Ariel Chen Qualitative Analysis of Cations Lab Report Known Solution Results Conclusion White ppt Ag+, Pb2+, forms

. Other and/or ions present Hg22+ in solution in present TT2 Unknown Solution (#1) Results Conclusion White ppt forms. Other ions present in solution in TT2 Ag+, Pb2+, and/or Hg22+ present

Step

Procedure Add HCl to known solution in TT1. Centrifuge. Pour colored solution into TT2. Add 2 ml of distilled water to the precipitate and place the test tube in a boiling water bath for three minutes. Stir. Centrifuge for a few seconds. Pour the supernatant liquid into another test tube. Immediately add two drops of K2CrO4 to the liquid. Add one ml of NH3 to the white precipitate from Step 2. Stir. Black residue. Centrifuge, then decant the solution into another test tube and discard the black residue. Add HNO3 to the solution from Step 3 until the solution is acid or a permanent white precipitate is formed. Neutralize the solution from procedure 1 (TT2) by adding NH3 solution until the solution is basic. Check with litmus paper after stirring thoroughly. Add one ml in excess. Add one ml of NH4Cl. Colored ppt. Centrifuge and separate the solution into another test tube. Set the solution aside for Procedure 10. Treat the precipitate by Procedure 6. Dissolve the precipitate from Procedure 5 by adding 6-M HC1 dropwise. Stir añer each addition. Make basic to litmus with 6-M NaOH. Stir. Then add 1-2 ml in excess. Precipitates. Centrifuge and separate the solution into another test tube. Set the solution aside for Procedure 8. Treat the precipitate by Procedure 7. Dissolve the precipitate from Procedure 6 by adding dilute 6-M HC1 dropwise. Stir. Add three drops

1

2

Yellow precipitate

Pb2+ present

Yellow precipitate

Pb2+ present

3

Hg22+ Black residue present

No white ppt from Step 2

Hg22+ and Ag+ both absent

4

White precipitate

Ag+ present

5

Colored ppt

Fe3+ and/or Al3+ present

Colored ppt

Fe3+ and/or Al3+ present

6

Precipitate forms

Precipitate: Fe(OH)3

Precipitate forms

Precipitate: Fe(OH)3

7

Deep red color: Fe(SCN)2+

Fe3+ present

Deep red color: Fe3+ present 2+ Fe(SCN)

Fe3+. A solution of NaCl would also work as well. 2. Ni+ Discussion 1. Fe3+(aq) + 3NH3(aq) + 3H2O --> Fe(OH)3(s) + 3NH4+(aq) Fe3+ (aq) + 6NH3(aq) → Fe(NH3)63+(aq) 6. Warm in a water bath. because it provides the chloride ion in solution. Dissolve the precipitate from Procedure 8 by adding dilute 6-M HCl dropwise. Ag+(aq) + Cl-(aq) →AgCl(s) AgCl(aq) + 2NH3(aq) → Ag(NH3)2(aq) + Cl-(aq) Ag(NH3)2+(aq) + Cl-(aq) + 2H+(aq) → AgCl(s) + 2NH4+(aq) 3. Pb2+ Ions absent: Ag+ . Al(OH)3 (s) + OH.is the precipitating reagent for the silver group.Ariel Chen Qualitative Analysis of Cations Lab Report of 0. Add 6-M NH3 solution until the solution is just basic. Discard the solution and treat the precipitate by Procedure 9. Add 10 to l5 drops of dimethylglyoxime to the solution from Procedure 5.> Al(OH)4.(aq) ---. Stir.1-M KSCN solution. AgCl(s) ←→ Ag+(aq) + Cl-(aq) AgCl(s) + 2 NH3(aq) ←→Ag(NH3)2+(aq) + Cl-(aq) 5. Stir. 8 White/gray ppt Al(OH)3 White/gray ppt Al(OH)3 9 Red ppt (“lake”) Al3+ present Red ppt (“lake”) Al3+ present 10 Red ppt Ni+ present No ppt Ni+ absent Unknown Solution #1 Ions present: Al3+. Hg22+ . Check with litmus. Stir after each addition and check with litmus. Centrifuge and separate the solution. White/gray ppt. Hg ⁺ + e⁻ ←→ Hg Hg ⁺ ←→ Hg² ⁺ + e⁻ 4. Add one ml of the aluminon test reagent.(aq) Al(OH)3 + 3H2O + 3H+ ---> [Al(H2O)6]3+ . Add drops of NH4Cl and make basic by adding NH3 solution. Warm the solution in a water bath. Cl. Acidify the solution from Procedure 6 by adding dilute HC1 dropwise.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer: Get 4 months of Scribd and The New York Times for just $1.87 per week!

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times