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5 Essential Principles to Further Throws.docx

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10/26/2013

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# 5 Essential Principles to Further Throws: How to Simplify Throwing 1: Balance Balance for a thrower is multi planar, general, and

based on movement. The thrower must maintain kinetic balance from front to back and side to side. This is true for all throwers of all events. If the thrower becomes off balance the flow of energy and the kinetic energy produced will not transfer efficiently into the implement. 2: Rhythm Rhythm is an essential component to produce maximal transference of energy. This is an individual characteristic for each thrower. The rhythm is most commonly produced through relaxation and allowing the body to create the movements it is comfortable with. 3: Direction Rotational, Linear, Combination 4: Path of Implement/Orbit (Separation/Connection) What the implement is doing is as important, if not more important, as what the thrower is doing. A system, in which the thrower and implement work together, is imperative to achieve maximal distance. 5: Patience/Double Support In all throwing events a long and smooth final double support phase drives the throw. These five fundamentals of throwing should drive the technical training of all throwers. If there is something must be addressed it should be within these principles laid out. There is a lot of extraneous information that clouds the process of achieving maximal throws. Throwing in practice should primarily be at an intensity range where focus on one or more of the components can be addressed. The determinants of throwing are: Velocity of Release (RV) Angle of Release (RA) and Height of Release (RH). Each throw has an optimal angle of release and each thrower has an optimal height of release, once these are understood, the focus should then lie with increasing the speed of release; to do so there are three ways to train; Force Application, Force Development, and Rate of Force. Force application is the way in which you apply force; here the focus is on efficiency and technique. The more efficiently force can be applied the greater the transference of energy. Force development is the specific strength training to develop the capabilities to apply more force into the implement. This can be done by throwing odd objects or by throwing heavy objects at submaximal intensities. Rate of force is throwing at speeds to achieve certain distances. This is typically done with light implements to improve the velocity of release.

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