Kelly Riedinger Drug Study Brand Name Generic Name Mannitol Classificatio n Indications Contraindications Side Effects Nursing


Osmitrol, Resectisol

Osmotic Diuretic

1. Acute oliguric renal failure. 2. Toxic overdose 3. Edema 4. Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) 5. Intraocular pressure (IOP)

2. Dehydration • Dehydration • Anuria • Intracranial bleeding • Headache • Blurred vision • Nausea and vomiting • Volume expansion • Chest Pain • Pulmonary edema • Thirst • Tachycardia • Hypokalemia (increases the risk of digoxin toxicity) • Chronic renal failure

• • • • •

Vital signs Intake and output Central venous pressure Pulmonary artery pressure Signs and symptoms of

dehydration (e.g. poor skin turgor, dry skin, fever, thirst) • Signs of electrolyte imbalance/deficit (e.g. muscular weakness, paresthesia, numbness, confusion, tingling sensation of extremity and excessive thirst) • (for increase ICP) Neurologic status and intracranial pressure readings. • (for increase IOP) Elevating eye pain or decreased visual acuity.

Kelly Riedinger Drug Study .