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In this design example we will try to present how to calculate the wind loads subjected to signboards according to Eurocode 1.docx

In this design example we will try to present how to calculate the wind loads subjected to signboards according to Eurocode 1.docx

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Published by Leanna Abdul Wahab
wind load
wind load

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Published by: Leanna Abdul Wahab on Oct 28, 2013
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In this design example we will try to present how to calculate the wind loads subjected to signboards

according to Eurocode 1 (EN 1991-1-4). The dimensions of the signboard are h=7,00m and b=5,00m.
It is separated from the ground by a height z
g
=1,50m. Finally, the value of the basic wind velocity is
V
b
=33m/s and the category of the terrain I (flat horizontal area with negligible vegetation and
without obstacles).


z
0
=0,01m and z
min
=1,00m (EN 1991-1-4 Table 4.1)

Reference Height - ze

z
e
=z
g
+h/2=1,50+7,00/2=5,00m (EN 1991-1-4 Figure 7.21)

Force Coefficients - c
f


z
g
=1,50m < h/4=7,00/4=1,75m

b/h=5,00/7,00=0,714m < 1,00

c
f
=1,80 (EN 1991-1-4 Clause 7.4.3 (2))

Roughness factor - cr(z)

z=z
e
=5,00m > z
min
=1,00m

c
r
(z
e
)=k
r
*ln(z/z
0
) (EN 1991-1-4 Expression 4.4)

Terrain factor - k
r


k
r
=0,19*(z
0
/z
0,II
)^0,07=0,19*(0,01/0,05)^0,07=0,1698 (EN 1991-1-4 Expression 4.5)

c
r
(z
e
)=k
r
*ln(z/z
0
)=0,1698*ln(5,00/0,01)=1,055 (EN 1991-1-4 Expression 4.4)

Turbulence Intensity - I
v
(z)

z=z
e
=5,00m > z
min
=1,00m

Orography Factor: c
o
(z)=1,00

I
v
(z)=k
I
/(c
o
(z)*ln(z/z
0
))=1,00/(1,00*ln(5,00/0,01))=0,1609 (EN 1991-1-4 Expression 4.7)

Basic Velocity Pressure - q
b


q
b
=0,50*ρ*V
b
2
=0,50*0,00125*33
2
=0,68kN/m
2
(EN 1991-1-4 Expression 4.10)

Mean Wind Velocity - V
m


V
m
(z)=c
r
(z)*c
o
(z)*V
b
=1,055*1,00*33=34,82m/s (EN 1991-1-4 Expression 4.3)

Peak Velocity Pressure - q
p
(z)

q
p
(z)=(1+7*I
v
(z))*0,50*ρ*V
m
(z)
2
=(1+7*0,1609)*0,50*0,00125*34,82
2
=1,61kN/m
2
(EN 1991-1-4
Expression 4.8)

Wind Force - F
w


F
w
=c
f
*q
p
(z)*A
ref
=1,80*1,61*(5*7)=101,43kN (EN 1991-1-4 Expression 5.3)

Horizontal Eccentricity - e

e=0,25*b=0,25*5=1,25m (EN 1991-1-4 Clause 7.4.3 (3))

82m/s (EN 1991-1-4 Expression 4.00/0.e e=0.z=ze=5.00m cr(ze)=kr*ln(z/z0) (EN 1991-1-4 Expression 4.00/(1.00125*33 =0.00/0.61kN/m (EN 1991-1-4 Expression 4.82 =1.00 Iv(z)=kI/(co(z)*ln(z/z0))=1.61*(5*7)=101.3) Horizontal Eccentricity .05)^0.01)=1.01))=0.25*5=1.Fw Fw=cf*qp(z)*Aref=1.1698*ln(5.4) Turbulence Intensity .kr kr=0.07=0.Iv(z) z=ze=5.10) Mean Wind Velocity .50*ρ*Vb =0.4.7) Basic Velocity Pressure .19*(z0/z0.055*1.50*0.68kN/m (EN 1991-1-4 Expression 4.1698 (EN 1991-1-4 Expression 4.00m Orography Factor: co(z)=1.5) cr(ze)=kr*ln(z/z0)=0.3) Peak Velocity Pressure .00*33=34.00m > zmin=1.1609)*0.07=0.25m (EN 1991-1-4 Clause 7.00m > zmin=1.3 (3)) 2 2 2 2 2 2 .00125*34.00*ln(5.80*1.50*0.4) Terrain factor .25*b=0.50*ρ*Vm(z) =(1+7*0.19*(0.43kN (EN 1991-1-4 Expression 5.055 (EN 1991-1-4 Expression 4.8) Wind Force .1609 (EN 1991-1-4 Expression 4.01/0.qp(z) qp(z)=(1+7*Iv(z))*0.Vm Vm(z)=cr(z)*co(z)*Vb=1.qb qb=0.II)^0.

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