GSM KPI GUIDE

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1.0 9/22/2004 25 [-] GSM KPI Draft.doc GSM Training Cristian Iordache

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1. Introduction 2. GSM PARAMETERS/KPI 3. GSM Indicators Description 3.1 RX_LEV_DL 3.2 RX_QUAL 3.3 SQI 3.4 C/I 3.5 PATH LOSS 4 .1 EVENTS ANNEX 1: Optimizations Parameters (Alcatel Implementation for 900/1800MHz Bands) ANNEX 2. GSM OPTIMZATION PARAMETERS ANNEX 3: Ericsson TEMS Information Parameters List Implementation ANNEX 4: MS Power Classes Bibliography

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GSM KPI PRESENTATION

1. Introduction

In GSM technology which is in this moment a fully grown technology with a high complexity of the standard, the provisional assessment of a network requires tools that could provide a full array of information both in start-up phase or optimization. Comparative network benchmark tool has to be able to provide an accurate list of Key Performance Indicators (KPI) that could be use for competitor networks using both GSM and other technologies. The results could be used then in planning, installation or optimization process.

Radio Network Optimization based on measurement analysis is a part of the global process that allows a healthy network operation. The measurement sessions forms the "active part" of the job on the radio part of a running network, while Quality of Service Monitoring is the "detection & filtering part". QoS Monitoring activates Fine Tuning when weaknesses or troubles are detected on the network behavior, and more generally to improve the Quality of Service statistics. The optimization process has to handle and solve the omissions from each of the previous steps of the network start-up history. Then in GSM, according to high complexity of the standard, the provisional assessment of a network is more difficult, hence the probability to encounter omissions is higher. The optimizations process is based on the analysis of the information from the system statistic reports, and also on a cross check with the network description made during the previous stages. The goal is to optimize the network behaviour and to solve local problems. The main activities are:

• Radio Coverage problem investigation, dealing with Air interface, on MS and Infrastructure side, • Telecom parameters optimization, dealing with the network behaviour in Idle and Dedicated mode, • Traffic load distribution and congestion reduction. This requires specific external jobs: • MS monitoring, using Air and Abis interfaces Monitoring (Test phones, Abis interfaces and adequate SW. • Quality of Service Monitoring (analyze of Network Statistics), which is a basic source/target of Fine Tuning and thus a strong help to locate troubles.
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The main methodology action items used in optimization process are: • to identify measurement routes (these routes will still be used after the network start-up. This list includes the proposed parameter modifications issued from the System Parameter Check process. The complaint is dealt by the "Customer Care Centre" who sort the complaints. • by the "Quality of Service Monitoring" compiling statistics from the OMC-R indicators and A interface monitoring. Radio Optimization and O&M personnel. quality. it is put in a list of proposed modifications to the network. it can be performed either on a regular basis by an operator's team or punctually by an auditor's team. • to identify radio problems and work out corrections. The goal is to check the network performance on the Air interface segment. radio parameter settings.. Once the solution has been found. walk-test. 1900MHz) to scan/record every operator using a SIM for each one to read the CGI and all the other GSM Layer 1. etc. This check is done using real Air interface measurements.Reference Version Page 1.. 1800. The goal is to validate the BTS sites location and configuration. analyzing end user complaint about faults/difficulties/quality on the calls. GSM KPI List This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. • to run systematic measurements on Air Interface. The final goal of this process is to put the local network in accordance with the "Quality and Radio Coverage Contract" defined with the GSM operator. Then a work order is sent to the organization/team in charge of the modification as stated for the solution: aerial adjusting or positioning. • to issue a complete network status document compliant with GSM operator's expectations. as implemented on the basis of RNP specifications. Excel. • to locate radio problems. Obs: There it is also a particular process also called "Cell Verification and Acceptance" that occurs only at the end of site installation. then correlate the problem with already known origin/area or detect new problems.. (Re-calibration feasible) to record the measurements geographically based in such a way that the information could be exported and postprocessed by other tools (ex MapInfo. • to produce typical plot maps (showing radio coverage. But since it is run on an operating network. quality. • by a data analysis following an Abis interface monitoring.). The main activities are: • to conduct air interface measurements on pre-defined routes adapted to the network evolution. using test tools • to produce different types of plot maps (coverage. Scan) during a measurements campaign. The modifications description and the way they are performed are decided after a common discussion between Network Planning. property and cannot be reproduced without permission . Mobile Station/Test Tool Monitoring This activity requires the same competencies as for" Cell Verification".0 4 The radio problems are identified through different processes: • by the GSM operator. cell barring. MS Monitoring deals with all the drive tests. to provide accurate measurements. as long as the coverage remain the same). etc. etc) 2.). • by a "Mobile Station Monitoring" (Drive-test.. 900. . (The test tool results can also be used in order to make corrections of the propagation model prediction tool software) A GSM test tool should be able to perform as following: • • • • • • • to scan/record/process the absolute (analog) GSM bands (Spectrum analysis in 850. 2 and 3 parameters to measure/record/process the performance parameters both in Idle or Dedicated Mode to force a specific ARFCN.

a calculated parameter based on the group delay measurements that appear due to distance used in order to keep the UL and DL TS synchronisation.Timing Advance. both in “Idle” and “Dedicated” mode SQI – Speech Quality Indicator (an additional parameter introduced by Ericsson on their tool TEMS in order to obtain a more accurate image of the voice quality than the one offered by RX_QUAL) TX_PWR – Transmission Power Level (DL – from BTS. TA . indicating the signal strength on the current BCCH. OBS: "Full" and "Sub" Values: . property and cannot be reproduced without permission . one TCH block with SID information and one SACCH block). etc) conducing to more or less subjective results.Reference Version Page 1. C/I – Carrier to Interference ratio . In to the list shown below are presented the most relevant parameters used in GSM: Quality Indicators: RX_LEV – Received Signal Level both in “Idle” and “Dedicated” mode (DL) [dBm] Signal Strength on BCCH Carrier. GoS. There it is even a bigger challenge to create a universal tool that is able to make competitive tests for different technologies with different approaches for subscriber’s QoS assessment. . This element is especially useful for obtaining a correct measure of the cell size when frequency hopping is used and power control is applied to the TCH’s and for general coverage assessments. It may vary in case of MS with a step of 2 dB up or down.Information elements with "Sub" in their names are calculated only on the blocks known to be sent also when downlink DTX is active (in each 104-multiframe. UL from MS). In order to reduce interference.indicating the carrier-to-interference ratio for each channel in the hopping list (and for each timeslot with multi-slot allocation). It is well known that each wireless service provider has its own quality standards (coverage thresholds.0 5 For an efficient GSM Network assessment using drive tests equipment it is important to be able to select the most significant downlink parameters and to use the an array of quantified thresholds. the power is continuously tuned both in the BTS radios and in MS. Statistic Indicators: % Call Attempt Rate % Call Success Rate % Blocked Call Rate % Good Initialization Rate % Drop Calls Rate % No Service Rate % Good/Failed HO Rate % HO Type (Intra/Inter Cell. Intra/Inter BSC) % HO cause Rate % Location Area Update Success Rate Evens: Blocked Call Call Attempt This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. RX_QUAL – Received Signal Quality. a measure of speech quality measured based on BER analysis.Information elements with "Full" in their names are calculated on all blocks.

0 Call End Call Established Call Setup Cell Reselection Dedicated Mode Dropped Call Handover Handover (Intra-cell) Handover Failure Handover Intra-cell Failure Idle Mode Limited Service Mode Location Area Update Location Area Update Failure No Service Mode Ringing Vehicle Speed 6 Network/Cell Identifiers: MCC (Mobile Country Code). CGI (Cell Global Identity) = MCC+MNC+LAC+CI BSIC = NCC (Network Colour Code) + BCC (BS Colour Code) ARFCN = Absolute RF Channel 3. property and cannot be reproduced without permission . This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. . and in traffic it indicates the signal strength measured on the current ARFCN channel used for TCH/SDCCH transport.In outdoor environment the handover margin is typically 2 dB.D. This margin depends on the environment as follows: . GSM Indicators Description: 3. In Idle mode it indicates the received signal strength from the BCCH physical channel.Reference Version Page 1. This element is especially useful for obtaining a correct measure of the cell size when frequency hopping is used and power control is applied to the TCH’s and for general coverage assessments. MNC (Mobile Network Code) LAC (Location Area Code) CI Cell I.In indoor environment the handover is not necessary. information’s related to RX_LEV: RxLev-based Thresholds: The handover margin represents the necessary overlap between two cells in ensuring the handover with the good quality of the communication. which is an average over all channels in the hopping list. This element gives more information than RxLev. indicating the signal strength of each channel in the hopping list.1 RX_LEV_DL It is a RF indicator who shows the average signal level at the input of the MS’s receiver. The following paragraph is an brief description of those features used in GSM design using as an input data. so the handover margin is 0 dB. Signal Strength on Hopping List.

If in the power budget the downlink is worst than the up-link (DL-UL<0) then the design thresholds will be adjusted with the max (0. DL-UL) Design threshold Handover margin Prediction threshold = The measure threshold is the threshold used to measure the received signal in outdoor environment.Penetration loss evaluation error – in the case of an indoor service .A cumulative value for the design margin with a 90% probability is 6 dB. The design. For outdoor services: Measure threshold = Design threshold Design margin at 90% Handover margin For indoor services: Measure threshold = + Design threshold Design margin at 90% Handover margin Indoor penetration margin at 90% This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. the prediction and the measure of the service area of a cell will be done with an equilibrated power budget or with a not equilibrated power budget with the downlink better than the uplink (DL-UL>0). The design margin is corrects two main errors that can appear during the design and prediction process: . DL-UL) The prediction threshold is the threshold used to predict the coverage of a cell and is defined as the strength of the predicted signal at the limit of the cell which assures the service inside the cell. *Note that the considerations presented before take into account the method used by the prediction tool which calculates only the strength of the downlink signal. TGV) environment the handover margin is typically 2 dB. DL-UL [dBm]) value.Reference Version Page 1. Another restriction of this particular case is the overlap length greater than 600 m between two neighbor cells.0 - 7 In High Speed Train (ex. Prediction threshold = Mobile handset sensitivity + Fading / Sensitivity margin + BTS output power margin + Penetration losses + Design margin at 90% + max (0. The design threshold is the threshold used to design the cells and is defined as the strength of the predicted signal at the limit of the cell which assures the service inside the cell and the handover with the neighborhood cells.Prediction Tool S/W prediction error and . property and cannot be reproduced without permission . Design threshold = + + + + + + Mobile handset sensitivity Fading / Sensitivity margin BTS output power margin Penetration losses Handover margin Design margin at 90% max (0.

DL-UL) . DL-UL) . DL-UL) .79 dBm +max(0. SERVICE Indoor Deep Indoor Light Indoor in High Speed Trains Indoor Window Outdoor In-car Outdoor Outdoor Car-kit Outdoor 8W Notes: The services marked in bold (Indoor Deep.81 dBm +max(0. DL-UL) .95 dBm +max(0. In 90% of the outdoor surface it is possible to have good quality communication using a 2W handset inside a car. DL-UL) .86 dBm +max(0.74 dBm +max(0. DL-UL) . In 90% of the outdoor surface it is possible to have good quality communication using an 8W handset.77 dBm +max(0.73 dBm +max(0.85 dBm +max(0. DL-UL) . DL-UL) . In 90% of the surface of the ground floor of the building (having visibility with the windows) it is possible to have good quality communication using a 2W handset.66 dBm +max(0.77 dBm +max(0. DL-UL) . property and cannot be reproduced without permission .71 dBm +max(0. This document is Nexius Wireless Inc.71 dBm +max(0. depending on the environment several types of service can be defined.92 dBm +max(0. Indoor Light. DL-UL) . In 90% of the surface of the ground floor of the building (near the windows) it is possible to have good quality communication using a 2W handset.95 dBm +max(0. DL-UL) OUTDOOR MEASURE THRESHOLD .100 dBm +max(0. Outdoor In-car and Outdoor) are used by RF designers For indoor coverage the thresholds to use will be Indoor Deep for cities having dense high buildings or Indoor Light for small towns.87 dBm +max(0. Types of Service Analysis based on RX_LEV measurements and tresholds: In order to ensure a generic design standard permitting good quality communication inside the cells.63 dBm +max(0. DL-UL) . DL-UL) . DL-UL) . DL-UL) .0 8 The following table summarizes the design. prediction and measure thresholds fore several representative services. DL-UL) . DL-UL) - For coverage on roads the thresholds to use will be Outdoor In-car.80 dBm +max(0.93 dBm +max(0. DL-UL) PREDICTION THRESHOLD AT 90% . In the seats of the train it is possible to have a good quality communication using a 2W handset. DESIGN THRESHOLD AT 90% . DL-UL) . In 90% of the outdoor surface it is possible to have good quality communication using a 2W handset inside a car equipped with car-kit. DL-UL) . DL-UL) .63 dBm +max(0.90 dBm +max(0. In 90% of the outdoor surface it is possible to have good quality communication using a 2W handset.88 dBm +max(0. DL-UL) .71 dBm +max(0. The description of several types of service is presenting in following table: SERVICE Indoor Deep Indoor Light Indoor in High Speed Trains (Ex: TGV) Indoor Window Outdoor In-car Outdoor Outdoor Car-kit Outdoor 8W DESCRIPTION OF THE SERVICE In 90% of the surface of the ground floor of the building it is possible to have good quality communication using a 2W handset.Reference Version Page 1. DL-UL) .

the reception radio synthesizer looses systematically a few synchronization bits. On the other end. In a low disturbed area (e. That is why a quality assessment is done on the basis of the bit error rate in the messages (RX_QUAL).g. 2. RX_QUAL is impacted: the measured bit error rate becomes worse (usually by about 1 unit) because of two reasons: 1 – in the BER computation – at the moment of hopping.Indoor concrete penetration losses 6 dB – Head effect 15 dB – Indoor intermediary penetration losses 6 dB – Head effect 14 dB – Ex: TGV penetration losses 6 dB – Head effect 6 dB – Indoor light penetration losses 6 dB – Head effect 6 dB – Car penetration losses 6 dB – Head effect 0 dB – Penetration losses 6 dB – Head effect 0 dB – Penetration losses 3 dB – Car-kit equipment losses 0 dB – Head effect (not present) 0 dB – Penetration losses Design margin at 90% 6 dB 6 dB 5 dB 6 dB 5 dB 5 dB 5 dB 5 dB Handover margin 0 dB 0 dB 2 dB 0 dB 2 dB 2 dB 2 dB 2 dB 3. In other words. property and cannot be reproduced without permission . RxQual is a very basic measure: it simply reflects the average BER over a certain period of time (0. the design margin and the handover margin can be estimated statistically as follows: SERVICE Indoor Deep Indoor Light Indoor in High Speed Trains Indoor Window Outdoor In-car Outdoor Outdoor Car-kit Outdoor 8W Penetration losses 23 dB . a rural cell) a very low received field could be encountered without a big degradation of the speech quality.Reference Version Page 1.2 RX_QUAL It is a measure of speech quality measured based on BER analysis. which impacts the low BER values. Range: 0…7 <integer> Good quality communication is defined as a communication characterized by a value of RXQUAL parameter better than 4 for a cell without frequency hopping and better than 5 for a cell with frequency hopping. Note: When FH is activated. in an urban area.because of the averaging effect of the interference levels This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. RxQual is obtained by transforming the bit error rate (BER) into a scale from 0 to 7 (see GSM 05. on UL and DL. a good received field doesn’t however allow a good communication because of a high interference level.08).5 s for TEMS tools).0 9 For each environment the penetration loss.

Speech Frame erasures. (It must be kept in mind that the curves represent time-averaged RxQual-to-SQI relations. To give some examples of what the relation may look like.the frame erasure rate (FER) . Somewhat roughly.Reference Version Page 1. HO effects.“Speech Quality Index” is an indicator that has been designed by Ericsson for their TEMS investigation tool to take into consideration all the phenomena omitted by RX_QUAL indicator (Bit error distribution.5 s intervals (in TEMS tools). Ex: for the same Speech Quality (SQI) of 15 the RxQual may vary from 3 for an urban/No FH area to ~6 in one area with FH. Furthermore.statistics on the distributions of each of these parameters. property and cannot be reproduced without permission . Speech codec type). It shows SQI as a function of RxQual for the EFR codec and a number of channel conditions. the computation of SQI involves: . This ensures that it will produce an unbiased prediction of the speech quality.0 10 3. SQI is updated at 0.4 C/I This document is Nexius Wireless Inc.data on handover events . individual segments of speech may of course deviate from these. independently of channel conditions and other circumstances. Like RxQual. for each speech codec.) Note the considerable differences between the various channel conditions. the graph below is included. 3.the bit error rate (BER) . SQI is computed by a separate algorithm which is tuned to the characteristics of that codec.3 SQI SQI .

This implies that the accuracy of the measurements is better for small sets of hopping frequencies. if frequency hopping is used in the network. To help resolve such ambiguities. average C/I is presented twice a second. the average C/I for each frequency is presented. With more frequencies. and there are no DTX interruptions. Usually C/I measurement is made in dedicated mode. In dedicated mode. rough C/I measurements have sometimes been carried out by comparing the BCCH signal power of the serving cell with that of neighbouring cells using the same traffic channels (but different BCCHs). it may produce misleading results. This is handy when interacting with a test transmitter which simulates a base station but is not capable of setting up calls. The test drive lasts 40 seconds. If downlink DTX is used. areas with inadequate speech quality can be identified. It is however also possible to measure C/I in idle mode. the limitation of the measurement range is not a restriction. SQI. To illustrate the use of C/I. The C/I measurement function enables the identification of frequencies that are exposed to particularly high levels of interference. while the lower part shows C/I for each of the four frequencies: This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. Hence. the measurement error is typically smaller than 1 dB. A C/I below -5 dB can be regarded as highly unlikely. the speech quality is not further improved.5 s interval. For example. there are fewer bursts for each frequency. 25 bursts (on average) per frequency are received in each 0. it is difficult to pinpoint the frequencies that are affected by the degradation. In the past. There should be considered these network functions to be able to indicate the actual C/I experienced by the mobile station. C/I indicator offers the possibility of measuring average C/I for each of the frequencies used in a call. If true C/I is within the range 0 to 15 dB and four frequencies are used for transmission. if the number of hopping frequencies is low. if four frequencies are used. property and cannot be reproduced without permission . depending on the speech activity level on the transmitting side.0 11 The carrier-over-interference ratio is the ratio between the signal strength of the current serving cell and the signal strength of undesired (interfering) signal components. data from a test drive is depicted in the figure below. which is equal to the ordinary measurement interval. Since such a scheme fails to allow for power control and DTX on the TCHs. something which comes in useful in the verification and optimization of frequency plans. the number of bursts transmitted from the base station to the mobile station may be lower than the maximum. Then the measurements should be made only on the bursts actually sent from the base station and disregards burst not transmitted. C/I values below this limit would normally result in a dropped call. in addition. In this way. It should be pointed out that the sampling rate and hence the quality of idle mode C/I values is critically dependent on the settings governing quality measurement in idle mode Downlink quality in a radio network can be monitored using Speech Quality Index. To obtain a correct C/I estimate. However. one must take into account the possible use of power control and/or discontinuous transmission (DTX). The measurement range extends from -5 dB to +25 dB. The number of hopping frequencies determines the number of bursts used for the C/I measurement on each frequency. If frequency hopping is employed. Beyond the upper limit. EFR speech coding and cyclic frequency hopping with four frequencies is employed throughout.Reference Version Page 1. The upper part of the graph shows SQI and RxLev.

property and cannot be reproduced without permission . So if we know BSIC/BCC. This is a great step forward. knowing the BCC reduces the number of possible interferers by a factor of 8. such means are readily available: Many sites proposed as candidates can usually be ruled out simply because they are too far away. This means thermal noise generated within the circuits of the mobile station. Two common ones are co-channel and adjacent channel interference. BSIC is transmitted in the SCH (and not in BCCH) as a “color code” (like the coloring of maps. Such information can then be utilized in the process of optimizing the frequency plan for the area. Fortunately. In measurement report. Obs: If BCC is known this fact reduces the number of possible interferers by a factor of 8. During the scan the timing offset between the serving cell and the interferer is determined. but the fact that the signal is overwhelmed by assorted random disturbances -. On the other hand. so that BTS with same beacon frequency (BCCH ARFCN ch. MS gets from the BTS a list of beacon frequencies to be monitored through BCCH logical channel. however. In certain circumstances. the second digit of the BSIC (=NCC+BCC). the network will normally contain several cells with this BCC.i. as well as external background noise from a plethora of sources. These frequencies should be different than those that appear in the neighbor list(!). This explains the poor speech quality. probably because the power of the interferer increases. Example of typical C/I degradation due to noise: {(C/I) worst<10dB} AND {RxLev_Sub<99dBm} The following event gives a rough indication that the poor C/I is probably due to a noise problem: the poor C/I coincides with a very low signal strength. Therefore.0 12 As appears from the upper graph. Other means must therefore be used to shorten the list of candidates further. This offset can also be measured by other means. what is usually called "noise". Now.) use different BSIC.Reference Version Page 1. where NCC = National Color Code or "PLMN color code"). The MS is doing the C/I measurements during the other Time Slots (TS) that are not allocated to him. we can restrict the search for interferers. identifying precisely which channels are disturbed. The main task performed by the identification algorithm is to determine the Base Station Colour Code (BCC) of the interfering signal. Note that these two may be the same. i. SQI dips sharply towards the end of the test drive (after 35 s). unique for every cell in one area). and the scan offset can then be compared with measured offsets to nearby cells.e. MS reports BSIC of the monitored cells. all of which make use of the disturbed ARFCN as BCCH or TCH. RxLev stays about 50 dB above -110 dBm the whole time. The following table summarizes the C/I* acceptable values: CHANNEL BCCH/SDCCH TCH without frequency hopping MINIMUM C/I* 14 dB 14 dB This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. RxLev increases during the SQI dip. In fact. one sees that two of the four frequencies (the thick lines) have a C/I worse than 10 dB during the SQI dip. that is. it is almost invariably possible to point out the exact source of the interference. and indicating poor speech quality. In practice. The interference scan consists in mobile locking on the BCCH ARFCN of the disturbed cell and scanning the ARFCN of the traffic channel that is exposed to interference. or because they have their antennas pointing away from the disturbed cell. and interestingly. This is because BCC can take integer values from 0 to 7 (it written and transmitted on a 3-bit length sequence) as is a part of BSIC (Base Station Identity Code = NCC + BCC = 3 bit+ 3 bit. This means that the dip in quality is not due to low signal power level. the quality problem is to do with interference rather than coverage. in order make sure that it is still monitoring the same cell. using one or both of these approaches. In idle mode the MS reads the BSIC too. but even so. including other man-made signals so faint that they merely add up to a quasi-random disturbance. There are many possible causes of poor C/I values.e. looking at the C/I graph. C/I index is measured for each of the ARFCN RF physical cannel that are involved in hopping list of the server cell. the main problem is not interference from other callers.

property and cannot be reproduced without permission .0 TCH with frequency hopping 12 dB (9dB in some networks) 13 3.Reference Version Page 1.5 PATH LOSS The rough Definition of Path Loss – DL and UL: PL_DL = BS_TXPWR – RX_LEV_DL + LDL BS_TX_PWR = BTS Transmission Power RX_LEV_DL = RF signal level received by MS LDL = Sum of gains/losses and RX_MS_Sensitivity PL_UL = MS_TX_PWR – RX_LEV_UL + L_UL MS_TX_PWR = MS Transmission Power RX_LEV_UL = RF signal level received by BTS L_UL = Sum of gains/losses and RX_TRX_Sensitivity The following tables present the values that must be considered in power budget calculation for downlink and respectively uplink: Propagation downlink losses = = EIRP + + LOSS / GAIN BTS emitter power BTS emitter power tolerance Duplexer losses Feeder losses LNA losses Power splitter losses BTS antenna gain Penetration losses Fading / Sensitivity margin Handset sensitivity Design margin at 90% LOSS / GAIN VALUE BTS output power 1 dB typical value Specified by the duplexer supplier Must be calculated function of the type and the length of the feeder Specified by the LNA supplier Specified by the power splitter supplier Specified by antenna supplier Depends on the type of service 3 dB typical value -102 dBm for 2W handsets -104 dBm for 8 W handsets Depends on the type of service Propagation uplink losses = = + + LOSS / GAIN Mobile handset emitter power Mobile handset emitter power tolerance Penetration losses Fading / Sensitivity margin BTS antenna gain Diversity gain LOSS / GAIN VALUE 2 W for 2W handsets and 8 W for 8W handsets. 1 dB typical value Depends on the type of service 3 dB typical value Specified by antenna supplier 3 dB typical for space diversity rural environment 3 dB typical value for polarisation diversity in urban environment This document is Nexius Wireless Inc.

less than T_HCP seconds have elapsed since the last handover.AV_RXLEV_PBGT_HO : average of the received levels RXLEV_DL_FULL or RXLEV_DL_SUB over A_PBGT_HO or A_PBGT_DR measurements (serving cell). A correction factor C is taken into account for the serving cell.0 + + Feeder losses Duplexer losses LNA gain BTS sensitivity Design margin at 90% 14 Must be calculated function of the type and the length of the feeder Specified by the duplexer supplier Specified by the LNA supplier Specified by the BTS supplier Depends on the type of service Power budget equation The Power budget criterion PBGT is used to estimate the difference of path loss between two neighboring cells. or if the call has just performed a forced directed retry.(BS_TXPWR_MAX . AV_RXLEV_PBGT_HO) may not be measured on BCCH. or if the preceding cell was external. The use of the maximum MS powers requires that the difference of MS powers is equal to the This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. power the MS is allowed to use in the serving cell.(MS_TXPWR_MAX(n) .AV_RXLEV_PBGT_HO .call_ref) with : . this cell belongs to the same BSC as the serving cell.(AV_RXLEV_PBGT_HO + C) with C = BS_TXPWR_MAX ..e. In this case PING_PONG_MARGIN(n. property and cannot be reproduced without permission . .PING_PONG_MARGIN(n. Then.BS_TXPWR) . or if the timer T_HCP has expired.MS_TXPWR_MAX : max.it is not easy for the evaluating BSC to know the maximum BS powers of the neighboring cells. . As the first step of calculation is based on the downlink parameters. . which is purely a handicap given to the preceding cell for a certain time. another correction factor must be taken into account because the maximum BS powers of the serving and neighboring cells may be different : ######TXPWR = MS_TXPWR_MAX(n) . BCCH corresponds to the difference of received BCCH signal levels. . Two reasons (which are not completely de-correlated) for not using the BS powers can be envisaged: .call_ref) = 0 With abstraction of the PING_PONG_MARGIN. the GSM does not specify formally the maximum BS power of the neighboring cells.Reference Version Page 1. the call has not performed a forced directed retry towards the serving cell.AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n) : average of RXLEV_NCELL(n) over A_PBGT_HO or A_PBGT_DR measurements (neighbor cell(n)).BS_TXPWR_MAX : max power of the BTS in the serving cell (fixed value for each BTS).BS_TXPWR.PING_PONG_MARGIN(n. Only BS_TXPWR_MAX is defined (it is sent on the air interface).MS_TXPWR_MAX) . .call_ref) = PING_PONG_HCP. then PING_PONG_MARGIN(n.call_ref) is a penalty put on the cell n if : it is the immediately precedent cell on which the call has been. If the call was not precedent on cell n. . PBGT(n) = AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n) . . because the received signal level (i. the PBGT can be described in two steps : BCCH = AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n) .BS_TXPWR : last BS_POWER value reported by the BTS in the message MEASUREMENT RESULT (mode B) or last BS_TXPWR value reported by the BTS in the message PREPROCESSED MEASUREMENT RESULT (mode A).MS_TXPWR_MAX(n) : max power level the MS is allowed to use in its neighbor cell(n). this correction factor should be based on the maximum BS powers used in the serving and neighboring cells.MS_TXPWR_MAX.for a given cell.

A call has been established (triggered by the Layer 3 message "Connect Acknowledge"). This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. The mobile has entered dedicated mode. or "<"). If it is not the case. Choose a threshold operator ("=". PBGT <0 : the serving cell is more advantageous as the current cell. Choose this to trigger the event when the selected information element assumes. and set the threshold value. in which case no call is actually attempted. at MS side. PBGT >0 : the neighbour cell is more advantageous as the path loss is less than in the current cell. the difference can be corrected by the operator with the HO_MARGIN(0. ### ###TXPWR > 0 : the neighboring cell n is more disadvantageous than the serving cell as the maximum permissible power of the MS is higher. The established call has been terminated abnormally. (Note that the request may also be for a signaling channel. This condition is met in most cases. The basic list of events to be considered is presented in the table below: Blocked Call Call Attempt Call End Call Established Call Setup Cell Reselection Dedicated Mode Dropped Call It was not possible to establish a call. exceeds or drops below a certain value. ### ###BCCH < 0 : the neighboring cell n is more disadvantageous than the serving cell. Reselection to a new control channel has taken place.0 difference of BS powers.) The call has been terminated (triggered by the Layer 3 message "Disconnect"). 15 4 . Choose this to trigger the event whenever the value of the selected information element changes. specify it here. A call has been set up by the mobile (triggered by the Layer 3 message "Alerting").1 EVENTS – Predefined and user-defined events: The events detected by a GSM terminal can be identified based on identification of “trigger” values or ranges of the GSM indicators: Choose information element (See Annex 3). As a matter of fact : ### ###BCCH > 0 : the neighboring cell n is more advantageous than the serving cell as the reception of BCCH is better.Reference Version Page 1. The PBGT can be seen as a balance. the two types of request cannot be distinguished. Information element Argument Value: Changed Value: Threshold If the information element has an argument. ">". PBGT = ###BCCH .n) parameter (HO hysteresis). A traffic channel has been requested (through the Layer 3 message "Channel Request"). property and cannot be reproduced without permission .###TXPWR The PBGT is a balance or a trade-off between two opposite indicators. for example because all traffic channels are busy. The PBGT equation (without temporary handicap) can be interpreted in another way. between a probability to have a better reception and the probability of requests of transmission at higher levels in the neighboring cells. ### ###TXPWR < 0 : the neighboring cell n is more advantageous than the serving cell.

. The causes are: . property and cannot be reproduced without permission .intercell HO : handover between two channels of adjacent cells."level crossing high threshold" The “quality” and “level too low” causes are only triggered when the MS or BS power has reached the This document is Nexius Wireless Inc."distance too long from serving cell" .intra-BSC HO : the serving cell and the target cell belong to the same BSC. . The vehicle speed exceeds the limit imposed by the scanner's sample rate adaptation algorithm (based on wavelength) Hand Over Analysis: Definitions ."quality too low" .interzone HO : intracell handover between the inner zone and the outer zone of a concentric cell configuration. The mobile is emitting a ringing signal. The mobile has changed location areas. the new channel to the target cell. An attempted intra-cell handover failed. The mobile has entered limited service mode (emergency calls only).directed retry : handover from SDCCH to TCH when the serving cell is congested at the starting time of the assignment procedure.external HO : the handover execution is controlled by the MSC (necessary for all intercell-inter-BSC HO. .intrazone HO : intracell handover within a zone (inner or outer) of a concentric cell configuration. . The mobile has entered idle mode.0 16 Handover Handover (Intracell) Handover Failure Handover Intracell Failure Idle Mode Limited Service Mode Location Area Update Location Area Update Failure No Service Mode Ringing Vehicle Speed Successful inter-cell handover."consecutive bad SACCH frames" . The mobile has entered No Service mode. Successful intra-cell handover."level too low" .Emergency intercell handover These handovers are triggered when the call conditions deteriorate significantly in order to rescue the call. . An attempted inter-cell handover failed.internal HO : the handover execution is controlled by the BSC (only intracell and intercell-intra-BSC HO).Reference Version Page 1. The old channel belongs to the serving cell. . possible for intercell-intra-BSC HO). since it cannot find a control channel. . HO Types: Handover Cause Intracell handover Intercell handover Situation of Emergency Emergency Intracell Handover Emergency Intercell Handover Better conditions Better Zone Handover Handover Better Cell Handover Case of intercell handovers .intracell HO : handover between two channels of the same cell. The mobile failed in changing its location area.

from lower to higher layer : no special cause.Emergency intracell handover Emergency handover is triggered for intracell application when the radio link is deemed to suffer a high level of interference. . the channel assigned to the call is changed for another channel in the same cell. while the attenuation is quite high. but the detection that a MS is fast enough. some mechanisms are forecast. In the case of concentric cell environment. For all these causes. "Bad SACCH frames" and "level dropping under high threshold" are provided to support the rapidly varying radio conditions of microcellular environment (e. the handover algorithm must privilege the call continuation over the resource optimization. which is an oscillating back and forth handover between two (or three) cells. Case of intracell handovers . In a well configured network.between cells of the same layer : "power budget" . There is in this case a risk of abrupt quality degradation. emergency intracell handovers concern handovers from the inner to the outer zone of the same cell (they are called interzone handovers) as well as handovers performed within one zone (they are called intrazone handovers). traffic unbalance smoothing.Reference Version Page 1. property and cannot be reproduced without permission . if the algorithms have a too sensitive reaction. the cause "power budget" is applied in the inner zone as well as in the outer zone. on which the measured interference level is the smallest possible. the "outer zone uplink and downlink level too high" cause forces an intracell handover from an outer zone TCH to an inner zone TCH. thus creating a risk for abrupt call degradation and also uplink interferences. In this case. For conventional cell environment. This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. "Distance too long" is provided to prevent macrocells from extending too far out the planned borders. This handover is considered as interzone handover. if the MS moves away from the line of sight street. For multi-band network. street corner effect). the variation of the radio conditions will trigger a big amount of better cell handovers.Better zone handover For concentric cells. Case of intercell handovers .0 17 maximum allowed value. Hence. based on the residence time in an overlaid cell. the cause "preferred band" is triggered between two cells which use different frequency bands. As the "better cell" handover are meant to find the "best cell". These conditions may appear for example in big city streets which enable a line of sight propagation from the BTS antenna. Handover on "too low level" is used to avoid situations where the interference level is low. In order to have a sufficient reaction time these causes are independent of the power used by the MS or BTS. For hierarchical cell environment: . The main drawback of this handover category is the risk of "ping-pong" effect.from higher to lower layer : "good received level in one overlaid cell". The basic assumption for these handovers is that they should respect the cell planning decided by the operator. Case of intracell handovers . in order to prevent these oscillations from occurring repeatedly at given places. This is typical near the river banks of big cities (canyon effect). they correspond to the cause "power budget".Better cell handover These handovers are triggered to improve the overall system traffic capacity. signaling load reduction. For concentric cell environment.g. the majority of the handover should be of the better cell type. This spans: interference reduction.

Also. the directed retry preparation is performed by the handover preparation function. Most of the input data required by the handover functions are provided by a function “ Active channel pre-processing”. Obs: The operator has the possibility to inhibit selectively the different handover causes via O&M commands on a cell basis. Once the directed retry preparation is completed.works out a list of possible candidate cells for the handover.Reference Version Page 1. Therefore it can be divided into two processes : -handover detection . the handover decision and execution is performed under the MSC or BSC control. It processes raw data given by the radio link measurements (quality. The handover preparation requires indirectly input parameters provided by the function in charge of the radio link measurements. -handover candidate cell evaluation . property and cannot be reproduced without permission . the directed retry is performed under the BSC control.process analyses the radio measurements reported by the BTS and triggers the candidate cell evaluation process each time a handover cause (emergency or better cell type) is fulfilled. This list is sorted according to the evaluation of each cell as well as the layer they belong to (in a hierarchical network) and the frequency band they use (in a multiband network). This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. level and distance).0 Functional entities of handover preparation 18 The handover preparation is in charge of detecting a need for handover and proposing a list of target Cells. Once the handover preparation is completed.

outer zone (out..directed retry on handover alarms : After this kind of directed retry. inner zone (inner to outer zone handover. concentric cell) Power budget Too high level on the uplink and the downlink. The directed retry is triggered when given radio conditions are met and the serving cell is congested. This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. concentric cell) High level in neighbour lower layer cell for slow mobile Too high interference level on the uplink Too high interference level on the downlink Too low level on the uplink in a microcell compared to a high threshold Too low level on the downlink in a microcell compared to a high threshold Forced Directed Retry High level in neighbour cell in the preferred band # 2 3 4 5 6 7 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 20 21 19 Type Emenrgency Cause Emenrgency Cause Emenrgency Cause Emenrgency Cause Emenrgency Cause Emenrgency Cause Emenrgency Cause Emenrgency Cause Better Condition Better Condition Better Condition Emenrgency Cause Emenrgency Cause Emenrgency Cause Emenrgency Cause Better Condition Better Condition Directed retry preparation 1 System aspects The directed retry consists in an SDCCH to TCH intercell handover during the call set-up process.0 Handover causes Too low quality on the uplink Too low level on the uplink Too low quality on the downlink Too low level on the downlink Too long MS-BS distance Several consecutive bad SACCH frames received (rescue microcell handover) Too low level on the uplink. The best cell is the one where both required BS and MS transmitted powers are minimized and consecutively the induced interference in the network. the MS is very likely in the best cell. zone hand. and the candidate cell evaluation process indicates at least an internal or external cell. This difference on alarms has an impact on the interference level in the network : . inner zone (inner to outer zone handover. The directed retry may be performed : . . to in. concentric cell) Too low level on the downlink. an internal neighbour cell is reported with a sufficient level and has free TCH. then the BSS will perform a directed retry .or on alarm of forced directed retry : If during queuing. because the radio conditions in the serving cell do not represent a need for handover.Reference Version Page 1. thus overcoming traffic load unbalance.either on handover alarms : If a handover alarm is detected during queuing. The cause which leads to forced directed retry is assimilated to a "better condition cause" in the handover preparation. The handover to TCH in another cell reduces the call set-up time (queuing phase) and allows the sharing of resources from one cell with another. The expression "Forced directed retry" refers to this case. then the BSS will perform a directed retry . property and cannot be reproduced without permission .

this alarm is sent . . . The candidate cell evaluation process (ORDER or GRADE) looks for target cells so as to do an SDCCH to TCH handover. If one or several cells are found with a received level higher than the threshold. Note : The intracell handover alarms (inter-zone or due to interference) are ignored by the cell evaluation process. to the candidate cell evaluation process for forced directed retry if there is no handover alarm raised at the same time. This is the drawback for the overall network capacity improvement.In general. an alarm of forced directed retry is raised : high level in a neighbor cell for forced directed retry. the target cell evaluation is performed by the candidate cell evaluation process for handover (ORDER or GRADE).Reference Version Page 1. If an alarm for forced directed retry is raised.candidate cell evaluation. . property and cannot be reproduced without permission . with the list of internal and external cells fulfilling the condition. TCH load in neighbor cells may be used for target cell evaluation and ranking (the TCH load is not known in case of external cells). as the result of the cell selection process) is the "best cell".the directed retry traffic is located at the edge of the handover area of the target cell The traffic due to forced directed retry has a high probability to be located inside the emergency zone of the previously serving cell. Directed retry on handover alarms The preparation of directed retry on handover alarms is performed by the handover preparation function. A handover alarm raised at the same time is prior and is sent to the candidate cell This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. see section 3. The detection is performed every SACCH measurement reporting period when preprocessed measurements are available. When detected.e. .by the same processes as the handover preparation for directed retry on handover alarms. the cell the MS is camping on (i.two cells are considered (i.both cells have the same maximum transmit powers for MS and BS. the candidate cell evaluation process looks for target cells so as to do a SDCCH handover. The directed retry preparation is supported: . there is only one target cell). . The averaged received levels of all neighbor cells are compared to a threshold. All the processes of this function operate in the same way as for preparation of SDCCH or TCH handover at the exception of the candidate cell evaluation process. The SDCCH load is not taken into account. with no handover margin. Forced directed retry The preparation of forced directed retry is composed of two processes: . This cause is included in the "better condition causes" of the handover preparation.1. For all other alarms. BS1 is the serving cell and BS2 is the target cell. then the target cell evaluation is performed by the candidate cell evaluation process for forced directed retry. Therefore it may cause an increase to the planned level of interference. Note : in case of handover preparation.0 .e. 20 For the sake of simplification : .forced directed retry detection.both cells have the same minimum level for Cell selection access (RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN) and the same minimum level for handover access.by a specific condition in the alarm detection process (new cause pertaining to forced directed retry) and a specific candidate cell list evaluation process for forced directed retry.the only cause for handover is Power Budget. The detection process for directed retry consists in the checking of the handover alarms and of the forced directed retry alarm. The forced directed retry detection requires specific preprocessed measurements.forced directed retry : Considering that : . .

Then. we assume a use of mobiles of type « 8W » and we admit a Rxlev access min = -108 dBm. Rule : The parameter of selection C1 should be null while the measured level by the MS is equal to its sensitivity. and which have a minimum number of TCH channels free (in case of internal cell). the actual performances in reception of the G3 BTS permit us to admit a sensitivity of -111 dBm for the G3 today versus -104 dBm for the G1 BTS and -108 dBm for the G2 (environment of TU50 and Rxqual 6). the utilised MS are mostly of type « 2W » and of sensitivity lower or equal to -102dBm. Concerning the 1800 macro cells. In Urban. a rxqual margin [ Rxqual 6 -> Rxqual 4 = 3dB ] and a fading margin [ TU50 -> TU3 = 0dB with SFH and 3dB w/o SFH] is taken to determine the threshold for DL and UL level alarms in 900 MHz. the Rxlev access min is set to -95 dBm. Moreover. Therefore. In relation to these thresholds of sensitivity. where the MS can communicate. The condition b. since the L_RXLEV_DL_H causes HO at signal strength bellow -99 dBm and -95 dBm (according if the cell is hopping or not). c. b. 21 ANNEX 1: Optimizations Parameters (Alcatel Implementation for 900/1800MHz Bands) Rxlev access min (Idle Mode) : This parameter concerns only the MS. : + 3 dB in case of use of frequency hopping + 6 dB without frequency hopping This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. property and cannot be reproduced without permission . Rxlev access min = -102dBm For 900.0 evaluation process ORDER or GRADE. allows the control of the interference level in the network. where the received level at MS is higher than a given threshold. The condition c. Handover threshold on low downlink and uplink level: To make uniform this parameter setting. it minimizes the situations where the MS do call set-up at a low level and leaves immediately in downlink level alarm. This condition controls the amount of "retry traffic" and therefore the additional interference generated by this type of traffic.Reference Version Page 1. we admit a sensitivity of -102 dBm for all the MS without distinction 2W/8W. in Rural. For 900. the candidate cell evaluation process looks for cells : a. is a means to forbid "retry traffic" from a congested cell to a neighbor cell if the neighbor cell has less than a minimum number of channels free. in Urban case.

The rule applied is based on HO level +8 dB for having the L_RXLEV_UL_P and +16dB for the U_RXLEV_UL_P. -3dB with diversity +10 dB with LNA 22 In last point. L Rxlev UL H1800 (G3 1800) = -111 + 3 +1= -107 dBm with frequency hopping and without diversity. the HO is triggered to -100dBm or lower when we want a HO at -99dBm. the UL thresholds of PC should change also to be in agreement with those of HO. the same rule is applied. Finally: L Rxlev DL H= -102 + 3+ 1 = -98 dBm with frequency hopping L Rxlev DL H = -102 + 6 + 1= -95 dBm without frequency hopping L Rxlev UL H900(G3900) = -111 +3 -3+1= -110 dBm -> -110 dBm with SFH and diversity/ -100 avec LNA. For example. the use of the diversity on the site introduces -3 dB in the benefit of the sensitivity.3+1 = -107 dBm without frequency hopping and diversity. in this particular case. no uplink level alarm can be triggered.0 For the uplink. L Rxlev UL H1800 (G3 1800) = -111 + 6 +1= -104 dBm without frequency hopping and without diversity. a correction factor of 1 dB is used to take into account the fact that the Alcatel algorithms trigger HO when the ENT( average measure) is strictly inferior to the threshold. 1 dB is added to trigger HO at -99dBm or lower. and a penalty of 10dB in case of 900 LNA use. L Rxlev UL H1800 (G3 1800) = -111 + 6. Therefore. In fact. PC thresholds on the ULlevel : Since the thresholds of HO on the UL level have changed. Quality HO threshold : This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. +1dB correction factor For the 1800 cells. if the threshold is -99dBm.Reference Version Page 1. property and cannot be reproduced without permission . L Rxlev UL H900(G3900) = -111 + 3+1 = -107 dBm with frequency hopping and without diversity/ -97 avec LNA L Rxlev UL H 900(G3900) = -111 + 6 -3 +1= -107 dBm without frequency hopping and with diversity/ -97 avec LNA L Rxlev UL H 900(G3 900) = -111 + 6 +1 = -104 dBm without frequency hopping and without diversity/ -94 avec LNA L Rxlev UL H900(G2 900) = -108 +3-3+1 = -107 dBm with frequency hopping and diversity/ -97 avec LNA L Rxlev UL H900(G2 900) = -108 + 3+1 = -104 dBm with frequency hopping and without diversity/ -94 avec LNA L Rxlev UL H900(G2 900) = -108 + 6 -3+1 = -104 dBm without frequency hopping and with diversity/ -94 avec LNA L Rxlev UL H900(G2 900) = -108 + 6 +1 = -101 Bm without frequency hopping and without diversity/ -91 avec LNA L Rxlev UL H900(G1 900) = -104 + 3 -3 + 1= -103 dBm with frequency hopping and diversity/ -93 avec LNA L Rxlev UL H900(G1 900) = -104 + 3 + 1= -100 dBm with frequency hopping and without diversity/ -90 avec LNA L Rxlev UL H900(G1 900) = -104 + 6 -3 +1= -100 dBm without frequency hopping and with diversity/ -90 avec LNA L Rxlev UL H900(G1 900) = -104 + 6 + 1= -97 dBm without frequency hopping and without diversity/ -87 avec LNA L Rxlev UL H900 (M1M and M1C 900) = -97 + 6 +1 = -90 dBm without frequency hopping and without diversity L Rxlev UL H900 (M4M) = -107 + 6 + 1= -100 Bm without frequency hopping and without diversity L Rxlev UL H1800 (G3 1800) = -111 + 3 -3 +1 = -110 dBm with frequency hopping and diversity.

With BBH. Full balanced power of the µcells : This document is Nexius Wireless Inc.1) . the timeslots on the BCCH TRX use « 3 » and the timeslots on the other TRX use « 3+1 ». With synthesised FH.1 is added to the quality alarms thresholds L_RXQUAL_UL_H = L_RXQUAL_DL_H = 3 according to that the TS is hopping or not ( OFFSET_HOPPING_HO). Extension of the maximum number of neighbours : The NBR_ADJ is changed to 64 . the « OFFSET_HOPPING_PC » is used for the TS which are hopping. L_RXQUAL_UL_P should be adjusted to the L_RXQUAL_UL_H . all the timeslots of the cell use the « 3+1 » threshold. We set OFFSET_HOPPING_HO positioned to +1 which results in quality alarms thresholds of 4 for the TS which are hopping and without impact if the TS are not hopping. For example. It is set to +1. and then PC uses 3 with SFH.1 This value is set to 2 (3 . example if we desire to trigger with a Rxqual 4 : Assumption: Average Rxqual measured = 4. an offset OFFSET_HOPPING_HO available in B5.0 23 These thresholds should be tuned to trigger the HO when the average Rxqual reaches 4 without frequency hopping and 5 with frequency hopping (the Rxqual of 5 with frequency hopping activated is equivalent in audio quality to 4 without frequency hopping). the threshold should be set to 3. In case that in the same band (900Mhz or 1800Mhz). In case of hopping cell (SFH BBH or synthetised).6 -> entire part = 4 If the threshold is set to 4. the case of 25 channels in 900Mhz and 15 channels in 1800 Mhz is forbidden by the BSS. This modification is introduced in order to have a homogeneous parameter setting between the manufacturers. property and cannot be reproduced without permission . Finally: L_RXQUAL_UL_H = L_RXQUAL_DL_H = 3 OFFSET_HOPPING_HO = +1 PC thresholds on the UL quality : U_RXQUAL_UL_P is changed to 1 on the 900 macros cells to allows reduction of the MS power in case where the Rxqual measured is 0 and the level is over L_RXLEV_UL_P+2dB. having a neighbour list of 64 offers the possibility to have more than 32 neighbours with the condition of a maximum of 32 channels (2 neighbours can have the same channel but identified by a different BSIC). With SFH. In case of cell not hopping. the algorithms use the entire part of the Rxqual average and strict inequalities.Reference Version Page 1. The GSM norm authorise a maximum number of 32 channels on the both band (900 + 1800 Mhz) broadcasted by the BSS and measured by the MS. Normally. A_PBGT_DR is set to 4 to allows a quick FDR in case of activation of this feature. the algorithm do not trigger HO since the value is not strictly superior to 4. A_LEV_HO and A_PBGT_HO are chosen to be identical and set to 6 for all the classes of 900 and 1800 macros. PBGT and DR : The concern is to uniform the parameter setting between all classes of 900 macro cells. We propose to set these thresholds to 3 in all cases (900 or 1800). this threshold is adapted. the Alcatel OMC or/and BSC should refuse more than 32 channels broadcasted on the network ( control of coherence made) . more than 32 neighbours are necessary . Therefore. Average windows in level. For the Alcatel BSS.

5. for the M2M and M4M. the level of the target cell will have more than 1 dB than L_Rxlev_DL_H of the originating cell. We have to take care of the difference between the L_Rxlev_DL_H of the originating cell and the Rxlevmin(n) of the target cell.0 24 It is chosen . To go to a cell with a lower level could quickly produces a new alarm HO. However. today.n) = HO_MARGIN_LEV(0. as the comparison is strict. it is no more necessary to have Cause_Margin_P_X and are voluntary changed to 0.n) = HO_MARGIN_QUAL(0.n) and HO_MARGIN_LEV(0. PRIORITY(0. the process of ORDER applied on the µcells was not containing any filtering conditions.6.n) + Cause_Margin_P_X . the process of GRADE was including the criteria : PBGT(n) > HO_MARGIN + Cause_Margin_P_X In B5.n) for the causes 2.n). The idea is to have HO_margin_lev(0. In B4 as in B5 . property and cannot be reproduced without permission .n) like follows HO_MARGIN_LEV(0. new tables of the crossed parameters are introduced between the layers and adapted for an expected behaviour [ HO_MARGIN(0. it seems better to go to cell having at least the same level.5 and 6. By this way.4 or 7 .n). HO_MARGIN_QUAL(0. Knowing that the M1M and M1C have a maximum output power of 27 dBm. PBGT(n)> HO_MARGIN_XX(0. LINK_Factor(0.L_Rxlev_DL(0)+1) By putting the values set in the tables. Since we propose to use the HO_MARGIN_QUAL(0.with HO_MARGIN_XX(0. this value will not change for this case.n).n) = Max (-2. we propose to use an higher power. we propose to set the HO_MARGIN_LEV(0.n) = HO_MARGIN(0. the low threshold for the downlink level HO. Therefore. Therefore. the B5 parameter setting changes by introducing the HO_MARGIN_QUAL(0. Neihbouring Cell valuation: Rxlevmin(n) We propose to set Rxlevmin(n) equal to L_Rxlev_DL_H. In B5.n) and HO_MARGIN_LEV(0.17 or 18 .with HO_MARGIN_XX(0. Introduction of the Ho_margin of qual and lev between couples of cells : The B5 release introduces a filtering process if the flag EN_PBGT_FILTERING is enable before the process of evaluation of the candidates neighbours ORDER and GRADE (used for all the causes excepted for cause 20) : .n) + cause_Margin_P_X (cell parameter which is used for all the neighbour as in the B4 behaviour). the process of GRADE doesn’t contain this criteria and is replaced by the filtering conditions presented above when the EN_PBGT_FILTERING is enable. to use full balanced power of µ cells in order to increase the coverage and increase the traffic.n) by couple of cells instead of using the HO_MARGIN(0.n) if cause=2. In fact. In B4.4. the following behaviour is expected : This document is Nexius Wireless Inc.Reference Version Page 1.n) ].with HO_MARGIN_XX(0. we propose to have on all the cells the EN_PBGT_FILTERING enabled (concern of an homogeneous parameter setting) and to use very negative values of HO_MARGIN_QUAL and HO_MARGIN_LEV if we want to avoid filtering. we have a higher flexibility of optimisation and control of the chosen neighbours. On this HO cause. HO_MARGIN_LEV(0.n) if cause 12 In order to come nearer to the parameter setting of the others suppliers.n).n) coherent with this difference. Rxlevmin(n) .n) if cause=3.3.

n) = -2dB. We proposes to suppress it and to replace it either by an urban template. set to 1 EN_SEND_OLD_CHAN_MODE: enables the transmission of the used speech version to the target BSS. L_RXLEV_CPT_HO(n) replaces L_RXLEV_OCHO(n) and is used as capture threshold for the cause 14 (µ cell neighbour) and is also utilised for the cause 21 (1800 neighbour).n)=-127 and in last choice the M 1800 over Rxlevmin(n) and under the criterion of Ho_margin_lev=-127 and Ho_margin_qual=-127 . Finally. Introduction of the synchronised HO in the grid : WITH_SYNCHRONISED_HO: enables synchronised HO. The Dense Urban templates differs from the Urban templates. Introduction of new parameters (excepted dual band parameters) : EN_IM_ASS_REJ: enables the use of the immediate assignement reject.L_Rxlev_DL(0)+1) or Ho_margin_qual(0. property and cannot be reproduced without permission .n)= Max (-2. either by the rural one according to its environment. in a second priority the µ900 over Rxlevmin(n) and satisfying the criterion of Ho_margin_lev(0.On the M900 cells : . Rxlevmin(n) . . Otherwise. In the case there is no micros cells under a macro cell with cause 14 activated. Rxlevmin(n) . the MS is redirected preferably on the best M900 cell over Rxlevmin(n) and satisfying the criterion of Ho_margin_lev(0. the 900 micros cells takes the values of « lower » and replace 2 for « recovered » and the 900 macros cells are set as « upper » and replace 1 for « umbrella ». Otherwise.On the µ900 cells : . in a second priority the µ900 over Rxlevmin(n) and satisfying the criterion of Ho_margin_lev(0. « upper » or « single ». set to 1 This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. by the fact that the load factor are used in the Dense Urban templates when there are not used in the Urban templates.Reference Version Page 1. set to 1 Change of name of some parameters : In B5. Then.L_Rxlev_DL(0)+1) and Ho_margin_qual(0. . Therefore.L_Rxlev_DL(0)+1) and Ho_margin_qual(0. CELL_LAYER_TYPE replaces CELL_COVERAGE _TYPE and can take 3 states. We proposes to merge these templates in one with the load factors used by default. the diversity and LNA use. The Umbrella macros 900 templates only differs from the normal macros 900 only by the fact that the cause 14 is inhibited or not.For comfort HO.n)=-2 and in last choice the M 1800 over Rxlevmin(n) and under the criterion of Ho_margin_lev=-127 and Ho_margin_qual=-127 Suppression of templates : The suburb 900 macro template is no more justified by a real need of a specific parameter setting. there is no more than 2 classes (Urban and Rural) with thresholds of levels alarms and levels PC different according to the BTS used.n)= Max (-2.For comfort HO. capture HO occurs on the M1800 cells and PBGT happens between µ900 cells. « lower .In case of urgency HO. on the macro cells.n) =-127dB or Ho_margin_qual(0.n) = Max (-2.0 25 . capture HO occurs on the 900 µ cells or on the M1800 cells and PBGT happens between M900 cells.In case of urgency HO.n) = -127dB. the MS is redirected preferably on the best M900 cell over Rxlevmin(n) and satisfying the criterion of Ho_margin_lev(0. the behaviour of the network is the same that with the cause 14 inhibited. Rxlevmin(n) . since there is no cells of layer type « lower » as neighbour. we propose to replace the Simple Dense Urban parameter setting by the templates Umbrella Dense Urban.

EN_INTERBAND_NEIGH : BSC lock of the broadcast of all the opposite band neighbours (set to 1 to enable) . the following parameters are necessary on all the Alcatel BSCs for an unlocking of the dual band feature : . It normaly used by the MSC in the release of a SCCP connection. LOAD_EV_PERIOD : DLS parameter (hardly coded) that specifies the number of time necessary for the calculation of the load_average of the cell (set to 60s). This feature should be activated . every where. Its new value is 5s (old value = 12 s) T(rel): it a SCCP timer. Can only be readen since the value is set by the equipment affected to the cell (P-GSM.Reference Version Page 1. The message « Released » is sent to the BSC and the MSC waits the message « Release complete ». DCS1900. DCS1800. In case of special needs of capacity of traffic to cover a temporary event or a permanent hot spot. FREQUENCY RANGE: indicates which range is used in the cell: P-GSM. E-GSM. Do not appear in the grid OFFSET_HOPPING_PC and OFFSET_HOPPING_HO: an offset can be used. Its new value is 5 s (old value = 15 s) New timers : These 4 timers set any delays between the « Assignement reject » and a new sending of « Channel request » WI_CR: cause « call reestablishment » WI_EC: cause « emergency call » WI_OC: cause « originating call » WI_OP: cause « other procedures » These parameters are set by default to 5s before optimisation. . property and cannot be reproduced without permission . Change of some timers : T8 (=3103): those timers are used in the process who allows the mobile to come back on the old channel after a handover fail. Their new value is 15 s (old value = 12 s) T(conn-est): it a SCCP timer. the BSC can use this timer to release itself this connection. by default. in no way.). even on BSc without 1800 neighbours to allows later HO on the 1800 layer during the call when the MS has initiated a call on a BSc far away from the dual band zone. But in anormal case. « Released » is sent again.. a message like « Connexion Confirm » or « Connection refused » is expected. GSM 1800 BTS.. the dual band feature activation.0 26 DTX_INDICATOR_SACCH: defines the uses of the dtx in TCH/HR or/and TCH/FR. This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. If it doesn’t occur. Moreover.  To reach this goal. PREFERRED_BAND : BSC parameter that specifies which band is preferred for inter-band handovers (set to 2 for GSM 1800). no parameter setting adjustments are necessary to open a dual band zone. the activation of the dual band feature has impact in the behaviour of the 900 MS. when this timer is out. A simple integration of 1800 cells is sufficient. . on all the 900 cells and all the Alcatel BSC of France for the following reasons : . It’s added to the low rxqual threshold for the trx using SFH. When the message « connection request » is sent. Of course. If this acknowledge isn’t received. . the dual band MS has the same behaviour than a 900 MS in case there is no 1800 cells. the connexion process is cancelled. Introduction of the dual band feature : Impact of the dual band activation on the existing classes in 900Mhz : We recommend.

In B5. there is no 1800 cell as neighbour. it corresponds to the signal strength threshold which allows a dual band HO (-85 dBm). Possibility recommended for the µ1800.n)+FREEfactor(n)FREEfactor(0)-HO_MARGIN_XX(0. . measurements on the best neighbour in 1800. L_RXLEV_CPT_HO(n) : Used for the cause 14 and 21. . AV_LOAD(0)>MUTIBAND_LOAD_LEVEL (average % of busy TCH) . Set to 0 on the 1800 cells since it is unnecessary. cause 14. order(n)=PBGT(n)+LINKfactor(0.ECSC (DLS basis) : set to 1 for enabling the early classmark sending of the dual band MS . cause20 and cause 21) • pref_layer = upper. MULTI_BAND_LOAD_LEVEL : Threshold of load in the 900 serving cell which enables a dual band HO (set to 0%). all the neighbours that satisfy the HO cause (cause12. AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n)>L_RXLEV_CPT_HO(n) + max(0. broadcasted on the Sys_Info5ter layer 3 message) set to 1 on the 900 cells to allows that the dual band MS reports to the BSS.STRIP_O5_CM2 : set to 0 for having no change of the octet 5 of CM2 IE being passed to the MSC.n) • if en_load_order=disable or external HO. The management of the dual band HO by Alcatel is done by the introduction of the cause 21 on the 900 cells (HO toward the preferred band by capture). the MS still report the 6 best neighbours in 900 Mhz. the timer of triggering are also applied to the M1800. The modifications on all the Alcatel cells for an unlocking of the dual band feature are the following : . it is the capture threshold from M900 to µ900. delaying the capture process. property and cannot be reproduced without permission . The A_PBGT_HO is using the available samples and filling the resting with 0 (-110dBm).n) • same frequency band than the serving cell • process of evaluation ORDER(n) or GRADE(n)(excepted for cause 20) • cell_ev=0 (ORDER) • if en_load_order=enable. Activation of the Early Classmark sending on the Alcatel BSC : . the HO cause is 12 and the MS_SPEED=fast • for "rescue" HO . the evaluation process of the candidates neighbours has changed for the management of a multi-layer dual band network and is conducted as followed : • 1) List and first ranking of the neighbours : • for "better cell" HO : • pref_layer = none . The cause is triggered under the following conditions : . The interband HO could be possible also by the use of the cause 14.EN_SEND_CM3 : set to 1 in order to allows the sending of the CM3 to the NSS .n)HO_MARGIN_XX(0. On the µ900. In case.Reference Version Page 1. .n) • This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. However. MULTI_BAND_REPORTING : (Specs GSM 04.08. MSTXPWR_MAX(n) -P) AV_RXLEV_NCELL(n) is calculated with a averaging window of A_PBGT_HO size. EN_PREFERRED_BAND_HO : This new parameter is a cell lock of the preferred band HO 900 -> 1800 cause 21 (set to 1 on all the 900 cells to enable dual band HO). order(n)=PBGT(n)+LINKfactor(0. . while the cell is cell_layer_type= lower. all the neighbours with the preferences : • pref_layer = upper if cell_layer_type=lower and en_recue_um=enable • pref_layer=lower if cell_layer_type=lower and en_rescue_um=disable • none if cell_layer_type=lower and en_rescue_um=indefinite • upper+single if cell_layer_type=upper 2) Ranking of the neighbours by priority order (highest to lowest): • preferred layer (value of pref_layer) • priority(0. On the 1800 cells.0 27 .

In case of urgency HO.n) = HO_MARGIN(0. qual=-127) since M1800 and µ900 have the same priority and in last choice the M1800 over Rxlevmin(n) and under the criterion of Ho_margin(lev=-127 and qual=-127).n) = HO_MARGIN_LEV(0.n) if cause=3. property and cannot be reproduced without permission • • . LOADfactor1-5(n)=0dB. LINKFACTOR(0.n)=HO_MARGIN_LEV(0. in second priority the µ900 over Rxlevmin(n) and the criterion of Ho_margin(lev .n)= -127 dB . the MS is redirected preferably on the best M900 cell ( consideration of load taking into account by the LOADFACTOR effect in the process of Grade) over Rxlevmin(n) and satisfying the criterion of Ho_margin(lev . surrounding M900 and µ900 which are overlapped by the M1800 cells. SDCCH900 ->TCH 900 (no FDR activated) .6. PRIORITY(0.On call set-up. cause_margin_P_21=-127dB (to avoid filtering in PBGT and simulate a capture process) For having dual band HO from µ900 or M900 to the 1800 neighbours.On call set-up.n) + Cause_Margin_P_X • with HO_MARGIN_XX(0. HO_MARGIN(0. grade(n)=PBGT(n)+LINKfactor(0.n) if cause 12 cause_margin_P_14=-127dB.0 28 • Av_rxlev_ncell(n)>Rxlevmin(n)+max(0. grade(n)=PBGT(n)+LINKfactor(0. . new crossed neighbour relations are introduced to M1800 from collocated. the MS is redirected preferably on the best M900 cell over Rxlevmin(n) and satisfying the criterion of Ho_margin(lev et qual = -127). L_RXLEV_CPT_HO(n)= -85dBm. FREELEVEL_DR(n)=127 According to the process of ranking and filtering developed above and the parameters used in the neighbour relation to the M1800 cells. FREEfactor1-5(n)=0dB.ms_txpwr_max(n)-P) GRADE(n)>DISTmargin+Cause_Margin_G_X • 3) A filtering process can take place (EN_PBGT_FILTERING=enable) before the process of GRADE or ORDER (excepted for cause 20): • PBGT(n)> HO_MARGIN_XX(0. qual=-2dB). Otherwise.n) = 0dB .In PBGT.n)+LOADfactor(n)• • • LOADfactor(0)+FREEfactor(n)-FREEfactor(0) if en_load_order=disable. Otherwise. SDCCH900 ->TCH 900 (no FDR activated) .n)= HO_MARGIN_QUAL(0.17or 18 • with HO_margin_XX(0. The parameters specifics to the neighbour relation are : . 4 or 7 • with HO_MARGIN_XX(0. in second priority the µ900 over Rxlevmin(n) and satisfying the criterion of Ho_margin(lev . qual =2dB) since M1800 and µ900 have the same priority and in last choice the M1800 over Rxlevmin(n) and the criterion of Ho_margin(lev and qual = -127).n) = HO_MARGIN_QUAL(0.n) if cause= 2.n) = 0 when the 1800 cell parameters used in the neighbour relation are : RXLEV_MIN(n)=L_RXLEV_DL_H=-98dBm (SFH) or -95dBm (w/o hopping). the expected behaviour for dual band MS on µ900 and M900 is the following : Expected behaviour on the µ 900: . L_RXLEV_NCELL_DR(n)=-47dBm.Reference Version Page 1. a capture on the 1800 M cell occurs (cause 21) on the best 1800M cell above 85dBm Expected behaviour on the M 900: .In case of urgency HO. This document is Nexius Wireless Inc.5.ms_txpwr_max(n)-P) • cell_ev=1 (GRADE) • if en_load_order=enable.n) Av_rxlev_ncell(n)>Rxlevmin(n)+max(0.

MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH of the 1800 cells is set to 30dBm that is the maximum power that can be used on the 1800 band.RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN : set to -95 dBm . . property and cannot be reproduced without permission .08. a capture on the 1800 M cell occurs (cause 21) on the best 1800M cell above 85dBm. This is the only way. the Forced Directed Retry on the M1800 cells in case of saturation of the M1800 cells : . agressiveness to encourage HO on preferred band (1800). This choice is made in order to favour the HO on the 1800 neighbours without to compromise a rescue HO on the 900 layer. CELL_EV= ORDER and EN_LOAD_ORDER=DISABLE As for the µcells. . pref_layer=upper and the best ranked cells are the M900 (same behaviour than the µ900). Thus.TEMPORARY_OFFSET : set to 0dB (identical to that in 900). in case of rescue HO. No consideration of load between the 1800 cells in the Grade process from M900 cells (LOAD_FACTOR 1-5=0dB).). we chose order in the evaluation process and no consideration of load ( FREE_FACTOR )in the choice of the neighbours for outgoing HOs from the 1800 cells. For an average timing advance over 4 (5=2.In PBGT. No penalty is applied on the M1800 cells .Reference Version Page 1. . M1800 cells are favoured of 16 dB but the effective favour weight is bellow and around 9dB since the Rxlevaccesmin of the M1800 is upper the M900. Introduction of a new class of cell (macro 1800 cells) : The parameter setting of the M1800 cells are common to those of M900 cells of dense urban class excepted for the following specific parameters : . Therefore. . Otherwise. .2 km. The C2 parameters is applied only on the 1800 cells in order to favour the reselection on the 1800 cells even and while the signal strength is bellow the 900 cells. with Alcatel to control the service range of the M1800 cells . measurements on the 3 best neighbour in 900 and 3 neighbours in 1800.0 29 .PENALTY_TIME : set to 0 = 20s (identical to that in 900) . the process of the neighbour choice is as followed : List of the neighbours : • AV_RXLEV_NCELL_DR(n)> L_RXLEV_NCELL_DR(n) Filtering and Ranking of the neighbours : • AV_RXLEV_NCELL_DR(n)>RXLEVmin(n)+max(0.EN_FORCED_DR (per cell basis) : set to 1 and allows the Forced Directed Retry on the neighbours . MS_TXPWR_MAX. MS_TXPWR_MAX_INNER. Since the dual band MS are « forced » to camp on the M1800 cells. U_TIME_ADV is the alarm threshold on timing advance on 1800 and is set to 2.EN_DR (per cell basis) : set to 1. BS_TXPWR_MAX_INNER of the 1800 cell is proposed to be identical to that the collocated 900 cell for the case where there is 900 indoor cell that we can’t declare as neighbour of the Umbrella 1800 cell (due to the limitation of 32 neighbours in the 900 neighbour list that could be reached) .7km).CELL_RESELECT_PARAM_IND : lock per cell that enable the broadcast of C2 cell reselection parameters on the BCCH of the cell (set to 1). by default.CELL_RESELECT_OFFSET : set to 16 dB. the pass from the M1800 to Indoor 900 could be done in 2 steps through the M900 cells. it is recommended to activate. BS_TXPWR_MAX. . broadcasted on the Sys_Info5ter layer 3 message) set to 3 on the 1800 cells to allows that the dual band MS reports to the BSS. a capture cause 14 HO occurs on a µ900. . MULTI_BAND_REPORTING (Specs GSM 04. CELL_LAYER_TYPE : The 1800 cell is declared as « lower » with EN_RESCUE_UM=ENABLE. For unlock the DR and FDR from the M1800 cells on the neighbours In case of congestion of the M1800 cells.MSTXPWR_MAX(n)-P) This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. . . an alarm in distance is triggered. The MS can camp on the M1800 cell only if the C1>0 (Rxlev>-95dBm).

Priority(0. Load_factor(n)=0 Main neighbouring parameters from M1800 to M900 : Rxlev_min(n) = -98 or -95 dBm.n)=0. L_rxlev_ncell_dr(n)=-47dBm. Free_factor(n)=0. rxlev_ncell_DR(n) and having free_level_DR(n). Ms_txpwrmax=33 dBm .n)=0. Ho_margin(0.n)= max(-2. L_rxlev_ncell_DR(n)= -47dBm and having free_level_DR(n) = 127 resources. followed by frequency band and finishing by the PBGT equation : PBGT_DR(n)=AV_RXLEV_NCELL_DR(n)-AV_RXLEV_PBGT_DR-(BS_TXPWR_MAXBS_TXPWR)-(MS_TXPWR_MAX(n)-MS_TXPWR_MAX) L_RXLEV_NCELL_DR(n) has been set to the capture threshold L_RXLEV_CPT_HO(n) on the 900 µcells and to the RX_LEV_MIN(n)=L-RXLEV_DL_H for the M900. L_RXLEV_CPT_HO(n)=85dBm.n)=-127. SDCCH1800 ->TCH 1800. for optimisation. This document is Nexius Wireless Inc.n)= -127.Priority(0.n)= 0.Free_level_DR(n)=127. Otherwise. in last priority the best 900 cell (same priority) over Rxlevmin(n).Ho_margin_qual(0.free_level_DR(n)=0. On the M1800 is set to -47dBm to avoid FDR between M1800. see above.Ho_margin_qual(0.n)= -127. On the M1800.n)=0. The MS is redirected preferably on the best M1800 cell over Rxlevmin(n). Ms_txpwrmax= 33 or 39 dBm.n)= -127. OFFSET_HOPPING_HO and OFFEST_HOPPING_PC is positioned to 1 to distinguish the quality alarms and power control thresholds between the non hopping and hopping TCH . new crossed neighbour relations are introduced from M1800 to the collocated and surrounding M900 and 900 indoor cells . Caution : The values of L_RXLEV_NCELL_DR(n) and FREELEVEL_DR(n) are adapted on the 900 cells for the FDR from the M1800 but with the FDR inhibited on the 900 cells. In case of activation . of the FDR on a specific M900. Linkfactor(0.n)=0. Priority(0. It is set to 0 on the 900 cells (no condition of load of the 900 cells) .n)=0 dB. Ho_margin(0. Load_factor(n)=0 Expected behaviour on the M1800: .Reference Version Page 1. Therefore. Load_factor1-5(n)=x Main neighbouring parameters from M1800 to µ900 : Rxlev_min(n) = -70 to -95 dBm. these threshold should be tuned for the expected behaviour from this M900 to its neighbours. Ho_margin_lev(0.L_rxlev_ncell_dr(n)=-62 to -91dBm.n)=-127. property and cannot be reproduced without permission .Linkfactor(0. To allow outgoing HO from M1800 to the neighbours. Particular case of FDR. Free_factor(n)=0. .0 30 • t(n)>FREElevel_DR(n) The ordering of the cells is first the priority. TCE proposes to apply by default the fractional reuse pattern of 1*3 on the 1800 layer .free_level_DR(n)=0. . In fact. L_rxlev_ncell_dr(n)=-98 or -95 dBm.n)=0.Linkfactor(0. Expected behaviour in case of congestion on the M1800 : . Ho_margin_qual(0. Otherwise. in second priority the M1800 over Rxlevmin(n) and Homarginlev= x dB or qual=0dB since M1800 and µ900 have the same priority and in last choice the µ900 over Rxlevmin(n) and under criterion of Ho_margin(lev or qual = -127). the threshold inhibits the FDR. Free_factor(n)=0. Ho_margin(0. Ms_txpwrmax=30. it is put to 127 to avoid FDR between M1800.n)= 5.Rxlevmin(n) -L_Rxlev_DL_H(0)+1). L_rxlev_cpt_ho(n)=-47dBm. In case of urgency HO. the closest M1800 neighbours for having a continue 1800 coverage if possible and the 900µ cells. Ho_margin_lev(0.n)= -127. the MS is redirected preferably on the best M900 cell over Rxlevmin(n) and under criterion of Ho_margin(lev or qual = -127). FREELEVEL_DR(n) is the number of free TS on the neighbour cell. . • • • Main neighbouring parameters from M1800 to 1800 : Rxlev_min(n) = -98 or -95 dBm. EN_PREFERRED_BAND_HO is set to 0 (inhibited) on the M1800 since its doesn’t make sense on the M1800 to put 1. Ho_margin_lev(0. On call set-up.

0 31 .Reference Version Page 1. ANNEX 2: TIPICAL GSM BSS PARAMETERS AND TRESHOLDS Radio Parameter RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN Supplier’s Range -111…-47 dBm Usual Admisible Range -109…-79 dBm Recommended default value/range URB_DENS = -108 dBm The others = -105 dBm 4 dB 33 dBm Comments Depend on the geographical conditions in the overlapping area of 2 LACs. BS_TXPWR_MAX 0 dB A_LEV_HO 2 dB steps 1…31 SACCH 2 dB steps 4…10 SACCH A_QUAL_HO 1…31 SACCH 4…10 SACCH URB_DENS = 4 MICRO = 4 The others = 8 URB_DENS = 4 This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. CELL_RESELECT_HYST MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH 0 … 14 dB 2 dB steps 13…43 dBm 2 dB steps 2 … 8 dB 2 dB steps 13…39 dBm 2 dB steps MS_TXPWR_MAX 13…39 dBm 2 dB steps 1…43 dBm 13…39 dBm 2 dB steps 0 … -30 dB 33 dBm Recommendation to generalize the 2W coverage 0 dB represent the maximum power The maximum power depends on the R config. A PBGT on the 1800 M cell occurs (cause 12) on the best 1800M cell above -98 or -95 dBm and PBGT >5 dB The exit from the M1800 cell on the border of its coverage to the M900 and happens mostly in alarm of distance (2. property and cannot be reproduced without permission . otherwise in alarm of signal strength or in quality.7 km) in order to control the range of the cell.

Reference Version Page 1. property and cannot be reproduced without permission .0 32 A_PBGT_HO 1…31 SACCH 4…20 SACCH A_RANGE_HO 1…31 SACCH 4…10 SACCH MICRO = 4 The others = 8 URB_DENS = 8 MICRO = 6 The others = 12 URB_DENS = 4 MICRO = 4 The others = 8 RUR_LNAD: -89 dBm RUR_*: -99 dBm MICRO = -98 dBm The other RPT: -99 dBm RUR_*: -99 dBm MICRO = -96 dBm The other RPT: -97 dBm 35 Km 5 dB MICRO = 0 dB The other = -7 dB MICRO = 0 dB The other = -5 dB MICRO = 0 dB The other = -5 dB L_RXLEV_UL_H -110…-47 dBm RUR_LNAD: -92…-86 dBm RUR_*: -102…-96 dBm MICRO = -101…-95 dBm The other RPT: -102…-96 dBm RUR_*: -102…-96 dBm MICRO = -99…-93 dBm The other RPT: -100…-94 dBm 2…35 Km -10…10 dB -10…10 dB -10…10 dB -10…10 dB L_RXLEV_DL_H -110…-47 dBm U_TIME_ADV HO_MARGIN CAUSE MARGIN P2/4 CAUSE MARGIN P3/5 CAUSE MARGIN P6 1…35 Km -24…24 dB -36…36 dB -36…36 dB -36…36 dB ANNEX 3: Ericsson TEMS Information Parameters List Implementation: Microsoft Excel Worksheet ANNEX 4: MS Power Classes: 900MHz Band CLASS 4: TX_PWR_MS: 2W/33dBm 900MHz Band CLASS 5: TX_PWR_MS: 0.8W/29dBm 1800MHz Band CLASS 1: TX_PWR_MS: 1W/30dBm 1800MHz Band CLASS 2: TX_PWR_MS: 2W/24dBm This document is Nexius Wireless Inc.

property and cannot be reproduced without permission .Reference Version Page 1.0 1900MHz Band CLASS 1: TX_PWR_MS: 1W/30dBm 1900MHz Band CLASS 2: TX_PWR_MS: 2W/24dBm 33 Annex 5: Abbreviations AMR APM ARFCN BCC BCCH BER BLEP BLER BSIC BSN C/A C/I CBCH CDMA CI CM CPICH CRC CS CSD CW DGPS DL DR DSC DTX EFR EIRP FACCH FER FR GMM GPRS GPS GRR GSM HO HSCSD IE IMEI KPI Acknowledged Mode Advanced Power Management Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number Base Station Colour Code Broadcast Control Channel Bit Error Rate Block Error Probability Block Error Rate Base Station Identity Code Block Sequence Number Carrier-to-Adjacent (Ratio) Carrier-to-Interference (Ratio) Cell Broadcast Channel Code Division Multiple Access Cell Identity Connection Management Common Pilot Channel Cyclic Redundancy Check Coding Scheme Circuit-Switched Data Continuous Wave Differential GPS Downlink Dead Reckoning Downlink Signalling Counter Discontinuous Transmission Enhanced Full Rate Effective Isotropic Radiated Power Fast Associated Control Channel Frame Erasure Rate Full Rate GPRS Mobility Management General Packet Radio Service Global Positioning System GPRS Radio Resource Global System for Mobile Communication Handover High-Speed Circuit-Switched Data Information Element International Mobile Equipment Identity Key Performance Indicator This document is Nexius Wireless Inc.

0 LAC LLC MCC MM MNC MS NCC NMO PBCCH PCCCH PCH PCU PD PDCH PDP PI RAC RAS RLC RLP RNC RR SACCH SAPI SDCCH SID SMTP SPS SQI SS TA TCH TDMA TLLI TS TSC Location Area Code Logical Link Control Mobile Country Code Mobility Management Mobile Network Code Mobile Station Network Colour Code Network Mode of Operation Packet Broadcast Control Channel Packet Common Control Channel Paging Channel Packet Control Unit Protocol Discriminator Packet Data Channel Packet Data Protocol Performance Indicator Routing Area Code Remote Access Service Radio Link Control Radio Link Protocol Radio Network Controller Radio Resource (Management) Slow Associated Control Channel Service Access Point Identifier Standalone Dedicated Control Channel Silence Descriptor Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Standard Positioning Service Speech Quality Index Signal Strength Timing Advance Traffic Channel Time Division Multiple Access Temporary Logical Identifier Timeslot Training Sequence Code 34 GSM Logical Channels: This document is Nexius Wireless Inc.Reference Version Page 1. property and cannot be reproduced without permission .

property and cannot be reproduced without permission .0 35 Bursts Structure: This document is Nexius Wireless Inc.Reference Version Page 1.

Reference Version Page 1.0 36 Mapping of logical channels on the physical Channel: Selective Bibliography: ETSI GSM ETS 300 Standards 1998-2000 Ericsson TEMS 4 Investigation Documentation – TEMS AB ERICSSON 2003 Alcatel G3 Evolium BTS Optimization Documentation 1999 Ericsson Training – GSM System Survey This document is Nexius Wireless Inc. property and cannot be reproduced without permission .

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