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TRS commissioning Ethernet Switching page QoS aware Ethernet switching – allows Ethernet switching between ETH ports, for chaining Ethernet traffic to/from co-located BTS or remote sites
Egress traffic is shaped, ingress traffic is rate-limited
QoS classification mode – select DSCP or VLAN-PCP mapping to Ethernet PHB (PCP = type of VLAN priority bit with value range 0-7) – If DSCP mode, select the priority queue for Non-IP frames & map (assign) existing DSCP values to the 4 available priority queues
Non-IP frames – for example ARP, Ethernet OAM, Synchronous Ethernet messages – are by default high-priority traffic
– If VLAN-PCP mode, select the priority queue for Untagged frames and assign VLANPCP values to the 4 available priority queues
VLAN consists of a group of hosts which communicate as if they were connected to the same broadcast domain, regardless of their physical location. It has the same characteristics as a physical LAN, but it allows end stations to be grouped together even if they are not on the same network switch. VLANs are Layer 2 constructs analogous to IP subnets on Layer 3. VLANs can provide the segmentation services traditionally supplied by routers in LAN configurations.
VLAN aware switching – if in use:
Specifies whether VLANs shall be taken into account in L2 switching – by default, switching is based on MAC destination addresses and not VLAN information
1. Select default priority for internal switch interface (0-7) 2. Enter default VLAN ID for internal switch interface (1-4094) 3. Define VLAN aware settings for the Ethernet interfaces – – – – Select accepted frame types for the interface (Tagged or All) Select default priority for the interface (0-7) Enter default VLAN ID (1-4094) Enter used VLAN IDs (up to 16 entries, single ID or range of values) in the VLAN ID list
Ethernet interfaces shaper – for each EIF, can select – – – – Egress shaper rate (1-1000 Mbps) Ingress rate limiting (1-1000 Mbps) Speed and duplex, Egress burst size (up to 6.0%, FTLB only) Whether to flush MAC addresses on LOS
Under Settings. Link Layer OAM adds a new sublayer that is located between the MAC layer and MAC client Link level OAM operates over a single hop.1-100. and Remote loopback 1. Under OSPFv2. Click on Link OAM Profiles button to define Ethernet Link OAM profiles Create a new profile. which allow customer and service provider domains to be kept separate A Maintenance Association can be defined between the BTS and a peer entity (at the RNC end) The end devices are configured as Maintenance End Points (MEP) for the purpose of monitoring Ethernet connectivity Quality of Service page 1.0 Mbps) CIR defines the average rate up to which traffic is allowed (guaranteed transport capacity) 2. Define queue weights for Ethernet Per-Hop-Behavior (PHB) queues 2.) to the PHB queues (Ethernet-level QoS) and DSCP values (IP-level QoS) IP Interfaces page 1.3ah EFM (Ethernet in the First Mile) specification defines an optional Link level OAM protocol which can provide functions such as Link monitoring. Map the traffic types (SG1-6. For each Ethernet interface. Use New button to create a new Domain (up to 10) with Association(s) with Endpoints Ethernet CFM (Connectivity Fault Management) function supports nested Maintenance Domains. Under Transport Ethernet interface . Detection of a link fault can be used as a trigger for Ethernet automatic protection switching 1. define EIF settings – Transport IP address and subnet size – Traffic shaping type – WFQ (Weighted Fair Queuing) or Path or Off . can set Link OAM in use and select the associated OAM profile from the list. or select a profile from the tree-view on the left in order to view and modify the settings (long list of parameters) 2. Remote failure indication. etc. is OSPF parameter 2.to-end (VLAN level?) over multiple network segments IEEE 802. if present. can take OSPF into use (multiple parameters) 3. Can also enable Link OAM remote loopback discovery Ethernet Service OAM page Service OAM allows monitoring an Ethernet connection end-to-end. define the Committed information rate (CIR) for the Service OAM channel (0. Service level OAM works end. monitoring that the link to the next Ethernet device is working. Under Settings. enter MTU packet size (by default 1500 octets) MTU mismatch detection.Ethernet Link OAM page One of the main drawbacks of Ethernet transport has been the absence of proper OAM tools to assure Ethernet connectivity and detect link faults Both IEEE and ITU-T define OAM standards for Ethernet.
Can configure BFD sessions d.If Traffic shaping type is WFQ: – Total shaper information rate (up to 1000 Mbps) at WFQ aggregator – Total shaper burst size (up to 2. IP address.000 octets) at WFQ aggregator If Traffic shaping type is Path: – Shaper information rate and Shaper burst size – Committed information rate (CIR) Traffic path shaping can be enabled at WFQ aggregator level or at VLAN level EIF ‘shaped bandwidth’ on egress is used if traffic shaping type is not WFQ (Path or Off) CIR defines the average rate up to which traffic is delivered by an Ethernet interface. Define CAC committed bit rate – total bit rate available for all guaranteed traffic on Iub – Specify reserved Signaling bit rate and DCN bit rate (rest is available for user-plane data) CAC is used instead of CIR if only one IP interface is in use or traffic shaping type is WFQ 3. it defines the guaranteed transport capacity for the interface – required for dynamic CAC CIR is used instead of CAC parameter if several IP interfaces are in use and traffic shaping type is Path a. if PDH interfaces are in use Iub IP page 1. CIR (and with OSPF option) c.000. Can also create PPP links over E1. Can configure OSPF parameters for the Ethernet interface b. Define Frame protocol multiplexing settings – Local UDP port and remote UDP port – Multiplexing delay (ms) – Multiplexing amount (up to 30 packets) Frame protocol is used to carry HSDPA user data from the RNC to the BTS Application Addresses page Select the same or different (in case of VLANs) IP addresses for – User plane 1 – User plane 2 (optional) – Control plane – Management plane – Synch plane (optional) – CES over PSN plane (if in use) RTT Measurement page TWAMP (Two-Way Active Measurement Protocol) is a standardized protocol designed to . Can create new VLAN(s) for EIF – each with ID. Define far-end SCTP subnet (for RNC signaling connections) – Specify minimum SCTP port and UDP port 2.
If SW version lacks Default gateway field. select if TWAMP Reflector is in use and define Reflector port Reflector must respond to TWAMP measurement requests from any sender 2. Specify IP Iub signaling (SCTP) settings – Max association retransmissions (1-15) – Max path retransmissions (1-15) Automatic License Distribution Settings page 1. Can enable automatic licensing 3.048 MHz sync output in use in HO (Hold-Over) mode Sync output set to remain in use even after loss of site reference clock(s) – Forward synchronization in co-siting – Activating security for Ethernet ports – Entering BTS to test state 2. Can enable SW monitoring 2. Must specify some R99 channel elements (using R99 CE capacity licenses ) if BTS is to support Rel. Select sync sources for BTS FM 3. if used BTS commissioning BTS Settings page 1.0. Under Sessions.99 (non-HSPA) traffic 1 CE for AMR voice or RAB up to 16 kbps 2 CE for 32k RAB 4 CE for 64k or 128k RAB 6 CE for 256k RAB 8 CE for 384k RAB .0. gateway can be defined in the Static routes table – Create a static route with 0.measure round-trip IP performance between two devices 1.0 as Destination and Netmask. Click on BFD Sessions button to configure BFD session settings. Enter IP address for the Default gateway . can define TWAMP sessions (up to 10) between BTS and other TRS equipment Can raise TWAMP alarm for reasons of excessive round-trip-time (RTT) or excessive packetloss ratio BTS routing page 1. Under Reflector. Can select – External 2. and with the actual gateway address in the Gateway column 2.
Multiple Output) – two parallel TX data streams can double HSDPA peak data rates: up to 28 Mbps with 16-QAM modulation. Mapping HSPA local cells to BB HW and (optionally) PIC pool (1-4) Parallel Interference Cancellation (PIC) – efficient method of uplink IC HSDPA Settings page 1. for a total of 252 Mbps (for 3 cells?) (with 16-QAM or 64-QAM) Maximum total throughput for MIMO is 378 Mbps and for Dual Cell it is 504 Mbps .0 Mbps throughput (=12 steps) Set 2 and set 3 licenses can be combined and override set 1 licenses 3. HSDPA throughput is calculated and distributed to the schedulers. can define percentage of Licensed HSDPA users and percentage of HSUPA licenses allocated to each LCG When LCG’s are in use.2 Mbps throughput (= 1 step) BTS processing set 2 – supports capacity of 72 users and 21. can select Frequency-based grouping or Sector-based grouping 1. HSDPA capacity sets take effect if System Module is Rel. can also define Minimum licensed BB capacity for each LCG (otherwise set to 0%) 2. Traditional HSDPA settings take effect only if System Module is Rel.1 HW (FSMB) 2. BB and HSPA license allocations Flexible BB pooling (if supported by FSM) – when local cell groups are in use. in 7. can define Maximum HW BB capacity for each LCG If MORAN is in use.2 Mbps steps – up to 35 steps.0 Mbps throughput (= 3 steps) BTS processing set 3 – supports capacity of 72 users and 84.2 HW (supporting flexible BB pooling) – capacity is per BTS (1 or 2 FSMs) BTS processing set 1 – supports capacity of 32 users and 7.Local Cell Resources page HSPA evolution => HSPA Release 7 enhancements on top of HSPA Release 5 (HSDPA) and Release 6 (HSUPA) MIMO (Multiple Input. 42 Mbps with 64-QAM MIMO type: Spatial Diversity mode – single stream transmission where signal quality is improved Spatial Multiplexing mode – dual stream transmission where data rate is doubled Virtual antenna mapping (VAM) – technique that can be used instead of transmit diversity to provide power balancing when transmitting to non-MIMO UEs VAM optimizes available TX power from both PAs in MIMO cell for both MIMO and non-MIMO users Carrier Candidates and LCG Settings page When LCG’s are in use.
SPI class settings for HSDPA congestion control 2.2 HW) Enables up to double HSUPA data rates compared to traditional RAKE receiver. supports up to 11 Mbps UL with use of 16-QAM HSUPA Interference Cancellation Receiver – removes interference due to other HSUPA users in the same cell from reception of UE´s HSUPA signal Combined with HSUPA 16-QAM and FDE. maximum with 1 FSM is 96 users (4 processing sets) and with 2 FSMs is 168 users (7 processing sets) HSPA QoS Settings page 1. Happy bit ratio measurement – filtering is active by default 4. HSUPA capacity sets BTS processing set 1 – supports capacity of 24 users and 5.7 Enhanced FACH. can achieve peak UL data rates up to 11 Mbps 2. data rates can be increased beyond 1 Mbps in Cell_FACH state – without the latency of standard channel allocation to Cell_DCH (Dedicated Channel) state Number of blind repetition for HS cell FACH state (1-4) – ? 3.8 Mbps throughput (per BTS) For each LCG. maximum number of users is 864 HSUPA Settings page 1. Resource reservation for non-NBR (nominal bit rate) connections – allocates minimum resources (0-80%) for best-effort users .In all cases. Frequency Domain Equalizer – captures energy from all multipaths and efficiently removes HSUPA signal’s own inter-symbol interference (only if System Module is Rel. HSUPA resource allocation Default CQI (channel quality indicator) value for HS cell FACH state (0-35) FACH (Forward Access Channel) is a high-speed common channel used to carry signaling messages and small amounts of user-plane data With HSPA Rel.