Kelly Riedinger Drug Study Brand Name Generic Name Mannitol Classificatio n Indications Contraindications Side Effects Nursing

Considerations

Osmitrol, Resectisol

Osmotic Diuretic

1. Acute oliguric renal failure. 2. Toxic overdose 3. Edema 4. Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) 5. Intraocular pressure (IOP)

1.Susceptibility
2. Dehydration • Dehydration • Anuria • Intracranial bleeding • Headache • Blurred vision • Nausea and vomiting • Volume expansion • Chest Pain • Pulmonary edema • Thirst • Tachycardia • Hypokalemia (increases the risk of digoxin toxicity) • Chronic renal failure

• • • • •

Vital signs Intake and output Central venous pressure Pulmonary artery pressure Signs and symptoms of

dehydration (e.g. poor skin turgor, dry skin, fever, thirst) • Signs of electrolyte imbalance/deficit (e.g. muscular weakness, paresthesia, numbness, confusion, tingling sensation of extremity and excessive thirst) • (for increase ICP) Neurologic status and intracranial pressure readings. • (for increase IOP) Elevating eye pain or decreased visual acuity.

Kelly Riedinger Drug Study .