1'lWV xal t'WV aAAwv 'AvawALxwv Aawv. Eivm avav-
1'(QQl'}1'OV on Bame; t'WV JtEQ[ 8EOV xal t'ije; Aat'QELae; auLO'u {}EW-
QIWV t'o <pwc; xal t'o <Jxowe;. ITav O,t'L vJtaQXEL Ete; t'o <pwe;,
lmoxuJtLEL a/lE<Jwc; Etc; aVLLAl'}\jJLV wv aV{}QwJtov,
aJta[6Evwc; xal av Elvm. To <Jxowc; O/lWC; JtEQLBaAAEL t'a Jt<IVLa
xal <paVLa<Jlav EAEV{}EQav va OQYq. JtQoe;
LO'U I1V<Jt'l'}QLov. 01 BOQELOL AaoL, xat'a t'ac; XEqlEQLvaC; t'QO-
Jtac; t'OU 'HALOV 6lat'EAOUVLEC; JtEQL<J<JOt'EQOV Etc; t'o <JXOWC; t'ijc; vu-
x1'6<;, JtQWt'OL va t'0 wv
<JXOWUC;, t'ij<; <paVLa<Jla<; t'wv 6l' OAWV t'wv xmQLxwv
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6
VO-&uEAAWV, xal xgOtCUV tgo!taxnxwv, En:E9X,0IlEVCUV (lL<x
tijr; (l'uyxgouaECUr; tWV cpUalXWV atOtx,ElCUv. 'En:oI-tEVOV iito n:gWtOL
va ti]v tWV cpaWOI-tEVCUV aVtwv. AI, n:agabQaELr;
tWV }:xavC)LVau'Lxwv Aawv n:Egl to'u itEou 'OMv xal tWV uAAcuv
tijr; "EMa an:08ELxvuouV aA'Y]{}ij ti]v yvwl-t'Y]v tavt'Y]v.
6.la wilto 01, Aaot EXEIVOI EitEon:oL'Y]aav, '(acur; xal n:go tWV 'EA-
oAar; tar; cpuatxar; 8uvciI-tElr;, 8'Y]Aa8i] to n:ilg, to 1I8cug, tOY
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On:Ol1WLV, n:gEn:EL va xatf] AatgELa tWV
avtwv, l\ on:oLa n:aVtOtE l1tO
Ot 'AvatoALxol laot, tOVvavtLov, 8LatEAoUVtEr; n:Egla(JOtEgov
X,govov vn:o to cpwr; tijr; nI-tEgar;, E{tEOn:oL'Y]aav n:gWtOV tar; {}EOt'Y]-
tar; tOU cpCUtOr;, 8'Y]Aa8i] tOY "RAlOV xal ti]v OI-tOAO-
youaL n:ciVtEr; OL agx,aLOAOYOl, xal £cpEgOV avtOUr; ror; fVaVtLOUr;
n:ciVtOtE n:go<; tOur; {}EOUr; tOU axotOUr;. To cpwr; 1!.al. to aXOtOr;
81' avaAciycuv mgl tar; On:O(Ui; crtgECPOV-
tal oAa ta tWV &gx,aLcuv Aawv. 6.1a va xatavo'Y]%
tOUtO n:t,'Y]gEatEgov, agxEl va avacpEgCUI-tEV ti]v roga(av n:agci80-
aLV tile; agx,a(ar; SAA'Y]Vlxilr; {}g'Y]axELar;, xata ti]v on:oLav 0' A-
n:oAAcuv -0 {tEOr; tOu CPCUtO;- Xata ta; X.ELI-tEQIVar; En:OX,ae; Eta-
dr; tar; aXOtELVar; x,wgac, tOU BOQQa xal En:aV1lgX,EtO
to £ag En:l 8LcpgOU vax (v{}cuv , augol-tEVOU vn:o xuxvcuv, 8La
tOUtO 8E xa 1. ExaAELtO 'Y , An:OAACUV.
Toaov 8E iitO n:aga8E8EyI-tEV'Y] de; tOU; agx,aLOUr; Aaour; n
(}EcugLa tOU cpCUtOr; xal tOl) axotOUr;, WatE tOU; I-tEV {}EOUr; tOU
cpCUtOr; n:agE8Ex,ovtO ror; aya{}on:OLOUr;, tOur; 8E {}EOU; tou axo-
tOUr; ror; xaxon:OLOUr;. 'Y n:o ti]v En:L8gaaLv 8E tWV 8uo UVtWV
E8'Y]I-tLougY1l{}lwav OAaL at Mu{}oAoy(aL xal oAuL at {}g'Y]axEu-
ttxal n:uga/l6aELr; tWV aQx,i:xLcuv Aawv.
To Ott 01, AaoL, &8uvatoUVtE; va ta CPUaLXa
cpawoI-tEva, E{}EOn:oL'Y]aav aVta xa(, E'{tE n:gor; E;LAaal-tov tWV
{}EOt1l tCUV, E'(tE n:gor; E;llY'Y]aLv tijr; xgUn:tOI-tEV'Y]r; un:o ti]v {}EOt'Y]-
ta at''Y]{}ELa;, E8'Y]I-tLouQY'Y]aav ta Muat1lgta, ELVaL
t'Y]tOV xat 8EV OV1lEI-tLar; LatogLxijr; "Av
tlr; I-tciAwta {'n:' ol\lEL Ott xal xata tOU; OtE
7
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ta Jtavta xal EUQL<JXEL ta a'(tla xal a'ltwta OAOOV tOW QVtooV,
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IAEta OL aQxaLOL /,aot, to'U\; oJtOl-
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to xal E1tl<JtEllOV ta {tQ'l']<JXEutlXU tooV
'Q ,e A" en' e'1 SC' e p'
YVOO<JtOV, YI 'l'] vEQ<Jta, aL VuWL, 'l'] 0)1A1']
xallJ 1taQEXo'Uv Ev()d;ELC; IAOVOv 1tEQl toij Jta-
xal EAELtOlJQYlj<Jav ta aAAa AOYQ;J tlOV IAE-
'tal.ooV JtaQaAELljJEOOV, a L ali-
taL, Mv ()uVu!-lE{ta va EXOO!-lEV JtAtlQ'l']
nutlOv, (It'<JXEQa LVOIAEVO'U toij EQYOU, ELVaL EUVO'l']tOV, xal (I La
tlie; !-lU <Jt I x Ot'l'] to; , 11v 01 EXU<JtOtE lA'UOU!-lEVOI w-
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tOOV Ta M1J<JTl)QW a ii<Jav !-lE!-lU1']!-lEVOL, aUa E'LTE (lIon Mv (lLE-
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(lLa tne; U1tO TOij 'O!-laQ Tli;
acp' EtEgO'U (IE (ha wij {tQ'l']<JxEunxoij cpavan<J!-loij
nDv JtgwtooV XQLCiTWVLXlOV aLwvwv, E'(tE (lLon, we; G'UYYQa-
o !-lOAOYOij<JLV , Eixov avaAaBEL UJtOXQEOOGLV va
OME!-lLa !-laQT1JQLa uJtagXEI moQl aUTlOv. Kat
(lw-ptBuAAEL Otl l] lAaQTugLa E<JTOO xal EVO; !-lovov E; autlOv tlOv
{ta iiw JtQOtl!-lOTEQa aJto Ti]V aA-
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aUTa.
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trDV {tElOV xat lJlA,{tEOOV, ElvaL E1t0!-lEVOV aT! aQxoVTaL aJto'\
8EOyovlae;. 1tavtOTE TO IAEyaAELTEQOV (lux
Ti]V av{tQOOJtOT1']ta iiw xal {ta EiVaL 0 (lla
TlOV CPU<JlXlOV (luVa!-lEOOV, TU)V OJfOlOOV 'LCiXVV &EAEl va EXIAW
0 fivayxa<J{hl 'lj!u,;uxov
xaTacpuyLOv va ()lWLO'UQYtlGU Ti]V l'}fOtllW xal va EmxaAYjwl ti]v
8
aQOlYllv EUQLO"XEtal BV xlv3vvq>, EV IlEO"q> tWv O"tol-
XdOlV EvavtLOV tWv OJtOLOlV JtaAaLEl.
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tWV <pVO"IXWV 3vva1lEOlV, mQl toU xal
JtEQt tou oVQavou xal toU aAAa 3Ev ta Mv-
O"tllQla t3Qv{}1l0"av 1taQa tWV AtYVJttLOlV, JtaQa tWV OJtOLOlV
uJtaQXOlJV Ott ta JtaQ(AaBov ot
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tEQlxa xed EO"OltEQlxa o"vIlBoAa, xal ta IlEV 'DO"av E-
XELva ta oJtoLa Ellav1tavE xal 0 ta 3E EO"OltEQlxa IlOVOV Ot
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aAAa xata xal 3la QI\j!OXlV3vVOlV tE/IEtWV.
'0 xata JtgWtoV t!rtEBaAAEtO aVO"ttlQa<; 3lxLlla-
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va xataO"tU 3la tOY 11:(lWtOV
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va Ilvll1tu rtAY]QEO"tEQOV ta MVO"tllQta, EJTQE1tE va <p'IMO"u IlE-
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QOlV TOV aVwtEQoV vOY]ttXOV XOO"llov, [AE ti]v EVVOLaV
toU eEOU, xal ()La rtOAAiov O"lJllBoAOlV xal O"lllldOlv,
mv l] anUtEI axo[AY] xat YEVlXWtEQa
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E1tEOlQOUVlO tEQa. "ExuO"lOv EX tOlV O"vllBoAOlV aVE<pEQEtO
roQlO"IlEV'I]V 1tEOt'l]ta. A L bE alital ihEAOVV ro; U1tll-
XOOl tJrtO Eva xal IlOVOV eEOV, 3'1]lllOlJQYOV naO"wv tWV
aAAOlv, lOUlO OIlOAOYEL xal 0 AEYOlV Ott EVLOl
tWV rtarlalWv EJTLO"tEVOV Ott TO {}ELOV Eival EV, 3'1]Aa3n: Ou yae
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Kat AEYOlV 00; '.",0£ 'too" naA.atoo'Y 3Ev EVVOEL tOY II/,atOlva,
1) IH.outuQZou, IIeQi tou EI tou Ev XX.
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xed tOY Mouaaiov tj xat tOVe; X'l']OU-
tOU EVa; !lOVOV 8EOU tily aAA' EVVOEL JtaAal-
OtEQOUC; tmv ALYUJttlWV, tOVe; tilY LatoQlxily
ltEOYOVlar; JtaQa«'loalY, l1V !lOVOV «'lla dr; tOur; !lvatar;
ILEtE«'lI«'lov.
Kat ELval JtQoaEtt EUAOYOV va JtaQa«'lEx,{tm!lEv Ott oJtwr; «'lEV
Mvatai tlr; va to xaUor:; xal tilv £vor; vaou,
E(!v JtQO'l']YOU!lEVWC; «'lEv Ex,u EYXUljJEl Etr; tilv !lEAEt'l']V tilr; Otxo«'lo-
!llxilr; xal tils; aQx,ITExtOVlXilr; TOU XWQou xal tile; OU-
{t!LOAOY laS; , outW xal 0 {tEAWY va ta aVWtEQa <pIAO-
aOfPlXa de:; ta vJtayoVtaL ta MuatnQta, aL-
a{)((YEtal &«'llJVa!lLaV dr; TOUTO UV EX tmv !lIXQO"tEQWV JtootEOov
«'lEv &Ox,taU !lE/,EtmV tac; &QXlxac; tWV a'ttLac; . .110tl, wr; yvwatOV,
to fJtLataa{tat JtQaY!latOc; tIVOC; EX,EI WQla!lEV'I']V xa 1 aVat'l']OaV
LE(JaQx,lav !lf1'tO«'lOU, xal OtaV &XO!l'l'] BAEJtW[,tEV, JtaQa tOY xa-
vova, EVLOtE xal avto to natura non facit sal-
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JtEgLO"aOtEQov, avTOu TOU aUAAoYLa!lOU, xa1't(atatal a«'lUvaTOv
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ahlvEC; avtal xaW £aUtae; aJtOtEAOual tilv aVat'l']Qav LEQaQXlav
tilr; !lE1%00U, va {tEAu AOYOU x,aQlv xal va JtQoaJta{tii va EQ!l'l']-
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T1f.talcp {tECDQlae; tOU IIAatwvoc;.
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Jtal«'lEUtal, 0'1 Jtal()aywyol xal a<puJtvlatal tOU JtVEU!laTOr; xa'i
tile; ljJux'ile;, Ot OJtOtOl EJtI()lWXOUV ()waouv Eir; tOY av{tQwJtov
ta AOYIXa !lEaa,!lE oJtota {tu ()UV'I']{tij va ODTOe;
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10
crt'l'}QLWV. avayx'l'} va avarpEQWiJ,EV JtOi:Ol i}actv ot iJ,EyaAOL OiitOl
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tOU£ VOiJ,OU£ xal ta£ SVtOAa£ tou.
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trov aoxaL(OV AlY'lIJttLWV, roc; JtQrotOc; '(h8aaXaAo£, roC; JtQwtO;
!!uat'l'}; aVt(ov, rpEQEtal 0 8cO"t, OV OL "EU'l'}VE£ ExaAouv 'EQ!!llv.
Tovtov !l{}EcOQOUV uJtEQtatoV 8EOV 2), 'EO!!llV tOY To WP,EYlatOV.
rpoQEa t\i£ JtvE'lliJ,anxfjc; xal \j!UXIXfj£ tfj; aV{}QwJto-
t'l'}tO;, XOiJ,latY]v tOV rpWtoc: xal AaAl)<JuVta 8la tOV 'OaLOI80;.
sHA&Ev de; tOY xoa!!ov 81a va ErpEUOU ta YQa!!iJ,uta, va
ty]v !!EtQ'l'}(HV trov aatQwv, tilv aQiJ,OVLaV trov rp{}oyywv HaL .,;Gt;
";00" {hoo., "'p.o.C;.
Meta;v a,uro", Hal. Tiijt; eta'at; ";0 cpVTiOV eOQ.i". dlt' ot}"
'.A1J1J"fi.", &>an.e "E'u'1J"et; cpa-a, a).
1) Ku.Qu.x.6J .. wu tl .• at MEycl.AOL NOfl0{tstU.L. (A. II. B. 1933).
2) lteQL Atymt't. MU(H'I1QL<OV 153.
3) tlw/lO)Qou, 1. 16.
11
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IIeOI'/TjUoeO'Jr; ain:",,, 3vyadea, LJ,o"vaq> av"o&·
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42 tOY aQvitw)v, anOtEAOuvta nMQl'] £yx'llxAonatbdav tmv
tEZVClJV xal £1tLatl']f,lmv. ITQEnEl va a'l']f,lELOyitii OWflI; on vno to
ovoIJ.a 8w{} blExQL{}'I']aaV nOAAol aOqJol xal VOf,lO{}Etal de; ta aata-
tlXfl E&v11, WatE va b'llVUf,lEitU va E'(1t(J)f,lEV Otl noAU JtI{}avov ta
'EQIJ.'I']tIXa tauta BIBALU va ELVal EQYOV EVos; xul IJ.OVO'll aOqJou.
'Ana "IGlba, fltle; aJtEtEAEI de; ta ALY'llJmaxa
xal tOY JtQ(DtaV Ba{}f,lov, taU 110Xlf,l0'll, 0 f,l'llOUf,lEVOe; f,lEtEBuIVE
nQo::; tOY "OaIQlv, Datle; iita autOS; olitae; 0 uJto{}uvwv
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vaov t'l']t; :
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o't tmv M'llat'l']QL(J)v YV(OalV EJ(.OVtE::;.
'0 Ba{}IJ.o::; tau 'OaLQlbor; ti]v Evawf,latWaLV tau
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11108wQov. Kata bE tOY ITAoutaQJ(.ov, xa&' EAA'I']Vlxi]v
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( is(}ov ,,;o1},/,0l'a, {) I'-81'-'Y I'-e"o" Y'to::; tau KQovov
xal Tii; PEae;, tau KEB xal tYje; Nout, 11 abEAqJOe; tne;
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Etal ELe; 1) bE 'late; de; JtEQLJtO'll. 'AvaqJEQEL
bE xata 0 I1t08wQo::;: "'0" de "Oa'e'" Y1II'a".,;a .,;a(}''1}l1
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811But8u 11, tljv n{M,ov OL
JtOALV. 8£ tljv Nucrav tljv cputElav xal
tljv toil o't:vou x.QnO"lV, cruYXQovwr:; 8la 'tljv l]1'hxljv ava-
xal tljv {}QllcrxEUtlxTjv EUAaBElUv twV AiyuJttlWV. Toiltov
(l£ AEYOUcr\v on ELVal Ha.i. ";0" C1:Tr6eo'V 7:oii 7:tntlQI"o'U Ha.l HQ"
{J.1"o'U Ha.enoii xal on tfJte-
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*
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'tljv A't:YllJtt0V EAUtQEUOVt0 xul aAAal axo!J.'ll ,
0 1\ 81a wil
nAtOU xal xal uJtOX.{}OVLU {}EOt'llr:; tljv
JtEQl tWV VEXQWV JttcrtlV. '0 (<I>{Hi) , LlIM-
j,EYWV, xuta tOY 'HQo80wv, er; ef'e 1:£C;- oeeoJ'V 8vtJe{J-fJr;
lenro, 11tOI: 't:8U xu!. Etvlll .). '0
JtQor:; tOY ' AJtoj,Awvu xul, ELVUI
xu 1 tftr:; '7j na.'IIta Hal. 7:eecpo'Uaa
Mii roea, Hal. tOuWV avucpE-
QEtUI xul 0 CPOVor:; toil Tucpwvor:; tou xuxoU.
'H NE'l:{t 1\ Nlt 1\ 'A{}wQ tn 'A{}llv(i UJTC) twv 'EA-
t] tl1HOllcrU XUt JtanOtE aJto-
cruIlBoAIXWr:; toil JtatQor:; xal XOQll toil '(ltOU
ULOU 'Ej,utQEUEtO xal 'AcpQ08ttll, 06tEIQa Jtavtwv
tOu BlO1) tWV aya{}wv xal, JtAllQoi)oa oVQavov xul, yftv EVEQYE-
crLWV. Kat YEVIXWr:; 01, AlyuJttLOI EJtQEcrf3EUOV on f'Ef""f'e"1J "de
'7j 7:0iicSE 7:oii H6C1f'0'U "i"Ea,r; Hal. t"a.1I.,;[ro", ofJ
f'1]" cS'U'IIa.f'tro'll, dAAd 7:1jr; (Jt!";£o"or; 7:0 Hed7:0,
lad" I). '0 8E Leadbeater JtaQUtllQEL on
VEL va JtQOOqJEQllWI j,atQEla 8la xaJtow:;
1) I, 13,6.
2) 'HQoMtou, II, 111. \
3) IlAoutuQXou, llEQl "IoLBo<; xo.l. 'OOLQL&O<;. XLIX. 13
<pn<;, YJf.,tnOQoVf.,tEV va E'lf.,tEita BEBaLOl on OJt(uitEV tn<; f.,tOQ<Pn<; tau-
tYj<; EUQtUXEtal f.,tLa nVEUf.,tatlxi} 'OVtOtYj<;, onOLa EVEQyEi: w<; I1E-
cra1;ov nQouwnov 11 w<; aywyo<; 'wu nQOUEux,Of.,tEVOU xal .'ij<;
itEOtYJtO<; I), aVtlitEtW<; :rrQO<; tall<; <pQovoiivta<; Ott EXaatYJ Aa-
tQEUOf.,tEVYj itEOtYJ<; EGuf.,tBOAlSE naQa tal<; aQx,aLOL<; f.,tLaV nov <pv-
alXcDV ()UVaf.,tEWV.
*
* *
'R uo<pi} EaWtEQLxi} AatQda, onw<; AEYEl 0 Maspero, f.,tOVO-
itc'(attX1l anD .cDV ZQovwv tn<; ALyumtaxn<; AutOxQataQLa<;, a-
vaYlvwaxEtal 8laTunou!-tEvYj d<; aa<pEl<; 2), aAAa nQo<; EX-
tcDV XUQLWtEQWV anO'ljlEwv auti]<; ti]<; AatQELa<; EYEVEtO
x,QnUl<; aJtELXOVLUEW<; 8ta<poQwv ScPWV, AOY4> tcDV tWV.
Kat w<; taLaVWl 1]uav 0 Bov<;, 0
A'{AOUQO<;,o Kavl'}aQo<; xAn.
Bovt' "de . tl"dt'a "at. "fj'" a), 8E()0f.,tEVOU
Ott {J.d.Aaaaa -ij." 1) '). m Sf !-tax,l!-tOl E<pE-
QOV yA u<pi}v a<pQay'l()o<; aJtElXOVLSOuaav xavitaQov, aUf.,tBOAOV JtQW-
taQX,LXi]<; 8UVciI1EW<;, E<p' cO: ofJ "de dA-
Ad b). '0 LJtJtO<; -rita aUI-lBOAOV tOl) Tu<provo<;,
o tlj<; 8uva!-tEw<; xa 1 0 L a'{AouQOl €la, p,t·
"a' 8). '0 'RQo80.0<; :rrEQl trov aLAouQwv, !-tE
ta£v aAAwv, !-tCi<; 8t8EL xal ti}v JtAYJQo<poQLav Otl .oaYJ 1]w 1) Aa-
tQda trov AiY'llJtttwV ()la ta LEQa avt!l 1;0a, watE, oacixl<; auvE-
BalvEv va YLVU :ituQxa'ia, OL ALYUJttlOL Y!!-tEAOUV va .i}v aBuawal,
JtQoanaitoVVtE<; va awaouv JtQOtEQOV wv<; aLAouQou<;. Kat OtaV'
uuvE!3mvE va xaii n<; tcDV aLAouQwV, 11 va toaov !-tEYci-
/,'11 1]tO 1) itAL'IjIl<; "[(0 V , WatE d<; EV()El£lV nEvitou<; Ta <PQu-
()ta twv. "Av Sf uuvEBalVE va axuAo<;, E;UQlSOV to.E 0-
AOXAYJQOV to urol-la xal ti}v 7). 'Ava<pEQEl ()E 0
Ott 8t' Mep,fP£d, t'J-t1.it,a ltea, "a{J.antfl
3) Leadbeater, Tn a.Qxa'i:u MUO.tjQLU. (' MHjvUL 1927).
2) Maspero, Histoire anciennedes Peuples d'Orient. (Paris
3, 4, 5, 6) lIAou.uQXou, IIEQi wloL«'Io,; xul 'OOLQL«'IO';.
7) 'HQo86.ou. II, 66.
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Kal 0 AI<)()O)QO£. avaqJllQO)v :n:EQL tillv LEQillv tOUtO)v MYEl
Otl aefJ0.".,;a& ot Al)'vnno& l1l&a ";0011 tepa", .,;ov.,;o,." Ha{}o' ;;-
nsefJoA-iJ" too"1:a I'6'Vo'V, dUa Hal. 1:tA.t'II1:7Jaa'V.,;a, olo" al-
"al. lX'VBv/-,o'Va!; HV"a!;, h, ae tee aHa!; Hal. 1:a!;"
Halo'lll's'Va!; rfJS&!;, neog ae 1:0V1:0&!; .,;ovg ";8 ..tVHO'll!; Hal. ,,;011!;
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ae alAoveO&!; Hal. .,;of!; lx"evI'0a& Ha.,;aiJ.e£m;ont!; 1:011!; lI.e-
1:0'll!; )'6...ta Hal. n03Cnvto1l1:S!; naeanlUaaw II 1:00'V lXiJ.vco1l
";0011 1<oil Ntllo'll Ha.,;attl''Vo'V1:S!; &>/-,OO!; au;ltovaw' waav-
";CO!; as Hal. 1:00'V ciUco" c[:ICO'V 8Hcf.a.,;rp ),e1le& .,;Tj" ciel'0to'llaav
.,;eocp"'11 XOQ1J'Yoilaw '). "Owv ()E a:n:E{}V'l10XE xaVEV tillv ElQ'l1IlE-
vo)v 01: Alyu:n:nOL, xaAu:n:tOvtE£ EaUtOV£ IlE OLVMv'l1v, Eta-
QlJ(EUOV toutO tU:n:tOVtE£ ttX Otll{}'l1 IlEt' OLIlO)yi]£, E:n:Elta ()E ta.
It{}a:n:tOv EL£ LEQa.£ {}l)XU£, :n:QO£ xaAALtEQav E:n:l to :n:OA1JJ(QOVWv ()W-
tl)Q'l10eV to)v. Kat :n:gOOEtl, Eav tl£ EqJOVEUE xavEv EX tillv
tOUtO)v, EtlllO)QELtO IlE ftavatov, EXtO£ Mv axouolO)£ xal aVEU
XQeOEo)£ E:n:QattE tOUtO, O:n:OtE IlOVOV a:n:AO)£ u:n:o tfiw uUVtQE-
'X,OVto)v OJ(Ao)V EtLIlO)QELtO.
IlEgl tillv AlY1J:n:tlaxillv aAA'l1YOQLillv EJ(EL YQa'\jJEI aQxEtU xal
o 'QQIYEV'l1£ 8). ' AAAU tU£ lla{hjllatlXU£ {tEO)Qla£ to)v EtEAEW:n:Ol-
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:n:QilltOl ot II'IItJoay6e&0& Hal de,tJo/-,ol1!; Hal. aX7J/-,a.,;a
H6al'1Jaav neOC11J)'oe£a!;') , AOJ(Eto)£ :n:go£ tu atlva
BX tij£ 'IV()Lxii£ ELOEJ(WQ'l10av EL£ tilv A'iyuJttov, EYEVEtO ()uJ(vOta-
t'l1 J(QijOl£ tou TQIYwvou. To f'8'V ),ae la6nAt'lleo'V ";Q£)'co'V01l
hccU.o'll'V olIIvfa)'6e&0& • A6"1vli'V HOe'llcpo)'aJlij Hal .,;e&.,;o)'t-
'Vela'V, 8n "e&al HQiJ.s.,;O&, dno ,,;00'V .,;el&;'V ),co'V&oo'V d)'of.'B-
1) l'eooYQ. XQ'l'jot0ft. IZ'.
2) It 83.
3) Ka:ta KE/.OOU.
rD.oUlalQx'ou. IIeQt wI<Hao.; xaL 'OOLQL8or;, LXXV.
15
"a" d£a'eei7:a,' 1:0 de ifv, ",AnoAAQ)"a, nel{}ovaa neotp6.ae&
Hal, dudot6.nJ' p.o"o.do, IQ"" de, 7:7]" dv6.€Ja, Hal. 7:oA,p.a'"
d£,,'1]" de, 7:7]'" 7:euida' 1:0V "de dd,Hti'" xa, drl'Heia{Ja, Ha7:"
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"0"'8'" fJ de HaAovp.B,,'1] 'rt'rQaH";v, ";11 §s Hal. 7:e"iHo".,;a, p.t-
'Y£C17:0, 1j" lIeHo" w, 7:8{}evH'1].,;a£' "al HOaI'O, O)'l.Iop.aa7:a£
7:8C1aae"''V p.ev ded",,,, Hal, :rcea)7:Q)"', ";8CSaaeQ)" de 7:tU" nte,a-
C1tU'" at, ";0 av.,;o C1v".,;£{}ep.t",o", dno.,;dovp.t",o,.
To rEAElOV to'UTO tOlYWVOV, TOU ClJWlOU Exaat'Y) JtAEuQa u-
uJto to'l' UQll'tflOU tEaaaQa, BEv ELvat aAAo EL!-liJ auto
tOl' ro to LaoJtAE1'QOV tillv IIu\}uyoQdwv tQLYWVOV, sJtl tou OJtOL-
ou xal 8AOXA'Y)QOe; 0 IIu\}uyoQEwe; "OQxoe;.
GEtEl BE 0 AOUXIUVOe; de; to ato!-lu tou IIu{}uyoQou tiJv
(lJQaalv: ·Oeli,; a av dOHs8£, 7:SC1C1aQa, -rav'Sa dtHa Hal.
.,;gly","ov Hal. fJp.e.,;epo", lIeH£o'll 1),
IIQrJ.Yf-tlln, ErlV :TQO(J{}FOO}!t6V :
1+2+3+4=10 ').
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WC;
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[ xovaw.
Bl. rov 6waa" 7:a1:-y]" 1:B- •
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n'1]Y1]v &e"an" -COO" -cij. cpvaBro. {Ja-
[(fero" .,,"Otoo,,).
*
* *



• •


• •
To EV];SAE; .QiyO}vov.
IlQoaEtl ta "EQa a'Y)!-lELa tillv AIyuJttLwv ta tOu
xou KUXAOU xal ta '0 «KQLOC;» (lJEUYWV, l)tO
syxuWAdl\JEWC; tiic; sV(p 0 «TuuQoe;»
tiie; JtQoaJtu{}due; llV 0 <xv{}QwJtoe; (ha tiJv XUWVLX'Y)-
alV tillv Jtu{}illv tOU. 0" «L'1l8u!-lot» tiJv aU!t!-lux'(uv
TOU 80XL!-lOU !-lEta tillv <XAAwv !-lua'tillv, 8la JtOQELW; yE-
1) AOU"L(lVoii, BLolV nQiim,,;, 543.
2) IIoQcpuQLolf, Bloc; I1u{}(lyoQou 52.
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ELC; tOY aywva tije; £AE'U{}EQLae; EvaVtLOV tijc; b'UVaIlEWC; tOil JtQat-
tELV. 'Ev0 a to JtQOVOIlLOUXOV xal bL-
xaiwf,.ta. '0 <rA'lYOXEQWC;» xal a «'YbQoxooe;» xal Ot «'Ix{})'"IC;»
aVEcpEQoVtO de; nlv £aWtEQLxYiv AatQElaV, aVtLJtQoawJtEllOVtWv tWV
tEAE'UWLWV Zq:lb(wv tYiv OLU tijc; aLWJtYje; XQV1jJLV, l1V 11 avvvow
:LaVtOtE Ete; tOVe; Jtgayf,.tatLXOVe; 'Y b'l1-
xal tu Z4>ow de; EVvowv tWV MUat'l1QLWV,
xal 1\ twv oEv {}u £YlVEtO aJt/,we; xal we; E·t'l!XEV,
aAAu {}u tWV Ete; tOve; aJtoLO'Ue;
XatEtaaaOvtO 01: IlUOVIlEVOl.
*
* *
Kal lIb'l1 £QxoIlEl'}a de; tu Jtwe; xal Jtov
EtEAOilvto tailta.
Katu Jtaaav m{}avot'l1ta xal £Jtl tfj tEXf,.t'l1QlWV ava-
CPEQOIlEVWV Ete; tu AtyuJttLaxu xElllEva, xa{}we; xal £JtL tije; agXl-
"tE'XtOvlXYje; xal £aWtEQLxije; bWLQEaEWe; tWV Jt'UQaf..tlbWV,
yOf,.tEV de; tu EJtOf,.tEva a'Uf,.tJtEQaallata JtEgl tOil tQoJtou tije;
aEWe; EV Atyvmq:l.
A1: twv Aly'UmLwv £YEVOVtO £VtOe; tYje; )t'l!-
Qaf,.tlboe; tije; lItOL tOU XEOJtOC;, xal £tEAOilvtO bLU to'u Bt-
PAl.ov '/;"w" NSH.(!iiJ'V. Ka{}Latatal bE abvvatOv vu JtEQLYQacpfj "to
f,.tEYE{}Oe; tije; aQXLtEx"tOVLxije; aXE1jJEwe;, 1\ aJtoia {hj.JwaE to a{}ava-
tOY auto aQXL"tEXtOVL'XOV XtlQLOV £Jtl aAav{}aatOu f,.ta{}'11 f,.tatLxije;
we; ELval 1\ JtuQallle; tOU X€oJtoe;, xal tije; aJtoiae; Exciat'l1
\ OLxobollLxi] AE:JTtOf,.tEQEW, f,.tExQL tlje; EAaxia"t'l1e; atQocplje;, de; aQIlO-
\viav tOil oyxou, EXEI AOYOV avaAoyov Jtgoe; aAAov f,.ta{}'I1llutL'Xov
" "tOlOVtOV
IIQo tOv {}UVf,.tu"toe; tOv"to'U, ot aatQoVOf,.tOL Wright, Smyth
'Xal Rosse! aJtocpuiVOVtaL, we; a 'Haulae; ,) 'Xul we; aAAOL OJtUOOL
1) 'Hoo.tou, 19,20.
17
tmv rQaqnxwv MEAEtmv tOV Watch Tower N€a; 'Y
Otl at bEv €ivaL buvatov va ElVaL 8QYOV avitQW3tL-
aAA' autov tOVtOU tOV b'Y)l-tLOUQYOV tOV
XtLO"itEiO"aL 00; O"lll-tEiov xal l-taQtuQLa tmv tou.
'OAoxA'Y)Qol at IIuitayoQELoL ElVa! u3tauyaO"l-ta 0"0-
<pmv E3tl tmv :7tuQal-tLbwv, bEY 8-
XOUO"l yvwO"lO:7tol'Y)itli to O"uvoAov tWV, xal Eivat uxo-
ta XQuO"<l "E:7t'Y) , Otl tuVta a:7tOtE/.OVO"LV a:7t/.liv
:7taQuboO"lv tOV tmv NExQmv, E<p' OO"OV xal Ha,,' 'A'II";';-
cpooll"a "CP OTteel "oii {Jlov "rot! b deer:fi
Hal dl"l HaQr:eelat! n)'II Aly(uncp ,kl1ye;;"a, 1.lyoo'll
'10'11 ,,00'11 AlyvJfdoo'll ltQBoo'll "'9'11
dyooy1]'II O'Jfovoaaa""a ').
OUtW, EaV AuBwl-tEV {.:7t' o\jJEl, :7tuQal-ttba.
xciitEtOV tOv itaAal-tou lOV €
avtlitaAal-tou lOV VOttOU aXQou xal ;TWQa-
to'u toutOU, ita bWXQLVWl-tEV
€ buo tEtQaXtV; lOV IIuitayoQdou tQLYWVOU.
'AAAa tmv 00; Elva I yvwatOV, at
EO"XO:7tOUV va XQ'Y)aLl-tEUaOUV O"UYXQOVWC; xal bl' 1.0-
2). 'H bE tOv X€O:7tor:; to alll-tEiov
XEVtQLXOV OV I-tEtE:7tElta Ot l-tait'Y)l-ta-
tlxol8AaBov wr:; bUl I-tEtQ'Y)O"IV tmv I-tllXmV 8).
IIaQaitEtol-tEV aXQLBEir:; EYE-
VOVtO E:7t' autmv xal al O:7tOial dval uQxEtal (\ta va bwO"ouv
O"a<pij dxova lOV tli::; V\jJWO"EV. IIa-
QabELyl-tatOr:; XciQLV: At bWYWVIOL tiir:;
3tQOEXtEIVOl-tEVaL, :7tEQIXAELOUV aXQLBmr:; to tOV NdAo'l). '0
I-tEG'Y)l-tBQIVO<; ELVal aVWtEQor:;, bta:7tEQ<l tilv :7tEQIO"O"O-
tEQav xaL tilv oAlYWtEQav ituAaO"O"av. At :7tAEll-
Qat tiir:; BuaEwr:; t'Y)r:; Eivat :7tQoO"avatOALO"l-tEvat :7tQor:; ta tEcrcraQa
1) lloQIPuQ(ou. BLo<; IIuitayoQou 7.
2) Moraux, Les entgmes de la Science.
3) MauQ0f41uit'lj, aQitQ. 'Coli neQLoB. «'EnLo'C. 1927.
2
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18
O'l]ltELU 'toil 'Eav JtoAAuJtAuoLaowltEv 'to {hpoe; Jtu-
Q<XltL30e; (148.208) EJtl EV EX<X'tOltltVQIOV, Ei'QLI11WltEV 'tOY
aQl{}ltOV 148.208.000.000, 1] 'to 1 'tlJV aJtoo'tacrlv 'tOil <HAlou aJto
<0 'tWV AtYUJt'tLWV ELXE A'I]qJ&ij EX 'tWV 3l(ta'ta-
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1t13lXOV Jti\xuv 0,6356521 EJtt 1000000, Aalti3avoltEv 'tOY aQL&ltOv
6356521, tooil'tat JtQoe; to ax'tLVOe; 'ti\e;
'Eav 3latQEOWltEV 'tlJV JtAEuQav 'ti\e; ItEyaA'I]e;
(232.805 It.) ()La 'toil JtUQaltL()lxoil (0,6356521), EUQlOXO-
ItEV'tOV aQI&ltOV 365,2563, ()'I]Au(\l] 'tl]V ()laQxElUv 'toil aO'tQLxoil
'Eav JtoAAuJtAUOL(lOW ItEV 'tOY JtUQUltl(\ lXOV ()ax'tuAov EJtt
100 ()lOExa'tOltltvQlU, EVQLOXOltEV 'to 0 ()W'tQEXEL n rij ELe;
24 x.A.Jt. I1QoXWQOUVtEe; 'tae; Itae;, xul (\l]
xa'ta 'tOY Jomard ,), EVQLOXOltEV axolt'l] 'to Iti\xoe; 'tOil ALyuJtn-
UXOU ota()[ou, tOY ALyuJtnaxov Jtiixuv, to <EBQa'Lxov xal BaBu-
AWVluxov Ota(\LOv, to I1tOAElta'(xov, toil to'u 'AQ-
x./,. Jt.
Ka'tomv OAWV twV toVtwv, ()Ev ItEVEI ELltl] n m-
Ott bEv ELvaL ()uvatov oAa alJta tUXaLWe; va O'UltJt(-
JttOUV, 11 Ott axolt'l] nltE"ie;, EX () taqJoQwv O'UV()UU0ltWV, oOqJLI1ttx4>
t4> 'tQomp ta 1](\'1] yvwota O'UltJtEQaO'ltatu. <H
aJtaVt'l]Ole; ELe; ta JtEQt c1!.1'j&ElUe; twv XEXAELO'ltE-
vwv xal EOqJQaYLO'ltEVWV tOVtWV f.OyWV 2), OLnVEe; EQ)(.OV't<Xl tOO a
xal toO'a va JtQoBaAouv, JtQoe; ta ItEtQU xal tl]V
&EltEAlwO'Lv twV aXQoywvULWV aiitwv A(&wv s), wxe; M3E't<Xl
ItOVOV O'ultBoAlx4> t4> tQomp ()la twV
ywv, JtQOWQlO'ltEVWV va ELXOVlOWO'I ti\e; &EOt'l]tOC; to
O'tOV to a1i't<Xl JtEQIXAElOUO'UL tllV Mva-
Itl v EV t4> 0'0:> Itan 'tOil tavQou, tlJV uJtEQtat'l]V O'UVEO'LV EV til
1) Mackey, Ae;.
2) LW. 9.
3) Art'. 47.
- - --
19
X€cpaAU xal J.,tEyiO'-r'llV taXUt'llta JCtEQV-
tOU a€tOU i).
aE JCQO; ta oO'a avacpEQOJ.,tEV JC€Ql toW A'tyvJCtLa-
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JCOALV tOW ' 'H JCapaaoat<; aUt'll €IvaL
€ € J.,tovov JCQOrpOQLXWr;: EtC; XUXAOVe; JCaAaLWV xal
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t'lle; EV avyxQLO'EI JCQo; to mlHov tij; 'AttLxije;. 'H 6w-
<poQa J.,tovov £YXELtaL tOlho, Ott Ev0 al ava},oYLaL tWV uJCo-
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rfie; 'AALJ.,touvrOe;. I1avrwc; ro aA'lll'tEe; EivaL, JCaQ' OAOV ro LOWe;
rije; JCaQaMaEwe; raur'lle;, OtL aEV va rilv
avarQE\j!wJ.,tEV, AOYQ) rije; aial't'llTlxwe; AOYlxije; vJCoaraO'€we;
xal rije; Kat YEvvaraL JCaAlv ro avro nQoe;
Tae; EQwT'llJ.,ta: nQoxElrat doa yE nEQl O'vJ.,tntwO'Ew:;;
1) Bononi Niniveth and its palaces.
20
Eit; 'tl)V :n:EQ (:n:nOO'LV uv'tllv, AOYCP 'Xu 1 1l0VOV 'tTjt; ULO"&r]'tlXTj;
()EV XWQEL IlU&r]IlU'tLXl) 'EXELVO OIlWt;
O:n:EQ ELVUI YEYOVOt; Eit; 'to 'tEAElO'tEQOV OAWV 'tooV
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0"% !-tOVOV xul !-tOVOV XUAAltEXVtXoot; 'tEAEtOV to O"VVOAOV. 'H XU!J.-
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tOv !-tn u:rt:aQxovtot; O:rt:lO"{}EV UVtooV O"llXOV X.A.:rt:., ()EV ELvul tt-
:rt:O'tE aAAO, Ei!-tl) tEXVlxuL xaQtv uvtOv tOVtOU tOv wgUtOU YEVO-
!J.EVUl avoQ{}OYQUcptUl, ()ll!J.IOUQYll{}EiO"UL O"XO:rt:t!-tWC; XUL E!-t:rt:VEU-
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vuov 'tOV 'E:rt:lXOUQELOU ' A:rt:OAAWVOC;, EQYOV xul tOvtO,
WC; YVWOtOV, tOv !J.EyaAou aQXltE'XtOvOc; tlic; aQXUlOtlltOC; '!xtLVOU.
TOLUV'tllV AOl:rt:OV O"ll!-tUO"tUV ELXEV YJ aQXltExtO-
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E'tEAELtO YJ !-tVllOLC;.
*
* *
To tooV NE'XQooV, EV a:rt:o 'ta a:!tEIQu LEQa BtBAtU tooV
AIyu:rt:'tlwv, aAAa O"uYXQovwC; xul to O":rt:OU()atOtEQOV,
:rt:uQ' uvtooV IIEQ-E!-t-XEQov, ()llAU()n a:rt:o ti)v 1), :rt:EQt-
AU!J.[3avov aAAwv xul 8AOXAllQOV ti)v acpnYllO"tV tOv
()tOU tooV VEXQooV dc; 'tOY aAAov xOO"Il0V, O"t'Y)QIX{}EV E:rt:l tTic;
{}Qll aQxTic; :
O'L Aiyv:rt:tLOI Et:XOV 'to E{}t!J.OV va {}EtOUV {mo ti)v XECPUAl)V
tOv VEXQOV tWV Eva :rt:a:rt:uQov, <\t' OAtywv ti)v
tOU xul 'tUUtOXQovwC; ()La :rt:QOO"EUXooV ti)v E:rt:LEL-
XEIUV a:rt:o tOUt; u:n:nx{}oVtOUe; {}EOVe;. O{hwe; E()ll!lLOUQyn{}T) dc;
tOue; LEQEte; tooV Aiyu:rt:ttwv YJ i()EU tTic; Ei()LXOV
1) Lepsius, Das Totenbuch der Aegypter. (Leipz. 1842).
21
lOU onOlO'U va YLVWVtaL a'1. ExaO'tOtE
AOUV tWV NEXQWV.
, - I
xat to'UtO Exa-
To nEQLO'O'OtEQOV tov XQovo'U Xata /lV'I1O'LV xatw
vaALO'xEtO aL(l)aO'xaALav tOV va EtVat nc; EtOt/lOC; ata tOY
{l-avatOV naO'av alon aalJAOV nOtE {l-a EAi}lJ
'Extoe; O!lWe; tOV tOVlO'U, EYLVEtO xal tOV
2:a'i-EV-O'EVO'LV '), tOV tWV 'Avanvowv li 'Ava-
ataO'EWe;, xaL aXO!l'l1 tOV "A!l-to'Uat 2), alaa-
axaALav tOV "4ao'U xat XQ'I1at!lOnoLO'UJ-tEVo'U tWV Ba-
{l-!lWV 'Ano tOue; aE tWV EO'X'I1!la-
tLa{l-lj EtEQOV to tl.J.JV AELto'UQYlwv 8), a<poQwv we; Enl. to
nAELatOV AatQELaV tOt) "A!l!lwvoe;-Pa.
*
* *
aE !lE ret oaa Ot nQoYEvEO'tEQOl a'UYYQa<pEL; nEQl tOV
tQonou tWV Aiy'Unnaxwv xal EYQa\jJav,
EXOVtE; un' o\jJEl to avaAunxov O'XEaLOV tli; !lEyaA'I1; nUQaJ.tL-
80e;, airu !lEAEt'l1; tOv O'xEMou tOVtOU va nLO'tEVaw-
!lEV Ott I) !lVljaL; EYLVEtO O)e; Eyywta xata tOY aXOAou{l-ov tQonov:
Kata nQwtov /) !lUOV!lEVO;, a<pov U<pLO'tatO nQonaQIlO'xEU-
v'l1atdav, EnQEnE va EiO'EA'/tU nUQa!lLaa ala tOV
8taoQo!lou dr-6aou, onou XWQav aLa<poQa nQoxa-
taQXttXa tne; JEWe;. 'EXEL adt nQwt'l1v qJoQav
tep EAEYE: av O'ou unEl-
aEA{l-u '1Av EX nEQLEQyda;; anEAi}E, xal ay
to (1U!l<PEQOV ,1; nU;Laa tOV BLOU O'ou, anoxwQ'I1aov. 8a E1O'al
naQ' I)!lLV, av auO'avaO'XEtue; axovwv ta EAattW!lata
aou, EVep an' EV !lEO'q> I)!lWY, anoq:>EvywV
unoxQLO'Lav xcxl on dO'at r'lliiJ{} ,
iJoa'llb:w neneO)7;a, arrraq, ').
'0 axovwv totE ta aVWtEQw, EUY 1\1tUEY, Mvyato
-------
1) Schai en sensin. (Berlin 1848).
2) LanzoIl, Les domiciles des esprits.
3) Chiapal:elli, Libro dei funerali. (Tur. 1881).
4) IIvi}aY"'Qov, XQvou wEltlj, 15,
.. , ... , ""."". l'C> '" •• ", _,.,. i,
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va UAAWr; f;rq;,>OXWQEL (ha tOU XatwcpEQOUr; l'ltaaQol-tOV
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YLVWcrlV Ml1yol LEQEWV. 'E',{EL tOY va crXEcp&[j xa-
AWr; to 'tOUt aUVdl1lVOV va 'tOY Elr; crxAl1Qar; ao-
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vo£ Ott ucr&dVEtO to l\dQQo£ va aVttl-tEtWnLcru tar; aOXL-
llacrLar;, avtdr;, 'to'tE tOY UCPl1VOV EnCnva AEnta ala va crxEcp&ii
aXOl-tl1 xaAAhEQov. 'Eav aE va E1tlJlEV'[\ tl1tWV va
IlUl1&ii, tOtE UnEaELXVVEtO dr; avtcv UAAl1 &vQa, lltLi;; anEAl1YEv
dr; crXOtElVOV xal aldaQol-to\' > ocrtLi;; ala tOU UVtQOU 'tOU
cpQEatOr; 1t(JO; UAAOV xatwcpE"Ti aldaQOI-tOV, 'tOY uYOVta
nQo£ ti}v I-tEydAl1V LTOdv.
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'tQOJlEQd. KQo'tol UYVWcrtOl nxoVOVTO, na{taxO&EV xal cpQdcrHr;
l-tucr'tl1QlWaEI£ xal nQW'tOtunOl dr; EV'tOr; tOU
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'l-'UXlxwr; wr; naQEUQlcrXOIlEVOr; uno tilv EnLa(jaaLV IlEydAWV xal
ayvwa'twv aUVdllEWV xal EVOllltEV Ott f] ()l1IlLOJ?yLa 'tWV &a anl1-
aXOAEl WQlcrllEvwr; UnEQav&Qwnour; alaVOLar; 1).\ 'H I-tUa'tl1QlW()l1r;
xal UXLVl1tOr; tilv onoLav nQo'tEQoV 'twv
nUQaIlL()WV xal ava 'tar; ox&ar; tOu NdAOU, xal' 'to Ul1a 'tii ava-
tOAii tOU 'H/,Lou cp&EYYOIlEVOV IlVl1l-tELOV tOU €
'tilv wQav ExdVl1V OAl1V 'twv tilv l1'Ua'tl1QlW()l1 Ent Wt)
l-t'UOUI-tEVO'U, oattr; Ua&dvEtO ayw-
vLar;. ' ala nQw'tl1v cpoQdv, twV oawv
Ua&dVEtO xal llXO'UEV, on f] to'U fJtO tucp/,il (dr; ta nQwnx
tl1r; nQor; 'to «rVW&l aavtov» xat on EnrnEV unaQal-
va onAw&ii IlE to cpwr; 'twv Mua'tl1QLwv, 1a onoLu aEv
EYVWQltEV aXOl-tl1, EV{j) avn&E'tWr; Ecp&avov EVtOVOl I-te.<.Ql tiir; uxoiir;
to'U Ot AOYOl twv EV t{j) twv NEXQWV avacpE90I-tEVWV 'tEa-
craQdxovta 8V0 &avaaLllwv al1aQ'tl1l-td'tWV 2).
1) Apulei, Met. XI, 23.
2) Lepsius. Das Totenbuch:der Aegypter. 125. 23
o{h;w f.l,Eta EVtOs tOU axotous, Ecp{taVEV
Etc; to UvtQOV tOU CPQEatOs, dJQLaXOf.l,EVOU de; to XEVtQOV tije; ,tV-
onou € tOY nQonov oQxov, vmaxvOUf.l,EVOe; Ent tn
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vou f,lETa TWV MUanlQLWV ()Eaf.l,OU xal aUYXQovWC; ()UVaf,lEWC; :JtQoa-
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:Jtal,lv OTl liTO XULQOC; va av ua{taVETO xal TOV EAaXL-
atov ()lawyf,lOV, ()tOtt f.l,Et oALyae; aTlYf.l,Ue; ita T0 fjTO abUvaTOv
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f,lEXQl Tne; MEyaA'l'je; TO bE f) :JtEQLO()Ela aUT'I'j f) ()uaxo'-
AWTEQa OAWV, bLoTI E:JtQE:JtE va ()LEA{tu ()lU f.l,EaOU aV'l'jf,lf,lEvWV :JtU-
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TL()a EXWV :Jtwe; va () LUBii TO WXUTEQOV.
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1) IIoQlpuQLou. B£o<; IIu{}ayoQou.
24
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"QQov xal lOU" AatQov tile; 'Houe;, EX twv :n:al'twv tile; :n:aQO'IJ-
al1e;
'H E'Laoboe; tOU vEO<pOltLatOU a:n:EtEAEL :n:UVtOtE !-tLav tWV Aa!-t-
:n:QOtEQOlV EOQtWV, '0 VEOe; !-tIJat'l']e; El'tEOlQELtO EXtOtE roe;
a{}Ele; xaL EAu!-tBavE !-tEQoe; !-tEta tWV aAAOlV !-tuatwv Ete; OAae; tae;
V\jJ'I']Aae; EQYW}"Lae; tWV MUat'l']QLOlV, av XUL aL bEY
tAOUVlO :n:OtE xal Otav OL !AUataL Ecpl'tavov xal alJtov lOUWV tOY
aVWtEQoV Ba{}!-tov tou 'AQJ(ut, Ete; tOY O:n:OLOV, roe; ava<pEQEl 0
IIAoutaQxoe;, to we; Mwa 'lO'Ole; JtQOBCtAAO!-tEVOV AEL-
'tOUQYLXOV: 'E" 1'8" oil" r;ii 1jIvxii "oii" Hal 6 .,;6)" det-
cs.,;ro., mx".,;ro" 7jytl'o,,, Hal HVe£o!:. ecs.,;'" .).
TOLOtltOtgOJtOle; EtEAELOlVOV aL JtQWtat xal f)
()LbaaXaALa, EvtOC; tile; JtuQa!-tLboe; tou XEOJtOe;, bLUQ'I']J..lEV'I'] de; bLa-
<poQOtle; xat'l']yoQLae;, COV f) V\jJ'I']Ait bLbaaxaALa ntO f) tile; KoaJ..lo-
yovLae; xal 0EOyoviuc;, EJtL tiie; \jJux.oAoyiae;, tiie; <puaL-
xije; xaL tile; tWV aQl{}!-twv. Kata tOUe; LatOQLxoue; bE
XQOVOtlc; auvEM&'I'] aut'l'] !-tE titv ' AatQoAoYLav, titv ' AAX'I']!-tELav
xaL titv
'Ex tOUtOtl MVataL tIe; va XQLVU 1tOLaV EJtLbQaaLV Eixov ta
aXOtElVa JtQO'LatOQLXa EJtl twv {}Q'I']aXEU!-tUtOlV Xata
tOUe; !-tEta tauta LatOQIXOue; XQOVoue;, OtE f) {}EOlQLa tije; rvw-
aEOle;, lltOL f) <pLAoaocpLa, aJt'l']aXOAEL ta !-tEyaAdtEQa JtvEu!-tata
tWV bLU<POQOlV AaWv.
*
* *
!-tE ta Al.yurttwxa naav ta 'Iou-
ba'LXU, !-tiiAAOV naav aut a ta Al.yurttlCtxa t(OV JtQO'LO'tOQIXWV XQo-
VOlV, tQOJtOJtOL'I']{}EVta xal \mo tou JtQWtOV JtaQabE-
()EYJ..lEVOtl EXJtCtLbEtltOU tile; 'Iotl()a'Lxije; <PuAile;, tou MOluaEOlC;, oanc;
25
n
tO
xul cpuCIlxa ETXE J.tu'Y){}ij 'ta
tOW AvyuntLwv nA'Y)QEatEQOV UAAOU. EnL
tfi toW XOa!loyoVtXWV nUQu/)6aEwv tij:; CPUAij:; 'tOU, va avu-
ljIwau w:; !lOV'YJV {}Q'YJaXELUV tOY !J,OVO{}E"(a!lOV XUL va dau-
yayu d:; 1tWAUtQElUV oau EX tij:; {}Q'Y)axELu:; tOW AiyuntLwV
dXE blbux{}ij· '0 avucpEQEl nEQ! UVtOU, on aQEaxo-
ta:; AUtQElU:; tWV Ai.yuntLwv, d:; IIuA<lIatL-
VTjV, nOAAou:; Alyvntou !J,E1t' uviou .) XU! ELau-
yaywv EXEL ta /)6Yl--luw tij; VEU:; {}QTjaxELu:; tou. OutO;, EXtO;
tOU on vrrijQtE VO!J,O{}Etl};, bEUtEQO; [,tEta tOY Xu-
l--louQa!lnTj tWV nUQLaWtat aXOI--lTj XUI w:; nQo-
xa! w; {}uu!J,atouQY0<;: xaL EV YEVEt awti}Q tij:; CPUAij; tou,
nUVtl a1tEVEt va au WVtTjV Et; tljv rijv tfj;
anoLu E1tlOWQELtO Xuvaav xal lOt; 1]v lOIXEV EYXU-
taaw{}ij, w; yvwatov, to nQwtOv a YlOvaQX'YJ; avtwv
EX 1;ij; OUQ.
0Eau; 0 Mwuaij; HI; uXQa:;;
a 'LbQutlj; tWV 'Iouba'Lxwv Muat'YJQLWV, d'QWv anlOlQLuv
aUVEXtatwV lOt; to !lEya tOU EQYOV. ' AQXEL va tl; vn' alVEI
tOU tljv ano tij; «rEVEalOW;» !J,EXQt; avtou tOU «Ma/,a-
XLOU», bla va !J,ElVU XUQLOAlOXtLXW; £xnA'Y)xtO; nQo tij; aWQlOLa;
tmv !J,uatmv tOU Aao1i tOUtOU, XUtuatavtO; OUtW bl' autWV
j[Qay[,tan nlOQLOuaLou.
Ta 'Iouba'Lxa bta va 1tlOQlYQacpouv
analtouvayxov EQyaaLa;, OV !lOVOV a "EabQa xaL 0
NlOXE!J,La NE!lLa; aQxouv bla va wi; nQo tOU aQI-
{}!lOU twV I--llO!J,U'YJ!J,EVWV, tWV TaA!J,oubtxwv
tmv XaAaAa, Mlava, 2) xal tij; 00Qa axo[,tl}.
I--lOVl} ELVat aQXEti} va anOtEAEau to XOQucpW!la tWV v'ljl'YJAWV
VO'YJ!J,atWV tOU 'Iouba'La[,tou B),
KEvtQOV tij; tOU 'IaQallA EYEvlOtO a vao;
1) I.
2) Hamburger, Realencyklopadie des Talmudfs, (Neustr.
3) Kopp, Zur Judenfrage, s, 45 u.68.
'I'
, )
"
I
I
I
Ii
"
26
tOv ()E()Of.,tEVOU on JtQO t01)tOU Ot
'lou()aLot ()Ev EtX.OV aAAa to: "AYLa E<PEQOVW EV t'fj XtV'Y]t'fj
'). 'E:n:a()TJ M, EV avn&EoEt 0'1,
'lou()aLoL tTJV XQU\jJlV, f.,tEtE()L()OV aAa to: tUJtLXO:
xa], tEAEtOUQYLXO: trov u'tlva x.wQav EVWJtlOV
Jtavtrov xa], tOV vaov wi}
JtA'Y]OlOV trov avax'toQrov tOV Llaut() xa], LEQOUQYouv-
trov wuwu trov EJtLO'Y]f.,tOtEQrov LEQatlXWV Olx0YEVElWV. ' AJto
taut'Y]s ta de; tOUe; Jtauo'Uv va
ELVat JtEQLroQLaf.,tEVa trov lWl'taQroe; f.,tuatWv. '0
tn toi} XlQaf.,t 'ABt<p, OlxO()Of.,tEL tOY JtEQt<Py]f.,tOV vaov,
auvayaywv EB()Of.,tnXOVta x.LALa()ae; EQya'tWv, x.tA1a()ac;.
Aat<)f.,trov xat tQLox.LAlOUe; EJtlOtatas. Kal ",aii",a 1/(I,a",o 20Ao-
pro" ",oii ol"odopfjaa& "'01' 01,,01' ",oii 8eoii. n'l1xeQ)"
"a, n7]xeaJV ef"oa& .•.• Ka1. ",0" ol"otl ",0"
peya" e,VAQ)a8 "a, "a-,;exevaQ)ae xeva1cp
"a6aecp' "a, lyi.v1pe en' aO",oii "al. xaAaa",". Kal
',,6ap'l}aE; ",Otl of"ot' elf; "a, xeva,,,,
xevaov ",ov I" fPaeovtp, "a, exevaQ)ae' ",0" 01,,0" "a, ",oil,
",oIXOVf;, "a' ",oil, "a, -,;d 6Qocpropa",a, "al 'I'd 6v-
eropa",a 2). Ka], JtQO wi} vaoi} EOtY]GE ()UO aUf.,tBOAa
f.,tEV tije; «KatOQttwaEroe;», tne; M aQLGtEQUs tne; «'lox.vos».
'AAAa !-lEtO: tai}ta, xal a<pov EYLvav aAa f.,tE tOY axoJtov
tEAEaEroe; trov M'Uat'Y]Qlrov, ta oJtoLa 0 Mmuaije; E<PEQEV aJto tTJV
A'(yuJttOV, 0 aQx.LtExtrov tOV vaoi) 'tOVtOU XtQaf.,t aJtEtta-
VEV oAroe; f.,Luat'Y]QLro()roe;, O<PELAOf.,LEVOU tOi} {hlVatOu wu xata Jtuoav
mttavot'Y]ta Ete; trov aUVa()EA<prov 'tou 1] f.,tUAAOV
E()OA0<pOvn1t'Y] ()LOtl, we; <PEQrov xata lTJV tEAEtTJV trov Mucrt'Y]QlroV
{:la&!-lov avrotEQoU EJtEtlf.,t'Y]aEv EJtaVElA'Y]f.,tf.,LEvros tOY
uLov WU PoBoaf.,t, OO'tLc; xal ()lEVnQY'Y]aE tTJV ()OAO<PO-
vlav to'U. IILttavwtEQov of.,tmc; oArov <PEQEtal, Ott 0 XlQO:I! 'ABl<p,
1) • AQ1'tQov X'AJ..8Q. II8QLolI. ·Y'\'f)A.Uvtl1\; t. r', E. 5912.
2) IIIlQIlA.llUtoJtEva BIlOLA.EUiiv. KelJl. r'.

27
ro; onaMr; lOU nEQl 1) My!-tatOr;, EnEOEV,
{}u!-ta autO'&UOtar; ngor; to tOY vaov, OV ouv lOi:r;
o Aoyor; lOU cQXOM!-tl]OE xal EXOO!-tl]OEV. <Ync:lQXEL OWOr;
xa!. il Otl 01. aQx,LtEXtOVEr; tow !-tEyaAwv
XtlQLWV !-tEta tilV OLxoM!-tl]OlV E<pOVEUOVtO.
'EvtOr; lOU !-tEyaAOnQEnOUr; xa 1 nQroto'U tOUtOU vaou, tOY
onoi:ov xatEOtQlOljJEV, ror; YVWOtOV, 0 TLtor; to 70 !-to X. EtOr;, EtE-
AOUVlO at xal OAl] il tWV M'U-
otl] Q (ow.
*
* *
EUQUtEQar; Ol]!-taolur; xal ta
ror; <paLVEtm EX tWV :rcEQlO'W{}EVtWV 8110 E:rcWV,
tOU f1 «rlAya!-tou» f1
aAAwv xal tilv tOU SLOOU{}Qou, oour; aVUOtOl-
X,EL :rcgor; tOY NWE tWV 2), xal tijr; tijr;
'lotaQ Etr; tOY 9)' E:rclOl]r; xal EX :rcOAAWV
:rcEQLEX,OVtWV :rcgor; tOUr; {}EQUr; tWV <). IIavta
tavta aVExaAu<p&1]oav Etr; ta E:rcl :rcALV{}WV tijr; !-tEYaAl]r;
f\tlr; aVEuQE&1] :rcQo nvwv EtWV ELr; ta
EQElJ'CLa tijr; xal il o:rcoLa a:rcl]ox,oAl]OE tOur; nAELOtOU;
agx,moAOyour; tWV VEWtEgWV X,govwv.
Tar; xal tar; agX,ar; tWV Ba[3'UAWVLaXWV MUO'tl]glwv
:rcEQLyga<pEL il «Kata[3aoLr; tijr; 'lotaQ Etr; tOY o:rcou a:rco-
xa{}aLQEtaL xal il \jJux,il tWV {}avovtwv xata tgo:rcov
LOtl ava<pEgEtaL on il 'ljJux,il 811vataL va <p&aO'u
tOv <IEgOV to o:rcoi:ov tilv &{}avaatav,
a<pou :rcgOl]yOU!-tEVW; a:rco[3aAU OXL !-tovov tOUr; Qu:rcour; xal tar;
a!-tagtta; tOV xoo!-tou, aAAa xal auto to oW!-tanxov tl]r;
1) 'Iet;elGti)i.. H' 14-5-Maspero, Hist. anc. d. Peupl. d'Or. T6!l.
I. 696.
2) Grumpach, A-briss der Babylon - Assyrischen Geschichte
(Berlin 1854).
3) Schrader, Die Hollenfahrt der Istar (Giessen 1874).
4) Schmith, History of Babylon (London 1877).
28
XCII. va :ltClQouatacr{}ii YU!lvn EVW:ltLOV tOu !lEya-
),O\) 8EOU ').
yvroatov, 0 tWV Ti
tOU tOY !lEYClV VO!lO{}Et'Y)V tWV
XCI!louQa!l:lt'Y) 2), 0 VJt'Y)YOQEuaEV
tOY MrouaTjv EJtL tOU XCII, 0
tOY M(vroa hL tOU ').
'Eav € tOU Xa!lOUQaIlJt'Y) !lE ta !lU{}O-
AOYOV!lEva VJtO tWV hwv xat
troy, va aU!lJtEQava}!lEV Ott xai ta BaBuArovlaxa Mu-
:ltEQI. xai

tOU ' AQalla'Lxou oQOJtE-
Mou vJtTjQX:ov tWV OJtOLroV il vJt'Y)-
YOQEV{}'Y) vJto 01, Aaot oiitot llQIlac(V aUVEQ-
X:O!lEVOt XOLVnV vJto XCII, aVEqJat-
VOVtO aL JtQWtal aQxaL tOu JtOAltl(J!lOU trov. M, EivCIL
ElJVo'Y)tOV, 01, AaOI. aLa{}avOVtCIL aVEvQEaLV
vJto tWV aQX:'Y)Ywv trov ta
tWV JtQWtrov tOvtrov Aawv auyxataAEyoVtat xai. Ot
tnV qJlAoaoqJLav, xata Jtuaav
m{}avot'Y)ta, tWV tOU ZroQoaatQou.
<0 11 11 ZaQatOvat;Qa EX tWV
!lEytatrov !luatayroywv xal tWV Xa/.-
<>ClLroV xCll BaBuArovLroV. Toutov 0 Za{}Qavat'Y)v
xai avtov tnV vO!lo{}EaLav tWV IIEQawv 4). To ovolla
tOU qJEQEtCIL !lUAAOV alwaLVOV, xata tOY Kern 5),
tOu xai EX tou «{}[3(atQa»- Aa/.ucOl'V,
1) Schrader, Keilinschriften und Geschichtsforschung (Gies-
sen 1878).
2) Delitzsch, Assyrische Studien (Giessen 1874).
3) r. KUQuxaJ..Lou. ot IIQootOL NOllo{tet'uL (A. II. B. 'A{tij-
"UL 1933).
4) I. 94, 2.
5) Kern. Verslagen en midedeelingen der X, Akad. v. weten-
:schappen. (Amster. 1861).
29
T) aXOf,A.T) , AEYEl 0 Anquetil Duperrons, to ovoJ.ta 'to'U Ecn1-
J.taLVE '). 'AJtaVtatUl aE to QVOf,A.a ZaQatOlJatQa,.
J.tEX,QL tWV 'Ivawv, xal JtQOtEQOV EUQL-
aXEtO OAa ta [EQa 2).
'0 xata tOY OJtOLOV <pEQEtaL aE
JtL{}aVWtEQOV to r
'
f,A.EX,QI A' aLaatT)I.l!l
JtQo XQLO"tOU 8). aE toaT) 11 tWV aOYf,A.atrov tOU Zw-
QoaatQo'U, WatE EJtl ELX,EV 6AOXAT)QOV to IIEQO"Ixov KQa-
f,A.EJ(.QL tOu MEyaAo'U
XatEatQElVE ta 'iEQa tOU xal axof,A.T) BQaMtEQov, tl$ 229
J.t. X., aL aQx,al tOu ZroQoaatQo'U EX aEUtEQO'U, !lEJ(.Ql toli
636 f,A.. X., EJtOX,Y!V toli Mroaf.,tE{}avlaf.,toli, xaL
ErcoAE f.,t T)aEV.
'H aLaaaxaALa .tOli f.,tEyaAo'U avtOli rcvE'Uf.,tatLxoli
aQx,T)yoli tilv OAOXAT)QrotLxilv rcaAT)V auo EVEQYELWV
11 lliiAAOV avo {}EWV. '0 Eir;; tOUtrov, 0 oArov
twV xaAwv xal toli f.,tax,EtaL aWQxwr;; f.,tE tOY ftE-
QOV, tOY aaLJ.tova 'AQIf.,tavT)V, <pOQEa tOU xa'Xoli, tOV xal
TOIO'UtOtQorcror;; 0 tOV aV{}Qwrcou aEV ELV(lL
ELJ.tY! !lLa aWQxilr;; rcaAT) tOU xaAoli Xata tOli xuxoli, aWt'Urcro!lEVT)
dr;; ta '!EQa twv IIEQawv, tilv ABE0ta, It
dvat wr;; xal twv ALYUJttlroV E<p' oaov 0 0 Zro-
QoaatQT)r;; AEYEl on 0 BEnr;; ELVat 0 tWV a<p{}aQtrov, aLW-
aEV ElvaL XU{}OAO'U auv{}EtOr;; arco J-tEQT) xal
oMev ELvaL OJ.tOLOV 'Laov IlE avtov' EiV(lL 0
aya{}ou, to OArov tWV
OVtrov xal 0 OAroV' 0 rcatY!Q tijr;; xal tWV
y.aAWv VO!lrov, Elr;; E<X'UtOV x<xl JtQWtO;
rc<XQ<xyroyor;; <puaEror;; 4). <lOAat <xl. <XVtou tOU {}EOU,
1) Duperrons. Zendavesta (1755).
2) Justi, Handbuch der Zendsprache (Leipzig 1964).- Geiger
Handbuch der Avestasprache (Erlang. 1879).-Bartholomae. Das
altiranische Verbum. (Munch 1874).
3) Dunker, Geschichte des Altertums. (Berliu 1852-57).
4) EUIlY. :ltQO:ltIlQ. 11', aeA.. 42.
I I.
, I
"
I:
1i
'ii'
30
<0<; xat Ot AtyvntLOl naQEMx;ov'to, Et<; ' AnoAu'tov
Avvaf..llv, 'tOY Noilv xaL 'Ayun1}v '). Ma.ha.,;a cu,1J{)eve",
.,;o'ii.,;o rae po"o" dv"aa{Joa, .,;oi', d,,{) eamo" no&ti'" {Jotrp
naeanl1Jalov,' Hal .,;ov {Jotov, cO, naea ";0;" pa1'OJ"
InvvlM,,,e.,;o, 8" • "alova", IHti'"O£, 10CHe"a£ ";0
p.e" ao;pa qJOJ.,;!, .,;t}" de 1pVXTJ" dl1J{JoelC[. 2) To XUQlOnEQOV ()E
x.aQax't1}QLcrtLXOV 'til<; {tQ1}crxELa<; 'tou 1]'tO f} IIuQoAa'tQda.
'H MV1}crl<; EVQLcrxE'tm nA 11 Q1} <; EL<; ZEV()-
, 9), YQaqJELcrav xad tLVa<; cL<; 'to'U '
To nQwtov f..lEQO<; 't1}<;, f} «rlucrVa» 4), 'to
'tWV {tUcrlWV» d<; 72 KEqJuAma, XaAOVf..lEVa «Xu» xat avaqJEQOf..lEVa
d<; ()LaqJoQou<; {tEOt1}W<;, a'LtlVE<; xatu tOY Rojer ()EV ELVal aAAm,
autal aDwl tWV BQawuvcov 'Iv()wv, anotEAoilcrm
Et<; OA1}V ()l()acrxuJ,LUV tWV IIEQcrwv 5). Ta ()E KEqJuAma 28-53
anOtEAOilvtal ano 'ta nEVtE «rxu{ta», 'I1tOl TQayou()La 'tOU ZcoQo-
acrtQou "). To ()EVtEQOV f..lEQO<;, f} «BEV()lVaa(»>-ano
1]tl<; cr1}f..laLvEl «'EvavtLov twV ll'tOl 'tWV Llmf..lo-
E'Lxom auo anocrnucrf..lata EL<; ()LaAOyou<;, ()W-
toil {twil toil qJCOto<;, xal tWV nQo-
qJ1}tWV toil ZCOQoucrtQOU, xu!' avaYOf..lEVOU<; d<; 'tOY 1]Qcoa rLf..laV, tOY
hI, xEqJaAil<; tWV rEvvaLcov EnaYQunvoilvta Enl OAOU 'tOil xocrf..lou.
To tQLtOV f..lEQo<;, 'to «BLcrnEQE()>)-EX 'til<; cr1}-
f..laLvovcr1}<; nQocrEux;U<;, xat to'tEtaQ-
tOY, ta «rLucrt<;», Ehm '0 IIALvLO<; OtL d<;
EVQLcrXOVtaL nOAAa tatQlxa naQayyEAf..lata xat {tE-
QcxnELm EnLtuyx:aVOf..lEVaL vno tWV lEQECOV ()l' 7). At
1) 'A{}av, KiQo. Atyu1t't. 'to!!. a', aeL 144-147.
2) IIoQlpuQiou, IIu{}ayoQou 41.
3) Spiegel, A vesta, die heiligen Schriften der Persen. (Leipzig
1852).
4) Harlez. A vesta, livre sacre des sectateurs de Zoroastre,
(Liitt. 1875).
5) Rojer, IIeel
6) Haug, Die Gathas des Zarathustra. (Leipz. 1860).
7) ID,LVLOU. XXX,!.
31
EmxA:r]OW; a-otm a:7tE'lrlhJvovtat :7tQoe; tOY nOtQLay, tOY XuoJ,ta 11
-/}eOV tWV <paQJ,tuxwv, thY "AJ(.1], O<pLY, tile; aotQa-
nne; xal tn; W<PEALJ,t01J d<; thY rEWQYLay :7tQo; "ta xaxa
:7tVEUJ,tata liQou()e; xal IIEQL, ()La ya "ta 1)01JJ(.UOU xa"tomY
til; taOEW; llV EJ(.01JOt :7tQoe; "to xaxov,' A:7tE1J&UVOVtm
:7tQOOEn :7tQO; tOY ML{}Qav 11 MEOlt1]V &EOV, OJ,tOLOV J,tE "tOV 'EQ-
jJ.nv, xal Et; ta; lhol tae; lj,mJ(.ae; tWV VEXQWV t),
*
* *
Kata ta MyJ,tata tOu ZWQoalJtg01J, eL<; tOY XOOJ,tOV
:7tavtOtE OL :7tLOtOl arro tOUe; ta E'L()WAa AatQEuOVta;, cOV OL ()EU-
LEQOL, we; a:7tLlJtOL 11 UJ(.Q1]lJtOl jJ.anOV, -/}a XQL&WOL QLrrtoJ,tEvoL de;
cpgEaQ, tOu atWVL01J OXOW1J;. Kal EVaVtt&EOEl rrQo; "tOV
jJ.EtE:7tELta XQllJnaVlOjJ.OV, a ZWQoalJ"tQ1]; ()EV :7taga()E)(Etal mWJ(.ove;
tcp rrVEUjJ.an, ana wuVaVtLoV "toue; orra()OU; t01J
EV OO<plQ, xal :7t[OtEUOVtae; ()ta tOu <pWtO;, "tli; :7tYlyli; "tile; aEV<101J
lJo<pLa;. liYlAa()h E()(()aOKEV a1no to arroLov ()IE"tU:7tW-
OEV a IIu&ayoQa;' "ou, na,,{J" 6eli. Hal. nti",,' dHOVS£, "d
cS' cYUa 'livtpAd Hal. HQ)tpa 2). '0 ()E 1J0<p0<; <PlAO<; J,tOU, LOtOQIO-
()(cp1]e; Ii. KagaxaAIOe;, eLe; o)(Etlxhv J,tEAE"tYlV t01J :7tEQL ZWQou-
IJtQ01J, ava<pEQEl a.AAWV xal "ta «MaYIXa Aoyw» tOU ZWQO-
alJtQo1J, lltOt "ta Oo<pa a:7tO<p{}EyJ.,taLa, "ta a:7toIa ()t€lJwoav we; XaA-
()a'LXa oL :7tEQl<PYlJ.,tOt "EAA1]VEe; tlie; XaA-
XOXOVMA1]e;, 'PEAAOe; x.A".:7t. "twv «AOylWV»
avtwv, ta a:7toi:a etvm :7tOAAa Ete; aQJ(.a·Lxhv 'EAA1]vlxhv YAwooav,
ava<pEQw EV jJ.Eta<pQaOEL xal "ta
-' A<pou IJOU J.,tEnEL va avo "tOV LEQOV :7taQa()ElOOV "tile; EV-
orro1J IJ1JYXEVLQWVOVtat 1\ 1) oo<pLa xal 1) EVVOlA-la,
au "thv aMv "til; ljJ'lJ)(il;, "thv O:7tOLaV ()IU "tIVO; ":7t1]-
"to oWlla, rruAlv W aVEYELQU; de; "thv a:7to "thv arroLav
liJ.,t:7toMa&1];, a<pov Evwau; tOY lEQOV AOYOV J,tE EQya.-'Euv :7tO"tE
'{()U; "to LEQov <pwe; J(.wQle; J,toQ<Phv va AaIl:7tU xal va aXIQ"tg OAOV
1) Muller. Sacred books of the East. (Oxf. 1880).
2) IIoQlpuQLou Beot; IIu{t«yoQou, 46.
Ilr. : f7("'."
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Et; 'ta 'tou xoaJ.tov. axovaov <provtlV 'tov.- \jJu-
x.nv aou {}a Xll'tOlXnaOVV {}rjQLu.-'Eav 'tOY <pro'tELVOV
vow eQYu {}a xul 'to {}vT}'tov awJ.tu.- 'Y3tuQ-
X.EI xan 'to EVVOT}'tOV, aAAa 3tQf3tl:L va 'to J.tE to
'tOV VOV xA3t. XA3t. ').
*
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OL II€QaaL aEv 3tuQEMx.ov'tO on 0 Mvvuto va ex'n Ol-tOL-
o'tT}ta I-tE E3tlCl"tEUOV 0'1 xul 01
xul aUl 'tOV'tO OX,L I-tOVOV aEV avnYELQuv VUOV(;,
1l0U(; xul ayaAl-tUta, aU' a3t' El-tEI-t<POV'tO xul E{}EWQOUV
xatl 3tuQOl-tOLOV ').
aE EtfAOUV E3tL twV OQfrov xul 3tQO(; tOY «ALu», 1]tOL 'tOY «KVXAOV
'to'U OVQUVOV». IIQoaftL tOY "HALOV,
tl)V Piiv, xul to IIvQ. 'Y3ti}QX,OV xul
'tOV XUAOVl-tEVOl xul OUtOI ljauv xu'ta mi-
aa'\! 3tL{}UVOt1'jta Ot l-tayoI, fmo aUI-t-
tOU(; trov avSQu;.
, A3to to\,(; "'AQu!3u(; xul 'to\'(; , el-tu{}ov xutomv va
xul 3tQO(; 'tl)V 'A<pQoMt1'jv, tYjV 03tOLUV Ot !-lEV 'Aaav-
QLOl MVAlnav, Ot 'AALnuv xul 0'1 IIfQam
M l 'tQUV. Toue; as VEXQOV(; tOW ?JEV e{}u3ttov, aAAa 'to\'(;
tOY U\jJ1'jAa /lEQ1'j tWV YU3tWV xu L 'tWV OQVEroV,
QOUl-tEVroV 'tWV axa{}aQtrov VEXQWV, O'ttlVE(; aEV E3tQE3tEV OUtE
LEQav yljv va /lLavroatv, OUtE to xa{}uQov 3tVQ xul MroQ. 'E3tELait
aE Mv Mvvuv'tO va 'toU(; l!{}E'tOV
{}1'jXWV EV E'(a1'j O'uQxo<payrov xal {ttlXU(; 'tWV axa-
{}aQ'trov I-tE O'X,OLVLOV, O'1'j!-lu'Lvov on 0 EXQEIlU'tO EL(; tOY aEQu
X,roQ lc; va a3ttEtaL lEQU(; 8).
*
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Ta MuatnQLa tWV IIEQawv tlx,ov 'tl)V 3tuQaaoaLv trov EX 'tWy
BQux,/lavrov, O'LrLVE(; EVu V3tEQ'tU'tOV eEOV
1) KaQllxci.Alou !!. IIeQi. ZroQoci.crtQou. (A. B. B. 1933).
2) 'HQoMtou, I, 131 xat 15, OIlA. 732.
3) Spiegel, Avesta-Einleitung 2. (Leipz. 1852).
33
, Af...'J....O. d; :rcOf...Aa al'1I..tELa a:rcaVtOOVtaL tEAElOtEQct tOOV 'IvolxOOv d;
qJLAOaoq)LXf)V UV xaL 01 'Ivool V:rcEQE'iX,OV :rcaVtOtE Xata
ta tEf...EtOUQYLXa xal tU:TClxa. 'H Owc:poQa EYXELt(U EL; tf)V tOOv
LEQEWV, EX tOOv o:rcolwv oL IlEV ELX,OV Xf...'YJQovolllxa OlitalWllata xa1.
-naav v:rcOX,QEWIlEVOl va axof...oU1'hi)al to 1EQatELOv, 01 oE af...f...OL -ncrav
oux,l oL «BQax,IlUVE;», af...f...a OL Xato:rcLv va YLvwaLV
LEQE'i;
Kata tOY IIoQc:puQLOv: "I'JIdiiJ1l el, no, tAd
,fan n naIl' 'lieU'll {}eoa6qJOJ", oD,
"aAd" elcfJtJ.aa", 1:0111:OJ" dB dtio
di... 1"8t1 BeaXI"ii.Jlsr; "eota'lla'ln:a&, 'IIij!i de 2a-
I"atla'lo& 1).
*
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'H BQax'!lavlXf) /llOacrxaf...La XUQlCO; E:rcl tOOv No-
!..twv tot) Mavot), OLtlVE; !lEta tOOv BEOOOv to XUQLWtE-
QOv !lEQO; tOOv 'lEQOOv tWV O'L KwolxE; wt) Mavou,
EX,OVtE; xal OVWL we; O"AOXf...ljQov crucrtlj!la xocr!lOYOVLXOV xal
de; !lEtac:pucrLxae; oLoacrxaf...lae; O"AOXf...ljQov
OLOLXljtlXOV crX,EOLOV, w; xocr!lo{}EwQLav a:rc6l.utov,
EC:P' oaov !laf...Lata cruv tOt; af...f...OL; :rcEQLEAU!lBaVE xal
avatQoc:pTte;, OlXOYEVELctXTte; taXtlXTt;, LOLWtLXa :rcaQayyEf...!lata, xa-
"ovae; oLaltlje; xal xa{}aQcrEw;, tOU B(WLAEWe; xal tile;
t<'ft;EW; tOOv :rcOAE!..tLcrtOOV, OLXOVO!lLaV :rcOAltLXf)V xal :rcOL-
vae; xal E;Lf...acr!lOUe; x.f....:rc.
EtVaL Otl 0 0 :rcEQLEX,WV wu; vorwu; tOU
MavOt) -ntO YQa!l!lEVO; de; 2.685 l)(crnx,a 2), we; xal naVtE; crx,EMv
0'[ nQOOtOL VO!lOl tTte; aV{}QwnotljtOc;. '0 OE I.oyoe; ELVaL EUVOljtOC;,
OLOtl, we; yvwcrtOV, EUXOf...WtEQOV 0'[ VO!lOL xaL ot
xavoVEe; YQac:p0!lEVOl E!l!lEtQWC;, WC; E7tQa;av xaL no MOL Ex tOOv
nQwtwv aQx,a[wv VO!lo&EtOOv.
Ta of: BEOLxa BLBf...la B), 1:(1 XUQLWC; 'LEQa tOOv 'IvoOOv, ncrav tEa-
1) IIoQ<jJuQLou, IIEQL uno)(.ii<; Ef-t'lJ1J)Cwv IV. 17.
2) Strehly, Annales du Musee Guimet. (Paris. 1893).
3) Kaegi, Der Rigveda, iilteste Literatur der Inder. (Leipz. 1883).
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«BQax,wiva» xal 'OAOXA'llQOV to :reE(HEZO/-tEVOV twv BL-
j3ALWV to'lJtWV Eivat {}Q'llaxEtltLxol V/-tVOL, E1Cl-
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xal aAAa O/-tOla. ' Ava'yo/-tEva E:rel to :reAcLatOV tOY
alwva, avacpEQovwL xal a:reEu{}vvOVWL tOY /-tEYlatOV
{tEO V xal Ex:reat3ElJtilv "1 v3Qav (aVtLatOL)(OvVt<X tOY tWV
'EAAtlVWV) 'AvtJ.av, rLa/-tav, BaQovvav, Xav3Qav xat
1).
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To roQaLov ta Bl[)ALa wvta Eiv(X[ 1\ avtl3WatOAl)
:reaQat'l')QELtal /-tEta;U -nlhxwv xa&l]xoVtwv xal
ot '1v30l Otl ELvat :reQOtL/-tOtEQa ta -n{}Lxa xa-
tWV {tQ'l'JaxElJtLxwv, avayo/-tEvwV tWV tEAEUtaLWV auvtl-
UltOxQLal,av xal ljJElJelOEUAa[3ELav. 'EX:reL1CtEL 3E :reaVtOtE
xat' a a/-tEAwv ta -n{}Lxa EatW xal av EX:reA'l'JQOL
u:reavta ta {}Q'l'JaxElJtLxa. 1\ {}Q'l'JaxElJtLxl) 3h a;t-
tL:reOtE av YLVEtat 3L' o:reWC; xal 1\ aQEtil otav
/-tEaov EXtEAEaEWC; ZQ'l'JaL/-to:reOLTI MAO v :reaVEL xal va /-tEtEZU

To tlje; :reOL'l'Jtlxlje; :reEQLaxEljJEwc; tOu Kw3 LX0C; tOu
Mavov /-tovov :reQoe; tOUe; ljJaA/-touc; tOV {}a Mvvato va auy-
'XQl{}ii. ' A:realtEL aya:re'I'Jv 'XaL /-tovov aya:re'I'Jv a:reo :reavtac; xal
1C(lvtac;. '0 a:reEZWV tljc; OCPEtAEL va Ervat BEj3aLOe; Ott
{ta a:reoAavau /-tEyaAVtEQwV Ev3at/-tOVLWV. 'H ExcpQaatc; {}AtljJEWc;
a:reayoQEVEtat Q'l'JtWe;, xal OWV axo/-t'I'J :reQay/-tatLxil altLa :reQoe;
WVt'I'JC; u:reaQZU, a aV{}Qw:reoe; OCPELAEL va EIvat :reaVtOtE
EuzaQLC; ala va tOY OVQavov 'Aya-
'0 xal 1\ &uawZLa EZOU<JLV avayx'I'Jv aEBaa/-tov, <ha
tOVtO ot 1Ctwzol xal ot aa{}EVELe;, ta :reat(Ha xal Ot YEQOl'tEC; :reQE-
:reEL va EIVaL XVQLOL tljc; at/-toacpaLQac;. Etc; 3€ yuva'Lxac; aQxEL
/-tovov avaAoyoe; aEj3aa/-tOe;, 3l0tL avtaL E{}EWQOVl'tO Laat IJ.€
tOY av3Qa xal ta avta EXELVOC; <hxaLwlJ.ata EZOUaat. '0 :rea-
1) Miiller, The hyms of the Rigveda. (Leipzg. Essays 1869-76).
,,' ,_.--
35
'tlJQ ElvllL EXlltOV Jt(ll()IlYWYWV, il ()s I-LlltYlQ EXlltOV
JtlltEQWV. Kal yaf-LOe;; aUf-LJtIll'tELae;; -ntO il tWV
OVQaVlWV MouaLxwv ... xal AOLJtlI O!lOLa JtQOe;; tae;; twV
f!l'tlXWV aQx,wv OAWV twV Aawv xaL OAWV twV alcOVWV ').
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aELe;;, rov aL XUQlcOtEQIlL -naav il tWV twV xal
tWV BLavou'LtWV f), aUVEXEVtQOUVtO Ete;; to avto qJLAOaoqJlXov au-
crt'l1!la. EJtl tWV LEQWV tWV tWV axoJtouv-
tWV tlJV UJtEAEUl'tEQwaLV to'u avl'tQcOJtOU aJto ta EJtlYELa ()ELva, rov
to x,ELQLatOV -ntO lL""o,a. 9).
Ai JtEQlcrcrOtEQaL twV 'Iv()Lxwv aiQEcrEwv JtaQEMx,ovto tlJV !lE-
tEf-LljJUX,WcrLV, Ott ()Y1Aa()lJ 0 avl'tQwJtoe;; EJtQEJtE va () lEAl'tU () La JtOA-
AWV f-LEtaAAaywv, !lEx'QLe;; oii <p{}a<JU Ete;; tlJv tEAELOtYlta xal dcrEAl'tU
de;; tlJV «N 4), tOY tOJtOV tlie;; !laxaQLOt'l1tOe;;.
Ta mQt tlie;; tWV 'Iv()wv ()Ev ELvaL OUtE X(aa JtQoa-
EYYLaLv yvwata, ()lOtl EtYlQELtO xat' avtlJv aXQa EX,E !lvl'tE La ,
xal !lEX,QI JtaQatYlQELtaL de;; to'ue;; XAa()Oue;; tWV ()La<poQwv
aLQE<JEwV. 'AAA' EX tOU KcO()LXOe;; tOU Mavou xal tWV BE()LXiiiv
MVataL tie;; va aU!lJtEQavU on il MUYI<JLe;; EatQE<pEtO JtEQl
EV lJJtEQtatOV ov, tOY "Iv()Qav, xal mQl tOY tlie;;
avl'tQwJtLVYle;; ljJux'lie;;, ()La tavt'l1e;; EJtQEJtE va <pl'taau !lEWl
tOU umQtatou ovtOe;;.
'AAAa xal JtaQu tOTe;; 'Iv()oi; il JtaA'I1 tWV
'Aya{}wv xal tWV Kaxwv rr.vEU!latWV, xal tlJV !lEV VLX'l1V tOU aya-
l'tou 0 Pd f-Lae;; , EvaaQxW{}Ele;; de;; tOY {}EOV BLcrVOU til
tWV aya{}wv JtvEU!latWV, to ()E xaxov 0
uQx''I1yoe;; twV JtOV'I1Qwv ()aL!lovwv. 'A!l<PotEQaL at aJto-
'\)JEte;; IlVtaL tije;; JtaA'I1e;; to'u KaAou xal tOU Kaxou
1) Janet, Histoire de la science politique dans ses rapports
avec la morale (Paris 1886).
2) Barth, Les Religions de I'lnde. (Paris 1879).
S) :n:£QL .. ij<;, 1.
4) MUller. Die Bedeutung von Nirvana. (Zeitschr.)-Lassen, In-
dische Altertumskunde. (Leipz. 1874).
if
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36
VOVtat ELe; ta I1TCTJ PallaY«lVa xal ta OTCoLa.
we; yvwatov, IlEtEcpQaaEV ELe; ti}v /)latQlljJae; €TC[ TCOAAa
ElTJ ELe; 'IvMae; Xata tae; aQXae; tOU TCaQE/..{tOvtOe; aLwVOe; xal €V-
/)v{}Ele; ti}v atOAl}V tWV BQaXllavwv, 0 "EAATJV raAavOe;,
o ' A-3TJvatoe; ').
'Ev YEVEL, ta tWV ' AVatOAlxwv AUWV (lEv
TCOV de; aAAov axoTCov, dlli) Eie; to va YLVU 0 aV{}QWTCOe; tEAELOe;,
xatOxOe; tlje; v'ljJLatTJe; yvwaEwe; xaQLv tOU aya{}ou, xal ovxL TCQOC;
€ taJtElVWV axoJtwv, VJtOxdIlEvOe; aAAwatE TCavtOtE
de; tOY VOIlOV tile; a(lwAdJttou 'ljJuxLxlje; xal TCvEtJllanxile; €
oJtoLa aYEL JtQoe; ti}v tEAELOJtOlTJULV tOU €v tii JtaQouau 2).
'AAAU, Xata ta MYllata taUta, xal at {}EwQLaL JtEQl ewu xal
TCEQl ' A{}avaaLae; tile; 1jJuxile;, TCQOe; xatavOTJaLV twv OJtOLWV xal.
aVEuQE<JIV tile; JtEQL avtwv aATJ1'tELae; oAa til IlEyaA(l
JtvEUllata twv 'AvatOAtXWV Aawv, xal £aUutTJllato-
tEAEtOtEQOV vJto tWV aQxaLwv CPtAOaocpwv,
O[ OJtOLOl, we; {}a '((lwIlEV JtEQattEQW, £(lTJIlLOuQYTJaav xal
"\"i}v CAQtatOtEATJe;), (lla va ti}v vTCOata-
UlV twv OVtWV xal va (\«laacpTJVLaWat EVVOL<lV tOU eEOU we;
/)TJIlLOUQYOV IOU JtaVtOe;.
1) TU1taA30u, BLOYQa.t:pLa. ra.Aa.VOU, (,EAA7JV. CjltI..OAOY. 1:6AAOYOC;,
l:blt. AB, 1911). -ra.Aa.VOU, (1845), (1848),
-rLl:U (1848, -'It'Lxuaa. (1851. (1853), -XLt'01toMa(l. (1851),
(1850), (WEx30a. r. Tu1tuAaou). .
2) Hall, Rational refutation of the Hindu philosophical sys-
tems, (Kale. 1862).
II
T A
eR LQOXl U L1]V OJtOLav lixoAovih]crav LOcrOV La AtY'UJtLlaXa
ocrov xal La LOW 'Acrtanxmv Aawv, Bta va cp{}acrouv
La JtQWLOV L1]V E>QgX'llV xal EJtctLa L1]V AOtJt1]V eEnaBa xal
L1]V viicrov clvat McrxoAov va xa{}oQLcr{}U. 'Aq/ !lEV
{hotL 01, aQxaLoL 'lcrLOQLxol BEV
crav JtEQI. LWV MUcrt'llQlCOV xat ()EV JtaQEx.ouv AE-
JtEQt xa1. LWV oJtaBwv
tCOV, xal acp' EtEQOU BLOtL uAAcov tEX!l1]QLCOV, 1\tOL YQamwv,
!lV1]!lcLCOV x.A.Jt., BEV JtaQEx.ELaL f) aULmv.
AI, {}Q1]crXELaL LWV aQx.aLcov 'EAA1]vLXWV <PuAwv xal La crUvBE-
D!lcVa !lE ElvaL, Xata L1]V EJtLxQatOucrav
LWV aQx.atOAOycov YVW!l1]V, xal crJtOU-
3aLoL on BUVaL(W va ELVat xal
Elcrax.{}EVLa L1]V 'EAAdBa EX El:;
JtaAatoLaLa:;. <PaLVELaL O!lco:; on, XaLa
LWV {}Q1]crxEUtLXWV at
1tEV dcraX.{}ELcrat {}Q1]crxEUtlXat {}ECOQLat, aVa!lLx.{}Eicrm !lE
xal !lE xat LEAELouQYlxa, !lE MY!laLa xal EJtt-
JtQocAcvcrcco:;, EJtcxQaL'llcrav La JtQwtOV t1]V
E>QgX'llV xat EXci{}cv BlcM{}'llcrav oAcov LWV LOLE Aawv
xal Lmv 1). Kal LO cr'll!lcLOV
.0 oJtoiov crU!lcpcovoucrw Ot JtcQLcrcrO.cQOL cLVaL on
1) Darmesteter, EssaisOrientaux (Paris, 1883).

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aero", etl"tO{)e'V P.t"'IJ'VBX{)'lJaa'V 8).
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ywywv <) avwpEQE'tat 0 'OQqJEUC;, tOU onOLOU 'to Ad-
B7]{}Qov 11 IIL!lnAWl, XU'tU 'tOY 'HGUXLOV, tOU 'OAU!lnOU, utOe;
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0 XOG!lOC; XUL E8l']!ltouQyf){}7]auv
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'EAA7]VLXOU xaG!lou.
tev XQovCP E8l']!llOUQyf){}l']GUV qJuvutlxol onuBot 'OQ-
XUt anEtEAEaUV !lEyuAuC;
£XOUGat '(8tov LEQav, !lEtEBtBov Bta tOU AOYOU XUL twV GUYYQu!l-
!lUtWV ta MY!lutu tOU d'Va'1eci1pa'V"e, neo-
a"an/" atho'V "0'V 'O{!tpsa, naQto6{)'lJaa'Y sl,
1) Bode, De Orpheo, (Got. 1824).-Gerhard, Orpheus und die
Orphiker (Berlin 1859).
2) Decharme. tTj<; 'AQX. 'E!..!..al3o,;. 1925).
3) XII, 556.--' Ano!..!... tJ1jl!. 1. 917.
4) rIA.at"covo<;, IIo!..ll;. 669 -No/t. II 66-KQIXl;U!... 402.
5) Maury Luis Ferd. Alfred, Histoire des Religions de la Grece
antique. (Paris 1857-60).
6) • AQltJt"o<pavou<;. Bli tQa.XOl, 1.'2.
39
Aat:ett'a'll t:ov Bd"xov, tine"deX6",e'llo, Is ailt:1j, yaA?j'll'l'll "PV-
x1j; 'Xal {J. (}lIt1"tV"",,:q'll naeap.V{J.£a'll 1).
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2) KAlJ/tEVto,; , AAEsavl)eeroC;. Admonit, ad Gent. p. Il, 12 Sylb.
(Leipz. 1995-6).
3) 'HeoMtou. II, 81 - Rapp. Die Manade im Griech. Cultus.
(Rh. Mus. 1872).
4) Muller K., Prolegomena Mythologiae p, 379-336 (Gotting.
1825).-Grote, Geschichte Griechenlands. (Berlin 1880).
5) Lobeck, Aglaophamus. (Konigsb. 1029).
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all"-q'tl ye'V0f'B'Vov, bdd,ov" Hal lcsoileov, 'tI0l'&C1{joe""a" dj"
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lIEtQaLC; tijc; 'Axatac;, to tOu 'EQ!wU EV <PaQa'ic; tijc; 'Axatac;, to
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tauta fiaav atEVwC; aVV()E()Ef..I.Evat at dc; ta ()lacpoQa f..I.EQlj f..I.'Uatlj-
QwxaL EX()ljAwaElC;, xai tWV f..I.EQWV axo!!lj
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1) ll«uoa.v'ou VIII Cap. XLI-The British Museum, Elgin and
Phigalian Marbles (London 1833).
2) lla.uoav'ou, II, XXIV.
3) • AnoA.A.oBooQou, III, 14, 3.
4) llu-&. II, 25-30 ('AiHjvCJ.L 1842, "EKB. N.
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1) KaQa/tavou, xal .rov KUltQLCOV (' AtHivcu,
M. E. 'EyxuxA.) .
Movers. Die PhOnicier 1,191-233. (Bonn. u. Berl. 1840-1856).
geoxQl.ou ELMA. XV.
3) Greve. De Adonide, (Leipz. 1877).
4) Brugsch, Adonisklage und Linoslied. (Berl. 1852).
5) ITAa'Ccovo;, N6/A. VI, 106.
55
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Aa acpLEQwllata xal aUIl130Aa tOU orrolJ 0 M(-
1) Foueart, Des associations religieuses ehez les Grees. (Pa.
ris 1873).
2) Engel, Kypros. (Berlin. 18401).
3) Ka.A.oyeQoltouA.OU, -co. -coli KwuQa. TIu{)a.-
-C0I1. 1923).
4) 6.wM)Qou, V. 70.-E>ouxu/Wlou I, 4.-' € II, 7,2.
5) Preller, Grieeh. Myth. II, s. 116-117.- Maury, Histoire des
Religions de la Greee Ill. p. 230,4. (Par. 1857-60).
6) "YIA-v. 8.-Ciceronis, De Nat. Deor. III. 21.
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XWV, navtOtE Ent trje; avtrje; cplAoaocpLxrjc; agxilc;,
onola ELvaL yvwale; tljc; aAy}{}E Lac; , to &v{}gwmvov nVEU [,Ia , xa-
auto ngaacpoQov Lva 8Ex{}ii de; Eva OAOXAl']QWtIXOV
nAEov cptAOaocpLxov nAaLaLOv to anOAUtOV yvwaEwe;,
ano to onoLov EBAaatl']aav at [,IEXgL tou8E [,IEyaAELtEQal '1vwatat
8taVOLal.
Kat to OAOV {}Ql']aXEVtlXOV 8l']!-LLougyl'][,Ia twv 'EAfuaLvLwv
M vatl'] Q (wv, roc; au [,ICPWVOUaL VOL nEQ LaaatEgO L tWV aaxoA l']l'lEVtWV
!-L€ ta tWV nQo'LatoQlxwV XQavwv, titO XOLVOV [,IE to
tWV 'AVatOAIXwv AaWv. Kata 810 YVW!-Ll']V rou Michelet, avw
Ba(vfL navtOtE dc; OAOV; !-LEyaAove; Aaouc;, 8E80[,lEvOV OtL
aV{}Qwnatl']e; Evano{}EtEl &8WAELntWe; xal EXaatl']v
tl']e; ELe; [,ILav B(BAOV va EXW(j[ tae; aQxae; tWV XOL-
vae;, aLtlVEe; anotEAOuaL to unEQtarov cpwc;, rlaXEtWe; uv
tal aiitaL 8tatUnWaLV 8tacpoQov -tou EVOe; Aaou ano tOU
UAAOV-, a1JV(atatat de; [,ILaV xat uXQwe; EAEv{}EQav
8 tatUnWaLv, aAAaxou !-LEV uno [,IEyaAwv nOtY}!-Latwv, aAAa-
'j
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j
61
X,OV roC; {}QUALXal :7taQaMcrElc;, ... E'l'tE U:7tO :7tUQaJ,tLaOC;,
E'l'tE uyaAJ,ta'tO:;; X.A.:7t. Kal EVlO'tE J,tLa {}EO't'l']:;; n J.,LLa :7t0A1C; J.,LiiC;
U:7tOXaAU:7t'tOUV :7tOAV :7tEQLcraOtEQa U:7tO 'ta BLBALa, O:7tWC; AOYOU
x,aQlV auto; ov'tOC; 0 'RQaxATie; U:7tOtEAEL J,tLav taEav xal aL
'A{}f]vat EV :7tOL'I']J.,La aUV{}EtWtEQOV, va xAElcr{}ii OAO-
XAlwOe; 11 'lAlae; xul to {njJ'I']AOV 'EAA'I']vlxOV :7tVEVJ.,La de; IIaA-
Aaaa 'A{}'I']vuv I).
'R U:7tOljJlC; OI1WC; avt'l'] 'tov Michelet Eivat EcrepaAI-lEV'I'] xata
'tOv'tO, on '[(1 f3LBAla xa!' ta £:7t'l'] EYQaep'l']crav E:7t!, tii BaaEI tmv :7t0-
AEWV xal tmv I-lV'I']l-leLWV, ,E:7tOI-lEVWe; Mv al' EVOC; BLBALOU
U:7tOXaAU:7ttEtal :7tA'I']QEcrtEQOV 11 'tOV :7tOALtlcrI-lOV O:7tOLaV
Uvtl:7tQoaW:7tEUEL to BLBALOV 'tOVtO, on 11 UvtLA'I']\jJLC;
'tOv aUYYQaepEWe; XQLVEl tae; UQx,aLae; :7tOAEle; xal ta !lV'I']J.,LELa uva-
).Oywc:: tmv yvwaEwv tae; O:7tOLae; EX,El 0 YQaepwv xal tmv :7taQaM-
aEWV aL O:7tOLm I-lEx,Qle; autov toutou
Etat Ott to BIBALOV U:7tOtEAEl 1-l0VOV Eva ata{}l-lov tTic:: aV{}QW:7tLV'I']C;
EVQ) 11 autTie; :7taQatELVEtaL, £ep' oaov sii uvet-
:7t't
UacrO
I-lEV'I'] xal epIAoaoepLXO); tEAELO:7tOIOUI-lEV'I'] 11 uV{}QW:7tOt'l'];
&OXA'I']Qo;.
2:UYXQLVOvtE; 11I-lEIC; :7tVEUW1nxnv tmv 'AVatoAl-
X(OV Aamv :7tQo; aAMAou; xal :JtQOC; toV uQx,aLou 'EA-
t''I']VlXOV :7tVEUI-lato;, :7taQat'l']QoVI-lEV Otl EVQ) oL uQx,a'LoL 'AVato/,L-
xol AaOt E:7tl:7toAaLw; EVQEalv tTi; uAll{}ELac; EvtOe;
tmv atoLx,ELwV xal tTic; u:7tOataaEWe; toV aUI-l:7tavtoc:: xal aUlA-
BOAwv :7tQocrE:7ta{}ouv va aouv taUtllV, 0 L UQx,a'LOL "EA-
!\llVE; rlQXEa1't'l']aav a:7tAme; de; EQEuvav tmv epatvOI1EVWV epu-
atxmv atolx,ELwV, aAAa :7tQoaE:7t<l{}'I']aav va EI-lBa{}uvouv xal d;
aVEuQE(JLV tTi; 11 o:7toia 'tavta,
xa 1 la toV 'AQ ta'tO'tE/\OUr; E{}wav OV'tOL tae; Bacrw; tTi; MEtaepU-
(JLxTi;, tas; O:7tOLae; :7tEQlE'LX,E BEBaLWe; OMEV BLBALov !lEX,(lLe; au-
taV, xal av tar; BlBALWV n :7tOLlll-latWV, tOv'tO
alll-lalVEL on E{}EWQ'I']aaV roe; tEQl1attsOJ.,LEVllV EQEuvav :7tQoe; EV-
QEcrLV tne; uAll{}eLae;, UAAa touvaVtLOV tae; UQX,lXae; BaaEL;,.
1) Michelet, Bible de l'Humanite, 1. (Paris 1864).
','
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62
Enl 'to>v O:7tOLCOV O'tl i\ {}a
(j)'&aoU EUXOAWtEQOV xa 1 Wl(vtEQOV tOY E:7tllhcoxo /lEVOV OXO:7tOv.
*
* *
'to :7tQw'tOv ovv-
:7toLa ta {}Q110XEUtlXa
tCOV MuotflQLa ta :7tQOYlYYI{}EVta 'tWV 'EAEUOIVLaXwv. "H(')l1 aQl(o-
/lE{}a (')ta 'tl}V L(')QUOLV xal 'tllV
AEl'tOUQYLav tWV 'EAEUOlVLaxwv MUOtl1QLCOV.
Kata to «XQOVlXOV tYj<; IlaQou», ta 'EAEUOLVW
xata to Ewe; 1350 :7t. X. AiJ.1]'Vco'V
Acpov tJ1]fI/1J1i1]e acp'Hol'E:'V1] Haeno"
ecpv{7itjvt'V, Ha£ ne[ t!TrtWlpt n(JjOJ1i1] Tje£-
n1i01tl'0v 1iOV KeA.tov Ha£ e1i1] XHtJtJtJtJll /Jaa£-
A{}1]'I11]aw 1). '
'0 (')8 ava<pEQEI 1iO'V 'Eetx{}sa Al"vn1ito'V 1iO "s-
o",;a paa£A.evaa£. 1ieU'V • A{J1]'VolOJ1f, ..• YS'I'0P.8'VOJ'V "ae
aiJXl'eU'V I'tydA-OJ'V Ha1ia naaa'll axe(jo'V 't'I}'V
oIHovl's1l1]" nA.TJ'V Al"vn1iov (j£d 1iTJ1I 1(j£o1i1]1ia
Hid 1ieU'V 1it HaeneU1I Hal. n.t1j{}o£1I
d1liJ.eronOJ'V, AlYV1r1iOV 1iO'l' ' EeexlJ.sa H0l'laa£ (j£d n}'V av,,-
"st't,a'V al1iov n.tfj{}ot; tlt; • A{J d'VlJ.· &)'V 1iOV; eii na-
paa£Ua Ha1iaa1ifjaa£ "&0'V eiJt{!"e1i1]'V, 1iOV'1io'V 6e na.-
ealapO'V1ia '1iTJ1I lJytl'o'Vla1l ,1'1jI'1]-
'E1tval'V& Hal. "&a I'va1i1jp£a no£fjaa£, P.t1it'Vt"HO'V1ia
1iO ntel. '1iOV1iOJ'V 1101'£1'0'" Al"vn'1iov. TOtE 'tl}V
'A't'ttxljv i\ AatQda 'tYje; a<pov EXOl-tlOEV
2).
Kal 0 EO:7tElQE tOY nveil'V xaQ:7tov
'to IlEMov 'to Ptie&OV 8). Ka'ta M, 6 P6.-
1) XQOVIXOV l'ijr; IIaQolJ, 23 (Marburgi 1832).-Ovid. Metam. V,
34:2. De eius adventu Athenas vid. Apollod. I, 5. §. I, et III, 14 §.
',7, ibipue Heynium.
2) L\loMQolJ, LXXIX.
3) IIauaavLolJ I, 38.-L\'0/l6lQOlJ,;V, 68.-' ATCOAAOOOOQOlJ I, 5. §.2.
63
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rTfAa_O'Jp.i'll1J'II n} .. J1i]p.1J.,;ea'll, ";TJ'II ,,6e1J'II, une-
e'll.,;«j) vnee .,;fj, .,;av""" 0.0'11 xaeno, '1j J11Jp.f]-
";1Je .,;ov dn6yovo'll Pdeov Te,n.,;6A.ep.o'll ";TJ'II ";OV ai-
'fOV yeO'Jl!yiav 1).
'R AatQda to'u 'EQEx,{TEwe; 'EQLX,{TOVLOU :7taAalO-
tEQa xal a:7tOU()aLOtEQa tWV de; E:7tLxQawuawv, EYE-
VEW ()E acpoQl-tll O:7tWe; fJ,EtaYEVEatEQWe; ()11fJ,LOuQY11{Twalv a:7tELQLa
{TQUAWV :7tEQ l autllv, fJ,Eta:7tAaa{TEVtWV () wCPoQOtQO:7tWe; ava tOVe;
aLiovac;.
',_.tC_ 0"
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tQOCPqlOC; die; 'A&11vae; xal -avn&EtWe; :7tQOC; tOY {\IO()WQOV-
autox,{Twv 2). Kat. 00, p.e'l' ayxivov" {m' ",4:IJ.1J'IIii., Aiyt.,;a& .,;ga-
tpfj'llla" 00, de a{}.,;6x{}oO'J'II, uno yfj, ye'l''II1J{}ofj'lla& B).
'0 'EQEx,{TEve; nw 0 :7tQWwe; tax,uQoe; BaalAEVe; tne; 'A ttlXne;, 0
1tQwtOe; tne; i}Eae; 'A i}11vae; {TEQa:7tWV, O:7tO (a autov va
tOVe; L:7t:7tOUC; Ete; ta UQ fJ,ata , roe; EfJ,cpaLVOUV ta Ad\jJava
tOU ()UtLXOU aEtWfJ,atOe; tOU IIaQ{TEvwvoe;, avatQacpEle; {J:7t' autne;
wu :7taAaLOU vaou t11e;, wu xatO:7tLv 'EQEX,i}dou fJ,EtOVOfJ,a-
<ri}Evwe; ').
O'l d' lie' '.A6i]'IIa, elXO'll, iv".,;ip.tvo'll m;oAle{}oeo'll.
dfjp.o'll "Eetx{}ofjo, p.tyaAi].,;oeo" 0'11 no.,;' "A6i]'II1J
(Jei'IjJt tho, lleovea-
Hcia d' ev ".A6i]'II11' elat'll, ecp hl 31£0'11' v1JCP'
i'll6a di p.''11 .,;aveota& "at. ae'll8'OZ, Uao'll.,;a,
HOVQO' "A{}o1J'IIaiO'J'II nee&"tA.A.Olle'llO'J'II e'll,av.,;ru'll D).
AEYEtaL, aAA11YOQIXwe;, :7tEQL autOu Otl ()EV EYEVvni}11 E; av-
-------
1) }';outlla V.
2) 'OI-tT!Qou B, 548.-<I>Lt..OXOQou. Fr. 30.
3) 'OJlT!Qou Joannes Muller ('AiHivaL 1841).
4) Malteso, Ein Wanderer auf der Akropolis, S. 26 (Athen 1931).
- D5rpfeld, Der ursprungliche Plan des Erechteion (Mitt. d. arc!:.
Inst. Athen XXIX. 1904).-Jnwood, The Erechteion (London 1827).
-Quast, Das Erechteion (Potsd. 1843).
5) 'OIlT!QOU, 'It... B. 546-551.
, 'f:
i
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64
{}(>om;cov, aAA' EiZEV "o"ea, "Hcpa,a.,;o'V Hal rfj" 1), E; 0-0 xu!.
'E(>lX{}OVLO; 2).
()E JtEQl tOY 'EQEX,Mu &OXA1'](>O; Jtu-
QU()OaL;, xu{)' llv o-fito; JtuQEM{}1'] uJto Tn; ll1']tQO; t01J (rn;) de;
'A-&1']vuv xul ()t' u1Jtn; XUtOJtlV EvtO; xVatECO; d; T<l; {t1JYU-
tEQU; toll KExQoJto;, IIuv()Qoaov, "AYQU1JAOV xul "EQa1']v, ULtl-
VE; OIlCO;, EX JtEQLEQYElU; aVOl;aaaL xvatlv, EliQov avtov JtEQL-
t1JALYflEVOV uJto OQ)ECO; xal EX t01) tQOIlO1J tcov, Tn; IIav()Qo-
a01J, JtaQEQ)QoV1']aav xat EXQ1']flVla-&1']aav EX Tn; 'AXQOJtOAECO;.
d; tOY {tQllAOV toll 'EQEX,{tECO;
IlEVOV, uJto aAA1']V tOY EvtO; Jt1J;l()O; JtEQlJtAaV1']{tEvta
"O<JlQLV tmv ALy1JJttlcoV xul aCO{}EVta uJto Tn; "Ial()o;,
IlEV1']; d; tOV; JtQo'LatOQlxov; XQOV01J; tmv ' A{}1']vmv w; IIav()Qo-
a01J, EUQoVa1']; avtov JtEQlt1JAlYflEVOV ()ta tOll OQ)ECO;,
flEV01J w; A'LY1JJtttaxoll avtox,trovlU; xul acoQ)Qoavvl');.
"Av xul xar' aAAl')V Jtuoa()oatv EJtEaEV (w; ()L'LJtEtE;
;ouvov, 0 xat' aAA01J; YJto 1] 'Atrl')vu) EX toli oVQavoli, a1Jflfll-
yEt; flEta tnc; IIuv()Qoao1J xul tOY JtQflJtOV avtrQco-
Jtov EJtl tfi; yn;, XaLtOL EJtLxQatEatEQu ElVUL YVWIll') OtL 0 oQ)t;
tOY EX toll oUQavoli JtLmovra XEQU1JVOV.
'OQtrOtEQOV oflCO; ElVaL va JtaQa()Ex{}mflEV Ott 0 'EQEX,{}EV;
YJto aJt0YOVOC; tmv ()LOtL xul 0 "Ofl1']QO; AEYEL aAAUzoli
EJtl d; 'IALa()u:
a-b ";EHe{}o' vUlt' ' Ee'x{}o/J'V,o'll fia(llA-fja,
or;. df] dIP"euS";II1:0j; ye'Ve.,;o -D"1]";W'V d"{}oeo)3tru'V I).
UV xul 0 IIAatcov xul 0 IIa1Jaavla; xaflVEI ()L(lxQtaLV flE-
ta;v 'EQLa(ztrovo; xul 'EO LZtrOVlO1J , a1Jyx,coflEV01J uJt' CJ:AACOV JtOo;
tOY 'EQEXtrEU 4).
Kat, w; yvcoatov, aJto tOY tOll 'AJtOAAO()WQ01J 6),0
1) IIauaavlou, Lib. I. Cap. II.
2) , AltoAAollolQou, III, 14.-EuQLltCllou, wIoov 268.
3) 'OI1'l)Qou Y. 219-220.
4) a. 110.
5) ' A:n:oAAollolQou, I, 1913.
65
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1)avov, tilv 01tOLaV Ef.,lElVE, tilv -&uyatEQa tOU TEV-
XQOU BcitElav xal tOY "lAov xaL tOY 'EQLx,1}6-
VLOV. "E1tEl()il ()E 0 tOu 0
<l1tE-&avEv ()lE()EX-&'I'J 0 tilv BaoL-
!.dav WV Xata COY "0 Il'I'JQov,
EXoov aXOIl'I'J xul tilv xatOXtlv tOu.
T:oii T:e&<1Xl..t&a& itrtro£ K(it:a
1J?j..tt£"&, trOOAO£<1W dyaAOl't'Ya£ d.,;aAij<1£ 1).
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tEQa tOU, wVOlluo-&'l'JOav oL f.,lEtEJtElta YEvollEVOL 'H
()E "IALOv, EX tOu "lAO'll, uLou tOU TQcOou xal tTjr,;
toil EtEAEL 0
xal uJto XQ'l'JOfWU va axoAo'U-
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Toiito aE OUVEf3'I'J tOY AOCPOV <I>Q'UYlar,; "A t'I'JV, oJto'U 0 "IAor;
EXtLOE to "IAlOV xal vaov, oJtou ECP'UAUOOEtO to tilv 'A-&'l'Jvav
acpLEQOOf.,lEVOV Jt a A A U () l 0 v, ayaAf.,la EX wr;
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cla.,;oela dt 7) tree" .,;oii na,uadlov ";0&11 de peeer;a&'
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f'o'Y, el, p'Ao'Ye£Ktatl trod f'eAA.ova'IJ' dtn.t'lj.,;-
T:ew ";1i' lla.,uddo" ";0'11 Lila pofJ'lJ1J.t""a T:1]'Y
:reeae;;" • • A6'IJtliitl 6e, ttr' a{}.,;fi
1) 'O!1tlQou Y, 221-222.
2} 'H Thv'!} Oto itAaioLO tou 'IotoQLxou 'YAI0!10U, 0.
9 (' Aitii'VaL 1929).
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va tOY EV/-LOA:n:OV XCIL va Ol a:n:oyo-
vOL tOU XCltomv /-LEta tillv EV/-LOAm(')wv. KClta (')10 tl]V /-LClQtuQLClV
tOU ";TJv' 4n'HTJ" ot f'er;q, E{}p.6Anov e e ij. He!;
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tOU BOQEOU 4). KClt E;lJYELtCIL f) u:n:' ClVtoV
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'AAAa to :n:EQLEQyqV ElVCIL Otl 0 IIoaEL(')WV (')EV titO
1) • AltOAAoIlo)QOU, 3. 12. 3.
2) IIauaa vlou, I, 2.
3) III, 321.-Picard. Les luttes primitives d' Athe-
nes et d' Eleusis. (Revue Historique 1931).
4) Lobeck, Aglaophamus, a. 207 Kat Eql. (Konigsb. 1829).
5) "AnoAAOaWQOU, III, 15, 1.
6) Leben der 10 Redner, Tom. IV. S. 382- :E:evocp.
VIII,40.
67
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de; uv xal nOAAal nQoa{tnXctL Enl tne; autne; navlOtE
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1]yoo6l'e'Vo'V d:rr8HJ;twt'll 'I/L/Laea.do'V l'0'll EVI'0J.:rrov 8), i'lv xal
aAAOL naQE()EXOvtO ott ECPOVEV{t'l') 0 'EQEX{}EVC; Xata tl]V f.,lax'I')v
xal 0 uLoe; tOV EUf.,lOAnOU 'I f.,lf.,laQ a()Oe; , YEy'woe; onEQ llvayxctaE
·tOVe; Mo AaoVe; va 'EltLxgatEatEga E1vctl
Qf.,lWe; 11 JtaQa()Oate;, ?tl f.,lEta tYjV f.,lax'I')v taVt'l')V i\ f.,lEV 'EAE'l'ale;
Ef.,lEtVE cpoQou {)1tOtEAl]e; Ete; tOVe; , A{}'I')ValOUe;, o'L ()E EUf.,lOAnL()ctl
naQEf.,lElVaV roe; '1EQocpavtm tWV MEyaAwv MUat'l')Qlwv, anOAaf.,l-
j3avOVtEe; nOAAwv BaaLAlxwv () LXctlWf.,latwv.
Ete; OAllV autl]v tl]V nOlxLALav twv naQaMaEwv, OEv ata-
IWtU f.,lEXQle; EVOe; allf.,lElOU, aAAa EnaVUAaf.,lBaVEtctl uno nAElatwv
oawv aUYYQacpEwv tne; aQxmot'l')tOe;, OLttVEe; ()[()OUalV EX()O-
Xa:; Ete; ta ovof.,lata tWV ()lacpoQwv 11QWWV atlVU aVEcpEQaf.,lEV, xa-
AOVvtEe; OtE f.,lEv f.,lE .0 auto DVOf.,la tl]V f.,l'l')tEQa taV EUf.,lOAnOU, OtE
SE f.,lLaV 11 nEQlaaOtEQae; ano .ae; 11 tQEte; xOQae; taV 'EQE-
.0.' 4) e G t ' 'r- ' , "e ,
'tv'EWe; x.I'.n., 0 ro e ExcpQa"El t'l')V yVWf.,l'l')V on II nOlXLI'W
,;WV naQaMaEWV 'OVtWV -ntO aXOltlf.,lOe;. Xata tiJv 'LO'lOQlXl]V
£noXtlV n ' UV xal -ntO ()lUQ'I')f.,lEV'I') Ete; nOAAa BaaiAEla xal
1) 'HQoMtou, II, 50.
2) (3ouxulW,ou, II, 15.
3) IIauaa:vCou I, 5.
4) Kat : IIaQ-&evOl.-Hipponact. Fragm XXI.
Weick ap. Athen. IlC, p. 370.
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'tfjt; 'A't'tLxfjt;, SLlIQt)IlEVt)t; E'tt; AV'tovoIlLat;, f) SLa-
avnl 'twv {}EOrrOlt){}EV'trov f)Qwrov, SL' 6:JV fxacr'tOt; Sfjf.,lOt; £XO-
AaxEUE'tO va rrlcr'tEUlI E'tt; 'tl]V EvSo1;ov 'tfjt; xawyroyfjt; 'tOU.
'ErrnSi] Sf: xa{}Elt; E1; av'twv EixEv 'tSlxa 'to'U LEQa xal UHat; {}EO-
'tt) 'tat; , £Aa'tQEUEV E'tt; 'tOU,
crav Errt't'Y]SEt; £rrwvUIlOt {}EOl xal nQroEt;, Sla va YlvEtal 01lto)
()ta 'tfjt; Aa'tQELat; 'troY va EQX,roVWL Ot xa'tODWL 'tWV
IArov E'tt; cr'tEvro'tEQav £rra<pi]v rrQot; aAMAOUt; xal 'tMrot; Il€ 'tat; 'A-
1). Kal EX 'tWV €oQ'twv 'tOu't(J)v, 'tf]V f.,lEyaAEL'tEQav {}EcrLV xa-
'tELX,OV 'ta MEyaAa 'EAElmLVL<X
To av'to ()€ cr'UV()E'tLXOV rrVEU/la IlEWYEVEO"'tEQrov £rrox,wv YL-
VE't<XL axof.,lt) ahLa ()La crUIl<PlALrocrLV 'tWV rrQo'tEQoV £X,{}QLXWt;
()!<XXELf.,l£vrov rroAEOlV, E'tt; tf]v crUVa'ljJIV yafJ,rov f.A.E't<X1;it
O'tXOYEVEIWV 'twv rrQo'tEQoV rrOAEf.,lLrov
TO. aVta 'tfjt; rrQo'icr'tOQlxfjr;; Errox'llt;, 'ta orroi:a am-
'tEAEcrav tat; tWV l'tQ'Y]crXE'UtIXWV xal rrOAI'tLXWV
()EcrIlWV 'tWV ()ta<pOQrov xal BacrLAELrov, rrEQLEYQa<p'Y]crav
IMrot; arro 'tOY cEAAaVLxov, 'tOY !l>lAOX,OQOV xal f.,lE't<XYEVEO"'tEQror;;
arro tOY
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Kat aAA'Y]v xata'ta1;Lv, crX,EtLXi]V 'tfjt; rrQo'Y]yo'UYEV'Y]t;, 0 "Qy'U-
YOt; 'QyvY'Y]r;; 1020 E'tll rrQo 'tfjt; rrQWt'Y]r;; ·OAuf.A.Jtla-
()Ot;, ll'tOt 'tl$ 1796 rr. X. II). "Eep.ov naida el"a£ 8), xa'ta 'tOy
IIaucravLav, £f.,l<paLVOV'tOr;; ov'tro xal rraALV rra-
QaSoO"lv.
'Errl 'tfjr;; Errox'ilt; av'tOu £YEVE'tO 0 IlEyar;; xa't<XxAucrIlOt; 'wil AE'U-
xaALrovOt;, xa'ta tOY orroLov ErrvLYlIcrav ot rrEQLcrcro'tEQOL xa'tolxol
1) Grote, Geschichte Griechenlands, I Band. S. 134-135 (155-
156). (Bert. 1880).
2) 'EA.A.IlVLXOU Fr. 62.- Fr. 8. ap. Euay.
IIl/o1t. X, 10 o. 489.
3) IIauoavCou, I, XXXVIII. 7. xlli IX, V. 1.
69
-61£ vvv XUAOUIAoEV'l'J£ 'EAAaaO£. MEtll tilv xatana\J(}(v tOU,
aVa<pEQEL () • AnoAAoaroQO£ Otl EL£ tilv • A ttLxilv EVE<pavLO'{tn 6
ltQwtO£ KExQot\J, ovolAoaO'{)-ELO''l'J£ OAoxMQou tl]£ x.wQa£
KExQonLa£ avtov, oO'tL£ xata to ll!lLO'U uV{)-QroltO£ xal
xata to EtEQOV 1l!l1O''U O<pl£. Kal EL£ tilv to'U EYEVEtO ()
uyo)V IIoO'ELawvO£ xal 'A{tnvu£ ala tilv xata-
xt'l'JO'lV tl]£ • AxgonoAEro£, O()tl£, w£ VnOVOELtm, a'l'J!llOUQ-
Yll!la tlXl]£ E!lnVEU()Ero£, xata()taO''l'J£ UAAro()tE tl]£ EAaLa£, llv,
XCtta tilv YVW!lYIV tWV 'EAMvrov-xal ovx.l tWV ALY'UlttLroV-E<pE-
£lEV 1\ 'A{)-'l'JVU, ELgllV'l'J£, a'l'J!lLOUQY'l'J{}EVtO£ xatomv tOV
L\roaExa{)-EO'U 1).
Kata 6 Ke"eal'll', Alyvm;£o, a>tI "0 ye"o" qJ"1Jat
"a, . Aihl""', oiJe" "at. ot • AiJ1J"a'lo£, 1J ot "ij,
Re"eonldo, tptJAijS;. Twes; de tpaa£ "Ou"o" Hal. d£tptJij yeye-
"ija{}a£, "a p.e" {lII/OO, dvde6" "a de "(I'!:OO p.ee1J, ytJ"a£,,6,' ot
iJ.1JQlotJ· Hr:teo£ de, 0" "op.otJs; «ssuQt liO;:, d'lliJ.eO)3'Co£S;,
Hat. dno dye£or:1J"o, sl, .qp.te6"1Jr:a 1jyayttl' (UAO£ de, 0"£ ";00"
dtldeoo'll, cO, p.£uyo!'e'llOO'II "a'l, "ai. «" -r:ovr:oo"
p.TJ y'"OOU"op.e"otJ 1J "ou na"eos; naea "ou na£d6s;, 1J "ou
na£6os; naea "OU .na7:g6;, ailliO, ,,6p.otJs; iJtp.t"o" rou"t tpa-
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d£tptJTJ' 8"A'Ij{}1J 2).
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1'£"" Hal. 1I.aet1:OO", "al. N1Je1Jt6oo'II, "0011 cUAoo" iJ.tOO'V 41)'tJ-
ndo'l1£ alel H01:e -r:a oil,,6p.a,,6. «0'7:£ I" -r:ii xcbev' Uyoo "a

ll'AltoAAo8roQou, III, 14, l.-'HQoll6tou VIII, 55.- 'OIM[ou Me-
"(a.IlOQ' VI, 72.-:a:evoljloovto<;, 'Altollv. III, 5. 10.- IIauoa.v. 1. 26, 4.
2) l:out8a., A. KS'KQo\j!.
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.uyo'UO'& avtol. Al"vnno&' 'lirot' 6e oil cpao& {J.srotl YWcboHt&..,
'lia ovt'6I'ata, o-btO& de 1'0& dOHeO'UO'& (mo ndacsyrotl 6t1ol'a-
cs{J.ijtla&, nA7}tI IIoO'e&deootlot; 1).
To (j'\J!-lltAEY!-la tOV TQL(J(o!-lato1J tEQatOe;, tOV E-UQE{}£vtOe;
Eltl tije; 'AxQoltoAEWe; xal qJ1JAaaao!-lEvo1J de; tl)V al{}ov-
aav tOV MovaELov t'l']e;, altoxAELEWL va EivaL avaltaQaawaLe;
tije; tOV ' uv -UltO toW aQ-
zmoAOYwv OAwe; all'&aIQEtWC; TVqJ(OV 1] N'l']QEVe; 1] TQL-
tOltatOQEe; x.A.lt. 2).
Kata to Laat'l']!-la tije; BaaLAELae; tOV KEXQOltOe;, l] 'A ttl Xl)
l1Q'l']!-LW{}'l'] Me;, aqJ' EVOe; !-lEV UltO EX KaQLae;, aqJ' EtE-
QOV UltO tWV BOLWtWV. '0 M KEXQOlj! tOVe; xatOLxOVe;
t'l']C; de; Lir]!-love;-KEXQOltLae;, TEtQaltoAEWe;, 'EltaxQLae;,
LiExEAELae;, 'EAEva'Lvoe;, 80QLXOV, BQavQwvoe;. Kv{}i]-
QOV, K'l']qJLaaov xal <I>aMQov. IIalw 6' iJCS1ieeOtl tlt;
I'tat' n6A.w O''Ut'ayayti" Uyeta& 1i1]11 'Vii'll 1iOVt; &cbdtHa 8,,-
O'£Vt; 8). 'Eltl{}v!-lwv 0 K€xQO'ljJ va aXQLBwe; tOY aQL-
{}!-lOV tWV xatOLXWV, ltaQr]YYELAE va QL'ljJu ExaatOe; Eva AL{tov de;
wQla!-lEVOV !-lEQOe;, xal !-lEtQ'I'J{}EVtWV tWV AL{}wv EUQE{}'l']aaV EV oAct>
E'lxOcrL 4).
'0 KEXQO'ljJ EAaBEv we; ti!v xOQ'l']V tOV ' AXWLOV, oane;,
Xata to «XQOVLXOV tije; IIaQo1J», lito a1itoz{}wv, Xata tl)V QijaLv
tOV IIa1JaavLou BacrLAEve; twV ' A{t'l']vWV ltQo tOV K€xQoltoe;, EX tOV
ovo!-LatOe; tOv OltOLOV OAOXA'l']Qoe; l] ltEQLOZi! tWV ' A{t'l']vwv dZE
!-lEtOvO!-Laa{}ij Ete;' AxwLav 6). 'AH1iaZ'o" Uyo'Uaw ell tij tliitl
°Ar;r:&Hij pacs&A.eiiaa& nero1iO'll' dno{J.a"fI'IItot; de • AH1iato'U Ke-
1) 'HQoMtOll, II, 50.
2) rialteso, Ein Wanderer auf der Akropolis, S. 30 (Athen 1931).
3) IX, 1.-XQoVLltOV IIuQoll, 19,
Ad. v. 34. 35 (Ep. 21). (Marburgi 1832).
4) Grote, Geschichte Griechenlands. 1,136-137 (157-15i.-<I>L-
IX, p. 397.
5) IX, 1, IV, sect. 11.- et-;
EMyy. IIQo1tIlQ. X, 10.-XQOVLltOV IIuQoll V. 3. 4. 'Enox.. I
(1582 1&. X.).
71
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ot ),l),,,ov'&a, iJov),a7:eeai I'BV • Eea'l} 1eal. .. A)'Aaveo; Hal. IIcf.'tI-
agoaoi, tlU" as • EevalxiJocov 1).
BAE1CO!lEV a1CO ti}v !lagnJgtav toil ITauaavLOU on VJ'C{lgX,Et xaL
U}.A'I1 xata ti}v a1COlav al!lEV "Ega'l1, "AYAaugoe; xal ITav-
8goaoe; fjaav a8EAcpal toil 'EgUOlX:&OVoe;-xal ovx,l toil 'EgEx,{}Eroe;,
we; aAAOt auyygacpELe; OUYX,EOU()l tOUe; 8uo avtOUe; '0
8E KEXgO\jJ cpEgEtal we; avtox,{}rov 2).
'0 'EguaLx,{}rov, {}avo)V, cpaLvEtat ott 8EV acpijxEv E1Clyovoue;,
aAAa tOY 8tE8EX,{}Y\ de; ti}v a Kgavaoe;, avtox,{}rov xal
olito:;, a1Co tOY 01COLOV xal aL 'A{}ijvat xato1Ctv Kgavaal EXAll{}'I1-
aav 3), KOQ'I1 toil Kgavaoil l] 'At&t:;, xal dna '&av7:'I}'
6v0I'cf.Covaw '..4,"",,,7)" '&1]v XcOea'tl, ne(heeov HaA.OtlI'B,,'I}"
'AH'&ala'V ,),
Tov Kgavaov tije; ugx,ije; a 'A!lcptxturov, tOY a1Coi:ov
O!lroe; vatEgov OL !lEta toil 'EgEx,{}Eroe; auvE1CavaatatllaaVtEe;
xO!lLaaVtEe; ti}v AatgELav tij:;' A {}'I1VUe; 6), '0 8E ITav-
Mrov, Ilta80x,0e; toil 'EgEX,{}Ero:;, -nto uLoe; toU EX tij:; VUIACPY\e; ITa-
()l{}Eae; xa), xata ti}v tOU acpix,frYJ El:; ti}v 'A tnxi}v 0
xal l] to XgOVtXOV tije; ITagou 6),_
Eyxataata{}
ElO
'l1e; avtije; de; 'EAEuaLva. '0 ITav8(rov, VU!lCPEU{}EL:;
xato1Ctv ti}v vU!lCPY\v a1CEXt'l1aE 8L8U!loue; !lEV u'Loue;
tOY 'EgEx,{}Ea xal'tov Bout'l1v, xogae; 8E ti}v ITgoxv'l1v xal ti}v
if-. , 7)" e' e e B' s: s: '
'¥tAO!ly\Aav , atttVE:;, roaautro:; ro:; 0 OUt'l1:;, utEuga!latlaav a'l1-
!laVtLXOv gOAov, - 'L8gu{}Evto:; avtOil LEgaTlxoil ta-
1) IIauao:vLou, I, 2. 5.- 8. xat EqJ,
2) 'lout.., ' AqJQ. X, 9.-- (486--488).- IIauaavLou
VIII, 2, 2.- MEtall. II, 739.- EUQL1tl/lOU, "IolY. 269.
3) 'HpollOwu, VIII. 44.- IIauaavLou, II, 5, 3.
4) IIauaav(ou I, 5, 3.
5) 'ArcoHo/looQou, III, 14, 6.-IIauaavLou, I, 26, 7.
6) XQOVLXOV lluQou.
7) 'O!11JQou 'OMaaELa. A. 320.
I
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aLAEU(;, ro(; ro(; U(,O(; tli(; rli(; xal tOli IIoaElaWVO(;, xata-
atU(; 0 a1]/-tLOUQYO(; OAWV tWV IlEtEJ'tELta lpaVEVtWV OLxLatWV tWv
aLUlpOQWV 'EAA1]VLXWV tOJ'tWV, aJ'toyovwv autoli, tWV
J'tEQlaaOtEQWV, ro(; yvWatOv, 1'tWJ'tOl1]1'tEVtWV 2).
OUtW(; Ex,oualv EV J'tEQlAll\jJEL ta toli YEVEaAOYlxoli aEVaQOU tOli
'EQEJ(1'tEW(;, E;EALX,1'tEVtO(; ala tli(; BQaaEW(; L8(W(; tWV J'tEQl autov
d(; 'A tttxov xa 1 YEV.lQJ(1]V.
*
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Kata tOY BQarwtLxoV XOLQlAOV, 8) aUYYQa'IjJavta ta mQl 'A-
AOJ't1](;, tlir; 'EAEUa'ivor; TitO 0 PUQO(;, 1'tEWQOU/-tEVci(; xal
J'tatT]Q toli TQIJ'ttOAEf,tOU. 'EJ'tElBiJ BE f) OA1] B1]/-tLOuQYLa tWV 'E-
AEUaLVLWV Muat1]Q1WV Elvat EQYov toaov tWV 'EQEX,1'tElBwv, oaov
xat tWV EVf,tOAJtlBwv, Ott Elp' oaov aVElpEQaf,tEV ta
tlir; xataywylir; tWV ' EQEJ(1'tElBwv, xa1'tauto f)QcOwv tlit; 'A ttlxlir;,
J'tQEJ'tEL EX va XU/-tW[lEV [lvdav xal J'tEQl tWV 'EAEU-
alVLWV 1'tEWQOU[lEVWV tOLOUtWV, o)v f) aQJ(iJ aVUYEtat dr; tOY KQa-
vaov, avtox,1'tova tlir; 'A ttLxlir;, Errl dEuxaALWVOr;, JtatQor;
tlir; 'At1'tLBor;, E;wa1'tEvtOr; uJ'to toli 'A[llpLXtuovOr;, tOY OJ'tOLOV, ror;
J'tQOcLJ'tO f,tEV , E;EtOmaE tlir; 0 'EQEx,1'tEUr;. '0 KQavaor;
Eax,Ev u(,ov tOY PUQOV, 4) 0 BE PaQor;, Xata [axe'll vUw
Kd.e6v, de b) To BE EX tOli PaQou ovo-
/-taa1'tEv ntdlov litO aUtlxwr; tlir; maLaBor; tlir; 'EAEuai-
vor; xal toli KOQuBaAoli, J'tQor; tiJv MEyaQLBa. 'ExaAE'ito BE xal
1) , AotoH08wQou III, 14. 8.-l:ocpoxl..eou;, 'Hl..ex't;Q. 170.- Atax,u-
AOu, Suppl. 61.- Ment/1. VI, 425-670.- ·YyLV. 45.-
Auxoq:>Q. 158.- 'Haux,. A..
2) Ciceronis, de Natur. Deor. III. 19.- <l>LI..OXOQO; el; l: x,o 1... Qt_
8Lot. 80tL Kol..ooviil100.-'AotoHol\wQou, III, 5. 4.-'Haux,£ou 1... Zeuyoc;
EUQLotL80u l:X,OA., 3.- wloov. 276.
3) XO'QLI..O; el; IIuuauvLuv, I, 14.
4) 'O/tl)Qou 'ULU; Y. 450.
5) l:o'Utl\u, iu V.- XQOVLXOV IIaQou.
73
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'lOti TQur7:tUe(l.o" Mlaah ";TJt' .,;oii al7:ov yeOJey!at'.
Mql'l'jtaL nov 'EAEU(HVlffiV MUat'l'jQlffiv -naav ot oJtaaol tOV
&aEAcpOV tOV KEAEOV, uJto toil 'A-
l1'1'jvalou xal ti}v <PAtaalav. 1) 'EtEAOUV aE ta
tffiV ot <I>Alaalol ti}v JtEQLOX.i}V tWV KEAEWV, EX
toil KEAEO'U XA'l'jl1ELaaV Outffi. Kata tOY Ilauaavlav, nO.ltOJ,
(wl,oii1'7:oG) at KeAsa1 ns'V.,;e ifJov (l.tU,a.,;a ansxovat.·
Hal 7:V ,tjtj(l.1J7:Q' {J,' .,;,mie.,;ov 7:TJ'V 7:de,;fJ ... ,
Hal ou Ha7:a. lJ.YOV(I£"iI, de ou" 1;01' Plo'V
na'V"lia anoasaet."7:a£, Ha7:a. ae !"d(17:1J'V 7:eAen] ... lJ.'uod tan ...
acplaw la(l.pd'llOJ'V, 1/'V MJel'l/, "al. yv'Va£'Ha, ,,0.£
7:aii7:a (l.e'V a,6.cpoea "lieU1' ',.Elevai ... £ "lid de t,
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• ElevawlOJ'V)' 0f'0A.oyovat. cSe ,,0.1 aU7:o1. (I.£(l.siaiJa,
"lid 'EA-evaZ''II£ aec.OJle1'a 2). "QatE a'l'IJ,JtEQalVOIJ,EV EX IJ,aQ-
tOV Ilmlaavlou, Otl ta 'EAEuaLvta -naav ta
a11t(1 JtEQlJtOU tWV MUat'l'jQlffiv tWV KEAEWV, alJ,cpOtEQffiV
tQOJtOJtOll]l1EVtffiV XatoJtlv uJto twv AtyuJtttaxwv JtaQaMaEffiv,
tOW 'OQCPlXWV xal twv Ilul1ayoQELwv, ELaax.l1Evtffiv uJto wv Ev-
IJ,OAJtOU, twv oJtaawv tOU, xal urro tWV auvEx.latWv
tOV EQYOU tou lEQanxwv taYlJ,atffiv. Kal 0 EUIJ,OA-
IJ,Eta ti}v tOV EyxatEGtal1l] ti}v 'EAEU-
aLva, EA{}WV EX xal Evavtlov tOll
xal xatoJtlv xata tOV
Kena 8E tOY 'AxEaooffiQov, JtB(l.n7:o'V dno "lioii necO"liOV Eu-
(l.oAnotl t1 val. 7:011 "lide"lia., veacpOJ'V 011-
«Ka"liot."ijaa, ae 7:TJ" 'E.tevaZ''IIa la7:0eOV(l£ neeU7:o'V (I.e"
aU"li6x8>0'Va,' eha iJ eq."a" "lioil, (l.e7:a. EU(l.6.tnotJ naea-
neo, Pofr8>et.a" 7:0Y "a"li' 'Eeex{jBOJ, no.te-
(1.0'11>. TWe, de cpaa1 "al. ';0" EiJ(l.olno'V eveet1' "?}1' (l.v1Jaw,
1) 'HQoMtou, VII, 202-IX, 28,- 90ulGulWiou V, 57-VI, 105.-
3evoq)(i)vto<; 'EA.A.llv. V, 2, II, VIII, 382.
2) I!uuouv(ou, Ub. II, VIV
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t:1}11 aV"t:e).ovp.8"'1J" Hat:' d'll ·EA.tval1l, .Li .. tJI-''1Jt:e'
Hal x6e'!1 I).
tOY tOY 0
AEYEl Ott tljv !!lJ'YJaLv EUQEV 0 dU' cillO 7:0V-
7:0V EVl-'0A,n01l nel-'n7:01l ytY0'll6,a. EV",6A.nov yde yt1lea{)ru
K'ljeVHa' 7:0V ,ss '4,1I,,;lcp'1JI-'0'" ";OV ,ss Movaalo1l' 7:0V ,ss Ev-
f-'OA,illO'll, 7:011 Ha7:a,sttsa'll,,;a 7:1}1I I-'v'1Ja&1l nal lteorpa",'1J'II yt-
Y01ltl7:a 2).
O{JtW a'llvoJttlxljv ELxova twV JtQWtWV
fwwwv xal xatoJtlv itEOJtOL'YJ{Mvtwv BacrtAEwv tns 'Attlxi\s, OLtL-
YES Eitwav JtQWtOL, Ws YEvaQxm, Ws UQX'YJYOL tWV Aawv tWV xat
Ws !!EyaAoL tavtOXQovws tas JtQWtas
BaaELs twV a'LtLvEs xatomv
JtaQO'llataSEl 0 xal tavtOXQovws a'llvEBaAOv ELs to
va xal va ELs tY]v 'Attlxy]v - uJto aAA'YJv
!!oCPljv- ta ti\s l\tOl ta to'u JtQO-
JtaQaaXE'llaaaVta OVtW ta MEyaAa 'EAE'llaLVta.
*
* *
tljv JtQoJtaQaaXE'llY]v tOW 'EAE'llalVLWV M'llat'YJQLwv,
Ws talita E!!cpavLsOVtat ty]v xAaacrtxY]v va a'YJ!!EL-
W% ott, JtAY]V twV 'OQCPLXWV, a'llVEtElVaV xata JtOAU xal ot 11 'll-
{1ayoQELOL. Kal tolitO to a'll!!JtEQaLVO!!EV EX JtOAAwV aJtoaJtaa!!a-
tWV twV l1'llitayoQELwv, cDv EYEVEtO a'llXvy] XQi\ali;; ELs tljv O/I'YJV tEAE-
to'llQYLav tWV 'EAE'llaLVLWV M'llat'YJQLWV, !!E!!lY!!EVWV!!E JtaQaM-
tWV 'OQCPLXWV. "Ou naA,a&o!t 6 A.6yo" 'Oerp'H6!t 7:t yde
Hal IIviJ.aytlet'o" 6 mxA&1I llyOJ1I 7:d, tl!t 7:0 aiiJI-'a
Hal na.t&1l cino 7:00 ar1JI-'a7:0' ci"aYOJ1I, Hal 7:0V7:0 HVHA,cp noot-
AaHLS' s). '0 ELs EJtLYQa!!!!a to'll ava-
CPEQEl tnV KaBELQlxnv xataywynv ti\s
ti\s AatQELar; t'YJs, JtQo 'EAE'llaLVOS Els to !!OV.
1) XQOVLXOV tije; lIUQou, 0. 14. (Marburgi 1832).-' AxeoollooQoc;.
etc; Qtll. KoA.. (v 1051).
2) XQov. lIUQ. Ad. v. 28. (Ep. 15).
3) 'OQ<pLxa, avo 24.
75
C Itee'1 ;11JI''1'Ceo, trw no'Ct, ,,0.1 neil,,, Ka/JlJ£ew'V,
6)'IIte, "at. I't'C8nt",a Lh'llellll'1J'II'1"
TJ "eijiJ, "t'Vol''1'11, " "ii" ""0 '" * '"
no,u,oo'V nQoa'Caa£'1 'Vtoo'V "lI'VaucOO'V.
"at. d",,' 8"e'Vo,,'Co elv' lJ.eat"a, HiJnel'lIa' tHtl'Voo'V
sV"7Jeoo' evt. xeeai'V. IQnlJ Xa£eoo" 1}.
At {}EOt'l1tE; xal ot l1QroE;, JtEQl ta; oJto(a; atQEcpEtctL ft AELtOUQ-
YLa twV 'EAEUaLVlroV Muat'llQlroV, f1aav il L1'l1lttlt'l1Q, ft IIEQaEcpov'l1
xal 0 L1LOvuao;. avtwv il AatQda tn; L1tllt'l1tQo;, ltEtEVEX,{}EL-
aa EV cEMdl'h Eltl PdQou, EVEcpavLa{}'l1 {,Jto tilv aAA'l1YOQlXi}V ltOQ-
cPi}v tn; It'l1tQo; rn;, tou; avtn; XA'l1{}EVta; L1'l1ltn-
tQl<XXOV; xaQJtov; xal XUQlro; tOY ahov. To i'ivolta avtij; EtUIlO-
AOYELtO uJto tWV w; avacpEQEl 0 KLxEQrov, EX tOu rij
lttlt'l1Q: Mater autem est a gerendis frugibus Ceres, tan-
quam Geres; casuque prima litera itidem immutata, ut a
Graecis; nam ab illis quoque ;1'1l'tf'C7Ifl quasi r'1I'7J";'1e, no-
minata est ').
Kata ()E tOY L1 lO()roQOV tOY EJtLXUQOUVtO; ti}v
EtUltOAoYlav, ";7]" elf: "fJ'V C/JansQ d""elo" n ";cO" qJlIOI'E'VOO'V 1)no-
1aI'P6.'V0'V'Ca" I'e.,;eea Kat. 'Cov, "E,u,'1'Vag ell
1:ao61:'1'V naean1'1a£oo, ;171I'7I1:ea "aAel", Peaxv I'B.,;an(J.lJ£a'1'
1:0" xe6"o" 1:ijfj Us BOO,' .,;0 "ae na1a&o'll "ij'"
l''1Jdea' H:a(J.6.nte "at. ";0" 'OQqJea neoal'ae'ClIee'l", 1e,,0'V'5o.-
rij 1'1J'C'1e n101l1:oel61:t&ea 8).
Kata ()E tOY IIAovtaQx,ov 1:aii'Ca I'f:" ol'o&a 1:0'l, 1)no 1:OO'V
21:OO'''ca" '/Iot010"01lI'e,,0,, "at. "ae 1:0 I'f:" ,,0'V&·
1'0'V n'VBiil'a "at. 'CeoqJ&l'o'V, ;1&o'VlIao'V t1"a& 1e,,01la&' 1:0 n1'1-
H1:&"O'V elf: Hat. Koe'1'" to el&a&et1:&xil'V, "HgaHUa" 1:0 elf: eJe-
Hn1C6", .. Al'l"oo"a. L11JI''11:ea'V elf: Hal Ko(}'1'V, 1:0 elul 1:ij, "ij,
1) KU.AAI!to'XOU, 'E1tLYQo'!A. 41.
2) Ciceronis De nat. Deor., II, 26.-Creuzer, Symbolik u. My tho-
logie, S. 853-857. (Leipz. 1822).
3) I, 12.- 'OQqJIXO" 'EAeuan(u.<; <Jt'uQ.
XL xal EqJ.

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Ncd ",eU1' Hae:ll'eU1I not1e,dOwa 'liO chd 'liij, {Ja-
Adn'l' 1).
'EM{}ll ()E, xata JWQa()OaLV, Ete;
LlTtJ.tlltQav, ()LOn nEQLExAELEV Ete; tOY aAAllYOQLXOV
Llle; La J.tuatLxa tije; yije;, .oaov ana anOl\JEwe; YEW!?YLxije;, oaov
ana {}QllaXEUtLxije;, tij; AatQELae; tlle; J.tE tOY
Ete; tOUe; xOAnOUe; tOU onOLOu naaa cpuale;, ano{}vTtaxouaa,
xataATtYEL. LlEY anox/,ELEtal ()E va ELX,E xa!. avtll nQo-
D,EU<1lV, we; 0 'AnoAAwv, ()lOtl, tWV aAAWV tij; 'EAAa-
()Oe;, de; atlva EYEVEtO taUtOx,Qovwe; yvwatTt, anavtataL xal de;
LlwMwllV xa!. <PlyaAwv tije; 'AQxa()(ae;, Ex,ouaa .0 aWJ.ta
yuvalxoe; xu), X,aLtllv a/,oyou de; tou; de;
xataaxEuaa{}EVtOe; nOAv uno tau M LXWVOe; A t-
YLVTttaU yAUntOu, 'OVata, ayaA!WtOe; EX x,ahou. ()E f)
AatQELa tije; J.tETa tOU IIoaEl()wVOe;, xul. '(awe; avtije;
tije; a'h(a; xal 0'1 ' A{}l)Vai:ol taUtOx,Qovwe; ta 'E-
AEUaLVl<X xa), tWV IIoaEL()wvLWV, we; J.tae; nAY]QocpoQEL
o ' A{}ftvaLo;, EX toil on 0 ' AnEAAije; EL()EV de; ta IlQaEL()cOvl<X
<PQuvllv EJ.tnvEua{}El; avtije; 'AcpQo()LtY]v. Tii
'lieU1I 'EAevawlaw :ll'a"'lyves£ Hai "'ii 'lieU'I' IIoat,dawloo1l
oV's, ";OOti fla"tA.A.'l"too" :ll'd'll'lioo1l, a'l'epa",e "'ii (J.aA.dny Hal.
dn' av"'ij, • Ant,uij, 'lif]1'. A1Iadvo.ue1lYl'" ' ACPeodt'li'l" dve-
Ye? <i1pa",o 2).
'0 ()E Ilau(JavLae;, (Jx,Ealv tije; M-
J.tlltQoe; J.tEta tov ITO(JEI()WVOe;, () lOti we; yvwatov tLnOtE ()EV ()U-
vatal va BAam;n(JU Ent tije; yije; aVEU Mawe;, avacpEQEL Ete; ta
«'AQxa()Lxa» ta o(Ja EnLatEuov oL XatOlXOl tile; 8EAnouala;, o\:-
'tlVEe; EtX,OY xal teeo'll Lhj.u'l'lieo, 'E1tvt1,,,ta, 8). IIAa'lloo.ue1l'l
"ii iJfJ.u'l'liet., ",1ItHa "''''" :ll'a'lda J.eyovt1w Im,t1(J.at ot
"'0'1' IIoae,doo1la aV"'ii .u,x(J.ij1la" Hal r:ll':II'01'
.utr:apdAA.ovt1a1' 6.uov r:ai, r:ll':II'O,,1Ie.uea(J.at. ",ai, 'OYHeiOV ') .
1) IUoul'uQXou, IleQL xlli 40.
2) • A -&qva(ou, '\eLltVo(JoqJLIHaL, XIII. Sect. 59 (591).
3,-4.) Ilau(JuvLou, Lib. XIII, Cap. XXV,
--------
77
M {mo 'toov 'AQxciarov Ma:rcOIVa 1) xal EX to'i'! Al-
f.tOU aro'tE LQa, a ton, owv QXEW 'ttl; 'ti}v YEroQ-
Ylav, ai'ni} ala 'toov :rcQo'iov'trov earotE 'tOY Aaov
Ka't' lm.'llv AEa:rcolva f)w Yi KOQYJ, alon 1iexiJ.ii"a& {mO-
.1"I'1J'eOt; ot oox f",notl, lUAu fit}" .1e-
ano",a" {mo· AeHdcJo)'V' fiO cJA dno .,;ov.,;ov-
Aiyova& {)oVl'q, fie If.I'a it; 'to" IIoas,cJ/IJ'Va aO'&fJ" Hal 'nl'tijt;
lleeaecp6"1Jt; 'tii denaYii ne,,8oe, Xl!O:JI'i"1J'V, I'eAa,,,a,,
1'V";;"a&, Hal 'to amjAa,o'V 'tov'to (If.'''teo,, aOfi6{)o, leeo"
.1?jl'1J,&eor.) i1{)oovaa'V n0'Vo'll dneZ'Va& n01v", 6A
icp{)oelee1:o I'A" nci'Vfia, oaa 1] yij 'lieicpe" 'to ,sA d ... iJetbnO:J"
Hal n,uo" dntbA1vlio {mo 1&I'0v, ()oeOJ" ",A" If.,uO:J,,
iintafia.,;o If.ea oo,setr., U,,{)oa dneHQvn'tsfio 1] .1'1]I'?j1:1Je 2).
TavtOXQovro; EJ.atQEVEtO Yi A'llf.tll't'llQ 'to xaAOU-
!lEV'll I1E),aaYl;, Ti]V 'tl]V O:rcOll Vrrl1QX,E xaL le-
eo" Hal .1?jl'1JfieOt; lI.yaAI'a 8), xal 'ti}v
'EQ[ll()V1lV, ():rcOll 1:\jJaJ.Aov d; avtl]v elt; vI'''O" If.atyl'0'V, cOt; CP'1]-
atv cHeaHAel,s'1]r. 6 110""'H6t;. 0-6 lad'll dex?j: Adl'afiea I'e1-
nO:J 1i8 K1vl'evotO If.AoX0'll <) , AHaxou aE ava<pEQEI on : Aaaot;
o • Eel'to"evt;, I'V 'tq, elt; '&fJ" 'Eel''''''' ilf]I'1J'&eq. v"'''fP A.e-
ye& oV,&O:Jt;:
ildl'a.,;ea I'eAnO:J K6Qa'll 'te KAvl'i"oto c!.t0Xo" Mdtpol''a",_
vI'''O:J'' cl"dyO:J" AloAl,s' If.I'a. PaeVpe0l'0'V de",o,.ta'V I).
ti}v AOI:rci}V 'EAAciaa EAatQEvEw v:rco ala<poQa 'tai'J'toXQo-
E:rcWEW, roy ta :rcAOlJaLro'tEQa JWLxlAlav fiaav 'ta ava<pE-
QOf.tEVa
*
* *
ME ti}v AatQdav a'lJVEaEE'tO, yvroa'tov, xal
Yi tOU AlOVVaO'lJ, xal WVtO'lJ, Eav
1) Lib. VIII, Cap. XXXVII )GaL XXV.
2) TIaucravlou, Lib. VIII, Cap. XLII.
3) 'A {)Tjvatou, L\emvocrocp,crta£, Lib, X, Sect. 9, 10 (416).
4) 'AftTjVaLOU, Lib, X, sect. 82, (455).
5) 'A{)Tjva£ou, L\eL1tVocrocptcrtal, Lib, XIV. sect. 19 (62!).
"
.',
78
VJ"[' o\jJEt tljv tEAEUtatav J"[QOEAEUOLV tOU. to 0 I-tOVOe; {tEOe;
tillv aQx,aLwv, aOtle; OUVExEVtQWOE tOY I-tEyaAELtEQOV
aQdtl-tov Ete; OUI-tBOAlOI-tOUe;, XAELWV Ete; EaUtOV, ExtOe; tiie; {tQYJoxdae;, -
tOY x,oQov, tljv to tljv tQayq>Mav, tljv XWI-tq>-
,), tljv nOLYJolv X,A.J"[. 1). "lowe; lito VE{DtEQOe; aAwv xal
roe; EX tOUtOU EVEXAEtEV de; EaUtOV XCHtE tEAEUtataV EXJ"[oAItLOtlKf)v

Ete; tOUe; aQx,aLOtEQOUe; x,Qovoue; E{tEWQELtO uLoe; tl\e; S)
we; aAAYJe; MI-tYJtQoe;, tl]v yl\v, I-tWX tiie; o:cotae; 0
ZEUe;, vno l-toQqJljv x,Quol\e; BQox,l\e;, we; I-tWX tl\e; LlavciYJe;, EYOVlI-tO-
nOLYJoE tljv YEVVYJOLV tou. 'H nQayl-tatLxlj al-tWe; xataywylj toii
LlIOVUOOU Eivat en., neot£Q'1j"aP.e" e"
'to;;t; Al"vnna"or; nee' 't'ij, 'tou .d£o"vO'ov "e'VsO'tOJ, "a, 't00'V
a'ihoii neax{}e"7:OJ" d"o.tovtJoOJ, 7:a;;, lO'loela£" ol-
HerO" e1"a£ nqoO'tJoe;:"a£ 'ta. I'vtJoo.to"ovp.t"a
nee' 'toii tJoeoii 7:0V7:0V naea. 'to;:, '" EAA1JO'£' 'tOO" de naAa£oo"
p.vtJoo"eacpOJ'V "a, nO'1J7:ii)'ll neel A,o"vO'ov "e"eacp07:OJ'V d.t-
.t'1j.to" dO'vp.qJOJ"a "al noUov, "al .to"ov, "a7:a-
pepA,1Jp.e"OJ'V, avO'xeee, (liTtell '/iij, "t"sO'eOJ<; 'toii tJoeoii
'tov'tov Hal 7:00" HatJoaeoog £lne;:,,· ot p.e<p "de '<pa
.d,o"vO'o'V, oC ae .,;ee;:, "e"o"e"a£ naeadedcb"aO'w, £la, d' ot
"1"eO'",, p.e" ";0'117:011 d'VtJoeOJnop.oecpo" "e"o"s'Va£ 'to na-
eana" dnocpawop.."o£, n)" 'toii 01'''011 doO'w .d,o"lIO'O'V ef-
"a£ ').
Lllovuaoe;, YEvvYJ3Ele; EX toil LlIOe;, aVEtQuqJYJ
Ete; tljv Niloav tile;' AQaBLae; vno tWV Nul-tqJwv xal toii
voii, XatOnLv Ete; tae; de; tljv nEQLo6ELae;
tOU ano tOY ITciva, tOUe; xal tae; nUQu6o-
ate; El-tqJaLvouaa tljv tile; 'OQqJlxl\e;
xlxile; xataywyl\c;, wc; aVEqJEQal-tEV xal nQoYJyouI-tEVWc;.
1) X(lOVL'XOV IIaQou, Ad, v. 54.. (Ep. 34).-'AihlV, II. 11.
2) XV, 6.- etc;: cllLAo;evov.
3) 'O!lT)Qou 'ULac;, 3,323.- IIu\J(Juvlou, II, 31.-'AltoHo3wQou.
III. 4, 2.
4) III, 62.

79
Kata VEootEQaV fJ Nuao<;; aUfJ.alVEI UlO<;;, xal
E7COfJ.EVoo<;; tlLoVUaO<;; /)l'}AOi: UlO<;; toli tlLO<;;. tllon :n:QuYllan fJ
yovLa aVacpEQEl Otl 0 ZEU<;; liYalt'l']aE tiJv xOQ'I']v toli Ku/)fJ.oU
AYJV xal aUVEUQLaXEtO !lEt' a{nlj<;; Exuatl'}V VUXta. Ma-&oliaa tOlitO
n "BQa xal -&EAouaa va tiJv ltQO<;; avtiJv ro<;;
YQaia xal tiJv ouvEBoUAEuaE va Oltoo<;; 0 tl'}<;;
ltQO<;; xata tiJv -&duv tou ToutO xal
fJ xat xa-&' llV 0 ZEU<;; :n:QO<;;
EV fJ.Ea41 aatgaltwv xa t BQovtwv, aut'l'] EX toli
cpoBou. Kal 0 ZEU<;;, 1tUgaAaBwv to avtlj<;; EXELV'I']V tiJv
OtLntiJv htBguov, WEaE tolito EvtO<;; taU fJ.Y\Qoli tOU xat OtaV
BYEVVn{}Y\ ltaQE/)ooaEv avto d<;; tu<;; MUlvci/)a<;;.
'Y ltO to DVOfJ.a Nuaa ExaAOUvtO ltOAAal 'EAA'I']VlXat xWfJ.at
xat ltOAEl<;;, toaov d<;; tiJv 8E(JaaAlaV, tiJv EllBoLav, tiJv
BOLootLaV, oaov xat d<;; Au/) Lav, KaQLav, Kaltlta/)oXLav
xat aAAax,oli, d<;; tiJv <POLVLX'I']V xat 'AQaBLav, fJ.EX,Ql twV 'Iv/)Lwv.
'0 tlLovuao<;; EAEYEtO rlXOfJ.Y\ xal B ci x x, 0 <;; xal "I ax x, 0 <;;, EX
tOU lux,n, '(axx,o<;;, xat BQOIlLO<;; EX tou BQo!lou, aY\llaL-
VOVtOIi tOY XtUltOV xa 1 tiJv taQax'iJv vcp' xatEAafJ.BciVEtO ro<;;
{}EO<;; toli o'(vou, tavtOx,Qovoo<;; ltat/)Ixnv tOU fJ-
),lxLav, xa{}' llv aVEtQucp'l'] ta<;; m/)Lci/)a<;; xal AOCPOU<;; xal
BV YEVEL ltavtali OltOU cpUEtaL 11 UfJ.JtEAO<;;. ' AvacpEQEtat OfJ.oo<;; xal
ro<;; 'AV-&EU<;;, <PAOLO<;;, "AV-&LO<;; xal tlEV/)Qlt'l']<;;, ro<;; BLa
mxaav Evx,aQLatOUfJ.EvO<;;. To /)E Eltl-&EtOV A U a i: 0 <;; a:n:E-
M-&'I'] El<;; avtov, /)Lon /)La tOU o'(vou E €A U E ta fJ.EA'I'] tWV av-
-&Qo)J[oov. Kal tl L !l n t 00 Q, ro<;; EX,ooV /) U 0 !l Y\ t E Q a <;;, tiJv
xal tOY tlLa, oan<;; tOY ECPEQEV EVtO<;; tOU fJ.Y\Qou tOU ').
'0 tlLO/)ooQO<;; /)Ev ltaQaMx,Etat ott avto<;; ECPEQE tiJv UfJ.ltEAOV,
ifAA' Ott 'lif}'II yi]v a .. I'tnl 'liW'II ,UAro'll CPV'liW'II
xti''II 'li7}'11 I1.Wrdo'll Hal Oti1C tin6 sVQt'liOV CPt)-
TiwiJ.fj'lla& .• • 2) 01ltE avacpEQEL tiJv MfJ.'I']tQav, ro<;; IJE-
1) Maury, Hist. des rel. de la Grece I, 119 (18571860.-Le-
normant, Revne Arch. p. 43. (1876).
2) III, 62.
.
.,'
,
I',

80
QLxol JWQa<>Ex,ovt<ll, EX to'u 8ot(dA.fJ, l1tOL {}EJ.tEALOV tOV
{}EWQO'llJ.tEV'Y}V rij, 11 ijv80eptA.o'V raia'V xa{}' "O!1'Y}Qov .. cU- .···1:
Ad ana 7:0V aep.t1fJ'V tl'Va, 7:ijr; 8otov -.:av7:fJr; I"J'V 81up.eAt,«'V;:"
Hal. np.fJ'V. ()E tavt'Y}v xal E>'llWV'Y}V, arco 7:cU'V p"
'V(o'V a(}"ii 8oV(I£cU'V 1). :!J
'0 0 OAWV tWV aAAwv 'EAA'Y}- '31
VlXWV {}EWV, <paLvEt<ll Ott ritO 0 tavtt- fl ..
ox,' I-lOVOV J.tE tOY "AbwvLv KvJtQo'll xal 'I
UAAa xal J.tE autov uxoJ.t'Y} tOY aVJ.t(30AOV TOV X.l'J.t0V
uva<pEQEtal xal UXOI-l'Y} bLUJtL- :1,
atwvovv Ot J.tE uax.oAovJ.tEVOl uvatO'
Alatal taToQLObL<Pat, :XJt<lVtat<ll xal EX tOV
J.t'Y}Qov tOV "IvbQa, xal xata JtaQa()ocrLv t).
Avo 'tllV de; EI-l<pavLatv TOV ALovv-
ao'll, at 'EAE'll{}EQal xal ft 'IxaQLa. ft' IxaQla,
;;hOtt ei; JtQOijWE xa I ft JtaQa()OaLe; Ott 0 '1-
xaQlUl;;, I-lE{}vaae; to'll, E<pOVEV{}'Y} uJt' autwv. 'H ()E
XOQ'Y} TO'll 'HQIYOVll, tOY JtOtEQa diQEV aUTOv EVta-
<pwaJ.tEvov TU Tije; aUTij:;,
'AAAa toa'Y} ritO ft EX tOV ,'}uvaTO'll TOV t'Y}e; UJtEAmata,
waTE EXQEI-lao/}'Y}. Kal OAlj ft U:n:O{}EOle;, uva<pEQEtal uJto
tOV 'AJtOAAObwQO'll B), EYEVEto uxoJ.t'Y} xal U<POQJ.ttl, u<pOV JtQO-
cIX,E blabo{}fj we; de; OAOXAljQOV 'AttL-
XtlV, de; to va YQa1jJn xal 0 xal 0 <I>QVvlx,Oe; tQayq>bLav,
uJto tOY tttAOV 'HQlYOV'Y}.
Kata tOY Novvov, 4) ft 'HQlYOV'Y} EiV<ll f) xata to i!oQ yEVVW-
I-lEV'Y} crta<p'llAtl, MalQa bE-we; ExaAElTO n xvwv
1) t:\.LO/)WQOU. III, 62.
2) Preller, Griech. Myth. I. S. 546-547. - Langlois, La divi-
nite, vedique appelee Soma, 1t8AftT\ 'to Memoires de l' Acade-
mie des Inscriptions, 't. XVIII.- Kuhn, Die Herabkunft des Feu-
ers und des Gottertranks S. 168, (Bert. 1859-86.
3) • A:7tOAAO/)WQOU, III, 14.
4) , t:\.lovucrlou, V, 221.-Decharme, MU{}oAoYLa clQxaLa<;
cr. 417.
81
EIVaL 0 Xat aOtEQlO).lO; lOU XllVO; n
QlO; xaAouj.tEVO;.
*
* *
'Ex tOU {)-aVatOll tli; 'HQLYOV'Y}; El,; tilv 'Ixa-
QL v OAOXA'Y}QO; to alJto Ollll-
Bav, {,3tO to i5voj.ta Alwea.. Kata "tilv EOQtilv WUt'Y}v, 0'[ xulOLXOl
va xQ€j.tWVtat a3to SEVSQOll aLwQoU).lEVOl oli xal
TO ovo).la tlj; EOQtli; AlwQa- d; ava\.Av'Y}oLv WV "tlj;
'HQLYOVll;, l1tL;, j.tEta tilv &vaYYEA(av "tOU "tOU 3tatQo;
tll;,
EL; "tilv'AttLxilv Sf "ta 'AO'"w,t£a. ,), xa"ta "ta
03t0'i:a ot XWQLXO l EX,OQEllOV tOY YVWOtOV XOQOV, U3tO"tO OVOlla
z'( (J x W I. L a (J 11 0 ;, E3tt aoxou CPOllOXWj.t€VOll xal nAELj.tj.tEVOll
Sl' EAaLOll, o{hw; wan' va MOXOAO;, av OXL
&Mva"toc;, 11 E3t' avlOu avaBa<1l;. Atque inter poeula laeti
Mollibus in pratis unetos saluere per utres, Xata "tOY
BlQy(ALOV 2). 'H Sf: £OQtlj EY€VElO El; avaj.tV'Y}crLV tOU 3ta"t(!O; "tlj;
'HQLYOVll; 'IxagLoll, ('\tOtL xal avtoc:, j.tE{}uoa; OALYOV 3tQO LOU
{MvalOll tOll, EXOQEllOJ SL' £Vo; 3toM; E3tL aaxou EX MQllatO; "tQa-
'/Oll O'(VOll xat ('\t' EAaLoll n/.Elj.tj.tEvoll.
Kata tOU; latoQLxoU; XgOVOllc: EV 'A "lxii
ta ta 03toi:a 3tQOOELAx'IJOV, L()(W; l.oyW toW 3taQaa"ta-
(jECOV aLtLVE; E()[()OVro El; "to {}EatQov, tOY 3tEQL0aO-
EQOV EX "tWV ()lacpoQwv j.tWV 1I:All,'tllallov. Kata tOY IIAouwQ-
XO
V
xaL "tOY E"tEAE'i:ro OAOxAllgo; AlwvELa, Xata "tljv
03tOLaV to 3tAlj{}O; d"'eowp.8'Y0'Y yeAco.,;ono£oo'Y "'0.1
p.lp.co'Y, 8n "E: "'0.1. li,U.co'Y .,;ex'll''';oo'll 9).
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ClO'Y, 8";£ (;E: ot liyo.".,;s; en1 -,;i'j; clp.ah' (;£(1 p.eO''TJt;
ol'llcop.s'Yo'V. ·1.m"&l",,,,v'In;a., yae -,;0Z'; ofJ.ea..,;a.Z';. on "'0.1. ";OV
I) 'AQHJtOqJ. llA.outo<; 1180.-11A.u:r. A.. 0.0%00A..
2) Virgo II, 384.- 389.-392.- Hermann, Lehrbuch der grie-
chischen A.ntiquitiiten, II, 57,10.-11 (Heidelb. 1831).
3) 'Aitllva(ou, L'l.emvoooqJlota£, Lib. XI, sect. (464).
6
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lJtov Het1no)1I e(n:l.1I 6 01110,. Kal7:o& 'Y' a.'l1, olf'a&, 1f.1I-
lJeO)no, .,;ov{J.' (}n0f'BlIt&W. El cJ' lin
IJf'i'l1 ";011 01110'11, ,,;ovr;o a'ilr;o'l1 oiJ7:o),
110'11, dfjAo'll, lin Hal. ";TJ'II 7} eat?lov-
t1a'll no&7Jt1ovt1W. • Entl. Ha, t:0'll Alt1XV.401l eyru cpalfJ1I a.1I
1:0V1:0 ,s&Clf'ae.a.'IItW· nQoo,,;o, yae eHti'llo" Hal. o'ilX, cO, e'll&ol
cpaaw, E'ile&nl6fJ' elt1ayt& ";OU, ntel. ";011 '[aaova f't-
{Jovo'll.,;a, 1).
'0 8£ <PLAOX,OQOs, JtEQLYQaq>wv tOW L'lLOV'lHJLWV,
A£YEL ot! 01, ',A{JofJ'IIaio& .,;oi, dyoot1&, ";0 f'e'l1 neoo-
1:0'11 iieun:tHor;t, Hal. ntnO)Ho.,;t, enl. r;TJ'II t?Ba'll, Hal.
ea.,;tcpa'l1O)f'BtlO& it?t(hQov'll, naea ";0'11 dyOO'll1l na'llr;a 01'110,
a'ilr;oi!i qwoxoti.,;o, Hal. t:eay7Jf'a.,;a naeecpB{!O'llr;O, Hal. .,;oi, xo-
eoi, et1&oiiaw i'llBXtO'V nl'lltw, Hai. or;'
esvo'V.,;o etlBxe01l ndAw' l'ae1iveti'll .,;OV-,;O&, Hai.
";0'11 HO)f"HO'll, lin f'BXe& t:fj, eavr;o'll ?)'{&Hia, O'ilH dt1l'Cov,
el'lla& -;;OU, {J.tO)eov1I.,;a, 2).
'AAAa Jtug' OAYlV thY AELtOUQYlUV tOW, ta XOL-
V(t)V[l{a aJtOtEA£a!luta twV L'lwvuaLwv JtEQLaaOtEQov i]
AU!lJtQa, 8LOtL, Ext6
s
tiis llv E8wauv ELS ta YQa!l!lura
xul tas tEx,vus, EXtOs tiis aJtoAUtQcOaEws llv Eq>EQov d
s
EX
tiis EQyuaLus xOJtwalv twV tOtE XUtOLxWV tiis 'AttLxiis, ExtO:; tiis
JtVEu!lutLxiis E:7tLXOWWVlus JtQos ta tOtE -&QYlaXEUtLXa L8Ec08Y1,
cDs tuura Eixov 8IU!lOQq>W{]ij uJto tWV EYwuv axo!lYl
xul ULtlU va ()Y1!lIOUQYYI-&fj to L'lQU!lU uJto tOU 8£aJtL()Os s) -av
xUt 0 IIAdtwv avuq>£QEL d
s
tOY 8LaAoyov reEQt MlVWOS i] NO!lwv,
Ott to L'lQu!lU d
s
reoAu JtQOtEQov tOu 8£-
aJtL()os xu 1 MEVaV()Qou-, to oreo LOV, !lEta ()Y1 !lLOUQY LU v twV
MuatYlQLwv, -atLvu XUta tOY BOAtULQOV nllreobLauv tOY aV{}Qw-
1,-2) • Ait'l}Vo.LOU, Lib. X, sect 33.
3) Mo.A. 'H TEX,v'l}, <J_o :l'tA.o.£<JLO tOU 'I<JtoQL%OU ·YA.L<JI-tOU, <J.32.
-Strack, Das altgriechische Theatergebiiude (Potsd. 1843).-Miiller,
Griechische Biihnenaltertiimer (Freib. 1886).-Opitz, Das Theater-
wesen der Griechen und Romer (Leipz. 1889).
83
rcov ano tOu va <p{taa'l] Etc; nMQt1 EVtOC; tOU %U01'C;
tWV XOlVWVlXWV 31{lOM\)JEWV - anEtEAEcrE tOY v'\j1LatOV EXnOAltL-
atlXOV naQuyoVta, nUVtOtE EnL ll'&LXWV BuaEWV
XUl OU%1 nQoc; tEQ\)JlV tOU aXQoat'l10LOV AEltOVQYouv, aAAa !-taA-
1.0V nQoc; li{}onolLav xul '\j1VXLXl]V autOu avunAaaLv, XaLtOL
{'(J'toxAELEtm n tMa Otl 0 XVQLOC; axonoc; tOU E>EUtQOV lito EV
aoxu {}O'l1aXEUtLXO;, LlLOtL ExtOc; tOU ott de; ta {}EatQa EnaL-
ta EQya tWV f.lEyUAWV f.lvatwv tnC; xata tl]v XOL-
vl]v Ex<pQaaLv, aAA' xal f.lUAL<1ta un' autwv twv
rcoL'I1tci)v, 0 {}Wtne; EBAEnEv axof.l'l1, de; tnV fmo tne; nOALtELac; ano
now'Cac; f.lExQLe; EanEQac; unoXQHOttxcDe; Etc; tOUe; nOALra; EmBI.1'J-
{}ELaav nuoaXOAOV{}'I1alV tWV, to KaAOV ltUVtOtE af.lELBof.lEVOv, EV
aVtl{}EaEL nQoe; to XUXOV, to ono LOV nUVtOtE Etlf.lWQELtO, toaov
uno teDv av{}o(onwv, !-tn aVEXOf.lEVWV tllV tEAEaLV tnC; XLUe;, oaov
Kal uno twv {fEwv, KaLtOl tlVEe; EX twv tQayw8wv EnQEaBElJov
tnV t8Eav Ott to 1CEnOWf.lEVOV tae; tvx,ac; OX,L f.lOVOV twv
av{}ownwv, aAAa Ka 1 twv {}EWV,
'fa Lllovvaw, tEAOVf.lEVa Etc; tOUe; noo'(atoOLxoUC; XOOVOUC;,
EAu!-tBavov )(.woav !-tovov dc; ayoouC; Kal EAEYOVtO etot'Y£a, EK
'WU {} E ,) U xal 0'( v 0 v, f.lEtOV0f.laa{}Evra BoabVtEOov Etc; '1'£.
Hed Kat EtEAOUVtO tiJv EV avtl {tEaEl nooc; ta
ta tEAOVf.lEva tOY )(.El!-twva Ete; taC; nOAEtC;.
'0 LlLovvaoC; EAEYEtO xat A7)'Ya,o!: (EX tOU oL 'A{}'I1-
vaLOl EL)(.OV Kat nQoC; tt!-tl]V tOU A'I1VaLOV Llwvvaov LEOOV,
Etc; tllV ayvwatov nov XElf.lEV1'JV aVVOLXLav Atl''Ya, -l1tLC; xata
naaav m{}avot'l1ta EUQLaXEtO naoa tOY 'IAwaov, 'EtEAOVV xal
tl]v {'no aVYYQa<pEwv ava<pEoo!-tEVl]V EOQtnv nQoc; tLf.ll]v
'tOU nEQl tlic; ono(ac; 0 <PavoB'I1f.loC; ava<pEQEL: '.a, neOt;
'liep lteep 'lioii b Atl''Ya£, ";0 yA.eiiHOt; ";OVt;
• A{Jo'T]"alovt; tH 'liro'Y nt{Joro'Y ,,;ep {Jotep xve'Yci"a£. el{Jo" ao,,;o;:t;
neoacpsQta{Joa£' If{Jot'Y Ha, A£I''Ya;:o'Y HA.'T]{Joij"a,
lin 1"''1.:IN;'Y -tQ'S "cla'liL 'li6";8 nero,,;o'Y I:rrM}'T] HeJeeal's'Yo'Y.
nee 6'Y0l'aa{Joij'Ya£ ,,;dt; n'T]"d, NVl'cpat;, HaL n{Jo7)"at; ,,;oii
Ifn 'li0" 01'Y0'Y aO,4"t, ";0 "clroe H'e"cil'e"o'Y. 'Ha{Jos'Y·
'liet; oli" 'liij "eciaa" '" cptJa;:t; Il'tAno" 'li0" xoeev-
, '- I
)
84
Hal d"aHa.toiiv"t" Eila1l{Joij, Hal. Hal
BaHxtvr:o .. v Hal Be61'&o'll 1).
'AAA' vnfjQXE xaL UAAO'; A LV 0 '; , ULO'; tOV 'AnoAAcovo,; xal.
tTj,; VU!l<P'l']'; 1J!a!l(i{}'I']';, 0-0 wvco!luai}'I'] aQx,ctLo"tcttOV"tL dao,;
cOaTj,; -to onotov ava<pEQEL 0 f] onoia, i}Q'I']V'I']"tL-
xov x,aQaxtTjQo,;, nQoaEtEit'l'] ta tEAOU!lEVa
aLa. d,; tOU'; aYQou,; va
E'LtE nV1Y0!lEVO'; uacoQ AL!lV'I']';, E'LtE anaQaaaO!lEVO'; vno
UYQLCOV it'I']QLCOV, OnOtE, i}Q'I']VOVV"tE'; avtOV Xata"[(l EnLxQatOvV"tct
mL!la, aVE<pEQoV to ga!la tOV A(vou, oa"tL';, EVYEVOVC;
UL!latO';, xuta tl]V nUQciao(Jlv tWV 'AQydcov, XUtEanuQax,i}'I'] vno
AuaawV"tcov XUVWV EL'; tl]V aX/-ll]v tTj,; VEOt'l']tO:; tOu. Kat OUtO)
taQui}'I'] xaL f] HVJ1ocp6"r:t" BOe.,;?], xai}' llV EL'; to "AQYo,; Eauv-
OL nOI!lEVE:; va <pOVEucoaL xuva:;.
'0 "O!l'l']QO:; ava<pEQEL to i}Q'I']V'I']"tlXOV tOutO ga!la xal 0 'Ha(-
xal 0 xa 1 UAAOL, xaAOUVtE:; toutO AfAt'Vo1l Hal.
Oh6Aw01l 2).
'0 aE 'HaLoao:;, XUta tOV KM!lEv"tct tOV' vno-
• at'l']Q tl]V wu A LVOU, avtov H,o.ae&aliTJ1I
Hat J,a1lrolafj aocpia" oeoa,,6La xal YEVV'Yji}EV"tct EX tTj:; VU!l<P'l']<;
OVQavLa:; B).
Oilea1ll7J 0' lJ.e" enHr:t Al1lo1l .n04V?]ear;01l vl611,
811 O?], aao& /leor:ol tlaw ao&oo£ Hal Ht{}ae&ar:al,
mi"r;e" 1'f:1I (Joe7J'Vtiiaw t'V tUa.nl'Vat" r;e xoeoi" r:t,
deX6I's'J,IO& of: Al1lo'V Hal A.?]YOJ1r:s" HeUovaw f).
*
* *
"AAA'I'] ax,E"tLxl] !lE ta 'EAEuaLVla, 1jaav ta 8taf'0cp6-
1) 'Afhjva(ou, .1.emvOaOlpUHaL, Lib. XI, sect. 13 (464).
2) 'OftTJQou, l:. 569.- l:olpoxl,.Eou<;, Ata<; 627.- Alaxul,.ou,
'AyaftEftvOOV, 115,131, li8.-Miiller, 'latoQLa "tf}<; 'AQxa(a<;
<I>tl,.ol,.oy(a<;, I, a. 20 ('Attijvm 1884).-Ambrosch. diss. inaug. de Lino.
(Berl. 1829).-Bode. De Orpheo aEl,.. 97 (Gott. 1824).-Welcker, Uber
den Linos (Schulz.1830).Eu.:J"t'a{t. a. 1163 (Fr, 1 ed Gaisford. 97 Gottl.).
3) Kl,.TJftevto£ 'Al,.e;avaQEooc;. l:tQooftatei£, I, 4. 25.
4) 'Hmoaou, E; dBTJl,.oov 'El'twv, Frag. 192)211.- Schol. Townl.
Hom. l:. 570, unde sua Eustathius Hom. 1163, 62.
85
e&«, tEAov/-tEVa u:rto tWV yuvaLxwv, :rtQo; tL/-tnv tli; @eap.otp6eov
• A:rtEBAE:rtOV aE lOt; tnV aLa tli; BoY]{Mae; tn; {}Eae;
a:rtoXtl1(HV VYLWV :rtatarov. 'QVO/-tUtEtO 8EO/-tOqJOQo;, aLOtl de; av-
tnv a:rtEMaEtO i\ taQUOL; tWV {}EOf..lWV xat i1 xowrovlxn i\
BaoLtOf..lEVYJ E:rtt tlie; OLxoYEvda;. IIEQt tli; EOQtli; aE av-
tne; Ex.a YQu'\jJEl (,' AQLOtOqJUVYJe; to v:rto tOY tttAOV «8EO/-tOqJO-
QLutouoaL» yvroOtOV EQYov, xal (, KaAAtf..lax.o;, Oro{}EVtrov WQlOf..lE-
vrov a:rtoo:rtaof..lutrov El; Vf..lvou;.
*
* *
'H o:rtOUamOtEQa of..lroe; xat xa{}aQw; • A{}YJva'Cxn EOQtn fito il
"'[wv na'tla{}1J'tI".€aJ'Y, daax.{}Etaa, we; :rtQOEl:rtOf..lEV, u:rto tOU 'EQE-
x.{}Eroe; i), aAAa xa{}U:Qro{}Etaa XUQlroe; u:rto tOU 8YJaEroe;, f..lEta tnV
u:rt' avtOU YEVOf..lEVYJV :rtOAltLXYJV EvroaLv twV tije; • Attlxij; 2).
KaTia.1.vaa, Tia :rca,l nevTia'tleia 1Cal. pOVAeVTi1Je&a 1Cal.
dexci" §'tI dE: :rco&1Jaa, l/.llaa& 1COWO'll :rceV1;"a'lleZ'o" "a'
!JOVA8'IJTi1Jeto'tl o:rcOV 'IIV'II ftJev1;"a& TiO l/.aT:v, Ti1J'tI 'fiB :rc6A."" 'A{)o1J-
lIa, :rceoa'lly6eevae "a, IIa'tla{)o1j'tla&a {)ova€a'll illol1Jae 1CO& ... 7jll B).
'0 IIauaavLae; V:rtoatl1QLtEL Otl :rtQOtEQOV EAEYOVlO • A{)o7j'tla&a
xat xatomv f..lEtrovo/-tua{}YJaav d; IIava%vaLCL, T:OVTiCP Ticp d,,6;'II'
"A{)o7j'tla&a 8"op.a .q'll, IIa'llalJo1J'tIa&a «SE: "A1J{)oij'tla& in, @1J-
aero" on uno . A{)o1J'tIalro'tl id{)o1J csv'IIe&Aeyp.evro'll el, p.lav
4mi'llT:ro'tl :rc6J.w ') .
• A:rto IIaaLatQUtou Ol-troe; xat EVtEU{}EV xa{}lEQw{}YJaav ta ME-
YUAa IIava{}nvaLa, Xata to tQltOV ElOe; EXUatl1; 'OAul-t:rtuiao; xal
de; to f..lEaOv lOU f..lYJvoe; 'ExatoI-tBaLwVOe; nOVAtOe;) "). Kata tCLV-
1) XQOVL)(OV IIuQou.- tHolkoQou, I, XXIX.
2) 'AJtoA.A.oMlQOU, Ill, 14, 6 - A.. IIa.va.{}ijwua.- Hgin.
Astron. II, 13. - Malteso, Ein Wanderer auf der Akropolis, S. 4.
(Athen 1931).
3) IIAoutaQXou, XXIV.
4) IIa.ucra.vlou, VIII, 2.
5) SchOmann, Handbucb der griechischen t\ltertiimer, II,
467. (Berl. 1873).-:-Flach, Peisistratos und seine literarische Tiitig·
keit. (Tiib. 1885),-Hermann, Lebrbuch der griechischen Antiqui-
tiiten, II, [)4. (Freib. 1882)
, .1
'A i'"
86
tllV 8f ti}v EOQti}V aVtLXa{}(O"tatO 0 :J'tllJd.oe; tile; , A{}l1vaC; Iha VEOU
tOL01JtOU ') xal oUYX.Qovwe; 8laqJoQa 011JlaVtLXa
YEYOVOta AaBovta XWQav de; :7taAaLOtEQac; E:7tOxac; 2).
Kata ti}v EOQti}V toW IIava{}l1vaLWv EtEAOVvtO xal IhaqJoQa
aywVLOJlata EX !-LEQOUe; toW aVtL:7tQoOW:7tWV tOW Mxa qJUAwv,
8laqJoQa tOtOQLXa YEyoVOta :7tQOYEVEatEQWV XQo-
vwv, roe; at :7tQoe; tLJli}v tile; to'u 'EQEx{}Ewe; YlVOJlEVaL uQ-
Jlat08QOJlLat. 'E:7tl IIElolotQatou OJlw:; xal 'I:rt:7toXAd80u aQXOVtOe;
(565 :7t. X.) xa{}LEQW{}110UV Ot YUJlVLXO! aywVEe; xal E:7t!
aywVEe; Qal/Jcpowv s). 8f xal 0 IIfQlxAlie; '1J''1]'PI-
aa.r;o !'OV(W,ijt; dycUt'a. r;oit; na.t'a.{}'1]'JIa.lo&t; lJ.ysaiJoa.& "a.l.
a.'lidt; d{}Ao{}e'&'1]t; a.ltls",Blt; "0.",«,,, XeT] ,,&011t; dyro'JI&t'o-
!'it'ovt; a.'liAsi'JI 'IJ {'!Ssw 'IJ ,,&fa.e1t'sL'll ').
'H EOQti} 8woExa i\JlEQae; xal EtEAELtO
8l' AaJl:7taollqJOQLWV xal aXOJlll vaUtlXWV ayo)Vwv,
de; tOUe; O:7tOLOUC; EAaJlBavov JlEQoe; oAoL Ot 'A{}l1vaLoL JlEta tWV
E:7tl 8110EWe; EVW{}EVtWV JlWV xa! «I>uAwv tile; 'A ttlxile;. Ti}v tE-
AEu'WLav Of i\JlEQav tWV IIaV!l{}l1vaLwv at xOQaL tWV 'A{}l1VWV
JlEtEqJEQOV 8La JlEyaAlle; :7toJl:7tile; tov' VEOV :7tE:i'tAOV tlie; , A{}llvae;
a:7to tOV KEQaJlELxov de; ti}v ' AXQo:7toALV, de; ti}v O:7tOLaV :7tOJl:7ti}v
ou JlJlEtE LXOV 01,,0 lOt EV tEAH xa 1 a:7tae; 0 AaOe; tOW 'A l'h]VWV,
Jlll0f twv MEWLXWV b).
*
* *
Autal ELVal EV at ltaQaMoELe; :7tEQ! :7tQWtWV {}E-
O:7tOlll{}EvtWv i\Qwwv 'tile; 'AttIXile;, OLtlVEe; EOllJlL01JQYlloav xal tae;
1) Ronchaud, Le Peplos d' Athene Parthenos.
2) , AQLatocpuvou<;, 'Innei<;, 566.
3) 'AQLato!J!uvou<; BUtQIlXOL, 131. - IUutoovo<;, lIo),l •. I, 1.
4) lIAou.uQXou, lI8QutMj<;, XIII.
5) Ae;Lxov, •. 4 a. 206 (Lug. Bat. 1683).-The Bri-
tisch, Museum p. 166.-Visconti, Description des Antiques de Musee
Royal. (Paris 1820). - Visconti, Memoir on the Sculptures of the
Parthenon (1816). - Muller, Minervae Poliadis sacra et aedis in
arce ,\thenarum. (Goett. 182U). SchOmann, Griech. Altertumer.
(Berl. 1873).- Mommsen, Heortologie (Leipz. 1864).
87
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atm fiaav avtOl Ot 'aILOL. Ete; EXELVOUe; tOVe; xQovoue;, roe;
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IlEva v:n:o tfte; xal iylllollTio -tJ.eol, cO!i 'A-
etaTia'io!i "cd Ben;6f'ae1i&!i 'I) KQf}1i&"t], "al eHea"A;'j!i cS • AA.,,-
f't]'IIf}!i, "al • Af'tTntigao!i cS 'Oi,,'uoll!i Hal nOAlIlJevHf}!i 'liB "al
K6.a"aJe Hal !iUo, '). IIoAAol avtwv Ete; IlEwYEvEatEQOUe;
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8A.P£o!i 8!i iJ.elaJ'Y iHTit]aaTiO nA.oiiTio" 9).
'AAAa :n:EQL tOU V'\jJ'Y)AOU axoJtou OV EJtE(llWXOV ta 'EAEUalvlll
roe; E{}VLXl] aymY1] xal E{}VIXl] :1tEQl {}EWV (lL(laaxaAla,
(lEV E1Vat dlxOAOV va t1]V a'Y)llaalaV avtwv 0 VEwtEQOe;
xal aVYXQovoe; :n:OAltL(Jlloe;. Movov Ot aQXaLoL "EAA'Y)VEe;, oLnvEe;
aYQa<poue; tOve; {}Q'Y)(JXEUtLXOVe; tmv xavovae; xal tac; {}Q'Y)-
(JxEutIXac; tmv :n:aQaM(JELC;, Mvvavto va Ete; oaa EJtE-
tQE:1tEtO ELc; tOVe; MV(Jtac; va IlEta()((lOUV ELe; tov:; :1tEQL •
ti\e; E(JmtEQLxft; Evvo(ae; tWV 'EAEuaLvLmv MUat'Y)QLmv, tlne; (lEV fito
(laXEto;!lE tOY tOU xal ,1]v a{}avaaLcw
tfte; t\Juxftc;.
1) iluIJouv(OIJ, VIII, 2.
2) Fr. 118.-- COIn. Atticor. Fragm. II. p. 5.6.
3) 'HQUXA. Fr. 49.- 'E(.tltESOXA, Fr. 132, Diels.
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.ov KouQouvlWtoU (1917-1932), BLUQE{}Yjaav Et£ MLVuEla, Mu-
"Xllva'LXU, ·EAAllVHltlXa. xal Prol-la'LXU 1). Kat aXOl-lll d£ xt(al-lata
.ij£ :rrEQlOBou twV ITEl(HatQanBwv (560-480 It, X.), toii K(-
llrovo£ (480-450 :rr. X.), toii ITEQlXAEOU£ (450-440 :rr. X.), toii
.EtaQtOU xat tQ(tOU atwvo£ :rr. X. xal tEAO<; Et£ ta. tij<; Prol-la'L-
"X1i£ :rrEQlOBou 2).
ITQOXHI-lEVOU M :rrEQt toii TEAEatllQrOU t1i£ 'EAEua'ivo£, 0 ITAOU-
taQx.o<; avaqJEQEl Otl toii1:0 p.e'll
"al. en' l{J.'1JICfW "a, eruu,,;v-
,,;ov,,;ov 0 Ev-
-,;0 "al. IJ.'IICtJ ",6'110.!; eneCl7:'1Jut'll' 7:0
dnaio'll tIel. .,;oii d'llo,,,7:oeOV 0 8"OQV-
qJc»ue'V B). 'Ana toUtO BEv -nto to :rrQWtOV 'tEAEOtnQLOV, B ,on
.0 'Ol-lllQlxO£ cry I-lvo<; Et<; Anl-lll1:Qav avaqJEQEl E:rrL AE;EL :
"AU· aVB fLO' 'JI'lI0'll 7:B f'iva'll "al. PC»f'O'll un' 0.-07:4)
"BVXO'll7:C»'II (mat. nOA£'II, o.lnV "B "Bilo,.
Ko.UtXoeov "o.{}vnBe{JBV, ent. neoiiX0'lln "OA.c»V4) 4).
AAAa :rrov aXQlBw£ EVQraXEto 0 "'lIo, "e "o.l.
ayvroatov, uv xal BEv &:rrOXAElEtCLl va -nto d£ avti}v {}E-
alV toV xatomv E:rrl ITELaLatQatOu xat ITEQlXAEOU£ OLXOBOl-lll{}EV-
to£ I-lEyUAou TEAEatllQLOU, 11 aXOl-lll xal E:rrl tn<; 'AxQo:rroAEro£, d£
tilv {}Ealv El<; llv EVQLaXEtCLl to ExxAllaLBLOv tn<; ITavayLa£. Tilv
tEAEUtaLav tCLUtllV ExBox.ilv BEY tilv :rraQaMx.ovtat o't I-lE ta.<; ava-
axaqJa£ aax.oAll&EvtE<; aQx.atoAOYOL, xartOl E:rrl twV BQux.rov EVQE-
{}llaav ',ELl\Java aQx.alOtEQrov OLXOBOl-lllI-lUtrov, I-lil :rrQoaBLoQla{}Ev-
troy Et£ :rro'ia oLxoBol-ltll-lata avijxov, w£ xal AE(l\Java tOV :rraAaLO-
tEQOU '(aro<; tELX.OU£.
AEv a:rroxAELEtaL &XOl-lll OtL 0 v:rro tOV 'Ol-lllQlxOV "Y I-lVOU ovo-
1) KOUQOUVLOO';OU, 'E).,euOWLo,')(a.. ('A-&fjVCJ.L 1932).- Mu).,oovii, TIQo'i-
.(JfOQL,)(y! 'E).,euo'c;, ('A-&iivCJ.L 1932).
2) Philios, Eleusis, (London 1916).
3) TI).,OlJtcJ.Qlou, TIeQLxM'ic;. XIII.
4) ·OIt.qQou. ·Y!!VOC; etc;
95
:Jl'l!OVXOO- JeoAoo"o!; va fito avtl) avt'I'J
Jtdtavov JtaAUlOtEQav EJtOXl)V va Ill) filO toaov aJtolO-
EV I1EQEL 0 EJtl tOV OJtOlOU EV-
QLUXEtaL to EXXA'l'JULBIOV, aAAa va filO OAlYWtEQOV xal
JtaQEQXOI1EVWV tmv EtmV va aJt'I'JAAay'I'J alto tmv VltaQl(,Ovtwv
I1E'(QL rije; O()ov XWlJ,atWv, i\ £AAELljJlC; tWV OltOLWV xm'h-
ata ,OVtoV IJ,EQOV altotO IJ,OV.
'0 WLALOe; 0I1WC; AEyn Ott: «6 ·OP'1Jl!&JeO!; "YP'IIot;. Ae)'OO'll "ao",
'to dl!xa&o'ta'to'll 't a A a a 't 1/ l! & ° 'II. Aal""a'lla 1j"8)'-
JeO'll tl!; rp U!; at dvaaJearpal, %(JO'llOl1!; ol"odopla!; pal!'tl1UOV'IISa
'tOV!; 'tOV 7011 :Jl'. X. alco'llo!;. Kal. ldov 1) nl!Q,7:1J "al.
p.o'tQ.7:'1J pa[!'tv(Jta {fn 'to 'tSAsanje&O'll, "alnsll 1'1] &po&d'o"
Jea7:a 'to axijp.a neO!; oiJdt"a ci,u,01l "E A A 1J 'II & " 0 'II 'II a 0 ",
d&on n{}ooo(}&ap.s'llo" 7IeO!; {fAoo!; 0 & a rp 0 {} 0" A a-
.,; (J £ l a ", 1}"vvar.o oQde", fino", 'Va -nArrlJ.fj "rtl ",aor:» 1).
Ti]v yvwlJ,'l'Jv OI1WC; tavt1}v lOV WIALOV, oJtoLav
EUYEVi]c; Ult1}YOQCVUE, xatomv tWV XOltWV ou;;
xm;EBaAE lWta ti]v BlaQxElav tWV avaaxacpwv, avttxQvaEv 0 I.
EV'tTI L1LE{}VEL 'ECP1}!1EQUh tl\c; NOI1WlJ,atOAoYLxl\c; 'AQ-
XalOAoytac;, xal Bl] Etc; vcpoc; BQII1U. 'AAAa BvatVXwc; OUtE 0 I.
va BtaCPWtLaU ltA1}QEa'tEQov tOV WIALOV ta
:TtEQL tOV ltavaQxaLov tovlOu vaov 11 tEAEat1}QLOV 11 avaxtoQov,
OJtEQ €V xal 'to aVto. Kal aM{}Eta EivUl Otl, UV xal
:TtOAAOl aox.alOAoYOL yvwl1aC; xat axol11}
wvwc; !1E cpavattal1ov, :TtaQ' oMEV Bl-
'l'JVxQlvla{}1}. Kat lOVtO BLOt! Ot aQxaloL aVYYQacpEic; BEv EYQa\jJav
JtEQl tOV tEAEat1}QLov xata 'tQO:TtOV tOLOVtOV, WatE va I1EwBwaw-
alV aacpwC; ti]v {Maw tov. '0 BL-
Bev IJ,aC; aQxOUVtwc; "), OutE 0 0
8}, OutE 0 4}, OUtE 0 5), OUtf 0
1} <I>LALOU, 'EA.euOLVLf.udt. <I>QOV1:LO!!<t.'(;<t., 0. 18-19 (' A{}ijV<t.L 1905).
2) Vitruvii Praef., VII. p. 15.
3) 'AQLOtll£Bou. Dind. III. 0. 308.
4) IIAoutaQXou, IIeQLxA XIII.
5} reroYQ.
('I.

I 'i.i":
'I
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, "
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96
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..
'O!l'llQLXOV "Y!lVOV Ott to n aAA(J)q, avcixtoQov, 1JtO btl
13Qux,ou xal V3tEgUV(J) to'U Ka,u,£x6eov cpeeatof;, aAA' OX,L 3tOV
aXQLBwq,. Kat 0 Kreuzer V3tOOt'llQLtEL Ott 0 IIauouvLaq" a3to,
{}Q'Il0XEUtLXOVq, Myouq, oQ!l'll{tdq" bEY !laq, to 3tEQLEYQU'ljJEV. Leider
hat uns Pausanias, aus ReligiositAt keine Beschreibung
davon gegebeu s). ' AAA' n YVW!l'll Ul!t'll to'u Kreuzer BEv <pUL-
vEtaL BlOtt BEv buvUtUl va OUVtQEX,U ULttU {tQ'Il0XEU-
nxijq, qnJOE(J)q, dq, to va QVO!lUOU ttq, EV E<p' OOOV
!lUAUJtU, l/)((J)q, 3tEQ 1 tOU EV 'EAEUOLVL, MuvutO va !l1] avu<pEQU
ta EV UtJt4> YWO!lEVCl. ' AAAa OUtE xu 1 GUVEtQEx'E xav Myoq, va to,
a3tEXQU3ttE Xutomv m{}uvou oQxou, OV Muvuto va dX,E BWOEL xuft'
llV 3tEQl3tt(J)(JlV dX,E !lU'Il{}ij, BlOtt tOtE, avn{}Et(J)q, IlE O,H m'!l-
BUlVEl !lE WgLO!lEVUq, !lUGtlXaq, EtulQELUq" WE(J)QELtO tl-
f,L'IlttxOV n dq, ta MuotllQlU E<p' OOOV OL MUGtuL UUtWV
U3tEQ'Il<PUV(J)q, E<PEQOV tOY tttAOV t(J)V. 'Extoq, EaV, va
8X{}EOU AE3ttO!lEQWq, ta tilq, EG())tEQLXijq, AEltOUQYlUq, tWV Mt
1
0t'll-
Qe(J)V, 11 !l3tOB(O{tll 3tuQa tWV '!EQo<PUVtWV n lEQE(J)V xu l E3tQOtlf,L'Il-
OEV o{!t(J) va a3to<pvyu 3taGUV 3tEQLYQct<pnV. "Av xul m{tuVWtEQOV'
ELVUl va 3tUQUBEX.{tWf,LEV on 0 IIUUGUVlUq, BEV aVE<pEQE to'uto
(hon 1Jta tOtE YV(J)GtOV taL; 3taG[, xul aUVE3tW;, avu<pEQ(J)V 3tOAV'
YV(J)Ota 3tQciyf,Lutu, {}a 3tEQLEm3ttEV d; 3tEQltlOAOYlU;, ouMv to
VEOV nQoo<pEQ(J)V de; tOVe; OUYXQOVOue; tOU. 'Qq, BE nUQat'llQEL o·
KouQO\,vLWt'llq" HaL at oA.iya£ n}I!1J{!ocpoeia,£ •. "d, 6noiaf; neo-
a-Doetovaw 6 B£1ieOVP£Of; Halo 2te6.Pro1l, ngo6.yovaa,£ dcp'
§tlOf; 'td, y1lchae£!; TJI'rov negl r;oiJ Hnelov, dcp'
,s, , l. )OJ. .) " "K ,., ,
'tu .",t'1]p.a , .. UV XUL 0 OUQOUVl(J)t'llq" UVU<PEQ(J)V te},
3taQatE{}Ev anOonuof,Lu, YQu<PEl B la IlEtuYEVEOtEQUV Enox.i}v (440
n. X.), OtE B'IlAaBi} 0 'IxtLVOe; 11 QX.t<1E OLxoBo!lwV to uno tou'
1) IIa:uoo.'VLou 1. II.
2) 'A'VI\OXLI\OU, IIeQl MUOt'l1QLCJ)'V.
3) Kreuzer, Symbolik und Mythobogie (1821).
4) KouQou'Vtrotou, ot elttot6.ta.t tou 'E1..euoL'Vt<lXOU 'IeQoii Xo.l 0.
aQl(.LtEXtCJ)'V (' MHj'VaL 1932).
···1····.·
..





97
KLJ..lrovoe;, J'tQo(JroQtVWe; xUta yvwJ..l'rJv tOV Noack, I), aVEYEQ-
ttgy YJJ..lLtEA€e; otxo()6J..l'I'JIlU, EX,roV J'ttttuvwe; we; to'll tOY uJ'to
tOV IIAo'UtaQx'o'U avmpEQOJ..lEVOV
Ai tEAE'UtaLaL avuaxuqJai {1932} E<PEQOV Ete; <pwe; aQXEta uJ'to-
AELJ..lJ..lUta ata<poQrov En:OX,WV, n:QOllYllttElawv tOV IIEiaLatQutLo'U
TEAEatllQlo'U. '0 aE KO'UQO'UvlWtlle; on xata tOUe; Mux'I'J-
VU'LXOUe; x,Qovoue; Un:i1QX,EV En:t tOU EtQ'I'J&EvtOe; x,wQou fA,EYUQOEta€e;
xtLallU. aE avu<pEQEl Il E Y u Q 0 E l a E e; x t L a Il u ,
aton xui av n:OtE un:o nvu i1 ttE-
ale; tOU aQx,uLOtatOU tEAEcrtllgLO'U, xui elV EIVUt UVt'I'J,
OEV tta n:uvou n:OtE va eLVaL XtLOIlU IlEyugOElOEe; to un:' UUtOV
aVU<pEQOIlEVOV.
YVWllllV tOV <I>lAtOU, d:; tOY On:OLOV tta
n:UQUIlEVU n:aVtOtE i1 nlllJ tl\e; !lEYUAEltEgue; OLU<protlaEroe; En:t tWV
'EAEucrLVlUxwv K tl(J!latrov, x,agle; Ete; tae; un:' UUtoU YEVOIlEVUe;
ctvuaxu<pae;, tae; On:OLUe; IlE alllll'I'JtOV EmIlEAEtav,-
n:uga tae; OQtll'UtatUe; En:lXQLOELe; tOU XUt n:uQa tae;
YJIlEtEQUe; tMroe; we; n:Qoe; tae; tOAllllQae; EVLOtE
waEle; En:t WQl(JIlEVroV (JllIlElrov, QVtrov -- 0 N Uoe;, 0
uAAroe; xui MEYUQOV xui 'AvaxtoQov xui "Ao'UtOV
xui MU(JtlXOe; xUAOVIlEVOe;, XUtEn:EaEV tl '(aroe; XUtEOU<pI-
a{t'I'J En:lt'I'JOEe; {mo tWV IIElatatQutlOWV, o'(nVEe; EV tii ttEaEl UUtOu
aAAOV, n:OAU IlEyaAELtEQOV.
'0 a'I'Jxo; tOU vuou tOVtoU, tOU aVEYEQ{tEVtOe; uJ'to twV IIEtal-
otgunowv, tEtQayrovoe; (27X27 Il.) xui E<pEgEV E'(XO(J[ n:EVtE
XLOVUe; ete; J'tEVtE aElgae; (5X5). va eiX,EV aXOIl'I'J xai Mo
oQo<poue;. 'Y n:l\gX,E aE xui n:Qovuoe; n:AatOUe; 7.20 11. 'AAA'
o Nuoe; o{itoe;, we; [tUQtUQE'i 0 'HQoOolOe;, un:o tWV
IIEQawv, teO 480 n:. X., n:Qo tile; EV NU'Ullux,(Ue;, aVEYEQ-
'(aroe; n:QoaroQlVWe; de; tOUe; x,Qovoue; lOV KLllrovoe; IlE VEUe;
En:ExtaaEIe;(52X54 Il.), xui un:o IIEQlxAEoue;.
'H n:Qo to'l' TEAEOt'I'JgLOU 21i0a. 1:00 dilA.cu'Yo,
1) Noack, Eleusis, Die Entwickelung des
Heiligtumes, 0. 198 (Berlin 1927).
7
98
({JltO tOV xal an x'QO-
tov yvwatOv, va fjU'll% tavto-
toaov ta fjlXga ta tEAOUfjEVa EV "A ygatc; , .
oaov xal ta MEyuAa 'EAEUalvla ').
To OAOV OLXoMfj'll!W tOV TEAEat'llQlOU on Ei-
X,EV fjEtgWV, i\ aE tOU fito xal ovx,l
:JtQWtOtlJ:JtO; xal :JtEglEgyO;, ro; tillv aQx,mo-
AOyWV. OUtE ELX,EV ro; nVE; matEUOuaLV.
KatEcrXEUua3'll ae to OAOV atJtAUaLOV EL; EXtaalV
E:Jtl IlEgLXAEOU;, awaavto; to ax,EaLOV tOV 'IxtLvou. Eix,E aE xal
:Jt1JAa;, at o:JtOlal OfjW; Eiva! Egya PWfjai:xillv X,govwv, O:JtOtE
xal :Jtgo tillv MEyUAWV Ilgo:JtuAalwv 0 Nabr; 1ii'jr;
'Ae1i8,.",,'or; xal to d; tnV anl3Etov :JtAEUgaV XA'llitEV
gLOv, i\ fjLXUXAIXOV ax,r1fj(ltO; xa l E:Jtl OfjOL-
to tn; 'OAUfj:Jtla;.
Kata tnV i\fjEtEgav OfjW; U:Jt01jJIV, to u:Jto tillv agx,moAOYwv
AEYOltEVOV ita Muvato va XA'll3i1 'E;sCJea, aLon
:JtEgl<1aOtEgov :Jtgo; PWfja"LXnV a:Jto
OLXOa0I-LLXn;. Et; aE tnV 'Of.Ufj:Jtlav, i\ Xata to Eto; 156 fj. X.
OLXOaOfj'llitElau tov 'Hgci>aou tov ' Atttxov E1X,E to avto
ax'nlta ItE to v:Jto tillv agx,moAoywv XA'll3EV BOUAEUtllgLOv.
Kata tOY Ilauaavlav, EL; tnV avtnV :JtEgl:JtOU to:JtoitEalav, tOV
vaov ti'j; Ilgo:JtuAa(a;' AgtEfjLaO;, fiaav axofj'll auo vaoe. toV
TgL:JttoAEfjOU xal to'u IloaELaillvoc; .
• EAsvClwlo" CJs tan ,.,,8'11 TQm1ioU,."ov '110. or; , eaTa CJE: :rreo-
nvAalar; 'Ae1i8,.,,&CJor;, "a, IIoas,CJil)'llor; :rra1ieOr; I), :JtgoaEtt aE
xal cpgEag, xrtAOUfjEVOV KaUlxoeo'll, o:Jtou to :JtQilltoV 'EAeva,·
'11£0;)'11 "V'llaZ"8r; xoeb'll 8f1'C1Jaa'll, "a, ijaa'll tr; 1:1]'11 {}oeo'll S).
, A:Jto Emygacpnv af, EvgE3ELaav tEAEUWlW;, Ott 1\
"a, 1) Koe1J elx
e
" t"u,1i8Qa fCJ,o" Pro,."b.., 'Cq) tseiP
Hal Xroe&a"Car; {}ovalar; t"a1i8ea, xa 1 1\ Em YQacpn aut'll
1) llAOUtUQ)(.ou. XXVI.
2-3) llauaavlou, I, XXXVII, 6.
99
{:lEBmoL a'UY)(.QOVWe; Ott Ot ()Vo BW!-tot fjaav JtAYlatOV I),
BAEJtO!-tEV, AOlJtOV, avtOil ott fjaav {)Vo BW!-tot XUt ov)(.t ihJO vaoL,
M!-tYltQoe; xal KOQYle;, we; EL)(.EV vJtol'tEaE[ tit> 1904 <3
EJtLtEl'tEle; XUta toil IPLALO'U xal avayxaaae; avtov va YQaljJu
aJtaVtYlCiLv EJtt trDV 'EAEUatVLaxwv IPQoVtLa!-tatWv,
cotOXAdEtaL o!-twe; xat tOUc; va ExaAOUV vaouc;, r] axo!-tYl
xal va vJtnQ)(.ov JtaQa tOUc; BW!-toue; xat vaoL, blott xal
o EVQlJtLbYle; ava<pEQEL de; tae; 'lxEttbw;:
Lhll'lI7:te eanovX' • EAevai'Vo, X{).o'Vo,
7:1Jad·, 01' 7:8 'Vaov, Bxe7:t ne6anoAo,
OJtOU E!-t<paLvEtat <3 JtAYI{}UVttXOe; avtwv aQ l'i}!-toe; , EXtOe; UV Evvoii
tOY JtaQa to rHOUtcOVEIOV AEYO!-tEVOV Naov tne; 'ExatYlS;, ?'Ayvw-
atOV EJtLaYle; UV avtOe; olitOs; 1]tO to 'E'lCa7:t'o'V 1j 'E'lCaJ:?ja,o'V,
aJtoxAELO!-tEVOU Otl buvatov va 1]tO xal vaoe;, ana axol1Y1 xal Bw-
xa 1 l'tYlaauQoe;,
Kal toil ava<pEQ{}EvtOe; vaoil tne; I1QoJtuAaLaC; 'AQtE!-tL-
boe;,we; XtLaiJ,atOe; PW!-ta'(xoil, E)(.O!-tEV xal ta lleonvAa,a.
Ta I1goJtuAaLa, toaov ta MEyaAa, oaov xal ta MLxQa, bEY
avu<pEQoVtUt uJto twv JtQo tne; PW!-ta'(xne; EJtO)(.nc; aUYYQa<pEwv
xal bEY 1]tO buvatov va uJtnQx,ov tOtE, btOtt 8AOXAYlQOV to
twv 'EAEUaLVLaXWV Ktl<J!-tatwv tEl)(.OC; hQYlaL!-tEuE taVto)(.Qovwe;
xal we; a!-tuVtIXOV JtQOJtUQYLOV, Mv 1]tO buvatov va 4>xo-
JtQo tnc; PWl1a'lxnc; EJtox.nc;, bLOtt bta tOUtWV ita l]bu-
vavtO va ELaBaAAWalv Ot EXaatOtE h{}QOL. EVtEil{}EV
to aU!-tJtEgaa!-ta Ott tailta xc(t(l tOUe; PW!-ta'(xouc;
X,QOVOUC; xal JtL{}avmtata EJtl 'AJtJttou I1ouAXQOU xal 'AbQta-
voil xal 'AVtWVLVWV, OLtLVEC; auvEJta{}ouv lbLattEQWe; 'EA-
Ad&a, 'Ex tOUtOU M axo!-tYl OtL xal to JtQo twv ME-
yaAwv I1QoJtuAa tWV EUQ I axo !-tEVOV avaYA U<pOV-Pw !-ta'(xwv )(.go-
vwv-l'ta fjtO to toil 'AVtWVLVOU I1LO'U, uv xal ELvaL JtaQaxExLvb'U-
VEU!-tEVOV va ttC; aJtoAUtWC; tOLoiltov
tit> twV I1QOJt'UAUtWV ElIQE{}YlaaV xat aA-
1) KouQoUVLOO'C11, 01. E1tLOta.'C(lL 'COU 'E1..euowLllxOU 'IeQou xat 0
UQXLtEXtCO'V
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100
AUI p(()IlU'L'KOOV 'KtLO'J,tUt(()V, AOUttlQ(()V, MQuy(()-
YEL(()V 'Ku1 'KUtOL'KLOOV tOOV LEQE(()V, aM' oMEv to (hJVUtaL
AEX{tU, BLOtl OMEJ,ttU YQumil :7tAl1Qo<poQtU EO'W{tl1 a:7to ,
uutOOv, OUtE 'KU t E:7tL YQu<Ptl ElJQE-31'] E;l1yoliO'u t ( ExQl1-
O'tJ,tEUOV.
Ta. BE tOOv LEQOOV 'KtLO'J,tUt(()V tEtXl1 EiVUL 'Kut UUta. BLU-
<poQ(()V E:7tOXOOV, BW'KQLVOJ,tEVU 1) 'KtLO'J,tuta :7tQO'LO'tOQL'KOOV XQo-
V(()v. 2) ta. tOOv IIELO'LO'tQutlBOOv J,tEXQL toli IIEQl-
ntOL a:7to toli 560-450 :7t. X., xUt tulita EiVat ta. EV{tEV
'KUt EV{tEV tOOv :7tQO:7tUAUt(()V XElJ,tEVU, ta. toli :7tEQlBoAOU tOOv
avuaxu<pOOv XUt ooQlO'J,tEV(()V :7tAEUQOOV toli TEAE<Jtl1QtOU. 3) XtL-
O'llata a:7to E:7toxii; toli J,tEXQI toli 200 :7t. X., ntOL
to tilv {tuAaO'O'av J,tEXQL toli J,tEO'OU tfi; (ho tfi; a:7to
oBou , xat EV{tEV XUt EV{tEV lOli
TEAEO'tl1QLOU. 4) P(()J,ta'L'KU, a:7to tOU V<PLO'taJ,tEVOU EXXAl1O'L-
Mou J,tEXQl tOOv MEyuA(()V IIQo:7tuAaL(()v lOU :7tEQlBoAOU tOW
avaO'xa<pOOv, xat a:7to aQlO'tEQg tiP ElO'EQXOJ,tEVq> J,tE-
XQl tOu XEVtQOU Mou ntOL
a:7to ' tilv {tuAaO'<Jav J,tEXQl tou !-lEO'OU, O'uvavtOOO'a.
ta. a:7to tOU 450-200 :7t. X. OLXOBO!-ll1{tEVta xtlO'!-lata.
, AAAa. xat :7tOtE XUtEO'tQu<Pl1O'av ta. LEQU tauta Ktt-
oJ,tata Bh EIVUl xa{t(()QLO'!-lEVOV, xat ft
ava<pEQoJ,tEVl1 XQOvoAoyta lOU 397 J,t. X. Elvat
:7tEQatVO!-lEV OtL tOY ExtOV a'Lwva J,t. X. {tu O'UVEtE-
AEO'-31'] it xataatQo<ptl t(()V, B LOtL, 00; YV(()O'tOV, tOy :7tE!-l:7ttOV a'LOOva,
ntOL E:7tt E>EOBoO'tou, nQXlO'EV 0 tOOv XQL<JtLavOOv,
EViP xatu tOY EXtOV, xat E:7tt 'Io'VO'tLvwvoli, !-lEtEBAtll'tl1 OAOXAl1-
0 <PQOUQLOV a:7tOxQouO'LV
tOOv BaQBuQ(()v. AEv a:7tOXAElEtul xat it toli O'EL-
O'J,toli 1] xat vu O'UVEtEAEO'EV
xataO'tQo<ptlv t(()V. IIoAv :7tL\tavov vu O'uvEXla{tl1 it xataO'tQo<pll
'KatO:7tLV V:7tO tOOv xatOLX(()V, <JuvEf311 :7tavtaxou, EVQl-
:7tQOXElQOV to VALXOV tou J,taQ!-luQou oLxoBoJ,ttlv, EXQl1-
O'lJ,tO:7tOtOUV tU VALXU tOOv 'EAEUO'lVLaXOOV KtLO'J,tUt(()V BLU
aVEYEQO'lV tOOv OLXIOOV t(()v.
--
101
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ta XtLO"f.tata {}EWQOVf.tEV
O"X03tl!10V va E'{Jl:Wf.tEV tlva .. xal Jl:EQl tmv OLXO()Of.t'l1witwv
OJl:OlJ EtEAOVVtO, xata tOY ta MlXQa M'U-
0't11QLa, atLVa ExQl'}O"Lf.tE'UOV tQOJl:OV tLVa ()La ta ME-
yaAa 'EAE'UO"LVW xal
At ., AYea&, to X,WQLOV tOVtO tmv 'A{}l'}vmv, Et'QLO"XEtO
<XQlO"teQaV tOU 'IALO"O"OV xal mQLExAEIEV &OXA'I1QOV UJl:O
tOV f.tEX,QL tov O"'l1f.tEQLVOV NExQOt<x<peLo'U AOqJoO"ElQav. 'Q-
()f "AYQaL, ()Ion OV xataqJ'Utov to Jl:aAat, EAEYEtO OtL i\
., EJI:' avtOV aYQav, AOYql ()€ Jl:aQaM-
Eix,EV UVEYEQ{}ij xal "Aed-
ayvwO"tOV Jl:OV XELf.tEVO<;; '). IIaQa ()€ EXXA'l1-
olav tij<;; VJl:O{}EtO'UO"lV OL Jl:EQLO"O"OtEOOl tOW UO-
x,aLOAoyoUVtWV Ott EVOlO"xEtO 0 !1€
tOY , , ()LOn, yvwO"tOV, i\
xal EJl:wv'Uf.tlav
EXEL Jl:O'U Jl:ATJO"LOV TitO 0
to tOVtO tOV 'IALO"O"OV Eix,E O"x'TJf.tattO"{}ij to !1E-
o"ov tL xal EJI:' avtov EQELma
YOU vaov, tCO 1780, Xata 3t(lO"av m{}avot'l1t<X VJl:O
tOW TouQxwv. I1l{}avov ()€ EXEL va Tito to EV M'l1tQCOov
(14 f.t. X 7.30 f.t.), ntOlo Nao, d7j!,,'1]7:Qo, Hal. tfj; K6p'1]'
Hal. .,;oU Tet:Tr7:oA,e!"ov, OJtO'U EtEAOvVtO ta MLXQa M'UO"tn-
QLa, ta oJtOLa f.tEta;u aAAWV ELx,E f.t'UTJ{}ij xal 0
'0 uvaqJEQEl Otl f.tEta tOY N aov tOv 'OA'Uf.tJl:1o'U
EVOLO"XEtO to ayaAf.ta tOv I1'U{}LO'U xal 'IEOOV
XaAOUf.tEVOV L1eA.'Pl",ot'. 'EJl:EXtELVWV ()€ Jl:EOLyoaqJnV to'U f.tE-
1.0L tOU N OO"OXOf.tElO'U xal UXOf.t'l1 f.tEX,QL tmv ' AIJ,-
JtEAOXnJl:WV, uvaqJEOEL OtL VJl:ijOX,E xa L 'IEOov, xaAOU-
f.tEVOV K..,1I6aaeye" xal BWf.tol itaL
tov 'IoAao'U, xal ayaAf.tIX Jl:Ol'l1{}€V VJl:O tOV
1) Malteso, Ein Wanderer auf ler Akropolis, S. 15 (Athen 1931).
I

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tljv LatOQlxljv aM{}ELaV, xatWQ{}COOEV, OL E:n:lOt'llI-lOVlXWtEQOV
I-lE ta 'EAEllalVLa MllatllQLa xal tae; tWV I-lE-
AEtWV tCOV LatOQlxwV atOLx,ELCOV xal ()i} EX tWY ava-
axaqJwv xal twV aQx,aLCOY XElI-lEVCOV, va qJ{}aan tljv xata to ()ll-
vatov EqJlXtljV LatOQLxljv rcLOtECO; xal
to EQYOV tOll Erclatll!LCOv.
Ehm ()E yvcoatov OtL 0'1 aQx,aLOL axo-
arcEqJEllYOV va avaqJEQcoaL tl ta ollYYQa!L!Lata tCOV rcEQl
tWV 'EAEllOIVLCOV MllOt'llQLCOV, E'{tf: ()LOH tOUtO aJC1lYoQEVEtO
E'{tE ()IOtt fjYVOOllV tauta AErctO!LE-
tCOV, aqJoil, YVCOOtOV, ta {}QnOXElltIXa tCOV MYI-lata
()IEt'llQOUvtO aYQaqJa xal ()EV aVExolVW{}noav OUtE xata tljv
nEQ[qJn!LOV 'ArcoAoYLav toil {}a-
vatOv, ()IOtt E()()aOXEV d; xatva ()ml-lovLa. ITOA"
()E rcEQLaaOtEQov ()EV MvvavtO OVtOI va Enl A({}COV OX,E-
tlxa !LE ti}v LEQotnta tOW 'EAE'Ualv[cov MllOt'llQlCOV.
'Erco!LEVco;, OAY] YJ JCEQl tOW 'EAE'UOLVlCOV MllOtnQ[COY EQE'Uva
EOtnQ[x,{}Y] xal EAax,LOta tEXllllQLa, rcQOEQX,O!LEVa
'EAAllvcov xal Pco!La[cov a'UYYQaqJEcov, W()llynaE 8E d; ta an!LEQLVCx
o'U!LJCEQaa!Lata, xal 8EV urcaQx,EI va qJ{}aou H; EL; {}EHXW-
tEQa, EqJ' OOOV atEQELtm tWV LOtOQLXWV orco(a;
rcaQEx,01JV ta aQx.aLa xal ta EVErc(ygaqJa !LVn!LELa.
ligionen des Altertums (Basel 1863). Die Unsterblichkeitslehre der
orphischen Theogonie auf den Grabdenkmalern des Altertums (1870)
u. a.-Bernoulli, Urreligion und antike Symbole, Auswahl aus den
Werken Bachofens (Leipz. Reklams -Bibliothek 6669-6676).
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TON EJ\EVIINION MVITHPION
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QOV aQxaLOA.oYlxi] xal lcrlOQLXi] EQEtlVa, btlVUIlEita va crXTJl-tatL-
crW!-lEV alltlbQav dxova nEQl tij.; A.EltOtlQyLae; toW 'EA.EtlO"lVLWV
M tlcrtl]Q LWV.
'EtEA.OUVlO xat' xal ovxl xata tQLEtLaV, noA.A.ol mcrtEV-
OtlO"lV. bE 0 "OtE 0 0 IIOA.LOQXTJ-
EIlEA.A.E va EnaVEA.frTJ EX de; , EYQCXljJEV
Otl tjfrEA.EV va I-ttlTJfrii allEcrwe; xal ta MLxQa MtIO"tll-
QW, ta EV xal de; ta MEyUA.a. IIaQ' OA.TJv bE
tilv clQVTJcrlV tou LEQEWC; II tlfrobwQotl, tOU xal avncrtuv-
de; ti]v nQotacrlv lOU ,1'l'JIlTJtQLOtl, EV livayxucrl'tTJcrav Ot
, AfrTJVatOL bla va to tWV
xal bL' avtou tOY XQovov tWV Mticrt'l'JQLWV, xal avtt
tOU 'AvfrEcrt'l'JQlWVOC; va tEA.EcritwcrL tOY BOTJbQollLwva, iltOL
avtl tou tOY bLa va btlVTJ% o{Jtw 0
va xal bUo
aL onotaL EtEA.OuVtO xata bUo nEQIObOtle; 1).
'EnELbi] ()E f]lO E;atQEtlXOV to tOUtO, EcrXOA.LucrfrTJ tOtE
xaxwc; ()La tOY xal noA.A.a crattlQlxa Mcrtlxa EYQUCP1l-
crav avtou, {,no lOU nOlTJtOU CPlA.l3tnL()Otl.
'Ex tOU XWQLOti lOvtOti tOv IIA.otltuQxoti E;UYEtat to
1) I11..outaQ)(.ou, XXVI.
105
(l"UJA.1tEQaaJA.a, on ta MEyaAa 'EAElJaLvLa EtEAouVtO Kat' Etoe; Kal
Kata JA.nva
Kat 00; OL :rrAELatOL trov LatoQLKrov tauta
tou JA.'I']VOe; tOVtOU Kat aLllQKouv EWEa EV OAql f\JA.EQae; '),
E; rov ElX,EV '(aLOV DVOJA.a xal '(aLOV tEAEtouQYIKov.
OL JtQoaKUV'l']tat, UVEQX,OJA.EVOL auvll{)-we; de; tOY UQL{)-JA.OV trov
tQlaXOVta x,lALaawv 2), .. na.)'Hol"o&,' EJ.evGwla., 8) Ka-
ta E;llQX,OVtO tOu LI&nv.tov, t]tOI tne; 'IEQue; tOu
KEQaJA.ELKou, Kal nKoAov{)-ouv 'ri)v JtQoe; 'EAElJaLva ayouaav 'Ie-
e
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JtOJA.Jtnv, U1tOtEAOU!1EV'I']v uJto tOUe; de; ta JtEQLx,wQa tow
vrov otKoUVtae;. 'R JtQQlt'l'] aE f\JA.EQa xa{)-' llv llQX,Ltov aL EOQtal
i\MYEtO "A),ve",6,.
tavt'l']v, {)-E(OQOUJA.EV'I']V de; LEQOt'l']ta uvwtEQav tne;
trov ITava{)-'I']vaLWv, tOW eEaJA.o<poQLWV, trov 'AJtatOuQLwV, trov Al-
vaLwv, trov MEyaAwv xal tOW eaQY'l']ALwv, nxoAov{)-EI
JtavtOtE 0 aEVtEQOe; aQx,wv tOW' A{)-'I']VaLWV, 0 xaAovJA.EVOe;
'Ev XctlQQl JtoMJA.ou EJtOLOuVtO xal EMaovto a()na!
Et; oAou; tou; EJtl{)-UJA.Ouvtae; Eatw xal a:rrAw; va uxoAou{)-naouv
tEAEtnV, uVEatEAAEtO Jtuaa EXtEAEaI;, xal tTjv EJtOJA.E-
JA.EV'l']V uJto Tn; An;Ewe; tWV EOQtWV 0 "AQELoc; ITayoc;
avat'l'] Qotata; JtOLVa; de; oO"ou; ta;lv xata
()LaQxELctV twV EOQtwV.
Kal EaV uvaAoyw{)-fj nc; JtQoe; a-
JtOljJLV tou "AO"tEWe; JA.E ta EV{)-EV tou KEQaJA.ELXou Jto-
AUtEAn xat xaAALtEx,vLxwtata MV'I']JA.Ei:a xal 'lEQa, xal UV <PEQU d;
JA.VllJA.'I']V tOU to JtAn{)-Oc; EXELVO twV tQLaxOvta x,LAla()WV JtQO-
o"XUV'I']twV, twV UJtOtEAOVvtwv, JA.E UV'l']JA.JA.EVa; ()g()ac;, OA'I']V /,L-
tavdav, UXOAOU{)-OVvtWV xal ljJaAAOVtWV JtaQu tOue; 'EAaLwvae; tou
'Axa()nr-tou, ()IEQX,OJA.EVWV tOY K'I']<pLO"ov xal tou; JA.E QOM()EV()Qa xa-
ta<pvtou; uYQoue; xal tae; ExatEQw{)-EV Tn; 'IEQu; Mou 'EAatae;,
1) Gow--Reinach, 'AofrT)va, allA. 117 CAofrijVIlL
2) 'Avny6vT) 1072.
3) Tn Muatl]QLll, (' AofrijVIlL 1897).
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"V (.lVOUe; rcgOC; tOY "Iaxx.ov, (.lOVOV (.lE iJavl'f' xata tnv
EXqJgUOLV tOU 'HgoMtOU, {ta Mvvato va x.agaxtljgLaU tnV
OAljV tEAEt-r]V, ()La tnv orco(av ta (.lEYaAELtEga rcvEV(.lata tlje; ax(.lu-
tOtE 'EAAU()Oe; EV{tOU(Jlro()roe;.
Tilv OAljV dxova tYle; rcO(.lrcljc; xal tOY E1tLxgat01Jvw 1taga
tOtc; rcgoaxuvljtate; lEgOV Ev{touaLaCJ(.lOV EX()ljAO t 0 KaAAL(.lax.Oe;
()La t01J regoe; tY}v "V(.lVOU tOU, t01J oreOLOU ta Mo
xatrotEgro areoareucr(.law {tErog01JVtal roe; ta x.ogaXtljglcrtlXWtEga:
Llaf'a:r:se I'Bya xaies, noA(rr:eoeps, nOAVf'Bd&f''Vt,
To'll xaAaiJo'll HanO'll.,;a, Xap.al. {JaosiaiJs pepaAo&
M'lJa" dno .,;eyso" f''1J6' {npiiJ{Js'V atJytiaa'1Ja{)s
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107
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xatExQlvOV ()l" taVta<;, xu!t" a ava-
qJEQEL 0 '0 ()E iTC<le?iyyde neat; ";OVt;
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1) tUoMlQou, Frag. Lib. X (Exc. de virt. et vito p. 242 V. 555 W).
2) Brunck, Gnom. poet. graec. \1781) p. 336.-Menandri et Phil.
rell. ed. A. Meineke p. 306 £f.-Kock, Comicorum Atticorum Frag.
III. p. 272. (Menander Pseudepigr. Fr. 11S0). - Boeckl, De trag.
graec. p. 157 f.-Elter. gnom. hist. 190- -192.- l:tQOOfta.-
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2) 'YnSQ£l\ou Fr. lIn, Fr. 72, Blass.
3) VI, Cap. IV, 35.-S.
450,4 Vet. script. de reb. Aegypt .•. fragm. coH. Bunsen p. 91 iOq.
-vgl O. Gruppe, Culte und My then I S. 41O-430.--Deiber, a.
a. O. p. 65-77.
4) • VI, Cap. IV. g6.-S.
4.49, 6 vgl. Fr. Boll, Sphaera S. 370.
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1) Letronne. Recueil des Inscriptions 1. p. 267.
2) Letronne a. a. O. II p.469.
3) 'Hpoli6tou 2, 38.- IIoQqJuQ'ou, IIsQi E!tljIlJJ(.(1)V 4, 7,-
Marscham, Canon chron. (1676) p. 242.- Wesseling zu Diod. bibl.
'1 70.
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tautOxgovcor;; ()E Ef,ll£VE'lla[lEVCOV EX TWV 1tEQl tOV 'EA-
1) MUQ!tuQoy 'iilO IIuQou (1399 -13-1326), Wagner (Marb.1832),
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ft OA'I'J MUYj<JlC; tWV 'EAEU<JLVlroV MUcrtYjQLroV
rrEV 'to EmYQaf,lllatlxWtatU urro taV Michelet ava<pEQoIlEVOV:
La outre ses arts, eut Ie plus grand de tons,
Part de faire l'homme I). 0 auyyQu-
bEv EVVOEL aV{}Qwrrom;, aAAa iji),,,ov,
Tou'to rrA'l'JQE<JtEQOV ot aQxu'Lol
rroL'I'J'tul xul <pLAO<JO<pOL, {}a '(brollEV XUtrotEQro EL\; 'ta rruQun-
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xuta xut ta 'EAEU<JLVLa, EXQ'l'JaLIlE1JOV xat we;
1) Michelet, Bible d l'Humanite, V (Paris 1864).
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xOal101'}EcoQiav tCOV OAOXA'Y]QOV
ALav xal ta; cpLAoao-
cpLxae; tcov Ete; tOU; tatoQLXOUe; tbLco; l(Qovou;, OtE I1EV
Iha aUIlBOACOV, OtE aAl-rlYoQIWV xal wQlal1EVCOV oQcov, JtQO-
XELI1EVOU va ExcpQaacoaL tavtoan 110Ue; Evvoia;, we; A. l(. tlj; aya-
Jt'Y]e;, cpIAtae;, ol1ovoia; x. A. Jt., I1Etal(EIQLa{}EvtE; tou; oQou;:
«8EOe;, EV, vove;, aQL{}110e;, C1Q!lOVia» 1).
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EJtL til Baafl tWV II ul'}ayoQEicov {}ECOQLWV, ta lxa tCOV My [.tata,
we; 0 'Ava;ayoQae;, 0 'AgLatotEt.l']e; xaL 0 IIAatcov dId .1lAetO-
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l/.;reSteo'V· "AQ,a1:01:iA1J' IU, 1:0 p.e'V eldo" ";0 de ade1Jaw'
DAci1:OO'Y de no,uaxov l'e'V olo'V naeaHa-
";00" e'Yatn:loo'V dexoo'Y, 1:1)" p.e'V 1:av1:0" 6'V0l'ci-
7:7)" dE {}d1:eeo'V 8).
rEVLXWe; O[.tcoe; EYEVEto l(QljaLe; tWV aAAl']YOQLXWV ExcpQaaECOV
uJtO tWV II u{}ayoQdcov, tWV oJto icov [.tEQlXae; 0 IIt,outaQl(Oe; E;'Y]-
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tOUe; EVExa xaxo'Y]{}Eiae; I1EAavOVe;.
Mf] vnee/Ja.l"ew, aJtatutE
va Eia{}E bLxatoL.
1) KaAoyeQOltOUAOU, 't'oii T. tv tu (T. 'Hxw.
't'OIl' I, 1932-33).
2,-3) IIAou't'aQXou, IIIlQL xai ·Oa£QL/loc;.
123
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tQou OLtOU), ntOI anoCjJElJYEtE ti)v aQyLuv.
M1] n-a'lld ep.p6.J..A.tw tStEuiv, !li) 1t<XVWC; ti)v BE-
... !li) xa!lVUC;
M1] qJ0eeZv a.,;evov 6aH'£"I/,hov, !l11 BlaYUe; Blov to LOtitOV,
WOtE va BEcr!lEUUC; EUUtOV.
flvQ at1hleCfJ /-,Tj aaAevew, nQoona{tEL va !li)
aAAa va lJ1tOXwQUc;.
M1] lew HaetSlat·, Il i)v tQwYELC; xUQBLuv, !l i) BAantE le;
tiJy oou, UVti}v !lE OXE\jJELC;.
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VOvtO nQOtEQOV Ut \jJl'}CjJOCjJOQlaL).
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tWV IIu{tuyoQELWV BOY!latwv BLa twV !lEJWLe; f]!lWV BWOW{tEVtWV
xul roe; YVl'}OeWV nUQuBEBEYJ.A.EVWV «XQ'Uowv 'Enwv», ta onoiu
roc; yvwota tOLe; naOl, nUQuAcLnO!lEv.
*
* *
Ta BE OU!lBOAU tWV 'EAE'UOlVLWV Muatl'}QLwv, rov EYEVEtO
(j'Uxvi) xuta ti)v MUl'}oLv, ljouv f] (jU!lBOAOV Ou-
Quvoli XU! fijc;, BlOtt 0 Hal. ";0'11 oOQa'Vov "£'0 nero·
,,£,0" c;,v6/-,aat H6a/-,ov Hal. "£'1]" ,,'it' O",,£,e0'Y'Yvl'IJ" 2). 'H .. ,AHa"·
1) rH.outaQXou, IIEQl, IIo.£lloov 15.
2) 'H<JL6llou Fr. 254 (Stoic. Fr. I, 63,25 Papy-
rus Parisina bibl. publicae supplem. graec. 1099 saec IV V.-
Diog. Laerti. VIII, 1, 25, 48.
124
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JtA'IlQo<poQEL 0 tU Atyu-
JttLaxu xal 0 1). '0 'Ya.H'U'V{}OI5, ()tu tOY OJtOLOV YQa-
{J)Et 0 ' A Ott ... ail" 15' VdH'U"IJ.O" lco'V&ddal5 1<"8 Xall1J-
l.dl5, Of!lpfXJ1<"8(lal5, IIS1<"' If.,,lJ.sa& 2). (0
wOrp&!t xal Klddol5 nt1<"'UOg Ot; xal
xal IIttuouaa aJto tOu <pUtOU). K'Uxettd1J15 orp'!t, 0"
rp'l}a,,, eHalodo!t 1<"earps'V'&a vno K'Uxeecol5 (mo
EiJe'UA.0x0'U A'Ullawolle'Vo'V 1<"fJv VijC10V, de aiJ-
"'&01' "fJ" iJiJf'1J'&Qa ell5 • EAt'UC1iva Ha£ Yt'll8C1lJ.a& 1<"a'lklJ!t dllrpl-
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AOL xal KaAALouAOI xal EE Ot; xal. xatu
tOY xal. 'Io'UAoo avv 4).
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EaJtEQ L()OEL()ij.
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()EV ()LEQ"(u-lh]aav EJtE(3aAAovtO ELs;;
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()tu &avatO'U. 'EVtEU&EV Otl xal Ot ta
tJ€!1U'Il!-tEVOl "EAA'IlvE; xal <pLAOao<pol oMEv ava<pE-
(Io'UatV tU a'UYYQa!1!-tata tWV JtEQL tn;
Ot ()E OQXOL tWV Muatwv tWV 'EAEUO"lVLWV M'Uat'llQLwv rjaav
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d; a; avnxov ot MuataL. 'Ex tWV OALYWV ()E ()Laaw&EvtWV EL;
1) 'AoftTJVaLOu, 6.emvO<Jo!pI<JtaL, XV, Sect. 25 (679-680).
2) 'AoftTJVaLOu, XV, Sect 31 (684).
3) IX. p. 393.-'Hau>aou, Fr. 107 (132).
4) • AoftTJVaLOU, Lib. XIV, Sect 10 (618-619).
5) 'OQIPuGa, ' Alto<Jlta<Jlt. XVII, K1... ' A1..e;. Cohort. p, 15, 8.-
Arnobius adv. gentes L, 5 p. 169.
---------------
125
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vo; "'Oe"o, 'Oecpuc"" -n't0 0 E;n; :
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avlS1]'V 0e,,'{t» as na.,;etJ" ";1],, neQ).,;o",
.q"l"a "6apo,, l(na".,;a ea;:, povla;:, I).
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f..llav WgLaf..lEV'l1V xaAOUf..lEVWV, 0 ogxo; dx.EV w; E;n; :
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w; E<pEgE 'tu ovof..la'ta 'tWV MEyaAwv
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ava<pEQOf..lEVWV u:rto til; ALyu:rttlaXn;. xal tU o:rtola xatu 'tou; VEW-
:rtQo0E:rta&'l1aE vu 't1 auyxQLtLxl] MlJ'froAo-
yta. on 0 ZEU; 'tOY aL&Ega. 't1 'A&llva
tl]V ao<plav. 0 KQovo; tOY x.govov xal outW xa&' E;il;.
*
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'0 Xgovo; 'til; tWV d; tU 'EAEUaLVLa
EA'l1YEV aa<pal,o); til; aAA' a:rtE-
tEAH aut'l1 agXl]v f..lOVOV 'til; () :rtEQLEatQE<PEtO dc;
tl]V YVWGlV xal til; 0W<PQoauv'l1;, til; Eyxgatda;, Til;
1) 'OQqJ. 'Alt. V.-Just. M. Coho p. 78,23 ?Gut Cyrill, contra Ju-
lia 1 p. 23.
2-3) 'OPqJ. 'AltooltcJ.o/t. V.- Theo Smyrnaeus p. 164.
126
<hxaLOaVv'l'l';, ti\e; Mhxi\e;, ti\e; EAEU{tEQLae; ti\e; xal
lMwc:; de; titv mQl Evoe; {}wu xal a{}avaatae; \jJuxi\e; Jttanv.
'H 8;' EJtt8Qaale; ti\e; 8L8aaXaAtae; taVt'!']e; ELVaL aMvatov, xal
Xata tOUe; vALatlxWtEQOUe; XQovou:; ti\e; aV{}QwJtot'!']to:;, va f.A,it EJt'!']-
aoBaQonata de; tOY ti\e; \jJuxi\e; xal titv aJto-
AvtQwaLv alJti\e; aJto tWV Jta{}wv wu xa{}' i\f.A,EQav BLOU, ta aJtoia
titv "On 8;' titv 8t8aaxaALav taVt'!']v nXOAov{}'!']aav
xal mivtEe; oL NEOJtAatWVLxol qJlAoaoqJoL, ana xal alJtoL oL f.A,a{}w
tat, aJtoaWAOL xal EvaYYEAl<1tal tou XQLatOU, we; JtQOYlYOUf.A,EVWe;
E'(JtOf.A,EV, OJtEV EJtlBE[3aLoL xal a '!eQoe; AvyoUatLVOe;, AEYWV Ott 'l!a
d6yp.cua 'l!oii de'V 7}aa'V d£ticpoea 'l!6)'V Xe£-
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(fJEWV JtaQa8€xOVtaL, OV8Ef.A,La YEvVataL af.A,qJlBoALa. OMEJtOtE 810
oL "EAA'!']VE:; aocpol nXOAov{t'!']aav tae; JtoAu{}E'Latlxa:; tWV
ana, Ott lito f.A,atatov va titv ete;
titv auvd8YlalV tOU Aaou mQl JtQAAWV
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aJtEqJEUYOV va de; avwue; YVWata ta de; titv 'EAEU-
aLva tEAOV!lEVa, Jtgoe; aJtoqJuyitv 8uaaQEatWV aUVEJtELwV. LlEv Jta-
(lEAELJtOV Of.A,We;, aaaxLe; tOLe; E8l8EtO i\ JtQoe; tOUtO EVXaLQLa, aqJ'
Evoe; !-lEV va ta MEyaAa 'EAEuaLvLa aqJ'
EtEQOU 8E, matEVOVtE:; aXQa8avtwe; Ott aL JtoAu{}E"Lanxal avttM-
\jJELe; tOU .c>:(AOU a::rtEtEAouv f.A,u{tEvf.A,ata, va
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Ott: MaxaQLoc; oatte; 'l8ffiv ta vJto titv yi\v (de; 'EAE'UaLva),
8LOtt to tEAOe; tOu Btou to'll xal titv -uJto tOU {tEOU 80-
{tELaav ete; tOY c;.v{}QwJtov
"OA.p£O' ldro'V
€la' 1mo XiJoo'V' p.e1l Plov 'l!eAev1ia'll,
olde de d£oado'l!o1l dexa'll I)
I) IIOAH. B.
2) IlwMQou, Fr. 114 Bergk.
127
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u";7Jf11aw ",eel .,;e .,;fj, ";OU Plov .,;eAev.,;fj, "at ";OU uVl'na".,;o,
alo)1o'O, eA.nlda, EXOVUUI ,) ... '0 Mv
E() (atctaE va E'Ln:U areo Ott: El ot QttOI. elul. "(1."0£, o'li"
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u(WV Mvatal Toii !lOVOV {twii tljV WS;
f:lAEreO[lEV EX twV aVYYQct<pwv tWV.
, An' EVtEU{tEV YEVVUWL to EQWt1'j [la rew::; tflV
rou [lOVOV {twii [lE t11V EV 'EAEvaLvl ()l()aO"xaA(av
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to OVOf-l,a tOV 0 Els; tOuS;
WYEVEaTEQOVS; XQOV01J::; ureo tWV tQaYLXWV, reQOXELf-I,EVOU va EXQJQa-
O"wal taS; f-I,Ovo{tE'(atlXas; tmv avnMtjJEL::; -to V EVO::;
vov {twu tflV AEYWV: A'li'!:o, yde no.'ll";OO'll paG,A.evr;
"a, "olea "0' eCl";'" d{}allo..,;oo" '!:e at oil n; "eo..,;o,
lLA.Ao, 5).

1) 'Iom'Qatouc;, IIfJ.v'I]yuQ. VI.
2) EUQLltC8ou, 'HQfJ.xJ.. ftfJ.LVOj.t.
3) 'OQCPLX. u.ltOOlt.- Justinus Martyr in ltfJ.QULVlltLX«p MyCf}.
4) Justinus Mar. in Coho p. 781.- ·OQCPLX. 'Altoolta0ft. IV.
5) 'Hmo8ou. Fr. 195 (214). - KJ.t]!1llv-.:oC;, IIQOtQlllttLX. 7, 73, 3.-
MtQO>ftutlltc; V, 14, 112.- Euuyy. IIQolt., XIII, 13.
128
, Af...';"': EX tWV aQxatwv BlEtUTCWcrE TCf...l'lQEcr'tEQOV tTtv TCEQ 1
{tEO'U {tEwQLav ocrov 0 aV'tl)v 'tTtV
TQlf...0yLav 'to'U xal O'tl f)
EVVOLa cruvuTCaQXEI !J,E tTtV EVVOLUV tOV xal
!J,ovov {tEO'U xaL 'to'vtO BUI O(uJtl, Utv-
6teo, tlp.TJ Zsv,. Tovto oMEv af...f...o cr'l']!J,aLvEI 1i on xaL ot f...Ol
TCOL {twl, we; ot av{tQwTCol, BEv f]crav Ef...Eu{tEQol xat on E;'I']QtWV'to
EX aTCOf...utOU {tEf...ncrEwe; tOV {h:ov ocrne; 'EixEV 1JTCO
tae; 'IOU to KQatOe; xat ti}v B(av, Bla 'tWV OTCOLWV EV
avayx!] aTCo'J....utOV XUQLUQXLav tOU de; {twue; xat av-
{tQWTCOUe;. Avti} ELvaL f) :Jl:(.aY!J,atlxi} EVVOta t010 MOVO{tE'Lcr!J,OV,
TCaQ af...A'I'] f...0e; EV !J,EQEl TCQOe; thv TCaQaBocrlv, af...f...' aVtL-
{tE'tOe; TCQOe; avti}v Bla tmv qJU(HXmV Buva!J,Ewv, aL
oTCoLm BLETCOUcrl tOY xocr!10V xal aTCOtEf...OUV crtOL-
XELa 'tov MEYcif...oU ' AQXltEXtOVOe; tOV
*
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f...ocroqJwv xal TCOll'}tWV EtC; ta E;i}e; Ql'}ta XUt aTCO-
<pfr€yf.,tata :
tE, lilt', dA.1]o.sia,a£'ll, ee, ell'" iJe6"
0, 01lea'V6" liB xal "aia" f'axflTJ'V
n6,,"&ov lie xaeonc)'JI oidf'a xa1. (i"ep.rtJ'V pta'V.
o.V1]li01. de .1t04Ao1. xaedla'V
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o.eflJ'V d"d4p.a"&a Ax MfJrtJ'V, 1) XaAX8rtJ"
1j xeVl1O"&8'Vx"&rtJ" 1} t4t<pa'Vlil'VrtJ" liV.1tOV,·
o.vl1la, lit liOVliO', xa1. xaxd, .1ta'V'IJ"Ve8£'
l.,;8<p01l"&e" oiJ"&rtJ, tlll1tpt,'V 1).
Ztv, tl1n" aliJ'lje, Ztv, de "ij, Zev, d' 01lea1l6,'
ZtiJ, liO£ lid .1tci"lia xdSn '"&00" '"&8 'Co, fmef}'"&teo'V 2).
1) Fr. 1025. - 0eo8co(nrj1:ou, Gr. C aff. c. VII, 46. -
Boeckh, De trag. graec, p. 148.- Eiter. gnom. hist. p. 151.-
1-l8Vt'O<;, IIQot'QE1tttlG. 74, 2.
2) AtcrXUAOU, Heliad., Fr. 70.- PhiIodemus, De pietate p.22.-
Gomperz.
129
er, 8oto" 8V .,;t 6toicH Hal. c'i-v{}e«mo£t1£ p.ey£C1";o"
ov n c5ep.a, 8o'll'Y/r;0'iC1£-V O!,-o£o£, 'IIo'Y/p.a 1).
i\l<plAO<; 0 XO}!-llXO<; JtEQL tii<; !-lEta Havatov XQtO'Eo}<; MYEl ta
oft£ au ";OUt; (}a'll6".,;a" c1) N£H7je
a
r;t,
.,;evtpijt; dndC1'Y/' p.er;aAap6'11r;ar, i'll P'C{J,
n8tptvye'lla£ ";0 {}eio" cO, AtA'Y/t'16.,;at;;
8a.,;w LlI,,'Y/' otp{}alp,6" 8, ta na,,{}' OQij..
Hal. yae Ha80' u .,;e'Pov, 1'op."op.t,,·
p.la'll !r;sea" c'iC1tpilw tl"a£
ei: .,;ou, duo HaAu1pt£ 1) yfi tp'Y/
l1
l. .,;q; na".,;l. xe
6
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aena,t c'ineA{} dw, HAen'Ct, c'irtoa.,;eet£, Hu"a'
nAa'V'Y/80fit;' san lola, 6'V
fj1' nte 0 8odJ, 0 ml.'V'Coo"
0-0 ";0 o'llop.a tpopt{!6'll el1";w out, ii'll o'llop.a.aa£p,£ eyro.
8t; 'Co'ig dp,aq'Ca.'llovl1£ are0t; !'-fino, Pto"

Er Ht; {}v1JtiiJ" ofeta£ to vqJ fJp.ee
a1'
HaH6'll n ;nea.l1aoo'V tOUt; (}eout; AtA'Y/lJ.e"a£,
c5o"ei' Jto'Y'Y/ea Hal. dllaHetd£,
0";0." axoA1]'V llyovoa tVYXa.'V'll LItH-II 2).
'Oea'Ct oao£ OUH tl"GU t'1to'll.
Eatw yqe 8at£1" t£, ;neane£ HaAro"
Ha"Ot; nttpVHrot;, ";01' xe6'llo'll
xe
6
"C{J yae 0-0";0; VCHteo'll MH'Y/" 9)'
1) SEVOCPu.vou<;, Fr. 14 Diels.- WilamJwitz, Comm. gram. II
(1880) p. 7.- Bergk, Opuscula II, 56.
2) K},:llfl.Bvto<; , A}"s;o.vll QEOO<; , tEL<; V Cap, XIV, 121.- S.
408, 1 f Theodoret Gr. aff. c. VI 23.- S. 409, 3 vgl. (just.) Demon.
3 p. 132 Otto (14-S. 408, 5 Philemon).- Elter, Gnom. hist. 187-
190.-8 408, 5 Philemon Pseudepigr, Fr, 246 Kock Comic. Attic.
Frag., II p. 009.- Boeckh a· a. o. p. 160-162.- Meineke, Menan-
dri et Philem. rell. (Berlin 1832) p. 433 f.- Bentley, Eum. in Men.
et Phil. p. 130 Trag. Graec. Fr. Adesp. 421.
3) EUQLlt'llou, <I>Qo1:;o<; Fr. 835.- Valckenaer, Diatr. de Arist. p
1. ff.-EuQllt .. Fr. dub. 1131.- Boeekh. a. a. o. p. 158-160.
9
130
d iJ.86'i on 1:0 :re6." 1).
iJ.to, 0 :rea"1:a 1:8VXOO" {Je. 01:0X, 2).
xcOe"t ";0" iJ.to ... Hai f'-iJ tlOHt'
of'O£O" O'aor;cn O'aeHWO ... Ha6 to'.,;6. ... at.
OOH ola-Da tl· 0.0,,6,,' :aod f't" cO, :aiie tpat"eta£
ltnAa1:o, oef'f], :no"e tle iJtl 00 e, :reo.,;e tle ",,69'0,'
Hai iJ.1Jea'i" 0.01:0, "l"t"a, :reaesf'9'te*,
d"ef'fP "t9'tA,'[J 1:t Hai da.,;eanfj, {JQo""fj, {Jeoxfj.
i1:1l1Jet.,;t'l c5e aO"cp {Jq,A,aO'aa Ha£ :ae.,; ea"
Hal. :n6.aa :re1Jyn Hal. iJc5a1:O' ava.,;f]f'o..,;a.
1:eef''-' tl' 1Ie.1J Hal. yara, Hal. :retlcOe'o,
{Jv{Joo, {JalaO'a1J' Hat oeeoo" iJ1po, p,t)!a,
im{JA.81p'O "oe"o" lIf'f'a ata:re6.,;ov.
:reav1:a av"a.,;f] "ae a6sa v1plO'.,;ov {J toii 8).
O'e ";0" aO";09'vfj, 1:0" i" aliJ.8glfP
:n:(/.""oo" tpvaw
8" :rete' f'e" 9'cn" nte' a' o{!9'.,ala
"tis aloA,
6
xe
oo
, lt1CQ£1:0' "lta.,;eoo"
lIXlo, df'9'£Xoetvt, ,)
0/;1:0, laov n-a ... "ta, aatp-iJ, d:aA,ci"1J1:o, v:aaex" 6).
HA.iiiJ.£ f'o" :nci1:te iJ.aiif'a (Jeo"cn",
1:0., at,tcOov 1pvX«, f'taeoo ... B).
ot f'e" daf'fj.,;t, as'HtA.t6.t'
"ovO'oo" eta,,, Hid It''a10,
1) IIwM.Qou, ·A1tooit. 140 Schroeder.
2) ' A1too1t. 141 Schroeder.
3) AtoXUi..ou, Fr. 464; vgl. (Just.) De mono 2.- Boeckh, De
trag. graec. p. 150-156.- Elter, Gnom. hist. 150.
4) IIBLQ({t. Fr. 598-KQLtta<; Fr. 16 Diels, Vorsokr. 570.
5) Orac. Sib., Hr. I, 38; vgl. IIQotQB1tt., 77, 2.
6) Fr. 6 Bergk.
131
dya80'l0 HaHO" {Jo'll'1J";O'lCl, tpv.,;tvt,
Hal n6At1'0'll Hev6t'111:a Hal. lLA-yaa. ').
&i Zav, (JOl' I'e'll 01lea'llOV Hea.,;O,
au eeYa. tn· d,,{JoeOJ1("''' 6eiJ.,
At"'Qya Hd{Jotl'£CI";a. B).
{Jotoi, all{Joales.,;a nal''1:a. ns,tov.,;a."
'116C1tp, ..1£6,' HeZvo, yae exe£ .,;tAo, ijde Hal. deX?]'II ').
8taelda, de t'll";CP .nt'll. tpVClt"" yeatps£: ca dexa ";00'11
1f'll";"''II, dQXa I'e'll 8'11";"', dA'1J{Jowa, I'la' Hel'lla. yae tv dexiJ. '1:t
ta.,;", §'II Hal. 1'6'110'11» 5)-oMt "" ea{Jo' H.,;teo, x"'el., I'tyaAov
paa,Afjo, 8), ·Oetpeu, At"t£' cp .nt£{}6I't'll0, 0 H"'I'£HO; ..1ltp£·
Ao, Y'll"'I'£Hcfn;cu:a. «"'0'11 8'11";a. .nd.,n;",'11", cp'1JCll, .na",tea. ";OV.,;ov
.,;tAov, .,;ll'a '1'6'110'11, dya.{JoOO'll ";OClOV";",V tuee";fJ'II Hal.
HdCl'1:0ea I).
0(26., '"0'11 u1pOV lLns£eo'll a.l8tQa.
Hal. Yii'll eX0'll.,;a uYeal, dYHtiAa.£,;
1:ov,,;O'll Zii'lla, ",6'11d· .""oii {Jot6v 8).
1) Ba'IGJ(.uAC8ou Fr. 23 Blass (31 Bergk).
2) 'OQlpl'IGd Fr. 5, 12 f Abel.- (Just.) Coho 15.- De mon.2.-
et<; Eua. Euayy. IIQonaQ. XIII 12, 5.
3) 'AQX,IA.6X,OU, Fr. 88.-vgl. Stob. Eel. I 3, 34 p. 58,12 Wachsm.
4) l:OlpOd.EOU<;, Er. dub. 1028. - Poetae lyrici Graeci II p. 247.
5) K1..i)IlEVtO<;, l:tQCOIlUtEt<; V, 133.- Zeller, Phil. de Gr. III, 2
S.102.
6) 'OQlpl'IGU, Fr. 5, 14 Abel.
7) Fr. 138 Comicorum Atticorum fragmenta II p, 580
-(Just.) De mon.
R) Fr. Q41. vgt. Protr, 25, 3.- - Elter, Gnom. hist. p.
122 f.
- ...
VI
H L\IALlOI:Il: TQN EAEYl:INIQN M
Ka{}' 1]V E:n:ox:rlv a ugl{}f.,lOe; twv Muatwv llg)(.laEv
xal at EX tWV 'EAEUO"lVlCOV MUaty)glcov U:n:oggEouaat qJLAOaocplXat
l'ha()LMf.,lEvat OAOXAy)gov ti]v 'EAAa()a, 8ux twV 'EA-
Allvcov CPLAOOOCPCOV xal gY)togcov, cpa lVEta I Ott xal Ot 810lXOUVtEe;
tae; 'EAAy)vLxaG :n:oAmlae; ug)(.OVtEC; xal VOf.,lO{}Etal de;
avta xal ()EV aVtE()gcov xata tOu :n:gol)"y)AUtWf.,lOU, a orrolOC;
llaXEltO de; tae; ()wcpogoue; 'EAAy)vlxae; :n:OAW; urro :n:gaxtogcov tOu
EV 'E/,Eua'ivl 'IEgou. Ot ()f: ag)(.OVtEe; d)(.ov mw{}Yj rrI-Eov Ott ta
EX tne; /,EltougYlae; avtwv :n:goxlhvavta n{}LXa xal Ex:n:OALtLotlxa
a:n:OtE/,EO f.,lata a:n:E()Et)(,{}y)aav acpavtaotCOe; 'txavorroL Y)tlXa () La ti]v
rrVEUf.,latLxYiv OACOV tWV 'Eny)VIXWV cpUAwv, de; ae; EAEL-
tougyY)oav taut a xal rrgoaEAaBov AE/,y){}otCOe; E{}VIXOV )(.agaxtYjga,
tavto)(.govcoe; tOY OV El)(.ov xat' {}gy)axEUtL-
xov tOtOvtov. 'Eav 810 ()f:V 't8gu{}y)oav xal aAAa Of.,lOW
de; ()wcpogoue; rroAw; tne; totE 'Enci()oe;, toVtO :n:QOYjWE xugtcoc:
AOYQ) tWV ()LacpoQCOV YEYOVOtCOV, ta o:n:ola EAaBov )(.wQav lMcoe;
xata tae; aQXae; tOV :n:EI-!:n:tOU a LCOVOe;, cOe; fjoav o't IlEQaLxoL rro-
AEf.,lOL xal BQa8VtEQov a't tOW 'EAAy)Vl()COV :n:OAECOV

IlaQ' oAa tavta Of.,lCOe;, tiP 410 rr. x., a 'AAxt\3Ici()Y)e;, E)(.COV
:rtEQl avtov UQXEtOVe; EtatQOUe;, L()QuaE tOLaVta xEVtQa EVtoe; twV
• A{}y)vwv, tY)Qwv ti]v E:rtlBEBAy)f.,lEvy)v EXEf.,lu{}aav, aAAa, cOe; ita
'(()COf.,lEV XatCOtEQco, f) avitalQEtOe; L()guaLe; u:n:' avtOv xal.wv o:n:a-
()WV tOU tOtOUtCOV MuotY)Qlcov, UVEU 'lacoe; U()Etae; OUtE twV EV
133
'EAEUcr'LVl '!EQo<paVtWV, O\)tE tn cruyxata{tEcrEL tWV EV
aQx,ovtrov, OAlYOV EAEl'IjJE va crtolX,lcrU tnV tocrov autou,
ocrov xal tWV crUVtQo<prov tOU, twv !-tEt' autou crUVEQY'l']()(lVtroV
L()QUcrLV twv MUcrtrjQlroV, xat'l']YOQ'l']{tEvtroV EJtL
'AHa, yvrocrtov, Jt/cnv tWV MUcrtrlQlroV, xatY]-
()La tnV uJtoxE<paALcrLv twV 'EQ!-twv, tnV
oJtoLav EV !-tLq vuxtl !-tEta tWV EtalQroV tOU,
{ta JtEQLYQa\jJro!-tEV AEJttO!-tEQwe:;, EX{tEtOVtEe:; to
'0 rIAoutaQx,oe:; ava<pEQEL to LcrtOQlXOV cr'IJVOJtnXcOtEQOV Ete:; tnV
(310YQa<pLav toil aH' 0 EJtlcr'l']e:; xat'l']yoQ'l']{tElC; EJtl tep
ailtep EyxM!-tan 'AV()OXl()Y]e:;, dc1epo,1I "al. el, 'l:a
c1f1-ae.,;o,'II !-tVc1'l:1}e£a, EX{tEtEL ta
EV tn tou.
'0 'Av()ox[()'l']e:;, (Xv xal we:; xal 0 OtL
!-tEQOe:; de:; 'tnv L()QU<1lV trov MU<1't'l']QlroV, nQo tOU ()Lxa<JtY]-
QlOU trov {tw!-to{tEtrov, EV toUtOLe:; <palVEtaL OtL JtQaY!-tatl <JUVElQ-
'Y'l']crEV EtC; ti]v L()Q1:J<JlV tOLOUtrov M U<Jt'l']QlroV EV ()lOtl,
AOycp tne:; EX Ky]Quxrov xatayroyfje:; t01J, "aiJ1}"e£ "ae a6",01l
",0 K1Jev"ro'll ,,811d, 1), 'Y]UVOEL tnV autrov, we:; aJto-
()ElXVUEtCli EX JtOAArov !-taQtlJQLroV xal XataYYEALrov ()w<poQrov xa-
t'Y]yoQrov, OL oJtoim XatE{tEcrav tautae:; JtQo trov ()LXa<1trov, OLtLVEe:;
xaL wue:; n{tcOrocrav.
'll Mx'Y] tOU xal to'u 'AV()OXl()OU we:; xaL trov
<1UVEVOX,rov .trov EYEVEto !-tEta X,Qovov !-taxQov a<p' Tie:; () lEJtQax,{tl']
"to EyXA'1!-ta xat ti]v XOlVnV YVcO!-t'l']V trov 'A{ty]vrov
xat OA'Y]e:; °EAAa()oe:;. '0 o!-troe:; X,Qovoe:; !-tEX,Ql tne:;
xa{t'l']<Jux,acrE ta nVEu!-tata trov JtOAltroV xal ()Ia
tOUtO ot ()lXa<1tal, AOYCP <1xom !-tn Em{tu!-toUvtEe:; tnV EX
VEOU tne:; xOLVfje:; YVcO!-tY]c;-xal oUX,1 ()Lon Mv
(\n{tEV Evox,n trov n{tcOrocrav.
Kat acr<paAOJC:;, sav ta t()Qu{tEvta EAELtOUQYouv xa-
{,nnQx,E AOyoc:; va xat' autcov 01: 'A{t'l']-
1) Vita. Andocidis e vitis oratorum Plutarcho adscriptis, in
Andoc. Or., Blass.
-.--
134
va'ioL xal va xat'I'JYOQn<Joo<JL tOY xal tou; IAEt' au-
tOU E:re' 'AAA' f) AELtouQy(a tooV (JUVE:reE<JE lAB tOY EV I1L(t
vuxtl a:reoxEqJaAl<Jllov troY EV 'AlhlvUI; :reQOtol1rov tOU 'EQl1ou,
tOY o:reo'iov ODtO; I1Eta tWV o:rea()rov tou. Avto; ELvaL
XUQLoo; 0 AOYO; tOY o:reolov <JUV tOL; aAAol; xal
01 :reoAttLxol avtOu avtL:reaAol. Kal OUtE ELVaL :redtavov va :reaQa-
()E)C&roI1EV Ott f) :reoAmta {ta ()Ua'I'JQE<JtELtO () I a to YEYOVO; til;
L()Q\J<JEooe; troY VEooV Muat'I'JQwxrov XEVtQooV. 'EXLV'l'JaaV 01100; to
EvaVtLOV tooV IlLaOe; 01 VEOI mQl tOY M u<Jtat, ()LOn
EX {tQ'l'JuXEutlXroV xal qJlAo<JoqJLxrov avtlAtl'-IJEoov oQI-tC,)IlEVOl xaL
a:reOteAOUVtE; ti]v l1eQroa tile; E:reo)(.ile; tooV, /I£ij.
'IIvHd 1jHeO:n;'1e£o.ao.1I 'C" nl!6aomo. 'C001l °Ee/loo1l, nlll!upeo-
'C" 'Co&a6'Co. 1), xal 00; l-tCie; :reA'l'JQoqJoQEL 0 IIAoutaQ)(.oe; ...
nee' o/1(J£a/lo.(n Ho.£ 'C" /lvanH" aVl'n).8-
H611'C 0)'11, Ono enl veo"ee£a/ltP aV'l101I'Oa£o.' n8neo.-
"1'8'110. Hal ",e'll ()'6"rp t1le/1o.Uo1l
'to d8aI'01njl!&01l, 1!x{}oo\t1iO de 'CO'll • •.• 9).
*
* *
'H xat'I'JyoQla ot<x ti]v xata<JtQoqJi]v tOW 'EQl1rov OIE<JW{tn
EtJtux,roe; Ex tEu<JaQoov IlUVtl<JEooV, tOU 'AvoQollax,ou, tOu TEu-
XQou, tile; 'AyaQtut'I'Je; xal Au()ov tOU <I>EQEXMou;, tae; o:reoLae; ava-
qJEQEl 0 'AV()OXL()'I'Je; Ete; tOY mQl MU<JtlJQlooV AOyov tou xal tae;
o:reotae; xalo II AOUtaQx,oe;.
Ta EV v:reo tOU L()QU{tEVta xEVtQa troy
Muat'I'JQtoov 1)<Jav tQta xal 0 IIAoutagx,oe;, we; ,'ta '()00 IlEV, ovolla-
xal tEtaQtOv.
Kal :reQrotOv 1)tO il OLXLa tOU IIoAUttoovOe;, ELe; ti]v o:reoLav,
EL; vaov, XatELx,ov ta :reQrota qJrota Xata ti]v tEAE-
tOuQYLav 0 0 NlXlCHllJe;, 0 MEA'l'Jtoe;, 0
o "Agx,L:re:reOe;, 0 0' AgL(JtOIlEVlJe;, 0 IIavatno; xal 0
IIoAuatQato;. ODtoL, xat'I'JyoQ'I'J{tEvtE;, a:reE()Qaaav :reQo tile; Mx'I'J;,
:reAYiv tOU IIoAu<JtQato'l), xal EQnll'I'JV Et; {tavatov.
1) llAOU';UQXou, XVIII, 25-30.
2) llAO'UtUQXou, , XIX, 25-35.


135
o ()E -frUVUtOV,
altEtLIJE tilv ltOlVtlV,
'0 ()LU to UUtO EYXAT]!W E!-ltlVUOE tOY lPui()Qov, tOY
rVlcproVL()T]V, tOY '!OOVO!-lOV, tOY 'Hcpatot[o()roQov, tOY K'l]CPLO-
oo()roQov, tOY tOY tOY IPl/\OXQUtT]V, tOY
, AvtlcpmVtCl, tOY TEL(JuQx,ov XUL tOY IIuvtoXAEu,
'H () E ' AyuQ LOtT] , )'Vt'f]' AA"t'tawltJov )'et'0t'81''1] "al. odd-
XUttlYYELAEV at[ tilv OLXLUV toli XUQ!-ll()O'U naed 'lie)
'OAVf'JUtiot' (lltOl :n;aQu tOV 'OA'U!-lltLOU 0 • AA-
xu L 0 ' xu L 0 ' A()EI!-luvto<; EtEAOUV M'UottlQ lU,
To ()E ltEQLEQYOV ELVat Ott d<; tilV MUl]oLY tmv EV '
U)Q'U-frEVtrov xEVtQroV EYlVOVtO ()EXtOL XUL 80VAOl, EVQ>, yvroOtOV,
tilv ' A-fr'l]VUlroV JtOALtElUV, oJtro<; XUL tilv Pro!-lU'LXnV, oL 80v-
AOL E-frEroQOVVtO JtQaY!-lutu (res) XUL OME XUV EnEtQEltEtO uu-
tOu<; oLu8nJtotE MUl]OL<; XUL OtU8tlJtOtE o'UIA!-lEtox'il EL; 1(QYu XUL
tmv ltOALtmV, EtVUL 8E yvrootil f} tOV Pro!-lU'L-
.XOV 8I1WLOU, XUtu tilv OltOLUV : !-lLUV XUt'l]YOQLUV 80UAroV ou-
()E!-llU Ultngx,E 8wcpogu-in servorum conditione nulla est di-
ferentia,
"EtEQOV JtEQLEQYOV EV tU UltO{tEOEL 8(x'l]<; EiV(lL Ott
EAtlcp{t'l] UJt' o\(JEL XUL f} !-l'lQtUQLU tOV bOllAOU A'U8ov tOV IPEQE-
XAEO'U;, OOtL; XUtE{tEOEV on tt' 'liii ot"Cq. 'TIoii 'lioii
lJttSnoTlov 'lioii tav'TIoii, tylt'o'V'TIo t'VtS'TItie&a ,),
*
* *
'0 tQoJto; !-lE tOY oltoiov EAEL tOuQYo'UV tU M l)OttlQ [(l toli ' AA-
1]to 0 '(810<; cO; XUt tmv MEyaArov 'EAEUOLVLroV,
!-lE tilv 81ucpoQuv Otl 'lEQocpaVt1'1; fito auto; otitO; 0 ' AAxlf3La()'l];,
!-lu; JtAl]QOCPOQEi 0 IIAolltClQx'oc;, avucpEQrov Ott 0 8E(JOUAO; KL-
!-lrov AUXLU8'l]; XUt1)YYELt.EV dlJ,,,ei1' neet. lep {Jeep, 'Ii.q" od.qt''1]-
'liQat' "at. r'1}a- K6e7J'V, dn0t"t'0vt'st'ot' (1;'01' 'AA"'P'o'lJ'1]'V) 'TId
t'vtS'TI.qe,a "at lJe,,,vvot''TIa eavTloii tt' 'TI'O ol"Cq. 'TIij
eav'TIoii, lX0'V'TIa G'TIOAf}'I' oiO,'V3tee leeocpci.t''TI'1]; exaJ'V lJe'''t'vt&
'TId heci., "al ot'0t'd,"ot''TIa al""o" t'el1 lteocpci.t''TIl11', IIOAvdOJ'Va
1) , AvlloxHlou, IIeQi tmv Muot'l'\QCrov 13-18,
136
dB dq.dovxotl, '''lev"a de @eodcoeotl .,;ov, d" li,uov,
§.,;alQov, p/V(l1:a, neocto.yoQevotl.,;a :n'aed .,;d '116f.t.£p.a Hal .,;d
HafeanHo.,;a uno .,;e lLiip.oA.:rndootl Hal K'1J(}VHCOtl Hal r.oo." Ze-
eeco." "'00." 'EAeva'l'JIo, I).
Kat Mywv naed .,;d tlop.£p.a, KLllWV 0 81OOO(xAO<; EVV010L tljv
aQx,ljv tr}<; x/,'I']QOVOlllXOt'l']to<; xal ta JtQooovta atLva 1OlX,1OV w<; JtQO-
VOlllOV to L1OQatLXOV tdYlla tWV EUllOAJtl8wv xat tWV K'I']Quxwv
tr}<; 'EA101!OLVO<;.
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2) 'AvBoxCBou, lleQi troy Muat1]QLrov 52.
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1) IIA.outaQx,ou, • XXXIV, 15-30.
2, 3, 4) • Av8ox(8ou, IIsQl MucrtT\Qlrov, 88-91.

141
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1) , AV()O')GI/)OU, IIIlQt MU<Jt1'jQLCOV 88-91.
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va reaQEXO:>Vtat maJCEQ tQoqJlj de; vllJtla ()L()aaXaALat),
lltOl reQaXtLXaL tLVE:; reaQaYYEALm, aUVlEAEatLXat de; tljv n&lxl]v
tOV aV&Qwreou.
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xaL n YAwaau uvtOu aJtEXAtll'J'll "AyvwatOr; OVgUVLU YAwaau, cor;
IlEtucpEg01)aU d; to cpwr; tOY EXAEXtOV atox,aa!-tov EX tou 'V J'tEQ-
'tato1) "OVtOr; xal EV YEVEl tOY atox,ao!-tov twv ULO{}UVtlXWV, tWV
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1) oJ'toLa Bla xaL !-tovov Mvutat va J'taQaMBEtaL El;tov;
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o XQlatO; tauta; 'LbLaLtEQW; Et; tOU; [,tal't'Y}ta; tou. "AQa.
EXELVO to onotov nEnQWtaL va IhbaX1'}fj EL; oALYou;, bEY YQacpEtCtl,
bLOtL 'tl YQacpi] nQovnol'tEtEL [,tOQCPWaLV xal ti]v El; tOU; nOAAOu;
bHlboalv. 'ExtopoutOU o[,tw;, ti]v bLbaaxaALav tow MEYtlAWV Lll-
baaxaAwv buva[,tE{ta va xaQaXt'Y}QLaW[,tEV w; LEQaV xal {tdav [,tU-
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e t .I.

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