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diodes (OLED),3 field-effect transistors,4 dyes,5 fluorescent labels6 (for instance for bio-imaging probes7), single-molecule spectroscopy,8 liquid crystals9 and supramolecular structures,10 for instance for transmembrane transport of ions.11
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For anti-counterfeit In recent years, many countries and companies research variety of anti-counterfeiting technology in order to combat fake and inferior products. Especially, more efforts are focused on the Bank notes and the anti-counterfeiting packaging of brand-name products. Thus demands promoted the research and development of the anti-counterfeiting technology. Photochromic materials, with special ink marker and high anti-counterfeiting features, have aroused extensive attention. Generally, there are three kinds of anti-counterfeiting technology: 1) visible without
Gaidelis V. Soft-mimic gear-shift with a multi-stimulus modified diarylethene. Irie M.  Zaumseil J. Funabiki K. Wasielewski MR. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2007. Advanced Materials 2009. 2) visible with significant fluorescence under ultraviolet light irradiation. Wasielewski MR. Branda NR. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2004. Wang M. Sirringhaus H. Liu G. Dyes and Pigments 2007.126:12268e9. Photochromism of diarylethene single molecules in polymer matrices. Umemoto T. Watson MD.10-bis(dicarboximides).  Reghu RR. Meng X. Organic thin film transistors based on cyclohexyl-substituted organic semiconductors. Combining light-harvesting and charge separation in a self-assembled artificial photosynthetic system based on perylenediimide chromophores.129:5932e8.  Jones BA. Chemical Communication.129:3524e6.  Berberich M.  Kim FS. Logic control of the fluorescence of a new dyad. Chemical Society Review 2004. Li D. Xie X. Kitaguchi T. Tian H. Wang S. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2001. Anjukandi P. ferric ion. Wasielewski MR. Yoon C. Orlandi M. Zhu D.107:1296e323. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2007.21:1e5. Grazulevicius JV. spiropyran-perylene diimide-spiropyran.  Norsten BT. light harvesting arrays [9. Jia D. Facchetti A. Borkent EJ. Photoregulation of fluorescence in a porphyrinic dithienylethene photochrome. Yoon MH. High-mobility ambipolar transistors and high-gain inverters from a donor-acceptor copolymer semiconductor. Jenekhe SA. Chemistry of Materials 2005.18:3225 e8.  Guo X. Krause AM. Liu L. Wenjuan Tan. Sinks LE. 2007:781e92. Chemical Communications 2011. Zhang J. Kim YD. Xin Li. Guo X.19:5726e9. Moreover. ease of synthetic modification and reversible redox properties.  Zhang J. Li ADQ. Bisoyi HK. the electronic characteristics of PDI can be fine-tuned by the substitution of the conjugated aromatic core. such as photovoltaic cells [1e8].47:6616e9. Toward fluorescent memories with nondestructive readout: photoswitching of fluorescence by intramolecular electron transfer in a diaryl ethene-perylene bisimide photochromic system. photochromic materials .4:9. substituted with fluorescent chromophore.89:260 e5. Ahrens MJ.  Li X.126:10810e1. with light. Junji Zhang. .21:7811e9. Li X.9:3989e92. and proton: construction of a new three-input "AND" logic gate. Diarylethene derivatives. Scandola F.16:125e9. Electron and ambipolar transport in organic fieldeffect transistors. Rybtchinski B. Properties of novel perylene-3. Advanced Materials 2006. Here we report on a reversible fluorescence modulation by photoinduced reaction with the diarylethene unit linking to the aromatic region of the perylene unit (Fig. Photochromic bisthienylethene as multi-function switches. Choi JH.123:1784e5. Hurst JK. Nakamura S. Sinks LE. Chemical Reviews 2007.  Locklin J. Highmobility air-stable n-type semiconductors with processing versatility: dicyanoperylene-3. et al.47:5109e15. Advincula R. Derivatives of perylene-3. Marks TJ. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2004. et al. Hayakawa Y. Dyes and Pigments 2011. Reversible fluorescence wavelength shift based on photoinduced aggregate formation. Wu W.  Fukaminato T. Jankauskas V. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2004. Yokojima S.  Tian H. 3) not visible with significant fluorescence under ultraviolet light irradiation. Advanced Materials 2004. Journal of Material Chemistry 2009.  Tan W. Reversibly photoswitchable dual-color fluorescent nanoparticles as new tools for live-cell imaging. Organic Letters 2007. Kim JP. Tian H.10]. Organic photochromic compounds just as spiropyran and fulgide derivatives have been applied as anti-counterfeiting materials. exhibit fluorescence modulation upon irradiation with ultraviolet and visible light [2e5]. Han JJ. Iwata Y.diphenyl-4-(2-chlorobenzal)-5-hydroxypyrazole 4-methylthiosemicarbazone. Recent progresses on diarylethene based photochromic switches.17:3366e74. Ultrafast aggregate-toaggregate energy transfer within self-assembled light-harvesting columns of zinc phthalocyanine tetrakis(perylenediimide). Stolte M. organic fieldeffect transistors (OFETs) [12e17]. the promising families of photochromic compounds. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2008.43:6363e6.3. Zhu MQ.  Tian H.33:85e97. Air stable electron-transporting and ambipolar bay substituted perylene bisimides. Naphthalene and perylene diimides for organic transistors. Meng H.  Sakong C. Yang S. The synthesis of thermally-stable red dyes for LCD color filters and analysis of their aggregation and spectral properties. Synthesis and solid-state photochromism of 1.10-bis(dicarboximide) (PDI) have attracted considerable attention due to their applications in molecular electronic devices.10-tetracarboxidiimide-centred dendrimers and their application as emitters in organic electroluminescence devices.  Matsui M. Journal of Materials Chemistry 2011.  Würthner F. The modulation of PDIs properties based on photochromic reactions has been studied [11e15]. and LCD color filters . light-emitting diodes . Zhang D.  Zhu L.88:166e73. they all belong to the second kind .4:9.74:169e75. He Tian*Dyes and Pigments 89 (2011) 260e265  Guo J. 1). Yoneyama M.4:9. A photochromic diarylethene dyad based on perylene diimide.  Fukaminato T.  Rybtchinski B. Dyes and Pigments 2011. These chromophores are advantageous due to their high photochemical stability. Mannsfeld SCB.fluorescence. Tan W. Würthner F.