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Class 3.doc

Class 3.doc

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Class 3 The body of the essay I/ The topic sentence and the supporting sentences All body paragraphs

have a topic sentence that states the main idea of the body paragraph, a main subpoint of your thesis. A topic sentence will: - Introduce the topic in the paragraph - Be the most general and important sentence in the paragraph - Contain controlling ideas that the following sentences in the paragraph will: + explain + define + clarify + illustrate Exercise 1: Read the following paragraphs and underline the topic sentences, then circle the controlling ideas. 1. Hurricanes, which are also called cyclones, exert tremendous power. These violent storms are often a hundred miles in diameter, and their winds can reach velocities of seventy-five miles per hour or more. Furthermore, the strong winds and heavy rainfall that accompany them can completely destroy a small town in a couple of hours. The energy that is released y a hurricane in one day exceeds the total energy consumed y human!ind throughout the world in one year. ". #l ert $instein, one of the world%s geniuses, failed his university entrance examinations on his first attempt. &illiam Faul!ner, one of #merica%s noted writers, never finished college ecause he could not pass his $nglish courses. 'ir &inston (hurchill, who is considered one of the masters of $nglish language, had to have special tutoring in $nglish during elementary school. These few examples show that failure in school doesn%t always predict failure in life. ). 'ynonyms, words that have the same asic meaning, do not always have the same emotional meaning. For example, the words *stingy% and *frugal% oth mean *careful with money%. However, to cal a person stingy is an insult, while the word frugal has much more positive connotation. 'imilarly, a person wants to e slender ut not s!inny, and aggressive ut not pushy. Therefore, you should e careful in choosing word ecause many so called synonyms are not really synonyms at all. Exercise 2: Write the topic sentences based on the thesis statements. 1. Travelling is the est way to discover the world where we live. a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. c+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ Class 3 y ,guyen Thi -iang, .#. /01"21/3/3 = supporting sentences that support or prove the topic sentence

/01"21/3/3 . a student has to consider various factors. a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.1. 7 elieve that uilding a large factory near my community has advantages as well as disadvantages. &omen generally live longer than men for two main reasons4 they tend to ta!e etter care of their health. 8o opportunities and availa ility of training institutions a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. 7 thin! that children should not study at a very early age. . y . (apital punishment should e a olished not only ecause it deprives another person of life ut also ecause it doesn%t stop crime. c+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. ). For several reasons. lax enforcement of drug laws and the social and psychological pro lems of teenager themselves. a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. 5. c+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.odern technology has improved the world in three important ways. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.#. c+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. 3. . such as personal interest.guyen Thi -iang. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. 6rug and alcohol a use among teenagers can e traced to the following causes4 lac! of parental supervision. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. c+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. which 7 will explain ellow. a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. 7n choosing a ma8or. and they lead less stressful lives. 9. 1. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. 2. a +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. c+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.

7 cannot stay home all day long without watching T=. id-and-as!ed >uotations. $ntertainment is one of the est ways to eliminate stress and tension and leave all trou les ehind. &e also watch movies that entertain and at the same time extend our range of interests. the traditions of their country trough the art.eople have the opportunity to communicate with the people from other countries. <ur language is a result of people:s need to communicate. &e have different devices that simplify all we do. traditions and even visit each other. 7n old times. &e need to relax. #rt forms people:s spiritual sense. .Class 3 Exercise 3: Write the topic sentences for the following paragraphs. asically. good harvest and weather. watching T= with our favorite T= stars or favorite foot all players. 'tudents have the opportunity to spea! to the professors from prestigious universities. y . . Finally. 1+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. For example. &e have microwaves and a unch of preprocessed food to ma!e the coo!ing much easier. "+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. weather. &e have cars and airplanes to move fast from one place to another. #ll human!ind is inde ted to the scientists ecause of their wor! and achievements. Famous athletes and entertainers are li!e doctors for our souls. .eople learn history. people depicted the herds of mammoths on the walls of their caves. )+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++. /01"21/3/3 . as! their opinions and extend their range of interests. traffic. 7 thin! that the 7nternet ma!es our world smaller and friendlier.eople can have access to the latest news. scientists are ma!ing great achievements in medicine that ma!e our life longer and happier. They performed different rituals around the fireplace as!ing their gods for health. &e have the chance to learn more a out the world:s history. 5+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.guyen Thi -iang. 7 elieve that they have such high salaries ecause we need them. Therefore. #nother important enefit is that the 7nternet is a great means of communication. our ancestors and gain more !nowledge. . views and personalities. # few years ago it was rather difficult to imagine that it would e possi le to communicate with people from all around the world.#. $ntertainment plays an essential role in our everyday%s life. #nother important aspect of this is that art is an ancient means of communication. find out their customs. etc. 'cientists ma!e our life easier.

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