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# EXERCISES

1. 2. 3. Estimate the volume of blood your heart pumps to your systemic circulation each day What percentage of your blood is in your pulmonary circulation If white blood cells have an average diameter of 12 m,what percentage of the blood volume is white blood cells If platelets has a diameter of about 2 m,what percentage of the blood volume is platelets If the Average power consumed by the heart is 10 W,what percentage of a 2500 kilocalorie daylie diet is used to operate the heart (4.2 J = 1 calorie)

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6.What is a sphygmomanometer 7.What are korotkof sounds 8.How much does the blood pressure in your brain increase when you change from sleep position to standing on your head (height=180 cm)
9. An artery with a 3 mm radius is partially blocked with plaque; in the constricted region the effective radius is 2 mm and the average blood velocity is 50 cm/sec a.What is the average velocity of the blood in the unconstricted region b.Would there be turbulent flow in either region c. For the blood in the constricted region,find the equivalent pressure due to the kinetic energy of the blood 10.If the radius of an arteriole changed from 50 m to 40 m,how much would the flow rate through it decrease

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What is negative pressure Calculate the pressure in millimeters of mercury equal to a pressure of 20 cm H2O Positive pressure is used in blood transfusions. Suppose a container is placed 1m above aVein with a venous pressure of 2 mmHg; if the density of the blood is 1.04 g/cm3,what is the net pressure acting to transfer the blood into the vein

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Atmospheric pressure is due to the weight of the air above us.The density of air 1.3 x 10-3 g/cm3. What is the weight in dynes of 1 cm3 of air? If this weight were spread over 1 cm2 what would be the pressure? What fraction of 1 atm would it be? Using the density of air given in review question 12,calculate the pressure diffrence in dynes per square centimeter and in millimeters of mercury between the bottomand the top of building 30 m tall