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2008-SPPA.pdf

2008-SPPA.pdf

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The NEA's overview of art participation in 2008, by region.
The NEA's overview of art participation in 2008, by region.

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Published by: aprilbaer on Oct 31, 2013
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04/30/2015

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The previous section discussed electronic media,
which, according to the survey questions, could
have included Internet use. The 2008 SPPA also
specifically asked adults whether they used the
Internet in the past 12 months, including use
related to performing arts, visual arts, literature,
and other arts activities. Questions about
participation excluded any use required for work
or school. Overall, 70 percent of adults reported
using the Internet.6

Reading articles, essays, or blogs. About 42 percent of
all adults indicated that they read articles, essays, or
blogs either on the Internet or downloaded from the

FIGURE 4-5

Number and percentage of U.S. adults who listened to
live or recorded literature: 2008

FIGURE 4-6

Percentage of all U.S. adults and “Internet users”
using the Internet to explore the arts: 2008

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

20

40

60

80

100

Literature

Percent of Adults

Number of Adults (millions)

10.0

22.4

Note: At least once in the past 12 months.

Source: 2008 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts.

Source: 2008 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts.

Purpose of Internet use

Among all
adults

Among all
Internet users

Read articles, essays or blogs

41.5%

59.4%

Read literature

14.9

21.3

Watch/listen/download music or
theater/dance performances

21.1

30.1

Look at visual art

14.1

20.2

Obtain information about
exhibits or performances

24.4

34.9

Post creative writing,
artworks, or performances

5.0

7.2

Use Internet for any reason

69.9

100.0

2008 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts

41

Internet, as shown in the left-hand column of Figure
4-5. The right-hand column of Figure 4-6 shows the
percent of “Internet users” (59 percent) who read
articles, essays, or blogs on the Internet.

Reading literature. When asked if they had read any
novels, short stories, or poetry either on the Internet
or downloaded from the Internet, 15 percent of all
adults said that they had.

Listening or watching music or performances. About
one in five adults reported using the Internet to
watch, listen to, or download live or recorded music,
theater, or dance performances.

Viewing visual art online. The 2008 SPPA also asked
about use of the Internet to view visual art online
including paintings, sculpture, or photography.
About 14 percent of all adults said that they had
looked at visual art online.

Information about performances or exhibits, including
purchasing tickets online.
One-quarter of all adults said
that they had used the Internet to get information
about performances or exhibits, which, for some,
could include purchasing tickets.

Creating or posting own art online. The final question
concerning use of the Internet asked adults whether
they had used the Internet to create or post their own
art online, including design, music, photography,
films, video, or creative writing. About 5 percent had
done so.

Notes:

1 The wording of the 2008 SPPA media question
substantially broadened the types of media and also
combined results for specific types of media. Therefore,
most 2008 results from media participation questions
are not directly comparable with survey results from
previous years.

2 Results from the 2002 SPPA indicate that many who
participate via media are listening to jazz rather than
watching jazz on television or through video recordings.

3 From the 2002 SPPA, we know that most people
participating in musical plays through media watch
rather than solely listen to a musical. Relatively few
listen to a musical play on the radio or listen to a
recording—although one cannot say for certain that such
listening habits extend to show tunes or soundtracks,
where dialogue is not included.

4 The 2002 SPPA determined that most adults view non-
musical plays through media rather than solely listen to
recordings or broadcasts of these types of plays.

5 This survey question refers to programs about books
or writers and not books on tape or other recordings
of books.

6 Frequency of Internet use for arts participation is
not discussed in this section, but will be examined
in a future NEA report. Of all Internet-users who
downloaded, watched, or listened to music, theater,
or dance performances online (30 percent), most did
so at least once a week. See Arts Participation 2008:
Highlights from a National Survey
, at www.nea.gov/
research/NEA-SPPA-brochure.pdf.

National Endowment for the Arts

42

The San Francisco Ballet, with students
from the San Francisco Ballet School,
performs The Nutcracker.

Photo by Erik Tomasson

2008 Survey of Public Participation in the Arts

43

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