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multiple personality disorder presentation slide

multiple personality disorder presentation slide

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Published by: estefania sofea zahara on Aug 03, 2009
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Multiple Personality Disorder

By ; Estefania Sofea Zahara

Have you heard about the 3 faces of eve? And… who is eve actually?

The 3 faces of Eve
• Based on true story of Georgia housewife who had multiple personality disorder. • memory loss • Its cause from her bad experience during her childhood time • This grief & terror leads to Eve “spitting off” the another personality

What are Multiple Personality Disorder …

• Multiple Personality Disorder also known as Dissociative Identity Disorder • It’s a mental condition whereby a single individual evidences two or more distinct identities or personalities, each with its own pattern of perceiving and interacting with the environment. • These personality also considered to routinely take control of a individual’s behavior • is associated complete memory loss that goes beyond normal forgetfulness of the past, awareness of identity and immediate sensations, and control of bodily movements

Types of Multiple Personality disorder (MPD)

There are different types of MPD

 Dissociative Amnesia- when a person blocks out certain information ,usually associated with a stressful or traumatic event. This include loss memory for a long period time.  Dissociative fuguethe person temporarily loses his/her personal identity. People with dissociative fugue often become confused about who they are and may even create new identities. Outwardly, people with this disorder show no signs of illness, such as a strange appearance or behavior.

 Depersonalization

This disorder involves a person’s sense of being disconnected or detached from his or her body. The disorder is sometimes described as being numb or in a dream, or feeling like you are watching yourself from outside your body. Dissociative identity disorder (DID) - DID, the most severe type of dissociative disorder, was formerly called multiple personality disorder. As a coping mechanism, a person with this disorder splits off feelings, personality traits and characteristics or memories. As a result, severe stress or other triggers can cause the person to act and speak as though he or she is a different person. Each identity can have its own name and personal history, or the identities can be less well-defined and simple feel like people talking inside the person’s head.


Why Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) happen and what cause it?

• Hurtful experience during childhood • Early loss (death of parents) • Mental illness & Medical illness • Lack of protection against further overwhelming experience • Amnesia • War and disaster • Abuse experience • Accident • Rape • Genetic from families members

Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) treatment

The first goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms and control the disturbing behavior. Treatment then aims to help the person safely express and process painful memories, develop new coping and life skills, restore functioning, and improve relationships. • Psychotherapy - Psychotherapy (a type of counseling) is the main treatment for dissociative disorders. • Cognitive therapy - This type of therapy focuses on changing dysfunctional thinking patterns.

• Medication - There is no medication to treat the dissociative disorders themselves. However, a person with a dissociative disorder who also suffers from depression or anxiety • Family therapy -This helps to educate the family about the disorder and its causes, as well as to help family members recognize symptoms of a recurrence. • Creative therapies (art therapy, music therapy) -These therapies allow the patient to explore and express his or her thoughts and feelings in a safe and creative way.

Although it may not be possible to prevent all cases of dissociative disorders, it may be helpful to begin treatment in people as soon as they begin to have symptoms. Further, prevention or elimination of child abuse and quick intervention following a traumatic event or emotionally distressing experience may help reduce the risk of developing dissociative disorders.

We have seen, then, that multiple personality is a psychiatric condition under diagnosed.  The personalities do not have an extraterrestrial origin, but can be traced back to the characteristics of real-life persons who have formed a strong impression upon the sufferer, who has then personalized them and unconsciously developed them into a character of his own. 

Thank you .. Hope you enjoy it!!

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