The Gradient Function 1. Differentiate the following with respect to x.

(a) x4 – 2x3 + 7 (b)
3x 2 + 4 x + 5 2 x

(c) (2x + 1)(4x – 3) 2. Find the gradient of the c r!e y " 2x + 1#x at the point (1$ 3). 3. Differentiate the following with respect to x$ where a and b are constants. (a) 2x5#2 – 4x3#2 – %x + & (b) %x'x – %'x (c) 4x2'x – %#'x (d) ax – b#x 4. Find the !al e of
dy at the gi!en !al e of x. dx

(a) y " 3x2 – 2x – 4$ x " 2 (b) y " %x – 3#x$ x " –1 (c) y " 3x – 4'x$ x " 4 (d) y " (x – 4)(x + 3)$ x " 3 5. (he gradient of the tangent to the c r!e y " ax3 + bx at the point (2$ –4) is %. )alc late the !al es of the constants a and b. %. *i!en that f (x) " px2 + qx and that f (2) " –2 and f +(2) " 3$ calc late the !al e of p and of q. 7. (he c r!e y " x2 + 2x has gradient 3 at the point (a$ b). Find the !al e of a and of b. &. (he c r!e y " ax + 3#x has gradient 1 at x " 2. Find the !al e of a and the x,coordinate of another point at which the gradient is 1. -. (he tangent to the c r!e y " ax2 + 2x + b at A(1$ 2) passes thro gh the point B(2$ &). )alc late the !al es of the n.nown constants a and b.

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1/. (he gradient of the c r!e y " &x – 3x2 at (a$ b) is the sa0e as the gradient of the c r!e y " x2 – %x + 1 at (4$ 7). Find the !al e of a and of b. ~End~ Please check your workings carefully! Page 2 of 2 .

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