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The Articles of Confederation vs. the Constitution HIS110 October 1, 2013
create reliable forms of commerce. However. Congress could not enforce laws. and perform functions to maintain military personnel. n. Many questions required answers. THE CONSTITUTION 2 The Articles of Confederation vs. or tax the American people to generate revenue. the Constitution The end of the Revolution gave the American colonies their freedom. a confederation.). the Articles of Confederation created just that. and the system of national currency was inconsistent ("Articles Of Confederation And Perpetual Union". Each state had one Congressional representative. The national government lacked the ability to raise revenue or tax its citizens. With this system. but the new country needed its own government and laws by which to control the land. 1998). such as who would make the laws and enforce them. declare war. . Each colony eventually became its own state and sought to improve its individual interests.THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION VS. or would the states handle that individually? American leaders first tried to address these issues when the Second Continental Congress created the Articles of Confederation in 1776 to build a sense of uniform government in the colonies. several inherent problems resulted from the creation and implementation of the Articles. the majority of the power or sovereignty rested with the individual states (Felmeth. how would the new government manage finances. The Articles also created a weak government because it included no executive or judiciary branch. and Congress had the ability to settle disputes between states. The Articles endeavored to form a centralized government that served all the states and strengthen the new country. giving the 13 states with their own powers and a government possessing limited powers. Government officials created the Constitution to amend and address many of these issues.d. However. control interstate commerce. In general.
the Constitution's first three articles declared that the government should consist of three branches. Congress also could prevent states from printing their own currency and levying customs. Several noted leaders in attendance included George Washington. but cannot overthrow another branch. including the executive. Each of these revisions of the items included in the Articles sought to improve the government and make America stronger. performs its own separate functions. and judicial sections. Congress could also begin to regulate both foreign and domestic commerce (Felmeth. each branch possesses its own powers. 2012). Therefore. The Constitution also granted more power to Congress and limited powers of the states. Through a system of .THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION VS. Under the term "separation of powers". Additionally. A key component of a better government required three branches rather than just one as previously used. legislative. Writers completed the new document after many months of deliberation and named it the Constitution of the United States. This organization operated better than the previous arrangement under the Articles because the government was more structured and had more authority. The discussion involved creating a new form of government to address the previous problems incurred by the Articles. As a result. Ben Franklin. The Constitution created a new government with three separate branches because the current system with only a legislative arrangement clearly did not work properly (Schultz. Congress was able to collect taxes and raise revenue. resolving one of the primary concerns of the previous government structure under the Articles. American leaders called for a convention in May 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation. The nation's Forefathers considered the outline of the Constitution carefully and sought to avoid any possible tyranny. THE CONSTITUTION 3 America had experienced several years of economic struggles and political demonstrations like Shay's Rebellion. and James Madison. 1998).
The country was separated as a confederation with . With the addition and approval of the Bill of Rights. The Bill of Rights served as an important role to document the rights of the people and provided the necessary support to ratify the Constitution. each branch coordinates with the other. The courts of the judicial branch may interpret a law passed by Congress and the president as unconstitutional. 2013). and can overturn any act of legislation for this reason.org. but it failed for several reasons. or interrelated system. THE CONSTITUTION 4 checks and balances. For example. this action provided added support of extra votes to ratify the Constitution and the new government (Bill of Rights Institute. the Congress. The Constitution helped to reorganize the government. demonstrating the importance of safeguarding the individual liberties of the American citizens. In this checks and balance. Each branch can control the power of the other two. The judicial branch interprets the laws and oversees legal disputes. has the ability to veto the law. These rights clearly outline the limitations of the government. James Madison wrote the first 10 amendments to the Constitution. The Articles of Confederation served as America's first attempt at a new form of government. Anti-Federalists argued about the Constitution's lack of the Bill of Rights. no single branch of the government holds sole authority. but the citizens voiced concern over the amount of control given to the new governing body. known as the Bill of Rights.THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION VS. The three branches work in coordination with each other at the federal level as well as working with the state governments (Thefreedictionary. or the President. The legislative branch makes laws and the executive branch implements them. or the legislative branch can pass legislation. 2010).com. but the executive branch. also keeping the balance of power even among the three branches. The Federalists argued that the Constitution needed no Bill of Rights because any power not held by the government was given to the people and states. stating individual rights needed protection.
correcting the many flaws in the Articles of Confederation. James Madison created the Bill of Rights.THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION VS. the country's leaders. saw the need for a new form of government and called for a Constitutional Congress. And the rest. is history. specifically George Washington. After much debate. causing economic difficulty for the country. limited its own power and could not produce any revenue for itself. In response to these demands. The government. under the Articles. rather some still showed concern that delayed the ratification of the Constitution. as they say. not everyone displayed his or her relief for the new document. After several years. . demonstrating the limitation of government power and protection of personal liberties. the nation's Founding Fathers created the Constitutional. THE CONSTITUTION 5 each state acting in its own interest rather than a unified nation. However.
Volume 1 (2nd ed. THE CONSTITUTION 6 References Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. History Resources" http://home.com. Cengage Learning.thefreedictionary.htm Bill of Rights Institute.S. (n.edu /~hedmonds/U.com/Three+branches+of+government . Retrieved from http://hercules.). Retrieved from http://billofrightsinstitute.gcsu. (2012). Boston. Schultz. Retrieved from http://legaldictionary. (2013). "U. K.earthlink.THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION VS.d. HIST2. M.net/~gfeldmeth/ USHistory. Separation of powers. Thefreedictionary.).%20Constitution/Articles%20of%20Confederation. MA: Wadsworth. Greg D.S.org/founding-documents/bill-of-rights/ Feldmeth. Bill of Rights of the United States of America (1791).html (31 March 1998).org. (2010).
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