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K.N.

Toosi University of Technology

5/31/2010


SOIL DYNAMICS
Hasan Ghasemzadeh
http://sahand.kntu.ac.ir/~ghasemzadeh/indexfa.html

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K.N. Toosi University of Technology

5/31/2010


1.Soil Dynamics

Prakash

2.Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering

S.L. Kramer

3.Elastic Solution for Soil Dynamics

Arnold Verruijt

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K.N. Toosi University of Technology

5/31/2010


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K.N. Toosi University of Technology

5/31/2010



Plate Tectonics


Plate Tectonics
225 million years ago, all the major
continents formed one giant
supercontinent, called Pangaea
Perhaps initiated by heat building up
underneath the vast continent, Pangaea
began to rift, or split apart,

Exactly what drives plate tectonics is not


known

K.N. Toosi University of Technology

5/31/2010


Iran

Plate Tectonics

Iran
Plate Tectonics

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K.N. Toosi University of Technology

5/31/2010

1. Divergent boundaries -- where new crust is generated as the plates pull away from each other.
2. Convergent boundaries -- where crust is destroyed as one plate drives under another.
3. Transform boundaries -- where crust is neither produced nor destroyed as the plates slide
horizontally past each other.
4. Collisional boundary -- broad belts in which boundaries are not well defined and the effects of
plate interaction are unclear.

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K.N. Toosi University of Technology

5/31/2010

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M

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M 7
log10E 11.5 1.5M

M 5 E 1019
M 6 E 1020.5

K.N. Toosi University of Technology

5/31/2010

Shaft and Disk

Pendulum

Torsional
Stiffness
k

Moment of
inertia J

Gravity g

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x3
x2
x1

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K.N. Toosi University of Technology

5/31/2010


Slope here
is v0

u(t)

Period T

Amplitude A

nT 2

Maximum Velocity

An

1 n

Hz
T 2

u Asin nt

u An cos(nt ) An sin( nt 2)

An2 sin nt An2 sin( nt )


u
n u
2

90

u
t
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-
u, u, u

F Ku
Mu Ku 0
F Mu
u A1 sin nt A2 cosnt


t 0

t 0

K
M
2

2
(Mn K)u 0 n

Rad/s

2 M K
n
u (v0 n ) sin nt

u 0 A2 0
u v0 A1n v0 A1 v0 n

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K.N. Toosi University of Technology

5/31/2010


0 s

2
C C2 4MK C

C
K
2M
M
2M
2M

Cc

2
Cc

2M K M n

CC
c

C 2 KM

Cc 2Mn 2 KM

C
n
CC C
2K
2 KM
c

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K.N. Toosi University of Technology

5/31/2010

=1

k=225N/m m=100kg and


0.6

x =0.4mm v =1mm/s
0

0.5

x =0.4mm v =0mm/s
0

u ( A Bt )est

t 0 u u0 A u0

t 0 u v0 B v0 nu0

Displacement (mm)

x =0.4mm
0

0.4

v =-1mm/s
0

0.3
0.2
0.1
0
-0.1
0

u (u0 (v0 nu0 )t)e

st

Time (sec)
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1
0

0.6

s2t

C 2 KM

s 2 1 n
A
B

v0 ( 1 )n u0
2

2n 2 1
v0 ( 2 1 )nu0
2 n 2 1

x0=0.4mm v0=1mm/s
x0=0.4mm v0=0mm/s
x0=0.4mm v0=-1mm/s

0.5
Displacement (mm)

u Ae Be
t 0 u u0

t 0 u v0
s1t

k=225N/m m=100kg and=2

0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
-0.1
0

2
Time (sec)

Slower to respond than critically


damped case
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K.N. Toosi University of Technology

5/31/2010


1
0

Displacement

exponential decay

u Aent cos(dt )

d n 1 2

1d n

0.5
0
-0.5
-1

2
3
Time (sec)

Most natural systems

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Displacement

0.5

An1

An
-0.5

Td

-1
0

Td

5
Time (sec)

n 1 2

A
An
ent

n (t Td ) enTd ln n nTd
An1 e
A
n1
2
2
n

1 2
n 1 2
1 2

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K.N. Toosi University of Technology

5/31/2010


u, u, u

F0 sin t

M
C

Cu Ku F0 sin t
Mu

d n 1 2

) Aent cos(dt

C1 sin t C2 cost
u Ae t cos(dt ) C1 sin t C2 cost
n

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u u0 sin t

tan1C2 C1

u0 C12 C22


u ust M sin t N cost

F0
K

ust

1 2
(1 2 ) 2 (2 ) 2
2
N
2 2
(1 ) (2 ) 2

Fmax M 2 N2

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K.N. Toosi University of Technology

5/31/2010


Fmax

0.01

(1 ) (2 )2
2 2

1
2

Fmax

Fmax 1

Fmax 0

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Cn 2K

h C 2K cte

u u st cost h
2 h

12 n

tanh

F0 K
2
h

(1 n ) 4
2 2

Fmax

(12 n )2 4 h2
1
M 0 Fmax
(1 4 h2
2

u st

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