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Matas Ansaldo Arze

Participle clauses

We use Participle clauses after a noun, the same way we use relative clauses (with who, which or that). These clauses are shortened relative clauses.

We use them to give more information about the subject.


Example: The man driving the car is a friend of mine.

Participle Clauses

Past Participle

Two types:

Present Participle

Past participle

We use it when the meaning is passive. (The subject


is nor performing the action described by the verb) Verb in past participle. Example:

This vase, which was made in China in the 14th century, is very valuable
This vase, made in China in the 14th century, is very valuable.

Present participle
We use it when the meaning is active. (The subject is performing the action) Verb in ing form. Example: The man who is driving the car is a friend of mine

The man driving the car is a friend of mine.