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|AL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, SURAT. B.E. II (Electronics), Sem. VI Examination = BETIT EC. {Tota Maks: 100 Instructions: (1) Answer of the two soetions must be writen in separate answer-books (@) Make suitable assumptions wherever necessary (G) Figures tothe right indicate fll marks Section Instructions: Question No 1 is compulsory and attempt any two from Q.No2,3 & 4 Ja. A Séphase SOH2 overhead transmission line 200km long has the following constants: 12 Resistance/km/phase = 10chm, Inductive reactance/km/phase~O2ohm, Capacitive suseptanee/km/phase0.04X10-4 mho. Determine ) sending end current, (i) sending end ‘voltage. (it) sending end power factor and (iv) tanamission efficiency when supplying = balanced load of 2000KW at 65KV. pf 0.8 lagging. Use nominal T method. . Determine the generalized circuit constants for medium transmission line ~ nominal x 6 method Derive an expression for the inductance per phase for 3éphase overhead transposed 8 ‘mansmission line with unsymmetrical spacing >. A 20km single phase line has two parallel conductors separated by 1.4 meter. The diameter & ‘ofeach conductor is | 2cm. I'he conductor has a resistance of 0.31 Lobm / ke find the loop impedance of his line at SOH2. 3.4 A Sphase, SOHz, 66KV overhesd line conductors are placed ins horizontal plane 2.5m apar. 8 “The conduetor diameter is 12Sem. Ifthe line length is 200km, calculate (i) capacitance per phase. (i charging curent per phase. assuming complete transposition ofthe line '. Derive an expression for electric potential (i) at a charged single conductor. (i) at a 8 conductor in group of charged conductors 4.2, Writea brief note on general construction of a cable. 5 'b. Writea short note on properties of insulting materials for cables. 5 ce Find the economic size of a single core cable working on 220KV. 3-phase system. The 6 ‘mavimum permissible stress inthe dielectric i not to exceed 200kViem. Section ~ II Instructions: Question No Sis compulsory and attempt any two from Q. No.6, 7 & 8 Sa, ‘A SOOKVA distribution transformer costs Rs 50,000 and bas a useful life of 20 years. Ifthe salvage value is Rs 5000 and annual compound interest rate is 8%, determine the value of the transformer at the end of IOyears using sinking fund method Define and explain () connected load, ( factor. () peak load and (3) baseload maximum demand, load factor. (iv) diversity ‘Te load on ai insiallaton is BOOKW. 0.8 lagging wich works for 3000 hours per annum Te tani is Re 200 per kVA(max. demand) plus Rs.1 per kWh, If the power factor is lmproved to 0.95 laguing by means of loss fiee capsctors costing Rs 100 per KVAR. calculate the annual saving effected. Allow 10 % per annurn for interest and depreciation on capacitors. Compare the volume of conductor material required for a d, ¢. 2-wite system with one conductor earthed and se 3-phase, 3-wire system on the basis of equal maximum potential diference between one conductor and earth. Make suitable assumptions, A single phase ac system supplies a load of 250kW and if this system is converted to 3 phase, 3-wire a ¢. sysiem by running a third similar conductor, ealeulate the 3-phase load ‘hat can now be supplied ifthe voltage between the conductors isthe same. Assume the power factor and transmission efieiency to be the same in the two cases, Ad. ring main ABCDA is fed fom point A from a 250 V supply the resistances (Gncluding both lead and return) of various sections are as follows: AB = 0.018 ohm: BC — 0.019 ohm: CD =0.02 ohm and DA = 0.025 ohm. The main supplies load of 200 A at B: 250 ‘A.atC and 300 A at D. determine the voltage at each load point. IF he points A and C are linked through an inter connector of resistance (0.01 fam, determine the new voltage at each Toad point Determine the voltage drop in uniformly loaded dissibutor fed at both ends with unequal voltage. A single phase a. . distributor AB is fed from end A and has a total impedance of (0240.3) ‘ohm, At the far end. the voltage Vg=240V and the current is 120 A ata pf of 0.85 lagging. ‘Atthe mid point M. acurrent of 100 A is tapped at ap. fof 08 lagging with reference {0 Voy atthe mid-point Calculate the supply voltage V, and phase angle hetween Vs and Vp, ‘A 2-wire feeder carries a constam current of 250 A throughout the year. The portion of ‘eapitel cost which is proportional to area of cross section is Rs 100 per kg of copper ‘conciuctor. The interest and deprecation total 10% per annum andthe cost of encry is Rs ‘per kWh, Find the most economical area of eros setion of the eondyeto. Given tht the Gensity of eapper is 8.95 gmiem and the specific resistance i 1.75 x 10¥ ohm-m, 6 ‘SARDAR VALLABHBHAI NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY SURAT-395007 - BE, Ill Sem. 6th (EC) Examination 30 = ‘May/June 2008 ‘Analog Integrated Circuits “TIME: 3 Hours Instractins 1. Attempt all questions. 2. “Assume appropriate data wherever necessary. 3. Right side figures indicat fall marks. SECTION! Qt. (a). Enlist the important characteristics ofthe op-amp and draw its block diagram. Discuss 9 in brief the function of each block, What is the necessity ofthe level-shiftr circuit? (&) Find the differential voltage gain, common-mode voltae gain and the CMMR for the 6 circuit shown in FIG.I Assume that RI-O, Ro=SK, Vee = 15V, Vse=0.7V, Vi=26mV and Reg = 25K. Let V0 and take the output fom Vex Ver, (©) Inthe basic integrator circuit let R=100K and C=10nF. Skeich and label V(t) and Voit) % it a) V; = Ssin2 100t Vand Vol0) = 0; (b) Vi = Sft)-u(-2ms)] V and Vot0) = 5¥. where (to) i the unit step function define as u=0 for tO and u=I for 10 2 (@)_ Inthe inverting amplifier of FIG.2. let Via be a 1Khz iangular wave with peak values 6 +Vim, and lt the op amp be ideal, except that its output saturates at +10V. Assuming IM, Ry-1BK, and ReeRi=2K, sketch and label Vin,ViaVi and Vo versus NV. ° © son tafe BIG gen teow rk fo 2") crv ¥ + Ro KR