Published by

National Curriculum and Textbook Board
69 - 70, Motijheel Commercial Area, Dhaka - 1000
(All rights reserved by the publisher)

Trial Edition First Edition: November, 2012


Md. Mosle Uddin Sarkar

Jahirul Islam Bhuiyan Shetu


National Curriculum and Textbook Board, Dhaka

To be distributed at free of cost by the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh under the Third Primary Education Development Program

set Press, 38 B anglabazar, Dhaka. Printed by: Mousumi Of-

A child is a great wonder. There is no end to the thinking about his world of wonder. A child is a subject of contemplation for educationists, scientists, philosophers, child specialists, psychologists --- for all intellectuals. The fundamental principles of child education outlined in the National Education Policy 2010 have been defined in the light of these contemplations. The curriculum for primary education has been revised to develop a child on the potentials of his innate amazement, unbounded curiosity, endless joy and enthusiasm. Keeping in view the all round development of children's potentials, the aims and objectives of primary education were modified in the revised curriculum of 2011. Utmost considerations have been given to the total development of children in determining all aspects beginning from the terminal competencies of primary education to the subject wise terminal competencies, grade and subject based achievable competencies and finally to the learning outcomes. On this perspective each step of the curriculum has been carefully followed in the newly developed textbook. The society and environment of Bangladesh, tradition, culture, the history of liberation war, basic needs, children right, duties and responsibilities of children, sense of cooperation and compassion toward all walks of people of the society, attaining the qualities for becoming good citizens of the society, being respectful to the culture and occupation of others, proper use and maintenance of resources, social environment and disaster, population and human resources all these issues have been introduced in the book in the context of Bangladesh. Although revision of curriculum is a continuous process, bringing basic changes into the curriculum depends on some other matters as well. Especially teaching the learners a new topic is related to the acquiring knowledge on the topic by the teachers. Despite this challenge, issues like how children can manage unfavourable conditions or disasters have been introduced. Besides, a number of new topics have been included to create sense of acceptability and develop a sense of harmony in the minds of the children for the people of all walks of the society, professionals, rich-poor, and children with special ability. Keeping the security of the children in mind, relevant idea has been provided in this book so that awareness can be developed in the minds of the children in the respective issues. Exercises with planned activities along with colourful pictures have been designed in such a way so that through pleasure and without memorization children can grasp the topics very easily. It is noteworthy that the biography of the Father of the nation, the true history of the Liberation War and the related facts presented in the book comply with the constitution of the country. Constitution has been followed in the usage of the term 'ethnic minority' in this book. The improvement of curriculum is a constant process. The text books are composed on the basis of curriculum. It is worth mentioning that in 2009, Government of Bangladesh took a great step through the introduction of four colours in the text books which make the books more attractive and endurable helping the learners to be more keen, inquisitive and attentive. Consequently, this time too this text book has been published in a short time under the light of the revised curriculum using four colours/pictures along with improved papers. Special attention has been given to make the contents of the book, as far as possible, plain and lucid to our tender aged learners. Despite the relentless, careful efforts of the associated people, the book may not be completely error free. Therefore, for the further development and enhancement of the book, any constructive and rational advice will be taken into serious consideration. I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude and thanks to those who have facilitated at various steps of writing, editing, evaluating and publishing of this book. We will consider all our efforts successful if the children for whom this book has been prepared are benefited.

Professor Md. Mostafa Kamaluddin

National Curriculum and Textbook Board, Dhaka

Chapter Subject Page

One Two Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine Ten Eleven

Our Environment and Society Togetherness and Cooperation in The Society Ethnic Groups of Bangladesh The Rights of Citizens Social and State Resources Dignity of Various Occupations Tolerance of Others Opinion Moral and Social Qualities Development activities in the locality Disaster and disaster management Population of Bangladesh

1 6 11 20 27 37 43 48 53 59 68 73 78 85 92 100

Twelve Asia Thirteen Our Liberation War Forteen Our History Fifteen Our Culture

Sixteen Our Bangladesh

We have also been introduced with some of the elements of natural and social environment. Some are covered with ice. Soil. schools. oceans. festivals. There are differences among the social life of the people of these regions. some are deserts. some are quite hot. Differences can be seen in houses. The elements of natural and social environment are interrelated. rivers. manners and customs of people of these regions. fens. haat-bazaars. playgrounds. houses. These elements influence human life in many ways. heat. The weather is quite hot during summer while in winter it is too . water. birds are the elements of natural environment. we have learnt about natural and social environment. vehicles are the elements of social environment. Different social environments have been created in different natural environments. air. canals. plants and trees.Chapter One Our Environment and Society In the previous class. On the other hand. Not too many rivers are there in the northern region. dresses. The land of northern region is a bit higher. Ice covered region Desert region The natural environment of different regions of the world has differences. animals. light. Some of the regions are quite cold. roads. Our country is small in size but there are differences of natural environment in different regions of the country. food. occupations.

the land of the southern region is pretty low where there are plenty of rivers and canals. manners and customs of the people of the northern region are a bit different than that of southern region. canals are filled with rain water. We get plenty of fish. On the other hand. jobs. social programs. If it rains a lot. furniture. fruits and flowers from trees. We get our required food. food. Plenty of trees in an area cause heavy rainfall which yield good production of crops. Similarly there are differences between eastern and the western regions in terms of natural and social environment. Beside these we get wood. rivers. 2 .Bangladesh and Global Studies cold. We also get water Rainy environment to irrigate the farmlands. We use flowers for decorating joyful occasions and programs. We eat fruit. Environment in the northern region of Bangladesh Environment in the southern region of Bangladesh Houses. We need wood to make our houses.

a number of problems surface in social life. we will plant more trees. The production of fish declines as well for the lack of water in rivers. As a result. buffaloes. birds and animals are affected as well.Our Environment and Society The decrease of trees causes less rainfall for which the production of crops goes down. We should not cut down trees unnecessarily. Soil erosion begins which damages crops. Then we need more roads. plenty of houses are needed. We will be careful in maintaining the balance of natural and social environment. Once we cut trees for a reason. Bulls. we will contribute to the betterment of the nature. vehicles which adversely affect the natural environment. We get meat. fens are gradually filled with soil. milk. fens. horses. We will not fill up canals. We are affected by diseases if the atmosphere is polluted. Different animals keep the environmental balance in many ways which does a lot of good to our society. Dry environment Birds and animals satisfy many of our needs. So we will not do anything that may harm the nature. Rivers. rivers with soil. We need oxygen to live. canals. donkeys are used for various purposes including agriculture. Lack of trees causes infertility of land. 3 . soil. transportation of goods. As a result. egg from birds and animals. When the society is overpopulated. canals. In this way. movement. air get polluted in many ways. water. There is oxygen in atmosphere. Our social life is depended on nature in many ways. fens. Plants. We will not kill animals and birds unnecessarily.

How does natural environment influence our social life ? 5 . c. The elements of natural and social environment are ____________ . b. If the society is overpopulated causes difference in social life c. a. 5. a.Our Environment and Society 2. c. If air is polluted d. 3. d. Write the names of five elements of social environment around your home. b. Mention differences between Natural and Social environment various regions of Bangladesh. Different _______________ keep the environmental balance in many ways. What roles will we play to keep our environment sound and healthy ? c. a. What are the benefits we get it there are plenty of trees ? b. Write the names of five elements of natural environment you have seen. The difference in natural environment soil erosion begins many houses are needed 4. a. Match the words on the right with those on the left. So we will not _____________ anything that may harm the nature. The decrease of trees causes _________________ for which the production of crops goes down. How do birds and animals satisfy our needs ? d. Answer to the following question. Why does causes difference social life of human being in various regions of the world ? d. Answer to the following question briefly. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. If the number of trees goes down we are affected by diseases we will not cut down trees b.

Match the words on the right with those on the left. Answer to the following question. Write the names of five elements of social environment around your home. Mention differences between Natural and Social environment various regions of Bangladesh. a. c. How do birds and animals satisfy our needs ? d. c. 3. Answer to the following question briefly. b. The difference in natural environment soil erosion begins many houses are needed 4. 5. Write the names of five elements of natural environment you have seen. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. Different _______________ keep the environmental balance in many ways. So we will not _____________ anything that may harm the nature. The decrease of trees causes _________________ for which the production of crops goes down.Our Environment and Society 2. If the society is overpopulated causes difference in social life c. a. If air is polluted d. What roles will we play to keep our environment sound and healthy ? c. a. The elements of natural and social environment are ____________ . What are the benefits we get it there are plenty of trees ? b. If the number of trees goes down we are affected by diseases we will not cut down trees b. Why does causes difference social life of human being in various regions of the world ? d. a. How does natural environment influence our social life ? 5 . d. b.

Some of them are females. some males. Similarly men and women work together for the development of the society. Let's take a look at all of them in the picture. Men together with women always try for the welfare of the family. Some of them can be even from different religions or races. some rich. We help each other and work together. some female children. Female Male Male children Female children Although we are different in many aspects. The population of men and women are almost equal in Bangladesh. Among them some can be females. some poor. the society is so beautiful as we live together in harmony. For an example . Our family consists of parents. It is thought that females will not . some are males. grandparents and other relatives.Chapter Two Togetherness and Cooperation in the Society We all know that in a society people from different walks of life live together intimately.there are families where from childhood male child is given more priority than female child. some male children. Men and women have equal contribution to the development of the country yet men and women are not treated equally in the society. siblings.

For an example . some children cannot even continue their studies. Similarly all the parents are not in the same occupation. Like . Therefore.Togetherness and Cooperation in the Society be useful for the family. Female and male working together in their work place Apart from discrimination between male and female.some parents are labourers. this idea is changing slowly. it can be said that children from different background come to school to study. some do business or other work. there are other reasons which create difference among men. In this way. At the same time play and study together. For an example . May be a child is with special need. After taking admission. some are farmers. if men and women can develop a habit of working together.the language of a child of a minority is not Bengali. Females will only do household work while males will earn to run the family. Everybody's religion is not same. However. Some of them cannot continue as they 7 . Nowadays men and women are working in and outside. At the same time the dignity of women will be enhanced. there will be no discrimination between them. there are also children in the society who cannot come to school for various reasons. In one word. On the other hand. male and female both need to work in the society.we. some are in service. brother and sister work together at home. May be a child's mother tongue is not Bengali.

there is difference among people in the society. they find it difficult to understand Bengali. some are even physically disabled. we need to help each other when it is needed. We have learned before that in society or school. These children can study with us. Some cannot continue as they have to work with their parents or their elders at their childhood.Autistic children do not respond when they are called by their A child is helping a child of special needs names. Besides. These children are extremely sensitive to sound. some find it difficult to hear. everywhere there are children or people of special need. light and touch. However without taking it as a problem.there are children who can not see the writing on the board from a distance for eye problem. As a result. without problem all types of children are studying together. Some cannot understand lesson easily. All we have to do is to take a special step by accepting their difference. They keep on showing a special behaviour again and again. Besides. They do not show strong emotion when they get a new thing. Society can move forward through the respect and love toward people of every walk of life. Like . problematic.Bangladesh and Global Studies work at home or in the field. They cannot use the language properly. there are learners of minority whose mother tongue is not Bengali. Normal. Now let's learn about the children with special need . But we must remember they are our friends too. And friend should come forward to help a friend in 8 .

We will help those who have problem in reading so that they can do their work properly. if anybody finds it difficult to understand the language. we will stand by each other. dividedly 9 . To express living together intimately in the society. We will never say anything bad to anybody which may offend him. 4. Everywhere in the society. In this way. We will help them who have problem in walking. 2. separately b. Let's read again 1. To find out who are the children with special need and then prepare a list of these children. alone c. we will explain them the lesson after the class. 3. we all will stand by everyone including people or children of special need.Togetherness and Cooperation in the Society need. friendship and kindness through acting or story telling. To collect examples of togetherness of men and women in the society and their equal contribution. We will let a child sit in the front who can not see or hear properly. If needed. Exercise 1. 1. live together intimately d. If we offend anybody. 4. 2. Planned activites 1. there can be people or children of special need. Similarly. Then he will not be able to contribute to the society. 3. Put a tick mark ( ) beside the correct answer.1 How people from different walks of life live together in the society? a. Men and women have equal contribution to the development of the country. he may lag behind and may not want to come to school regularly. The society is beautiful as in the society people from different walks of life live together in harmony. To demonstrate through acting how we can help these children of special need.

they do different work c. women d. who live in the society and in schools? a. For which reasons children cannot come to school ? d. they do jobs d. b. What can we do to take the society forward ? e.Bangladesh and Global Studies 1. they cultivate b. Match the words on the right with those on the left. c. men have more b. service holders c.2 Apart from normal human being. the society is ______________ . What is the importance of living together in the society in harmony ? f. d. they do business 2. As the society people from different walks of life live together in harmony. everyone of the society works for the ___________ of the society. the work of men he may get hurt and women everything is important a. In the society. there is people or children of b.3 How much contribution men and women have toward the development of the country? a. Which types of people live in the society ? c. Who can not see or hear properly 4. children with special need b. women have more c. men 1. If anything bad is said to anybody we will let a child sit in the front d. a.4 What type of occupation our parents have? a. a. Answer to the following question briefly. 10 . Who are the children with special need ? b. no contribution 1. Men. women. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. Friend will come _________________ for a friend in need. different people have ______________ among them. Mention two characteristics of autistic children. In the society. 3. equal contribution d. Every where in society or school special need are equally important c.

mid-north and north Bengal including Chittagong Hill Tracts of the country. food habit and other social practices are concerned. Let us read the names of the major ethnic groups of Bangladesh. Marma Monipuri Chakma Garo Saontal Tripura Boam Hagong Khiang Mro Pankho Kumi Lusai Tonchainga Chak . They are 1. Generally they live in different districts of north-east.Chapter Three Ethnic Groups of Bangladesh Bangladesh abodes more than 45 ethnic groups. They are distinct from the Bengalis as far as social organizations. manners and customs.13% of the total population of the country. They have their own language and culture. north-west. Most of these ethnic groups live in the rural areas of Bangladesh.

they grow various crops and vegetables. According to the census of 2007. the Chakmas (They call themselves Changhma) are the largest ethnic group in Bangladesh.Bangladesh and Global Studies Now let us learn about the culture of some of the ethnic groups. Chakmas are mainly Buddhists. Chakma In terms of population. 12 . House of Chakmas Chakmas make a variety of baskets.' They are also involved with other agricultural activities. There are wooden or bamboo stairs for going up to the house. At the same time. Life-style Chakmas have their own alphabet and language. fans. Chakmas living in rural areas mostly cultivate 'Jhum. there is a village chief for every village. They have their own music. The Chakma houses alike platforms made of bamboo and wood constructed on a firm trees. Gudo Khara and Ghila Khara (played with seeds) are their favourite games. there are 5 lakh 50 thousand Chakmas in Bangladesh. Khagrachari and Bandarban). The staple food of Chakmas is rice. Nadeng Khara. They live in Chittagong Hill Tracts (especially Rangamati. flutes. The opinion of the king on any issue is given importance. The chief of Chakma society is the king. musical instruments from bamboo and cane. They are called 'Karbari'. dance and literature. Apart from this. Jhum is a cultivation process where seeds are sowed by making holes in the slopes of the hills after burning the trees.

Generally this festival is Man and woman in Chakma attire celebrated in the month of Baishakh. 'Kothin Chibor Daan'. Festivals Chakmas celebrate a number of festivals. Nowadays the Chakma boys and men wear dresses like fatua and lungi. Their major festival is Buddha Purnima. The celebration of festival by the Chakmas 13 . This festival lasts for three days. The dress of Chakma women is called 'pinon hadi. During festivals. Besides they celebrate 'Maghi Purnima'.' Pinon extends from the waist to the feet while the upper part above the waist is called hadi. However the best festival of the Chakmas is called 'Biju' which is celebrated on the last two days of the Bengali year and on the first day of the new Bengali year.Ethnic Groups of Bangladesh Dress Traditionally Chakmas weave fabric with various designs in their own looms. they decorate their dwelling place with flowers and children respect the elders and get their blessing.

In Burmese language. However. their favourite food is called Marma boys and girls 'Nappi' or dried fish. Khagrachari and Rangamati.Bangladesh and Global Studies Mar ma Life-style In terms of population after the Chakmas. In the past. Marma male and female wear modern dresses. the Marmas are in the second position. they used to treat themselves by medicinal plant collected from the forest. Selling all these. Nowadays. they celebrate a festival called 'Labrey'. Most of the Marmas live in Bandarban. Furthermore the village chief is called 'Roaza' or 'Karbari'. Marmas building platforms on firm posts and live there. catch fish. there is also a king. In Marma society. The staple food of the Marmas is rice and boiled vegetables. Festival Marmas are the followers of Marma attire Buddhism. weave fabrics and make pipes. Dress The dress of Marma male and female are 'thami' and 'angi' respectively. The Marmas cultivate 'Jhum'. There is another festival they have which is called 'water 14 . 'Labrey' means full moon. However. nowadays they have started to take modern medical treatment. In each month. they earn.

including fishing. meat. 'Nalita' or jute leaves is their special dish. However. Rajshahi. The Saontal men used to wear dhuti but now they wear lungi. Along with this. The Saontal male and females can work very hard. Saontals start each month of the year with festival full of dance and music. Chapainawabganj and Nator district. Saontal women love to adorn their chignons (khopa) with flowers. nowadays they are getting educated and interested to do all types of work. more Saontal than 20 lakh Saontals live. Although they have their own language. Besides. Naogaon. they do not have their own alphabet. working in tea gardens. dhuti and other dresses if necessary. The staple food of Saontals is fish. Festival Saontals are festival lover . They celebrate five special festivals 15 . The upper part 'Panchi' and the lower part is 'Parhat'. Such as . Nowadays agriculture is their main occupation.Ethnic Groups of Bangladesh festival'. they do a range of work. the Saontals live in some other districts including Rangpur and Bogra. They also celebrate the second day of the Bengali New year called 'Shangrain'. cottage industry. In Bangladesh. vegetables etc. Saontal Life-style Saontals live in several districts of Bangladesh.Dinajpur. shirt. Dress Saontals women are used to wear a two part cloth.

Bishnupriya Monipuri 2. since meat is socially prohibited. After entering Bangladesh. The houses of the Monipuris are made of celebrated during the harvest of the main crop. initially they started to live in Kosba of Brahmanbaria. Habiganj district. They cultivate different types of crops and vegetables. Moi Toi Monipuri The name of the languages of these two groups is by the name of their groups. However. The culture of the Monipuris is much enriched. they do not eat it. nowadays they live in Sylhet. Magh The festival of collecting hay from the forest 'Magh sim' Falgun The festival of the spring in eclipse Ashar 'Er kongsim' . Their original abode is in the Monipur state of Asam in India. Durgapur of Mymensing and Tejgaon of Dhaka.Bangladesh and Global Studies which are Month Festival Poush Sohrai Festival .giving offering for crops by the bongas Monipur i Life-style Monipuri is one of the ethnic groups of Bangladesh. most of the Monipuris live in Komolganj of Moulovibazar. There is a Monipuri Muslim group named 'Moi Toi Pangn'. They also have brick built or tin shed 16 . However. Nowadays they are entering in all the occupations. 1. They have weaving industry at their homes. The staple food of Munipurs is rice. fish. vegetables. Agriculture is the occupation of most of the Monipuris. dried fish. Among these districts. They are the followers of old religion. Dance is one of the parts of their culture. Moulovibazar.bringing one hen from each family as an offering to the god Vadro 'Hariar sim' . They like eating a kind of salad called 'sincheda' made of leaves of vegetables. The Monipuris are divided into two groups.

Rashpurnima etc. 'ahing' (blouse) and scarf. Dress Earlier the Monipuris used to make their own clothes. 17 . They rejoice through dance. They keep their houses neat and clean. Festival The merriments of Monipuris go on round the year through festivities.' 3. Holi festival.Ethnic Groups of Bangladesh The Monipuri dance houses. The dance of the Monipuri is famous. Women wear 'lahing' (a dress like ghagra). Let's read again 1. Men wear dhuti and punjabi. Chaitra Sangkranti. musical instruments. Bangladesh abodes more than 45 ethnic groups. music. Chakmas living in rural areas mostly cultivate 'Jhum. 2. They celebrate Rathajatra. The name of New Year festival of the Marma is called 'Shangrain'. Doljatra. 4.

40 b.1 What is the number of ethnic groups in Bangladesh? a. Islam d. Garo 1. Hinduism c.Bangladesh and Global Studies Planned activity The teacher will tell the learners to fill in the following chart. Chakma b. more than 45 1. Ethnic groups Dress Food Festival Chakma Marma Saontal Monipuri Exercise 1. Put a tick mark ( ) beside the correct answer. 45 d. drama d. 44 c. Buddhism b. Marma d. worship c. Saontal d.3 What is the name of the religion of the Marmas? a.4 What is one of the parts of Monipuri culture? a.2 Which one is the largest ethnic group in Bangladesh? a. dance 1. 1.4 Which Ethnic Group's festival is 'Hariar sim' ? a. Saontal c. Garo 18 . music b. Christianity 1. Monipuri b. Chakma c.

a.Ethnic Groups of Bangladesh 2. Generally the Saontals in a year d. Match the words on the right with those on the left. a. d. e. 3. How is the life-style of the Saontals ? d. Shangrain is a festival of ______________. The favourite food of the Marmas celebrate 5 festivals is Naspi are divided into 12 groups Pinon Hadi are divided into 2 groups 4. What is Jhum cultivation ? b. e. The dress of Chakma women c. What are the major festivals of Chakmas and Marmas ? c. c. The Saontals are divided into ______________ groups. the percentage of the ethnic groups of the total population is ____________ . In Bangladesh. Answer to the following question briefly. What are the major occupations of various ethnic groups in Bangladesh ? 19 . a. Most of the Monipuris of Bangladesh live in____________ district. Describe the culture of the Monipuris. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. The Monipuris b. b. The villages of the Chakma are called _____________ .

Let us learn about some of our major social rights in the following table. They remain loyal to the state and enjoy various privileges provided by the state. These are absolutely necessary for the citizens for sound. generally we enjoy three types of rights from the state which are: 1. Economic rights Social r ights The rights which are essential for a healthy and better living are known as social rights. For an example . All over the world. Social rights 2. We were born in Bangladesh. . smooth and better living. The r ights of citizens All the citizens of the world enjoy some privileges from their respective countries. We enjoy various privileges from the state and perform our responsibilities for the state.privilege of treatment. A citizen of a state lives there permanently. being a citizens of Bangladesh we have some rights as well.Chapter Four The Rights of Citizens Citizens Generally the members of a state are called citizens. Similarly. The responsibility of the state is to meet these rights for the citizens. Our r ights as a citizen of Bangladesh As a citizen of Bangladesh. citizens of their own countries enjoy some rights. Getting these privileges from the state are called the rights of a citizen. Political rights 3. Now we will learn about the rights of citizens. privilege of education etc. That's why we are the citizens of Bangladesh. They also carry out some responsibilities for the state.

The right to education The right to property The right to movement Every citizen of a state has the right to acquire and enjoy property. Every citizen of a state has the right to express his opinion freely. So the state tries to arrange education for its citizens. To survive citizens deserve these rights from the state. we need food. To stay alive. Every citizen has the right to move freely inside his own country. we can support ourselves through working independently. healthcare as well as safety. 21 . school and society. without any difficulty we can easily move from one place to another. Access to education is the major right of a citizen.The Rights of Citizens Social r ights The right to live The right to live is one of the most important of all rights. clothing. So we will exprees our own opinion in the family. As a result. For this reason. The right to freedom of expresson The right to work Every citizen has the right to work. shelter.

The right to live The right to government employment All the citizens have the right to live anywhere in the state. rich. In terms of race. All the citizens have the right to obtain employment according to there merit. physical capacity. everyone deserves equal treatment in everything. practicing their culture and observing their festivals are also included in this right. There should not be any discrimination among the citizens. In the same way. all Bangladeshi citizens can perform their religious rituals freely. religion. high. complexion.Bangladesh and Global Studies The right to practice religion The right to language and culture The right to be treated equally the eye of law Every citizen has the right to practice his religion. poor. Speaking in mother tongue is a fundamental right of a citizen. low. Political r ight The right to participate in the election Every citizen has the right to vote and participate in the election. Political r ight The right to participate in running the state and government is called political right. 22 . For that reason. Every citizen is equal according to the law. profession.

How ever special care has to be taken so that this right does not harm anybody.The Rights of Citizens The right to receive security in abroad The right to protect individual freedom While staying abroad if any citizen faces any problem or is in danger. The right to receive fair wage The right to enjoy leaves Every citizen has the right to receive leaves irrespective of their work place. All the citizens have the right to receive fair wage for their labour. Every citizen has the right to practice anything they want. he has every right to receive security from his own state. The right to earn a living lawfully is called economic right. Economic r ight The right to earn Every citizen of the state has the right to earn through a business or an employment. Let us study some of the economic rights in the following chart. Economic r ight As a citizen we have some economic rights as well. Economic rights are needed to earn a living properly. 23 .

We need to keep in mind that these rights are for all the citizens. We need to study. generally the citizens enjoy three types of rights from the state which are: social. religion. Economic rights give us the opportunity to earn. For an example . We need to do necessary work. Let us respect the r ights of all All sorts of rights are equally important to all of us. gender etc. 4. It improves our life and makes it a better one. 2. We should not do any thing that may violate other's right. As a citizen of a state. Therefore we can fulfil the needs for our living. We also respect of other's right too. society and state can get the benefits of these rights. Political rights give us the opportunity to participate in governing the state. school. Let's read again 1. If necessary we have to help them.Everyone has equal right irrespective of his race. Privileges received from the state by the citizens are called the rights of citizens. We need to develop ourselves well. We will aware to establish our right. 5. We need to help the government so that these programs can be implemented successfully. Generally the members of a state are called citizens. 24 . It develops a relationship of warmth and harmony among the people of various religions and groups. It gives us an opportunity to speak in our own language and to practice our own religion. So we need to be well aware in claiming these rights. Sometimes the government take various programs to ensure the right of all. 3.Bangladesh and Global Studies Impor tance of the r ights of citizens The rights of citizens help us to lead an enhanced and quality life. As a result we get the opportunity to develop ourselves as good citizens. political and economic rights help us to receive education and to lead a sound life. complexion. We need to ensure that every one of our family.

2. d. to get holiday leave a. Social rights help us to lead an enhanced and ______________ life. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. Perform miming on the basis of rights.The Rights of Citizens Planned activities 1. child a. Put a tick mark ( ) beside the correct answer. Speaking in our own mother tongue is a __________________ social right. boatman b. c.1 Generally who are considered as citizens? a. e.2 Which one of the following is a social right? 1.3 What type of right is 'the right to participate in election'? 2. 3. 25 . deliver a group presentation in the class. 1. to earn d. The citizen abide by __________________ of the state. to get elected b. a. member of the state d. washerman c. Exercise 1. Preparing a chart on the rights of citizens. b. male member b. ______________ and economic rights to the state. to live c. domestic worker 1. We have social. The right to __________________in governing the state is called political right. To prepare a list of the rights of citizens. labourer d. woman c.

What is the benefit of economic right? e. a. Why are the social rights of citizens important? d. The right to receive fair wage social right economic right political right citizens foreigners 4. Live permanently in the state b. The right to vote d. Who are the citizens? b. What are responsibilities in ensuring others' rights? 26 . Match the words on the right with those on the left.Bangladesh and Global Studies 3. a. The right to practice religion c. What is the right of citizens? c. Answer to the following questions briefly.

We have plenty of social resources such as . parks. Schools Education is one's social right. Man has built schools for education. A school . mosques. We live at home. we have playgrounds.Chapter five Social and State Resources We use a lot of things for leading our life. We cultivate lands to produce crops. A lot of children like us study in these schools. Whatever meets our necessity is called resource. State resources Now we will learn about these two types of resources. libraries.schools. hospitals. places of worship. Social resources Human beings develop a number of resources to meet various needs of their social life. We travel by vehicles. roads. Resources are mainly of two types. We have plenty of schools in villages and in towns. These are social resources too. It is must for all of us. We walk along the roads. clubs etc. we study. In school. For our entertainment. We manufacture a variety of products in factories. bamboo pathways (shako) / culverts. They are 1. Social resources 2.

Nurses take care of the patents. Religious institutions There are religious A hospital institutions for different religions of people in the society. Muslims pray at mosques. People of other religions practice their rituals at their respective places of worship. Hindus worship in temples. Here doctors treat the patients. people have established hospitals.Bangladesh and Global Studies Hospitals We need to treat ourselves when we have diseases. Mosque Temple Pagoda 28 Church . For this reason. Buddhists pray at pagodas while Christians pray in churches.

People move along with these bridges and bamboo pathways. Bridges Bamboo pathway 29 . half-paved and earthen roads .Social and State Resources Roads Roads are needed to move from one place to another. A road Br idges and bamboo pathways There are bridges and bamboo pathways (shako) / culverts over various rivers. People use these roads to move from one place to another. canals etc. There are paved .

hockey. These social resources are used in many ways. We will always take good care of these resources. Children park 30 . kanamachi. There are parks for children too which are called Children parks. In some parks. And some zigzag roads as well. there are ponds or lakes. Par k Playground There are a variety types of trees as well as flower gardens in parks. dariabandha etc on these playgrounds. bouchi. gollachut . People of different ages play football. We will not do anything that may damage these resources. People visit these parks to have pleasure. ha do do.Bangladesh and Global Studies Playgrounds There are playgrounds in villages and in towns. cricket.

roads and highways. Forest is essential for every country. rail stations. washing clothes. The land of the state. The trees and the animals and birds of forests meet a lot of our needs. taking shower. The state is the owner of these resources. boat etc on the waterways. We get water from oceans. In towns water is supplied to the houses.Social and State Resources State resources There are some resources which are directly supervised by the government. everywhere through a mechanical system. railroad. electricity. People journey by steamer. water of the rivers. Water is a very important state resource. courthouses. launch. All the citizens of the state have the right to enjoy these resources. A range of animals and birds live there too. Forest Many types of plants are grown in forests. rivers and big marsh lands. These resources are called state resources. offices. 31 Forest . government offices. natural gas. Everybody uses water in drinking. A river trade and commerce etc. Water Water is extremely essential for every one. Now we will learn about the major resources of the state. farming etc. large bridges etc are our state resources. forest. They also transport various goods in the same way. industrial factories. cooking. ocean. Besides it is used in many ways including industrial factories. shops.

radio. computer etc. Electricity is used to run the machines in industrial factories too. It gives us light at home. in offices.Bangladesh and Global Studies Natur al gas We use natural gas for cooking. television. Electr icity Electricity is used for many purposes. we run fan. in industrial factories. Electricity is used in other purposes as well. Power station 32 . It is also used in the production of electricity. It is used in industrial factories and vehicles. With the aid Gas stove of electricity. It is also used for the irrigation of farmlands.

We journey to distant places by a variety of vehicles on these roads and highways. We also transport goods on these roads and highways. Numerous people travel by trains. Goods can easily be transported by trains. Railroad 33 . we have long railways as well. Railways Road Like roads and highways.Social and State Resources Road There are hundreds of kilometres of roads and highways in our country.

Bangabandhu Bridge. Lalon Shah Bridge. railroads. There are long bridges over plenty of rivers. 34 . We will also participate in the development of these resources. we will take good care of our state resources as well.Bangladesh and Global Studies Gover nment offices There are government offices to carry out various activities of the state. We will maintain these resources. China Friendship Bridge. Such Bangabandhu Bridge as . We will use water. electricity according to our necessity. These bridges facilitate people to have better communication across the country. A Government Office Lar ge br idges In our country. gas. Like social resources. Everyday countless people visit these offices for a number of reasons. We will never do anything that may damage the state resources like roads and highways. We will never waste anything. bridges etc. offices. we have big rivers.

object b. 1. collective d. 2. Put a tick mark ( ) beside the correct answer.3 Which one is a state resource? a. They are .1 Whatever meets our necessity is called? a. school b. Planned activities 1.2 Which one is a social resource? a. state 35 . bridge c. 2. personal b.(a) Social resources (b) State resources. thing d. We will prepare a list of social resources around us. social c. 2. 3. 3. We will take good care of our social and state resources. 4. school b. property 1. Exercise 1. forest d. Whatever meets our necessity is called resource. electricity d. We will not do anything that may damage our resources. water c. resource c.Social and State Resources Let's read again 1. There are two types of resources. river 1.4 What type of resource is a railroad? a. bamboo pathway 1. 1. Write in the following table the name of some the state resources that you have seen.

Bangladesh and Global Studies 2. Schools. People have established ________________ for their treatment if they have any disease. a. What are our duties toward various types of resources? 36 . Answer to the following question briefly. There are _____________ parks. libraries. places of worship are _______________ resources. d. For which purposes do we use electricity? f. Water d. How does hospital help us? e. Write the name of five state resources. Match the words on the right with those on the left. a. c. c. 3. b. For transportation people c. How many types of resources are there? What are they? b. For learning b. Write the name of five social state resources. d. Resources use roads and highways social resource we will take care of people have established schools is a state resource 4. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. Forest is a _______________ resource. clubs for our entertainment. a.

They help the court by explaining law. A Lawyer in Courthouse . They have to face the legal (judicial) system where a judge evaluates their action. Some are involved with crime. In the previous class. there are lawyers for both the sides. People of every occupation have to render labour. we learnt about few occupations. A Judge in Courthouse Lawyer : Lawyers play a very important role during trials. In a court of law. Now we will learn more about people of other occupations. J udge: Every citizen has to abide by the law. Yet sometimes some people violate law.Chapter Six Dignity of Var ious Occupations There are people of many occupations in the society to meet various needs.

Their major responsibility is to bring the criminal to the court. We buy essential things from them. The Police Force Engineer : Engineers build new machinery. Big businessmen import goods from abroad and export the local goods to foreign countries. An Engineer Businessman: Businessmen trade a range of goods.Bangladesh and Global Studies Police: Police protect the law and order of the country. They also repair and maintain these devices. Besides. bridges. huge buildings etc. they play significant role in ensuring the orderly movement of the vehicles in the city. A businessman in his organization 38 . They also help the people to move safely on the road. The expertise of engineers is needed to build roads.

rail station. People go there to gather in formation and for some other reasons. An official in his office Labourer : Labourers work in industries and business organizations. quayside of a river. They also work at bus terminal. seaport and airport. A garment worker House attendant: House attendants provide service at the houses of villages and towns. They render their services according to the need of the house. A house attendant 39 .Dignity of Various Occupations J obholder : Jobholders work in Government and private offices.

roads etc neat and clean.Bangladesh and Global Studies Washer man / laundr yman: Washerman/ laundryman wash and clean clothes. courts. offices. canals and fens in different parts of Bangladesh. Boatmen operate these boats. A laundryman Boatman: There are plenty of rivers. Plenty of boats are used for the transportation of human as well as goods. A cleaner 40 . colleges. A boatman Cleaner s: Cleaners keep the schools. hospitals.

We will respect labour. judge b. To participate individually and in group in cleaning the classrooms and premise and in gardening Exercise 1. 2. 5. In the society. people depend on each other for many reasons. People of many occupations are needed in the society for doing different work. Let's read again 1. Therefore all types of occupations or work deserve equal dignity. Every occupation has importance in the society.1 Who conducts trial in the court? a. 3. Put a tick mark beside the correct answer. To make a list of occupations of people in school 3. We will be dignified by doing our own work. People depend on each other for various needs. police d. We should respect labour. engineer 41 . 6. We will look at every work equally. We will try to do our own work ourselves. We will get pleasure by doing our own work ourselves. That's how we will be dignified. That's why every occupation has importance in the society. 4. We will behave well with people of all occupations. People of different occupations meet each other's needs. lawyer c. Planned activities 1. No man can do all his work alone. So we will not undermine any occupation no matter how insignificant it is. To make a list of all types of professionals around our house 2. 1.Dignity of Various Occupations No man can do all his work alone.

washerman b. money b. 3. What are functions of police? b.Bangladesh and Global Studies 1. police's d. What do the engineers do? c.4 What will we get by doing our own work ourselves? a. boatman d. industrial factories and business organizations? a. labourer c. sorrow c. Where do the labourers work? d.3 Who work in farmlands. lawyer's b. We will _______________ labour. c. domestic worker 1. d. businessman's 1. a. No man can __________________ all his work alone. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. Businessmen trade various types of __________________ . a. There are _____________ for both plaintiff and defendant of a trial. Why should we respect all types of professionals? 42 . engineer's c. sufferings d. Answer to the following questions briefly.2 Whose responsibility is to bring the criminal for facing the trial? a. Why do all the professions deserve dignity? e. b. pleasure 2.

We will respect the opinions of all. Some said that they wanted to go to the zoo. Disagreement surfaced among them. they could not go to the study tour. We will patiently listen to the opinion of others and respect it. Thus allowing others to express their opinions and showing respect to their opinions is called tolerance of others opinion. We will not impose our own opinion on others. All of them created chaos for going to their preferred place. As a result. After the final exam all the students of a class insisted the teacher on going to a study tour. Toler ance of other s opinion In the above picture. Some said Shishu Park. . Necessity of toler ance of other s opinion Let's read the following event. It means we will be tolerant to the opinions of others. Let us read what they are saying and try to understand. We will take the opinion of the majority. Tolerance of others opinion is a major social quality. We will allow others to express their opinions.Chapter Seven Toler ance of Other s Opinion We will express our opinions. we can see that some children are talking to each other. The teacher asked the learners to express their opinion about the place they wanted to visit. Nobody listened to the opinion of others properly. Rather we will accept the better opinion. Others also wanted to go to other places.

We all have to be tolerant to the opinion of others. In the chapter. If we do not show enough importance to the opinion of others. We can think about something in one angle while others can think differently on the same issue. It helps people to live with intimacy. It may also create problem to have a healthy relation with others. 'Our Rights. we need to take various types of decision. As a result. It may also cause difficulty in taking the right decision. there might be plenty of problems. We have to express our opinion or explain things with modesty. Did they listen to the opinion of others and respect it? 3. These are the obstacles to form a healthy society. While working. instead of listening to them we also talk or make noise. It brings peace and harmony to the members of the society. So we need to allow others to express their opinion. Everyday we do a variety of activities at home. A better opinion can come out if everybody's opinion is taken into consideration. 44 . Their might be disagreement or quarrel with our classmates. Sometimes we may not like somebody's opinion or his opinion may not be right yet we should not say anything that might hurt him. in school and at work place. What sort of problems can occur if there is no tolerance of others opinion? Tolerance of others opinion is a good quality. Why did the learners fail to go to the study tour? 2. Besides we have to thank him for his opinion. Allowing other s to express their opinion Sometimes when others talk or express their opinion. siblings and others.' we have learnt that everybody has his right to express his opinion independently. Everybody's opinion is important. We should not do things like this because this may hurt them. friends. How should have they expressed their opinion? 4. In this case we should explain it properly to him. We have to listen to their opinion with patience and respect it.Bangladesh and Global Studies Now let's think about the following questions 1. This quality gives a person an opportunity to express his opinion about any issue. we may find it difficult to work properly.

Tolerance of others Opinion

Expr ession of our opinion at home and in school
At home we need to do a variety of activities. Sometimes we need to take decisions on some issues. Such as - what should be done in someone's birthday or in a program, how to study, what to cook, which clothes to be bought and so on. In these cases we will express A child is saying something in the class and others are listening to her attentively our opinion as much as possible. At the same time we will also listen to the opinion of others in the family. Respecting all the opinions, we will accept the opinion that is good for all. Similarly in various activities of school (arrangement of various programs, development activities of school etc), we have to listen to the opinion of others and express our own opinion as well. Even on playgrounds and with the friends in the neighbourhood, we have to show the same degree of tolerance to their opinion. We will show importance to the opinion of all.

Let us take the opinion of the major ity
When we express our opinion on a particular matter, a number of opinions are formed. But all the opinions cannot be taken together. Among all these opinions, we have to take the opinion which is given by the majority and good for all. Sometimes our own opinion may not be A child is writing the ways to be tolerant of others opinion

Bangladesh and Global Studies

taken but for that we should not be sad. In fact respecting the opinion of the majority, we have to work with an open mind. We have learnt about the tolerance of others opinion. We will implement this quality at home, in school, on playground and wherever it is necessary. In this way we can build a healthy and a peaceful society. Let's do the following activity. I will write in my diary about how I can be tolerant to the opinion of others.

Let's read again
1. Allowing others to express their opinions and showing respect to their opinions is called tolerance of others opinion. 2. We will express our own opinion. We will also allow others to express their opinions. We will respect everybody's opinion. 3. It is a social quality which brings peace and harmony in the society.

Planned activities
1. The learners will practice tolerance of others opinion on various issues in the classroom. 2. Writing the ways of showing tolerance to the opinion of others on a poster paper, the learners will present it in the classroom.

1. Put a tick mark ( ) beside the correct answer. 1.1 What is the main theme of tolerance of others opinion? a. tolerance to everybody's opinion b. expressing only my opinion c. do according to my own opinion d. imposing my opinion on others 1.2 What should we do when others express their opinion? a. to speak b. to make a noise c. to listen to the speaker patiently d. to do according to my own opinion

Tolerance of others Opinion

1.3 Whose opinion should we accept? a. opinion of my own b. opinion of the person whom I like c. opinion of one or two people d. opinion of the majority 1.4 Which of the following is the result of tolerance of others opinion? a. spoils peace b. creates disagreement c. quarrel d. helps to live with intimacy 2. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. a. Showing ___________ to others opinions is called tolerance of others opinion. b. Everybody should be given the opportunity to express his ___________ independently. c. Tolerance of other opinon is a _____________ virtue. d. The opinion given by the majority should be _____________ . e. We have to listen to and ______________ of the opinion of others. 3. Match the words on the right with those on the left. a. Listen to patiently b. Social value is c. Which is good for all d. The obstacle of forming a healthy society is lack of tolerance of others opinion others opinion disagreement we will accept the opinion tolerance of others opinion

4. Answer the following questions briefly. a. What is tolerance of others opinion ? b. What are the benefits of being tolerant to the opinion of others ? c. What problems may arise if there is no tolerance among us ? d. What should we to be tolerant to the opinion of others ? e. How can we express our own opinions at home and in school ?


we all need to possess these qualities. cooperation and socialization are the foundations of society. For an example . peace. society runs well. These are good qualities of human beings. Apart from social qualities. helping others who are in trouble etc.respecting elders.Chapter Eight Mor al and Social Qualities We live in a society. human beings have some moral qualities. discipline. Social and moral qualities are very important for building an ideal society. sense of justice. harmony and sense of cooperation in the society and help us all to live together with intimacy. politeness. These moral values facilitate human beings to become an ideal person. Politeness helps us to behave nicely with people. Sense of justice stops us from doing evil deeds and encourages us to do good deeds. These moral qualities help us to become good humans. Honesty. Likewise. sense of duties and responsibilities. Society consists of our parents. As a result. Unity. We learn how to behave well. neighbours. These good behaviours of the members of the society are called social qualities. friends. We will follow these in our family. Practising these bring welfare to the society. school and society of our everyday life. devotion.honesty helps us to lead our life honestly. classmates and others. cooperation etc are some examples of moral qualities. loving young ones. . siblings. The members of the society must possess different moral and social qualities to lead their lives properly. discipline enables us to conduct our life properly. getting along well with neighbours. teachers. These qualities create unity. For example . As a human being. The impor tance of mor al and social qualities There are some rules and regulations in the society regarding how we should get along with others and how we should behave with them.

She respects the guard. She helps her grandfather to take medicine. Not only that. She also helps them whenever they are in trouble. She helps her classmates in their studies. She helps her family members in doing various work. She never behaves rudely with anybody in her school. younger sister. she teaches them whenever she gets time. She does not do anything or say anything that may offend Ripa is giving salam to her teacher 49 . She always speaks the truth and tries to do good deeds. Then read how Ripa practices the moral and social qualities in her life and write it down in our copies. She behaves well with her classmates and gets along quite well with them. She carries out other responsibilities of the family as well. plays and does other work timely. aya and other people of her school. She obeys their advice. She honours and respects her teachers.Moral and Social Qualities The pr actice of mor al and social qualities Have a look at the following story. She behaves very well with the house attendants. She never takes anything from anybody without their permission. grandfather and many more. She not only respects the elders but also loves her younger sister. Ripa is a very good girl. Ripa is helping her grandfather to take medicine Ripa goes to school in time. She studies. She gets along well with everybody. The stor y of Ripa Ripa's family consists of her parents.

Such as: when somebody is sleeping. She plays with the friends of her age. Ripa and her family have a good relationship with the neighbours. We should try to do good deeds. If she makes any mistake. If any good food is cooked at their house. These are simply evil actions. Ripa's family invites the neighbours if they have any program in their house. 50 . In that way. they send it to the neighbour's house. If somebody does anything good.Bangladesh and Global Studies anybody. If any of her Ripa is going to neighbour's house with food neighbours faces any problem. As a result the harmony of the society is ruined. she appreciates him right away. From Ripa's story. They neither say anything which may offend others nor do anything that may cause inconvenience for others. Sometimes we do not do work timely. Therefore we have to attain these qualities and practise them the way Ripa does. Sometimes we take things from somebody without their permission. we all can lead a peaceful life. She respects the elders of her neighbourhood. we make a loud noise or run radio or television at a very high volume. Do harm to others just for fun. Laugh at our classmates without any reason. she apologises for it. We scold others. Sometimes we misbehave with the house attendants. They also follow the rules and regulations of the neighbourhood. Sometimes this causes problem and does harm to a lot of people. She does not offend her neighbours. That is why we should not do these things. Let's do good deeds and abstain from evil ones Sometimes we do things intentionally or unintentionally which cause inconvenience for others. she along with her parents helps them out. we have learnt a lot about different social and moral qualities. These are good deeds.

Let's read again 1.1 What is a good conduct of the members of the society called? a. we will identify good and bad deeds. Put a tick mark ( ) beside the correct answer. Everyday we will perform some good deeds and say 'no' to a bad one.Moral and Social Qualities We have learnt about the good and evil deed. 2. we have to know the difference between good and bad deeds. sense of justice d. To act out an event or a story based on social and moral qualities. sense of responsibility b. social quality c. Everyday we will have to do good deeds and abstain from bad ones. we have to attain a range of moral and social qualities. Planned activities 1. Besides. Now let's identify which deeds we should do and which we should not. 2. As a member of the society. discipline 51 . To present a list of social qualities on the basis of the topic of the chapter and our own experience and present it in the class in group. 1. Misbehaving with house attendants Helping a classmate with a pencil if she forgets to bring it Helping all the members of the family as mush as possible Offending others Not helping a blind man while he crosses a road Doing our own work ourselves That's the way. We will put a tick beside the deed that we should do and a cross that we should not do. Exercise 1.

a. a. we all should have _________________ qualities. social quality d. Refrains from evil deeds c. The good ____________ of the members of the society are called social qualities. evil deed c.4 What is the usefulness of social qualities? a. prepare a list of social and moral qualities. 3. Taking somebody's things without their permission is a ___________ evil deed.Bangladesh and Global Studies 1. Social qualities retain peace and _________________ in the society. d. encourages to do bad work 2. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. truthfulness 1. Why is it important for us to attain social qualities ? c. good deed b. b. helping others who are in trouble b. ruins harmony c. What is the importance of moral qualities ? d. Getting along well with b.3 Making a noise while somebody is sleeping is aa. According to Ripa's story. What are social qualities ? Give examples of two social qualities. inviting others in a program d. a. Members of the society d. teaches us to be selfish d. moral quality 1. b.2 Which one is a moral quality? a. c. Answer to the following question briefly. brings peace in the society b. getting along well c. Why should we not do evil deeds ? 52 . e. Match the words on the right with those on the left. Builds to be a good human moral qualities politeness sense of justice social qualities we all are 4. As human beings.

bridges. Hatbazar 12. necessary facilities should be available in our own localities. Arrangement of electricity 9. village. ward and union whereas in the urban areas it means hamlet (para). Tube well for safe drinking water 3. Own localities need to be developed for better living. A developed rural area . our own locality means hamlet (para). Our dwelling places and the places around it make a locality. Drainage and canal to get rid of water stagnation 6. A developed rural area needs to have the following facilities 1. Therefore. moholla and ward. Arrangement of water irrigation in croplands 8. Playground etc. In rural areas. Sanitary toilet in every house 4. The area where a person lives is called his own locality. Roads.Chapter Nine Development Activities in the Locality Some of us live in villages while others live in cities. Few particular places for throwing waste 5. Educational institute 10. Some ponds 7. bamboo pathways (shako) / culverts for transportation 2. Religious institute 11.

Arrangement of electricity 6. Bank +RVSLWDO A developed urban area There are many localities where all the facilities are not available. Street lights 8.Bangladesh and Global Studies For better living. Playground etc. This also increases mosquitoes. Drains for the removal of waste 3. Bazar 11. Such as 1. Wide roads for movement 2. Lack of dustbin and drain makes people's lives unhealthy. Environment gets polluted if there is no sanitary toilet. Dustbin for throwing waste 4. Religious institute 10. 54 . Arrangement of supply for safe drinking water 5. Educational institute 9. Due to the absence of safe drinking water. Suppose there are localities where there are not enough roads. Lack of canals. people are affected with diseases. This spreads germs. Lack of playgrounds. bridges and bamboo pathways (shako) / culverts which make the transportation difficult for the people. water gets stagnated here and there which affects the production of crops. Park 12. urban areas need to have various facilities. Arrangement of gas 7. parks deprives people from entertainment.

3. Apart from these. we will tell the people of the localities. We will communicate with the Chairman of Union Parishad or Ward Commissioner. For the development of the localities. 55 . bridges. 6. facilities need to be set up. Everybody is participating in the construction of a road If roads. 2.Development Activities in the Locality Now we will write the facilities we have in our locality in the following chart. bamboo pathways (shako) / culverts are there. 4. Therefore these should be repaired and maintained properly. bamboo pathways (shako) / culverts etc are being made in our localities. we will participate in other activities related to the development of our locality. 5. bridges. To set up these facilities. we will participate in that. There are some localities where broken roads. Other facilities get damaged day by day. 1.

Everybody is participating in repairing a bridge We will use the available resources of our localities with utmost care. We will plant flower plants in flower pots. 4. We will also emphasize on the maintenance of everything. 2. these need to be repaired and maintained properly. 1. We will also participate in cleaning the localities. 56 . 3. To sustain the development of our localities. 5.Bangladesh and Global Studies Now we will prepare a list of the facilities in the following chart which are being damaged in our locality. In this way. We will build up awareness among the people of our localities on this issue. We will make gardens on the premises of our houses and schools. We will plant trees to keep the localities beautiful. We will also participate in repairing the facilities which are being damaged. we will make our localities into developed ones. 6.

canal c. There are many localities where some of the facilities are not available. For better living. 5. tube well 57 . crisis of drinking water 1. 6. Planned activity 1. 7. crisis of fish b. bamboo pathways (shako) etc may damage in our localities. 1. 3. Exercise 1. we need to have necessary facilities in our own locality. We will build up awareness among the people to participate the development work of own locality. tree b. hamper irrigation d. water stagnation is created d. Write how you will participate in these development activities. bridges. Put a tick mark ( ) beside the correct answer. We all can set up these facilities together. Prepare a list of development activities of your locality. pond b. communication problem occurs c.2. 4.1.Development Activities in the Locality Let's read again 1. We will plant trees and make flower garden to make beautiful our locality.3. What happens if there are no canals in the locality? a. diseases are spread out b. 2. problems occur in bathing c. Some roads. We will take part to repair these. canal d.4. river d. What happens if there is no safe water in the locality? a. drain 1. The locality where a person lives is called his own locality. river c. problems occur in washing cloths 1. We will make our localities in to develop ours all together. What is needed for safe water in the village areas? a. Which one is mostly needed for developed environment in towns? a.

our own locality needs to be _________________. Match the words from left side with those of right side we will use with great care a. What is our own locality meant in urban area ? c. For better living. d. e. b. d. c. What can we do to set up the facilities in our own locality ? g. We will _________________ in all development activities in our own locality. In cleanliness of the locality mosquitoes increase 4. The place where a person lives we will participate b. Mention five facilities that a developed area of a village should have. a. 3. Answer to the following questions. Men are deprived of getting _________________ for lack of play grounds. What will we do to keep our own locality beautiful ? 58 .Bangladesh and Global Studies 2. Mention three problems that may arise if adequate facilities are not available in a locality. f. All resources of a locality should be we will make flower garden is called his own locality. We all will make our own locality a _________________ one. What is our own locality meant in rural area ? b. parks. Fill in the blank with appropriate word. d. a. If there is water stagnation c. Mention five facilities that a developed area of a town should have.

6. Since . Man-made Let's write down the major disasters of Bangladesh in the following chart. We have also discussed the reasons and impacts of environmental pollution in Bangladesh. Usually flood takes place from Ashar to Ashwin. 5. people are affected more during storm and flood. 3. Therefore disasters can be divided into categories. So now we will learn about these disasters and their causes. Now we will know about some of the disasters of Bangladesh. And if there are not enough trees. tidal wave. Flood A great overflow of water during the rainy season that causes harm to man. Generally flood. 1. In many countries including Bangladesh various disasters happen. Natur al 2. animals and buildings is called flood. Such as 1. Besides man created environmental pollution may also enhance the possibility of these disasters. Quite often numerous disasters occur as a result of environmental pollution. these sort of disasters take place for natural reasons. Flood is a major disaster of Bangladesh. For an example-cutting down trees causes pollution in the environment. cyclone.Chapter Ten Disaster and Disaster Management We have learnt that a number of reasons are responsible for environmental pollution on earth. There have been harmful effects all over the world due to environmental pollution. 2. 4.

roads. Flood affects the education of the children of many rural and urban areas of Bangladesh.Bangladesh and Global Studies 1987. As a lot of roads are under water. During the flood. the children move with their families to other places. animals. Books. 1988. 2004 and 2007 which caused a huge loss to the people of almost all the districts of the country. Then all the people had to go to higher places. Crops. plants. educational institutes everything was affected. they cannot study at all. fish. Some were even in the schools. Some were forced to take refuge in flood shelters. That's why flood is harmful for us. People excrete here and there. 1998. some were in the streets. khata of children are damaged when their homes are under water. A picture of flood During the flood. 2002. People had to suffer a lot as the buildings were flooded. 60 . These dreadful floods occurred in 1987. children cannot go to school. it takes almost a month or two to put things in order. plenty of schools remain closed as people take shelter there. Then people suffer from many diseases. it becomes quite difficult to find food or pure drinking water. As a result. After the flood. Besides. Bangladesh has experienced quite a few devastating floods. 2000.

houses and dams here and there. Flood cannot be controlled always. Water body stagnation is formed when the level of rain water goes up. Generally during the rainy season. pure drinking water. flood occurs due to geographical. Usually cyclones take place in the regions which are close to sea. usable things so that these do not soak in water. Dealing with flood In Bangladesh.Disaster and Disaster Management Causes of flood Geographical location of Bangladesh. Cyclone Cyclone is one of the major disasters in Bangladesh. friends and others about flood. To deal with this disaster. low pressure is formed over the sea. We should dig a bamboo or a stick in the nearby river or lake so that we can identify if the water level has increased or not. we will take pre and post flood preparation. The cyclone prone regions of Bangladesh are shown in the map. excessive rainfall and natural reasons cause floods. 61 . But we can take some preparation so that we can deal with it. we need to be brave as well as patient. teachers. At the same time. Along with parents and family members. man can also enhance the intensity of flood by cutting down trees or building roads. flood water cannot drain out easily. As a result of this. We shall always try to be in safety. we should take preparation so that we can move to a flood shelter or in a safe place. Such as We need to keep ourselves up to date regarding weather through radio. television and newspaper. We need to take care of our own books. we will preserve dried food. If the water level increases very quickly. natural and man made reasons. We have to talk to our parents. Prior to flood.

Thakurgaon Nilphamari Lalmonirhat Dinajpur Rangpur Kurigram India (Assam) 10 5 0 10 20 30 40 26 Symbols High cyclone prone area Low cyclone prone area Scarce cyclone prone area Gaibandha Joypurhat 25 I n d i a (Meghalaya) Sherpur Jamalpur Netrokona Mymensingh Maulvibazar Sunamganj Sylhet 25 Naogaon Nawabganj Rajshahi Natore Bogra India (Assam) Habiganj Sirajganj Pabna Kishoreganj Tangail Gazipur Manikganj Narsingdi Brahmanbaria 24 24 Kushtia Meherpur Chuadanga Jhinaidah Rajbari Magura Narail Faridpur Dhaka Narayanganj Munshiganj Cumilla Chandpur Lakshmipur India (Tripura) Khagrachari Feni India (Mizoram) 23 t Bengal) Jessore Shariatpur Madaripur Gopalganj Barisal Perojpur Jhalakathi 23 Khulna Satkhira Bagerhat Noakhali Bhola Chittagong I n d i a (Wes Rangamati Patuakhali Barguna Bandarban 22 22 BAY 21 O F BE NG L E Cox's Bazar Mya nma Chittagong Division : Chittagong. Satkhira and Bagerhat Barisal Division : Barisal. Lakshmipur. Cox's Bazar. one of the deadliest cyclones took place. roads. trees. Feni. 62 r 21 . Perojpur. Just a year before the independence of Bangladesh in 1970. Bhola.Bangladesh and Global Studies Wherever Cyclone occurs. Jhalakathi. Barguna and Patuakhali 89 90 91 92 everything.M. Afterwards two more devastating cyclones occurred in 1991 and 2007 respectively. Noakhali Khulna Division : Khulna. dwellings. it causes a lot of damage to our properties. Strong wind of cyclone blows away or destroys I n d i a (West Bengal) Panchagarh 26 89 90 The cyclone pr one r egions of Bangladesh 10 5 0 10 20 30 Miles K.

at times they are warned through signals. 63 . television and a number of newspapers. Besides those who go to sea for fishing are also warned by these signals.Disaster and Disaster Management Cyclones are caused naturally. Signals of various numbers are used to warn people. If the Cyclone is a deadly one. animals and roads. This is called tidal wave. This causes us a lot of loss. Dealing with Cyclone Those who live in cyclone prone regions. If strong wind blows in an area crowded with plenty of trees.local warning signal 1 to great danger signal 10. But nowadays as the trees are cut down. cyclone cannot damage Picture of Cyclone much to men and their dwelling as the trees block the wind to impact. it surges away the dwellings of men and thus causes a lot of casualty. And this tidal wave can be up to 45 feet high. whenever wind blows just a little stronger. the waves turn into massive ones and flood away the dwellings of men. For example . These signals are announced on radio.

Bangladesh and Global Studies In this way. At this time. human beings. Catching Fire Catching fire is one of the disasters caused by man. Gradually the number of this sort accidents caused by fire is increasing. We shall listen to our elders and stay in safe places. A little carelessness may result in fire which may cause a complete destruction to houses. inform others and prepare ourselves accordingly. Now we shall see what we can do to deal with cyclone We shall listen to signals regularly. However. garment factories of cities or in the crowded places. We shall work together with our parents. accidents happen in villages due to fire. There can be fire accidents at any moment.winter and spring. The accidents due to fire are happening frequently in slums. in Bangladesh fire accidents generally occur frequently during dry seasons like . Picture of catching fire 64 . other properties. everyone can be warned. We shall arrange our books and other useful things before moving to shelters or to any other safe places.

Such as If the stove is not fully turned off From the flame of discarded cigarette. If any portion of the body is burnt. biri. There can be fire accidents at any moment for our carelessness. We shall always be prepared to deal with disasters. instead of getting scared. The other disasters are not easy to deal with but we can easily prevent from catching fire by simply not doing those things which cause fire. Planned Activity 1. There are various adverse effects all over the world due to environmental pollution. newspaper 4. Let's Read Again 1. 4. We will never take any life risk to save any belongings. 3. 2. Acting out the strategies of disaster management to the children 65 . television. Describing the real life experiences of the students who have dealt with disasters 3. mosquito coils are left lighted in a room If there is malfunction in electricity line From the flammable materials (things which burn easily) of a factory If children play with fire or explode firework Dealing with Fire For these sorts of reasons fire can be ignited. we should try to save ourselves.Disaster and Disaster Management Causes of Fire A number of reasons may cause fire. we should put water for 10 minutes and go to the doctor as soon as possible. hookah Moving fire from one house to another in the village If the lamp. hurricane. And even if something is on fire. Preparing a list of major disasters of Bangladesh 2. Listening to the announcements on disaster prevention on radio. Flood and cyclones occur frequently in Bangladesh.

From Jaishtha to Vadro d. near pond c. Flood is a ________________ for our society. a. near large lake d. If fire is ignited we will go to a higher place instead of getting scared. Sometimes our carelessness c. we will try to save ourselves warning is announced low pressure is created brings disasters 66 . four 1. one b. b. Before the rainy season b. d. Match the words on the right with those on the left. Tidal wave can be up to ________________ feet. In Bangladesh. we will try to remain _______________ . four b. two c. near sea 1. From Ashwin to Poush 1.Bangladesh and Global Studies Exercise 1. one 2.4 How many times did deadly cyclones occur in Bangladesh so far? a. three d. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. usually the events of catching fire happens during _______________ . a. near river b.3 In which region of Bangladesh. From Baishakh to Ashwin c. Put a tick mark ( ) beside the correct answer. c. If flood comes d. two c. three d.2 When does flood occur in Bangladesh? a. cyclone takes place more often? a. 3. From Ashar to Ashwin b. 1. During the disaster.1 How many ways disasters can be classified? a.

Write the ways through which disasters can be dealt with ? e. Write the name of the major disasters of Bangladesh. a. How are people warned from cyclone ? d. How do we have fun with our friends in religious festivals ? 67 . How does flood affect our education ? c. b. Answer to the following question briefly.Disaster and Disaster Management 4.

Now we will know about the trend of population growth in Bangladesh as well as the difference between density of population and population growth rate in comparison to other countries. In the following chart. A densely populated place . it can be noted that the population of Bangladesh has been doubled in last 37 years. we learnt about the condition of population in Bangladesh along with male-female ratio. we can see the trend of population growth in Bangladesh from 1974 to 2011.Population of Bangladesh In class three. Year Total population 1974 1981 1991 2001 2011 7 crore 64 lakh 8 crore 99 lakh 11 crore 14 lakh 12 crore 93 lakh 14 crore 97 lakh Chapter Eleven According to the chart. We have also learnt how over population affects our family and environment.

The Density of population of our country is lot higher in comparison to the other countries of the world including our neighbouring countries. Reasons of r apid population growth in Bangladesh A number of reasons are responsible for rapid population growth in Bangladesh. We have already known that the area of Bangladesh is 1. Here every year population increases at a rate of 1. Currently 964 people are living in 1 square kilometre in the country. Therefore they spend most of their time in raising their children. In agriculture. Economic Reasons The economy of Bangladesh is agro based. The number of people living in 1 square kilometre in a country is called density of population. polygamy. For an example: lack of education. they tend to depend on their children especially male children as males earn money for the 69 . 70 (One lakh forty seven thousand five hundred 70) square kilometre. expectation of male child etc.Population of Bangladesh Density of Population The density of population in Bangladesh is too high. About half of our population is female yet most of them are not involved with money earning activities. When parents grow old.34. Among them the notable reasons are Social Reasons of rapid population growth in Bangladesh Religious Economic Others reasons Social Reasons A number of social and cultural reasons are responsible for rapid population growth in Bangladesh. child marriage. superstition. a lot of labourers are needed. 475.

Child working with his parents Child working in a dirty environment of a hotel in a city Child employed in breaking bricks with his parents Religious Reasons Due to religious reasons. For an example: high birth rate and low death rate due to natural and biological reasons.Bangladesh and Global Studies family. A lot of children of needy families join work with their parents in villages and towns. As a result. Other Reasons Other reasons are contributing in the same way the above reasons are doing in population growth. Therefore they do not think of the adverse effect of giving birth of many children. On the other hand. he will arrange the food for all of us. population increases in families and in the country. Frequent change in 70 . everybody expects male children which results in population growth. a lot of people believe that since God has created us. As a result. females cannot stay with their parents after their marriage.

Not only that. Due to excessive population. In this way. for population problem people cannot get employment. Such as: social. 11 crore 14 lakh d. That is why population growth rate needs to be reduced. All of us cannot get enough food. 2. 14 crore 97 lakh c.3 On what the economy of Bangladesh depended? a. 14 crore 12 lakh 1. Everybody cannot study.Population of Bangladesh planning and policy on population by the Government etc. 964 d. Prepare a graph or chart comparing the population growth of Bangladesh of different years. Planned Activities 1. 2. employment d.2 How many people in Bangladesh live in one square kilometre? a. The density of population of Bangladesh is lot higher in comparison to its area. 864 b. agriculture b. This leads to increase in crime in villages and in towns. economic. 1. 963 c. plenty of problems occur in Bangladesh. business 71 . we can establish a healthy society for all. 965 1. 12 crore 93 lakh b. Let's Read Again 1. All the people cannot go to doctors for treatment. The environment is being polluted. religious and other reasons. Exercise 1. 3. There are a number of reasons for population growth. For this everybody needs to come forward. Put a tick mark ( ) beside the correct answer.1 What was the population of Bangladesh in 2011? a. The population growth rate of Bangladesh is lot higher in comparison to the other countries of the world. Show pictures or video regarding the effects of population growth. industry c.

33% c. The population of Bangladesh kilometre d. 3. Most of the females very low of Bangladesh very high 4. Due to over population. Match the words on the right with those on the left. How is the population of Bangladesh in comparison to the population of other countries ? d. is increasing for many reasons a. 1. a. plenty of ______________ occur in Bangladesh. b. What can be done to reduce the population ? 72 . 1. 1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. The population of Bangladesh has been almost ______________ in 37 years.24% d. What are the reasons of population growth in Bangladesh ? b. What problems occur due to population growth ? c. The number of people living in 1 square kilometre in a country is called _______________.Bangladesh and Global Studies 1. c.32% b.4 What is the growth rate of population in Bangladesh? a.34% 2. The density of population activities in Bangladesh 1 lakh 47 thousands 570 square c. What is the definition of population density ? e. Answer to the following questions briefly. d. a. 1. The area of Bangladesh are not involved in money earning b. About half of the population of Bangladesh is ________________ .

It is located primarily in the northern hemisphere. Let's take a look at the location of Asia in world map. Bangladesh is positioned to the south of Asia. About 60% of the world's population live in this continent. Ar ctic Ocean The Wor ld Map Nor th Amer ica Nor th Atlantic Ocean Eur ope Asia Pacific Ocean Afr ica Pacific Ocean South Amer ica South Atlantic Ocean Indian Australia Ocean Antar ctica Asia in the world map Asia is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north. the Pacific Ocean to the east and Europe and Mediterranean Sea to the west. .Chapter Twelve Asia Location Asia is the world's largest continent. the Indian Ocean to the south. It covers almost one third of the Earth's total surface area. It is not only the largest continent by size but also population.

there is high temperature and heavy rainfall in Indonesia and Malaysia throughout the year.Bangladesh and Global Studies Major Countr ies of Asia There are 47 countries in Asia. United Arab Emirates. Indonesia. Thailand. Malaysia. Climate Asia is a huge continent. China. Iran. Iraq. That's why the climate is different in different regions of this continent. For an example . Kuwait etc. Japan. The map of Asia Scale 0 500 Km Russia Europe Jorgia Mongolia Black Sea Azerbaijan Armenia North Turkey Korea Turkmenistan Tajikistan China South Lebanon Syria Korea Israel Iraq Iran Afghanistan Jordan Nepal Bahrain Pakistan Bhutan Kuwait United Arab Emirates Bangladesh India Myanmar Oman Thailand Vietnam Philippines Yemen Arab Sea Bay of Bengal Africa Re dS ea North Japan Pacific Ocean Srilanka Maldives Brunei Malaysia Singapore Indonesia Indian Ocean The position of Bangladesh in world map Task: Prepare a list of ten more countries of Asia by looking at their position on the map or globe. Singapore. North Korea. Among them the major countries are Bangladesh. Pakistan. India. South Korea. Philippines. 74 . Saudi Arabia. Srilanka.

This severe cold causes snowfall in some of these regions. Hwang Ho. sugarcane and silk are also produced in plenty in Asia. Besides these crops coffee. Israel etc) where there is rain in winter but not in summer. coconut. Jamuna of Bangladesh. plenty of coconuts are produced in the countries near seashore. elephant. wheat. spices etc. Siberia along with its nearby regions is extremely cold. Iraq. River s There are a lot of rivers in Asia among which Padma. Yangtze (Yang si kiang) of China is the longest river in Asia. Ganges of India. Jordan. tobacco etc. Asia is the largest producer of rice and wheat in the world. cotton. rubber. Siberia is situated to the north of Asia. In fact Asia is famous for producing spices. Euphrates and Tigris of the Middle East are the major ones. there are some regions (Iran. a variety of snakes and other type of animals are found in the forests of Asia. Crops The crops of Asia can be divided into two categories. pop corn. Gr ain crop The chief crops of Asia are rice. Animals Tiger. 75 . There is desert in the middle of Asia. Cash crop The main cash crops of Asia are jute. However. The weather of the desert is extremely hot and almost without any rain. In addition to that. The Royal Bengal Tiger of Bangladesh is world famous. Mekong. tea. There are also plenty of pop corn and spices produced in Asia. Meghna. monkey. monsoon causes heavy rainfall in summer whereas in winter there is almost no rain in these countries.Asia In Bangladesh and its neighbouring countries. Indus of Pakistan. deer. Rice and wheat are produced in most of the regions of Asia. Such as: a) grain crop b) cash crop. Yangtze of China.

Malaysia c. silk. In addition.1 Which one is the world's largest continent by population? a. Bangladesh is situated to the south east of Asia. 4. Europe c. India. Industr y Asia is quite developed in industry. Malaysia. China. America b. Planned Activities 1. 2. Asia is also quite developed in industry. Let's Read Again 1. Bangladesh b. Put a tick mark ( ) beside the correct answer. paper and jute are the major industries of Asia. Africa 1. Asia d. Asia is the world's largest continent by size and by population. The climate of different regions of Asia is different.2 In which country of Asia there is always high temperature and rainfall? a. mica. Pakistan 76 . bronze. Preparing a chart on the characteristics of Asia. cotton. Iron and steel. 5. 3. Exercise 1. 2. manganese etc are also found in plenty. 6. Thailand etc in Asia. Arrange a quiz competition with the learners where they will have to find out different countries of Asia on the map or in the globe. deliver a group presentation in the class.Bangladesh and Global Studies Miner als Asia has enormous reserves of minerals among which coal. gold. 1. silver. mineral oil and natural gas are the major ones. There are plenty of industries in Japan. There are various types of animals. India d. There are 47 countries in Asia. crops and minerals here.

Asia is the largest continent in the world? c. 3. coffee d. a.4 In producing which crop Asia is the largest? a. Bangladesh is situated to the _______________ of Asia. rubber 2. Yangtze (Yang si kiang) is the _________________ river of Asia. Indonesia d. To the north of Asia Arctic Ocean b. e. China 1. rice b. b. 77 .Asia 1. a. b. North Korea c. Write down the location of Asia. How is the climate of Asia? d. To the east of Asia Pacific Ocean d. Europe a.3 In which country of Asia is the river Hwang Ho situated? a. Answer to the following questions brifly. To the south of Asia Indian Ocean c. Describe the minerals of Asia. c. cotton c. Japan b. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. In which ways. Describe the crops produced in Asia. Bangladesh is situated to the ______________ of Asia. Match the words on the right with those on the left. d. The weather of desert in Asia is _________________. To the west of Asia Australia 4.

Barkat were martyred. Pakistan was divided into two parts . In 1966. Not only that. Jabbar.East Pakistan and West Pakistan. From 1947 to 1971. the land called Bangladesh was under the rule of Pakistan. We know for the demand of making Bengali the state language. trade and commerce. As a result. a procession took place in the street of Dhaka on the 21st February of 1952. They used to plunder the resources of East Bengal. They did not respect the Bengali nation. In the context of Language movement. the West Pakistanis used to enjoy most of the benefits in all the sectors including education. In fact the movement for Independence was fuelled by the spirit of Language Movement. many including Rafiq. Every year 21st February is observed as 'Martyrs Day'. The journey of protest started with Language movement. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman presented a six point demand.Chapter Thir teen Our Liber ation War Our Liberation War took place in 1971. the Allied Front won the interstate election in 1954 of East Pakistan and formed government. Even the ruling power was in the hands of West Pakistani leaders. The inhabitants of West Pakistan were Non-Bengalis. They fought to get rid of the exploitation of the Pakistanis. employment. The police fired at that procession. Right from the beginning. The of that time East Bengal or East Pakistan of that time is today's Bangladesh. That is why 21st February plays a significant role in our national life. the West Pakistanis used to exploit and oppress the Bengalis of East Pakistan in various ways. The capital of the country. Salam. In memory of the language martyrs. Pakistan was in West Pakistan. In the same year the people of this country fought against Pakistan. The Bengalis started to protest against all the exploitations by the West Pakistanis. they did not even want to give us the right to speak in our mother tongue Bengali. the Central Shahid Minar was built in Dhaka. To claim regional . As a result. East Pakistan was previously known as East Bengal as Bengalis lived in this region. But the Pakistani ruler group broke that government.

a student of the same university and Motiur a student of Nabakumar Institute were gunned down by the police which geared up the Martyr Asad Martyr Dr. Sergeant Jahurul Huq was arrested in Agartala case in cantonment while Dr. Later this movement turned into a mass uprising which is famously known as the Mass Uprising of 1969. Shamsuddoha Martyr Motiur Martyr Sergeant Jahurul Huq 79 . a teacher of Dhaka University. Shamsuddoha. A movement started to surface by the students and mass people to free the prisoners including Bangabandhu. Asad. a case named 'Agartala' was filed against many including Bangabandhu and later they were Picture of mass uprising of 69 imprisoned and put to jail.Our Liberation War autonomy on the basis of six points demand. During the movement.

Discussions between Bangabandhu and the leaders of Awami League and Yahya Khan and his government took place from 16th March to 25th March.Bangladesh and Global Studies movement. As a result of this. Countless students. In that meeting. President Ayub Khan was forced to resign. all discussions failed. The power was handed over to Yahya Khan. 1971 at night Pakistani Army attacked the innocent and unarmed people at different places including Dhaka by the order of Yahya Khan. In December of 1970. this struggle is for our independence. But Yahya Khan did not allow Awami League to form a new government which resulted in extreme agitation among the people of East Pakistan. That is why 25th March is familiar as the dark night 80 . But at the end of the day. EPR and ordinary men and women were killed. Hartal and demonstration went on all over the country. "The struggle of this time is the struggle for our liberation. On 7th March 1971. In this election. teachers." Speech of Bangabandhu on 7th March 1971 The people of East Pakistan responded to this call spontaneously. Awami League won by huge margin by the leading of Bangabandhu. the autocrat leader of Pakistan. Bangabandhu said. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman called for independence. On 25 March. a huge public meeting was held in Racecourse Ground in Dhaka. general election took place in Pakistan.

Major Dark night of 25th March 1971 Ziaur Rahman read the declaration of independence on behalf of Bangabandhu from Kalurghat Shadhin Bangla Radio Station of Chittagong. This Government was well-known as Mujibnagar Government. Bangabandhu was arrested. the struggle for independence started on the 26th March. the first government of Bangladesh was formed in Baidwanathtala of Meherpur where Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was made the President. On 10 April 1971. At the same night. Under the Participation of people of all walks of the society in the Liberation War 81 . Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared the independence of Bangladesh through a radio message. The liberation war continued for nine months from 26th March 1971 to 16th December 1971. On the basis of this declaration. The next day on 27th March. On 26th March at dawn.Our Liberation War in the history of Bangladesh.

Prepare an album of pictures of the martyrs who were martyred in the incidents happened between 1952 and 1971. However. 1971 at night Pakistani Army attacked the innocent and unarmed people. We fought in 1971 to get rid of the exploitation and deprivation of the Pakistanis. At the same time. plenty of people including Sergeant Jahurul Huq. Asad. we get our national flag and anthem. 82 . On 25 March. the liberation war began. One crore people became homeless and took shelter in the neighbouring country. During the mass uprising of 1969. Shamsuddoha. about 30 lakh people sacrificed their lives. Let's read again 1. In this war. the Pakistani rulers did not allow them to form a new government. An independent country named Bangladesh was finally emerged and we get a new map. Along with Bengalis.Bangladesh and Global Studies leadership of this Government. The victory was at last earned at the cost of enormous sacrifice and courage of the general people of this country on the 16th December. Through the declaration of 26th March by Bangabandhu. some of the people of this country went against the country and helped the Pakistanis. in Racecourse Ground in Dhaka. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman called for independence in the historical meeting. 6. 5. 3. On 7th March 1971. Invite a freedom fighter from your own area in the classroom and hear about the incidents happened between 1969 and 25th March 1971. However. India. a band of freedom fighters was formed. a number of ethnic groups of this country also participated in the liberation war. 2. In the election held in December of 1970. They are called rajakar. Motiur were martyred. 2. Planned Activities 1. In 1952 Language movement for the demand of making Bengali the state language. Awami League led by Bangabandhu won by a huge margin. Dr. Then give necessary caption under the pictures. People of all walks of life joined there. 4. al badar.

Salam d. Muslim League c. Exercise 1. labourer Rustam.2 Who was martyred in the mass uprising of 1969 ? a. d. The learners will participate in the program on Shahid Day under the supervision of the teacher. school going student Motiur. 4. 1. The general election was held all over Pakistan in _____________ of 1970. If possible. 1947 b. c. In Racecourse Ground c. b. 1952 d. In Lahore d.1 In which year Language Movement took place ? a. 1971 at night Pakistani Army attacked the innocent and unarmed people at different places including Dhaka by the order of _____________ . In Ramna Park b. Sergeant Jahurul Huq __________were martyred. During the mass uprising of 1969.4 Where did Bangabandhu give his speech of 7th March ? a. 83 . Rafiq b. Jabbar c. Awami League b. Pakistan People's Party 1.Our Liberation War 3. 1950 c.3 Which party won in the election of 1970? a. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. On 25 March. Asad 1. In Dhaka University 2. 1954 1. In January of 1969 'All Party Students Fighting Council' declared ______________ demand. Put a tick mark ( ) beside the correct answer. a. NAP d. talk to the members of the martyr family about the martyr and then share the information about the martyr with the students in the classroom.

"The struggle of this time is the struggle for our liberation.Bangla A. Eleven point demand of 'All Party Students Fighting Council' was declared b.E. Fazlul Huq 84 . a. Write about the mass uprising of 1969. What happened on the night of 25th March of 1971 ? was a school going student in January of 1969 25th March Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Sher . Which party won in the election of 1979 ? c. this struggle is for our independence. Match the words on the right with those on the left. K. Answer to the following question briefly. 7th March of 1971 is famous ? e. What was the result of the election held in 1970 ? d. Familiar as the dark night in the history of Bangladesh is 4. b. a." This speech was given by c.Bangladesh and Global Studies 3. For what reason. Motiur martyred in the mass uprising of 1969 d.

Chapter Four teen Our Histor y Sometimes you have the curiosity how this country was long long ago. Small kingdoms were fighting with each other. Let's learn the name of some of the renowned rulers: 1. Let us read about it and learn more. In fact. This dynasty ruled Bengal for about 400 years. he was successful to keep the sovereignty of Bengal. King Gopala King Gopala was the founder of Pal Dynasty. King Shashanka 2. Ancient per iod We hear a lot of stories about kings and queens quite often. In addition to that. Karnasubarna was his capital. It is assumed the chief . The way he tried to expand his kingdom beyond Bengal to North A king from Ancient Bengal India deserves a lot of credit. There was quite an unrest going on in Bengal about 100 years before King Gopala came to throne. King Laksman Sen King Shashanka Shashanka was the first powerful king of Bengal. There was no single or permanent leadership. we also had a number of famous kings and their kingdom in this region. In ancient period. a lot of things may come into your mind. Because of this disorder. how the life style of our countrymen at that time. people suffered a lot. King Gopala 3. even in the face of the attack of the enemy. These rulers of ancient period were the followers of Hinduism and Buddhism. If you close your eyes and imagine about how our country was. he was somewhat successful in that.

dice and wrestling. Rice has been the staple food of the Bengalis since ancient period. Apart from rice. Social life The key foundation of social life in ancient period was village. dance. the Sen Kings came to the throne. washerman. After the kings of Pal dynasty. King of the Sen Dynasty was the last eminent king of ancient Bengal. bullock cart and palanquin. Wrestling 86 General Woman and Man of rural area . fish etc. pulses. barber. King Lakshman Sen Lakshman Sen. People did not have luxury in their attire.Bangladesh and Global Studies credit of Gopala is he put an end to this disorder with the help of the local leaders and then came to the throne. fisherman. Life in village was plain and simple. Lakshman Sen was not only a learned man but also a poet. During the time of Pal dynasty a united independent kingdom was established for the first time in the entire Bengal. blacksmith. The main vehicles were boat. Females used to wear 'sari' and males 'dhuti'/loin cloth. Bakhtiyar Khilji initiated Muslim dynasty by defeating Lakshman Sen. potter. The main elements of entertainment were music. As a result most of the people were the followers of these religions. there were other foods as well which included vegetables. At that time Hinduism and Buddhism were the major two religions. weaver. People of different occupations including farmer. cobbler etc lived in the village.

Middle age A commercial voyage by sea In 1204. Merchants from different countries used to come to Bengal to do business while the Bengali merchants did business with other countries through sea. Since then the Chittagong sea port has been famous.Our History Economic life Agriculture was the main occupation of the people of ancient Bengal. 87 . mustard. cotton. Rice was the main crop. barley. Apart from agriculture. a number of sea ports were established at various regions of Bengal. betel leaf etc were also cultivated then. As a result of that. Bakhtiyar Khilji first captured the throne of Bengal by defeating King Lakshman Sen. sugarcanes were produced in plenty as well. These clothes were exported to foreign lands as well. One of the major characteristics of middle age is the attempts of independence against the rulers of Delhi of the Bengali rulers. Fields were cultivated with plough. At the same time. In fact. cottage industry was also in practice at that time. Pulses. The fertile land as well as the climate both was favourable for cultivation which yielded abundance of crops. through him the Muslim Dynasty began for the first time in Bengal. Bengal was famous for the sugar and molasses from the juice of sugarcane. The ancient Bengal was quite developed in trade and commerce. The workmen of Bengal used to weave a variety of clothes with cotton and silk. the Turkish soldier.

Shayesta Khan Shayesta Khan was the first appointed Subadar in Bengal by the Mughul Emperor of Delhi. He was well-known for good governance. He also founded the 'Ilyas Shahi' Dynasty. The way these Baro Bhuiyan demonstrated their bravery in the face of frequent attacks by the Mughul has made them memorable in the history. They maintained their respective sovereignty. literature. The term 'Bangalah' was first introduced during his time. Baro Bhuiyan The Mughal rule began in Bengal during the time of Emperor Akbar of Delhi. But a large number of Isa Khan landlords of Bengal did not want to surrender to the rule of Akbar. Chand Roy and so on. 88 Shayesta Khan . Baro Bhuiyan 3. They had their own army. learned people and poets started to prosper. At that time eight mound rice could be bought by one taka. Other prominent leaders of Baro Bhuiyan were Musa Khan. Fateh Khan. The pirates were driven away by him. That was the time when local language. These landlords are known as Baro Bhuiyan. Shayesta Khan Sultan Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah was the first Muslim ruler who brought the entire Bengal under his rule. Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah 2. He maintained the sovereignty of Bengal from the Sultans of Delhi established it very firmly. Isa Khan of Sonargaon was the leader of these landlords. During his time the price of essentials was quite cheap.Bangladesh and Global Studies Some of the well-known rulers of the middle age are - 1. Kedar Roy.

89 . turban. barley. carpenters.Our History Social Condition During the Middle age. fish. Muslim. While the rich Muslims wore trousers (pajama). Islam also spread in good number in the society at that time. The artists of Bengal were quite expert in elephant tusk industry and wood work. Buddhist and people of other communities lived in harmony. Chittagong was renowned as the centre of trade and commerce. People lived in harmony irrespective of their different religions. sugarcane. Economic condition In the middle age. A tremendous development came about in Bengali language and literature for the patronization of the rulers in this age. cotton and a variety of precious stones and exported rice. Gopala and Laksman Sen. a variety of spring harvest and vegetable were produced then. Apart from agro based cotton industry. pulse were the main food of the Bengalis at that time. masons and other professionals in the society. Not only that. shoes. chadar (wrapper) and wooden sandal in their feet whereas the female Hindus wore mainly sari. the economy of Bengal was agro based. Rice. day labourers. the dress of general Hindu and Muslim females was sari. a united culture was developed in Bengal. industries like boat. As a result. 2. the general Muslim males wore loin cloth (dhuti). Apart from Hinduism and Buddhism. sugar. The cotton of Bengal was quite famous. However. muslin and various types of cloth. workmen. carpet. ship. Rice. turmeric. The merchants of Bengal imported silk. Let's r ead again 1. Apart from farmers. The renowned kings of middle age are: Shashanka. paper etc were also established at this time. chilli. vegetable. The male Hindus used to were loin cloth (dhuti). wheat. At this age. spice. lungi etc. ginger. In the ancient period people of different occupations led a very plain and simple life in the village. A range of muslin clothes were made from this cotton thread. Hindu. coconut. trade and commerce flourished quite significantly. luxury items. jute. there were weavers. export exceeded import at that time.

4. Along with agriculture. 6. Isa Khan c.Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah. 1. Middle age Exercise 1. In the ancient age. Prepare a chart comparing the social and economic life in ancient and middle age. Well-known rulers of the middle age are . Gopala 90 . Baro Bhuiyan and Shayesta Khan. Along with Hinduism and Buddhism. Act out the roles of the kings of ancient and middle age. Put a tick mark ( ) beside the correct answer.1 Who is the ruler of ancient age? a. trade and commerce especially export expanded significantly.Bangladesh and Global Studies 3. Ilyas Shah d. Ancient age Food Dress Crops Trade and Commerce 3. Bakhtiyar Khilji b. Planned activities 1. Islam spread in the society which resulted in the increase of Muslim population. 5. Write a story on a ruler from ancient or middle age. along with agro based economy there was cottage industry and trade and commerce. Bakhtiyar Khilji founded the Muslim Dynasty in Bengal in 1204. 2.

d.Answer to the following questions briefly. Eight mound rice could be bought by one taka during the time of Shayesta Khan King Gopala Isa Khan the whole Bengal was united Bengal was divided 4. Leader of Baro Bhuiyan b. Laksman Sen c.Our History 1. middle age b. came to the throne c. d. ancient age c. 3. a. Buddhism d. Christianity 1. How was the economic condition of Bengal in ancient age ? c. Why was the rule of Shayesta Khan famous ? e. modern age d. none 1. Hinduism b. a. c.4 Who is the last renowned king of Sen Dynasty? a. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. The founder of Muslim Dynasty in Bengal was _______________ . Islam c. Who was Shashanka and what did he do ? 91 . Gopala b. At the time of Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah d. Kedar Roy 2.3 Which religion spread in the middle age? a. Ending the 100 year disorder of Bengal. The key foundation of the social life in ancient period was ______ . Match the words on the right with those on the left. Who were Baro Bhuiyan and what did they do ? b. b.2 which age Baro Bhuiyan are from? a. Write about the social condition of Bengal in middle age. Shashanka d. Shashanka was ______________ powerful king of Bengal. a. A _______________ culture was created in Bengal.

Our lifestyle. What we are is culture. But with the course of time. music. Most of the people of Bangladesh are Bengali. As a result. They have their own languages which are their mother tongue. every single thing of our life is part of culture. Attir e Female Attire: The main dress of Bengali women is sari. these things can change. complexion. All the Bengalis' mother tongue is Bengali whether they are Hindus. art. there are other ethnic groups in the country as well. each of these has its own distinct culture. We all speak. salwar-kamiz has also been turned into the common dress of daily life of females. Language Language is the medium of expression of human mind. jewellery. And all of these make us and our country. festival. belief everything makes our culture. food. Major parts of culture remain unchanged for a long time. in course of time. So Bengali is our main language. language. Christians or Buddhists. However. apart from Bengalis. the shape of culture can change as well. accommodation. utensil. Thus culture is changeable. vehicle.Chapter Fifteen Our Cultur e Cultur e Generally what we do and how we do is called culture. Since Bangladesh is a country of various religion. race and ethnic groups. Now we will learn about some major attributes of the culture of Bangladesh which almost everybody follows irrespective of religion and ethnic groups. program. Muslims. The trend of wearing salwar-kamiz is mainly . Bengali women commonly wear sari in their daily lives and in festivals. However. However. In that sense. write and think in our own mother tongues. dress. everything of a culture does not change.

Once aged Hindu males used to wear a dress called 'Dhuti'. school-college males wear shirt-pant. they wear Punjabipajama. A man with lungi A man with Punjabi-pajama A man with shirt-pant Male Attire: The males of this country mainly wear lungi in villages and at home. However. Besides this. office. some of the young girls wear salwar-kamiz or sari on special occasion as fashion. bracelet. on special occasion. skirt etc. to official work. While going outside. 93 . in festivals or programs. Young girls still wear frock.Our Culture A girl with salwar-kamiz A woman with sari A girl with frock seen among the young girls. flower etc. However. However. women adorn themselves with a variety of ornaments. generally females of all age wear sari.

fish. Taking Khichuri on rainy days has turned into a tradition of the Bengalis. 94 A variety of food . However. this trend is slowing down. Young boys wear half pant. biriani and Khichuri on special occasions. The use of various spices gives our dishes a unique taste and attribute. But potato. Rice is our staple food. Let us prepare a list of dresses of males and females. With rice. cabbage. there is a trend of eating panta. green chilli or various kinds of smashes and vegetables in summer in peasant families. Vegetables of various kinds are available as per season. 3.Bangladesh and Global Studies Muslim males wear cap in religious programs. vegetables and sometimes meat. Special Dish/Cuisine Generally we eat polao with meat. However. The dress of males Our Food Daily Food There is a saying. 'Fish and rice make a Bengali'. The dress of females 1. beans etc available in winter are delicious food. we eat pulse. 2.

chomchom. Grandfather gave her the name. naru. grihoprobesh. Christians prepare cakes. Mukhevaat Program 95 . 'Rani. Some of them are: card. khir etc. Any kind of joyous programs or news of joy happiness is celebrated with sweets. gaye-halud. From now he will start to eat rice. Our sweet dishes are normally made of milk. rashagolla.' Program of naming Today is mukhevaat program of Roma's younger brother Ratan. For an example: on Eid day. mowa. The arrangements of sweet dishes differ according to the various natures of the programs. musalmani. a dish called shemai is cooked while on shab-e-barat borfi is cooked. akika. Akika. Among them mukhevaat. On the ceremony of Hindu festivals. birthday. panchini.Our Culture Sweet Bangladesh is a country of sweets. payesh. payesh. hatekhari. halkhata etc are notable ones. murki are made whereas on Christmas. Today is the program of naming the younger sister of Raza. Pr ogr ams and Customs Our social and religious life is full of various kinds of programs and customs. Variety of sweets and dishes made of sweets are an inevitable part of our festivals and programs.

Bangladesh and Global Studies Today is my birthday. These are the main folk songs of our country. Tomorrow is her Wedding. boatmen also sing while plying boats. vawaiya. Our farmars sing these songs while ploughing in the lands. pala song. baul. stage shows are seen to take place specially in the village fair. poet song. bauls sing these songs while moving from one village to another. shari. kriton and murshidi. Jattra. Today I will taste 'Payesh' Birthday Program Hurrah! Today is Rozi Apu's gaye-halud. Gaye-halud Program Folk Music The villages of Bengal have been hymned with the tunes of jari. gamvira etc for a long time. 96 .I am 9 years old. vatiali.

in the same way we will respect the culture of others. According to this. apart from Bengalis. Planned Activities 1. Modern life style. pajama-punjabi and shirt-pant. 4. 2. Baul. 6. influence of foreign culture all these things have affected us so much that our culture is not like before. kabigaan. they will prepare album of those pictures. Sari and salwar kameez are the main dresses of the females of our country whereas the main dresses of men are lungi. the learners will arrange a program. the learners will prepare a list of the dress of males. mukhevaat. The learners will prepare a list of the customs and programs which they have experienced in their own family or in relatives. 'Dress up the way you like'. 2. Akika. jari-shari. birthday etc are some of the social programs of our country. They will observe who are studying what in classes or schools and then prepare a list according to the observation. 5. Generally what we do and how we do is called culture. The staple foods of our country are rice-fish-pulse and various types of sweet dishes. 3. ethnic groups have distinct cultural attributes. vatiali. palagaan etc are part of our folk music. females and children of our country. dance and music. However. The learners will draw pictures of people with various types of dress or collecting the pictures of people wearing the local dresses. Let's Read Again 1. We should be careful in practising the culture of our country. 3. 4. The way we will try to protect our culture. friends and 97 .Our Culture But it is really a matter of great grief that a major portion of our culture especially folk culture is on the verge of extinction. To give is to take and to match is to join will build a beautiful world. Although we have come to know that culture is changeable yet to retain our originality we cannot give up our own culture. Under the supervision of a teacher.

A major portion of our culture especially folk culture is on the verge of ___________________ . baul music b. 1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. The medium of expression of human mind is called ____________ . payesh-roshogolla b. lungi b. kirton music c.4 Which one is not our folk music ? a. bread b. Exercise 1. salwar-kameez c. baul. If possible the teacher will invite a folk musician in the class so that students can have an idea of real folk music. What we do and how we do is our ___________________ . jari music d. Jari.Bangladesh and Global Studies neighbours and if possible describe those briefly in one or two lines in the list. vatiyali song d.3 Which one is the food of our country ? a. pant c. gamvira etc are our main ______________ .2 Which one is the female dress ? a. noodles c. khichuri 1.1 Which of the following is not a part of our culture ? a. shari. pop music 2. 98 . c. b. d. vawaiya. a. 5. Put a tick mark ( ) beside the correct answer. punjabi d. The teacher will encourage the learners to participate in the song with the folk musician. vatiali. sari 1. hat 1. burger d.

What is meant by culture ? b. Write about one of our special customs. The culture of Bangladesh 99 . a. rice program to keep child's name b. Write one or two cultural elements of Bangladesh.Our Culture 3. c. e. Our staple food c. Describe the dresses of females of this country. What do we generally eat ? f. Match the words on the right with those on the left. Describe the dresses of males of this country. a. d. The program for initiating unchangeable culture children's education is called 4. Answer to the following question briefly. Akika is a program of children's hatekhari mixed culture d.

Besides. Hilly region 26 26 a. Bandarban and Chittagong. The hills of south-east region are located in the districts of Khagrachari. Here there is charming natural beauty which fascinates us all. Plain high land c. climate and some naturally beautiful places. In Class III. plain land formed on new alluvial soil formed on old alluvial India soil 25 25 3. The topogr aphic map North 1. The topogr aphy of Bangladesh: Most of the regions of Bangladesh are plain. There are plenty of rivers as well. In this lesson. there are some hills in our country. we shall learn about the geography. Most Madhupur Gar 24 India La a lm ih ill 24 23 23 22 22 Bay of Bengal Scale 0 21 89 90 91 92 50 Kilometre Mya nma r 21 The Topographic map of Bangladesh . hilly region b. plain high land formed on old alluvial soil 2. Rangamati.Chapter Sixteen Our Bangladesh Bangladesh is one of the beautiful countries in this world. Plain land formed on new alluvial soil Bar endr abh umi Hilly Region Most areas of our country are plain land. However there are some hills in the southeast and north-west regions of the country. In terms of the period of formation and condition of the land. the topography of Bangladesh can be divided into three 91 92 89 Bangladesh regions. we learnt about various aspects of our country.

There are also similar high lands in Gazipur. Bogra and Rajshahi are known as 'Barendrabhumi'. In our country. There a small. It is 1230 meters high. There is a forest of 'Shal' trees in this area. The hills of the north-eastern region are located in the districts of Sylhet. Snow does not fall anywhere in the country. Thus these rivers carrying have formed this land. (Summer.Our Bangladesh of the hills of Bangladesh are located in the south-eastern region. These plain high lands are formed of old alluvial soil. low hill named Lalmai in the south of Comilla town. Plain high land for med on old alluvial soil Some of the regions are little higher than the plain lands in Bangladesh. Many rivers are flowing through this plain land. in terms of temperature and rainfall. 101 . Rangpur. Most of the tea gardens of Bangladesh are located in these hilly regions. The name of the highest peak of Bangladesh is Tajindong. The high plain lands of Dinajpur. Mymensingh and Tangail. That is why the land is so fertile here. This peak is 1231 metres high. Habiganj and Sherpur. Both the hills are situated in Bandarban. There is a forest in this hilly region. neither too cold nor hot is felt throughout the year. These hills are not too high. Moulavibazar. The high land of Gazipur is called `Bhawalgar' and the high lands of Mymensingh and Tangail are called `Madhupur Gar'. This plain land slopes gradually from north to south. So they are called `hillocks'. Rainy season and Winter). Plain land for med on new alluvial soil Most of the regions of Bangladesh are plain land formed on new alluvial soil except for hilly region and plain high land formed on old alluvial soil. the climate of Bangladesh is mainly divided into three seasons. These hills were formed in the `tertiary' are. Climate The monsoon flows over the country which causes plenty of rainfall in the country. Although there are six seasons in Bangladesh. The name of the second highest peak of the country is keokradong.

It lasts from November to February. The temperature rises up to 35 degree Celsius in summer. The Rainy season The winter season After the rainy season. This causes a lot of rain. April is the hottest month of the year. During this time it gets quite hot. The storm causes a lot of harm. Northern region gets colder that other regions of the 102 . cultivation is benefited by the rainfall. there is storm which is called `Kalbaishakhi'. Sometimes the temperature is even over 35 degree. However. the duration of summer is from March to May. The monsoon carrying humidity from the Bay of Bengal blows over Bangladesh. It lasts from June to October. the temperature gradually goes down. Winter slowly sets in.Bangladesh and Global Studies The Summer Season In Bangladesh. The r ainy season The rainy season begins right after the summer. In The Summer the month of April and May. The average rainfall of the country in this season is 203 centimetre. Sometimes there is too much cold.

UNESCO recognized it as a world heritage site which is a matter of great pride for us. The Sundarbans is also the habitat of world famous Royal Bengal Tiger. Now we will learn about some of the beautiful places of the country. It is also the largest Mangrove forest in the world. There are plenty of beautiful places which attract the tourists. Sometimes the temperature goes way beyond that which causes a lot of sufferings to people. Apart from Sundri. The temperature is the lowest in January. there are a range of plants grown in this forest. The average temperature of winter is 18 degree Celsius. The dominant plant here is Sundri (Heritiera fames) from which the Sundarbans takes its name. Some beautiful landscapes of Bangladesh The Winter Bangladesh is land of scenic beauty. The forest is quite deep where there are deer. In 1997.Our Bangladesh country during winter. The Sundarbans. The Sundarbans 103 . the largest forest of the country is situated to the south along the coast of Bay of Bengal. The Sundar bans The Sundarbans is a unique example of natural beauty of this world.

wild cat. crocodile. These canals are the abode of crocodiles and some other animals. In addition to that. and fish are available in this forest.Bangladesh and Global Studies birds. Laboni Beach is the main beach of Cox's Bazar. honey. The sea beach of Cox's Bazar 104 . Himchari is surrounded with lush green hills with sea on one side. It is really nice to enjoy sunset on this sea beach. It is the most popular tourist destination in Bangladesh. This beach is located along the Bay of Bengal in the south of Bangladesh. Cox's Bazar Sea Beach is really a nice place for travelling and spending time with your f a m i l y members in vacation. It is situated in Cox's Bazar of Chittagong Hill Tracts. Besides. hedgehog. Himchari. the sea beach of Cox's Bazar offers a number of beautiful places which are: Laboni Beach. The soil of the Sundarbans is very fertile. The Sea Beach of Cox's Bazar The Sea Beach of Cox's Bazar is the longest sea beach in the world. wax. This beach is famous for golden sand and clear water. there are high waves of the sea. wild boar etc. Inani Beach. Himchari is 18 km south of Cox's Bazar sea Beach. Inani Beach is 35 km south of Cox's Bazar sea Beach. Another attraction of this place is Christmas tree. This place is famous for waterfalls. The chital deer are very beautiful. Plenty of wood. It protects the southern region of the country from storm and tidal wave. the stroll of snails on the sands of the beach and plenty of green palm trees. Countless canals and rivers are streaming through the forest. snake.

Our Bangladesh Rangamati The waterfall of Himchari Rangamati is the Administrative Headquarter of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Marma and other ethnic minorities. Rangamati is a lovely landmark surrounded with greenish hill. It is located on the western bank of the Kaptai Lake. The attractions of Rangamati are countless which includes indigenous life. There is an indigenous museum and a hanging bridge as well. forest and lake which make it a popular holiday destination for the tourists. Rangamati is the abode of Chakma. bathing and skiing. A variety of dress and hand made ivory jewellery by the ethnic minorities are available here. fishing and speed boat cruising. It offers a wide The hills and lake of Rangamati The hanging bridge of Rangamati range of flora and fauna. 105 .

It is one of the most beautiful landscapes of Bangladesh and South Asia. Numerous Buddhist temples known as Kyang can be found all around the city. lakes and hilly waterfalls. Chimbuk peak and Boga Lake are two notable places of the district. Pakistan and Afghanistan is located in Bandarban which houses the second largest statue of Buddha in Bangladesh. Bandarban is a land of scenic beauty. Bandarban is a combination of Buddhist temple of Bandarban tall peaks. The natural beauty of Bandarban 106 . The waterfall named 'Shoilo Propat' at Milanchari is another example of natural beauty in Bandarban. India. Covered with hills. hilly swamps. The most beautiful Buddhist temple of Bangladesh. The highest peak of Bangladesh Tazing Dong is located here. forests and lush green plain land.Bangladesh and Global Studies Bandar ban Bandarban is a hilly district of Chittagong situated in the north southern region of Bangladesh.

it is known as 'Shagor Kannya' (Daughter of the Sea). In winter migratory birds also visit Kuakata in huge number. Rakhines dug well here in quest of collecting drinking water. The occupation of the most of the inhabitants here is fishing and Coconut range of Saint Martin 107 . Here the sea beach is full of natural beauty along with attractive dress and life style of Rakhines. It is the only coral island in Bangladesh. It is said The sunrise of Kuakata sea beach that some hundred years ago. From that.Our Bangladesh The Sea Beach of Kuakata Another amazingly beautiful sea beach that Bangladesh has is Kuakata. it is named Kuakata. Moreover. For the alluring beauty. 200 year old wells are located on the sea shore of Kuakata. Saint Mar tin St. It is about 320 Kilometres south of Dhaka. It is located to the south of Bangladesh in Patuakhali district on the tip of Bay of Bengal. The local name of the island is Narikel Jinjira as coconuts and palm are found here in abundance. In Bangladesh Kuakata is the only sea beach which offers a full view of the sunrise and sunset from the same white sandy beach. The name Kuakata originated from the word 'Kua'-the Bengali word for "Well". Martin is a small island which is situated about 48 Kilometres south of Teknaf at the mouth of the Naf River. The main inhabitants of Kuakata are Rakhines. This island is surrounded by Bay of Bengal. The oldest Buddhist Temple is also situated located in Kuakata which is 100 years old.

quicksand etc in Saint Martin. There are also a wide range of animals in these forests. J aflong Jaflong is situated in Sylhet Division. The Mari River flowing from the great Himalayas of India enters Bangladesh here with million tons of stone boulders with its tide. Jaflong is famous for its stone collection. sea beach with clear water. our pride. So once you visit Jaflong. The beautiful scenery of Jaflong Apart from the places mentioned above. We need to lean more about these and it is our responsibility to protect these. there are also a number of beautiful places in our country. There is another beautiful place called Tamabil near Jaflong. There are also Sundri (Heritiera fames). Jaflong is the home of Khashia tribe. This is also a wonderful place. Animals of a variety of species can be found in the water.Bangladesh and Global Studies selling dried fish. you can experience the diversity of the life style of Khashia tribe. These are our tradition. 108 . Stone collection is a means of living of the local people. It is located in Gowainghat Upazila of Sylhet District at the border between Bangladesh and India at the bottom of the Himalayas. Saint Martin is an attractive tourist spot. The entire Jaflong surrounded by hills is an amazing land of natural beauty. These hills are covered with green forests.

Put a tick mark ( ) beside the correct answer.3 Which organization recognized Sundarbans world heritage? a. Bandarban b. hill b.2 Of what the plain high land of Bangladeshis formed? a. Thus a group contest of learners can be arranged. 1. Madhupur d. These are our tradition. SAARC d. Rangamati 109 . UNICEF c. Exercise 1. Comilla c. there are some hills in our country as well. Cox's Bazar d. neither too cold nor hot is felt throughout the year in the country. Rangamati b. UNESCO b. Bandarban c. It rains a lot here. old alluvial soil c. clay 1. However. The learners in group will find out the name of the place that matches the attribute.4 Where is the forest of 'shal' tree situated in Bangladesh? a. However. United Nations 1. Prepare a chart on the attributes of topology and climate of Bangladesh respectively. There are a number of beautiful places in our country.1 Where is the tallest hill of Bangladesh situated? a. 3. Planned Activity 1. Mainly Bangladesh is a plain land. Saint Martin 1. 2. lime stone d.Our Bangladesh Let's Read Again 1. 2. The teacher will tell the learners one attribute of different places of the country.

Answer to the following question briefly. Write the names of the ethnic minorities who live in Kuakata. Describe the hilly regions of Bangladesh briefly. Describe the beauty of Rangamati. Write in five sentences about the feeling created in your mind through learning about the natural beauty of various places of Bangladesh. Fill in the gaps with appropriate word. Kaptai Lake d. b. The End . 5. World heritage c. a. a. b. Match the words on the right with those on the left. High waves the Sundarbans Cox's Bazar Saint Martin Kuakata Rangamati 4. 3.Bangladesh and Global Studies 2. b. Most of the regions of Bangladesh are __________________ . The storm which occur in the month of April and May is called ______________ . Rangamati and Jaflong. a. c. The Sundarbans is the largest __________________ of the world. d. How is the climate of Bangladesh during summer? c. Answer to the following question. Shagor Kannya b. Write two notable places of Bandarban district. a. The plain high land of Bangladesh is called ________________ . d.


Not For Sale" . BGS-4 Trees are Bosom Friend of Human National Curriculum and Textbook Board. Dhaka " For free distr ibution by the Gover nment of Bangladesh .Academic Year 2013.

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