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In offset

In offset
In offset l mt k thut in n trong , cc hnh nh dnh mc in c p ln cc tm cao su (cn gi l cc tm offset) trc ri mi p t ming cao su ny ln giy. Khi s dng vi in thch bn, k thut ny trnh c vic lm nc b dnh ln giy theo mc in. Cc u im ca k thut in ny l: Cht lng hnh nh cao nt v sch hn in trc tip t bn in ln giy v ming cao su p u ln b mt cn in. Kh nng ng dng in n ln nhiu b mt, k c b mt khng phng (nh g, vi, kim loi, da, giy th nhm).

Mt my in offset hin i

Vic ch to cc bn in d dng hn. Cc bn in c tui th lu hn v khng phi trc tip tip xc vi b mt cn in. In offset ngy nay tr thnh k thut in ph bin nht trong in n thng mi. Tuy vy trong cc in n dnh cho th vui c nhn, ngi ta vn c th to ra mt s t sch vi cht lng cao, s dng cch in trc tip. Mt s ngi vn thch cc ng nt chm ni li trn giy t vic in trc tip. Thm ch mt s sch kiu ny cn c in bng cc bn in c xp t cc con ch ch, y l cng ngh in typo, mt cng ngh kh c.

In offset

Lch s
My in dng k thut offset v thch bn u tin ra i Anh khong nm 1875 v c thit k in ln kim loi. Trng offset lm bng giy cc tng truyn hnh nh cn in t bn in thch bn sang b mt kim loi. Khong 5 nm sau, giy cc tng c thay bng cao su. Ngi u tin p dng k thut in offset cho in n trn giy c th l Ira Washington Rubel nm 1903. ng tnh c nhn thy mi khi mt t giy khng c a vo my in thch bn ca ng mt cch ng nhp, bn in thch bn in ln trng in c bc bng cao su, v t giy cho vo tip theo b dnh 2 hnh: bn in thch bn mt trn v bn in do dnh t trng in mt di. Rubel cng nhn thy hnh nh in t trng in cao su nt v sch hn v ming cao su mm p u ln giy hn l bn in bng cng. ng quyt nh in thng qua cc tm bng cao su. c lp vi Rubel, hai anh em Charles Harris v Albert Harris cng pht hin ra iu ny v ch to my in offset cho Cng ty In n T ng Harris.

Quy trnh in offset

Cc thit k ca Harris, pht trin t my in gm cc trng quay, rt ging hnh v trong bi. N gm mt trng bn in tip xc cht vi cc cun mc in v nc. Mt trng cao su tip xc ngay bn di trng xp ch. Trng in bn di c nhim v n cht t giy vo trng cao su truyn hnh nh. Ngy nay, c ch c bn ny vn c dng, nhng nhiu ci tin c thc hin, nh thm in hai mt hay np giy bng cun giy (thay v cc ming giy). Trong nhng nm 1950, in offset tr thnh k thut in ph bin nht cho in n thng mi, sau khi nhiu ci tin c thc hin cho bn xp ch, mc in v giy, ti u ha tc in v tui th cc bn xp ch. Ngy nay, a s in n, gm c in bo ch, s dng k thut ny.

Cng ngh
c im in offset Qu trnh ch bn
Cc cng ngh ch bn Trong ch bn in offset, ngi ta hay dng film hoc giy can ch to bn in (print plate) Cc dng cng ngh dng trong ch bn 1. Cng ngh CTF
MAN Roland press

In offset Cng ngh CTF l cng ngh ch bn s trong d liu s (Digital) t my tnh c chuyn thnh d liu tng t (Anolog) trn film thng qua cc my ghi film, film c em bnh trc khi phi truyn hnh nh ln bn in. Quy trnh tng qut ca cng ngh CTF c m t theo s sau: 1.1. Cng ngh CTF c s dng giy scan 1.2. Cng ngh CTF xut Film theo tng trang 1.3. Cng ngh CTF xut Film kh bn in 2. Computer to plate Computer to plate l cm t m t cng ngh ch bn, trong d liu s t my tnh c ghi trc tip ln bn in m khng qua khu trung gian l film. Bn in sau khi c ghi hnh c th c hin ngay trn h thng my ghi bn hoc c a ti hin my hin bn chuyn dng. Sau , bn in c lp ln my in theo cch thng thng tin hnh cng vic in. 3. Cng ngh Computer to Press (CTPress) 3.1 Cng ngh Computer to press/direct imaging 3.2. Cng ngh Computer to Print

Nguyn l in offset
In offset l phng php in phng, cc thng tin hnh nh c th hin trn bn in c tnh quang ho to ra cc phn t in bt mc v phn t khng in th bt nc. Ngoi ra hnh nh trn khun in phi l hnh nh thun, tc l cng phng vi t in s c in ra

Cu to my in offset
Mt my in offset t ri gm c cc b phn ch yu nh: mt b phn cung cp giy, mt hay nhiu n v in, cc thit b trung chuyn a giy qua my in, mt b phn ra giy v cc b phn b tr thm nh bn iu khin my in. Thng thng mt n v in trong my in offset t ri c ba trc chnh cng h thng lm m v h thng ch mc ln khun in: ng bn: l mt trc ng bng kim loi, trn khun in phn t in bt mc cn phn t khng in bt nc. ng cao su: l mt trc ng mang tm cao su offset, c cu to gm mt lp vi bc vi cao su tng hp truyn hnh nh t khun in ln b mt vt liu in. ng p: l mt trc khi quay lun tip xc vi ng cao su, lm nhim v chuyn giy v cc vt liu in khc. H thng cp m : l h thng cc l lm m bng dung dch lm m c cha cc cht ph gia nh: axit, gm arabic, cn isopropyl hay cc tc nhn lm m khc. H thng cp mc: l h thng cc l ch mc cho bn in. Cc thnh phn quan trng khc. Ngoi cc n v in ra, trong my in offset mt mu hay nhiu mu cn bao gm cc b phn sau: B phn np giy: lm nhim v ht giy v cc vt liu in khc t bn cung cp giy ln v a xung n v in u tin. Cc b phn trung chuyn: (thng thng l cc trc ng c nhp kp giy) c kh nng vn chuyn giy i qua my in. B phn ra giy: l b phn nhn giy ra v v giy u thnh cy giy trn bn ra giy

In offset

H thng lm m
H thng lm m trong in offset t ri cung cp dung dch lm m gc nc, hoc dung dch mng nc ln b mt khun in trc khi n c ch mc. Dung dch lm m gi cho phn t khng in trn khun c m t do n khng bt mc. N c ch ln ton b bn in. Tuy nhin, cc phn t khng in bt nc v y mc trn khun, chng c to ra theo cch ht bm mt lp mng gm arabic trong qu trnh ch to khun in, l hydrophilic, hay cht a nc, trong khi cc phn t in l hydrophobic, hay cht c khuynh hng y nc. Thc ra nc bn thn n c th c s dng lm m bn. Mt vi my in offset t ri c th chn s dng mt mnh nc in cc n phm s lng t. Tuy nhin, lp y mc ny dn dn lt ra khi khi khun in tip tc s dng trn my. Cc ho cht trong dung dch lm m b sung thm y mc cho lp ny.

H thng truyn mc
H thng cung cp mc in trong my in offset t ri c 4 chc nng c bn sau: Dn mc t l mng mc n khung in. Tch lp mc dy ra thnh lp mc mng ng u trn cc l truyn. Ch mc ln cc phn t in trn bn. Loi b mc in ti lp trn l ch t cc cng vic in trc . Cu to ca b phn cp mc

Mng mc: cha mc in cn cung cp trong qu trnh in. L chm: l mt l chuyn lun phin tip xc gia l mng mc v l u tin ca h thng cp mc, thng thng l l tn trong h thng cp mc. L tn v l sn: l cc l chuyn ng n khp bng bnh rng v dy sn khng ch quay trn c m cn chuyn ng qua li theo phng ngang vi trc ng t tri qua phi Mng mc, hai thnh bn hng mng mc, dao gt v l mng mc v lm nhim v ch dn mng lp mc in ln cc l v xo cc lp mc in trc trn l ch. Cc l trung gian: l cc l chuyn ng c da vo s tip xc vi cc l chuyn ng khc c ni kt vi b phn truyn chuyn ng, cc l trung gian nm gia l chuyn v l ch, lm nhim v v nh lng mc cp cho qu trnh in; thng c gi l l nh lng khi chng tip xc vi hai l khc hoc c gi l l dn khi chng ch tip xc vi mt l khc; v d: nh l tn. Cc l ch bn in: gm 3-4 l ch bn thng c ng knh khc nhau, tip xc v ch mc ln bn in.

In offset

Cc bc lm trong in offset
Lp khun in ln b phn lp bn a mc vo mng cha, cho dn du ln h thng l truyn mc a giy-vt liu in vo ni cha ca my, cn chnh ng i ca giy a h thng nhn sn phm, gia cng t in theo my

Xem thm
In n In mu

Tham kho
(bng ting Anh) "Offset Printing". Encyclopdia Britannica. Retrieved March 22, 2004, from Encyclopdia Britannica Premium Service.[1] "Graphic Communications Technology". The History of Lithography [2]. University of Houston. History of Lithography [3]. International Paper. HistoryWired: Rubel Offset Lithographic Press [4]. Smithsonian National Museum of American History.
[1] [2] [3] [4] http:/ / www. britannica. com/ eb/ article?eu=58234 http:/ / graphics. tech. uh. edu/ MatProcesses/ History_of_Litho. pdf http:/ / www. ippaper. com/ gettips_pp_lithography. html http:/ / historywired. si. edu/ object. cfm?ID=395

Lin kt ngoi
(bng ting Anh) How Offset Printing Works (http://www.howstuffworks.com/offset-printing.htm) My in offset Heidelberg trn de.wikidepia (http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heidelberger_Druckmaschinen) Trang web chnh thc ca hng my in Heidelberg (http://www.heidelberg.com/www/html/en/startPage) (ting Vit) Tm hiu phng php in offset (http://kythuatin.com/pub/index.php?option=com_content&task=view& id=238&Itemid=38&limit=1&limitstart=0) L thuyt c bn v mu sc (http://diendanin.vn/showthread.php?t=159)

Ngun v ngi ng gp vo bi

Ngun v ngi ng gp vo bi
In offset Ngun: http://vi.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=2631131 Ngi ng gp: Congtyhunglinh123456, Eternal Dragon, Lu Ly, Mekong Bluesman, Minhhungmar, Mxn, Newone, Steschke, Thangcni, Tttrung, 16 sa i v danh

Ngun, giy php, v ngi ng gp vo hnh


Hnh:Heidelberg Speedmaster 102 CD.jpg Ngun: http://vi.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tp_tin:Heidelberg_Speedmaster_102_CD.jpg Giy php: GNU Free Documentation License Ngi ng gp: Stefan Khn, Fotogalerie Hnh:offset.png Ngun: http://vi.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tp_tin:Offset.png Giy php: GNU Free Documentation License Ngi ng gp: Tttrung Image:DE-Zeitungsrollenoffsetdruck by Steschke.jpg Ngun: http://vi.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tp_tin:DE-Zeitungsrollenoffsetdruck_by_Steschke.jpg Giy php: GNU Free Documentation License Ngi ng gp: Sven Teschke, Bdingen Hnh:he thong cap muc.GIF Ngun: http://vi.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tp_tin:He_thong_cap_muc.GIF Giy php: Public Domain Ngi ng gp: Thangcni

Giy php
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3. 0/