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FIRST STEPS IN BUSINESS ENGLISH
Luiza Caraivan Ioana Ştefan
Mulţumim doamnei conf. dr. Mariana Popa
CONŢINUT I. PREZENTAREA MANUALULUI DE STUDIU INDIVIDUAL .................................. 5 1. Generalităţi ..................................................................................................................... 5 1.1. Obiect ................................................................................................................... 5 1.2. Obiective principale ............................................................................................. 5 1.3. Descrierea structurii manualului......................................................................... 5 1.4. Bibliografie generală:.......................................................................................... 5 Unit 1.1 Introducing Yourself ................................................................................. 7 Unit 1.2 Greetings ................................................................................................. 10 Module 2 ................................................................................................................... 14 Unit 2.1 What Time Is It? ..................................................................................... 15 Unit 2.2 About You............................................................................................... 20 Module 3 ................................................................................................................... 26 Unit 3.1 At Work .................................................................................................. 26 Unit 3.2 Company Presentation ............................................................................ 32 Unit 3.3 Describing Hotels ................................................................................... 39 Unit 3.4 Checking In and Checking Out ............................................................... 44 Module 4 ................................................................................................................... 50 Unit 4.1 Eating Out ............................................................................................... 50 Unit 4.2 Present Activities .................................................................................... 55 Unit 4.3 Job Responsibilities ................................................................................ 58 Module 5 ................................................................................................................... 67 Unit 5.1 Kids in Business...................................................................................... 67 Unit 5.2 Inventions................................................................................................ 71 Unit 5.3 A Short History of Tourism .................................................................... 79 Module 6 ................................................................................................................... 85 Unit 6.1 Future Plans ............................................................................................ 85 Unit 6.2 Making Money........................................................................................ 88 Unit 6.3 Million Dollar Products .......................................................................... 93 Module 7 ................................................................................................................. 100 THE BUSINESS TRAVELLER; COMPARING HOTELS .................................. 100 Unit 7.2 Making and Doing ................................................................................ 108 Unit 7.3 Making a Phone Call............................................................................. 111 Module 8 ................................................................................................................. 118 A COMPANY’S HISTORY ................................................................................... 118 Unit 8.1 Finding Solutions .................................................................................. 118 Unit 8.2 Business and the Environment .............................................................. 126 Unit 8.3 Tourism and the Environment .............................................................. 131 Unit 8.4 Marketing and Advertising ................................................................... 136 Module 9 ................................................................................................................. 144 Unit 9.1 Products that Fail .................................................................................. 144 Unit 9.2 Franchising............................................................................................ 150 Unit 9.3 Setting up Your Own Business ............................................................. 155 Module 10 ............................................................................................................... 163 Unit 10.1 Revision and Stress ............................................................................. 163 Module 11 ............................................................................................................... 171
...........Module 12 .................................................................... 174 .................................
Manualul începe de la un nivel de „false beginner” (fals începător) şi conduce studentul spre un nivel de „intermediate” (intermediar). Macmillan Heinemann.. Bantaş. G... Business Grammar Builder. P.să ofere studenţilor un material practic şi eficient pentru însuşirea şi aprofundarea limbii engleze. 1. Teora.ghidul de învăţare în sistem de autoinstruire.. Penguin. Comişel.Fârnoagă. S. vor fi întâlnite şi alte teme din domeniul englezei de afaceri. 5. London. S. PREZENTAREA MANUALULUI DE STUDIU INDIVIDUAL 1. 1. . Sweeney. . Accelerate.generalităţi privind prezentarea manualului. Cu toate acestea. S. 1998. Elementary. Humphreys Sara. . Omegapres. prin testele concepute în acest sens în cadrul fiecărei unităţi de învăţare. Bibliografie generală: 1. 1989. 2. defalcate pe unităţi de învăţare. Edinborough. Bosewitz R.3. Generalităţi 1. E. 2002. Firman. D. 1. axându-se cu precădere pe engleza folosită în turism şi comerţ. Oxford. Bucureşti. .1.4.2.. Oxford.I.modulele de studiu. Macmillan. World of Business. Emmerson.să îndrume studenţii spre titluri bibliografice semnificative în vederea unor exerciţii suplimentare..să permită studenţilor să realizeze un program propriu de autoevaluare. 1999.să instruiască studenţii în a-şi realiza un program propriu de autoînvăţare. Grammar and Functions. Prentice Hall. Cotton. Nelson. 3. 4. prin divizarea materiei pe module şi unităţi. 1998. 6. Gramatica limbii engleze. Bucureşti. . London. 1998. Brieger. Obiect Obiectul de studiu al manualului este limba engleză de afaceri (Business English). The Language of Business English. Descrierea structurii manualului Manualul are în structura sa următoarele componente: . Bailey. Penguin Students’ Grammar of English Exercises. 7.. . 1993... Obiective principale Obiectivele principale ale manualului de studiu individual sunt următoarele: . N. A.. Gălăţeanu. Dicţionar Român.Englez.
Harlow. 16. 10. Cornelsen &Oxford University Press. R. J. 1993.. L.. In Company. 21.. Accelerate. A. Dicţionar Englez. Lannon. The Language of Hotels in English. 17. K. E. Macmillan. Leviţchi.. Teora. P. Oxford University Press. Oxford. Oxford University Press.Elementary. 1992. Business Basics. 19. Englewood Cliffs. The Language of Tourism in English. 1999. Soars. Adams. Workplace English: Travel File. I. 1978. 14. 2002. Jacob. M.Intermediate. Business Grammar and Vocabulary. P. Oxford. Intermediate. Hollinger. Harlow. 1995. Addison Wesley Longman Ltd.. Trappe. 24... 13. Pohl. Grant. Prentice Hall Regents. Oxford University Press. Liz & John. 15. 1998.A Short Course in Business English.. 12. Bantaş. Quick Work. McLarty. 18. Editura Mondero. 1995.. 2000. Turton. Seidl. Turner.8. Test Your Professional English... Bucureşti. ABC of Common Grammatical Errors. 9. Hollett.. Bucuresti. 20.. L. Hotel and Catering.F.preintermediate. Gramatica limbii engleze.. London. Berlin.. Lodge. 1998. Hall. Englewood Cliffs. Bucureşti Leviţchi.. Grammar in Practice. 2000. Insights into Business.. Test Your Business English Vocabulary. T. N. Teora. Oxford University Press. Helgesen. Macmillan Heinemann. Longman. Headway. 11. A. E.. J. Z.Watson Beth. London. . M. 2002. Hall. Strutt. M.. A. 1987. Prentice Hall Regents.. V. 2000. 23. Kempinski. Macmillan Heinemann. Preda. 1997.. Penguin English Powell. Teste de limba engleza. Pawlowska. Teora. Wright. D. Bucureşti. 1977. D. Tullis.Român. M.. Nelson. G. 1996. 1998. 25. English for International Tourism. 22. B.
• What you should know at the end of this module (Ce ar trebui să ştiţi după parcurgerea modulului): - the English alphabet (alfabetul limbii engleze); - the present tense of the verb to be (prezentul verbului a fi); - the use of the indefinite article a/an (folosirea articolului nehotărât o/un); - all the vocabulary included (tot vocabularul inclus). What skills you will have at the end of this module (Ce competenţe veţi deţine după parcurgerea modulului): to spell different names, to introduce yourself, to greet, to ask and answer some usual questions (să puteţi spune pe litere diferite cuvinte, să vă prezentaţi altor persoane, să salutaţi, să întrebaţi şi să răspundeţi la diferite întrebări).
Unit 1.1 Introducing Yourself
• • • • Objectives (Obiective): to introduce the basic grammar and vocabulary related to the topic (prezentarea unor noţiuni de bază de gramatică şi vocabular). What you should know at the end of this unit(Ce ar trebui să ştiţi după parcurgerea unităţii): the English alphabet (alfabetul limbii engleze), the present tense of the verb to be (prezentul verbului a fi); What skills you will have at the end of this unit (Ce competenţe veţi deţine după parcurgerea unităţii): to spell different names, to ask and answer some usual questions. Content of the unit: study time- no more than 3 hours (Conţinutul de idei al unităţii: timp maximal de studiu- 3 ore):
1. The Alphabet: A B C D E F G H I J K L [eǺ] [bi:] [si:] [di:] [i:] [ǫf] [dʒi:] [eǺtȓ] [aǺ] [dʒeǺ] [keǺ] [ǫl] M N O P Q R S T U V W X [ǫm] [ǫn] [əȚ] [pi:] [kju] [ǡə] [ǫs] [ti:] [ju:] [vi:] [dȜbəlju:] [ǫks] Y Z [waǺ] [zǫd]
Read aloud the alphabet and answer the question: How do you spell your name? (Citiţi cu voce tare alfabetul şi răspundeţi la întrebarea de mai sus). Ex.: How do you spell your name? I-O-N G-E-O-R-G-E-S-C-U [aǺ əȚ ǫn ] [dʒi: i: əȚ ǡə dʒi: i: ǫs si: ju:] 2. TO BE – positive form I AM= I’m WE ARE= We’re YOU ARE= You’re YOU ARE= You’re HE IS= He’s THEY ARE= They’re SHE IS= She’s IT IS= It’s (it is used to talk about objects, animals, abstract concepts) (it se foloseşte pentru a vorbi despre obiecte, animale, concepte abstracte) Negative form: in order to form the negative the negation not is added to the verb to be (pentru a obţine forma negativă a verbului a fi, se adaugă negaţia not): I am not= I’m not We are not= we aren’t You are not= You aren’t You are not= You aren’t He is not= He isn’t They are not= They aren’t She is not= She isn’t It is not= It isn’t Question: in order to form the interrogative the inversion between subject and the verb to be is needed (pentru a forma o întrebare are loc inversiunea dintre subiect şi verbul a fi): Am I....? Are we...? Are you? Are you...? Is he...? Are they...? Is she...? Is it...? The verb to be is used in sentences to answer the question “What do you do?” to find out the profession of the interlocutor (verbul a fi se foloseşte pentru a răspunde la întrebarea “Ce faci, cu ce te ocupi?”): I am a teacher. (Sunt professor/ profesoară.) I’m not an artist. (Nu sunt artist/ artistă.) I am an actor. (Sunt actor.) I’m a student. (Sunt student/studentă.) You can introduce yourself to another person giving and asking for more information and using just the verb to be (vă prezentaţi folosind verbul a fi şi puteţi afla mai mule informaţii cu ajutorul aceluiaşi verb): What is/ What’s your name? (Cum te numeşti?) My name is... (Numele meu este) Where are you from? (De unde eşti?) I am /I’m from Romania. (Sunt din România). What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a student. (Sunt student/ă)
What is your address? (Care este adresa ta?) It’s ... How old are you? (Câţi ani ai?) I’m twenty years old. (Am 20 de ani.) The verb to be is also used to ask about a person’s age. Expressing age will be studied in Unit 2.1 (Verbul a fi este folosit şi pentru a exprima vârsta unei persoane. Exprimarea vârstei se va face în Unitatea 2.1) Questions (întrebări de auto-control) 1. What are the positive forms of the verb to be? 2. What are the negative forms of the verb to be? 3. What are the interrogative forms of the verb to be? 4. How do you form the negative form of the verb to be? 5. How do you form the interrogative form of the verb to be? Exercises: 1. Fill in the gaps with the right word (completaţi folosind cuvântul potrivit): 1. Where are … from? 2. What is your …? 3. What … you do? 4. … she French? 5. I… Spanish. 6. He … an actor. 7. … is an actress. 8. … is your address? 9. … do you spell your name? 10. … am Romanian. 2. Spell the following names using the English alphabet (spuneţi pe litere numele care urmează folosind alfabetul englezesc): William Shakespeare, John F. Kennedy, Paul McCartney, Jane Stewart, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Vivian Leigh, Paul Munroe, Michael Jackson, Liza Minelli “Don't introduce me to that man! I want to go on hating him, and I can't hate a man whom I know.” Charles Lamb (1775-1834), British Essayist, Critic. Test 1 Choose the right answer: 1. How old … you? a. am b. is c. are d. do 2. What … you do? a. am b. is c. are d. do 3. Where … you from? a. am b. is c. are d. do 4. What … your name? a. am b. is c. are d. do 5. My… is Annie.
isn’t d. isn’t d. is c.no more than 3 hours (Conţinutul de idei al unităţii: timp maximal de studiu. She … a teacher. How do you spell your name? 3.How do you do! It’s nice to meet you!. They …. aren’t c.) . How do you spell ‘Romania’? 10. How old are you? 9. What do you do? 7. I’m Annie. am b. do 7.a. (Mă bucur să te cunosc.2 Greetings • • • What you should know at the end of this unit (Ce ar trebui să ştiţi după parcurgerea unităţii): to use the indefinite article a/an (folosirea articolului nehotărât o/un). (Bună. from Portugal. How … you spell your name? a.Hi!. they are from France. Where … they from? a.Bună dimineaţa! Good afternoon! -Bună ziua! Good evening! -Bună seara! Hello!. What’s your name? 2. are d. aren’t c. am not b. age d. Content of the unit: study time. is c. What is your address? 8. to ask and answer some usual questions. Where are you from? 4. am b. Sunt Annie. too. are d. do 8.3 ore): Here are the usual greetings people use when they meet and when they leave (forme de salut uzuale): Good morning!. name c. What abilities /skills you will have at the end of this unit (Ce competenţe veţi deţine după parcurgerea unităţii): to greet. How do you spell ‘Timisoara’? Unit 1. address b. am b. are Test 2 Answer the following questions (răspundeţi la următoarele întrebări): 1. do 10.) How do you do!. student 6.Bună! Good bye!. are 9. Are you an actor? 5.La revedere! Here are some things people say when they introduce themselves (Câteva formule de prezentare): Hello. are d. Are you a businessman? 6. a. is c. Where … she from? a. am not b. a.I’m glad to meet you.
honest. I am………. Annie? Annie: I’m a student at ‘Dimitrie Cantemir’ University. She is………… taxi driver. How do you do? Jane: How do you do? Tim: Let me introduce you to our colleagues. 3. It’s nice to meet you.…engineer. Jane: Thank you. I am from Spain. chef. What about you? Are you Romanian? Annie: Yes. ‘an’ se foloseşte în faţa vocalelor. Jane: Nice to meet you Paul. It’s my first day. Annie: I’m glad to meet you. Tina: Hi. 9. What do you do.: a + consonant sound an + vowel sound a book (o carte) an orange (o portocală) a teacher (un profesor. And you? Tina: I’m a tour guide at Dynamic Travel. She is …………. too. 2. 7. Munroe. 4. Annie: Where are you from? Are you English? Tina: No. 6. Exercises (exerciţii) 1. 5. I am. travel agent. Tim: I’m Tim Moore. heir. . ‘an’ is used in front of vowel sounds (articolul nehotărât ‘a/an’ se foloseşte cu substantive la singular. ‘A’ is used in front of a consonant. se traduce prin ‘o/un’. 8. so they are preceded by an: hour. ambele pot fi traduse prin ‘o/un’): Eg. My name is Jane Stewart. Paul: Please. I’m from Timişoara. I’m Jane. call me Paul. 2.o studentă) an actress (o actriţă) Some words begin with a silent ‘h’. aren’t you? What’s your name? Jane: Yes. You are……… architect. You are………… clerk.The indefinite article a/an is used with singular nouns. Tina: OK. I am …………… accountant. Read the following conversations (citiţi următoarele conversaţii): Annie: Hello. ‘a’ se foloseşte în faţa consoanele. I’m not. Tim: You’re new here. Tim: This is Paul Munroe. honour (unele cuvinte încep cu ‘h’ mut şi vor fi precedate de ‘an’). He is ………… waiter. I’m Annie.o profesoară) an accountant (un contabil) a student (un student. I’m Tina. Jane: Nice to meet you Mr. She is ……… teacher. He is ………. Fill in the gaps with the correct indefinite article (a/an) (completaţi cu articolul nehotărât): 1.
I’m glad to …. 6. a. How b.. a. taxi driver. director... Hungary. Greece c. When d. What b. call 3. engineer. meet. Greece. Use the same names but the following countries and nationalities (folosiţi următoarele ţări şi naţionalităţi): Spain. Switzerland– Swiss. new 9. . Where c. . d.. chef. .” Edward D. thank c.. your nationality. Portugal. ce naţionalitate aveţi. Jr.3. We are all interested in the future. What c.Irish. do you do? – I’m an architect. Use the following occupations (folosiţi următoarele ocupaţii): teacher.S. my friends. you.Greek. And remember. Use real information about you and introduce yourselves to the other students (folosiţi informaţii reale pentru a vă prezenta celorlalţi studenţi). d. “Greetings. are you from? a. (1922–1978).Hungarian. Canada c. a. student b. She is from . China.. American d.Chinese. Where 7. What’s your .Spanish.American. What’s your . my friends. When 8. What c.) Test 1 Choose the right answer: 1.. When d.Greek 5.. Wood.Romanian. do you do? – How do you do? a.. Where 6. (scrieţi despre dumneavoastră. first c. name? – It’s Jane. glad b. architect.. student . ce ocupaţie aveţi etc. Canadian 4.Portuguese. a. How b. last b.. Practise the above conversations using the information from the following cards: First name Last name Country/ Nationality Occupation Sam Bellow Great Britain/ British businessman Amelie Legrand France/ French flight attendant Maria Arya Brazil/ Brazilian travel agent Kia Ishiguro Japan/ Japanese assistant manager 4.. future events such as these will affect you in the future. the United States of America. accountant. Ireland. Writing Task (Temă de reflecţie): Write about you. Irish b. waiter. a. Romania. . screenwriter. OK 2. It’s … to meet you. . introduce b. U. a. name? – It’s Bellow. new d. etc. nice c. an teacher d. for that is where you and I are going to spend the rest of our lives.. 5. clerk.. and the NetherlandsDutch.. your occupation. Why d. I’m .
a. last b. first c. new 10. Let me ... you to Paul. a. thank b. call c. meet
d. student d. introduce
Test 2 Find the mistakes in the following sentences and correct them (găsiţi greşelile din următoarele propoziţii şi corectaţi-le): 1. John is businessman. 2. Anna a travel agent is. 3. I glad to meet you. 4. She are from Spain. 5. He is a artist. 6. She isn’t an flight attendant. 7. Paul aren’t Chinese. 8. She is from American. 9. I am a Romanian. 10. You are a new here. Answer the following questions (răspundeţi la următoarele întrebări): 1. What’s your first name? 2. What’s your last name? 3. Where are you from? 4. Are you a travel agent? 5. Are you Japanese? 6. Are you new here? 7. Are you Romanian? 8. Is your friend Hungarian? 9. Where is your friend from? 10. Is your friend a student? Test 3 (la nivelul modulului) Choose the right answer: 1. ... do you do? – I’m a flight attendant. a. How b. What c. Where 2. ... are you from? a. What b. Where c. When 3. … is your name? a. How b. What c. Where 4. My… is Paul. a. address b. name c. age 5. It’s … to meet you. a. glad b. nice c. OK 6. Let me ... you to Paul. a. thank b. call c. meet 7. You … an assistant manager. a. am not b. is c. isn’t 8. Where … they from? a. am b. is c. are 9. How … you spell your name? a. am b. is c. are 10. How old … you? a. am b. is c. are 11. What … you do? a. am b. is c. are
d. When d. Why d. When d. student d. new d. introduce d. are d. do d. do d. do d. do
12. I’m .... at this University. a. a student b. Canada c. Canadian
d. an teacher
Put the words in the correct order to form sentences (puneţi cuvintele în ordinea corectă pentru a forma propoziţii): 13. name how spell do your you? 14. old are how you? 15. you from are where? 16. name your what is? 17. do do you what? 18. is manager he an assistant 19. to me let introduce you Paul 20. you I glad meet am to. # Each right answer is five points (fiecare răspuns corect valorează 5 puncte) Test 4 (la nivelul modulului) Translate into Romanian (traduceţi în limba română): 1. Hello! My name is Paul Munroe. 2. I’m from Great Britain and I’m a student. 3. My friend is not a student, she is an assistant manager. 4. She isn’t British, she is French. 5. Let me introduce you to my friend, Tina. Translate into English (traduceţi în limba engleză): 6. Cu ce te ocupi? 7. Sunt student/ă la Universitatea ‚Dimitrie Cantemir’ din Timişoara. 8. Cum te numeşti? 9. Mă numesc Paul Munroe. 10. Mă bucur să te cunosc.
• • Objectives: the main objective is to keep the conversation flowing using different topics. What you should know at the end of this module: - the numerals (numeralele); - the time (ora); - the plural of nouns (pluralul substantivelor); - the genitive (genitivul); - possessive adjectives (adjectivele posesive); - all the vocabulary included (tot vocabularul inclus). What skills you will have at the end of this module: to express prices/ telephone numbers/ dates/ the time, to present and describe people and things using one or more adjectives (veţi şti să exprimaţi numere de telefon, data, ora, să prezentaţi şi să descrieţi oameni sau lucruri folosind adjective).
Unit 2.1 What Time Is It?
• • • Objectives the main objective is to keep the conversation flowing using different topics. What you should know at the end of this unit: the numbers; the ordinal numerals; all the vocabulary included (veţi învăţa numerele, numeralul ordinal, tot vocabularul inclus). What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to express prices, to ask about telephone numbers/ dates/ the time(veţi şti să exprimaţi numere de telefon, data şi ora).
The numbers 1-one 2- two 3- three 4- four 5- five 6- six 7- seven 8- eight 9- nine 10- ten 11- eleven 12- twelve 13- thirteen 14- fourteen 15- fifteen 16- sixteen 17- seventeen 18- eighteen 19- nineteen 20- twenty 21- twenty-one 22- twenty- two etc 30- thirty 31- thirty-one… 40- forty 41- forty-one 50- fifty 60- sixty 70- seventy 80- eighty 90- ninety 100- one hundred 1000- one thousand 1.000.000- one million (m)
To form numerals after ‘hundred’ add the conjunction ‘and’ (Pentru a forma numeralele după 100, adăugaţi and): e.g. 101- one hundred and one 220-two hundred and twenty You can ask about a person’s phone number using the question: What is your phone number? (Care este numărul tău de telefon?) My phone number is 203447 (two oh three double four seven). (Numărul meu este...) Notice that 0 in phone numbers is read ‘oh’ [əu] and NOT ‘zero’. You can say DOUBLE + number (‘double four’) instead of ‘four four’. The age is expressed using the verb to be (vârsta se exprimă folosind verbul a fi) How old are you? (Câţi ani ai?) - I’m twenty (years old). (Am 20 de ani.) How old is she? (Câţi ani are ea?) – She is thirty. (Are 30 de ani.) The Time (Ora) You can ask about the time using the question: What time is it? (Cât este ora?) 8.00- It’s eight o’clock. 8.05- It’s five past eight. 8.15- It’s a quarter past eight. 8.24- It’s twenty-four past eight. 8.30- It’s half past eight. 8.57- It’s three to nine 8.45- It’s a quarter to nine 8.35- It’s twenty-five to nine
Use a.m. to express the time in the morning and p.m. to express the time in the afternoon and in the evening. (Folosiţi a.m. pentru dimineaţă şi p.m. pentru după-masă şi seară)
the eleventh rd th th 3 – the third 6 .the sixth 9 .g.It’s nine o’clock a.m.00.the fifth 8th– the eighth 11th.E.the ninth 12th– the twelfth …….It’s nine o’clock p.the twenty-first 24 . 9.Nineteen ninety-nine The days of the week (Zilele săptămânii) Monday Thursday Sunday Tuesday Friday Wednesday Saturday The Seasons of the year (Anotimpurile) spring summer autumnwinter The months of the year (Lunile anului) January April July October February May August November March June September December Answer the question: When is your birthday? (Când este ziua ta?) It’s on + date + month (+ year). (Se scrie…) Read: It’s the third of September two thousand and three.the thirty-first 21 .the twenty-fourth 22nd.the fourth 7th– the seventh 10th– the tenth 2nd– the second 5th .the thirtieth st th 31st. OR It’s nine o’clock in the morning. Other questions about time (alte întrebări): What time is your favourite TV programme on? (La ce oră este programul tău preferat la televizor?) When is your favourite TV programme on? (Când este programul tău preferat la televizor?) The date (Data) Use ordinal numerals in order to speak about things that are ordered (folosiţi numeralele ordinale pentru a vorbi despre lucruri care au o anumită ordine): 1st– the first 4th.m. It’s nine o’clock in the evening. Read (Se citeşte): It’s on the tenth of March nineteen seventy-seven. 20th.the twenty-second …… What date is today? (Ce dată este astăzi?) Write: It’s 3rd September 2003.the twenty-third 30th.the twentieth 23rd. (Se citeşte …) The years until 1999 are read differently from Romanian (Anul se citeşte diferit faţă de limba română): 19/99. OR 21. Write (Se scrie): It’s on 10th March (1977). .00.
40 Soap opera: Young and Restless 15. Dead or Alive? 11. 1888. What time is your favourite programme on? 4.00 News 18. What is your favourite TV channel? – My favourite TV channel is … . 1427. How do you read the following telephone number: 455091? 6. What is your favourite season? 7. What day is after Friday? 4.15 Sitcom: Married with Children 13. Read out the following years (Citiţi următorii ani): 1534.25 News 7. 1901 .Jimmy Tarbuck and his late-night show 2.10 Film: Philadelphia Experiment 22. What are the days of the week? 2.20 Talk-show. What are the months of the year? 5.05. 8th April: 7.55 Weather Forecast. 3.30 The National Lottery Live 15. 2000.m. How do you read the following date: 15. 1848. How do you read the following years: 1954. Ask and answer questions following the pattern (Construiţi întrebări şi răspunsuri după modelul următor): What time is the film on? It’s at ten past eight p.45 Soccer Weekend. 3. What is your mobile phone number? 10. 2.50 Drama: Chicago Hope 14.featuring Pet Shop Boys and Madonna 10. 2001? 7. What is your home phone number? 9. Answer the following questions (Răspundeţi la întrebări): 1.1933.soccer news 13.05 Documentary: Dinosaurs.1994? Exercises: 1. What day is your favourite day? 6. 1789. When is your birthday? 5. Here is the TV programme for Channel 4. Felix the Cat 8.My favourite programme is … . 1940. Regional News 20.30 Weather Forecast 7.35 Opera: Traviata 18.00 Live music. Saturday. What is your favourite TV programme?. What time is it? 8.Questions: 1.35 Cartoons: Tom and Jerry.15 Match of the Day: Arsenal. What day is before Tuesday? 3. How old are you? 4. 1934.Celtics 19.
20 8.50 5. Paul: How much is that? Annie: £3. Anything else? Tim: No. can you tell me what time it is? Annie: It’s half past nine. Tina: Thank you.” Andy Warhol (1928 – 1987). Annie: Hello! Paul: Hi! Can I have a hamburger and a cup of coffee. here you are.58 Piece of pizza 90 p 13. I don’t know.15 Hamburger £2. Annie: You’re welcome. Annie: Morning. In a fast-food restaurant Tim: Good morning. can you tell me what time it is? Paul: I’m sorry.08 Cup of tea 50 p 15. Here you are.10 (three pounds and ten p) Paul: OK.Summer Café The Time 2.12 Mineral water 45 p “They say that time changes things.17 Sandwich £1. despre programe de televiziune şi orele lor de difuzare) . Read the following conversations (Citiţi următoarele conversaţii): In the street Tina: Excuse me.45 Coke 55 p 15.5. please? Annie: Here you are. Practise the above conversations using the information from the following tables (Folosiţi informaţii din tabelele de mai jos şi construiţi conversaţii după modelul din exerciţiul 7) : Menu. Tim: Here you are. Tim: Can I have a sandwich. but you actually have to change them yourself. (Scrieţi despre preţurile din România. thanks.43 Cup of coffee 60 p 12. Tina: Excuse me. Artist Writing Task (Temă de reflecţie): Write about prices in Romania and about your favourite TV programmes and the time they are on. Tina: That’s OK. please? Annie: Of course. How much is it? Annie: £1. 8.20 (one pound and twenty pence).
Test 1 Choose the right answer: 1. What time is it? - It’s 14.23 … . a. fourteen and twenty- three b. twenty-three past fourteen c. twenty-three past two d. twenty-three to two 2. What time is it? - It’s ten to eight a.m. … . a. 8.11 b. 8.10 c. 7. 49 d. 7.50 3. What time is it? - It’s 21.50. a. ten to ten b. Fifty to ten c. ten to twenty-one d. ten to nine 4. What time is it? - It’s half past eleven p.m. a. 23.30 b. 11.15 c. 23.15 d. 11.30 5. When is your …? a. day b. season c. birthday d. year 6. What is your favourite …? a. time b. season c. birthday d. year 7. How much … a hamburger? a. is b. are c. am d. do 8. My favourite TV programme … the news. a. its b. it’s c. it is d. is 9. … I have a cup of coffee? a. Is b. Can c. Am d. Do 10. Of course. Here you … . a. is b. are c. am d. can # Each right answer is ten points. Test 2 Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 1. is much how that? 2. know I don’t I sorry am 3. me excuse, tell you is me what can time it? 4. have can a coffee cup of I, please? 5. welcome you are. 6. quarter twelve past is it 7. one half is it past 8. your phone mobile is number what? 9. favourite what is TV your programme? 10. on time what film the is? Answer the following questions: 11. When is your birthday? 12. What is your favourite TV programme? 13. What time is your favourite programme on? 14. What is your home phone number? 15. What is your favourite season? 16. How old are you? 17. How old is your mother?
18. How old is your father? 19. Are you twelve years old? 20. Are you twenty-one years old? # Each right answer is 5 points.
Unit 2.2 About You
• • What you should know at the end of this unit: the plural of nouns; the genitive; the possessive adjectives; all the vocabulary included. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to present and describe people and things using one or more adjectives.
The Plural of Nouns The plural of nouns is usually formed by adding –s to the singular noun. Eg: a book- books a girl- girls a table- tables a person- persons It can also be formed by adding –es to the singular noun, in the following situations: a. the noun ends in –ch/ -tch, -sh, -x, -s/-ss, -zz: a peach- peaches a dress- dresses a box- boxes a brush- brushes a bus- buses a buzz- buzzes b. the noun ends in consonant + y; the result is i + es: a city- cities a fly- flies The transformation does not take place if ‘y’ is preceded by a vowel (a boy- boys) c. The noun ends in –f and –fe, which are transformed in v(es): a leaf- leaves a life- lives a thief- thieves a wolf- wolves a half- halves ………….. a knife- knives a wife- wives There are however some exceptions: a roof- roofs a handkerchief- handkerchiefs d. the noun ends in consonant + o: a potato- potatoes a tomato- tomatoes There are however some exceptions: pianos, concertos, etc. Irregular nouns do not add –s/- es to the singular, but, instead, they change their form: a child- children a man- men a woman- women a goose- geese a mouse- mice an ox- oxen a louse- lice a tooth- teeth a foot- feet The noun people takes the verb in the plural (people are/ people have). There will be more on nouns in the Countable/ Uncountable Unit (Unit 4.1) The singular nouns can be replaced or accompanied by the demonstrative pronouns/ adjectives this and that; the plural nouns can be replaced or accompanied by the demonstrative pronouns/ adjectives these and those.
Singular Plural This book is interesting. – These books are interesting. (over here) This is my sister. - These are my brothers. (over here) That book is boring. - Those books are boring. (over there) That is his mother. - Those are his parents. (over there) The ‘s Genitive The ‘s Genitive is used to express the idea of possession. It is usually used to show possession between a noun designating a person or an animal and a noun designating an object or another person or animal. My mother’s dress is red. My mother’s sister is my aunt. The boy’s bicycle is expensive. John’s car is new. If the noun ends in –s, the possession is marked by an apostrophe: The boys’ bikes are blue. Dickens’ life was long. If there are two persons in the possession of the same object we use ‘s after the latter: Tom and Mary’s toys are cheap. Word order: Possessor +’s + object possessed E.g. ‘Mary’s dress’, but also ‘Mary’s sister’
The “of” Genitive If the possessor is an object, use the Genitive with “of”: The title of the book is interesting. The city of London is beautiful. The Possessive Adjectives and the Verb to Have The possessive adjectives are always followed by a noun: Subject I you he she it we you they Possessive my your his her its our your their E.g.: I have a book. – It is my book. You have a flat. – It is your flat. He has a problem. – It is his problem. She has a house. - It is her house. It has a nice colour. - It is its colour. We have an old car. – It is our old car. You have a beautiful garden. – It is your beautiful garden. They have a dirty car. - It is their dirty car.
Adjectives do NOT change their form. There is no number and gender agreement. She is nice. He is nice. They are nice. She is my sister. He is my brother. They are my sisters. Word order: possessive adjective (indefinite article) + (adjective) + noun E.g. My (a/an) new car My new car is blue. OR I have a new blue car.
9. The president has a chauffeur. My sister has a lovely photo. Mary has a book. 10.These are books.g. BUT Mary has a sister. Their guns are automatic. 4.assistant. 2. This woman is a housewife. 3. Do adjectives have –s for the plural? 5. This man is a tourist. Your brother is my good friend. How is the plural of nouns formed in English? 2. This is a book . 1. . Your city is full of people. 5. 9. 12. 6. His chauffeur is reliable. Eve and Paul have a son. 15. 14. She is a shop. 10. 8. 3. Change the following sentences using a genitive and then a possessive: E. My cousin has a new hobby.g. .Claire’s dress is new. 3.She is Mary’s sister. Her dress is new. 5. 8. 1. 7. 2.g. Her dress is red. 7. 4. She has one box. My neighbour has a blue car. Do you add -s to the singular of the irregular nouns? 4. Mary has a son. 1. John has a problem.Questions: 1. My watch is expensive. 2. Their son is nice. BUT: This book is interesting – These books are interesting. Claire has a dress.It is her book. The thief is in your flat. 3. Transform each pair into one sentence following the example: E. 6. That woman has a hat. . My daughter has a doll. .She is her sister. Change the following sentences into the plural: E. How is possession expressed in English? Exercises: 1. I am (am not) a woman. Tim and Paul have the same mother. Tina and Paul have a large house. That car is dirty. My neighbour has a car. 13. David has a wife. 11. 2. Jill has a dog. He has a peach. . What are the exceptions? 3. He is my child.It is Mary’s book.. Policemen have guns.
good books and a sleepy conscience: this is the ideal life. isn’t 3. Answer the following questions about the text above: a. Who is Annie? b. 7. are b. a. What does Annie do? h. The child has a bike. These d. What does Andy do? k. My father’s shop is open. a. The Peters have a car. They are students at a University in London and Laura has a part-time job: she is a travel agent. The company is based in the Netherlands but has offices all over the world. Her shop is full. What are her children’s names? d. Who is Linda? f. 10. is 4. What does Linda do? j. … people over there are my neighbours. His sister has a radio set. 8. What does Laura do? i. Read the following text: Hello everybody! Let me introduce you to Tim Jones. he is married and has three children. His wife’s name is Annie. Their car is black. Use the same type of sentences using the following adjectives: open/ closed. Tina has a shop. 5. Her radio set is out of order. Is Andy married? l. This b.g. have c. happy/sad.4. E.: Tom’s car is dirty. He is 52 years old. The children have glasses. The policemen … reliable. Their glasses are empty. Jane has a brother. How old is she? c. Their son’s name is Andy and he is a marketing assistant at the same company. old/new. are d. child b. she is 50 and she is a housewife. What does Tim do? g. a. His bike is broken.” Mark Twain (1835 – 1910). His sister is annoying. These people … the same hobby. a. am d. This is Tim. The … are happy. That c. childrens c. angry / calm. it has almost 100. (see exercise 5) Test 1 Choose the right answer: 1. Where is the company based? m. 6. children 2. … is my brother. is c. 9. clean/ dirty.000 employees. American writer Writing Task: Introduce yourself and give as many details as possible. That c. busy/free. How old is Tim? e. How many employees does the company have? “Good friends. This b. 5. a. clever/stupid. Those . These d. Tom has a sister. Those 5. has b. childs d. Their daughters’ names are Linda and Laura and they are twins. He is a marketing assistant. 4. They have a son and two daughters. Her brother is amusing. 6. He is a chief executive officer (CEO) at Phillips.
womens d. It is … cat. sister’s My lovely is photo. friend’s 8.one years old. travel agents d. father company b.000 6. a. . She is/ has 16 years old. friend b. Where is your University based? Test 3 Correct the following sentences: 1. womans c. angry c. chief executive officer c. its d. student b. my Your are friends good brothers 5. I have a cat. thief in flat is The your 3. travel agent d. Answer the following questions: 7. sleepy b. year’s old c. some students 12. These people are/ has reliable. his 10. My uncle is 52 … . fathers company c. friends c. my b. 17. a. housewives 13. my b. I am/ have 20 years old. your c. world The has all over company the offices. Are you married? 8. What is your wife’s/ husband’s name? 9.000 … . its d. What is your … name? a. woman b. 18. student’s c. He has some friends.6. a. employees b. housewife 14. 4. your c. They are … friends. 20. a. a. a. employee b. father’s company d. Tony is an … . Are you a student? 10. I am/ have a good job. These … are clever. old Choose the correct verb: 16. women 7. a. Test 2 Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 1. his 11. students d. I have twenty. My friend is/ has twins. 19. chief executive officers c. Jane has a … job. part-time d. The company has almost 10. years old d. a. friend’ d. Those … are travel agents. years b. My … is based in the Netherlands. almost The has company employees 100. a.father company’s 9. is city of full Your people 2. annoying 15.
He have two sisters.m. Can I have a hamburger. They’re house is lovely. 19. 4. What is your mobile phone number? Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 1. Her son is a marketing assistant at the same company. 9. . She has two dog.2. 3. his hat is red. How much is a cup of coffee? 5. My sisters name is Linda. . Thank you. 6. 5. please?Here you are. Linda has a hat. Aceşti oameni sunt de încredere. can you tell me what time it is? 2. 20. Have I a cup of coffee? 11.m. 9:30 It is thirty to nine a. know I don’t I sorry am 4. Emisiunea mea preferată este la ora zece şi jumătate. What time is your favourite programme on? 10. 15. Annie and Tim have a house. 4. 6. 16. quarter six past is It 2. broken bike is His 7. 8. has colleague a dirty car old Her. 8. Compania lui are 100 de angajaţi. 18. People English are nice.45: It is a quarter to eight p. Ceasul tău este un ceas scump. is city of full Your people 5.has a time 9. job She part. 7. Her husband is a chief executive officer. This is the flat of Mary. Test 4 Translate into Romanian (traduceţi în limba română): 1. 12.Excuse me. 7. 9. 13. 3. are students Our clever 10. Your TV set is out of order. It is 1th September 2003. 10. She not married. 17 Copilul fratelui meu are 5 ani. busy executive chief The is officer 8. is sister His annoying 6. My neighbour and his children are travel agents. Apartamentul prietenului ei este curat. Translate into English: 14.You’re welcome. 20. three half is It past 3. Casa surorii mele este frumoasă.
What you should know at the end of this module: -simple present tense.daily routines. .). where. The special questions are formed by adding do in front of the subject and an interrogative word (when. Present Simple. What you should know at the end of this unit: simple present tense.no more than 3 hours: Present Simple The Present simple has the same form as the infinitive (the verb you can find in the dictionary) if the subject of the sentence is I/ you/ we/ they (see Unit 3. daily routines.free time activities.all the vocabulary included. at 7.Positive I You We They live wake up study speak in Timisoara. etc. . . what. Romanian. to talk about free time activities.Module 3 • • Objectives: to make students engage in a conversation using the present tense. at 7. to talk about daily routines.00. • Unit 3. The English sentence doesn’t accept more than one negation: don’t (do not) and never cannot be in the same sentence.2 for the third person singular . English. . Content of the unit: study time.1 At Work • • • • Objectives: to make students engage in a conversation using the present tense. The negative is formed by adding don’t in front of the verb (see the table below).00. to talk about daily routines.he/ she/ it). to describe jobs and explain what people do for a living. What skills you will have at the end of this module: to use verbs in the simple present tense. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to use verbs in the simple present tense. Romanian. English. Negative I You don’t We (do They not) live wake up study speak in Timisoara. all the vocabulary included. why.
/ No I don’t. never. come at the beginning or at the end of the sentence: Every day I wake up at 7. they do. Longer time phrases like every day. • to express feelings. by bike. seldom come before the verb except if it is the verb to be: I always get to work late. • to talk about routines and habits: E. every week.: We usually travel abroad.g. often. Exception: on foot. etc. BUT: I am always late. Yes. / No.2 • to talk about scientific facts: Unit 3. / No. = I wake up at 7. opinions: E. I never arrive in time. by plane. We love swimming. I drink my coffee and I go to work. always. = She is in a hurry every day. often. they don’t. The Present Simple is used • to talk about actions and activities that happen usually.: I love Vienna at Christmas. rarely.g. sometimes. • to talk about timetables: Unit 3. and every month. sometimes. I do. I don’t like eating Chinese food. usually. E. we do. Every day she is in a hurry.2 Likes and dislikes: To express likes and dislikes use the verbs like/ love/prefer/ enjoy and dislike/ hate followed by another verb + -ing: I like listening to music.g. every day/ week/ month/ year: E.: How do you go to school? – I usually go by bus / on foot. They hate waiting too much. By + Means of Transport Use by to express a form of transport: by car. etc.g.: I wake up at 7.00.00. Yes. we don’t. I think you are right.00? English? Do Short answers: Yes. Adverbs of frequency and time expressions: Words like always. never. thoughts. . You always arrive early. BUT: I am never in time.Special Questions Where When What do What language I you we they live? wake up? study? speak? you we they Yes/No questions live wake up study in Timisoara? at 7. by tram.00 every day.
…………….. Where …………… (you/like) going? . I go to work by tram.Exercises: 1.… (come) from Great Britain. or sometimes in Canada. Do you often travel abroad? 3. 3.. Make questions for the following sentences and use the interrogative words what. I don’t make coffee at work because I don’t have time.… (like) going to southern Europe. 6.m. 2. Do your parents work for the same company? 5. We usually have a sales promotion in spring. 3.g.00 p. 7. I like speaking English at meetings. Do your friends have a car? 4. Our customers call every week. In summer we ………. 8. – I never go swimming.g. The executive director and his assistant often conduct interviews. Who ………. 7. how whenever possible: E. – What do you do? 1. 4. . I………. Turn the following sentences into negatives: E. 1. 10. Do you attend conferences? 9.g. 4. My hobbies ………. I ……….… (you/ have) a large family? 10. 5.g. You usually write all the reports. (have) three children. Do you write a lot of reports? 10. Do you work in a bank? 6. 5. 11. 6. We always take part in trade fairs. I ……… (work) for Phillips. 1. 3. 2.. I like going to exhibitions. Complete the sentences using the Present Simple forms: E. (be) married and I ………. 2. They never advertise on local radios. either in Switzerland.I don’t like swimming. where.… (you/work) for? 9. / No. Tina and Paul are always interested in new things. / No. Do you speak English? 4.… (include) reading and watching westerns. when. My name………… (be) Tim. 9. 8. We don’t usually use an interpreter.… (go) skiing. 6. Do your friends speak English? 8. I usually go home at 4. In winter we ………. I sometimes travel to Great Britain.: Do you like Chinese food? – Yes. We provide good service. why. Do your friends like Chinese food? – Yes. 5. 1.: Do you like (you/ like) football Tom? – I love (love) it. 4. I like face-to-face meetings. 8. they don’t.: They love football. 2. – What do they love? I play football. I do. they do. I don’t. 9. 7. You hate attending conferences. Do you take part in trade fairs? 2. 3. I never smoke in my office. Use short answers for the following questions: E. They rarely have a holiday abroad. They usually show visitors round the factory. I usually go swimming. 10. You like meeting new people.: I like swimming. Do you use a computer? 7.
brush my teeth. After I wake up I turn on the radio to listen to the news and. Well. Do you like dancing? 10. What do you do in the mornings? 3. Every weekday I get up at 6. Read the following texts: Daily Programme Laura Munroe is twenty years old and she is a travel agent.30 a. I go clubbing with my friends. I answer the phone and give information about destinations around the world. Later. Do you usually wake up early? 7.00 in the evening and I call some friends. I go to bed.45. Many of my friends ask what I do every day. In the evenings. Other times. comb my hair and put on some make up. What day of the week is your favourite day? Why? 7.00.30 and 1. Sometimes. here it is: I usually arrange accommodation at hotels for our customers. I work a lot with the computer and I like ‘surfing the net’.00 p. What do you do on Friday evenings? 5.m.V. because my boss is a very strict person. Then I cook lunch and just relax. I take a shower. around 11. I really love weekends!” 6. and I am rarely late. I usually arrive in time at the office. Do you usually go out in the evenings? 8. listen to music and chat. or I read a good novel. I sometimes go shopping or I meet my friends and we have dinner.00. On Friday evenings I don’t go out because my friends come for dinner. I visit my parents or my brother. What do you do in the afternoons? 4.m. I like going on short trips on foot or by bike. I stay at the office until 5. When I don’t book tickets or make reservations. in the meantime. When I get home around 9 o’clock p. On Sunday mornings I stay in bed late and I don’t get up until 11. I leave home at 7. They bring the wine and I cook.m.” Now read about Laura’s weekends: “On Fridays I come home from the travel agency at about 6. On Saturday mornings I go shopping.30 in the morning because I start work at 8. in the afternoon. Do you usually go on short trips? 9. I have a bath and I either watch T. What do you do for a living? 2.V. After having dinner we always play bridge. Match a line in A with a line in B to make a question. After work. I love dancing! I arrive home late at night and I’m usually very tired. After I dress up and have my breakfast.00 pm. I love my work because it is exciting and I meet a lot of interesting people. Answer the following questions: 1.5. We never turn on the T. I arrange transportation facilities and prepare itineraries for our clients. This is her daily programme: “I work for the ‘Sunshine’ travel agency. and I have my lunch break between 12. What do you do on weekends? 6. then find the appropriate answer in C: .
not read d.listening c. a. a. don’t are c. I never … to the seaside. listening to b. What … for a living? a.listen to 7. … do you like your job? – Because it’s interesting. go d. you do 10. no read 4. you work d. reading c. How 12. who b. I … never in a hurry. Do they enjoy … music? a.m. a. don’t 3. English? In the evenings. …do you go to work? . When c. don’t be d. am 9. do you do c. shopping d. wait c. read b. at what time 13. aren’t b. a. no c. shop b. don’t go c. … do you meet at the office? a. do d. aren’t d. They hate … too much. do you do on Mondays? Because it’s interesting. do you like studying By car. don’t am c. shops . what time d. … do you arrive at the office? a. How 11. they … like going clubbing. am not b.30 a. where c.” John G. Why b. Where d. going 6. at what time 14. When c. a. is c. have 2. a. I sometimes go … a. a. am b. listen d.By taxi. a. Pollard (1882 – 1948) American governor Writing Task: Write about your daily programme and your weekend activities. No. where c. do you wake up? At 6. not go b. do you work b. what time d. waiting b. Test 1 Choose the right answer: 1. Where d. who b. do you visit on Sundays? “Executive ability is deciding quickly and getting somebody else to do the work. not b. do you meet your friends? I go to work.Questions A What time Where What When Who Why How Answers B C do you go to work? My family. to shop c. do you go in summer? To the seaside. You … never late. Why b. no wait 5. Where …you live? a. We like … good books. don’t be d. are 8. not wait d.
I usually arrange … at hotels. teeth b. in the evening a. 10. The executive director and his assistant often conduct interviews.face meetings. a. I take a … every morning.30 in the morning. We never turn … the T. 2. I usually book the tickets for my clients. 23. information d. make up 20. 7. I get … at 6. accommodations b. a. shower d. We provide good service. a. I give … about destinations around the world. a. information Test 2 Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. How do you go to work? 3. informations c. on b. 27. I or reservations book make tickets. make up 19. 6. for d. I brush my … every morning. In the meantime. informations c.V.15. ask friends I what day do Many every . They rarely have a holiday abroad. 4. for d. phone answer They the. 29. do Friday you on do What evenings? 25. shower d. I am rarely late. from Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 21. Why do you like our University? 6. Who do you like visiting? 5. a. on you What do weekends do? 26. 11. because my boss is a very strict person. hair c.to. I like face. up c. I like going to exhibitions. 8. I arrange transportation facilities and prepare itineraries for our clients. Where do you usually go on your summer holiday? . hair c. teeth b. accommodation 16. 12. What do you do on weekends? 4. Our customers call every week. have They abroad rarely a holiday. 30. I take a shower. accommodation 17. to I exhibitions like going. comb my hair and put on some make up. 22. They never advertise on local radios. After I wake up I turn on the radio to listen to the news. 24. same the Do your for parents work company? 28. 14. half in at get past morning We up the six. you travel often Do abroad? d. When do you start work? 2. from 18. accommodations b. 5. on b. brush my teeth. I love my work because it is exciting and I meet a lot of interesting people. 3. 13. up c. We usually have a sales promotion in spring. 9. Answer the following questions: 1.
he/ she/ it doesn’t. never. –es is added in the following situations: a. always.00.the third person singular The Present simple has the same form as the infinitive (the verb you can find in the dictionary) if the subject of the sentence is I/ you/ we/ they (see Unit 3. The negative when the subject is he/ she/ it is formed by adding doesn’t in front of the verb (see the table below). Content of the unit: study time.She studies. -sh. water.: He usually travels abroad.no more than 3 hours: Present Simple. where. It does. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to use verbs in the Simple Present tense. . The special questions are formed by adding does in front of the subject (see the tables below) and an interrogative word (when. often. No.V. The transformation does not take place if ‘y’ is preceded by a vowel I stay. She always arrives early. She dresses. at 7. It buzzes. . He fixes his car. -x.00. -zz. the verb ends in –tch.1) and the infinitive + -s/ -es for the third person singular (he/ she/ it). o: He watches T. he/ she/ it does. What you should know at the end of this unit: simple present tense for the third person singular. the verb ends in consonant + y.g. etc) in front of does.Unit 3. Positive: He She It lives wakes up drinks in Timisoara. to talk about company structure. at 7. Negative: (no –s) He live doesn’t She wake up (does not) It drink in Timisoara.He stays The Present simple is used • to talk about actions and activities that happen usually. company structure. all the vocabulary included.2 Company Presentation • • • • Objectives: to make students engage in a conversation using the present tense. Special Question: (no –s) Yes/No questions he Does she it in Timisoara? Where When What he does she it live? wake up? drink? live rain Short answers: Yes. -ss. She washes dishes. the result is i + es: I study. b. water. It always rains in autumn. every day/ week/ month/ year: E. He goes. sometimes. why. to talk about free time activities. free time activities.
: She loves Vienna at Christmas. It isn’t very cold in here. . Tina is always interested in new things. What form of the verb do you use for Simple Present for the subjects he/she/ it? 3. 9.00.to talk about routines and habits: E. Turn the following sentences into negatives: E.: He wakes up at 7. The weather Use sentences beginning with it to talk about the weather: It is cold. It rains a lot in this part of the country. He doesn’t make coffee at work because he doesn’t have time. He rarely has a holiday abroad. It is hot. What do you add in front of the subject to form a question for the subjects he/she/ it? Exercises: 1. • Questions: 1. She doesn’t like eating Chinese food.He doesn’t like swimming. 8. It is a good business. how whenever possible: E. 5. 7. • to talk about timetables: The plane flies at 10. She goes to work by tram. 2. 4. thoughts. 10. It is foggy. – What does he do? 1. She never smokes in her office. 2. 3.00.: He likes swimming.g. It snows. • to express feelings. • to talk about scientific facts: Sound travels at 600 miles an hour. why. Make questions for the following sentences and use the interrogative words what. He usually goes swimming. What is the negation used in front of the verb for the subjects he/she/ it? 4. 2.: He loves football.g. drinks his coffee and goes to work. The executive director often conducts interviews.face meetings. opinions: E.00. When is the Simple Present used (5 situations)? 2. It rains.to. He thinks she is right. She likes face. – What does he love? He plays football. He likes going to exhibitions. where. Lyn hates attending conferences. 6. – He never goes swimming. The train leaves at 8. .g. It is windy.g. 3. He sometimes travels to Great Britain. 1. when.
Does your colleague attend conferences? 6. (sell) its products all over the world but its customers ………………. Does your company do good business? 8.19. Does your friend have a business? 9. Does your friend use a computer? 4.4.S. Where ……………….. ………………. Our main customer is in the U.: Do you like (you/ like) football Tom? – No.. (go) to Frankfurt every year.00 Dinner Chairman Financial Director Marketing Director Production Manager All Project Manager . John usually shows visitors round the factory.30 E2004 Project 12. 7.00 Financial Report 11.12.. Our company ……………… (produce) electronic components for automobiles. Does your company have a Vice.11. It costs too much. He likes speaking English at meetings.00. (be) its head office? 5. 3.… (employ) about 600 people. 4. Complete the sentences using the Present Simple forms: E.. 2. Our company produces electronic components for cars. it ……………. Timetables: Look at this agenda for a board meeting and complete the memo: Board meeting Tuesday 21st October 9. Of course it …………….: Does your brother like swimming? – Yes. It ………………. Does it usually rain in this town? – Yes. We …………. (be) based in Singapore and we ………………. 9. 5.30.g.President? 10. 1. Does your friend have a car? 3. 6.30. 5. (you/ enjoy) working for them? 10. (work) in programme development because the company ………………… (use) programmes for business applications. but my father does (do).00 Far East Development 20..00 Welcome speech 9. Use short answers for the following questions: E.30 . 1. Does your boss often travel abroad? 2.16. / No.16.30. 6. 10.A. (do).00 Lunch 14.00. Does your boss speak English? 5. He knows exactly how much money he has.11. (be) mainly in Europe.00 Future Plans 16. 3.30 Advertising Campaign 11. it doesn’t.. / No. 8. Does your company employ a lot of people? 7. About 40 of these people …………………. he doesn’t.30 Tea 16..g.. it does.00. he does. How many people … (your company/ employ)? 9.… (the company/ take part) in trade fairs? 7. Does your company have many customers? 4.14. Their company employs 600 people. 8. ………………. (have) subsidiaries in Korea and Japan. It …………….
.. Development. I…………. 2. and that’s too late. (arrive) at 17. J: OK. Quality. J: Is there anything on Thursday? L: Yes. J: I ………… (think) I’ll come back on Sunday. 3. Public.55 local time.. I need to be there on Thursday by 12 o’clock.London Sunday 19.20 Athens. Maintenance. L: Well. Security.… (be) a flight at 8.. Human Resources: 1..… (not get) back until ……………. Research Department finds out what customers want.… Department services . (be) the presentation of the advertising campaign and of the E2004 Project from …………. with a speech by the Chairman. The ………….30 08.… (be) also a flight on Monday at ……………… but maybe that’s too early..15 but it ………… (not arrive) until …………… . Finance. there ……. The …………….. Complete the following sentences with the appropriate word in order to find the names of the departments in a company: Personnel. 5. (present) his report at………………. (be) a flight on ……………… which ……….10 17. and ……………… . Thank you very much. (not mind) getting back late. There ……… (be) a flight on Wednesday that ………… (leave) at ………. Dinner ………. Logistics. The only problem is that it ………….. .… . I need some information about the flights to Greece. The……………. Sales.… until… ………………… Lunch..… (depart) from Athens at 19. between ………………. Market. (Adapted from Quick Work) 7.Athens departure arrival Wednesday 12. Complete the dialogue with the verb in the brackets and the information in the table: London. Advertising. L: You’re welcome. what about the return journey? L: There …………. 20th October Tuesday’s board meeting …………… (start) at………………. and ………. There …………. Training.00. let me see. . which may be late for you..… (start) at ………. is followed by a presentation of future plans and the situation in the Far East. 6. The Research and ………… Department improves products and invents new ones. Then there …………….Memo to: All board members From: MD’s secretary Subject: Board meeting Date: Monday.… Relations Department deals with the press. How may I help you? John: Hello.30 Laura: Hello.00 Monday 06. 4.. The ……………. The Financial Director ……………….15 13.55 Thursday 08.… Department keeps accounts and manages investments..00 21.
10. What does The Body Shop sell? 7. How many people do they employ? 11. It has four basic principles: safety. and data transmission and we also provide system design.… Department organizes the transportation and distribution of products. Department writes advertisements for products and places them in magazines. 11. The …………… Control Department makes sure the products meet specification. 12. One of its products is named after an insect: Volkswagen ‘Beetle’.. The……………. and deal with problems in the new business climate of this region. department recruits new employees. installation and technical support services. It is against testing its products on animals and perhaps that’s why they sell a product every 0. Where do they have outlets? 9.4 seconds. What does it offer? 3. (Adapted from Quick Work) 8. Minnesota. What does the company in Minnesota do? 2.3 million cars a year at plants in Europe. What are their basic principles? . I am in the Solar Energy Division. The …………………. 13. We offer voice. Read the following text: Company Presentation: “Our head office is in St. 8.” 9. It offers over 400 products and all the products are ecological. The …………… Department sells the products. What does Volkswagen AG manufacture? 10. driving pleasure and environmental protection. 6.” “Volkswagen AG is a car manufacturer which employs almost 300. The…………… Department protects the company from loss and theft. Paul.equipment.. and we provide domestic and satellite services. Answer the following questions: 1. which manufactures and sells solar panels that produce electricity. It has outlets in the main cities from 47 countries and it has over 86 million customers.… Department organizes courses for the employees. Who do they work with? 5. It manufactures about 4. 9. The …………….” “The Body Shop is a retailer that sells skin and hair care products. The ………….” “We’re based in Budapest and we have a lot of experience in Eastern Europe. high quality. but it also has a number of divisions that play an important part in the company. It deals mainly in oil and gas production. etc.” “I work for BP Amoco which has subsidiaries all over the world.. Africa and Asia. How many customers do they have? 8. 7. The ………….000 people throughout the world. What does BP Amoco do? 6. We help companies introduce change. fax.… Department looks after the employees and deals with their problems. Our main strength is our local knowledge and we have many contacts with government agencies. What does the company in Budapest do? 4. newspapers.
head office c. She … to work by tram. organization Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 11. Training b. a. a. conduct b. shops b.10. Public Relations 9. around the broadcasting England world The Coca-Cola Soft drinks industry. Our … is in Budapest but we have subsidiaries in 10 countries. Training b. makes 2. I b. The general around the company manufactures and Georgia public world sells over 160 soft drinks “The biggest mistake that you can make is to believe that you are working for somebody else. Test 1 Choose the right answer: 1. a. Businesses in more than equipment. The Body Shop is a retailer that has … in all the main cities. Atlanta. outlets d. go 4. go b. manufacture b. you c. goes c. you own your career!” Earl Nightingale (1921-1989) American Radio Announcer. The … Department deals with the press. organization 10. … your company … many customers? a. arrives 3. conducts d. Author Writing task: Write about the company and the department you work for (or you would like to work for). employ 6. outlets d. make c. The driving force of a career must come from the individual. Does your company … a lot of people? a. The… Department organizes courses for the employees. do/ have 7. Remember: Jobs are owned by the company. arrive d. The executive director often … interviews. a. attending b. Logistics d. a. Public Relations 8. Finance c. Job security is gone. a. some I information about need the Greece flights to. does/ has b. Make sentences from the following notes using the examples in Exercise 8: Name of company Business Head office Main clients It operates Eastman Kodak photographic Rochester. head office c. they 5. shop b. USA The general 150 countries manufactures and public sells film/ digital imaging equipment The BBC Public service London. Lyn hates … conferences. … likes speaking English at meetings. going d. a. . Logistics d. do/ has d. attend c. does/ have c. develop c. she d. a. produce d. Finance c.
The Human Resources Department recruits new employees. 4.12. 14.3 year. high quality. It cars manufactures million about every 4. don’t I getting mind back late. What department organises transportation? 28. 18. What department keeps accounts? 27. It has outlets in all the main cities. Department services Maintenance The equipment. You doesn’t come from Hungary. 5. I need to be in Greece on Thursday by 12. They produces electrical equipment. Control the Department makes The sure products Quality meet specification. newspapers. He don’t work for Volkswagen. The Research and Development (R&D) Department improves products and invents new ones. does What the sell company? 22. 11. 16. 2. 6. The Body Shop is a retailer that sells skin and hair care products. 4. 17. driving pleasure and environmental protection. 5. The company also has a number of divisions that play an important part.4 seconds. customers How do they many have? 21. 8. etc. What department organises courses for the employees? 25. departs It from seven Athens at o’clock. What department improves products? 26. The Personnel Department look afters the employees. 15. What department finds out what customers want? 30. 10.00 with a speech by the Chairman. 23. This company has four basic principles: safety. The Personnel Department looks after the employees and deals with their problems. 6. What department looks after the employees? 29. Correct the following sentences: 1. Does he is your brother? 2. equipment sells It photographic. on There a is flight Monday. 13. Answer the following questions: 24. over world It the operates all. 3. This company is against testing its products on animals and perhaps that’s why it sells a product every 0. .00. How may I help you? 9. 13. 20. Do she like her job? 3. 7. The Advertising Department writes advertisements for products and places them in magazines. 12. 7. What department protects the company from loss and theft? Test 2 Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. Department deals Personnel The with the problems employees’. 19. lot of We experience in have Eastern a Europe. Tuesday’s board meeting starts at 9. The Sales Department sells the products. The R&D department keeps accounts.
Unit 3. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to describe places. Yes. • no in negative sentences: There are no people in the street. the uses of some/ any and their compounds. There isn’t anything in that room. there is. (+ Plural) The negation is the same as the negation of the verb to be: there isn’t/ there aren’t. / No. There are can be used with the indefinite adjectives • some in positive sentences: There are some people in the street.no more than 3 hours: There is/ there are The two forms are used to enumerate persons or things present in a certain place. Content of the unit: study time. / No. We can come. The question is formed by the inversion between there and the verb to be: Is there?/ Are there? There is can be used with the indefinite pronouns: • something/ somebody in positive sentences: There is somebody at the door. There are no books on the table. The hotel can provide any facility. There is a bank on this street. or the possibility. the modal verb can. there are. It is always followed by an infinitive (without to) and it has the same form in all persons. They cannot leave. • any in questions or negative sentences (to avoid the double negation): Are there any people in the street? Are there any books on the table? There aren’t any people in the street. You can speak English. .3 Describing Hotels • • • • Objectives: to make students speak about hotels and hotel facilities What you should know at the end of this unit: The forms there is/ there are. He cannot (can’t) be at home. • Anything/ anybody in questions or negative sentences (to avoid the double negation): Is there anybody at the door? Is there anything in that room? There isn’t anybody at the door. There is something in that room. (+ Singular) There are two coffee-shops. • Nothing/ nobody in negative sentences: There is nobody at the door. a bookshop and a bank on that street. There is nothing in that room. Can/Can’t The modal verb can is used to express the ability (or inability) of doing something. There are some books on the table. all the vocabulary included. there aren’t. there isn’t. Yes/No questions: Is there a problem? Are there any problems? Short answers: Yes. There is NO do or does: I can ski. There aren’t any books on the table.
Do you have ………….. Do you have ………………. which I like because the rooms are bright..(More on modal verbs in Unit 4. Are there ……………… German guests at Waldorf at present? 4.… international airport..… discounts for our regular customers. Then ………………. There are … guests in the lounge. and next to it ………………………. as you enter the room ……………………. it is empty. mini. German students at this bed and breakfast. There are ……………. There are 292 air-conditioned bedrooms and suites which are beautifully furnished in their own distinctive Edwardian style. old house in London. but … ………………. the hotel joins the City with the West End. problem with your credit card. bathrobe. Fill in the gaps with some..… Chinese students.. letters for you at the front desk. 6.. In that hotel there are …………. laundry service? 7. but there aren’t ……………. ………………… some awful photographs. 2. 6. There is …………………. 4. 3. There aren’t ……………… king size beds in this bed and breakfast. 8. choice . any paintings on the walls. a. some pillows. 5. Room facilities include ample wardrobe space. There are ………………. free rooms? 3. All rooms are spacious and wellequipped and guests can choose from a selection of standard. We have ……………. deluxe.any bedcovers! ……………………… nothing on the balcony. There are ……………… trees in my garden.… some chairs. There aren’t …………… flowers in this room.… a beautiful view of the sea.. double rooms at this inn? 8. Fill in the gaps with some or any: 1. Linda lives in …………….. any. 5. ……………………. What are the indefinite pronouns used with there is? Exercises: 1. On the left. When are there is/ there are used? 2. this elegant hotel stands on the fringe of the Covent Garden.3) Questions: 1. a king size bed. and ………………. 7. an: 1.. Tim is a CEO and he travels a lot. slippers. ………………………. …………… large windows. Read the following texts: Describing hotels Le Meridien Waldorf is a classical five star hotel in one of London's prime locations.… expensive deluxe suites. In London's Aldwych district. a night table. Describe your own room or a hotel room that you can remember.. 5. 2.… a lamp on it. Recently restored to its original Edwardian splendour. 4. 2. Are there ………. Heathrow is ………….… flowers. but unfortunately. Read his description of a hotel room and fill in the gaps with there is/there isn’t or there are/there aren’t: First of all.. but there aren’t ……………. I want ………… newspapers and … magazine. 3.and onebedroom suites.
cable T. steam room. a safe-deposit box. express check-out. It is within 30 km of Heathrow Airport and 50 km of Gatwick Airport. Madison Square Garden . Museum of Modern Art 1. England. comfortable room at a price that will allow you to enjoy the rest of your trip. There are 664 rooms on the 35 floors. trouser press. The hotel is ideally located five miles from downtown Santa Fe and all its attractions. a refrigerator in all rooms. exercise room and 21. There are many shops. There are many restaurants. a hair dryer in every room. fully equipped gymnasium and luxurious 13. Le Meridien Waldorf is located in the centre of London. An extensive range of treatments and therapies is also available.6 metre swimming pool. first-class hotel. The hotel staff is friendly and professional. Attractions include Carnegie Hall . The hotel is also home to the Club Bar. There is a pool inside the hotel but there is no life guard on duty. There are bus. restaurants and facilities all within walking distance.3 blocks. Lincoln Center . laundry service and a VIP floor. sauna. The venue is available for private parties. cafés and bars with easy access to the hotel. The hotel offers guests a clean. . The New York Marriott East Side is a superior.. Central Park .5 miles. Le Meridien Waldorf is perfectly situated in Aldwych. There is also a 24-hour room service. both of which are easily reached by high speed train or undergound in about an hour. Empire State Building .of pay movies.2 miles.V. The La Quinta Inn is a first class hotel located 5 miles from Santa Fe Regional Airport and 60 miles from Albuquerque International. for the dining pleasure of the guests. Facilities include a gift shop. Metropolitan Museum of Art . It provides easy access to many of London's tourist attractions. located at 49th Street and Lexington Avenue just one block off Park Avenue on midtown Manhattan's prestigious east side. Covent Garden with the world-famous Opera House and lively. New York Coliseum 2 miles.2 miles. an exercise room. tube and train stations within a short walk of the hotel. There are .14 blocks. theatres. Fifth Avenue Shopping . Fifth Avenue shopping is three blocks away and the city's best museums and restaurants and its finest nightlife are within minutes of the hotel. a business center. with a variety of choices on the menu. hair dryer. Guests at Le Meridien Waldorf have complimentary access to the hotel's Fitness Club offering a complete range of exercise classes. international direct dial telephones with voice mail. banquets and corporate functions and can cater for up to 450 guests at one time. Attractive guest rooms are clean and comfortable. colourful shopping area is nearby.1. Most of the 19 meeting rooms have 12 foot ceilings and windows.5 miles. radio. Sony Playstation. There are also handicap facilities. There is in-room coffee/tea service and in-room movies are available at a charge. mini bar.2.5 miles. Guests at Le Meridien Waldorf can enjoy fine dining in the Aldwych Brasserie.15 blocks. This fullservice hotel offers deluxe accommodation including bar and restaurant. an on-site restaurant. jacuzzi. The hotel's Palm Court is famous for hosting prestigious celebrity events.000 square feet of meeting space on four floors with an outside terrace on the 16th floor. The hotel offers. Audio-visual equipment rental and ISDN lines are available. Non-smoking rooms are available on request.
1 mile = 1. Is it available for parties? 12. anyone . Where is Le Meridien Waldorf situated? 2. What facilities does it provide? 16. What kind of rooms does it offer? 17. American Essayist Writing Task: Describe a hotel that you know. location. What is the difference between an inn and a bed and breakfast? “Of course great hotels have always been social ideas. Is it within easy reach from the airports? 7.). There is … on the balcony. There are reasonable prices. local calls. something b. What facilities does it provide? 11. How many rooms does it have? 3.contemporary and comfortable standard and king rooms. someone c. Test 1 Choose the right answer: 1. La Quinta provides a daily complimentary breakfast. The Bell and the Dragon. credit card access. Answer the following questions on the texts above: 1. flawless mirrors to the particular societies they service.” Joan Didion (1934 . anything d. Facilities include air conditioning. The La Quinta Inn is very close to dining. conveniently situated just ten minutes’ walk from the city center. How many floors does it have? 10. bright bathrooms. I think it is John. How can you travel from the airports to the Waldorf hotel? 8. To start your day off right. a. which has a selection of fine beer. It has 8 guest rooms and a large car park.bed and breakfast The Bell and the Dragon is a lively pub. Is it available for parties? 5. Rates can change without notice and are based on the season. depending on the number of adults per room. Where is La Quinta Inn situated? 14. room type.61 km 6. starting from £12. non -smoking rooms. How much does a room cost? 15. There are spacious. The national average for the La Quinta chain is about $65. shopping and entertainment venues. Breakfast and evening meals are served in the dining room. What are New York’s tourist attractions? 13. number of adults per room and special discount. or guests can enjoy a drink and a snack in the main bar. outdoor pool. What are London’s tourist attractions? 6.suited to the needs of both the business traveler and the leisure guest. Where is New York Marriott situated? 9. and wake-up calls. What facilities does it provide? 4. The rooms are well. and a dartboard.
I think it is a chair. 19. safedeposit box. a. express check-out. anything d. 4.V. nothing d. an exercise room. clean and The comfortable are rooms. There aren’t … curtains at the windows. tube and train stations within a short walk of the hotel. 14. a.2. Are 8. mini. There is in-room coffee/tea service and inroom movies are available at a charge. a. 6. a. prices are There reasonable. Heathrow is … international airport. no b. bright There spacious are bathrooms. any c. bathrobe. any c. a. The rooms are well. a refrigerator in all rooms. There are … lovely flowers in the garden. is d. anything d. a hair drier in every room. a.an Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 11. easy There access is to attractions London's tourist. laundry service. anyone 4. a d. An extensive range of treatments and therapies is also available. a. It is empty. 3. 18. anyone 3. 12. 20. 12. 2. a business center. 16. restaurants. There are bus. The hotel can cater for 450 guests at one time. 10. Guests can choose from a selection of standard. no b. some b. Rates can change without notice and are . don’t can c. … there anything in the room? a. distance walking within are There. parties The for venue is private available for. 15. facilities there any Are special? Test 2 Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. 7. There are 292 air-conditioned bedrooms and suites which are beautifully furnished in their own distinctive Edwardian style. shops. Aren’t c. 17. aren’t c. someone c. any 5. Room facilities include ample wardrobe space. isn’t b. Fifth Avenue shopping is three blocks away and the city's best museums and restaurants and its finest nightlife are within minutes of the hotel.an 10.suited to the needs of both the business traveler and the leisure guest. some c.and one-bedroom suites. 5. 9. I want … newspaper. classical Waldorf a is five hotel star. 8. can’t b. 11. Is d. There … any Japanese tourists in our city. any 6. some c. 13. The venue is available for private parties. Facilities include a gift shop. something b. 13. is full-service This hotel. theatres. To start your day off right. do can 9. are 7. some b. There is … on the balcony. something d. and slippers. the hotel provides a daily complimentary breakfast. a. There is … on the balcony.. deluxe. no b. cable T. a d. bedrooms are There 292 and air-conditioned suites. nothing c. 14. doesn’t can d. I … speak English. Does b. The hotel staff is friendly and professional.
Go up/ down/ across/ along. 20. The bank is next to the supermarket. The restaurant is on the left. polite requests. between the newsagent’s and the library. Go right/ left.4 Checking In and Checking Out • • • • Objectives: to make students manage at a hotel front desk.no more than 3 hours: Prepositions of place There is a photo on the table.based on the season. 15. 19. the imperative. In that hotel there are some expensive deluxe suites. opposite the bookshop. You can also use only the prepositions. 17. Are there any double rooms at this inn? 16. location. The positive imperative has the form of the infinitive (the verb form from the dictionary): Go there! Come here! Turn left! The negative imperative uses the negation don’t: Don’t come here! Don’t go there! Don’t turn left! Asking for and giving directions Use the questions “How can I get to the +destination?” “Where is the … ?” “Can you tell me how to get to the …?” “Where can I find the …?” usually accompanied by “Excuse me” and “please”. The travel agent’s is on the right. The tram stop is near the park. There is a beautiful view of the sea. Turn right/ left. and all the vocabulary included. and the room type. Content of the unit: study time. There is a small building behind the cinema. There are people in the street. to ask for different services politely. There is a chemist’s in front of the hotel. Polite questions and answers To ask a question politely use questions beginning with Can / could / May …?. The answer is usually an imperative: Go straight ahead. What you should know at the end of this unit: prepositions of place. Unit 3. The imperative The imperative is used to give instructions. (see the conversations in exercises). There are some guests in the lounge. . to check in/ out at a hotel. always followed by a verb in the infinitive. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to give and ask for directions. We have some discounts for our regular customers. 18. There are some letters for you at the front desk.
what about a coffee shop?” “Opposite the bank and next to the Italian restaurant.00. madam. Thank you.not open until 9. can you tell me how to get to a bookshop?” “Go along this street. Negative answer I’m sorry. go ahead.” “Excuse me. It is next to a chemist’s. Questions: 1. well.” “It’s down this street. etc Can I help you? Can you tell me where the park is? Could I help you? Could you tell me where the park is? May I help you? Direct expressions like: I don’t/ I can’t are very impolite. then take the first street left. but I’m afraid it doesn’t open until 9. of course. Of course.” “Oh. How do you form the negative imperative? Exercises: 1.along this street 3.” “That’s OK. on the corner. I’m afraid it’s impossible. I’m afraid not. (I don’t know).You want to do something Can I …? Could I …? May I …? You want someone to do something for you Can you…? Could you…? Positive answer Certainly. How do you form the positive imperative? 2.” “Thank you. where can I find a bank? I need to change some money.” “I hope it is open. I’d prefer a non-smoking room.30. Read the following conversations: “Excuse me. May I help you? . Yes. then go straight ahead on that street. etc Negative answer I’m afraid I can’t. Positive answer Certainly. Yes. Polite preferences Use I’d like and I’d prefer instead of I want: I’d like a twin bedroom on the ground floor.” 2. Practise the dialogues using the following information: A supermarket/ a hotel/ a newsagent’s + a library To the right / across the street/ next to the library. Read the following conversations: Checking in (at the front desk) Receptionist: Good evening.
please. It’s 583. Certainly. Could I have a room for the night? Receptionist: Certainly. by the way. then. 5. How much is the room? Receptionist: $50 for the room and breakfast. Could you tell me your room number? d. too? Guest: No. Can I help you? Guest: Yes. Here is your key card. Checking out Receptionist: Good morning. Is the room available right now? Receptionist: Yes. please. then. Thank you. there is a reservation for a double room for two nights. May I help you? Guest: I’d like to check out. Ms. Receptionist: Of course. Could I have your name.up call in the morning.a genius who can open the door of your car with one hand. D-U-S-S-A-R-T 2. Mr. Smith. There is a problem at my company. Smith. Oh. of course it is. Practise the two conversations. Renee Dussart. Ms. Receptionist: Good afternoon. Match the following questions with the appropriate answers: 1. Can you spell your name? b. 5. Guest: Thanks. A single or a double room? Guest: A single room. sir. Guest: Thank you. Receptionist: Here is your key. Receptionist: No problem. I’d also like a wake. help you in with the other. my name is Jane Smith and I have a reservation. at six o’clock. Guest: Thank you very much. Have a good flight. I need to catch the 11 o’clock plane to London. Newspaper columnist. please? a. 3. Actress . and still have one left for the tip. Could I ask you to fill in this card and sign here? Guest: Of course. sir. Would you like dinner. “Doorman -. that’s right.Guest: Yes. Of course. Receptionist: Room 306. Receptionist: Let me check on our computer. Oh. I need a room for the night. Of course. Receptionist: Would you like a room with a shower or a bath? Guest: A shower. Am I right? Guest: Yes. Would you like us to send you the bill or would you prefer to pay now? Guest: Can you send the bill to my office? Here is the fax number. Can you sign here please? That’s all. Yes. thank you. Jones. I hope you enjoy your stay. Can you tell me your name? 4. Receptionist: No problem. Yes. Good-bye! 4. I’d prefer a non-smoking room. May I help you? c.” Dorothy Kilgallen (1913 – 1965). Could you check my reservation? e.
Not. 6. like c. I don’t.…right at the second street. to take 9. carpark tell Could me you the is where? Test 2 Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 1. hotel chemist’s Is there in front the of a? 4. a. How can I get to a bank? . helps d. c. between and The restaurant the hotel is the bank. Doesn’t go d. 18. helping b. flight a Have good. go Don’t there in! . want b. Turn b. on c. 15. a. Test 1 Choose the right answer: 1. along d. in front of you. taking c. to help c. in front of c. 8. 3. d. 7. I’m afraid I can’t. left b. on the b. your Could room you tell me number? 12. Going 4. 9. Where can I find a supermarket? . 7. 5. Could I … you? a. Go b. May I … you to your room? a. behind b. I’d … a room for the night. at 5. straight 6. right Is room the now available? 16. help 8. 2. non-smoking I’d a prefer room. to The is bank next the supermarket. Turning d. have Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 10. I you help May? 20. near c. Can you meet me tonight? a. a. a.Writing Task: Give directions to someone who wants to go from the University to the city centre. bank Where can find I a? 17. tell Excuse me. can get you me to how to a bookshop? 19. takesd. in There people some are the street. Turns c. out I’d check like to. Don’t turn 3. a. … on that street! It’s dangerous. b. Don’t go c. bill Can office you my send the to? 14. shop coffee is The on corner the. cinema There is behind building small a the. your Can spell you name? 11. between d. I can’t. a. across 2. 13. the is restaurant opposite bookshop The.Go … the street and then turn left. The bank is … ahead. take d. at the d. take b. The cinema is that small building … right. left The is hospital the on.
Pot să vă ajut? 14. 10.10. Îmi puteţi spune unde este o farmacie? 12. (not have) dinner at home. Din păcate nu se poate. 15. Test 3 Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb in the brackets: My family and I 1………….30 in the morning. right stop tram Turn at the. Îmi puteţi trimite nota de plată la birou? 18. Iată (poftim) cheia. he does. 13. Where … you … in summer? To the seaside.. 1. I 2…………. … she a flight attendant? .: Where … you …? (Where are you from?) I am from France. Îmi pare rău. 20.30 and my husband 6 ……… (start) at 9. 4.. 2. He speaks English fluently.. Semnaţi aici.00 We 7…….… (start) work at 8. … he like his job? 11.. I 5.30 and I 3………. 7. He usually10.. What … your husband … ? He is a businessman. 3.. Complete the questions so that they fit the answers: E. dar nu ştiu.. Este vreo cameră disponibilă chiar acum? 17. (meet) at lunchtime but we 8………… (not meet) when we 9………. Why … you … working in a travel agency? I like it because it is interesting.... 8. … your husband … English? Yes. What… you … ? I’m a travel agent..g. I don’t. (get up) at 6.. Aş dori o cameră dublă. Where … they live? 12.. 16. (finish) work.. What time … you …? At 6... I … a bank manager.. (live) in London. 6. 19. 5. Translate the following sentences into English: 11. My brother 4…………… (like) to stay in bed until late.. (have) a shower.. … you … German? No. vă rog.. Aş dori să plătesc acum. How … you … to work? By bus. Fill in the gaps with am/is/ are/ aren’t/ do/ does/ can/ can’t: 9. But I speak English.
Does the room have … view? 27.13. 15. 38. 15. I don’t like go to discos. Are there … good beaches near the hotel? 26. The rooms are well. I’d like a wake. He don’t work here. 18. 20. 25. driving pleasure and environmental protection. at six o’clock.A. There are … trees in front of the hotel. The Personnel Department looks after the employees and deals with their problems. I’m afraid I don’t can help you. Why … you like your job? 14. … there a bank on this street? 22. There is … open fire in … rooms. My mother works in a hotel is a receptionist. Excuse me. 21. 36. 32. What … she do on weekends? 17. 39. bathrobe. Where can I find a chemist’s? . This company has four basic principles: safety. 20. … I help you? 16. How much does a room cost? 17. I like listen to music. I usually book the tickets for my clients. 40. Room facilities include wardrobe space. My brother he works in a hotel. Does she lives in a house or a flat? 35. How many languages you speak? 33. There isn’t nothing in this room. 13. Test 4 Translate into Romanian (traduceţi în limba română): 1.up call in the morning. I’d like a twin bedroom on the ground floor. high quality. 4. 14. Could I ask you to fill in this card and sign here? 12. Are there … magazines in the room? Correct the following sentences: 31. 29. I arrange transportation facilities and prepare itineraries for our clients. I’d like to check out. Where … Tim come from? 23. Tina and Linda … English. 7. It has outlets in all the main cities. There is … hair drier in every room. Never I am angry.suited to the needs of both the business traveler and the leisure guest. 3. Are there any double rooms at this inn? 19. I need to catch the 11 o’clock plane to London. 19. There … some photos on the wall. Complete the sentences with some/ any/ a/ an: 24. Can you send the bill to my office? 16. 11. I’m sorry I … know. We have some discounts for our regular customers. They rarely have a holiday abroad. 9. 28. 8. 2. 10.S. Our main customer is in the U. 37. 6. There … any paintings on the wall. There are … good restaurants in the area. 30. and slippers. Their company employs 600 people. 5. … you tell me where the bank is? 18. We … students. 34.
rice. b. advice. juice. We have a few customers in London.?’ They are used with many and few.no more than 3 hours: Countable and Uncountable Nouns Countable nouns are the nouns that have a singular and plural form (see Unit 2. liquids: water. jam. news. much. Wine is expensive in France. . a lot of.men They are used with the indefinite article a/an. etc. A cup of coffee is $1.. an article of. all the vocabulary included.restaurant language.1 Eating Out • • • • Objectives: to make students speak about food and drinks.books a man.present continuous. luggage. a glass of. beer. Fruit is good to eat. a bottle of. bacon.modal verbs. The verb is always in the singular. a kilo of. Uncountable nouns have a single form. The following categories contain uncountable nouns: a. tea. a slice of. oil. What you should know at the end of this unit: countable and uncountable nouns. information. sugar. . Miscellaneous: soap. cheese. and answer the question ‘how much…?’ They are usually used with some. food: bread.all the vocabulary included. They can be counted using quantifiers: a cup of. a loaf of (bread). salt. . Bread is fattening. etc. What you should know at the end of this module: -countable and uncountable nouns. an item of. etc. The verb is always in the singular. Content of the unit: study time. The verb is always in the singular. They can be counted using quantifiers: a piece of. They can be counted using quantifiers: a piece of. . c. This loaf of bread isn’t fresh. silver. meat.Module 4 • • Objectives: to make students speak fluently. ham. (all seen as a whole). What skills you will have at the end of this module: to use countable and uncountable nouns. wine. a little . money. honey.2) a book. I need some water. and they can answer the question ‘how many. I need some sugar. etc. gold. • Unit 4. pepper. a spoon of etc. progress. flour. furniture. coffee. cannot be used with the indefinite article a/an. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to use restaurant language. knowledge. How many books do you have? There are many facilities at this hotel. butter. . homework.. to talk about food and drinks.
(play football) 4. egg for breakfast. money? 9. Restaurant language Asking for information: (waiter) What would you like? (client) What would you recommend? What exactly is that? Giving advice: (waiter) I suggest/ recommend … It’s special.) I like animals.) I’d like to go to the seaside.g. (new car) – She would like a new car. Can you give me ……. I think the bill is Do you take cards? To follow. Is service included? As a main course I’d That’s not what I ordered. I’ll have… Questions: 1. Could you buy ……. Can I have ……… cheese for breakfast? 5. His advice is good. What are countable nouns? 2. Like and Would like Like + verb-ing is used to express a feeling. 4. Make sentences with like or would like and the verbs in the brackets: e.. (see it) . 1.… wine. Can I have …… bread? 8. He always has ……. Do you want …. 2. (large house) 3. an. I need a piece of information. Ordering Complaining Paying As a starter. would like (‘d like) + to +verb is used to express preference: I like going to the seaside. Jane has many books. I’d like… Excuse me. (I love going there. I’d like …. tonight. Can I have a receipt. I would like a dog. Can I have ……………. I’d like… wrong.. (listen to music) 2. because… It’s made of …. It’s bitter/ sweet/ sour/ salty/ spicy/ tasty. Would you like …….… chicken sandwich. Peter has a lot of CDs. What are uncountable nouns? Exercises: 1. apples? 3. I need some furniture. Linda thinks her house is small.Your money is on the table.V. Would you like …… apple or …… grapes? 7.… cigarette? 6. some: 1. (read) – She likes reading. please? 2. (I’d prefer to go there if I have the time. like… Can you change it? please? For dessert. My children have a football. Jane has an old car. fruit when you go shopping? 10. Fill in the gaps with a. There is a good film on T.
Tim: Can I pay by credit card? Waiter: Yes. Tim: Good evening. Tim: And some mineral water. The news is/ are not so good. Choose the right alternative: 1. cucumbers and tomatoes. May I suggest the dish of the day. Could we have the menu? Waiter: Of course. but no onions. please. … vegetables do you eat? 9. … water do you usually drink? 4. Money is/ are necessary. I don’t want to go out tonight. 6. I’d like a salad. Tim: And could we have the bill? Waiter: Of course. please. Waiter: Certainly. Your luggage/ luggages is / are very heavy. it isn’t. Is this table all right? Tim: That’s fine. … meat do you usually eat? 10. … people are in this room? 5. Waiter: Very well. 5. … weeks’ holiday do you have in winter? 7.5. baked salmon? Waiter: Are you ready to order? Linda: Yes. (stay in) 7. Tom always goes on a winter holiday. sir. … books do you have? 8. Waiter: And would you like to order some wine? Linda: Yes. 7. (fruit) 6. I’d like a noodle soup. … does a cup of coffee cost? 4. 3. Waiter: Fizzy or still? Linda: Fizzy. They have some lovely furniture/ furnitures. but it is very expensive. 4. sir. You have a lot of homework/ homeworks to do. that’s fine . 5. Read the following conversations: Waiter: Good evening. as a starter. … languages do you speak? 3. … coffee do you drink a day? 6. and to follow. Waiter: Would you like anything else? Coffee or dessert? Linda: Black coffee for me. Peter buys much fruit. … exercises do you solve every day? 2. I need some useful advice/advices. 8. Tim: And for me the lamb and a salad. please. (ski) 3. And what vegetables would you like in your salad? Linda: Lettuce. Complete the questions with how much or how many and answers them: 1. We’d like a table for two. Could you give me some information/ informations about trains to London? 2. can I see the wine list? Waiter: Here it is. please. He always eats two breads/ slices of bread. Tim: Is service included? Waiter: No. Linda: A bottle of this French red wine.
of course. ‘Tea’ means two things. or pork. Answer the following questions: . either beef. Some people have coffee. but many just take a snack from home – a sandwich. How are marmalade and jam different? 3. and Indian. Cream teas are popular. or toast with marmalade. Many visitors to Britain find this coffee disgusting! For many people lunch is a quick meal. It is a drink and a meal! Some people have afternoon tea. and gravy. Chinese. Gravy is a sauce made from the meat juices. The British like food from other countries. tomatoes. a drink. and perhaps some crisps. What is the traditional English breakfast? 2. They usually have it quite early. with potatoes. What do the British drink for breakfast? 4. mushrooms… But nowadays many people just have cereal with milk and sugar. Eating in Britain is quite international. What is a ‘take-away’ meal? 9.00. with sandwiches. In cities there are a lot of sandwich bars. People often get take – away meals – you buy the food at the restaurant and then bring it home to eat. How is British coffee? 5. bacon. often instant coffee.6. Practise the conversation using the information from the table: Dish of the day Smoked salmon on brown bread Baked trout French onion soup French omlette Vegetables Potatoes Cauliflower Carrots Green peppers Fresh peas Cabbage Main course beef/ veal steak (rare/medium/ well-done) Roast mutton/ pork/ Fried chicken Grilled fish Drink Orange juice Beer White wine Dry wine Sweet wine Dessert Cheese cake Apple pie Ice-cream Fresh fruit salad 7. a cup of tea. where office workers can choose the kind of bread they want. eggs. chicken. jam. between 6. Read the following text: British meals A traditional English breakfast is a very big meal – sausages. and often the whole family eats together. School – children can have a hot meal at school. Jam is made from other fruit. What is ‘tea’? 7. both hot and cold. On Sundays many families have a traditional lunch. vegetables. What do British people eat on Sundays? 8. lamb. They have roast meat. The traditional breakfast drink is tea. Where can you have lunch in Britain? 6. or honey. (Adapted from Headway Elementary) 8. Answer the following questions about the text: 1. cheap food. French. especially Italian. The evening meal is the main meal of the day for many people.00 and 8.brown. some fruit. too. cakes. Marmalade and jam are not the same! Marmalade is made from oranges. white or a roll. Pubs often serve good. and.
a. is The not news good. advice I useful need some. a. a. … coffee do you drink a day? a. a 9. What do Romanian people usually have for breakfast? 5. a few 4. seeing b. Can you give me … money? a. a 7. how many c. a few b. a 8. He usually eats … meat. much c. a little b. many d. a 10. 20. a few b. American Businessman. I’d like … chicken sandwich. many d. sees d. much c. a lot of d. some They have lovely furniture. 13. 15. a. sees d. 19. What is your favourite drink? “A well-run restaurant is like a winning baseball team. on The table money the is. 14. much c. a few b. many d.). heavy Your is luggage very. to see c. There are … people in the room. many d. 18. of a lot homework to You do have. quick Lunch a meal is. how much b. a little of 3. 16.” David Ogilvy (1911 . see 5. a lot of d. a little b. many d. Advertising Expert Writing Task: Write about traditional meals in Romania. What’s your favourite dish? 2. a. They usually have … cup of coffee. how much b. What is it made with? 4. how many c. a Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 11.1. a lot of d. London Could some you me give information about trains to? 12. much c. to see c. some c. … weeks’ holiday do you have in winter? a. included Is service? . see 6. slices of He bread always eats two. They have … good news. I like … good films. 17. When do you have it? 3. a. a. how many c. It makes the most of every crew member's talent and takes advantage of every split-second opportunity to speed up service. seeing b. a little of 2. how much b. I’d like … a good film tonight. Test 1 Choose the right answer: 1.
I’d like a salad.: Are you still working for the same company? • to describe a temporary event or situation E. Short answers: Yes. he/ she isn’t. No. Can I have a receipt.g. but he is working for a small one this year. I am.: He usually works for large companies. No. It is used with at the moment. and to follow. 2. No. please? 5.g. it is. 7. mushrooms. 9.g. but this year we are going to Barcelona . smiling) Positive and negative I am He (not) going She is It We are They Yes/ No questions: Are you studying English? Is he/ she reading a book? Is it raining? Are they writing? Special Questions I am Where is he/ she/ it we/ you/ they are going? there. 8. You are studying English grammar right now. eggs. I’m not. we aren’t. No. The present participle is: verb + ing. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to speak about present activities. Yes.g. at present. Content of the unit: study time. right now. Yes. What you should know at the end of this unit: present continuous.2 Present Activities • • • • Objectives: to make students speak about present activities. we are. talking. 6. We usually go to Paris in summer. We’d like a table for two. he/she is. it isn’t. bacon.no more than 3 hours: Present Continuous Present Continuous is composed of two parts . Can you change it? 4. That’s not what I ordered. tomatoes. they are. playing. 10 Your advice is useful. Yes. I’d like a noodle soup. As a starter. No.Test 2 Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. The evening meal is the main meal of the day for many people. Excuse me.the present tense of the verb to be + the present participle of the main verb. E. Yes. The Present Continuous is used: • to describe an action that is going on at this moment. all the vocabulary included. e. People often get take – away meals. I think the bill is wrong. Unit 4. A traditional English breakfast is a very big meal – sausages. • to describe an action that is going on during this period of time E. 3. they aren’t.
Fill in the gaps with the verbs in the brackets in the Present Simple or the Present Continuous (see the text in exercise 2 as an example): . 8. like. 5. What is he doing at the moment? 8.. It… ………………(rain). because he feels that he isn’t using his knowledge. He is familiar with our products and regularly reads our publications. smell. a small company. prefer. I ………………….feel. (not do) any more work. 3. love. What does he regularly read? 5. fear. Where is Paul working at present? 2. Answer the following questions about the text: 1. What language is he studying? 4. That is why I am in Paris. He is looking for a more challenging position. dislike. He knows that our company is growing rapidly. see.(sleep). hate. understand . have (= to possess) Some of these verbs may be used in the continuous form but with a different meaning. rather than actions or processes: .forget. wish. Justin … ……………. Where is he living? 6. What is he looking for? 4. They …………… (work) very hard because they have exams. (Adapted from Insights into Business) 3.(write) a book about his adventures in Patagonia. regret. Don’t forget to take your umbrella. French at a language school in Paris. Questions: 1. Be quiet! John ………………. imagine. What does he want to do? 3. he is attending a training course at the Goethe Institute in order to perfect his German. When is the Present Continuous used? 3.hope. (read) a very good book at the moment. How is the Present Continuous formed? 2. want. Read the following text: Paul Sutherland is a well presented person and an excellent candidate for the post of Director of Sales Department. He enjoys meeting people of different nationalities.. He occasionally travels for trade fairs and exhibitions. This summer I (study) …………. 2. taste . The verbs in the list below are normally used in the simple form. 7. be.Some verbs are not used in the continuous form. because they refer to states. 2. 6. I ……………………. Although at present he is living in the south he says that he is willing to move. remember.seem. At the moment.… (not work). know. believe. What verbs cannot usually be used with –ing? Exercises 1.assume. Fill in the gaps with the verbs in the brackets in the Present Continuous Tense: 1. I’m tired. What does he like? 7. suppose . envy . hear. I cannot call Paul because the phone ……………. He wants to leave his present employer. 4.
is leave b. Writing Task: Write a similar description about you and your family. saying what you usually do and what you are doing at the moment. are you knowing b.. This year. I… you are a finance manager. 6. am being c. shipping magnate 1.” Aristotle Onassis (1906-1975). know you d. a.: I live in Bucharest. want 9. … the manager of this company? a. a. be b. is going d.. (not drive) because the car ……………… (not work). deliver Correct the following sentences: 11. “The secret of business is to know something that nobody else knows. isn’t liking b. you know 6. … (drive) to work.. being d. understanding b. Peter is a businessman. Where your sister work? 12. They … all their goods on time. This week I …………………. I ……………………… (live) in an apartment in the town centre and I usually……………………. are remembering 4. They … everything clearly. delivers . but this year I’m living in Timisoara because I’m studying English. calls 8.1. I ………………(work) for Techno Profile. I ………………… (be) a finance manager and I ……………. wants c. am calling. doesn’t deliver c. not likes c. My train … at 7. is want d. I read a book right now. a. the company ………………… (introduce) a new range of products. are going c. a. goes 3. I’m drink coffee because I don’t have any more tea. Test 1 Choose the right answer: 1. 2. Pierre is French. He’s work all over the world. leave c. a. very well. remembering c.… (have) a lot of responsibilities. d. a. a. 3. What do you do? – I … an engineer. going b. are delivering b. understands d. 16. calling c. 17. leaves d. is wanting b. She … playing football. call b. remember b.00. 13.g. At the moment we ……………………… (import) everything from Germany. am 7. 5. do you know c. E. He … to get that job. The negotiations . am understanding c. not like 10. d. At the moment Peter’s work in Finland. He’s coming from Paris. 15. What are you doing? – I … the police. a. What you doing right now? 14. remembers d. doesn’t like d. a. understand 2. is leaving 5.. 4.
all the vocabulary included. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to speak about job responsibilities. Test 2 Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 1. They . candidate are a They interviewing. We should go. he What language is studying? 4. What kind of music do you usually listen to? Unit 4. It must come. 6. 20. Are you speaking English right now? 20. What languages do you speak? 15. moment the What doing is he at? 3. You can/ could read. He/ She may/ might speak. nervous isn’t He. is He Paul asking questions personal. What do you do? 13. Content of the unit: study time.18. What language are you studying? 14. It usually raining in this part of the country.no more than 3 hours: Modal verbs The modal verbs are special verbs that have only one form for all the persons. Positive Form Subject Modal verb Main verb I write.3 Job Responsibilities • • • • Objectives: to make students speak about their present or future job responsibilities. 9. 5. 19. importing we Why are products? 8. Does it usually rain in this town? 17. What kind of books do you read? 19. What you should know at the end of this unit: modal verbs. Answer the following sentences: 11. isn’t The working phone. for What looking is he? 2. What book are you reading? 18. you What are doing? 7. familiar He products is with our. What are you doing right now? 12. I don’t liking this idea. Is it raining? 16. 10. It rains at the moment.
The use of can in this way is informal (mainly between friends and family): Can you make a cup of coffee. Can We use can to talk about possibility and ability.) 2. speak. please? Can you come here a minute? Can you be quiet! Can for permission We sometimes use can to ask or give permission for something: A. Can I smoke in this room? B. John can speak Spanish. The use of can for permission is informal. . but you can smoke in the garden. read. You can't smoke here. Could We use could to talk about past possibility or ability (see Unit 5. Main verb write? read? speak? come? go? 1. (Note that we also use could. Can for possibility and ability She can drive a car.Negative Form Subject Modal verb I cannot (can’t) You couldn’t He/ she may not It might not We mustn’t They shouldn’t Question Modal verb Subject Can/ Could I May/ Might you Must he/ she Should it we/ they Main verb write. come. might for permission.) Can you hear me? Can for requests and orders We often use can in a question to ask somebody to do something. may. go. to ask for or give permission. I cannot hear you. (I can't hear you.1). to talk about a condition. and to make requests: Could for condition: I could buy a book (if I wanted). make requests.
May I go out? May I use your phone? May/ might for possibility She may be at home. That is why it is subjective. You must visit us soon. the obligation is not the subject's opinion or idea. to make suggestions. In general. what the speaker thinks is necessary. In France. He should have a rest. advice.Could for requests We often use could in a question to ask somebody to do something. or to indicate a sensible action. It is followed by an infinitive. "have to" expresses impersonal obligation. most schoolchildren have to wear a uniform. You should work hard. for example: Children have to go to school. you have to drive on the right. They shouldn’t listen to Tim. In general. In England. You don’t have to be so formal. The obligation is imposed from outside. Must (subjective obligation) We often use must to say that something is essential or necessary: I must go. I must stop smoking. The use of could in this way is fairly polite (formal): Could you tell me where the bank is. Should It is used to express duty. May/ might We use may/ might to express permission and possibility. please? Could you send me a catalogue. please? 3. 4. He must work hard. In each of the above cases. must expresses personal obligation. May for permission It is used to ask for permission and it is formal (polite). something that is forbidden. Mustn’t expresses prohibition. Have To (objective obligation) We often use have to to say that something is obligatory. 5. You mustn’t smoke in here. John has to wear a tie at work. It is objective. She might not come. Have to is not a modal verb. .
My eyes are aching.: go out. help you carry your luggage 5. they them Word order: Subject + verb+ indirect object + direct object (who?) (to whom?) (what?) I give my father a book. (eat some fruit) 5. Annie wants to be an accountant. I . may: 1. you you Can you tell him the truth? he him The man likes her. read your newspaper 4. I’m afraid I ………. must.Can/ Could/ May I go out? 1. I have no appetite.g.00.. park my car in front of your house 3. I feel depressed (see a doctor) 4. Questions: 1. can’t.. I’m sorry. turn off the TV. could): E. you you She teaches them English.… help you right now.g. (improve his English) 7. Complete the sentences with can. it it Can you look at us? we us The book is in front of you.The Object Pronoun The object pronoun is used after verbs and prepositions. I give him a book. she her I don’t like it. Paul wants to get a promotion. I me The girl loves you. I… ………. Subject + verb + direct object + TO + direct object (who?) (what?) (to whom?) I give a book TO my father. I give a book TO him. I …………… go now because the meeting starts at 1. What are the uses of may and might? Exercises: 1. I give it TO him. What are the uses of could? 3. might. 2. (take a rest) .You should take a rest. 3. Ask someone to let you do the following things as in the example below (use may. can.remember to email my assistant. What are the uses of can? 2. He wants to become an English teacher. Sorry. offer you a glass of wine 7. ask you a question 8.: I feel tired. have to. (go to training courses) 2. Give advice as in the example below: E. (take a pill) 2. (sleep) 3. Subject Object The president knows me. 3. 4. borrow your car 2. pay by check 6. (watch less TV) 6. I have a headache. (go to University) 8. She has no time for reading. 1.
airport buses or sightseeing tours. dust the furniture. speak Japanese at all. please? j. My tooth aches really bad. I can do it. 4. May I do it? i.. Excuse me. You must be able to answer all the guests’ questions about the hotel’s services. 6. events and sights of interest. 4.… to go to the dentist. You might also take care of mailing the guests’ letters. It’s forbidden. 10. 7. It’s a good idea. It’s necessary to do it. That’s impossible. I might do it. 8. addresses and telephone numbers. I think it ………… rain. such as taxis. g. if they ask you to. I can’t do it. I have the ability to do it. but I …………. I’m asking you to do it. Chambermaid As a chambermaid you must make the beds. It’s not necessary to do it. I ……. 9. sweep or clean the floors and the carpets.g. When the guest is about to leave you must check the mini-bar and tell reception. Sorry. However.e 1. 3. It’s a bad idea. In case the hotel is overbooked you should try to find a room for them in another hotel. Could you do it. 2. You must also take care of advance reservations. be true. provide new soap and shampoo. I don’t have to do it. wash the bathrooms. f. I have to do it. You must also be informed about local entertainment.. e. you don’t have to repair it – you should just ring . … I use your phone? 8. replace the towels. 10. 6. h. 5. 5. Match a sentence from the first column with it’s meaning from the second column: E. Read the following texts: Job responsibilities Room clerk As a room clerk you work at the front desk and you must register guests and assign them to their rooms. 9. I… hear anything. it’s impossible. You must check their reservations and give them a registration card to fill in with their names. Concierge As a concierge you work at the front desk. I’m asking permission.. The music is too loud. You mustn’t forget to check the cupboards in case the guests are leaving something behind. b.…………. 1. I mustn’t do it. 5.… speak English very well. Look at the sky. a. this is the assistant manager’s responsibility. You must also be able to provide any information that the guests might ask for. I really ………. c. if the manager asks you to. d.. In case something is broken or damaged. It ………. 7. I shouldn’t do it. You have to fill in the room number and the rate that the guest pays. You have to arrange for local transportation. When guests are arriving you must check them in. Maybe I’ll do it. I should do it. do something because my boss is really angry.
“If you think your boss is stupid. remember: you wouldn't have a job if he was any smarter.g. Must I d. shoulds b. 6. Barman You should know how to mix all the cocktails on the list.: Mary is reading a book to Tom. My family likes dogs very much. Test 1 Choose the right answer: 1. 5. 5. 8. You look pale. John and Mary often visit me and my mother. Linda gives presents to her husband. Grant. When a family is staying at the hotel and the parents want to go out for the evening. – She is reading it to him. 4. 3.Maintenance. 6. John doesn’t like football. You mustn’t serve them alcohol if they are less than eighteen years old. He … improve his English. 2. Answer the following questions about the four jobs presented above: What must you do if you are a room clerk? What do you have to do if you are a room clerk? What should you do if you are a room clerk? What must you do if you are a concierge? What do you have to do if you are a concierge? What must you do if you are a chambermaid? What do you have to do if you are a chambermaid? What should you do if you are a barman? What mustn’t you do if you are a barman? 7. have 2. 1. 8. American Business Executive Writing Task: Write about your responsibilities at work or in every day life. He wants to become an English teacher. You … see a doctor. following the example: E. 2. 7. Your brother loves Susan. 7. you should ask them for proof of their age. you may have to baby-sit. should d. but that is not part of your usual responsibilities. May you c. If you think someone looks under 18. can b. … borrow your car? a. Have I . May I b. 3. Linda gives presents to her parents. You don’t have to know how to make every cocktail in the world. should 3.” Albert A. 6. 4. If a guest is asking you for a cocktail you don’t know. can d. There are sometimes problems with people who are under age. My wife and I drink milk every morning. may c. you mustn’t panic. a. My mother is reading a letter to Linda. You should ask him/ her how to make it and you should show some interest because it makes them feel good. 9. a. because that’s impossible. and you should try to be as professional as possible. cans c. Replace the underlined parts with pronouns. 1.
In case the hotel is overbooked he should try to find a room for the guests in another hotel. … you help me. them 14. a.4. 17. has to c. He must takes care of reservations. have to b. He has to fill in the room number and the rate that the guest pays. a.00 and it is 7. must 11. … I turn off the TV? a. May not c. mustn’t c. don’t have to b. provide new soap and shampoo. my c. You … serve alcohol to people under 18. he d. 18. Must 6. a. a. He has to arrange for local transportation. I b. Look at the sky. replace the towels. Test 2 Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. The man likes … . they b. 6. she doesn’t have to repair it – she should just ring Maintenance. his c. She writes a letter me. 3. In case something is broken or damaged. I … go. don’t can c. we d. 2. a. shouldn’t 9. It … rain. my Correct the following sentences: 15. Don’t have to d. The meeting is at 8. There are sometimes problems with people who are under age. dust the furniture. She shoulds try to find a room. mustn’t b. we c. 5. a. Tim often visits …. airport buses or sightseeing tours. don’t must d. not should d. The concierge must be informed about local entertainment. The book is in front of … . might d. You don’t should know everything. a. 9. May b. such as taxis. Have to b. him 13. events and sights of interest. please? a. 7. may 7. have to d. not can 10. me 12. He … speak Chinese but he can speak Japanese. The room clerk works at the front desk and must register guests and assign them to their rooms. He says many stupid things. our d. When the guest is about to leave she must check the mini-bar and tell reception. a. 20. don’t should b. us b. 16.45. Could d. . You … listen to him. must c. . A chambermaid must make the beds. The president knows … . a. She tells my everything. doesn’t can d. 4. can’t 8. Should c. 10. If a guest is asking the barman for a cocktail he doesn’t know the barman mustn’t panic. he b. Can 5. their c. cannot b. Can you give the book him? 19. 8. wash the bathrooms. doesn’t should c. they d. sweep or clean the floors and the carpets.
mustn’t b. a lot of d. a 2. a drink 15. is b. a vegetable b. a. to see c. Ea îi dă o carte mamei ei. don’t should b. a. a. many d. Aş putea să te ajut? 6. He … to become a travel agent. There are … people in the room. a. like b. a. a drink . luggage are b. is want 6. a. Dă-i stiloul! Test 3 Choose the right answer: 1. Cabbage is … . going b. ‘d likes 9. seeing b. 4. goes d. sees d. a little b. shouldn’t 7. any 11. like b. luggage is c. a vegetable b. do d. a b. a. 5. many d. likes d. The negotiations … very well a. are delivering b.Translate the following sentences into English: 1. luggages is 12. see 1. … coffee do you drink a day? a. a job c. a little of 3. They usually … all their goods on time. meat d. does 13. not should d. is wanting b. must c. want d. You… listen to him. how much b. a. Can you give me … money? a. some d. deliver d. Your … very heavy. some c. a few b. Dă-mi cartea! 10. Nu trebuie să plec pentru că nu mă grăbesc. He … to get that job. a. delivers 14. 9. She … dancing a. wants c. may 8. are c. 3. a job c. I’d like … a good film tonight. is going 5. a. a. how many c. You … serve alcohol to people under 18. Ei ar trebui să verifice clienţii. ‘d like c. a 4. don’t must d. doesn’t should c. Ea trebuie să meargă la doctor. likes d. an c. He says many stupid things. Pot (am voie) să plec? 2. ‘d likes 10. doesn’t deliver c. Your money … on the table. are going c. Lamb is … . ‘d like c. meat d. Îmi dai voie să îţi car bagajele? 7. Pot să împrumut nişte bani de la tine? 8. luggages are d. much c. Heathrow is … international airport. a.
16. person c. empty c. pay d. a. I don’t need your advices. broken 21. eat 19. empty c. 8. credit card c. You are listening music. She can to speak three languages. a. sweeps 20. bill 18. fill in b. . A concierge is a … . turn on c. 16. I don’t like swim. I like a cup of coffee. professional d. check in 24. Could you give me some informations about trains to London? 2. check out d. You don’t must smoke. The news are not very good. 10. 11. He not reading a book right now. broken 23. overbooked b. 3. Where are Paul working at present? 7. 18. Would you like to … some wine? a. command b. Excuse me. 19. furniture b. He doesn’t can drive. 5. a. A barman should be … . professional d. 17. When guests arrive they go to the front desk and … a. 4. 12. You should to see a doctor. meat d. overbooked b. a. dusts d. commands b. English is a language international. I’d like dancing. fill in b. You should call Maintenance when there is something … . overbooked b. When the hotel is … you should find a room in another hotel. order c. Guests must … a card with their name and address. She meets he every day. 13. orders c. turn on c. a. He mays leave. 9. 6. dust d. a. He gives flowers her. She hasn’t to be home too early. full d. broken 22. empty c. 20. The chambermaid … the furniture a. My brother asks I many questions. I am usually going to the seaside. a drink 17. 14. a vegetable b. 15. I think the … is wrong. check out d. check in Test 4 Correct the following sentences: 1.
Module 5 • • • Objectives: to make students speak using the past tense. last week/ year/ night. . two months ago. What you should know at the end of this module: . What skills you will have at the end of this module: to express your opinions.the simple past. all the vocabulary included. Unit 5. He/ She/ It wasn’t You were in Bucharest yesterday. yesterday. Content of the unit: study time. used to for past actions. could for past actions. What you should know at the end of this unit: the simple past of the verb to be. he/ she was. you/ we/ they were. No. Yes/ No questions: Was he/ she here? Were you/ we/ they here? . when I was a child.the irregular verbs. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to express your opinions.all the vocabulary included. The Past Simple of the verb to be is presented in the following table: To BE – Positive and Negative I was in England last week. It is used with time expressions. . Yes.no more than 3 hours: Past Simple Past Simple is used to talk about completed actions or situations in the past. We weren’t They Special Questions was Where were I? he/ she/ it? you? we? they? Short answers: Yes. he/ she wasn’t. No. The actions are begun and ended at a particular time in the past. you/we/ they weren’t. such as: on Monday.1 Kids in Business • • • • Objectives: to make students speak using the past tense.
(past ability) I could ride a bike when I was 6. Questions: 1. 2. When is the Past Simple used? 3...... What are the past positive forms of the verb to be? 2. After many years I'm used to living in Romania. When James was a child he used to ……………. COULD Could is the past tense of can.. too.... 3... What does used to express? 5..Make the difference between: I'm used to living in Romania .... Now I live in Romania.. We used to write memos on paper. The little boy is used to .. The verb to be can be in the present or in the past: I am from England. (We couldn't open the door.. I came to live in Romania ten years ago.......) (impossibility) USED TO + verb The expression is used to express an action that happened regularly in the past.. My parents used to ……………. (past inability) I couldn’t read until I was seven years old. and one form for the negative sentence (see Unit 4.. (past ability) You couldn’t speak English when you were ten... now we send them by email.. It can also express past situations that no longer exist: I used to work in Africa......3): He could ski when he was a child. I used to live in England (in the past... We could not open the door because there was a problem.. Living in Romania is very different to living in England..... but no longer).. It has one form for the positive sentence. (go) to school. (ride) his bike.... Put the verbs in the brackets into the correct form: 1... After be/ get used to we can also use a noun phrase: We are used to people like James. but does not happen now: She used to work in a factory.. (ride) the bike. His brother used to . Now she works in an office...it is a familiar experience for me. expressing past possibility or ability. (run) a pub.When and where were you born? I was born in Manchester in 1970. What does could express? 4. And NOT * I am born in 1970. TO BE USED TO + verb-ING It expresses a fact or action that is not strange or new to you. but he doesn’t ride . What does be used to express? Exercises: 1. but now I work in our Bonn office.. 4. I was used to seeing them together..
. 8..OK.Last year he bought a bag of ‘junk’ jewellery for 10 pence..... play the piano until I … six years old. Sylvia is a statuette and is now worth £4. in fact an antique dealer... 3. When I was at school I …........ 9.. we go to about six sales every Saturday. Read the following text: Super Kid in Business James has a flower shop in the suburbs of London but he is.. (run) the shop.(study) at home and not in a public library. you last night? You ………….... and is very good at it’. 3. 7.... 5. (go) to school.. (work) a lot.. Use the verbs in the brackets: E..... but this year I know a lot about it.. (buy) flowers for the restaurant from a florist.....300 a week. I. 5.. It is now worth £8... 1.... 8.. Complete the sentences using used to + verb or be used to + verb-ing. She …………… see Mona Lisa in the Louvre when she ………………..anymore. a student in Paris. says his mother. When we were in Canada we …………. so that their son can study.. (read) books very often... 7. His father doesn’t think of him as a child anymore and his mother is used to treating him as an adult.. He can spot anything valuable from the queue outside.: Last year.g. Now we are too busy... 3. …………………. (go) on a trip every day. (teach) students and not children... …………... but now they don’t have time.. He is used to ....’ His father says: ‘he buys his things from second-hand sales. I ………… get into my house last night because there ……… a problem with the key.. . I …………………….... ……………. 10.. (do) a lot of sport....... He earns about £200.. She isn’t used to . ill. James has his own ideas about running a business. at school last week because she …………….... when he was only five years old... Now I prefer reading.000..000. My sister …………… read when she ……………………… four years old. Our company used to . When we were children we ......... 1.. There was a golden bracelet in it. His parents …………. 7...... Our customers are used to .... His parents weren’t happy when their son . John’s party good last night? – It … …………. Where ………. ‘He is used to working with flowers now. I like it. They used to ………………. Eight years ago.. 2.. (deal) with the manager and not with her assistant. I wasn’t used to doing (do) business. 6. (visit) their mother every week.. 4... 8.. at home. 6... (meet) new people everyday because of my job. I………………. 2..... I prefer it.. 6. Two years ago Linda …………. 2..... Fill in the gaps with could/ couldn’t/ was/ wasn’t/ were/ weren’t: Our teacher . ‘James likes both flowers and antiques and knows when something is valuable. 4.(come) home late at night.. he bought Sylvia for five pence.… there.. I am used to . (sell) a lot of products. I . 5.. Now I buy them from the market.... 4..
2. Did you like James? Why/ why not? 2. If they are false correct them: a. Customers don’t like him because he is a child.However. If someone swears. She doesn’t could ski when she was five. there are other problems. James buys and sells antiques. b. g.’ James is very polite.000. She be used to eating a lot of vegetables.” J. James is used to swearing at other people. but he feels that James is so unusual that he cannot make any progress there. so now he has four classes a week with a retired teacher. I can play tennis when I was ten. James goes to school every day. I am used to watch TV a lot. I used to walking 10 kilometers every day. then he should be used to all kind of people. Could it be because his parents used to run a pub? Well. His teacher thinks that children should go to school. 5. Billionaire Writing Task: Write about a successful business person that you know. James used to go to school until he was 11. When he meets someone for a business lunch and he walks into the restaurant and shakes their hand. 3. says his teacher. . 10. Do you know a person/ child who was like him? “To succeed in business. ‘James is used to working hard. They wasn’t at home yesterday. He goes alone at second. It don’t was cold yesterday. f. Answer the following questions about the text: 1. James doesn’t like going to business lunches. Decide if the following statements about the text are true or false. he rings me up for more’. e. He couldn’t handle it very well and he couldn’t get along with his classmates.hand sales. Were she in Bucharest last week? 4. His parents don’t have a pub anymore. He a good student was. 7. 9. 8. d. too. an individual must know all it is possible to know about that business. Test 1 (1 hour) Correct the following sentences: 1. c. Do you think he is missing anything in his life? 3. Sylvia. and he works hard at his studies. h. But they soon get used to the idea. j. (Adapted from Accelerate Intermediate) 5. ‘He is using what he learns to improve his business. k. James works in his father’s flower shop. the statuette. was worth £4. Paul Getty (1892-1976) American Oil Tycoon. to reach the top. 6. When he runs out of work. James knows the value of things depending on the number of people standing in line. he stops talking. 6. His parents think he is still a child. i. The main problem is the customer’s surprise that he isn’t an adult. they stand there with their mouth open. I were a student ten years ago. but now I get tired.
There are regular and irregular verbs in English. He earns about £200. a. can d. can c. used to c. He can spot anything valuable from the queue outside. 6. can’t d. Test 2 Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. Two years ago Linda … a student in Paris. 3. James has his own ideas about running a business. he rings me up for more. in fact an antique dealer. can c. were c. unusual d. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to speak about past events. could b. Sylvia is a statuette and is now worth £4. a. cannot 19. is used to b. 4. When he runs out of work. The Past Simple has the same form in all persons. 5. spots b. 9. a. was 12. My sister … read when she was four years old. two months ago. sell a lot of products some years ago.300 a week. Last year he bought a bag of ‘junk’ jewellery for 10 pence. . James used to go to school until he was 11.. last week/ year/ night.2 Inventions • • • • Objectives: to make students speak using the past tense. He … teaching students and not children. am c. could b. can d. a. used to c.no more than 3 hours: Past Simple – Positive Sentences Past Simple is used to talk about completed actions or situations in the past. runs c. He is using what he learns to improve his business. The little boy … ride his bike because it is broken. Where … you last night? a. dealer b. 7. worth c. retired. Our company . used to c. can d. was d. a. He walks into the restaurant and … their hand. are 13. could b. It is used with time expressions. 2. I couldn’t play the piano until I … six years old. James is used to working hard. such as: on Monday. cannot 17. cannot 18..000. is d. all the vocabulary included. is used to b. was b. He couldn’t handle it very well and he couldn’t get along with his classmates.10. He is. Unit 5. a. is d. What you should know at the end of this unit: the Simple Past of the regular and irregular verbs. shakes d. improves 20. is used to b. can d. My parents … run a pub. Content of the unit: study time. is used to b. etc. a. He has four classes a week from a … teacher. The actions are begun and ended at a particular time in the past. a. a. is used to 14. cannot 16. 8.Choose the right answer: 11. used to c. is 15.
a muşca bleed.a incepe bend. Here is such a list with the most important verbs: Infinitive (+ translation) arise.a se îndoi bet .a arde burst.a izbucni buy.a deveni begin.a fi bear – a purta beat – a bate become.a sângera blow. -ed is read [id]: visited [vizitid].a paria bid-a licita bite. You can also find the three forms in any dictionary. liked [laikt] Irregular verbs The irregular verbs have one form in all the persons which is found in any list of irregular verbs.a cumpăra was / were bore beat became began bent bet / betted bid bit bled blew broke brought built burnt/ burned burst bought been born / borne beaten / beat become begun bent bet / betted bid bitten bled blown broken brought built burnt/burned burst bought Past Simple arose awoke/ awakened Past Participle arisen awoken .a sparge bring.a se trezi B be.a construi burn.a sufla break. ended [endid] In all the other cases –ed is read [t] or [d]: moved [muvd].a aduce build.a se ridica awake.Regular verbs The regular verbs add –ed to the infinitive and have one form in all persons: Present Past I visit I visited You move You moved He/ She likes He/ She liked It rains It rained We visit We visited They like They liked Reading tips: If the verb ends in –t or –d.
a face draw.a tăia D deal.a uita forgive.a da go.a săpa do.a se târî cut.a veni cost.a alege come.a conduce E eat.a îngheţa G get.a costa creep.a ierta freeze.a merge grow.a zbura forbid.a interzice forget.a creşte H got gave went grew gotten/ got given gone grown cast caught chose came cost crept cut dealt dug did drew dreamt/ dreamed drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found flew forbade forgot forgave froze cast caught chosen come cost crept cut dealt dug done drawn dreamt/ dreamed drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forbidden forgotten forgiven frozen .a lupta find.cădea feed.C cast.a se ocupa de dig.a bea drive.a desena dream.a simţi fight.a visa drink.a prinde choose.a arunca catch.a mânca F fall.a hrăni feel.a găsi fly.a obţine give.
a pleca lend.hang.a se apleca learn.a plăti put.a sta întins light.a conduce lean.a păstra kneel.a împrumuta let.a întâlni P pay.a se ascunde hit.a citi ride.a aşeza lead.a şti L lay.a avea hear.a însemna meet.a călări ring.a face mean.a lăsa lie.a suna hung had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt/ kneeled knew laid led leaned/ leant learned/ learnt left lent let lay lit / lighted lost made meant met paid put quit / quitted read [red] rode rang hung had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt/ kneeled known laid led leaned/ leant learned/ learnt left lent let lain lit / lighted lost made meant met paid put quit / quitted read [red] ridden rung .a se lovi K keep.a învăţa leave.a atârna have.a lovi hold.a aprinde lose.a părăsi R read [ri:d].a auzi hide.a îngenunchia know.a ţine hurt.a pierde M make.a pune Q quit.
rise.a lua teach.a se strânge shut.a vorbi speed.a fura stick.a căuta sell. cheltui spread.a împuşca show.a vinde send.a ortografia spend.a se ridica run.a cânta sit.a şedea slay.a răspândi spring.a lipi strike – a lovi swear.a spune see.a arăta shrink.a mătura swim.a preda.a ucide sleep.a vedea seek.a accelera spell.a tremura shoot. înjura sweep.a jura.învăţa rose ran said saw sought sold sent set shook shot showed shrank / shrunk shut sang sat slew slept smelled/ smelt spoke sped / speeded spelled/ spelt spent spread sprang / sprung stood stole stuck struck swore swept swam took taught risen run said seen sought sold sent set shaken shot shown / showed shrunk shut sung sat slain slept smelled/ smelt spoken sped / speeded spelled/ spelt spent spread sprung stood stolen stuck struck/ stricken sworn swept swum taken taught .a petrece.a fugi S say.a dormi smell.a sări stand – a sta în picioare steal.a înota T take.a trimite set.a pune shake.a mirosi speak.a închide sing.
She never has breakfast. We never go to school on Saturdays.a povesti think.a supăra W wake. They wrote an essay for their exam.a purta win.g.a scrie Present I usually write letters. .a trezi wear.tear.a răsuci withdraw. She works from 9 to 5 o’clock. Past Simple – Positive I You moved He/ She/ It went We They tore told thought threw understood upset woke wore won wound withdrew wrote torn told thought thrown understood upset woken worn won wound withdrawn written Past I wrote a letter yesterday. He sometimes makes mistakes. He studies Tourism. Change the following sentences into the Past Simple.a câştiga wind.a rupe tell. He made a mistake last week. They often write essays. 3. Don’t forget to look up the verbs in the irregular verb list: E.a retrage write. 1. morning. They live next door. – They lived next door.a gândi throw. Time expressions Use the following time expressions with Past Simple: Last night/ Saturday/ week/ month/ year Yesterday morning/ afternoon/ evening An hour/ a week/ a month/ a year ago Exercises: 1.a înţelege upset. She had breakfast yesterday to Bucharest in 1999.a arunca U understand. 2.
Soon after that. (buy) the book yesterday.. The plane leaves at 2. they were packaged and sold almost as you know them today. 6. Potato chips came from New England and their production was the result of a quarrel. He called them hamburgers because sailors from Hamburg.(hear) a strange noise last night. The guest liked the brown. 7. I think she’s right. 9.4. 7.. I …………. salted. made and sold the first hamburgers in 1895. (wake up) and ……………… (get) out of bed. Crum cut and fried some thinner potatoes. 5. Germany gave him the recipe. thin potatoes so much that they entered the menu. Students from Yale University and businessmen loved them and bought them. 12. but the guest was still unhappy. 5. On the menu were French-fried potatoes. I …………………turn) on the lights and …………. 10 He writes the president’s speeches.. Put the verbs in brackets into the Simple Past: 1. The ball-point pen A Hungarian. One time. Louis Lassen. a dinner guest found the chef's French fries too thick and rejected the order. 10.. He arrives at 7. I … (see) the same things everywhere. He … (have) a knife in his hand.(take) a big knife from the kitchen and I …………. 3. Louis’ grandson still sells hamburgers in Connecticut. He never drinks coffee. I ………………. Kenneth Lassen. The competition among pen manufacturers during the 1940s was tough and advertisements became the key to . (walk) downstairs. Jim drives to work every morning. crisp chips.00 p.00. In the summer of 1853. 3. He knows that I’m a spy. 8. Finally the chef decided to serve him potatoes which were too thin and too crisp and couldn’t be picked with a fork. America's favorite snack food is the thin. At the end of the war ‘Biros’ quickly became very popular all over the world. 6. 9. In 1944 the British Army bought thirty thousand of them because soldiers could write with them outside in the rain and pilots could use them at high altitudes. 2. (look) outside and I … (see) a man dressed in pyjamas. Laszlo Biro. The potato chip Potatoes are on the second place in human consumption (on the first place is rice). I …………. The jacket … …………(cost) $30. 4.m. I … …………. Rita always goes shopping on Friday. Grandfather sometimes plays with the children. I … ………. Native American George Crum became a chef at an elegant resort. 2. We both … (start) to scream.. made the first ball-point pen in 1938. 8. 11. Read the following texts: Inventions The hamburger An American chef from Connecticut. (open) the front door.
watch c. woked d. hear d. gaved c. 2. Sailors from Munich. It all started when his friend could not do up his shoes because he had a bad back. Potatoes are on the third place in human consumption. sale 6. Nowadays. a. Laszlo Biro made the first ball-point pen in 1939. haved b. a. Native American George Crum first made potato chips. hears 2. a. gave b. had 5. Judson invented the zipper in 1905. watchd 4. The zipper Whitcomb L. watched b. Nowadays they can be found everywhere and everybody can use them. The thin. Italian Scientist Writing Task: What recent invention do you appreciate the most? Why? Test 1 Choose the right answer: 1. gived 8. a. Louis Lassen made and sold the first hamburgers in 1950. a. He … many gadgets in 1905. 4. inventd d. buyed b. etc. haves d. He … lunch with his wife yesterday. writed b. buys d. crisp chips are America’s number one snack. I … a strange noise last night. a. 7. Biro … many pens in the 1940s. 6.” Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642). Some German sailors … him the recipe. written d. invent c. invents b. One manufacturer tried to demonstrate that his pen could write upsidedown. woken . Judson loved machines and experimented with many different kinds of gadgets. given d. 8. If they are false correct them: 1. waked b. He invented many gadgets. I … TV all day yesterday. wrote c. heard c. a. a. 3. Decide if the following statements about the texts are true or false. buy c. woke c. bought 3. heared b. zippers are used in clothing. has c. salted. a. including the zipper. sold d. Germany gave him the recipe. luggage. She … up in the middle of the night. They … the president’s speech last night. Louis’ grandson still sells hamburgers in Chicago. watches d. saled b.success. She …the book yesterday. 4. Judson invented the zipper in 1905 but this wasn’t considered practical until 1920. selled c. “Doubt is the father of invention. wroted 7. invented 9. 5.
a restaurant c. Many pieces of … have zippers nowadays. guest c. guest c. The actions are begun and ended at a particular time in the past. a. Businesspeople and students loved hamburgers. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to speak about past events. but the guest was still unhappy. gadget b. What is America’s favourite snack? Unit 5. made b. ball-point pens d. as a snack 14. a. Soldiers prefer … because they can write outside in the rain. Germany. Nowadays. The guest liked the thick. advertisements 20. gadget b. for lunch b. Potato chips are served … . sailor 17. chef d. 5. sailor 16. The thin potatoes couldn’t be picked with a fork. They … a mistake yesterday. an office b. A person working on a ship is a a. Lassen had the … to make hamburgers. luggage b. a. Negatives in the Past Simple are the same in all persons. including the zipper.3 A Short History of Tourism • • • • Objectives: to make students speak using the past tense.no more than 3 hours: Past Simple – Negative sentences Past Simple is used to talk about completed actions or situations in the past. recipe c. What you should know at the end of this unit: the simple past of the regular and irregular verbs negative and interrogative.down. This inventor experimented with many different kinds of gadgets. the army 13. a.4. maked c. gadget b. His pen could write upside. A person having lunch in a restaurant is a … . hamburgers c. for breakfast c. phones 15. all the vocabulary included. A chef works in … a. 9. hamburgers c. hamburgers c. 10. chips d. a. sold c. 6. luggage b. for dinner d. Content of the unit: study time. zippers are used in clothing and on luggage. Crum cut and fried some thinner potatoes. chips d. chef d. a. chips d. 2. a. a. 3. luggage b. 8. pens b. luggage d. maded d. advertisements 19. pencils c. rejected d. The guest … the order of French fried potatoes. . crisp. invented 12. The competition was tough. advertisement 18. a travel agency d. salted potatoes. advertisements Test 2 Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. The name for … comes from the city of Hamburg. made b. They used … to sell their ball-point pens. make 11. He invented many gadgets. a. 7.10.
Yes. I found these cheap things in a little shop.00.Past Simple – Positive I moved You went He/ She/ It We They I You He/ She/ It did not We (didn’t) They Past Simple – Negative to Bucharest in 1999. (Where) 2. he/ she/ it did. Use the interrogative words in the brackets: E. Questions: 1. Past Simple – Special Questions I you move? Where did he/ she/ it go to? we they Yes/ No Questions I you Did he/ she/ it we they Subject + didn’t + verb (infinitive). he/ she/ it didn’t. How is the Past Simple negative formed? 2. This T-shirt cost $10. go Subject + past simple I saw Peter last night They visited my mother. They didn’t visit my mother. I didn’t see Peter last night. (How) 4. How is the Past Simple interrogative (question) formed? 3. No. Question: Did + Subject + verb (infinitive)? Did you see Peter? Did they visit my mother? move? go to? Short answers Yes. She didn’t come to my party because she was ill. (How much) . We traveled on foot. (Why) 5. / No. (What) 3. No.g. we/ they didn’t Yes. I didn’t. We heard an explosion. (When) When did the President enter the room? 1.: The President entered the room at 9. to Bucharest move in 1999. Ask questions about the underlined parts of the following sentences. What form of the verb follows did/ didn’t? Exercises: 1. we/ they did. I did.
1995. I used to live next door to Jessie. …. 1. Tuesday. their bike. When did you last swim in the sea? 7. Did it rain yesterday? 5. 5. Where did you spend last summer? 3. The product was launched ……………. ago: 1. They didn’t sell their car. 7. 2. Did you and your family watch TV in the evening? 4. Did it snow yesterday? 6. Did you work 12 hours yesterday? 2. they ……………….. 7. Did your friend call you an hour ago? 10 Did you speak English yesterday? 4. she ……………………. (Where) 8. I met the director …………. We didn’t have tea. I went to bed at 10.. March. I didn’t lose my passport. at. it …………………. Did your friend visit you yesterday evening? 9.g.6. 4. 8.g. 6.… Sunday evening. on Monday. The company was founded ………. What did you have for lunch yesterday? 6. Did you have coffee for breakfast? 7. Complete the sentences with the positive Past Simple of the underlined verbs: E.00 last night. we ……………………. coffee. / No. We always go away…… … weekends. 3.00. 6. 8. I ……………….00. We didn’t arrive at 6. The meeting ended ……………… midnight. 10. (how fast) 9. 5. My birthday is ……….: Did you go to work Yesterday?. Where was your friend born? 3. I met my friend ten years ago. I went to Chicago. 9. I didn’t go to New York. 9. 10. 5. He drove 100 km/h.… at 9. . He arrived two hours … ………. The concert didn’t start at 9. We first got that idea a year ………… .. They didn’t see Tim. Tim.00. How much did you pay for your shoes? 9. She didn’t send a letter. Where and when were you born? 10.Yes I did. (When) 7. 4.30. Andy. How did you get here? 8. She didn’t buy clothes. What time did you get up yesterday morning? 4. I didn’t. they ……………………. on. I saw Mary ……. He didn’t leave on Thursday. (What time) 2. Complete the sentences with in. she ………………………… a postcard. I lost my way because it was dark.… my ID card. Did you take photos last week? 8... 17th April. we …………………… at 7. Did you drive to work yesterday? 3. he…………………………. we ………………………. 2. Answer the following questions: 1. 1. Answer the following Yes/ No questions with short answers: E. When did you last read a newspaper? 5. 3.… books.… summer they always go to the seaside. (Why) 10. When did you start to learn English? 2. We didn’t meet Jim.
What countries provide Europe with million of visitors? 5. During the 1960s some resorts in Britain stopped developing. What is the change that the author of the article considers as ‘dramatic’? Why? 7. Five years ago.” Robert Runcie (1921 – 1999) Archbishop of Canterbury Writing Task: In your opinion. attracting millions with its ancient cities. How does the article describe the behaviour of the first tourists? 2.6. Last year Britain had 21 million overseas visitors. and they preferred to become centers for business conferences. not sold b. Taiwan and Malaysia invaded not only Britain but Europe. However. it had 16 million visitors. What part of the world is going to have an increase in tourism. Japan. The most dramatic impact can be seen in the streets. not sell c. didn’t buy c. Whether it is a good change or not remains for the future generations to judge. It was the beginning of modern mass. Answer the following questions: 1. When did modern mass. didn’t bought b. they saw. very confident that they could buy virtually anything Then. a. What happened in the 1960s in Britain? 4. whereas now they are tourists because tourism is their religion. they ate fast-food Tourism used to be something that Americans and North Europeans did to other people. Do you agree with the opinion expressed in the article? Why/ why not? “In the middle ages people were tourists because of their religion. There. She … anything yesterday. but in northern Europe where tourism started from in the first place. every corner shop became a fast-food outlet ready to cater for foreign visitors. They …their car last year. didn’t sold d. Britain has now to look at mass tourism from the other side. the next cultural clash isn’t going to be on the beaches of Asia. (Adapted from English for International Tourism) 7. according to the article? 3. Europe seems to be transformed little by little into a theme park. what is the future of global tourism? What about Romania? Test 1 Choose the right answer: 1. That was the time of the boom of cheap holidays at Mediterranean resorts. a. Greece and Turkey into a replica of their own homes. too. not bought d. West Europeans joined them. They didn’t care about the natives and were very proud of their currencies.tourism halted in 1973 by a major recession. not buy 2. They wore coloured clothes and looked at the world as at a zoo. and they started to transform Spain. didn’t sell . as visitors from Korea. Read the following text: They came. In the 1980s new markets and new segments emerged and tourists began to ask quality and value for their money. The government’s latest figures show that the number of tourists is still growing.tourism begin? 6.
I met my friend … . a. He … 100 km/h last night. does d. very confident that they could buy virtually anything. a. do c. at b. You meet your manager yesterday? 19. She started work when she is twelve. ago b. I couldn’t come to the party. 5. Did you watch the football on TV last evening? 11. visit you friends your last When did? 7. He reads a newspaper an hour ago. in d.3. When did you … see a film? a.g. When you arrived here? 18. I were ill. at b. ten years at Test 2 Put the words in the correct order to form questions. you When did start English to learn? Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. During the 1960s some resorts in Britain stopped developing. Where are you born? 13. 2. in d. on c. it Did yesterday rain? 8. 12. d. school did When start you? 2. ten years ago 6. ago 8. is 4. at b. 17. … you have coffee for breakfast yesterday morning? a. in d. were born When you? – When were you born? I was born on 7th July. did train last you by travel When? 4. did drive d. drived c. The meeting ended … midnight. ago 9. do What you last Sunday did? 5. The boom of cheap holidays at Mediterranean . 1. drive b. I saw Jane Monday ago. at ten years b. a. Tourists didn’t care about the natives. Then write true answers: E. We always go away … weekends. at c. your Where friend was born? 10. a. did b. 3. holiday did summer go Where on last you? 6. 14. in d. Where did you went on holiday last year? 16. a. ago 7. Last year Britain had 21 million overseas visitors. They were very proud of their currencies. last Correct the following sentences: 10. on c. I saw Mary … Sunday evening. 15. ago ten years c. morning What time get up did yesterday you? 9. He didn’t liked his first job. drove 5. 4. dinner night have What you last for did? 3. on c.
They …………….. Every corner shop became a fast-food outlet ready to cater for foreign visitors. Every evening we …………. 1 7. They … working in a large organization. 7.… (not see) anyone important. 3... 8. Unfortunately.. 6.. (eat) at different restaurants.: She likes ….. (going swimming) 21. I … having a lot of meetings. They work for Continental. I … (check) the figures very carefully. 12. When ………… (you/ begin) negotiations? 2. 9. I’d like to run a … 26.. She …………. attracting millions with its ancient cities. Complete the sentences using used to (+ verb) or am/ is are/ used to + (verb-ing): 15. Tourists began to ask quality and value for their money. We …………….… (meet) many times but we only ………………… (reach) an agreement yesterday. we ………………. There …………..resorts affected British tourism. Europe seems to be transformed little by little into a theme park. 6. .. 13.. With my old boss we … have a lot of meetings. (not prepare) the right figures. He … own a Mercedes.. She ………. 8.. There was a major recession in the 1970s. We …………… (discuss) the report last night. People go to a resort because they … 28.. 18.. but now he has a BMW. ………. Test 3 Put the verbs in the brackets in the Past Simple: 1.. The person who buys and sells antiques is an antique …... I am used to… 23. (start) three months ago. Finish the following sentences: E. 10. Some stands . 11. I earn … 24. I’m sorry I … (not be) in the office yesterday.g. 9... 19. 10. 7. 5. Whether it is a good change or not remains for the future generations to judge.… (buy) some shoes and a bag. 16. In a fast. Before they opened this street it … take me an hour to get to work. (be) really busy. 14. They … work for a large organization.. People shake hands when … 25. (not be) many people at the show. I used to… 22. The American currency is the … 30.… (you/ have) many problems? 4. She … (go) to the Milan Fashion Show last week. 20.food outlet people can … 29. A chef works in a … 27.
Future Simple. – They won’t do business with you. She’ll stay at home. 9. will We (‘ll) They Future Simple . FUTURE SIMPLE Future Simple is formed by will + verb in the infinitive and it is the same in all persons. What skills you will have at the end of this module: to talk about future events.present continuous for future actions. 5. They offer to buy everything yesterday. 7. . – She won’t stay at home.all the vocabulary included. I weren’t happy with the contract. 8.Negative I You He/ She/ It go. . • Unit 6. all the vocabulary included. 10. will not We (won’t) They Word order: Subject + will + verb Subject + won’t + verb I will go to France. He can ski when he was five years old. She suggested not that. I used to working hard. Did was his idea original? 2.1 Future Plans • • • Objectives: to make students speak about future events.Test 4 Correct the following sentences: 1. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to talk about future events. to express agreement and disagreement. Did you had any major problems? 6. Future Simple . She is used to read all the newspapers on the market. They’ll do business with you.Positive I You He/ She/ It go. Where did come the first tourists from? 3. I won’t go to France. 4. . Module 6 • • Objectives: to make students speak about future events. What you should know at the end of this module: . What you should know at the end of this unit: Future Simple.‘be going to’ for future actions. . They was in Bucharest last week.
he/ she/ it won’t Yes/ No questions I you Will he/ she/ it we they go? a. we can use the Simple Future tense even if there is a firm plan or decision before speaking: E. Will is also used to express a future promise: E. he/ she/ it will. He’ll probably agree with you. A: I'm so tired.g. Will you be at work tomorrow? c. A: I'm really hungry. I'm about to fall asleep.: It will rain tomorrow. No.g. Yes. People won't go to Jupiter before the 22nd century.g.: I will call you when I arrive.: We will see what we can do to help you. we/ they will. we/ they won’t Yes. when the decision is made spontaneously at the moment of speaking: E. No. He thinks he will have a holiday next year. We often use the Simple Future tense after the verb to think.: I’ll be in London tomorrow. / No. Who do you think will get the job? In this case you can use the following time expressions: next Monday/ week/ month/ year. Will is also used when there is no plan and no decision to do something.g. B: I'll make some sandwiches. I won’t. I won't be very long. With the verb to be. E.g. B: I'll get you some coffee. I'm going shopping. or accompanied by probably: E. b. I will. Maybe we’ll stay in and watch television tonight.Special Questions I you Where will he/she/it go? we they Word order: Interrogative word+ will + Subject + verb? What will you do? Where will you go? When will she come? Where will he go? Short answers Yes. tomorrow morning/ afternoon/ evening. . I don't think I'll buy that car. We often use the simple future tense to make a prediction about the future.: I think I'll probably go to the gym tomorrow.
Linda’s off sick today.g. g. 2. I’ll come and meet you at the airport. I … (phone) Marta to ask her.” George Bernard Shaw (18561950) Irish-born British Dramatist Writing Task: Write about your future plans. b. 2. When you come back. 1. 2. I’ll be right there. What changes will there be in Europe in 50 years’ time? 3. How do you think life will be in the next century? . 3. Exercises: 1. 5. I’ll see you there. d. Complete the following sentences with the Future Simple of the verb in the brackets: E. 4. There … probably (be) a fall in profits in the spring. But I’ll have to speak to her! now. We … (watch) a video but we … (not watch) a documentary. Voi fi în Bucureşti. I’ll finish it this morning. Translate the following sentences into English: 1. 5. 2. I …(get) you something to drink. Ea crede că va ajunge mâine dimineaţă. Match a sentence from column A to a sentence in B to make two-line dialogues: A B I really need that report today. Can I call you tonight? 1. I’m going to a meeting. The report … (be) ready next Monday. and about the future of your country. 7. 3. 6. Luna viitoare vom deschide probabil o fabrică în Suedia. 7. f.00. I’ll just give you my mobile number. I’ll phone you later. 6. My plane gets in at seven. 4. 8. a. 6. 3 Wait here. c. I’ll come home at 7. The boss wants to see you right e. Preţul produselor va creşte probabil anul viitor. I … (introduce) you to Mary. What will you do on your next holiday? 2. B: I'll get it. Perhaps I … (go) to Sydney next year.: I think I’ll wait (wait) for my mother. I expect you … (stay) in a hotel. “A perpetual holiday is a good working definition of hell. Test 1 Answer the following questions: 1. What will you probably do next week? 4.A: The phone is ringing. 5. 3. 4. Nu voi fi la birou mâine. Cred că anul viitor vom merge în Franţa.
5. She probably will come yesterday.: She's going to have a baby. It expresses the idea that a person intends to do something in the future. (I can see that she is pregnant) It's going to rain. all the vocabulary included. Will you go to France next year? 7. Do will the company employ more people? 2. You’ll will go on a training course. Will you buy a new car next year? 8.2 Making Money • • • • Objectives: to make students speak about future events.5. E. 9. What you should know at the end of this unit: be going to and Present Continuous used for future events. E.g. 4. 10. Will you call your friends tomorrow? Test 2 Correct the following sentences: 1. Content of the unit: study time. When will you take a holiday next year? 9. Be going to + infinitive is also used to speak about the future when we have some evidence that something is certain or likely to happen. I don’t will arrive until 7. (I can see the dark storm clouds) . 8.: He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii. I will be here last month. I not will go to Spain with you.00. Unit 6.g. She wills phone him tomorrow. I'm going to study law when I finish school. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to talk about future events. It will to rain tomorrow. Who will you meet tomorrow? 10. it shows that you have a plan to do something. 6. What will change in your life in five years’ time? 6. 7. Does he will visit you next year? 3. They won’t arrive last Monday.no more than 3 hours: TO BE GOING TO Positive and negative I am (not) He/ She is (not) going to It We You are (not) They stay at home Question Am I going to stay at home? Is he/ she/ it going to stay at home? Are you/ we/ they going to stay at home? Be going to is followed by a verb (infinitive).
The Present Continuous for future actions The Present Continuous is usually used to speak about personal arrangements.g. E.: We're meeting Jim at the pub at 6 o'clock. 6. My friend is not going by train. It’s a fact.What are you going to eat? 1. When is be going to used? 2. It’s my birthday next week. What tense do we use to express future actions with the verbs to come and to go? Exercises: 1. Andy is going to University. 8. We use them to talk about plans or decisions: E. In the future they … probably (replace) phones with videophones. The use of be going to+ infinitive and the Present Continuous tense to speak about the future is similar. usually mentioning the time and the place of a meeting. My parents are coming for dinner. (when/ you/ finish?) 2. I … (see) you for lunch. Next year it … (be) John’s 30th anniversary. I have a lot of work to do. What … (you/do) tomorrow at 3. Nothing. 9. I … (go) to Bucharest on Friday. (=It is decided) I'm going to spend the weekend at home. (What/ you/ see?) 3.g. (it/ rain?) 8. He … (have) an accident. 3. I’m thirsty. .: We’re going to Paris next week.g.: What are you doing this weekend? (= What are your plans?) I'm spending the weekend at home. I … (not be) long. 7. Questions: 1. We … (test) the new machines sometime next week. They are coming for dinner tomorrow. (what/ you / eat?). Make questions using the words in the brackets and be going to: E.30 pm? 10. (what / you/ cook?) 4.: I’m hungry. 5. (what/ you/ drink?) 2. It’s cloudy.g. That driver is terrible. Wait for me. When is the Present Continuous used for future actions? 3. (= It is decided) With the verbs to go and to come we usually use the Present Continuous for future plans and intentions: E. Vivendi … (buy) Seagram. We’re going to the cinema. (she/ fly?) 6. 4. (you / have a party?) 7. please. The taxi's picking us up at 3 o'clock. 2. Complete the sentences with the verbs in the brackets into a future form( will or be going to): 1. I think your plan… probably (succeed). (What/ he/ study?) 5.
3. It’s a bargain It’s good value It’s poor value b. g. 7. Someone …(be) at the airport to meet you. 8. 2. d. . It’s cheap It’s dear It’s expensive c. I … (go) to the travel agency to buy your tickets. 2. f. Rich Poor You have to pay this. I … probably (give) them to you tomorrow. You … (arrive) in London sometime before lunch. for. 5. 7. Owe £300 Be £300 in debt Earn £300 e. Andy used to earn a good salary. Johnson at the headquarters. 9. 2. a bill cash a safe wealthy broke wages change B a. e. You … (leave) on Tuesday at 8 o’clock. You put money in this. But. 4. You … (stay) at the Marriot Hotel. hire purchase buy 6. so he needed his own business. Which phrase has a different meaning from the others in each list? a. Read the following text: Making money out of money Andy Munroe had a very good job at his father’s company in London. Money in your pocket. 3. 4. in 1. 5. Money for your work. It’s worthless It has no value It’s priceless d. Do you have change … a £20 note? 3. but he wanted to make a lot of money. It is certain. After that you … (have) time to go to the hotel. b. Your first meeting is at 2pm. Harry invested all his money … company shares. and you … (see) Mr. 6. She spent all his money … clothes. Complete the sentences with the verbs in the brackets into a future form( will or Present Continuous): 1. Match a word from A with a definition in B: A 1. 4. five years ago he decided to resign and do something for himself. He couldn’t afford to start a company immediately. Something the shop-assistant gives you after you buy things. He … probably (take) you to lunch. c. 7.3. and saved as much as he could. Complete these sentences by adding the correct preposition: on. 6. but during his years at his father’s company he spent very little money. Could you pay … the drinks? I don’t have any change. 5. Money and banking 4.
What does his company do? 5. He says that he will soon own 80% of Munroe and Co. will you do b. money is meaningless. Test 1 (1 hour) Choose the right answer: 1. save. “After a certain point. but he can’t (3)… to pay for it because he/ she doesn’t (4)… enough money at work. Why did he resign from his job? 3. Perhaps next year he will hire some young well-trained people to look after his business. A bank is also a place where customers can make money. will you d. He hopes he will soon become a billionaire. What is his strategy for lending money? 9. am going c. will is 4. Munroe and Co. lends. A typical client borrows only £30. they can (8)… their money in a fixed interest account. Answer the following questions: 1. Munroe and Co specialized in lending money to other businesses. they will know what their money will be worth in three or four years’ time. So. will go d.000 and he personally examines the references and income of every client. am going to go b. For example. For example. Describe a successful business. he realizes it was a good idea and he hopes that his profits will rise by 25% next year. a customer wants to buy a new car. The game is what counts. loan A bank makes a (1)… when it (2) … money to its customers. is d.” Aristotle Onassis Writing Task: Write about making money in Romania and abroad. Fill in the gaps with the following words: interest. His decision was a risk but his first client was a firm in London which paid back the money that it owed at an interest rate of 20%. When did Andy Munroe start Munroe and Co? 2. It ceases to be the goal. do you 3. profit. afford. are you doing c.Two years ago he invested his money in his new business. What does he hope for? 6. What … tonight? a. because his shares in the company are now worth some million pounds. he/ she goes to the bank manager and asks to (5)… some money. or at least nearly. But when he makes the (6) … he also has to pay (7)… on the money that he owes. will be b. Where did he get the money to launch his business? 4. because he has the same strategy for the company: small loans. be c. He … away for the weekend. 8. This Christmas I … probably on a trip to Greece. You can’t talk to him then. a. borrow. a. go 2. . You … the manager tomorrow at 4 o’clock. Looking back now. earn. This way. but only small sums.
a. I have no money. bargain 20. He couldn’t afford to start a company immediately. are going to visit 7. lend b. He couldn’t … to buy a new car. borrowed c. sell 19. borrow c. spend d. I bought a very good car for $1000. I need … for a £20 note. wealthy c. coming d. so he … because he was still young. lend b. spending c. afford d. His first client was a firm in London. They … for dinner tomorrow at 7. borrowed c. are going to come c. earned 12. is meeting 5. saved 16. fired c. 6. earn c. a. aren’t d. a. She … here to meet you when you arrive. 5. borrow. Small loans are the key to successful business. spent d. invest b. visit c.lent (to someone). saved 18. His shares in the company are now worth some thousand pounds. 2. He … all his money on software. will spend d. a. earned 11. are meeting c. spent d. I spent it all. come 8. 3. a. borrow c. hired b. spend b. He can buy whatever he wants. a. earn 10. fired c. hired b. earned c. a.borrowed (from someone). lent b. We … the factory sometime next week. won’t be c. 10. worth d. coins b. I’m completely … . bargain Test 2 Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. a. a. I … the weekend at home. retired 14. owe d. meet d. a. a.I was £300 in debt. a.00. a. resigned d. invested b. retired 13. He …………… me his car last week. so he went to the bank. He is a wealthy man. will visit d. The company … many young employees because they were good. broke b. worth d. poor value b. 8. His profits will rise by 25% next year. will meet b. He … money from the bank because the interest rate was low. afforded d. He didn’t like his job. It is decided. a. a. I made a loan and now I … money to the bank. cash d. are visiting b. owe (to someone) or earn: 1. 4. afforded d. good value c. . earned c. resigned d. I … my money in a fixed interest account. 7. She … all her money in company shares. 9. save 17.a. I can’t sell this statuette to you. a. pocket money c. The bank … him the money because he had good references. Fill in the gaps with lend. are coming b. be not b. change 15. lent b. It’s from my mother and it’s priceless. He paid back the money that he owed at an interest rate of 8%. It was a real … . aren’t being 9. am spending 6. Next year he will hire some young well-trained people to look after his business. invested b.
10. to agree and disagree.3 Million Dollar Products • • • • Objectives: to make students express their opinions. I can’t afford it. a lot of money. all the vocabulary included.2. Unit 6. to agree and disagree.… a book from the library tomorrow.. to make suggestions. Now I …………………. 4. … Making suggestions Making a suggestion Let’s + verb! How about+ verb-ing? What about + verb-ing? Why don’t we +verb? We could +verb. It’s too complicated.. What you should know at the end of this unit: to express your opinions. He didn’t ………………. 9.? We could rent a video. I will ………………. I have no debts. .. What do you think about Phil’s suggestion? . Content of the unit: study time. He ………….V. but didn’t pay me back.… some money from me last month. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to express your opinions.… is not enough to buy a car. 6. let’s do it. 8. My parents ……………. The money that I ………………. In my opinion.… money from a bank. money to no one.you only $20 more. so he resigned and started his own company. Could we + verb? Shall we + verb? Would you like to +verb? I think we should +verb.no more than 3 hours: Asking for and giving opinions You can ask for somebody’s opinion using one of the following questions: What do you think about…? How do you feel about … ? You can tell somebody your opinion starting the sentence with: I think …/ I don’t think … . I’m sorry but … I’m sorry I can’t make it this evening. to make suggestions.. Accepting a suggestion That sounds great! Good idea! I’d love to! (British English) Sure! (American English) That’s a great idea! OK.I think he should reconsider the problem. Can I …………………… your pen? Can you ………………… me your book? I …………………. to respond to suggestions. 7. 5. Here is $30. It isn’t worth it. 3. Let’s go out tonight! How about going to the cinema? Why don’t we stay at home and watch T. Refusing a suggestion I’m afraid … I’m afraid I’m not free.
I like traveling abroad. 7. I visited Turkey last summer. You work for a travel agent and you want to attract more young customers. A: I will listen to her.(-) A: I don’t like music. (+) B: I don’t. I do/ I don’t. I spend too much money. A: I saw Mary last night.: How about employing more young people because most of our staff is over 50? What about employing more young people because… We could employ more young people because… . I saw the President yesterday. 3. I didn’t meet my friends last night. Exercises: 1.Shall we listen to the Prime Minister on the radio? Would you like me to show you the town? I think we should ask the boss first. 8. You can use the following sentences to disagree: I think you might be wrong. Agreeing and disagreeing You can use the following words and sentences to agree: You’re right. B: I won’t. I don’t save my money in a bank. 6. A: I won’t listen to her. I did/ I didn’t.g. / I have to say I disagree with you. / Exactly. Agree and disagree with the following statements using Me too/ Me neither. 2. 9. using How about/ What about/ Why don’t we/ We could/ Let’s: E. Make suggestions to your employer for column A giving the reasons from column B.(-) B: Me neither.(+) B: Me too. (+) A: I like music. I will/ I won’t: 1. / I’m not sure if you’re right. / I agree with you. (-) B: I do. You can also use the following expressions: A: I like music. I will open a shop next year.(-) A: I don’t like music. B: I will. B: I didn’t. I usually buy cheap things. 2. I won’t have a winter holiday. B: I did. 4. 5. 10. I wanted to buy a car last month.(+) (+) = positive sentence (-) = negative sentence Do and don’t change according to the verb tense in the main sentence: A: I didn’t enjoy the show last night.
Do you think it is right for people to smoke at work? 2. You really need to relax. You are hungry and you would like to have a Chinese take-away meal because you are too tired to go out to eat. re-decorate our office c. in your opinion. Suggest a suitable restaurant. What do you say? d. employ more young people a. advertise in universities d. You and your colleague are taking an important client to lunch.00 a. not move to a different location b. You are reading in the newspaper that an excellent new film is on at the local cinema. What do you think? Express your opinions about the following issues. not produce a separate brochure for young people i.Reasons 1.m. b. You are at a meeting. At a meeting your boss asks you of a way to save the company money. e. What do you think about children playing computer games all day long? 4. 5. and it is still going on at 2. Use I think …/ I don’t think / In my opinion: E. Some of the people are getting tired and you really need to have a break. 10.g. offer holidays for single people not only families 6. h. be less formal with young people 8. At a meeting your boss asks you to suggest a way of improving staff’s work. young people usually use them 3. 3. f. 9. It started at 8. c.: At what age. e. is it right for men and women to retire? I think men and women should retire at 57 because we need more jobs for young people. You are at home with your friend after a hard day’s work.Why don’t we employ more young people because … Let’s employ… (Let’s not employ…) A.: I think we should employ more young people because most of our staff is over 50.g. 4. Do you think it is right that the government increases the income tax? 3. 2. 4. 7. 1.m. advertise in means of transport most of our staff is over 50 we can’t afford a higher rent the colours are old. give discounts to students f. a. What do you say in the following situations? Use How about/ What about/ Why don’t we/ We could/ I think we should: E.00 p. Do you think that the speed limit should be restricted to 90 km/h? . not reduce our prices g.Suggestions B.fashioned students don’t know about us most of our tours are for couples and families they don’t have a lot of money they feel a little tense here our profit will decrease the cost of printing is too high j. You are at home with your friend after a hard day’s work.
Her career includes: an astronaut. Barbie can have fun. Read the following statements and say if they are true or false: a. was the first step in a successful brand -stretching exercise. which manufactures Barbie. Computer games are replacing dolls. Barbie. the bestselling toy in the history of the world is over forty now. Well. Do you agree that companies that pollute the environment should be shut down? 5. And we only have 2 months left. She still has the same legs and an amazing figure. Barbie (real name Barbara Millicent Roberts) was the idea of Ruth Handler. Read the following dialogue about the marketing of a new magazine for teenagers and choose the correct word or phrase: A: I think / don’t think a free gift with the first issue is important. but she is not getting old. Barbie has had seventy-five different careers and created a $1. Barbie is never the same for too long. A: Exactly / Exact. 6. So. B: That’s a great/ big idea. 7. Why don’t we give/ giving them a free CD? A: That’s an interested/ interesting idea but I’m not sure we can afford / worth it. Do you agree with the fact that the growth of fast food restaurants should be limited? 6. Do/ Are you agree? B: Yes. What would you suggest as a gift in the situation above? Practise the dialogue. I thought. I suppose/ agree. Now there are Barbie CD-ROMs and Barbie digital cameras.9 billion industry. Boys have Action Man and they can always imagine they are part of the Marines and girls have their Barbie dolls and they can imagine they are beautiful and independent. We could / should charge the manufacturers for publicity. Somewhere in the world a Barbie is bought every two seconds. . and even a Presidential candidate. All in all. a business executive. As a result. Dolls are universal. (Adapted from Quick Work) 8. what about to give/ giving them a free sample of some perfume or shampoo. the toy continues to outsell both Nintendo and Lego. Ruth saw her daughter playing with paper dolls. I think that sounds/ looks great. Do you think it should be illegal to buy alcohol if you are less than 21 years old? 7. why don’t we make a doll look like a young woman?” remembers Ruth. but they always come back to their dolls. You might think that Barbie is out of date but she isn’t. Read the following text: Billion Dollar Barbie Children may like to kill monsters from outer space.5. We really need something that doesn’t cost too much. a surgeon. Ken. It attracts teenagers. then somebody has to write that. b. an airline pilot. And so Barbie was born. She has around 100 new costumes every year and follows new fashion. The decision in 1961 to give her a boyfriend. But what are we going to give them? A: What/ Which about something like a love story or a book? B: Well. but she is also a working woman and she became a role model to million of young girls. Barbie has the figure of a seventeen-year–old girl. “My daughter always imagined that she was sixteen or seventeen when she was around dolls. B: I suppose yes / so. the wife of one of the founders of the Mattel Company.
b. you should start immediately. After d. would like 13. to starting 9. b. I visited Turkey last summer. Publisher. 2. I did. c. What should you do/ say? . To b. hotel. Me too. a. Me neither. The first Barbie was designed for a sixteen-year-old girl. I didn’t meet my friends last night. afford c. company 12. d. A surgeon works in a … a. c. worth b. restaurant b.” Benjamin Franklin (17061790) American Scientist. Make suggestions for the following situations: 16. Sales of Barbie dolls are still high. should d. car b. to giving 11. give d. c. I don’t like swimming. “If you would know the value of money. Test 1 Choose the right answer: 1. A woman lights a cigarette next to you. so we can’t … this car. in 7. … you agree with my suggestion? a. You are waiting in the non-smoking section of the departure lounge at an airport. I agree … you a. hospital d. 4. pages c. Barbie changes career every year. I do. a. d. I not d. I didn’t. Magazines usually present … of perfumes because they get paid for advertising. Is c. f. d. a. What about … the meeting at 8. 5. I not. with d. I do. a. would like 14. Me neither. I did. Mattel produces a large number of different costumes for Barbie every year. Are b. e. On c. afford c. We don’t have any money. should d. to b. 3. game d. I yes. try to borrow some. In 8. a. Do 10. to start c. samples 15. Me too. a. I spend too much money. I not. start d. I do.c. I not. The Barbie idea is now … billions of dollars a. b. 6. boxes d. company c. a. c. a. … my opinion. Can d. I will speak English every day. worth b.00? a. d. for c. b. b. Barbie is a … a. giving c. a. d. to give b. starting b. Me neither c. Diplomat Writing Task: Write about products that sell very well. I won’t. Me too. I think we should … them a gift. doll c. bottles b. Me neither. I yes.
lent d. be 7. staying c. a.9 billion industry. . The toy continues to outsell both Nintendo and Lego.10. 5. will seeing 9. owed 11. Barbie had seventy-five different careers and created a $1. will go d. It is decided.00. You might think that Barbie is out of date but she isn’t. but dolls are universal. … rain? a. You … at the Marriott Hotel. Do you will d. Are you c. see 3. will stay 5. don’t will d. are seeing d. am going b. a. will see b. seeing c. I … to Bucharest sometime next week. Children may like to kill monsters from outer space. are going to see c. I … arrive until 7. willn’t b. a. Will it b. It’s cloudy. will be b. What should you do/ say? 20. Your boss asks you to do extra work at weekends but he tells you there will be no extra payment. Barbie can have fun. go 10. to seeing d. not will 4. It is going to 6. but she is not getting old. 2.17. I’ll … you there. borrow b. a. Are you going b. It will c. owe 12. phoned d. 9. but she is also a working woman. won’t c. phones 2. a. a. a. The bank … him the money because he had good references. You are at the restaurant and you notice a mistake in your bill: you are charged for the food but not for the drinks. to see b. are staying d. 8. lend d. Putting Ken. Will you 8. a. the bestselling toy in the history of the world is over forty. 3. am going to go c. You have to make a presentation but you forgot everything you prepared at home. You notice a person putting some things into his/ her bag. will phone b. but you are in a hurry. 7. 4. She became a role model to million of young girls. Sales of Barbie dolls are still high. I … you later. What should you do? 19. borrowed b. We’re going to the cinema. … call your friends tomorrow? a. Test 3 Choose the right answer: 1. are stay b. You are at a supermarket. Can I … your pen? a. wills be d. We … an excellent film. on the market was a successful brand -stretching exercise. I think that sounds great. Is it going to d. The report … ready next Monday. gave c. What should you do/ say? Test 2 Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. 6. give c. is being c. The money that I … is not enough to buy a car. Barbie’s boyfriend. phone c. All in all. What should you ask for to compensate? What should you do/ say? 18. Barbie.
I think we … the meeting at 10. to move d. earns 14. 20. owe c. give b. Can d. employing d. employ b. I will probably going to the cinema. How about go to a restaurant? 2. 16. … advertise in universities? a.00. 7. lends d. . We could d. Are b. Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 11. What about … more young people? a. What about c. owes c. such 20. How about b. Me neither. How do you think about our politicians? 8. That sounds is great. not move c. should start d. to start 18. c. 17. a. moving b. shares are his millions worth. our should money a in bank we save. We won’t have a winter holiday. Which about meeting tomorrow at 6. 14. 19. Why don’t we 19. What do you feel about their suggestions? 9. That’s a big idea! 10. yes c. I am agree with you. start c. 18. afraid I’m free not I’m. Let’s … to a different location because we can’t afford a higher rent. not to move 16. 15. film let’s and see go a. 6. Me too b. rate is interest the high. to employ c. so he … money to me. so b.a. I sorry I can’t make it today. … you agree with my suggestion? a. I not d. no d. 5. I book may borrow your? 12. Do Test 4 Correct the following sentences: 1. gives b. you lend can me pen your? 13. a. earn 13. over staff our 50 is.00? 4. a. I suppose … a. Is c. take-away should we meal Chinese have a. 3. to employing 15. Let’s listening to some music. I lent him $40. I do. afford we a rent higher can’t. 17. lend d. a. starting b.
COMPARING HOTELS • • • Objectives: to make students analyse and compare things. change the "y" to "i" and add -er: Happy . Adjectives of three or more syllables form the comparative with more: Beautiful .more boring 3.better Bad .more interesting Most adjectives of two syllables form the comparative with more: Famous .funnier Easy .nicer Fine .clearer Fast .worse Far . What you should know at the end of this module: . Often. the comparative adjective is followed by 'than'.Module 7 THE BUSINESS TRAVELLER. persons and situations.all the vocabulary included. products.cheaper If a one -syllable adjective ends in -e.1 Comparison of Adjectives We use comparative adjectives when talking about 2 things.bigger Slim . What skills you will have at the end of this module: to compare.finer For some adjectives. E.the comparison of adjectives and adverbs. But Chris is 1m85.: John is 1m80. I want to have a more powerful computer. He is taller than John.happier Funny . .more beautiful Comfortable .more famous Boring .more comfortable Interesting . He is tall.slimmer Fat – fatter Adjectives that end in -y. we add -r: Nice .farther or further . to analyse. There are two ways to form a comparative adjective: 1. 7. to make phone calls. to check and to confirm appointments.g. One –syllable (short) adjectives form the comparative by adding -er: Clear . it is necessary to double the last letter before adding –er: Big .easier 2. Irregular comparative adjectives: Good .faster Cheap .
Big . One –syllable adjectives form the superlative by adding -est: Clear – the clearest Fast . E. Mars is colder than Earth. David is 1m80.: John is 1m75. Mars has more moons than Earth.the fattest Adjectives of three or more syllables form the superlative with most: Beautiful .the most beautiful Comfortable .worse Old …older or elder E. we can compare them like this: Earth Diameter (km) 12.the most comfortable Interesting .the most famous Boring .the biggest Slim .the most boring With some 2-syllable adjectives.760 Mars 6. Most adjectives of two syllables form the superlative with most: Famous . A day on Mars is longer than a day on Earth.: If we talk about the two planets Earth and Mars. we add . Distance from Sun (million 150 km) Length of day (hours) Moons Surface temperature (°C) 24 1 22 25 2 -23 Superlative Adjectives We use a superlative adjective to describe 1 thing/ person in a group of 3 or more things/ persons.the slimmest Fat .st : Nice .the fastest Cheap .the nicest Fine .the cheapest If a one -syllable adjective ends in -e. Chris is 1m85. There are two ways to form a superlative adjective: 1.the finest For some adjectives. Mars is more distant from the Sun.790 228 Mars is smaller than Earth.Little (quantity) . Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.the most interesting 2.g. it is necessary to double the last letter before adding – est:. we can use -est or most: . Chris is the tallest.g.more Ill .less Much .
Jupiter is the coldest.easiest 3.: If we talk about the three planets Earth.the worst Far .happiest Funny .the least Much . we can use superlatives: Earth Diameter (km) Distance from (million km) Length of day (hours) Moons Surface temperature (°C) Sun 12.the quietest/most quiet Clever . Jupiter has the most moons.the worst Old . change the "y" to "i" and add -est: Happy .the simplest/most simple Adjectives that end in -y.790 228 25 2 -23 142.the farthest or furthest Little (quantity) .Quiet . . Jupiter has the shortest day.the best Bad .funniest Easy .the most Ill . Mars and Jupiter. Jupiter is the most distant from the Sun. Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Adjective Comparative cheap cheaper safe safer big bigger heavy heavier boring more boring Irregular Comparative Adjectives good better bad/ ill worse much more little less far farther/further old older/ elder Superlative the cheapest the safest the biggest the heaviest the most boring the best the worst the most the least the farthest/ furthest the oldest/ eldest The as — as construction can be used to express equality: She is as beautiful as her mother.800 778 10 16 -150 Jupiter is the biggest.g. Irregular superlative adjectives: Good .the oldest or eldest E.760 150 24 1 22 Mars Jupiter 6.the narrowest/most narrow Simple .the cleverest/most clever Narrow .
safer – more dangerous 1. better . Name three irregular adjectives. more difficult 8. How do you form the comparative of short adjectives? 2. you yours It’s his. we ours It’s yours.g. such is used in front of a noun: So + adjective/ adverb. Possessive Pronouns Possessive pronouns are never followed by a noun. further 2. such a + adjective + noun (singular). They have such nice colleagues. Enough shows that something is sufficient. What do too and enough express? Exercises: 1. Whose is this book? = Whose book is this? Subject Possessive It’s mine. Write the opposites of the following comparative adjectives: E. Enough + Nouns: There isn’t enough time. bigger 4. such + adj. he his It’s hers. How can you express equality? 6. she hers it its It’s ours. Too and Enough Too shows something is more than necessary.So and Such So and such are used for emphasis. When are so and such used? 8. How do you form the superlative of short adjectives? 4. Adjectives/ adverbs + enough: It is hot enough. So is used in front of an adjective or an adverb. more boring 7. you yours It’s theirs. Too + adjectives/ adverbs/ nouns: It is too hot.: faster – slower. How do you form the comparative of long adjectives? 3. cheaper 5. + nouns (plural) It was so hot yesterday. I mine It’s yours. He was such a nice person. They run fast enough. 7. They run too slow. they theirs Questions: 1. How do you form the superlative of long adjectives? 5.
Timisoara is less busy than/ that/ then Bucharest. My town is cleaner than yours. h. This product is the most profitable/ the more profitable you can buy.g. This year the sales figures are ……………… (bad). 10. Your garden is ……. Today is much ……………. Nothing is worse/ worst than being stuck in a traffic jam.………….. f. 1. (little) I can do for him. Complete the sentences with the superlative form of the adjectives in the brackets: E. 3. Your house is ……………………. He took me to …………………… (expensive) restaurant in the city. 4. more 10.g.. The next one is …………………………. Paul is so good a technician as/ as good a technician as John. 7. This exercise isn’t very difficult. cleaner 6. 7. hers. Linda’s dress isn’t very pretty. Your car is …………………….. hers. 4. The meeting wasn’t long as/ as long as I thought. Shares can be ……………………… (risky) form of investment. a. My car isn’t very new.. Yesterday wasn’t very hot. Laura’s dress is …………………. i. Ann’s house isn’t very modern.: Coca-Cola is the biggest (big) soft drinks manufacturer in the world.……… Linda’s. Jane’s father isn’t very old. The Hill View is . this one. The hotel isn’t much farer/ further. g.… hers. Your homework was ………. 3.……………………. Of course I’ll speak to him. John’s garden isn’t very big. He is ……………….3. 8. (powerful) machine in the world. 9. d. 2. 4. Last year we had ……………………. This keyboard is ……….. noisier 2. (high) profits. colder 9.……….: This town isn’t very clean..………… (small).………… than yesterday. Underline the correct words: 1. his. 3. 5. This computer is one of the best/ better on the market. Our budget isn’t as big as your/ yours. We are not …………………… (large) company in our sector. This is …………………………….…. 5.. My father is ………………………. c. I’m sorry you had to wait longer than/ the longest we expected.…………………… . e.. 10.. His problem is …………………… (important). Susan’s homework wasn’t very good. b. 9. 8. 6. 2. 6. mine. It’s ………………. The Sea View Hotel isn’t very far from the beach. (difficult) customer in the whole world. . This version of the product is the later/ latest. Complete the sentences using the comparative form of the underlined adjectives: E.
: A hotel room in Tokyo is more expensive than one in Melbourne. Complete the following sentences with so or such: 1.5. .g.. late that we got worried. We are ……… sorry that you are disappointed with our work. 6. 6. 9. The registration fee at the conference was ………… expensive. 4. Compare the information about visiting the following three cities. The service you provide isn’t good ………….. a good presentation that he got the job immediately.… bad that we had to change the waiter.00 Safety (1= dangerous 10=safe) 3 Use the following adjectives: strong/ weak expensive/ cheap warm/ chilly efficient/ inefficient reliable/ unreliable good/ bad safe/ dangerous busy/ quiet rich/ poor E... A hotel room in Bombay is ………………. The yen is the strongest of the three currencies. After ………… a long time he didn’t recognize me.00 9 Cost of hotel room Currency Quality of beaches(1=worst. 10= best) Temperature (October 27 average) Public Transport cheap/ not reliable Cost of meal in restaurant $3. 5. 3. 7. …………… high quality justifies the price. The payment was ………. I sold …………… products to get a bonus. Complete the following sentences with very. The delivery time is ………. 3. It was …………. 4. time to prepare for the meeting. 10. bad that we refused to pay. difficult to please everyone. It was ………. strong 4 17 very excellent $40. My agenda is …………. It is …………. 6. Costs increased …………… rapidly that we were amazed. for us. ………….. The work was ………. I don’t have …………. 5. 7. weak 1 Melbourne $75-125 A$ moderate 9 20 good/ cheap $20. The service was ……….. 8. expensive things cost a lot to repair.… a large sum of money that they invested it in buildings.… long. The cost of a meal in Bombay ……………………….. etc.. 2. too or enough: 1. 7. 2. checking the table: Bombay $25-50 Rupee. busy that I can’t meet you until next week.00 8 not Tokyo $200+ Yen.
shops and cinema. coffee shop. cocktail bar. In my opinion. 32 acres of tranquil gardens.. For me the ideal hotel needs to be far from cinemas or any form of civilization. video.£549 £315 Jenny Wright: “I work for one of the largest tour operators in the country. dishwasher. and you can only see each other at the restaurant. I think a good range of restaurants is very important. 8. Italian marble. but now that I am 77 I usually go away for the weekend. If you ask me. Read the description of the three hotels. as long as there are enough facilities. steam room. woodland walks and panoramic hill-walk overlooking the sea. bed linen provided for free.” Josh Billings (1815-1885) American Humorist. Luxury bedrooms. so I spend most of my time traveling. Boating. Nearby restaurants and snack bars. Central heating. but pay for her board at some good hotel. ensuite. Weekly: £89 . clean and peaceful accommodation. B&B £30-55. 10. Then read what the three people say. Beauty treatments.8. There are ……………. the best hotels are the old-fashioned ones. Free car parking. Your own beach starting from your door. Family baby. Weekly D. Each apartment has its own distinctive character. Lecturer. washer/ drier. Equipped from dishwasher to … fresh flowers. but of course they should have a range of facilities. fishing. sauna. and when we travel we like to take our children with us. 9.” Agatha Trump: “I used to travel very often. . quickly for me to understand. A delightful unique selection of spacious. golf. hotels have to be efficient.sitting.£500 Beach Bungalows Exclusive beach bungalow in an area of outstanding natural beauty. TV.” “Be kind to your mother-in-law. Award winning restaurant. central location for promenade. Overlooking Anglesey with the mountain range behind us.” Miguel Morales: “We have a small family business in Spain. with a lot of atmosphere. Play area for children.catering apartments are the best. many people. self. the phones should work and there should be overnight laundry service. Jacuzzi bathroom.. fine paintings. lounge. Special rates for two night dinner bed &breakfast available all year. Regret no young children. She speaks ……………. 1-4 bedrooms. notice required. Indoor and outdoor heated pools. B&B £255- Bryn Bras Castle Welcome to elegant TowerHouse and enchanting Castle Apartments within romantic Regency Castle. Weekly: £200 . I don’t think big hotels look after small groups very wellthey often put you on different floors. hot water. elegantly furnished with antiques. The room isn’t large …………… . If you ask me. TV/video/satellite. microwave. bathing. Decide where they would like to go: Empire Hotel Beautiful privately owned hotel.
16. Everest mountain is the . Where are the more beautiful beaches in the world? 11. We are such late that we must take a taxi. in tallest world the Mt. 4. 7. Albert Einstein is intelligenter than me. 3. Tokyo is as busy as Melbourne. clean and peaceful accommodation. The Ferrari is the faster car of all. Who is the better lawyer in town? 13. The Atlantic Ocean is not as big the Pacific Ocean. 4. 9. He is so a clever boy. 10. 6. 5. woodland walks and panoramic hill-walk overlooking the sea. 19. 12. 8. 18. than food food is German Italian better …………………………………………………… 12. 17. The public transport in Tokyo is more reliable than the public transport in Bombay. 9. His performance was too excellent. fine paintings. and Italian marble. 2. 20. 2. Test 1 (1 hour) Correct the following sentences: 1. 8. Your hands are dirtyer than mine. 14. not hot Casablanca is as Paris as …………………………………………………… 14. There is a delightful unique selection of spacious. His father is younger than my. There aren’t rooms enough for everybody. privately owned hotel. The car was not as noisy so I thought. There are too many people and the room isn’t large enough. This is an exclusive beach bungalow in an area of outstanding natural beauty. A hotel room in Tokyo is more expensive than one in Melbourne. Yours parents aren’t as old as his. 10.Writing Task: Which of the three above is your favourite hotel and why? What is your ideal hotel like? Describe it and/ or compare it with one of the hotels above. Nobody is rich as the Queen of England. Put the words in the correct order: 11. There are luxurious bedrooms elegantly furnished with antiques. 15. 5.This is a beautiful. There are 32 acres of tranquil gardens. 3. That restaurant is best in town. Who is fastest man in the world? 7. China is bigger then India. It is enough easy to talk to him. 6. This is the cheaper car on the market. hotel This one the than last cleaner is …………………………………………………… 13. I am as taller as you. Test 2 Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. Costs increased so rapidly that we were amazed.
the fastest Jim works harder than his brother. With adverbs ending in -ly. persons and situations. 15. swimming or playing tennis? Explain your choice. Everyone in the race ran fast. . Which is more fun. important Is more politics education than ? ……………………………………………………. Answer the following questions: 16.no more than 3 hours: Comparative Adverbs What is the difference between adverbs and adjectives? Adjectives are used to describe nouns and they usually come immediately before the noun. Content of the unit: study time.Two black cats (not blacks).. smoking or drinking alcohol? 19. Adverbs are used to describe verbs. expressions with make and do. Adjectives have only one form for singular and plural. Which is the best TV show? Unit 7. adjectives or other adverbs.2 Making and Doing • • • • Objectives: to make students compare and analyse things and situations. Which is the most populated country in the world? 20. He runs quickly. What you should know at the end of this unit: the comparative and the superlative of adverbs. In general. comparative and superlative forms of adverbs are the same as for adjectives. Many adverbs end in –ly. We add -er or -est to short adverbs: hard –harder – the hardest late – later – the latest fast – faster. Which is more unhealthy.. One black cat. The car rolled very slowly down the road. It is an extremely difficult question.……………………………………………………. Is skiing more difficult than walking? 18. all the vocabulary included. but John ran the fastest of all. and not after it as in some other languages. we superlative: quietly slowly seriously use more for the comparative and most for the more quietly more slowly more seriously most quietly most slowly most seriously . What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to compare and analyse things. 17.
The teacher spoke more slowly to help us to understand. She is … (2) organized and does her work …(3) . Fill in the gaps with the comparative or superlative forms of the adjectives in brackets: Hotel: Good afternoon. 2. Choose the correct word: 1. 3. 5. fluently. 3. The President spoke optimistic/ optimistically about the future of our company. How do you form the comparative of adverbs? 2. Questions: 1. 4. we tried to keep up with demand. Some adverbs have irregular comparative and superlative forms: well better the best badly worse the worst much more the most little less the least far further the farthest The little boy ran further than his friends. she speaks French …(5) and can understand German … (6). quickly. How can you express equality? 4. How may I help you? . 2. How do you form the superlative of adverbs? 3. 7. Carlton Court Hotel. The dramatic/ dramatically decline in popularity is bad news. Poor/ poorly sales are caused by recession. 8. She spoke enthusiastic/ enthusiastically about the new products. perfectly Miss Thomas works for our company and she is an …(1) reliable employee. extremely. She types …(4). 6. Choose a suitable adverb to fill in the gaps: Hard. efficiently. Last year sales increased gradually/ gradual. The presently/ present board of directors doesn’t have enough experience. You're driving worse today than yesterday! The as — as construction can be used to express equality: He can't run as fast as his sister. The profit forecast is real/ really good. Name three irregular adverbs. well. What is the difference between adjectives and adverbs? Exercises: 1. She always arrives to work …(7) and always works …(8). Natural/ Naturally. early. 5.
5. The Clive is quite a lot … (spacious) than the Nelson. and a small dining –room. Do you want the red car or the blue one? 2. and the Drake. He never makes mistakes. Make sure you plan everything beforehand. 3. Hurry up and make up your mind. en-suite bathroom. Can you make a decision about accepting the job or not? 15. This is our faster/ fastest product. I’d like to make an appointment with the manager. 3. We are a big international company and we do business in over 20 countries. The product is more expensive but the quality is much better/ more better. 9. so it has … (good) view of the city.Guest: Good afternoon. but it’s also our … (popular) one. We could do with a new salesman for that area. The Nelson suite has a single bed. Notice the expressions containing make or do: 1. 7. a sitting room and an en-suite bathroom. Guest: How much … (big) are the other two? Hotel: About twice the size.m. a sitting-room. and has a double bed. so it’s our … (expensive) suite. Choose the correct words: 1. and reservations need to be made well in advance. 5. 4. Could you do me a favour and post this letter for me? 6. Everything is getting more and more expensive/ expensiver and expensiver. It is … (large) than both the Clive and the Nelson. and it’s … (quiet) than them because it’s at the back of the hotel. 11. Guest: Thank you very much. What kind of job do you do? 14. 2. 13. so it’s … (cheap) of the three suites. Are they more or less the same? Hotel: No. 8. 4. It’s the only suite on the top floor. I’m trying to decide which one is … (suitable) for me. She left work early to do the shopping. He didn’t want to do his military service. You have to make an effort to succeed in what you want. It makes no difference to me if you come today or tomorrow. 12. There are near/ nearly twice as many people here as/ than last year. 5. they are individually designed. Read the following sentences and translate them. If you make a mess of it again. Our Department is busy making preparations for the launch of the product. This is the best/ the well organized conference. It costs 65 per night. 16. Any time after 2 p. 10. but of course it is also the … (small) because it is for one person. Our subsidiary in South Africa made a substantial profit last year. . you’ll be fired. the Clive. 7. but that includes dinner for two. Guest: And what is the Drake suite like? Hotel: Well. 4. Could you go more quickly/ more quicklier? 6. It’s … (expensive) and costs 85 per night per person. I’m phoning to ask about the three suites you feature in your brochure – the Nelson. I’ll contact you soon. it’s 105 per person per night including dinner. The new design is considerable/ considerably more light/ lighter than the older one.
mistakes. 6. 11. 19. The room is more quiet than the others because it’s at the back of the hotel. Everything is getting more and more expensive. ………… sure you have everything ready for the presentation. Test 1 (1 hour) Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. What you should know at the end of this unit: telephone expressions.no more than 3 hours: . Please …… up your mind about what you want to do in life. 6. 8. What kind of job do you ………… ? 10. This product is more attractively designed. 4. 7. to check and to confirm appointments. so it’s the cheapest of the three suites. Test 2 Fill in the gaps with make/ made or do/ doing: 1. I’m phoning to ask about the three suites you feature in your brochure. an appointment at the dentist but she was on holiday. ………. 9. Korea is one of the most rapidly/ most rapid developing countries.3 Making a Phone Call • • • • Objectives: to make students engage in telephone conversations. Their company ……………. 16. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to exchange information on the telephone. 2. The product is more expensive but the quality is much better. 9. The new design is considerably lighter than the older one. a profit last year. Unit 7. me a favour and deliver this parcel. Did you ………… your military service? 5. 20. Poor sales are caused by recession. 12. 3. 17.8. It was a pleasure to ……… business with you. Naturally. This product is more attractively/ attractivelier designed. Are the apartments more or less the same? 15. with a glass of water. 10. There are nearly twice as many people here as last year. 8. all the vocabulary included. 4. They are all individually designed. 13.. so it has the best view of the city. 9. That house is more solidly/ the most solidly built than this one. She spoke enthusiastically about the new products. Korea is one of the most rapidly developing countries. It’s the only suite on the top floor. 18. Founder of Ford Motor Company Writing Task: Write about things that you make and things that you do. It’s so hot that I could …………. “A business that makes nothing but money is a poor kind of business. 7. Content of the unit: study time. I wanted to ……………. Last year sales increased gradually. The Clive is quite a lot more spacious than the Nelson. It is larger than both the Clive and the Nelson. I very rarely ……………. 2. The profit forecast is really good. This is the best organized conference. 3. It costs $65 per night. 10.” Henry Ford (1863 – 1947). 14. 5. we tried to keep up with demand.
Telephone Expressions Receiver of the call … (name) speaking. I’m afraid, Mr. / Ms. … isn’t here at the moment. I'm sorry, but he/ she is not in right now. Sorry, you have the wrong number. Can I take a message? Can you call back? The line is bad. I’ll put you on hold for a moment. We use I’m afraid when we are giving a response which is unhelpful but the reason is outside our control. Checking information We can check information in many ways: - ask people to repeat what they said: Sorry? Could you say that again? I didn’t catch that. - we can repeat what they said: Did you say …? - we can say so and then for confirmation: So, it’s not suitable for you, then. So, we’ll see each other on the 6th then. Changing appointments You can use the following sentences to change appointments: We can bring it forward to an earlier date. We can postpone it to a later date. We can cancel it completely. Questions: 1. How can you check information? 2. What are the three verbs to change appointments? 3. What does the caller say when she/ he is on the phone? 4. What does the operator say on he/ she answers the phone? 5. What does the receiver say when he/ she answers the phone? Exercises: 1. Who says this: the caller, the operator, or the person who is receiving the call? 1. Can I help you? Caller Can/ May I speak to Mr. / Ms. …, please? This is…(+name) Can I have extension ………? Can I leave a message? Tell him/ her that … (name) called, please. Could I call back later? There's a bad connection. I can't get through. Operator Can I help you? May I ask who is calling? Who’s calling ? One moment, please. Can you hold the line? I’ll put you through. The line is busy. Would you like to leave a message?
2. Can I speak to Ms Dupont, please? 3. Who's calling, please? 4. This is Jane Konrad from Apex Industries. 5. One moment, please. 6. Hold the line, please. 7. Putting you through. 8. I'm afraid she's out of the office today. I'm replacing her. Can I help you? 9. Can I take a message? 10. Patricia Mellor speaking. 2. What is the most appropriate answer? 1. Could I speak to Ms. Johnson, please? a) Hang up and I'll call you back. b) Yes, I'll put you through. c) No, I prefer to hang on, it's very important. d) Yes, you could. 2. Good afternoon. Can I help you? a) Yes, I'd like to speak to the person who deals with paying your suppliers, please. b) I'm afraid you seem to have the wrong number. c) No, I prefer to hang on, it's very important. d) Hang up and I'll call you back. 3. Is that Munroe and company? a) Well could you get him to call me back as soon as he gets in? b) Yes, I'll put you through. c) I'm afraid you seem to have the wrong number. d) No, I prefer to hang on, it's very important. 4. I'm afraid he's out of the office and won't be back for an hour or so. a) Well, could you get him to call me back as soon as he gets in? b) I'm afraid you seem to have the wrong number. c) Hang up and I'll call you back. d) Yes, I'll put you through. 5. I could get him to call you back in a few minutes. a) Yes, I'll put you through. b) I'm afraid you seem to have the wrong number. c) Hang up and I'll call you back. d) No, I prefer to hang on, it's very important. 6. There's a lot of noise on the line. Could you speak up? a) Hang up and I'll call you back. b) I'm afraid you seem to have the wrong number. c) Yes, I'll put you through. d) Well could you get him to call me back as soon as he gets in? 3. Choose the correct answer: 1. I'm afraid the person you want is … holiday. a. on b. in c. to d. at 2. I'm afraid he's … Helsinki at present.
a. under b. on c. at d. in 3. I'm afraid he's … the other line. a. under b. beneath c. on d. out of 4. I'm afraid Ms Walker is … the factory at the moment and we cannot contact her. a. into b. under c. out of d. towards 5. I'm afraid he's … a trip all week. a. on b. in c. at d. through 6. I'm afraid that he is … his office and I don't know where he is. a. out of b. in c. at d. under 7. I'm afraid he's … a meeting. a. through b. at c. on d. in 8. I'm afraid I’ve put you… to the wrong extension. a. in b. on c. by d. through 9. I'm afraid Mr. Cook is … our Head Office today. a. at b. through c. over d. on 10. I'm afraid Ms. Chang's … lunch. a. in b. on c. at d. with 4. Read the following telephone conversation: Solving a problem A: Hello, Platinum Systems. How can I help you? B: I’d like to speak to Mr. Munroe, please. A: Who’s calling, please? B: Chris Martin from the Marketing Department. A: I’m putting you through. C: Tim Munroe speaking. B: Hi, Tim, it’s Chris. C: Hello, Chris, what can I do for you? B: We’ve got a problem with the leaflets for the exhibition. We don’t know what happened to them. C: You mean you don’t have them and the exhibition opens on Monday? B: That’s right. C: That’s strange. They were sent last Wednesday. B: Then why aren’t they here? C: Can you contact the freight company? B: I thought that was your responsibility. C: OK. I’ll call them and find out about the leaflets. B: Thanks. C: I’ll call you back as soon as I have some information. B: Do you know my extension number? C: Yes, I have it here. Was there anything else? B: No, that’s all. I’ll wait to hear from you then. Thanks a lot. Bye. 5. Answer the following questions about the conversation above:
(1) tell her to (2) remind her (2) . Sorry. How can I help you? B: Well. b. So. May I take a message? B: Yes. Munroe in the office? 2. …. Tate. could you bring a copy of the 816 file? And also the 906 file that we talked about. Thank you for calling (1). B: May I speak to Ms. Practise the conversation by replacing the phrases in italic with the phrases in the table: A Can I help you? (1) May I help you? (1) not available (2) in a meeting(2) Could you give(3) May I have(3) tell her that you called (4) let her know that you called (4) B Is Ms. of course. I’ll bring both packages at 11. Tate in? (1) I’d like to speak to Ms. then. A: …. A: … B: The 816 and the 906. It’s about our meeting next week. Chris Martin calling. c. So. firstly. … B: That’s it then. Mr. Sorry. B: Hello. I’ll give her the message (4). She’s not at her desk (2) right now. e. I didn’t recognize your voice. Could you ask her (2) to call me back? A: Certainly. See you … 7. Who is calling the freight company? 6. When were the leaflets sent? 5. Tom Arnold speaking. did you say the 816 or the 806? A: Hello. When does the exhibition open? 4. please. d. that’s right.1. Martin. Sorry.. Tate (1)? A: I’m sorry. Is Mr. Does she have (3) your number? B: It’s 4378803. Complete the following telephone conversation with the correct lines: a. Who should they contact? 6. A: OK. B: Yes. Read the following telephone conversation: A: Pacific Air Office.. 8. you mean you want me to bring both. B: This is Chris Martin from Platinum Systems. that’s no problem.00? A: Yes. And could we bring the meeting forward from 12 o’clock to 11. A: …. I didn’t catch your name. This is Annie Dillon from Horizon Travel. then. A: Oh. What is Chris’ problem? 3.00. Good bye.
…………………………………………… 3. more hotter b. gooder than 4.2 hours) Choose the correct answer: 1. better b. busy The is line.… hers. # Each right answer is 5 points. the more highest c. more powerful c. Your homework was . much hottest 5. 4. a. 7. a.. Test 2 Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 1. form of investment. (10 sentences). sorry I’m not she in is now right. take message a May I? ……………………………………………. I want to have . the most high d. you him Could back me ask to call? …………………………………………………. back Could call I later? …………………………………………………... the riskiest c. the highest b..… computer. the most risky b. through I’ll you put. calling I ask May is who? ……………………………………………. than being stuck in a traffic jam. line Please the hold. …………………………………………… 2. the most highest 3.“The reason computers can do more work than people is that computers never have to answer the phone” Anonymous Test 1 (1 hour) Write the comparative and the superlative for the following adjectives: big / beautiful / noisy / bad / good / exciting / small / little / much / large.. ……………………………………………. Test 1 ( Module 7. Nothing is …. Today is …. 9. d a powerfuler d. Shares are …. 8. …………………………………………….. 5. a. Mount Everest is … mountain in the world. riskier than .. Make sentences with each of them. gooder c. a. than yesterday. a. number you Sorry.. I get can't through.. more hottest d. ………………………………………………….. powerfuler b. ……………………………………………. more risky 6. 6. 10. better than d. much hotter c. have wrong the. a more powerful 2.
Most naturally d. for c. cancel c. do b. She left work early .. the other line. postpone d. do b.…the shopping. make c. a. a. It was a pleasure . bad d. make 27. best d.a.. such c. farer b. so b. After . Leave 20.… number.. so b. She speaks …. correct c. postpone d.… organized conference. Do up b..… the line. do b. to d.. . talk c. Get c. enough 12.… I thought. worst c. get c. out of 26. I’m calling .. worse b. a. further 9. such long as c.. We can . a.…our meeting next week. make c. a. phone 23. a. The meeting wasn’t . back c. Naturally b. connection b. I’ll …. you have the . to make 16.. to make 18. enough 11. More poorly d. The hotel isn’t much …. 535? a. We can . Make up c. Can I have …. you through.…me a favour and post this letter for me? a. under b. to make 17. a. a. a... a.. such c. Can you call …. do b. with antiques and Italian marble. Most poorly c. calling d.. Hold d. line d. the best b. There are bedrooms …. making c. back c..… a long time he didn’t recognize me. enough 10. too d. furthest d..… business with you. Could you . put b. Poor 13. a. so b. May I ask who is…. wrong 21. on d. doing b. I'm afraid he's …. … sales are caused by recession. about 29. so long so 8. talking 24.. so long as b. so they arrived late. . leave 22. we tried to keep up with demand. to do d. badder 7. . To make up 15.. farest c. …. too d. …. on d. extension d. too d. the well c. Poorly b. right b. a.? a. To do up d. hold d. Natural 14. The car was not quick . Sorry. your mind.. This is . a. make 28. such c.. out of 25. Put b. extension c.…. quickly for me to understand. a.. as long as d. cancel c. please. a. Do you want the red car or the blue one? a. on b. a. under b. a. to do d.… it to a later date.. to do d.. call b. well 19. More naturally c..? a.… it completely.
8. rooms Compare the following hotels using big.£250 2 min 15 min old . . What kind of job do you make? 3. 7. The line is occupied. I very rarely do mistakes. What you should know at the end of this module: . furnished 30. Can I chat to Mr. It is enough easy to learn English. expensive. His father is older than my. 5. please? 14. 15. suite b. house Test 2 (Module 7) Correct the following sentences: 1.£150 10 min 20 min old . it’s not suitable for you . 10. 4. like at this hotel? a. 2. flat c.. I always drive careful. I am as younger as you.1 Finding Solutions • Objectives: to make students use the present perfect. What skills you will have at the end of this module: to talk about loss and profit. Smith. so. d. Who is the most rich person in the world? 13. 11.Present Perfect Continuous. Unit 8.1870 The Marriott **** 55 £90. He doesn’t speak French very good. I’ll put you across. furnitured d. She is taller then her brother.Present Perfect Simple. .a. 9. Then. furniture b. all the vocabulary included. modern: The Star *** 100 £80. 12. verb patterns. furnish c. near. What is the top-floor ….1980 The Ritz ***** 40 £120. The plane is the fastest than the car. Theirs parents aren’t as old as yours.1920 stars rooms price minutes to the sea minutes to town centre old/ new Module 8 A COMPANY’S HISTORY • • • Objectives: to make students use the Present Perfect. 6. far.£200 15 min 8 min new .
If the verb is irregular. He hasn’t She (has not) It Subject +have/ has + past participle I have travelled a lot. She hasn’t eaten yet. but the time when it happened is not. Present Perfect Simple – Positive I You We have They travelled.2. Present Perfect Simple – Special Questions I Question: you Where travelled? Have/ Has+ Subject + past participle? have we Have you travelled a lot lately? they eaten? Has she eaten? he/ she/ it has Yes/ No questions I you Short answers . We use the Present Perfect to express the idea that although an action or state happened (or started to happen) in the past. Content of the unit: study time.no more than 3 hours: Present Perfect Simple Present Perfect Simple is formed from have/ has and the past participle of the verb. (‘ve) eaten. Present Perfect Simple – Negative Subject + haven’t/ hasn’t +past participle I haven’t travelled a lot. We could say that the (present) result of the action is more important than the action itself or that the action is important. If the verb is regular the past participle has the same form as the Past simple (verb+ -ed). all the vocabulary included. to discuss possible solutions. eaten.• • • What you should know at the end of this unit: Present Perfect simple. She has just eaten. see the list of irregular verbs (the third column) in Unit 5. it has some connection with the present. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to talk about loss and profit. He She has It (‘s) I You haven’t We (have not) They travelled.
IMPORTANT When we use the Present Perfect it means that something happened at some point in our lives before now.yet with the Present Perfect. It is usually used with this week/ month/ year.. I have. Actions that happened in the past but are relevant now. he/ she/ it has. She has never seen you before. Unfinished actions or states: actions or states that began in the past and continue in the present. Actions that are finished but the time period is unfinished. No. I've just finished my report. 2. She's smoked a packet of cigarettes today. Already. Actions that happened in the past but there is a result in the present: Sorry. Often we use words like just. Remember: the EXACT TIME when the action happened is NOT IMPORTANT. I think I’ve lost the file. not . He’s had his motorbike for three years. They have done a lot of things during the past few years. 3. during the last few months. Yes. never. Have you spoken to her lately? I have been to the cinema once this month. My car has broken down. lately. ever I have always liked traveling. in the last week/ year I haven’t met him so far. No. this month/ year. I feel really tired. over the last year. I haven’t. Have you ever been to China? So far. It shows duration from past until now It is usually used with time expressions beginning with for and since: I’ve known Cindy since we worked together in Budapest. today: I've visited my parents three times this week (and the week still hasn't finished). today. / No. we/ they have. 4. he/ she/ it hasn’t. Time Expressions that can be used with the Present Perfect Simple: Always. already. I haven't spoken to Brian yet but I've already spoken to Malcolm. we/ they haven’t Yes.. recently. not yet I have already finished the report (already is used only in positive sentences) Have you finished the report yet? (yet is used for questions) . yet. There are four main uses of the Present Perfect: 1.Have Has we they he/ she/ it travelled? eaten? Yes.
Experience You can use the Present Perfect to describe your experience. since 5 o’clock. Maybe you have been once. since 1990. I have graduated from the University. Joan has studied two foreign languages. for ages. My English has really improved since I started this course. (= you have the experience of having been to France. Man has walked on the moon. I have been to France. He has never travelled by train.) I have been to France three times. It is best to associate Present Perfect with the following topics: A. Our son has learned how to read. since you came (= sentence in the past – see unit 8. You cannot mention a specific time. for three weeks. . For + length of time period: for a long time. I have never been to France. Since + point when the time started: since yesterday. or several times. Doctors have cured many deadly diseases. for ever. B Change over Time We can use the Present Perfect to talk about change that has happened over a period of time.) I think I have seen that movie before. The government has become more interested in education. since childhood. C Accomplishments We can use the Present Perfect to list the accomplishments of individuals and humanity. (not yet is used only in negative sentences) Just I’ve just spoken to him on the phone. The Present Perfect is NOT used to describe a specific event. Your hair has turned white since the last time I saw you.2) How long has Tom worked here? He’s worked here since 1991/ since last week/ since he was 20 years old. I have not met him. Have you ever met him? No. for 30 years: How long has Tom worked here? He has worked for 30 years/ for a month/ for ages. (= you haven’t had the experience of going to France.I haven’t finished the report yet.
(How many?) 9.: I’ve never flown in a plane because I’m afraid.Have you called him? 1.g.: Are you sure he isn’t at home? … (you/ call) him?.We have already finished our work because we started early. They’ve been married for ten years now. We’ve lived here all our lives. 2. We have had many major problems while working on this project. (Who?) 8. 4. Their profits … (fall) since they fired Peter. 10. I have had five tests so far this semester. (How many times?) 7. (How long?) 2. She has talked to several specialists about her problem. Ask questions about the underlined parts of the following sentences. It … (not rain) here for two months. His assistant has called five people so far. Bill has still not arrived. but nobody knows why she is ill. Prices … (go up) by 10% since January. Our customers … (complain) about the price rise. The race hasn’t started yet because of the rain. Linda isn’t here. 6.D An Uncompleted Action You Are Expecting We can use the Present Perfect to say that an action which we expected has not happened. … (they/ reply) to your email yet? 5. They … (already / spend) too much money on this project. (What kind of?) 3. (What?) 4. The rain hasn't stopped. James has not finished his homework yet. 3. Susan hasn't finished her English course. I have saved only $50 this month. . (Why?) 10. Put the verbs in the brackets into the Present Perfect Tense: E. The army has attacked that city five times. She … (just / leave) 7.g. How long … (you/ know) Peter? 9. E Multiple Actions at Different Times in the Past We can use the Present Perfect to talk about several different actions that took place in the past at different times. Present Perfect suggests the process is not complete and more actions are possible. Use the interrogative words in the brackets: E. (How much?) 6. (Why?) Why have you never flown in a plane? 1. Paul has just written a report. Using the Present Perfect suggests that we are still waiting for the action. (Why?) 2. She has phoned him twice today. but she can communicate in English. He’s bought a digital camera for his wife. … (you/ ever/ eat) frogs? 8. I… (never/ see) such a boring presentation. The children have broken the window. Exercises: 1. (How long?) 5.
Has your friend ever been to France? 3. I think it’s fun. … (John/ phone) yet? 12. … (you/ read) anything interesting lately? 15. Imagine you are an assistant manager and write positive answers to the following questions using just: E. 9. They will be here soon. I’ve lived in this town … I was born. She … (never/ keep) a promise in her life. I’ve worked here … about six months. 3. 8. They haven’t seen each other …six months. I haven’t smoked a cigarette … ages. since. Have you ever tried Indian food? 4. Have you read the report yet? 4.g. I’ve … spoken to him.: Have you ever been to Scotland? – Yes. I’ve just talked to him. 5. She has … had the courage to resign from her job. 5. He’s had the car … he was young. I have. yet. 14. 2.11. always. 8. just 1. 7. 6. 1. Have you ever flown in a balloon? 9. 7. Have the guests arrived yet? 7. 2. and he seemed quite happy. Complete the sentences with for or since: 1. I … (study) your plan carefully but I don’t really understand it. I’ve … 2. Has your friend ever talked to an actor? 10. 6. People … (always/ admire) her talent. Have you ever flown in a Concorde? 7. Maybe this year she will do it. never. Have you ever been to Brazil? 2. ever. She has known him … they were children. We’ve known each other … 10 years now. / No I haven’t.Yes. I’ve known Andrew … a long time. Have you ever seen a president of a country? 6. Have you prepared all the files? – Yes. 1. We’ve had a subsidiary in Portugal … 1998. Have you ever ridden a camel? 5. 4. 3. Read the following text: Ford: The Road to Recovery . Complete the sentences with a suitable time expression: Already. 10 I haven’t had any news from him … last summer. 4.: Have you talked to the manager yet? . We haven’t sold this type of products …. The company has had the same management … twenty years now. 13. Have you called a taxi? 5. for. Have you spoken to all the customers yet? 3. Have you ever been to a Japanese restaurant? 8. Have you made the coffee yet? 6. 3. She has been our accountant … the start of the last year. 4. Have you … been to Scotland? 5. Has your friend ever ridden a motorbike? 6. Answer the following yes/ no questions using short answers: E. They have … left their house.g. I have … liked meeting new people.
Ford Europe has reported a loss of $525 million in the second quarter of this year. because it wasn’t selling very well. Ford Motor Company (FMC). I’ve just … back from there. The problems at Ford Europe aren’t new. Sales have increased by 12. (Adapted from International Herald Tribune) 8. been d. Rivals like Volkswagen and Renault have done much better over the recent years. What has the president of Ford Europe decided to do? 3. d. Have you ever … to New York? a. has lost its market share and analysts say that it is technically bankrupt. Ford came back as a force in the car market. the company has invested in the Fiesta model. The performance of Australia's car industry has been in sharp contrast to that of the US. compared with an $18 million loss a year earlier.7%. The BA Falcon model has revitalised the entire Ford brand since its launch in September 2002. Ford Europe’s market share has fallen from 12 % six years ago to 9% now. After two years of losses and falling market share.” Arthur Bloch Writing Task: Write about a company that recovered from bankruptcy. president of Ford Motor Co. No.9% in February 2002 to 14% in February 2003. over the last few years the company has spent a lot of money buying brands such as Jaguar. was 3. In fact. Net prices have gone down in Europe because the mass market has turned to smaller vehicles. However. went c. Aston Martin and Land Rover. And it has sold well so far. has chosen to leave the company this August. Everybody is waiting to see if they have made a decision. flew b. Is Ford Motor Company bankrupt? 6. models with high profit margins. which is smaller than the Ford Focus model. been b. It is taking some time to sort out problems.Martin Leach. Ford Australia has started the year 2003 strongly. Have they ever been bankrupt? 7. What has happened to Ford sales recently? 4. Has Ford Australia had a boom in sales lately? 8. What model has improved sales in Europe? “Every solution breeds new problems. Its market share has gone up from 12. What model has relaunched sales in Australia? 10. the American parent company. where car sales are expected to fall 10% in 2003. Recent reports have suggested that Leach could replace the chief of Fiat Auto. So. as the company’s turnover has shown. In contrast. I’ve never … there a. They have cut costs and have launched successful models. Test 1 (1 hour) Choose the correct answer: 1. Ford has withdrawn the Scorpio. has succeeded in bringing Ford back on the Australian market. at Jaguar in particular. What is the relationship between the parent company and the subsidiaries? 9. Answer the following questions: 1. of Europe for about a year. goed 2. went c. existed . What has happened to its market share? 5. What has happened to Ford Company over the last few years? 2. On the other side of the world Geoff Polites. FMC can no longer afford to support subsidiaries. Over the past few months. who is due to retire next year.
I … been there yet a. for how long b. Renault has done much better over the recent years. 10. 3. 12. How many times you been to England? 16. don't c. 19. Have the customers arrived yet? 12. been b. d. Ford Europe’s market share has fallen from 12 % six years ago to 9% now. 15. seen film you horror Have ever a? 5. came 4. haven't b. I … met your boss. Peter have They met already. … have you known Peter? a. 13. I know her for I was six years old. Already we have talked to the customers. a. Rome They just have in arrived. I have just finish writing my report. never She a smoked cigarette has. come d. 7. has subsidiary bankrupt gone A. 18. fallen Test 2 Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 1. never 10. 15. leaved c. already c. She hasn’t yet gone to work. not yet d. grown up 5. for what time 8. Did you ever been to Ireland? 13. Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 11. 14. since when c. Has Peter exhibition decided to the to go? 6. a. I have … called him at his office and he’s not there. how long d.a. not 6. felt c. 9. gone c. haven’t never c. left 9. I’ve lived here since three years. Have you … to the top of the Empire State Building? a. won't d. so far 7. lived d. The mass market has turned to smaller vehicles. 8. report you yet Have the written? 2. 14. flown b. not never d. Recent reports have suggested that Leach could replace the chief of Fiat Auto. . She hasn’t never worked. fell b. gone up d. decision already made They have a. yet b. 17. 20. Scorpio model has Ford withdrawn the. a. Profits have… since he resigned. No. have never b. falled Correct the following sentences: 11. I haven’t read a newspaper since a long time. Linda has just … a. who is due to retire next year. leave b. I’ve wrote to her three times. sat up c. 4. lost share its market The company has.
. many times. I've written three letters this morning (and it is still morning). at that moment. Ford came back as a force in the Australian car market. I went there in 1992. one year ago. You also use the Present Perfect to talk about an imprecise time in the past but as soon as you become precise you switch to the Past Simple. 18. never. B: Really. 20. already and yet. Unit 8. when I was a child.16. Past Simple is used with time expressions such as: yesterday.1 Time Expressions) I have seen that film twenty times. so far. . over the last few years the company has spent a lot of money buying brands such as Jaguar. when I lived in Japan. However. After two years of losses and falling market share.2. The performance of Australia's car industry has been in sharp contrast to that of the USA. The BA Falcon model has revitalised the entire Ford brand since its launch in September 2002. I have. several times.2 Business and the Environment • • • • Objectives: to make students use the Present Perfect and the Past Simple What you should know at the end of this unit: Present Perfect Simple versus Past Simple. whereas the Past Simple does not. but if you continue to discuss the issue you usually change to the Past Simple: A: I've lost my wallet. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to talk about environmental problems Content of the unit: study time.3) Present Perfect is used with expressions like: ever. last week. that day. A: I've never been to Australia. before. it only refers to past time or past events. You often use the Present Perfect to present news. I saw that film yesterday I think I have met him once before. The parent company can no longer afford to support subsidiaries. when did you last have it? A: I took it out when I was on the bus.no more than 3 hours: Present Perfect Simple versus Past Simple You must remember that the Present Perfect Simple always has a connection with the present. with now. once. one day (see Unit 5. I wrote three letters this morning (and now it is afternoon). 5. Have you ever been there? B: Yes. There have been many earthquakes in California. 17. all the vocabulary included. 19. (see Unit 8. I met him last week.
. The company has bought some shares but then it sold them. Find the mistakes and correct the sentences: 1. I haven’t been to the car wash … about a year. The last time I … (go) to South America. 5. I … (spend) two weeks in the Amazon. 8. 3. Sam … (arrive) in San Diego a week ago. We haven’t played cards … your birthday. 4. I … (never/ see) that movie. Choose the correct variant: 1. we … (expand) to include more than 2000 full-time workers. 3. 6. 8. I … (not have) this much fun since I … (be) a kid. I … (visit) Brazil and Peru. since. I … (never / visit) Africa. 2. it … (take) two or three months to cross North America by wagon. I haven’t seen Andrew … weeks. In the 19th century. 4. Yesterday I phoned/ I’ve phoned the bank about a loan. 3. 4. Today has been/ was really busy. Exercises: 1. 2. The trip … (be) very rough and often dangerous. We went/ have been to an interesting seminar last week. The taxi has just arrived/ just arrived. Thank God it’s 6 o’clock and I’m going home. She met her friends … Friday. The boss isn’t here. 6. 7. the company … (have) only six employees. 3. 2. 7. 2.and it’s only lunchtime. Now you can fly from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours. Put the verbs in the brackets into the correct tense (Present Perfect or Past Simple): 1. She left/ has left the office. The others finished. My best friend and I … (know) each other for over fifteen years. 4. When we first … (start) working here three years ago. 5. During the last hundred years. Complete the sentences with for. Chris has hurt his hand yesterday. I haven’t eaten sweats … a year. We haven’t had a party … Christmas. traveling … (become) much easier and very comfortable. 3. 7. The letter arrived … week. Things … (change) a great deal at Coltech. 5. The boss left/ has left her office an hour ago. This afternoon has been/ was really busy. or last: 1. but I … (travel) to South America several times. Inc. 6. I’ve seen/ I saw Hugh Grant a few days ago. I washed my car … month. We can play tennis now. A: Did you like the movie "Star Wars"? B: I don't know.There was an earthquake in California when I was young. Things … (change) a lot in the last hundred and fifty years. 2. Since then.
The company was the first to admit that it is almost impossible for any business to be completely green. I went shopping… and I spent all my money. He loves that country. B&Q has chosen to adapt its business strategy and to pay more attention to the environmental impact of its products. 7. like wood. We’ve had many more … year. The company has won numerous awards for environmental initiatives and it hasn’t stopped taking this issue into consideration. today. last. Fill in the gaps with this. … month prices went up. This meant that all suppliers had to know the impact of their activities on the environment. Unfortunately. The last time we… (go) to London was in August. That is why in 1991 the company set a target: by the end of 1995 all of its timber should come from well-managed forests across the world.4. One example is a community in Papua New Guinea: here. Many of the items that it offers for sale are made from natural materials. … (you/ see) the news today? 9. We … (move) here in 1983. No. to obtain profits and to reinvest them in the community itself. B&Q assisted some local communities in some countries to set up small scale companies to manage their forest resources. 2. We … (live) here since 1983. 3. I can ride a bike but I … (not ride) one for years. It has been no rain so far … week. because I’ve got up late … 7. the company has adopted an environmental policy to reduce the damage that could result from its different activities. a project with the Natives has shown that it is possible to manage the forest economically. 2. I don’t feel tired now. 5. 3. it turned out that almost 90% of them didn’t want to reveal their sources for timber. but … month they have fallen a little. As a result. 8. Since 1991. However. Marilyn Monroe … (be) in about thirty films. Janet … (be) very ill 2 years ago. I … (not see) the news yet. The directors have arrived five days ago. We didn’t have many customers … year. but … week it was wet. B&Q is proud of what it has achieved. … (you/ ever/ miss) your train? 5. for instance. yesterday: 1. Fill in the gaps with the verbs in the brackets in the Present Perfect or the Past Simple: 1. 5. 6. 10. 4. Martin … (be) to Greece five times. The accident has happened an hour ago. 6. Read the following text: Business and the Environment B&Q is a British retailer specialized in selling home repair products. John … (leave) a message for you. . 4. In many cases their products have had an effect on some areas of environmental concern such as global warming and deforestation. 5.
the more we find worth solving”. What does B&Q do? 2. … in Pakistan? c. Were the suppliers cooperative? 7. 3.” Dan Quayle (1947 . What did they ask from their suppliers? 6. Look at the following word families and then complete the sentences below: Verb ------Noun environmentalist environment environmentalism protester protest politics politician supplier supply developer development Adjective environmental to protest -----supply develop ------political ------developing 1. An environmental group organized a … against water pollution last week. have you ever . (Adapted from Insights into Business) 8. Writing Task: Write about a type of business that pollutes the environment and find solutions to prevent it from happening. 5. The German “Die Grünen” party has a strong influence in green … everywhere. What are its products made from? 3. have you joined b. This conservation group has established an … programme to teach children about endangered species. What did the company decide to do in 1991? 5. What was the company’s project for small communities? 8. What has the project in Papua New Guinea shown? 9. said one of the board members. “It isn't pollution that's harming the environment. 6. 4. Test 1 (1 hour) Choose the correct answer: 1. Many companies do research to … ways of reducing pollution. American Politician. did you join d. The protection of the environment is not the main concern in … countries. What is the effect of their products on the environment? 4. A … is a company that sells products to other companies.). It's the impurities in our air and water that are doing it. Answer the following questions about the text: 1.“The more environmental problems we solve. Has the company limited itself to solving some environmental problems? 9. did you joined joined 2. 2. When … the company? a.
We have sign 7. Did you ever worked b. environmentalism 19. I spoke b. you haven't read b. environmentalist b. environment d. impact c. issue d. strategy b. shop c. We have signed b. project 13. A company that sells goods to other companies is a … a. I never had to deal with. listened d. The effect of one thing on another is also called … a. developer d. have saw d. political d. a.a. projects 12. politics c. We haven't signed d. I never heard b. The … policy to reduce pollution was successful. I didn't spoke d. c. Worked you d. issue d. b. I … that film in 1997. environmental c. environmentalist b. Have you ever c. a. you read not 9. a. development d. He joined that party because he liked … a. Do you ever d. A company that sells goods to the general public is a … a. Has you ever? 11. didn't listen c. Controversial questions or problems are also called … a. A (An) … is a plan of action. retailer b. I've ever heard 4. retailer b. a. developer c. a. environmentalist b. impact c. politician c. supplier d. policy b. I've never had to deal with. you don't read d. issues d. I speaked 6. shop c. A (An) … is a person who protects the environment. I used to hear d. strategies b. That's the best presentation …. Have you ever worked c. A (An) … is a person who fights against things they don’t agree with. 5. have seen b. protester 18. We signed c. a. The living standard has improved in … countries. You … to anything I’ve said. I never dealt with. a. impact c. politician c. strategy b. develop b. a. … missed your train? a. manufacturer 15. a. Have you work 3. developer d. d. I've already spoken c. … to him last week. seen c. Did you ever b. manufacturer 16. … a contract last year and it is still valid. It’s obvious that … this report so far. supplier d. a. saw 8. developing 20. I've ever had to deal with. project 14. He’s the most difficult customer … a. you didn't read c. listened b. politician Test 2 . a. I didn't hear c. protester 17. haven't listened 10.
9. This meant that all suppliers had to know the impact of their activities on the environment. Their products have had an effect on some areas of environmental concern such as global warming and deforestation. This British retailer specializes in selling home repair products. the company had only six employees. Subject + haven’t/ hasn’t + been+ verb-ing • • . The company has won numerous awards for environmental initiatives and it hasn’t stopped taking this issue into consideration. • What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to talk about the impact of tourism on environment. we have expanded to include more than 2000 full-time workers. 8. 5. been he Has she it Subject +have/ has +been+ verb-ing I have been watching TV for an hour. The company was the first to admit that it is almost impossible for any business to be completely green. When we first started working here three years ago.no more than 3 hours: Present Perfect Continuous The Present Perfect Continuous tense is formed with the present tense of the verb to have + been + verb-ing: Positive and Negative Question I You have We (‘ve) They haven’t been watching TV. Unit 8. Since then. This afternoon was really busy. 4. 2. 10. 7. She has been watching TV since 9 o’clock. 3. In 1991 the company set a target: by the end of 1995 all of its timber should come from well-managed forests across the world.Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. Thank God it’s 6 o’clock and I’m going home. • Content of the unit: study time.3 Tourism and the Environment Objectives: to make students use the Present Perfect Continuous What you should know at the end of this unit: Present Perfect Continuous. all the vocabulary included. He has She (‘s) It hasn’t I Have you we they watching TV. 6. The company has adopted an environmental policy to reduce pollution.
. I’ve been phoning her all morning. g. He … (travel) all over the country. He probably thinks we … (already/ order). You deserve a break now. We … (wait) here for over half an hour and nobody … (take) our order yet. and I still haven’t found them. There is no answer. I’ve been reading for over an hour. 2. but there is no answer. i. Robin: Look at that couple over there. He … (talk) to her for half an hour. I think you … (drive) for too long. How long have you been studying English? 3. She hasn’t been watching TV. He … (walk) by us at least twenty times. d. Present Perfect Continuous is also used to emphasise the length of time of the action. Exercises: 1. I … (look) for my glasses for two hours now. or to show the repetition of the action: I’ve been trying to talk to you all day. … (you/ cry)? h. Your eyes are red. George … (work) hard recently. Answer the following questions: 1. e. What have you been doing in the last ten minutes? 3. j. …. I can smell cigarettes. How long have you been living here? 2. Let me drive now. Have/ Has +Subject+ been+ verb-ing Have you been watching TV? Has she been watching TV? We use the Present Perfect Continuous tense to speak about situations which started I in the past and are still continuing: I've been living here for 12 years. c. We … (think) of ways to help him recover. they (only/ be) here for five or ten minutes and they … (already/ have) their food. b. Have you been working hard recently? 4.I haven’t been watching TV. Put the verbs in the brackets into the Present Perfect Continuous: a. I … (phone) this number for two hours. Michele: I think you're right. You … (study) since 9 o’clock. I wonder what they are doing in there. Put the verbs in the brackets into the correct tense (Present Perfect Continuous or Present Perfect Simple): Robin: I think the waiter … (forget) us. (someone/ smoke) in here? f. Present Perfect Continuous is also used to speak about actions which have just finished and affect the present: I feel tired because I've been working all day.
Put the verbs in the brackets into the correct tense (Present Perfect Continuous or Present Perfect Simple): 1. I .. I . I . such as El Niño. but many of the environmental issues facing the Galapagos originate from human beings. Lucky Susan.. cats and goats have had dramatic effects.. 4. Non-native species have been imported to the islands. Unfortunately. (arrive) from Tokyo. It's a quarter to nine! I . Rats.. 2. (visit) so many different countries! 5. Read the following text: Tourism and the Environment The Galapagos Islands have been the favourite destination for tourists all over the world for over half a century. (work) in the garden. 3. 4.000 the following year. It's nine o'clock. The number of visitors has been growing fast during the last decade.. Many of those who migrate to the islands and don’t find work in tourism often find jobs in the fishing industry. illegal fishing has become a large issue.. While the National Park service set a limit of 12.. She . The presence of people in the islands has two sources: migration from the mainland and tourism.Michele: He must realize we … (not order) yet! We … (sit) here for over half an hour staring at him. (teach) for 4 hours tonight. there is no limit set by the Park Service on the number of visitors per year. it often deals with the conservation problems that motor yachts and their trash (often dumped in the waters some 10 km from the Park limits) bring to the island. nothing has been done. 7. Recently. Jane . The sea cucumber and the sharks of the Galapagos have become targets.. The force of nature has had a destructive impact on the Galapagos. the total number of tourists on the islands was over 600. So while the Park receives little of the money it brings. (think) for a long time and I .. The National Park charges a $100 entrance fee on foreign tourists.. the number was increased to 25. Some of my students . dogs. 9. commercial fishing and overpopulation have dramatically affected the islands..000 visitors in 1974. yet generally receives only 25% for its total revenue.Oh I .. I .. (wait) for over three hours! 5. 10. The officials have been talking about responsible tourism.. He … (run) from table to table taking orders and serving food.000. Michele: That's true and he … (not look) in our direction once. Robin: I don't know if he … (notice) us. Dogs have been a threat to tortoise eggs. He .... But humans did not arrive alone on the islands two centuries ago. 6.. as they are very popular in Asian markets for their aphrodisiac and medicinal qualities. In 1996. (decide) that you need to give up your job. but so far. native . Why are your hands dirty? . 8... (work) for this company for a long time. often with drastic consequences. (study) English for over 5 years. and currently. (live) in Timisoara for 5 years..(buy) a new house. changes in the world climate..
Mass tourism transforms locations and it is not always for the best. It seems that the Mediterranean countries need a new form of tourism and it is a challenge to develop tourism and protect the environment at the same time. In the short term there are benefits. About 220 million people pay a visit every year and they have a large impact on the environment of the area.000. What is the most important factor that changed the Islands? 3.forests. What are the most visited European countries? 11. What is the impact of non-native animals on native ones? 5. soil erosion. there are also success stories and potential solutions. the Mediterranean countries face a fresh water crisis during the summer months. While there are a great number of issues and problems facing the fragile environment of the Galapagos. These countries will see an increase in tourism together with Morocco. What have people done to protect the environment on the Islands? 6. Spain and Greece. What are the problems of the Mediterranean countries on the long run? 9. Italy. but the average tourist uses up to 880 liters. Tunisia. but on the long run the effects could be different from what people expect: water shortage. How did dogs and goats arrive on the Islands? 4. This increases the potential for uncontrolled development in the entire Mediterranean basin. How many tourists visit the Mediterranean coastline every year? 7. which will also experience a massive tourism development.galapagosislands. what seems to be the problem? Apart from the increasing number of endangered species. (Adapted from www. due to the water wasted on swimming – pools and golf courses. What has affected the Galapagos Islands over the last decades? 2. Moreover. In 20 years time approximately 350 million tourists will visit the Mediterranean coast. Four goats were introduced to the Santiago Islands at the beginning of the 19th century but their population has grown to nearly 100. The efforts to reintroduce and repopulate species have been increasing lately and environmental education helps the inhabitants understand the need for conservation. According to the World Tourism Organization. Is the number of tourists increasing or decreasing? 8. What are the short term problems of the Mediterranean countries? 10.iguana species and even penguins. According to WTO. So. Answer the following questions about the two texts: 1. and extinct species. (Adapted from www. Turkey and Croatia.com) Another part of the world facing problems because of irresponsible tourism is the Mediterranean coastline. Do you see any resemblance between the problems of the Galapagos and the problems of the Mediterranean countries? 12. restaurants and various public facilities pollute water by dumping trash into the sea. and that figure represents 22% of all the tourists worldwide. resorts. Goats may be responsible for the local extinction of 4 or 5 species of vegetation and compete with the Galapagos tortoise for their food source.org) 6. an average Spaniard uses 250 liters of water per day. Can you think of any solutions for their environmental problems? . international tourist arrivals are concentrated in France. hotels.
What have you been doing in the last hours? . I … Vivian today. didn’t arrive 8. have waited b. haven’t arrived c. have become b. fee b. a. haven’t been seeing c. a. They … for two weeks but they haven’t done anything. but his eyes must survey the world. a. the number of tourists will increase. In the short … there are only benefits. a. have rained b. Humans … alone on the islands two centuries ago. bill c. have became d. haven’t been arriving d. food 12. philosopher Writing Task: Do you think tourism pollutes the environment? Why? Why not? Test 1 (1 hour) Choose the correct answer: 1. has become c. have talk b. a. talked d. a. medium b. period d. average c. It’s 1. a. a. The Park charges a $100 entrance … a. For c. ticket 11. On the long … the effects will be dramatic. has been d. term c. has had b. A goat is a (an)… a. According to 14. According by d. An … Spaniard uses 250 liters of water per day. simple Answer the following questions: 17. have been raining c. have been tried 4. has became 6. money d. have been trying b. usual d. a. run b. have waiting. a.45 and he hasn’t arrived yet. They … to make a decision for two days but they still haven’t. a. had had c. time 15. run b. period d. Illegal fishing … a large issue. … the World Tourism Organization. The force of nature … a destructive impact. a. many c. How long have you been living here? 18. haven’t been seen d. have been waiting d. mistake d. 2.“A man’s feet must be planted in his country. meal b. a. has rained d. too many d. After b. have been talking 9. friend b. fruit c. have been waited c. I … for him since 1 o’clock. haven’t seed 5. Overpopulation means that there are … people. Have you been working hard recently? 20. It … since last night. have tried c. It is raining. threat c. enough 10. had been 7. animal 13.” George Santayana (1863 – 1952). haven’t talked c. has been raining 3. a few b. have trying d. haven’t seen b. a. plant d. not arrive b. How long have you been studying English? 19. time 16. term c. Dogs have been a … for the tortoise eggs.
5. all the vocabulary included. 19. On the long run the effects could be different from what people expected: water shortage. 18. Italy. 3. What you should know at the end of this unit: verb patterns. 7. 12. Am citit ziarul ieri dimineaţă. According to the World Tourism Organization.Test 2 Translate the following sentences into English: 1. the Mediterranean countries face a fresh water crisis during the summer months. and extinct species. It seems that the Mediterranean countries need a new form of tourism and it is a challenge to develop tourism and protect the environment at the same time. 15. Eu citesc această carte de o oră. What abilities /skills you will have at the end of this unit: to speak about advertising and advertisements Content of the unit: study time. restaurants and other public facilities pollute water by dumping trash into the sea. 10. 14. The changes in the world climate.no more than 3 hours: Verb Patterns . They often deal with the conservation problems that motor yachts and their trash bring to the island. Mass tourism transforms locations and it is not always for the best. 4. 11. 9. hotels. there are also success stories and potential solutions. Eu citesc ziarul chiar acum. soil erosion. as they are very popular in Asian markets for their aphrodisiac and medicinal qualities. Am citit ziarul azi dimineaţă. commercial fishing and overpopulation have dramatically affected the islands. Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 6. This is due to the water wasted on swimming –pools and golf courses. 8. 16. National Park charges a $100 entrance fee on foreign tourists. Environmental education helps the inhabitants understand the need for conservation. 17. While there are a great number of issues and problems facing the fragile environment of the Galapagos. international tourist arrivals are concentrated in France. The number of visitors has been growing fast during the last decade. Sharks have become targets. 2. Unit 8. 20. Moreover. resorts. Spain and Greece. There is no limit set by the Park Service on the number of visitors per year.4 Marketing and Advertising • • • • Objectives: to make students speak fluently. such as El Niño. Apart from the increasing number of endangered species. Eu citesc în fiecare zi ziarul. 13.
happen. stop. She avoids smoking. They’ll go on to start a new business. expect. I look forward to hearing from you. He agreed to come with me. They can’t help remembering. go on. 3. They’ll go on doing business. go on. deny. I remember posting the letter. She seems to take everything easily. delay. They refused to listen to their mother. finish. would love. refuse. We managed to cope with all the difficult situations. stop. regret. dislike. I’d (would) love to go to that party. keep on. I don’t remember taking the book. prefer. It’s worth. look forward to He gave up smoking. . excuse. would like. Subject + verb+ to infinitive: There are some verbs followed by to and another verb. manage. Here are the more important ones: Agree. choose. She decided not to go to the party. promise. regret. stop. I must remember to post the letter. 2. It’s no use. It’s no point. try. would prefer. I forgot to bring you the book. seem. hope. I’ll try to talk to him but I know he is busy. suggest. I stopped buying from that supplier. Verbs followed either by to -infinitive or by verb-ing with a change of meaning: remember. enjoy. afford. appreciate. mind. want. need. decide. try. etc. continue. It’s no good. wish. learn. I’ll never forget flying to France. love. can’t help. begin. start. Expressions followed by verb-ing: can’t stand. avoid. mention. forget. I tried talking to her but it was impossible. remember. I regret to inform you that you are fired. give up. consider. like. forget. postpone. I regret saying that to him. I stopped to post a letter. miss. Subject + verb + verb-ing (present participle): admit. offer.There are different verb patterns when one verb follows another verb: Subject + verb+ to infinitive Subject + verb-ing 1. dare.
waste I kept him waiting. like. hate. . There’s no point … (advertise) this brand on TV. 3. Subject+ verb+ pronoun+ verb-ing: keep. 1. I complain about walking too much. I learnt … (speak) English when I worked in England. 5. 10. We wasted hours writing that report. 9. May I suggest to postpone/ postponing the meeting? I don’t mind waiting/ to wait for a few minutes. I have to finish … (write) the report today. There seems to be/ being a mistake in the bill. 1. Complete the sentences with to infinitive or verb-ing. 2. Choose the correct variant: We can’t afford to miss/ missing this opportunity. I spent my time looking for the keys. love. 6. 4. She finished by asking questions. I can’t afford … (fly) business class all the time. They caught her stealing. 6. 8. continue. Name five verb patterns. What are the verbs that change their meaning according to what form of the verb follows them? Exercises: 1. 4. dislike. 5. catch.: They agreed … (give) us thirty days. 2. Are you waiting to use/ using the phone? He decided to leave/ leaving tomorrow. 2.4. 7. – They agreed to give us thirty days. prefer. I’m sure this film is worth … (see). You can’t avoid … (meet) him forever. 7. He agreed … (pay) the rent in advance. spend. Questions: 1. I can’t help … (think) that something will go wrong. 2. We’re expecting … (receive) some more stock next week. Use the verbs in the brackets: E. 5. There are some other verbs that can be followed either by to infinitive or be verb-ing but with little change in meaning: begin.g. I can’t promise … (help) you with this problem but I’ll do my best. He refuses to sign/ signing the contract. 6. start. Subject + verb+ preposition+ verb-ing: I didn’t think of calling him. intend. 3.
4. It’s worth … 11. 2. I look forward to … 6. We/ sad/ to hear about the accident. It’s no use … 3. 3. 10. Read the following texts: . 5.8. I can’t help … 6. I started … (learn) English a year ago. You can’t avoid … 8. It has stopped … (rain). It/ nice/ see you. 4. Finish the following sentences by adding an appropriate verb-ing: E. Complete the sentences with to infinitive or verb-ing. It possible/ leave/ early? 3.g. I/ astonished/ see him on TV.: this exercise/ difficult/ solve? Is this exercise difficult to solve? 1. She has tried … (stop) smoking but she can’t. Use the words to make sentences: E. I can’t remember … 4. Don’t forget … (send) me a letter. 10. It’s no use … (talk) to him. We enjoyed … (meet) your family. Use the verbs in the brackets: 1. Do you want … (come) with us? 4. I gave up … 9. Why don’t you try …? 5. English/ easy/ understand.g. I don’t mind… 2. 3. 7. 6. I’ll keep on trying/ to try. 1. Japanese/ difficult/ write. 6. 8. I/ surprised/ hear the news. 2. Do you happen to know/ knowing where he is? 10. 7. 9.: She is very fond of listening to classical music. 5. Someone suggested … 7. I don’t like … 10. We love … (travel). Have you finished … (read) the newspaper? 5. It’s not worth spending/ to spend all your money on one thing. He/ happy/ have dinner with you. I/ pleased/ meet/ you. It/ impossible/ learn everything. I’d like … (have) a cup of tea. 8. 9. 9.
What are the reasons for uniformity in consumption? 3.Cola Classic” and there was a boom in sales. Cary Grant. Coca. thus reducing the number of households which buy microwaves and convenience food. now enjoy eating breakfast cereals. He also built a foreign department which exported Coca. There are several reasons for the increasing uniformity in consumption in Europe: birth rates keep on falling. For instance. the company tried to change the secret formula of Coca-Cola. but realized that Americans are too attached to the original recipe. Ray Charles and Whitney Houston are just three of the stars who have agreed to appear in Coca-Cola commercials.Cola and its advertisements John S.Statistics Research conducted in 23 countries has shown that social and demographic factors together with the marketing strategies of multinational food and drink companies tend to make the lifestyles and eating habits of different European countries alike. In 1888. So. Sales of cereals keep on growing in France each year. the French. After winning a major share of a market. In 1982 the company launched Diet Coke. So they also invented its first slogan: “Drink Coca. Its research team has always done extensive testing before introducing advertisements on the market. compared with 29% in 1984). clocks and the slogan: “Delicious and Refreshing”. Statistics say that people ask for Coke more than 524 million times a day in more than 80 languages. for example. Coca-Cola’s advertising has always attempted to reflect changes in people’s lifestyles. (Adapted from Insights into Business) 7. Answer the following questions: 1. In 1985. Asa Candler bought the right to sell the product. who used to have croissants for breakfast. With companies looking for new markets and increased choice for consumers.Cola to the Olympic Games in Amsterdam in 1928: “Around the corner from everywhere”. Are eating habits in Europe different? 2. What did French people use to have for breakfast? 4. The aggressive marketing strategies of multinationals can also play a role in changing habits. there are 40% one-person households.Cola”. companies often decide to expand into new markets and make efforts to attract new consumers. The number of one –person households in Europe also continues to grow rapidly (in Sweden. The 1990’s carried the slogans “Can’t beat the feeling” and “Always Coca-Cola” and the company expanded to developing countries. they returned the original formula to the market as “Coca. The British have become fond of drinking mineral water and the Spaniards are beginning to buy frozen pizzas and tomato ketchup more than ever. The slogan “Catch the Wave” couldn’t help the company and their profits decreased. He made it known through calendars. Europe’s gastronomic diversity may soon come to an end. and its sales grew rapidly: “Coke is it”. Pemberton invented Coca. What are the .Cola in 1886. When they felt the ads had little impact on the public they asked celebrities to endorse it. His partner suggested running an advertisement for the drink in the Atlanta Journal. Today people in more than 160 countries around the globe enjoy drinking Coca-Cola.
If you're trying to persuade people to do something. waiting d. His friends kept him … a. 3. to stay b. project b. It’s no worth trying 6. strategy c. All soft-drink companies make efforts to attract new. What celebrities have endorsed Coca-Cola over the years? 9. to waiting 4. The marketing …of multinational companies is often aggressive. to speak 7. What have the Spaniards started to buy recently? 6. I must … to post the letter. to tell d. etc)? 2. etc. disagree 10. to watching 9. Where does the target live (town.. to discussing. staying c. What is the target’s social class (working. eating 2. go 12. She can’t help … her husband what to do. go on c. It’s no worth try d. target b. middle.” David Ogilvy Writing Task: Choose a TV/ radio/ magazine/ newspaper advertisement that you liked/ disliked and answer the following questions in order to find out what their target market is: 1. to discuss b. tell c. a. discussing d. remember b. a. continue b. Have there been any changes in the Romanians’ eating and drinking habits? Why? Why not? 7.) Test 1 (1 hour) Choose the correct answer: 1. What benefits does the target look for in the product? (Comfort. Why aren’t they working? – They stopped … lunch a. endorsement 13. I spent my time … TV. What happened when they tried to bring out on the market a new formula for the drink? 10. What is the target’s marital status? 4. disagree 11. It’s difficult … English with a good accent. 8. a. or buy something. What is the target’s income? 5. a.. remember b. Which one of their slogans did you like the most? Why? “I don't know the rules of grammar. a. I’ll never … flying to France. speak b. It’s no use trying c. What is the target’s occupation and level of education? 6. luxury. agree c. I’d prefer … at home. to watch c. watch b. a. safety. Describe the target’s lifestyle. to telling 5. forget d. wait c. stay d. for eating d. speaking c. It’s no use try b. public c. a. suburbs. Who invented Coca-Cola? 8. for eat c. upper-class)? 7. a. consumers . …. Birth rates … falling. to make him change his mind. endorsers d. to eat b. to speaking d. telling b. watching d. a. What is the target’s age and sex? 3. a. keep on d. to wait b. a. to staying 8. agree c. forget d. according to the text? 5.British fond of. rural area. esteem. impact d. discuss c. I can’t remember … this problem with Tom. it seems to me you should use their language.
a. commercials c. slogan 16. worked 3. a.Cola” is a … a. fell b. has called d. a.. promotion c. 3. in the garden. a. have never seen d. The number of one– person households in Europe also continues to grow rapidly. 5. expand b. Sales of a product often increase if celebrities … it. Social and demographic factors together with the marketing strategies of multinational food and drink companies tend to make the lifestyles and eating habits of different European countries alike. has been just writing b. publicity 19. endorse d. Test 1 ( Module 8. a. 8. Coca-Cola’s advertising has always attempted to reflect changes in people’s lifestyles. Europe’s gastronomic diversity may soon come to an end. support 18. import c. felt c. Paul … a report. I … such a boring presentation. interested 15. We’ve known each other … 10 years now. have never saw 5. promote c. 9. since c. just wrote c. for b. a. last d. All retailers increased their profits. have work c. 6. called 2.14. a. a. images d. never saw c. since c. from 7. have been working b. have fallen . The Americans are … of drinking Coca-Cola. promotions b. 7. public 17.. They have often asked celebrities to endorse it. has been calling b. 2. 10. target c. people c. You can see lots of … for different products every day on TV. market b. Their profits … since they fired Peter. has just wrote 4. boom d.1 hour) Choose the right answer: 1. a. team b. fall 20. fond d. 4. His assistant … five people so far. never see b. publicity d. The Spaniards are beginning to buy frozen pizzas and tomato ketchup more than ever. a. reputation b. Multinational companies … very quickly to developing countries. a. a. The market research … does extensive testing. My hands are dirty because I . a. crew d. dislike c. has calling c. He built a foreign department which exported Coca-Cola to the Olympic Games in Amsterdam in 1928: “Around the corner from everywhere”. have working d. has just written d. fallen d. export b. “Drink Coca. The British have become fond of drinking mineral water. move Test 2 Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. endorse d. last d. for b. The aggressive marketing strategies of multinationals can also play a role in changing habits. We’ve had a subsidiary in Portugal … 1998. from 6. His partner suggested running an advertisement for the drink in a newspaper. There was a (an)… in jeans sales last year. like b.
. 5. to come b. We’d like invite you to dinner. have phoning 16. Are you ever d. They caught her. She can’t stand waste time. a. waiting d. They … for two weeks but they haven’t done anything. We’ve decided move to another town. I … this number for two hours. have talk b. I don’t mind … for a few minutes. We’ve been to California two years ago. have already finishing 10. have phoned b. phoned 18. a.. We … our work because we started early. have been being 9. 12. I didn’t see my friends so far this week. have already been finishing c. She has known him since they … children. to coming 14. He agreed … with me. have been d. to waiting 12. I’m agreed to prepare everything for the meeting. Have you ever c. a. Yesterday I … the bank about a loan. have phoned d. phoned d. to wait b. 2. coping with b. 14. Have you c. 11. have phone c. There is no answer. stealing c. a. have had c. a. Are you d. … meet your family last week? a. a. I haven’t gone shopping last week because I haven’t had money. 15. steal d. have been sat d. a. are b. a. 8. We … time writing that report. We … here since 12 o’clock. already finished d.8. talked d. Last winter they learnt skiing very well. have sat c. have bee sitting 11. have been phoning c. traveling spends her she time. a. 4. were c. have b. … been to Ireland? a. coping to c. 9. 6. to steal b. 3. 7. Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 13. have been phoning b. wait c. come d. It’s 12. coming c. It’s difficult satisfying all your customers’ needs. He avoids to meet Peter.30 and we are still here. She hasn’t never flown in a balloon. a. a. haven’t talked c. I’ve just finished do my homework. You 20. waiting he me kept. 10. to cope to 19. spend d. Did you b. You ever 17. have been talking Test 2 (Module 8) Correct the following sentences: 1. have spent 15. have sitted b. Did you ever b. opening you do window the mind? . We manage … all the difficult situations. have already finished b. to stealing 13. to cope with d.
remember you to files the must bring. What skills you will have at the end of this module: to speak about probable and unreal situations in the present. forgot she client the call to.16. not.no more than 3 hours: Conditional Sentences Type 1 If/ When + Subject + Present. people will be unhappy.. to make deductions. 18. her boss will be very angry.conditional sentences type 1 and 2. What you should know at the end of this unit: conditional clauses type 1. When you see him. tag questions. magazine they a advertise decided in to. If prices rise. all the vocabulary included. Subject+ Future/ Imperative We use this type of conditional when we talk about future events that will probably (likely) happen. contract to she sign the promised has. 20. I’ll call him again. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: to speak about probable situations in the present. the workers will quit. don’t tell him about our problems. Unless she tells the truth. Module 9 • • • Objectives: to make students use conditional clauses. 19. If Peter calls. Unit 9. 17. What you should know at the end of this module: . Subject+ Present Simple/ Imperative We use this type of conditional when we talk about things that are generally true and we are not referring to a specific event.1 Products that Fail • • • • Objectives: to make students use conditional clauses. Content of the unit: study time. Unless the company improves the working conditions. tell him I’m in a meeting. = If the company doesn’t improve the working conditions… . bank loans become more expensive. tag questions.. all the vocabulary included. questions stopped they asking stupid. Unless + Subject + Positive verb Unless has the same meaning as if . If interest rates are rising. If / Unless + Subject + Present. If he doesn’t come today. It CANNOT be followed by a NEGATIVE sentence.
Question Tags A question tag is a short phrase at the end of a sentence which has the form of a question and it invites the other person to reply. If the sentence is positive the question tag is negative. is he? Negative sentence + positive tag They didn’t phone. do you? She doesn’t like swimming. didn’t he? Present Perfect Positive sentence + negative tag You have been to France. wasn’t she? They were your friends. has she? . are you? She isn’t an accountant. aren’t I? She was here. aren’t they? Paul is coming. is/am/are or a modal verb and a pronoun. but never a noun. did they? he didn’t leave. weren’t they? Negative sentence + positive tag You aren’t Spanish. if the sentence is negative. hasn’t she? Future Simple Negative sentence + positive tag You aren’t reading. was she? They weren’t your friends. is she? I’m not stupid. isn’t he? Past Simple Positive sentence + negative tag They went to Athens. does she? Present Continuous Positive sentence + negative tag You are reading. were they? Present Simple Positive sentence + negative tag You like traveling. aren’t you? Your friends are waiting. don’t you? She likes skiing. am I? She wasn’t here. does she? Sarah doesn’t love the mountains. have/ has. It is translated into Romanian with “nu-i aşa?” In English it is formed using do/ does/ did. aren’t you? She is a student. did he? Negative sentence + positive tag You haven’t talked to him. vice-versa. have you? She hasn’t met your sister. didn’t they? He left Timisoara last night. are they? Paul isn’t listening. isn’t she? I am clever. To Be (Present and Past) Positive sentence + negative tag You are English. the question tag is positive. doesn’t she? Peter loves the mountains. haven’t you? She has met your sister. doesn’t he? Negative sentence + positive tag You don’t like playing football. and. are you? They aren’t coming.
shall we? Have a cup of coffee. e. If we send the letters today 3. we will arrive/ arrive sooner. 7. 4. j.Positive sentence + negative tag You will come to the party. 3. I won’t disturb you 2. we’ll make a profit. or when: … everything goes according to plan. If he moves to another Department. If the weather is bad. give/ you will give me a call. will you? Give me that book. could he? We mustn’t do that. g. h. Linda is coming this afternoon. when do you/ will you bring it back to me? 8. 5. 5. 10. won’t you? Modal Verbs Positive sentence + negative tag He can do that. You won’t get a pay rise 8. 2. we will get/ get a bigger salary. can’t he? He could help you. If we change our computers. Let me know … she gets here. the plane may be delayed. If you change/ will change your mind. d. we’ll have to buy new software. When inflation will go/ goes up. 3. will he? Negative sentence + positive tag He can’t help me. If we don’t / won’t hurry. If you apply for that job. 1. unless you ask for one. we’ll need more staff. can he? He couldn’t do that. Match the beginning of a sentence from A with its ending from B: A 1. c. we can all go home. If I lend/ will lend you this book. If we will take/ take a taxi. unless there is a real emergency. If we take another project. I’m sure you’ll get it. let/ you will let me know. we’ll need a bigger office. mustn’t they? Special question tags Let’s have a break. I’m busy. . If the meeting finishes on time 9. unless. Choose the correct variant: 1. 2. i. he’ll have to spend more time abroad. 2. 6. b. won’t you? He will call me. 7. 6. there will be/ is some pressure on salaries. If we will work/ work for a larger company. they’ll arrive tomorrow f. must we? Exercises: 1. so please hold my calls … something really urgent comes up. If we employ more people. 4. B a. couldn’t he? They must do that. will you? He won’t com. can you? Negative sentence + positive tag You won’t tell him. If you will hear/ hear anything about a job. Complete the sentences with if. 3. it won’t work/ doesn’t work. we will be/ are late. Unless you plug/ will plug in the computer.
6. …? 12. 8. Fill in the gaps with the verbs in the brackets in the correct tense. …? 2. If you … (leave) now. …? 14. …? 16. …? 15. I couldn’t borrow your dictionary. It was very crowded. …? 7. …? 3. Peter didn’t tell you the truth. If I continue to study English … 3. I … (call) you later. If the company … (not provide) better conditions. the employees … (not do) overtime. …? 9. He has a very good job. you … (bring) it back. Paul saw you coming. You haven’t finished early. He has never been to Brazil …? 8. I’ll call you … I’m going to be late. Where necessary use modals (can. but I’m not sure yet. could. We can start the project next week … anyone disagrees. You have a reservation. I … (see) if the manager … (be) free. …? 6. 5. didn’t they? . You won’t be late. You like this film. 3. Add a question tag to each sentence: 1. If I have some free time this weekend … 4. I am right. If I finish this exercise on time … 2. …? 11. If you … a minute. If you … (not ask) him to do it. If you … (not like) it. they … (go) on strike. 4. B a. 5. 7. Harry isn’t going to retire. It’s Tuesday. …? 13. Match the beginning of a sentence from A with its ending from B: A 1. 2. he … (not do) it.4. You can ski very well. If you … (give) me your phone number. If I go on a trip soon … 5. I’ll come to see you … I get to London. We can’t afford to pay you more … productivity improves. you … (arrive) in time. might): 1. They’ll make a lot of money … the new products sells better than the old one. You … (get) a discount if you … (pay) cash. 7. … ? 4. 5. If you … (not pay) the workers more money. 8. 6. Let’s meet again. 7. Finish the following sentences: 1. 4. Everyone has gone home …? 5. If I can find a better job … 6. …? 10.
8. sometimes the product is simply wrong. If you aren’t the first then you definitely must be the best. 5. 10. It was big. customers won’t buy them twice. heavy and the keys were too small. The product doesn’t work. they will take up too much management time. They paid by credit card. If they are too difficult to use or they often fail the word will spread out. it will be hard to sell the products. Let’s go shopping. Unfortunately. It cost ‘only’ $800. 5. 8. 3. j. And that is because not all customers are good ones. d. g. 7.2. No one here speaks Japanese. c. competitors can come out on the market with better and smaller products. f. You’re leaving tomorrow. Here are some of the reasons why they fail. The product is neither the first nor the best. If a business has too many difficult customers. If there are a lot of customers. If customers don’t want something. i. Companies usually cannot survive on 1% to 5% market share. We must tell her. 7. The product is too big. Examples of products that failed: In the 1970s Hewlett-Packard introduced the wristwatch calculator. they won’t buy it. You haven’t seen my pen. we’ll make millions”. It certainly helps to be the first on the market but that doesn’t mean you will be successful on the long run. 8. She’s a very good assistant. The product is too complicated. A good test is to conduct a research and to find out how many customers there are in a certain city. 3. others just fail. … 4. I expect you want my passport. You could operate on it only with a pin or the end of a pen. . don’t you? mustn’t we? Haven’t you? have you? do they? shall we? isn’t it? aren’t you? isn’t she? Why new products fail New products come on the market all the time. There are too few customers. it will be very hard to sell. If a product takes too much time to develop. 1. it is very likely that they already belong to a direct or indirect competitor. This is a very nice hotel. 9. Some business managers often fool themselves by saying “if we get 3% of the market. Some are in financial difficulties and others may have higher standards. 6. If the market is too small. If a product requires many explanations. 4. The market share is too little. Read the following text: b. There is too much competition. If products fail on installation or they never perform according to standards. Some do well. This happens especially with technical products. the business will not be profitable. There are enough customers but they are poor quality customers. 2. h. 6. e. or a change in customers’ behaviour. If the competition is very strong. without a reason.
… a. Find a word or phrase in the text that means (the paragraph number is given in the brackets): a. didn’t they? c. a bicycle that went backwards. American Inventor. won’t you? b. did your friends c. hasn’t Peter? 3. Why do new products fail? 2. Peter has a good job. did they? b. doesn’t rise .The 8-function bicycle was invented by a Chinese. have you? c. do you? d. aren’t you c. The machine could become a tricycle. don’t you? 7. a sofa and a tripod for cameras. You haven’t finished yet. shall we? d.… a. won’t you? 5. the percentage of all sales that your product gets (4) b. … a. will you? d. Have a cup of coffee. does he? c. 9. a German company introduced the artificial spray with mud for people in cities who drove four-wheel-drive vehicles. aren’t I? 4. In the 1990s. He loves skiing. ask for (7) “Many of life's failures are people who did not realize how close they were to success when they gave up” Thomas A. will you? c. doesn’t Peter? c. make someone believe something is not true (4) e. doesn’t he? d. Let’s have a break. am not I? b. won’t we? b. … a. Think of examples you know about products that failed. people will be unhappy. didn’t nobody? 6. … a. are you? b. a. are I? d. rise c. doesn’t he? 11. have you? c. … a. Edison (1847-1931). not good (6) f. If prices…. did they? 8. shan’t you? 10. You won’t be long. 10. Why did the three products mentioned above fail? 3. Answer the following questions: 1. loves he? b. am I? c. shan’t we? 9. will rise b. did nobody? d. … a. haven’t you b. didn’t you? 2. Nobody saw you. will we? c. loves he not? d. … a. You’ve been to Spain. Writing Task: Why do products fail? Give an example that you have heard of. shall you? d. I am right. Your friends didn’t arrive.… a. someone selling a similar product (3) d. The idea was that the mud could make the car look as if it had just come from a safari or from the mountains rather than from the supermarket. did you? d. Test 1 (1 hour) Choose the correct answer: 1. having trouble with money (2) c. haven’t you? b. won’t rise d. didn’t they d. has Peter? b. a wheelchair. didn’t your friends b. … a.
agrees d. share c. a. Some customers are in financial difficulties and others may have higher standards. competitor b.no more than 3 hours: . Unfortunately.2 Franchising • • • • Objectives: to make students use conditional sentences. hold 14..12. will arrive b. If you leave now. For some products there are too few customers.. a. We can start the project next week unless anyone . Someone selling a similar product is your … a. don’t arrive d. a. 6. It was too big and too difficult for customers to understand. the employees won’t do overtime. Difficult customers … too much management time. pay not 16. What skills you will have at the end of this unit: speak about probable and unreal situations in the present. will pay b. sometimes the product is simply wrong. a. take in c. a. arrive not 15. 4. 10. Content of the unit: study time. Unit 9. take up 20. If the products are too difficult to use or they often fail the word will spread out. without a reason. competition c. will provide c. If the company … better conditions. they will take up too much management time. take down b. You will get a discount if you … cash. a. did well c. won’t provide 17. not pay d. Test 2 Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. arrive c. had success. 5. share market 18. doesn’t provide d. will hold b. The product … . market share d. 3. competitive d. If there are a lot of customers. The percentage of all sales that your product gets is called … a. failed d. you … in time. Some business managers often fool themselves by saying “if we get 3% of the market. disagree 13. If a business has too many difficult customers. 2. 9. you hold d. pay c. doesn’t disagree c. What you should know at the end of this unit: conditional sentences. Please… my calls unless something really urgent comes up. it is very likely that they already belong to a direct or indirect competitor. you will hold c. It certainly helps to be the first on the market but that doesn’t mean you will be successful on the long run. a. disagrees b. take after d. fooled b. If you aren’t the first then you definitely must be the best. we’ll make millions”. 8. all the vocabulary included. There are enough customers but they are poor quality customers. market b. competent 19. provides b. 7.
3. If he didn’t cooperate. 2. I would help/ helped you if I can/ could. I would let you have one. We don’t have facilities for business travelers. her boss might be very angry. The guests wouldn’t feel/ didn’t feel so tired if the journey from the airport wouldn’t take/ didn’t take such a long time. Choose the correct variant: 1. If the fax machine is working/ worked. 3. I had/ would have a word with the manager. If she didn’t come. but I don’t have the possibility. was. If I am/ were you. If it snowed here regularly. I wouldn’t invite her again. c. Match the beginning of a sentence from A with its ending from B: B 1. Subject+ would/ could/ might + verb We use this type of conditional when we talk about future events that are imaginary. if we didn’t like it. Positive and Negative: I You He/ She/ It We They would leave this (‘d) wouldn’t city. Unless she told the truth. 4. If prices rose. d. If I had/ would have that ticket I’d/ I’ll give it to you. 5. improbable (unlikely) or impossible. we would have to take other measures.The Present Conditional The Present Conditional is formed using would (‘d) and the infinitive of the verb. If anyone would have/ had serious injuries. We wouldn’t come here a. you could study more. people would be unhappy. If there b. If we have/ had. I you he/ she/ it we they Question: Would leave this city? Conditional Sentences Type 2 If / Unless + Subject + Past. we wouldn’t make a profit. we could go swimming A . 2. If I were you. If you wanted better results. we would fly/ will fly them to hospital. I wouldn’t go there. Exercises: 1. Would/ Will you be interested if we arranged/ would arrange a dancing evening? 8. It’s a pity there is no pool. 6. 2. 7. I’m sure we would make/ will make more money in the low season. you can / could send the fax from here.
with the right to operate a business. If the computer … (not crash). 10. 3. 6. If he … (stop) drinking. if I had more money. you … (be) healthier. What would you take with you if you lived alone on an island? 3. What would you do if you won a big lottery prize? 5. 9. I … (finish) in time. I … (explain) the problem to you. we wouldn’t know who comes to our hotel.g.: What would you do if you became a millionaire? If I became a millionaire I would invest my money in shares.4. 6. 1. If you … (give up) smoking. called royalties. What would you do if you were the Prime-minister of your country? 6. If we had any free room. 4. What would you do if you became a millionaire? 2. he … (feel) better. Which country would you like to visit if someone offered you a free trip abroad? 4. 5. There would be a difference in price e. and also makes annual payments. normally a large business. 3. Read the following text: Franchising Franchising is a means of marketing and distributing goods. h. The franchisee pays for the right to sell the product or service in a certain area. 3. 8. 9. . 4. f. 7. 5. If I … (be) on the Board of this company. I … (tell) you. If you … (not be) in a hurry. if three persons shared a room. supplies the franchisee. I … (change) many things. this place would be a marvelous winter resort. I would go on more trips. The franchisee also uses the franchisor’s established system or format. 2. usually an individual. The franchisor. Give complete answers to the following questions: E. 7. 1. If we had more groups from Japan. If we didn’t get large group bookings 8. If I … (work) harder. g. 4. If she … (go) on a diet she … (lose) weight. we would employ someone who could speak the language. He wouldn’t sell his car if… If you didn’t waste your time … This wouldn’t happen if … 5. If we didn’t take everyone’s names. Things … (be) different if you … (talk) to him. there … (not be) so much pollution. i. Fill in the gaps with the verbs in the brackets in the correct tense (Past Simple or Conditional): 1. Finish the following sentences: If I knew the answers … Unless you feel better. 5. I … probably (get) the promotion. If I … (have) an idea about the presentation. 2. If they … (ban) all cars from the city centre.
It is wise to get advice before you … a business. They are usually interested in business. retail. 8. they will have the opportunity to make a small fortune. The franchisee gains from this arrangement as well. 7. franchisees buy the right to use the trade name of the franchisor. 4. Why is franchising popular? 2. Fill in the gaps with the correct word from the list below. their goods by offering franchises to investors. Many companies decide to . Franchises appeal mostly to people who have limited … to invest in their business. Franchised businesses are very common in the … trade. boom. 9. Why do companies use franchising to expand their business? 3. royalty. For their investment. (Adapted from World of Business) 7. Make any necessary changes: 9. They want to work for themselves but are afraid to take too many risks. 2.. If it works properly. franchise. Why do people buy franchises? 4. The franchising system gives people the chance to set up in business without taking great risks. And it also gets additional capital from an outside source.This type of business has always been popular in the USA. materials. It developed in the 1950s when there was a boom in fast-food restaurants such as McDonalds and Kentucky Fried Chicken. If they choose their franchise wisely. Now.. The franchising company also provides them with training. fast-food businesses have become popular in Romania. promote. Finally. the franchisor will very likely promote the brand name of the business by national advertising. and equipment. 5. about one-third of all retail sales in the US are through franchised outlets. but do not have much experience and capital. A franchise can be good … for a person with little experience. You must pay a lot of money to buy the … of a big hotel. and they get advice about running the business. 6. Is there any risk for the franchising company? 5. Is there any risk in running a franchise? 8. Franchising companies generally spend a lot of money … their goods. In recent years. Answer the following questions: 1. 10. purchase. It is not surprising that franchising is growing fast. outlet. investment. . distribute 1. Many fast-food … are run as franchises 3. The annual … which a franchisee pays is usually a percentage of profits or turnover. capital. They usually take advantage of the company’s specialized knowledge and its ability to buy in bulk. it has advantages for both sides. The franchisor is able to expand his business without reducing his capital or borrowing money. No one knows how long the … will continue.
establishment c. didn’t drink d. turnover d. a. didn’t tell b. gain c. ‘d had d. do 16. we … a profit a. restaurant b. You can … a small fortune if you invest your money wisely. a. told d. a. a. will b. mall 17.. Industrialist. people would be unhappy. likely . a. possible b. franchise c. rised c. wouldn’t done 6. would borrow 9. won’t drink 4. a. should d. lot 18. … is a means of marketing and distributing goods.” Harold S. we … offer it to you. As a franchisor you can obtain additional … from an outside source. bulk c. a. be 2. made d. her boss might be very angry. If I … an idea about the presentation. establish b.. The … is normally a large business that sells its established system. royalties 13. profits b. would be c. If you … me some money. like d. rose b. would rose 8. ‘d have c. not drank b. make b. The annual payments made for the right to use a brand name are called … a. If we had any free room. expansion 20. had 3. wouldn’t make b. would tell 7. It is not easy to … a business. Writing Task: Would you rather buy a franchise or have your own business? Why? Test 1 Choose the correct answer: 1. probable c. store c. If we didn’t get large group bookings. make 19. would rise d. a. would c. If prices . do c. He will very … buy a franchise. in bulk c. I’d tell you. retail b. franchisee b. were d. wouldn’t tell c. Franchise c. Geneen (1910 – 1997) American Accountant. he would feel better. a lot 15. wouldn’t made d. turnover d. franchisor 10. franchising d. a. When you buy large quantities of the same product for a lower price you buy… a. Franchisee b. run d. Companies prefer to … their business by means of franchising. borrowed d. If he … so much. a. profit b. a. a. direct c. a.. You can … experience if you set up in business. wouldn’t do c. wouldn’t drink c. a. A shop that sells products made by a particular company is a (an)… a. are b. Franchisor 11. lended b. Unless she … the truth. have b. A … business sells goods directly to the public a. let 5. I could buy a house. drive 14. wholesale d. Franchising d. a. earn d. CEO. capital c. wholesale d. Things … different if you talked to him. royalties 12. win b. outlet d.“You can't run a business or anything else on a theory. retail b. capital c. expand d. lent c. conduct b.
What you should know at the end of this unit: adjectives and prepositions. 9. They wouldn’t be angry if … 15.. I would have more money if … 16.. all the vocabulary included. A franchisor is … 18. 3. 5. Finish the following sentences: 11. I’m responsible for them I’m interested in buying some shares. a noun phrase. phrasal verbs. . They develop their business without recruiting more staff. 4. 20. They cannot sell their business easily. 13.Test 2 Read the following statements and decide which refer to franchisors and which to franchisees: 1. • • . 7. They don’t take too many risks. They must respect certain rules. The brand name is … Unit 9. They provide reports on the levels of sales. 6. They are responsible for national advertising. phrasal verbs. National advertising is .. 2. If you told me earlier. 8. If I had one million dollars… 12.no more than 3 hours: Adjectives + Prepositions Some adjectives can be followed by a preposition and the preposition can be followed by a noun. They can only sell certain products.3 Setting up Your Own Business Objectives: to make students use adjectives and their prepositions. 10. • Content of the unit: study time. An outlet is … 17. They can get advice on how to deal with problems. A franchisee is … 19. I’m responsible for a team of five people. a pronoun or verb-ing: I’m responsible for their actions.. • What abilities /skills you will have at the end of this unit: to use phrasal verbs. They will probably have to buy supplies from one source only. Unless I arrive on time… 14. They don’t have to borrow additional capital to expand.
I’m amazed by their behaviour. Coca-Cola is popular with Americans. She was right about everything. Adjective that change prepositions Good at/ for/ with bad at/ for/ with I’m good at Maths. Other Adjectives +to +of accustomed to aware of attached to capable of critical of attentive to full of married to opposed to guilty of related to sure of relevant to typical of similar to used to +in interested in +on keen +at amazed at shocked at surprised +about certain about right about wrong about +for famous for fit for important for late for prepared for ready for suitable for useful for +in covered in involved in lacking in rich in successful in +with compatible with popular with We’re used to seeing you every day. I’m angry about the delay. Happy for/ with I’m happy for you . You’re involved in something bad. She’s good with difficult customers. She was full of enthusiasm. I’m not keen on Maths. I’m angry with them because they didn’t come. The merger was bad for the company. I’m interested in learning a new language. I’m amazed at your decision. He is famous for his creations.Some adjectives expressing feelings: +of +with +about +by afraid of angry with angry about amazed fond of annoyed annoyed about fascinated nervous of bored with concerned shocked proud of disappointed doubtful about surprised suspicious with enthusiastic tired of fed up with excited about pleased with optimistic satisfied with pessimistic serious about worried about I’m afraid of going to the dentist.
Phrasal Verbs Phrasal verbs are the verbs followed by a particle (preposition or adverb) like back. Phrasal verbs are very common in informal English. through. Can you fill in this form? (complete) Can you fill this form in? Can you fill it in? (never: Can you fill in it?) I’ll give up smoking. They very often have more than one meaning and that becomes clear from the context. (telephone) They’ve set up a factory in Eastern Europe. (function without) . The Marketing Director is responsible to the CEO. I’m sorry for causing so much trouble. (write) Can you pick me up tomorrow? (take me in your car) Can you drop me off at the supermarket? (let me to get down from your car) Can you look their number up in the telephone directory? (search) I’ll ring up the suppliers. Responsible for/ to I’m responsible for their actions. (control it) Our lawyers will draw up a new contract. The particle usually changes the meaning of the original verb. (establish) The large company took over the smaller one. (quit) They are trying to keep the inflation down. (fire people) You can’t put off that decision. Sorry for/ about I’m sorry about all the trouble.I’m happy with your suggestion. The object pronoun is always placed between the verb and the particle and never after the particle. Separable phrasal verbs Some phrasal verbs can be separated in two parts by an object (noun or pronoun). (cancel) Can you turn the TV off? (stop it from functioning) Can you turn the radio on? (start) Can you turn the radio up? (make it louder) Can you turn the radio down? (make it more quiet) Inseparable phrasal verbs Some phrasal verbs cannot be separated in two parts by an object. (visit) Can you deal with this complaint? (do whatever is necessary) I can’t do without my computer. off etc. The nouns or the pronouns always come after the particle: I’ll call on my friends tonight. (take control) Can you throw the rubbish away? (dispose of) He turned down our offer. (postpone) They called the meeting off. (refuse) The company will lay off some workers.
Linda is young but she is very successful … business. We are concerned … the problem of theft. The customers are very critical … some products. Are you interested a. g. I’m not used h. to getting up so early. 4. about judging them. 4. 5. Jane is really good e. with us for getting the wrong goods. 7. 3. in our offers? 7. 5. of the difficulty of the situation? 5. I was wrong j. I’m sorry for/ about what happened. 10. at encouraging people. I’ve heard about her promotion. 8. (arrive by surprise) Exercises: 1. 2. They are always attentive … the needs of their customers. They were annoyed d. from the old one. 7. Match the beginning of a sentence from A with its ending from B: A B 1. 8. 6. I wasn’t aware … the fact these models no longer exist. for the big meeting? 3. 2. I’m annoyed about/ with this confusion with the suppliers. I’m happy with/ for all the arrangements. I’m sorry for/ about the delay. I’m annoyed about/ with them for sending us the wrong order. We are satisfied … our profits. Fill in the gaps with right preposition from the list below: With (2) of (2) in (2) to (1) about (3) 1. We are certain… the future positive results. Choose the correct variant: 1. . The management seems enthusiastic … the opening of a new subsidiary. I’m interested … a career in tourism. 2. c. Are you ready 9. 6. Are you aware 4. (occupy) Phrasal Verbs without objects The car has broken down. 6. Is you computer compatible … mine? 3. (register) Guests must check out when they leave. 10. He is very keen f. (stopped functioning) Guests must check in when they arrive. I’m angry about/ with them. This new product is different b. (pay and leave) Come in and have a seat! (enter) Hold on for a moment! (wait) The boss can turn up at any moment. I’m happy with/ for Linda. 9.Can you look after the baby? (take care of) Can you look for my glasses? (search) This will take up too much time. 3. 2. on keeping fit. by the number of pubs in this town. I was surprised i.
I’m fed up with … 4. go on 1. 4. I’m afraid of … 5. give up. Can you … this form with your personal details? 4. I heard Siemens is setting up/ down a new plant in Budapest. 6. Can you …me … there? 8. Finish the following sentences: 1. 8. 5. it will … all the space left. I’m optimistic about … 6.” Peter F. Can you … the baby? 6. The boss put off/ down the meeting because he was busy. I’m fond of … 3. deal with. 6. take up. 9. 3. Who is responsible for/ to this mess? 9. I can’t remember where I’ve put the red file. Can you ring out/up the suppliers? “Business has only two functions . I’ve turned the TV down/ off because there was nothing interesting on. Complete the sentences with a phrasal verb from the list below: Look for. Drucker (1909 ). American Management Consultant. You can’t … now. They took over/ on our company. find out. Can you throw out/ away this old newspaper? 7. High inflation is bad at/ for the economic situation. I’m interested in … 9. Writing Task: Make sentences of your own using the following phrasal verbs: . I’m going out this evening. 7. They turned down/ off our offer because of the high price. I’m bored with… 2. I’m surprised by … 5. Did you … why they haven’t arrived? 2. drop off.marketing and innovation. I need to get to the railway station. If you put your desk here. Can you help me … for it? 10. If there aren’t any more questions I’ll … with my presentation. fill in. The workers agreed to call out/ off the strike. The head of the department is responsible for/ to the chief executive officer. 9. Can you …? I have a call on the other line. 10. 2. I’m worried about … 7. Choose the correct variant: 1. When you are a policeman you … all kind of people. look after. Sony is bringing in/ out a new product in September. hold on. 5.8. 4. They say that this large company is laying off/ out 500 workers. There is only one more week to the presentation. I’m annoyed about … 8. 10. I’m used to … 10. 3.
It was a great idea but the board … it down. put c. I couldn’t … a. break down. put 11. a. at c. keen 14.. look for. took 2. to c. for 20. I’ll … for a solution but it’s not easy to find one. get d. She is … of getting up early every day. stop 7. check 9. do my mobile without c. a. created b. check b. The Central Bank tries to … the inflation down. a. by d. but that’s recession. a. interested c. keen 17. for b. His brother is involved … some dirty business. on 19. bored b. This product is similar … our competitor’s product. a. tired c. They are … about the exam results. to . responsible b. pessimistic d. keep c. turn off(TV). with b. remove b. aware c. set d. do it without 4. turn on (TV). a. up a subsidiary in Eastern Europe. keen 16. tired c. pick somebody up. a. turned d. to c.give up. get 10. Test 1 (1 hour) Choose the correct answer: 1. do without my mobile b. for c. Nobody likes to … off their employees. put b. come c. on 13. increase d. pessimistic d. certain d. a. fond b. capable d. The company . a. I’m annoyed … them for being so inflexible. in b. a. put d. afraid 18. control b. a. prepared b. by d. put b. with d. a. a. fill b. When guests leave a hotel they must … out. a. drop somebody off. draw up. look 5. get c. get c. go c. for d. turned d.. with b. do without it d. Susan was very good … all the subjects in school. As an assistant manager I’m responsible directly … the manager. capable 15. turn d. bored b. at c. at 12. She is … in working in our department. call b. I’m not … on Maths. arrive 8. lay c. enter b. a. interested d. a. look d. with b. a. get c. look 6. You can’t … it away. She will … up when no one expects her. This is a great opportunity. can’t do without. prepared c. get c. a. When guests arrive at a hotel hey must … in. throw 3. turn d. about d. call on somebody. Are you … about that or you have heard it somewhere? a.
finished you d. 5. agrees d. doesn’t disagree c. advertised 4. would want d. They must lay down some workers. disagree 6. … a. baby Can after you the look tonight? Test 1 ( Module 9. will be c. … . drop Can at you drop off me the supermarket? 13. I computer can’t without do my. was 3.Test 2 Correct the following sentences: 1. 10. wouldn’t tell c. would advertise d. 14. will advertise c. He our offer down turned. told d.. 9. 19. would lose d. If my plane isn’t late. haven’t you? c. She is bored about her job. away Can throw you the rubbish? 16. will lose c. if we … more often. lost 2. She is interested in invest money. will want c. If you … this promotion. We would get more customers. have you b. a. disagrees b. a. Unless she … the truth. Our country is lacking of energy resources.. a. lose b. a. It hasn’t been working for 2 days now. The TV has turned down. her boss might be very angry. Are you aware by the damaged you have caused? 4. look my Can for you glasses? 17.1 hour) Choose the right answer: 1. The boss will put up the meeting because he is busy. we … all our data. am b. advertise b. I’ll come on you tonight because I haven’t seen you for a long time. complaint Can this you with deal? 20. I … in Bucharest at six. I’m responsible by a team of 3 people. Put the words in the correct order to form sentences: 11. a. form Can fill you this in? 15. Peter and Jane are too busy to see us. If we got a virus on the network. would be d. 2. wanted b. you’ll listen to their advice. We can start the project next week unless anyone . not finished you? 8. 7. 12. 3. This product is popular for customers with high incomes. time take This up will much too. smoking I’ll up give. You have already finished. 18. 6. 8. want 7. didn’t tell b. a. would tell 5.
we’ll miss the plane. I’m … about the delay. let’s not? c. used d. shall we? 12. take up b. to do c. What would you do … they didn’t sign the contract? 6. 12. do b. … a. about d. take up b. We must tell her. ting up d. building up 19. 8. Their offices are near here. Can you look the baby after? 11. Can you … the suppliers? a. about d. Can you …me … there? a. in c. It wasn’t such an interesting conference. I’m fed up with … the same kind of work. … you have questions. If I am you. a. She wasn’t aware about her own powers. phone up b. I can’t take a decision … I see all the figures. I wouldn’t go there. They went to London last year. don’t we d. a. do you? b. are Paul and Jane? 9. don’t they? 11. Correct the following sentences: 7. aren’t they? c. 9. 14. 3. on 14. talk 20. I’ll deal this complaint with. a. You haven’t seen my pen. a. drop off d. do you? 16. doing d. didn’t they? b. 10. I’m interested … a career in tourism. Our company is lacking of good staff. pick up c. was the conference? d. didn’t you? 13. You have a reservation. We would get the contract … we had a great team. was it? 10. on 15. 13. went they? d. prepared 16. 4. Let’s go to a restaurant tonight. let’s we? b. I heard Siemens is … a new plant in Budapest. setting b. call on c. … a. establishing up c. wasn’t the conference? c. people would be unhappy. don’t you? c. aren’t we? . haven’t you? 15. a. The management seems enthusiastic … the opening of a new subsidiary. The suite is suitable to families. sorry b. to doing 17. pick up c. … a. surprised c. for b. … a. I need to get to the railway station. You usually have lunch at this restaurant. … it isn’t raining. a. please call me. Come on! … we hurry. drop off d. did you? d. If prices rised. put off 18. wasn’t it? b. are they? d. 2. We’ll walk there. aren’t Paul and Jane? b.a. 5. setting up d. for b. did they? c. put off Test 2 (Module 9) Complete the sentences with if or unless: 1. The boss … the meeting because he was busy. in c.
1.17. It’s 13. They set down the meeting for two o’clock. 3. . I went to a party. . Unit 10. 4. do?). What skills you will have at the end of this module: to speak and write fluently and correctly.no more than 3 hours: Revision Revise all the tenses starting with Module 1 and then go to the exercises below. but today she … (be) late. I … (not speak) Spanish but I … (understand) French. I … (talk) to a client right now. What you should know at the end of this module: all the vocabulary and grammar included. It’s a quarter past eight. He … (be) from Argentina. What … (you/ do)? .I’m a student. 7. 18. 8. 6. They are Britishes students. He … (live) in London. 2. I … (stay) at the Marriott Hotel until Friday. What abilities /skills you will have at the end of this unit: to speak and write fluently and correctly Content of the unit: study time. Hold out a minute! I’ll be right back.1 Revision and Stress • • • • Objectives: revision What you should know at the end of this unit: all the grammar and vocabulary included. It’s twenty five to two. She … (not like) meeting new people.45. Jane … (usually/ arrive) early. There is many cars in the parking lot. 3. 20. If I finish this on time. 5. 4. What … (you. Module 10 • • • Objectives: revision of tenses and of the vocabulary. 19. Fill in the gaps with the Present Simple or the Present Continuous of the verbs in the brackets: 1. The company will lay out 100 workers. 10.25. 2.I’m watching TV. Correct the mistakes in the following sentences: It’s 19. 1. Where … (be) you from? 9. 2.
Choose the correct variant (Future Simple. and I’ve been listening to more than 50 … . I… (wait) here for two hours and he isn’t coming. Choose the correct variant (Modal verbs): . Mens usually watch football. I’m meeting/ I’ll meet Jane tonight. Justin will/ is going to probably get the job. I last … (buy) a new outfit two years ago. 9. already. 6. He has … left. Those people are some of my usuals customers. We are going to/ will probably go to Spain next year. be going to or Present Continuous): 1. ever. When … (you / last/ see) her? 4. Not sell your car! 8. The flight will/ is going to probably be delayed. 6. 6. yet. 7. Linda has been with us … two years now. Helen is going to / will lend me a copy of the report this afternoon. I’ve … wanted a surprise party. I’ve … dreamed about going to California. How long … (you/ work) here? 6. Have you … been to Italy? 5. There one person in the room. He can’t be very far. 8. Fill in the gaps with the Past Simple. so far. never. She … (not be) in this town since she … (be) 20 years old. There is people in the street. 9. 10. since. for. I’ll be/ I am being ready in a moment. 4.5. 5. She … (order) the googds yet. 9. 4. 5. … (see/ Helen) this week? 5. 10. often 1. I … (not talk) to her for five years. What are you doing/ will you do tonight? 8. They’ve … watched this show before but they find it interesting. They talk about Womens and childrens’ rights. 4. 9. – I’m going to / I’ll bring you a glass of water. Present Perfect Simple. Why haven’t’ you talked to him … ? 7. always. 7. 3. Peter … (stop) drinking three years ago. 6. The visitors will arrive/ are arriving at 10 o’clock. 2. or Present Perfect Continuous of the verbs in the brackets: 1. Thanks for your surprise. I’ll start reading something else because I’ve … finished this book. 7. I’ve lived in Timisoara … 1983. 8. 10. Anna … (come) back from France yesterday. The phone is ringing – I’m answering/ I’ll answer it. I haven’t found the right slogan. 10. 2. 3. I’m thirsty. 3. 2. Wait for me. Complete the sentences with a time expression from the list below: Just. 3.
up in the phone directory. I can’t make the meeting on Thursday. I can’t do 5. 5. I can’t manage … (find) her. 7. I tried … (explain) everyting to her but she didn’t listen. She must be really busy. How much is a cup of coffee? 6. 6. 7. Answer the following questions: 1.1. How old are you? 4. You mustn’t/ haven’t leave your valuables in the hotel room. May/ Should I suggest the soup of the day? 9. up from the airport? i. Do you mind … (call) back in half an hour? 3. Where are you from? 2. after the wholesale side. In my job I deal 2. over smaller ones. You must find Linda. keep on … (try) 7. I can’t stand people … (talk) all the time. She can/ must be at lunch. without her on the negotiation team d. What time is your favourite programme on? 5. Can you pick me 7. I enjoyed … (meet) your family. The larger companies will take 6. h. Can you fill 3. Here is the form. up smoking. Can/ Must I help you? 8. 2. it in and sign. c. 8. He wants … (come) with us tomorrow. I might/ can be able to help you but I’m not sure. with all kind of people. When is your birthday? 3. 2. I think you must/ have to listen to them 3. it off to Friday? g. I take care of the retail part of the business and Anne looks 4. . Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb in the brackets (infinitive or verb-ing. What do you usually do on weekends? B a. 10. b. The doctor says I should give 9. We don’t must/ have to bring anything. If she doesn’t answer. The manager refused … (see) me. 8. off at the police station? j. I’ve arranged … (meet) them at the airport. Look it 10. I can’t afford … (eat) out every night. 4. Anne isn’t in her office. I’m afraid I can/ can’t help you. 9. She has/ should see a doctor. Can we put 9. Match the beginning of a sentence from A with its ending from B: A 1. Can you drop me 8. I don’t know his number. 5. He doesn’t should/ shouldn’t smoke so much. 4. 10. please? f. Verb patterns): 1. 6. e.
Nevertheless. Read the following text: Stress and People at Work Stress is a perfectly natural part of living. a majority of female and a large proportion of migrant workers. these are all stressful activities. you have to know how to cope with stress. if you think your colleagues ask for unreasonable things. drinking too much alcohol. so we must learn how to relax properly. persons working alone. Longterm stress is associated with high blood pressure. the hotel and catering industry has been identified as the industry with the most physical violence. And don’t forget that laughter is the best medicine. You won’t worry about your problems when you are concentrating on a hobby that really interests you. This will keep you fit and should also help you sleep better. singer 10. Services and facilities should provide a relaxing environment for tourists and these services range from socializing to relieving stress by doing massage. half of all recorded incidents of violence in Norway happen inside or directly outside hotels. if possible an active outdoor activity. For example. for example. Learn to say ‘no’. with little experience and little training. difficulty in concentrating. You must take plenty of exercise. What should you do tomorrow? 13. Is it therapeutic for the staff working in the tourist industry. Set realistic deadlines that you are sure to achieve. What are you doing right now? 10. It’s essential to take proper breaks during the day. At work.” Richard Saunders. it’s important to make lists of tasks that you need to complete during the day. What did you do yesterday? 8. inns. too? . We live in a fast-moving age. What have you been doing for the past few hours? 11. driving a car. But how do you deal with these problems? The average business person often doesn’t have time to sit down and work out answers. But what do you if your workplace is statistically number one when speaking about violence and stress? Within the European Union. etc and are largely connected with abuse of alcohol or drugs. Staff may work in very stressful conditions. What do you want to do this week? 14. take up a hobby. over the past few years therapeutic tourism has become an alternative form of tourism. very often having contact with drunken clients and customers. First. so that you don’t become too tired.7. Stress is not a good idea. But if you want to survive. going to a party. headaches and heart disease. vulnerability of young employees. What will you probably do next week? 15. poor appetite or overeating. Other specific factors of violence in this industry are unusual working hours (night work). Here are some of the most common symptoms of stress: sleeping badly. Crossing a road. restaurants. What are you going to do on your summer holiday? “Brain cells create ideas. Stress kills brain cells. What have you done this week? 9. Where do you have to go tomorrow? 12.
4. Nowadays. traveling is a very popular way to spend your leisure time. vulnerability of young employees. Nowadays. which used to go to warmer climates during the winter to get away from the bad weather in the cities. Other specific factors of violence in this industry are unusual working hours (night work). Test 1 (1 hour) (Writing Task) Answer the following questions about the text above: 1. How can you reduce stress at work? 5. headaches and heart disease. For instance. 4. Nevada and be dining in a French café in Paris. 9. Mexico and Hawaii. which is one of the most stressful industries? Why? 6. 10. Is traveling. Staff may work in very stressful conditions. with little experience and little training. a good way to reduce stress? Why/why not? Test 2 Translate the following sentences into Romanian: 1. Traveling was a form of leisure for the upper classes. and don’t let the modern type of life take over. you can be in Las Vegas. we speak about traveling. Statistically. You can manage stress starting today if you enjoy every bit of your free time. In conclusion. 8. Do you have a hobby that helps you reduce stress? What is it? 10. Test 1 (Module 10. 3. 5. Can you really have diner in a French cafe and be in Las Vegas at the same time? 9. And traveling was a form of leisure for the upper classes. You can manage stress starting today if you enjoy every bit of your free time. Unfortunately. 6. many places that people go to relieve the stress from their lives are simulations of stress-free environments. Do you feel stressed? 2. Long-term stress is associated with high blood pressure. to vacations in the Swiss Alps and safaris in Africa. What is therapeutic tourism? 7. these are all stressful activities. From the spring break trips to Cancun. We live in a fast-moving age. or in Disney World standing outside a European castle while enjoying the Florida sunshine. Name some medical problems related to stress. a majority of female and a large proportion of migrant workers. persons working alone.When we speak about stress-free activities. 3. driving a car. Name some stressful activities for you. Set realistic deadlines that you are sure to achieve. Unfortunately. going to a party. 2. What do people do to relax? 8. people travel to relieve some of the stress that they experience in their every day work and home lives. very often having contact with drunken clients and customers. Crossing a road. in your opinion. so we must learn how to relax properly. traveling is a very popular way to spend your leisure time.2 hours) . which used to go to warmer climates during the winter to get away from the bad weather in the cities. many places that people go to relieve the stress from their lives are simulations of stressfree environments. 7. Each year people spend billions of dollars in the travel and tourism industry. try to relax wherever and whenever you can.
do 2. Where can I find a supermarket? . How … you spell your name? a.15 d. taking c.10 c. accommodations b. this b. information 5. I’m afraid I can’t. am b. What time is it? . no b. 49 d.m. I want … newspaper. c. am d. leaves 21. watch b. how much b. accommodation d. d.an 13. don’t go c. accommodation d.It’s half past eleven p. a. being 22.50 4. those 1. Don’t turn 15. What time is it? . a.Choose the right answer: 1. 23. a d. b. go d. a. a. a. a. anything d. 23. someone c. something b. your c. near c. accommodations b. I … you are a finance manager.00. his 2. a d. 17. 8.an 14. The bank is … ahead. It is … cat. some c. no read 3. a little of 19. What do you do? – I … an engineer. Not. any 12. a. We like … good books. take b. is leave b. a. straight 16.It’s ten to eight a.30 3. understand d. read b. My train … at 7. There is … on the balcony. some b. Turning d.30 b. What are you doing? – I … TV. I can’t. a lot of d.m. I don’t. to take 18. . May I … you to your room? a. a. informations c. I give … about destinations around the world. is c. a. He is a marketing assistant. … is my brother. a. watching c. left b. informations c. Turn b. anyone 11. am understanding c. … coffee do you drink a day? a. are d.…right at the second street. am being c. am watching. a. understands 20. in front of you. information 10. not read d. not go b. 8. a. how many c. its d. She … playing football. be b. I usually arrange … at hotels. 23. Turns c. a. 11. I think it is John. that c. 7.15 c. Heathrow is … international airport. something d. these d. There are … lovely flowers in the garden. a. I never … to the seaside. is leaving d. my b. 11. Can you meet me tonight? a. any c. some b. a. a. going 4. along d. a. understanding b. any c. takesd. watches d. I have a cat. leave c.11 b. reading c. 7.
may 27. Have to b. They … for dinner tomorrow at 7. not sell c. not like d. are going to come c. coming d. Your homework was … hers. The negotiations . You … serve alcohol to people under 18. much hotter c. to do d. Me too. better than 42. a. I’ve never … there . should d. very well. I did.00. enough 44. cannot 31. is going 25. a. doesn’t like 24. a. I do. a. a. I … arrive until 7. She left work early …the shopping. a. go 37. No. gooder than d. is used to b. You … see a doctor. worst c. have 28. a. make c. a. d. a. won’t c. can d. Me neither. I didn’t meet my friends last night. … I turn off the TV? a. do b. 39. are coming b. too d. are going c. … you have coffee for breakfast yesterday morning? a. She …the book yesterday. in d. My parents … run a pub.. are c. Today is … than yesterday. May not c. so b. He … teaching students and not children. don’t must d. bought 32. willn’t b. not sold b. a. did b. bad d. After … a long time he didn’t recognize me. goes d. a. buy c. You don’t look very well. Your money … on the table. come 38. am going c. cannot 30. b. a. am going to go b. gived 33. ago 36. on c. Nothing is … than being stuck in a traffic jam. This Christmas I … probably on a trip to Greece. is 35. a. given d. used to c. mustn’t b. not likes c. buys d. to make 46. gooder c. Someone… him the recipe last year. can d. not will 41. a. at b. such c. Me too. a. a. does d. better b. Can 26. didn’t sell 34. They …their car last year. Don’t have to d. do c. 40. don’t will d. a. d. more hottest 45. badder 43. Me neither c. do d. much hottest d. does 29. is b. a. must c. didn’t sold d. a. isn’t liking b. I not. a. used to c. buyed b. gave b. may c.00. I do. more hotter b. b. gaved c.. I spend too much money.a. We always go away … weekends. going b. c. is used to b. will go d. can b. worse b.
What did you do lately? . I … for him since 1 o’clock. She is usually going shopping on Friday. existed 47. … a. will we? 14. will b.45 and he hasn’t arrived yet. 12. I am waiting here for half an hour. a. 2. felt c. have been waited c. I must to speak to you. Nobody saw you. People English are nice. 18. 6. 20. It’s 1. 16. fallen 48. 49. a. 11. My sisters name is Linda. a. haven’t I? 15. have waited b. He don’t work for Volkswagen. been b. did they? b. didn’t they? c. was d. did nobody? d. 13. 10. 7. 19. 5. fell b. we … offer it to you. They are so disappointed as you. She is more tall then her brother.a. 17. should d. 9. This people are waiting for you. This book is me. went c. I haven’t met you before. Does he is your brother? 4. 3. Profits have… since he resigned. Let’s go home. They watch TV right now. When do you last see a film? 8. Why do you come from? – I come from Spain. would c. If we had any free room. The hotel is more farer than I expected. let Test 2 (Module 10) Correct the following sentences: 1. didn’t nobody? 50. She is interested about your work. I haven’t never seen such a thing. have waiting. have been waiting d. falled d.
7. .3 Look at these common interview questions. You speak English very well.. he will be shortlisted for the …………… If the interview is a success. . You have a successful working experience. What would your strengths and weaknesses be? 2. . . Then. send his …………. 6. 5. they will …………. You know how to make people change their minds.. You have …………. . 2. for a job.and the …………… If he is a good ………….. You have a ………….. You graduate from one of the best universities in the country and you attended a lot of international conferences. You are a …………. You are ambitious and you want to gain a promotion. You are …………… 9.. He is going to fill in the …………. person. You know how to communicate to others.2 If you want to apply for a job and you don’t know how to find the words to “sell yourself”.. of English. You act as an energiser for your team. You are …………. look at the following list and complete the sentences. .. in a newspaper. write down your possible replies. Romanian is your …………. English: resume) application forms apply advertisement candidate After reading an …………. You are very interested in the job. .. How hav you changed over the past three years? .. 11.. You don’t hesitate to work whenever necessary.. how to build relationships. 12. 8.1 Complete the paragraph using the words below: covering letter offer interview position CV (Am.him the …………. my brother decided to …………. 1. 11. . Others can count on you... You are a …………. . so you are …………. 11. You are a …………. You are …………. .Module 11 APPLYING FOR A JOB 11. You have a …………. reliable good track record PC literate good command hard-working dynamic highly motivated good career prospects persuasive mother tongue highly qualified good interpersonal skills 1. You have omputer skills. 10. You were born and brought up in Romania... .. You want a job with ………….. person. 3. 4.
3. Which newspapers do you read? Why? 8. 11. 6. 12. When invited to take a seat. turn the chair 45 degree (as a sign of self-confidence). How do you react to stress? 5. Follow the advice given at the end. Arrive on time or even 10 minutes earlier. Ask about the next step in the process. Have you ever been out of work? Why? 7. Have a firm handshake. Cross your legs at the foot or at the lower leg. 3. Don’t study the pictures on the walls.5 A good and effective CV is the best way of insuring that you make it to the interviews. 5. 10. . What do you know about our organisation? 10. Listen attentively during the interview. What would you like to achieve in the next five years? 9. Forget your personal style. Don’t sit on the edge of the chair and don’t make yourself too comfortable by stretching and leaning back. and dress for the job you want. Think about the worst question you can face in an interview. 4. What sort of salary are you expecting? 11.4 Look at the following list of tips for a successful job interview and rank them as: not necessary quite important important very important x + ++ +++ 1. not at the knee. 7. 9. Have you got any questions for us? 11. or look at your fingernails or shoes. 8. 11. Remove all jewelry before the interview. Smile. How do you work in a team? 6. Look at the following example and then put up your own CV. How do you spend your free time? What is your hobby? 4. nod and give other non-verbal feedback to the interviewer. 2.
Budapest 1994 – Faculty of Accounting and Finance. Romania 45 Simion Barnutiu 300452 Timisoara +40 256 225 224 0748 555 325 (mobile) mcoman@hotamil. no children I am a keen observer of international politics and a reader of the Economist Ski. Romania 24 Coralia street. and I am familiar with the political and social problems of this region. Euro Hotel Timisoara OTHER QUALIFICATIONS AND SKILLS Foreign Languages English – Fluent (The Cambridge Business English Certificate. Brasov. Available on request REFERENCES . Central European University. Timisoara WORKING EXPERIENCE 1995 – present: Assistant Manager. University of the West. mountain climbing I have travel around Central Europe.com Romanian Romanian Single. Higher) Italian – good knowledge PC Literate Driving Licence INTERESTS Current affairs Sports Travel 17 Jan. 1972. Brasov.CURRICULUM VITAE PERSONAL DATA Marius COMAN Date and place of birth Permanent address Current address Telephone number E-mail Nationality Citizenship Marital status EDUCATION 1995 – MA in European Studies.
tailor your CV to the needs of your prospective employer! Be consistent in the way in which you present your material Make youself come alive as a person rather than just a list of facts. surname second List your education and working experience in reverse chronological order The layout of your CV creates an immediate impression. as an ambassador it carries your image. address. . Gather and study all the information you need about the job and the organisation you plan to apply to. remember that what is written is as vital as how it is presented. the image of your organisation or of the firm for which you work. It is both a messenger and an ambassador.• • • • • • • • • • • Always give yourself plenty of time to prepare your CV. The letterhead A proper business letter should be written on a special sheet of paper with a printed heading that includes the company’s name. Don’t use more than two sheets of A4 paper Use good quality paper and don’t write on the back of the sheet Don’t use abbreviations Don’t forget what you have written. These styles are constantly changing in line with different international business practices and new language developments. Address . Make sure that your different sections are identifiable by the reader. However. when you write a business letter. Write your first name first. telephone and fax numbers. Use bold to highlight headings or dates Module 12 THE BUSINESS LETTER 12. Therefore. a good business letter should aim to be: accurate clear simple brief positive polite 12.1 A letter has two purposes. As a messenger.2 The parts of a businessletter are as follows: A. There are various styles appropriate to business letters. the sender’s name and contacts will be written. e-mail address. it carries what you want to say. If a letterhead is not available. etc. B.
Immediately under the letterhead. I would appreciate the opportunity. I am writing in response to your advertisement for a Personal Assistant to the Managing Director. C. Ending G. I have had 4 years experience of working in a business environment and I have attended several training courses in both Public Relations and Business English. that will give you the details of my qualifications and experience. Ina Muntean . Beginning E. Looking forward to hearing from you. As you will see. Signature + name + title Look at the following letters and identify the above labels: A letter of application: Ina Muntean tel. Date D. Body of the letter F. I am enclosing a copy of my CV. comes the name and the address of the person to which the letter is being sent to. Jones. Although I didn’t have to travel in my previous job. 0256 366 235 e-mail: inam@euronet. Sincerely yours.ro Modern Graphics Lucian Blaga 4 300 256 Timisoara 25 October 2007 Dear Ms. I will be available for interview at any time.
to a man. prices and terms of delivery. We are interested in purchasing a new set of laptops for our company and would like to receive details of your range of products. if you don’t know his name . if you don’t know her name .A letter of enquiry Johnson & Partners 15 River street Reading 4 BG Tel/fax +(00) 44 588 121 419 IT Studio 45 North Road Port City C18 4 April 2007 Dear Sir or Madam.to a woman.in a situation in which you don’t know whether the person you are writing to is a woman or a man . Purchasing Manager There are several ways of starting a letter. Consider the following: Dear Sir Dear Madam Dear Sir or Madam . Ana Janson. Sincerely Yours.
White Yours truly Dear Sir / Madam Sincerely yours Yours faithfully Personal letters Beginnings Dear Mary Dear John Endings Yours Take care Best wishes 12./fax +44 602 455 218 2 Thank you for your letter of 2 September. Add anything that is missing. I enclose details of our product range. Perkins Dear Mrs. Blake Dear Alice . In letter writing certain endings correspond to certain beginnings.Dear Mr. Morgan Dear Ms. 1 Hilda Collins Hepta Engineering Ltd. Yours sincerely. 3 4 5 . 34 Queen’s Square 2 KLN Manchester Tel. rather than begin the letter with Dear Sir or Madam.to a man (you know his name) .to a friend or a rather well-known acquaintance However. it is advisable that you find out the recipient’s name. price list and delivery terms as requested. when you write a business letter. Smith Sincerely yours Yours sincerely Dear Mr. 58 Aviola 44G Barcelona Looking forward to hearing from you.you don’t know her marital status .3 Rearrange the following items so as to form a letter.to a woman (you know her name) . Study the following chart: Business letters Beginnings Endings (US) Endings (GB) Dear Ms.
4 A letter of application is normally your first introduction to a possible employer. wellorganised and presented makes a favourable impression. a neat and coherent letter.6 7 Dear Ms Sanchez. We are extremely interested in your enquiry and I hope you will be able to visit us in Barcelona Hilda Collins Sales Manager Please contact us as soon as you know your itinerary 8 9 12. Make sure the following facts are included: • Reference to the advertisement • Education • Relevant training and qualifications • Previous employment and work experience • Willingness to attend the interview . Write a letter of application in reply to a job advertisement for the position of sales representative. A letter badly written creates a poor impression.