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1) A rod 200 cm long and of diameter 3.0 cm is subjected to an axial pull of 30 kN. If the Youngs modulus of the material of the rod is 2* , determine: (i) stress, (ii) strain and (iii)the elongation of the rod. 2) Find the youngs modulus of diameter 30 mm and length 300 mm which is subjected to a tensile load of 60 kN and the extension of the rod is equal to 0.4 mm. 3) The safe stress, for a hollow steel column which carries an axial load of 2.2 * kN is 120 . If the external diameter of the column is 25 cm, determine the internal diameter. 4) A brass bar, having cross-section area of 900 m , is subjected to axial forces as shown in Fig 1.29 in which AB=0.6m, BC=0.8 m and CD=1.0 m. 5) A rectangular bar made of steel is 3m long and 10 mm thick. The rod is subjected to an axial tensile load of 50kN. The width of the rod varies from 70 mm at one end to 28 mm at the other. Find the extension of the rod if E=2* . 6) A rod is 3m long at a temperature of C. find the expansion of the rod, when the temperature is raised to C. if this expansion is prevented; find the stress induced in the material of the rod. Take E=1* and =0.000012 per degree centigrade. 7) A steel rod 5 cm diameter and 6 m long is connected to two grips and the rod is maintained at a temperature of C. determine the stress and pull exerted when the temperature falls to 2 C if JH ACADEMY the ends do not yield by 0.15 cm. Take E=2* and =12*

8) Determine the changes in length, breadth and thickness of a steel bar which is 5 m long, 40 mm wide and 30 mm thick and is subjected to an axial pull of 35 kN in the direction of its length.Take E=2* and Poissons ratio=0.32. 9) Determine the value of youngs modulus and Poissons ratio of a metallic bar of length 25 cm, breadth 3 cm and depth 2 cm when the bar is subjected to an axial compressive loas of 240 kN. The decrease in length is given as 0.05 cm and increase in breadth is 0.002. 10) A steel bar 320 mm long, 40 mm wide and 30 mm thick is subjected to a pull of 250 kN in the direction of its length. Determine the change in volume. Take E=2* and m= 4. 11) A metallic bar 250 mm* 80mm*30 is subjected to a force of 20 kN(tensile), 30kN(tensile)and 15 kN(tensile) along x,y and z direction respectively. Determine the change in the volume of the block. Take E= 2* and Poissons ratio=0.15 12) For a material, youngs modulus is gives as 1.4* and Poissons ratio 0.28. Calculate the bulk modulus. 13) Determine the Poissons ratio and bulk modulus of a material, for which youngs modulus is 1.2* modulus of rigidity is 4.5* and

14) A bar of cross-section 10 mm*10 mm is subjected to an axial pull of 8000 N. the lateral dimension of the bar is found to Page 1

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be changed to 9.9985 mm. if the modulus of rigidity of the material is 0.8 * , determine the Poissons ratio and modulus of elastity. 15) A rectangular beam 100 mm wide is subjected to a maximum shear force of 100kN. Foind the depth of beam of if the maximum shear stress is 6 . 16) Atimber beam of rectangular section is simply supported at the ends and carries a point load at the centre of the beam the length of the beam is 6 m and depth of beam is 1 m. determine the maximum bending stress and the maximum shear stress. 17) A circular beam of 105 mm diameter is subjected to a shear force of 5kN. Calculate : (i)average shear stress, and (ii) maximum shear stress. Also sketch the varation of the shear stress along the depth of the beam. 18) The maximum shear stress in a beam of circular section of diameter 150 mm, is 5.28 . find the shear stress force to which the beam is subjected. 19) The shear force acting on a section of a beam is 100 kN. The section of the bean is of T-shaped of diamensions 200 mm*250 mm * 50mm. the flage thickness and web thickness are 50 mm. moment of inertia about the horizontal neutral axis is 1.134* . Find the shear stress at the neutral axis and at the junction of the web and the flange. 20) A rectangular column of wide 120 mm and of thickness 100 mm carries a point load of 120kN at an eccentricity of 10 mm. determine the maximum and minimum stresses at the base of the column. JH ACADEMY 21) If in the above problem, the minimum stress at the base of the section is given as zero then find the eccentricity of the point load of 120 kN acting on the rectangular section also calculate the corresponding maximum stress on the section. 22) In a tension specimen 13 mm in a diameter the line of pull is parallel to the axis of the specimen but is displaced form it. Determine the distance of the line of pull form the axis, when the maximum stress is 15% greater than the mean stress on a section normal to the axis. 23) A short column of diameter 40 cm carries an eccentric load 80 kN. Find the greatest eccentricity which the load can have without producing tension on the cross-section. 24) A short column of external diameter 50 cm and internal diameter 30 cm carries an eccentric load of 100kN. Find the greatest eccentricity which the load can have without producing tension on the cross-section. 25) A hollow circular column of 25 cm external and 20 cm internal diameter respectively carries an axial load of 200 kN it also carries a load of 100kN on a bracket whose line of action is 20 cm from the axis of the column. Determine the maximum and minimum stress at base section. 26) A column section 30 cm external diameter and 15 cm internal diameter supporteds an axial load of 2.6 MN and an eccentric load of PN at an eccentricity of 40 cm. if the compressive and tensile stresses are

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not to exceed 140 respectively, Calculate these diameters if the max shear stress in the material of the spring is to be 90 . 34) A cylinder of internal diameter 3.0 m and of thickness 6cm contains a gas . if the tensile stress in the material is not to exceed 70 when the torque , determine the internal pressure of the gas. 35) A cylinder of internal diameter 0.60 m contains air at a pressure of 7.5 (gauge). If the max permissible stress induced in the material is 75 , find the thickness of the cylinder. 36) The ratio of modulus of rigidity to modulus of elasticity for a poissons ratio of 0.25 would be a). 0.5 d).1.0. b).0.4 c).0.3

find the magnitude of load p. 27) A solid shaft of 20 cm diameter is used to transmit torque. Find the maximum torque transmitted by the shaft if the maximum shear stress induced in the shaft is 50 to exceed 45 . 28) The shearing stress in a solid shaft is not transmited is 40000 N-m. determine the minimum diameter of the shaft. 29) Find the maximum torque transmitted by a hollow circular shaft of external diameter 30 cm and internal diameter 15 cm if the shear stress is not to exceed 40 . 30) Find the max shear stress induced in a solid circular shaft of diameter 20 cm when the shaft transmit 187.5kW at 200 r.p.m. 31) Determine the diameter of a solid stel shaft which will transmit 112.5 kW at 200 r.p.m. also determine the length of the shaft If the twist must not exceed 1. over the entire length. The max shear stree is limited to 55 8* . . Take the value of modulus of rigidity = 32) Determine the diameter of a solid shaft which will transmit 337.5 kW at 300 r.p.m. the max shear stress should not exceed 35 be more than m. take rigidity=9* . And twist should not in a shaft length of 2.5 modulus of .

37) The ratio of bulk modulus to modulus of elasticity for a poissons ratio of 0.25 would be a) b) c) d) 1.0

38. The relation between modulus of elasticity (E),modulus of rigidity and bulk modulus (K) is given by a)E= d)E= . b)E= c)E=

39. The ratio of modulus of rigidity to bulk modulus for a poissons ratio of 0.25 would be a) b) c) d) 1.0

33) A closely-coiled helical spring is to carry a load of 1 kN. Its maen coil diameter is to be 10 times that of wire diameter. JH ACADEMY

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a) ET b) c)

d)

41. The tensile force at a distances y from support in a vertical hanging bar of length l which carries a load p at the bottom is equal to a) p d) p + wy b) p + wl c) p + w(l-y)

47. The max shear stress in a thin cylindrical shell, when subjected to an internal pressure (p) is equal to. a) c) b) d)

42. the normal stress on an oblique plane at an angle to the cross-section of a body which is subjected to a direct tensile stress() is equal to a) sin2 d) b)cos c)

48. The hoop or circumferential stress in a riveted cylindrical shell , when subjected to an internal pressure (p) is equal to

43. A simply supported beam carries a uniformly distributed load of w N per unit length over the whole span (l). The shear force at the centre is a) zero. 44. A cantilever of length (l) carries a uniformly distributed load w N per unit length for the whole length. The shear force at the free end will be a) wl d)zero. 45. The torque transmitted, by a solid shaft of diameter 40 mm if the shear stress is not to exceed 400 , would be c) b) c) b) c) d)

a) c)

b) d)

49. the longitudinal stress in a riveted cylindrical shell, when subjected to internal pressure (p) Is equal to a) c) b) d)

50. A water maim 1 m in diameter contains a fluid having pressure 1 N/ . If the maximum permissible tensile stress in the metal is 20 N/ , the thickness of the metal required would be a) 2 cm b) 2.5 cm c) 1 cm d) 0.5 cm

46. The longitudinal or axial stress in a thin cylindrical shell of diameter (D), length (L) and JH ACADEMY Page 4

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51. The circumferential strain in case of thin cylindrical shell, when subjected to internal pressure (p), is equal to a) b) c) d) ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) b) c) d) ( ( ( ) ) )

55. The crippling load, according to Eulers theory of long columns, when both ends of the column are hinged, is equal to a) b) c) d)

52. The longitudinal strain in case of thin cylinders shell, when subjected to internal pressure (p) , is equal to a) b) c) d) ( ( ( ( ) ) ) )

56. The crippling load, according to Eulers theory of long colomn when one end of the column is fixed and other end is free, is equal to a) b) c) d)

53. the strain in any direction in case of thin spherical shell, when subjected to internal pressure (P), is equal to a) b) c) d) ( ( ( ( ) ) ) )

57. The crippling load, according to Eulers theory of long column when both ends of the column are fixed. Is equal to a) b) c)

54. the volumetric strain in case of thin spherical shell, when subjected to internal pressure (P), is equal to a) ( )

JH ACADEMY

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d)

a) two times that of the given column b) half that of given column c) four times that of the given column d) that of the given column. 63. The equivalent length is equal length of a column with a) one end fixed and other end free b) both ends and fixed

58. The crippling load, according to Eulers theory of long column when one end of the column is fixed and the other end is hinged, is equal to a) b) c) d)

c) one end fixed and other end hinged d) both ends and hinged.

59. The ratio of crippling load, for a column of length (l) with both ends fixed to the crippling load of the same column with both ends hinged, is equal to a) 2.0 d) 0.50. b) 4.0 c) 0.25

64. The equivalent length is twice the actual length of a column with a) one end fixed and other end free b) both ends and fixed c) one end fixed and other end hinged

60. The ratio of crippling load, for a column of length (l) with both ends fixed to the crippling load of the same column with one end fixed and other end free, is equal to a) 2.0 d) 16.0 b) 4.0 c) 8.0

d) both ends and hinged. 65. The equivalent length is equal to half of the actual length of a column with a) one end fixed and other end free b) both ends and fixed c) one end fixed and other end hinged d) both ends and hinged. 66. The equivalent length is equal to actual length divided by for a column with a) one end fixed and other end free b) both ends and fixed

61. The ratio of crippling load, for a column of length (l) with both ends fixed to the crippling load of the same column with one end fixed and other end hinged, is equal to a) 2.0 d) 16.0 b) 4.0 c) 8.0

62. The equivalent length of a given column with given end conditions is the length of a column of the same material and section with hinged ends having crippling load equal to JH ACADEMY

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c) one end fixed and other end hinged d) both ends and hinged. 67. The crippling load by Rankines formula is a) d)

( )

is (l) and length of overhang to one side a. if l>2a then the number of points of contraflexure will be a) zero three. b)one c) two d)

b)

( )

c)

( )

( )

where A=area of cross-section of the column =crushing stress A=Rankines constant = least radius of gyration l=actual length of column = equivalent length of column. 68. The Rankines constant(a) in Rankines formula is equal to a)

71. A bar 30 mm in diameter was subject to tensile load of 54 kN and the measured extensions 300 mm gauge length was 0.112 mm and change in diameter was 0.00366 mm. calculator poissons ratio and value of three modulii. 72. A rectangular bar of cross-sectional area 12000 m is subject to an axial load of 360 . Determine the normal and shear stresses on a section which is included to at angle of with the normal cross-section of bar. 73. Find the diameter of a circular bar which is subjected to an axial pull id 150 kN, id the maximum allowable shear stress on any section is 60 74. An elemental cube is subjected to tensile stresses of 60 stress of 20 and 20 acting on two mutually perpendicular planes and a shear on these planes. Draw the Mohrs circle of stresses and hence or otherwise determine the magnitudes and directions of principal stresses and also the greatest shear stress. 75. Form a circular plate of diameter 100 mm a circular part of diameter 50 mm is cut as shown in Fig 5.46. Find the centroid of the remainder. 76. A cantilever beam of length 4 m carries point loads of 1 kN, 2kN and 3kN at 1,2 and 4 m

b)

c)

d)

69. A cantilever of length (l) carries a load whose intensity varies uniformly from zero at the free end to w per unit length at the fixed end, the bending moment diagram will be a a)straight line curve b) parabolic curve c) cubic curve d) combination of (a) and (b). 70) A simply supported beam is overhanging equally on both sides and carries a uniformly distributed load of w per unit length over the whole length. The length between the supports JH ACADEMY

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form the fixed end. Draw the shear force and B.M. diagrams for the cantilever. 77. A cantilever of length 5 m carries a uniformly distributed load 1 run over the whole length and a point load of 4kN at the free end. Drew the. S.F. and B.M diagrams for the cantilever. 78. A simply supported beam of length 8 m carries point loads of 4kN and 6kN at a distance of 2 m and 4m from the end. Draw the S.F and B.M diameters for the beam. 79. A simply supported beam of length 8 m carries point loads of 4 kN,10kN and 7kN at a distance of 1.5 m, 2.5 m and 2 m respectively from left end A. draw the S.F. and B.M. diagrams for the simply supported beam. S.F. and B.M. diagrams for the beam 80. A beam of length 10 m is simply supported and carries point loads of 5 kN each at a distance of 3 m and 7 m from left supported and also a uniformly distributed load of 1 between the point loads. Draw S.F and B.M. diagram for the beam. 81. A steel plate of width 60 mm and thickness 10 mm is bent into a circular arc of radius 10m. determine the maximum stress induced and the bending moment which will produce the maximum stress. Take E=2* . if the bending stress is not to exceed 120 Take I=8* .

84. A timber beam is 120 mm wide and 200 mm deep and is used on a span of 4 metres. The beam carries a uniformly distributed load of 2.8 run over the entire length. Find the maximum bending stress induced. 85. A rectangular beam 100 mm wide and 150 mm deep is subjected to a shear force of 30 kN.determine : (i) average shear stress and (ii) maximum shear stress. 86. A thin cylinder of internal diameter 2.0 m contains a fluid at an internal pressure of 3 determine the max thickness of the and (ii) the circumferential cylinder if (i) the longitudinal stress is not to exceed 30 stress is not exceed 40 87. A water main 90 cm diameter contains water at a pressure head of 110 m if the weight density of water is 9810 , find the thickness of the metal required for the qater main. Given the permissible stress as 22 88. A cylinder shell 100 cm long 20 cm internal diameter having thickness of metal as10 mm is filled with fluid at atmospheric pressure. If an additional 20 c of fluid is pumped into cylinder find (i) the pressure exerted by the fluid on the cylinder and (ii) the hoop stress induced. Take E=2* =0.3.

82. A cast iron pipe of external diameter 60 mm, internal diameter of 40 mm, and of length 5 m is supported load of 100 N at its centre. 83. A rectangular beam 300 mm deep is simply supported over a span of 4 m. What uniformly distributed load per metre, the beam may carry

89. A cylindrical vessel whose ends are closed by means of rigid flange plates, is made of steel plate 4 mm thick. The length and the internal Page 8

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diameter of the vessel are 100 cm and 30 cm respectively. Determine the longitudinal and hoop stresses in the cylindrical shell due to an internal fluid pressure of 2 . Also calculated the increase in length, diameter and volume and of the vessel. Take E=2* =0.3. Take youngs modulus for the joint as 2* .

96. Determine the crippling load for a T-section of dimensions 12 cm *2 cm and 5 m long which is used as a strut with both of its ends hinged. Take E=2*

90. A solid round bar 4 m long and 6 cm in diameter is used as a strut with both ends hinged. Determine the crippling load. Take E=2* .

97. Determine the ratio of buckling strengths of two columns one hollow and the other solid. Both are made of the same material and have the same length, cross-section area and end conditions the internal diameter of hollow column is of its external diameter.

91. A column of timber section 10 cm * 15 cm is 5 m long both ends being fixed. If the youngs modulus for timber= 17.5 , determine :

92. A hollow mild steel tube 5 m long, 4 cm internal diameter and 5mm thick is used as a strut with both ends hinged. Fine the crippling load and safe load taking factor of safety as 3. Taking E=2*

98. A hollow cylindrical cast iron column is 6 m long with both ends fixed. Determine the minimum diameter of the column is 4 m and both of its ends are fixed, determine the crippling load using Rankines formula. Take the value of formula =550 and a= in Rankines

93. A solid circular bar 5 m long and 4 cm in diameter was found to extend 4.5 mm under a tensile load of 48 kN. The bar is used as a strut with both ends hinged. Determine the buckling load for the bar and also the safe load taking factor of safety as 3.0. 94. Calculate the safe compressive load on a hollow cast iron column (one end rigidly fixed and other hinged) of 10 cm external diameter, 7 cm internal and 8 m in length. Use eulers formula with a factore of safety of 4 and E=95 .

95. Determine eulers crippling load for an Isection joist 30 cm *15 cm *2 cm and 5m long which is used as a strut with both ends fixed.

JH ACADEMY

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