Black Gold Organic Fertilizer™ Vermicompost consist 0% Animal Dung, which means it is free from patogen that might

harm you and your love one's health. You can now have your kids or pets in your garden/ greenhouses as well instead of locking them up indoor whilst you handling your greens. What is vermicompost? Vermicompost is basically the worms’ poo! The worms consume composted or composting organic material, which will then pass through the unique worm digestive system converting the nutritional organic matter to vermicast. Your plants will love the vermicompost.It is also commonly called vermicast, worm cast, worm poo or worm manure, and black gold. We simply call it Organics Fertilizer. Why Organic Fertilizer? A bag that says 20-20-20 (N-P-K)is does not mean its 10 times better than a bag labeled 2-2-2 (N-P-K). No plant would want 20-20-20 of nutrients. No doubt in comparison to synthetic fertilizer, organic fertilizers does contain lower levels of nutrients, but they do perform important functions which the synthetic fertilizers do not. They increase the organic content and consequently the water-holding capacity of the soil. The improvement of soil physical structure which allows more air to get to plant roots. By applying organic fertilizers, the bacterial and fungal activity increases in the soil. Mycorrhizal fungi which make other nutrients more available to plants thrive in soil where the organic matter content is high. Organically derived plant nutrients are slow to seep from the soil making them less likely to contribute to water pollution than synthetic fertilizers. Advantages of Black Gold Organic Fertilizer™ vermicompost: · Black Gold Organic Fertilizer™ vermicompost is free from pathogens, toxic elements, weed seeds etc as it was not composted from animal dung or grass. Vermicast is one of the most nutrient dense amendment you can find. It regulate the availability of essential plant nutrients and enhance fertilizers. By adding it to your soil, it can help to revitalize "bad" soil. · Rich in all essential plant nutrients. It contains valuable vitamins, enzymes and hormones like auxins, gibberellins etc & are teeming with beneficial enzymes, microorganisms, humic acids and other plant growth factors, it stimulate root system development and activity · Vermicompost retains moisture better than regular soil. Simply mix in your soil or apply on top of the soil around your garden plants. · Vermicompost is the main organic fertilizer for planting and feeding of all agricultural crops, forestry, and flower cultivation as well as soil reclamation. · Vermicompost minimizes the incidence of pest and diseases. Promote plant health, stress tolerance and pest & disease resistance, it can be used to control insects, because there is a high concentration of chitinase producing microorganisms in it that break down chitin (the substance forming exoskeleton of insects). Add vermicompost to soil around plants to control insects or make vermicompost «tea» (refer compost tea section below) and sprinkle to leaves during vegetation to boost growth. · Vermicompost fights insects effectively during first 6 months. · Provides excellent effect on overall plant growth, encourages the growth of new shoots / leaves and improves the quality and shelf life of plant · Vermicompost is easy to apply, easy to handle and easy for storing. Best of all, its odourless! · It improves soil structure, texture, aeration, and waterholding capacity and prevents soil erosion. · Vermicompost is rich in beneficial micro flora such as a fixers, P- solubilizers, cellulose decomposing micro-flora etc in addition to improve soil environment. It enhances the decomposition of organic matter in soil. · Vermicompost can be used for all crops at any stage of the crop development---by crops, it meant veggies, fruit trees, flowers, field crops* How to use Black Gold Organic Fertilizer™ vermicompost · Use it as a mulch. Adding vermicast as a top dressing to your soil can help to keep the weeds down. It will also reduce the need to water your garden, and it improves the appearance of your soil. In essence, it can replace your usual mulch of dry leaves/ wet straws etc. How to mulch: Apply a 1-2cm vermicompost layer to the area around fruit trees. This method of humus application is beneficial for all tropical plants (durian, langsat, rambutan, mangosteen etc). In this case outcome increases as much as 30% and ripening periods are 10-15 days shorter. · Use it when planting. Unlike most of the commercially available synthetic products on the market today, vermicast is completely natural and safe. You can add it to your planting hole directly and not have to worry about damaging the roots of your plants. It helps to stabilize anything newly planted. · Use it as a fertilizer. Again, unlike synthetic fertilizers, vermicast is completely safe to use in any planting endeavor. Use it to fertilize your victory garden either in solid or liquid form. Since it is completely organic, it is perfectly safe to use on anything you will be eating later in the season

· Use it when planting seeds. Because it is so nutrient dense, vermicast helps improve seed germination, both indoors and outdoors. · Use it as a soil conditioner. Around any fairly recently built house there is a region close to the foundation which is backfill. This backfill is usually full of stones, and other debris. Working vermicompost into these areas can help to enrich these usually less than perfect soils and can help plantings close to the home. Sandy soils will be improved by the organic matter which will retain water and supply nutrients. Clay soils will be loosed by the hummic acid and organic matter. This creates better drainage, looses the soil so it is easier to work, and promotes better root growth. How to: Add vermicompost to the top of the soil in the garden or flower bed. Dig shallow trenches around plants and mix vermicompost in as you backfill the trench. It can also be worked into a new bed using the same methods used for open ground. IMPORTANT 1. Do not store the vermicompost for more than 30 days. ?????? 2. Never mix with any chemical fertilizer as you will kill the benifical microbes. 3. The best time to apply is when it's warm and hot. 4. Apply vermi compost when the soil moisture condition is good & preferably during the monsoon season (contradicting each other ~ pls decide) General Application rate Agricultural Use: 3-4 tonnes ha-1 Fruit Trees: 5-10 kg per tree Vegetables: 3-4 tonnes ha-1 Flowers: 500-750 kg ha-1 Detailed Application rate & Method Where Used Vegetables and flowers and potted plants/ house plants Usage To make mixed soil/ potting soil for vegetables and flowers Frequency: When making new bedding for seedings or transplanting To feed vegetables and flowers at any stage. Frequency: Every two weeks or less. The layer of vermicompost will help to retain moisture Direction Mix vermicompost at the ratio of 1:3 with garden soil/ potting soil around the base of the plant, at any stage of development and cover with soil. On the surface, try covering the soil with about half to 1 inch layer of vermicompost. The nutrients filter down to the roots of your plants when you water. Side-dress vegetables or plants. Break up a couple of inches of soil around each plant and mix in some compost and water. To feed plants during vegetation Apply 0.5 kg of vermicompost around stems or between the ridges once a month per 1 sq.m., mix it up and water. Add 150-200 g of vermicompost monthly to each plant or 0.5 kg per one sq.m. of the flower-bed, lawn Add 2-3 tablespoonfuls of vermicompost to each plant Add 2kg of vermicompost monthly??? to each grown plant or 0.5 kg per one sq.m. of the plantation/ field. Add 2 kg of vermicompost to a plant hole of each transplant (durian, rambutan, mango etc) and mix it with soil. When transplanting a tree,

Existing Garden, Flowerbed, and Plantings

To feed flowers and decorative plants in the open ground

To feed house plants Agricultural crops (palm oil, corns, wheats etc) To feed plantation crops

Fruit trees

Planting/ transplanting fruit trees Frequency: When making new bedding for seedings or transplanting

vermicompost can be added to the soil. After digging the hole, mix up to 30% vermicompost in with the soil from the hole. After mixing the soil, place the tree in the hole and backfill with the vermicompost mixture. This will give more drainage, water retetion, and nutrients to the new tree. To feed young fruit trees Frequency: To feed bushes and fruit trees To feed mature fruit trees To Enrich Average Soil Top dress the base of the tree with vermicompost approximately 1~2 inch around 1 meter radius. Distribute 0.5 kg of vermicompost over 1 sq.m. of soil according to the crown diameter. Add an 1/8" to 1/4" layer of vermicompost over the top of the ground. If the ground is unplanted, work the vermicompost lightly in to the top couple of inches of soil. For poor soils add an 1" or more and work into the top foot of the soil. Add the vermicompost over the top of the grass seed. Don't exceed more than a 1/4" though, 1/8" is ideal. The vermicompost will hold a good amount of water and provide nutrients to the new lawn. Evenly distribute vermicompost across the field in approximately 1/4" or 1/8" height, must not more than 1 inch height. After done with the top dressing level, water the lawn. Make sure to give it a good soaking for the first day, but not too much water that will wash the top dressing away! Apply water slowly. Make sure lawn stays properly watered for next two three weeks. Once the lawn has taken hold, can go back to normal watering.

Open Ground, Replacing Topsoil

New Lawn / Top Dressing New Lawn (Football field, Golf Turf etc Top Dressing lawn is probably the best thing can do to improve the soil and to level the lawn. Overly sandy soil get enriched with organic matter which improves the water retetion and nutriet content. Clay soil improve due to the hummic acid and organic matter, which helps to break up the soil and improves drainage, softens the soil, and allows healthy root growth. The added layer of soil encourages root growth and stimulates new shoots, making the lawn denser.

New Lawn

Existing field, turf, lawn etc Frequency: Annually

Worm Compost (Vermicompost) Tea Worm tea, a by-product made by adding worm castings or worm compost to water, can be used to fertilize plants by spraying and help in prevention of dry fungus on plants. Worm compost tea can be made by mixing compost with *soft water (rain water works best, or you can let tap water sit overnight) Instruction: Put 1 glass of vermicompost into a bucket of room temperature *soft water. Mix it properly and leave it for 24 hrs. This “tea” contains water soluble fractions of vermicompost (vitamins, phytohormones, humates, fulvates, etc.), as well as microflora useful for soil and plants. PS: Soak plant seeds in the solution for 12 hrs for better germination For house plant: Mix 2 tablespoons of vermicompost to a liter of water and just spray it on plants. For garden crops: Dilute the “tea” 3 times more: Use the ratio of 1:3 vermicompost to water. The solution is good for sprinkling fruit trees hence increases trees capacity (fruits are bigger, richer, and sweeter).

EXTRA ADDITIONAL INFO How to differentiate between vermicompost and vermicast: A quick and simple way to check the quality of so-called pure worm castings: · Pure worm castings will look like black coffee grounds! · Take a wide mouth 2 of the 20 oz. drink bottles and place 4 oz. Of our pure worm castings in one bottle and the same amount of another producer of worm castings or pure worm castings. · Fill both bottles ¾ full with tap water and shake well and let stand for 5 minutes. Observations: · Check for weed seeds and other materials (compost) not consumed by the worms. This is typical of vermicompost. · Check for sand will settle out first. It is common for manure based fertilizers to contain a lot of fine sand or sand added for weight. · Then pour off the liquid and dump the sediment out and examine. It if feels and looks like mud, then that is probably what it is. If it retains much of the original characteristics then it is pure worm castings. Each pure worm cast is coated with calcium and takes time to dissolve.

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