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(in some texts as aab)
ab-i hayat - Farsi/Arabic اب حیاةāb-i hayāt: water of life, immortality, fountain of life, spiritual discourse, inspired knowledge. (fjs1,jtp1) Abul Ala - Arabic: Syrian-born poet and philosopher Abū al-'Alā Ma'ārī (927-1057). acharya - Sanskrit आचायर ācārya: 'knowing the rules', spiritual guide; a title suffixed to the name of a learned person, such as Shankaracharya. (mw131) adhikar - Sanskrit अिधकार adhi-kāra: authority, privilege, right. (mw20) advaita - Sanskrit अदैत advaita: 'no duality', without duality; sole, unique; oneness of spirit and matter, oneness of the supreme soul (paramātman) with the human soul (jivātman). The philosophy that everything is God, that there is nothing other than God.
The aim of all religions and philosophies is the understanding and the realization of unity. The Vedanta philosophy teaches advaita: there is no such thing as 'two'; the whole is one and the same being. In the Bible it is said, 'I and my Father are one,' which means unity... from The Sufi Message, Volume VII, Self-Realization ahamkara - Sanskrit अहङार ahaṃ-kāra: self-consciousness, sense of self, concept of individuality, ego-attachment; pride, egotism; arrogance, haughtiness; conceit. (in some
texts as ahankar)
ahriman - Farsi اهرمنahriman: seducer, demon, devil; the principle of evil; that which is opposed to the principle of good. (fjs124) Ahura Mazda - Avestan (ancient Persian) ahura-mazda: ' Lord Wisdom', Wise Lord. The supreme God in the ancient Persian monotheistic religious system taught by Zoroaster (Zarathushtra) sometime around 1000 BC. Ahura Mazda is said to be the beginning and the end, the creator of everything which can and cannot be seen, the Eternal, the Pure and the only Truth. Also referred to as Ormuzd. (see also ahriman) (the Farsi term yazdān also refers to God) akasha - Sanskrit आकाश ākāśa: free or open space, openness; sky, atmosphere. Esoterically referred to as 'accommodation' or 'capacity' (a place for something to
exist), and the word 'scope' is often used to describe the vast opportunity provided by the akasha. (mw126)
To make a place is to make an Akasha ... When you make yourself an Akasha for God to be enshrined in, that is the only purpose for which this body was made. It was made that God might take charge of it, might be awakened in this body. By doing this one fulfills that purpose, one opens this place for God, one makes it the places for God, and says, 'Now You be enshrined in this place; it belongs to You, You made it.' from Sangatha II, by Hazrat Inayat Khan (unpublished) The word capacity refers to the unconfined basis for experience, as in the moment just before something takes place. ... The analogy for this is a bright mirror, a readiness for experience to unfold without any preconception whatsoever. from Samten Gyatso, as recalled by Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche, Buddhadharma Fall 2005
akbar - Arabic اﻛﺒرakbar: greater, greatest in estimation, rank or dignity; older, seniorranking. (see also Allahu Akbar) Also, Akbar was a great Mogul emperor of India (15421605 AD). From the Arabic root k-b-r meaning to be great, large, famous; to gain in significance, become important; to exceed in age, be older; to become too great, burdensome. (hw948, ao476, ewl2587) akhlaq - Arabic اﺧﻼﻖakhlāq (plural of khulq): manners, disposition; morals, ethics, virtues. (hw299, fjs26, jtp30) akhlaq-i Allah - Arabic/Farsi Akhlāq-i Allah means the manner of God, or Divine Manner. aladdin, alauddin - Arabic عﻼ ء الدينalā'-ud-din : nobility of faith. alā' = noble, high standing, high ranking; u = genitive suffix, often translated as of; din = faith, religion, duty (also written as alaoddin, alauddin) (hw749) al-hamdulillah - Arabic al-hamdulillāh: Common translations include: All praise is for Allāh, All praise is to Allāh. This phrase is made of five parts: al = the; hamd = praise, commendation, or extolling the virtues of; u = genitive suffix denoting that the previous word (hamd) is the subject of the phrase; li = to, for, unto, on account of; and llāh = Allāh. (also see the Arabic Devotional Terms web page for more phrases) (hw238, jtp481) al-kimia - Arabic al-kīmiyā': chemistry; alchemy; the philosopher's stone. (possibly from
(hw997, fjs1070, jtp890)
alam-i mithal - Arabic 'ālam-i mithāl: the world of visions, world of dreams, world of ideals. (fjs1172) Allah - Arabic ﷲallāh: the Arabic proper name for the Supreme Deity. The exact derivation of this word is unclear, but it is likely related to the Aramaic Alaha and to the ancient Hebrew El. (hw30)
Note: For those who may be uncomfortable with the word Allah, it may be helpful to note that in the Semitic language of Aramaic which Jesus most likely spoke, the Aramaic word which is translated as God in the European bible was actually Alaha. According to some linguists, the word Alaha which Jesus spoke would have had the ending "a" softened or not pronounced at all, leading to the pronunciation "alah". Since the Arabic language was largely derived from the earlier Aramaic (much the same as Aramaic was derived from the earlier Hebrew), the modern Arabic word Allah is likely derived from the earlier Aramaic pronunciation "alah". Indeed, Allah of the Qur'an and Alaha of Jesus refer to the same One. In contrast, the word "God" is a relatively new, and perhaps unfortunate, European invention which has been the source of much misunderstanding and conflict.
Allahumma - Arabic َم ّ al ه َُل َّم ّ al الallāhumma: O' Allah (often used rather than yā Allāh). (hw30) Allahu akbar - Arabic allāhu akbar: Commonly translated as: Allāh is Greater, Allāh is Great, or Allāh is Most Great. This phrase is made of three parts: Allāh = the Supreme Deity; u = a suffix denoting that Allāh is the subject of the phrase; and akbar = greater, greatest in estimation, rank or dignity; older, senior-ranking. This phrase is called Takbīr.
(hw948, ao476, ewl2587)
ammara - Arabic امارةammāra (feminine of ammār): commanding, ordering, domineering, headstrong. This term is often used to describe the carnal, sensuous aspect of the nafs. (used in the Qur'an 12:53) (fjs97, jtp79, hw34) amin - Arabic آمینāmīn: in this we trust, in this we have faith; amen; be it so. From the Arabic root a-m-n meaning to be faithful, reliable, trustworthy; to reassure, safeguard, guarantee. (hw36, ao34) amr - Arabic امرamr: command, order, decree; power, authority; affair, concern, transaction; event, occurrence, act; fact, circumstance. The phrase Amr-i Allah could be translated as command of Allah, or act of Allah. (hw33, fjs99, jtp81) anfas - Arabic انفاسanfās (plural of nafas): breaths, respirations; voices, words. (hw1156,
anvar - Arabic انوارanwār (plural of nūr), Farsi anvār : lights, gleamings, rays of light.
(hw1183, fjs116, jtp99)
anzar - Arabic انظارanzār (plural of nazar): visions, sightings; glances; perceptions, insights. (hw1144, fjs111) apsara - Sanskrit अपसरस् apsaras or apsarā: 'between the waters and the clouds', a class of female divinities who inhabit the sky, heavenly nymphs, fond of water, the wives of the Gandharvas. They change their shape at will, and are said to dance (and/or sing) for Indra. (in some texts as Upsara) (mw59)
aqibat - Arabic ' ءاقﺒةāqibah, Farsi 'āqibat: end, termination, conclusion, outcome, consequence; coming after, recompense, reward, future life. (hw733, fjs830, jtp757) arsh - Arabic ' عرشarsh: throne, throne of God; a place of abiding; palace, citadel; buttress, support. (hw704, fjs842) artha - Hindi/Sanskrit अथर artha: advantage, profit, benefit, use, utility; concern, business, affair, matter; substance, property, wealth, opulence; worldly prosperity.
(incorrectly spelled ardh in some papers) (mw90, mcm27, jtp39)
ashiq - Arabic ' عاشﻖāshiq ( from the root 'ishq): lover, fancier, fan, sweet-heart; one filled with divine love. (hw719, fjs830) ashraf - Arabic اشرافashrāf (plural of sharīf): distinguished, eminent, noble, high-bred, honorable, honest. (hw545) asman - Farsi آسمانāsmān: heaven; sky, the celestial orb, the canopy of heaven. In esoteric terms, this is often used much the same as the Sanskrit akasha, to describe capacity or accommodation (see akasha). (fjs60, jtp53) asrar - Arabic اسرasrār (plural of sirr): secrets, mysteries, something concealed; secret thoughts, innermost thoughts, or, as E. W. Lane variously put it: private knowledge; something inserted in the interior; a pleasure, or delight, and dilation of the heart, of which there is no external sign. (hw471, fjs57, ewl1337) asrar ul-anasir - Arabic اسرار العناصرasrār ul-'anāsir: from asrār (plural of sirr) meaning secrets, mysteries, u indicating that asrār is the subject of the phrase, al meaning the, 'anāsir (plural of 'unsur) meaning elements, constituents: secrets of the elements. (hw471,760,
asura - Sanskrit आसुर asura: spiritual, divine; supreme spirit; evil spirit, demon.
asvara - Sanskrit असवर asvara: not loud, indistinct; in a low tone. (in some texts as Asura)
atish - Farsi آتشātish: fire, light; fire of love, passion; splendor (in some texts as atesh)
atman, atma - Sanskrit आतमन् ātman: singular masculine ātmā: the breath; essence, nature, character; understanding, intellect; the soul, individual soul; the highest personal principle of existence. Prefixes are often used to help clarify the meaning, such as jīvātman (living, personal soul), mahātman (great soul), paramātman (supreme spirit).
In the Vedanta the soul is called by three names which denote its three aspects, Atma, Mahatma, Paramatma. Atma is the soul conscious of the life on the surface, Mahatma is the soul conscious as well of the life within, Paramatma is the consciousness that is the soul of souls, conscious of the Absolute within and without, the God of the knower, the Lord of the seer.
from The Sufi Message, Volume V, Manifestation
Avicenna - Avicenna: a Latinized version of the name ibn Sīnā (980-1037 AD), a great Persian mystic, physician, philosopher and scientist.
Avicenna, the great physician of ancient times, on whose discoveries medieval science was based, was a Sufi who used to sit in meditation, and by intuition he used to write prescriptions . from The Sufi Message, Volume IV, Health
avatar - Sanskrit अवतार avatāra: incarnation, appearance of a deity on earth, any new unexpected appearance; descent, descent of a higher consciousness, descent of a deity from heaven. (mw99, jtp102) avidya - Sanskrit अिवद a-vidyā: 'not-knowing', ignorance, false understanding, spiritual ignorance. (mw108, rsm64) azam - Arabic اعظَمa'zam: greater, bigger, paramount, supreme, most important. (see also
(hw729, fjs75, jtp60)
Bbad - Farsi بادbād (from Sanskrit vāta) : air, wind, breeze; breath, name of an angel presiding over the winds. (in some texts as baad) (fjs137, jtp118) bad - Farsi بدbad: naughty, bad; wicked, evil.
(fjs202, jtp170) (fjs160, jtp138)
banda - Farsi بندهbanda (from Sanskrit bandha): bound, fastened, restrained; servant, slave. bandagi - Farsi bandagī: slavery, bondage, servitude; service; devotion, adoration, worship, praise; compliment, salutation; humility, lowliness; or, as an intj. My service to you! good-bye! thank you! (fjs202, jtp169) baqa - Arabic بقا ءbaqā': remaining, staying, lingering, abiding; continuation of existence; immortality, permanence. (hw84)
The ideal perfection, called Baqa by Sufis, is termed 'Najat' in Islam, 'Nirvana' in Buddhism, 'Salvation' in Christianity, and 'Mukhti' in Hinduism. This is the highest condition attainable, and all ancient prophets and sages experienced it, and taught it to the world. from The Sufi Message, Volume V, Spiritual Liberty
homage.baqi bi-Allah . bi= by means of.Arabic bai'at: profession of loyalty. through. how long will this 'you' and 'I' remain between You and I. having eyesight. Allah. concealed. through. eternal existence in Allah. jtp210) Devotion requires an ideal. The Different Steps Bayazid . initiation as a disciple of a religious guide. extending.Farsi ba-yakī: ba=with. fjs144. (Bātin is pronounced baatin..Arabic bāz: hawk.Arabic bātin: inner. worship. acutely aware. The name al-Basir refers to Allah as the All-Knowing. secret. discerning. by. (the opposite of kabs) (hw72) batin . falcon. yaki=oneness. unity. eagle. Often simply referred to as the Gītā. rsm755) bhakti: attachment. Take this 'I' from me so all that remains is 'You'. pronounced bateen. unfolding. baz . (ao60) basarat . Celestial Song. A prayer from Bayazid: Oh. discernment. In esoteric terms. means fat. devotion. (mw743) bhandara . fjs190) basir . having insight. (hw100. one who soars above. interior. A mystical poem (part of the Mahabharata) in which Lord Krishna summarizes the great Vedic teachings for Arjuna. All-Seeing. Song of Krishna. corpulent. while a similar word batīn. They attain to this ideal by a gradual process. from. a wayfarer of the heavens.Hindi भणडारा bhandārā: a meal for the holy ones.Arabic bāqī bi allāh: bāqī = everlasting. 1535) bayat . Farsi basārat: perception. . (fjs135. gluttonous. quite a difference!) (also see bātin in 99 Names of Allah) (hw79) ba-yaki .. Song of the Blessed One. (hw75. a feast of the sanyāsīs.Arabic bast: spreading. expanding. All-Perceiving.. pemanence from Allah.Sanskrit (jtp192.Sanskrit bhagavad-gītā. immortal. (hw105. jtp121) Bhagavad-Gita . and the ideal of the Sufis is the God-ideal. hidden. oath of allegiance. eternal.Bayazid: Bayazid Bastami (777-874 AD) Sufi saint and mystic from Bastam in eastern Persia (Iran). from the hand of one whose presence gives them confidence that he will be a worthy counselor in life and a guide on the path as yet untrodden.Arabic بصیرbasīr: seeing. trust.Arabic بصارةbasāra. (also see basīr in 99 Names of Allah) (hw75) bast . (mw744) bhakti .. initiation. Volume X. They first take bayat. from The Sufi Message.. knowledgeable.
in. becharegi) (fjs216) bismillah . enlightened intellect. (mw749) bhava-sāgara: 'ocean of worldly existence'. Shiva the Destroyer). 560 BC). light. ism = a distinguishing mark.Sanskrit life.Sanskrit brahmin: belonging to Brahma. understanding. name. (also see the bismillah web page for more insights) bodhi . the Self-Existent. possessing sacred knowledge. A phrase made of the following: bi = with. comprehension." The tomb of Bullah Shah is in Qasur. (in some texts as Bodhisatva or Buddhi Sattwa) (mw734) Brahma . llāh = Allāh.Sanskrit wise. one whose essence is perfect knowledge. (mw737) brahmin . to for. love and compassion. Vishnu the Maintainer.Sanskrit bodhisattva: one who is on the way to perfect knowledge. "What is the problem in finding God? One only needs to be uprooted from here and replanted there. the power of forming and retaining conceptions. one the triad of personal gods (Brahma the Creator. Brahman . conscious. bodhisattva . (mw733) Bullah Shah . awakened. (often written as Bulleh Shah) . perception. literally.Sanskrit brahma-cari: student of sacred study. helplessness. (mw741) buddhi . His guide was Hazrat Shah Inayat. (see also Vishnu and Shiva below) (mw738) Brahmachari . evolution. The Spirit of Guidance. essence. through. wisdom. sea of worldly bi-charagi . becharagi. reflection.bhavasagara . (mw734) bodhi: perfect knowledge.Abdullah Shah (1680-1758 AD) Sufi poet and Qawwali. Pakistan. learned. (in some texts as Buddh) (mw733." Inayat Shah replied. bī = without. a Buddha-to-be. His message was one of truth.Hindi budh: Sanskrit buddhi: reason. born near Bahawalpur. opinion.Sanskrit buddha: awake. thought. enlightened one. Absolute. Derived from bodhi meaning perfect knowledge or enlightened. swelling of the spirit. one who observes the vows of sense-control. the first of the four stages of spiritual life. and sattva meaning essence or true essence.Arabic bismillāh: Commonly translated as: In the name of Allah. chāra = remedy.Sanskrit brahman. "I wish to know how to realize God. Generally used to refer to Siddhārtha Gautama (c. growth. a member of the Hindu priestly caste. discernment. Bullah asked his guide. vibration. inability. who is also known as Shakya Muni (sage of the Shakya clan) or Buddha. Eternal. Pakistan.Farsi بیچارگیbī-chāragī.Sanskrit brahma: the personal creator. a well-known Qadiri Sufi and gardener by profession. jtp141) buddha . knower of Brahma. incapacity (in some texts as vecharagi.
pupil. (see also miraj) (hw67. the Soul. follower.Farsi chirāgh. (jtp153) Cchaitanya . you sleep with me: If I walk.Sanskrit cakra: wheel. light. fjs168. meaning servant. venerable. intelligence. ring. jtp435) chela . mental. Qadiri. attendant. intellectual. you are along my path. sage. and spiritual. the physical. wise man. saint. The Chishti Order is one of the oldest Sufi orders currently existing. by Hazrat Inayat Khan (unpublished) Chishti . discus or sharp circular weapon. under the guidance of so great and merciful a Murshid. and Suhrawardi. moral. jtp428) The work of a cherag is to help a person to live. . elder. director. circle. soul. I do not. charāgh: lamp. O Beloved! You alone exist. jtp144) buzurg .Sanskrit (mw402) caitanya: consciousness. noble. If I speak. After receiving instruction in the five different grades of Sufism. guide.Hindi celā: (feminine celī): servant. circular energy centers of the body. (also see sirāj below. holy man. you are in my mind. Afghanistan) by Abu Ishaq Shami whose teacher sent him from Syria to spread the Sufi message. from Addresses to Cherags. spirit. I do not! Like the shadow of a house in ruins. disciple. mystical circle or diagram. aged.You alone exist. as the most beautiful time of my life. I do not. Naqshibandi. chakra . rsm329) cherag . The term cherag is also used to refer to one who is ordained in the work of the Universal Worship of the Sufi Movement. (mw380. If I sleep..The Chishti Sufi Order was founded (c 900 AD) in the city of Chisht (a small town near Herat. and often makes great use of sound and music in its practices.. You alone exist. I still recall this period. the spouse has come to my house: My life is a sacrifice unto Him.Arabic burāq: the donkey-like creature upon which Muhammad is said to have ascended one night from Jerusalem to heaven and then returned to Mecca.Farsi buzurg: great. I went through a course of training in the four schools: the Chishti. and see Universal Worship below) (fjs389. I revolve in my own mind. slave) (jtp471. O Beloved! buraq . (possibly derived from Sanskrit ceta. Oh Bulleh. you speak with me: If I am silent.
good works. clemency. pity. That which is most precious. for water is one and the same element.from The Sufi Message. bear. beggar. My Initiation in Sufism Ddakhl dar maqulat . by Hazrat Inayat Khan (unpublished) When man has risen to the stage of development where he can be the perfect instrument of God. morality. religion. mercy. jtp542) In Sanskrit religion is called Dharma. allowing the Divine Essence and Divine Will to flow through one's thoughts and actions. ethical precepts. support. Volume XI. and this teaching is called Dharma. (mw492. a deity. jtp514) deva . hold. divine. when nothing of his own being stands in the way of the direct impulse that comes from within -. established decree. stream. carry. religious mendicant. lake. indigent. religion. the essential truth is one. Religions are many and different from one another. mw478) dharma . (dharma is written as dhamma in Pali. (in some texts as darwish) (fjs516. from The Sufi Message. interruption. sacred duty. from The Sufi Message. but only in form. heaven. From the ancient root dhri meaning to bring forth.Sanskrit rsm479) dayā: sympathy. god. sea. which literally means duty. (in some texts as dakhl dar makulat) (jtp507) darood . divine being. kindness. Religion. To give a definition of what religion is one can say that it is an unswerving progress towards the ideal.Sanskrit deva: (female devī) heavenly. From the Sanskrit root div which means light.Sanskrit dharma: duty. etc.that spirit may be called perfect. Divine Impulse . jtp558. and consciously allowing one's own dharma to be in full accord with the Divine Dharma (rta-dharma). Volume XII. It is said that the ultimate meaning of dharma is to be in total harmony with Life. interference. sky. Volume XIV. only it takes the shape of the channel which holds it and which it uses for its accommodation. and it gives this life as teaching to the children of earth. mw519. Ideal The divine life has a certain capability to give life. that which is held fast. conduct. and so the name water is changed into river. and formless. dervish . compassion. that which is the purpose of man's life is to arrive at that state of perfection when he can be the perfect instrument of God.see durood daya .Farsi درويشdarvesh: poor. brightness. So it is with religion. pond. from Religious Gatheka 3.Farsi/Urdu dakhl dar ma'qūlāt: 'intrusion into intellectual matters'. virtue.) (mw510. a god on earth. (mw469.
(in some texts as darood or darud) jtp514) (fjs515. salutation. jtp529) durood . (see also qalbi) (fjs530. destruction. temporal possessions.Sanskrit दीपक dīpaka: kindling. fjs527. plea. request. belief. fjs539. that which is the natural. lighting. fjs73) Ffana .Farsi درودdurūd: benediction. valor.Arabic دنياdunyā: literally 'nearest'. jtp558. illuminating any darkness. doing service for. The classical Arabic root d-y-n signifies that which is obedient. dependence.Sanskrit dvi-jā: twice born. (in some texts as duija) (mw504) Eetekad . dvija . reflecting all of the magnificence and glory back to the Beloved and into this world. benediction. submissive. wish.Arabic دعا ءdu'ā': prayer. Hazrat 'Ali said 'The love of the wise is a religion (dīn) with which Allah is served. jtp522) din (deen) . praise (esp. ewl942) dipak . (hw854. faith.' (Note that Arabic dīn is essentially identical in meaning to the Sanskrit dharma) (hw353. confidence. (jtp573. people. (hw340.Arabic اعتقادi'tiqād: trust. mercy. it is a common Sufi practice to strive to be like a perfect mirror. vanishing. rsm430) dil . To do so. prayer. inflaming.Hindi ढोलक dholak: a small drum. mind. worldly enjoyments. repaying a debt. a blessing. a whole world. thanksgiving. annihilation. the present life or state of existence. abased. illuminating. extinction. supplication (to God). the present world. (in some texts as do'a) (hw327. a multitude. religion. (mw481) dua . congratulation. belief. cessation. ewl2451. of Mohammad). an invocation of good. fjs939) .dhikr . (verbal noun from root '-q-d: to put together. obliteration of the self (ego). congratulation. acting in harmony with the will of the Creator and thereby in harmony with all of creation.Arabic ﻓنا ءfanā': passing away.Farsi دﻞdil: heart. nonexistence. soul. It is said that there is only one dīn. being indebted. blessing.please see zikr (hw358) dholak . proper manner of life. salutation. intended. the people of this world. the center. jtp518) dunya . and also signifies receiving a loan. acting well towards. Thus dīn signifies repaying our debt to our Creator through humble submission and loving service.Arabic دينdīn: creed. join) (hw735.
annihilation. and his imperfect self vanishes from his sight. which he used to describe spoken repetition) (hw848) firishta . meditation. excess. surpass. the love and devotion for that ideal which is beyond qualities and in which is the perfection of all qualities. from The Sufi Message.fana-fi-Shaikh. and by constant thought of his divine ideal.n.Farsi ﻓرشتهfirishta: an angel. (mw346) . such as a wazifa. among. first to Fanā-fī-Shaikh. into. contemplation. itinerant monk. and fashions Him with beautiful qualities. (in contrast to zikr. learning. to ascend beyond. From the Arabic root f-z-l meaning to have a remainder. and pictures Him in all sublimity. [The Sufi's] aim in life is to release the captive soul from the bondage of limitations. needy. have over-abundance. favor.Arabic ﻓقیرfaqīr: poor.Arabic: fanā'= passing away. which he accomplishes by the repetition of the sacred names of God. fjs932. beggar. cognition. which is considered to be the first modern Persian literature. dervish. And after this he raises it to Fanā-fī-Allāh. Then comes Fanā-fī-Rasūl. the merging in the ideal. Volume V. fana-fi-Rasul. being redundant. a gift. (in some texts as Fakir) (hw846. and he drills himself as a soldier before battle in devotion to his ideal. destruction. wisdom. accomplishment. so he commissioned Firdausī to write the 60. fī = in. a remnant. to exceed. bounty. present. exquisite. remainder. Inayat Khan described fazl as "the word of illumination". v. Sufism faqir . to be excellent. reflection. a messenger. exceeding. jtp782. The phrase Firishta Khaslat means angelic character.Arabic ﻓکرfikr: thinking. when he sees his ideal in spirit. In order to attain the final goal he gradually raises his ideal. (in some texts as Farishta) (fjs919) Firdausi . Inayat Kan used this term to describe silent repetition. virtue. one living on whatever is given.Sanskrit gandharva: heavenly guardian of the Soma. fana-fi-Allah . the ideal seen in a mortal walking on the earth. which he wishes to obtain himself. Gandharvas are known as the heavenly singers or celestial musicians. This he calls Fanā. together with. Sultan Mahmud of Ghazna was concerned that the Persian history would be lost. excelling. they make known the divine secrets.Persian poet Abu al Kasim Mansur used the pen name Firdausī (934-1020). an apostle. cessation. ascetic. The Gandharvas are the husbands of the Apsarasas in Indra's heaven.: remaining over and above. and an ever-increasing love for the divine Beloved until the beloved God with His perfection becomes manifest to his vision. excellence. science. superior. grace. ewl2411) fikr . and are responsible for ecstatic states. fjs935) fazl .Arabic ﻓضﻞfazl.000 verse epic poem Shāh nāma (Book of Kings) recording the deeds of legendary Persian kings and heroes. (Also written as Firdawsi or Firdousi) Ggandharva . After Persia had been under Arab control for many years. (hw840.
hymn. a praiser. jtp774) Ghalib . The name of the mountain cave northeast of Mecca where the angel Gabriel first began to recite the Qur'ān to Muhammad. jtp768. conversion. raised the young prince. the Prophet Muhammad on Ghar-i Hira. when there is absolute silence. fjs879) ghar-i hira . and of the Qur'an. ardent.Sanskrit gāyana: a singer. adverse fortune.Arabic ghālib: dominant. wandering about.Sanskrit gātha: a song. revolving. The name of a volume of aphorisms and poetry written by Hazrat Inayat Khan. (hw807. Durga. care of what is sacred or inviolable. where there is no sound even of birds or beasts. and in the time of Christ and Muhammad. and her younger sister. triumphant. a verse. overpowering. (hw796. (also see the Gayatri page) (mw352. (mw341. receive their inspiration from the same source? The history of Moses on Mount Sinai. (fjs1084. a bend. turn. victorious. a sense of honor. cavern.Sanskrit gāyatr: song. inquiry. Moses. etc. a hymn composed in the gāyatrī meter.Siddhārtha Gautama. glowing. and hirā' meaning seeking. den. (see Buddha) gayan . The Gayatri mantra from the Rig Veda is perhaps the most well known. change. (fjs1080.Arabic ghār-i hirā': literally 'cave of inquiry'. a master of the ghazal form. From ghār meaning cave. Farsi ghairat: jealousy. the sacred river Ganges (India). fjs901. Famous poet Mizra Asadullah Beg Khan Ghalib (1797-1869 AD) who wrote in Urdu and Farsi. yet there are also Gayatri mantras to many other deities such as Shiva. jtp894) ghaib . who was then called Siddhārtha Gautama. active. burning. Gautami. jtp919) gardish . fjs414) There is a still greater and deeper experience: when a person is in a wilderness. In Hindu mythology it is said that the Goddess Gangā descended to the Earth in the form of a River to help alleviate the suffering of humanity. Siddhārtha's mother died shortly after his birth.Farsi garm: hot.Sanskrit gangā: literally swift-mover.Ganga . excited. did they not all drink from the silent life? from The Sufi Message. all the prophets of the Old Testament and the New. invisible. concealed. a talker.Arabic غیرةghaira. Agni. motion. zealous. vagrancy.Arabic ghaib: hidden. Silent Life . (mw352) gayatri .Farsi کردشgardish: turning round. near rocks in the desert. lively. reversion. to guard jealously. (mw352) Gautama . Volume VII. unseen. investigation. In the East. jtp904) gatha . courage. (in some texts as ghayb) (hw806) ghairat . vicissitude. did not all the prophets from the time of Abraham. jtp903) garm . known as Buddha. stanza. the Prophet of Nazareth in the wilderness. court poet for Bahadur Shah Zafar. David. (in some texts as Gar-i Hira) (hw804 and 202.
Arabic غَلمانghilmān (plural of ghulām): servants. rajas (passion) and tamas (lack of understanding). Spiritual Liberty gita . (hw798. (in some texts as gunbad) (fjs1098. (see (mw356. serious. a triumphal arch.1111 AD). protectress. The second of four phases of life.Arabic غوثghauth. (sometimes written al-Ghazzali) (hw788. (mw357. (in some texts as ghous) (hw804. fjs882. rising sun. milk-maid. weighty. aliment. vault. sacred doctrines in metrical form. (in some texts as gruhasta) guna .Sanskrit guņa: a quality.Sanskrit also Bhagavad-Gita) gītā: song.Sanskrit gīthā: a song. fjs893) ghiza . ewl2306) Ghazali . writer. (mw359. (mw368. victuals. respected. provision.Arabic غزالghazāl: gazelle.ghaus . important.Sanskrit guru: heavy. removes trouble or affliction.Farsi gunbad. honorable. Persian mystic. from The Sufi Message. by Sufis. so musical vibrations are used to make the physical and mental vibrations inactive. helper. venerable. delivers from difficulty. honorific appellation of a spiritual guide. jtp905) . in which one is a householder. music itself being unseen soon reaches the unseen. householder. tower. nutriment. diet. sacred song or poem. jtp916) guru .Arabic غﺬاﺀghidha': Farsi/Urdu ghiza: food. the name of a Persian village in Tūs (where al-Ghazālī was born). valuable. cowherdess (especially applied to the companions of the playful juvenile Krishna). a spiritual guide. cupola. an arched gateway. Volume V. jtp769) Music is called Ghiza-i-ruh. dairy-maid. gunbaz: arch. pages. great. (hw781. Farsi/Urdu ghaus: call for help. bud of a flower. fjs887) ghilman . youths. The character of each being is described by three gunas: sattva (purity). theologian Abu Hamīd Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazālī (1058 .Sanskrit go-pī: female cowherd. prized. one who aids. a cup. just as only the diamond can break the diamond. lads. attribute or characteristic.Sanskrit grha-stha: living in a house. The name given to a series of privately circulated esoteric papers by Hazrat Inayat Khan (which are generally given by a teacher when the student is ready) gopi . jurist. jtp922) grihasta . raising a family. large. wife of a cowherd. in order that the Sufi may be elevated to the spiritual spheres. dome. jtp942) githa . female guardian. the food of the soul. waiters. Music being the most divine art elevates the soul to the higher spirit. jtp915) gunbad .
Hhabib .Arabic hamd: praise. Hafiz . wavering (between two things). sweetheart. guardian. from The Sufi Message. fjs408) hairat . attitude. jtp480) halqa . (hw252.. Volume VI. even in the face of our enemy. Mystics often use the term hāl. From the Arabic root h-w-l meaning to change. or all is He.Arabic haira. condition. (see also al-Hamdulillah above) (hw238) hamin ost . a ring.Arabic حالhāl: (plural ahwāl) state. and all is God. bewilderment. beloved. sanctioned by Islamic law. commendation. going towards. Struggle of Life hamd .Arabic حخhajj: setting out. (in some texts as humamanarn) (fjs1512. while the phrase "habīb allāh" or "habībullāh" could be translated as "beloved of Allāh" or "loved by Allāh". or al-hāl. jtp1236) . pilgrimage. dear one. to make lovable. jtp483) hajj . mood. dear. The esoteric meaning is that God is all. (in some texts as naminaust) (also see hama man am ) (fjs1507. We must recognize Him. From the Arabic root h-b-b meaning to evoke love or liking. hoop. to show affection. undergo a transformation. the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca. the opposite of haram. suitable for food. Farsi hairat: amazement.Arabic halqa: a circle. to endear. fjs132. a lawful thing. lawful to eat (hw232. fjs120. a fraternity. assembly of people. perplexity.. (hw258. (hw184) hal . lover.Arabic حﺒیبhabīb: friend. Shamsuddin Muhammad Hāfiz. (hw222. preserver. grow. born in the early 1300's in Shiraz (Iran). (in some texts as halka) (hw235. and all is God. fjs408) halal .Arabic حاﻓظhāfiz: keeper. fjs435. pass by. each is He. (hw179) Note: The phrase "habībī Allāh" could be translated as "my beloved Allāh".Farsi ham-īn ost: literally "even this He is" or "likewise this He is".Farsi hama man am: literally "all I am". The esoteric meaning is that God is all. everything is me. circumstances. which means all is He and He is all.Arabic حﻼلhalāl: being legal. The great Sufi poet. It is what the dervishes call 'Hama man am'. That does not mean that Christ laid claim to Godhood for His own person. to shift. caretaker. fjs1316. 'I and the Father are one'. meaning everything is He. fjs96) Christ said. fjs427. There is not an atom in the universe that He is not. we must respect Him in every face. confusion. darling. jtp481) hama man am . The same idea is also commonly written as hama ost. astonishment. fjs428. to refer to the state of ecstasy. attractive.
(also see al-Haqq in 99 names of Allah) (in some texts as haq or hakk) (hw224. Sayyed Muhammad Hashimi. (see also Kauthar) (in some texts as Hauzu 'l Kausar) (hw249. who taught him the Persian and Arabic literature of the ancient Sufis and being a great mystic. prohibited. Part I. obstinacy. surname of an ancestor of Muhammad. p72 hatha . essential quality. flamingo. rightness. jtp479) haram .Arabic haud-u al kauthar. due share. soul or spirit. fjs426) haqq . recognized in Inayat what other friends of his (Ramyar and Hafiz Khan) though his great friends and admirers. a bird of passage.Sanskrit haṃsa: swan. Maulana Hashimi was his great friend and ustad. a person of exceptional qualities.Arabic harām: unlawful.Sanskrit hatha: force. illegitimate.hamsa . was Inayat Khan's friend and academic teacher in Sufi literature. bashfulness. were at a loss to understand. forbidden. timidity. ( hw256. inevitable necessity.Arabic haqq: truth. avoiding that which is distasteful or improper. fountain of wine. (also see Marifat) (hw224. essence. from Biography of Pir-o-Murshid Inayat Khan. (pronounced hot-ha) (mw1287) hauz-ul kausar . correctness. true nature. jtp482) . a Sufi mystic. spiritual preceptor. shyness. (also transliterated hansa) (mw1286) haqiqat . real. spiritual truth (which is unchangeable and unchanging). wrong-doing. effort. which was beyond words or imagination. al-Haqq is one of the beautiful names of Allāh: The Truth. fjs434. on account of his breaking bread for the benefit of the poor at the time of a great famine.Arabic hayā': modesty. Youth. fjs414) (hw210. Hashimi Arabic هاشَمhāshim: one who breaks bread into broth. Farsi/Urdu hauz-u al kausar: ocean of abundance. right. ao479) haya . goose. what ought to be. authentic.Arabic haqīqat: (plural haqā'iq) true state of affairs. But Hashimi knew that something was being prepared in Inayat for the years that were in store for him. persistence. The Reality.
Arabic haiwān.Arabic hijrat: departure. also considered to be a mystical sound.Sanskrit hū: to call upon. al-Hayy is one of the beautiful names of Allāh: The Ever-Living. The diamond. but no language can help belonging to it. Volume XIII. Modesty hayvanat . animated. a title applied to a great person. and is hidden within them all. dignity. the only name of the Nameless. separation.Haya is the finest feeling in human nature. The immodest man cries aloud. It does not belong to any language. energetic. jtp478. This alone is the true name of God. Hijrat Day: Inayat Khan departed from India. (Hazrat is the typical Farsi/Urdu pronunciation of the Arabic hadrat. your Majesty.) (hw257. call by name. (also see al-Hayy in the 99 Names of Allah) (hw256) hazrat . (hw1194. 'I am the light' and is finished in a moment. dam = breath.. be they from man. fjs1490. ao596. vitality.143. from The Sufi Message. beast. or say things. or thing..Farsi hosh bar dam: thinking of breath. (mw1300) hu . but the mystics have known him as Hu. The Everlasting. (hosh = understanding. jtp1241. (The Sanskrit hu is thought to be the root of the modern word 'God') (mw1301. into. it. out of dignity. majesty. emigration. humanness.534. The Supreme Being has been called by various names in different languages. life. (hw1215.. exit. (As opposed to insānīyat which means human nature..Arabic hadrat. attention. jtp1239) . never says a word about its light.Arabic (formal) huwa or (common) hū: he. Farsi hazrat: presence. The sound Hu is most sacred. the natural name. Abstract Sound hu . on September 13. to offer oblation. a modest person very often will not raise his voice. or hosh bar dum) (fjs1518. mind.525) hu . the mystics call Ism-i Azam. for it is the origin and end of every sound as well as the background of each word. similar to titles such as your Excellence. make a sacrifice to (especially to pour butter into the fire). Farsi hayvānāt: living. the name of the Most High. upon. as the spirit in the body. often used in chants such as Hū Allāh or simply Hū.. plural haiwānāt. lively.. life-force) (in some texts as hosh ba dam. headed for America. bird. often used to refer to Allāh. 1910. bar = with. jtp1239) This sound Hu is the beginning and the end of all sounds. jtp1221) hosh bar dam . a life which is conscious of its beauty yet inclined to veil it in all its forms is modesty. shining in its light constantly. not man-made. At the same time modesty is the proof of sincerity and of prudence. which is called modesty. thinking.. a name that no people and no religion can claim as their own. The word Hu is the spirit of all sounds and of all words. summon.) (fjs422. attention upon breath. out of consideration and respect. from The Sufi Message. the Arabic third person personal pronoun. Modesty is life itself.Arabic hayy: living. hw215) hijrat . Volume II. honor. which all nature constantly proclaims.Sanskrit hu: to worship. fjs436) hayy .166.: brutes: animal nature. invoke. your Highness.
aid. Ilhāmi Rūh -. (hw762. the nearest word one can find for it is conviction. Ilhāmi 'Ishq -. take care of. hūrīya. to inspire. One always seeks for conviction. a gift. have knowledge.. painstaking.inspiration of a mystic 5. nobody convinces. favor.Arabic ilhām: inspiration. Heart Quality imam . divine revelation From the Arabic root l-h-m meaning to devour. jtp78) Inspiration is the inner light which reflects itself upon the heart of man. jtp482) I -ilm . care. to reassure.inspiration of a musician and poet 3. To receive inspirations clearly the heart should be prepared by proper training. (hw32) inayat . Ilhāmi Ghaib -. Volume V. nymph. assistance. tend to. the purer the heart is from rust.Arabic ' عنايةināyat: concern. criterion. fjs869.. Spiritual Liberty iman . like a clean mirror. Volume XIV. will this thing convince me?' Nothing convinces. to go to a place. to follow an example. 'Will anybody convince me. swallow up. From the Arabic root '-n-y meaning to be concerned. meticulous. sincerity and firmness of belief. From the Arabic root a-m-n meaning to be faithful. a conviction that does not come from outside. trustworthy. a conviction that cannot be changed by anything. The Arabic root '-l-m means to know. Ilhāmi Husn -. preserving. grace. be informed. one asks. reliable. that which is followed. safeguard. information. look after. cognition. to devote one's attention. guarantee.inspiration of a devotee 4. bounty. guarding. be acquainted with. jtp766) . Ilhāmi 'Ilm -.Arabic حورhūr. (hw247. find out about. the more clearly inspiration can be reflected in it. A heart soiled with rust is never capable of receiving them. (hw36) In an Eastern language there is a word which is very difficult to translate: iman. learning. model. from The Sufi Message.Arabic īmān: faith. There are five kinds of inspiration: 1. belief. to go see.Arabic imām: prayer leader. perception. Farsi hūrī: houri. (hw743) ilham .inspiration of an artist and scientist 2.inspiration of a prophet from The Sufi Message. It is not exactly faith or belief. (hw1033. standard. present. fjs433.Arabic 'ilm: knowledge. careful. From the Arabic root a-m-m meaning to go. Conviction is something that comes from one's own heart and it stands above faith and belief. virgin of paradise.hur . feel concern. fjs96.
attribute.Arabic ' عشﻖ ﷲ معﺒود ﷲishq allāh ma'būd allāh: 'ishq = unconditional love. Volume XII. (in some texts as enkesar or enkessar) (hw968. or by being raised up high so that it may be distinguished. Allāh is Beloved. Ma'bud Allah. broken open.Arabic ' عشﻖishq: love. which no language can claim for its own. and would include a word. appellation. worshiped. mankind. Literally. The sacred Name. jtp92) ishq . (also written as Ishq) (in some texts as Ishk) (hw719. passionate love. Love ism . the sacred Word. fjs59. Not alone among Hindus.Arabic ism: (plural asmā') name. which means 'God is Love. Also in Islam. and around that idea is centered all the mysticism of sound or utterance. In esoteric terms: the breaking of the ego.Arabic ism u al-rasm: the philosophy of the word. (also written as ishq Allah mabud Allah) (hw719. or Sound-God. the doctrine of the word. (hw39. which belongs to no language. 'Ishq Allah. ultimate word. No one can claim this word as belonging to his language. name. the manner of the word. it is the root of all other words.inkisar . hw686) The Sufi in the East says to himself. (also see ism and azam) There are also words.Arabic insān: man. whether by use of an identifying mark. fjs113. jtp52) ism-i azam . sociable. All other words have been derived from it. the Hebraic. (hw498. Lover. which means the word of power. This is true of the word Ism-i Azam. it is a word. races the great importance of the word was recognized. Based on the Arabic root (variously reported to be s-m-w or a-s-m) which indicates the means by which something is distinguished. unconditional love that is oblivious to any shortcomings. but among the seers of the Semitic. for Ism-i Azam is the spirit of all words. that great religion whose . were always esteemed in the Jewish religion. jtp94) insan . shattered. from The Sufi Message. selflessness. ma'būd = beloved. fjs850) ishq Allah mabud Allah . in other words it is God who is Love. friendly. The Word ism ur-rasm . reputation. adored. the inherent qualities and signs of the existence of something. all of which point toward the very essence of something. From the Arabic root a-n-s meaning to be tame. repentant.. the underlying reality of something. Allāh is Love.. (also see ism and see rasm) All down the ages the Yogis and seers of India have worshipped the Word-God. fjs110. Volume XI. light or vibration. God is the Beloved'.Arabic inkisār: being broken.Farsi/Arabic ism-i a'zam: greatest name. and Beloved. humility. from The Sufi Message. human being. companionable.
deeply rooted in India. accord. to have well-being. whole.Arabic اسﻼ مislām: submission. the art of divination from written characters. (hw151. glory. grace. meaning the One God.Arabic اتفاقittifāq: agreeing. congruence. archangel of the messengers. from The Sufi Message. (in some texts as jelal) (hw152. Volume II.Arabic jalāl: majesty. fjs370) . God's Warrior.Jainism is an ancient religion. fjs365. present or future. loftiness. From the Arabic root s-l-m meaning to be flawless.. success. reconciliation (to the will of Allah). The Arabic word salam and the Hebrew shalom have arisen from the same ancient Semitic root. concord. goblet. inna allāha jamīlun yuhibbu al-jamāl) (in some texts as jemal) (hw163. variously interpreted as signifying: God is my Strength. fjs15) JJain . complete. unimpaired. meeting one another.Arabic جمالjamāl: beauty. sound.. ao100) jam . (Also called jām-i jamshed or simply jām-i jam) (in some texts as Yami Jamshed) (jtp372) jamal . Power of the Word Islam . consenting. elegance. the Arabic root j-b-r is based on the Hebrew g-b-r meaning mighty. (in some texts as Jebrail or Jibra'il) ( hw133) jafr . (in some texts as ettefaq) (hw1272.Arabic jabrīl or jabra'īl: The angel Gabriel. splendor. fortunetelling. Jabril . and the Arabic 'īl is based on the Hebrew 'el. warrior. harmony. proud.Arabic jafr: parchment for writing. intact. The Jains believe in religious tolerance. strong.mysticism the West is only beginning to discover. sublimity. jtp382) jalal . God is beautiful. (hw497) ittifaq . past. powerful. handsomeness. A compound word based on Arabic versions of the ancient Hebrew roots. saying that no one view can fully express reality.Farsi jām: cup. and thus the Jains practice harmlessness to avoid harm to any living creature. and God loves beauty. mirror. resignation. ao102. The mirror-like reflecting cup of the mythical Persian king Jamshīd in which he saw the reflection of the events of the whole world. God's Might. (The Prophet Muhammad said: Truly.Farsi jām-i jamshīd: the cup of Jamshīd.. chalice. drinking vessel. one finds the doctrine of Ism ur-rasm which translated is the 'doctrine of the mystical word'. (fjs350) jam-i Jamshed . that teaches that every living thing has an eternal soul.
Sanskrit jivan: to be alive. also called the Yamuna. veil. pleasing. softly reciting scriptures or prayers.Arabic ﻛعﺒةka'ba.Farsi jīlāni: Abdul Qādir Jīlāni (1077-1166). set free. Muhammad was eventually able to dedicate al-ka'ba as an Islamic house of worship. (see kaba above) . The phrase jivan mukta means: one who is liberated in this life: jivan = living. The Qadiriyya Sufi order was founded upon his teachings. (also written as Jatanada) (mw417. (see also sangam) japa . muttering. (mw412) jata nada . Farsi/Urdu ka'bat: cube. and nāda means sound. jnana . the Quraish used the al-ka'ba as a shrine to their various tribal gods. After years of conflict with the Arab tribes. fair. mw534) Jilani . to live.Sanskrit japa: whispering. and sound brought light into existence. fjs372) Jamna . becoming. comely. knowledge. conceal. (The Prophet Muhammad said: Truly. In esoteric terms sound existed first. born in Jīlān (Iran).Arabic jinn: invisible beings. mukta = let loose. either helpful or harmful.Arabic جمیﻞjamīl: beautiful.Sanskrit jamnā: a river in India. Often used to refer to al-ka'ba. and around which the great Masjid al-Haram was constructed. (in some texts as djinn) (hw164) jivan . which is also called kabatullāh. jtp390. At the time of Muhammad. courtesy. From the Arabic root j-n-n meaning to cover. jinn . KKaba .Arabic ka'bat-u-allāh: literally 'cube of Allāh'. inna allāha jamīlun yuhibbu al-jamāl) (hw163. elegant. the great Islamic scholar and mystic. (in some texts as Kaaba or Ka'aba) (hw973) Kabatullah .jamil .Sanskrit jāta-nāda: jāta means 'brought into existence by'. that affect the lives of human beings. God is beautiful.. good. Saudi Arabia) is a 15 meter high cubic structure made of granite. cubic structure. and God loves beauty. The sacred al-ka'ba in Makkah (Mecca. especially transcendent knowledge. covered with black silk and gold embroidery. thus jāta-nāda refers to light.Sanskrit (mw426) jñāna: knowing... hide. ka'bah.
one of the names of Yama. capable. addressing. Many estimates of the date of his work place it in the 4th or 5th century AD. season. announcement. the power (shakti) with which Shiva acts. statement. epcoh. time of departure. dark colored. Kabbalah.Sanskrit kālī: black. suitable. (the opposite of bast) kafi .Hebrew ה ל ָה ב ּק הָל ָה ַ qabbala. Qabalah. speech. jtp804) Kalidasa . time. fjs1040) Kali . (hw982. (hw981. noble saying). age. saying. crest. remark. The Arabic phrase variously written as lā ilāha illā Allāh Muhammad ur rasūlu Allāh or lā ilāha illā Allāh Muhammadun rasūlu Allāh is often called the First Kalima or Kalima Tayyib (pure words. (also written as Kabala.Arabic kabs: pressure. epithet of the goddess Durga (invincible one). (see also Additional Wazaif) (jtp802. proper season.Arabic kalima: word. goddess of destruction. often based on an esoteric interpretation of the Hebrew Scriptures. Qabala. accepted. kalagai) (fjs1043. a small measure of something. hw977) kafir .Kabbala . utterance. plume. adequate. destiny. comb (of a cock) (in some texts as kalaggai.Arabic kalām: talking. (mw278. all that is needed.Sanskrit काल kāla: a fixed or right point of time. words. atheist. (mw278. able. and is often referred to as Kavikulaguru (Preceptor of All Poets). mystical teachings of rabbinical origin. compressing. largely developed after the 7th century AD. received doctrine. speech.Sanskrit कािलदास kālidāsa: Kālidāsa is generally considered as India's finest poet and dramatist. ao348) . remark. (hw975) (hw949) kalgi . squeezing. rsm177) kala . shown below as inscribed on Saudi Arabia's national flag. kafīy. wife of Shiva (the destroyer).Farsi/Hindi kalgī. ungrateful. a salutation. enough. qualified. address. Caballah) kabs .Arabic kāfin. kalima . the king of death. unbelieving. pressing. fit. Time personified. Farsi kāfī: sufficient. conversation. jtp802) kalam .Arabic ﻛاﻓرkāfir: irreligious. tradition. talk. an ornament attached to a turban. jewel. speaking. qabbālāh: received. fate.
lotus flower. Farsi/Urdu kausar. the law of cause and effect (that one reaps what one has sown) is often called karma. will never become thirsty after that. as narrated by Sahl bin Sad. the name of Chapter 108 of the Qur'an. kauthar refers to the abundance of good. this is the Divine wine.Arabic khadīja: The name of the first wife of the Prophet Muhammad.Sanskrit kamsa: king of Mathurā who murdered six of Devakī's sons. poet. love. will drink from it. (mw252. work. In Hindu philosophy. wise. attachment. enjoyment. accomplish. make. labor.kalpa-vriksha .Arabic kauthar: (intensive form of kathar). (in some texts as kouthar. pleasure. desire. a lake. Hindi kamal: lotus. create. and was ultimately slain by Krishna. obligation. rsm169) Kamsa . ao479) In spiritual terms. while also saying that these attributes are just a portion of the great goodness of al-kauthar. a productive or bountiful source. prudent.Sanskrit kalpa-vrikśa. singer. (mw241) karma . Esoterically." kavi . and whoever will come to it.Arabic kamāl: perfection. multitude or abundance.Sanskrit karman: act. completeness. kalpa-taru: the wishing tree. affection. longing. to a river. (mw271) kamal . consummation. completion. occupation. One of the sayings of Muhammad (hadith). or abundant blessings. (in some texts as kalpa-vraksha) (mw262) kama . or a fountain. From the root kri meaning to do. one of the trees of Indra's paradise (svarga) capable of fulfilling all wishes. action. jtp849. (in some texts as Khatija or Khatidja) . became a foe of Krishna.Sanskrit किव kavi: sage. seer. tree of plenty. (mw264.Sanskrit kamala. gifted with insight. ripeness. (mw258) kauthar . enlightened. Also the name of Inayat Khan's mother (in 1896 photo below). bring to completion. "I am your predecessor at al-kauthar.Sanskrit kāma: wish. or kausar) (hw 954. prophet. In the hadith. and whoever will drink from it. activity. Also. maturity. jtp857) Khadija . that Allah has promised to those who pray sincerely and devote their lives selflessly to the good of humanity. (in some texts as kemal) (hw985) kamala . says: I heard the Prophet saying. literally means copiousness. al-kauthar is variously likened.
within. smiling. (khanda = laughing. sealing) and khātam (the best. ewl 702) khatir . jtp493) khalwat . trait. congregation) (in some texts as khilwat or khilvat) (fjs472. representative. or smiling forehead. fjs447. finish.506. consideration. jtp484) khalif .Arabic ﺧتَمkhātm. conclusion. choice. However. (in some texts as khaak) (fjs 440.Arabic khalīfa: deputy. (in some texts as Khyal) (hw310. khātam: seal. Farsi khalwat: privacy. Since these words all sound essentially the same to those who are not proficient in Arabic (such as Murshid Inayat Khan's students who transcribed his words). regard. caliph.300) khamosh . Be quiet! (in some texts as khamush) (fjs443. thought.Farsi khalwat dar anjuman: solitude within the crowd. (also see prayers in the Gayan) Notes: 1) The "kh" at the beginning of the word is pronounced much like the ch in the Scottish word loch. fjs473. we do not know for certain which of these words Murshid actually intended. jtp 494. hw287) khayal . dust. vicegerent. apparition. the last. tame. loneliness. ground. inclination. imagination. fjs472. idea. solitude. (khalwat = solitude. the conclusion. seclusion.Farsi khanda peshānī. peshānī = forehead) Literally: laughing forehead. anjuman = multitude. 2) Three similar sounding Arabic words are: khatm (end. jtp487. vision. among.Arabic khaslat: quality. seal). dumb. precious little. the most perfect. assembly.Arabic khayāl: thought. (natural) disposition. (hw298.Arabic khalwah. (hw282. end. (previously in some texts as khatum) (hw264. close. humble.Farsi khāmosh: silent. low. successor.106) khanda peshani . dar = in. finishing. the final portion). discreet. extinguished. jtp485) khaslat . jtp493) khalwat dar anjuman . The name of one of the prayers given by Inayat Khan. (fjs484. favor. peaceful. (fjs 477.Arabic ﺧاطرkhātir: "what occurs in the mind". fjs491) . fantasy. as an interjection: Hush!. the transliteration khātm is now being used in some newer publications. little.khak . My own belief is that the intended form was likely khātam. soil.266. seclusion (in some texts as khilwat or khilvat) (hw301. characteristic. jtp490) khatm .Farsi khāk: earth. talent. khātm (concluding. conclusion.
Arabic kibriyā': grandeur. he is also credited with being the founder of both Hindustani classical music and Qawwali.Arabic al-khidr. hw893) . Democracy khwaja . (hw283. The history of Khusru. the old king of Persia. (also written as Khusro or Khusraw) Khusru . Amir Khusrau was not only one of India's greatest poets. unreal.khayali . who was both Prophet and king shows this. fjs491. jtp487) Khulq . jtp490. philosopher and poet who lived in Nishapur Persia (now Iran) and wrote many mystical verses in the quatrain style called rubā'ī. pride. Sometimes called the 'green man' because barren lands turned verdant in his presence.Arabic khulq: nature. to become too great. lord.. for them I live. master. destiny (fjs970. magnificence. majesty. famous. conceptual. to exceed in age. widely respected for both his extensive knowledge and his profound wisdom.Shah Khusru (531-579 AD). prophet and teacher. (hw310. temperament. supremacy. (hw299. 'My subjects are my children. jtp494) Khuda . the collection of which are called rubā'īyāt. My whole life is for them. ideal. Khizr . haughtiness. visionary. master. nearer and closer than my children. noble character. owner. jtp498) Khayyam .Farsi khwāja: lord. be older. lot. Supreme Being. chimerical. preceptor. glory. Volume VII. king of Persia. His feeling was.Abul Hasan Yaminuddin Khusrau (1253-1325 AD). (fjs479.Umar ibn Ibrahim al-Khayyami (Omar the son of Abraham the tent-maker) Omar Khayyam (1048-1131 AD) was an astronomer. teacher. mathematician.Farsi ﺧ داkhudā: 'self-created'. character. ruler. jtp494) kibriya . venerable elder. that king's ideal. Farsi/Urdu al-khizr: legendary saint. too burdensome. Farsi qismat: allotment.Arabic قسةqisma. a Sufi mystic and a spiritual disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi. for them I was born. fjs472) Khusrau . From the Arabic root k-b-r meaning to be great. fate. arrogance. to gain in significance. considered to be a fountain of life and of spiritual understanding. disposition.' The whole life of the country was based on that example.(see al-Kimia) kismet . from The Sufi Message. morality. more than my children. (in some texts as kibria or kibriyya) (hw948)) kimia . (also written as Khoda) (fjs448. often said to have been a companion of Moses (see Qur'an 18:65-82).Arabic khayālī: imaginary. portion. also known as Amir Khusrau. God. become important. fanciful. honorific title of distinction. their interest is my interest.
(fjs1031. fjs1052. (hw962. jtp 835) Inspirations are reflected upon mankind in five ways: 1. slaying. (hw1002. expansion.Arabic kun: let there be. Volume V. arm-chair. From the root k-r-s meaning to lay a foundation. (erroneously in some texts as kun ba ismi allah or kum ba ismi allah) (hw994. let it be. be! The phrase kun bi ismi Allah means Be! In the name of God. the eighth incarnation of Vishnu. Volume IX.in the wave of thought .in the flow of wisdom .kosha . It gives the picture of the life of a perfect man. The real meaning of the word Krishna is God. Kushād dar Jalāl . bench. pedestal. (mw314) Krishna .in the divine voice and vision . fjs1052.(disclosure by perfection) from The Sufi Message. covering. (see Qur'an 36:82) (hw994.Sanskrit kośa: a cask.Arabic kun: let there be. Kushād dar Jamāl . often represented as a young and amorous cowherd with flowing hair and flute. from The Sufi Message. divinity. (mw325) kun bi ismi allah .(disclosure by thought) 2. disclosure. uncovering. fjs1114) .(disclosure by majesty) 5.Arabic kursī: chair. jtp825) The life of Krishna is an ideal. which means ego-killing) (jtp838. Kushād dar Kamāl . fjs1023) kushad . black. which forms the basis of the second caste. deity. a sheath. (used as the last member of a compound term such as nafskushi. The man who was identified with that name was the God-conscious one who fulfilled his message in the period in which he was destined to give it. dictionary.in emotions and feelings . Kushād dar Khayāl . case. the base of a pillar.Farsi ﻛشادkushād: opening. jtp850) kun fa yakun . let it be. fjs1035) Llahut . lexicon. jtp850) kursi . be! The phrase kun fa yakūn means (Allah says) Be! And it is. Spiritual Liberty kushi .Arabic lāhūt: godhead. revelation.Sanskrit kŗşņa: dark.Sanskrit kşatriya: a member of military or reigning order.Farsi kushī: killing. Kushād dar Hāl . to connect together.in the sufferings of the heart . a vessel for holding something. one of three bodily sheaths. bucket. divine nature. seat. Krishna kshatriya .(disclosure by mood) 3. store-house. (see also Vishnu) (mw306.(disclosure by beauty) 4.
This term is often used to describe the selfreproaching aspect of the nafs as it begins to resist carnal desires. Hazrat Madanī died in October 1907. and is used in the Qur'an in sūrah Muhammad (47:19). (see also mahbub) (hw686) Madani . tablet. neither. be concealed. deify. but it is the atmosphere that his presence creates.Sanskrit layam: to disappear." .la ilaha illa-llah . Typical translations include: There is no god but Allāh. lived in the Purānā Pul (old bridge) quarter of Hyderabad (India). be destroyed. virtue when he is conscious of God. censure.Arabic lawwāma: stern critic. and sin when he is not. ilāha = a god. Farsi laile. the deity.Arabic lailā. (this love story was the inspiration of an Eric Clapton love song called Layla) (hw1041.Arabic lauh: rising. be absorbed. be dissolved. except. not. (used in the Qur'an 75:2) From the Arabic root l-w-m meaning to blame. deity. allāh = Allāh. a woman's name. (in some texts as louh) (hw1035. rebuke. One of the three states: Srishti (creation). none. For no one can create an atmosphere which does not belong to his spirit. and was buried in his neighborhood. adore.Arabic lā ilāha illā Allāh: The four individual words in the phrase lā ilāha ill allāh have the following meanings: lā = no. idolize. Urdu lailī. vindictive. served. severe censurer. fjs1135. reprimand. (in some texts as lauwama) (hw 1037. cry out with with joy). and was the murīd and khalīfa of Sayyid Muhammad Hasan Jīlī Kalīmi. Madanī was from Medina (Saudi Arabia). venerate. Lailā and Majnūn are lovers in a classical Middle-Eastern love story. worship.Arabic معﺒودma'būd: worshiped.Arabic madanī: literally 'from Medina': Sayyid Muhammad Abū Hāshim Madanī was the murshid of 'Ināyat Khān. illā = but. That is the proof. adored. (also see the tahlil web page) lauh . Sthiti (abiding). fjs1131) lawwama . There is nothing to worship or adore except Allāh. jtp975) Mmabud . signboard. object of worship. This phrase is often called tahlīl (acclaim. When asked how to recognize a godly person Hazrat Madanī replied: "'It is not what he says and it is not what he seems to be. appearing. being manifest. perish. ao521) layam . near the dargāh of Qādiri saint Miyān Paysā.'" Hazrat Madanī reminded his murīd 'Ināyat: "There is only one virtue and one sin for a soul on this path. one who is constantly blaming others or accusing himself. and Layam (dissolution) (mw903) Laila . shining. From the Arabic root '-b-d meaning to serve.
Also used as a title for great beings. high. mantram. articulating. Farsi ma'navī: important. art. spiritual instructions. human being. envoy: angel (from the root l-'-k meaning to send as a messenger) (hw1000. eloquence. (in some texts as madzub) (hw138. full moon. shape. means. mold. jtp1071) manushya . (in some texts as marefat) (hw709. logic. spiritual. manner of speaking. The great Persian poet Fariduddin Attar wrote Mantiq-ultair. to endear.Farsi mah-tāb: the moon. (see also Masnavi and Rumi) (hw762) mantiq . (also written as Mahboob or Maheboob) (hw179. craft. (in some texts as manusha) marifat . jtp1048) . such as Mahatma Mohandas Gandhi. Farsi majzūb: attracted. cause.Arabic majnūn: possessed by jinn. jtp1065) Manavi . The prefix mahā means great. malak: messenger. an oration.Arabic م ﺠﺬوبmajdhūb. jtp1004) makhluqat . lovable. important. majzub . while the word mantram is a specific declination of the noun (singular accusative) that refers to one specific thing that is being used. reason. singular masculine mahātmā: great soul.Arabic makhlūq. fanatic. fjs1176. noble. Shiva.) (mw785. reasoning. great god. lover.Sanskrit mantra: 'instrument of thought'. attractive. learning. The Conference of the Birds. carried away. gnosis.Sanskrit mahātman. beloved one. highminded. fjs1179. fjs1329) mantra. song of praise. large. Lailā and Majnūn are lovers in a classical Middle-Eastern love story. to make lovable. win over.Arabic معنویma'nawī. make. profound spiritual meaning. lost in. mystical verse or incantation. Rumi's great mystical work is often referred to as Masnavi-i Ma'navi which means couplets of profound spiritual meaning. absorbed in.Sanskrit jtp1098) maheśa: great lord. form. lunatic.Arabic mantiq: speaking. skill. From the Arabic root kh-l-q meaning to create. sacred text. to show affection. mad. desirable. From the Arabic root h-b-b meaning to evoke love or liking.Arabic محﺒوبmahbūb: beloved. eminent. (hw1143. ewl497) mahesh . mahtab . knowing. man. cognition. dear.Arabic مﻷكmal'ak. abundant. (hw164. (hw300) malak . originate. madly in love. (the word mantra is a noun that depicts an 'instrument of thought' in general. perception. (in some texts as maheish) (mw802) (fjs1352. splendor of the moon. created beings. moonlight. plural is makhlūqat: creatures.mahatma . favorite. one who is attracted by Divine grace and has lost all worldly concerns. jtp1002) Majnun . invent. captivate.Arabi ma'rifat: knowledge. (also see atman) (hw796) mahbub . ideals. Vedic hymn or chant. possessed. dear.Sanskrit (mw784) manuşya: human. From the Arabic root j-dh-b meaning to attract.
from The Sufi Message. This knowledge widens man's heart. jtp1092) maya . From the Arabic root h-r-b meaning battle or combat. Mecca the Revered. patron.Arabic mihrāb: the archway or niche in a mosque which indicates the direction to Mecca (Saudi Arabia). Makkah was the birthplace and early home of the Prophet Muhammad. judge. . (see Ma'navi and Rumi below) (hw128. Marifat means the actual realization of God. illusory image.Arabic mawlan. magistrate. fjs1347.Arabic Makkah: Mecca. jtp1093) Mawlabakhsh . giver) Inayat Khan's maternal grandfather. . the direction in which one should face during prayers. fjs1173. Derived from the Arabic root th-n-y meaning double. often used to refer to the great mystical work of Jalāluddīn Rūmī. Mecca the Most Honored.. (hw1075) mihrab . Usually written as Makkah alMukarramah.Arabic مثنویmathnawī. Sho'le Khān Mawlābakhsh (1833-1896 AD). master. the wondrous power by which One appears as many. (in some texts as mehrab) (hw195) . the one Being. esp. Farsi mawlā: lord.Farsi mawlābakhsh: ('God-gifted'. in order to harmonize with one's surroundings and one's self within. nā indicates a place where something is found) 'where mastery is found'. invented the music notation system bearing his name and worked to restore the fundamentals of traditional Indian classical music. Makkah is the site of the sacred Ka'ba and is the annual destination for several million Muslims on the pilgrimage called Hajj. master.. when there is no doubt anywhere. bakhsh means bestower. mawlā means lord. (also written Maula Bakhsh or Maulabakhsh) mawlana . heads of religious orders. jtp1001) mawla . (mw811) Mecca . . Volume IX. the Supreme Lord.Farsi mawlā-nā: ( mawlā means lord. to Jalāluddīn Rūmī ). our lord (title given to judges. Muhammad Masnavi . (also commonly written as maulana. Farsi masnavī: a specific rhyming poetic form which uses pairs of rhymes. Thus the term mihrāb indicates the place of doing battle..Sanskrit māyā: deception. my master. Considered as the holiest site for Muslims... (also written as maula) (hw1289. illusion. master. An ancient sacred city where Abraham lived. our master. ruler. It means that we must understand the cause behind everything we should do or not do. instead of obeying the law without understanding it. Haqiqat means knowing the truth of our being and the inner laws of nature. founded the first Academy of Music in India. molana or mevlana) (fjs1348. Tariqat means the understanding of law besides the following of it.Shariat means the law which is necessary for the generality to observe. was one of India's greatest musicians.
Arabic مثالmithāl: resembling. much praised. Refers to the Night Journey of Muhammad from Mecca to Jerusalem and then ascending through the realms of the seven heavens. commendable. The Prophet Muhammad who received the Qur'an from the angel Gabriel (Jibrīl). mount. Volume II. (in some texts as Mohammad or Muhammed) (hw238) Muinuddin .miraj . liberation. the Sufi mystic who established the Chishti Order in Ajmer (India) around 1190 AD. standard.Arabic al-mi'rāj: the ascension. beyond the limit of forms. parable. the Sidrat al-Muntahā. deliverance. poor. freedom from. example. rise. jtp1035) mithal . vision. laudable. beggar. (in some texts as Meraj) (hw704. needy. ao365) miskin . At his grave music is played. humble.Sanskrit mokśa: emancipation.Arabic mu'īn-u-al-dīn: The name Mu'īnuddīn literally means 'helper of the religion'. indigent. From the Arabic root '-r-j meaning to ascend. Mu'īnuddīn Hasan Chishtī. submissive. abandonment. picture. similitude. (see also Sayings of Muinuddin Chishti) (in some texts as Moinuddin) Among the Sufis there was a great saint. allegory. to within a bow-span's length or nearer to the presence of Allāh. Muinuddin Chishti of Ajmer.Arabic مسکینmiskīn: Lowly. meek. from The Sufi Message. release. the Hindus and Muslims go their on pilgrimage. fjs1172) moksha . (see also alam-i mithal) (hw1074. humble.Arabic محمدmuhammad: praiseworthy. a dervish (in some texts as mequin or meskin) (hw1067. This shows that the religion of the knowers of truth is the religion of God. Music . relinquishment. image. (mw835) Muhammad .
conclusion. pleasing. Saluk. (hw425) murshid . minstrel. seer. From the Arabic root r-w-d meaning to walk about. not recognized. (mw823) Munkar .Arabic mūtū: die! (imperative) This word is used in the traditional saying mūtū qabla an tamūtū. stop. pacify. casting off. follower. be well guided. liberation. follow the right course. from Sangatha II. The Good Nature Against Life in the World mutu . which means die before you die. etiquette. to rest from. vanished. fjs1219. abandonment.Farsi mutrib khush: mutrib meaning musician. Beginning words of a widely known and highly revered ghazal.Arabic منكرmunkar. (hw401. spiritual guide. throwing off. boundary. jtp496) O. gone. disciple. (used in the Qur'an 89:27) From the Arabic root t-m-'-n meaning to calm. (see The Hafez Poems of Gertrude Bell. search for. singer of delightful voices. restrain. disavowed. sage. acetic. khush meaning sweet. politeness.Sanskrit muni: One who is moved by inner impulse. extremity. leader. liberated. generosity. emancipated. set free.Arabic منتهيmuntahā: end. hinder. fjs1323) mureed . look for. respect. virtue. (in some texts as manteha) (ao580. master of a spiritual brotherhood. forbid. kindness. peaceful. denied.Sanskrit mukti: setting free. new. a singer. be still. (hw1171. (ao343. From the Arabic root n-h-y meaning to prevent. adherent. jtp1026) mutmainna . fresh. who or what causes one to dance and skip about for joy. This term is often used to describe the tranquil aspect of the nafs that begins when one rises above the lower states of ammara and lawwama. which contains the oft quoted refrain tāza ba tāza naw ba naw. fjs1334) muntaha . sing a song every moment new.Arabic مريدmurīd: aspirant. seeker. fresh. guide to the right way. delightful. generally attributed to Hafiz. prohibit. Also see Sidrat alMuntahā.Arabic murā'āt.Arabic mutma'inna: at rest. quiet. monk. calm. Farsi/Urdu muruwwat: consideration. one of the angels of death who interview the dead in their graves (along with Nakir). regard. to be on the right way. (mw821) muni . deliverance.Sanskrit mukta: let loose. From the Arabic root r-sh-d. be tranquil. benevolence. (hw395) muruwwat .mukta . an inspired or ecstatic person. pg 81) (fjs1260. (mw820) mukti . (mutu qabla an tamutu was in some texts as mutu kabla anta mutu) . hw664) mutrib khush .Arabic مرشدmurshid: advisor.
he does not see that they are more alive than the physical germs and that they have a birth. agent.muwakkal . for therein lies all magnetism and power. (hw1284. human being. the petty self. From the root n-b-a' meaning to utter in a low voice. In esoteric terminology. voice. (see also nafas and garm) (in some texts as nafs-i-garm) (fjs1415. or trust is committed. soul. age and death.1084.Arabic nabī: a prophet. (also see Nabi and Rasul web page) (ewl2752. one who informs. (mw534) There is a phrase in the Sanskrit language which says 'Nada Brahma.Sanskrit nāda: any sound or tone.' which means. garm meaning fiery. by Hazrat Inayat Khan (unpublished) nafas . jtp1092) As in the physical being of an individual many small germs are born and nourished which are also living beings. The Power of the Word. Blessed are the Poor .Arabic nafs: (plural nufūs) the individual. Volume II. to be exalted.Farsi nafas-i garm: from nafas meaning breath. Man often imagines that thoughts are without life. so in his mental plane there are many beings. 'in the word. elevated. lively. Vibrations Nnabi . a clear and evident way. The Sufi creates. jtp1144) The Sufi's base the whole of their teaching on the crushing of the ego which they term Nafs-kushi. (see also pasi anfas below) (hw1156. muwakkals are agents. These are still finer entities born of man's own thoughts.' from Social Gatheka II. which means ego-killing) (hw1155. mind. fashions and controls them. jtp1144.' which means. (used in compound terms such as nafs-kushi. youth. i meaning of. respiration.Arabic nafas: (plural anfās) breath. 43.904) nafs . They work for man's advantage or disadvantage according to their nature. vicegerent. personal identity. termed Muwakkals. fjs1386. ) nafas-i garm . Volume V. ego. breath (of life). from The Sufi Message. from The Sufi Message. 'the mystery of creation was in Nada. jtp1144. one who is informed. childhood. and as the germs live in his physical body so the elementals dwell in his mental sphere. deputy. who are charged with the power and authority to carry out one's thoughts and accomplish the desired results. elemental beings. hw1100/1105) nada .Arabic muwakkal: to whom power is delegated. or elementals.
(similar to Sanskrit mukti) (hw1110. fjs1394. (hw1156. hellish. (nazar = looking at.877.166. (from the same n-w-r root as nūr) nari . sensuality. service.Farsi naqshī. admonition. fjs1423) namaz . (jtp1113. jtp1143. adoration. dedication to God. rescue. fjs1416. rejection. masculine. exposed. fjs1407.Arabic نﺠاةnajāh. loathsome. salvation. divulged. jtp1124) Nakir . carnality. (hw1137.anglicized version of Hindi nāc (nāch). rsm551) (jtp1112. mw528) nar . sincere advice.143. jtp1144) najat .789) nazar-i bad . friendly reminder.nafsaniyat . worship. egotism. disgusting.Farsi nazar bar qadam: watch every step. (hw1170.Farsi/Hindi nar (from Sanskrit nara): male. fjs1387. jtp1143. see where you're going. anger. attending to. dedication. fire.Arabic نكیرnakīr: one of the angels of death who interview the dead in their graves (along with Munkar).138) .Arabic نﺬرnadhr. turning the gaze toward. upon. offering. Farsi nafsānīyat: animalism. consecration. (see Sikh below) naqshi . obedience. naughty) (fjs1410.Guru Nanak Dev (1469-1539 AD) founder of the monotheistic Sikh religion. passion. female. deliverance. ornamented. precept. jtp1146) Naqshbandi . planned. (fjs1394. characterized. (hw1162. turning the gaze toward. bad = bad. (in some texts as nimaz) (fjs1425. done attentively.Sanskrit nārī: woman. Farsi najāt: escape. disavowal. this term is also used to describe psychology.Arabic nasīhat: counsel.Arabic nārī: fiery. attending to. gunfire. naqsh-bandiyyā: one of the four earliest Sufi orders. gift (from an inferior to a superior). qadam = foot.Farsi nazar-i bad: the evil-eye. into. promise to God. followers of the Sufi path of Bahauddin Naqshband Bukhari. jtp1142) nautch . step) (hw1144. (from the same n-w-r root as nūr) (hw1183) (hw1183) nasihat .Farsi namāz: prayers (especially the Muslim prayers said five times a day). wicked. full of fire. nazr . fjs1410. moral. bar = with. liberation.Farsi نقشﺒندیnaqsh-bandhī. Farsi nazr: vow. (hw1118. observing. mankind. In contemporary Arabic. fjs1419. nar . jtp1128) nazar bar qadam .Arabic نفسانیةnafsānīyah. wife. blazing. from Arabic naqsh: painted. from Sanskrit nrtya: dancing.160. devotion. jtp1128.Arabic nār: conflagration. mw537) nari . jtp1153) Nanak . (nazar = looking at. observing.958.
so be it' (in this sense compared with Amen). vāna = going. enlighten. (hw235) Oh Lord. jtp1136) OOm . jtp1130) nur . In esoteric terms. quieted. away.nirvah . highest bliss. u. illuminate. acting. and nuzūl being expansive.Arabic نزولnuzūl: descending. sojourning. (mw557) nirvana . overcome obstacles. stopover. (hw1123. ray of light. Om holiest word. clarify. to fill with light.Sanskrit nrtya: dancing. gleam. the highest spiritual effects being attributed not only to the whole word but also to the three sounds a. (in some texts as Nirwana) (mw557) nritya . annihilation of desires and passions.Sanskrit om: aum. as a blowing breeze or rolling waters) put out. tamed. moving. Om appears first in the Upanishads as a mystic monosyllable used as the object of profound religious meditation. going down. illumination. guide. accomplish. the union of the three gods Brahma. From the Arabic root n-w-r meaning to light. blown out. vah = lead. In later times is used as the mystic name for the Hindu triad. Om is your very self. to flow out of.Arabic نورnūr: (plural anwār) light. conduct ) to lead out of. away from.Shankara P- . for example with the breath 'urūj is inhaling and is nuzūl exhaling. Also considered as a divine affirmation of respectful assent sometimes translated by 'yes. gesturing. away from. extinguished. climbing down. m of which it consists. away. (mw568. (hw1183) nuzul . You are the light In the heart's lotus. with 'urūj being responsive. to be successful. . and also regarded as a divine salutation as 'hail!'. fjs1398. 'urūj and nuzūl are two complementary conditions which represent the natural ebb and flow.Sanskrit nir-vah: (nir = out. perfect calm. dweller within. expressive.Sanskrit nir-vāna: (nir = out. vanished. to bring about. Seed and source of the scriptures. Vishnu and Shiva. glow. dismounting. verily. calmed. save from.
Farsi pās-i anfās: consideration of breaths. (fjs230 and 112. news. From Farsi paighām meaning message. Interestingly.Farsi pīr: an old man. respirations. often applied to an emperor. (mw641) Puja is the name of the Hindu form of worship. jtp217 and 93) payghambar . fairy. a grant or letter under the great seal from any man in power. worship.Sanskrit paropakāra: assisting others. used the letter "f" instead. paramatma . respect for. (mw705) propkar . which consists of the three gunas. and anfās (plural of nafas) meaning breaths.Sanskrit pūjā: honor. (see also atman) (hw588) Parsi . jtp255) pas-i anfas . spirit. final. (also written as padshah. most excellent. The prefix parama means highest. bearer. the original producer of the material world.Farsi pād-shāh: protecting lord. charity. veneration. consideration of. and bar meaning carrier. jtp258. jtp300) pir . homage (to superiors). written order or commission. the original or natural form of anything. the Arabs. which is from the beginning to the end a symbolical expression of what the seeker has to perform in the path of spiritual attainment. masculine singular paramātmā: supreme soul . energy. reverence. This expression is made from: pās meaning watch. a prestigious title applied. .Sanskrit prakriti: literally "making first".padishah . a good genie. adoration (of the gods). envoy. (mw588. permit. messenger.Farsi پیﻐامﺒرpaighām-bar: message-bearer. (fjs264) prakriti . a royal patent or diploma.Middle Persian pārsī: meaning 'from Persia'.Farsi پریparī: winged. a license. jtp256) puja . Parsi is the name given to the Zoroastrian community in India who originally fled the religious persecution of eighth century Persia as Islam when being imposed as the religion of the state. advice. (jtp217) parwana . selfless service. i meaning of. benevolence. vitality. particularly such as fly about a candle at night. observer. vigor. supreme.Sanskrit paramātman. a founder or chief of a religious group or sect. porter. (in some texts as parvana or parveneh) (fjs245.Sanskrit prāna: the breath of life. in some texts as badishah ) (fjs229. action for the benefit of others. jtp216) pari . report. jinn. (in some texts as peri) rsm610) (fjs246. warrant. who lacked a "p" sound in their alphabet. (fjs268. and thus created the word Farsi. guard. monarch or king. ultimate.Farsi parvāna or parwāna: a moth. prophet. (mw654) prana . last. respect.
Farsi/Urdu qazā': divine decree. Esoterically. a person. Inayat Khan uses qadr to describe the limited. jtp788) There are two forces in the universe.Arabic qalam: cut reed (for writing). turmoil. (in some texts as kadr) ( hw873 fjs957. (hw936.Arabic qalbī: of or pertaining to the heart. fjs983.Farsi pul-sirāt: a bridge over which the righteous will pass to heaven and the wicked will enter hell on judgment day. jtp794) qalbi . (mw637) Qqadr . qazā is often used to describe the unlimited. mankind. Volume XIII. transmute. (in some texts as Pulserat) (jtp266. warm. cordial. fate. ewl2552) qayamat . pencil. mandate. Volume V. deciding. Farsi qiyāmat: resurrection. determining. Qaza and Qadr qalam . (see also Qadr) (in some texts as Kaza or Qadha) (hw904. sincere. decree. Divine aspect of life. measured-out. death.Sanskrit purusa: human being. transform. and Qadr. each exalting one member of the Hindu Trinity. calamity. last day.from The Sufi Message. rsm638) Punjab . essence. the pen with which God writes upon the heart. core. heart. predestination. part of life called free-will. From Farsi pul meaning bridge. and Arabic sirāt meaning way or path.Arabic قیامةqiyāmah. heart. the personal and animating principle in beings.Arabic قضا ءqadā'. purana . soul. From the root q-l-b meaning to turn over. In esoteric usage. and āb meaning water. destiny. the free will of the individual. probably written around 300 to 1000 AD.Arabic قدرqadr: measuring. providing the source of inspiration.Punjabi punj-āb: punj meaning five. change. painter's brush.(when used in compounds). judgment. a class of scriptures. are divided into three groups. comparing one thing with another. the divine force that is working through all things and beings. (in some texts as kalam) (hw922. the Supreme Soul. Qazā. turn about.Sanskrit पुराण purāna: ancient. Symbology pul-sirat . upheaval. The 18 major purānas. measuring out. (see also dil) (hw918. choosing. fluctuate. spirit. fjs974. spirit as passive spectator of the creative force of prakriti. (mw635) purusha . portion. part. jtp792) . fjs997) qaza . fatality. Although qadr is considered by some to indicate destiny or pre-determination. from The Sufi Message. pen. a reference to the five rivers flowing through the area in northwest India known as the Punjab.
Arabic rahmat: The name of Inayat Khan's father: Rahmat Khān Pathān (in photo below). being the center around which something revolves. jtp792. loveliness. Ram . sympathy. (in some texts as Koran or Qur'an) (ao448) qutb . (hw384) Rahmat . forgiveness. ewl2541) qutbiyat .Sanskrit rahm . chief.see raqs rakshasa . (hw905. pole.Arabic rahma: pity. or pull together. (mw871) rākşasa: evil being. pleasing. fjs976.Arabic قطﺒیةqutbīya. being the cardinal pole. divine mercy. (in some texts as kutubiyat) (hw905) RRadha . The root r-h-m also indicates womb. the name of several Hindu deities considered to be incarnations of Vishnu. the name of Krishna's favorite gopī. success. transmit. From the Arabic root q-t-b meaning to concentrate. From the Arabic root q-r-' meaning to read.Sanskrit rāma. jtp581) rādhā: prosperity. the center around which something revolves. convey. and that from which all of creation is brought into being. recite.Arabic قطبqutb: axle. joy.Sanskrit guarded from.Sanskrit (mw876. rakhs . Farsi qutbīyat (inf noun from qutb): the state of poleship. lord. that which provides protection and nourishment. passion. proclaim.Quran . beauty. something to be warded off. demon. or Rama. deliver. charming. dark-colored.Arabic al-qur'ān: guidance for mankind as given to the Prophet Muhammad. often indicating the seventh incarnation of Vishnu as described in the famous . into one point. Hindi rām: causing rest. (mw872) raga . rāga: color. axis. lovely. compassion. musical melody. understanding.
but a model to mold the character of those who tread the spiritual path in any age. (hw391) . his wife is Sita. the Rind and the Salik. noble task. In esoteric terms. Rama Ram Das . a step above nabī. a mixture. The term Rasa Shastra means the science of the essential nature. freely flowing. the Rind follow a path of disregarding worldly matters. Often phrased as al-Rasūl or Rasūl Allah when used to refer specifically to Muhammad. (in some texts as rakhs) (hw410) rasa . to transmit. (see also Shastra) (mw869) rasm . The character and history of Rama is described by Valmiki in the great epic Ramayana. From the Arabic root r-s-l meaning to contact.Śri Samarth Rāmdāś. potion. regulation.Arabic rasūl: messenger. rule. was at the same time an example of the incarnation of a godhead. high goal. (mw877. Dasbodh and Aatma Ram. poet and religious leader. dancing. to pour forth.Farsi rind: skeptic. practice.Arabic رواجrawāj. essential fluid. law. A person fears most being without such things. the great prophet and ideal of the Hindus. canon. jtp592) rasul . easy to sell. delegate. Volume IX. divine mission. emissary. (also see Nabi and Rasul web page) (hw391) ravaj . was in order to bring forth that kingdom of God which is hidden in the heart of man. to send word. custom. to move. Frequently called Lord Rama or Shri Rama. His works include Manache Shlok (Verses to the Mind). precept. to set to a swinging motion. the Ramayana. mercury. libertine. doctrine. (hw422. From the Arabic root r-q-s meaning to dance. Volume XII. from The Sufi Message.Sanskrit rasa: the essence. envoy. Their life consists in learning to disregard all worldly things. essential nature. In esoteric terms. to dance with joy.Arabic رسَمrasm: plan. (hw392. best part. in great demand. while the Salik are engaged in worldly matters. that which is current. the teachings of the essence. to get in touch.. rogue. fjs576. from The Sufi Message. (1608-1681 AD) Marathi saint. rasūl is generally considered to be the highest grade of world-wide messenger. fjs590) rind . jtp583) Rama.epic poem. as the ideal of dharma and virtues. In this respect Rama was not only an ideal for the Hindus of that particular age. manner. The training. so this is the first thing to learn to disregard. Farsi/Urdu ravāj: custom. The Life of a Sage risalat . habit. raqs . in circulation. which was given to Rama by a great Rishi named Vashishta.Arabic risālāt: mission.Arabic raqs: movement. (jtp600) Those who are called fakirs all belong to the Rind. there are two general types of Sufis. pattern.
so many Persians and Afghans refer to him as Jalāluddīn Muhammad Balkhī. essence. inspiration. saint. animates. a day's worth. jtp605) rubaiyat . virtuous. something that comes and goes. inspires.) (hw423.Farsi roza: daily allowance.Sanskrit sādhana: leading straight to the goal. winning over. correct. honorable. Commonly used as the name of the great mystical poet Jalāluddīn Muhammad Rūmī (1207-1273 AD). seer. peaceful. devotions. (mw1201. jtp623) sadhu . soul. a stanza of four lines. transports. ao225. gentle.Arabic rūh: breath. (See also Spirit. guiding well. In Arabic. secure. revelation.Sanskrit sādhu: going straight to the goal.Arabic riyāda. pure. plural rubā'īyāt: The singular form rubā'ī denotes being in groups of four. (fjs567. a quatrain. that which moves. movement from the center to the circumference. religious exercises. summoning. divine inspiration. adoration. accomplishment. jtp610) roza . He was born in Balkh ( now northern Afghanistan).Arabic rūmī: literally meaning from Rum. hitting the mark. The ancient Semitic roots (which also led to the Hebrew Ruach and Aramaic Ruha) point toward the ideas of expansion and dilation. performance. (hw426. mastery. fdo450) Rumi . effective. a fast. while the plural rub'īyāt denotes a volume of. or collection of rubā'ī. righteous.see riyazat S-sadhana . exercises. Byzantine. worship. fasting is called saum. spirit. (mw1201. spirit. breath. human life. wind. stirs. fast-day. ryazat . Farsi rubā'ī. wind. soul. austerities. plural riyādāt. jtp623) . jtp586) ruh . (fjs594.Arabic rubā'. Farsi riyāzāt: practices. breath of life.riyazat . kind. sage.
being auspicious. (in some texts as suma. (hw612. devotee. to set foot (on). untroubled. Often used to refer to the musical portion of a Sufi gathering.Arabic samī': hearing. Some say that sāf may have been the root from which the word Sūfī has arisen. his mind is fixed on higher aspirations even while in the world. owner. receiving. serene.Arabic سالكsālik: going. and Sir. listener. His work is making his life amidst the responsibilities of everyday affairs. learn.from Arabic sa'd: prosperity. the ruler of Iran Sa'd bin Zangī and the ruler's son Abū Bakr bin Sa'd) (in some texts as sa'adi) (fjs682.see Siddiq saf . companion. hearer.see saqi salat . master. (see also sahib and dil above) ( fjs778. there are two general types of Sufis. jtp742) sahib . disentangle. (see also as-samī'. His mind is fixed on higher aspirations even while in the world. lord. one having great piety. jtp741) sajada . bow in worship. Farsi sāf : clear. equivalent to Mr.Arabic sāfin. to proceed. often used in India as a title of courtesy. the Rind and the Salik. to clarify.Farsi sāhib-i dil: literally 'master of the heart'. listen. friend.htm ) (hw501) . The awakened heart. A student of Sufi master Shahābuddīn Suhrawardī. prostrate. to behave. In esoteric terms. also written as sema) (hw501) sami . undisturbed. jtp661) Saddiq .Arabic sāhib: associate. the master-mind. The Life of a Sage sama . and at the same time he does this for higher purpose. was born in Shīrāz (Iran) around 1175 AD. Every act in all the affairs of life is directed towards higher purpose. courageous. From the Arabic root s-l-k meaning to travel. possessor. From the Arabic root s-m-' meaning to hear.Arabic samā': listening. a fortunate aspect of the stars. a godly person.net/words/99_pages/sami_26. Sa'dī produced many great works including Bustān and Gulistān. jtp741) sahib-i dil . to enter upon a course or road. open not obstructed. be told. often called Sa'dī. worship. from The Sufi Message. one of the 99 beautiful names at http://wahiduddin. (the pseudonym Sa'di is said to be in honor of his patrons. fjs778.Arabic salāt: prayer. the Rind follow a path of disregarding worldly matters.Sadi . fjs792) salik . hearing. traveler. (in some texts as saheb) (hw588. traveling. pay attention to. Volume XII. pure. to follow (a path). listening. (see Suf and Sufism) (hw606. praying.Arabic سﺠدsajada: to bow. The Persian Sufi poet Muslihuddīn Mushrif ibn Abdullāh. (hw495) The Salik is a person who believes that he can be a sage and at the same time follow his worldly occupation. while the Salik are engaged in worldly matters. (hw463) saki .
Sanskrit sam-gama: 'coming together'. a concert. right true. this tavern is the world. intense absorption. happening. (in some texts as sannyasa) saqi . In this way. and is often called King of Pilgrimages (Tirth Rāj). (mw1159.samadhi . putting together. where the great sacred festival Maha Kumbh Mela is held every 12 years. the Sufi worships God. this site is also known as also called tri-venī.Sanskrit sam-gīta: (sam=together. (mw1119) Sangam .Sanskrit sam-ādhi: connection. profound meditation. existing. and the sāqī is God. the truly existent. union with. in all forms. (mw1129) sanyasa . a song sung by many voices. gita=sung) sung together. Yamunā (Jamnā) and the mythical Sarasvati. by recognizing the sāqī. Located near Allahabad (Prayag).Sanskrit sam-nyāsa: laying aside. from The Sufi Message. jtp672) samsara . putting down. belonging to. sangita . the wine-giver. real. course. occurring. worldly illusion.Sanskrit sat: being. worldly existence. One who is on this path is called a sanyasi. abiding. sung in harmony. jtp625) In the imagery of the Sufi poets. (in some texts as saki) (also see the Bowl of Saki web page) (hw485. The confluence of the three holiest rivers in India: the Ganges (Gañgā). being present. worldly life. passage. lasting. The ultimate phase of life. In whatever form the winegiver comes and gives a wine. actual. He recognizes God in friend and foe as the wine-giver. contemplation. (mw1134) . Farsi ساقیsāqī: cup-bearer. renunciation. Sufi Poetry sat . confluence. abandonment. Volume X. fjs642. bringing into harmony. joining. it is God who comes. alliance.Sanskrit sam-sāra: wandering through. Frequently used in Persian poetry to describe the glorious Server who continually pours out the wine everlasting to all of mankind. wine-server or wine-pourer. completion.Arabic sāqin.
Abstract sound is called Saut-i Sarmad by the Sufis.Sanskrit satī: your ladyship. The vibrations of this sound are too fine to be either audible or visible to the material ears or eyes. (see also Additional Wazaif) (jtp718.Sanskrit speech. Persian shāfī : health-giving. true. employment.Farsi shāh: king. ewl1575) shaghl . abstaining. a mythical bird. From saut meaning sound.Sanskrit sat-tva: 'true essence'. music. (also see prayers in the Gayan) (hw621) saut-i sarmad . generous. an epic poem by Firdausī depicting the legendary kings and heroes of Persia. Also the name of a prayer given by Inayat Khan. emperor. tone. Truth personified. female ascetic. a restorer. hw560.Arabic shaghl: work. (mw1052) shafi . the sound of the abstract plane.Arabic saum: fasting.Farsi shāh-nāma: The Book of Kings. from The Sufi Message. note. to utter a sound. ceasing work. all space is filled with it. shafīy. occupation. Abstract Sound shabda . the abode of goodness. and tva meaning state of being. Volume II. (in some texts as shah-nameh) (fjs728) . (in some texts as shaghal or shagal) (hw556. noble. jtp719) (fjs726. cry out.Arabic shāfin. business. (fjs726. One of the three gunas. sovereign. clear. purity. ruler. a word. filling up. a healer. jtp719) shahbaz . It was the Saut-i Sarmad. monarch. language. Inayat Khan uses this term to describe certain mystical concentration exercises. voice. occupying. (mw1135) sattva . fjs748) shah . śabda: sound. which Muhammad heard in the cave of Ghar-i Hira when he became lost in his divine ideal. distinct. Shahnama . eternity. good. shout. the goddess Durgā or Umā. healing. keeping employed at. (in some texts as satva or sattwa) (mw1136) saum . relieving from doubt.Farsi شاهﺒازshāh-bāz: royal falcon. since it is even difficult for the eyes to see the form and color of he ethereal vibrations on the external plane.Arabic saut-i sarmad: literally 'eternal sound'. or abode of. and sarmad meaning everlasting. study. virtuous and faithful wife. Derived from sat meaning real. restoring to health.sati . keeping silence.
sacred book. teaching. Vishnu the preserver. (also see Marifat) (hw544. ((mw1069) shighra . honorable. speedy.Sanskrit śiva: the destroyer. in whom all things lie. improviser. Often called Shankaracharya as a title of respect (see acharya). justice. Shiva the destroyer). strength. ability.Sanskrit śāstra: order. elder. chief. The term shighra-kavi means witty poet. the energy or active power of a deity (often personified as the power of the wife). personification of time. high-bred.Sanskrit शीघ śīghra: quick. a great philosopher of India. jtp740) Shiva .Arabic sharī'at: law. science. title of honor.shaikh . shariat . witnessing.Sanskrit śakti: power. fjs743. energy. honest. master. good counsel.(see sri) shuhud . command. God's vision. a proponent of advaita (see advaita). In esoteric terms: beyond the witnessing of mankind. saint. assimilator. jtp727) sharif . ewl1629) shakti . skill. faculty. capability. master of a Sufi order. swift. the laws of Allah. alsharī'at refers to the prescribed laws of Islam.Arabic شريفsharīf: (plural ashrāf) distinguished. jtp729) Shankaracharya . elderly.Adi Śankara (788-820 AD). might. fjs771) . (hw572. a body of teaching. eminent. impromptu poet. being present. noble. plural of shāhid: eye-witness. one of the principle Hindu deities (Brahma the creator. jtp735) shri . (mw1077. (see also Brahma and Vishnu) (mw1074. instruction. (mw1044. rule. title of religious dignitaries. statute. And more specifically.Arabic شیخshaikh: venerable. (hw545) shastra .Arabic شهودshuhūd. ordinance. power over. precept. (also transliterated as shaykh or sheikh) (hw580.
By tradition. fjs57. characterize. the first khalif following the death of the prophet Muhammad. it becomes that ideal being whose bliss cannot be equaled on earth nor surpassed in Heaven. properties.Out of Himself. upright. meaning breath. (Used in Qur'an 71:16. a Sikh man takes the surname Singh (lion). secret thought. from Sanskrit shishya meaning disciple or student. (fjs663) sifat . glory. siraj .Arabic siddīq: honorable. and no one knows what is beyond that boundary. light. as E. then it becomes master of all states of being. The phrase Sifāt-i Allāh refers to the attributes of Allāh. This state in the experience of Intelligence. something concealed. hw472. from The Sufi Message.61.46. mystery. A monotheistic religion that originated during the 15th century AD in the Punjab of India. luminary.The word spirit is derived from the Latin spritus. and a Sikh woman takes the name Kaur (princess). of which there is no external sign. or delight. beyond which no human can venture. muntahā describing the furthest boundary beyond which human knowledge cannot go.Arabic sidrat-u al-muntahā: sidrat meaning lote-tree. shri . something inserted in the interior. 78:13. innermost being. fjs667) sirr . splendor. righteous.Sanskrit śrī: light. lantern. 33. and now each manifestation of Himself calls out. Tasawwuf (unpublished) siddiq . and recognizes its immortal existence. and is often referred to as Wahe Guru (wonderful lord).Arabic سرsirr (plural asrar): secret. (hw1256) Sikh (Sikhism) . God produced His manifestation.Punjabi. ewl1337) spirit . a pleasure. features. a shade tree. lamp. near the abode of paradise.Arabic sifa. (mw1098) . (see also Ruh) sri. quite similar to Farsi chirāgh) (ewl1344.Arabic sirāj: candle. Lane variously described it: private knowledge. His means of becoming conscious. and in this the aim of life is accomplished. (in some texts as sadik) (fjs785. ao254. depict. (hw471. hw594) sidrat ul-muntaha . From the Arabic root w-s-f meaning to describe. But when the individual intelligence frees itself from this delusion. founded by Guru Nanak Dev who taught a life of simplicity and honesty. 25. used as a respectful title much like reverend. used as an honorific prefix denoting holy or sacred. Sangatha I. the sun. plural sifāt: qualities. The One God is called Ek Onkar. inner essence or. An epithet referring to Abu Bakr (573-643 AD). candle wick. attributes. A title given to one who officiates and takes care of the preservation of the Universal Worship service. when the knower becomes known to Himself is called Shuhud. and dilation of the heart. In sura al-najm this phrase is used to describe a tree in the seventh heaven. radiance. "I." not knowing its True Self. W.
another theory is that it is may related to sāf which means purity. (hw620) I will say that there is one principle mission of Sufism. to dig the ground under which the light of the soul becomes buried. Sufism not Passivism.Arabic سَلوكsulūk: road.Arabic صوﻓيsūfī: The exact etymology of the term sūfī is unproven. All glory is to Allah! This phrase is called tasbīh. also. from Social Gatheka 1. (hw620) sufism . The same is the teaching of Christ..subhan Allah . (hw495. to behave. conduct.Arabic subhāna allāh: subhāna = praised. behavior.. by Hazrat Inayat Khan (unpublished) Sufism. the Sufi way of life... one's true nature. (also see the subhana allah web page for more insights) (hw472) sufi . Sufism has as its object the uniting of life and religion. However.. which means the loving manner. but is generally thought to be related to the Arabic sūf which means wool.. the Sufis have learned the lesson of love. which so far seem to have been kept apart. from In an Eastern Rose Garden.. demeanor. journey. 'Raise your light on high.' . glory be to. disentangle. Sufis of all ages have named it Suluk.Arabic tasawwuf: ( تصوفtaṣawwuf) mysticism. scholars have generally discarded the idea that sūfī could have been derived from the Greek Sophia (wisdom).. that no one shall cover his light under a bushel. which means divine manner. Sufism means to know one's true being. who has said. to set foot (on). by Hazrat Inayat Khan . Commonly translated as: Praise the Lord!. and have called it the cultivation of the heart. from Social Gatheka 7. beneficence. and that one essence is the manner of friendship.. from The Smiling Forehead. is the process of making life natural. By this process of Sufism one realizes one's own nature. therefore. It is known by the word suluk. to know the purpose of one's life and to know how to accomplish that purpose. attitude. to follow (a path). Therefore the teaching of Sufis is to make everyday life into a religion. manner... of devotion. that is. Sufism. fjs694) . the essence of morals and of religion and of education is one. From the Arabic root s-l-k meaning to travel. to enter upon a course or road. by Hazrat Inayat Khan . that every action in life may have some spiritual fruit. by Hazrat Inayat Khan (unpublished) suluk . to clarify. of sympathy.. in reference to the simple wool cloaks worn by early ascetics. May Allah be praised!. to proceed.
(also called murīd or mureed) (hw659.Sanskrit svara: sound. (in some texts as Sura) (mw1285. (mw444. advice. an inquisitor. (hw744. especially of the Qur'an. jtp306) Tisra. curious. the rhythm of nine beats talib . jtp1010) tala . an unpublished paper. sun. tiara. India. a beggar. jtp649) svara . noise.Arabic sūrah. applicant. mansion. studious. highcrowned cap.Arabic طالبtālib: seeker. by Hazrat Inayat Khan surah . angel. the rhythm of five beats Mishra ( miśra ).The method of attainment is to endeavor always to make others happy and by experiencing happiness in the happiness of others. epithet of wife of Brahmā. epithet of Vishnu. instructing. air breathed thru the nostrils. Literally. meter. the rhythm of four beats Khanda ( khanda ). fjs807. rhythm. the rhythm of seven beats Sankirna ( sankīrna ). student. informing. A marble mausoleum completed in 1649 AD at Agra. Hindi/Urdu tāl: musical time. goddess. (jtp304. sage. plural suwar: chapter. (mw1243. in memory of his favorite wife. pursuer. by the Mogul Emperor Shah Jahan. From the Arabic root s-w-r which means to enclose. a container. a musical note. the rhythm of three beats Caturasra ( catur-aśra ). teaching. tone. From taj meaning crown. In the terms of the Sufi it is "Suluk". and mahall meaning palace. jtp750) ta'lim . voice.Arabic تعَلیَمta'līm: information. from Constancy.Sanskrit tāla. schooling. contain.Urdu taj mahall: crown palace.Sanskrit sura: god. apprenticeship. surround. (hw514) sura . fjs310) . rsm1050. deity. jtp696) TTaj Mahal . divinity.
create. kindness. depict. pride. transmute) (hw1065. In esoteric terms.Arabic تواﺿﻊtawādu'. a raft. idea. transmigration. existing in the imagination. civility. dullness. (hw1284.Arabic above) (hw620) tasawwuf: Sufism. an element or elemental property. way. embodying that essence. float. faith. passing over. dervish order. courtesy.Arabic tawajjuh: directing the steps (towards). Farsi/Urdu tawāzu': humbleness. ignorance. creed. jtp338) Tansen . attention. kind reception.Sanskrit tāran: causing or enabling to cross. jtp341) . idealized. fjs337. jtp752) tasawwuf . (in some texts as Tawajoh. Often used to describe a Sufi practice of focusing the attention upon a certain ideal (such as a spiritual teacher). or qualities of being. (in some texts as tawazeh) (hw1263. modesty. the word is considered to be 'tat-tvam' meaning 'that (is) thou'. From the Arabic root s-w-r meaning to shape. visualization. confidence in.tamas .Arabic tasawwurī: of the imagination. transformation. one who delivers. system. essential nature. true principle. deliverer. deliverance. illusion. represent. (also see Sufism tasawwur . jtp310) tawajjuh . Plural tarīqāt denotes a religious brotherhood. (jtp304) tariqat . means. (mw432. fancy. humility. fjs326. saving.Arabic تناسخtanāsukh: the succession of generation. attending (to). fashion. religion. taran . helping over a difficulty. liberating. pictured in the mind. the Sufi way of life. sorrow. who or what causes or enables to cross. (see also tasawwuri below) (hw619. consideration. and was court musician for the Mogul Emperor Akbar who gave him the honorary title of Mian. gloom. reincarnation. and allowing the essence of that ideal to flow freely through one's own life. turning (towards or to). (from the root n-s-kh meaning to transform. jtp326) tattwa . who developed the classical style of Indian music. which results in lust. visualizing the nature of that ideal. (hw619.Arabic tawakkul: trust in. jtp342) tawakkul . fantasy.) (fjs333.Arabic تصورtasawwur: imagination. trust in God. jtp326) tasawwuri . reaching the opposite shore. depending upon. crossing. true essence. regard. resignation to the Divine Will.(1506-1598 AD) A highly acclaimed singer and musician of India. countenance. portray. first principle. attention. (also see Marifat) (hw654. (in some texts as tammas) (mw438) tanasukh . jtp343) tawazu . favor. mysticism. savior.Arabic tarīqat: manner. fjs332.Sanskrit tat-tva: true or real state. salvation. error.Sanskrit tamas: darkness. one of the three gunas.
Sanskrit tri-mūrti: having three forms or shapes (such as Brahma (creator). This Universal Worship which has been organized in the Sufi Movement was the hope of all prophets. a three pointed spear used by Tulsidas . talisman. The work of the Sufi message is to spread the unity of religion. Hindi तुलसीदास tulsidas: Indian poet and philosopher Goswami Tulsidas (1532-1623 AD).Arabic ta'wīz: protective charm. (mw460. quitting. sacrificing one's life. trident. magic square. (hw32.Sanskrit Shiva. fjs101.Sanskrit तयाग tyāga: leaving. jtp318)) tri-śūla: three pointed spear. and Layam (dissolution) ). (in some papers as thiaga) (see also vairagya) (mw456) Uummi . (fjs310. the Bible or the teachings of Krishna or Zarathushtra. giving up. should be known by everyone. or Srishti (creation). jtp83) Universal Worship The religious activity of the Sufi Movement is called the Universal Worship. and thus he is often regarded as an incarnation of Valmiki. Sthiti (abiding). tyaga . forsaking. whose Ramacharitamanasa (Tulsi-krita Ramayana) is often considered to be the Ramayana in Hindi. jtp328) trimurti . resigning.. Why is it so named? Because it contains all different ways of worship and all Churches. jtp320) trishul . not knowing how to read or write. abandoning .taviz .Arabic ummī: uneducated. illiterate. .Sanskrit tulasidas. uttering the words of a charm. (mw461. so that without having to give up their own religion they may strengthen their own faith and focus the true light upon it. or the Church of All. the Qur'an. The prayer and the desire of all great souls was that the light given in all the different forms such as the Buddhist scriptures. It is not a mission to promote a particular creed or any Church or religion.. It is a work to unite the followers of different religions and faiths in wisdom. amulet. Vishnu (maintainer) and Shiva (destroyer).
Development of Personality Vaishya . (rsm936. Volume VI. joining. Indifference-Vairagya The Hindus call it Vairagya . ascension.Sanskrit वैशय vaiśya: one who settles on the soil. It is God's satisfaction in the manifestation which He wanted to create. ascent.. being kept together.The Universal Worship is not another Church to be included among the variety of existing Churches. that nothing on earth is desired. business man. indifference to worldly objects and worldly life. (hw704. mw1025) (vairāgin is vocative case. from The Sufi Message. hw704. especially of a Sufi saint. The Angel-Man vairagya . from The Sufi Message. coupling. it no more enslaves him. a 24. from The Sufi Message. Volume I. It is no more attractive to him. From a root which points toward cleaving. which tells the story of Rāma and his wife Sītā who was abducted by the demon Rāvana. working man.Sanskrit vairāgī: a religious devotee who has freed himself from worldly desires. the feeling that no desire is to be satisfied any more. freedom from worldly desires. rising. which gives an opportunity to those belonging to different religions to worship together. Universal Worship urs . climbing up. Also it gives practice in paying respect to the great ones who have come from time to time to serve humanity. Volume VIII. (in some texts as vairagia) (mw1025) Vairagya means satisfaction. union. It describes a person who has lost the value in his eyes of all that attracts the human being. fjs845. fjs842. loathing. jtp760) uruj . In esoteric terms. vairāgī is nominative case) Vairagi means a person who has become indifferent. for example with the breath 'urūj is inhaling and is nuzūl exhaling. Volume IX. under the guidance of Maharshi Nārada. .Sanskrit vālmīki: Writer of the sacred Rāmāyana of India.000 verse epic written in Sanskrit around 300 BC. wedding. It is said that Vālmīki had been a highway robber who. It is a Church. Used metaphorically to refer to a death anniversary. (mw1026) Valmiki .Arabic ' عروجurūj: ascending. and nuzūl being expressive.. (ewl1998. became a holy-man. exaltation.Arabic ' عرسurs : marriage. and yet indifference is not the word for it. 'urūj and nuzūl are two complementary conditions which represent the natural rhythm. wedding-feast. with 'urūj being responsive. the third of the four castes. jtp760) Vvairagi . becoming high. from The Sufi Message.Sanskrit vairāgya: aversion.
Sanskrit visnu: the preserver. color. jtp1208) Vedanta . guardianship. in which one rises above one's worldly goals. prastha = abiding. . jtp1200) vina . sacred scriptures of the Hindus (Rig-Veda. From the Arabic root w-l-y which means to be near. Shiva the destroyer). (see also Brahma. true or sacred knowledge. friendship. childbearing. the Upanishads which are at the end of the veda. Veda .Sanskrit vana-prastha: vana = forest. the vīnā is one of the most important musical instruments of India. and they gave them an interpretation . nature. the general term for birthday. be adjacent. (see photo below of Inayat Khan with vina) (mw1005. dwelling. Contemporary designs have four playing strings and three drone strings.Sanskrit veda: knowledge. kind.Sanskrit vīnā: a variety of lute. Sama-Veda and AtharvaVeda). is maulid. The body is generally carved from wood. Viladat Day means birth day. Vishnu the preserver. Teachers have called these three aspects by different names according to their religious terminology. and the upper removable resonator is either carved or made from a gourd.Arabic wilāyah. jtp1211) Vishnu . province. one of the principle Hindu deities (Brahma the creator. vilāyat: sovereign power. The third of four phases of life. based on the same w-l-d root. and aspires to greater goals. knowledge of sacred ritual. end of the veda. (mw1017) viladat . that which teaches the full scope of the veda. retired life. be close. One who is on this path is called vanaprasthi. (in some texts as wanaprastha or wanaprashta) varna . childbirth. (hw1289. (mw1015.Arabic wilāda: birth.Sanskrit वणर varņa: appearance. Farsi/Urdu wilāyat. fjs1479)) vilayat .vanaprastha . Viladat is the Farsi/Urdu pronunciation. with God). rule. fjs1479. to border on. (hw1286. often considered as sacred. Yajur-Veda. In Arabic. authority. mystical union (esp. personification of light and the sun. realm. class of people. the caste system.Sanskrit vedānta: complete knowledge on the veda. Krishna and Shiva above)) (mw999) Deep thinkers in all ages have recognized the three-fold aspect of nature.
they called it Trimutri. (hw1289. From the Arabic root w-h-b.. Volume XI.. to cause movement in affairs. to make things go on which have stopped in their movement. by Hazrat Inayat Khan (unpublished) wajd . .Arabic وهابwahhāb: a giver. passion. from the Sangita. and Mahesh or Shiva the Destroyer or Assimilator. (hw1260) X- Yyad-i baiza . sincere friend.. Threefold.Arabic yad-i baidā. present. help. holy man. an epithet of God.Aspects of Nature Wwahhab . (fjs1466. cleanliness. Farsi yad-i baizā: hand of purity. defender. from The Sufi Message.Arabic wudū': purity. carry a burden.that suited the time and the place.Arabic وجدwajd: strong emotion. Tracing back this idea. guardian. Vishnu the Sustainer. donate. counselor.. we find that it already existed among the Hindus in very ancient times. (in some texts as Wajad) (hw1231) wali . assist. One must picture sometimes with Ya Wahhabo the flowing life or running water. ritual ablution before prayers. Often used to allude to the white hand of Moses (Exodus 4:6.. ecstasy of love. Ya Wahhab. fjs1482) Ya Wahhabo. which is the word of progress. and they personified these three aspects by giving them characters such as Brahma. hw1247) wudu . An esoteric practice of concentrating on certain Divine Attributes or Qualities in order to more effectively express those qualities in every moment.Arabic وليwalīy: one who is near. lesson. . and Sangatha papers. (fjs221. From the Arabic root w-z-r meaning to take upon oneself. because that symbolizes progress in life. grant. the Creator. to develop in a person's nature activity in movement. ardor. saint. endow. one who bestows. task. helper. nearby. strengthen. fjs1480) wazifa . job. Qur'an 7:108 and 27:12). benefactor. assignment. liberal.. support.meaning to give. friend of God. ecstatic state of rapture. .. hand of brightness. (also see the Wazifa Practice web page) (hw1266) wazir . duty. vizier.. munificent.Arabic wazīfa: (plural wazā'if) daily ration. jtp210) . (also see al-Wahhāb in 99 Names of Allah) (hw1291. Ya Wahhabo.Arabic wazīr : minister of state.
Farsi/Urdu zabh: slaughtering. to sacrifice. praise. spiritual practices as a means by which the human spirit may attain union with the Supreme Spirit. who presided over Delhi.' from which the prophets of all ages have drunk. fjs1532) yoga . (mw839) yaki .Arabic zamzam: plenteous. the victorious knowledge. a grateful person. (mw854) Zzabani shirin mulki girin . killing.Arabic dhabbāhh.yaj . hallow.Araibc dhākir. Literally: A sweet tongue is a friend of the world. Volume II. devotion. jtp577) zafar . from The Sufi Message. The term zafar is also used in connection with the Zoroastrian talismanic device 'ilm-i zafar. oblation. also called Hagar's well. (fjs1535) yaqin . pilgrims go there and receive that water as a blessing. prayer. (in some texts as zebah) (hw355.Sanskrit yoga: the task of yoking. mulk-i = one's country. and was a great Urdu poet. to consecrate. fjs621. Voices .Arabic يقینyaqīn: belief. concentration. (mw838) yajna . a time period. (mw856.Sanskrit yuga: an age.Arabic ظفرzafar: successful. (fjs557. certitude. jtp) zamzam . meditation. team. Bahadur Shah Zafar (1775-1862 AD) the last of the Mogul emperors in India. (hw1298.Sanskrit yaj: to worship. conviction. connecting together. one of four epochs of time called Krita Yuga (Satya Yuga). and then they charged it with what they had to give to it. union. slaughter by slitting the throat. The name of a celebrated well at Mecca (Saudi Arabia). certainty. yoke.Sanskrit yajña: worship. the union of the individual soul with the universal soul. to offer. victorious. shīrīn = sweet. abundant. honor. fire. offering. also called Jam-i Zarathushtra. gentle. copious. they received from it what had been put into it. butchering. jtp1253) yuga .Farsi: zabān-i = of the tongue. region. bestow. and Kali Yuga. fjs557. which is said to mystically reveal all past and future through the use of a special book. Farsi zākir: a rememberer. adore. perhaps it is a poetic form of gir which means 'to take'. They did not only drink water. jtp617) There is a tank in Mecca called 'Zamzam. The word 'girin' is of uncertain origin. Tretā Yuga. act of worship or devotion. joining. a praiser of God. zabh . Dvāpara Yuga. unanimity. zakir . junction. sacrifice. (also written zemzem) (hw443. true faith. Even now. oneness.Farsi يكيyakī: unity.
(hw358. Farsi zikr: recollection.(see Zarathushtra) zuhur . being. jtp576) Zebunnisa . The poetess. are the hymns said to have been composed by Zarathushtra himself. particularly in the Persian poetry of Nazāmī and Jāmī. her passion for Joseph is much celebrated in the East. pronounced zeb-un-nisā: a compound made of the words zeb = elegance. soul. From the Arabic root dh-w meaning endowed with. springing up. such as a wazifa. owner. The oldest portion of the Avesta. commemoration. while thāt is the classical Arabic pronunciation ). while thikr is the classical Arabic pronunciation ). probably sometime around 1000 BC. Zend . departure. daughter of Mogal Emperor Aurangzeb.Arabic/Farsi zeb u al nisā. (also written as Zand-Avesta or Zend Avesta) zikr . fjs627) zat . As the priests added commentaries (zend) to the original Avesta. personality. Farsi zāt: essence. remembrance. (hw363. comprising. grace.Arabic ظهورzuhūr: appearing. (hw683. self. waning. who founded a monotheistic religion. coming to pass. manifestation.Arabic زنارzunnār: belt. called Zoroaster by the Greeks. and nisā = females. sash. Farsi zavāl: end. master of. Inayat Khan used this term to describe spoken repetition.see Zend-Avesta Zend-Avesta . (hw445. beauty. jtp617) zunnar . (in some texts as zeval) (hw450. u = of. nature. mentioning. embodying. cessation.Farsi Zulaikhā: the wife of Potiphar. invocation of Allah. (see also Ahura Mazda above) (in some texts as Zarathustra) zaval . leaving one place for another. the Gathas.A collection of ancient sacred Zoroastrian texts. disappearance. which he used to describe silent repetition) (zikr is the typical Farsi/Urdu pronunciation of the Arabic dhikr.Arabic ذﻛرdhikr. reminiscence. fjs558) Zoroaster . fjs556. mention of the Lord's name. al = the. declining. jtp577. band or rope worn around the waist. (in contrast to fikr.Persian prophet. (also written as Zuleikhā) (fjs620. arising. perishing.Arabic ذاتdhāt. (zāt is the typical Farsi/Urdu pronunciation. they created what is known as Zend-Avesta.Zarathushtra . The Zoroastrian religion prevailed across the Persian empire until the empire was conquered by the Arabs who brought the religion of Islam. passage. speaking of. jtp756) Zulaikha .Arabic زوالzawāl. fjs828. fjs623) . possessor. philosopher and mystic Zebunnisā (d 1689). women.
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