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To summarise, it can be said that both the samples are acceptable for the pavement overlay application when com. paared to the standard requirement of the application in terms of physical parameters and strength and elongation. The nonwoven fabric matches the standard requirements of Pavement overlay geotextle, however, the woven fabric has relatively high strength with sufficient elongation for specialised pavement overlay uses. The nonwoven was taken up for overlay trials on an asphalt road construction site. The field trials of woven geotextiles on airport service toad are awaited in near future 3.2 Field Trials: {An asphalt concrete road construction site was identified with help of B M C at Gandhinagar, Worli, Mumbai. A 90 m stretch of road was under construction. A part of road (40 m) was laid conventionally with only asphalt concrete, while other 50 m of the road was reinforced with gootextile. The following was the procedure followed for laying of the geotextile. ‘+ The fabric was to be laid at the top most course i.e. Asphalt Concrete (AC). It was proposed to keep the thickness of AC would be of 40 mm. The paving fabric was laid between the Bitumen Macadam (BM) and the AC. © The surface of BM was cleaned so that it was free of dust ‘and debris and the cracks were fled © The tack coat on the pavement surface was spray. The rate of tack coat was less than 0.9 m= ‘© Spraying was evenly done. ‘+ Nonwoven was rolled out after the tack coat cracksed, that is, about 10 minutes afterwards. ‘It was laid without any pretension. ‘© Immediately the AC was laid on the nonwoven and com- ppacted to the required density. Fig. 1 depicts the laying trial for the pavement overlay fab- fe, ; ' Fig. 1. Field Tal of Pavement Overlay Fabric The laying of geotextile resulted in comparative sample of roads viz. pavement overlay reinforced road and Unreinforced standard road, These roads were periodically ‘monitored to observe the changes in the surface. This field observation study was executed in terms of 41. The site where the fabric was laid has been marked for Identification 2. Comparative observation of the road surface and struc- ture have been carried out every week, 3. . fhe axle load study has been taken every week for evaluating traffic load on the road. 4, Every fortnight photographs of the site and the juxta- posed site without paving fabric have been taken to identity the condition of the road with passage of time, ‘Accordingly, the nonwovens sample was taken up for actual field trial of pavement overay. The results of the field trial evaluation have been discussed here. The field trial study carried out for a period of one year has yielded the following observations. Table 9 summarises the average axle load observed on the roads under study. Table 9. Average Axle Load on the Roads Vehicle Type. ‘Average Nos. Two Wheeler EJ Three Wheeler 10) Four Wheeler os Two Axe & Wuitrane o ‘Other 7 The roads under study were observed for the following sur face changes: ‘+ General appearance + Water spot © Cracks emerging + Edge Cracking (dimensions) = Crocodile cracks © Block cracking © Ruts ‘+ Waviness The general appearance and performance of both roads has been equivalent and satisfactory. Since the period of obser- vation has been short and the study is in progress, there has. been no surface changes observed for both sections of the roads. Photographs have been taken periodically during the ‘observation study. The photograph of the present condition of the paved road with and without geotextile have been depicted in the Fig. 2 May 20079 Manmade Textiles in ta IS