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Even and Odd Functions


Some functions can be classified as even or odd. This document defines and gives examples of both even and odd functions. Even Functions A function is said to be even if for all values of ; that is the function is unaffected following its reflection in the -axis (the line x=0). For example is an even function.
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For example cos(x)1 is an even function.

y=cos(x)

Trigonometric Functions

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For example cosh(x)2 is an even function.

y=cosh(x)

Odd Functions A function is said to be odd if for all values of ; that is the function is unaffected following a 180 rotation in the -axis (the line x=0). For example is an odd function.
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Hyperbolic Functions

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For example sin(x)3 is an odd function.

y=sin(x)

For example the following square wave is odd.

Square wave.

Trigonometric Functions