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ARGUING ON THE TOULMIN MODEL

W. Krabbe. van Eemeren. University of Groningen John Woods. University of Lethbridge .Argumentation Library VOLUME 10 Series Editors Frans H. University of Amsterdam Scott Jacobs. University of Arizona Erik C.

Groningen.ARGUING ON THE TOULMIN MODEL New Essays in Argument Analysis and Evaluation Edited by DAVID HITCHCOCK Mc Master University. The Netherlands . Canada and BART VERHEIJ Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Hamilton.

for exclusive use by the purchaser of the work.A C.springer. without written permission from the Publisher. recording or otherwise. P. . Box 17. mechanical. with the exception of any material supplied specifically for the purpose of being entered and executed on a computer system. Catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress. photocopying.P.com Printed on acid-free paper All Rights Reserved © 2006 Springer No part of this work may be reproduced. 3300 AA Dordrecht. stored in a retrieval system. www.O. electronic. ISBN-10 ISBN-13 ISBN-10 ISBN-13 1-4020-4937-4 (HB) 978-1-4020-4937-4 (HB) 1-4020-4938-2 (e-book) 978-1-4020-4938-2 (e-book) Published by Springer. microfilming.I. The Netherlands. or transmitted in any form or by any means.

Pinto ‘PROBABLY’ Robert H. THE VIRTUE OF VERB James F. Loui VII 1 25 31 COMPLEX CASES AND LEGITIMATION INFERENCE: EXTENDING THE TOULMIN MODEL TO DELIBERATIVE ARGUMENT IN CONTROVERSY 39 G. Klumpp EVALUATING INFERENCES: THE NATURE AND ROLE OF WARRANTS Robert C. Thomas Goodnight A METAMATHEMATICAL EXTENSION OF THE TOULMIN AGENDA Mark Weinstein TOULMIN’S MODEL OF ARGUMENT AND THE QUESTION OF RELATIVISM Lilian Bermejo-Luque SYSTEMATIZING TOULMIN’S WARRANTS: AN EPISTEMIC APPROACH James B. Ennis THE VOICE OF THE OTHER: A DIALOGICO-RHETORICAL UNDERSTANDING OF OPPONENT AND OF TOULMIN’S REBUTTAL Wouter H.CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 1 2 3 4 INTRODUCTION David Hitchcock and Bart Verheij REASONING IN THEORY AND PRACTICE Stephen E. Toulmin A CITATION-BASED REFLECTION ON TOULMIN AND ARGUMENT Ronald P. Freeman WARRANTING ARGUMENTS. Slob EVALUATING ARGUMENTS BASED ON TOULMIN’S SCHEME Bart Verheij GOOD REASONING ON THE TOULMIN MODEL David Hitchcock V 49 5 6 71 7 87 103 8 9 115 145 10 11 165 12 13 181 203 .

VI 14 CONTENTS THE FLUIDITY OF WARRANTS: USING THE TOULMIN MODEL TO ANALYSE PRACTICAL DISCOURSE Olaf Tans ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE & LAW. LOGIC AND ARGUMENT SCHEMES Henry Prakken MULTIPLE WARRANTS IN PRACTICAL REASONING Christian Kock 219 15 231 247 16 17 THE QUEST FOR RATIONALISM WITHOUT DOGMAS IN LEIBNIZ AND 261 TOULMIN Txetxu Ausín FROM ARGUMENTS TO DECISIONS: EXTENDING THE TOULMIN 273 VIEW John Fox and Sanjay Modgil USING TOULMIN ARGUMENTATION TO SUPPORT DISPUTE SETTLEMENT IN DISCRETIONARY DOMAINS John Zeleznikow TOULMIN’S MODEL AND THE SOLVING OF ILL-STRUCTURED PROBLEMS James F. Voss 289 18 19 20 303 21 ARGUING BY QUESTION: A TOULMINIAN READING OF CICERO’S 313 ACCOUNT OF THE ENTHYMEME Manfred Kraus THE USES OF ARGUMENT IN MATHEMATICS Andrew Aberdein 327 22 23 TRANSLATING TOULMIN DIAGRAMS: THEORY NEUTRALITY IN 341 ARGUMENT REPRESENTATION Chris Reed and Glenn Rowe THE TOULMIN TEST: FRAMING ARGUMENTATION WITHIN BELIEF 359 REVISION THEORIES Fabio Paglieri and Cristiano Castelfranchi EIGHT THESES REFLECTING ON STEPHEN TOULMIN John Woods 379 399 407 425 24 25 CONTRIBUTORS REFERENCES INDEX .

Tom Gordon. Robert G. Chris Reed and Glenn Rowe. 2. Anthony Hunter. VII . Daniel O’Keefe. Tim van Gelder. her assistant Natalie Rieborn. Erik C. we thank the editors of the journal Informal Logic for permission to reprint three articles from that journal. and is reprinted here with permission. Ronald Leenes. Michael Scriven. W. Joseph Wenzel. André Tournois and Joseph Albert André of the Springer production department. Ronald P. Robert C. Robert Kominar. and we express our warm thanks to him for his dedication and professionalism. 24. Henry Prakken. Fabio Paglieri. Phyllis Rooney. Michael Leff. We thank the editors of the journal Argumentation for permission to reprint eight articles from a special issue (vol. Gerrit Oomen. Krabbe. The conference grant enabled us to hire an editorial assistant. Pedro Reygadas. James B. George Boger. Henry Prakken. Peter McBurney. W. “Toulmin’s Model of Argument and the Question of Relativism” by Lilian Bermejo Luque was previously published in Informal Logic (vol. W. Gilbert. Harvey Siegel. The articles are the chapters by Andrew Aberdein. and is reprinted here with permission. For their support of this project and their help in preparing the manuscript. John Zeleznikow. 2004). and is reprinted here with permission. no. and James F. Publishing Editor in Ethics and Philosophy of Law at Springer. Leo Groarke. Richard T. Chris Eisenhart. For financial support of the May 2005 conference. Voss. Ronald P. 2004). Douglas Walton. Bart Verheij. and the chair of its philosophy department Richard T. Olaf Tans. we thank Anne-Marie Blaney. 3. Michael A. James B. Dale Hample. Arthur. Henrike Jansen. Daniel was a reliable and capable editorial assistant. its vice president research Mamdouh Shoukri. Loui. 2. Klumpp. 19. Pinto. John Woods. Mark Battersby. no. Darrin Hicks. Christian Kock. and Deborah Doherty of Springer Author Support. no. Ralph H. David Hitchcock. Daniel Farr. James F. “Reasoning in Theory and Practice” by Stephen Toulmin was previously published in Informal Logic (vol. Guillermo Simari. Freeman. James Voss. Loui. Freeman. 2005) of that journal on “the Toulmin model today”. to take care of the technical aspects of preparation of the manuscript of this book. “Evaluating inferences: the nature and role of warrants” by Robert C. Mark Weinstein. 24. at which many of the papers in this volume were presented in preliminary form. We would like to thank the following referees and commentators for their help: Derek Allen. We would also like to thank the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada for its financial support of the conference in May 2005 at McMaster University on “The uses of argument”.ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The chapters in this volume have undergone peer review and were revised in the light of the resulting comments. its dean of humanities Nasrin Rahimieh. Pinto was previously published in Informal Logic. Peter Cramer. Finally. we thank also McMaster University’s provost and vice-president academic Ken Norrie. Peter Asquith. Trevor Bench-Capon. Sullivan. Arthur. Christina Slade. Johnson.

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