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01717513023, 01670985548, 01723210373, 01726314647

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shashwatiki@gmail.com shashwatiki.mywibes.com

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kvk¦wZKx 6

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A‡bK D‡j−L‡hvM¨ m„wó m‡Ë¡I cÖv‡`wkKZv‡`vl hv‡K Bs‡iwR‡Z e‡j ‘insolar provincialism’ †_‡K evsjv Z_v Abyev` mvwnZ¨ gy³ n‡Z cv‡iwb| wVK G iKg GK cwiw¯’wZ‡Z ¯^vaxb evsjv‡`‡ki D™¢e nq| ¯^vaxbZv jv‡fi ci †h bZzb DÏxcbv I Aby‡cÖiYvi m~Pbv nq Zvi djkÖ“wZ‡Z evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ Av‡m bem„wói †eM. e„wUk Dcwb‡ekx mg‡q Abyev` m¤úwK©Z aviYv cv‡ë †h‡Z _vK‡jI mvwn‡Z¨i Abyev` I Zvi cÖfve GKBfv‡e j¶¨Yxq| Z‡e G mg‡q Abyev`K‡g©i g‡bv‡hvM µ‡gB Bs‡iwR Z_v cvðvZ¨ fvlv¸‡jvi w`‡K avweZ nq| evsjv †i‡bmuv ev beRvMi‡Yi g~‡jI i‡q‡Q GB cvðvZ¨ mvwnZ¨. Abyev` mvwnZ¨ Z_v evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i ¯^Yh© yMB ˆZix K‡iwQj GB †i‡bmuv| Avi Zvi mdjZg dmj Kwe iex›`ªbv_ VvKzi(1861-1941)| iex›`ªcwÖ Zfvi Ab¨ mew`K e¨wZ‡i‡KB iex›`ªbv_ wQ‡jb GK `¶ I cÖvPyh©c~Y© Abyev`K| Zuvi wb‡Ri iPbvi Bs‡iwR Abyev` wb‡q A‡bK ZK©weZK© Av‡Q. c„. Aviwe ev dvwm© fvlv †_‡K †hme Abyev`. wKš‘ †m †¶‡ÎI †`Lv †`q bvbvwea cÖwZK‚jZv| cvk¦e© Zx© †`k fviZ GgbwK cwðge‡½i m‡½ mvwnZ¨ Av`vb-cÖ`vb wbi“rmvwnZ Kiv nq| cvðvZ¨ mvwn‡Z¨i m‡½ mvaviY mvwnZ¨cvV‡Ki cwiPq µgk msKxY©Zi n‡q I‡V. myax›`ªbv_ `Ë. Gi A_© GB †h. ea©b I cwikxj‡b Ae`vb ivL‡Z cv‡i GwU ZviB D`vniY| Gi mv‡_ Zzjbxq Bs‡iwR fvlvq evB‡e‡ji Abyev` I Bs‡iwR mvwn‡Z¨ Zvi my`~icÖmvix Ae`vb| Z‡e ïay K…wËev‡mi ivgvqY‡K ¯§iY KivB h‡_ó bq| ms¯‹…Z fvlv I mvwnZ¨ evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i MVb. AvZ¥i¶x I A‡bKvs‡k cÖv‡`wkKZv‡`v‡l `yó| mvwn‡Z¨i GiKg ¯’weiZv †_‡K †ewi‡q Avm‡Z e¨vcKfv‡e mvnvh¨ K‡i I Aby‡cÖiYv †hvMvq ¯^ZtùzZ© I †eMevb Abyev`. ea©b I ixwZcÖ_vq Abym~¨Z n‡q Av‡Q| Avi †mB mv‡_ Av‡Q `xN© mg‡qi gymwjg kvm‡bi d‡j Aviwe I dvwm© mvwnZ¨ †_‡K mve©¶wYK MÖnY| djZ. Abyev`. AbywjLb ev AbyKiYagx© mvwnZ¨ i‡q‡Q †m¸‡jvi mv‡_ g~j mvwnZ¨Kg©¸‡jvi m¤úK© Dcwb‡ek-DËi cuywRev`x g~j¨‡eva Øviv wbqwš¿Z wQj bv| djZ. Ab¨w`‡K D`©y mvwn‡Z¨i m‡½ †hvMv‡hv‡Mi my‡hvM _vK‡jI †m †¶‡Î ˆZix nq GK mvgwMÖK ivR‰bwZK we‡Øl| Gi A_© GB bq †h G mg‡q evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ †Kv‡bv D‡j−L‡hvM¨ m„wó †bB. mvwn‡Z¨i GKwU we‡kl avivi MVb‡KŠkj I iPbvixwZi Abyev`| Gfv‡e. †bv‡ejcÖvwß †_‡K cvðv‡Z¨ Zuvi L¨vwZ I Zvi d‡j Zuvi wbRK…Z cieZ©x Bs‡iwR Abyev`mg~n Zuvi L¨vwZwebv‡ki KviY KZUzKz †m Avjv`v cÖm½| wKš‘ Ab¨vb¨ fvlv †_‡K evsjvq Abyev‡`i cwigvYI Zuvi Kg bq| we‡kl D‡j−L¨ wU Gm GwjqU(188-1965)-i “The Journey of the Magi” Gi Abyev` ÔÔZx_©hvÎxÓ Ges Zuvi wbR Bs‡iwR KweZv “The Child” Gi Abyev` ÔÔwkïZx_©Ó| ÔÔwkïZx_©"†Zv evsjv Kv‡e¨i GKwU †kªô m¤ú` wn‡m‡e we‡ewPZ| iex›`ª-cieZx© mg‡qi me‡P‡q ¯§iYxq Abyev` G‡m‡Q ÔcÂcvÊeÕL¨vZ e×z‡`e emy. ms¯‹w… Z I wPš—v‡PZbvi mv‡_ cwiwPwZ| GB cwiP‡qi GKwU Awbevh© dj n‡”Q A‡bK D‡j−L‡hvM¨ mvwnZ¨K‡g©i evsjv Abyev`| Ck¦iP›`ª we`¨vmvM‡ii åvwš—wejvm. 1988 (1g cÖKvk 1985). †m mgq g~j I Abyev‡`i m¤ú‡K©i g‡a¨ †gŠwjKZvi welqwU AZ cÖKU n‡q D‡Vwb| G cÖm‡½ cÖ‡dmi wRj−iy ingvb wmwÏKx e‡jb: ga¨hy‡Mi mvwn‡Z¨ †gŠwjKZv wb‡q †Kv‡bviƒc Am¤¢e An¼vi †bB. weòz †` I Agxq PµeZ©xi nvZ a‡i| Gu‡`iK…Z Abyev‡`i g‡a¨ me‡P‡q D‡j−L‡hvM¨ I GKB mv‡_ me©vwaK cwiwPZ eyׇz `e emy (1908-1971)i †ev`‡jqv‡ii Abyev`| iex›`ªbv_ I Zuvi f³-weivMx GB †Mvôxi nv‡Z Abyev` Z_v evsjvmvwnZ¨ cvq GK Zvrch©c~Y© cwikxwjZ I AvaywbK †ivgvw›UK †eva. 20| kvk¦wZKx 7 kvk¦wZKx 8 . evsjv‡`‡ki Abyev` mvwn‡Z¨i †gŠwjKZv I m„RbkxjZv wePv‡i evsjvq Abyev` mvwnZ¨ weKv‡ki cUfywgi AeZviYv cÖ‡qvRb| Ab¨ †h †Kvb mvwn‡Z¨i gZB evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i weKvk I cÖmv‡ii GKwU cÖavb gva¨g Abyev`| evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z Abyev‡`i f~wgKv wePv‡i cÖ_‡gB ¯§iY‡hvM¨ evsjvi cÖvPxb mvwnZ¨KxwZ©i g‡a¨ cÖwYavb‡hvM¨ PZz`©k kZ‡Ki K…wËev‡mi ivgvqY| GwU evwj¥Kxi ivgvq‡Yi Lye wek¦¯— Abyev` bv n‡jI evwj¥Kx‡K Avkªq K‡iB GK we‡kl ¯^vaxb Abyev`Kve¨| PZz`k © kZK †_‡K Aóv`k kZK ch©š— cuvPkÕ eQi a‡i evsjv mvwn‡Z¨i †e‡o DVvq K…wËev‡mi ivgvq‡Yi cÖfve Mfxi I e¨vcK| GKwU Abyev`Kve¨ wK Mfxi I e¨cKZvq mgMÖ mvwn‡Z¨ MÖnY. XvKv: evsjv GKv‡Wgx (fvlv-knx` MÖš’gvjv).Avãyj−vn Avj gvgyb evsjv‡`‡ki Abyev` mvwnZ¨ : †gŠwjKZ¡ I m„RbkxjZv 1. wMwik P›`ª †Nv‡li g¨vK‡e_ cÖf„wZ evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ wb‡q Av‡m bZzb cÖvYPvÂj¨. fve I Av‡eM| we‡kl K‡i GB iex›`ª-we‡Ølx iex›`ª‡cÖgx‡`i nvZ a‡iB ˆZix nq wesk kZvãxi †klfv‡Mi Abyev` mvwn‡Z¨i MVb-ea©b I cVb-cvV‡bi wfwËf~wg Ges ¯^KxqZv| fviZfvM-c~e© Abyev‡`i GB aviv I ˆewk󨸇jvB Kg‡ekx Pj‡Z _v‡K wefvRb-DËi c~e©-cvwK¯—v‡b| Z‡e c~e©-cvwK¯—v‡b Abyev`Kg© I Zvi cVb-cvV‡bi cwiwa I ea©b µgk m¼zwPZ n‡Z _v‡K| G mg‡qi bqv-Dcwb‡ekx cwiw¯’wZ ˆZix K‡i evsjv fvlv I mvwn‡Z¨i Rb¨ bZzb GK m¼U| G m¼U †_‡K m„ó ivR‰bwZK Av‡›`vj‡bi d‡j evsjv mvwnZ¨ µgk n‡q I‡V ivR‰bwZK g~j¨‡ev‡ai w`K †_‡K Zx¶è I Zxeª. Avevi A‡b¨i fvÊvi †_‡K `yÕnv‡Z FY MÖn‡YI †Kv‡bviƒc m‡¼vP †`Lv hvq bv| h_v_© Abyev‡`i wbqgk„•Ljv ev †gŠwjKZvi ¯^vZš¿¨‡eva Ñ `yBB cieZx© mg‡qi AvaywbK gvbwmKZvi m„wó|1 hv‡nvK. Rxebvb›` `vm.

Abyev` †Kv‡bv †gŠwjK mvwnZ¨ bq| Avevi Abyev`‡K we‡kl †Kv‡bv m„Rbkxj mvwnZ¨ wn‡m‡eI we‡ePbv Kiv hvq bv| KviY. yet at the same time it is the translation of another text. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Spivak. Unless the translator has earned the right to become the intimate reader. because each sign and each phrase is a translation of another sign. But no amount of tough talk can get around the fact that translation is the most intimate act of reading. she cannot surrender to the text. †cÖg I †e`bvi †h AvwZ© I mvivrmvi ZviB A‡š^lY I cÖKvk ev cÖKvk-†Póv| GiKg Abyev` cÖwµqvq g~j I Abyev‡`i m¤úK© cÖfy-f„‡Z¨i m¤úK© bq. ˆewkó¨ I cwiwa m¤ú‡K© Av‡jvPbv Kievi †Póv Kiv n‡q‡Q| 2. Zv‡Z Zvi m„Rbkxj n‡Z †Kv‡bv evav _v‡K bv| Avm‡j m„RbkxjZvi cÖkwœ U RwoZ g~‡ji cÖwZ †cÖg‡eva I Zv cÖKv‡ki Awbevh©Zvi m‡½| Abyev` hw` fvjevmvi cÖKvk nq. cÖKvwkZ nIqv| Avi G Abyev` mv_©K n‡Z n‡j PvB K‡Vvi cwikªg. 1993. a love that permits fraying.. in its very essence. g~‡ji mv‡_ Abyev`‡Ki †h Nwbô †cÖ‡gi eÜb ZviB cÖKv‡ki AvwZ© nq Avi GK fvlvq. cwi‡cÖw¶Z. She must solicit the text to show the limits of its language. Rainer Schulte & John Biguenet ed. is already a translation – first from the nonverbal world. KviY Abyev‡`i cvVK Abyev`‡Ki mv‡_ g~‡ji †cÖwgK n‡q DV‡Z cv‡ibwb| M) ûRy‡M Amr Abyev`| `ytLRbK n‡jI mZ¨. Abyev`K I cvVK‡K Qvwo‡q Abyev` wb‡RB n‡q I‡V ¯^q¤¢~. Some think this is just an ethereal way of talking about literature or philosophy. in Outside in the Teaching Machine. Zvn‡j †m Abyev` m„Rbkxj n‡Z eva¨| G cÖm‡½ w¯úfvK e‡jb: The task of a translator is to facilitate this love between the original and its shadow. holds the agency of the translator and the demands of her imagined or actual audience at bay. in Theories of Translation: An Anthology of Essays from Dryden to Derrida. p. Abyev` n‡”Q BwZg‡a¨B Aw¯—Z¡kxj †Kv‡bv mvwnZ¨K‡g©i GKB fvlvi mv¤cÖwZK iƒ‡c DbœxZKiY wKsev Ab¨fvlvq fvlvš—i| Abyev‡`i wcQ‡b _v‡K GKwU g~jKg© Ges GB g~j‡K wN‡iB Abyev` AvewZ©Z nq| d‡j Abyev‡`i wbR¯^ †Kv‡bv ¯^vaxb ¯^q¤¢~ mË¡v _v‡K bv| Abyev` m¤úwK©Z GB mvaviY aviYv GKB m‡½ mwVK I fyj| cÖ_gZ. 3 4 kvk¦wZKx 9 kvk¦wZKx 10 . eyKvi cÖvwß BZ¨vw` cwðgv mvwnZ¨ cyi¯‹vi I Zvi fqven cÖPvi‡K Avgv‡`i †`‡ki MYgva¨g¸‡jv Ggb K‡i Dc¯’vcb K‡i †hb g‡b nq GB eBwU ev †mB eBwU bv co‡j Avgvi cvVK Rxeb e¨_©| Avi GB my‡hvMwU MÖnY K‡i GK †kªYxi Amvay cÖKvkK-Abyev`K Pµ| Zviv †hb‡Zb cÖKv‡i wZbw`b-mvZw`‡bi g‡a¨B GKwU Abyev`‡K evRv‡i Av‡b. wKš‘ G Av‡jvPbvq me D‡j−L‡hvM¨ Abyev`‡KB D‡j−L Kiv nqwb. another phrase. Abyev` m¤ú‡K© mvaviY GKwU aviYv n‡”Q. Octavio Paz. Avi Avgv‡`i Am‡PZb cvVK g‡bi my‡L Ai“ÜzwZ ivq ev Sz¤úv jvwnwo ev gwbKv Avwj ev bvBc‡ji evsjv mvwnZ¨ co‡Z _v‡Kb| myomywo w`‡q AvKv•¶v m„wó Avi †hb‡Zb cÖKv‡i Zvi mš‘wóweavb-†Póv mvwn‡Z¨ c‡Y©vMÖvwd wn‡m‡e we‡ewPZ| d‡j GB Z…Zxq ch©v‡qi Abyev` GB Av‡jvPbvi evB‡i ivLv n‡q‡Q| G wbe‡Ü g~jZ we‡ewPZ n‡q‡Q wØZxq ch©v‡qi Abyev`. “Translation: Literature and Letters”. Nwbô †evSvcov. Abyev` g~j‡K AbymiY K‡i Zv wVK. wKš‘ Abyev‡`i wecix‡Z †gŠwjK mvwn‡Z¨iI wK GK ev GKvwaK g~j †bB †h¸‡jv‡K cÖZ¨¶ ev cÖ”Qbœfv‡e AbyKiY ev AbymiY Kiv nq? Abyev` I †gŠwjKZvi cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z cv‡Ri Dw³ GLv‡b cÖwYavb‡hvM¨: Each text is unique.Abyev`‡K A‡bKfv‡e DrmvwnZ Kiv nq| evsjv GKv‡Wgxi Abyev` wefvM GKwU ¯^Zš¿ wefvM wn‡m‡e KvR Ki‡Z _v‡K| wKš‘ ivóªxq c„ô‡cvlKZvq cwiPvwjZ evsjv GKv‡Wgxi Abyev` wefvM Lye kxNÖB Avwki `k‡Ki cÖ_g w`‡KB eÜ n‡q hvq| e¨vw³we‡k‡li wew”Qbœ wKš‘ mdj wKQy D‡`¨vM Ges cÖKvkbv cÖwZôvb¸‡jvi evRvigyLx Abyev`Kg© Ae¨vnZ _vK‡jI wewfbœiKg Av_©mvgvwRK I ivR‰bwZK Uvbv‡cv‡ob I Aw¯’iZvq Abyev` mvwnZ¨ Z_v mvgwMÖK evsjv mvwnZ¨B ¶wZMÖ¯— n‡Z _v‡K| G‡ZvwKQy ˆewiZv I wei“×Zv m‡Ë¡I hv wKQy Abyev` KvR n‡q‡Q †m¸‡jv †gvUvgywU wZb iK‡gi: K) cÖKvkbv cÖwZôvb KZ…K © g~jZ gybvdv‡Kw›`ªK Abyev`| KL‡bv `yGKwU fv‡jv Abyev` n‡jI AwaKvsk †¶‡ÎB G ai‡bi Abyev‡` K‡Vvi wbôvi welqwU D‡cw¶Z Ges A‡bK mgqB A`¶ Abyev`K wb‡qvM| G iKg Abyev‡`i cÖavb ˆewkó¨ n‡”Q g~‡ji cÖwZ wek¦¯Z — vi †Zvqv°v bv K‡i Abyev`‡K cvVKmyjf K‡i †Zvjv| L) e¨w³ch©v‡q g~j‡K fvj‡e‡m Ges g~jfvlvq co‡Z AcviM cvV‡Ki mv‡_ Abyev`‡Ki Avb›`‡K fvM K‡i wbevi D‡Ï‡k¨ G ai‡bi Abyev`| evsjv mvwn‡Z¨ hv wKQy fvj Abyev` n‡q‡Q Zvi cÖvq meB GB ch©v‡qi| Z‡e A‡bK mgqB Abyev`K Zuvi Av‡e‡Mi m‡½ `¶Zvi mgš^q NUv‡Z cv‡ibwb| d‡j g~‡ji cÖwZ Abyev`‡Ki †cÖ‡gi cÖKvk n‡q D‡V‡Q wek¦vmf‡½i `wjj. wKš‘ †m mgc©Y †Kv‡bv `v‡mi bq. eis Abyev‡`i m„Rbkxj †gŠwjK‡Z¡i w`KwU we‡ePbvq †i‡L cÖwZwbwaZ¡kxj wKQy Abyev`‡K D`vniY wn‡m‡e Avbv n‡q‡Q| Avi GB cÖwZwbwaZ¡kxj Abyev`¸‡jv‡K mvg‡b †i‡LB GB wbe‡Ü Abyev` mvwn‡Z¨i †gŠwjKZv I m„RbkxjZvi aviYv. No text can be completely original because language itself. PvB mwe‡kl mgc©Y. 183. wPÎ I kãivwR‡K AwZµg K‡i Zvi †cQ‡b †h Aby”PvwiZ fve I †eva. p. 181. †cÖwg‡Ki: the translator must surrender to the text. New York: Routledge. Avi g~j. Abyev` †h‡nZz Ab¨ GKwU g~j‡K AbymiY K‡i Ges g~‡ji fvlve¨envi. evsjv‡`‡ki Abyev` mvwn‡Z¨i GKwU eo RvqMv Ry‡o Av‡Q G ai‡bi Abyev`| †bv‡ej cÖvwß. eis evK¨. because that rhetorical aspect will point at the silence of the absolute fraying of language that the text wards off. in its special manner. p. 154.2 G ai‡bi Abyev` ZvB ïay g~‡ji evK¨-KvVv‡gv I wPÎK‡íi AÜ AbyKiY bq.4 2 Spivak.3 g~‡ji mv‡_ Abyev`‡Ki G Aš—i½ m¤úK© Abyev`‡K K‡i †Zv‡j Awbevh©.. “The Politics of Translation”. eis GK Ac‡ii ga¨ w`‡q †cÖg-Nwbô m„RbkxjZvq †e‡o IVv. 1992. Politics. cannot respond to the special call of the text. m„RbkxjZvq fv¯^i| wØZxqZ. iPbv‰kjx I welqe¯‘‡K wek¦¯Z — vi m‡½ aviY K‡i ZvB Abyev‡` m„RbkxjZvi cÖkwœ U RwUj g‡b nq| wKš‘ cÖKZ … c‡¶ Gi g‡a¨ †Kv‡bv RwUjZv bvB| GKwU bZzb m‡bUI m‡bU wjL‡bi hveZxq wbqgKvbyb †g‡b P‡j Ges †Kvb GKwU m‡bU-KvVv‡gvi hveZxq ˆewkó¨‡K aviY K‡i. and then. PP©v.

(London: Cambridge University Press. mvgwMÖKfv‡e G¸‡jv Awek¦¯Z — vq Avµvš—| g~j Kvwnbx nq‡Zv Abyev‡` iw¶Z n‡q‡Q wKš‘ mvwnZ¨ †Zv Kvwnbx bq. 79-80) [Macbeth. Ab¨w`‡K fvlvMZ w`K †_‡K cy‡ivcywi wPÎKígq. †gŠwjK I mv_©K| msjvc|7 G msjvc Rxe‡bi fxlY GK µvwš—j‡Mœ `uvwo‡q GK Uª¨vwRK Pwi‡Îi welv`Nb hš¿Yv`» D”PviY| g¨vK‡e_ hLb Zvi Rxe‡bi †kl I KwVbZg mg‡qi gy‡LvgywL `uvov‡Z hv‡”Q. GKwU fvlv †_‡K Avi GKwU fvlvq GKwU mvwnZ¨K‡g©i m„wó I †e‡o IVvq †h Abyev` n‡q I‡V Awbevh©| Abyev‡`i AbyKiYkxjZv I †gŠwjK m„RbkxjZvi cÖ‡kœ ÷vBbvi e‡jb: . eis kã. 4_© LÛ. ¶z`ª Awf‡bZv. brief candle! Life’s but a walking shadow. hv Avgvi †¶‡Î evsjv I Bs‡iwR fvlvi g‡a¨B mxgve×| d‡j G wbe‡Ü D`vniY wn‡m‡e †hme Abyev‡`i K_v G‡m‡Q Zvi meB Bs‡iwR †_‡K Ab~w`Z| kvk¦wZKx 11 kvk¦wZKx 12 . cyYwj©L‡bi cÖqvm|6 †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv †¶‡Î G¸‡jv‡K m„Rbkxj ejv †M‡jI. KwjKvZv: mvwnZ¨ msm`. ZLb Lei Av‡m Zvi wcÖqZgv ¯¿xi g„Z¨y i. †gŠwjKZv I m„RbkxjZvi GB cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z evsjv‡`‡ki Abyev` mvwn‡Z¨i we‡kl wKQy ˆewkó¨ †Pv‡L c‡o| Ck¦iP‡›`ªi åvwš—wejvm ev wMixk †Nv‡li g¨vK‡e_ †_‡K ïi“ K‡i gybxi †PŠayix I cÖ‡dmi Kexi †PŠayixi I‡_‡jv ev ˆmq` kvggyj n‡Ki g¨vK‡e_ ch©š— †h me D‡j−L‡hvM¨ Abyev` n‡q‡Q Zvi me¸‡jv‡ZB i‡q‡Q g~j †_‡K m‡i Avmevi cÖeYZv.5 g~j‡K AbyKiY Kiv Ges g~‡ji hveZxq ˆewk‡ó¨i cÖwZ wek¦¯— _vKv †Kv‡bv `vm¨e„wË bq. There would have been a time for such a word. wMwikP›`ª. wb‡f hv. a poor player That struts and frets his hour upon the stage. wMwik iPbvejx. n¯—-c` mÂvwj‡q M¾©b Kwi‡q. Zvi D”PvKv•¶v.the most exalted vision we know of the nature of translation derives precisely from that programme of literalism. wgkvB‡Z k¥kvb ayjvq| wb‡f hv. Aciva. c‡i Zvi ZË¡ bvwn Rv‡b †Kn| evZz‡ji Mí G Rxeb. MZ Kj¨ GKÎ nB‡q. Signifying nothing. †Kv_vI 7 She should have died hereafter. 1974) 3. Oxford: Oxford University Press. jÕ†q hvq c_ †`LvB‡q. nq jq wbYx©Z mg‡q cÖviä wjwci †klv¶‡i. AvjMv| wØZxqZ wMwik †Nvlxq X‡O GLv‡bI n‡q‡Q g~‡ji cwiwgwZ‡ev‡ai j•Nb. of word-for-word metaphrase which traditional theory has regarded as most puerile. wbR Awfbq mg‡q †hgb. full of sound and fury. John Dover Wilson.. (V:v) (p. ed. wKQyUv axi j‡qi Q›` n‡q D‡V‡Q A‡bKUv MxZj. ZvB g¨vK‡e_ bvU‡Ki wZbwU me‡P‡q D‡j−L‡hvM¨ Abyev‡`i Zzjbvi ga¨ w`‡q G‡K eySevi †Póv Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| g¨vK‡e_ bvU‡Ki me‡P‡q weL¨vZ msjvcwU bvU‡Ki cÖavb Pwi‡Îi †kl GKK/¯^MZ 5 6 George Steiner. †`exc` fÆvPvh© m¤úvw`Z. and tomorrow. KZ mv_©Kfv‡e g~‡ji ˆewkó¨mg~n‡K Abyev‡` iƒcvš—i m¤¢e n‡q‡Q †mme cÖkœ¸‡jvB †gŠwjKZvi m‡½ Rwo‡q hvq| †mB Abyev`B †gŠwjK †h Abyev` m„Rbkxj wek¦¯Z — vq g~‡ji mvgwMªK m„wóKvVv‡gv‡K Ab¨ GKwU fvlvq aviY K‡i. out.). I‡i ¶Y¯’vqx `xc! Pj”Qvqv gvÎ G Rxeb. eis Zv ewntcÖKvk †cÖ‡gi I mgc©‡Yi. wKš‘ g~‡ji †h Kve¨ ev Kve¨¸Y Zvi A‡bKLvwbB G Abyev‡` Abycw¯’Z| m„RbkxjZvi bv‡g ˆmq` kvgmyj n‡Ki g¨vK‡e_ Abyev‡` †h h‡_”QvPvi Zv g~‡ji cÖwZ Awek¦¯Z — viB cÖKvk. Out. Creeps in this petty pace from day to day. p. †h AbyZ‚wZ I †evaB †Kej Abyev`‡K Ki‡Z cv‡i m„Rbkxj. g~‡ji 12 jvBb †Nv‡l †V‡K‡Q 18 jvB‡b| Z…ZxqZ wPÎKí¸wj Ae‡nwjZ. g`M‡eŸ© P‡j i½¯’‡j. To the last syllable of recorded time. and tomorrow. Tomorrow. †h wKbv Zv‡K mvd‡j¨i m‡e©v”P P~ovq †cŠu‡Q w`‡Z wewj‡q w`‡q‡Q mewKQy| ¯¿xi g„Z¨y i Le‡i g¨vK‡e_ mvov †`q †QvÆ `ywU jvB‡b. bviKxq nZ¨vKvÊ I Z‡ZvwaK bviKxq hš¿YvF× Uª¨vwRK †eva †hLv‡b Rxeb n‡q I‡V GK A_©nxb ev‡R MvjMí| G D”PviY GKw`‡K †hgb †ev‡ai w`K †_‡K AZ¨š— Mfxi I gg©¯úkx©. fxlYiKg Kvwe¨K| Avi ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB Gi Abyev` Am¤¢eiK‡gi Kómva¨. ZLb mvaviYfv‡e we‡ewPZ Abyev` Abyev‡`iB GKwU we‡kl iƒc wn‡m‡e cwiMwYZ nq| Avi Z_vKw_Z †gŠwjK mvwnZ¨ Ges Abyev‡`i g‡a¨ †gŠwjKZvi cÖ‡kœi we‡f`wU †jvc cvq| eis KZLvwb wek¦¯Z — vi mv‡_ gyj‡K Abyev‡` aviY Kiv n‡q‡Q. evK¨. GLv‡b D‡j−L Ki‡ZB nq †h. 1998 (3rd ed. wKš‘ Zvi c‡iB cvB Zvi `xN© GK msjvc hv cÖKvk K‡i Zvi Rxeb‡eva.  A_©nxb gvÎ Ñ eû evK¨ Avo¤^i| (c„. 350. And all our yesterdays have lighted fools The way to dusty death.. 1963)] 8 giY AvwQj †kªq: c‡i| ivÁx g„Z  †nb K_vi mgq m½Z nBZ †Kvb w`b| Kj¨ Ñ Kj¨ Ñ Kj¨ P‡j axi c‡` w`b w`b. 491) (†Nvl.mgMÖ fvlv‡KB hLb Abyev‡`i AvIZvq Avbv nq Ges mgMÖ mvwnZ¨B hLb Abyev` wn‡m‡e we‡eP¨ nq. wKš‘ GKB m‡½ g¨vK‡e_ Abyev‡`i mvdj¨ A‡bKvs‡k wbf©i K‡i G As‡ki mdj Abyev‡`i Dci| wMixk †Nv‡l G AskwUi Abyev` wewfbœ w`K †_‡K AcÖZj z |8 Zuvi Abyev‡` me‡P‡q †ewk D‡cw¶Z i‡q‡Q g~‡ji Kve¨-Q›`| hy³v¶i I ms¯‹…ZR kã e¨envi Kiv m‡Ë¡I Zvui Abyev‡` g~‡ji Nb. And then is heard no more: it is a tale Told by an idiot. Abyev` mvwnZ¨ g~j¨vq‡b cÖ‡qvRb c‡o Drm-fvlv I Abyev‡`i fvlv Df‡qiB Dci mgvb aviYv I `¶Zvi. After Babel. wPÎKí †_‡K ïi“ K‡i Kvwnbx‡K aviY I avegvb Kievi hv wKQy Dcvq I GB Dcvqmg~‡ni mvgwMÖK mv_©K cª‡qvMB mvwnZ¨| gybxi †PŠayixi I‡_‡jv †m w`K †_‡K Zzjbvg~jKfv‡e A‡bK †ewk g~jvbyM. Avevi Ck¦iP‡›`ªi åvwš—wejvm K‡gwW Ae Giim-Gi M`¨-AbywjLb gvÎ| g~‡ji cÖwZ wek¦¯Z — vi m‡½ †h‡nZz Abyev‡`i m„RbkxjZvi welqwU RwoZ.

p. 97) (ivq. Rxeb wbZvš— GK Pjgvb Qvqv. Avi Abvbyev‡`i aviYv Avm‡j ZrKvjxb Abyev`‡Ki mvg_¨©nxbZviB cÖKvk| †h †Kv‡bv MÖšB’ Abyev`‡hvM¨ hw` †hvM¨ Abyev`K g~‡ji cÖwZ Zuvi †cª‡gi I mgc©‡Yi wek¦¯Z — vq Abyev‡` g~‡ji mg~n m¤¢vebv‡K cÖKvk Ki‡Z cÖqvkx nb. DbœZ mvwnZ¨ we‡kl K‡i Kve¨mvwnZ¨ Abyev`‡hvM¨ bq| G`ywU Kzms¯‹vi‡KB †ebRvwgb Zuvi ÔÔ`¨ Uv¯‹ Ae `¨ Uªv݇jUiÓ cÖe‡Ü bvKP K‡i †`wL‡q‡Qb g~‡ji cÖwZ `vmm`„k `vq‡ev‡ai aviYv g~jZ mvgš—ev`x cÖfy-f„‡Z¨i aviYviB AbyKiYwe‡kl. hw` g~j I Abyev‡`i m¤ú‡K©i wfwË nq Hermeneutic| GB Hermeneutic m¤úK© g~j I Abyev`‡K †Kv‡bv GK Av`wk©K ï× fvlvi m¤¢ve¨ `ywU wfbœ cÖKvk wn‡m‡e wb‡`©k K‡i Ges Dfq‡KB †`‡L cvi¯úvwiK wbf©iZvq †e‡o IVv I †mB ï× fvlvi w`‡K hvÎv wn‡m‡e: [Translation] lovingly and in detail incorporate[s] the original’s mode of signification. 1992). Avi Avgv‡`i †cQ‡bi w`b¸‡jv Av‡jv †av‡i a~mi g„Z¨yi w`‡K †evKv‡`i c_ †`wL‡q‡Q| hvI. just as fragments are of a vessel. A‡bKLvwb ¯^vaxbZv wb‡q wMixk †Nvl †h Abyev` K‡i‡Qb Zv iv‡qi wek¦¯— Abyev‡`i †P‡q †ewk MÖnY‡hvM¨. †gv‡`i weMZ-Kvj Av‡jv R¡vwj g~p Avgv‡`i †`Lv‡q‡Q g„Z¨ygy‡L c_ a~wjgq| wb‡f hvK&. wKš‘ Zv 9 GKw`b Zv‡K gwi‡ZB †nvZ. wbfy wbfy `xc. “the great longing of complementation” (Waiter Benjamin. BwWcvm. To relieve it of this. A‡bKvs‡k MÖnY‡hvM¨| ΓwU¸wji g‡a¨ †Pv‡L c‡o wØZxq jvB‡bi Abyev`| ‘There would have been a time for such a word’-†K wZwb K‡i‡Qb Ô†Zgb mgq hw` n‡Zv GB D”PviY hv‡Z|Õ GUv AMÖnY‡hvM¨| jvBbwUi M`¨vbyev`: Ô†m/†Zgb mgq nq‡Zv Ggb K_v ejv †hZ/†kvbevi mgq _vKZÕ ev ÔG ai‡bi K_vi Rb¨ ZLb nq‡Zv mgq _vKZÕ| †Kv‡bvfv‡eB †m·wcqi(1564-1616)‡K aviY K‡i bv| Avevi n‡Ki ¯^vaxbZv Zuvi Abyev`‡K K‡i Av‡iv AMÖnY‡hvM¨| Gi KviY. Rainer Schulte et al. “The Task of the Translator” p. Zvici Avi †kvbv hvq bv msev`| G n‡jv Kvwnbx GK wb‡ev©a Kw_Z. kã-Avo¤^‡i c~Y©. Kvwe¨K e¨vw߇Z †h Aven M‡o †Zv‡j Zv g~j‡K Zz‡j ai‡Z mdj nq bv| G AskwUi kvgmyj n‡Ki Abyev‡`i10 cÖ_g mgm¨v Zuvi M`¨Q›` ev M`¨-Kv‡e¨i Q›`| g~‡ji e−¨v¼ fv‡m©i m‡½ wPÎKí I welv`Nb ¯^i wgwj‡q †h Aven ˆZwi nq Zvi †Kv‡bv wKQyB Aewkó _v‡K bv n‡Ki GB Abyev‡`| Z‡e G mewKQy‡K AMÖvn¨ K‡i hw` ïay evK¨ I wPÎKí we‡ePbv Kiv nq. c‡i Avi †kvbv bvwn hvq. KwjKvZv: gWvY© eyK G‡RÝx. Avi Kvj. XvKv: Avng` cvewjwks nvDm. wb‡f hvI. Avi ‘light’ wµqvi Kg©c` ‘fools’ coj ev`| c‡ii AskUzKzi Abyev` fv‡jv. AvU| kvk¦wZKx 14 . Zz”Q Awf‡bZv i½g c‡i †hev K‡i Awfbq Avcbvi bMY¨ f~wgKv m`¤¢ MR©‡b.) 13 Waiter Benjamin. Zvic‡i Kvj. alien meaning. in linguistic creations it is weighted with a heavy. wZwb Abyev` K‡i‡Qb Bs‡iwR †_‡K| Zv‡Z †Kv‡bv †`vl †bB. pure language. 80. in the various tongues is tied only to linguistic elements and their changes.13 †gŠwjKZvi m‡½ wek¦¯Z — vi GB m„Rbkxj m¤ú‡K© †evSv †h‡Z cv‡i Avi GKwU MÖ‡š’i Abyev‡`i Zzjbvg~jK Av‡jvPbvi gva¨‡g| evsjv‡`‡k cvðvZ¨ mvwn‡Z¨i me‡P‡q mycwiwPZ Abyev‡`i GKwU n‡”Q ˆmq` Avjx Avnmv‡bi BwWcvm| GwU Avm‡j Abyev‡`i Abyev`. is the tremendous and only capacity of translation. †QvULv‡Uv wKQy ΓwU m‡Ë¡I. p. fyj Abyev`| ‘She should have died hereafter’ †Kv‡bvfv‡eB ÔGKw`b Zv‡K gwi‡ZB †nvZÕ n‡Z cv‡i bv| evK¨wUi M`¨v_© G iKg: ÔZvi/Zv‡K Ab¨ mgq gi‡Z †nvZÕ ev ÔZvi DwPZ wQj Ab¨ mgq gviv hvIqvÕ| c‡ii evK¨wUi Abyev` Av¶wiK| hw`I Avgv‡`i mš‘ó K‡i bv ZeyI †Nv‡li Abyev` †_‡K †ewk MÖnY‡hvM¨| wKš‘ mg¯—Uv wg‡j Zvui Abyev‡`i Q‡›`. wKš‘ †`vl Av‡Q Zvi Abyev`‡K m‡dvwK¬m (L„.495-406) Gi ÔBwWcvmÕ (L„. eis Abyev‡`i mwZ¨Kv‡ii mv_©KZv GB †h g~‡ji mv‡_ m¤ú~iKZvi12 m¤úK© ¯’vc‡bi ga¨ w`‡q Zv g~‡ji ï× fvlvi w`‡K hvÎv I ea©b‡K Z¡ivwš^Z K‡i‡Q: GB †QvÆ Zzjbv †_‡KB †evSv hvq g~j †_‡K m‡i wM‡q.†Kv_vI Am½Z I A¯úó| ‘To the last syllable of recorded time’ n‡q‡Q Ônq jq wbYx©Z mg‡q/cÖvi¤¢ wjwci †klv¶‡iÕ| ÔAnd all our yesterdays have lighted fools/The way to dusty death’ n‡q‡Q ÔMZ Kj¨ GKÎ nB‡q. thus making both the original and the translation recognizable as fragments of a greater language. ¯^vaxbZv †cÖ‡gi m„Rbkxj gyw³i cÖKvk n‡q DVevi cwie‡Z© n‡q D‡V‡Q h‡_”QvPvi| Ab¨w`‡K g~jvbyM nevi †Póvq iv‡qi Abyev‡` cÖKvk †c‡q‡Q `vq‡ev‡ai `vqfvi| Abyev‡`i GB wØgyLx mgm¨vi Kvi‡Y Abyev` wel‡q `ywU Kzms®‹vi Pvjy Av‡Q| GK. bx‡i›`ªbv_./wgkvB‡Z k¥kvb a~jvqÕ| ‘[D]usty death’ n‡q †Mj Ôk¥kvb a~jvÕ. 1994 c„. 80.) kvk¦wZKx 13 While that ultimate essence. wKš‘ †mLv‡bI wPÎK‡íi Abyev` h_v_© bq| bx‡i›`ªbv_ iv‡q G msjv‡ci Abyev` Av‡iv Amdj. hvi A_©gvÎ bvB| (c„.c~. to turn the symbolizing into the symbolized. AjsKv‡i AbycvÖ ‡m Vvmv BwZ Zvrch©wenxb| (c„. g¨vK‡e_. KviY Avnmvb g~j wMÖK †_‡K Abyev` K‡ibwb. k¤^yKMwZ‡Z P‡j w`b Abyw`b.c~. (Chicago: Chicago University Press. ˆmq` kvgmyj. ed. wb‡f hvK&. ¶Y¯’vqx `xc! Rxeb Z ïay Pjgvb Qvqv.11 Abyev‡`i cÖksmv ZvB GB bq †h GUv wVK g~‡ji gZB n‡q‡Q ev ûeû g~j‡KB aviY K‡i‡Q wKev g~j‡K AwZµg K‡i wb‡RB GK m„Rbkxj †gŠwjK mvwnZ¨ n‡q D‡V‡Q. g¨vK‡e_. 61-62) (nK./G K_vi nBZ mgq †Kvb GKw`b|Õ GUv ïay Amdj Abyev` bq.630?) wn‡m‡e coevi g‡a¨| Zuvi BwWcvm M‡`¨-c‡`¨ wgwkªZ Abyev`. GKwU bvUKxq NUbvi Abym„wZ gvÎ|Ó14 Avnmv‡bi G Abyev` mvaviYfv‡e GKwU †gŠwjK Abyev` KvR wn‡m‡e 11 Waiter Benjamin. 1957) 10 Zuvi g„Z¨y Ab¨ †Kv‡bv Kv‡j nq n‡Zv| †Zgb mgq hw` n‡Zv GB D”PviY hv‡Z| mgy‡Li w`b c‡i w`b. †ev‡a. 12 14 ˆmq` Avjx Avnmvb. wKš‘ ZvI ÔÔh_vh_ Abyev`ÕÕ bq| wZwb wb‡RB f~wgKvq e‡jb: ÔÔGUv Abyev` bq. G K_vi nBZ mgq †Kvb GKw`b| AvwRKvi c‡i Kvj. Zvn‡j Zuvi Abyev`. nZfvM¨ GK Awf‡bZv i½g‡Â wKQyKvj jvdvq Suvcvq./jÕ‡q hvq c_ †`LvB‡q. “The Task of the Translator” in Theories of Translation: An Anthology of Essays from Dryden to Derrida. wek¦¯— Abyev` fvj Abyev` bq ev fvj Abyev` g~‡ji cÖwZ wek¦vmNvZKZv K‡i| `yB. “The Task of the Translator”. wjwce× mg‡qi †kl A¶ivewa. 79. wKš‘ A‡bK †ewk g~jvbyM|9 iv‡q me‡P‡q e¨_© Abyev` cÖ_g `ywU jvB‡bi| ‘She should have died hereafter:/There would have been a time for such a word’-†K wZwb Abyev` K‡i‡Qb ÔGKw`b Zv‡K gwi‡ZB †nvZ. cv‡q cv‡q eo `xb wgwQ‡ji AMÖmi w`b †_‡K w`‡b engvb mg‡qi †kl we›`y wec‡ji w`‡K. XvKv: w_‡qUvi cwÎKv. to regain pure language fully formed in the linguistic flux. G GK Kvwnbx hvi K_K wb‡e©va.

`yRb Bs‡iwR Abyev`‡Ki AbymiY Kiv n‡q‡Q| G‡`i GKRb n‡jb H. Avi Zvi Abyev`K n‡”Qb GRiv cvDÊ I GwjqU| ZvQvov KweZvwU co‡Z n‡j Ggwb‡ZB Abyev` K‡i co‡Z nq| KviY g~j Bs‡iwR KweZv‡ZB Av‡iv Pvi-cuvPwU fvlv †_‡K DׄwZ Av‡Q| Z‡e Gi †P‡qI ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Z_¨wU n‡”Q. hv gvwU Lg&‡Q a‡i. †Zvgv‡K †`Lve Avwg wfbœ hv `y'‡Uvi †_‡KB: †Zvgv‡K †`Lve fxwZ GKgy‡Vv ay‡jvi wfZ‡i|19 †Mv‡g‡Ri G Abyev` †Kvbfv‡eB Lye mv_©K. Kitto. 28| G jvBb¸wji g~j Bs‡iwR G iKg: 19 What are the roots that clutch. m~h© †h_vq PveyK Pvjvq. BwWcvm. (Come in under the shadow of this red rock). F. Zuvi Ôwd«-fv‡m©i Q›`gqZvÕI Q›` nvwi‡q‡Q gv‡S gv‡SB| wKš‘ Abyev‡`i g~j †h kZ© I D‡Ïk¨. D. Avn‡g` Avnmvby¾vgvb m¤úvw`Z. P~ovš— †Kv‡bv Abyev` bq. 20 ivngv‡bi G Abyev` ievU© d«‡÷i wbe©vwPZ KweZv bv‡g Qvcv nq 1968 mv‡j. Avi †`q bv cv_i wg‡V cvwbi AvIqvR. Watling. c„. XvKv: †dªÊm& eyK KY©vi. You cannot say.]|| 16 Charles Tomlinson ed. KweZvwUi 5g Ask ‘Death by 16 Water’ cÖ_‡g divwm fvlvq wj‡L c‡i GwjqU Zv Bs‡iwR‡Z Abyev` K‡ib| Zvi gv‡b KweZvwUi wKQy Ask Av¶wiKfv‡eB Abyev`| GiKg GKwU KweZv hv †gŠwjK m„wó. Zzwg bv cvi‡e wKQy ej‡Z. †nv‡mb †Póv K‡i‡Qb cÖksmv‡hvM¨ ÔA¶ie„Ëxq Aeq‡eiÕ ga¨ w`‡q Abyev‡` Kvwe¨K †`¨vZbv Avb‡Z| nq‡Zv †nv‡m‡bi A¶ie„Ë cÖvqB RgvU euv‡awb wVKgZ. Or your shadow at evening rising to meet you. 1998.” †Lv›`Kvi Avkivd †nv‡mb. XvKv. A_P Abyev‡` †gŠwjKZvi †h aviYv Avgiv †c‡qwQ Zv‡Z GwU‡K bv †gŠwjK bv m„Rbkxj Abyev` wn‡m‡e we‡ePbv Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| Ab¨w`‡K G bvU‡Ki Abyev` GKBfv‡e Bs‡iwR †_‡K K‡i‡Qb L›`Kvi Avkivd †nv‡mb| †nv‡m‡bi G Abyev` Zvi Bs‡iwR g~‡ji cÖwZ wek¦¯—. Ki‡Z †Kv‡bv Abygvb. F. †hb Zuviv Zzjbv K‡i †`L‡Z cv‡ib. ÔI‡q÷ j¨vÊÕ ZvB wb‡RB GKwU Abyev`. ivRv Cw`cvm. XvKv: †dªÊm& eyK KY©vi. †Zvgvi †h-Qvqv †fv‡i `xN© c`‡¶‡c wcQy avq A_ev †h-Qvqv Rv‡M †Zvgvi A‡š^l‡Y mܨvq. The Oxford Book of Verse in English Translation. bem„wói AvKv•Lv| Gi wecix‡Z Avgiv Kwe kvgmyi ivngv‡bi ievU© d«‡÷i KweZvi Abyev`‡K20 (1g cÖKvk 1968) ¯§iY Ki‡Z cvwi| kvgmyi ivngvb evsjv‡`‡ki Ab¨Zg †kªô Kwe| wKš‘ GKRb Kwe-Abyev`‡Ki Abyev‡`i m„RbkxjZvi †h Abycw¯’wZ Zv Avgv‡`i AvnZ K‡i| Zuvi Abyev‡`i `xN© Av‡jvPbvi cwimi GLv‡b †bB. ÒcvVKivI mivmwi Kwe-i Zi‡d GwU‡K wb‡R‡`i g‡Zv ms‡kvab. 15. ˆmq` Avjx Avnmvb. Zv‡Z †nv‡m‡bi Abyev` fxlY ¸i“Z¡c~Y©| wVK GKB iKg ¸i“‡Z¡i `vwe`vi cÖ‡dmi wRj−iy ingvb wmwÏKxi †m·wcq‡ii m‡bU¸‡”Qi Abyev` wKsev mi`vi dRjyj Kwi‡gi The Republic Gi Abyev`| GgbwK Zi“Y cÖR‡b¥i Abyev`K myeªZ AMvw÷b †Mv‡g‡Ri GwjqU Abyev`I h‡_ó ¸i“‡Z¡i `vwe iv‡L| †Mv‡g‡Ri GwjqU Abyev‡`i K_v Avm‡jB g‡b c‡o KweZv Abyev` m¤úwK©Z Avi GKwU ms¯‹v‡ii K_v| KweZv Abyev` m¤¢e ïaygvÎ GKRb Kwei c‡¶B| we‡kl K‡i Zv hw` nq Gwjq‡Ui KweZvi Abyev‡`i g‡Zv fxlY KwVb KvR Ñ †h KvRwU Avgv‡`i cÖwZ ¶‡Y g‡b Kwi‡q †`q wK wbweo AmvaviY g‡bv‡hvM `vwe Ki‡Z cv‡i GKwU KweZvi cvV. ms¯‹vi K'‡i MÖnY Ki‡Z cv‡i|"17 Avi †Mv‡gR mgMÖ Abyev` cÖwµqvq cvV‡Ki GB ¯^vaxbZvB Kv‡R jvwM‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ Zuvi G 15 GKvi‡YB wZwb Zuvi Abyev‡`i mv‡_ mv‡_ dzU‡bv‡U Watling Gi Bs‡iwR Abyev` †_‡K DׄwZ w`‡q‡Qb (KL‡bv KL‡bv Avnmv‡bi Abyev`I). F. I will show you fear in a handful of dust. Avi Zuvi cvV I m¤úv`bvi dmj LwÊZ-A_P-m¤ú~Y©wn‡m‡e MÖnY‡hvM¨ eZ©gvb GB ÔI‡q÷ j¨vÊÕ| GK A‡_©. for you know only A heap of broken images. m¤ú~iKZv I cwiea©‡bi ga¨ w`‡q ï× fvlvi w`‡K †h hvÎv. wU Gm Gwjq‡Ui c'‡ov Rwg. ïay Qvqv Av‡Q GB jvj cvnv‡oi Z‡j. cvVK‡`i myweavi Rb¨. Avi giv MvQ QvqvZj †`q bv. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (G‡mv jvj cvnv‡oi Qvqvi Zjvq). the cricket no relief. And I will show you something different from either Your shadow at morning striding behind you. And the dead tree gives no shelter. wek¦mvwnZ¨ †K›`ª. †h‡nZz Zywg †Zv †P‡bv ïay KwZcq wQbœ Qwei WuvB. 1996. 1998. Z‡e `yGKwU KweZvi D`vni‡YB Zuvi Abyev‡`i mvgwMÖK wewkóZv aiv c‡o| evsjv‡`‡k Lye RbwcÖq I eûj cwiwPZ d«‡÷i KweZvi GKwU ‘Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening’21| KweZvwU wewkó Gi MxwZgq 18 myeZ ª Zvui f~wgKvq e‡j‡Qb wZwb wek eQi a‡i GB KweZvwU Abyev` Ki‡Qb I †Póv K‡i hv‡”Qb| myeZ ª Amvw÷b †Mv‡gR.. c„. Only There is shadow under this red rock. Avevi GB mg~n g‡bv‡hv‡Mi †klZK dj n‡”Q cwikªvwš— I nZvkv| g~j KweZv “The Waste Land” wb‡q Av‡jvPbv Kievi RvqMv GwU bv n‡jI Gi we‡kl wKQy ˆewkó¨ Abyaveb Gi Abyev` cÖwµqv‡K eyS‡Z mvnvh¨ K‡i| Ô`¨ I‡q÷ j¨vÊÕ bv‡gi †h KweZvwU Avgiv cvB Zvi GwjqU iwPZ ÔI‡q÷ j¨v‡ÊiÕ GK-Z…Zxqvsk| g~j KweZvwUi Dci GRiv cvDÊ(1885-1972) Kjg Pvwj‡qwQ‡jb m„Rbkxj wbg©gZvq. where the sun beats. cÖKvkK †Lvk‡ivR wKZve gnj| c‡i evsjv GKv‡Wgx 1987 mv‡j GwUi Z…Zxq ms¯‹iY cÖKvk K‡i| 21 Whose woods these are I think I know His house is in the village though. Avn‡g` Avnmvby¾vgvb m¤úvw`Z. wU Gm Gwjq‡Ui c'‡ov Rwg. what branches grow Out of this stony rubbish? Son of man.. Watling Gi Abyev‡`i Dci wbf©ikxj ] (A) ÔÔE. p.we‡ewPZ. F. And the dry stone no sound of water. Av‡Q g~‡ji ‘sense’ I ‘spirit’ †K ¯úk© Kievi. wSuwSiv †`q bv weivg. c„ôv: mvZ| (Av) ÔÔ.. 10| kvk¦wZKx 15 ¯^vaxbZv wek eQ‡ii †cÖ‡gi wek¦¯Z — vi ¯^vaxbZv18 hv g~j‡K Avi GKwU fvlvq hZm¤¢e wek¦¯— Zvi I m„wókxjZvi mv‡_ Dc¯’vcb K‡i| Avi ZvB gv‡Sgv‡SB myeZ ª i Abyev` Sj‡K D‡V †gŠwjK Abyev‡`i m„wókxjZvq: Kx GB wkKo¸wj. Kx GB kvLviv. or guess. 469 `ªóe¨| 17 myeªZ Amvw÷b †Mv‡gR. †Kbbv `ywU evsjv Abyev`B E. hviv evû cÖmvwiZ K‡i G-cv_y‡i RÄv‡j? gvbeZbq. GgbwK A‡bKUv Av¶wiK|15 wKš‘ Zuvi G wek¦¯Z — vq `vm¨fv‡ei `vqfvi †bB| g~‡ji †h ‘sense’ I ‘spirit’ Zv‡K a‡i †nv‡mb GwM‡q‡Qb GK ‘hermeneutic translation’ Gi w`‡K hv Avnmv‡bi Abyev‡`i †P‡qI ¯^vaxb I m„Rbkxj| LyeB j¶Yxq w`KwU n‡”Q. Watling Gi Bs‡iwR Abyev` AbymiY K‡iB evsjv bvUKwU wbg©vY Kiv n‡q‡QÕÕ. wewfbœ fvlv †_‡K DׄwZ I Abyev‡`i GKwU †KvjvR Zv cvVK‡K GB ¯^vaxbZv †`q †h. Avi P~ovš— Abyev` e‡jI wKQy bvB| wKš‘ †Mv‡g‡Ri G Abyev‡` Av‡Q wek¦¯Z — v‡eva. 1980. Ab¨Rb E. He will not see me stopping here kvk¦wZKx 16 . c„.

wKš‘ g~j †_‡K m‡i Avmevi cÖeYZv GLv‡bI ¯úó| g~‡ji Z…Zxq ¯—e‡K “The manifold. eb Avi GB RgvU n«‡`i gv‡S AvR‡K mܨv me‡PÕ AÜKvi| 24 dRj kvnveywÏb. XvKv: mÜvbx cÖKvkbx. 68-69) kvk¦wZKx 17 (Avwg welbœZv Ges Avb‡›`i kã ï‡bwQ A‡bK k‡ãi Dj−vm †Kvgj GKwU my‡i gwš’Z †Kvb cÖvPxb Kwei mwgj Pi‡Yi g‡Zv cwic~YZ © v w`‡”Q ivwÎi cÖwZwU †cÖZvwqZ cÖ‡Kvô‡K) 26 K) evY©vW© g¨vjvgyW. eis Zuvi fxlY Kg©e¨v¯— mg‡qi g‡a¨ G cwikªgmva¨ `xN© Abyev` KvR Zuvi g~‡ji cÖwZ fvjevmviB cÖKvk| wKš‘ Abyev` g~j¨vq‡b To watch his woods fill up with snow. 56| 25 I heard the sounds of sorrow and delight. WKš‘ Avgvi †Xi KvR evKx Av‡Q| †h‡Z n‡e `~‡i Nywg‡q covi Av‡M.. And thing next most diffuse to cloud”Gi Abyev` ÒgvwU †_‡K D‡V G‡jv AveQv ¯^cœ-P~‡ov Avi Zvici Kzqvkvi †gN G‡jv †Q‡qÓ G‡Kev‡iB fyj Abyev`| d«‡÷i cÖwZ ivngv‡bi †cÖ‡gi NvUwZ wbðq wQj bv. wKš‘ GLv‡bI Av‡Q wPÎK‡íi cÖwZ Ag‡bv‡hv‡Mi Qvc| “Vague dream-head lifted out of the ground. dark and deep. cÖ‡dmi Kexi †PŠayixK…Z IÕbx‡ji(1888-1953) Long Day’s Journey into Night (1941) Gi Abyev` Agv iRbxi c‡_ wKsev ÷vBb‡e‡Ki The Grapes of 26 WrathGi Abyev` w` †MÖcm Ad i¨_. 1981| L) BDRxb IÕbxj. Avi c¶cvZnxb g~j¨vq‡Y Zuvi mg¯— Abyev` Ry‡o aiv c‡o GiKg †QvULv‡Uv AmsL¨ fyj. The manifold. GKB mv‡j Ges GKB cÖKvkbv ms¯’vi Aax‡b †ei nq dRj kvnveywχbi js‡d‡jvi wbe©vwPZ KweZv23| kvnveywχbi Abyev`I A‡bKLvwb g‡bv‡hvMnxbZv I †¯^”QvPvi‡`v‡l Avµvš—| js‡d‡jvi “The Tide Rises. wmKv›`vi Avey Rvdi Ab~. Avevi “My little horse must think it queer”Gi Abyev` Ò†NvovUv fve‡Q e¨vcvi PgrKvi" fyj Abyev`| “Tree at My Window” KweZvi Abyev` A‡bKUv fvj. w` †MÖcm Ad i¨_. †h‡Z n‡e `~‡i Nywg‡q covi Av‡M| (c„. js‡d‡jvi wbe©vwPZ KweZv. 1966 mv‡j| M) Rb ÷vBb‡eK. XvKv: Avng` cvewjwks nvDm. nq †Kv‡bv digv‡qwm Abyev` bq †Zv Av‡gwiKvb mvs¯‹w… ZK †cÖvcvMvÊvi d‡j cÖfvweZ I wbe©vwPZ Abyev`| Z‡e Gi wfZ‡iI wKQy D‡j−L Kievi g‡Zv Abyev` Av‡Q †h¸‡jv‡Z Av‡Q Abyev`‡Ki cwikªg I Avš—wiKZvi Qvc| wmKvb&`vi Avey RvdiK…Z evY©vW© g¨vjvgy‡Wi (1914-1986) The Magic Barrel(1958) Gi Abyev` hv`yi Kjm. dark and deep”Gi Abyev` ÒKvRj Mfxi G-eb gayi jv‡MÓ22 LyeB †Rv‡jv. 1989| kvk¦wZKx 18 . Like some old poet’s rhymes. c„. Avi mvgwMÖK Ag‡bv‡hvM I Awek¦¯Z — vi Qvc| Abyev` KweZvwU GiKg: GB eb Kvi Rvwb e'‡j g‡b nq| EywS evwo Zvi H Muv‡q wbðq. the tide falls” nq ÒKL‡bv †Rvqv‡i D”Q¡wmZ wbgw¾Z KL‡bv fvUvqÓ24. The only other sound’s the sweep Of easy wind and downy flake. Ges e‡bi Õc‡i ïay Avi GKwU kã hv‡”Q †kvbv : nvjKv evZv‡m ei‡di KzwP S‡i| KvRj Mfxi G-eb gayi jv‡M. soft chimes”Gi25 Abyev` ÒA‡bK k‡ãi Dj−vm †Kvgj GKwU my‡i gwš’ZÓ †Kvbfv‡eB wVK bq. soft chimes. wKš‘ Gi cÖvq cÖwZwU jvB‡bB i‡q‡Q g~j †_‡K wePy¨wZi Qvc| “The tide rises. 22 Avgv‡`i wb‡gv©n n‡Z nq. fyj n‡q †M‡Q †f‡e †m kã K'‡i bvovq Nyb&wU.cÖZxKagx© wPÎK‡íi e¨env‡ii Rb¨| Lye delicate ¯ú‡k© Ges PgrKvi Q‡›` d«÷ Zz‡j Av‡bb GKRb gvby‡li Aw¯—‡Z¡i wecixZ Uvbv‡cv‡ob‡K| ivngv‡bi Abyev‡`i Qovagx© Q›` g~j KweZvi cÖvq mg¯—UvB bó K‡i| KweZvwUi Abyev‡` me‡P‡q Kg cÖ‡qvRbxq Aš—¨wg‡ji cÖwZ g‡bv‡hvM w`‡Z wM‡q GgbwU NU‡Z cv‡i| Z‡e g~‡ji wPÎKí¸‡jvi Amv_©K Abyev` me‡P‡q †ewk cxwoZ K‡i| “The woods are lovely. But I have promises to keep. we‡kl K‡i Mí-Dcb¨v‡mi Abyev`. Kexi †PŠayix Ab~. Rvb‡e bv †m †Zv †`LwQ `uvwo‡q Avwg eb Zvi n‡jv GLb Zzlvigq| 23 †NvovUv fve‡Q e¨vcvi PgrKvi| Lvgvi QvovB Kx †h jvf _vgevi. the Tide Falls” KweZvwU wZwb Abyev` K‡ib Zuvi Abyev` MÖ‡š’i †kl KweZv ÒKL‡bv †Rvqv‡i" bv‡g| KweZvwU evsjvq co‡Z Lvivc bq. My little horse must think it queer To stop without a farmhouse near Between the woods and the frozen lake The darkest evening of the year. hv`yi Kjm. 1968| dRj kvnveywÏb. Kexi †PŠayix Ab~. That fill the haunted chambers of the Night.. And miles to go before I sleep. hv evsjv‡`‡ki Abyev` mvwn‡Z¨i GKwU D‡j−L‡hvM¨ RvqMv `Lj K‡i Av‡Q Ges hvi AwaKvskB. XvKv: evsjv GKv‡Wgx. “…the sea in the darkness calls” nq Òmgy`ª ïay K‡j−vwjZ nq K‡j−vwjZ nq AÜKv‡i"| Abyev`MÖšw’ Ui cÖ_g KweZv ÒivwÎi MvbÓ js‡d‡jvi “Hymn to the Night” KweZvi Abyev`| G Abyev`wU †ek fvj. 1987| Z‡e cÖ‡dmi Kexi †PŠayix GwU Abyev` K‡ib †ek Av‡M. The woods are lovely. XvKv: †Lvk‡ivR wKZve gnj. js‡d‡jvi wbe©vwPZ KweZv. And miles to go before I sleep. KviY mgMÖ KweZvq ivwÎi †h Aven ˆZix n‡q‡Q Zv‡Z ÔDj−vmÕ k‡ãi †Kv‡bv RvqMv bvB| Z‡e mvgwMÖKfv‡e kvnveywχbi Abyev` ivngv‡bi †P‡q fvj GB Kvi‡Y †h Zv js‡d‡jvi g~j w¯úwiU‡K aievi †Póv K‡i Avi evsjvq Zv co‡ZI A‡bK mvejxj †eva nq| ivngvb Avi kvnveywχbi G `ywU Abyev` KvR †_‡K Avgiv eyS‡Z cvwi KweivI memgq KweZvi mdj Abyev`K nb bv| Dwj−wLZ Abyev` `ywUi g‡Zv Av‡iv A‡bK Av‡gwiKvb Bs‡iwR mvwn‡Z¨i Abyev` n‡q‡Q evsjvq. G iKg wKQy D‡j−L‡hvM¨ KvR| w` †MÖcm Ad i¨‡_i He gives his harness bells a shake To ask if there is some mistake. Agv iRbxi c‡_.

†gvZvnvi †nv‡mb †PŠayix Ab~. Silence. msnwZ. 92-3. [Samuel Beckett.. evKwewa. Kexi †PŠayix Ab~. I mvbvDj nK m¤úvw`Z. We’re inexhaustible. GKm‡½ K_v e‡j| G÷ªvMb: cÖ‡Z¨‡K wb‡Ri wb‡Ri m‡½| [bxieZv] f−vwWwgi: Iiv wdmwdm K‡i| G÷ªvMb: kbkb K‡i| f−vwWwgi: ¸b¸b K‡i| G÷ªvMb: kbkb K‡i| [c„. Estragon: All the dead voices. Vladimir: They make a noise like wings. Vladimir: We have our reasons. Avgiv Adziš—| G÷ªvMb: †hb wPš—v Ki‡Z bv nq †mRb¨| f−vwWwgi: †m ARynvZ Avgv‡`i Av‡Q| G÷ªvMb: †hb Avgv‡`i ïb‡Z bv nq †mRb¨| f−vwWwgi: hyw³ Av‡Q Avgv‡`i| G÷ªvMb: mg¯— g„Z Kɯ^i¸‡jv| f−vwWwgi: cvLvi g‡Zv kã K‡i Zviv| G÷ªvMb: cvZvi g‡Zv| f−vwWwgi: evwji g‡Zv| G÷ªvMb: cvZvi g‡Zv| [bxieZv] f−vwWwgi: Iiv mevB. Delhi: Oxford University Press. Estragon: Like leaves. 1981| †Rv‡md †K¤ú‡ej. Zvi †h mylgv. myL. Z‡e A‡bK †¶‡ÎB g~j bvU‡K †QvU †QvU msjvc I Zvi cyYive„wËi †h mshgx eybb Zv‡K a‡i‡Qb `¶Zvi m‡½B| KweZv. wZwb Av¶wiKfv‡eB wek¦¯— †_‡K‡Qb kã. XvKv: evsjv GKv‡Wgx. XvKv: gy³aviv. e¨Äbv I `y¨wZ Zv Avi GKwU fvlvq cÖKvk LyeB KwVb| D`vniY wn‡m‡e †bqv †h‡Z cv‡i bvU‡Ki wØZxq `„‡k¨ mgq KvUv‡bvi Rb¨ wWwW-†Mv‡Mvi (f−vwWwgi-G÷ªvMb) AvjvcPvwiZv: f−vwWwgi: wVK e‡j‡Qv. Estragon: Like leaves. Vladimir: They murmur. wKš‘ Abyev` †h Lye mvejxj I myLcvV¨ n‡q‡Q Zv ejv hv‡e bv| A_©vr. M‡Wvi cÖZx¶vq. LvwjKz¾vgvb Bwjqvm Ab~. mgv‡jvPbv I M`¨mvwn‡Z¨i Abyev`I n‡q‡Q A‡bK| GLv‡b D‡j−L Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i †gvZvnvi †nv‡mb †PŠayix(19031956)K…Z K¬vBf †e‡ji The Civilisation MÖ‡š’i Abyev` mf¨Zv Ges evU©vª Ê iv‡mj (18721970)Gi The Conquest of Happiness(1930) MÖ‡š’i Abyev` myL31. BDwRb IÕbxj. Estragon: It’s so we won’t think. 1995| kvk¦wZKx 20 . Vladimir: Rather they whisper. Estragon: They rustle. Vladimir: We have that excuse. Avi Gi m‡½ RwoZ Zv‡`i AwfÁZv I Rxeb‡eva cÖKvk †c‡Z _v‡K GB †QvÆ bvU‡Ki mgMÖUv Ry‡o| Avi Zvi m‡½ †hvM nq Zv‡`i m¤ú‡K©i ˆecix‡Z¨ jvwK-†cv‡Rvi m¤ú‡K©i RwUj GK m¤ú~iK Øvw›ØKZv| wKš‘ GB †QvÆ †QvÆ msjv‡ci g‡a¨B fvlvi †h m‡e©v”P my²Zg e¨envi. Dcb¨vm BZ¨vw` Abyev‡`i m‡½ m‡½ cÖeÜ. c„. XvKv: Avng` cvewjwks nvDm. wPÎKí †_‡K mvwe©K KvVv‡gvMZ Dcv`vbmg~‡ni cÖwZwU ¯—‡i| wZwb †h memgqB mdj n‡q‡Qb Zv ejv hv‡e bv. Waiting fot Godot. GMv‡iv| m¨vgy‡qj †e‡KU. 81|]30 cÖ‡dmi Kexi †PŠayixi G Abyev‡` m‡ev©”P †Póv n‡q‡Q g~j bvU‡Ki mylgv I cwiwgwZ‡eva‡K aievi. Agv iRbxi c‡_. Estragon: Each one to itself.. 1987.. †cÖg I cwikª‡gi mw¤§j‡b †h m„Rbkxj n‡q DVevi m¤¢vebv Zv A‡bKvs‡k m¤¢vebvB †_‡K †M‡Q| Z‡e Gi g‡a¨I KL‡bv †ewi‡q G‡m‡Q g~j I Abyev` wg‡j †h ï× fvlvi w`‡K †eÄvwgbxq Av`wk©K hvÎv Zvi cÖqvk I AvKzwZ| we‡kl K‡i Zuvi Agv iRbxi c‡_ Abyev‡` i‡q‡Q Ôg‡bi †fZiKvi Mfxi GK ZvwM‡`Õi mv‡_ m„wókxjZvi wek¦¯— cÖKvk| Gi m‡½ D‡j−L¨ cÖ‡dmi Kexi †PŠayixi M‡Wvi cÖZx¶vq(1981)28 Abyev`wU| GwU AvBwik Bs‡iwR †jLK m¨vgy‡qj †e‡KU(1906-1989)Gi Waiting for Godot(1952)29 Gi Abyev`| AvcvZt`„wó‡Z G bvUKwUi Abyev` †ek mnR g‡b nq| †QvU †QvU msjv‡c AZ¨š— mvaviY fvlvq wWwW-†Mv‡Mv bv‡gi `yRb Lye mvaviY gvby‡li cÖZx¶v I Avkvf‡½i nZvkv. cÖ‡dmi wmivRyj Bmjvg †PŠayixK…Z G B nvDmg¨vb(1859-1936)Gi The Name and Nature of Poetry(1933) MÖ‡š’i Abyev` Kv‡e¨i ¯^fve. bvUK. Silence. kvk¦wZKx 19 31 32 Estragon: It’s so we won’t hear.] evU©vª Ê iv‡mj. g~‡ji cÖwZ m¤ú~Y© wek¦¯— †_‡KÓ27 wZwb GwU Abyev` Ki‡Z m‡Pó n‡q‡Qb| 726 c„ôvi G `xN© Abyev` †h fxlY Kómva¨ Zv bv ej‡jI P‡j Ges g~‡ji cÖwZ Zv Av¶wiKfv‡eB wek¦¯—. Kexi †PŠayix Ab~. 1981| bvUKwU ‡e‡KU cÖ_‡g wj‡Lb divwm fvlvq 1948 mv‡j Ges cieZx©‡Z wZwb wb‡RB Bs‡iwR‡Z Abyev` K‡ib| 28 29 30 Vladimir: You’re right. Vladimir: They all speak together. 1989. Estragon: They rustle. pp. wg‡_i kw³. Vladimir: Like sand. XvKv: evsjv GKv‡Wgx.fywgKvq cÖ‡dmi Kexi †PŠayix e‡j‡Qb Òcwikªg I fvjevmvi ms‡M. †h kªg I wbôvi cÖ‡qvRb wQj G Abyev‡` Zvi NvUwZ Av‡Q| cÖ‡dmi LvwjKz¾vgvb Bwjqv‡mi wg‡_i kw³ LyeB Nwbô I kw³kvjx Abyev`| MÖšw’ Ui welqe¯‘i m‡½ mvgÄm¨c~Y© †h ch©v‡qi fvlv I fvlv‰kjx ev ÷vBj cÖ‡qvRb Abyev`K mv_©KZvi mv‡_ ZviB cÖ‡qvM NwU‡q‡Qb Zuvi Abyev‡`| Zuvi Abyev` Avgv‡`i g‡b Kwi‡q †`q mi`vi dRjyj Kwi‡gi The Republic-Gi Abyev‡`i K_v hw`I mi`vi dRjyj Kwi‡gi G Abyev‡`i m‡½ Zzjbxq Abyev` evsjv M`¨ 27 . cÖ‡dmi LvwjKz¾vgvb BwjqvmK…Z †Rv‡md †K¤ú‡ej-Gi The Power 32 of Myth(1988)Gi Abyev` wg‡_i kw³ Ges †Lv›`Kvi Avkivd †nv‡mbK…Z †Uwi CMjU‡bi Literary Theory-Gi Abyev` mvwnZ¨ZË¡| G¸‡jvi g‡a¨ Kv‡e¨i ¯^fve I mvwnZ¨ZË¡ mvivmwi mvwnZ¨ I mvwnZ¨-mgv‡jvPbv welqK MÖš’| Kv‡e¨i ¯^fve-G cÖ‡dmi wmivRyj Bmjvg †PŠayix Zuvi wbR¯^ evsjv M`¨iPbv‰kjxi cÖ‡qv‡M nvDmg¨v‡bi Kve¨welqK RwUj aviYv¸‡jv‡K Abyev` K‡i‡Qb Lye mvejxj I †Pbv fvlvq| Ab¨w`‡K †Lv›`Kvi Avkivd †nv‡m‡bi mvwnZ¨ZË¡ g~‡ji cÖwZ Lye wek¦¯— n‡jI gv‡Sgv‡SB Gi evsjv AcwiwPZ n‡q I‡V| CwWcvmGi m„Rbkxj Abyev`K Avkivd †nv‡mb‡K GB Abyev‡` cvIqv hvq bv| cwðgv mvwnZ¨mgv‡jvPbvi mv¤cÖwZK fvlv I fw½ G‡Zv cwiewZ©Z n‡q D‡V‡Q Ges G‡Zv †ewkiKg cwifvlvi m„wó n‡q‡Q †h Zvi mgv_©K I cÖwZ¯úax© cwifvlv I cÖKvkfw½ evsjvq Lu‡y R cvIqv A‡bK mgq KwVb| Avkivd †nv‡m‡bi Abyev` mvejxj bv nIqvi GwU GKwU KviY n‡Z cv‡i| Z‡e Abyev`wU co‡Z co‡Z GUvI g‡b n‡Z cv‡i †h GwU GKwU digv‡qwm KvR.

wKš‘ evsjv Abyev‡` Dcb¨v‡mi bvg †_‡K Av‡iv hv wKQy cwieZ©b N‡U‡Q Zv‡Z cvVK-evÜe Abyev` n‡jI g~j Kv‡Ri m‡½ Gi m¤úK©‡K KÈwKZ K‡i Ges AvbIqvi wi`Iqv‡bi †P‡q Abyev`K cÖavb n‡q I‡Vb| G‡Z Abyev` wel‡q m„RbkxjZvi mv‡_ wek¦¯Z — vi †h Øvw›ØK I GKB m‡½ m¤ú~iK m¤úK©. Ges g~‡ji Abyiƒc GKwU Av‡gR ˆZix K‡i Ab~w`Z KvRwUGwU Abyev`‡Ki m„RbkxjZvi GKwU cwiPq ejv hvq. `¶Zv I †evaeyw×i mgš^q mvab| Avi Gi m‡½ `iKvi Abyev`m¤úwK©Z wewfbœ a¨vb-aviYvi cvV I Ab~w`Z MÖšm ’ g~‡ni m‡½ Nwbôfv‡e †e‡o IVv Abyev`mgv‡jvPbv. XvKv: evsjv GKv‡Wgx. myL. 1994| 34 35 37 Hermann Hesse. This translation was first published by Peter Owen Ltd. New Delhi: Rupa & Co. A_© I mg‡qi w`K †_‡K e¨q-mv‡c¶ I `xN©‡gqvw` Abyev` cÖ¯w‘ Z. DrK…ó Abyev`‡Ki GwU PwiÎj¶Y| wØZxqZ. 1994| †nigvb †nm. wbe©vP‡bi KviY I D‡Ïk¨ mywbw`©ó Kievi cvkvcvwk mvgwMÖK GB cwiKíbvi m‡½ e¨w³-Abyev`‡Ki †hvM¨Zv. ÒAbyev‡` m„RbkxjZvi mxgvbvÓ. †h cÖ¯w‘ Zi GKwU w`K mvwnZ¨‡evam¤úbœ Abyev`‡Ki `xN© mg‡qi †Póv I AwfÁZvq `ywU fvlvq mgvb `¶Zvi m‡½ †e‡o IVv| Avi GKwU w`K n‡”Q miKvix ev †emiKvix ch©v‡q wewfbœ ms¯’v ev mw¤§j‡bi gva¨‡g mwVK e¨e¯’v. ZZB Zv m„Rbkxj wek¦¯Z — vq †gŠwjK n‡q D‡V| ZvB m„Rbkxj †gŠwjKZv i‡q‡Q Abyev`‡Ki †mB ¯^vaxbZvq hv g~‡ji m‡½ ˆZix K‡i Nwbô wek¦¯Z — v I mgc©‡Yi m‡½ Øvw›ØK m¤ú~iKZv. Abyev` M‡elYvcwÎKv BZ¨vw`i wbqwgZ cÖKv‡ki g‡a¨ w`‡qB †Kej m¤¢e| D‡j−L¨ : cÖeÜwU evsjv GKv‡Wgx KZ©K „ fvlv w`em Dcj‡¶ Av‡qvwRZ GKwU †mwgbv‡i cvV Kiv nq| 33 evU©ªvÊ iv‡mj. 1954. GKwU wek¦¯Z — vi Avi GKwU m„Rbkxj ¯^vaxbZvi. Rvdi Avjg Ab~.. Hilda Rosner trans. Q| AvbIqvi wi`Iqvb. Avi G Kvi‡YB †gvZvnvi †nv‡m‡bi Abyev` G‡Zv ¯^”Q›`.. †gvnv¤§` nvi“b-Di-iwk` Ab~. w`K-wb‡`©kbv I Kg©-cwiKíbvi mv‡_ Abyev` wbe©vPb. mvwn‡Z¨ †gŠwjK mvwnZ¨ e‡jB wKQy †bB| eis mvwnZ¨ m„wó I †e‡o IVv wewfbœ ixwZ I cÖ_vi MÖnY-eR©b I AvZ¥¯’xKi‡YiB bvgvš—i| eis †Kv‡bv GKwU mvwnZ¨Kg© hZ †ewkevi †Kv‡bv GKwU fvlvq Ab~w`Z nq. ZZB Zv Av`wk©K m„RbkxjZvi KvQvKvwQ Avm‡Z _v‡K. XvKv: wek¦mvwnZ¨ †K›`ª. nvmvb eqvwZi myL`ytL. hv wewfbœ ch©v‡qi Abyev` ms¯’v I Zv‡`i Abyev` welqK Rvb©vj. hv GK Mfxi †cÖ‡gi †eva‡K (reading: an intense act of love) K‡i †Zv‡j cÖKvkgyLiZvq fv¯^i| wKš‘ GB Nwbô †cÖg‡ev‡ai m‡½ Zv‡K cÖKvkgyLiZvq fv¯^i n‡Z n‡j `iKvi nq †h `ywU wRwbm Zv‡K ˆmq` gbRyi“j Bmjvg a‡i‡Qb Gfv‡e: m„RbkxjZv Abyev‡` Avm‡Z cv‡i `yB fv‡eg~j KvRwU myPvi“fv‡e fvlvš—wiZ K‡i. 2004). hv‡Z g~‡ji fve-fvebv ˆkjx I Avw½K hZUv m¤¢e wek¦¯f — v‡e aiv c‡o Abyev‡`. ÔcÖm½-K_v'. Avm‡j GKB wel‡qi `ywU wfbœgyLx ˆewkó¨ hv cvi¯úvwiK Øvw›ØK m¤ú~iKZvq m¤úwK©Z| m¤ú~iKZvi GB kZ©¸‡jv‡K c~iY K‡i mv_©K Abyev` Kv‡R eªZx n‡Z n‡j Abyev`K I Abyev‡`i m‡½ mswk−ó e¨w³ ev cÖwZôv‡bi wKQy cÖvK-kZ© c~iY ev cÖvmw½K cÖ¯w‘ Z Ri“ix| GB cÖ¯‘wZi GKwU w`K n‡”Q. wm×v_©. GKz‡ki cÖeÜ Õ95. g~j KvR‡K mvg‡b †i‡L A_©vr Zvi ˆkwíK gvb I Av`‡k©i cÖwZ g‡bv‡hvMx n‡q Zvi g~j e¨Äbv I Av‡e`‡bi mxgvbvwU cÖk¯— Kiv Ges GKB m‡½ Ab~w`Z fvlvq wk‡ívËxY© nIqvi gva¨‡g| GwU wbtm‡›`‡n m„RbkxjZvq GKwU DËiY|38 ˆmq` gbRyi“j Bmjv‡gi GB `ywU w`K. †evSv hvq cÖ‡dmi iwk` Pwi‡Îi bvgmn A‡bKwKQy cv‡ë w`‡q‡Qb Dcb¨vmwU‡K evsjv cvV‡Ki KvQvKvwQ Avbevi Rb¨| G Abyev` we‡kl K‡i ¸i“Z¡c~Y© G Kvi‡Y †h ÒGwU m¤¢eZ evsjv fvlvq Ab~w`Z Ges cÖKvwkZ cÖ_g gvj‡qkxq Dcb¨vm|"36 wKš‘ wZwb g~j Dcb¨v‡mi bvg w`‡q‡Qb n¨vwi A¨vfwjsK…Z Bs‡iwR Abyev` The Last Days of an Artist| G ai‡bi Abyev‡`i Abyev` AMÖnY‡hvM¨ bq KviY c„w_exi me fvlv Avgv‡`i Rvbv m¤¢e bq. Siddhartha. XvKv: evsjv GKv‡Wgx. GB eB[`yLvwb] Zuv‡K GiKgfv‡e gy» I †gvwnZ K‡iwQj †h Zvi Abyev` bv K‡i Zuvi Dcvq wQj bv|33 g~‡ji cÖwZ GB †h gy»Zv Zvi h_vh_ cÖKvkB Abyev`‡K K‡i wek¦¯— I m„Rbkxj. 2003 (rpt. kvk¦wZKx 21 38 ˆmq` gbRyi“j Bmjvg. wbweo I myLcvV¨| Gi m‡½ Avi GK ai‡bi Abyev‡`i K_v D‡V Av‡m †h¸‡jv †ek fvj Ges D‡j−L‡hvM¨ Abyev` nIqv m‡Ë¡I g~‡ji mv‡_ Zv‡`i wek¦¯Z — vi welqwU mgm¨vc~Y©| D`vniY wn‡m‡e ejv †h‡Z cv‡i cÖ‡dmi †gvnv¤§` nvi“b-Ai-iwk‡`i nvmvb eqvwZi myL`ytL(1994)34 Ges Rvdi Avj‡gi wm×v_©(2002)35| gvj‡qkxq Dcb¨vwmK AvbIqvi wi`Iqv‡bi cÖ_g Dcb¨vm nvmvb eqvwZi myL`ytL evsjvq co‡Z †ek mvejxj. nvmvb eqvwZi myL`ytL. 2002| 36 AvbIqvi wi`Iqvb. A_ev Nywi‡q ejv P‡j.. †gvnv¤§` nvi“b-Di-iwk` Ab~. 180| kvk¦wZKx 22 . 1995. c„. XvKv: evsjv GKv‡Wgx.Abyev` mvwn‡Z¨ weij| Z‡e †gvZvnvi †nv‡mb †PŠayixi Abyev‡`i K_v we‡kl K‡i ¯§iY Ki‡ZB nq KviY Zuvi mf¨Zv I myL-Gi Abyev` GKUz e¨wZµgagx©| Zuvi Abyev``ywU g~‡ji cÖwZ wek¦¯— wKš‘ wZwb Abyev‡`i duv‡K duv‡K cÖvqB wbR¯^ gZvgZ‡K †Mu‡_ w`‡q‡Qb| †m Kvi‡Y G MÖš’`ywU Abyev` I Av‡jvPbvi GK Awfbe mw¤§jb| myL-Gi m¤úv`K mvbvDj nK Zuvi f~wgKvq G cÖm‡½ e‡jb: GB cy¯K — [`ywU‡Z] wbðq †gvZvnvi †nv‡mb †PŠayix Zuvi Av`‡k©i I fvebv-†e`bvi cÖwZaŸwb ïb‡Z †c‡qwQ‡jb. Abyev`K I evsjv GKv‡Wgxi g‡Zv cÖwZôv‡bi †m wel‡q Ag‡bv‡hvwMZv cÖKvk cvq| Rvdi Avj‡gi wm×v_©-G GB mgm¨vwU Av‡iv cÖKU| Rvg©vb †jLK †nigvb †n‡mi Dcb¨vm wm×v_© wZwb Rvg©vb †_‡K bvwK Bs‡iwR †_‡K Abyev` K‡i‡Qb Zv †Kv_vI D‡j−L K‡ibwb| Z‡e Zuvi ÔAbyev`‡Ki K_vÕ c‡o a‡i †bqv hvq †h GwU Bs‡iwR Abyev‡`i Abyev`| wKš‘ †Kvb Bs‡iwR Abyev`‡K wZwb AbymiY K‡i‡Qb ZviI †Kv‡bv D‡j−L †bB| m¤¢eZ wnjWv †ivmbvi-Gi Abyev`‡K37 a‡iB n‡q‡Q G evsjv Abyev`| Abyev`‡Ki GB Ae‡njv ev m‡PZb Gwo‡q hvIqv LyeB `ytLRbK| g~‡ji cÖwZ Abyev` I Abyev`‡Ki m¤úK© welqK GB †h Ae‡njv (†Kvb †Kvb †¶‡Î AmZZvI e‡U) Zv evsjv‡`‡ki Abyev` mvwn‡Z¨i GKwU mvgvb¨ j¶Y| g~j †_‡K m‡i Avmv ev Abyev`‡Ki B‡”Q g‡Zv g~j‡K Abyev‡` Dc¯’vcb Kivi g‡a¨ †Kvb m„Rbkxj †gŠwjKZv †bB| †gŠwjK Abyev` gv‡b cÖ_g Abyev` bq ev cvVK-evÜe Abyev` bq| ev¯—weK A‡_©.. c„.

†mB›U †R‡ivg †_‡K cieZx© GKnvRvi eQi evB‡ej Abyev‡`i m~‡ÎB Abyev‡`i bvbv mgm¨v. wKš‘ Zv k㸇jv ûeû AbymiY bv K‡i eis Zvi A_©‡K AbymiY K‡ib| KL‡bv-KL‡bv cy‡iv evK¨vsk wKsev evK¨I cv‡ë †h‡Z cv‡i| GwU †gvUvgywU wek¦¯. Zv AbymiYxq-wPš—¨bxq n‡q‡Q cieZx©Kv‡j. AwZ-Av¶wiK n‡q †Mj. ag©Mš Ö ’ wKsev ag©m¤úwKZ welq Abyev‡`i †¶‡Î †h‡Kv‡bv †eqvovcbv †h ao †_‡K Kj−v bvwg‡q †`qvi e¨e¯’v Ki‡Z cv‡i. Rvb‡Z nq Zvui †UªW. KvwiMwi I †KivgwZ| wKš‘ `yt‡Li welq. †ewk KvQvKvwQ G‡j †jv‡K g›` e‡j. Avgv‡`i †`‡ki A‡bK ÔweL¨vZÕ Abyev`KI †mB LeivLei iv‡Lb bv| †gvUvgywU `y‡Uv fvlv Rvb‡jB. †Kbbv M`¨fvlv †ewk w`wj−wM K‡i bv cvV‡Ki mv‡_ Ñ A‡_©i †gvU bvwg‡q w`‡q gRywi PzwK‡q wb‡q P‡j hvq| †hme kã j¶¨fvlvq mwVK cÖwZkã Ly‡u R cvqbv. iex›`ªbv_ bq. Gu‡`i g‡a¨ Bs‡iwRi Aa¨vcK Av‡Qb. wL÷xq PZz_© kZvãx‡Z †mB›U †R‡ivg evB‡ej Abyev`m~‡Î †hme K_v wj‡LwQ‡jb f~wgKvq. †mB wPicwiwPZ g~jvbyMZv-wek¦¯Z — v¯^vaxbZvi mgm¨vwU wewfbœfv‡e Av‡jvwPZ I Av‡jvwoZ n‡q‡Q| Avi †hLv‡b hZ ¯^vaxbZvi gnov †`qv hvK bv †Kb. †`Lv hv‡e g~‡ji mv‡_ Zvi `~ivš^q N‡U †M‡Q. †hwU Avgvi †ek K‡qKRb ewn‡`©kxq eÜz cQ›` K‡i‡Qb : “Translators are failed wizards: they regularly metamorphose princesses into piggies (and rarely the other way round!)Ó A‡b‡K fv‡eb Abyev‡`i †Kv‡bv wbw`©ó ZË¡ †bB| GK`g fyj K_v : wekkZ‡Ki cy‡ivUv Ry‡o we‡k¦i bvbv wek¦we`¨vj‡q Translation Studies bv‡g GKwU we`¨v cov‡bv n‡q‡Q. GKKv‡j wek¦we`¨vj‡q-Bs‡iwR-cov AemicÖvß Avgjv Ges G‡Kev‡i Ab¨RM‡Zi gvbylI Av‡Qb hvuiv iex›`ªbv‡_i KweZvi Bs‡iwR Abyev‡`i †Kv‡kk K‡i‡Qb. DBwjqvg KvDwj. Zvu‡`i g‡a¨ i‡q‡Q Ggbme bgm¨ bvg: i“k Avw½Kev`x gyKvifw¯‹ Ges f‡jvwmbf. Avevi `~ieZx© n‡j Awek¦¯Z — vi Aby‡hvM| M‡`¨i †ejv †hgb-†Zgb. Ges †m-eB eMj`vev K‡i bvbv mvwnZ¨mfvq nvwRiv w`‡q‡Qb| †Kb Zvuiv GB K‡g© D‡`¨vMx n‡q‡Qb. Zvuiv e‡jb. Ab¨ K_vq Zvui wPš—vi iƒc‡iLv‡K. hvi djvdj cÖvqk AwbwðZ. c„w_ex‡Z Abyev` e‡j wKQz †bB. wVK †i‡LwQ. Ges Zvu‡K cywo‡q gviv nq| Abyev‡` g~‡ji Kzj ivL‡ev. ‘imitation’: AbK…wZ : kvwãK Ges fveMZ mvhyR¨ Dfq‡K wemR©b †`qv nq| GwU ¯^vaxb Abyev` bv AbymiY. Avnv. AvR‡Ki w`‡bi Abyev`K‡KI GKBfv‡e cxwoZ K‡i| wm‡m‡iv Zvui De optimo genere oratorum-G wMÖK evM¥x w`g‡¯’‡b‡mi e³…Zvi ZiRgv K‡iwQ‡jb | †mLv‡b Ôword for word’ bv ‘sense for sense’ Abyev` Ki‡eb †m-wm×vš— Zvu‡K wb‡Z n‡q‡Q : ÒAvwg w`g‡¯’‡b‡mi aviYv¸‡jv‡K. ‘paraphrase’: Gai‡bi Abyev‡` Abyev`K wKwÂr ¯^vaxb : Abyev`K g~j †jLK‡K me©¶Y †Pv‡Li †KvYvq iv‡Lb. GKB wØfvRb‡K bvbv ZvwË¡K Avj‡Lj−v cwi‡q mvg‡b G‡b‡Qb| †K †bB †mB wgwQ‡j : gvwU©b jy_vi †_‡K Bs‡iR Rb WªvB‡Wb. Av‡jKRvÛvi †d«Rvi UvBUjvi. Òiex›`ªmvwnZ¨‡K wek¦mfvq cwiwPZ Ki‡Z PvB|Ó wKš‘ GB ¯^v‡ivwcZ gnvb `vwqZ¡ cvj‡bi ¶gZv Zvu‡`i Av‡Q wK †bB Zv Zvuiv fv‡eb bv| Avmj K_v. mZxZ¡ m‡Ë¡I mxZv‡K cvZvjcÖ‡ek Ki‡Z nq| m¤cÖwZ Avgvi wb‡Ri KweZvi Bs‡iwR iƒcvš—i Ki‡Z wM‡q ey‡SwQ. k−vqvigvLvi †_‡K †bvg Pgw¯‹| WªvB‡Wb †h Abyev`‡K wZb †kªYx‡Z fvM K‡iwQ‡jb †mwU †ek Av‡jKm¤úvZx e‡j g‡b nq| 1. wKš‘ iƒ‡c fywj‡q cvVK‡K g~‡ji K_vch©š— fywj‡q w`‡Z cv‡i †m| Avevi g~jvbyM Abyev` Ki‡Z wM‡q Ggb e`&LZ fvlv Avi Pjrkw³nxb evK¨eÜ eqb K‡ib †Kv‡bv-†Kv‡bv Abyev`K †h. hvui eB¸‡jv evsjv‡`‡ki wewfbœ wek¦we`¨vj‡qI cov‡bv nq| myZivs Abyev` ïay Abyev`‡Ki Lvg‡Lqv‡ji Lv‡j †Lqv‡bŠKv fvmv‡bv bq| GKRb Abyev`K‡K n‡Z nq cÖwkw¶Z. eB †ei K‡i‡Qb. Avi nv‡Z wKQz Aemi _vK‡jB ÔAvwg bvee gnvKve¨ msiP‡bÕ-ai‡bi †Rvk wb‡q ZiRgvi gv‡V bvgv DwPr bq| G cÖm‡½ ewj. wKš‘ Zv cwi‡ekb K‡iwQ Ggb fvlvq hv Avgv‡`i e¨envwiK fvlvi mv‡_ mvhyR¨c~Y©| Ges Zv Ki‡Z wM‡q Avwg †KejB k‡ãi e`‡j kã emvBwb. KweZvi †ejvq NUbv Av‡iv †kvPbv‡hvM¨ : ievU© d«÷ †hgb e‡j‡Qb. nv‡ji Kv‡ji qvKemb. eis fvlvi mvaviY fw½ Ges kw³‡K eRvq †i‡LwQ|Ó AvR‡Ki w`‡bi Abyev‡`i Av`k©I m¤¢eZ GiKgB nIqv DwPr| wm‡m‡ivi ci MZ `yB nvRvi eQi Abyev`ZvwË¡Kiv H GKwU cÖ‡kœi A_©vr g~jvbyMZv-wek¦¯Z — vi dqmvjv wb‡q bvbv Kvq`v evr†j‡Qb. bv mnR‡eva¨Zvi k¨vg ivL‡ev Ñ GB mgm¨v wm‡m‡iv‡K cxwoZ K‡i‡Q. wjfvB| AvR‡Ki w`‡bi Abyev`Z‡Ë¡ GKwU Awbevh© bvg myRvb †em‡bU&. cÖvM fvlvZvwË¡K Abye‡Z©i m`m¨ wek¦L¨vZ fvlvZË¡we` †ivgvb qvKemb Ges Z`xq wkl¨ †R. Zv wb‡q gZ‡f` Av‡Q| Avgv‡`i †`‡k wZbai‡bi Abyev‡`i bgybvB wgj‡e| Av¶wiK Abyev` M‡`¨i †ejvq cÖPiz †`Lv hvq : †mLv‡b wec`I Kg. wek¦¯i— v my›`ix| †hŠb‰elg¨MÜx H cÖev` Abyev‡`i †ejvq cy‡ivcywi Lv‡U| †mB Abyev`‡KB †jv‡K fv‡jv e‡j hv wbR¸‡YB AvKl©Yxq. †g‡c †`‡Lv †`‡ni IRb nvwi‡q‡Q AZUzKB| Zv. Gi bvbv †KŠkj. Avgv‡`i †`‡k wKQz Bs‡iwRgb¨ †jvK. †mLv‡b near-equivalent w`‡q KvR Pvjv‡bv hvq| wKš‘ KweZv wKsev Kve¨gwÊZ iPbvi kvk¦wZKx 24 . Av‡Q iƒcvš—i wKsev m„Rbkxj bevqb| †mm¤ú‡K© wKQz c‡i wKwÂr eqvb Ki‡ev| Z‡e Avgvi †mB Bs‡iwR iƒcvš—ig~jK eB‡qi f~wgKvq GKUv K_v wj‡LwQjvg.cÖwZ‡ekx‡`i Kv‡Q cwiwPZ Kiv‡bvUvB gyL¨| GBme †mŠwLb gR`yi-Abyev`‡Ki GK`g cÖ‡qvRb †bB iex›`ªbv‡_i wKsev e½mvwn‡Z¨i : iex›`ªbv_ gvkvj−v wbRK…Z Abyev‡`i ¸‡YB wek¦mfvq cwiwPZ I cyi¯‹Z … n‡qwQ‡jb| †Lv›`Kvi Avkivd †nv‡mb ZiRgvi RgvLiP Abyev`‡K ejv hvq GK Am¤¢‡ei Avivabv. ‘metaphrase’ : ‘word for word and line by line’ translation hv‡K ejv hvq Av¶wiK Abyev`| 2. GgbwK wesk kZvãx‡ZI| cÖm½Z ewj. hvi †cQ‡b i‡q‡Q bvbv Abyev`ZvwË¡‡Ki Ae`vb| wekkZ‡Ki Abyev`-Aa¨q‡b ZvwË¡K mn‡hvM wQj hvu‡`i. ZviI bgybv BwZnv‡m Av‡Q&| Etienne Dolet bv‡gi divwm Abyev`K †c−‡Uvi GKwU msjv‡c Ck¦im¤úwK©Z GKwU we‡kl‡Yi GKUz ¯^vaxb ZiRgv Kivq mi‡evb© wek¦we`¨vj‡qi ag©ZË¡ wefvM Zvui g„Z¨z `Ê †NvlYv K‡i. AvwK©wgwW‡mi eûkÖ“Z m~ÎÑ ev_&Uve Dc‡P †hUzKz Rj c‡o †Mj. GB nviv‡bvUv‡K hw` Awbevh© e‡j cÖ_‡gB Keyj K‡i †bB Zvn‡j †ewk †L` _v‡K bv| Abyev` KL‡bv cy‡ivcywi mv_©K n‡e bv : my›`ix igYxiv bvwK wek¦¯— nq bv. Ges me©vwaK mvdj¨ e‡j cwigvc‡hvM¨ wKQz †bB| g~‡ji mv‡_ Abyev‡`i GK Ôbq bq gayi †LjvÕ. BDwRb wbWv.— ‘sense for sense’ Abyev`| 3. Zvu‡`i‡K wR‡M¨m Kiv n‡j. wb‡R‡K wek¦mfvq bv †nvK Aš—Z kvk¦wZKx 23 Abyev‡`i BwZnvm Aš—Z `yB nvRvi eQ‡ii| wLª÷c~e© cÖ_g kZ‡K †ivgvb cwÊZ wm‡m‡iv I †nv‡im Abyev‡`i welq-Avkq wb‡q Av‡jvPbv K‡iwQ‡jb. ÔKweZv ZvB hv Abyev‡` nvwi‡q hvq|Õ †hb.

†Kbbv gvSLv‡b †h `y¯i— b`x e‡q hvq! Avgvi A‡_©i fvivi fivWywe NU‡e bv‡Zv GB cvivcv‡ii mgq? Pgw¯‹i weL¨vZ iƒcvš—ig~jK-mÄbbx e¨vKiY †_‡K m~Î AvniY K‡i BDwRb wbWv GKwU mgvavb-g‡Wj `vuo Kwi‡q‡Qb G iKg: Language)-Gi 1. K_v e‡jwQjvg. H Avuav‡ii ew›`bx‡K. weåvU N‡U Ab¨ÎI| GKwU mvwnZ¨Kg© GKwU mvs¯‹…wZK cwigÊj‡KI wew¤^Z K‡i| †mB cwigÊj m¤ú‡K© Ávb bv _vK‡j Abyev`K wec`MÖ¯— nb mn‡RB| K‡qKeQi Av‡M Rxebvb›` `v‡ki KweZvi Bs‡iwR Abyev` Ki‡Z wM‡q GK Abyev`K ÔwmÜzmvimÕ kãwUi Abyev` K‡iwQ‡jb The Indus Stork : wmÜz ej‡Z wZwb mgy`ª bv ey‡S cvwK¯—v‡bi wmÜz b`x ey‡SwQ‡jb| Ònq‡Zvev nuvm n‡evÑ wK‡kvixiÑ NyOiy iwn‡e jvj cvqÓ-Gi Abyev` Ki‡Z wM‡q weåv‡U c‡o ïi“‡Z †f‡ewQ‡jb. ev ÒI RvqMvUvB‡Zv weua‡QÓ. n‡qB P‡j‡Q| G¸‡jv m„Rbkxj AbyKw… Zi D`vniY| †ei‡Uvë †eªk‡Ui Herr Puntilla n‡q‡Q Ô†`Iqvb MvRxi wKmmvÕ. Structuralism Gi evsjv wK msMVbev`. Abyev`ZvwË¡Kiv hvi bvg w`‡q‡Qb Equivalence. †m¸‡jvI AbyK…wZi D`vniY| Avi AvRKvj †Zv ni`g iƒcvš—ig~jK Abyev`. ev‡K¨i Aš—wb©wnZ deep Structure †K Zz‡j Transformational rule Drmfvlvi H deep structure-†K j¶¨fvlvi deep structure-G iƒcvš—i Ki‡e. †Kbbv KweZvi †h‡nZz bvbv A_© m¤¢e. AZtci †hb Uv‡bj w`‡q †cŠuQvI j¶¨fvlvi cvZv‡j| †mLv‡b †`L‡e GKB iKg A‡_©i ivRKb¨v Nywg‡q Av‡Q| i~cvi KvwV eywj‡q Zv‡K. Z_v e¨_© Abyev`‡Ki. Zvici †mB †`¨vZbv‡K j¶¨fvlvq ¯’vbš—i Kiv †ek Avqvmmva¨| Avi GB Kv‡R Abyev`‡K-Abyev`‡K N‡U hvq we¯—i e¨eavb. GKUz Av‡M †h e¨_© hv`yK‡ii. ‘phallogocentrism’. ‘phallogocularcentrism’ ‘ideologeme’.To be or not to be-Gi Abyev` Ki‡Z wM‡q GKwU gRvi KvÊ K‡iwQ‡jb| H ¯^M‡Zvw³i GK RvqMvq Av‡QÑ ‘Aye. cvwÊZ¨c~Y© MÖšv’ w`iI cvVKevÜe Abyev` nIqvUvB n‡e mgxPxb| cvwÊZ¨c~Y© MÖšv’ w` Abyev‡` GKwU e‡ov mgm¨v cwifvlv| cwifvlv cÖvqk Ggb `y‡ev©a¨ nq †h Zv‡K cix‡`i fvlv e‡jB g‡b nq| Avi me Abyev`K GKB cwifvlv e¨envi K‡ib bv e‡j RwUjZv Av‡iv ev‡o| evsjvfvlvq mvwnZ¨Z‡Ë¡i Abyev` ïi“ n‡q‡Q †`o`kK a‡i| GLbI Bs‡iwR Deconstruction kãwUi me©MvÖ n¨ cÖwZkã †bB| †KD wj‡Lb wewbg©vY.`yjR y MvËvwi‡`i ZË¡vewj evsjvq Abyev` Ki‡Z †M‡j I¸‡jvi evsjv jvM‡e| Bs‡iwR‡Z iwPZ kvk¦wZKx 26 . Ab¨wU Dynamic equivalence-Gi AbymÜvb| cÖ_‡gv³ †¶‡Î. Phrase Structure rule–Drm-fvlvi Avb‡e. Abyev`K wjL‡jb.†ejvq N‡U Avmj wec` : Kwei g~j A‡_©i †`¨vZbv‡K aiv mnR KvR bq. 2. we‡klZ bvU‡Ki †¶‡Î. AwZ-mvay AwZwek¦¯— cwÊwZ Abyev‡`i †P‡q Kvh©Kifv‡e Kgy¨wb‡KwUf. †mwU wQj ¯^vaxb Abyev‡`i bgybv| AMwYZ cyw_Kvi cvim¨Kwe †bRvgxi wkwi-dinv` Avi jvqjx-gRbyi Abyev` K‡i wb‡R‡`i Kve¨ wn‡m‡e Pvwj‡q‡Qb. hw`I e¯‘Z nvu‡mi jvj cv‡q NyOiy Ñ wcÖq nvu‡mi cv‡q wK‡kvixiv KL‡bv-KL‡bv NyOyi †eu‡a w`‡q _v‡K| MÖv‡gi Rxeb m¤ú‡K© AwfÁZv _vK‡j G‡¶‡Î Abyev`‡Ki †h myweav n‡Zv Zv wbtm‡›`‡n ejv hvq| evsjvfvlvq Abyev‡`i BwZnvm cÖvPxb| ga¨hy‡M AvjvIj †h wn›`x Kwe Rqmxi c`ygver Abyev` K‡iwQ‡jb cÙveZx iƒ‡c. †mB †Póvq mgwc©Z _v‡Kb Abyev`K| cwiYv‡g Av¶wiKZvi `ybv© g wKQzUv n‡jI ÔZrmgÕ nIqvi cÖwZdwjZ †MŠi‡ei †iv`UzKz †cvnv‡Z cv‡ib fv‡jvB| Gai‡bi Abyev` †jLKevÜe| Ab¨w`‡K Dynamic equivalence-Gi Abya¨vqx Abyev`K Kx Pvb? wZwb Pvb g~jfvlvfvlx cvVK †h-Z_¨ ev †h-Aby‡`¨vZbv jvf KiZ. KvVv‡gvev`. †k·cxq‡ii n¨vg‡jU bvU‡Ki weL¨vZ soliloquy. NyOyi eywS wK‡kvixi cv‡q. GB kã mg~‡ni evsjv Kx n‡e? : ‘alterity’. †mLv‡bB †Zv NlvNwl|Õ iex›`ªKv‡e¨i Abyev`K Ugmb mv‡neI GiKgfv‡eB ÔAiƒciZbÕ kãwUi A_© K‡iwQ‡jb ‘ugly gem’! ïay k‡ãi A_©weåvU bq. MVbev`. wKš‘ bvg ejwQ bv. wKsev D‡o G‡m Ry‡o e‡m. evsjvfvlvi c‡¶ mnR-myfM cÖKvkfw½‡Z Abyev` nIqvB evÃbxq e‡j g‡b nq| Avgv‡`i †`‡ki wk¶ve¨e¯’v I mvaviY cvV‡Ki gbb¯—i wePv‡i wb‡j g‡b nq. Abyev`K g~j †U·U‡K cÖYg¨ a‡i wb‡q Zvi DÏxó fvlv‡K DVv‡Z Pvb g~j fvlvi KvQvKvwQ| Zv‡Z cÖ‡qvR‡b g~‡ji kã ev evK¨‡K cÖvÄj Kivi R‡b¨ cÖ‡qvRb nq UxKv-wUàbxi| Drm-†U·‡Ui ï×Zv‡K gnvgwng a‡i †mwU‡K eRvq ivLvi Rb¨ cÖvYvš— K‡ib Abyev`K| Gai‡bi Abyev` †ek cvwÊZ¨c~Y© I A¨vKv‡WwgK ai‡bi n‡q _v‡K| cvVK †hb g~j fvlvi IR¯^xZv-`xwß-Kvi“Y¨-jveY¨‡K Dcjwä Ki‡Z cv‡ib. Zv‡ZI c‡ivqv †bB| G-c×wZwU n‡”Q cvVKevÜe| g~‡ji †U·U‡K DÏxó fvlvi cvV‡Ki †ev‡ai KvQvKvQ bvwg‡q Avb‡Z †Póv K‡ib Abyev`K| Avgv‡`i †`‡ki Abyev`Kiv †Kvb cš’v Aej¤^b Ki‡eb. j¶¨fvlvi cvVK Ab~w`Z-†U·U †_‡K GKB Z_¨ ev Aby‡`¨vZbv †hb cvq| †mRb¨ g~j-†U·‡Ui mv‡_ Zvi m¤úK© nq Z™¢eZvi: †n_v†nv_v `y‡qKUv kã ev evK¨ GgbwK GKUv ¯—eK ch©š— hw` Mv‡qe n‡q hvq. A_©vr SL (Source Language)-Gi wbwnZv_©‡K TL (Target ¯’vbvš—i Ki‡ev. bvwK cwðge½xq åvZviv †hgb wj‡LbÑAvKiYev`? nvB‡WMvi-Kw_Z WvRvBb-Gi evsjv Kx Aw¯—Ëe¡ v`? Zvn‡j Existentialism-Gi Kx n‡e? †Uwi CMjU‡bi wjUvivwi w_‡qvwii evsjv Abyev` Ki‡Z wM‡q †Ui †c‡qwQ cwifvlvi Kx †kvPbxq Afve| evsjv GKv‡Wgx cÖKvwkZ `k©bcwifvlv‡Kvl wKQz`~i mnvqZv w`‡jI cy‡ivUv cv‡i bv| mvwnZ¨Z‡Ë¡i g‡Zv me©vaywbK ÁvbkvLvi we¯—xY©gvb kãfvÊvi GKwU cwifvlv‡Kv‡li cÖ‡qvRbxqZv‡K Awbevh© K‡i Zz‡j‡QÑRvwb bv †mwU KLb iwPZ n‡e| D`vniY¯^iƒc. Avgv‡K G cÖkœ Kiv n‡j Avwg wØZxq cš’vi w`‡KB †fvU †`‡ev| AwZ UxKv-KÈwKZ. h_v‡hvM¨ †Pnvivq Dci-c„w_ex‡Z wb‡q G‡mv| Z‡eB Zzwg cv‡e †mB wRwbm. wZwbI weL¨vZ. †KD Awewbg©vY. there is the rub’ -Ò†mLv‡bB‡Zv mgm¨vÓ. 3. Ôn¨vu. Zvi nv‡Z co‡j Aek¨ cvZvjevwmbx ivRKb¨v ïKixi iƒ‡cI Avwef©Z ~ v n‡Z cv‡ib| Equivalence-Gi K_v hLb DV‡jv ZLb cÖm½Z ewj. wbWv Abyev`‡Ki cÖqvm‡K `yÕfv‡e eY©bv Ki‡Z Pvb| GKwU n‡”Q Formal equivalence Gi AbymÜvb. wKš‘ ivRK‡b¨B DavI! KweZv ev Kve¨gwÊZ iPbvi Av¶wiK A_©vr Avwfavb †`Av Abyev‡` Kx nq Zvi GKwU bgybv Avgv‡K †`wL‡qwQ‡jb kª‡×q wRj−iy ingvb wmwÏKx| ZvuiB GK eÜz. Good Woman of Setzuan n‡q‡Q Ômr gvby‡li †Lvu‡RÕ| Kx K‡i g~‡ji fve‡K. ‘hommelette’ BZ¨vw`| †`wi`v-RvK& jvKvu. †m‡nZz wewfbœ Abyev`K Zvui wbR¯^ Abyfeb¶gZvi gvidZ Ges †mB ¶gZvbymv‡i g~‡ji A_©‡`¨vZbv‡K ai‡eb| GRb¨ KweZvi Abyev‡` cÖvqk KweZvB hvq nvwi‡q Ñ Ab~w`Z nq ivRKb¨vi MvDbwU evsjvi kvwo‡Z. j¶¨fvlvi H deep structure †_‡K restructuring-Gi gva¨‡g j¶¨fvlvi DcwiZ‡j surface structure-G Avm‡Z n‡e| kvk¦wZKx 25 BDwRb wbWvi GB g‡WjwU †ek iMi‡M †Mv‡q›`v-Dcb¨v‡mi g‡Zv A_ev iƒcK_vi g‡Zv †kvbvq : g~j fvlvi Zjvq wM‡q Gi Mnxb A_©wU Ly‡u R cvI.

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Aw`ªk †PŠayix. byi“j Kwig bvwmg. †ejvj †Pvayix. cvewjK cÖwZôv‡bi Rvb©v‡j Abyev‡`i KvR n‡”Q| ZiRgv (m¤úv`K : wRGBP nvexe). Abyev`‡K U‡ei dzj. eis gvbweK †`nR †mŠ›`h©B cÖvavb¨ cvq. ev Rvbvq bv. wRGBP nvexe. ˆef‡e. ˆmq` Avjx Avnmvb. Avng` gvRnvi. †mŠg¨ `vk¸ß. iwdK Dg-gybxi †PŠayix. dKi“j Bmjvg †PŠayix. †gvZvnvi †nv‡mb †PŠayix. g„YvjKvwš— f`ª. fvlvi `vcU. Ki‡e| Abyev‡`i AvPiY Av‡Q. wmivRyj Bmjvg †PŠayix. Zey Kx Ggb kª×vq AebZ n‡Z cvie| KviY Kexi †PŠayixi Kv‡R AZ Z¨vM. `yjvj Avj gbmyi. Avmgvi Imgvb. wkeeªZ eg©b. gwkDj Avjg. gvb‡e›`ª e‡›`¨vcva¨vq. Av‡Q Gi gvb-B¾Z| GgbwK Gi Gev`Ze‡›`wMI Av‡Q| †h †Kv‡bv Abyev‡`i mv‡_ cv‡Vi GK †hvMv‡hvM nq. †mLv‡b `iKvwi Abyev`Kg© n‡Z _vKv Avð‡h©i welq bq| GB Lv‡b Abyev` msm` bv‡gi GKUv msm` Av‡Q. GKUv Z¨vM. Míeybb. RvKvwiqv wkivRx. ZLbB Zv ¯§iY‡hvM¨ KvR nq| KviY Avov‡ji wfZi †_‡KB ZLb ï×Zv bv‡g| hv Avgiv mZZ Rvwb. mv¸ßv kviwgb Zvwbqv. ivqnvb ivBb. Avby gynv¤§`. †jb‡`b nq. Rvnv½xi Zv‡iK. Aw`wZ dvêywb. Ai“Y †mvg. 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AwbðqZv ZLbI mvwnZ¨ RM‡Z c_ ˆZwi K‡i †bqwb. eis Zvi D‡Ïk¨ RvwZev‡`i d‡j Kx Ae¯’vi AeZvibv n‡q‡Q Zvi Mfx‡i bZzb. me wk‡íiB MwZ b›`bZ‡Ë¡i w`‡K| †MU‡mi g‡Z K…òv½ bvix †jL‡Ki †jLbx ivRbxwZ wbf©i| KviY Zvi †jLv MZvbyMwZK RvwZev‡`i avivq wjwLZ bq| G Kvi‡YB mgv‡jvPK‡`i `„wó GKKfv‡e Uwb gwim‡bi b›`bZvwË¡K welq. fyj e¨vL¨vq cov n‡qwQj| GLbKvi GB ms¯‹i‡b cÖKv‡ki m¤§vb AR©b Ki‡Z cuwPk eQi mgq †j‡M †M‡Q| Uwb gwimb cvVK‡K GK D”PgvM©xq wbðqZv‡K g~j¨vq‡bi AvnŸvb Rvwb‡q‡Qb: Rxeb †evaMg¨Zvi evB‡ii wKQy bq. eis K…òv½ bvix †jLK‡`i DÌv‡bi †MvUv hyM‡KB ¯^vMZ Rvwb‡q‡Qb| Zvi †jLv †_‡K wKQyUv D‡j−L bv Ki‡jB bq: Avgvi fvlv wbe©vPb (K_Kvkªqx. e¨vL¨v we‡k−lY QvovB Gme AvL¨vb eqvb K‡ib G‡Kev‡i †fZi †_‡K| K…òv½ m¤cÖ`vq‡K wZwb Ggbfv‡e Dc¯’vcb K‡ib †hb †m m¤cÖ`vq †k¦Zv½ m¤úÖ`vq †_‡K A‡bKUv wew”Qbœ| Zvi g‡Z m‡PZbZv gv‡b cÖ_gZ: e¨w³MZ †evaMg¨Zv. we‡k−l‡Yi we‡eP¨ welq¸‡jv GLbI Zv‡`i ˆkjxi D”Pgvb Ges mvwnwZ¨K Kɯ^‡ii g‡a¨B wbwnZ i‡q‡Q| Zv‡`i Dcb¨vm cÖPwjZ aviv Z¨vM K‡i Ab¨ c‡_ avweZ n‡q‡Q| Zey cvVK‡K Zviv Avweó K‡i †i‡L‡Qb bxwZwbô ch©‡e¶Y. †gŠwLK Ges K_¨). `~iZ¡ ˆZwi K‡i Ggb e¨vL¨v QvovB ˆbKU¨vkªqx mg‡SvZv I Zvr¶wYK Aš—i½Zvi Aven ˆZwii †Póv. †mŠ›`h©gwÛZ fvlv Ges K…òv½ †jLbxi bZzb msÁv `v‡bi w`‡K| A‡bKw`b Av‡M. ¯^”Q `„wó †`qv| wZwb e‡j‡Qb. `xN©w`b a‡i A‡hvM¨Zv‡š^lx Zzjbvi ¯^”QZvq wb‡R‡K msiw¶Z Ae¯’vq †`L‡Z _vK‡j hv nqÑ ej‡Z cvwi Avgvi AvL¨vb cÖKí wZwik eQi Av‡M †hgb KwVb wQj AvRI ZvB Av‡Q| Lye mvgvb¨ e¨wZµg Qvov. Rxeb‡K †evSv hvq.Uwb gwim‡bi †jLbx dKbv‡ii e¨w³ev‡`i avibv Ges AwfRvZ b›`bZvwË¡K AvPviwcÖqZvi Pjgvb cÖvav‡b¨i D”PgvM©xq cÖwZwbwaZ¡ K‡i| Uwb gwim‡bi g‡Z Av‡gwiKvi K…òv½iv wek„•Ljv Ges Ace¨env‡ii g‡a¨ †_‡KB wb‡R‡`i Kíbvi wfbœ RMZ ˆZwi K‡i †d‡j‡Q| Mí ejvi †¶‡Î wZwb wbf©i K‡i‡Qb GK aª“c`x eY©bvfw½i Ici †hLv‡b IBme †bwZevPK AwfÁZv †_‡KI Avkv. †MUm Ges AviI A‡b‡K ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB †Rvi mg_©b K‡i e‡j‡Qb me wk‡íi gv‡SB ivRbxwZ Av‡Q. GgbwK †MŠi‡eiI| Zvi cÖwZwU Dcb¨v‡m Rxe‡bi cÖwZiƒc RM‡Z e¨w³ Luy‡R cvq cÖÁv. dKbv‡ii L¨vwZ‡K cyYivq Lu‡y o †ei Kivi gZ K‡i kª×v wb‡e`b K‡i‡Qb g¨vjKg KvD‡j| wZwb Ae‡PZ‡bB †hb e‡j‡Qb dKbvi gnvb e‡jB gnvb| AvR‡Ki w`‡bi D”PgvM©xq mgv‡jvPbvi mgq gwim‡bi cÖwZI GKB iKg fw³ kª×v e¨³ Kiv n‡q _v‡K| m¤¢eZ DËiKvVv‡gvev`x `„wó‡Z gwimb Ges dKbvi cv‡Vi me‡P‡q †evaMg¨ cÖgvY cvIqv hvq wdwjc I‡qb‡÷‡bi †nvqvU Gjm evU jvf? w` IiwWqvj Ae †im Bb dKbvi A¨vÛ gwimb (1996) G| Guiv `yÕRbB RvwZMZ nv½vgv wb‡q Dcb¨vm wj‡L‡QbÑ GiKg GKUv wek¦v‡mi wfwˇZB I‡q‡÷‡bi hyw³i wkKo †MÖvw_Z| †m hvB †nvK. cy‡ivcywi †evaMg¨Zvi Rb¨ K…òv½ ms¯‹…wZi Ici wfwËcÖvß ms‡K‡Zi Ici Avgvi wbf©ikxjZv. RvwZMZ m‡PZbZv Ges wj½MZ m‡PZbZv gv‡b AvZ¥cwiP‡qi ivRbxwZ| Z‡e msÁvMZfv‡e `yÕ‡qi g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ Av‡Q| Avi bvixev`x‡`i wek¦vm nj e¨w³MZ welqI ivR‰bwZK| DËi KvVv‡gvev`x mvwnZ¨ mgv‡jvPK‡`i g‡a¨ gwimb. wØZxqZ: †MvÎ wKsev m¤cÖ`vq| †k¦Zv½iv K…òv½‡`i Ici †h A`„k¨gvbZv Pvwc‡q‡Q Ges cyi“‡liv bvixi Ici †h KÉnxbZv Av‡ivc K‡i‡Q †mme‡K AvµgY Kivi Rb¨B Gai‡bi m‡PZbZv cÖ‡qvRb| cÖeÜKvi Ges m¤úv`K wn‡m‡e wZwb eZ©gv‡bi RxweZ †h †Kv‡bv Jcb¨vwm‡Ki †P‡q †ewk Av‡jvPbv mgv‡jvPbvq AskMÖnY K‡i‡Qb Ges †jLK-cvVK‡`i gv‡S b›`bZvwË¡K i“wP†eva ˆZwi‡Z f~wgKv cvjb K‡i‡Qb| †m Kvi‡YB Zvi †jLbx ivRbxwZi i‡m RvwiZ| Avgiv cwiw¯’wZMZfv‡eB wek¦vm Ki‡Z eva¨ †h. Avgvi `¨ e−y‡q÷ AvB Gi cÖviw¤¢K cÖKvkbvi Ae¯’v †c‡Kvjvi Rxe‡bi gZB n‡qwQj: Dcb¨vmwU‡K Zz”QZvw”Qj¨ g‡b K‡i cÖZ¨vL¨vb Kiv n‡qwQj. Kve¨gqZvi Av‡jv †_‡K Uª¨vwRK Aš—`k © ‡© bi fveMv¤¢xh©Zv ch©š— NUbvi µg Ges GK K_vq. Rxeb Avm‡jB my›`i. RvwZev`-RvwiZ wel‡qi AvcvZ AcÖ‡ek¨ RMZ Avwe®‹v‡ii gZ|Ó we¯§„wZcÖeY RvZcvZnxb †h ¯^Mx© q Rxe‡bi K_v my¯úóiƒ‡c ejv nq Avwg Avm‡j †mUv‡KB MÖnY Ki‡Z PvB Ges cÖvZ¨wnKZv `vb Ki‡Z PvB| KíweÁv‡bi evB‡i †h mvwnwZ¨K gZev` ïaygvÎ ¯’vqxfv‡e AbycjwäMZ ¯^‡cœi †fZi AbyiYb †Zv‡j †mUv‡K ev¯—e iƒc w`‡Z PvB| GiKg gZev` RvwZev`‡K eyw×MZ Zvrch© `vb K‡i _v‡K| hyw³i mdj AMÖMwZ‡Z Kv‡iv mwµq AskMÖnY cÖ‡qvRbxq bv n‡jI AvL¨v‡b cvV‡Ki mwµq mg_©b `iKvi RvwZev` kvk¦wZKx 35 msµvš— cÖPwjZ KvíwbK RM‡Zi evB‡i cv ivLvi Rb¨| IB MwÛi evB‡i cv ivLvi Rb¨ `„k¨gvb gva¨‡g Qwei f~wgKv _vK‡jI AvL¨v‡b GiKg cwiw¯’wZi euvav cvi nIqvi Rb¨ †Kv‡bv Qwe _v‡K bv| D`vniY¯^iƒc ejv hvq Zvi mv¤cÖwZK cÖKvwkZ Dcb¨vm c¨vivWvBm G gVevmxbx †h bvix‡`i‡K Dc¯’vcb Kiv n‡q‡Q Zv‡`i g‡a¨ RvwZev` wPwýZ Kivi gZ wKQy †bB| Zviv †gb Ae iƒwe‡`i Kv‡Q †hb ûgwK¯^iƒc| Gi KviY Zviv bvix| dKbv‡ii gZ gwimbI †Kv‡bv wØavØ›Ø. A_© Ges wek¦vm| GiKg wbðqZvi wfwËf~wg Zvi RvwZMZ Ges bvixev`x AZ¥mË¡v| RvwZev` msµvš— cÖPwjZ avibvi mKj Aveib‡K wZwb D‡b¥vPb K‡i w`‡q‡Qb| Z‡e GLv‡b Zvi D‡Ïk¨ RvwZev`‡K LwZ‡q †`Lv bq. Zv‡`i †jLKmyjf cvi½gZvi Øviv| kvk¦wZKx 36 . wbi‡c¶.

Zv‡`i Rxeb‡K A_©`vb Kivi Rb¨ †k¦Zv½‡`i `„wó mvg‡b bv Avb‡jI P‡j| I‡qb‡÷‡bi Kv‡Ri Ici wfwË K‡i wesk kZvãx‡Z Av‡gwiKvi `yÕRb cÖavb Jcb¨vwmK‡K wb‡q m¤cÖwZ 15wU cvwÛZ¨c~Y© cÖe‡Üi GKwU msKjb cÖKvk Kiv n‡q‡Q| msKjbwUi bvg Avbwd¬wÂs †MBR: gwimb A¨vÛ dKbvi wi-Gwfmb&W (1997)| Zv‡`i Kv‡Ri wekvj gnvKvwe¨K PwiÎ Ges ˆkjxi D”Pgvb wb‡q cÖeÜKviMY wbR wbR `„wófw½ cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb| RwUjZvi AvPviwbôZv. †mŠ›`h©gwÛZ Ges P¨v‡jwÄs †nvK. Avevi wKQyB bq| RvwZev‡`i gw¯—®‹ ˆeKj¨| myZivs hyw³B KvVv‡gv| Agy‡K Zgy‡K Kx ej‡jb †mUv eo K_v bq. ZvwoZ n‡qwQjvg| Zvi †KŠkj G‡Kev‡i we¯§qKi! cvVK wn‡m‡e †`L‡Z cv‡eb Avcwb wb‡RI ÔGK †duvUv i‡³iÕ Rb¨ n‡b¨ n‡q Nyi‡Qb| GB GK †duvUv i³ gv‡b mewKQyB. 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Z‡e Aek¨B mvwnwZ¨K Kjv‡KŠk‡ji gva¨‡g| GB Avwe®‹vi cÖwµqvq weev` wem¤^vw` wKQy Xy‡K co–K Zv wZwb Pvb bv| c¨vwim wiwfD Ghver wesk kZvãxi A‡bK cÖfvekvjx Jcb¨vwm‡Ki Av‡jvPbv mgv‡jvPbv cÖKvk K‡i‡Q| †mB aviv †gvZv‡eK m¤cÖwZ GB cwÎKv Uwb gwim‡bi cÖfvekvjx e¨w³‡Z¡i D‡Ï‡k¨ GKwU msL¨vi Av‡qvRb K‡i| †mLv‡b wZwb GiKg GKUv Zzjbvi K_v e‡j‡Qb: wb‡R‡K Avwg R¨vR m½xZ‡Ái gZ g‡b K‡iwQ. ¯^Zù~Z© aviv GKvB †ei n‡Z _v‡K| gwimb Pvb Zvi Dcb¨vm R¨vR m½x‡Zi gZ RwUj. asmcÖvß evwoi mvg‡b wK¬wU †hb †Kvivm Avi we‡e‡Ki cÖwZg~wZ©| gwimb dKbv‡ii me‡P‡q cÖLi RvwZMZfv‡e ¸i“Z¡c~Y© Dcb¨v‡mi welq‡K mvg‡b wb‡q Av‡mb| GB Dcb¨v‡mi dKbv‡ii ¸i“Z¡ RvwZev` gMœZv Ges Gi m„ó Awbevh© aŸs‡mi †evaMg¨Zvi Ici| `k‡Ki ci `kK a‡i dKbv‡ii GB `„wó‡K A™¢Z y A_P g‡bv‡ivg `w¶Yx RvZxqZvev` e‡j g‡b Kiv n‡q‡Q| KviY Zvi Mí ejv n‡q‡Q ü`‡qi DòZv w`‡q. †mŠ›`h© Avi AvqvmnxbZvi ch©v‡q wb‡q †h‡Z Pvb| †jLbxi MVbMZ w`K m¤ú‡K© Avgvi m‡PZbZv me mgqB wQj| RvbZvg me wkíB ¯^vfvweK Ges my›`i n‡Z cv‡i Aweivg PP©v Avi bxwZwbôv m¤ú‡K© m‡PZbZv _vK‡j| weev`x welqvw` cwinvi Kivi KvRUv †h B”QvK…Z †mK_v mevi Kv‡QB cwi®‹vi| ¸i“Z¡c~Y© welqvw`‡K Dc¯’vc‡bi D‡Ïk¨ me mgqB gwim‡bi wQj| wZwb †P‡q‡Qb Dcb¨v‡m RwUj welq¸‡jv Zz‡j ai‡Z| Z‡e wZwb ïay mvwnwZ¨K Kíbv‡ZB Drmvnx †_‡K‡Qb. my¶ †`vZbv. eo K_v GB kvk¦wZKx 38 . 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Abyfw~ Zi cÖvej¨ w`‡q| Zvi ˆkjx. weev`x welq wKsev Dc¯’vcb fw½ mvwn‡Z¨i †fZi XyK‡Z w`‡Z Pvbwb| mvwnZ¨ ewnf©~Z gš—e¨ Ges wb‡Ri mvwnZ¨ m¤ú‡K© †h Av‡jvPbv mgv‡jvPbv cÖKvk K‡i‡Qb †mm‡ei e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z †M‡j †`Lv hvq Zvi †jLbxi ivR‰bwZK wfwË Av‡Q| wKš‘ Lye mZK©Zvi m‡½ wZwb weev`x welq‡K cwinvi K‡i‡Qb †jLvi †¶‡Î| GiK‡gi welqvw` †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv mgv‡jvP‡Ki Kv‡Q GgbwK MZvbyMwZK wKsev ga¨g ch©v‡qi i“wP-m‡PZbZv m¤úbœ cvV‡Ki Kv‡QI gyL‡ivPK n‡Z cv‡i| ivR‰bwZK Ges mvgvwRK †cÖw¶‡Z weevw` welqvw` _vKv Lye ¯^vfvweK| mvwn‡Z¨i †¶‡Î wec¾bK| Uwb gwim‡bi ¯^vfvweK DËiY cÖwµqvi m‡½ Gwjm IqvKv‡ii mv¤cÖwZK ¯’weiZv‡K Zzjbv K‡i †`L‡j fv‡jv eyS‡Z cviv hv‡e| GKRb mie RbcÖwZwbwaZ¡g~jK eyw×Rxwe wn‡m‡e Uwb gwimb Aek¨B bZzb bZzb w`K D‡b¥vPb K‡ib| wVK GKBfv‡e wZwb RvwZev` wj½ev‡`i me©e¨vcxZvI Zz‡Lvo `„wó‡Z Luy‡R †ei K‡ib| Zvi cÖeÜ Ges mv¶vrKv‡i RvwZev`‡K †k¦Zv½ ˆeKj¨ wn‡m‡e †`Lv hvq| KLbI KLbI wj½ev‡`i m‡½ D‡V Av‡m ag©xq †gŠjev`| Zvi g‡Z RvwZev`x fvlv Ges RvwZev`x cyivY Av‡gwiKvi ev¯—eZvi Aveqe `vb K‡i.Uwb gwimb †k¦Zv½‡`i RvwZev`‡K we‡ePbvq †i‡LB K…òv½‡`i RM‡Z cÖ‡ek K‡ib| Z‡e †m RMZ m¤ú‡K© we¯—vwiZ e¨vL¨v we‡k−lY. R¨vR m½xZÁ Aweivg PP©v K‡iB P‡jb| Zvi PP©vi †cQ‡b D‡Ïk¨ _v‡K: m½x‡Zi gva¨‡g wZwb bZzb wKQy D™¢veb Ki‡Z Pvb Ges m½xZ‡K DrKl©. Kvwe¨K fvlv Ges Mfxi Aš—`w„© ó Zv‡`i `yÕRb‡K mgZvi Ae¯’v‡bi cÖvmw½KZvq wb‡q G‡m‡Q| Avm‡j m¤úv`‡Kiv hLb e‡jb dKbv‡ii cvV‡Kiv Uwb gwim‡bi †jLv covi c‡i †mB GKB `„wó‡Z Avi dKbvi‡K co‡eb bv ZLb Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q cwi®‹vi n‡q hvq gwimb dKbv‡ii c~‡e©i Avmb‡K Uwj‡q w`‡q‡Qb| A‡bK mgv‡jvPK gZvgZ e¨³ K‡i‡Qb Uwb gwimb dKbv‡ii Ae¯’vb‡K cvi n‡q †M‡Qb| Gi KviY dKbv‡ii kZvãx †k‡li AvaywbKZvi †K›`ªwe›`y cwinvmg~jK `„wófw½‡Z fiv hvi Kvi‡Y `vmcÖ_v Ges `vmcÖ_vi RvwZev`x †K‡›`ªi gv‡S aŸsm msµvš— Zvi cyivwYK `„wó‡K AvU‡K iv‡L| †Kv‡bv mgv‡jvPK hZUzKz cv‡ib Zvi †P‡q A‡bK †ewk gvÎvq Uwb gwimb Zvi Dcb¨vm c¨vivWvBm G dKbv‡ii A¨vemv‡jvg A¨vemv‡jvg Gi my‡ii m‡½ wfbœ myi wgkª‡Yi †Póv K‡i‡Qb| †Kv‡qw›Ub K¤úm‡bi †fŠwZK `yt¯^‡cœi m‡½ av°v Lvq Ugvm myU‡c‡bi ÒGK †duvUv i‡³iÓ †bkv: wgm †ivRv.

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AvZ¥‰RewbK iPbvmn Zvi AmsL¨ MÖ‡š’i g‡a¨ wi‡d¬·Ý& e‡j GKLvwb eBI evRv‡i Pvjy Av‡Q Zvi bv‡g| hw`I GB eBwU wVK Zvi iPbv bq| GwU cÖKvwkZ nq Zvi g„Z¨yi wVK GK eQi ev‡` 1981 mv‡j. Rxeb I RMr‡K †`Lvi G‡Kev‡i wbR¯^ GKwU `„wófw½ i‡q‡Q hvi| †mB m‡½ i‡q‡Q Zvi ch©‡e¶Ymg~n cÖKv‡ki Rb¨ GKwU AbyKiYxq.Dcb¨v‡mi KvVv‡gv| Avi Avcwb LuyR‡ZB _vK‡eb †Kv_vq K…òv½‡`i e¨vcvi m¨vcvi| †Kv_vI †bB| wKš‘ IB m‡ei Kvi‡Y †h cv_©K¨ m~wPZ n‡q _v‡K †mme †Zv Av‡QB| GiK‡gi Dc¯’vcbv †KD †Kv‡bv w`b K‡ibwb| myZivs dKbvi RvwZev`x wQ‡jb wKbv Av‡jvPbv mgv‡jvPbv Kivi mgq †mUv †`Lvi †Póv Kwi bv| e¨w³MZfv‡eI Zvi RvwZev` wb‡q gvv_v NvgvB bv| wZwb †h ˆkjx‡Z wj‡L‡Qb Zv‡ZB Avwg gy»| c¨vivWvBm-G gwimb dKbv‡ii RvwZev`x gMœZv‡K cÖjw¤^Z K‡i‡Qb Ges Gi m‡½ wj½ev`‡K wgwk‡q wePvi K‡i †`‡L‡Qb Gi ¶qKvix ˆewkó¨‡K| cÖ_g w`‡Ki bxjvf Kv‡jv cwievi¸‡jv‡K weZvwoZ K‡i †`qv nq| eb ev`v‡o Nyi‡Z Nyi‡Z Zviv LuyR‡Z _v‡K †Kv_vq emwZ ¯’vcb Kiv hv‡e. 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Zvi fvlvq. cyivY m„wó-m¶g `ª÷vi cÖ‡qvRb| mvwnZ¨‡K b›`bZvwË¡K cÖqvm wn‡m‡e cybcÖwZôv Kivi Rb¨ 1950 mv‡j dKbvi‡K m‡e©v”P m¤§v‡bi gh©v`v †`qv n‡qwQj| cÖvq cÂvk eQi c‡i GKB Ae`v‡bi Rb¨ gwimb‡KI m‡e©v”P ¯^xK…wZ †`qv n‡q‡Q| øvqyh× y Kv‡j dKbvi mvwnwZ¨K RvZxqZvev‡`i g‡a¨ e¨w³ev‡`i cZvKv enb K‡iwQ‡jb| gwimb weMZ cuwPk wZwik eQ‡i K…òv½ Ges bvix‡`i‡K cÖKvkfvlv `vb K‡i‡Qb| gwim‡bi `„wó‡Z RvwZev` Ges wj½ev` gvbwmK ˆeKj¨| Zvi Dcb¨v‡mi cÖavb Pwi·`i g‡a¨ hviv wU‡K _v‡K Zviv gyw³. wj½ev` we‡ivwaZvi bv‡g †Kv‡bv msMVb †bB GLv‡b| gwim‡bi PwiÎiv AvZ¥MZfv‡eB cyivY Avi c~e©cyi“l‡`i m¤ú‡K© AeMZ n‡q _v‡K| RMZ m¤ú‡K© Zv‡`i †evaMg¨Zv A‡bKUv wbqwš¿Z| wKš‘ Zv‡`i †evaMg¨Zv wb‡R‡`i RM‡Z cwieZ©b Avb‡Z cv‡i Ggb mvgvwRK Ges HwZnvwmK †evaMg¨Zv bq| eis †`Lv hvq bvixi cÖwZ cÖPÛ †iv‡li ewntcÖKvk| gwimb Rv‡bb RvwZev` wj½ev‡`i wkKo meLv‡bB Mfxifv‡e †MÖvw_Z| Z‡e †hLv‡b AvaywbK wk‡íi m‡½ mvgvwRK cÖwZev`x mvwnZ¨ m¤úK© wQbœ K‡i‡Q †mLv‡b wZwb wd‡i hvb bv| 1930 Gi `k‡K cÖMwZev`xiv †h e‡jwQ‡jb wkí ïay iv‰bwZKB bq. 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ZLb Zvi bvbv Ask ev` c‡o‡Q. ïay GUvB †h ag©Mªš’¸‡jv‡Z ÔA‡jŠwKKZvÕ Av‡ivc Kiv nq Avi Ab¨vb¨ Mª‡š’ Zv Kiv nq bv| kv¯¿¸‡jv‡K wek¦vm Ki‡Z n‡j A‡bK A‡jŠwKK welq P‡j Av‡m. bvw¯—KZvB †hŠw³K Ae¯’v‡b we`¨gvb| kvk¦wZKx 56 . m`q. hv AZxw›`«q RMZ‡K wb‡`©k K‡i| hw` bZyb weÁvb A‡jŠwKKZv‡K cªvK…wZKfv‡e m¤¢e K‡i †d‡j (GKwU ¯^we‡ivax aviYv) Zvn‡j †Kv‡bv AwZcªvK…Z RMr ev Ck¦i †bB| †Kvqv›Uvg c`v_©weÁv‡b ÔAwbwðqZvÕ‡K ev¯—‡e cª‡qvM Kiv nq bv. Zv‡ZI wKš‘ Avw¯—K‡`i `vwe¸wji †KvbwUB mwVK e‡j cªgvwYZ nq bv| GLb ch©š— mZ©KZvg~jK cix¶‡Yi gva¨‡g †`Lv †M‡Q Ck¦iev`x‡`i `vwe m‰e©e AmZ¨. Zv hyw³‡KI Qvwo‡q hvq.

1987.D. 8) Ten Common Myths about Atheists. e¨w³ wK mgv‡Ri Zz”Q hš¿ gvÎ bvwK mgv‡Ri j¶¨? Zzwg Avi Avwg wK e¨w³ wn‡m‡e mgvR Ges miKvi Øviv wkw¶Z-wbqwš¿Z-e¨eüZwb‡`©wkZ nB wbw`©ó AvKv‡i MwVZ nevi Rb¨. Thomas Paine.msÁv ag© : wPš—v cªwµqv ev PP©v hv `vwe K‡i AwZcªvK…Z RM‡Zi Aw¯—Z¡ Ges hv †Kv‡bv gZev`. 3) A Second Anthology of Atheism and Rationalism. wewfbœ wµqv-cªwZwµqvq m¤úwK©Z e‡j wPÎvwqZ Kiv nq| Avevi KL‡bv KL‡bv Ae¨w³MZ Ôkw³Õ ev ¯^qs ÔcªK…wZÕ e‡jI aiv nq| Avw¯—KZv : Ck¦‡i wek¦vm| bvw¯—KZv : Ck¦‡i wek¦vmnxbZv| A‡Áqev` : hv cªgvY ev †hŠw³K cªwZcv`b Ach©vß. †iRvDi ingvb wi‡qj wRÏy K…òg~wZ© (1895-1986) fvi‡Zi AÜ«cÖ‡`‡k Rb¥MªnY K‡ib| `vk©wbK I Ava¨vwZ¥K wel‡qi Dci wZwb GKRb Avš—R©vwZK L¨vwZm¤úbœ †jLK I e³v wQ‡jb| wZwb Kvh©Ki I DbœZ mgvR cªwZôvi Rb¨ ÔmvgvwRK wec−eÕ-Gi †P‡q ÔgvbwmK wec−eÕ-Gi Dci ‡ewk ¸i“Z¡ Av‡ivc K‡iwQ‡jb| cvðv‡Z¨ Zvui `vk©wbK `„wófw½ †ek cªfve we¯—vi Ki‡Z m¶g nq| cªKvwkZ cªeÜwU Zvui First and the Last Freedom Mª‡š’i ‘Individual and Society’ cÖeÜwUi Abyev`| †h cÖkwœ Ui m¤§yLxb Avgiv A‡b‡KB nB Zv nj. 5) Atheism: A Philosophical Justification. Zvn‡j †Zvgv‡K ïaygvÎ gZvgZ ØvivB cwi‡ewóZ n‡q _vK‡Z n‡e. 7) Critiques of God. cª_v. Z‡e mgvR e¨w³i †P‡q A‡bK †ewk ¸i“Z¡c~Y©| welqwU mwZ¨ n‡j Avgv‡`i e¨w³mËv cwiZ¨vM K‡i mgv‡Ri Rb¨ KvR Ki‡Z n‡e. 1976. edited by Peter Angeles. L„óvb ev Ab¨ wKQz| G¸‡jv †KejB gZev` gvÎ. †m cª¯v— ebv‡K mZ¨ e‡j ¯^xKv‡i Am¤§wZ| AwaKvsk A‡Áqev`x Ck¦‡i wek¦vm bvKP K‡i †`b| gy³wPš—v : ag© I Ck¦i wel‡q hyw³i Dci wbf©i K‡i Ges KZ©…Z¡ ev cªwZôvb. Wvbcš’x ev cweÎMÖ‡š’i Dci wbf©i Ki. HwZn¨. ag©kv¯¿ Ges cweÎZvq Av¯’v ivL‡Z. mZ¨ bq| mZ¨ GgbB hv KL‡bv A¯^xKvi Kiv hvq bv| Aek¨ mZ¨ msµvš— gZev`mg~n A¯^xK…Z n‡ZB cv‡i| hw` Avgiv †Kvb wel‡qi mZ¨Zv Avwe®‹vi Ki‡Z cvwi. hv †gv‡UI Ávbmsµvš— welq bq| kvk¦wZKx 57 kvk¦wZKx 58 AwZwi³ cv‡Vi Rb¨ : . mgm¨vwU‡K we‡k−lY Kivi †Kvb Dcvq †Zvgvi Av‡Q wK? welqwU †Kvb Awawe`¨vi Dci wbf©ikxj bq. Prometheus Books. hvi mv‡_ ev¯—eZv Ges hyw³i mvgÄm¨Zv Av‡Q| ev¯—e c«gvY : myMfxi wPš—vi Dcvq hv †Kv‡bv cª¯v— ebvi mZ¨Zv‡K wb‡gœv³ cix¶Y Øviv hvPvB K‡i: 1| cÖwZcv`b : cªgvY ev evievi ch©‡e¶Y‡hvM¨ cix¶Y G‡K wbwðZ K‡i‡Q wK? 2| wg_¨vcªwZcbœKiY †hvM¨Zv: m¤ú~Y© gy³fv‡e †Kv‡bv welq‡K wePvi-we‡k−l‡Yi gva¨‡g wg_¨vqY Kivi Rb¨ me©cªKvi cª‡Póv MªnY m¤¢e wK-bv Ges GiKg mKj cª‡Póv GLb ch©š— e¨_© n‡q‡Q wK-bv? 3| wn‡mex : †Kvb e³‡e¨i me‡P‡q mij e¨vL¨v wK-bv. Zvn‡j mgv‡Ri Kvh©µg n‡e e¨w³‡K †Kvb wbw`©ó KvVv‡gvi Dc‡hvMx bv K‡i Zv‡K ¯^vaxbZvi Abyfw~ Z †`qv I ¯^vaxbZvi cÖwZ AbycÖvwYZ Kiv| Kv‡RB Avgv‡`i Lyu‡R †ei Ki‡Z n‡e †h †KvbwU mwVK Avi †KvbwU fyj| 1) The Age of Reason. AgiZv. New York. bvwK mgvR-iv‡óªi Aw¯—ZB¡ e¨w³i Rb¨? e¨w³B wK mgvR‡i j¶¨. 1979. Ávb. Wisconsin (booklet). Ges Gi Rb¨ me‡P‡q Kg AbygvbKi‡Yi cª‡qvRb i‡q‡Q wK? 4| hyw³ : †Kvb e³e¨-wm×vš— ¯^we‡ivwaZv. 1987. edited by Gordon Stein. 1980. Annie Laurie Gaylor. Prometheus Books. New York. Z‡e gZwbi‡c¶ KvR Kiv Avgv‡`i c‡¶ m¤¢e n‡e| Kv‡RB Ab¨iv hv e‡j‡Q Zv cÖZ¨vL¨vb Kiv wK ¸i“Z¡c~Y© bq? evgcš’x A_ev Ab¨vb¨ †bZv‡`i gZev` Zv‡`i Av‡cw¶K Ae¯’vi djvdj| hw` Zywg ïay eB‡q cvIqv aviYvi Dci wbf©i Ki. Aeqewei“× Abygvb †_‡K gy³ wK? †mK¨yjvi gvbeZvev`: †mK¨yjvi gvbeZvev` nj †hŠw³K wek¦Rbxb `„wófw½. bvwK †m Zz”Q cyZj z gvÎ hv‡K †kLv‡bv n‡e. 4) Atheism: The Case Against God. New York. me©ÁZv. Z‡e †Zvgvi wbf©iZv n‡e †KejB gZev`‡K›`ªxK Ñ n‡Z cv‡i †mUv abZš¿.Gg. Temple University Press. Ph. Madison. Freedom From Religion Foundation. hv gvbeZv‡eva‡K me ai‡bi g~j¨‡ev‡ai gvb`Ê wn‡m‡e we‡ePbv K‡i| wRÏy K…òg~wZ© e¨w³ I mgvR Abyev` : G. New York. edited by Al Seckel.. New York. 6) Bertran Russell on God and Religion. m¤ú~Y© wk¶ve¨e¯’v cybM©wVZ Ki‡Z n‡e Ges cÖ‡qvR‡b wbt‡kwlZ nevi Rb¨ gvbyl‡K cwiYZ n‡Z n‡e h‡š¿. fv‡jvevmv Ges N„Yvi gZ gvbexq Ges me©kw³gvb. ZvB bq wK? hw` e¨w³ mgvR MV‡bi ¶z`ª GKwU Dcv`vb n‡q _v‡K. hy‡×i hš¿ wn‡m‡e wb`©qfv‡e nZ¨v Kiv n‡e? Avgiv AwaKvskB GB mgm¨vwUi m¤§yLxb nB| wek¦e¨vcxB GwU GKwU cÖavb mgm¨v| wKfv‡e Zzwg GB cÖ‡kœi DËi cv‡e? mgm¨vwU ¸i“Zi. Zvn‡j Zv ïayB mvaviY aviYv ev wek¦v‡mi e¨vcvi| gZev`¸wj †KejB N„Yv. cªwZwôZ wek¦vm wbi‡c¶ n‡q gZvgZ MVb cªwµqv| mZ¨Zv : †Kvb gvcKvwV A_ev cªwµqvi ¯—i ev ch©vq. mgvRZš¿. Prometheus Books. cig `qvjyZv. Michael Martin. edited by Gordon Stein. †kvlY Kiv n‡e. Prometheus Books. Zv evgcš’xB †nvK ev Wvbcš’x. George Smith. Dcvmbv Ki‡Z ev AbymiY Ki‡Z e‡j| Ck¦i : whwb wek¦‡K m„wó K‡i‡Qb ev cwiPvjbv Ki‡Qb e‡j Avw¯—Kiv wek¦vm K‡i| G‡K mvaviYZ eyw×gËv. wKš‘ hw` mgv‡Ri Aw¯—Z¡ †Kej e¨w³i Rb¨B n‡q _v‡K. Prometheus Books. Philadelphia. 1986. me©e¨vwßZvi gZ AwZgvbexq ¸Y Øviv msÁvwqZ Kiv nq| GB mËv‡K cªvqB gvby‡li mv‡_ K_‡cvK_b. Ges GwU hw` †Kvb Awawe`¨vi Dci wbf©ikxj n‡qB _v‡K. weåvwš— Ges we‡Ø‡li Rb¥ †`q| hw` Zzwg evgcš’x. 1991. †eŠ×. 2) An Anthology of Atheism and Rationalism. B”Qv.

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Kvhv©ejx Z_v Avgv‡`i cÖvZ¨wnK Aw¯—Z¡ m¤ú‡K©. hw`I mgvR ˆZwi nq Avgv‡`i nv‡ZB Ges AvgivB weåvwš— ev kvwš—gq cwi‡ek ˆZwi Kwi Avgv‡`i Rxeb hvcb c×wZi gva¨‡g| Kv‡RB Avgv‡`i m‡PZb n‡Z n‡e Avgv‡`i cÖvZ¨wnK wPš—vfvebv. †`L‡e GwU g~jZ Clv© Avi we‡Ø‡li Dci cÖwZwôZ.GB wel‡qi mZ¨Zv Z‡e wKfv‡e D‡b¥vwPZ n‡e? Avgiv AvcvZZ Gi Ic‡iB Av‡jvKcvZ Kie| welqwUi mZ¨Zv D‡b¥vP‡b msNe× cÖPvibv n‡Z gy³ _vK‡Z n‡e. Abyf~wZ. Gi wb›`v bv K‡i eis G‡K †evSvUvB †ewk ¸i“Z¡c~Y©| evwn¨K Kvhv©ejx msNwUZ nIqvi c‡iB †kl n‡q hvq. †hgb RvZxqZvev`| G‡¶‡Î Aek¨B Avgiv wek¦v‡mi cÖwZ fyj `„wófw½ enb K‡i P‡jwQ. eis Zzwg Ges AvwgB Gi m„wóKZv©| Zzwg Ges Avwg Avgv‡`i m¤ú‡K©i ga¨ w`‡q Gi Rb¥ w`‡qwQ| †Zvgvi ¯^iƒc †hgb. ZvB bq wK? Avgiv Avgv‡`i RxweKv. mgvRZš¿ ev †Kvb d¨vwmev`x mgvR bq. 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†h welqwU‡K cÖksmv Kiv KwVb wKš‘ Zv wbtm‡›`‡n GKwU Kvwe¨K µgweb¨vm‡K ¯^xKvi K‡i †bq hvi j¶¨ _v‡K we‡kl m‡PZbZv‡K DrmvwnZ Kiv hv‡K hv`y wn‡m‡e MÖnY Kiv n‡”Q| cÖvK Kjvw¤^qvb Rb‡Mvôxi gv‡S hw` Avgiv Dcb¨vm m`„k mvwn‡Z¨i †Kv‡bv kvLvi welqe¯‘i Dr‡mi w`‡K `„wó †`B Zvn‡j gnvKv‡e¨i mv‡_ Dcb¨v‡mi R‡b¥i †hvMm~Î ¯’vc‡bi cÖ‡qvRb co‡e| †cŠivwYK exiMuv_v HwZnvwmK iPbvi m¤¢vebv‡K AwZµ‡gi gva¨‡g Mv‡qb‡`i Øviv MxZ n‡Zv| GB Mv‡qbiv ¶z`ª RvwZmËvi myKÉ MvqK wKsev ÔKzB‡KwbwgÕ (cuicanimies) hviv kn‡i kn‡i Ny‡i GBme Kvwnbx †kvbvq. Gi Øviv cÖfvweZ n‡q Avmªe‡bi gva¨‡g Av‡gwiKv‡K AvZ¥xf~Z K‡i‡Qb Ges Av‡gwiKvb n‡q‡Qb| wKš‘ †mLv‡b Av‡iv GKwU D‡j−L‡hvM¨ wePy¨wZ i‡q‡Q| †kl welv`Nb ¯^‡M© ¯^‡`kx RbMYÑGLb ekxf~ZÑmywePvi cÖv_©bv Ki‡Q Ges evb©vj WvqvR K¨vw÷‡jv GKwU µwbK‡j Zvi Mfxi Abyfw~ Z e¨³ K‡i‡Qb hv we¯§„wZi wei“‡× GKwU cÖwZev`. 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Zv †hb GKwU wek¦vm‡K Zz‡j ai‡Q| Ajm I A‰bwZK wn‡m‡e BwÛqvb‡`i †h cÖwZg~wZ© mviv BD‡ivc Ry‡o cÖPwjZ Ges Zv‡`i mv‡_ cÖZviYvKvix Av‡gwiKvb KZ…©K ¯^xK…Z wQj j¨vwÛfvi Zvi cÖwZev` K‡i‡Qb| bZzb kZ‡Ki ïi“‡Z GB GKB mg‡q Facundo: Civilization or Barbarism MÖ‡š’ mviwg‡q‡š—vi mskq wgwkªZ Kɯ^i †kvbv †Mj| Avi mviwg‡q‡š—v wb‡RB Pg‡K †M‡jb hLb wZwb eyS‡Z cvi‡jb †h. Avi Coral Urns ÑG KvKvI. †gw·Kvb Av‡MœqwMwi Gj Ri“‡jv BZvwji wfmyweqvm wKsev GZbvi cÖwZØ›Øx n‡Z cv‡i. cÖwZwU c„ôvq †mB ü`¯ú›`‡bi Dcw¯’wZ j¶¨ Kiv hvq hv Zz‡j ai‡Q mgMÖ †`kUv‡K wecbœ K‡i †Zvjv GK A¯^vfvweK cÖvYkw³| Avgiv Av‡gwiKvb Dcb¨v‡mi GKwU Av‡eMag©x `„óvš— Zz‡j aijvg| †nv‡m gvig‡ji iƒp mgv‡jvPbv m‡Ë¡I ÔAvgvwjqvÕ Zv cvVK‡`i GZUvB cÖfvweZ K‡i‡Q †h. Ilwa R‡ji Drm. wZwb j¨vwÛfv‡ii Av‡gwiKvb eskavivi cÖwZwbwa. RbwcÖq †Ljvayjvi K_v D‡j−L K‡i‡Qb. nª`-Sibv BZ¨vw`| cÖ_v. hvi KZK¸‡jv Avevi BD‡iv‡c AcwiwPZ. Zvi †`kxq wRwb‡mi cÖwZ fv‡jvevmv| Zvi g‡Z. jvj-bxj wk‡gi jZv Zzj‡Q. kvk¦wZKx 65 kvk¦wZKx 66 .| †kªô Av‡gwiKvb mvwnZ¨ m¤ú‡K© Avgiv hv e‡jwQ j¨vwÛfv‡ii Rusticatio wbwðZ Ki‡Q| GUv †Kv‡bv wbw®Œq f~wgKv MÖnY Ki‡Z cv‡ibv †h. wKš‘ Zviv Dcjwä K‡ib bvB †h. whwb cÖ_g †i‡bmuvi cÖ_v †f‡O bewe‡k¦ cÖK…wZi ˆewkó¨ Avwe®‹vi K‡i‡QbZvi MvQcvjv-dzjcvwL. HwZnvwmK I Jcb¨vwmK Zv‡`i ivR‰bwZK I m„wókxj Kg©Kv‡Êi gv‡S w`b I ivZ fvM K‡i wb‡Zb| Av‡gwiKvq Kwe nIhvi g‡Zv `vi“Y e¨vcvi Avi wKQy bvB! †nv‡m Rywjqvb gviwZ KZ…K © cÖwZwôZ c¨vwUªqv (Patria) cwÎKv Øviv cÖfvweZ Kwe‡`i g‡a¨ Kve¨j¶xi †`Lv †c‡qwQ‡jb hviv Zv‡`i g‡a¨ †nv‡m gvigj Ab¨Zg. whwb jvwZb Av‡gwiKvi eûjcwVZ Dcb¨vm ÔAvgvwjqvÕi iPwqZv| Avgv‡`i R¡ivµvš— I Ng©v³ AvOyj evisevi GB eB‡qi cvZv D‡ë †M‡Q hLb ga¨ Av‡gwiKvq Qwo‡q cov ˆ¯^ikvm‡bi huvZvK‡j Avgiv wb‡®úwlZ n‡qwQ| mgv‡jvP‡Kiv gvig‡ji Dcb¨vm cÖm‡½ ej‡Z wM‡q mvgÄm¨nxbZv I AmZK©Zvi Awf‡hvM Zz‡j‡Qb. ïKi cÖf„wZi cvj Piv‡bv. 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Zv‡`i gv‡S hviv †nvi‡n BKvRv. †mB Av‡gwiKv †h gi‡Z A¯^xKvi K‡i‡Q Ges KwVb ü`‡q mf¨Zv I ee©iZvi ci¯úi we‡ivax web¨vm fv½‡Z †P‡q‡Q GB `yB P~ovš— wel‡qi ga¨Kvi †nZz AbymÜvb Ki‡Z †hLv‡b Av‡gwiKvi RbMY Zv‡`i wbR¯^ g~j¨‡ev‡ai mv‡_ Zv‡`i cÖK…Z e¨w³Z¡ Luy‡R cv‡e| MZ kZ‡Ki ga¨fv‡M ¸‡q‡Zgvjvq Av‡iKRb †ivgvw›UK I Av‡eMcÖeY Kwei Avwef©ve nq: †nv‡m evZ‡im gbZzdvi| AvbyôvwbK ˆewk‡ó¨i M‡íi gv‡S cvVK Abyfe K‡i †h. Avgiv GB ev¯— eZvi Kvi‡Y hš¿Yv †fvM KiwQ hv Avgiv A¯^xKvi Ki‡Z cvwi bv. Avgv‡`i mËvi mv‡_ wek¦vmNvZKZv Ki‡Z cv‡i bv †h mËv Avgv‡`i †kªô mvwnZ¨‡K Aeqe `vb K‡i‡Q Ges GL‡bv K‡i P‡j‡Q| hw` Avcwb ïaygvÎ we‡bv`b `v‡bi D‡Ï‡k¨ Dcb¨vm iPbv K‡ib Zvn‡j Zv cywo‡q †djv DwPr n‡e| Lªx÷ mymgvPvi gZev` Abymv‡i GB eviZvB nqZ †cŠu‡Q †`Iqvi wQj †h‡nZz Avcwb †m¸‡jv cywo‡q †dj‡Z cvi‡eb bv †m¸‡jv †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bvfv‡e RbM‡Yi ¯§„wZ †_‡K gy‡Q hv‡e. Pvlvev‡` ¶wZMÖ¯’. wKš‘ G‡`i m¤ú‡K© †Zgb †ewk wKQy ejvi †bB `yB GKRb e¨wZµg Qvov| i“‡eb `vwi‡qv I nÛyiv‡mi i¨v‡gvb gwjbv †ZgbB `yÕRb Kwe| GB Kweiv ev¯—e †_‡K cvwj‡q †eov‡Zb. KjvPv‡l †iv‡` cy‡o Zvgv‡U nIqv Ges wPwb cwi‡kvabvMv‡i hviv gvbe_wj‡Z cwiYZ n‡q‡Q Zv‡`iI b¨vh¨ AwaKvi `vwe Kiv n‡q‡Q| GB Kvi‡YB wb‡f©Rvj jvwZb Av‡gwiKvb Dcb¨vm GBme wel‡qi Rb¨ AvnŸvb Rvbv‡”Q. †h hš¿Yvi Aw¯—Z¡ i‡q‡Q †gw·Kvb wec−‡ei †mBme †mbvbxi i³gvs‡m. †mBmv‡_ AwaKviPz¨riv Zv‡`i Rwg. †hUzKy wU‡K Av‡Q Zv evPvjZvq c~Y©| Zviv ¯’vbxq K_K‡`i KvQ †_‡K my¯úó †Kv‡bv wk¶v †bIqvi e¨vcv‡i Zviv h‡_ó AÁZvi cwiPq w`‡q‡Qb. †jLK Zvi Pvwicv‡ki RM‡Zi †e`bvNb ev¯—eZvi gy‡LvgywL nb. wek¦¯Z — vi mv‡_ cÖwZwU c„ôvq gvbemËvi D‡Ïk¨mg~n. AMvw÷b Bqv‡bR I ûqvb i“j‡dvi g‡Zv gvbyl‡`i gv‡S hv‡`i wek¦vm Qywii g‡Zv Zx¶avi. GUv GKUv wPrKvi hv weMZ kZKmg~‡ni cÖwZaŸwb Zzj‡Q Ges nvRvi nvRvi c„ôvq Zv wee„Z n‡”Q| GKUv Dcb¨vm. `yB nuvUzi gv‡S gv_v ¸u‡R wPrKvi Ki‡Z eva¨ K‡i : †Kb Avgv‡K Gfv‡e hš¿Yv w`”Q? n¨uv. hviv `„pZvi mv‡_ ¯^vaxbZv msMÖv‡gi Kvwnbx Zz‡j a‡i‡Qb Zviv GKwU m¯—v †`k‡cÖ‡g DØy× n‡qwQ‡jb e‡j we`ª“c K‡i‡Qb| cÖ_g wek¦hy× †kl nIqvi ci Aí K‡qKRb wkíx I Ab¨‡ckvi gvbyl wb‡R‡`i HwZn¨ AbymÜv‡b eªZx nb| †`kxq gvbyl‡`i mv‡_ we‡ivwaZvi cwi‡cÖw¶‡Z Zviv †¯ú‡bi Zx‡i †bv½i Kij Ges wb‡R‡`i fwel¨Z wbg©v‡Yi eviZv wb‡q wd‡i G‡jv| KweZv QvovI jvwZb Av‡gwiKvi mvwnZ¨ Ab¨ ˆewkó¨ wb‡q †di Rb¥v‡e| cÖ_vi cÖwZ g‡bvfv‡ei Kvi‡Y GLbI M`¨mvwn‡Z¨i cÖwZ Akª×v we`¨gvb. †m KweZv †kvbvi Drme fyj‡Z e‡m‡Q| wPiÄxe †nv‡m evZ‡im gbZzdvi wZ³Zv wgwkªZ Rv`y mv‡_ wb‡q cÖm‡½i GKev‡i g~‡j †cŠu‡Q hvIqvi †hvM¨ wQ‡jb.

Muertas El Hijo del Salitre-G †UB‡Uj‡ev‡qg he¶vi Lwb‡Z gvby‡li AgvbywlK cwikª‡gi K_v Avgv‡`i AewnZ Ki‡Q. Kíbv.K‡i‡Qb. D”PMÖv‡gi †ZRw¯^Zv hv jvwZb Av‡gwiKvb Dcb¨v‡mi fvlv‡K we‡kl ˆewkó¨gwÊZ K‡i‡Q| †h Kvwe¨K fvlv Avgv‡`i Dcb¨vm mvwnZ¨‡K cyó K‡i‡Q Zv Kg-†ewk Zvi cÖvYevqy| Avgvi wek¦vm. †mŠ›`h©. aŸwbi GK mnRvZ e¨env‡i| aŸwb Øviv †KD cwiPvwjZ n‡Z cv‡i| †m †kv‡b. avZzi g‡Zv aŸwb †Zv‡j| GUvB n‡jv aŸwbe„wË| Avgv‡`i fvlvi Awfhv‡b †h ˆewkó¨wU me‡P‡q †ewk g‡bv‡hvM Kv‡o Zv n‡jv GB aŸwbe„wË| Avgv‡`i GB g„wËKvi KqwU cÖwZaŸwb hy³ ev wehy³ n‡jv. c‡i aviYviƒ‡c| GB Kvi‡YB †kªô ¯ú¨vwbk-Av‡gwiKvb Dcb¨vm¸‡jv Zvi mv‡_ Rb¥ †bIqv mg¯—wKQyi weaŸsmx Av‡jvobmn †ivgvÂKiiƒ‡c mv½xwZK| GB AwfhvÎv Pj‡QB fvlvi wgwjZ cÖev‡ni mv‡_| †h mg¯— fvlvq †jv‡K K_v e‡j. GUv GKUv cÖvYeš— fvlv. Avgv‡`i KweZv Abyaveb Ki‡Z cvi‡e bv| aŸwb I fvlv cvVK‡K Drmvnx K‡i †Zv‡j Avgv‡`i Dcb¨v‡mi cÖvYi‡m wm³ n‡Z| †h cvVK Zvi ˆ`bw›`b KvRKg© fy‡j Avgv‡`i HwZn¨evnx Dcb¨v‡mi NUbv I Pwi‡Îi gv‡S Wye †`q. c¨viv¸‡qi †ivqv ev‡¯—v‡mi Hijo de Hombre. KviY Avgv‡`i Dcb¨v‡m aŸwbi wbR¯^ GKwU g~j¨ Av‡Q. GKwU AvKl©Yxq I mg„× ¯’vbweb¨vm| hw` aŸwb †_‡K m‡¤§vn‡bi ¶gZv mwi‡q †bIqv nq Zvn‡j †KD Avi Avgv‡`i mvwnZ¨. cÖZxK wn‡m‡e aŸwbi ¸i“Z¡ i‡q‡Q| K¨vw÷jxq evK¨cÖKiY †_‡K Avgv‡`i M`¨ Avjv`v. hv Avgv‡`i Dcb¨vm‡K wPš—vi PvwjKvkw³ Ges mvwnwZ¨K gvÎv. nvRvi nvRvi. wKš‘ cwic~Y© bi-bvixi ¯^fve hvi gv‡S gvby‡li mgm¨v¸‡jv ewjôZv I J×Z¨ wb‡q Dc¯’vwcZ n‡e| LuvwU jvwZb Av‡gwiKvb wn‡m‡e cÖKv‡ki †mŠ›`h© Avgv‡`i D‡ËwRZ K‡i Ges †mB Kvi‡Y Avgv‡`i Dcb¨v‡mi cÖ‡Z¨KwU GK GKwU evPwbK K…wZZ¡| ga¨hyMxq imvqbkv¯¿ KvR Ki‡Q| Avgiv Zv Rvwb| m¤úvw`Z K‡g© †h kªg I msKí wb‡qvM Kiv n‡q _v‡K.. †ivgw›UK‡`i Øviv iwPZ MÖ‡š’ exi‡`i ¯^fv‡ei g‡Zv bq. aŸwbi wcQ‡b. †kv‡b Pwi‡Îi K‡_vcK_b| Avgv‡`i †kªô Dcb¨vm m¤¢eZ wjwLZ bq. Zv †mB cvV‡Ki g‡bv‡hvM †K‡o †bq. Av‡R©w›Ubvi Avjwd«‡`v f¨v‡ijvÕi Rio Oscuro. ev‡K¨i gv‡S Avgv‡`i cÖK…wZi †Pnviv `„ó n‡e| Jcb¨vwmK †b‡g c‡ob GK evPwbK Awfhv‡b. cÖwZgv ØvivI| A‡b‡K Avgv‡`i Dcb¨vm covi mgq Zv‡K Pjw”PÎiƒ‡c †`‡L| Avi Zv GB Kvi‡Y bq †h. Zvi g‡a¨ Awfevmx‡`i Øviv Avg`vwbK…Z BD‡ivcxq I cÖvP¨ fvlvi GKUv wgkªY i‡q‡Q| Av‡iv GKwU fvlv kã (Sound) I aŸwbi (Word) Ici J¾¡j¨ Qovq| cÖwZgvi fvlv| Avgv‡`i Dcb¨vm †jLv n‡q‡Q ïaygvÎ aŸwb Øviv bq. †nvi‡n Avgv‡`v Qvov wb‡MÖv. kã. Avi fviwew¯‹ I gvwiqv `¨ †Rmvm Avgv‡`i `y`©kvwK¬ó kn‡ii ew¯— GjvKvi w`‡K cwiPvwjZ K‡i‡Q. hviv †fŠ‡MvwjK I i‡³i m¤ú‡K© kZ kZ. Zv eyS‡Z cviv Lye mnR KvR bq| nu¨v. †h fvlv aŸwb. Gbwi‡K I‡qiwb‡K Avgv‡`i †mB †bvsiv R‡ji mv‡_ †SuwU‡q we`vq K‡i‡Qb hv mgMÖ †Mvôx‡K Wywe‡q †Q‡o‡Q. †WwfW wfbvm Avgv‡`i we‡qvMvš— cvZv‡Mvwbqvi gy‡LvgywL K‡i‡Qb. Avwg ejwQ aŸwbi wcQ‡b| wKš‘ Kx wbqg-Kvbyb Zviv cv‡ë‡Q! Zviv aŸwb MV‡b bvwoi ¯ú›`b m„wó K‡i‡Q| Avi Zv Kv‡Vi g‡Zv. j¶ j¶ jvwZb Av‡gwiKvb‡`i Rxe‡bi mv‡_ m¤úwK©Z hviv abx I ea©bkxj Av‡gwiKv gnv‡`‡k †_‡K hš¿Yv †fvM Ki‡Q| wKš‘ G GK ¯^fve BwÛqvb‡`i MÖ‡š’ ewY©Z †`eZv‡`i g‡Zv bq. †hgb Av‡Q †`kxq fvlvi| aŸwb. Zv GB Kvi‡Y †h. `v‡š—i iPbvi g‡Zv Avgv‡`i wekvj kn‡ii gvb‡eZi As‡ki w`‡K. Aw¯’i K‡i †Zv‡j ev †Rvi LvUvq| gvbyl †_‡K wePz¨r Ki‡Z †Kv‡bvwKQyB cÖ‡qvM Kiv nqwb eis Zv‡K Av‡iv wbLuZ y Ki‡Z cÖ‡Póv Pvjv‡bv n‡q‡Q hv cvV‡Ki gb Rq Kivi cvkvcvwk Zv‡K Aw¯’i K‡i Zz‡j‡Q. MÖvgv‡ji m½xZ wKsev KL‡bv KL‡bv †`kxq fvlvi bvbvb k‡ãi gva¨‡g Dc¯’vwcZ aŸwbe„wËi m‡¤§vnb Ges Ae‡PZbfv‡e M`¨mvwn‡Z¨ weKwkZ IBme fvlvi cyi“lvbyµwgK ˆewkó¨| Av‡iv ¯^Zš¿ mËv. †m¸‡jv †Kv‡bv ¯^vZš¿¨ bvUKxq wee„wZ w`‡q †M‡Q. aviYv. Awbiƒcbxq hv`ygj ~ ¨ I Mfxi gvbe cÖ‡¶c‡Yi mv‡_ mv‡_ fvlv‡K GKwU nvwZqviiƒ‡c e¨env‡ii gva¨‡g gvbePwi‡Îi e¨vL¨vKvix wn‡m‡e iƒcvš—wiZ K‡i‡Q| kvk¦wZKx 70 . hv Zvi eqv‡b a‡i †i‡L‡Q mg¯— MxwZawg©Zv.. Ges Zv cÖ_g aŸwbiƒ‡c cÖKvk †c‡q‡Q. hvi wfZi BwÛqvb fvlvI i‡q‡Q. †h HwZn¨ gvbweK g~j¨‡eva‡K A¶zbœ †i‡L‡Q. Avgv‡`i Jcb¨vwmKiv Zv‡`i RbM‡Yi cÖKvk‡K GKwU fvlvi gva¨‡g me©Rbxb K‡i‡Qb. 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†MDjv wb‡R‡K e‡j, †jvKUv weKl©K-n¨vÛmvg| wb‡Ri ARv‡š—B Zvi †Vuv‡U dz‡U I‡V
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SuvKvq Ges GKUv wmMv‡iU MÖnY K‡i| †m wmMv‡iU wb‡Ri nv‡Z wb‡q †mUv‡K gm„Y K‡i,
fuvR¸‡jv `~i K‡i my›`ifv‡e †ivj K‡i| Zvic‡i †Vuv‡U †Zv‡j| we`y¨rMwZ‡Z, †jvKUvi b‡o
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bg&ªfv‡e †ev K‡i|
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†MDjv gv_v bv‡o|
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QvMjUv‡K Avi Av‡e‡Mi mv‡_ kc_ K‡i ej‡Z jvMj evieviÑ Ôbv Pzwi bq, mwZ¨ ejwQ
Avj−vi Kmg! Pzwi Kiv wb‡la|Õ
ÔevB‡e‡ji wb‡la|Õ †MDjv ïK‡bv, K‡Vvi nvwmi mv‡_ ejjÑ ÔPzwi Kiv wb‡la, Lyb Kiv
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gvwUi w`‡K| jw¾Zgy‡L cv w`‡q AbeiZ gvwU Lyo
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gwb‡ei w`‡K ZvKvj, `vwo SuvKvj, Zvici m¤ú~Y© g‡bv‡hvM w`j cvZv wPey‡bvi Kv‡R|
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Zici †g‡qUvi w`‡K wdij Ñ
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mf¨Zv-fe¨Zv|Õ
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nVvr †MDjv m‡PZb nq| Kv‡jv QvMj¸‡jv Zv‡`i gvwjK‡K LyuR‡Q| Zviv dj MvQ¸‡jvi
Avbv‡P-Kvbv‡P †nu‡U †eov‡”Q| †MDjv Avðh© n‡q †VuvU †Mvj K‡i wkm w`‡q DVjÑ ÔhvK‡M,
Zzwg GLv‡b Kx KiwQ‡j? Pzwi?Õ

gvi-LvIqv QvMjUv ZL‡bv Pvicv‡q k³ K‡i `uvov‡Z cvi‡Q bv| †QuP‡o †QuP‡o †m †di
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QvMjUv cvZv Lv‡”Q, LvK| IUv †Zv wKQyB †ev‡S bv| IUv †Zv GKUv cï| wbQK cï| gv_vq
wNjy †bB| Rv‡b bv mf¨Zv-fe¨Zv|Õ

kvk¦wZKx 83

kvk¦wZKx 84

hvhvei Zvi K_v †g‡b wbj| †g‡b †bevi wPý wnmv‡e nv‡Zi cv_iUv †d‡j w`j| ZLb
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KvQvKvwQ GKU †kqvj Zx¶è KY©‡”Q`x K‡É wejvc K‡i DVj| Av‡MiUvi †`Lv‡`wL cv‡ji
evwK QvMj¸‡jvI MvQwUi Kv‡Q wM‡q cvZv wPey‡”Q|
hvhvei‡`i Zuveyi w`K †_‡K `w¶‡Y Qy‡U G‡jv wejv‡ci g‡Zv ¶xY myi| ¶xY `‡di kã
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†M‡Q AÜKv‡i| Pvicv‡k iv‡Zi Ab¨iKg kãÑ evZv‡mi wdmwdmvwb, QvM‡ji cvZv wPev‡bvi
gmgm kã, SivcvZvi gvwU‡Nu‡l D‡o hvIqvi LmLm kã| †MDjv †VuvU †Mvj K‡i wkm w`‡q
cyi‡bv w`‡bi myi Zzjj| hvhvei ïbj cÖPÊ GKvMÖZv wb‡q| Zvi gv_v GKw`‡K ‡n‡j c‡o‡Q
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Wvqvj wSwK‡q DVj| ivwÎ|
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Ki‡j †Kb? Zzwg Avgv‡K Kx g‡b K‡iv? Zzwg GLv‡b PvI Kx?Õ
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fw½‡Z †m D‡V `uvovj †hb †m gyg~ly© Rxe| †MDjv GLb k¦vm wb‡”Q Mfxifv‡e, mviv kix‡i
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Pj‡Z ïi“ Kij| GKmgq nvwi‡q †Mj AÜKv‡i| Zvic‡i, GKvwK Ges K¤úgvb †MDjv
†`Lj AÜKvi AvKvk wP‡i GKUv wegvb hv‡”Q| MvQcvjvi Ic‡i wegv‡bi Av‡jv GKUvi ci
GKUv R¡j‡Q, wbf‡Q| GB R¡jv-‡bfvI `‡di k‡ãi g‡ZvB Q‡›`vgqÑ jvj, meyR, jvj| ivZ
kvk¦wZKx 85

†b‡g‡Q mew`‡K| evZv‡m Aí ay‡jvi MÜ †f‡m Avm‡Q| ïay MvQ¸‡jvi KvQ w`‡q eB‡Q
evZvm| nVvr fxwZ AvuK‡o aij †MDjv‡K| Zvi i³ VvÊv| R‡g †M‡Q ‡hb f‡q| wPrKvi
Kivi Rb¨ Zvi gyLUv nv n‡jv, wKš‘ †m wPrKvi Kij bv| eis †`Šov‡Z ïi“ KijÑ Lvwj cv‡q
wKš‘ me©kw³‡Z| N‡ii w`‡K| wKš‘ wSuwSui WvK Zvi wcQy Qvoj bv|
06.
†MDjv N‡i G‡m †m‡µUvwi‡qU m`m¨‡`i Rb¨ Kwd evbvj| GUwKb‡K †m GB Kwd
mieiv‡ni cÖwZkÖ“wZ w`‡qwQj Av‡MB| evB‡ii AvenvIqv ZLb GKUz VvÊv n‡q‡Q wKš‘ Zvi
N‡ii ‡`qvj¸‡jv Mig Ges Zvi kix‡i †Zv Av¸b R¡j‡QB| Zvi Kvco †mu‡U Av‡Q kix‡ii
m‡½, KviY Lye †Rv‡i Qy‡U Avmv| Zvi gy‡Li `vM I dzUwK¸‡jv R¡jR¡j Ki‡Q| †m `uvwo‡q
¸Y‡Z ïi“ K‡i Kwdi cvwb †gvU KZevi dz‡U‡Q| mvZevi| mvZevi cvwb dzUv‡Z n‡e| Zvi
fvB Gme wkwL‡qwQj Zv‡K| gi“f~wg‡Z RvwZMZ hy‡× gviv †M‡Q fvBUv| †Vuv‡U †VvuU †P‡c
†m ¸Y‡Q, Kv‡jv Zij c`v_©Uv GKevi ej‡K DV‡Q, †b‡g hv‡PQ, ej‡K DV‡Q, †b‡g hv‡Q|
dzU‡Q UMeM K‡i|
h‡_ó n‡q‡Q| GLb †Mvmj Ki‡Z n‡e| evB‡i hvIqvi Rb¨ cwi®‹vi Kvco ci‡Z n‡e|
GUwKb Avi ee©i‡`i m¤ú‡K© KZUzKz Rv‡b! GUwKb wb‡ew`ZcÖvY †mvm¨vwj÷| †m
†e`yCb‡`i m¤ú‡K© KZUzKBy ev Rv‡b! hvhveiiv `~i †_‡KB `yej
© Zvi MÜ †Ui cvq| Zzwg Zvi
m‡½ GKUz `qvjy e¨envi K‡iv, A_ev Zvi w`‡K ZvwK‡q nv‡mv, m‡½ m‡½ †m †Zvgvi Ici
Suvwc‡q co‡e, †Zvgv‡K al©Y Ki‡Z PvB‡e| wVK †h iKg AvR Avwg cvwj‡q †eu‡PwQ|
ev_i“‡gi †Wª‡bi gy‡L wKQy GKUv AvU‡K‡Q| †fZ‡i cvwb R‡g hv‡”Q| UzjUvI wcw”Qj|
†MDjv Zvi cwi®‹vi Kvco¸‡jv cv_‡ii ¯−v‡e ivLj| Avwg †h KuvcwQ Zvi KviY GB bq †h
cvwbUv VvÊv| Avwg KuvcwQ †¶v‡f| H Kv‡jv AvOyj¸‡jv Zvi wKfv‡e Avgvi Mjv wU‡c ai‡Z
GwM‡q AvmwQj| Avi †jvKUvi `uvZ¸‡jv! QvMj¸‡jv| †QvU-LvU, Pvgov †gvUvÑ wVK wkï‡`i
g‡Zv, wKš‘ Lze kw³kvjx| †jvKUv‡K AvuP‡o-Kvg‡o-jvw_ †g‡i Z‡eB bv Avwg wb‡R‡K
euvPv‡Z †c‡iwQ! †c‡U Avi mviv kix‡i mvevb Nl‡Z n‡”Q| evievi mvevb Nl‡Z n‡”Q| nu¨v
Avgv‡`i hyeKiv AvR iv‡ZB †e`yCb‡`i Zuvey‡Z nvgjv Ki“K, I‡`i Kv‡jv nvo¸‡jv ¸u‡ov
K‡i w`K| Avgvi mv‡_ †jvKUv hv Kij! GLb Aek¨B Avgv‡K evB‡i †ei“‡Z n‡e|
07.
†MDjv ev_i“g †_‡K ‡ewi‡q N‡ii w`‡K Pjj| Kwd wb‡q †m‡µUvwi‡q‡U †h‡Z n‡e| wKš‘
nVvr wSuwSu-i WvK Avi nvwmi kã! Zvi g‡b coj †mB †jvKUvi K_v †h Rvby ‡c‡Z cªv_©bv
KiwQj| Zvi g‡b mZK©ms‡KZ †e‡R DVj| †m AÜKv‡i `vuwo‡q coj wbtk‡ã| nVvr Zvi
eyK †V‡j ewg D‡V G‡jv| Ges †m Kuv`‡Z ïi“ Kij| Gevi Zvi nuvUzi kw³ wbt†kl| †m
AÜKvi gvwU‡Z e‡m coj| ax‡i ax‡i Zvi Kvbœv _vgj| wKš‘ Zvi `uv‡Z `vuZ evwo Lv‡”Q
VKVK K‡i, VvÊvq A_ev Ki“Yvq| nVvr Zvi gb †_‡K Zvovû‡ov Kivi wPš—v DavI n‡q †Mj.
GgbwK Kwdi e¨vcviwU‡KI Avi ¸i“Z¡c~Y© g‡b n‡”Q bv| wb‡R‡K †m g‡b Kwi‡q w`‡”QÑ
GL‡bv mgq Av‡Q| GL‡bv mgq Av‡Q|
kvk¦wZKx 86

H wegvb¸‡jv iv‡Zi AvKv‡k †f‡m †eov‡”Q| AvR iv‡Z m¤¢eZ †evgvel©‡Yi gnov
n‡e| evi evi MR©b K‡i DV‡Q Bwćbi kã, Av‡jv R¡j‡Q-wbf‡Q Aweivg| jvj, meyR, jvj,
meyR, jvj| wecixZ w`K †_‡K †f‡m Avm‡Q hvhvei‡`i Mvb Avi `‡di kã, †hb wbiš—i,
GK GK `yB GK, GK, `yB| Ges ˆbtkã|

wØZxqZ, nZ¨v ev al©‡Yi g‡Zv †Kv‡bv NUbv N‡Uwb| GK_vq ivwg D‡ËRbvq †d‡U c‡o
wR‡Ám Kij, Avwg †m m‡ei R‡b¨B A‡c¶v KiwQ wKbv| Avwg wK al©‡Yi †Kv‡bv NUbvi
R‡b¨ A‡c¶v KiwQ hv wb‡q †MDjv Kve¨ iPbv Ki‡Z cv‡i, A_ev Avwg wjL‡Z cvwi †QvU
Mí? Avwg ‡¶‡c wM‡q Kov Reve w`‡Z PvBjvg|

08.

wKš‘ GUwKb, Avgv‡`i D‡ËRbvq nZvk I AcÖ¯Z
‘ n‡q Avgv‡`i `yR‡bi KvD‡KB Avi
mfvq K_v ej‡Z w`‡Z ivwR bq| eis †m Avevi wb‡Ri Ae¯’vb e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z ïi“ Kij| †m
Rvb‡Z PvBj †h hLb cwÎKvq wi‡cvU© n‡e †h wKey‡Ri Awaevmxiv Zv‡`i Avie cÖwZ‡ekx‡`i
nZ¨vi Rb¨ `j cvwV‡q‡Q ZLb mK‡ji †Kgb jvM‡e| GUwKb ÔnZ¨vKvix`jÕ kãwU
D”Pvi‡Yi m‡½ m‡½ ivwg Zvi mv½cv½‡`i w`‡K †mB iKg Bw½Z Kij, hv mPivPi ev‡¯‹Uej
†L‡jvqvoiv K‡i _v‡K| Bw½Z cvIqvgvÎ Zviv GK‡hv‡M D‡V `uvovj, †¶v‡fi m‡½ wgwUs
†Q‡o P‡j †Mj| d‡j GUwKb, kvwš—i mc‡¶ Zvi Abyfw~ Z wØZxqevi e¨vL¨v Kivi my‡hvM †cj
ïagvÎ wZbRb e„×v Ges A‡bK Av‡M AemicÖvß GKRb cvjv©‡g›U m`‡m¨i mvg‡b| GK
gyn~Z© BZ¯—Z K‡i AvwgI hyeK`j‡K AbymiY Kijvg| mwZ¨! Avwg hyeK‡`i m‡½ GKgZ
bB| wKš‘ wgwUs‡q Avgvi K_v ejvi AwaKvi niY K‡i Avgv‡K Acgvb Kiv n‡q‡Q|

†MDjvi Rb¨ mv‡o AvUUv †_‡K bqUv ch©š— A‡c¶v Kijvg Avgiv| bqUv evRvi cuvP wgwbU
Av‡M GUwKb ejj †h †m KíbvI Ki‡Z cv‡iwb GgbwU NU‡Z cv‡i| †m g‡bB Ki‡Z cvi‡Q
bv †MDjv KL‡bv †`wi‡Z wgwUs‡q G‡m‡Q| hv‡nvK Avgv‡`i GLb DwPr wgwUs ïi“ Kiv Ges
G‡RÛv¸‡jvi w`‡K g‡bv‡hvM †`Iqv|
†m NUbvi GKUv mvigg© Zz‡j aij| †e`yCb‡`i Øviv Avgv‡`i †hme ¶wZ n‡q‡Q Zvi
c~Y© weeiY Dcw¯’Z Kij, Z‡e m‡½ GUvI Rvbv‡Z fyjj bv †h †e`yCb‡`i m‡½ myivnv Kivi
Rb¨ Kx Kx e¨e¯’v †bIqv n‡qwQj| †m¸‡jvi K_vI Zz‡j aij| †m ï‡f”Qv Av`vb-cÖ`vb
Av‡e`‡bi K_vI ejj| cywjk WvKvi K_v, †mUj‡g‡›U cvnviv`v‡ii msL¨v evov‡bv, wkKvwi
KzKzi †gvZv‡qb, †MvÎcÖav‡bi m‡½ Av‡jvPbvÑ me K_vB †m Ly‡j ejj| Z‡e Zv‡K ¯^xKvi
Ki‡Z n‡jv †h Avgiv GKUv APjve¯’vi g‡a¨ cwZZ n‡qwQ| Zvic‡iI, †m g‡b K‡i
Avgv‡`i c`‡¶c fvimvg¨c~Y© nIqv DwPr| Pigcš’vi w`‡K Szu‡K bv covUvB DwPr, †Kbbv
N„Yv ïay Avi GKUv N„YviB Rb¥ w`‡Z cv‡i| kΓZvi welv³ ejq‡K wQbœ Kiv Ri“wi
cÖ‡qvRb| †mB Kvi‡YB †m hyeK‡`i cÖ¯v— ‡ei me©vZ¥K we‡ivwaZv K‡i‡Q| Dcmsnv‡i †m
Avgv‡`i g‡b Kwi‡q w`‡Z Pvq †h bZzb emwZ¯’vcbKvix‡`i m‡½ f~wgcy·`i we‡iv‡ai
m~ÎcvZ mf¨Zvi ElvjMœ †_‡KB, hvi D`vniY i‡q‡Q †KBb-Gi M‡í, †h `uvwo‡qwQj Zvi
fvB Av‡ej-Gi wec‡¶|
Avgiv mgvR cwiPvjbvi †h bxwZgvjv MÖnY K‡iwQ Zvi wfwˇZ GB cyi‡bv M„nhy‡×i BwZ
Uvb‡Z n‡e, †hgbfv‡e Avgiv Avgv‡`i A‡bK Avw`g Kzms¯‹vi I cÖew„ Ë †_‡K gy³ n‡qwQ|
GLb mewKQyB wbf©i Ki‡Q Avgv‡`i ˆbwZK kw³ ev ˆbwZKZvi Ici| mfvq Uvb Uvb
D‡ËRbv, GgbwK GKUz A¯^w¯—I| ivwg evi`y‡qK GUwK‡bi e³‡e¨ evav w`‡Z †P‡q‡Q|
mevB‡K kywb‡q GUwK‡bi e³e¨‡K e‡j‡QÑ ÔivwekÕ| GUwKbI D‡ËwRZ n‡q‡Q; Zi“Y
m`m¨‡`i Ômš¿vmev`x wPš—vq Av”QbœÕ e‡j AvL¨vwqZ K‡i‡Q Ges mvd Rvwb‡q w`‡q‡Q †h
Avgiv GLv‡b IB ai‡bi †Kv‡bv wKQy NUv‡Z hvw”Q bv|
†MDjv Av‡mwb| Gi A_© n‡”Q wgwUs-Gi D‡ËRbv cÖkgbKvix g~je¨w³wUB Abyycw¯’Z|
†mB mv‡_ Abyycw¯’Z Kwd| ivwgi m‡½ Avgvi ev`vbyev` DËß n‡Z n‡Z †d‡U coj| eq‡m
I‡`i mgmvgwqK nIqv m‡Ë¡I Avwg hyeK‡`i cÖ¯v— ‡e GKgZ bB| GUwK‡bi g‡Zv AvwgI
hvhvei‡`i m‡½ A‡¯¿i fvlvq K_v ej‡Z ivwR bB `yBwU Kvi‡Y| Avwg hLb mfvq K_v ejvi
AbygwZ †cjvg, ZLb `yBwU KviYB Zz‡j aijvg| cÖ_g KviY n‡”QÑ wKQy NUbv N‡U‡Q e‡U,
Z‡e †m¸‡jv gvivZ¥K bq| wKQy wQuP‡K Pzwii NUbv N‡U‡Q, wKš‘ †m¸‡jv m¤ú‡K© wbwðZ
nIqv hvqwb| GKUv bj, wKsev GK‡Rvov c−vqvm© hv nq‡Zv Uªv‡Ki WªvBfvi †d‡j †M‡Q gv‡V,
wKsev M¨v‡iR †_‡K nvwi‡q †M‡Q| wKš‘ m‡½ m‡½ Awf‡hvM Kiv n‡q‡Q †e`yCb‡`i bv‡g|
kvk¦wZKx 87

09.
ïay hw` wgwUs†q †MDjv Ges Zvi weL¨vZ Kwd Dcw¯’Z _vKZ, Zvn‡jB GB D‡ËRbv cÖkgb
Kiv m¤¢e n‡Zv| †MDjvi `¶Zvi Kvi‡YB GB A‰b‡K¨i wel‡q GKwU mg‡SvZvq DcbxZ
nIqv m¤¢e wQj| wKš‘ Kwd GL‡bv Zvi N‡ii †Uwe‡jB| VvÊv n‡q †M‡Q| Avi †MDjv wb‡R
GLb †g‡gvwiqvj n‡ji †Sv‡ci g‡a¨ ï‡q wegv‡bi Av‡jv †`L‡Q, ivwÎi wbR¯^ kã ïb‡Q|
†m Kxfv‡e ¶gv I kvwš—‡K cÖmvwiZ Ki‡Z cv‡i! †jvKUv‡K N„Yv K‡i Ges Zvi g„Z¨z Kvgbv
K‡i? nq‡Zvev D‡V `vuwo‡q, Zvi Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Q wMwiLvZ †_‡K Zv‡K Lu‡y R †ei K‡i Ges Avi
wd‡i bv G‡m| GgbwK Zv‡K Mvb ïwb‡q! aviv‡jv UzK‡iv¸‡jv Zvi Pvgovq weu‡a Av‡Q, i³
S‡i S‡i fv½v †mB †evZjwUi g‡a¨ Rgv n‡”Q, †h †evZjwU †m AvR mܨvq cv_i Qy‡u o
†f‡OwQj| Avi fv½v Kuv‡Pi UzK‡iv¸‡jvi cv‡k, gvwUi †Xjv¸‡jvi g‡a¨ †h Rxeš— wRwbmwU
bovPov Ki‡Q, IUv GKUv mvc, m¤¢eZ welai mvc, m¤¢eZ fvBcvi| mvcUv jKj‡K wRf
†ei K‡i Av‡Q, Zvi †Z‡KvYv gv_vwU VvÊv Ges Lvov| †PvL`y‡Uv Mvp Kv‡Pi g‡Zv| mvc
†evZ‡ji Kv‡Q Avm‡Z cv‡i bv| KviY mv‡ci †Pv‡Li cvZv †bB| †MDjvi gvs‡mi g‡a¨
Xy‡K †M‡Q GKUv Kv‡Pi UzKiv| †m GLb LyeB K¬vš—| Kó‡K Acvw_©e my‡Li gZ g‡b n‡”Q|
`~‡ii †Kv‡bv wKQy Zvi Kv‡b AbyiYb Zz‡j‡Q| GLb Nyg| fxZ‡Pv‡L, cvwbi c`©vq XvKv †Pv‡L
†m hyeK‡`i `jUv‡K †`L‡Z †cj| Iiv gvV †cwi‡q hv‡”Q wMwiLv‡Zi w`‡K| hvhvei‡`i
DwPr wk¶v w`‡Z| Avgv‡`i nv‡Z k³, †gvUv jvwV| D‡ËRbvq Avgv‡`i †Pv‡Li gwY eo n‡q
†M‡Q| i³ Avgv‡`i ürwc‡Ê `d evRv‡”Q|
A‡bK `~‡i, AÜKvi D`¨v‡b `uvwo‡q Av‡Q m¤^i, a~wj-a~mwiZ mvB‡cÖm †Svc, `yj‡Q
Gw`K-Iw`K g„`gy ›` HKvwš—KZvq| †MDjv Lye K¬vš—| †mB Kvi‡YB m¤¢eZ Avgv‡`i we`vq
Rvbv‡Z Av‡mwb| wKš‘ Zvi AvOyj¸‡jv ay‡jv‡Z AvuwKeywK KvU‡Q, Zvi gyLgÊj Lye kvš— Ges
Zv‡K cÖvq my›`ixB g‡b n‡”Q|
kvk¦wZKx 88

hw` bv Ab¨ †Kvb c_ evZjv‡bv hvq| ivRv Ges Zvui mfvm` wgwUs K‡i civgk© Ki‡Z †Mj Zv‡`i cÖfiy mv‡_| wKfv‡e webvhy‡× i³cvZ bv NwU‡q civ¯— Kiv hvq kΓ‡`i| cÖfy ivRv‡K ej‡jb.hy× ïi“ nIqvi w`bK‡q‡Ki g‡a¨B GevU‡bi ˆmb¨iv Bqvbwi‡evi kni †_‡K gvÎ `yÕgvBj `~‡i G‡m Zvey †dj‡jv| Bqvbwi‡evi ivRv eyS‡Z cvi‡jv hy× K‡i Zviv Rqx n‡e bv GB mvgvb¨ KqUv ˆmb¨ wb‡q. ivRv I mfvm` mevB Ck¦‡ii GB Av‡`k ï‡b ¯—w¤¢Z n‡q hvq| †K Ki‡e GB cÖ¯v— e Avw`I †K? †K evau‡e weov‡ji Mjvq N›Uv? Kv‡iviB mvnm bvB Avw`I †K GB cÖ¯v— e Kivi| ivRv Avw`I Qvov mevi †Pv‡L †PvL iv‡L wKš‘ †KD Uz kãwU K‡i bv| mevB GK cj‡Ki ci gvwUi w`‡K ZvwK‡q _v‡K| Avw`Ii †PvL gyL Av¸‡bi gZ iw³g eY© aviY K‡i| KviY †m Rv‡b Zvui †g‡qB GB Zj−v‡U me‡P‡q my›`ix| Zvui †g‡q‡KB Ck¦i cQ›` K‡i‡Qb m`Kv en‡bi R‡b¨| wKš‘ bv ivRv bv mfvm` †KDB †Kvb kã Ki‡Z cviwQ‡jv bv| mevB ïay †kvK I `yt†L NbNb gv_v bvowQ‡jv| nVvr mfvm`‡`i g‡a¨ GKRb cª¯v— e K‡i. fq¼i! †mB kniI Lye GKUv `~‡i bv. †h bvP knievmx Av‡M KLbI †`‡Lwb| Bqvbwi‡evi iƒ‡ci hv`y †`Lv gvÎ Py¤^‡Ki gZ Uvb‡Zv kn‡ii mKj hyeK‡K| †Quov †Zbv Kx Mv‡Qi cvZv me †cvkv‡KB g‡b n‡Zv iƒ‡ci ivYx| Zvi iƒc Zv‡K w`‡qwQ‡jv L¨vwZ Avi kª×vi m‡ev©Ëg Avmb| knievmx cÖvqkB ej‡Zv Bqvbwi‡evi iƒc kn‡ii Me©| †m wQj m`v nvm¨gqx. Ab¨ †KD bq| kvk¦wZKx 90 . Ck¦i nq‡Zv Zv‡`i GKRb †K cQ›` Ki‡eb| n¨vu wVK e‡j‡Qb mevB GKmv‡_ wPrKvi K‡i D‡Vb| Avcbvi eyw×i Zvwid Ki‡Z nq| mwVK mg‡q g‡b K‡i‡Qb mwVK KvRwUi K_v| Pjyb †`wi bv K‡i GLbB Ck¦‡ii Kv‡Q †R‡b Avwm wZwb Avgvi µxZ`vm‡`i KvD‡K cQ›` Ki‡eb wKbv| mv‡_ mv‡_ ivRv I mfvm` ûogyo K‡i iIqvbv n‡jv Ck¦‡ii evwo| Zvuiv Ck¦‡ii Kv‡Q Rvb‡Z PvB‡jv †Kvb µxZ`vm Bqvbwe‡ivi cwie‡Z© GB Kv‡Ri †hvM¨ e‡j we‡ewPZ n‡e wKbv| Ck¦‡ii ¯úó ReveÑ ÔbvÕ| GB gvwU‡Z Rb¥v‡bv me‡P‡q my›`ix KzgvixB †Kej GB KvR mym¤úbœ Ki‡Z cvi‡e. bvg wQ‡jv GevUvb| GevUv‡bi ivRvi wQ‡jv A‡bK ˆmb¨ Avi Zv‡`i ivRvi wQ‡jv LyeB Kg| kvk¦wZKx 89 hw`I m`Kvi Dcv`vb I Av‡qvR‡bi ixwZ wQ‡jv LyeB A™¢Z ~ ˆewPΨgq I fq¼i Z_vwc ivRv I Zvui mfvm` mK‡ji cÖvYcb †Póvq Zv †hvMvi n‡jv Aí mg‡qi g‡a¨B| †fv‡Mi A‡bK iKg Dcv`v‡bi g‡a¨ wQ‡jv GKUv wekvj †Mve‡i †cvKv. enbKvix‡K Aek¨B Zv gv_vq K‡i wb‡q †h‡Z n‡e Ges †i‡L Avm‡Z n‡e kΓwkwe‡ii wfZi| cÖfy †Rvi w`‡q Av‡iv ej‡jb. ivRvi †Zv A‡bK µxZ`vm Av‡Q. GB kn‡ii me‡P‡q my›`ix Kzgvix Kb¨v †h KLbI cyi“‡li ¯úk© cvqwb †mB cvi‡e GB m`Kv †cŠu‡Q w`‡Z| cÖfy Av‡iv ej‡jb. Zvi ¯^Y©vjx my‡ii SsKv‡i gvbyl gv‡Zvqviv n‡q bvP‡Zv †eûk nIqvi AvM ch©š—| †m wQ‡jv Ggb bZ©Kx. hv †`‡L f‡q cvjv‡e kΓ‰mb¨| cÖfy Avk¦¯— K‡i ej‡jb. hw` †Zvgv‡`i m`Kv cÖgvb K‡i mwZ¨Kv‡ii Z¨vM Ges hw` ¯^í mg‡qi g‡a¨ mKj Av‡qvRb m¤úbœ K‡i †i‡L Avm‡Z cv‡iv kΓ‡`i Av¯—vbvq. mwZ¨Kv‡ii m`Kv w`‡Z n‡e Ges Zv †i‡L Avm‡Z n‡e kΓ wkwe‡i. Z‡e Zviv Lye kxwNÖ cvjv‡e| Av‡gvm ZzZzIjv †jwW †Mve‡i‡cvKvi ev‡qvWvUv Abyev` : †gvqv‡¾g AvwRg The Palm-Wine Drinkard (1946. †mUv‡K ivLv n‡jv wekvj GKUv gUKvq| fvj K‡i AvU‡K †`qv n‡jv gUKvi gyL| wKš‘ ivRv Avi mfvm`iv wKQz‡ZB †f‡e cvw”Q‡jv bv †K wb‡q hv‡e GB wekvj m`Kvi eni? †K cvi‡e †i‡L Avm‡Z kΓwkwe‡i? Zvu‡`i g‡b n‡jv Avev‡iv cÖfiy mv‡_ civgk© Kivi K_v| wZwb wbðq mwVK e¨w³i †LvuR w`‡Z cvi‡eb| ivRv Avev‡iv cÖfiy Øvi¯’ n‡jb| cÖfy ej‡jb. hw` enbKvix m`Kvi eni wkwei ch©š— bv wb‡q PvjvKx K‡i ga¨ c‡_ e‡bi g‡a¨ †d‡j w`‡q wd‡i Av‡m Ges ivRv‡K Avk¦¯— K‡i †h †m Zvi KvR wVK gZB K‡i‡Q| Z‡e †m wb‡g‡lB gvbyl †_‡K †Mve‡i †cvKvq iƒcvš—wiZ n‡e Ges nvgv¸wo w`‡q Mnxb e‡b Xy‡K hv‡e| Avw`I Bqvbwi‡evi wcZv. Published 1952)-Gi †jLK Av‡gvm ZzZzIjv (Ryb 1920-Ryb 1997) evOjv‡`‡ki cvV‡Ki Kv‡Q cwiwPZ eûw`b Av‡MB| GB MíwU Zvui “The Village Witch Doctor and Other Stories (1990)Ó eB †_‡K †bqv| bvB‡Rwiqvb GB †jLK iƒcK_vi Av`‡j AvaywbK Mí wj‡L mviv `ywbqvB ˆn‰P †d‡j w`‡qwQ‡jb| eû fvlvq Zvui †jLv Ab~w`Z n‡q‡Q| K‡qK-k eQi Av‡Mi K_v| Bqvbwi‡ev bvgK GK Zi“Yx evm Ki‡Zv GK kn‡i| †m wQ‡jv LyeB ¶gZv I m¤ú`kvjx ev‡ci †g‡q| Zvi evevi wQ‡jv AMva ab-m¤ú` Avi Mi“ QvMj| Zvi gvI wQ‡jv †mB iKg abx| †`vjbv †_‡KB Zvi iƒ‡ci L¨vwZ ïi“| cÖwZ‡ekxiv GB ¯^Mx©q my›`i ev”PvUv‡K GKUz †Kv‡j †bqvi R‡b¨ memgq _vK‡Zv Db¥yL | kn‡i †m wQ‡jv me‡P‡q my›`i ev”Pv| eq‡mi mv‡_ Zvi iƒc¸b †hb cvj−vw`‡q evo‡Z _vK‡jv| †m me‡P‡q eo wkíxI n‡qwQ‡jv. iƒcmx| Zvi mv‡_ †hvM n‡qwQ‡jv gnxqmx bvixi mKj ¸b| †m abx Mixe mevB‡K mgvb kª×vi †Pv‡L †`L‡Zv Avi fvjevm‡Zv cÖvY DRvi K‡i| mgq hvw”Q‡jv my›`i| Bqvbwi‡ev AvVviB cv ivL‡jv †h eQi †m eQiB Pzw³ f½ K‡i hy‡× Rwo‡q co‡jv Zv‡`i kni Ab¨ GK kn‡ii mv‡_| †m wK hy×.

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1940 mv‡j| gy¤^vB‡q evm K‡ib| Kwe. BDwRb †MvgwisMvi kã¸wj (wort) kã¸wj Qvqv Qvqv¸wj kã n‡q I‡V Avi Zvici †kl| (Kve¨MÖš’ KweZvwbPq †_‡K) kã¸wj †Ljv †Ljv¸wj kã n‡q I‡V Kwe cwiwPwZ m`vb›` †i‡R m`vb›` †i‡R(1923-1982) gvivwV Kwe I K_vmvwnwZ¨K| MZ kZ‡Ki Pwj−‡ki `k‡K mvwnZ¨mvabv ïi“ K‡ib| ms¯‹…wZ Aa¨qb wel‡q ¯‹¨vwÛ‡bfxq e„wË wb‡q biI‡q hvb 1961 mv‡j| biI‡qRxq fvlv wk‡LwQ‡jb| gvivwV fvlvq Abyev` K‡ib Be‡m‡bi bvUK| GQvovI cwðgx wPivqZ mvwn‡Z¨i A‡bK bvUK wZwb Abyev` K‡ib| Abyev‡`i Rb¨ cvb gnvivóªxq ivR¨ cyi¯‹vi| gvivwV fvlvq Zuvi cÖ_g Kve¨MÖš’ A¶i‡fj (1957)| wniv evb‡mv‡o wniv evb‡mv‡o(R. `vi“Iqvjvi Rb¥ jv‡nv‡i. 1939) gvivwV Kwe| evevi wgDwbwmc¨vj Kgx©i PvKzwim~‡Î ˆkk‡e gy¤^vB‡q P‡j hvb| †ijI‡q †Kivwbi PvKzix K‡i‡Qb `xN©Kvj| Zuvi Kve¨MÖ‡š’i g‡a¨ dwiqv` (1984) Ab¨Zg| wbwmg G‡RwK‡qj wbwmg G‡RwK‡q‡ji(1924-2004) Rb¥ fvi‡Zi gy¤^vB‡q| †e‡b Bmiv‡qj e‡j cwiwPZ Bûw` m¤cÖ`v‡qi GK cwiev‡i Zvi Rb¥ I †e‡o IVv| gy¤^vB‡qi DBjmb K‡j‡R Gg. ev`vgx is aiv‡bv. 1937 mv‡j| bqvw`j−x‡Z _v‡Kb| KweZv †j‡Lb Bs‡iwR fvlvq| GwcÖ‡j Ac”Qvqv Kve¨MÖ‡š’i Rb¨ DËicÖ‡`k ivR¨ cyi¯‹vi cvb 1972 mv‡j| Mx‡f c¨v‡Uj Mx‡f c¨v‡U‡ji Rb¥ gy¤^vB‡q. wPÎwkíx Ges bvU¨Kvi| KweZv †j‡Lb Bs‡iwR fvlvq| KweZvwbPq bv‡g Zuvi Kve¨MÖš’wU cÖKvwkZ nq 1966 mv‡j| GQvov ivRKzgvix bv‡g Zuvi GKwU bvUK g¯’ K‡i gy¤^vB‡qi GKwU bvU¨`j|] kvk¦wZKx 111 hw` Qvqv¸wj kã nq Z‡e kã¸wj †Ljv n‡q I‡V hw` †Ljv¸wj kã nq Z‡e kã¸wj Qvqv n‡q I‡V hw` kã¸wj Qvqv nq Z‡e †Ljv¸wj kã n‡q I‡V hw` kã¸wj †Ljv nq Z‡e Qvqv¸wj kã n‡q I‡V GwjRv‡e_ †evQ©vm© †KD Pyc K‡i Av‡Q (jemand schweigt) †KD Pzc K‡i Av‡Q Avi Zzwg fveQ †m K_v ej‡Q Zzwg DËiI w`”Q cwi®‹vifv‡e wb‡R‡K Db¥y³ KiQ cÖwZ Z¡‡K †h Zzwg wb‡R‡K Zz‡j ai‡Z cv‡ivwb †mB Zzwg K_v ejQ Avi µgk kxZ n‡q coQ †KD Pzc K‡i Av‡Q Avi Zzwg A‡c¶v KiQ mg¯— w`‡K kvk¦wZKx 112 . eûeQi a‡i gvwUi Af¨š—‡i †Mvcb n‡q _vKv| wKQy AvaywbK Rvgv©b KweZv (g~j Rvgv©b †_‡K Abyev`) Abyev` : wn‡›`vj fÆvPvh© Gi c‡ii KvR †cvov‡bv Ges ïwK‡q gviv m~‡h©i Av‡jv Ges evZv‡m. c‡ob mvwn‡Z¨ Ges jÛ‡bi weªK‡eK K‡j‡R c‡ob `k©b wel‡q| KvR K‡i‡Qb w` Bjv‡÷ª‡UW DBKwj Ad BwÛqv I Aj BwÛqv †iwWI‡Z| wkí mgv‡jvPK wn‡m‡e KvR K‡i‡Qb w` UvBgm Ad BwÛqv I †cv‡qwUª BwÛqv‡Z| LÊKvjxb wfwRwUs cÖ‡dmi wQ‡jb jxWm I wkKv‡Mv wek¦we`¨vj‡q| jÛ‡bi diPzb †cÖm †_‡K cÖKvwkZ nq Zvi cÖ_g KweZvi m¼jb cwieZ©‡bi mgq (1952)| †KwK Gb. `vi“Iqvjv †KwK Gb. wQeov‡bv.G. †cv³ K‡i †Zvjv. †gvPov‡bv.me‡P ¯úk©KvZi.

wb‡P. wK”Qy †bB †h kw³ Avwg †d‡j G‡mwQ Zv k‡ãi wfZ‡i nvwi‡q †M‡Q Avgvi †Vuv‡U AvR wKQyB Zywg co‡Z cvi‡e bv we‡”Q` (trennung) GLb Avevi Zzwg cv_i n‡q †MQ Avi Ny‡gi g‡a¨ k¨vIjv GwM‡q Avm‡e Avi †eu‡P _vK‡e †Zvgvi †PvL`y‡Uvi g‡a¨ wPý c‡o _vK‡e Rj Ges by‡bi GKwU Aa©g„Z gvQ wPrKvi Kivi †Póv Ki‡QÑ GKwU nvm¨Ki `„k¨| kvk¦wZKx 113 kvk¦wZKx 114 . †KejB eid fvO‡Q Zzwg ejQ Avwg wKQyB ïb‡Z cvw”Q bv `ytLx‡`i nZ¨v Kiv n‡q‡Q c„w_exUv A‡bK †ewk Avb›`gq ey‡ov‡`i nZ¨v Kiv n‡q‡Q c„w_exUv A‡bK †ewk Zi“Y kΓ‡`i nZ¨v Kiv n‡q‡Q c„w_exUv A‡bK †ewk eÜzZ¡c~Y© †nBbR wcI‡›UK Lvivc‡`i nZ¨v Kiv n‡q‡Q c„w_exUv A‡bK †ewk fv‡jv R‡ji g‡a¨ (die measures) hviv øvb K‡iwQj Zv‡`i g‡a¨ Avgv‡K †KD wPb‡Z cv‡i wb RvnvRWywei ci †f‡m Avmv gvbyl wn‡m‡e Avgvi fwel¨‡Zi Kx n‡e! Dc‡i.†mB ˆbtk‡ã¨i Rb¨ †mB ˆbtk‡ã¨i mxgvbvq †KvbI kã mgw_©Z bq Zzwg Rv‡bvI bv †Kv_vq Av‡jv D¾¡j A_ev AÜKvi †KD †nu‡U hv‡”Q Avi Zzwg fveQ †m fv‡jvB nvuU‡Q Zzwg Zv‡K AbymiY KiQ Zvi MwZi mv‡_ Zvj wgwj‡q kw¼Z n‡q coQ bv GwiL d«xW †h †h avc¸wj †bIqv n‡q‡Q (die measures) Ajm‡K nZ¨v Kiv n‡q‡Q c„w_exUv A‡bK †ewk hš¿vwqZ Kzkªx‡`iI nZ¨v Kiv n‡q‡Q c„w_exUv Lye my›`i n‡q D‡V‡Q †evKv‡`i nZ¨v Kiv n‡q‡Q c„w_exUv A‡bK †ewk Ávbx Amy¯’‡`i nZ¨v Kiv n‡q‡Q c„w_exUv A‡bK †ewk ¯^v¯’¨evb †KD †nu‡U hv‡”Q Avi fveQ †m Lye gm„bfv‡e nuvU‡Q gm„Y cv‡qi Q‡›` Avi †mB gm„YZv Zz‡j wb‡q Zzwg †Kej †d‡j ivLQ KvwVb¨ Avi.

duvKv. AvKv‡k GKwU Kv‡jv cvwL evZvm AvQ‡o bvg‡Q †avuqvi Dci. Qv‡Z `yB AvOy‡j a‡i ivLv wmMv‡iU †_‡K AkÖ“we›`y co‡Q ei‡di wfZi †avuqv gv¯‘‡ji A‡a©K Dwo‡q wb‡q hv‡”Q kvk¦wZKx 115 Nyg Ges g„Z¨z . ïay ei‡di So. †h¸wj Zv‡`i ïi“i w`‡KB K‡i Zz‡jwQj mvejxj bKUvb© (nocturne) cÖwZwU øvqyB GK GKwU wdDR KW© D¾¡j RR© Uª¨v‡Kj Avi ü`‡qi †`Iqv‡ji Aš—iv‡j RgvU. AÜKvi CMj mviv ivwÎ a‡i gv_vi Dci P°i Kv‡U kvk¦Zi eidZi½ †mvbvjx wPÎKí¸wj‡K wM‡j †b‡e gvby‡li.fq Ges m‡›`n (angst und zweifel) gvbeZvev`x (the humanist) Zv‡K m‡›`n †Kv‡iv bv †h ¯^xKvi K‡i †m fxZ eis fq cvI Zv‡K †h †NvlYv K‡i †m KL‡bvB m‡›`n K‡i bv evwowU cy‡o. b¶‡Îi wb‡P wbt¯^ †bŠKvwU †f‡m †f‡m hv‡”Q †f‡m hv‡”Q ivwÎi wbtkã gy‡Li wb‡P ax‡i kvk¦wZKx 116 . fqvbK cvuwP‡ji cv‡k Zvi Av‡cj iOv kixi wQbœwfbœ n‡q hv‡e Ges AÜKvi ¯^i¸wj wejvc Ki‡e mgy‡`ªi Dci †Sv‡ov welv‡`i AvOyj¸wj `¨v‡Lv. Ges †f‡O hv‡”Q GKwU k~b¨. aŸsm¯—~c Avi gvbeZvev`x Kx Ki‡Q? †m Zvi AvOyj¸wj Zz‡j wbj Avi wjLj VvÊv QvB‡qi wfZi : Avi KL‡bv bq| In. RwUj GB K‡qK eQ‡i| wejvc (klage) bKUvb© 2 Nyg Zywg G†mv bv ZzwgI fq †c‡qQ Avgvi wPš—vi g‡a¨ Zzwg ¯^cœ †`‡LQ †Zvgvi nZ¨vKvixi KzU evU©k †eªk‡Ui g„Zz¨ (brecht tod) cyiv‡bv a~mi R¨v‡KU. QvZ Ges wmMvi †auvqv Mwo‡q bvg‡Q ei‡di Dci. hw` GKeviI †m wb‡R‡K IB cyo‡Z _vKv evwoi †_‡K evuPv‡Z cviZ| wµqv (elan) hLb †kl‡gl †m K_v ej‡Z G‡jv cÖvwš—K †cv‡÷ †cuŠQv‡bv wVK K‡ZvUv KwVb †m wel‡q Zv‡`i nv‡Z wKQy wPý wQj. cZvKv`Û `vuwo‡q wK”Qy †bB.

¯úk© †Kv‡iv bv Avgv‡`i Pvwiw`‡K we¯§„wZi MvQ †e‡o I‡V UvIqvi¸wj wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨B Muwy o‡q hvq Zey †Zvgvi Kgjv Av‡jvq R¡j‡Z _v‡K GKwU ay‡jvi cvwL D‡o hvq GKwU †Kjv‡mi g‡a¨ msiw¶Z Avgv‡`i fv‡jvevmvi Mí Av‡Q Avgvi Avgv‡`i ¯^‡cœi ¯^Y© GKwU gi“f~wgi g‡a¨ mgvwa¯’ ay‡jvi MvQ AÜKvi Ges AÜKv‡i †e‡o I‡V Avn. cw_K. †Mva~wji g‡a¨ †gvov `yj©f Mv‡Q‡`i evMvb mixm„c Ges g‡_ fwZ© gvKomv Avi ev`y‡o fwZ© AcwiwPZ. †Zvgvi nvwi‡q hvIqv Qvqv m~h©v‡¯—i jvj Av‡jvq Db¥v‡`i †bvbv mgy‡`ª welYœ wWwO B¯úv‡Zi `yg‡o hvIqv kn‡ii Dci ivwÎi wb¯—äZvq mv`v cvwLi D‡o hvIqv AvBfvb †Mvj ay‡jvi MvQ (the dust tree) GKwU ay‡jvi MvQ †e‡o I‡V Avgiv †hLv‡bB nuvwU †mLv‡bB GKwU ay‡jvi MvQ Avi GB ay‡jvi nvZ.Nyg (der schlaf) Zzwg AÜKvi wel. †Zvgv‡K Awfkvc †k¦Z Nyg ! GB. Avn. GB ay‡jvi †Mvjvc ¯úk© †Kv‡iv bv ! nvÝ g¨vMbvm Gb‡RÝevMv©i Qvqvi ivRZ¡ (schattenreich) 2 GB Qvqv wewµi Rb¨ bq 3 mgy`ª-I nqZ GKwU Qvqv †d‡j Ges mgqI ZvB K‡i 4 Qvqvi hy× nj †Ljv †Kvb Qvqv Ac‡ii Av‡jv‡K evav †`q bv 5 hviv Qvqvi g‡a¨ _v‡K Zv‡`i nZ¨v Kiv KwVb 6 wKQy mg‡qi Rb¨ Avwg Qvqv †_‡K †ewi‡q Gjvg wKQy mg‡qi Rb¨ 7 hviv Av‡jv †`L‡Z Pvq Av‡jvwi g‡Zv Zv‡`i Qvqvi g‡a¨ wgwj‡q †h‡Z nq 8 Qvqv m~‡h©i †P‡qI D¾¡j ¯^vaxbZvi Qvqv kxZj 9 Qvqvi g‡a¨ m¤ú~Y© Avgvi Qvqv wgwj‡q hvq 10 Qvqvi g‡a¨ GgbKx GL‡bv Av‡Q Ni 1 GLv‡b GL‡bv Avwg †`L‡Z cvB GKwU RvqMv GBLv‡b Qvqvi g‡a¨ kvk¦wZKx 117 kvk¦wZKx 118 .

wK Kwi DcvqÑ kvk¦wZKx 119 4 ˆØwiYx. Avwg cÖvßeq¯‹v. †cÖ‡gi c~R¨cx‡V big Nvmdz‡ji ey‡K dyu‡U Iiv †mB Qwe †cÖ‡gi| 3 gv‡Mv. w`e¨gq. g‡b nq wµ‡Ui †mB evwjKv‡`i gš’i b„‡Z¨i Zvj. ZvuZ Ki‡Z e‡mwQ †h e„_vB.m¨v‡dvÕi KweZvi Abyev` f~wgKv I Abyev` : AR©yb †PŠayix [cÖvPxb wMÖK Kwe‡`i g‡a¨ Ab¨Zg wQ‡jb GB gwnjv Ñ m¨v‡dv| m¨v‡dvi Rxeb m¤^‡Ü A‡bK iK‡giB gZwe‡ivax e„Ëvš— cÖPwjZ i‡q‡Q| †KvbUvB nq‡Zv BwZnvmwm× wKsev mwVK A‡_© cÖgvwYZ bq| Z‡e GB inm¨gqx Kwei iPbv AvRI mgMÖ c„w_exi fvlvmvwn‡Z¨i †cÖ‡gi KweZvÑci¯úivq kxl©¯’vb AwaKvi K‡i Av‡Q| eZ©gvb BwZnvm cÖm½Kv‡iiv m¨v‡dvÕi Rxeb Ges Zvui mg‡qi BwZnvm wb‡q A‡bK wKQyB Ríbv Kíbv K‡ib mvaviYZ| wKš‘ Gi g‡a¨I †_‡K hvq A‡bK Ø›Ø. Avgvi kh¨vq Avwg AvRI GKv| kvk¦wZKx 120 . †mB g‡bvniKvwš— hye‡Ki †cÖ‡g Avwg cvMjcviv| †Mi¯’vwji Kv‡R gb e‡m bv. my`~i †dvwmqv †_‡K Avbv| 5 Avgvi exYwU‡K nv‡Z wb‡q e‡jwQjvg G‡mv †n eÜz. ax‡i ax‡i GKwU e„‡Ëi Av`‡j †mB gw`i AvbvцMvbv. †cÖ‡gi R¡vjvq R¡‡j gwi cÖvq Avwg gv‡Mv. hLb G‡mwQj ¯^‡cœ Avgvi †Zvgvi Aeqe XvKv wQj †mB bxjvf Pv`‡i hv wKbv Kvi Dcnvi wQj †Zvgvi R‡b¨. †Kvb hye‡Ki †cÖqmx Avwg n‡Z cvi‡ev bv wbðq| 7 kh¨vi cv‡k Avgvi ¯^Y©cv`yKv cwiwnZ cv‡q Elvi wbweo jMœ Avgvq G‡b w`j ˆ`wbK ˆPZb¨| 8 I‡`i e‡j `vI †Zvgiv eÜz‡K Avb›` w`‡Z Avwg AvR Aweivg MvBe †mŠ›`‡h©i my‡i| 9 AvR iv‡Z Avwg GKv e‡m †`‡LwQ Pvu`‡K mv‡_ b¶Î¸wj‡KI cZ‡bi c‡_ P‡j †h‡Z| †hŠebI †Zv A¯—vP‡j P‡j hvq iv‡Zi g‡Zv. A‡bK mgvavbnxb cÖkœ| Z‡e m¨v‡dvÕi Rxeb m¤^‡Ü hv wKQy w¯’ifv‡e Rvbv hvq Zv n‡”Q GB †h Zvui Rb¥ n‡qwQj wMÖ‡mi †jm‡evm Øx‡c AvbygvwbK 630 †_‡K 612 Lªxóc~‡e© (A‡b‡Ki g‡Z m¨v‡dvÕi Rb¥¯’v‡bi bvg †jm‡evm †_‡KB m„wó n‡q‡Q mgmvgwqK kã Ô†jmweqvbÕ Gi)| Zvui ¯^í RxebKvj AwZevwnZ nq †mB Øx‡cB Ges AvbygvwbK 570 Lªxóc~‡e© wZwb cÖqvYjvf K‡ib| Aek¨ GB mvgvb¨ welq wb‡qI gZv‰bK¨ ¯^vfvweKfv‡eB eZ©gvb i‡q‡Q| cÖm½Z GB ev‡ivwU iPbv ‡nbix _b©Ub †nvqvU©bÑGi 1880Bs †Z cÖKvwkZ m¨v‡dvÕi KweZvi Bs‡iwR Abyev` †_‡K evsjvq Abyev` Kiv n‡q‡Q| g¨vwi evb©vW©ÕGi 1958 Bs †Z cÖKvwkZ m¨v‡dvÕi KweZvi Abyev`I Avwg Ab¨Zg GK Avkªq K‡i wb‡qwQ GB mvgvb¨ cÖqv‡m|] 1 hw`I Iiv wbk¦vm gvÎB Rb¥ †bq. n‡q IVv evKvm‡×i hš¿ Zzwg| 6 wbðq. Avgvi †`vl bq †`ex A¨v‡d«v`vBwZÕi GB cwiKíbv| wZwbB †Zv RvMv‡jb †`‡n g‡b cÖv‡Y †cÖ‡gi †Rvqvi. Kzg‡© `nR. †Zvgvq Avwg fv‡jvevwm Z‡e Zywg hw` fv‡jvev‡mv Avgvq ea~ K‡i bvI †Kvb hyeZx‡KB| Rv‡bv †Zv. wUgv‡mi †mB BZ¯—Z‡ev‡ai c‡iI Dcnvi. gv‡Mv. Avgvi Av‡`‡k m„ó k‡ãiv wPi¯§iYxq| 2 Ges †h Zv‡`i Q‡›` Q‡›` c`PviYv †`wL.

Agi †`eZvivI GKevi Aš—Z gi‡Z PvB‡Zb GB Av`‡j| cv‡ci fvlv Avwg Avgvi DËivwaKvi cywo‡q †dwj ewj. Avmj bvg Avwj Avngv` mvC`| Ab¨vb¨ ga¨cªv‡P¨i †jLK‡`i g‡Zv wZwbI Avwe¯‹vi K‡i‡Qb wbe©vm‡bi †e`bv e¨vwa.10 GUzKz wbwðZ mZ¨ †h g„Zz¨ fqven GK Awfkvc| †`eev‡K¨ ZvB †Zv Rvwb| AvR Zv bv n‡j. Avwg kc_ KiwQ Avwg wmwmdv‡mi mv‡_ _vKe| cZb Avwg Avgvi fvlv wb‡q gnvgvix Avi Av¸‡bi gvSLv‡b GBme evKnxb c„w_exi mv‡_ evm Kwi| Avwg †e‡n¯— Avi Av‡c‡ji evMv‡b gv nvIqv Avi Awfkß MvQ Avi d‡ji gvwj‡Ki gvSLv‡b cª_g Avb›` Avi cª_g nZvkv wb‡q evm Kwi| Avwg evm Kwi †gN Avi we`y¨‡Zi gvSLv‡b GKwU cv_‡iцhwU µgk eo nq Avi GKwU cy¯‡— K †hwU wkwL‡q †`q †MvcbxqZv Avi cZ‡bi Kvwnbx| kvk¦wZKx 122 . Awbi“×. wewea¯^‡i mœvZ Ges fvlv Avi d‡g©i w`K w`‡q A‡bK wbix¶vcªeY| Gi mv‡_ mv‡_ wZwb mswgkªY NwU‡q‡Qb K¬vwmK¨vj Aviwe KweZvi gigx MfxiZv Avi ¯^‡`k AvwkªZ wec−ex Ges AvaywbKZvev`x `…wófw½| †mZy M‡o‡Qb Aviwe fvlvi mv‡_ cwðgv Avi MªxKwewe−K¨vj HwZ‡n¨i| KweZv‡K gy³ K‡i‡Qb HwZn¨MZ. Avi †Kv‡bv Kei †bB Avgvi †hŠe‡b|Õ 11 †cÖg Zvi R¡vjvgqx. evi evi aivkvqx K‡i| 12 Zzwg fy‡j †h‡Z cv‡iv wKš‘ GB K_vB mZ¨ †h fwel¨‡Zi †Kvb ü`q Avgv‡`i K_v fve‡Z wØav Ki‡e bv wbðq| Avwg Ck¦i I kqZvb `yRb‡KB AwZµg Kwi (Avgvi c_ Ck¦i Avi kqZv‡bi c‡_i AZxZ)| Avwg Avgvi eB‡qi †fZi w`‡q D¾¡j meyR eR«gvjvi wgwQ‡j nvuUwQ Avi wPrKvi KiwQ: Avgvi c‡i †Kv‡bv †e‡n¯— †bB †Kv‡bv cZb †bB Avwg cv‡ci fvlv †kl K‡i w`‡qwQ| wmwmdvm A¨v‡Wvwbm Av¸‡bi MvQ-GK ¸”Q AvaywbK Aviwe KweZv Abyev` : Avey mvC` Ievq`yj−vn [wmwiqvb-†jevwbR Kwe A¨‡Wvwb‡mi Rb¥ 1930 m‡b cwðg wmwiqvi Kvkvweb bv‡gi GKwU Mªv‡g| A¨v‡Wvwbm Zvi QÙbvg. wZ³ A_P mywgó wel w`‡q Avgvq cªnvi K‡i evi evi. wmwmdvm Ñ †h R¡‡i Avi ùywj‡½ AvnZ Avi AÜ n‡q LyR u ‡Q †kl cvjK¸”Q hv w`‡q wjL‡e aywji KweZv †ngš— Avi Nv‡mi Rb¨. ÔAvgvi †`k nj Kygvix. KweZvi AvKl©Yxq bv›`wbK Ges wbe©vm‡bi cªZxKx Kve¨fvlvi wgjb NUvb| djZ. MZvbyMwZK ixwZbxwZ †_‡K| Zvi `xN© †jLK Rxe‡b wZwb `yBevi †bv‡ej cyi¯‹v‡ii Rb¨ g‡bvbxZ n‡q‡Qb|] kvk¦wZKx 121 Avwg kc_ KiwQ Avwg cvwbi Dc‡i wjLe Avi wmwmdv‡mi mv‡_ enb Kie ˆbtk‡ã¨i cv_i| Avwg kc_ KiwQ Avwg wmwmdv‡mi mv‡_ _vKe. ax‡i ax‡i Zvui KweZv n‡q I‡V RwUj. Z¾wbZ mš—v‡ci Acvi we¯§q-we‡`«vn| wZwb GKw`b e‡jwQ‡jb Avwg Ggb GKwU fvlvq wjwL †hwU Avgv‡K wbe©vmb w`‡q‡Q| Zvui me‡P‡q weL¨vZ m…wó nj The Songs of Mihyar the Damascene(1961) †mLv‡b Zvu‡K Avwe®‹vi Ki‡Z †`Lv hvq Ggb GKwU Kve¨‡KŠkj hvi gva¨‡g wZwb KweZvi mvgvwRK-ivR‰bwZK `vwq‡Z¡i mv‡_ AwfÁZvi m~² cwikxwjZ eybb. bvUKxqZvq F×.

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Ki‡Z mš—vb †evanxb."] Avgiv mevB †eu‡P AvwQ. evi evi| jyKvm P~ov †_‡K Mfxi `…wó‡Z LyR u jvg| mvMi hw` nq `qvjy A‡ZvLvwb wbR¸‡Y| †hLv‡b †Ku‡` †Ku‡` gvbyl cv_‡ii cjKvq Av‡mb evwo wb‡q. †mB‡Zv RvM‡jb. Is there anywhere else where poetry is so common a motive for murder. AZxe c~Rbxq †mB †`k| mvMi hw` nq `qvjy A‡ZvLvwb wbR¸‡Y| cyi“l. †`‡ki cyi“‡li g‡ZvB wQ‡jv Zviv my‡hvM¨ †`vRL-†e‡nkZ j¾v †c‡Zv †`n wgj‡bI Avgiv aviavwi wbqg bxwZ ev Kvby‡bi! †h‡nZy †jRem †e‡Q wb `ywbqvi †`k †_‡K dy‡jj bvix‡`i †Mvcb SbSb m½x‡Z †mB‡Zv †Q‡j‡ejv †_‡KB Kwi Zvi AP©bv| †hLv‡b LjLj nvwmiv wg‡k nq †kvKvk«y †h‡nZy †jRem †e‡Q wb `ywbqvi †`k †_‡K| jyKvm P~ov †_‡K Mfxi `…wó‡Z LyR u jvg cvnviv`vi‡`i †hgb wRÁvmy †PvL¸‡jv LyuR‡Zv w`bivZ ev`vg Rvnv‡Ri. m‡dv e‡U| KweI cªY‡qi KweZvi| †fbvm †_‡K fv‡jv. Ges mvaviYfv‡e Z`vbxš—b †mvwf‡qU GmUvewjk‡g‡›Ui we‡ivwaZv Kivi Rb¨ ¯—vwjb Iwmc g¨vb‡Wj÷vg‡K (1891-1938 ) bvbvfv‡e †nb¯’v K‡iwQ‡jb| †kl ch©š— g¨vb‡Wj÷vg Kxfv‡e gviv hvb Zv Rvbv hvqwb| KweZv m¤ú‡K© g¨vb‡Wj÷vg e‡jwQ‡jb: "Only in Russia is poetry respectedÑ it gets people killed. m‡dvi g…Z‡`n. Z‡e cv‡qi Zjvq RMZ †bB `k-cv `y‡i K_v KI A_P †kvbv Am¤¢e ZeyI hw` mvnm K‡i KLbI †jv‡K K_v e‡j Zviv †Kej †µgwjbevevi cÖm½ Zyj‡e eowk-Muv_v †Ku‡Pvi gZb dyj‡Kv‡dvjv AvOyj Iui fvwi evULvivi gZ IRb`vi wbLyZ u Mjvi ¯^i †Mvud Ibvi MvuKMvuwK‡q NoNwo‡q †PuPvq Ry‡Zvi AvMvq wLjwLwj‡q wSKwgwK‡q nvwm mKvj-mܨv Ibv‡K wN‡i Mjv-wWMwWM evuw`-evu`v Zv‡`i ïay PiwK bvPvb †hgb-B”Qv †Ljv †L‡jb wkm `¨vq †KD. †fbvm †_‡K mr. gv¯—yj KL‡bv b‡o I‡V bxjvf cªvš—‡i. cwZZ Øxc †R‡b nvu-†Lvjv AvKv‡ki wbPUvq| fv‡mI †mB †_‡K †Pv‡Li avivR‡j †jRem| Iwmc g¨vb‡Wj÷vg GwcMÖvg Abyev` : gjq ivq‡PŠayix [Abyev`‡Ki K_v: Avwg i“k fvlv Rvwb bv| KweZvwU Bs‡iwR †_‡K Abyev` K‡iwQ | wZbwU Abyev‡`i mÜvb †c‡qwQ (w`wgwÎ w¯§bf. †mB‡Zv RvM‡jb. c„w_ex‡Z Qwo‡q †`b whwb kvwš— ficyi m¤ú` Ges ¯^Y©vjx my‡eva R¡jR¡‡j †hŠeb mvMi wcZv †bb. m‡dv e‡U| KweI cªY‡qi KweZvi| †fbvm †_‡K mr. †guqvI Wv‡K. hLb P‡j hvb evB‡i cª`Ë Kvby‡bi kvk¦wZKx 127 wgwó †`n Zvi c‡_i `vM Kv‡U wbg©g M‡e© hviv a‡i mvg‡b a‡g©i QvwZLvb g‡ib m‡dv n‡q ag© we‡`ªvnx †mBw`b| fv‡mI †mB †_‡K †Pv‡Li avivR‡j †jRem cv‡qi wb‡P wc‡l c„w_ex-†`qv †mB m¤§vb †evKvi gZbB Kvu`‡Q cªwZ iv‡Z GB †`k.b`xiv AkÖ“Õi eb¨v †X‡j‡Qb mvM‡iI? †Lv`v wK fq †c‡Zv mvR‡Z †Zvgv‡`i wePviK? Avgiv aviavwi wbqg bxwZ ev Kvby‡bi! †`‡ki Me©B D”P e‡¶i †g‡q me. †KD Pvwiw`K ïu‡K †eovq †Nvovi Ly‡ii jvw_ †hb Ibvi wbqg Avi ûKyg jv‡M KyPu wK‡Z Kcv‡j †Pv‡L fyi“i Ici A‡bK †Rv‡i Avn¬v‡` nb AvULvbv hLb cvb Ly‡bi Lei I‡mwkqvi †jvKUvi ao M‡e© dy‡j †Xvjdvbym kvk¦wZKx 128 . Wvejy Gm †giDBb Ges Wvivb A¨vbWvimb K…Z) hvi GKwUi m‡½ AciwUi wgj Lye Kg| Avwg †hUyKy ey‡SwQ IB wZbwUi GKwU Abyev` Lvov K‡iwQ| GB KweZvwU †jLvi Rb¨ we‡kl K‡i. `qvjy †mB †`k †jRem. c„w_ex‡Z| g‡ib m‡dv n‡q ag© we‡`«vnx †mBw`b. hw`I gyLLvwb cvÊyi| bxjvf †Pv‡L hvi Kvj‡P Qvqv‡`i emevm †iLvi e܇b AvuK‡jv fqven †e`bvq cyi“l.

bvP‡ZB _vK‡jv| hviv mviv¶Y KvR K‡i. Ab¨ me gvby‡li g‡Zv. gvV †KD Avm‡e bv Avgvi evwo. eÜz P‡jv mevB GKUv Ly‡u o bvwP! K_vUv mevi cQ›` n‡jv bvPI ïi“ n‡q †Mj ïi“‡ZB Pvi‡c‡q AÁvb n‡q AvQ‡o coj. cv_i. Zv‡`i Kv‡Q hve Avwg. Rvwb GKwU b`xi m‡½ †`Lv Ki‡Z hve Avwg. wZb †c‡q †NvovUv c‡o †Mj cv no‡K `y †c‡qI †Lvuov‡Z †Luvov‡Z c‡o †Mj ïay GK‡c‡q †NvovUvB bvP‡Z _vKj. Awš—g B”Qvi g‡Zv| kvk¦wZKx 129 kvk¦wZKx 130 . bv‡Pi mgq n‡q G‡jv. GKUv Kvj GKUv jvj. wk¶veªZx. GKwU cy¯‹wibx. GKUzLvwb muvZvi KvU‡Z. Wye w`‡Z| evjyf~wg. mgv‡jvPK. GB †f‡e| Avgvi GB cÖ_g B”QvUyKy a‡i ivLe. iNyexi mnvq ¯§„wZ cyi¯‹vi. Jcb¨vwmK I †QvUMíKvi| mvwnZ¨ GKv‡`wg‡Z cyi¯‹…Z GB Kwe bvbvfv‡e m¤§vwbZ n‡q‡Qb. MíKvi I mvsevw`K| mvwnZ¨ GKv‡Wwg cyi¯‹vi cvIqv GB Kwe mvßvwnK w`bgvb-Gi m¤úv`K wQ‡jb| ] Pvi‡U ZvMov †Nvov UMewM‡q Qy‡U Gj nvRv‡ii Ici nvRv‡ii ¯‘c Abvnv‡i g„Zz¨ÑGgbUvB ej‡Q Le‡ii KvMR hZ †ewk msL¨v ZZ AwaK we¯§‡q KzwÂZ å“ GLb †K e‡j †`‡e I‡`i GKRb Avwg bv| GKUv mv`v. †hgbÑ gyw³‡eva †d‡jvwkc. ˆgw_wj kiY ¸ß m¤§vb I `qveZx †gv`x Kwe‡kLi m¤§vb|] Avgvi evwo‡Z hviv hv Avm‡e bv †Kvbw`b Zv‡`i m‡½ †`Lv Ki‡Z hve Avwg| eb¨vq duy‡m IVv GKwU b`x Avgvi evox Avm‡e bv †Kvbw`b. Avgvi Aemi mg‡q bq. ivRv cyi¯‹vi. GKwU cvnvo. Abyev`K I AvaywbK gvjqvjg KweZvi AMÖMY¨ e¨w³Z¡| 1984 mv‡j wZwb m¤§vwbZ nb mvwnZ¨ GKv‡Wwg cyi¯‹v‡i| G Qvov †c‡q‡Qb Kwei m¤§vb I wfjeviv I GmwcwmGm cyi¯‹vi| wZwb AvBwRGbwmG-I †d‡jvwk‡c m¤§vwbZ|] [iNyexi mnvq (1929-1990) wQ‡jb wnw›` fvlvi GKvav‡i Kwe. b`xwUi Kv‡Q hve Avwg. 1937) wnw›` Kwe.K‡qKwU fviZxq KweZvi Abyev` †K. †hb †mUv †Kv‡bv Ri“ix KvR. Ab¨Uv Zvgv‡U we‡bv` Kzgvi ïK¬v Avgvi evwo‡Z hviv hv Avm‡e bv †Kvbw`b [we‡bv` Kzgvi ïK¬v (R. Abš— e„¶‡kªYx. 1930) gvjqvjg Kwe. Rvwb| AvwgB Lyu‡R †be PovB DrivB evjyf~wg. Avqvàv cwbKi Abyev`: Ai“b PµeZx †Nvovi †Ljv iNyexi mnvq wU‡K hvIqv [†K. Avqvàv cwbKi (R. cvnvo cv_‡ii Rb¨ÑAb¨ me mvby‡li g‡Zv| GKUvi Pvi‡U cv GKUvi wZb‡U GKUvi `y‡Uv PZz‡_©i cv GKUv GKцc‡q Avi mevB‡K ejj.

ZvB bv| Kx †bB †Zvgvi? meB Av‡Q Av‡Q Dò †MvmjLvbv| Kx mvnm †Zvgvi e‡jv †Zv.†kvb føvw`wgi gvqv‡Kvfw¯‹Õi `ywU KweZv Abyev` : †mŠwgÎ †`e [føvw`wgi gvqv‡Kvfw¯‹ (1893-1930) GKRb ivwkqvb Kwe I bvU¨Kvi|] Zzwg Zzwg‡Zv G‡Ki ci GK †ivgš’b Ki‡Qv †ek my‡L Av‡Qv. ˆbk †fvR Avi `vgx Mvox‡Z| Zvi †P‡q †Xi fv‡jv g‡¯‹vi ev‡i gw`iv cv‡bi myL| 1915 kvk¦wZKx 131 Gevi †kvb. Av‡iv †`Ljvg Di“i m‡½ Di“i Nl©‡Y †d‡U co‡Q †evgv| hw` KL‡bv †m †Zvgvi mvg‡b gvs‡ki wWk G‡b iv‡L †`L‡e nVvr wKfv‡e gv_vq i³ †Ljv K‡i| GL‡bv †Zvgvi gy‡L †mvWv IqvUvi Avi f`Kvi MÜ Avm½ wgjb Kvgbvq wbj©¾ m½x‡Z| Zzwg Avgvi †_‡K †hfv‡e `~‡i m‡i †M‡Qv AvwgI †Zgwb Zdv‡Z| wdwi‡q `vI Avgvi Rxeb fzj K‡iwQ bvixi MÜ. Zviv¸‡jv D¾¡j Av‡jv †`‡e Avi hviv A‡c¶vq GZ¶Y Zv‡`i Rb¨ N‡ii Pv‡ji Ici Aš—Z GKwU Zviv †Zv R¡j‡eB| 1913 kvk¦wZKx 132 . fq †bB Avi| Gevi †kvb. Avgv‡`i A‡bK †`wi n‡q †M‡Q| mK‡j nvZ Qz‡u q kc_ †bq Zvivnxb Av‡jv wKQz‡ZB _vK‡Z cv‡i bv Zv‡`i Kcv‡j| AvKv‡ki Zviv¸‡jv †`‡L‡Qv! Av‡jv Gevi R¡j‡eB| Rxe‡bi AÜKvi nvwi‡q †M‡j my‡ijv K‡É g„`y Mvb †f‡m Avm‡e| mK‡j KvbvKvwb Ki‡Q Avgiv fv‡jv AvwQ. hw` wbwðZfv‡e Zviv¸‡jv R¡‡j D¾¡j bv †nvK Aš—Z ¤−vb Av‡jv R¡jK y | hLb ga¨ `yc‡y i cÖPÊ So G‡m hvi A‡c¶vq Av‡Q A‡b‡K me wKQz ZQbQ K‡i w`j nvq Ck¦i! nvq Ck¦i! Kuv`‡Z Kuv`‡Z wb®cÖvY my‡i mie Pviw`K| Avnv. Kx K‡i Aviv‡g _vKv hvq| fv‡jv PvKzwi †RvUv‡bv hvq| G R‡b¨B m¤¢eZ †Zvgv‡K †`Ljvg †c`‡ivf †mbv Awdmv‡ii m‡½. hLb †`wL †m›U R‡R©i cyi¯‹v‡ii Lei co‡Qv wgwUwgwU †Pv‡L| KL‡bv Abyfe K‡i‡Qv †h Zzwg KZ †hvM¨Zvnxb AvRb¥ Avbvwo †Kej fv‡ev.

Jcb¨vwmK Ges ivRbxwZwe`| wZwb cZ©yMxR mgvRZvwš¿K `‡ji m`m¨.†Qv‡Uv. Ô†dqviI‡qj. gy³ K‡Ú. ÔgvB wejvfW A¨vI‡KÝÕ (1969). Z‡e cvjvevi f‡q Qy‡Uv bv Mvb hw` MvB‡eB. 2004 mv‡j wcªÝ KvDm cyi¯‹vi. Ôw` wgDwRK Ae wnDg¨vb †d«kÕ (1980). Ô`¨ GÛ Ae `¨ bvBUÕ (1967).g¨vby‡qj Av‡j‡Mªi GKwU wjwiK Aej¤^‡b †h Mvb Rxe‡bi cZ©yMxR †_‡K Bs‡iwR‡Z Abyev` : K¨v‡ivwjbv wf‡qwi fvevbyev` : g nvmvb [g¨vby‡qj Av‡j‡M« (Rb¥: 12 †g 1936) cZ©yMv‡ji GKRb L¨vZbvgv Kwe. ¯§…wZPvib I AvZ¥Rxebxg~jK †jLv Av‡Q Zvui mvwnZ¨fvÊv‡i| kw³kvjx †jLv Avi Mfxi ch©‡e¶Y kw³i AwaKvix Kwe gvngy` `viwek ga¨cªvP¨ I wdwjw¯—wb mvs¯‹…wZK Av‡›`vj‡bi g~Z© cªZx‡K cwiYZ nb| ¯^vaxb wdwjw¯—b ivó« cªwZôvi cªZ¨‡q Kwe gvngy` `viwek 1988 mv‡j wdwjw¯—‡bi ¯^vaxbZvi †NvlYvcÎwU Zvui †jLv. †dqviI‡qj wcPmn (1974) cªvq Aa©kZ Kv‡e¨i cvkvcvwk Mí. ÔAvB jvf BD AvB jvf BD bUÕ (1972). Zv‡K ¯úk© Kwi| ZLb †m hyeZx wQjÑ Avgvi ¯úó g‡b Av‡Q Kxfv‡e †m wb‡R‡K †g‡j ai‡Zv! Ges Kxfv‡e Avgvi nvZ Zvi wbcvU Pyj Qy‡u q w`Z| Avwg wiZv‡K ¯§iY Kwi SogvLv PoyB‡qi g‡Zv Avn&. cªeÜ Ômvgw_¼ GevDU `¨ †nvgj¨vÛÕ (1971). ÔivBwUs Bb w` jvBU Ae w` MvbÕ (1970). MvI| †g‡S‡Z †PvL bv †mu‡U †i‡L †nu‡U †h‡Z cv‡iv nvgv¸wo w`‡q evuPv †m †Kgb gvbe Rxeb †R‡bv †Zvgvi `y-†PvL Pvq †`‡L †b‡e AvKv‡ki Zviv cÖZ¨vLvb Ki‡e hw` wPrKvi K‡i e‡jv: bv| Ab¨iKg GK Rxeb Am¤¢e bq me‡P kw³kvjx A¯¿ †m †Zv †Zvgvi `y'nvZ hw` fv‡jvev‡mv. Ges 2006 Gi †c«wm‡W›U wbe©vP‡b ¯^Zš¿ cªv_©x wn‡m‡e cªwZØw›ØZv K‡ib| †hŠe‡b cZ©yMxR KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i m`m¨ wQ‡jb| ˆ¯^ivkvmK mvjvRv‡ii (Antonio de Oliveria Salazar) Pwj−k eQie¨vwc GKbvqKZ‡š¿i (1933-74) cªwZev` Kivq †Rj Lv‡Ub I Avj‡Rwiqv‡Z wbe©vwmZ nb| Zvi A‡bK KweZvB Mvb wn‡m‡eI we‡kl RbwcªqZv jvf K‡i‡Q|] hw` ej‡ZB nq Z‡e K_v e‡jv Mjv Ly‡j hw` fv‡jvev‡mv. †R‡bv Zywg D‡V `vuov‡jB `vuov‡e Rxeb| wbt‡kl n‡qvbv. wiZv! Avgv‡`i gv‡S AvR j¶ PoyB Avi Aweivg `…k¨cU Ges A‡b‡Ki wgjb¯’‡j ey‡jUKvnb Zey wiZvi bvg Avgvi gy‡L kvš—-cweÎ wiZvi kixi Avgvi K‡ói Kvwebbvgv Avwg wiZv‡K nvwi‡qwQ `y eQi Av‡M kvk¦wZKx 134 . 1993 mv‡j d«v‡Ýi `¨ bvBU Ad `¨ AW©vi Ad AvU©m A¨vÛ †jUvim©. 1983 mv‡j ivwkqvi †jwbb wcm cªvBR. Z‡e †R‡bv †cªg wbwl× wKQy bq hw` QyU‡eB.GK gy³ Rxeb| kvk¦wZKx 133 gvngy` `viwek wiZv I ivB‡dj Abyev` : †kL bRi“j [wdwjw¯—wb Kwe gvngy` `viwek 1941 mv‡ji 13 gvP© wdwjw¯—‡bi Avj-weiIqv Mªv‡g Rb¥MªnY K‡ib| Rwg`vi evev †mwjg Ges gv nvDwiqv `viwe‡ki wØZxq mš—vb wZwb| 1964 mv‡j KweZv ÔcwiPqcÎÕ (Identity Card) cªKv‡ki ci gvngy` `viwe‡ki Kve¨L¨vwZ Pvicv‡k Qwo‡q c‡o| 1948 mv‡ji ga¨cªvP¨ hy‡× Avj-weiIqv Mªvg aŸsm¯—~‡c cwiYZ nq| BmivBj cªwZôvi ci Zvu‡`i cwievi †jevb‡b cvwj‡q hvq| Z‡e GK eQi ci BmivB‡j wd‡i wZwb Kvdi Bqvwmd ¯‹y‡j covïbv ïi“ K‡ib| 19 eQi eq‡m Zvui cª_g Kve¨ Avmvwdi wejv AvRwbnv cªKvwkZ nq| 1960 mv‡j cvLvnxb cvwL (wingless Birds) Kve¨ cªKv‡ki ga¨ w`‡q wZwb Avie mvwnZ¨v½‡b cwiwPwZ jvf K‡ib| Kve¨ Ôwjfm Ae AwjfÕ (1964). †S‡o †d‡jv me fq. gy³ cªv‡Y. †hwU wdwjw¯—‡bi Rbwcªq †bZv Bqvwmi AvivdvZ GK wekvj ivR‰bwZK mgv‡e‡k cvV K‡iwQ‡jb| gvngy` `viwe‡ki †jLv 20wU fvlvq Abyev` n‡q‡Q| Kwe gvngy` `viwek Zvui mvwnZ¨K‡g©i ¯^xK…wZ¯^iƒc 1969 mv‡j Av‡d«v-Gkxq †jLK wkwe‡ii `¨ †jvUvm cvBR. †K‡bv †Zvgvq bvPv‡e Avi †KD fvb Kiv _vwg‡q Gevi bq mwZ¨Kvi evu‡Pv hw` PvI Z‡e nI gy³ gvbyl gy³ Mv‡b. ÔG jvfvi d«g c¨v‡j÷vBbÕ (1966). 2007 mv‡j †Mv‡ìb cyi¯‹vi mn eû cyi¯‹v‡i f~wlZ n‡q‡Qb|] wiZv Ges Avgvi †Pv‡Li gvSLv‡b GKwU ivB‡dj †h wiZv‡K wPwbÑ AvbZ Mv‡b Mv‡b gaygq †Pv‡L hvi ¯^M© bv‡g. Iqvi. ÔWv‡qwi Ae G c¨v‡j÷vBb IÛÕ (1969). eyK f‡i wbk¦vm bvI.

ÔZLb KxÕ?. Ges GB Avwg †K? hLb Avwg †bB Avgvi †fZ‡i wKš‘ Avwg wb‡R‡K fve‡Z PvB. Zywg Avgv‡K nZ¨v K‡iQ wVKB wKš‘ Avwg fy‡j †MwQ †Zvgvi g‡Zv g‡i †h‡Z| gy¯d — v gvngy` i“gvj Abyev` : †nv‡mbDÏxb †nv‡mb [ gy¯d — v gvngy` (1921-2009) GKRb wgkixq weÁvbx I †jLK| wPwKrmv kv‡¯¿ covïbv K‡i wZwb †jLv‡jwL I mvsevw`KZv‡K †ckv wnmv‡e †e‡Q †bb|] †Zvgvi H mv`v i“gv‡j we`y¨‡Zi KviyKvR Kiv Avgvi ey‡Ki g‡a¨ Zvi cÖwZwKiY| Avgv‡K DrKwÚZ K‡i g„Zz¨i `‡Ûi gZ cÖwZ¶vi cÖwZwU ¶Y| †Zvgv‡K cvevi R‡b¨ Kvgbv Avgvi Rv‡M †hgb †jvf nq GK¸”Q Av‡cj dj †`‡L| Zvi gvsmj †jvfbxq kixi Avgv‡K gvZvj K‡i wMjevi `~ev© i AvMÖ‡n| Avgvi Kvgbv ivwÎi gZ †Zvgv‡K Lu‡y R cvIqv PÂj w`‡bi AveZ© wKš‘ †Kv_vq Avgvi ivwÎ ? †Uªb †_‡K †b‡g G‡mwQ GLb eû`~i †mB cwiZ¨³ †÷kbÑ c−vUdig| wewb`ª †Pv‡Li cvZvi Kv‡Q Avwg GKRb mve¨¯’ g~L© †Kbbv. `…p cªwZÁv my›`i Kv‡c g`cv‡b †f‡m e‡jwQjvg cybR©‡b¥i K_v| Avn&.GB `y eQi †m Avgvi evû‡Z Nywg‡q Av‡Q| Avgiv cªwZÁv K‡iwQjvg. mgq Ávbnxb cwiewZ©Z GKRb. Avgvi GB a¨v‡bi Kv‡Q Zzwg GLb kixiwenxb GLb Avgvi ü`‡qi g‡a¨ †Zvgvi mv`v iygvj Avi mv`v i“gvj| kvk¦wZKx 135 kvk¦wZKx 136 . Avwg Dwo GiB gv‡S Avwg Ab¨ GKRb n‡q hvBÑ ¯’vb. wiZv! GKwU e›`y‡Ki Kx Ggb kw³ wQj Avgvi `…wó †_‡K †Zvgv‡K Avjv`v Kivi? ayqvkv”Qbœ bxieZvq Kx cªkvwš— wQj! mKv‡j Avgvi Pvu` eû `~‡ii Awfevmx n‡Zv †mB ayqvkvgvLv †Pv‡Li †fZ‡i GB kni Zy‡j wb‡”Q me MvwqKv‡`iGes wiZv‡K wiZv Ges Avgvi †Pv‡Li gvSLv‡b GKwU ivB‡dj Zvi AvNvZ evB‡e‡ji GKwU †Mvjvc nq Avgvi nvZ `ywU cvqivi avb‡LvUv †VvuU Avwg nvuU‡Z PvB bv. GKv wcªq bexi g‡Zv. ÔZLb KxÕ? GKRb bvix ˆmwbK †PuwP‡q e‡jÑ Avwg wK †Zvgv‡K nZ¨v KwiwbÑ Zywg cybe©vi Kxfv‡e wd‡i G‡j? Avwg ewj.

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Avš—b cvf‡jvwfP †PLf wZb †evb (Pvi A¼ wewkó bvUK) Abyev` : wR GBP nvexe gyL¨Z. 2001) Bs‡iwR Abyev` †_‡K fvlvš—wiZ| Kzkxjee„›` †cÖvRif. wdI`i BwjP. AwZw_‡`i Af¨_©bv Rvbv‡Z Ges bvPevi R‡b¨ i“k †`‡k G-ai‡bi Kvgiv e¨eüZ nq| kvk¦wZKx 145 Rb¥w`‡b. GKmvwi Kjvg w`‡q NiUv‡K GKUv eji“g39 †_‡K Avjv`v Kiv n‡q‡Q| `ycyi GLb. g‡b co‡Q me wKQy Kx iKg †iv` Avi DòZvq ficyi wQj| GMv‡iv eQi cvi n‡q †M‡Q Zvic‡iI me wKQyB g‡b Av‡Q Avgvi. g‡¯‹v... e›`y‡Ki ¸wj Qu‡y o Zuv‡K m¤§vb Rvbv‡bv n‡qwQj| Zvi KviY. g‡¯‹vi mewKQyB ZLb dz‡j d‡j cwic~Y©. Zzlvi SiwQj| Bwibv : Gme ¯§„wZ g‡b Kivi wK Lye `iKvi Av‡Q? (e¨vib Zz‡RbevL. Av‡jw· †c‡ÎvwfP. Aek¨ Zvic‡iI evP© Mv‡Q †Kv‡bv cvZv †`Lv hv‡”Q bv| AvR †_‡K GMv‡iv eQi Av‡M weª‡MwWqvi n‡qwQ‡jb evev. GwjRv‡fUv †db (†c−R: †PKf. ZvB bv? wVK AvR‡Ki w`‡b. †MvUv GKUv weª‡MW wQj Zuvi Aax‡b| Zvic‡iI wKš‘ A‡š—¨wówµqvq Lye †ewk †jvK wQj bv| Aek¨ ZLb e„wó nw”Qj †e`g. Aby”P ¯^‡i wkl evRv‡”Q) IjMv : gvkv. †PeywZwKb Avi mwjIwb‡K Kjvg¸‡jvi †cQ‡b eji“‡gi †UwejUvi cv‡k †`Lv hv‡e) IjMv : AvR G‡Zv Mig †h Rvbjv¸‡jv Avgiv nvU K‡i Ly‡j w`‡Z cviwQ. Avbg‡b. ZviB duv‡K duv‡K D‡V `uvov‡”Q. †m‡KÛ †jd‡Ub¨v›U †iv‡`. Zzlvi cowQj| ZLb g‡b n‡qwQj evevi g„Z¨z i av°vUv Avwg mvg‡j DV‡Z cvi‡ev bv. Avgvi mg¯— kw³ Avi †hŠeb †duvUvq †duvUvq †ewi‡q hv‡”Q Avgvi kixi †_‡K. †mbvevwnbxi wPwKrmK †d‡`vwZK. cvqPvix Ki‡Q| GKUv Kv‡jv †cvkvK c‡i gvkv e‡m e‡m eB co‡Q. g‡b n‡”Q †hb. e„wó cowQj. †Rjv`߇ii e„× †cvU©vi Avbwdmv. `qv K‡i| Kx K‡i cvwim. e¨vUvwi KgvÛvi Zz‡RbevL. Av‡j·vÛvi BMbvwZ‡qwfP. †mbvevwnbxi †jd‡Ub¨v›U mwjIwb. Av‡›`ªB †miwM‡qwfP bvZvkv (bvZvwjqv Bfv‡bvf&bv). evB‡i Pbg‡b †iv`| eji“‡g `ycy‡ii Lvevi R‡b¨ †Uwej mvRv‡bv n‡”Q| †m‡K‡Ûvwi ¯‹yj wkw¶Kvi wewam¤§Z Mvp bxj i‡Oi †cvkvK c‡i IjMv Zvi wk¶v_©x‡`i cix¶vi LvZv †`L‡Q. †cÖv‡MÖm cvwe−kvm©. gvkvi ¯^vgx †fiwkwbb. AvmevecÎ Lye †ewk †bB †mLv‡b. cuvPB †g Ñ †Zvi 39 eomo GKUv Kvgiv. i“cv K¬vwmK&m. Avwk eQi e‡qmx e„×v bvU‡Ki NUbv¯’j GKwU †Rjvkni cÖ_g A¼ (†cÖvRi‡fi evwoi GKwU emevi Ni. f−vw`wgi Kv‡j©vwfP. Avi g‡b n‡PQ †mUv µ‡gB Av‡iv †Rviv‡jv n‡q DV‡Q. gv_v e¨_vUv Avgvi KL‡bvB hv‡e bv. †cªvRif‡`i cÖv³b bvm©. evjK D”P we`¨vj‡qi wk¶K. Avgvi wPš—vfvebv ixwZgZ eq¯‹ †Kv‡bv gvby‡li| mwZ¨ ejwQ. KZ mn‡RB bv Avjvc KiwQ Avgiv e¨vcviUv wb‡q| mv`v GKUv †cvkvK c‡iwQm ZzB.. fwjDg Uz. `uvwo‡q i‡q‡Q|) IjMv : wVK GK eQi n‡jv evev gviv †M‡Qb. †cÖvRif-Gi †cÖwgKv... Ges ÷vK© BqvsK…Z (†c−R: †PKf. e¨vib. †c½yBb K¬vwmK&m. Zvi KviY cÖwZw`bB ¯‹‡z j †h‡Z n‡e Avgv‡K. †hb g‡i wM‡qwQm| Avi AvR Ñ GK eQi cvi n‡q †M‡Q. fvwmwj fvwmwjP. Aby”P ¯^‡i wkl evRvq) Bwibv : Ck¦‡ii K…cvq me wKQy wVK n‡q hv‡e| (Rvbjv w`‡q evB‡i ZvKvq) Kx PgrKvi AvenvIqv AvR! mwZ¨. †m‡KÛ †jd‡Ub¨v›U †divc›U (†divc›U w¯úwi‡`vwbP). Avgvi cÖv‡Y AvR G‡Zv Avb›` Kx‡mi| AvR mKv‡j g‡b kvk¦wZKx 146 . cÖ_g cÖKvk 1951). †MŠYZ K¨v_wjb KzK (wm‡jK‡±W IqvK©m: Avš—b †PLf. Bfvb †ivgvwbP. Kx D¾¡jB bv †`Lv‡”Q †Zvi gyLUv|(GKUv Nwo‡Z ev‡ivUv evRj) †mw`bI Nwo‡Z GiKg ev‡ivUv †e‡RwQj| (GKUz †_‡g) g‡b Av‡Q. GLvbKvi Rxe‡bi m‡½ m¤úK© PzwK‡q w`‡q hw` g‡¯‹v wd‡i †h‡Z cviZvg! IjMv : nu¨v. w`‡bi ci w`b. ej‡Zv? (LvwbK weiwZ) Avgvi g‡b nq. †hb gvÎB MZKvj wM‡qwQ Avgiv †mLv‡b| Ck¦i! AvR mKv‡j Nyg †_‡K D‡V m~‡h©i Av‡jvi GB eb¨v †`‡L Kx †h Lywk njvg! g‡¯‹v wd‡i hvIqvi Kx B‡”QB †h n‡jv! †PeywZwKb (Zz‡Rbev‡Li D‡Ï‡k) : K‡iv wM‡q Zzwg hv cv‡iv! Zz‡RbevL : ¯^xKvi KiwQ.. c‡i Zvi ¯¿x IjMv (IjMv †mwM©‡qf&bv. ï‡q wQwj G‡Kev‡i w¯’i n‡q. Bwibv| g‡b Av‡Q fxlY VvÊv c‡owQj †mw`b. hZ ZvovZvwo m¤¢e| (†PeywZwKb Avi Zz‡RbevL †n‡m I‡V) Bwibv : Av‡›`ªB Lye wkM&wMiB GKUv cÖ‡dmikxc †c‡q hv‡e e‡j g‡b nq| ZLb Avi GLv‡b †m †_‡K hv‡e e‡j †eva nq bv| GLb GKgvÎ mgm¨v n‡jv Avgv‡`i †ePvix gvkv| IjMv : gvkv Aek¨ cÖwZ eQiB Avgv‡`i m‡½ g‡¯‹v G‡m _vK‡Z cv‡i| gvkv: (Avbg‡b.. ZLb wZwb g‡¯‹v Qv‡ob. wb‡KvjvB j&‡fvwfP. †h-Pvi eQi a‡i Avwg ¯‹j z Uvq PvKwi KiwQ Zv w`‡bi ci w`b| Avgvi GLb †Kej GKUvB B‡”Q. Avgv‡`i‡KI m‡½ wb‡q hvb| Avgvi Lye g‡b Av‡Q. ZzB gyQv© wM‡qwQwj. Bwibv : ïay hw` g‡¯‹v wd‡i †h‡Z cviZvg Avgiv| evwoUv wewµ K‡i. †jd‡Ub¨v›U-K‡b©j. Dwb GKRb †Rbv‡ij wQ‡jb. Rvwb bv. K¨v‡Þb †PeywZwKb. cÖ_g cÖKvk 1973). Gi †Kv‡bv A_©B nq bv| gvkv : (cv‡V gMœ. wPš—vgMœ. evev‡K hLb mgvwa¯’‡j wb‡q hvIqv nw”Qj ZLb GKUv mvgwiK `j e¨vÛ evRvw”Qj. †Kv‡ji Ici Zvi UzwcUv c‡o Av‡Q| Bwibv. Avi G‡Kev‡i †mB mܨv Awã cwo‡q †h‡Z n‡e| g‡b n‡”Q †hb. Iwjqv) gvkv (gvwiqv †mwM©‡qf&bv) }†cÖvRif-Gi wZb †evb Bwibv (Bwibv †mwM©‡qf&bv) KzjwMb. wkl evRv‡bvUv GKUz eÜ Ki.

¸u‡ov wdUwKwi wb‡q.. gv_v-e¨_vUvI †bB. evQv. Kx †h my›`i! gb AvKzj Kiv fvebvme| IjMv : †Zv‡K G‡Zv my›`i †`Lv‡”Q. cÖej GKUv So Gwo‡q Avm‡Q Avgv‡`i beRxeb `vb Ki‡Z| nu¨v. D`vwmbZv. †evKv bb| Zuvi GKgvÎ `ye©jZv n‡jv Dwb K_v e‡jb †ewk| Bwibv : gvbylUv B›Uv‡iw÷s wKbv ZvB ejyb| Zz‡RbevL : Dwb wVKB Av‡Qb| ïay GKUv †eŠ. gvÎ AvVvk eQi eqm Avgvi| .. †Zgb e„× bb| Pwj−k. Avi SoUv Gme AjmZv.. Avi †mUvB nIqv DwPZ Zvi Rxeb. cÖvqB wZwb AvZ¥nZ¨v Kivi †Póv K‡ib| fve †`‡L g‡b nq. mviv¶YB `vk©wbK eywj KcPvb Avi evMvo¤^i K‡i ‡eovb| ZvQvov..Avgvi g‡b nq. NiKbœv KiZvg. kªwgK nIqv KZB bv my‡Li e¨vcvi Ñ m~‡h©i m‡½ m‡½ Nyg †_‡K †R‡M IVv. Kx n‡q‡Q? Bwibv: ejyb †Zv. Zvici weQvbv †Q‡o D‡V nvZ-gyL ayjvg ZLb nVvr K‡iB Avgvi g‡b n‡jv RM‡Zi me wKQyB cwi®‹vi n‡q ‡M‡Q Avgvi Kv‡Q. kvïwo Avi `y‡Uv †g‡q Av‡Q Iui| Av‡iv Kx. Pzj covi GKUv †iwmwc cvIqv ‡M‡Q| .†hfv‡e †m KvRUv KiZ Zv‡Z Avwg iv‡M MR MR KiZvg Avi Avgvi gv †ønf‡i †P‡q _vK‡Zb| Ab¨ †Kv‡bv `„wó‡Z †KD Avgvi w`‡K ZvKv‡j Lye AevK n‡Zb Avgvi gv| KvR †_‡K Kx mh‡ZœB bv Avovj K‡i ivLv n‡qwQj Avgv‡K! Z‡e Avgvi m‡›`n nq †kl ch©š— KvRUv‡Z Zviv mdj n‡qwQj wKbv| nu¨v.. AvR Avgvi G‡Zv Lywk jvM‡Q ‡Kb? wVK ‡hb eo eo mv`v cvj jvMv‡bv GKUv †bŠ‡Kv †P‡c †f‡m ‡eovw”Q Avwg.`y& AvDÝ b¨vc_wjb.(GKUv †bvUey‡K Uz‡K iv‡L) e¨vcviUv †Lqvj ivL‡Z n‡e| (mwjIwbi D‡Ï‡k) B‡q. Bwibv: Bfvb †ivgvwbP. Avcwb Abvqv‡m Avgvi m‡½ eÜz‡Z¡i m¤úK© wQbœ Ki‡Z cv‡ib| †PeywZwKb (†Kvgj ¯^‡i): ZvB Kie.Gme wgwk‡q w`‡b GKevi e¨envi Ki“b| .Ck¦i! e¨vcviUv Avwg Kx fvj K‡iB bv eyS‡Z cvwi! Rxe‡b GKUv Kz‡UvI †b‡o †`wLwb Avwg| Avgvi Rb¥ wcUvm©ev‡M©. Zv †mUv g`©v ev gv`x hv-B †nvK bv ‡Kb . Ggb †eŠ †Q‡o A‡bK Av‡MB cvwj‡q euvPZvg| wKš‘ Dwb e¨vcviUv gvwb‡q wb‡q‡Qb| †mªd MRMR K‡ib wZwb e¨vcviUv wb‡q. IjMv: evev Avgv‡`i wkwL‡qwQ‡jb mvZUvi mgq DV‡Z. eo‡Rvi cuqZvwj−k n‡e eqm| (Av‡¯— Av‡¯— wcqv‡bv evRv‡Z _v‡K) †jvKUv‡K PgrKvi e‡jB g‡b nq| Avi hv-B †nvK.. hw` Zvi PvB‡Z †ewk bv n‡q _v‡K| †PeywZwKb (Le‡ii KvMR co‡Z co‡Z †fZ‡i †Xv‡K) : GB †h. Avi Avwg †R‡b ‡MwQ Kxfv‡e Avgvi euvPv DwPZ| gvby‡li †kªYx Ae¯’vb hvB †nvK bv ‡Kb. Ajm GKUv kn‡i. †mUvB eis fv‡jv n‡Zv Avgvi R‡b¨| (LvwbK mgq Pzc †_‡K) e‡ii Lye b¨vIUv nZvg Avwg| Zz‡RbevL (mwjIwbi D‡Ï‡k) : mwZ¨ Avcwb Ggb me my›`i A_©nxb K_v ej‡Z cv‡ib †h Avcbvi eKeKvwb ïb‡Z ïb‡Z K¬vš— n‡q c‡owQ Avwg| (emevi N‡i P‡j Av‡m) fv‡jv K_v. ¯^vgx‡K wei³ Kivi R‡b¨B †Kej Gme K‡ib wZwb| Avwg n‡j. Avwg K¨v‡WU ¯‹j z †_‡K wd‡i G‡j †m †U‡b Avgvi Ry‡Zv Ly‡j w`Z. Avi R‡b¥wQjvg Ggb GKUv cwiev‡i †hLv‡b KvR Avi `ytwðš—v ej‡Z Kx †evSvq †me¨vcv‡i Kv‡iv we›`ygvÎ aviYv wQj bv| GK PvK‡ii K_v g‡b Av‡Q. AvR Avwg evwo‡Z AvwQ.. GgbKx.. ¯^vaxb. hv ejwQjvg Avi wK †Zvgv‡K| †evZjvU‡Z GKUv wQwc cwi‡q wQwcUvi †fZi w`‡q GKUv Kv‡Vi wUDe Mwj‡q w`‡Z n‡e| Zvici GK wPgwU mvaviY. Kv‡Ri kvk¦wZKx 147 kvk¦wZKx 148 . Avi nVvr K‡iB Avgvi G‡Zv Lywk jvMj †h Kx eje..Kx RNb¨! Mi‡gi mgq †jv‡K ‡hgb GKUv VvÊv cvbxqi R‡b¨ e¨vKzj n‡q _v‡K wVK †miKgB e¨vKzj n‡q _vwK KvR Kivi R‡b¨| Gici †_‡K hw` Avwg †fv‡i Nyg †_‡K bv DwV Avi mwZ¨B KvR bv Kwi. f`ªgwnjv Zuvi wØZxq ¯¿x| mevi m‡½ †`Lv K‡i wZwb e‡j †eovb Zuvi †eŠ Avi `yB †g‡q Av‡Q| Avcbv‡`i‡KI wbN©vZ †mK_v ej‡eb wZwb| Iui †eŠ-Uv GKUz gv_v‡gvUv| ev”Pv †g‡q‡`i g‡Zv j¤^v GKUv †eYx K‡i iv‡Lb.. eis wZb¸Y †ewk kw³ a‡i. Gwig‡a¨ †ek Kv‡Q G‡m c‡o‡Q. Avgvi eqm †e‡o †M‡Q.. GB hv| mwjIwb (†PeywZwKb‡K m‡½ wb‡q emevi N‡i †Xv‡K) : GLb Avwg GK nv‡Z gvÎ lvU cvDÛ IRb IVv‡Z cvwi. weiƒc.. Bfvb †ivgvwbP.. mwZ¨B `vi“Y AvKl©Yxq g‡b n‡”Q AvR †Zv‡K| gvkv‡KI Lye my›`i jvM‡Q AvR| Av‡›`ªBI my›`i n‡Z cvi‡Zv. Avcbv‡`i ej‡Z fy‡j †MwQ: Avgv‡`i bZzb e¨vUvwi KgvÛvi AvR †`Lv Ki‡Z Avm‡Qb Avcbv‡`i m‡½| (wcqv‡bvi cv‡k e‡m c‡o)| IjMv : ï‡b Lye Lywk njvg| Bwibv: Dwb wK e„×? Zz‡RbevL : bv.c‡owQj †h AvR Avgvi Rb¥w`b. ZvB Bwibv memgq mvZUvi mgq I‡V Ñ Z‡e Zvici Aš—Z bÕUv ch©š— †m weQvbv‡ZB e‡m _v‡K AvKvk-cvZvj fve‡Z fve‡Z| gyLUv‡KI †h Kx M¤¢xi K‡i iv‡L! (†n‡m I‡V) Bwibv: Avwg M¤¢xi ev wmwiqvm n‡j †mUv †Zvgvi Kv‡Q A™¢Z y e‡j g‡b nq. Avi AvKv‡k wekvj me mv`v cvwL †f‡m ‡eov‡”Q| †PeywZwKb (Bwibvi `yB nv‡Z †Kvgjfv‡e Pz‡gv †L‡q): †QvÆ mv`v cvwL Avgvi! Bwibv: eyS‡jb. `yÕRb †jvK GKR‡bi PvB‡Z wظY †ewk kw³ a‡i bv.. Ck¦i hv wKQy B”Qv K‡ib Zvi me Aek¨B fv‡jv| wKš‘ Zvic‡iI GUv bv †f‡e cvwi bv †h hw` Avwg we‡q KiZvg. ev †ijI‡qi GwÄb WªvBfvi nIqv| In& Ck¦i! †hme †g‡q `yciy ev‡ivUvq Nyg †_‡K D‡V weQvbvq e‡mB KwdUv †L‡q ‡bq.. myL Avi cwiZ…wßi cwic~Y© A_© I D‡Ïk¨| Avnv. wVKB Avm‡Q SoUv. iv¯—vi cv‡k e‡m BU fvOv KZB bv my‡Li Ñ wKsev †Kv‡bv ivLvj ev QvÎcov‡bv BkKzj gv÷vi. Avav †evZj †gw_‡j‡UW w¯úwiU . Zvici `yB NÈv jvMvq Kvco-Rvgv ci‡Z Zv‡`i †P‡q GKUv †Nvov nIqv-I fv‡jv. wKš‘ `yB nv‡Z cvwi `y‡kv cvDÛ. †mB mg‡qi K_v g‡b n‡jv hLb Avgiv wkï wQjvg. †me¨vcv‡i Avgvi m‡›`n Av‡Q! mgq n‡q G‡m‡Q Ñ fqsKi GKUv Kv‡jv †gN GwM‡q Avm‡Q Avgv‡`i w`‡K. `y‡kv Pwj−k| Kv‡RB Avgvi wm×vš— n‡”Q. KviY Zzwg me mgq Avgv‡K †QvÆ LyKxwU g‡b K‡iv| Avgvi eqm wKš‘ wek. ZvB Kie.. wcÖq Bfvb †ivgvwbP! †PeywZwKb: Kx n‡q‡Q.. MZKvj h‡ZvUv g‡b n‡qwQj Zvi †P‡q e‡qm A‡bK K‡g †M‡Q e‡j g‡b n‡”Q AvR| kZ n‡jI.. AvR mKv‡j hLb Nyg fvOj. gv_vi Nvg Nvg cv‡q †d‡jB Zv‡K euvP‡Z n‡e. Avwg gy³. wKš‘ I †h Ggb bv`ymby`ym n‡q †M‡Q Zv ejvi bq| e¨vcviUv I‡K GK`gB gvbv‡”Q bv| Avi wb‡Ri K_v ej‡j ej‡Z nq. eyS‡j? Zz‡RbevL: Kv‡Ri R‡b¨ GB e¨vKzjZv! . gv †eu‡P wQ‡jb| Avi ZLbB KZ †h my›`i me fvebv G‡jv g‡b. ïwK‡q †MwQ A‡bK| Avgvi g‡b nq GUv n‡q‡Q ¯‹z‡j †g‡q‡`i m‡½ mviv¶Y wLwUwgwU Kivi Kvi‡Y| wKš‘ AvR‡Ki K_v Avjv`v.

. gvB myBU wjU&j Mvj©.. fv‡jv †bB gbUv| Kv‡RB Avgvi K_vq Kvb w`‡q Avcbv‡`i KvR †bB| (AkÖ“fiv †PvL wb‡q nvm‡Z _v‡K) c‡i K_v n‡e Avgv‡`i.cwÎKv †_‡KB Rvb‡Z cviwQ †h `eªwjDef e‡j GKRb †jvK Av‡Qb. (Pvcv ¯^‡i Mvb MvB‡Z MvB‡Z D‡V c‡o) IjMv: †Zv‡K AvR welYœ †`Lv‡”Q. wbtm½. wKsev Avcbvi Ici wei³ n‡q AvwgB GKUv ey‡jU †muwa‡q †`‡ev Avcbvi gv_vi †fZi| (c‡KU †_‡K myMwÜi GKUv †evZj †ei K‡i wb‡Ri gyL Avi nv‡Z gvwL‡q ‡bq) †PeywZwKb (†n‡m): GK_v LyeB mZ¨ †h KL‡bv †Kv‡bv KvR Kwiwb Avwg| we‡kl K‡i wek¦we`¨vjq Qvovi ci Ky‡UvUvI bvwowb| GgbKx GKUv eBI cwowb| †Kej Le‡ii KvMR Qvov| (c‡KU †_‡K Av‡iKUv Le‡ii KvMR †ei K‡i) GB ‡hgb GLv‡b| . wKsev m¤¢eZ †mªd KzZK©. Bwibv (Amš‘ó fw½‡Z): e‡U! ZzB bv.... †divc›U w¯úwi‡`wbP. ejyb †Zv? Avgv‡K wR‡Ám Ki‡eb bv. mwZ¨B Avcbvi j¾v nIqv DwPZ| †PeywZwKb: ‡`‡Lv. GB w`‡K G‡mv.(`ª“Z cv‡q †ewi‡q hvq `vwo‡Z nvZ ey‡jv‡Z ey‡jv‡Z) Bwibv: Pj‡jb Dwb Iui †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bv †QvÆ ‡Ljv †Lj‡Z| Zz‡RbevL: nu¨v. bv. Avev‡iv ewj. Avi. evQv| Ry‡Zv‡Rvov †Zv †Zvgvi †ek cwi®‹viB Av‡Q †`LwQ| (Bwibvi cÖwZ) KvDwÝj Awd‡mi †cªvZccf GKUv †KK cvwV‡q‡Qb| Bwibv: ab¨ev`| Zuv‡K †ev‡jv Zuvi cÖwZ Avwg Lye K…ZÁ| (†KKUv MÖnY K‡i) †divc›U: Kx ej‡j? Bwibv (Av‡iv D”P K‡É): Zuv‡K †ev‡jv Avwg Zuv‡K ab¨ev` Rvwb‡qwQ| IjMv: b¨vwb. wcÖq †evbwU Avgvi| (Bwibv‡K Pz‡gv Lvq) Avi nu¨v. kvk¦wZKx 149 IjMv (mvkÖ“bq‡b): †Zvi Ae¯’v Avwg eyS‡Z cvwi.. Iiv Avgv‡K wb‡P †h‡Z ej‡Q| †KD Avgvi m‡½ ‡`Lv KiZ G‡m‡Q| GKUz c‡iB AvmwQ Avwg| . †mUv Ck¦iB Rv‡bb ïay| (wbPZjv †_‡K †KD †g‡S‡Z VK VK K‡i kã K‡i) IB †h. gvkv| gvkv: (Mvb MvB‡Z MvB‡Z Uzwc c‡i) IjMv: hvw”Qm †Kv_vq? gvkv: evwo| Bwibv: Kx A™¢yZ! Zz‡RbevL: Kx? †ev‡bi cvwU© †Q‡o P‡j hv‡”Qb? gvkv: Zv‡Z Kx Av‡m hvq? AvR mܨv‡ZB wd‡i AvmwQ AvmwQ| hvB‡i.. e¨vcviUv Kx RNb¨ bv? me mgqB Dwb †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bv †Q‡jgvbylx KvR Ki‡Qb| gvkv: ÔeuvKv b`xZxi cv‡k ev‡o meyR GK IK MvQ.. GK UzK‡iv †KK †`‡e Avgvq? †divc›U: Kx ej‡j? Avbwdmv: Avgvi m‡½ G‡mv †divc›U. Avwg Avcbv‡`i mvwe©K ïfKvgbv RvbvB| †mAvg‡j Ñ evev hLb †eu‡P wQ‡jb Ñ Avgv‡`i cvwU©¸‡jv‡Z wÎk-Pwj−k Rb Awdmvi Dcw¯’Z _vK‡Zb| Kx gRvi me cvwU©B bv n‡Zv| Avi AvR? Kviv Av‡Q GLv‡b? †`oLvbv gvbyl. c„w_ex‡Z †Zvgiv Qvov Avi †KD †bB Avgvi| c„w_exi Ab¨ †h-‡Kv‡bv wKQyi †P‡q †Zvgiv A‡bK †ewk wcÖq Avgvi Kv‡Q| Avgvi eqm lv‡Ui KvQvKvwQ| Avwg GKUv ey‡ov gvbyl. wKš‘ hw` †Kv‡bv gwnjv ev `yÕRb gwnjv KvRUv K‡ib ZLb Zv‡K Avcbviv e‡jb. Avwg Rvwb bv| gvkv: Kx ej‡Qb Gme? Avcwb Avm‡j GKUv weiw³Ki gvbyl! mwjIwb: wKQy bv! Òejvi †m mgq-B †cj bv ÔAv‡i. gvkv| mwjIwb: cyi“l gvbyl hLb `vk©wbKmyjf K_v AvIov‡Z _v‡K Zv‡K Avcbviv e‡jb `k©b. †Zvgiv bv _vK‡j A‡bK Av‡MB g‡i f~Z n‡q †hZvg Avwg| (Bwibvi cÖwZ) gvB wWqvi. evev! euvPjvg| (†PeywZwK‡bi cÖ‡ek.. wKš‘ wZwb Kx wb‡q wj‡L‡Qb †me¨vcv‡i Avgvi we›`ygvÎ aviYv †bB| . GUv Ab¨vq| (†nu‡U eji“‡g wM‡q †Uwe‡ji cv‡k `uvovq) Bwibv: wcÖq Bfvb †ivgvwbP. c‡ii R‡bi nv‡Z eomo GKUv †KK) Avbwdmv: G‡mv G‡mv. iƒpfv‡e): bvwKKvbœv eÜ Ki! (Avbwdmv Avi †divc‡q›U-Gi cÖ‡ek. wKš—y GLbKvi g‡Zv mevB‡K we`vq| †Kv_vI bv †Kv_vI †h‡Z n‡e Avgv‡K. Zvi †cQb †cQb i“‡cvwj GKUv mv‡gvfvi wb‡q GK ˆmb¨I G‡m †Xv‡K| we¯§q Ges Am‡š—vl wgwkªZ GKwU ¸ÄbaŸwb I‡V) IjMv (`yB nv‡Z gyL †X‡K): mv‡gvfvi! bv. cuwPk-wZwik eQ‡ii g‡a¨ bvix-cyi“l mevB KvR Ki‡Z ïi“ Ki‡e| Avgv‡`i mevB!Õ †PeywZwKb: Avwg evcy KvRK‡g©i g‡a¨ †bB| Zz‡RbevL: Avcbv‡K †Mvbvq aiv n‡”Q bv| mwjIwb: cuwPk eQi ci fvwM¨m Avcwb Avi †eu‡P _vK‡eb bv| `yÕGK eQ‡ii g‡a¨B Avcwb †÷ªvK K‡i gviv hv‡eb.... G‡Kev‡iB Zz”Q GKUv ey‡ov gvbyl| Avgvi g‡a¨ hw` †miKg ¸i“Z¡c~Y© wKQy †_‡K _v‡K †Zv Zv n‡jv †Zvgv‡`i R‡b¨ Avgvi fv‡jvevmv| Avi mwZ¨ ej‡Z Kx. wgwó †g‡qiv. G‡mv| (†divc‡›Ui m‡½ †ewi‡q hvq) gvkv: H †cÖvZccf †jvKUv‡K Avgvi GK`g cQ›` nq bv| Zv †m wgnvBj †cvZvwcP ev BfvwbP ev hvB †nvK bv ‡Kb| Iu‡K GLv‡b bv WvK‡jB me‡P‡q fv‡jv nq| Bwibv: Avwg Iu‡K `vIqvZ w`Bwb| gvkv: hvK...Kx e‡jb. Kx fve‡Qb? Zz‡RbevL (†n‡m I‡V): ewjwb Avcbv‡K? gvkv: Bfvb †ivgvwbP. †mB MvQ wN‡i Av‡Q GK †mvbvjx nviÕ. Av‡i. Avi RvqMvUvI †Kgb Kei¯’v‡bi g‡Zv PzcPvc| evwo hvw”Q Avwg| gbUv AvR welYœ Avgvi. gvB wWqvi. Avwg wK †Zvgv‡K †Zvgvi R‡b¥i w`b †_‡KB wPwb bv? †Zvgv‡K wK Avwg †Kv‡j K‡i wb‡q ‡eovBwb?. hvIqvi mgq †ek M¤¢xi ‡`Lvj Zuv‡K| wbðqB wZwb †Kv‡bv Dcnvi w`‡Z hv‡”Qb †Zvgv‡K| Bwibv: Gme e¨vcvi Avgvi GK`gB cQ›` bq| IjMv: Avm‡jB.. †Zvgvi gv-‡K wK Avwg fv‡jvevwmwb? Bwibv: wKš‘ Avcwb G‡Zv `vwg `vwg Dcnvi wb‡q Av‡mb ‡Kb ejyb †Zv? kvk¦wZKx 150 .Õ Zvi Av‡MB fvjyKUv coj G‡m Zvi Nv‡o|Ó(LvwbK weiwZ) gvkv (IjMv-i cÖwZ..wei“‡× mg¯— c~e©ms¯‹vi Avi Avgv‡`i mgvR GK‡N‡qwgi †h cPb‡iv‡M fyM‡Q Zvi me wKQy Dwo‡q wb‡Z hv‡”Q| Avwg KvR Ki‡ev.

Ii m‡½ f`ª e¨envi †Kv‡iv wKš‘. IjMv. g‡b Av‡Q Avgvi| I‡`i †Pnviv Avgvi g‡b †bB. ey‡ov nbwb Avcwb| †fwiwkwbb: wKš‘ Zvic‡iI. GBgvÎ GK A™¢yZ K‡b©j Gm Dcw¯’Z n‡q‡Qb| wZwb Zuvi †KvU Ly‡j †i‡L Ic‡i Avm‡Qb| B‡ibykKv. †jv‡K GKRb†K Ô†cÖgKvZy‡i †gRiÕ e‡j WvKZ? ZLb Avcwb †jd‡Ub¨v›U wQ‡jb. Avevi †÷kbUv †h‡nZz G‡Zv `~‡i ZvB †mUv Av‡iv Kv‡Q n‡Z cv‡i bv| (A¯^w¯—Ki GKUv bxieZv) Zz‡RbevL: fvwmwj fvwmwjP.eb. gvkv.. g‡¯‹v †_‡K| †Zvgv‡`i evev †mLv‡b e¨vUvwi KgvÛvi wQ‡jb. `ycy‡ii LvIqvi mgqI n‡q G‡m‡Q| .. dzwZ©evR †g‡q? . Avgvi eqm GLb †eqvwj−k| †Zvgiv g‡¯‹v †Q‡o‡Qv wK A‡bK w`b n‡q‡Q? Bwibv: GMv‡iv eQi| Zv. Avwg wb‡R I‡`i †`‡LwQ| †ek g‡b Av‡Q Avgvi I‡`i K_v| Kxfv‡e †h mgq hvq! Avnv! Kxfv‡eB bv mgq hvq| Zz‡RbevL: Av‡j·vÛvi BM&bv‡qwZfP g‡¯‹v †_‡K Avm‡Qb| Bwibv: g‡¯‹v †_‡K? Avcwb g‡¯‹v †_‡K Avm‡Qb? †fiwkwbb: n¨uv..K‡b©j †fiwkwbb| Avwg Lye Lywk. K‡b©j †cÖvRif‡K wPbZvg Avwg. GLv‡b P‡j Gjvg Avwg| Avm‡j †Zvgv‡`i K_v Avgv‡`i g‡b †bB. GLb Avevi ZzB Kuv`wQm ‡Kb ej‡Zv.. †kl ch©š— GLv‡b Avm‡Z †c‡i Avwg fxlY Lywk| Kx e`‡jB bv ‡MQ †Zvgiv! Bwibv: `qv K‡i emyb| Avgvi aviYv. wKš‘ njc K‡i ej‡Z cvwi. †fiwkwbb: Avgvi L„óxq bvg wQj Av‡j·vÛvi BM&bvwZ‡qwfP| Bwibv: Av‡j·vÛvi BM&bvwZ‡qwfP.. wKš‘ †Zvgv‡`i evev‡K.. wKš‘.. (Av`©vwj‡K) mv‡gvfviUv ILv‡b iv‡Lv| (Bwibv‡K AbyKiY K‡i) `vwg Dcnvi! (Av`©vwj mv‡gvfviUv eji“‡g wb‡q hvq) Avbwdmv (emevi Ni †cwi‡q G‡m): myaxRb mK‡j. ZvB bv? Avi cÖvqB Gi bq Ii †cÖ‡g co‡Zb| †Kv‡bv Kvi‡Y mevB Avcbv‡K Ô†gRiÕ e‡j ¶¨vcvZ| †fiwkwbb (†n‡m D‡V): wVK| †cÖgKvZy‡i †gRi| GK`g wVK e‡jQ Zywg| gvkv: †mmgq ïay †Muvd wQj Avcbvi| (mvkÖ“bq‡b) Bk&.evP© MvQI| wcÖq. Avi Zwzg gvwiqv. Iiv hLb Avgv‡K Ô†cÖgKvZz‡i †gRiÕ e‡j WvKZ ZLb Avgvi Zi“Y eqm| †cÖ‡g c‡owQ| wKš‘ GLb Ae¯’vUv Ab¨iKg| IjMv: A_P GKUv PzjI cv‡Kwb Avcbvi| Avcbv eqm †e‡o‡Q.. Zvi K_v †ek g‡b Av‡Q Avgvi| †PvL eyR‡jB Zv‡K †`L‡Z cvB Avwg.. mevi eo|. †mB GKB weª‡M‡W AvwgI wQjvg Awdmvi wn‡m‡e| (gvkvi cÖwZ) †Zvgvi gyLUv Avgvi LvwbKUv ¯§i‡Y Av‡Q e‡j g‡b n‡”Q| Bwibv: Iwjqv! Iwjqv! (eji“‡gi w`‡K gyL K‡i Wv‡K) Iwjqv...GB hvn& (†ewi‡q hvq) Zz‡RbevL: g‡b nq †fiwkwbb| †PeywZwKb: †jd‡Ub¨v›U-K‡b©j †fiwkwbb| †fiwkwbb (gvkv Avi Bwibvi cÖwZ): AbygwZ cvB †Zv wb‡Ri cwiPq †ck Kwi Ñ †jd‡Ub¨v›U. ZvB bv? wZb‡U †g‡q wQj. g‡¯‹v †_‡K| †fiwkwbb: Zzwg wbðqB IjMv †mwM©fbv. Zvn‡j Avcwb g‡¯‹v †_‡K G‡m‡Qb| evn&. mevB‡KB eywS g‡b Av‡Q Avgvi... mwZ¨Kv‡ii GK i“k Rjevqy| . mevi †QvU| IjMv: Avcwb g‡¯‹v †_‡K Avm‡Qb? †fiwkwbb: n¨uv. g‡¯‹v‡ZB cov‡kvbv K‡iwQ Avwg. †mLv‡b `vi“Y welYœ`k©b GKUv muv‡Kv †ci“‡Z n‡Zv Avgv‡K| Kv‡b Avm‡Zv †mUvi wbP w`‡q cvwb Qy‡U hvIqvi kã| g‡b Av‡Q...R½j.†PeywZwKb (mvkÖ“bq‡b. Kx Avðh© e¨vcvi! IjMv: AvgivI ILv‡b hvw”Q _vK‡Z| Bwibv: †ng‡š—i g‡a¨B Avkv Kwi| IUvB Avgv‡`i †nvgUvDb. evP© MvQ| Ab¨ †h‡Kv‡bv Mv‡Qi †P‡q evP© MvQ †ewk fvjevwm Avwg| GLv‡b _vK‡Z cvivUv Lye PgrKvi GKUv e¨vcvi| Z‡e GKUv welq †ek A™¢Z y | †÷kbUv kni †_‡K c‡b‡iv gvBj `~‡i.(mvkÖ“bq‡b) ZzB‡Zv †`LwQ Avgv‡KI Kuv`vwe| gvkv: Kuv`wQ bv Avwg| †Kvb w÷ª‡U _vK‡Zb Avcwb? †fiwkwbb: ¯—vivqv evmgvbqv| IjMv: AvgivI| †fiwkwbb: GK mgq Avwg wbwg‡qZR&Kvqv w÷ª‡U _vKZvg| ILvb †_‡K †nu‡U P‡j †hZvg µvmwb e¨viv‡K| g‡b Av‡Q. ‡hb GL‡bv †eu‡P Av‡Qb| g‡¯‹v‡Z †Zvgv‡`i evwo‡Z gv‡S gv‡S ‡eov‡Z †hZvg Avwg| IjMv: Avwg g‡b K‡iwQjvg. Avi Zywg Bwibv. Avi Gi KviY Kx †mUv Kv‡iv Rvbv †bB| mwjIwb: Avwg Rvwb KviYUv| (mevB Zvi w`‡K ZvKvq) KviY †÷kbUv hw` Av‡iv Kv‡Q n‡Zv Zvn‡j Avi †mUv G‡Zv `~‡i n‡Z cvi‡Zv bv. GKUz Avm‡e Gw`‡K? (eji“g †_‡K IjMv †ewi‡q Av‡m) Bwibv: †jd‡Ub¨v›U K‡b©j †fiwkwbb. Zzwg GKUv fuvo| IjMv: Gevi Avwg wPb‡Z †c‡iwQ Avcbv‡K| wPb‡Z †c‡iwQ Avwg| †fiwkwbb: †Zvgv‡`i gv‡K wPbZvg Avwg| †PeywZwKb: eo fv‡jv gvbyl wQ‡jb wZwb| Ck¦i Zuvi AvZ¥vi kvwš—weavb Ki“b| kvk¦wZKx 151 kvk¦wZKx 152 ... †mB m‡½ KK©k ¯^‡i): `vwg Dcnvi! †Zvgiv bv G‡Kev‡i... Avgvi g‡b Av‡Q Zuvi wZb‡U †g‡q wQj| nu¨v. ïay GKUv K_v g‡b Av‡Q †h †Zvgiv wZb †evb wQ‡j| †Zvgv‡`i evevi K_v Aek¨ g‡b Av‡Q wVKB. KZ eywo‡q †M‡Qb Avcwb| †fiwkwbb: nu¨v. GLvb mevB Lye Lywk n‡q‡Q Avcbv‡K †`‡L| †fiwkwbb (cÖdzj− ¯^‡i): †Zvgv‡`i †`‡L Kx †h Lywk n‡qwQ Avwg| Kx †h Lywk n‡qwQ! †Zvgiv †Zv wZbRb wQ‡j.. Ki‡e †Zv? (`iRvi gy‡L `uvwo‡q) ZvQvov. fvbnxb. Zvici †mLv‡bB PvKwi‡Z XywK| †ek wKQyw`b †mLv‡b †_‡KwQ Avwg| wKš‘ Zvici GLv‡b GKUv e¨vUvwii fvi †`qv n‡jv Avgvi Ici Ñ d‡j eyS‡ZB cvi‡Qv. wVK.b`x. ILvbB R‡b¥wQ Avgiv| ¯—vivqv evmgvbvqv w÷ª‡U| (`yÕR‡bB †n‡m I‡V D”Qjfv‡e) gvkv: fv‡ev †`wL GKevi! GKB kn‡i evm K‡i‡Q Ggb GKR‡bi m‡½ †Kgb nVvr K‡i †`Lv n‡q ‡Mj| (AvMÖ‡ni m‡½) GLb g‡b co‡Q Avgvi| g‡b Av‡Q. wb‡R‡K fxlY wbtm½ Avi welYœ e‡j g‡b n‡Zv wb‡R‡K| (LvwbK weiwZ) wKš‘ GLv‡b †Zvgv‡`i b`xUv Kx AmvaviY PIov! AmvaviY GKUv b`x GUv| IjMv: Zv wVK| wKš‘ GUv GKUv VvÊv RvqMv| gkvI Av‡Q ‡gjv| †fiwkwbb: ZvB? Avgvi ejv DwPZ wQj †Zvgv‡`i GLv‡b RjevqyUv †ek ¯^v¯’¨Ki.

Zvici Ny‡gv‡Z wM‡qwQ| wKš‘ jvf nqwb| G‡Ki ci GK bvbvb K_v †f‡e g‡iwQ . †g‡qUv †hfv‡e Kvco-‡Pvco c‡i bv! Ggb bq †h †g‡qUvi Rvgv-Kvco fvj bq.. G‡ZvB PKP‡K †m¸‡jv| Av‡›`ªB Ii †cÖ‡g c‡owbÑAvwg wek¦vm Kwi bv.(gyL gy‡Q wb‡q) mvivivZ Ny‡gv‡Z cvwiwb... Avq| Zz‡RbevL (†fiwkwb‡bi cÖwZ): Avgv‡`i Pvicv‡k †h-`ytL-Kó Avgiv †`wL Ñ Avi Zvi cwigvY †bnvZ Kg bq Ñ †mUv cÖgvY K‡i †h Avgv‡`i mgv‡R †ek GKUv ˆbwZK DbœwZ N‡U‡Q| †fiwkwbb: nu¨v. cÖKv‡k¨ cÖvY`Êv‡`k Kvh©Ki Kivi e¨e¯’v Avi AvMÖvmb †bB. †mªd Avgv‡`i DZ¨³ Kivi R‡b¨| MZKvj ïbjvg †g‡qUv ¯’vbxq cwil‡`i †Pqvig¨vb cÖ‡Zvcf‡K we‡q Ki‡Z hv‡”Q| ï‡b fvejvg. GB gyn‡~ Z© Lye GKUv dywZ©‡Z †bB Avwg| PviUv ch©š— c‡owQ.. ZvB bv? IjMv: fve‡Z cvwim. Kx ej‡e ey‡S DV‡Z cv‡i bv): I nu¨v. hvm‡b| Ii GB GK e` ¯^fve Ñ me mgq Gfv‡e P‡j hvq| Gw`K Avq| (gvkv Avi Bwibv nvm‡Z nvm‡Z Av‡›`ªB‡K wdwi‡q wb‡q Av‡m evû‡Z a‡i) gvkv: GLb Avq †Zv ZzB GLv‡b| Av‡›`ªB: . Zvici Zvi †Kvgi †eo w`‡q a‡i):ÔcÖKw… Z †Kej †cÖ‡gi R‡b¨B m„wó K‡i‡Q Avgv‡`i|Õ (†Rv‡i †n‡m I‡V. c−xh| (Av‡›`ªB-Gi cÖ‡ek) IjMv: I n‡”Q Avgv‡`i fvB. Avwg KZ Lv‡Uv| (`~‡i GKUv †envjvi myi †e‡R I‡V) gvkv: Av‡›`ªB †envjv evRv‡”Q| I n‡jv Avgv‡`i fvB| Bwibv: fvBUv Avgv‡`i eÇ PvjvK-PZzi| . mwZ¨B PgrKvi wRwbmUv| Bwibv: wcqv‡bvi Ic‡i IB †h d«gUv †`L‡Z c‡”Qb. I GKUv †PŠKm cÖwZfv| Av‡›`ªB c−xh.(D‡V `uvwo‡q) ZvwK‡q †`Lyb.Avgiv Avkv KiwQ wkM&wMiB I Aa¨vcK n‡q hv‡e| evev mvgwiK evwnbxi †jvK wQ‡jb| wKš‘ Av‡›`ªB †e‡Q wb‡q‡Q wk¶K Rxeb| IjvMv: AvRB I‡K ¶¨vcvw”Qjvg Avgiv| g‡b nq I †cÖ‡g c‡o‡Q. `vk©wbK eywj KcPv‡bv‡Z Avgv‡`i e¨vib gkv‡qi hZ Avb›` ZZUv Avi †Kv‡bv wKQy‡ZB bq| Zz‡RbevL: fvwmwj fvwmwjP.. A‡bKUv A‰bwZK.. ‡hb gyiwMi Qvbv‡K WvK‡Q): Avq. h‡_ó.Bwibv: gv‡K g‡¯‹v‡Z Kei †`qv n‡qwQj| IjMv: †bv‡fv w`‡qwfP Kb‡f‡›U| gvkv: eyS‡jb. †jv‡KI wVK GKBfv‡e Avgv‡`i mg¯— ¯§„wZ fy‡j hv‡e| Kv‡ivB g‡b _vK‡e bv Avgv‡`i K_v| †fiwkwbb: nu¨v. hw`I `ytLhš¿Yv Av‡Q cÖejfv‡eB| mwjIwb (Zx¶è K‡É... †Kvcvwb©Kvm ev Kj¤^v‡mi gnvb Avwe®‹vi wK †mmg‡q A‡K‡Rv Avi Zz”Q e‡j g‡b nqwb †jv‡Ki Kv‡Q? Ab¨w`‡K Avevi hv‡”QZvB. Zv wVK| †PeywZwKb: e¨vib. †fZ‡i Avq bv| GK wgwb‡Ui R‡b¨ Avq bv. kZ n‡jI GKUv i“wP Av‡Q Ii| Avgvi g‡b nq I †evKvi Awfbq Awfbq Ki‡Q. `qv K‡i GKUz GKv _vK‡Z †`‡e Avgvq? (Av‡iK †Pqv‡i wM‡q e‡m) e¨vcviUv K¬vwš—Ki n‡q `uvov‡”Q| mwjIwb: Avq. AvR Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q hv Ri“wi Avi A_©c~Y© e‡j g‡b n‡”Q Zvi me wKQyB GKw`b fy‡j hv‡e mevB.. Lvg‡Lqvwj †Kv‡bv M`©‡fi †jLv nqZ MY¨ n‡q‡Q gnr †Kv‡bv m‡Z¨i cÖKvk wn‡m‡e| GgbUv n‡ZB cv‡i †h †h-RxebUv AvR Avgiv hvcb KiwQ Zv AvMvgx‡Z LyeB A™¢yZ.Avgv‡K GKv _vK‡Z `vI| `qv K‡i GKv _vK‡Z `vI| gvkv: ZzB bv GKUv hv-Zv! Av‡jKRvÛvi BM&bvwZ‡qwfP‡K †jv‡K †cÖgKvZz‡i †gRi ejZ. LvwbK Av‡MB Avcwb ej‡jb †h Avgv‡`i mgvR‡K gnr e‡j AwfwnZ Kiv n‡e. Avwg †Zv‡K Ô†cÖgKvZz‡i †envjvev`KÕ e‡j WvwK| Bwibv: A_ev Ô†cÖgKvZz‡i Aa¨vcKÕ| IjMv: I †cÖ‡g c‡o‡Q| Avgv‡`i Av‡›`ªD & kv †cÖ‡g c‡o‡Q! Bwibv (nvZZvwj w`‡q D‡V): _ªx wPqvm© di Av‡›`ªDkv! Av‡›`ªDkv †cÖ‡g c‡o‡Q| †PeywZwKb (Av‡›`ªB-i †cQ‡b G‡m `uvovq. nu¨v. A_P †`L‡j Avcbvi Ki“Yv n‡e Ii R‡b¨| UKU‡K jvj i‡Oi GKUv e−vD‡mi m‡½ nqZ RNb¨ iK‡gi SvjiAjv GKUv njy` ¯‹vU© cij| Avi Zvi Mvj`y‡Uv †`L‡j g‡b n‡e †KD N‡l w`‡q‡Q. Av‡›`ªB †m‡M©BwfP| †fiwkwbb: †fiwkwbb| Av‡›`ªB: †cÖvRif (gyL †_‡K Nvg gy‡Q wb‡q)| AvcwbB Avgv‡`i bZzb e¨vUvwi KgvÛvi.nVvr †`wL †fvi n‡q ‡M‡Q. Aw¯^w¯—Ki. Avq. ev †m¸‡jv‡K Avi †miKg Ri“wi e‡j g‡b n‡e bv| (LvwbK weiwZ) wPš—v Ki‡j e¨vcviUv Lye A™¢yZ jv‡M †h fwel¨‡Z Kx Kx welq gnr Avi Ri“wi eÕ‡j.. †Zvgvi †ev‡biv Gwig‡a¨ K¬vš— n‡q c‡o‡Q Avgvi e¨vcv‡i| Bwibv: †`Lyb.. gv †h †`L‡Z ‡Kgb wQ‡jb †mUvB fyj‡Z e‡mwQ Avwg| Avgvi aviYv. AvBwWqvUv `vi“Y| (cv‡ki `iRvi w`‡K gyL K‡i †W‡K I‡V) Av‡›`ªB.. m~h© DuwK gvi‡Q Avgvi †kvevi N‡i †fZi| Mi‡gi mgq hLb GLv‡b _vK‡ev ZLb Bs‡iwR †_‡K GKUv eB Abyev` Kie fvewQ| kvk¦wZKx 153 kvk¦wZKx 154 . ZvQvov. IUvI Av‡›`ªBi evbv‡bv| (Av‡›`ªB A‰ah©f‡i nvZ †b‡o †ewi‡q hvq) IjMv: I wKš‘ `vi“Y PvjvK| †envjv evRvq. GB hrmvgvb¨ Avi Kx| Bwibv: †h-‡g‡qUvi †cÖ‡g c‡o‡Q †m Kv‡QB _v‡K| Lye m¤¢e AvR †m Avm‡e GLv‡b| gvkv: In&. Av‡›`ªB. Ges Zviv Avgv‡`i kª×vi m‡½ ¯§iY Ki‡e| h‡Zv hvB ejyb. A_P Dwb wei³ n‡Zb bv| †fiwkwbb: G‡Kev‡iB bv| gvkv: Avgvi B‡”Q n‡”Q. ev †m‡K‡j. GgbKx nqZ cvcc~Y© e‡jI g‡b n‡Z cv‡i| Zz‡RbevL: †mK_v †K ej‡Z cv‡i? GgbI n‡Z cv‡i †h fwel¨r cÖRb¥ g‡b Ki‡e †h Avgiv LyeB D”PgvM©xq GKUv Rxebhvcb K‡iwQ. Avq. wb‡e©va. Avq. Avgv‡`i Kv‡iv K_vB Kv‡iv g‡b _vK‡e bv| GUvB Avgv‡`i wbqwZ| Ge¨vcv‡i Avgv‡`i wKQyB Kivi †bB| ZvQvov. GLb †Zv Avi Avi †mB Drcxob. AvRB Qwei GB †dªgUv w`‡q‡Q Avgv‡K Av‡›`ªB| (Zv‡K †d«gUv ‡`Lvq) I wKš‘ wb‡RB evwb‡q‡Q wRwbmUv| †fiwkwbb (†d«gUvi w`‡K ZvKvq. K‡b©j †fiwkwbb g‡¯‹v †_‡K Avm‡Qb! Av‡›`ªB: mwZ¨? Awfb›`b Avcbv‡K| Gevi Avgvi †ev‡biv R¡vwj‡q gvi‡e Avcbv‡K| †fiwkwbb: wKš‘ Avgvi †Zv aviYv. bvbvb me wRwbm ˆZwiI K‡i| mwZ¨ ej‡Z Kx. Zvi nv‡Z ZL‡bv Le‡ii KvMRUv aiv) Av‡›`ªB: h‡_ó n‡q‡Q. Kx Kx welq nvm¨Ki Avi Zz”Q eÕ‡j MY¨ n‡e †mUv ejv Avgv‡`i c‡¶ G‡Kev‡iB m¤¢e bq| GB †hgb. wKš‘ †jvKRb †Zv Av‡Mi g‡ZvB ¶z`ª i‡q ‡M‡Q| .

wKQy g‡b K‡iv bv| Zz‡RbevL: nu¨v. GBme wb‡q mvivUv Rxeb †QvU †QvU d¬¨v‡U w`b ¸Rivb K‡iwQ Avwg| Rxe‡b dzj¸‡jv‡KB cvIqv n‡q I‡Vwb Avgvi. †jwWh GÛ †R›Uj‡gb. GKUv †mvdv. faciant meliora potentes40| (gvkv‡K Pz¤^b K‡i) Bwibv: wKš‘ MZ B÷v‡i †Zv Avcwb Avgv‡K GB eBUvB w`‡qwQ‡jb| KzwjwMb (†n‡m D‡V): ZvB bvwK! mwZ¨? Zvn‡j IUv †diZ w`‡q `vI Avgv‡K Ñ bv. wekªvg †bB Ges w`bUv‡K Dc‡fvM Kwi| Kv‡c©U¸‡jv ¸wU‡q kxZKvj bv Avmv ch©š— †m¸‡jv mwi‡q ivL‡Z n‡e Avgv‡`i| Aek¨ I¸‡jvi Ici wKQy b¨vc_wjb Avi cviwmK cvDWvi Qwo‡q ivLvi K_v fyj‡j Pj‡e bv| †ivgvb‡`i ¯^v¯’¨ fv‡jv kvk¦wZKx 155 kvk¦wZKx 156 1 Avwg Avgvi mva¨gZ K‡iwQ. Avi GB MZ K‡qK eQ‡i GgbB †gvUv n‡q †MwQ ‡hb Avgvi kixiUv †mB Dc`ªe †_‡K gyw³ †c‡q‡Q| nu¨v.... mviv¶Y †auvqv IMiv‡bv GKUv †÷vf.. cÖ‡Z¨‡KB Avgiv. bv Ki‡eb bv| †fiwkwbb (gv_v SzuwK‡q): †Zvgvi Rb¥w`‡b Abvû‡Zi g‡Zv G‡m c‡owQ †`LwQ| Avwg RvbZvg bv| †Zvgv‡K Awfb›`b bv Rvbvevi R‡b¨ Avgv‡K ¶gv K‡iv| (IjMvi m‡½ eji“‡g hvq) KzwjwMb: AvR †iveevi. wKš‘ Zvic‡iI †Zvgiv wejxb n‡q hv‡e bv. wKš‘ †mUv hw` GL‡bv bv G‡m _v‡K Zvn‡j Zv‡K Aek¨B †mUvi K_v Kíbv Ki‡Z n‡e.. evevi Kj¨v‡YB Avgvi †ev‡biv Avi Avwg divmx. GB nvRvi nvRvi †jv‡Ki gv‡S GKUz GKUz K‡i wewj‡q w`‡Z n‡e| Rxeb †Zvgv‡`i‡K MÖvm K‡i †b‡e. †Zv. bv. Avwg Zv bB. A‡bKUv nv‡Z QÕUv AvOyj _vKvi g‡Zv| ‡gjv wKQyB Rvwb Avgiv hvi †Kv‡bv A_© †bB| †fiwkwbb: ZvB! (†n‡m D‡V) Zywg A‡bK wKQyB Rv‡bv hvi †Kv‡bv A_© †bB! Avgvi aviYv `ywbqv‡Z Ggb †Kv‡bv RvqMv †bB Ñ Zv †m h‡ZvB bxim Avi GK‡N‡q †nvK bv ‡Kb Ñ †hLv‡b eyw×gËv Avi wk¶v Ab_©K| g‡b Kiv hvK GB kn‡ii nvRvi nvRvi †jv‡Ki g‡a¨ Ñ hv‡`i mevB LyeB wcwQ‡q-cov Avi ms¯‹…wZ-weewR©Z Ñ †Zvgv‡`i g‡Zv gvÎ wZbRb †jvK Av‡Q| Aek¨..evn&.. wKQy dzj Avi h‡_ó Av‡jv ‡Ljv‡bv GiKg GKUv d¬¨vU. K‡b©j| hLb Gi‡P‡q fvj wKQy Kiv _vK‡e bv ZLb bv nq co‡eb IUv| †fiwkwbb: A‡bK ab¨ev`| (cÖ¯’v‡bi cÖ¯‘wZ †bq) Avcbvi m‡½ cwiwPZ n‡q Lye Lywk n‡qwQ. †mUvi R‡b¨ KvR Ki‡Z n‡e| †fiwkwbb (D‡V `uvwo‡q): nu¨v. fvevjy Rvg©vb| wKš‘ Avwg Avcbv‡`i wbwðZ K‡i ej‡Z cvwi.. IjMv: Avcwb wbðqB P‡j hv‡”Qb bv. †mUvi R‡b¨ ˆZwi n‡Z n‡e| Avi Zv Kivi R‡b¨ Zv‡K Zvi evc-`v`viv hv wKQy Rvb‡Zv †`L‡Zv Zvi †P‡q †ewk wKQy Rvb‡Z Avi †`L‡Z n‡e| (†n‡m D‡V) A_P Zzwg GB e‡j Aby‡hvM Ki‡Qv †h Zzwg A‡bK wKQy Rv‡bv hvi †Kv‡bv A_© †bB| gvkv (UzwcUv Ly‡j): Avwg jv‡Âi R‡b¨ †_‡K hvw”Q| Bwibv (`xN©k¦vm †Q‡o): mwZ¨. †mUv wb‡q ¯^cœ †`L‡Z n‡e. GKUv wejvmI bq GgbKx. wKš‘ Avgvi ¯¿x kixiUv fv‡jv bv.(nv‡Z nvZ N‡l) hvK †M. Avgv‡`i‡K KvR Ki‡ZB n‡e| Avcbviv nqZ fve‡Qb Avwg GKUv dvjZz. eis †mB Rxe‡bi IciB †Zvgiv GKUv Qvc †i‡L hv‡e| †Zvgiv we`vq †bevi c‡i nqZ †Zvgv‡`i g‡Zv Av‡iv QÕRb gvby‡li Avwef©ve NU‡e. Avcwb hv‡eb bv| Bwibv: eis AvcwbI Avgv‡`i m‡½ `yc‡y i Lv‡eb| c−xR. Avgvi evev Ñ Ck¦i Zuvi AvZ¥vi g½j Ki“b Ñ cwo‡q cwo‡q Avgv‡`i G‡Kev‡i K¬vš— K‡i †dj‡Zb| K_vUv LyeB †Q‡jgvby‡li g‡Zv †kvbvq. GBfv‡eB Pj‡Z _vK‡e hZw`b bv †kl ch©š— mevB †Zvgv‡`i g‡Zv n‡q I‡V| Kv‡RB `yB †_‡K wZbk eQ‡ii g‡a¨ Avgv‡`i GB ey‡ov c„w_exi RxebUv Avgv‡`i Kíbvi AwZwi³ my›`i Avi PgrKvi n‡q DV‡e| gvbyl Avm‡j GiK‡gi GKUv Rxe‡bi R‡b¨B c_ †P‡q _v‡K. †Zvgv‡`i Pvicv‡ki wb‡iU AÁZv †Zvgiv `~i Kivi Avkv Ki‡Z cv‡iv bv. Avgvi ¯¿x Av‡Qb Avi Av‡Q `y‡Uv †g‡q.. GiK‡gi dzj! . Avgv‡K hw` Avgvi RxebUv †Mvov †_‡K ïi“ Ki‡Z n‡Zv. †mB RxebUvi R‡b¨ Avgv‡`i‡K cÖ¯‘wZ wb‡Z n‡e. Zvi‡P‡q fvj IUv K‡b©j‡K w`‡q `vI| AbyMnÖ K‡i eBUv MÖnY Ki“b. gv‡b G‡Zv `~i †_‡K. ¯’vbxq GK gva¨wgK ¯‹‡z ji wk¶K| bMi KvDwÝjiI e‡U| (Bwibvi cÖwZ) MZ cÂvk eQ‡i hZ QvÎ GB ¯‹j z †_‡K cov‡kvbv †kl K‡i‡Q Zv‡`i bv‡gi GKUv ZvwjKv †`L‡Z cv‡e Zzwg eBUv‡Z| Feci quod potui. bvwK? .... eis GK ai‡bi Ab_©K †evSv.. A‡bK dzj †`LwQ! (Pviw`‡K ZvwK‡q) Kx `y`©vš— evwo! †Zvgv‡`i Cl©v Kwi Avwg! `y‡Uv †Pqvi. †mUv hw` †mªd GKUv Lmov Kwc n‡Zv Avi wØZxqUv GKUv †dqvi Kwc n‡Zv| †miKg hw` Kiv †h‡Zv Zvn‡j Avgvi g‡b nq Avgiv Avi hvB Kwi Av‡Mi Rxe‡bi cybive„wË Ki‡Z PvBZvg bv| Aš—Z Avgiv mevB wb‡R‡`i R‡b¨ bZzb GKUv cwi‡ek ˆZwi Ki‡Z PvBZvg. Rvg©vb Avi Bs‡iwR Rvwb| Bwibv Avevi BUvwjqvbUvI Rv‡b| wKš‘ Gi R‡b¨ Kx g~j¨B bv w`‡Z n‡q‡Q| gvkv: Gai‡bi GKUv kn‡i wZb‡U fvlv Rvbv GKUv AKviY wejvm Qvov wKQy& bq| mwZ¨ ejZ Kx.mwZ¨. †h cv‡i †m Gi †P‡q fvj K‡i Ki“K| . (Gwig‡a¨ mevi Aj‡¶¨ Av‡›`ªB K¶ Z¨vM K‡i‡Q) Zz‡RbevL: Avcwb ej‡jb fwel¨‡Z Rxeb `vi“Y my›`i n‡e| †mUv m¤¢eZ wVK| wKš‘ GLb †mUvi fvM †bevi R‡b¨. Ñ Avwg i“k| GK A¶iI Rvg©vb ewj bv Avwg| Avgvi evev‡K MÖxK A‡_©vW· wMR©vi wek¦vm Abyhvqx gvbyl Kiv n‡qwQj| (LvwbK weiwZ) †fiwkwbb (N‡ii Ggv_v-Igv_v cvqPvix Ki‡Z Ki‡Z): cÖvqB fvwe. Zvici ev‡iv. wKš‘ Rxe‡bi c_-cwiµgvq †Zvgv‡`i‡K GB `½‡ji g‡a¨.†fiwkwbb: Zzwg Bs‡iwRI c‡ov Zvn‡j? Av‡›`ªB: nu¨v... wcÖq k¨vwjKv Avgvi| Aš—‡ii Aš—t¯’j †_‡K †Zvgvi Rb¥w`‡b †Zvgv‡K Awfb›`b RvbvB| †Zvgvi e‡qmx †Kv‡bv †g‡qi my¯v^ ¯’¨ Avi hv hv cvIqv DwPZ ZvB Zywg jvf K‡iv GB Kvgbv Kwi| `qv K‡i GB †QvÆ eBwU Dcnvi wn‡m‡e MÖnY K‡iv| (Zv‡K GKwU eB ‡`q) GUv n‡”Q Avgv‡`i ¯‹‡z ji cÂvk eQ‡ii BwZnvm| Avwg wb‡RB wj‡LwQ| †miKg wKQy bq hw`I Ñ Aemi mg‡q hLb Gi †P‡q fv‡jv wKQy Kivi wQj bv ZLb e‡m e‡m wj‡LwQ| Zvic‡iI Avkv Kwi Zzwg c‡o †`L‡e| mevB‡K ïf mKvj RvbvB| (†fiwkwb‡bi cÖwZ) AbygwZ †c‡j wb‡Ri cwiPq RvbvB| bvg KzwjwMb. wekªv‡gi w`b| Pjyb. wKš‘ GKUv K_v Avgv‡`i ¯^xKvi Ki‡ZB n‡e †h evevi g„Z¨z i ci †_‡KB Avwg †gvUv n‡Z ïi“ Kwi.| †Zvgiv Rv‡bv.. huvi huvi eqm Avi Ae¯’vb Abyhvqx. Avwg we‡q KiZvg bv. GLb hv wKQy Rvwb †mme †R‡bï‡b hw` RxebUv G‡Kev‡i †Mvov †_‡K ïi“ Ki‡Z cviZvg Zvn‡j Kx n‡Zv| cÖ_g RxebUv gv‡b †hUv Gwig‡a¨ hvcb Kiv n‡q ‡M‡Q. Avi ZvQvov.. †mUvi R‡b¨ A‡c¶v Ki‡Z n‡e. bv! (wk¶‡Ki qywbdg© cwiwnZ KzwjwM‡bi cÖ‡ek) KzwjwMb (Bwibvi w`‡K GwM‡q wM‡q): Awfb›`b. K_v¸‡jv Avgv‡`i wj‡L ivLv DwPZ wQj.. GB ‡hgb.

†Zgb wKQy bv| Rv‡bb. AvVv‡iv eQi e‡q‡m we‡q nq Ii. `qv K‡i? jv ˆZwi| cvB Av‡Q AvR| KzwjwMb: GB †h IjMv! wcÖq fwMœ Avgvi| MZiv‡Z GMv‡ivUv ch©š— KvR K‡iwQ Avwg. Zvici †n‡m I‡V) gvkv Avgv‡K fvjev‡m| Avgvi ¯¿x Avgv‡K fvjev‡m| I nu¨v. Avi Avgvi GL‡bv wZwik nqwb| KZ bv eQi.(iƒpfv‡e) wVK Av‡Q. Avgv‡`i wZb †ev‡bi Rxeb wKš‘ GLb ch©š— my›`i bq| mwZ¨ K_vUv nj.. gv‡b. K‡b©j| Avwg GK ¯‹zj gv÷vi| . mwjIwb (eji“‡gi `‡K MgbiZ †PeywZwKb‡K AwZµg Kivi mgq): Avq! Avq! Avq!....| (bvZvkv Bfv‡bvf&bvi cÖ‡ek| meyR †KvgieÜhy³ GKwU †Mvjvcx †cvkvK Zvi ci‡b) bvZvkv: Gwi g‡a¨ jv‡Â e‡m †M‡Q †`LwQ mevB| †`wi K‡i †d‡jwQ Avwg. gv‡b ej‡Z PvBwQ. (eji“‡g P‡j hvq) †PeywZwKb (Zvi wcQy wcQy hvq): nu¨v. ÔAvwg K¬vš—.. Wvwj©s. Rxeb evMv‡bi AvMvQvi gZb Avgv‡`i `g eÜ K‡i †d‡j‡Q| Avgvi fq n‡”Q Avwg nqZ †Ku‡` †dje. gvB wWqvi| gvkv: mwZ¨B hv‡ev bv! Kx RNb¨ Rxeb GKUv! Amn¨!.. ‡Kb? gvkv: c‡i eje. `xN© GK Pz¤^b K‡i Zv‡K) cÖPiz †gngvb †`LwQ kvk¦wZKx 157 kvk¦wZKx 158 .ej‡Z cv‡ib..gvkv. cy‡iv`¯‘i Av‡jvKcÖvß gvbyl GKRb| hvicibvB PgrKvi GKRb gvbyl| MZKvj Kbdv‡iÝ †kl n‡j ci ej‡jb.`vi“Y dzwZ©‡Z AvwQ Avwg AvR..... Zvi †P‡q †ewk Ki“Yv †eva Kwi Avwg †jvKUvi R‡b¨| Avgvi g‡b nq †jvKUv jvRyK ¯^fv‡ei| hLb GKv _v‡K Avgvi m‡½ ZLb wKš‘ †ek eyS`vi Avi nvwmLywk _v‡K †m| wKš‘ †jvKRb _vK‡j †Kgb e`‡gRvwR Avi SMov‡U n‡q hvq| GLbB †fZ‡i hvIqvi `iKvi †bB| Av‡M Iiv †Uwe‡j emyK| Avwg eis †Zvgvi m‡½ wKQy¶Y _vwK Av‡iv| e‡jv Kx fve‡Qv Zzwg| (LvwbK weiwZ) †Zvgvi eqm Kzwo. GB AvmwQ| (Xy‡K †Uwe‡ji w`‡K GwM‡q hvq) Zz‡RevL: Kx fve‡Qb? Bwibv: bv.. A‡bKUv evB‡i †jvKB Avwg GLv‡b| Avwg gvkvi ¯^vgx| Ii ¯^fveUv eÇ wgwó. GK †duvUv g`I †Quv‡eb bv Avcwb| mveavb wKš‘ GB‡ejv| (iƒpfv‡e. AvR wKš‘ Avcwb g` Quy‡Z cvi‡eb bv| ïb‡Z cv‡”Qb? BU&m e¨vW di BD| †PeywZwKb: I wKQy bv| A‡bKB Av‡MB I-`ye©jZv †K‡U ‡M‡Q Avgvi! †klevi gvZvj n‡qwQjvg Zv †m `yÕeQi n‡q ‡M‡Q| (A‰ah©f‡i) †m hvB †nvK. (GKUv Avqbvq wb‡R‡K †`‡L. Avi ZLb Ii ei‡K g‡b n‡qwQj †m eywS c„w_exi me‡P‡q PvjvK gvbyl| GLb e¨vcviUv wfbœ| Dwb me‡P‡q `qvjy †jvK. †cvkvK wVKVvK K‡i ‡bq) PzjUv wVKB Av‡Q †evanq| (Bwibv‡K †`L‡Z cvq) GB †h._vKvi KviY Zviv Rvb‡Zv Kx K‡i KvR Kiv hvq Avi Zvi duv‡K duv‡K wekªvg †bqv hvq| I‡`i wQj mens sana in corpore sano| I‡`i Rxe‡bi GKUv wbw`©ó AvKvi wQj| ¯‹z‡ji †nWgv÷vi e‡jb Rxe‡bi me‡P‡q ¸i“Z¡c~Y© welq nj AvKvi| †Kv‡bv wRwbm Zvi AvKvi nvivj †Zv †kl. GLb Avgv‡K wW‡i±‡ii evwo‡Z Av‡iv GKUv hv‡”QZvB iK‡gi GK‡Nu‡q mܨv KvU‡Z n‡e! Zz‡RbevL: Avcbvi RvqMvq Avwg n‡j wKš‘ †hZvg bv.gbUv eo Pbg‡b AvR Avgvi. eQ‡ii ci eQi c‡o Av‡Q Avgv‡`i mvg‡b Avi Av‡Q †Zvgvi R‡b¨ Avgvi fvjevmv| Bwibv: fvjevmvi K_v ej‡eb bv Avgv‡K.KZ AcÖ‡qvRbxq. wKš‘ me‡P‡q PvjvK bb| IjMv (A‰a‡h©i m‡½): Av‡›`ªB.... AvR we‡Kj Pvi‡Uq wW‡i±‡ii evwo‡Z `vIqvZ Av‡Q Avgv‡`i| me wk¶K Avi Zv‡`i cwiev‡ii m`m¨‡`i R‡b¨ MÖv‡gi iv¯—vq nuvUvi e¨e¯’v Kiv n‡q‡Q| gvkv: Avwg hvw”Q bv| KzwjwMb (AvnZ n‡q): gvkv. gvB wWqvi. wdI`i BwjP. hv‡ev Avwg....... Bwibv| Avi Zzwg †h‡nZz my›`ix ZvB RxebUvI Avgvi Kv‡Q my›`i e‡j g‡b nq| Kx fve‡Qv? Bwibv: Avcwb ej‡jb RxebUv my›`i| nqZ ZvB Ñ wKš‘ e¨vcviUv hw` Ggb nq †h RxebUv‡K my›`i e‡j g‡bB nq ïay? Avgv‡`i Rxeb. ÔAvwg K¬vš— |Õ(g‡Â `~i †_‡K †f‡m Av‡m †envjvi AvIqvR) IjMv: †fZ‡i G‡m em‡eb Avcbviv. Bwibv †mwM©‡qf&bv. hv‡Z Zvi ¯^vgx ïb‡Z bv cvq) †Zv. `qv K‡i Avmwe ZzB? Av‡›`ªB (g‡Âi †bc_¨ †_‡K). †Kv‡bv wKQy cvIqvi R‡b¨ †h Avwg Kx e¨vKzj. Zv‡Z Kx Av‡m hvq? gvkv: h‡Zv hvB †nvK.. wKQy‡ZB bv| †PeywZwKb: Zvn‡j †h‡qv bv. Zz‡RbevL: fvwmwj fvwmwjP! eÜ K‡iv ejwQ| h‡_ó mn¨ K‡iwQ Avwg| mwjIwb: Avq! Avq! Avq! KzwjwMb (Drdzj−fv‡e): Avcbvi ¯^v‡¯’¨i D‡Ï‡k..(ZvovZvwo †PvL gy‡Q †d‡j nv‡m) Avgv‡`i KvR Ki‡ZB n‡e.. Awfb›`b! (mkã... Z‡e Aby”P¯^‡i. Ki‡ZB n‡e| Avgiv †h welYœ †eva Kwi. Rxeb m¤ú‡K© Ggb †bwZevPK aviYv wb‡q e‡m _vwK Zvi KviY n‡”Q †Kv‡bv wKQy AR©‡bi R‡b¨ mwZ¨Kvifv‡e D‡`¨vMx nIqv Kv‡K e‡j †mUvB KL‡bv Rvwbwb Avgiv| Avgiv njvg †mme evev-gv‡qi mš—vb huviv KvR Kiv‡K N„Yv K‡i †M‡Qb mviv Rxeb. IB K_vUvB ej‡jb Dwb. hZ bv wei³ nB... wKš‘ Ii R‡b¨ Ki“Yv nq Avgvi| mwZ¨ ej‡Z Kx.. GB mwjIwb †jvKUv‡K GK`g cQ›` nq bv Avgvi| ixwZgZ fq cvB Avwg †jvKUv‡K| gyL Lyj‡jB †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bv dvjZz K_v ej‡e| Zz‡RbevL: †jvKUv A™¢Z y | hw`I I‡K †`L‡j wei³ nB Avwg. ïay GLb GKv _vK‡Z `vI Avgv‡K| (MU MU K‡i †nu‡U P‡j hvq) KzwjwMb: †ewo‡q Avmvi ci Avgiv mevB wW‡i±‡ii evwo‡ZB mܨvUv KvUv‡ev| fMœ¯^v¯’¨ n‡jI mvgvwRK nIqvi R‡b¨ f`ª‡jv‡Ki †Póvi Aš— †bB| cÖ_g †kªYxi. Kv‡c©‡Ui m‡½ m‡½ c`©v¸‡jv‡KI mwi‡q ivL‡Z n‡e.Avgv‡`i mvaviY ˆ`bw›`b Rxe‡bi ‡ejv‡ZI K_vUv GKBfv‡e cÖ‡hvR¨| (gvkv‡K †Kvgi †eo w`‡q a‡i. wb‡KvjvB j&‡fvwfP| Zz‡RbevL (Avbg‡b. Avi Avgvi GB me e¨vKzjZv †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bvfv‡e wg‡k Av‡Q †Zvgvi cÖwZ Avgvi fvjevmvi m‡½. Bwibvi K_v †Lqvj bv K‡i): Rxe‡bi R‡b¨ Avgvi †h Kx Acvi Z…òv. KvR Kivi R‡b¨. Avwg K¬vš—|Õ (Nwoi w`‡K ZvKvq| Zvici Zvi wb‡Ri nvZNwo ‡`‡L|) †Zvgv‡`i NwoUv mvZ wgwbU dv÷| ûu. wKš‘ AvR Avwg †ek Lywk| (eji“‡gi †UwejUvi Kv‡Q GwM‡q hvq) wcªq IjMv Avgvi! †PeywZwKb (Le‡ii KvMRUv c‡K‡U †i‡L `vwo AuvP‡o wb‡q): cvB! `vi“Y! gvkv (†PeywZwK‡bi cÖwZ. KwVb my‡i): g‡b ivL‡eb. eoB wgwó ¯^fv‡ei I! †fiwkwbb: Avwg eis GB Kv‡jv f`Kvi LvwbKUv wbB| (cvb K‡i) †Zvgvi ¯^v‡¯’¨i D‡Ï‡k| (IjMvi cÖwZ) †Zvgv‡`i msmM© Lye fv‡jv jvM‡Q Avgvi| (Bwibv Avi Zz‡RbevLB i‡q‡Q ïay emevi N‡i) Bwibv: Avgvi †gRvRUv GKUz weM‡o Av‡Q AvR| Rv‡bb.

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evei I ûgvqy‡bi MgbvMgb Avgvi ¯§„wZ‡K †ek †Rviv‡jvfv‡e Av‡›`vwjZ K‡i‡Q| QvÎRxeb I ZrcieZ©x mg‡q DËi fvi‡Zi I cwðg cvwK¯—v‡bi wewfbœ `k©bxq ¯’vbmn LvBevi wMwic‡_i Øvi jvwÛ‡KvUvj GKvwaKevi cwi`©k‡bi my‡hv‡M cÖK…wZi GB wbôzi I wbg©g i~c Avgv‡K Awff~Z K‡i‡Q| PvKzix¯’j hLb Bmjvgvev` ZLb eÜzevÜemn jvwÛ‡KvUv‡ji ÔevivÕ bv‡gi cÖwm× gv‡K©‡U GKvwaKevi ¯^¯¿xK ågb K‡iwQ| ÔevivÕ evRv‡i kyé QvovB we‡`kx wRwbmcÎ µq Kivi myweavi Rb¨ wQj GB ågb¸wj| Bmjvgvev‡`i wcwÛ GKwU UzBb kni| Avgvi Kg©¯’j wQj ivIqvjwcwÛ wKš‘ evm¯’j wQj Bmjvgvev‡`| Kg©¯’j I evm¯’‡ji g‡a¨ cÖvq 11 gvB‡ji e¨eavb| GKwU †gvUi mvB‡K‡j hvZvqv‡Z Af¨¯— wQjvg| ZLb wcwÛ kn‡ii cwiwa wQj mxwgZ| wcwÛi cÖv‡š— d‡qRvev`. Avgvi ¯¿x. hvÎxiv ûkxqvi|Ó LvBevi wMwic_ GKwU BwZnvm cÖwm× `yMg© c_| BwZnvm Avgvi wcÖq welq bq| Z_vwc fvi‡Zi †h BwZnvm Avgv‡`i cvV¨ wQj †mB BwZnv‡m LvBevi wMwic‡_ Av‡jKRvÛvi.we‡`kx ev½vwj‡`i mv‡_ AZ¨š— gReyZ wQj Avgv‡`i GKvZ¥Zv| †Q‡j †g‡q‡`i Rb¨ Avgiv ¯‹j z Pvjy Kijvg| evsjv‡`k wb‡q Mí ¸Re QvovI wk¶KZv Avgv‡`i Rxeb‡K wKQzUv A_©en Ki‡Z mnvqK nq| †MvUv evsjv‡`k hLb hy×iZ ZLb Qv‡cvlv †jv‡Kiv Zvr¶wYKfv‡e wKQz bv Ki‡Z cvi‡jI Bqvs †Rbv‡ikb A‡bK ZrciZv cÖ`k © b Ki‡Z †c‡iwQj| A‡bK †mbv wefv‡Mi †jv‡Kiv gyw³ evwnbx‡Z †hvM`v‡bi Rb¨ mxgvš— cvi n‡Z jvMj| mš—vb mš—wZmn †`‡k wd‡i hvIqvi Avkv gixwPKv n‡q iBj| ¯^‡cœ †`‡ki cÖKw… Z‡K †`wL : ¯^cœ I ev¯—‡e weivU e¨eavb| ev½vwj‡`i msMÖv‡gi mv‡_ GKvZ¥Zv wQj IqvjxLv‡bi †`k DËi mxgvš— cÖ‡`k| UvKvi wewbg‡q Zviv mxgvš— w`‡q cvi Ki‡Z jvM‡jv ev½vwj PvKz‡i hyeK‡`i| G‡`i cvi n‡Z mn‡hvwMZv †`Iqv Qvov ¯¿x mš—vb‡`i wb‡q Ab¨ †Kvb wPš—v mnR mva¨ wQj bv| hviv †`k Z¨vM K‡iwQ‡jv Zv‡`i g‡a¨ hviv aiv c‡owb Zviv wPwV c‡Î Avgv‡`i Rvbv‡Zv Zv‡`i fqven cjvqb BwZe„Ë| †iwWI‡Z gyw³hy‡×i msev` †kvbv I †Mvcb AvjvcPvwiZv QvovI hyeK PvKz‡i‡`i cjvq‡b f~wgKv cvjb Ki‡Z Ki‡Z GK mgq g‡bi g‡a¨ DuwK gvi‡Z gvi‡jv. `y¯i— cvivevi. PvKzwiPy¨ZцeZ‡bi e`‡j gv‡mvnviv eivÏ n‡jv| kvk¦wZKx 161 †kl ch©š— 1972/73 m‡bi cÖ_g As‡k Pvwiw`‡K †Rvi ¸ReÑ ev½vwj PvKz‡i‡`i ew›` Kiv n‡e Ges PxbvbxwZ AbymiY K‡i evsjv‡`‡k AvUK hy×vcivax ˆmb¨‡`i gyw³i j‡¶¨ wbivciva ev½vwj‡`i e¨envi Kiv n‡e| cÖKZ … c‡¶. Avgiv hviv ¯¿x mš—vb wb‡q AvwQ. jw•N‡Z n‡e ivwÎ wbkx‡_. Bmjvgvev‡`i ïi“†Z wR‡iv c‡q›U| cÖwZw`b Bmjvev` †divi c‡_ ivRavbx kni‡K cvnv‡oi cUf~wg‡Z †`Lv †hZ| `„k¨wU †ek my›`i | Avgv‡`i cÖ_g mš—v‡bi Rb¥ wcwÛi miKvwi †m›Uªvj nvmcvZv‡j 1970 m‡b| 1967 m‡b wcwÛ Avwm PvKzwii Kvi‡Y| Gi Av‡M PUªMÖvg miKvwi K‡j‡R PvKzwiiZ wQjvg (1965/1967mb)| †K›`ªxq miKv‡ii cÖ_g †kªYxi PvKzwii m¤§vb‡K g~j¨ w`‡q cwðg cvwK¯—v‡b Avwm| Aíw`b c‡iB weevwnZ Rxeb ïi“ nq| Avwg Lye eÜzwcÖq gvbyl| weevwnZ Rxe‡b Bmjvgvev‡` Avgv‡`i cwiwP‡Zi I eÜz-ev܇ei msL¨v A‡bK e„w× †c‡jv| ¯^vaxbZv msMÖvg ïi“ n‡j Avgv‡`i ivRavbx Rxe‡b Gi cÖwZwµqv ïi“ nj Ges ax‡i ax‡i Pig AvKvi aviY Kij| mw¤§wjZ cvwK¯—v‡bI Avgiv AevwÂZ e¨w³‡Z cwiYZ njvg| Avgv‡`i wbKUI cvwK¯—vb kΓ †`‡k cwiYZ nj| fvjg›` gvby‡l fiv c„w_ex‡Z GB msNv‡Zi kvwš—c~Y© †Kvb mgvavb `„wó†MvPi wQjbv| Avgv‡`i msmv‡i AviI GKwU bZzb AwZw_i ms‡hvRb n‡jv : Avgv‡`i wØZxq mš—v‡bi Rb¥ nq 1972 mv‡ji †deª“qvwi gv‡m| Avgiv ZLb e¯‘Z M„ne›`x. hyeK‡`i gZ cwievi wb‡q Avgiv ¯^‡`‡k cvwo w`‡Z cvwi wKbv| GB AvjvcPvwiZv cvwK¯—vbx †Mv‡q›`v `߇i †cuŠQvj| Zje Kiv n‡jv| nvwRiv w`jvg| wb‡la Kiv n‡jv| N‡ii cv‡ki me †jvK‡KB g‡b nZ jvMj Zviv Avgv‡`i ch©‡e¶Y Ki‡Q| wKQzw`b Pzc K‡i †Mjvg| Ae‡k‡l GKw`b wm×vš— wbjvg GB †`k Z¨vM Ki‡Z n‡e| †mB `yMg© LvBevi wMwic_ a‡i mxgvš— cvi n‡q Kveyj †h‡Z n‡e| bv bv LvBevi wMwic_ bqÑAviI `yMg© c‡_. ev½vwj PvKz‡i I †mbv‡`i GwcÖj gv‡m K‡q`I Kiv nq| (Z‡e hy×vcivax cÖvq GKjvL ˆmb¨ gyw³ †c‡q hv‡e Zv ZLb Abygvb Kiv hvqwb)| Avgiv †ek Amnvq †eva Kijvg| wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ AvjvcAv‡jvPbv ïi“ Kijvg. myjZvb gvngy`. hviv Avgv‡`i mn‡hvwMZv †`‡e. †mjyKvm. ZvivI cvjv‡Z cvwi wKbv| †gvnv¤§` Avãyi ikx` gyw³i A‡š^l‡Y Ò`yM©g wMwi. Avgvi wZb I GK eQ‡ii `yÕwU mš—vbÑmš—vb‡`i †Kv‡j ivL‡Z n‡e| PvKzwi Rxe‡bi Kiv dvwb©Pvi I wewea wRwbmcÎvw` †Mvc‡b A‡_©i cÖ‡qvR‡bi Ahynv‡Z (hv kZ© mv‡c‡¶) AwZ Aí `v‡g wewµ ïi“ Kijvg| ˆ`bw›`b e¨envh© wKQz dvwb©Pvi †i‡L w`jvg| Avgv‡`i cjvqb c‡e©i w`b Nwb‡q Avm‡Z jvMj| K_v wVK n‡jv Zv‡`i myweav gZ †Kvb GK w`‡b Zviv Avgv‡`i m¨yU‡Km `ywU I Zv‡`i‡K cÖ‡`q A‡_©i A‡a©K cwigvb UvKv wb‡q hv‡e| †hw`b Avgv‡`i hvIqvi w`b wba©vwiZ n‡e †mw`b mܨvq Avgv‡`i †Pbvïbv †Kvb eÜzi evox‡Z. Kvš—vi gi“. Zviv Avgv‡`i `ywU my¨U‡Km wb‡e Ges GKwU nvZe¨v‡M Avgiv wKQz wRwbm wb‡q †be| Avwg. Zv‡`i ILv‡b †h‡Z n‡e| msev` w`‡j wbw`©ó ¯’v‡b wM‡q Zv‡`i wba©vwiZ Mvwo‡Z Po‡Z n‡e Ges hvÎv ïi“ n‡e| cieZ©x AskUzKz Am¤ú~YB© i‡q †Mj| hviv c~‡e©B †M‡Q Zviv hv e‡j‡Q Zvi mvigg© n‡jv. G hvÎv AZ¨š— `yMg© Ges Gi~c c`‡¶c bv †bIqvB †kªq| cieZ©x© Kv‡j Avgv‡`i AwfÁZv I Dc‡`kI G-i~cB wQj| wKš‘ ZeyI GB †`k Z¨vM Kivi †mªvZ eÜ nq wb| †Mv‡q›`v wefv‡Mi ZrciZv e„w× †c‡jv| †evSv †M‡jv Zv‡`i duvwK w`‡Z n‡e| w`b ZLbI wbw`©ó nqwb| Avgiv cÖvq cÖ‡Z¨Kw`b mܨvq eÜz‡`i evwo‡Z †h‡Z jvMjvg Ges ivwÎ K‡i evmvq wdi‡Z ïi“ Kijvg| †hb wbw`©ó w`b †ei n‡q †M‡j †mUv hvÎvi kvk¦wZKx 162 . †PvivPvjvbxiv †h c‡_ hvZvqvZ K‡i| AvB‡bi †PvL‡K duuvwK w`‡q PvKz‡i hyeK‡`i Icv‡i †h‡Z mn‡hvwMZv Kivi Kvi‡Y cvivcviKvix †jvK‡`i m‡½ Avg‡`iI †hvMv‡hvM nq| Ae‡k‡l Zv‡`iB GK`j‡K wbe©vPb Kijvg Avgv‡`i cwievimn mxgvš— cvi Kivi Rb¨| w¯’i n‡jv.

Pv bv¯—vi c‡iI Zv‡`i Mí cÖvq †kl nq bv| mwZ¨Kv‡iB Mvox †cjvg| Bmjvgvev` †Q‡o Pjjvg| cwiwPZ †m±i¸wj (†m mgq GB †m±i¸wj‡Z evox Ni wQj bv) cvi n‡q weRb iv¯—vq Pj‡Z jvMjvg| Pvu‡`i Av‡jvq Pvwiw`‡K Sjgj KiwQ‡jv| Mvwo Qz‡U Pj‡jv| †c‡kvqvi †ivW a‡i Avgiv GwM‡q Pjjvg| GgbB GKw`b evox‡Z Rbgvbe MgMg Ki‡Q| em‡Z †`Iqvi ci Avmb msKzjvb nqwb| Zv‡ZI Mí¸Re I mgq KvUv‡bv KviI Rb¨ AmyweavRbK g‡b n‡jv bv| GgbB GK mܨvq wcQ‡bi eviv›`vq wbw`©ó d«w›Uqvi cÖ‡`‡ki `yRb †jvK Avgv‡`i Rvwb‡q †M‡jv. Avgiv ί— n‡q DVjvg. GKwU M‡Z©i gvSLv‡b †h‡bv †KD Avgv‡`i †`L‡Z bv cvq| RvqMvwU †Lvjv AvKv‡ki wb‡P| ax‡i ax‡i m~hZ © vc e„w× †c‡Z _vK‡jv Ges ¶zavq Avgiv Aek n‡Z jvMjvg| weKv‡ji w`‡K Avvgv‡`i GKwU K‡i k³ i“wU †`qv n‡jv Ges Zvi mv‡_ †`Iqv n‡jv Awm× jeb-Svj I ¯^v`wenxb cvwb †fRv‡bv ZiKvix RvZxq wKQz GKUv. Ae‡k‡l cvwbi wKbv‡i G‡m cojvg | Pvu‡`i Av‡jvq me †`Lv hvqÑ Kveyj b`x. cwiw¯’wZi Kvi‡Y †m ¯’vb Z¨vM Ki‡Z †Zgb †e`bv Abyfe Kijvg bv| Avgv‡`i evmvq Kg©iZ GKwU cwievi Avgv‡`i mv‡f©›U i“‡g emevmiZ wQj| Zviv Avgv‡`i f³ I wek¦¯— wQj| Zv‡`i‡KI Avfvm w`‡q †i‡LwQjvg| G A‡ji AwZ mvaviY RxweKvi †jvK‡`i †ek wek¦vm Kiv †hZ Ges Zviv Avgv‡`i Ae¯’vi cÖwZ mnvbyf~wZkxj wQj| Zv‡`i Rvbv wQj hw` Avgv‡`i GB evmvq bv †`Lv hvq Z‡e GB evmvi AvmevecÎvw`. b`xi Zxeª †mªvZ| eyS‡Z cvijvg GB b`x AwZµg Ki‡Z n‡e| wKš‘ wKfv‡e GB Zxeª Li‡mªvZv cvnvox b`x cvi nIqv hv‡e? GB ARvbv c‡_i hvÎvq Avgv‡`i wK wK cÖwZKzjZvi m¤§~Lxb nIqvi m¤¢vebv Av‡Q †m wb‡qI Avgiv wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ Avjvc KiZvg| A‡bK cÖwZKzj Ae¯’vq Avgiv iƒc‡iLv wVK K‡i †i‡LwQjvg| †m welq Avi GLv‡b Dc¯’vcb Ki‡Z PvB bv| wba©vwiZ w`b Avgv‡K Rvwb‡q †`Iqv n‡jv| w`bwU wQj 19 gvP©. ZvB Avgv‡`i bv wb‡qB P‡j wM‡qwQ‡jv| ivZ mv‡o GMv‡ivUvq Avev‡iv HLv‡b Mvox Avm‡e e‡j Rvwb‡q †M‡jv| Gevi ivZ mv‡o GMv‡ivUvq Avgiv kvk¦wZKx 163 b`xi wKbv‡i AviI wKQz mgq AwZevwnZ n‡jv| GK mgq †`wL ûm ûm K‡i wK †hb Avgv‡`i w`‡K GwM‡q Avm‡Q| c‡i †`Ljvg `ywU †jvK muvZ‡i Avm‡Q. Wvj. Avav N›Uvi g‡a¨ Zviv Avgv‡`i m¨yU‡Km `ywU wb‡q hv‡e| Aek¨ hvIqvi w`b wba©vwiZ n‡e c‡i| Avgiv AZxe mgm¨vq cojvg| GZ †jv‡Ki mgvMg evmvq| my¨U‡Km `ywU †`IqvI cÖ‡qvRb| Avgiv †ek weeªZ njvg| Avgv‡`i AvPiY wKQzUv A¯^vfvweK n‡Z jvM‡jv| Ggb mgq Avgv‡`i GKRb cÖwZ‡ekx Avgv‡`i weeªZ Ae¯’vi KviY eyS‡Z cvi‡jb| eva¨ n‡q Avgiv Zv‡K Rvbvjvg| wZwb Zvr¶wYK eyw× cÖ‡qvM K‡i mKj AwZw_‡K †Kvbfv‡e eywS‡q cv‡ki (ev½vwji) evmvq wb‡q †M‡jb| hv †nvK wcQ‡bi `iRv w`‡q h_v mg‡q my¨U‡Km `ywU w`‡q w`jvg| Bmjvgvev` Z¨v‡Mi wba©vwiZ w`b Nwb‡q G‡m‡Q| †h ¯’v‡b bZzb weevwnZ Rxe‡bi wKQz g~j¨evb mgq KvUvjvg. Avgiv DV‡Z hv‡ev wVK Ggb mgq Mvox cybivq ÷vU©© w`‡q Avgv‡`i bv wb‡qB P‡j †Mj| Avgviv nZf¤^ n‡q `uvwo‡q iBjvg| Avgv‡`i †Q‡jiv GUzKz ey‡SwQ‡jv Avgv‡`i †Kvb bZzb Mš—e¨ Av‡Q †hLv‡b Avgiv mPivPi hvB bv| ZvivI Avgv‡`i w`‡K †P‡q iBj| Ae‡k‡l Avgiv †mB evox‡Z wd‡i Avmjvg. BZ¨vw` Zviv GLvb †_‡K wb‡q hv‡e Ges Zv Zv‡`i n‡q hv‡e| GB iv¯—v Avgv‡`i †c‡kvqvi wb‡q †h‡Z cvi‡Zv| wKš‘ Kveyj b`xi eªxR cvi n‡Z n‡e| †mLv‡b wmwKDwiwU Av‡Q| †mUv Gwo‡q †h‡Z n‡e| ZvB eªx‡Ri K‡qK gvBj Av‡M Avgv‡`i Mvox _vg‡jv| iv¯—v †Q‡o Avgiv wKQz †jvKvj‡qi gZ ¯’vb Mfxi iv‡Î †nu‡U cvi n‡Z jvMjvg| Avgvi I Avgvi ¯¿xi †Kv‡j Avgv‡`i GK GKwU mš—vb| Avgvi nv‡Z GKwU e¨vM| A‡bK nuvU‡Z n‡jv| e¨vMwU Lye fvix †eva n‡Z jvM‡jv| b`xi Zx‡i G‡m †cuŠQjvg| b`xi cÖevn GLvb †_‡K A‡bK `~‡i| Avgiv 3wU Mvox‡Z Avmv AvVv‡iv Rb †jvK (ev”Pv mn) GwM‡q Pjjvg| †ek Kómva¨ GB c_hvÎv. 1973| †Kv_v †_‡K Avgv‡K Zz‡j †bIqv n‡e Zv Avgv‡K Rvbv‡bv nqwb| Z‡e mܨvq †Kvb evmvq Avgiv _vKe Zv Zv‡`i I Avgv‡`i Df‡qiB Rvbv wQj| weKv‡j Avgiv mš—vb‡`i wb‡q Aci GKwU evmvi D‡Ï‡k¨ hvÎv Kijvg| Gi~c mvgvwRK hvZvqv‡Z Avgiv Af¨¯— wQjvg e‡j GUv †Kvb m‡›`‡ni D‡`ªK Kij bv| h_vixwZ mܨvi mgq wbw`©ó evmvq Avgiv Dcw¯’Z njvg| Avgv‡`i †jvK G‡m Rvwb‡q w`j †Kv_vq Avgv‡`i `uvwo‡q _vK‡Z n‡e| mgqwU wQj mܨv mv‡o AvUUv| Avgv‡`i nv‡Zi e¨vM c~‡e©B GB evmvq ivLv wQj| `yB mš—vb. Zv‡`i nv‡Z wKQz wRwbm| Am¤¢e n‡jI mZ¨ Zviv GKUv †fjvi gZ wRwbm fvwm‡q w`‡jv Ges Zviv †mªv‡Zi gy‡L †f‡m _vKevi Rb¨ `yRb `ywU gkK dzu w`‡q dzwj‡q wb‡jv| GBfv‡e GB b`x cvwo †`Iqv hv‡e wKQz‡ZB wek¦vm Ki‡Z Pvqbv gb| †fjvq D‡V emjvg| GB fv‡e cqmvi wewbg‡q Iiv Avgv‡`i Zxeª †mªvZaviv b`x cvi Kiv‡jv| Avj−vn Avgv‡`i mnvq wQ‡jb| b`xi Gcv‡i G‡m Avgv‡`i hvÎv Avevi ïi“ n‡jv| eû¶Y Pjvi ci H b`xi AviI GKwU avivi wKbv‡i G‡m Avgiv DcbxZ njvg| GB avivwU †ek kvš— g‡b n‡jv| wKš‘ PIov A‡bK †ewk| c~‡e©i b¨vq †fjvq b`xi GB AskUzKz cvi n‡q. hvi Zzjbv Avgiv mviv Rxe‡b cvB wb| AviI GKwU mKvj I `ycyi Mwo‡q †M‡jv| †ejv wZbUvq kvk¦wZKx 164 . b`x wKbvi. †hLvb †_‡K mv‡o AvUUvi w`‡K iIbv w`‡qwQjvg| ivZ 10 Uvi mgq Avgv‡`i wbKU AveviI †jvK G‡jv| Zviv Rvbv‡jv Mvoxi WªvBfvi wK Rb¨ †h‡bv fq †c‡qwQj. Mvox _vg‡jv. Pvj.w`b Zv †evaMg¨ bv nq| ev½vwj‡`i †KŠZ~nj ¯^fveMZB †ewk| Avgv‡`i M„‡n cÖ‡ek Ki‡j AbymwÜrmy †jv‡Ki `„wó Gov‡bv m¤¢e bq| Amyweav n‡jv cÖvq cÖwZw`b mܨvq eû AwZw_i AvMgb NU‡Z jvM‡jv. ¯¿x. I Avwg e¨vM wb‡q h_v¯’v‡b `uvwo†q iBjvg| wK ai‡Yi Mvwo Avgv‡`i wb‡q hv‡e Zv Avgv‡`i Rvbv wQ‡jv| G Mvwo¸wj mvaviYZt d«w›Uqv‡i PjvPj K‡i _v‡K| Mvox G‡jv. dm‡ji gvV AwZµg Kivi ci †ckvIqv‡ii iv¯—vi AbwZ`~‡i GKwU gv‡V hvÎv weiwZ Kijvg| †Q‡j‡K †Kv‡j wb‡q e¨vM nv‡Z †i‡L e‡m cojvg| AZ¨š— K¬vš— wQjvg| KLb Nywg‡q c‡owQ Rvwbbv| nVvr ïwb GKwU Av‡`‡ki myi| †R‡M †`wL Avgv‡`i m¤§y‡L eo iv¯—vq `Ûvqgvb Mvox| DV‡Z wb‡`©k †`Iqv n‡”Q| wKš‘ wKQz‡ZB DV‡Z cviwQ bv| A‡bK VvÛv wQj e‡j nvZ m¤ú~Y© Aek n‡q wM‡q‡Q| Avgv‡`iB Mvox¸wj eªxR cvi n‡q G‡m‡Q hvwÎ QvovB| Avwg †Kgb K‡i Mvox‡Z D‡VwQ GUv GLb g‡b Ki‡Z cviwQ bv| Avgvi ¯¿xI B‡Zvg‡a¨ mš—vbmn D‡V c‡o‡Qb| †c‡kvqvi †ivW a‡i Mvox¸wj `ª“Z GwM‡q Pjj Ges m~h© cÖLi nIqvi c~‡e©B †c‡kvqvi AwZµg K‡i UªvBevj Gwiqvq cÖ‡ek Ki‡jv| Ae‡k‡l Avgiv H GjvKvi wbw`©ó GKwU ¯’v‡b hvÎv weiwZ Kijvg| mܨv †cwi‡q ivwÎ †b‡g Avm‡j †Nvovi Av¯—ve‡j Avgv‡`i _vKvi e‡›`ve¯— n‡jv| GwU GKwU eo `y‡f©vM wQj Avgv‡`i Rb¨| kx‡Zi mgq GK ai‡bi †jcI Mv‡q w`‡Z n‡qwQ‡jv| mvivivZ GK ai‡bi †cvKvi Kvg‡o Avgiv AwZô n‡q †Mjvg| ax‡i ax‡i hš¿Yvi cwigvY GZ †ewk n‡Z jvMj †h Avwg AvZw¼Z n‡q DVjvg| GB †cvKvi Kvgo Avgv‡K cieZ©x †`o gvm Amy¯’ †i‡LwQj| mgMÖ kixi Nuv‡q f‡i wM‡qwQj Ges R¡imn bvbvwea Amy‡L wbcwZZ n‡qwQjvg| Avgv‡`i cieZ©x w`b Ae¯’vb Ki‡Z n‡jv bZzb ˆZix Kiv GKwU cwiLvi gZ ¯’v‡b.

Ab¨ Mvavi wc‡V Avwg I Avgvi wØZxq mš—vb| mvwie×fv‡e hvÎv ïi“ nj| eÜzi c_. mܨvi †ek wKQz ci Avgv‡`i eni kn‡ii gv‡S GK¯’v‡b G‡m †cuŠQv‡jv| †mLv‡b GKwU NUbv Avgv‡`i `„wó‡MvPi n‡jv. †Kvb Mvavq wkïmn gvZv-wcZv Ñ wbe©vKfv‡e wewPÎ GB Pjv| GK mgq Avwg I Avgvi ¯¿x Lye wbK‡U Pjvi mgq kw¼Z n‡q j¶¨ Kijvg. wKš‘ †R¨vrmœvi cUf~wg‡Z GKwU ce©Z AwZµ‡gi ci m¤§~‡L Avi GKwU GKwU wekvj ce©Z wecyjvK…wZ `vb‡ei b¨vq fxwZcÖ`fv‡e †MvPwif~Z n‡Z jvM‡jv| Ggb GK c‡_ Avgiv cÖ‡ek K‡iwQ. mvg‡b K‡Vvi ev¯—eZv. Avgiv mxgv‡š—i Aci cv‡š— †cuŠ‡QwQ. Avgiv mxgv‡š—i Aci cÖv‡š— G‡m c‡owQ| LvBevi wMwic_ Avgiv cvwo w`‡qwQ| Avgv‡`i mvg‡b AviI A‡bK c_. GUv Mvavi Av¯—vej bq. hv Avgv‡K †Nvovi Av¯—ve‡j MÖvm K‡iwQ‡jv Zv e„w× †c‡Z jvM‡jv. Giv `ywU wfbœ †nv‡U‡ji †jvK| Zviv cvwK¯—vb n‡Z AvMZ ev½vwj‡`i wb‡R‡`i †nv‡U‡j wb‡q †h‡Z AvMÖnx| hvB †nvK. `yBwU hyeK (wUb GRvi) wm‡bgv ÷vB‡j dvBwUs Ki‡Q| wKQzUv cvZv‡bv e‡j g‡b n‡jv| c‡i eySjvg. GKwU U¨vw·‡Z K‡i †ek ivw·Z Avgiv Kvey‡ji †nv‡U‡j wM‡q nvwRi njvg| †nv‡Uj¸wj‡Z Avgv‡`i _vKv-LvIqvi e¨vqfvi †iW-µm enb Ki‡e| †nv‡U‡ji GKwU wbw`©ó N‡i Avgv‡`i _vKvi RvqMv n‡jv| _vKvi hvqMv I ev_i“g KZUzKz hyrmB †m wb‡q cÖkœ †Zvjvi AeKvk †bB| Avi hvB †nvK. we‡klZ wkLiv| Avgv‡`i †nv‡U‡ji gvwjK Aek¨ wkL wQjbv| †m kvk¦wZKx 166 . GwU GKwU giv b`x Ges †ek PIov| Avgiv cvkvcvwk Pj‡Z jvMjvg| g‡b n‡jv. GLv‡b †Kvbi“c ev_i“gI Av‡Q| †nv‡U‡j evbv‡bv AvdMvbx i“wU Avgv‡`i cwi‡ekb Kiv nZ| †nv‡U‡j Aí eqmx GKwU AvdMvbx my›`i †Q‡j Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q †`Lvïbvi Rb¨ AvmZ| AvdMvb fvlv AvqZ¡ Kiv †gv‡UB mnRmva¨ bq. AvgivI Pj‡Z jvMjvg| Avgvi †Q‡j‡K c~‡e©i gZ mwnm eM‡j K‡i wb‡q Pj‡Z jvMj| A‡bK `ywðš—v Avgvq MÖvm Ki‡Z jvMj| cÖvq `yB N›Uv c_ Pjvi ci Avgv‡`i c_ GKUz wfbœ ai‡Yi n‡jv| Gc_ eÜzi bq gm„Y. cv_‡ii bywoi Dci w`‡q c_| cªK…Zc‡¶. A‡bK ab¨ev`| †nv‡U‡ji gvwjK GKRb fviZxq Ges wZwb †ek AgvwqK cÖKw… Zi. Avgvi eo †Q‡j †h‡bv c‡o hv‡”Q Ges Avgvi ¯¿x Zv‡K mvgjv‡Z cvi‡Qbv| Avwg h_vm¤¢e ˆn ˆP K‡i hviv Avgv‡`i wb‡q hv‡”Q Zv‡`i `„wó AvKl©Y Kivi †Póv Kijvg| †kl ch©š— GKRb mwnm Kvc‡o †cuwP‡q eM‡ji wb‡P K‡i Avgvi eo †Q‡j‡K wb‡q Pjj| µgvš^‡q GB Pjv Ae‡k‡l MZvbyMwZK n‡Z jvMj| cÖvq c~wY©gvi iv‡Zi †R¨vrmœvgq Pjvi c_. Ab¨iv †hb Gc‡_ bv Av‡m| wKš‘ G wb‡la A‡b‡KB KY©cvZ K‡iwb| AvUv fwZ© GKwU Uªv‡Ki Dc‡i Avgv‡`i K‡qKwU cwiev‡ii Kveyj hvIqvi e‡›`ve¯— n‡jv| UªvK †ek `ª“Z MwZ‡ZB Pj‡Q| cvnvox kx‡Zi evZvm Avgv‡`i wbiš—i hš¿Yv w`‡”Q| Amy¯’Zv. Ab¨w`‡K Avgiv ¶zavq Av”Qbœ| †ejv 10-11 Uvi mgq UªvKwU Rvjvjvev` †cuŠQvj| †mLv‡b GKwU i“wUi †`vKv‡b i“wU †Kbvi cÖqvm wb‡ZB †`vKvbx i“wUi `vg A‡bK evwo‡q w`j| hvB‡nvK. cŸ©‡Zi P~ovq eid| VvÛv Avgv‡`i MÖvm Ki‡Z jvMj| Avgv‡`i Mš—e¨ m¤^‡Ü mwVK aviYv Avgv‡`i wQjbv. Avgv‡`i MvBW‡`i nvefve †`‡L g‡b n‡jv ˆeix GjvKvmg~n Avgiv cvi n‡q G‡mwQ| kvk¦wZKx 165 mKvj n‡q G‡m‡Q| GK mgq ïb‡Z †cjvg AZ¨š— KwP K‡É Avgvi cv‡kB Avgvi mš—vb Zvi gv‡qi m‡½ wcU& wcU& K‡i K_v ej‡Q| eo my›`i Abyfw~ Z| k¼v †K‡U wM‡q‡Q. LvIqvi Rb¨ K‡qKwU i“wU Qvov Ab¨ wKQzi evjvB bvB| Avgiv Kvey‡ji w`‡K Pj‡Z jvMjvg| weKvj †kl n‡q mܨvi w`‡K Avgiv Kveyj kn‡ii wbKUeZ©x njvg| gvP© gv‡mi †kl| cŸ©Z Øviv Kveyj kn‡ii PZzw`©K †ewóZ. †hLvb n‡Z wd‡i ZvKvevi †Kvb AeKvk †bB| GZ eo GKUv SzuwK †bIqv wK wVK n‡q‡Q? wPš—v Kivi Aemi KB? cÖwZwU gyûZ©B †hb AvZ‡¼i | ivwÎi AÜKv‡ii ga¨ w`‡q AMÖmi n‡Z n‡Z Avgiv ga¨ iv‡Zi w`‡K GK wekvj gvjf~wg‡Z †cuŠQjvg| Pvwiw`‡K. †gvU cÖv‡c¨i evKx A‡a©K UvKv †hb Zv‡`i cÖ`vb Kiv nq| c‡i Avgiv GI Rvwb‡qwQjvg †h. Avwg Av‡M wc‡Q eo †Q‡ji †LuvR Ki‡Z jvMjvg| GK¯’v‡b Avgvi †Q‡jwU‡K Kvc‡oi †cvUjvi g‡a¨ c‡o _vKv Ae¯’vq †`‡L AvZw¼Z n‡q DVjvg| Avwg Avgvi ¯¿x‡K †W‡K wb‡q G‡m †Q‡j‡K †`Lvjvg| wVK ey‡S DV‡Z cvijvg bv Zvi Ae¯’v cÖKZ … c‡¶ †Kgb! Avgiv AZ¨š— mš¿¯— wQjvg| Kv‡djv cybivq Pj‡Z jvMj. cvnvo. cŸ©Z †N‡l GK`j Mvav enb K‡i P‡j‡Q GK weivU `j| †Kvb Mvavq e„×. Zviv wbtk‡ã me wKQz m‡q P‡j‡Q| Avj−vn ZvÕjvi Acvi gwngv| †ejv 9Uvi w`‡K Avgiv LvBevi wMwic‡_ AvdMvwb¯—v‡bi As‡ki g~j iv¯—vq G‡m †cuŠQjvg| Avgiv mxgvš— cvwo w`‡qwQ| GLb AvcvZZ Avgv‡`i Mš—e¨ AvdMvwb¯—v‡bi ivRavbx Kveyj| Avgiv eû K‡ói ga¨ w`‡q mxgvš— cvwo w`jvg wVKB. Avgiv Zvi m‡½ GKUv K_vB ïay wewbgq KiZvgÑ ÒZvkvKKzi ZvkvKKziÓ A_©vr A‡bK ab¨ev`. wewfbœ welq wb‡q Avjvc Ki‡Zb| †m mgq A‡bK fviZxq AvdMvb †m‡µUvwi‡q‡U KvR KiZ| AvdMvwb¯—v‡bi eû †nv‡Uj I †`vKv‡bi gvwjK wQj fviZxqiv. hviv Avgv‡`i cvi K‡i‡Q Zv‡`i cÖvc¨. ce©Z I GB A™¢yZ cÖvK…wZK cvwicvwk¦©KZv GK Aciƒc †gvngq cwi‡e‡ki m„wó Ki‡jv| m„wóKZ©vi Acvi gwngv GLv‡bI cÖwZfvZ nq| ivwΆejv `yBUvi w`‡K Kv‡djv GKwU cvnv‡oi cv`‡`‡k hvÎvweiwZ Kij| Avgiv Mvav n‡Z bvgjvg. AZGe. KwVbZg c_ Avgiv cvwo w`‡qwQ GLb Avi †Zgb fq bvB. †m Kvi‡Y AZ¨š— bxi‡e I mZK©fv‡e Pj‡Z n‡e| Pvwiw`‡K ZvwK‡q †`Ljvg cvnvo-ce©‡Zi wecyj mgv‡e‡ki g‡a¨ A¯— hvIqv m~‡h©i Avfv Qwo‡q c‡o wewPÎ GKwU fv‡ei m„wó K‡i‡Q| †ek wKQz¶Y Kwei gZ wenŸj fv‡e Pvwiw`‡K ZvwK‡q †`Ljvg| hv †nvK. ïay eÜzi bq `yM©gI e‡U Ges cvnv‡oi wKbvi †e‡q Mvavq P‡o AMÖmi nIqvi wbg©gZv `k c‡b‡iv wgwb‡UB Avgiv Abyfe Ki‡Z jvMjvg| Gfv‡e N›UvLv‡bK AwZevwnZ n‡jv| ax‡i ax‡i cvnv‡oi PovB-DrivB AviI cÖKU n‡Z jvMj| ¯’v‡b ¯’v‡b Mvaviv AMÖMvgx n‡Z Abxnv cÖKvk Ki‡Z jvMj| Gfv‡e `y GKwU cvnvo AwZµ‡gi ci ivwÎ Nwb‡q Avmj. †Kvb Mvavq wkï. GKwU Mvavi wc‡V Avgvi ¯¿x I eo †Q‡j. cÖvq †ejv AvUUv ch©š— Pj‡Z n‡jv| UªvBevj‡`i GKUv †Wivi gZ ¯’v‡b mvgwqK hvÎv weiwZ n‡jv| GLv‡b mwnm‡`i cÖavbiv †`Ljvg †KUwj‡Z Pv cvb Ki‡Q| wKš‘ hvÎx‡`i Rb¨ †Kvb e‡›`ve¯— bvB| wKQz cÖwZev`I Kijvg| wedj cÖwZev`| mš—vb‡`i Rb¨ †evZ‡j K‡i `ya G‡bwQjvg| iv¯—vq GK mgq †`wL †evZj †f‡½ meUzKz `yaB c‡o wM‡q‡Q| A‡eva wkïiv wK ey‡S wb‡q‡Q Rvwbbv.Avgv‡`i LvBevi wMwic_ AwZµ‡gi hvÎv ïi“i c~‡e© Avgv‡`i cv‡q †nu‡U AMÖMvgx nIqvi Rb¨ ejv n‡jv| †Kv‡j †Q‡j‡`i Ges nv‡Z e¨vM wb‡q Pj‡Z ïi“ Kijvg| weKvj Mwo‡q mܨvi cÖv°v‡j Avgiv GKwU cvnvo Z_v ce©‡Zi cv`‡`‡k Dcw¯’Z njvg| Avgv‡`i gZ AviI `ywU `j †mLv‡b Dcw¯’Z nj| †mLv‡b Avgv‡`i wKQz eªxwds †`Iqv n‡jv| GLvb †_‡K Avgiv Mvavq P‡o AMÖmi ne| Mvav ev L”P‡ii m‡½ wKQz msL¨K mwnm (Aí eq¯‹) wcQ‡b hv‡e| wewfbœ GjvKvi g‡a¨ w`‡q wbtk‡ã Avgv‡`i mxgvš— cvwo w`‡Z n‡e| †Kvb †Kvb GjvKvi DcRvZxiv Avgv‡`i ˆeix. hviv cqmvi wewbg‡q Avgv‡`i Aci mxgv‡š— wb‡q Gj Zviv Zv‡`i `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡i‡Q A‡bK Kó ¯^xKvi K‡i| Avgiv Avgv‡`i wbR wbR †jv‡Ki D‡Ï‡k¨ Bmjvgvev‡` Zv‡`i nv‡Z wPwV w`jvg| wPwV‡Z Rvwb‡q wQjvg.

A‡nZzK GKUv wf‡oi m„wó n‡jv. wKš‘ †kl ch©š— QwewU Ki‡Z cv‡ib wb nq †Zv Zuvi Rxebvemv‡bi Kvi‡Y| cwiPvjK Zcb wmsn G Kvwnbx wb‡q Qwe Ki‡Z †P‡qwQ‡jb. K¨v‡givg¨vb.†ek Avš—wiKZvi my‡i K_v ejZ| †m cÖvqB ejZ ÔAvgiv fviZxq I evsjv‡`kx‡`i g‡a¨ †Kvb cv_©K¨ Kwi bv. wKš‘ Zvi gv‡b GB bq †h mvwn‡Z¨i wk¶K n‡j GKRb fvj wdj¥ wµwUKI nIqv hv‡e| GB †jLvwUi Rb¨ †h mKj Z_¨ _vK‡j myweav nZ †hgb QwewU wbg©v‡Yi cwiKíbv. cwiPvjK. Kvco-†Pvco †avqv m¤¢e n‡qwQ‡jv| Avgv‡`i †Pnviv-myiZ fy‡Zi AvK…wZ †_‡K ¯^vfvwe‡Ki w`‡K cwiewZ©Z n‡Z jvMj| GKwU Z…wß Abyfe Ki‡Z jvMjvg| Kvey‡ji eo †cv÷ Awd‡m wM‡q GKwU Gqv‡ivMÖvg Lvg wK‡b j¤^v PIov wPwV wj‡L †cv÷ Kijvg †`‡k| iv¯—vq Pjvi mgq GKw`b GKwU ANUb NUj| ¯¿x I †Q‡j‡`i wb‡q iv¯—vi GK cv‡k `uvwo‡q AvwQ| nVvr GKUv Mvox G‡m †eªK Kij. Zv nj wZwb Kz¤‡¢ gjvq wM‡qwQ‡jb. KvjK~‡Ui e³e¨ †_‡K. KviY Ggb n‡Z cv‡i †h Qwe evbv‡bvi ivBU n¯—vš—‡ii mgqB cwiPvjK‡K GB AwaKviUv w`‡q †`Iqv nq| GKwU Dcb¨vm ev †QvU Mí †_‡K Qwe evbv‡bv n‡j mvaviYZ †h Awf‡hvMwU I‡V Zv nj GB †h QwewU g~j MíwUi gZ nq wb| GK_vi Bw½ZUv GiKg †h QweUv ZZ fvj nqwb| n‡Z cv‡i mwZ¨B KvwnbxwUi wPÎvqb Ges wewfbœ iKg cwieZ©b †gv‡Ui Dci ˆkwíK wePv‡i fvj nq wb| wKš‘ GiKgI N‡U †h fvj cwiPvjK Øviv wbwg©Z Ges fvjfv‡e wPÎvwqZ QweI g~j Kvwnbxi mKj cvVK‡K Lywk Ki‡Z cv‡i bv| Gi †cQ‡b KZ¸wj KviY KvR K‡i| GK: Qvcvi A¶‡i MíwU co‡Z wM‡q cvVK g‡b g‡b †h Qwe Avu‡Kb Zv wewfbœ R‡bi †ejvq wewfbœ iKg| wPÎvwqZiƒ‡c. we‡klZt kixi hLb my¯’ bq| hvB †nvK. Amy¯’Zvi Kvi‡Y †Uªb Rvwb©‡Z Avgvi we‡kl Aymweavi Rb¨ KjKvZv hvÎv wKQz wej¤^ Kiv| nvB Kwgk‡b ZLb A‡bK e¨¯—Zv. ivRkvnx wek¦we`¨vj‡qi Wxb. Zvi ci ïwUs‡qi cÖ¯w‘ Z †_‡K ïi“ K‡i wiwjR ch©š— AwfÁZvi eY©bv. (Aven) m½xZ cwiPvjK I m¤úv`K Zv‡`i wkí‡eva. GB QwewUi m‡½ †Kvb bv †Kvbfv‡e RwoZ Ggb Kv‡iv m‡½ K_v ejv ev mv¶vrKvi †bIqvi my‡hvM wQj bv. wKš‘ wegj ivq Av‡MB ivBU wK‡b †djvq Zv m¤¢e nqwb| c‡i w`jxc ivq wPÎbvU¨ †j‡Lb Ges QwewU cwiPvjbv K‡ib| †h cwieZ©b¸wj Dwb K‡i‡Qb g~j Kvwnbx‡Z †mRb¨ KvjK~‡Ui m‡½. h‡kvi kn‡ii w`‡K wKfv‡e †cuŠQv‡bv hv‡e| Rvbv †M‡jv GLb Avi kn‡i hvIqvi †Kvb hvbevnb †bB| GKUz nZvk njvg| Avj−vni AbyMÖn Avgv‡`i mnvq wQj| wKQz AbymÜv‡bi ci Kg©KZ©vwU GKwU Rxc †RvMvo Ki‡jb| †ew·g‡Kv †Kv¤úvbxi GKwU Rxc kn‡i Mg‡bi A‡c¶vq wQj| RxcwU Avgv‡`i h‡kvi Iqvc`v †ió nvD‡m †cuŠwQ‡q w`j| w`bwU wQj 8B GwcÖj 1973| kvk¦wZKx 167 †iRvDj Kwig wmwÏKx KvjK~‡Ui Ag„Z Kz‡¤¢i mÜv‡b-i wPÎiƒc cÖ_‡gB GKUz apology K‡i †bIqv cÖ‡qvRb| wdj¥ ÷vwWR-Gi †¶‡Î Avwg cwÊZ †Zv bBB. †KvbI wel‡q bRi †`Iqv m¤¢e n‡jvbv| we‡kl `vwq‡Z¡ wb‡qvwRZ wØZxq mwPe Avgv‡K †W‡K wb‡q wKQz ¸i“Z¡c~Y© KvMRcÎ †ebv‡cv‡ji eWv©‡i `vwqZ¡cÖvß Kg©KZ©v‡K †`Iqvi Rb¨ Aby‡iva Rvbv‡jb| K‡qKw`b e¨vwc w`wj− nvIov †Uªb Rvwb©Uv †ek Kó`vqK wQj. †h‡nZz wZwb RxweZ. fxo Gwo‡q iv¯—vi cv‡k G‡m †`wL Avgvi ¯¿xi nvZ NwowU †bB| wf‡o Pjvi g‡a¨ †mUv †KD wQwb‡q wb‡q‡Q| GKw`b Rvw÷m mvËvi‡K †`L‡Z wZwb †h †nv‡U‡j wQ‡jb †mLv‡b †Mjvg| wZwb Rvbv‡jb Zvi me©kix‡i e¨_v| Zuvi K_vq. Kíbv I `¶Zv Abyhvqx mw¤§wjZfv‡e Qwei AvKv‡i †mB Kvwnbx Dc¯’vcb K‡ib ZLb. wb‡R‡K GKRb wdj¥ wµwUK e‡j `vexI Kwi bv| mvwnZ¨ covB. Ges G wel‡q Avi †Kvb †jLvi †LuvR ev msMÖn Avgvi Kv‡Q †bB| QwewU †`‡L Ges Dcb¨vmwU (bvwK ågY Kvwnbx A_ev ågY Dcb¨vm?) c‡o Avgvi e¨w³MZ Abyfe I wPš—v‡PZbvi dj GB †jLvwU| GUv‡K †mfv‡eB †`Lvi Rb¨ Aby‡iva iBj m¤§vwbZ cvVKM‡Yi cÖwZ| †hUzKz Z_¨ Avgvi Rvbv. A_©vr hLb wPÎbvU¨Kvi. Avi Zvi Rb¨ A_© msMÖ‡ni Dcvq wn‡m‡e †`k cwÎKvi m‡½ GKUv †evSvcov n‡qwQj GBiKg †h Dwb ILvb †_‡K Zuvi AwfÁZvi K_v cÖwZw`b wj‡L cvVv‡eb hv msev` AvKv‡i Qvcv n‡e| c‡i Zuvi ÒAg„Z mÜv‡bi K_v †`k cwÎKvq GKUz we¯—Z … K‡iÓ avivevwnK AvKv‡i cÖKvwkZ nq| Gi KZUv wb‡f©Rvj ev¯—e AwfÁZv Avi KZUv Kíbv Zv Rvbvi †KŠZ~nj _vK‡jI wK K‡i Zv Rvbv m¤¢e? GKgvÎ KvjK~UB Rv‡bb G cÖ‡kœi Reve| Z‡e G welqwU Rvbv eZ©gvb Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨ †Zgb Ri“ix ev cªvmw½KI †eva nq bq| Avi QwewU evbv‡bvi BwZnvm cÖm‡½ ïay GBUzKz Rvwb †h cwiPvjK wegj ivq G Kvwnbxi ivBU wK‡bwQ‡jb Qwe evbv‡bvi D‡Ï‡k¨. †evanq wKQz`i~ GwM‡qIwQ‡jb. cvV‡Ki Kíbvi mv‡_ Zvi wgj bv nIqvi m¤¢vebvB †ewk| `yB: g~j Kvwnbxi g‡a¨ wKQy wKQz cwieZ©b Avbv nq. Avj−vni †g‡nievbx‡Z †m hvÎvI mgvß nj| nvIov n‡Z †ebv‡cvj mxgv‡š—i w`‡K U¨vw·‡Z AMÖmi njvg| wKQzUv Avgv‡`i nuvU‡ZI n‡jv Ges Ae‡k‡l Avgiv evsjv‡`‡k cÖ‡ek Kijvg| wewPÎ †m GK Abyf~wZÑ G †hb wek¦Rq! †KŠZ~njx‡`i evsjvq cÖ‡kœi Reve w`‡Z wM‡q Avgvi ¯¿x AkÖ“ mseiY Ki‡Z cvi‡jb bv| Avwg wRÁvmv Kijvg. PUªMvÖ g wek¦we`¨vj‡qi fvBm P¨v‡Ýji I Ab¨vb¨ m~‡Î we‡kl cwiwPZ wQ‡jb| Zvi m‡½ G¨vgevwm‡Z †`Lv Ki‡Z PvBjvg| Avgvi e³e¨ wQj. ˆeix cvwK¯—vb Z¨vM Kivi ci GB ai‡Yi e³e¨ Avgv‡K †ek LUKv w`‡qwQ‡jv| †`‡k †diZ hvIqvi Rb¨ Kvey‡j Avgiv fviZxq `~Zvev‡m †Mjvg| Avgiv w`wj− n‡q evsjv‡`‡k hve| Gi Rb¨ fviZxq `~Zvevm Avgv‡`i GKUv QvocÎ w`‡e| Avgiv A‡c¶v Ki‡Z jvMjvg| Avj−vni Acvi AbyMÖ‡n mdjfv‡e ¯^cwiev‡i cvwK¯—vb cjvqb ce© mgvß nIqv‡Z GKUv Avb›`vbyf~wZ Avgv‡`i wN‡i †i‡LwQ‡jv| Amyweav _vK‡jI Kvey‡ji †nv‡U‡j †Mvmj Kiv. ejvB evûj¨. †Kvb civgk© K‡iwQ‡jb wK bv Rvbv †bB| nq‡Zv Zv Kivi eva¨evaKZvI wQj bv. ev½vwj‡`i fvi‡Z cvm‡cv‡U©iI `iKvi bvBÕ| hvB‡nvK. ÒAvgvi me©kixi wKgv n‡q †M‡QÓ| wZwbI mevi gZ Mvavi wc‡V P‡o mxgvš— cvwo w`‡q‡Qb| w`b c‡b‡iv c‡i Avgv‡`i w`wj− hvIqvi w`b wba©vwiZ nj| fviZxq G¨vgevwm †_‡K QvocÎ †`Iqv nj| Avgiv †c−‡b Kveyj †_‡K w`wj− P‡j Avmjvg| Avgvi kixi ZLbI Amy¯’| PviZjvq Avgv‡`i _vKvi RvqMv n‡jv| H PviZjvq e¨vM GÛ e¨v‡MRmn DV‡Z fvix Kó n‡jv| fviZxq nvB Kwgkbvi kª×vfvRb G Avi gwj−‡Ki m‡½ ivRkvnx K‡j‡Ri cÖ‡dmi. Ges Zvi cÖ‡qvRbI †`Lv †`q wewfbœ Kvi‡Y| `ywU gva¨g Avjv`v| ZvQvov wm‡bgv †gvUvgywUfv‡e GKUv wbw`©ó ˆ`‡N©¨i g‡a¨ †eu‡a kvk¦wZKx 168 . wkí wb‡`©kK. w`bcÄx ev H iKg †Kvb Z_¨vw` Avgvi Kv‡Q †bB.

wek„sLjvq kZ kZ bvix. wKš‘ G †_‡K evbv‡bv Qwe eo †Rvi wZb N›Uvi g‡a¨ †kl Ki‡Z n‡e| AZGe wPÎbvU¨Kvi‡K A‡bK wKQyB ev` w`‡Z nq ev ms‡¶‡c †`Lv‡Z nq| Avevi †QvUMí †_‡K c~Y©‰`N©¨ Qwe evbv‡Z †M‡j A‡bK wKQz †hvM Kiv nq Ggb me wm‡Kv‡qÝ. †m‡¶‡Î GgbwU n‡ZB cv‡i| Z‡e Gi †eva nq GKUv fvj w`KI Av‡Q| †jv‡Kk‡b NUgvb `„k¨vejxi g‡a¨ Ggb wKQz wRwbm ev Dcv`vb AcÖZ¨vwkZfv‡e cvIqv †h‡Z cv‡i hv Kv‡R jvM‡Z cv‡i hw` Zvr¶wYKfv‡e †mwU‡K Kv‡R jvMv‡bvi Rb¨ Dcw¯’Z eyw× I gvbwmK cÖ¯w‘ Z cwiPvj‡Ki _v‡K| †hgb. Rxe‡bi Suwy K. wewfbœ wZwgwkKvix Rvnv‡Ri m‡½ mv¶vr. cvðv‡Z¨ Av‡iv Kg)| K‡qK‡kv c„ôvi GKUv wekvj Dcb¨vm cvVK mvZw`‡b Av_ev GK gv‡m co‡Z cv‡ib. GwU Avi `kUv Dcb¨v‡mi gZ bvqKbvwqKv‡K wb‡q GKK †Kvb Mí bqÑZv‡Z Gi WKz‡g›Uvwi Dcv`vbUv Qwe‡Z Av‡iv cÖvavb¨ †c‡j fvj nZ| wZb: ev¯—e AwfÁZvi ûeû eY©bv †`Iqv ev Kíbv K‡i hv B”Qv ZvB †jLv m¤¢e hw` bv k‡ãi Afve N‡U| wKš‘ Zvi me wKQzi wPÎvqb m¤¢e bq. we‡kl K‡i wPÎbvU¨Kvi. †mB wZwgi mv‡_ AvZ¥vwfgvbx bvq‡Ki Ø›Ø. WKz‡g›Uvwi Dcv`v‡bi cvkvcvwk †kl Uª¨vwRK cwiYwZi w`‡K Kvwnbxi GKUz GKUz K‡i GwM‡q PjvÑGZme †Kv_vq H Qwei g‡a¨? me PvB‡Z nZvk K‡i‡Q wZwg wkKv‡ii `„k¨¸‡jv| g‡b nw”Qj `yBwZbUv giv wZwg †eu‡a †i‡L K¨v‡givi gyf‡g›U. Ges wm‡bgv‡K serious art wn‡m‡e †`Lv n‡”Q bvwK ïay we‡bv`b wn‡m‡e Zvi Dc‡i| wKš‘ cvewjK wK Pvq bv Pvq Zv AvMvg a‡i †bIqvUv me mgq wVK n‡e Ggb bq| †hgb ai“b ïb eibvix-i †klUv wm‡bgvq wgjbvš— Kiv n‡q‡Q hv Dcb¨v‡m †bB| G‡Z wK nj? M‡íi w_gUvB e`‡j †Mj. `~‡i wZwg‡`i Dcw¯’wZ †Ui cvIqv gvÎ RvnvR †_‡K †bŠKvq †b‡g `ª“Z MwZ‡Z cðv×veb K‡i wZwg wkKv‡ii bvUK. Ges †Kvb †Kvb †¶‡Î Zv AZ¨š— `yiƒn e¨vcvi| †hgb ai“b. Ag„Z Kz‡¤¢i mÜv‡b †h ai‡Yi Mí. Avmj cvÊviv †Zv †i‡M Av¸b| jywK‡q ivLv K¨v‡giv w`‡q GB NUbvi Qwe wb‡q GKUv b¨vPvivj kU †c‡q †M‡jb cwiPvjK Zcb wmsn| mvaviYZ GKRb cwiPvjK AwbðqZvi c‡_ †h‡Z Pvb bv. Af¨vm. wbR¯^ `„wó‡KvY ev gZv`k©I. Avi ZLb Iwoqv cvÊvi †e‡k iwe †Nvl G‡m Iu‡`i wb‡q hv‡”Qb Rei`w¯— K‡i. wkKvi Kiv wZwg †_‡K Pwe© KvUv I msi¶‡Yi c×wZ. †KvbwU Dn¨ ivL‡Z Pvb Zvi DciI A‡bKUv wbf©i K‡i| Zv Qvov wm‡bgvq jwMœK…Z UvKvi AsK I †jvKmv‡bi SuywKi fvebv †ewk nIqvq Rbmvavi‡Yi cQ›`AcQ†›`i welqwU AwaK ¸i“Z¡mnKv‡i fve‡Z nq| Rbmvavi‡Yi cQ›`AcQ›` Avevi A‡bKUvB wbf©i K‡i cÖPwjZ wbqgbxwZ.ivL‡Z nq (GB Dcgnv‡`‡k `yB †_‡K wZb N›Uv. cyi“l. GK GKwU bvUKxq I Bw½Zevnx NUbv. Z‡e Zv Gi Dci wKQzUv †Zv wbf©i K‡iB|) Avi nwjD†Wi me Qwe‡ZB †h illusion of reality fvjfv‡e m„wó Kiv n‡q‡Q Ggb bq| G cÖm‡½ Melville Gi wekvj Dcb¨vm (K‡qK‡kv c„ôv) Moby Dick Gi Dci wbwg©Z Qwei K_v ejv †h‡Z cv‡i| wK K‡i m¤¢e †`o N›Uvi g‡a¨? Gi †h wekvj mgy`ª Avi AvKv‡ki cUf~wg. cwiPvjK I m¤úv`‡Ki ïay wkí‡eva bq. ag©xq Abyf~wZ. hLb Kíbv Kwi Avwg cwiPvjK n‡j GUv wKfv‡e KiZvg ZLb g‡b nq bv Avwg Gi PvB‡Z Pvi: Av‡M †_‡K cwiKíbv hvB Kiv †nvK Zvi ev¯—evqb ûeû †miKg nq bv| we‡kl K‡i †jv‡Kkb kywUs‡q cUf~wg wn‡m‡e hw` Ggb †Kvb eomo I ev¯—e NUbv _v‡K (GLv‡b Kz¤¢‡gjv) hvi Dci cwiPvj‡Ki wbqš¿Y mvgvb¨B. Z‡e GK_vI ejv hv‡e bv †h GB Qwe GB mgm¨vUv‡K mnR I gm„Yfv‡e Dr‡i †M‡Q| ev¯—e NUbvi cybwb©gv© ‡Yi ¸i“Z¡ m¤^‡Ü wØgZ _vK‡Z cv‡i| †hLv‡b Zcb wms‡ni gZ cwiPvjK evÃviv‡gi evMvb-G d‡ji Mv‡Q K…wÎg dj jvwM‡qwQ‡jb. `„k¨ I WvqvjM hv H M‡í †bB| whwb †hvM Ki‡Qb wZwb H mvwnwZ¨‡Ki gZ AZ eo wkíx bvI n‡Z cv‡ib| hv ev` †`Iqv n‡PQ Avi hv ivLv n‡”Q Zvi h_v_©Zv wb‡qI cvVK`k©K‡`i g‡a¨ gZvš—i _vK‡ZB cv‡i| GB KvUQvU Ges ms‡hvR‡bi e¨vcviwU hviv QwewUi wbg©v‡Y RwoZ. hv wbw`©ó mgq ci ci AbywôZ nq| ZvB †jv‡Kk‡b wM‡q ïwUs‡qi my‡hvM wQj Ges †m my‡hvM‡K Kv‡RI jvMv‡bv n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ mgm¨v †hLv‡b Zv nj Kvwnbxi cvÎcvÎx‡`i Kg©KvÊ I msjvc. wbR©b ˆmK‡Zi ïwUs Ki‡Z wM‡q cyixi †ij †÷k‡b bvg‡ZB cvÊviv G‡m †Qu‡K aij cuvPRb Awf‡bÎx‡K Zx_©hvÎx g‡b K‡i. wKQzUv wd‡K n‡q †Mj bvq‡Ki Pwi‡Îi wbt¯^v_© c‡ivcKvix w`KUv. Ges `k©K‡`i g‡bvićbi ZvwM`Uv †ewk| GB we‡ePbvI Kvwnbxi wKQz wKQz KZ©b ev cwieZ©‡b f~wgKv iv‡L| fvj wKQz Ki‡Z cviZvg| Avgvi g‡b nq nwjD‡W G ai‡bi reconstruction hZUv realistic Kiv m¤¢e GB Dcgnv‡`‡k ZZUv bq| (Avwg G K_vi Øviv GKwU Qwei ˆkwíK gvb eySvw”Q bv. †mLv‡b. †gjvq AvMgbiZ AmsL¨ †jv‡Ki Qwe hLb aviY Kiv kvk¦wZKx 169 kvk¦wZKx 170 . e„× fx‡oi Pv‡c wcó n‡q nZvnZ nj. Av‡iv KZ bvgx`vgx cwiPvjK e¨vK cÖ‡RKkb w`‡q †i‡j I Ab¨vb¨ hvbevn‡b ågY †`wL‡q‡Qb. Zv ev¯—‡ei Kz¤¢‡gjvq wK K‡i †`Lv‡bv †hZ? cÖwZeviB wK Ggb N‡U? NU‡Z cv‡i Ggb †f‡e K¨v‡giv wb‡q A‡c¶v K‡i _vKvUv GKUz evovevwo nZ bv wK? Avi Zv‡Z mvd‡j¨i m¤¢vebvB ev KZUzKz _vKZ? cwiPvjK G mgm¨vwUi mgvavb †hfv‡eB K‡i _vKzb. A_©vr hv mvRv‡Z I Awfbq Ki‡Z n‡e Zv †mB ev¯—e I Pjgvb cUf~wg A_©vr †gjvi m‡½ gm„Yfv‡e †gkv‡bv| ïay ZvB bq. †h fqven `yN©UbvwU NUjÑAgvem¨vq cyY¨mœv‡bi j‡Mœ hvIqv Avmvi c‡_i fy‡j. bvUKxq effect m„wó. Avi wm‡bgvq ideal †Kvb wKQz Zz‡j aiv. cvwbc‡_i ev cjvkxi hy× hw` †`Lv‡Z nq Zv n‡j Zvi reconstruction ev staging KZUzKz m¤¢e? Ag„Z Kz‡¤¢i mÜv‡b-i cUf~wg nj wekvj Kz¤¢‡gjv. Avi †mB mv‡_ bvwqKvi g‡bi Ø›Ø I †e`bvi w`KUvI †ek LvwbKUv Pvcv c‡o †Mj| GKiKg PvjPz‡jvnxb †nvwgI Wv³vi wngyi m‡½ abx cwiev‡ii wkw¶Zv †g‡q h~w_Kvi we‡q hv‡Z GKev‡iB Aev¯—e I mvgÄm¨nxb g‡b bv nq †mB Rb¨ Qwe‡Z †`Lv‡bv nj †h wngvw`ª GKRb Aa¨vcK Ges m¤£vš— N‡ii †Q‡j. AmsL¨ NUbvcyÄ. mvgvwRK g~j¨‡eva. A_©vr Zviv wKfv‡e MíUv †`L‡Qb Ges †Kvb w_‡gi Dci ‡Rvi w`‡Z Pvb. †Kvb KviYekZ †h evwo †_‡K wbi“‡Ïk n‡q wMwiwW‡Z wKQzw`b Ae¯’vb KiwQj| ejv †h‡Z cv‡i Mí †jL‡Ki PvB‡Z wm‡bgvIqvjvi ¯^vaxbZv Kg| Mí †jL‡Ki whole truth ejvi my‡hvMUv †ewk. we‡kl K‡i hw` Mí ejvB cÖavb D‡Ïk¨ y bv n‡jI hw` †gvUvgywU MÖnY‡hvM¨ nq Zvn‡j A‡nZzK nq Avi illusion of reality wbLuZ Sv‡gjv evov‡bvi `iKvi wK? ïwUs‡qi Sv‡gjv I LiP Kgv‡bvi fvebvUvI wKQz wKQz cwieZ©‡bi wm×v‡š—i †cQ‡b KvR K‡i wbðqB| hvB †nvK. wkï. GKwU AmvaviY mv`v wZwgi f~wgKv. cvwb‡Z Av‡jvob m„wó Ges Av‡iv wKQz †KŠk‡ji gva¨‡g †Póv Kiv n‡q‡Q wZwg wkKv‡ii bvUK Avi GW‡fÂvi‡K aievi. A_©vr Av‡M †_‡K †jLv wPÎbv‡U¨i evB‡i GKwU kUI wb‡Z Pvb bv| Avi Zv Qvov †mjyj‡q‡W †Zvjv Pjw”PÎ e¨qeûj weavq G·‡cwi‡g›U Kivi e¨vcv‡iI mxgve×Zv _v‡K| Zv m‡Ë¡I Ag„Z Kz‡¤¢i mÜv‡b wKQz extempore Ask Av‡Q I Zvi m‡½ wgwj‡q msjvc †jLv n‡q‡Q e‡j g‡b nq| †hgb. wKš‘ Gi K…wÎgZv Avi Aev¯— eZv mn‡RB †Pv‡L c‡o| Ag„Z Kz‡¤¢i mÜv‡b GB iKg nZvk K‡i wb.

GK ¯¿xi †evb Avi GK PvKivbx| GwU GKwU cÖ_g †kªYxi Kvgiv. jvk hLb c−¨vUd‡g© bvgv‡bv n‡q‡Q ZLb †Uªb Qvov Aewa jv‡ki cv‡kB _vK‡Qb| mn‡RB †evSv hvq †h h¶v i“Mxi gyL w`‡q i³ IVv †`‡L ‡jL‡Ki cvwj‡q hvIqv †`Lv‡‡j Zv‡K fxi“ I ¯^v_©ci e‡j g‡b n‡Z cviZ. `ytL‡eva| ejivg fv‡ei RM‡Zi †jvK e‡jB †m †ev‡S k¨vgvi g‡bi AvKzjZv. †ivM mvi‡e. Avi evwK‡`i m‡½ †gjvq| GKB Kvgivq Ab¨‡`i m‡½ GK h¶v i“MxI D‡V‡Q| Zvi GKiKg Awš—g `kv.. wKš‘ wZwb Zvi cÖ_‡g IVv Kvgiv †_‡K P‡j G‡m GBLv‡b I‡Vb. †jL‡Ki cÖwZ Zvi Avš—wiK Uvb| k¨vgvI Avi †jvK cvq bv GB LćKB e‡j †jLK‡K a‡i Avb‡Z| ZvB †jLK ejivg‡`i Avkª‡g †M‡j †m Zv‡K we‡klfv‡e Aby‡iva KÕ‡i †mLvb †_‡K wb‡q hvq k¨vgvi m‡½ †`Lv Kiv‡Z| ejiv‡gi K_vq. †Kvb AÜ fw³ ev cyY¨m‡qi †jvf bq| hvÎvc‡_ wKQz Pwi‡Îi m‡½ †`Lv n‡”Q. Z‡e †jLK ej‡jI ¶wZ †bB KviY G Kvwnbx‡Z whwb K_K wZwb GKRb †jLK| hvevi D‡Ïk¨ gvbyl †`Lv. Avi GKRb gwnjvi Kuv‡a GKwU wkï nvB Zzj‡Q| Qwe‡Z †jL‡Ki aviv eY©bvq G K_v D‡j−L Kiv n‡”Q. A_ev Aš—Z AcwiewZ©Z iv‡L| GB Qwe‡Z †mwU KZUzKz A¶zYœ Av‡Q Avi KZUzKz e`‡j‡Q Zv wbY©‡qi D‡Ï‡k¨ wb‡gœi Zzjbvag©x Av‡jvPbv| Zv bv n‡j ïay ïay cÖ‡Z¨KwU LyuwUbvwU cwieZ©‡bi D‡j−L m¤¢e n‡jI Zv n‡e AwZ `xN©. Avi hLb Kvk‡Z Kvk‡Z Zvi gyL w`‡q i³ DV‡Q ZLb wZwb cvwj‡q Ab¨ Kvgivq †Zv hv‡”Qb bv| ïay ZvB bq. NUbv ci¤úivi i`e`j hvB Kiv †nvK bv †Kb Zv A‡bKUvB MÖnY‡hvM¨ n‡Z cv‡i A_ev D‡c¶v Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i hw` Zv Kvwnbxi g~j myi ev e³e¨wU Av‡iv †Rviv‡jvfv‡e Dc¯’vcb K‡i. eis †Kj−vi eY©bv Av‡iv mg„× n‡”Q| Zvi mv‡_ †mZv‡ii evRbvUv n‡q‡Q Abe`¨| g~j Kvwnbx‡Z cwieZ©b.. †K‡›` wd‡i hvb| Avwg ZvB †`wL| †`B‡L wd‡i hvBe| †mB Avgvi Avb›`|Ó Qwe‡Z Aek¨ k¨vgvi m‡½ †jL‡Ki †`Lv Kiv‡bv n‡q‡Q Ab¨fv‡e| `yB eviB Zvi mZxb‡`i GKRb A_ev `yBRbB Dcw¯’Z wQ‡jb k¨vgvi m‡½ Ges Zviv gw›`‡i c~‡Rv w`‡q wdiwQ‡jb| wØZxq ev‡i `yB mZxb k¨vgv‡K wKQz¶‡Yi Rb¨ †jL‡Ki Kv‡Q †i‡L †Kv_vq †hb †M‡jb| hw`I †jL‡Ki m‡½ k¨vgvi Aš—i½ K_v nevi Rb¨ GUvi cÖ‡qvRb wQj. Iiv kvk¦wZKx 171 cÖ_g †kªYxi hvÎx bq. Avi Dcb¨v‡m Gi KviY ejv n‡q‡Q †KŠjxb¨cÖ_v. ZLb Zv‡K wZb nvRvi UvKvi wewbg‡q we‡q Ki‡Z PvIqvi Kvwnbx. GB e„ׇKI †Uªb †_‡K bvg‡Z mvnvh¨ Ki‡Qb| †gjvq hvevi c‡_ k¨vgv‡`i Uv½v Avi †jL‡Ki wi·v Av‡M wc‡Q Pj‡Q| GB mgq k¨vgvi m‡½ †jL‡Ki wKQz K_v nq| Qwe‡Z wVK GB wm‡Kv‡qݸ‡jv †bB| wKš‘ G mgq GKwU bvUKxq NUbv NU‡Q hv Av‡iv c‡i †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q hLb †jLK I‡`i Zuvey‡Z hv‡”Qb †eov‡Z| †mwU nj †jLK k¨vgv‡K cÖkœ Ki‡eb †h H e„× †jvKwU Zvi evev wK bv| AcÖ¯Z ‘ n‡q k¨vgvi Reve. ms‡hvRb. A‡bK evOvjx Kzgvix wb‡R‡K AvûwZ w`‡q‡Qb †KŠjxb¨cÖ_vi Kv‡Q| G Kvwnbx‡Z hw` bvwqKvi Avmb Av‡`Š KvD‡K †`Iqv hvq Z‡e †m H k¨vgv| †jL‡Ki m‡½ k¨vgvi m¤úK© wVK ciKxqv †cÖg bq| GK bvixi e¨_© Rxe‡bi †e`bvi g‡a¨ g‡bi K_v ejevi GKRb †jvK Luy‡R cvIqv. Zvi wZb ¯¿x Avi GK PvKivbx| Dcb¨v‡m ejv n‡q‡Q `yB ¯¿x. hv ïay wenv‡ii NUbv bq. wKš‘ G‡Z †Kvb ¶wZ n‡”Q bv. KviY †mLv‡b †M‡j cvc ¶q n‡e. fvB bvevjK. Avi aviv eY©bvq Zv D‡j−L Kiv n‡”Q| †eMgiv GB `iRv w`‡qB nvwZi wc‡V P‡o b`x‡Z mœvb Ki‡Z †h‡Zb| Dcb¨v‡m GB evowZ Z_¨wU †bB. A_P m‡½ †KD †bB| †mI hv‡e Kz¤¢‡gjvq. hw`I †mUvB †ewk ev¯—evbyM I ¯^vfvweK| GB cwieZ©‡bi Øviv Øviv †jL‡Ki Pwi‡Îi ms‡e`bkxj I gvbweK w`KwU ¯úó Kiv n‡q†Q| Z‡e G‡Z m‡Z¨i wKQz Acjvc n‡q‡Q e‡j g‡b nq (hw` GB †¶‡Î KvjK~U wb‡R wK K‡iwQ‡jb †m K_vB wj‡L _v‡Kb)| †Uª‡bi g‡a¨B †`Lv b`xqvi ˆeòe ejiv‡gi m‡½Ñ Ògv‡L‡Mv ejvÓ. A_©vr Zvi gv Zv‡K Rb¥ w`‡qB gviv hvq| Rb¥ †_‡KB weKjv½. A_©vr †m nuvU‡Z cv‡i Zi½vwqZ fw½‡Z| GKUv †÷k‡b †Uªb _vg‡ZB ûogyo K‡i GKUv cwievi Zv‡`i gvjcÎmn wfo †V‡j †jL‡Ki Kvgiv‡Z G‡m DV‡Q| GK e„×. †Kvb ivMSvj ev Kv‡iv cÖwZ Awf‡hvM †bB. wKš‘ Zv wb‡q I‡`i †Kvb c‡ivqv †bB| (†jLK cª_g †kªYxi hvÎx bb. `xN© Rxeb jvf Ki‡e GB Avkvq| wKš‘ hvIqv Zvi nj bv| c‡_ †m gviv hvq| GB Gwc‡mv‡W cwieZ©b †hUv Kiv n‡q‡Q Zv nj GB †h †jLK H i“Mxi m‡½ K_v ejevi mgq Zv‡K GKUz Avivg †`eviI †Póv Ki‡Qb. ÒGB hgybvcv‡i Avcbviv †`Lv K‡ib. wKš‘ †mLv‡bI †e`bvi myi †e‡R D‡V‡Q| Zvi mv‡_ Avenm½xZ Avi ZvIqvq cyo‡Z _vKv i“wU‡K cÖZxK wn‡m‡e e¨envi K‡i GKUv gvÎv †hvM Kiv n‡q‡Q| cy‡iv wm‡bgvi g‡a¨ GBwUB †evanq me PvB‡Z bvUKxq gynZ ~ ©| †jL‡Ki ¯^M‡Zvw³ ÒGKRb A_e© e„‡×i wZbRb ¯¿xi wK cÖ‡qvRb Rvwb bv| G †Kvb mgv‡R. Òevev †Kb n‡e?Ó Zvici k¨vgv gyL Nywi‡q `~‡i k~b¨ `„wó‡Z ZvwK‡q _vK‡Q. wKš‘ †Kv_vq Aš—‡i †hb Zvi †e`bv jyKv‡bv Av‡Q| Gjvnvev†` †cuŠ‡Q †jLK ïay ejivg‡K bq. Avi Zvi gy‡L Qvqv Nwb‡q Avm‡Q| Qwe‡Z k¨vgvi cÖwZwµqv GKUz wfbœfv‡e †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q. Avi fvj evDj Mvb K‡i| fv‡ei RM‡Zi †jvK †m| GB RvqMvq †jL‡Ki m‡½ Zvi †ek wgj| AbycKzgvi †ek fvj Awfbq K‡i PwiÎwU‡K dzwU‡q Zz‡j‡Qb| Dcb¨v‡mi ejiv†gi Òcv-`y‡Uv nuvUzi KvQ †_‡K †eu‡K †V‡K i‡q‡Q cvQvi Kv‡Q| D‡V em‡Z nq‡Zv cv‡i.Ó Dcb¨v‡m bv _vK‡jI Qwe‡Z GBLv‡b Zv †ek effective n‡q‡Q| wK K‡i Ggb we‡q m¤¢e nj Zvi KviY wn‡m‡e k¨vgv ej‡Q hLb Zvi evev g„Z. Z‡e Aej¤^b PvB|Ó Ggb Awf‡bZv cvIqv †hZ †Kv_vq? Avi †c‡jI ïwUs‡q mgm¨v n‡Z cviZ| ZvB GB e¨vcv‡i GKUz compromise Ki‡Z n‡q‡Q| Qwe‡Z ejiv‡gi GK cv Lv‡Uv †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q.n‡”Q ZLb GK RvqMvq †`Lv hv‡”Q GKRb gwnjv‡K `woi Lv‡U K‡i e‡q Avbv n‡”Q. mZxb‡`i c¶ †_‡K Giƒc AvPi‡Yi †Kvb hyw³m½Z e¨vL¨v †bB| GB cwieZ©‡bi D‡Ïk¨ †evanq GB †h GKRb mZx ci¯¿x‡K cvwievwiK e܇bi g‡a¨ Dc¯’vcb Kiv. wKš‘ gayi g‡bi gvbyl GB ejivg. †`kUv‡K †`Lv Avi wbR‡K Rvbv. weiw³Ki I A_©nxb| †jL‡Ki hvÎv ïi“ nvIov †ij†÷kb †_‡K. wKš‘ Dcb¨v‡m GwU †bB| G‡Z ¶wZi e`‡j jvfB n‡”Q eje| AvKei wbwg©Z †Kj−vi eY©bv hLb †`Iqv n‡”Q ZLb nvwZ-`iIqvRvi QweI †`Lv‡bv n‡”Q. Avi †mB nZfvM¨ bvixi cÖwZ GK `i`x gvby‡li mngwg©Zv. Mš—e¨ Gjvnvev‡` AbywôZe¨ Kz¤¢‡gjv| †jLK bv e‡j †eva nq K_K (narrator) ejvB m½Z. Ges Iiv Lye Mwie. Ges cÖ_g †kYxi wUwKU bv _vKvq weeªZ †eva KiwQ‡jb| Qwe‡Z Zvi Kvgiv cwieZ©b †`Lv‡bv nq wb Zv Av‡MB D‡j−L K‡iwQ|) Giv ejivg‡K j¶¨ bv K‡iB Zv‡K Pvcv w`‡q gvjcÎ ivLj Avi †jL‡Ki RvqMvUvI `Lj Kij| †jLK ejiv‡gi Ae¯’v Av›`vR K‡i gvjcÎ mwi‡q Zv‡K D×vi Ki‡Qb| k¨vgv Òwenv‡ii [GB] fuBy nvi cwiev‡ii AkxwZci e„‡×i Z…Zxq c‡¶i hyeZx ¯¿xÓ| †ek nvwmLywk cÖv‡Yv”Qj. A_©vr KZ©b. Zvi AvPiY mvgvwRK Aby‡gv`‡bi AvIZvi g‡a¨ ivLv. Ges †ivgvw›UK w_gUv‡K GKUz `ye©j K‡i †`Iqv| kvk¦wZKx 172 .

kvk¦wZKx 173 hvi Kv‡Q Pvq Zvi kixiI ¯úk© K‡i m¤¢e n‡j| ci‡b wg‡ji cvZjv kvwo. Avi evevB wQj hvi me| ivgRx`vmxi DcvL¨vb Dcb¨v‡m †hiKg Av‡Q †gvUvgywU †mfv‡eB Zz‡j aiv n‡q‡Q| MÖv‡gi M„nea~ wQj i“w´Yx| A‡bK eQi Av‡M ¯^vgxi m‡½ Zx_© Ki‡Z G‡m nwiØv‡i mbœ¨vmx‡`i Avkª‡g iNyb›`b‡K †`‡L w`‡k nvwi‡q †djj. †h eq‡m hyeK n‡jI G‡Kev‡iB †Q‡jgvbyl. †h `k `kwU eQi mvay †m‡R wewfbœ RvqMvq Luy‡R †ewo‡q‡Q †cÖwg‡Ki mv‡_ cvwj‡q hvIqv Zvi GKgvÎ †g‡q‡K †h Rb¥ †_‡KB gv-nviv. †Kb †m e¨vL¨v Qwe‡Z †bB. eªRevjv. Avi Zvi Kvcyi“l ¯^vgx †mLvb †_‡K cvwj‡q hvq| Zvici †m nj j‡¶èŠ‡qi cÖL¨vZ evCRx gwbqv| Av‡iv c‡i †m nj ivgf³ ivgRx `vmx| GLb ‡gjvq Zvi fw³Mvb †kvbvi Rb¨ KZ †jv‡Ki wfo| Dcb¨v‡m †jLK mbœ¨vmx gnvex‡ii gy‡L ïb‡Qb GB Kvwnbx. Mv‡q Aj÷vi. A_ev Rj`~l‡Yi †Quvqv Gov‡Z R‡j bvg‡Z Pvb wb? Rvwb bv| A_P M½vmœvb Qvov Kz¤‡¢ gjvq hvIqvUv wK m¤ú~Y© nq. ÒGB c‡_i †bkv eo fq¼i| G †W‡K G‡b †Q‡o †`q. eyK. kª×v I †e`bvi bg¯‹viÓ| wKš‘ Qwe‡Z GB `„k¨wU †bB| Kvwnbxi cvÎcvÎx‡`i M½vmœv‡bi †Kvb `„k¨B †bB| †Kb? Awf‡bZv Awf‡bÎxiv AZ †jv‡Ki g‡a¨. wKš‘ Zv‡K ‡P‡bb bv| Kvwnbx ejv †kl n‡j Zviv P‡j hv‡”Qb †h hvi c‡_| cwiPqUv Dn¨B _vK‡Q| igYx‡gvnb gy‡Lvcva¨vq. Dcb¨vmewnf©Z ~ GKwU Pwi·K Avg`vbx K‡i| me©bvkx Zvi Amnvq k¦ïi‡K †`Lv‡kvbv K‡i| †mB e„‡×i †Q‡j gviv †M‡Q. jvj e−vDR. ÒI‡`i `ywU‡K †ek †`Lvq. wKš‘ cyÎea~ Zvi m‡½ m¤úK© wQbœ K‡i wb| Ggb wK k¦ïi‡K fvjfv‡e ivLvi Rb¨ Pzwi ch©š— †m K‡i| Zv‡K Kz¤‡¢ gjvq G‡b‡Q Zvi `xN©w`‡bi mva c~i‡Yi Rb¨| Zv‡K me©bvkx GKUv kvj Dcnvi w`‡q‡Q Ñejvi A‡c¶v iv‡L bv †h Pzwi Kiv kvj| GLv‡b g~j Kvwnbx †_‡K Gfv‡e m‡i hvIqvi h_v_©Zv Lu‡y R cvB wb| Avi GKRb bvix wkw¶Zv. bv?Ó †jLK g‡b g‡b fve‡jb nq‡Zv †`Lvq. †Rvo Rx|Ó †jL‡Ki nv‡Zi gy‡Vv wkw_j n‡q Av‡m| Qwe‡Z GB wm‡Kv‡qÝwU †bB| Zvi cwie‡Z© †`Lv‡bv n‡”Q K‡qKRb †jvK me©bvkx†K Zvov K‡i‡Q| †m Zuveyi mvwii †cQb w`‡q †`uŠ‡o cvjv‡bvi †Póv Ki‡Q| †jLK nVvr mvg‡b c‡o hvIqvq †m †_‡g Avevi D‡ëv w`‡K †`uŠov‡Z jvMj| GB bvix‡KB c‡i †`Lv hv‡”Q c~wY©gvj‡Mœi M½vmœv‡b GK †ivMv cvZjv †jvK‡K mœvb Kiv‡Z| Zvi wmuw_‡Z wmu`y‡ii NUv| Avi HwU Zvi ¯^vgx. Dcb¨v‡m Av‡Q| i“w´Yx†K D×vi Ki‡Z Zvi ¯^vgxi m‡½ †h †jvK¸wj G‡mwQj ZvivB i¶K n‡q f¶K mv‡R: i“w´Yx†K Zviv wb‡q wM‡q GKUv †Wivq Zz‡jwQj. †jLK gyL †avqvi Rb¨ Zuveyi †cQ‡b Kj-cv‡o wM‡q †`L‡Z †c‡jb wbi“‡Ïk-¯^vgx-mÜvbx †eŠw` Avi Zvi †`ei‡K| `yR‡bB `uvwo‡q wQ‡jb PzcPvc| GKR‡bi †Pv‡L R‡ji aviv. Zvici Avi Wv‡KI bv †cQ‡bI wdi‡Z †`q bv|Ó hLb †jLK ej‡Qb †h †gjvq bv G‡j †Zv Zv‡K †`Lv nZ bv. cyó †`n| †hb cyi“l gvby‡li gb †fvjv‡Z Pvq| †jLK G‡K wf¶v w`‡ZB ÒbvixevwnbxÓ A_©vr Lbwcmx. ÒZvn‡j G hvÎv Avcbvi wbõj Zx_©hvÎv| Kz¤¢ Avcbvi k~b¨B †_‡K hv‡e|Ó Kvwnbx‡Z ewY©Z Avi `yRb bvix‡K Qwe‡Z †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q GKUz wfbœfv‡e| GKRb Òme©bvkxÓÑZvi Avmj bvg †jL‡Ki ARvbv A_ev B‡”Q K‡iB †Kvb bvg †`b wb| Gi m¤^‡Ü KvjK~‡Ui gš—e¨: Ògv‡S gv‡S iv¯—vq. †gjvi GK †i‡¯—viuvi evOvjx gvwjK. f`ª cwiev‡ii| wZwb Zvi †`e‡ii m‡½ †gjvq G‡m‡Qb Zvi nviv‡bv ¯^vgx‡K LuR y ‡Z| f`ªgwnjv †ekf~lvq AvaywbKv| †NvgUv †f‡½ c‡o‡Q Nv‡oi Kv‡Q| cv‡ki hyeK f`ª‡jvK ¯^v¯’¨evb. Qwe‡Z me©bvkxi gnË¡ †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q Ab¨fv‡e. Ò†Qvo †`v †gix evey. Ni †Q‡owQ‡jb eû Av‡M| evevgv‡K nvwi‡qwQ‡jb Lye Aí eq‡m| GK gvmx Qvov †Zgb †KD wQj bv (Qwe‡Z GB gvmxi K_v D‡j−L Kiv nq wb)| †`‡ki K_v wR‡Ám Ki‡ZB g‡b c‡o evwoi cv‡k euvkSv‡oi K_v Avi ayy ay gvV| H gvV †_‡K †K †hb WvKZ Zv‡K| Zvici GKw`b †ewi‡q co‡jb| Avi wd‡i hvIqv nq wb| K‡É Zvi nostalgia-i myi. wKš‘ Zvi g‡b nj ÒGB wbtkã Avm‡i †e`bvi I †Pv‡Li R‡ji GKwU Av‡eMgq myi evRwQj|. wKš‘ gvbvq wKbv †K Rv‡b| Gi c‡i Avi GKw`b †jLK I‡`i †`‡L AcÖ¯Z ‘ n‡jb| c~wY©gvi mœv‡bi Rb¨ hLb mevB m½‡g †M‡Q. Zvi ¯¿x eªRevjv. †Kvgi nvZ‡o wdi‡Q| eyKc‡K‡U ivLv gvwbe¨v‡M nvZ co‡ZB †P‡c ai‡jb| GB †mB me©bvkxÑÒAvmj cÖvY‡Pvi| me©¯^-‡PviÓ. we‡kl K‡i hviv Mfxi wek¦vm wb‡q wM‡q‡Qb Zv‡`i Rb¨? hvB †nvK. Avi †`ei K‡qK gynZ ~ © bZg¯—‡K `uvwo‡q _vKvi ci †eŠw`‡K AbymiY Ki‡jb| kvk¦wZKx 174 . ÒbvixevwnbxÓ-i mvg‡b bq| Avi me©bvkxi gy‡L †`Iqv n‡”Q iex›`ªbv‡_i Mvb nvjKv †gRv‡R. wKš‘ Zv‡K Avi N‡i wb‡q †h‡Z cv‡i wb. †h eq‡m wK‡kvix Ges wbZvš—B mij.. w`w`gvi cÖwZev`| ÒI nvivgRv`x †h bó †g‡qgvbyl. wKš‘ Dcb¨v‡mi me©bvkx evOvjx bq| me©bvkx PzwiI K‡i| GKevi †m aiv c‡o †Mj †Lv` †jL‡Ki Kv‡Q| GKw`b cÖPÊ wf‡oi g‡a¨ wZwb Abyfe Ki‡jb Kvi †hb GKUv nvZ Ifvi‡Kv‡Ui bx‡P Zvi †cU. Avi cÖn¬v‡`i w`w`gv| Giv Av‡iv A‡b‡Ki gZ gnvgvixi cÖwZ‡laK Bb&‡RKkb wb‡Z Pvq bv| G wb‡q bvwZ Avi w`w`gvi SMov| cÖn¬v†`i Awf‡hvM eywo Lye K…cY| Avmevi Av‡MB QUv UvKv w`‡j Awd‡m Nyl w`‡q QvocÎ msMÖn Ki‡Z cviZ. A_ev VvÊvi Kvi‡Y. igYx‡gvnb Reve w`‡”Qb. ¤−vb I e¨w_Z| †jLK Zv‡`i gb Rv‡bb bv. †Uª‡b GK †kªYxi AevOvwj †g‡q‡K wf‡¶ Ki‡Z †`L‡j Szwmi me©bvkx‡K g‡b c‡o| ey‡K nvZ w`B| gvwbe¨v‡Mi Rb¨ w`B wKbv Rvwb †b|Ó me©bvkxi wf¶v PvIqvi fw½i g‡a¨ GKUv we‡klZ¡ Av‡QцPv‡L ZLb Zvi PcjZv. Av‡iK R‡bi gyL M¤¢xi. wKQzUv eccentric Avi m‡›`ncÖeY| †m wKQz‡ZB †jLK‡K Zv‡`i m‡½ _vK‡Z †`‡e bv| w`w`gv Avkªq w`‡jb. †hb †m †jL‡Ki Òü`wc‡Êi †LuvR KiwQjÓ| Zvici mvbybvwmK K‡É wgbwZ. wf¶v Avi †PŠh©ew„ Ë hvi †ckv. cÖwZev` wUKj bv| Av‡iv c‡i †jLK eyS‡jb GB gvbylwUi evB‡ii i“¶ Avei‡Yi bx‡P jywK‡q Av‡Q †mœneyfy¶y GK wcZvi †Kvgj ü`q. A‡bKw`b a‡i Amy‡L fyM‡Q| GB `„‡k¨ †mB bvix.Gjvnvev` †÷k‡b †b‡g GK ev½vjx cwiev‡ii m‡½ †jL‡Ki †`Lv (wm‡bgv‡Z Zvi Av‡MB †Uª‡bi g‡a¨ G‡`i †`Lv‡bv n‡q‡Q)ÑcÖn¬v`. Avi Qwe‡Z ïb‡Qb ¯^qs iNyb›`‡bi gyL †_‡K. cuvP-ew`¨i evav. †Pv‡L †d«‡gi Pkgv| mijü`q eªRevjv ejj.Avwg ARv‡š— G‡m †K‡U w`jvg myi|Ó †jLK‡K †`‡L †eŠw` ZvovZvwo Zuvey‡Z Xy‡K †M‡jb. Mixqmx n‡q D‡V‡Q| Lbwcmxi ch©š— †PvL QjQj K‡i DVj| †mB gyn~‡Z© me©bvkxi cÖwZ †jL‡Ki g‡b wQj ÒAvb›`gyLwiZ we¯§q. †Pvi. †Vuv‡Ui †Kv‡Y nvwm.. hvi m‡½ †jL‡Ki cÖ_g `k©‡bB eÜzZ¡ n‡”Q. Kv†jv cvo. Bb‡RKkb wb‡Z nZ bv| c‡i GB e„×vi g‡a¨B GK gnxqmx bvix‡K Avwe®‹vi Ki‡Qb †jLK hLb †gjvq †cuŠ‡Q wekvj Rbmgy‡`ªi g‡a¨ wZwb iv‡Îi Rb¨ Avkªq LuyR‡Qb w`‡knviv n‡q| I‡`i m‡½ nVvr Avevi †`Lv| m‡½ ÒcuvP-ew`¨Ó A_©vr Wv³vi cuvPz‡Mvcvj ivq| cÖK…Zc‡¶ RwoeywU Avi `v`KvD‡ii gj‡gi Wv³vi. A_ev ejv †h‡Z cv‡i bZzb c‡_i mÜvb †cj| †m Avi ¯^vgxi m‡½ wd‡i †Mj bv| Zvi ¯^vgx c‡i †jvKRb m‡½ K‡i G‡b Zv‡K †Rvi K‡i a‡i wb‡q †Mj. me©bvkx|Ó mijgwZ KjveD eªRevjvi DrKÉv cv‡Q †jLK †Q‡j‡Pvi †g‡qi Ke‡j c‡o| Qwe‡Z G NUbvwU NU‡Q cuvPz‡Mvcv‡ji mvg‡b.

Rvwb bv KvjK~U GLv‡b G‡`i g‡a¨ †Kvb AmvgvwRK m¤ú‡K©i Bw½Z Lyu‡R †c‡q‡Qb wK bv|
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my‡hvMB †bB| †mLv‡b †`Lv‡bv n‡”Q ¯¿xwU Zuvi ¯^vgxi †e`bvgayi ¯§„wZ‡K AvuK‡o a‡i
Av‡Qb| Zvi ¯^vgxi GKwU mL wQj Zv nj †Uc†iKW©v‡i wewfbœ iKg kãÑbvbvb iKg m½xZ
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e³e¨ Qwe‡Z AcwiewZ©Z Av‡QÑGwU GKwU BwZevPK w`K| myi`vm c_ Pj‡Z Pj‡Z
gv‡Sg‡a¨B gvbyl‡K wR‡Ám K‡i, Òiv¯—v †Zv wVK n¨vq?Ó †mI DV‡Z Pvq wmuwo †e‡q
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n‡e bv, bvg‡Z n‡e nuywkqvi n‡q, Zv bv n‡j me †Póv, me mvabv eiev` n‡q hv‡e| Zvi GB
K_v¸‡jvi cÖZxKx A_© Av‡Q| Qwe‡Z Zv‡K evbv‡bv n‡q‡Q GKRb gymjgvb, wb‡q hvIqv
n‡q‡Q †gvMj ev`kv wbwg©Z †Kj−vi GKvs‡k †hLv‡b wLjvbIqvjv M¤^R
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k¦ïievwo cwðge‡½i nvIovi wUwKqvcvovq| ¯¿x wn›`yi †g‡q| †m wb‡R Lye Avj−vnf³| nvZ
Zz‡j Avj−vni Kv‡Q cÖv_©bv Ki‡Q, KvbœvKvwU Ki‡Q| A‡Üi AmnvqZ¡ I †e`bv dz‡U D‡V‡Q|
wKš‘ Dcb¨v‡m Gme †bB| GB `„‡k¨i ms‡hvRb K‡i cwiPvjK Lye m¤¢eZ `ywU D‡Ïk¨ mvab
Ki‡Z †P‡q‡Qb: ag©xq m¤cÖxwZi welqUv Zz‡j a†i‡Qb, Avi †gvMj ¯’vc‡Z¨i wKQz wb`k©b hv
Ab¨ †Kvb k‡U †`Lv‡bv hvqwb Zv Dc¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb `k©K‡`i Rb¨|
cy‡ivcywi wPÎbvU¨Kvi-cwiPvj‡Ki gw¯—®‹cÖm~Z GiKg GKwU wm‡Kv‡qÝ Avm‡Q hLb †jLK
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Gj, Avi GK †cÖŠpv †jLK‡K Zuveyi Mv‡q wPý †`Iqvi Dc‡`k w`‡q Pzb cvVv‡”Q| †gjvi
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Ggb wK n‡Z cv‡i †h iwe †Nvl Avi MxZv †`-‡K Avi †Kvb †ivj w`‡Z bv †c‡iB GB
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kx‡Zi g‡a¨I iv‡Î ¯¿xcyÎKb¨vmn GK Aea~‡Zi M½vq mœvb| Zv‡`i wek¦vm, Zv‡`i fw³
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gv‡Sg‡a¨B fxlY SMovSvwU nq, wKš‘ fvjevmv Zv‡Z †ewk¶Y Pvcv c‡o _v‡K bv| G‡`i
Kvwnbxi g‡a¨ Kve¨ Kg wQj bv| Òmviv †`‡k Ggwb KZ Kuy‡oi KZ wS-eD‡qi cv‡qi Kv‡Q
c‡o Av‡Q mR‡bdz‡ji †MvQv| GK wQ‡U byb, `y-‡duvUv †Zj Avi GK Kuvwm fv‡Zi Afv‡e Ggwb
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kvk¦wZKx 175

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Zv‡`i wek¦vm, Zv‡`i Avkv AvKv•Lvi K_v| G QvovI Av‡Q Pjgvb †gjvi bvbvb `„k¨ I
†QvULvU NUbvi eY©bv, bvbvb iKg mvay: nvwZi wc‡V mIqvi QvB-gvLv mvay, Pzb-gvLv
AvjLvj−vavix mvay hv‡`i Pjv _v‡g bv KL‡bv, bv½v mvay hv‡`i GK`j i“`ªg~wZ© A¯¿avix, Avi
gvby‡li Mfxi fw³i bvbviKg cÖKvk| wKš‘ me¸‡jvB †Zv ivLv hv‡e bv| ivL‡Z †M‡j QweUv
AwZ `xN© nZ| †klUzKiz K_v ej‡ZB n‡e| Agvem¨vq †kl cyY¨mœv‡bi w`b cÖPÊ wfo| hvIqv
Avi Avmvi c_ fyj Kivq NUj stampede| gvby‡li Pv‡cB wcó n‡q gviv †Mj eû gvbyl;
AvnZI nj A‡bK| GB Uª¨v‡RwW wkKvi K‡i wb‡q †Mj ejivg‡K, †h K_vq Avi Mv‡b dzj
†dvUv‡Z cviZ| k¨vgv Avi Zvi mZxbiv nj weaev| GKw`b †hgb cvM‡ji gZ G‡mwQj
AmsL¨ gvbyl, AvR †Zgwb K‡iB Zviv cvjv‡Z cvi‡j euv‡P| kZ kZ wPZvi Av¸b jKjwK‡q
DVj cÖqv‡Mi AvKv‡k| Qwe‡Z k¨vgv Avi Zvi `yB mZxb‡K †`Lv hv‡”Q M½vi P‡i weaevi
†e‡k| Gevi †divi cvjv| hw`I GKB †Uª‡b G‡m k¨vgv‡`i †b‡g hvIqvi K_v cvUbvq, I‡`i
Avi †`Lv‡bv nq wb| cieZ©x k‡U j¶x`vmx Avi †jLK‡K †`Lv hv‡”Q †Uª‡bi g‡a¨| †jL‡Ki
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cv ay‡q w`j †jL‡Ki| GB †hb Zvi ÒbZzb Ag„Z-mÜv‡bi RjavivÓ| †jL‡Ki †kl K_v,
ÒmÜv‡bi †kl †bB|Ó Awfbq¸‡Y QweUvi Ab¨vb¨ ΓwU A‡bKUvB cywl‡q †M‡Q| ejiv‡gi
f~wgKvq AbycKzgv‡ii K_v Av‡MB e‡jwQ| †jL‡Ki f~wgKvq ï‡f›`y P‡Ævcva¨vq †ek fvj
K‡i‡Qb| G ai‡bi †iv‡j Zv‡K †h gvbvq Zv †PŠi½x Avi weMwjZ Ki“Yv Rvýex hgybv-‡ZI
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kwgZ fÄ, cÖnv¬ ‡`i w`w`gv †gbKv `vm, eªRevjv Kj¨vYx ivq, igYx‡gvnb `xc¼i †`, AÜ
gymjgvb mš‘ emy, me©bvkx gûqv ivq †PŠayix, wbi“‡Ïk-¯^vgx-mÜvbx f`ªgwnjv mywgÎv
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