Living in English: The News

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The News

The News: Lesson Plan Index p 3 - Group discussion - News intro p 4 - Vocabulary development 1 p 5 - Vocabulary development 2 - Fill in the blanks p 6 - Media Survey p 7, 8 - What’s in the Newspaper? (Newspaper sections) p 9 - Vocabulary - The Weather Forecast p 10, 11 - Reading Comprehension - Abbreviations and Fill in the Blanks p 12, 13 - Pair Work (Student A and B Jigsaw - The Headlines) p 14 - Vocabulary Review - The Headlines p 15 - Reading - Newspaper articles p 16 - Idioms, Expressions, and Proverbs p 17 - Find Someone Who... p 18, 19. 20 - Teacher’s Notes

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A. GROUP DISCUSSION - Discuss the following questions about the media with your group. (Definitions of the highlighted words appear below and on the following page.) 1. What is the name of your local newspaper? 2. Does this paper publish a daily edition? 3. Do you subscribe to this paper? 4. Do you know how much a weekly subscription costs? 5. Can you name a national newspaper? Do you know if it publishes the paper seven days a week? 6. Can you name several popular news magazines in your country? Do you subscribe to any of these? 7. Do you often pick up a newspaper or magazine at a newsstand? 8. What does a journalist do? 9. Did you ever have a job delivering newspapers? If so, where was your paper route. 10. Do you know what the circulation department of a newspaper looks after? 11. Do you often watch 24 hour news channels such as CNN on TV? 12. Do you know what time your local TV channels broadcast the news? 13. Do you get cable or satellite TV? How many channels do you get? 14. Do you have a favorite news anchor that you regularly watch? 15. Do you enjoy watching documentary programs on TV? If so, discuss one of the most interesting shows you have seen. 16. Do you often watch TV talk shows such as the Oprah Winfrey or Larry King shows? If so, who is your favorite talk show host? 17. Do you have a 24 hour local weather channel? Do you know what channel it is? 18. Do you think that the news nowadays is too sensationalized? 19. What is your favorite radio station? Why do you like this station? Do you listen to news on this station? Do you prefer to listen to AM or FM stations? 20. Where do you usually get your local weather forecast - from the radio, TV, newspaper, or the Internet? 21. Do you buy a TV guide or do you get the TV listings from the newspaper? 22. If you want to know what is playing at the movie theaters, how do you find out? 23. Do you ever read newspapers on-line? 24. Do you get the Internet at your home? If so, who is your Internet provider? 25. Do you ever read tabloid newspapers?
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The News

B. VOCABULARY media – methods of communication such as TV, radio, the press (newspapers, magazines), the Internet local – in or of a place or area edition – publication; form of a paper, book or magazine subscribe – agree to have a paper or magazine delivered on a regular basis publish – make public; print and make ready to sell newsstand – a small booth or shop that sells newspapers and magazines journalist – a person who writes for newspapers, magazines, TV, etc. paper route – the particular area where one delivers newspapers circulation – the number of copies of a newspaper sold to the public; the distribution of a newspaper or magazine; the number of readers channel – place from which TV messages are sent; the number on the TV or remote control broadcast – send out in all directions by radio, TV; put on the public airwaves news anchor – a person broadcasting on TV or radio who is in charge of a program and who puts together and delivers the news from other reporters documentary – a type of program or film that presents factual information about social topics, health, science, etc. talk show – a type of TV or radio program in which interesting topics are discussed and the audience or callers are invited to join in the discussion with special guests host – the on-air person in charge of a particular TV or radio show sensationalized – made to create a very strong emotional reaction or intense interest station – the place that radio or TV messages are sent from; the number on your radio dial weather forecast – predicting or saying what the weather will be like on-line – on the Internet Internet provider – a company that gives (provides) Internet service tabloid - a type of newspaper with many pictures and sensationalized stories

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The News

C. FILL IN THE BLANKS - Choose the correct word or expression from the list on the previous page to complete the following sentences.

1. Our community newspaper has only been in business for about a year, but the ________________________ is growing everyday. 2. I love to listen to that ________________________. They play great music all day long. 3. Al Gore, former Vice-President of the U.S.A., produced a ________________________ about climate change, called An Inconvenient Truth. 4. I have decided to ________________________ to our local newspaper because I like to read the morning paper everyday when I have my coffee. 5. Please don’t change the ________________________ until the hockey game is over. 6. The Sunday ________________________ of our local newspaper is always much smaller than the Saturday paper. 7. Our son has a very large ________________________, so he has to leave the house everyday before 6:00 A.M. in order to finish delivering the papers before going to school. 8. The ________________________ newspapers publish many pictures and stories about movie stars and other famous people, but often the stories are not true. 9. According to the ________________________, it’s going to rain, so let’s cancel the picnic.

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MEDIA SURVEY – How Do You Get Your News?

The News

Complete the chart below by asking your classmates as many questions as possible. Ex. How often do you read the newspaper? Do you watch the national news on TV every day? What’s your favorite magazine? etc.

Type of media Newspaper
How often/ which one, / type of articles, subscribe, etc.

Classmate #1

Classmate #2

Classmate #3

Magazine
Favorite magazine/ How often, subscribe, etc.

Radio
Types of programs/ how often/ favorite station, etc.

Television
Types of programs/ favorite channel/ favorite anchor/ talk shows/ cable or satellite/ how often, etc.

Internet
Uses/ how often/ Internet provider, etc.

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What’s in the Newspaper?
The list below indicates several different sections of a local Saturday newspaper. National and International News Local News Editorials Weather Sports Business Travel Social Page Comics Horoscope Arts and Entertainment Classified Obituaries Diversions/Pastimes

The News

Where Do I Find It?
Directions: Work with your partner. Read the information below and decide in which section of the newspaper you would find this information. Information 1. information about a new school being built in your city 2. stock prices 3. date of Mary Smith’s death and funeral announcement 4. sudoku puzzle 5. apartments for rent 6. precipitation in Chicago for next three days 7. last night’s baseball scores 8. story about a high-jacking on a flight over France 9. letter to the editor about the traffic problem in your city 10. schedule of movies at local theaters Section ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________

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The News

“Where Do I Find It?” continued...
11. cruises through the Mediterranean starting at $900 12. help wanted 13. birth announcements 14. exchange rates on foreign currency 15. crossword puzzles 16. coach of basketball team is fired 17. week-end garage sales in your city 18. where to buy tickets for the jazz concert 19. what to expect will happen today if you were born on March 1 20. TV listings 21. bridge 22. wedding announcements 23. used cars for sale 24. humidity in your city today 25. movie review of new film showing in your city 26. a political cartoon ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________

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Vocabulary – The Weather Forecast
The News

A. Directions: The words below the chart refer to different kinds of weather conditions. Put each word into the proper category. (Some words may fit into more than one category.) Temperature Humidity Wind Precipitation Visibility

1. hail 2. cool 3. hazy 4. sleet 5. mild 6. dry 7. clear 8. sprinkle 9. breezy

10. damp 11. chilly 12. smog 13. downpour 14. muggy 15. Celcius 16. gusting 17. fog 18. humid

19. showers 20. stifling 21. cloudy 22. rain 23. gale force 24. sticky 25. hurricane 26. Fahrenheit 27. degrees

28. flurries 29. thunderstorm 30. drizzle 31. record high 32. low 33. mist 34. blizzard 35. wind chill 36. slush

B. Weather Definitions: Choose the correct word from the list above to match the definitions below. 1. rather cold - ________________________ 2. extremely hot - ________________________ 3. rounded lumps of ice falling from the sky - ________________________ 4. severe, heavy snowstorm - ________________________ 5. to rain very lightly – (two possibilities) ________________________ 6. hot and humid – (two possibilities) ________________________ 7. light snowfall - ________________________ 8. the effect of wind in combination with low temperatures - ________________________ 9. fog with smoke, air pollution - ________________________ 10. very heavy rain - ________________________ 11. blowing - ________________________ 12. melting, dirty snow - ________________________ 13. the strength of a very strong, violent wind - ________________________
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Reading Comprehension
Abbreviations – weather-related abbreviations such as those listed below often appear in newspapers. c- cloudy fg – fog fr – freezing rain hz – haze r – rain t – thunderstorm pc – partly cloudy sf – snowflurries sh – showers sn – snow w -windy s- sunny na – not available F – Fahrenheit C - Celsius prob. - probability precip. - precipitation
The News

Directions: Read the Weather Page below and answer the questions that follow. (Note: The temperatures given below are in Celsius.)

The Weather Page
Local 3-Day Forecast Today
Cloudy with 60% chance of showers late in the day. Winds light. High 11. Low 7.

Sunday
Variably cloudy in the morning, becoming mostly sunny in the afternoon. High 12. Low 8. Winds increasing overnight.

Monday
100% chance of rain. Strong winds. High 9 Low 5. Clearing overnight.

3-Day International Forecast Europe
Amsterdam Athens Barcelona Geneva London Madrid Paris Today 9/3 r 24/10 pc 18/12 s 10/3 r 10/3 r 16/10 s 6/-1sf Sun. 11/3 pc 24/11 s 14/6 pc 10/4 pc 6/2 r 18/10 s 8/5 r Mon. 10/4 s 23/14 r 13/4 c 12/6 s 7/1 c 20/14 pc 12/9 c

Asia-Pacific
Beijing Hong Kong New Delhi Seoul Singapore Tokyo Today na 20/16r 32/16 pc 12/2 pc 31/28 t 15/10 s Sun. 19/8 pc 20/14 hz 30/19/r 11/2 r 33/28 c 13/11 s Mon. 22/12 s 22/18 s 28/16 c 15/8 c 30/27 t 10/8 s

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The Weather Forecast
The News

Directions: Read the weather forecast on the previous page and answer the following questions.

1. Which day is going to be the nicest in the local area? ________________________________ 2. Which day will likely be the rainiest in the local area? ________________________________ 3. Which night will be the coolest in the local area? ________________________________ 4. Which day will be the windiest in the local area? ________________________________ 5. On which day can a local resident leave his/her umbrella at home? ________________________________ 6. On which day is the prob. of precip. 100% ? ________________________________ 7. Read the international forecast. Is there any city that will be sunny all three days? ________________________________ 8. Which city will have the highest temperature in the next three days? ________________________________ 9. Which city may have snow today? ________________________________ 10. Which two European cities have the same forecast for today? ________________________________ ________________________________ 11. Of those two cities, which one will have better weather over the next two days? ________________________________ 12. Which city is expecting thunderstorms? ________________________________ 13. Which city will be hazy on Sunday? ________________________________ 14. What is the predicted high for Beijing today? ________________________________ 15. List three cities that will probably not have sunshine for the next three days. ______________________ ______________________ ______________________

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Pair Work – Student A: Headline News
The News

Directions: You and your partner have six different newspaper headlines and a sentence from six different newspaper articles. Work with your partner and try to match the sentence to the correct headline. (Write the sentence below the headline and the headline beside the sentence.) a) Grannies on Call Fill Daycare Need __________________________________________________________________________________________ b) New Tax on Gas Guzzlers __________________________________________________________________________________________ c) Strike Closes Schools __________________________________________________________________________________________ d) Boy Still Missing in Woods __________________________________________________________________________________________ e) Police Charge Husband in Woman’s Disappearance __________________________________________________________________________________________ f) Heritage Building Destroyed __________________________________________________________________________________________ 1. One person has died of complications from a deadly bacterium at City Hospital and twenty others remain in serious condition. _____________________________ 2. A 42 year-old woman who was reported missing last week has been found frozen to death beside her car along a major highway. _____________________________ 3. Middle-class singles and couples without kids are not going to benefit from the new government budget. _____________________________ 4. Authorities have still not determined why the Queen of the Northern Seas slammed into an island and sank last year. ________________________________ 5. A Florida boat continues to leak diesel fuel into the ocean after colliding with another ship off the coast of Washington. ________________________________ 6. Gordon Yasman, the nine-year old Canadian boy who had been held in a U.S. immigration facility with his parents, arrived back in Toronto yesterday. _____________________________

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Pair Work – Student B: Headline News
The News

Directions: You and your partner have six different newspaper headlines and a sentence from six different newspaper articles. Work with your partner and try to match the sentence to the correct headline. (Write the sentence below the headline and the headline beside the sentence.) g) Families with Children Win __________________________________________________________________________________________ h) Homecoming for Youngster __________________________________________________________________________________________ i) Cause of Ferry Sinking Still Unknown __________________________________________________________________________________________ j) Woman’s Body Found Beside Car __________________________________________________________________________________________ k) Superbug Outbreak Kills One __________________________________________________________________________________________ l) Oil-Spill Endangers Sea-Life __________________________________________________________________________________________ 7. Ten-year old Sean Peters has been lost in dense bush since wandering away from his family’s campsite on the weekend. ______________________________ 8. Thousands of teachers walked off the job yesterday while demanding higher salaries and smaller class sizes. ______________________________ 9. A shortage of daycare spaces has led to the opening of a new business that is making use of the city’s older population. ______________________________ 10. Three firefighters were injured yesterday when the 100-year old Clarion Hotel burned to the ground. ______________________________ 11. John Sebastian was arrested yesterday after neighbors had reported Mrs. Sebastian missing. ______________________________ 12. If you are planning to buy a new car soon, think fuel-efficiency. ______________________________

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Vocabulary Review – Headline News
A. Choose the correct word or expression from the list below to complete the following sentences. article – on call – daycare – strike – charge – budget leak - spill - destroyed - efficiency - salary - injured 1. I had my roof repaired last year so I hope it won’t ____________________________ anymore when it rains. 2. He is an excellent worker, so the boss is planning to increase his ___________________________. 3. There is an interesting __________________________ in the newspaper today about the Olympics. 4. If you’re not careful, you’re going to ___________________________ your milk all over the floor. 5. Maria works full time, so she has to take her baby to a __________________________ everyday. 6. The house was completely __________________________ in the fire. 7. Susan is a nurse, but she doesn’t have regular hours at the hospital. She works ________________________. 8. I need to buy a new car. I don’t really care what it looks like. For me, the most important thing is fuel ___________________________. 9. The bus drivers went on _______________________ when the management refused to increase their salaries. 10. Five people were seriously ________________________________ in the car accident yesterday. 11. The government is planning to announce major tax cuts in its new _________________________. 12. The police are going to ___________________________ Frank for the murder of his wife. B. Match the words on the left with the correct meaning on the right. _____ 1. headline _____ 2. gas guzzler _____ 3. woods _____ 4. heritage building _____ 5. complications _____ 6. bacterium _____ 7. major _____ 8. benefit _____ 9. slam _____ 10. collide _____ 11. ferry _____ 12. youngster _____ 13. outbreak _____ 14. shortage _____ 15. wander _____ 16. arrest a) hit very hard b) condition of not having enough c) the title of a newspaper story d) take by the police e) a car that uses a lot of fuel f) child, youth g) difficulties h) an old building with an important history i) walk without a particular destination j) an area of land covered with trees k) simplest and smallest form of plant life that sometimes causes disease l) sudden start of something ( ex. illness, war) m) a boat that carries people, cars across water n) big, important o) crash into p) get help or something good from
The News

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Newspaper Articles
The News

Usually the “hard” or pure news stories appear on the front pages of newspapers. These articles report the basic facts about the latest news events without giving the writer’s opinion. They are usually relatively short and well-organized. The reader should be able to answer the five key “W” questions – who, what, where, when, and often why or how in the first few paragraphs. Other details of the situation follow and the article ends with the least important information. Feature stories are different from hard news stories. Some feature articles may provide background or additional information related to an important news event. Others may focus on human interest topics and may be personal, emotional, or humorous. Feature stories often make the reader want to do something such as take some action, become involved in a cause, or change one’s behavior. Editorials express the opinions of the newspaper’s editors and journalists who write for the paper. Editorials appear on the editorial page which is often at the back of the first section of the newspaper. Newspapers often have a particular political point of view and this is expressed in the editorials. Letters to the Editor also appear in this section of the paper. These are sent in by readers who want to express their opinions about certain events or situations. Political cartoons, which use art to express a certain opinion, also appear in this section. __________________________________________________________________________ A. In your group, look through a current newspaper and find a hard news story, a feature article, an editorial, a letter to the editor, and a political cartoon. Each member of your group should read one of these and then discuss it with the others. B. Choose one of the headlines from the “Headline News” section of this lesson and write a short, hard news story about the event. First write the information that will answer the five W’s in the space provided below. Then on a separate piece of paper, write the whole article. You may use the first sentence from the “Headline News” activity to begin your article. __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________
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Idioms, Expressions, and Proverbs
The News

A. Many idioms and sayings come from words related to weather. In your groups, try to guess the meanings of the following idioms. Use your imagination! 1. to be under the weather _____________________________________________ 2. to weather the storm _______________________________________________ 3. It never rains but it pours.__________________________________________ 4. to shoot the breeze _________________________________________________ 5. It’s raining cats and dogs. __________________________________________ 6. Every cloud has a silver lining. _____________________________________ 7. Don’t rain on my parade. __________________________________________ 8. to be a breeze ____________________________________________________ 9. come rain or shine ________________________________________________ 10. a fair-weather friend _____________________________________________ 11. to have one’s head in the clouds _____________________________________ 12. to save for a rainy day _____________________________________________ 13. to be snowed under ________________________________________________ B. Now try to match the idioms above with the correct meanings below. A. to be dreaming or not really know what is going on B. to be very easy C. When one bad thing happens, other bad things seem to also happen. D. to feel sick E. to have a lot of work to do F. It’s raining very hard. G. no matter what happens H. to put away money for a time when you really need it. I. Don’t spoil my fun. J. to pass through a difficult situation successfully K. a person who doesn’t help when a friend is having a bad time L. You can find something good in every bad situation. M. to make small talk; to talk about unimportant things; to chat _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________ _________

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Find Someone Who…..
The News

Directions: Walk around the class and ask your classmates questions in order to find someone……. 1. who read the newspaper this morning. 2. who watched CNN news last night. 3. who saw today’s weather forecast on TV. 4. who has read a tabloid newspaper this week. 5. who can name a famous journalist. 6. who has been feeling under the weather recently. 7. who has a fair-weather friend. 8. who feels snowed under with work. 9. who weathered a storm recently. 10. who likes to save for a rainy day. 11. who likes to read political cartoons. 12. who has written a letter to the editor of a newspaper. 13. who can name a local TV anchor. 14. who usually gets his/her news from the Internet. ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________
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In the News – Teacher’s Notes
The News

These activities are designed for intermediate level adult ESL learners. However, with some modifications, they may also be suitable for upper-beginner through advanced levels. The main focus of the unit is on the newspaper, but vocabulary related to other forms of media are also included. Recommended Visuals to Accompany the Unit Different samples of newspapers, both local and international, including all the different sections of a paper – local, national and international news, editorials, arts and entertainment, sports, weather, business, social pages, cartoons, obituaries, etc.); magazines, tabloid newspapers, etc. Group Work - Discussion Break the class into small groups to discuss the questions in Section A. You may need to teach the vocabulary in Section B beforehand. When the students have completed their discussions, have them share some of their information with the class as a whole. Then ask to the students to complete exercise C individually to review the vocabulary. (Ans. 1. circulation 2. station
3. documentary 4. subscribe 5. channel 6. edition 7. paper route 8. tabloid 9. weather forecast)

Group Work – Media Survey – How Do You Get Your News? Break the class into different groups. Before the students begin interviewing each other, ask them to provide as many questions as possible for each aspect of the media. (ex. How do you usually get the news? How often do you read the newspaper? Do you watch the national news on TV every day? What’s your favorite magazine? What TV channel do you watch most often? What’s your favorite radio station? What kind of newspaper articles do you like to read? Do you read newspapers on line? Do you use the Internet when you are looking for a job? etc.) Write these questions on the board to ensure that the students are asking them correctly in their group work. After the students have completed the survey, you may have them report back to the whole class to share some of their information. What’s in the Newspaper? – Where Do I Find It? This activity is intended to help familiarize the students with the content of a newspaper. Have the students work in pairs and encourage lots of conversation. The students may follow up this activity by making their own list of items of news or information and asking other classmates where they would find it in the paper.

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The News

Vocabulary – The Weather Forecast These exercises may be done individually as a review after you have taught a lesson on weather or you may prefer to have the students try them in pair work. Those students who may be familiar with the vocabulary will be able to assist others in doing the categorizing exercise. Working in pairs also helps stimulate conversation.
Ans. Ex. B. 1. chilly 7. flurries 2. stifling 8. wind chill 3. hail 9. smog 4. blizzard 10. downpour 5. drizzle, sprinkle 11. gusting 6. sticky, muggy 12. slush 13. gale force

Reading Comprehension
The Weather Page – Ans. 1. Sunday 2. Monday 8. Singapore 9. Paris 3. Monday night 4. Monday 10. Geneva and London 5. Sunday 11. Geneva 6. Monday 12. Singapore 7. Yes, Tokyo 13. Hong Kong

14. The information is not available. 15. London, Singapore, Paris

Pair Work – Headline News Break the class into pairs and give one student sheet A and the other sheet B. Student A has six news headlines, student B has the first sentences from the corresponding news articles, and vice-versa. In order to do the matching exercise each student will have to tell his/her partner what the headline is and together they can speculate as to the content of the article. The partner will then read through his/her sentences and determine which sentence matches his/her partner’s headline. Ensure that the students write the sentences and headlines on their sheets as these will be needed to complete the following two exercises.
Ans. a) 9. b) 12. c) 8. d) 7. e) 11 f) 10 g) 3. h) 6. i) 4. j) 2. k) 1. m) 5

Vocabulary Review This is a review and follow-up exercise to the Headline News exercise.
Ans. Ex. A. 1. leak 2. salary 9. strike Ex. B 1.c 15. i 2. e 16. d 3. article 10. injured 3. j 4. h 4. spill 11. budget 5. g 6. k 5. daycare 12. charge 7. n 8. p 9. a 10. o 11. m 12. f 13. l 14. b 6. destroyed 7. on call 8. efficiency

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The News

Newspaper Articles This short reading and activity introduces the students to the different types of articles that appear in newspapers (hard news, features, and editorials). In exercise B, the student will choose one of the headlines from the previous activity and write a short hard news article. (You may choose to have the students work in pairs first to brainstorm for ideas before actually writing the article.) Idioms, Expressions, and Proverbs For exercise A, put the students in groups and ask them to guess the meanings of the idioms and proverbs. Have them fold their papers in half or cover the bottom of the page so they cannot see the meanings in exercise B. Let them use their imaginations and have fun with this exercise. Then have them share their ideas with the whole class. After sharing their ideas, let the students do exercise B on their own.
Ex. B. Ans. H. 12 A. 11 I. 7 B. 8 J. 2 C. 3 K.10 D. 1 L. 6 E. 13 M. 4 F. 5 G. 9

Group Interaction – Find someone Who…. Distribute the worksheet. First have the students write the questions they will ask before they begin the oral practice and review the questions together. (This will ensure that they are asking the questions correctly as they circulate around the room.) When the students circulate around the class asking the questions they have written, and then find a classmate who can answer the question, they will write the student’s name on the line and follow-up with one more question of their own. Ex. Did you read the newspaper this morning? If the student answers Yes, the second question might be, Was there anything interesting in the paper?, Did you read the weather forecast, Did you read the comics?, etc. Try to encourage the students to engage in real conversation during this activity. Follow-up by sharing the information with the whole class. This activity provides a good opportunity for the students to practice the new vocabulary from the unit.

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