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TRNG I HC S PHM K THUT TP.HCM

BO CO RFID
TAGS

L NGC KIM TRN QUC PHONG DNG HIN CHU

GVHD THY: Nguyn Vn Hip

RFID TAGS

Ni dung
1 2 3
Kh nng c bn ca Tags Tnh cht vt l Ngun Giao din v tuyn

Tng kt

4
5

Kh nng lu tr v x l thng tin Tiu chun

RFID TAGS

Kh nng c bn ca Tag ?
Gn th Kch thc. Khi lng. Hnh dng. Thm m. Bn vi ngoi lc. Tun th cc tiu chun c th

Kh nng lu v truyn t thng tin n thit b c. Xa/v hiu ha th. Vit mt ln/Vit nhiu ln. Bo mt,m ha.

Tags

RFID TAGS

Tnh Cht Vt L

RFID

Cc vt liu khc nhau l tnh khc nhau: Tc nhn mi trng, tc nhn lc, tc nhn ha hc. nh hng ln cc loi th khc nhau.

Tnh Cht Vt L

RFID TAGS

Tnh Cht Vt L
Tag

Plastic/PVC/Disk

Smart Cards

Smart Labels

Glass

Mt s loi vt liu ch to Tag v tnh cht

Ngun
Th Th ng Bn Tch Cc Th Tch Cc

RFID TAGS

LM SAO PHN BIT CC LOI SNG IN T KHC NHAU TRONG MI TRNG ? LM SAO PHN BIT CC TH RFID CNG LOI,NHNG KHC MC CH S DNG VI NHAU ? TAG

TAG READER

Air Interface

Company Logo

Air Interface

GII THIU
NGUN CHO TAG TN S HOT NG CH GIAO TIP KEYING

AIR INTERFACE

Xc nh Reader tng thch vi Tag,gip M HA h thng hot ng tt,chnh xc.


COUPLING

Air Interface

TN S HOT NG

L tn s cc tag s dng,dng giao tip,hoc nhn nng lng.

TN
LF HF

PHM VI TN S/C
30 KHz -> 300KHz / 50cm 3MHz -> 30Mhz / 3m

TN S ISM
< 135 kHz 6.78 MHz, 13.56 MHz, 27.125 MHz, 40.680 MHz 433.920 MHz, 869 MHz, 915 MHz 2.45 GHz, 5.8 GHz, 24.125 GHz

UHF

300MHz -> 3000MHz / 9m

SNG VIBA

3GHz -> 30GHz / >10m

Air Interface

CH GIAO TIP

Full-Duplex (FDX) (HDX) Bin th ca HDX, 1 t Half-Duplex in, hay c tnh vt l ca tag, cho php lu tr nng lng, p ng khi truyn ti in b ngt.

Air Interface

KEYING

Digital/Analog modulation

KEYING IU CH TN HIU S-TNG T


Frequency-shift keying (FSK) Phase-shift keying (PSK) Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM)

Amplitude-shift keying (ASK)

Air Interface

M HA

01011101

Digital/Digital encoding

M HA CHUYN I S-S
Cch thc m tag, reader c th hiu c nhng d liu s tng ng vi nhng thay i ca sng mang. M ha l tha thun ca qu trnh truyn v nhn, nhm m bo s thng nht, ng b ha, v tnh chnh xc ca thng tin truyn i.

Company Logo

M HA

Biphase Manchester encoding

To s ng b

Phng php ng b tt nht => thch hp truyn d liu ln.

Air Interface

M HA

Pulse Interval encoding

Tn t nng lng,chng nhiu. Kh truyn i xa,d liu truyn khng ln,do khng c cha xung clock.

Air Interface

M HA

Pulse Interval encoding

Biphase space encoding

Pulsed RZ encoding

Air Interface

COUPLING

Ch s ph thuc(n khp) gia tag v reader khi hot ng.


C ch coupling ca tag m t cch thc mch in trn tag, v trn reader kt ni vi nhau, truyn thng tin, nng lng.

Coupling nh hng n phm vi c ca tag v reader.


La chn coupling nh hng n tn s m tag nn dng.

Air Interface

COUPLING

Coupling tn x ngc
Gii thch cch m tag hot ng khng dng pin. Phng thc truyn thng bn song cng (HDX) iu ch bng ASK. ng ten cung cp nng lng cho chip, iu khin in tr gia 2 ca ng-ten. Chip iu khin vic ng m 2 ng ten,theo d liu c sn,lm thay i bin sng phn x li reader => ASK.

C dng pin => tag bn th ng

Khng dng pin => tag th ng

Air Interface

COUPLING

Coupling cm ng in t
Reader thng qua ng ten dng cun dy,to t trng truyn n tag (bin p). Mt in tr bt tt trong tag,gy ra dao ng trong t trng => thay i in p trn ng ten ca reader. Nhn dng thay i in p ny rt kh,tn chi ph =>To ra 2 sng mang c tn s cao hn, v thp hn tn s hot ng ca reader.

Hot ng trn cc tn s khc nhau => truyn FDX, v iu ch ASK.

Air Interface

COUPLING

Coupling cm ng in t
Phng php subharmonic cho php th s dng tn s c bn ca reader => trnh trng lp. Mt loi khc l coupling tun t (SEQ) s dng FSK. L bin th ca phng php tn x, truyn thng HDX. S dng cho cc tag th ng v bn th ng,dung lng ln ti 2 kilobits.

Khuyt im: ng ten ln,phm vi c ngn.

Air Interface

COUPLING

Coupling t tnh
Tng t coupling cm ng in t. Nhng cun dy l 1 li ferrite ch U. Tag t trong phm vi 1cm, v gia li.

Khong cch ngn, coupling mnh, nn s dng ASK => n gin, gim chi ph.
C th cung cp nng lng cho nhng loi tag c chip phc tp => pht trin cc th thng minh.

Air Interface

COUPLING

Coupling in dung
Mt coupling phm vi gn.

Thay th ng ten bng bn cc, tag cng c tch hp bn cc

Khong cch ngn, coupling mnh, nn s dng ASK => n gin, gim chi ph.
C th cung cp nng lng cho nhng loi tag c chip phc tp => pht trin cc th thng minh.

Air Interface

Cu hi:

Trong h thng RFID, reader c th nhn din v giao tip vi tag, da trn nhng tiu chun, thuc tnh no ?

RFID-TAGS

v. Lu Tr Thng Tin V Kh Nng X L


Loi n gin nht ch c 1 bit lu tr. Thng thng nht l loi 16 v 32 bit Cao nht theo tiu chun ca B Quc Phng M c dung lng n 256 byte Cc ng dng hin nay s dng nhiu nht l 96 bit

RFID-TAGS

Tag gim st in t (Electronic Article Surveillance)

Loi Tag thng c s dng cho mc ch chng trm

Text
Tag EAS 1 Bit Dng kiu iu ch ph hp vi kiu ghp to ra cc k hiu c bit cho Reader nhn bit. Thng khng c vi mch hoc b nh lu tr v l 1 loi Tag th ng
CNG NGH RFID NHM 15

c gi l Tag 1 bit bi v chng c kh nng giao tip thng tin theo 1 bit

RFID-TAGS

Tag chia tn s

Tag EAS tn x ngc

Tag EAS gm c:

Tag EAS in t

RFID-TAGS

Thng c s dng tn s vi sng. (f = 300 MHz v 300 GHz)

Tag EAS tn x ngc

Mt diode to ra mt tn s iu ha c bn, tn s ny c iu ch theo kiu ASK to ra mt mu ring bit

Mc ch l phn bit gia p ng ca Tag vi nhiu ca mi trng c cng tn s

RFID-TAGS

S dng mt vi mch n gin v mt cun dy. Ngun cung cp c to ra bi tn s c bn ca Reader

Tag chia tn s

Khi nhn c xung t Reader, chip chia tn s s chia i tn s v iu ch theo kiu ASK hoc FSK. Sau sng iu ch ny c phn hi tr li Reader.

Mc ch ca Tag chia tn s s dng iu ch ASK hay FSK n l phn bit Tag vi nhiu mi trng. Tag ny thng c tho ra v ti s dng hn l v hiu ha n.

RFID-TAGS

Dng mt bng kim loi khng c hnh dng xc nh to ra trng t tnh dao ng ring bit khi n tip xc vi mt t trng dao ng.

Tag EAS in t

phn bit gia Tag v nhiu mi trng, Reader cng c th iu chnh tn s c bn to ra tn s ph hp vi tn s ca Tag

Cc Tag ny thng b v hiu ha ti thi im mua sn phm bng vic t ha tm kim loi trong cc Tag bi mt nam chm mnh. Khi kh t cho tm kim loi s kch hot li Tag

RFID-TAGS

Tag Surface Acoustic Wave Mt loi Tag RFID cao cp hn vi thit k v nguyn l hot ng hi khc thng

Tag SAW

C th c m ha thng s ti thi im sn xut


L loi Tag ch c V khng c mch logic, nn nhiu Tag SAW c th p ng cng mt lc cho mt Reader m khng cn ch n lt mnh, gy kh khn cho vic phn loi

RFID-TAGS

Cu to ca tag SAW

Cc anten bn tri nhn c xung vi sng t Reader v cung cp cho b chuyn i.

B chuyn i bao gm mt tinh th in p s rung ng khi nhn c xung

Nhng rung ng ny to ra sng m di chuyn qua Tag tc ng vi nhng ming phn x s phn x tr li cho Reader.

RFID-TAGS

RFID Smart Labels L loi th RFID nhng n gin c gn dnh vo 1 nhn giy

u im: c th s dng reader RFID v m vch c cng nh Chng ta cng c th c c chng V d: Thng c dng trong cc ca hng bn l

RFID-TAGS

Smart card tag c ng dng rng ri c bit l trong vic bo mt thng tin ca khch hng.

Loi tag ny c b vi x l v b nh phc tp

Khi s dng loi tag ny cn phi tnh ton thit k k cng ngay t u gia tnh nng s dng v chi ph

RFID-TAGS

My Trng Thi v B Vi X L
Hu ht cc Tag EAS v ton b Tag SAW khng c mt mch logic no c. S khc li c tch hp thm mch logic bn trong.

Mt s loi Tag tch hp my trng thi vo chip

Mt my trng thi trn board ca Tag gip cho Reader phn bit c mt Tag gia mt nhm cc Tag tng t.

B vi x l c th cung cp kh nng bo mt thng qua mt m hoc thng qua cc cm bin kim sot c gn vo chip.

RFID-TAGS

My Trng Thi v B Vi X L
Cc th thng minh cao cp hn thm ch c b vi x l mnh m c th c lp trnh li vi cc chc nng mi hn. Ging nh vi dung lng b nh, Tag c kh nng x l s c chi ph ln hn. Do ta phi cn bng gia nhu cu ng dng v kh nng ti chnh.

C mt nguyn tc hng dn rt tt l khng mua nhiu hn nhng g bn cn.

May thay, cc Tag cao cp ang c gim gi cng nh tng s lng sn xut, v vy cc Tag c th rt t tin trc y s c gi c ph hp hn trong nm nay.

VI. TIU CHUN


3.6.1. Chun Tag ETieuPCglobal
Class
Class 0 Class 0+ Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 Class 4 Class 5

RFID-TAGS

Miu t
Th ng ch c Th ng ghi 1 ln nhng s dng giao thc class 0 Th ng ghi 1 ln Th ng ghi 1 ln vi cc tnh nng m rng nh m ho Bn th ng ghi, tch hp cm bin Tch cc ghi, Tag 2 chiu c th giao tip vi cc Tag khc C th cp ngun v c cc Tag class 0, 1, 2, 3, 4

RFID-TAGS

TIU CHUN
3.6.2. Chun Tag ISO 18000
ISO 18000
ISO 18000-V1 ISO 18000-V2 ISO 18000-V3 ISO 18000-V4 ISO 18000-V5 ISO 18000-V6 ISO 18000-V7

Thng tin chi tit trong lot tiu chun ISO 18000
Generic parameters for air interfaces for globally accepted frequencies Air interface for 135 KHz Air interface for 13.56 MHz Air interface for 2.45 GHz Air interface for 5.8 GHz Air interface for 860 MHz to 930 MHz Air interface at 433.92 MHz

RFID-TAGS

TIU CHUN
3.6.2. Cc Chun Tag ISO Khc
ISO 11784
ISO 15459 ISO 16963 ISO 18047 ISO 24710 ISO 24730 ISO 24770 ISO 24753

Xc nh cu trc m s nhn dng d liu trn th tag RFID


Phn nh n nht trong lnh vc vn ti V qun l mc - nh danh duy nht ca th RF. Kim tra th tag v readers . L 1 phn ca tiu chun ISO 18000. Qun l cc mc - c cp ISO 18000
H thng nh v . part 1: giao din lp trnh ng dng , part 2: 2.5Ghz part 3: 433Mhz, part 4: nm trong dy tn s nh v ton cu.

H thng nh v thi gian thc


cp n cc thng s ca thit b d tm v th lin quan n tng thch in t

RFID-TAGS

Ngoi ra cn c mt s tiu chun khc nh: Tiu chun ANSI gm c: * ANS INCITS 256-2.001 * ANS INCITS 371 * ANS MH10.8.4 Tiu chun AIAG Tiu chun EAN UCC

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END

RFID TAGS

12 Vn quan trng khi chn th RFID

Mi trng gn Tag Tiu chun Tag Khu vc a l gn Tag Kch thc Tag nh hng Tag Nhit , m, kh hu

B nh ca Tag Tag c/ghi ? Phng php gn Tag

V tr gn, ni no gn Tag
Kh nng bo hnh Gi ca Tag

Mt s cc ch khi chon loi th Tag cho ng dng

IDTech RFID

Thng k s pht trin RFID

9.2 6.98 Th u c Phn mm,dch v, Cc yu t khc

Ngun :htt

RFID-TAGS

Nguyn l to ngun Tag th ng Nguyn l to ngun ca th Tag th ng l gi ?