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Section 9

Specification and Installation Guide Cable Capacity
To comply with the Wiring Regulations the installer must ensure that the trunking is not overfilled and unacceptable pressure is applied to the cables. In order to do this the installer should not exceed the 45% space factor given in the Regs. The 45% space factor means that the total cross sectional area of all the cables must not be greater than 45% of the cross sectional area of the trunking. This figure is for trunking with a removable lid permitting continuous access to the trunk body. Where cables might have to be pulled thru’ rather than laid in a particular section of trunking, or where cable have to cross each other, the space factor should be reduced accordingly. CAPACITY TABLES For each cable being used obtain the appropriate factor from the table below. Add all these cable factors together, and then compare this total with table on the right. The minimum size of trunking that can be used is that size having a factor equal to, or greater than total of all the cable factors.

Factor 1037 2371 2091 3189 4252 3091 4743 6394 9697 4671 7167 9662 14652 6251 9590 12929 19607

Dimensions of trunking mm x mm 50 x 50 75 x 75 100 x 50 100 x 75 100 x 100 150 x 50 150 x 75 150 x 100 150 x 150 225 x 50 225 x 75 225 x 100 225 x 150 300 x 50 300 x 75 300 x 100 300 x 150

Type of conductor Solid Stranded

Conductor Cross-sectional area mm 1.5 2.5 1.5 2.5 4 6 10 16 25

PVC BS6004 Cable Factor 8.0 11.9 8.6 12.6 16.6 21.2 35.3 47.8 73.9

Thermosetting BS7211 Cable Factor 8.6 11.9 8.6 13.9 18.1 22.9 36.3 50.3 75.4

Floor trunking with service outlets presents particular difficulties for sizing to contain the required cables. The diagram below shows a 330mm x 60mm trunking with a service outlet complete with power and data sockets. The resultant available cabling space is shown shaded. In many instances it is worthwhile obtaining a sample of the trunking and outlet to be installed, so that a larger trunk can be obtained before the installation commences.

37mm 60mm 13A

Section 9
Specification and Installation Guide Cable Segregation

In a system where mains voltage cables and lower voltage data and telecoms cables are used in close proximity, correct segregation of the different services is vital. The Wiring Regulations require segregation where the Mains voltage can create interference for, and cable systems have different operating voltages and disrupt the correct operation of, data cables. different levels of cable insulation. and fire alarm and emergency lighting cables. It is a straightforward matter to provide segregation Segregation by distance or else by an approved form within the trunking lengths. A vertical separator is of mechanical separation. provided between compartments, it completely seals the compartments from each other between the base The On Site Guide to the Wiring Regulations gives and the underside of the lid. It is also usually welded to minimum acceptable distances and forms of the the body so there is excellent earth continuity through mechanical separation. the separator. Tables 7.3A and 7.3B define the separation Where the trunking runs change direction with a tee or requirements for power and data cables installed in a fourway cross, the fitting will be supplied with a floor systems. crossover bridge arrangement. Table 7.4 defines the separation requirements for other circuits and Fire Alarm and Emergency Lighting circuits.

This crossover bridge will be supplied loose so that cables can be laid into the trunking rather than drawn through the crossover bridge. It is important that this crossover is fitted into position before the system is made live, and the crossover must be properly earthed. It should also be noted that crossover bridges reduce the possible cabling area by 50%.

Section 9
Specification and Installation Guide Installation