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Riel's Council of Twelve: Provisional government of 1869

Riel's Council of Twelve: Provisional government of 1869

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Riel's first provisional government in 1869 was the Council of Twelve, which set up the Convention of 24, and the Convention of Forty in 1870.
Riel's first provisional government in 1869 was the Council of Twelve, which set up the Convention of 24, and the Convention of Forty in 1870.

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Published by: Lawrence J. Barkwell on Oct 29, 2013
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The Metis National Committee Provisional Government: The Council of Twelve (formed October 15-1 !

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The first provisional government at Red River consisted of a Council of Twelve with an executive consisting of John Bruce, President and, Louis Riel, Secretary and also commander of the insurgent forces The first act of this council on !ovem"er #, $%#& was to call for a popular convention in which they would "e 'oined "y twelve representatives from the Scottish and (nglish parishes This "ecame )nown as the Convention of Twenty*+our which met on !ovem"er $#, $%#& in the Court ,ouse at +ort -arry The Council of Twelve mem"ers were. Pierre Poitras %r& /1"1'-1"" $ Pierre Poitras was "orn in $%$0, at +ort (sperance, 1u23ppelle 4alley, !orthwest Territories ,is mother was 5arguerite -rant, sister to Cuth"ert -rant and his father was 3ndr6 ,enri Poitras from Ste +oy, 1ue"ec 3ndr6 Poitras was one of the founders of St +ran7ois 8avier This was a "uffalo hunting family always active on the plains The family was 9uite large with relations on "oth sides of the "order 3ndr6, sometimes )nown as ,enri died circa $%:$ at St Joseph, ;a)ota Territory Pierre Poitras married 5arie Bruyere, the daughter of Jean Baptiste Bruyere and +ran7oise /Serpente< on !ovem"er =>, $%:= at St Boniface They had eleven children together Pierre Poitras was a representative to the Convention of +orty representing his home district of St +ran7ois 8avier ,e was also a delegate to the previous Convention of =?, !ovem"er $#, $%#& Pierre "ecame one of the =? mem"ers of the Legislative 3ssem"ly of 3ssini"oia led "y Louis Riel @n June =?, $%>0, ,on 5r Pierre Poitras seconded ,on 5r Louis Schmidt2s motion AThat the Legislative 3ssem"ly of 3ssini"oia accepts, in the name of the people, the 5anito"a 3ctB, thus entering the ;ominion of Canada on the terms proposed in the Confederation 3ct ,e would also witness the signing of Treaty !um"er ? in the 1u23ppelle 4alley, in $%>? +or his participation in the $%>0 movement in 5anito"a his life was endangered, and he would have to leave along with many others ;uring the Reign of Terror of Colseley2s troops Pierre was arrested on 3ugust =?, $%>0 while scouting with +ran7ois 8avier ;auphinais and +ran7ois 8avier Page ,e was a"used and severely "eaten and wounded "y the Red River (xpeditionary +orce 3t the age of sixty, he left 5anito"a "ecause of the hostilities and returned to the 1u23ppelle 4alley for a while and then moved to ;uhamel, 3l"erta where he died at the age of >& ,is "rother +ran7ois was a captain and served under 3m"roise Lepine, Riel2s ad'utant general in 5anito"a ,is other "rother Dgnace would also "ecome involved at Batoche during the $%%E Resistance and "e tried for felony treason ,is older half "rother 3ndr6 ,enri Jr Poitras lived and hunted on "oth sides of the "order "ut would eventually settle in the FS The descendents of his family would "ecome involved with the Little Shell Tri"e in its struggle for recognition in 5ontana $

Reference. Joseph*Dsidore Poitras at http.GGwww mendel caG9uappelleGedwardpoitrasGresident html


a"out ?0 miles from -eorgetown 5c.e then too) immediate action to send the rifles and ammunition to 5a'or . in "eing the first one to enter the fort and had the doors immediately closed "ehind him 3fter some negotiation.e helped negotiate the treaty with the 56tis and Saulteaux Dndians at the La)e of the Coods in $%>: Pierre was apparently renowned for his siIe and strength .ougall was stopped at Pem"ina "y the 56tis.uring a memora"le episode in the trou"les of $%>0.unt /F S 3rmy< at +ort 3"ercrom"ie. led "y 3m"roise Lepine and Toussaint Lucier.ougall wrote to Joseph .BC warehouse at -eorgetown and destroy these arms .-1"". accompanied "y fifty or so 56tis whom L6veill6 and his companion had enlisted en route Riel.udson2s Bay Company.e had his own train of Red River carts . the 56tis daughter of 3lexander 5cHenIie and 5arie . $%E# at St +ran7ois 8avier Pierre DD. however. feared that Riel2s man would seiIe the papers for his leader. in order to arrive first at +ort -arry and intercept the dispatches But L6veill6 threatened him with a pistol and the president had to )eep to the second ran) of the procession formed "y the sleds .000 rounds of ammunition to -eorgetown /now -rand +or)s.owever. $%#& Convention of =?. 5c. who had 'ust 'oined up with them.e succeeded. Riel sent one of his men to accompany Smith2s messenger to get the papers But Cilliam 5acTavish. when in reality he was the representative of the Canadian government Riel would have li)ed to see Smith2s letter of credentials and other official papers "efore their contents were divulged.e married -enevieve +agnant /+aillant< the daughter of Jean Baptiste +agnant and Josephte 5onet dit Belhumeur on Septem"er $E.avier$ (1".onald 3 Smith had arrived as the senior officer of the . chosen to represent St +ran7ois 8avier 3fter Lieutenant -overnor designate Cilliam 5c.e was an Ainfluential colonistB of the Red River. Smith had deli"erately left these papers at Pem"ina. Comte Charlevois.udson2s Bay Company.e was the son of Pierre L6veill6. 5acTavish and Riel2s representatives arrived at Saint*!or"ert with the precious papers. so he sent L6veill6 and an (nglishman to prevent such a thing from happening Returning from Pem"ina. governor of the . Riel = .e thus "ecame familiar with the routes across the prairies prior to $%>: By all accounts Pierre was an influential 56tis of Red River . < @n the =Eth of !ovem"er $%#&.$ Pierre L6veill6 was "orn on January $?. 1ue"ec and Julie 5cHenIie. "ased on the instructions contained in them .owe. "orn June $>%: at La Bois*St Paul.ougall2s next move was to have Col . "ecame a fur trader in the west .ougall sent his :E0 rifles and $0.ennis and 5a'or Callace enlist the Dndians in a military move against the 56tis Pierre L6veill6 was instrumental in thwarting these plans as reported "y the local newspapers . according to historian 3lexander Begg 3t the provisional government2s !ovem"er $#.onald 3 Smith .Pierre ()veill) (%t& *ran+ois . L6veill6 played a role as leader of the opposition to the authority of President Louis Riel 5r . Pierre L6veill6 was a delegate. wanted to ta)e the lead. 5c. $%=& at St +ran7ois 8avier . outside the territory of 3ssini"oia Dn an effort to discover if Smith indeed had the power to negotiate. ! .e temporarily opposed Riel in $%#&*>0 and )ept Riel from o"taining the credentials of . the Secretary of State noting that he had received information from his spies that the 56tis intended to send horsemen to "urn the . in order to "e a"le to )now what course to ta)e.

e was then married to 5arguerite 5orin.e has "een descri"ed as one of the leaders of the A(nglish Plains Buffalo . the son of Cilliam Birston and 3ng6li9ue Bercier dit 5archand .uc) La)e "efore the "attle there Birston may have looted the store and "urnt down 5itchell2s house "ut there was little evidence *ran+ois . $%%E and the 'udge stated that although some evidence weighed against the prisoner there were some favoura"le points for him.alf*Breed who served as the St +ran7ois 8avier delegate to the $%#& Convention and then "ecame vice*president of the Provisional -overnment. % January $%>0 .auphinais and 3ngus 5cHay sided with Louis Riel in deciding to convince the 56tis people to support the government = Chen it was time to conclude the treaties with the Dndian tri"es of 5anito"a and the !orthwest. A. l2honora"le . Pierre L6veill6.ouse< in $%>$ . and according to 3lexander Begg. $%:E*$%>0 .e appeared "efore Judge Richardson on 5onday @cto"er =#. Peter Poitras and Pierre Pag6e were arrested and 'ailed "y Colseley2s troops 3mbroise-1id4me ()2ine (1". L2Nv6nement. $&0> . $%$E.onnelly launched the so*called +enian Raid into 5anito"a in @cto"er of $%>$ L6veill6 was present at @cto"er Eth and #th meetings at Riel2s house in St 4ital to decide whether the 56tis were going to support the government against @2. the daughter of Louis 5orin and 5arguerite 5alaterre /$%%=< . Aux Sources de L’Histoire Manitobaine 1u6"ec.onoghue. and sitting as a 'uror he could not convict .allett .ended up allowing the messengers to enter with Smith2s documents.e first married +ran7oise Paul. $0>*$0& : . he even gave Riel a rifle that cost J:00 Chen C B @2.'-1 -5$ = 3 . the daughter of Paul Paul and 5arguerite Lavall6e They had eleven children .uc) La)e on =#th 5arch and :rd 3pril $%%E .uring the post $%>0 Areign of terrorB he.e was a +rench .untB along with Cilliam . and to erase the memory of the a"ove*mentioned episode.e was the only 56tis other than Riel to go to trial .avier Genthon dit 1au2hinais (1"15$ +ran7ois was "orn on January $. -eneral Thomas Curley and Colonel J J .illyard 5itchell had left Birston in charge of his store at . he was tried for treason*felony at Regina for his Resistance activities at . (lI6ar de la -imodiKre. the son of 5ichel -enthon dit .5orice.e was later appointed to 5anito"a2s Legislative Council /Fpper . and L6veill6 wanted to remain there with his friends to assure their security until they were read "efore the population that had assem"led to hear them on $& and =0 January $%>0 L6veill6 later "ecame one of Riel2s most ardent partisans.e was married to 5adeleine Paul /" $%=%< Birston had "een appointed to the Council of 3ssini"oia on 3ugust #.onoghue 3m"roise L6pine.e rendered great services and helped assure Lthe treatiesM final success B Ma/nus 0ernard 0irston (b& 1"-"$ Birston was a Scottish . -eneral John @2!eill.e was the St Paul delegate to the Convention of +orty @n @cto"er $0 $%%E. he assisted Joseph*3lfred*!or"ert Provencher in his negotiations with these tri"es in $%>:.auphinais and 4ictoire @uelette .e warned the prisoner to "e more careful of himself in the future . $%#% The Council existed for :E years.alf*Breed from St +ran7ois 8avier.

e married to Josephte 4andal /" $%=E< and they had $% children .ufferin. and the Convention of +orty January =#.e then married Charlotte ? .e was sentenced to "e hung "ut Lord .e was married to Cecile 5arion. Jac9ues.onoghue.uring @cto"er of $%>E. $%>0Q he then served on Riel2s Red River Council in $%>0 Baptiste voted in favor of an armed force to repulse the +enian invasion and was elected second captain of troops from La Pointe Coup6e on @cto"er >. the Prime 5inister moved that. that in the opinion of this house it would "e proper that a li)e amnesty should "e granted to L Riel and 3 . Dsidore and Joseph participated in helping Riel to stop the surveyors on @cto"er $$.enry. a Sas)atchewan 56tis who was the daughter of the famous 3lexander . $%#& Baptiste represented St !or"ert at the Convention of !ovem"er $%#&.elorme and Brigitte Plouf dite 4ille"run in $%#$ They lived at St !or"ert and had $= children Jean*Baptiste Tourond was one of Riel2s councilor2s and had "een appointed along with Jean*Baptiste L6pine to patrol the settlement and warn of anyone trying to sta)e claims . the daughter of Joseph . commuted his sentence to two years in 'ail and his civil rights were revo)ed indefinitely 3 long awaited amnesty was offered to "oth Riel and L6pine on condition that they "oth leave the country for five years L6pine decided to serve out his sentence.e and his three "rothers. $%%& he married for a second time to Regina 3llard. contrary to Riel @n +e"ruary $$. the daughter of Joseph 3llard and Julie Langevin (ouis (acerte (%t& Norbert$ (b& 1"-1$ Louis was a Red River 56tis. and C B @2 .This 56tis leader was the son of Jean*Baptiste B6rard dit L6pine and Julia .e served in the provisional government as military commander and presided at the war council. he was arrested for the murder of Scott . which condemned Thomas Scott. L6pine.e was the "rother of Jean*Baptiste Jr and 5axime L6pine 3m"roise was "orn in St Boniface in $%?0 . $%>E. 3 .e too) his education at St Boniface College L6pine represented St Boniface at the $%>0 Convention of +orty L6pine was Louis Riel2s 3d'utant -eneral during the Red River Resistance of $%#&* >0 . though he was opposed to the execution Dn St 4ital. -overnor -eneral of Canada.ominions 3m"roise L6pine was permitted to settle near Batoche. $%>$ @n @cto"er =$. the daughter of 56tis leader !arcisse 5arion . Ofull amnesty should "e granted to all persons concerned in the !orth*Cest trou"les for all acts committed "y them during the said trou"les. saving only L Riel.elorme. the son of Louis Lacerte Sr and 5arie 5artin . $%:% at St Boniface. L6pine conditional on five years "anishment from .is military leadership amongst the 5 étis was attri"uted to his cool demeanor and prodigious physical strength . Sas)atchewan and then near +orget Dt was only a few years "efore his death in $&=: that his civil rights were restored 6ean-0a2tiste Tourond (%t& Norbert$ (b& 1"5"$ Baptiste was "orn June $.e married 3ng6li9ue . he was tried and found guilty . the son of Joseph Tourond and Rosalie Laderoute /" $%$#< .er 5a'estyPs .enry and his Saulteaux wife .

along with 3m"roise L6pine and Louis Riel.$ Pierre Parenteau was the son of Joseph Parenteau Sr and his Cree wife Susanne Pierre was well )nown among his contemporaries as a s)illful hunter in the great 56tis "uffalo hunts .e was the son of 3ugustin !olin and .uc) La)e and fled to Prince 3l"ert where he was loc)ed up after surrendering 3lthough !olin was Louis Riel2s cousin. .arrison. $%:% at St Boniface . and the Chairman of Riel2s $# man Council /(xovedate< at Batoche during the $%%E Resistance 3 trusted friend and political ally of Louis Riel.owever. Parenteau had "een active in the struggle for 56tis self*determination since the days of the $%#& Resistance in 5anito"a 3t that time he was an influential man.e E .elorme /" $%=:< and they had two children .elen 3nn Cameron /56tis< Charles married 5arie*3nne .e was elected a Captain of the 56tis troops in $%>$ and wor)ed to repel the +enian invasion Chen Lieutenant*governor 3rchi"ald visited Red River in @cto"er of $%>$. and acted as a mem"er of Riel2s $#*man Council /(xovedate< at Batoche during the $%%E Resistance .e first married Josephte .e was elected to the !orth Cest Territories Legislative Council in $%&$ "ut was dis9ualified "ecause of vote fraud . was "orn 5ay =. he testified against Riel The 56tis at Batoche viewed him as a AvendusB or sell*out . $%%E tried Charles !olin and Cilliam Boyer for acting against the cause "ut after defending themselves and pledging allegiance they were ac9uitted !olin then deserted at .e then married 5arie 5c5illan in $%?E and in $%E0 married 5arie 3nne Caron @ne of his daughters was married to +ran7ois 8avier Letendr6 dit Batoche Pierre once owned part of the land upon which the Riel family finally settled in St 4ital Pierre was a mem"er. Parenteau.ease and . a 56tis. which discussed the formation of a provisional government at Red River . he was a Justice of the Peace at St !or"ert and was elected as a delegate to the Convention of $%#& and the Convention of +orty in $%>0. were chosen to "e presented to 3rchi"ald as representatives of the 5etis people 6ean 0a2tiste Perreault (%t& 3nne des Ch9nes$ Jean Baptiste was the son of Jean*Baptiste Perreault Sr and Catherine -rouette @n +e"ruary $>. he too) part in the agitation that preceded the $%%E Resistance. the niece of 3m"roise and 5axime L6pine Charles !olin was the leader of the anti*Riel 56tis This group included the L6veill6. Charette. $%>? at St 3nne des ChRnes he married 4eroni9ue 4andal the daughter of Joseph 4andal and 3d6laSde Char"onneau Charles Nolin (%t& 3nne des Ch9nes$ (1"-5-1 '8$ Charles !olin. he parted from Riel and .Lesperance at St +ran7ois 8avier in $%>& .umont when it came to the use of arms The council of the Provisional government set up on 5arch $&.amelin families Dn the Convention of +orty -eorges Hlyne and Thomas . a cousin of Louis Riel She died and he remarried to Rosalie L6pine.e was a mem"er of the Convention of +orty under Riel and elected to the Provincial Legislature as mem"er from Ste 3nne des ChRnes in $%>? and $%>% Dn $%>?.arrison were aligned with !olin Charles was educated "y Bishop Provencher and wor)ed as a fur trader and merchant .e was a St 4ital delegate to the council of $%#& and represented Pointe Coup6e at the $%>0 Convention of +orty Pierre Parenteau %r& (%t& 7ital$ (1"18-1" .

$&#% Compiled "y Lawrence Bar)well Coordinator of 56tis . the daughter of Joseph (snault dit . $&0> 6ean 0a2tiste Millet dit 0eauchemin (b& 1"5"$ Jean Baptiste was the son of Ben'amin Beauchemin and 5arie Parenteau Thus Pierre Parenteau Sr noted a"ove was his uncle was 3ndr6 Beauchemin noted "elow Jean Baptiste married 5arguerite 5c5illan sometime "efore $%#0 3ndr) Millet dit 0eauchemin (%t& 7ital$ (1"-.istory Research Louis Riel Dnstitute # .ucharme . the son of 3ndr6 5illet dit Beauchemin and 5adeleine .elorme and Brigitte 4ille"run Reference. C +riesen T Sons Ltd .elorme. he served as the St 4ital delegate on Riel2s Red River Council of !ovem"er $%#& Later.e was elected to the first 5anito"a legislature in $%>0 "y acclamation to represent the riding of St 4ital 3ndr6 was "orn on !ovem"er #. $%=? at Red River. 3ltona.-1 '-$ 3 56tis politician. he was a delegate to the Convention of +orty and a councillor in the provisional government .e married -eneviKve . .artwell The James Wickes Taylor Correspondence 1 !"#1 $% 4ol DDD. . 5anito"a Record Society Pu"lications. Bowfield.eritage and .died at Battleford on January =%.

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