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DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY TECHNICAL MANUAL

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DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE TECHNICAL ORDER

Reproduced From Best Available Copy

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE
(PROJECTILES AND PROJECTILE FUZES)
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DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A Approved for Public Release Distribution Unlimited

20000418 195

DEPARTMENTS OF THE ARMY AND THE AIR FORCE MARCH 1953}

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TM 9-1985-3/TO 39B-1A-10

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE
(PROJECTILES AND PROJECTILE FUZES)

United States Government Printing Washington : 1953

Chapters 1 through 4 are published in TM 9-1985-2/TO 39B-1A-9.

DEPARTMENTS OF THE ARMY AND THE AIR FORCE WASHINGTON 25, D. C, 16 March 1953 TM 9-1985-3/TO 39B-1A-10 is published for the information and guidance of all concerned.
[AG 471 (20 Feb 53)]
BY ORDER OP THE SECRETARIES OF THE ARMY AND THE AIR FORCE:

OFFICIAL:

"WM. E. BERGIN Major General, USA The Adjutant General

J. LAWTON COLLINS Chief of Staff, United States Army

OFFICIAL:

K. E. THIEBAUD Colonel, USAF Air Adjutant General
DISTRIBUTION:

HOYT S. VANDENBERG Chief of Staff, United States Air Force

Active Army: Tech Svc (1) except 3, 5 (5), 9 (10); Tech Svc Bd (2); AFF (2); OS Maj Comd (5); Base Comd (2); MDW (1); A (2); CHQ (2); Div (2); Sch (1) except 5 (5), 9 (50); Dep 9 (3); POE (2), OSD (1); PRGR 9 (3); Ars 9 (1); Proc Dist 9 (1); T/O & E: 9-500 FA, FB, FC, FE, FF (1). NG: None. Army Reserve: None. For explanation of distribution formula, see SR 310-90-1.

CONTENTS Chapter
5. 6. PROJECTILES PROJECTILE FUZES

Page
3U7 5U5

iii

Chapter 5

GERMAN PROJECTILES

INTRODUCTION Classes of German Ammunition
German ammunition may be divided into the following classes: CLASS NO. 1 (fixed ammunition). Ammunition, the compete round of which, can be loaded into the weapon in one operation. The cartridge case, containing a primer and propelling charge is permanently crimped to the projectile. Examples: 2 cm, 2.8/2.0 cm, 3 cm, 3.7 cm, 4 cm, 4.2/2.8 cm, 5 cm, 7.5 cm gun, 7.62 cm, 8.8 cm, 10.5 cm A. A. gun. CLASS NO. 2. Ammunition, the complete round of which, is loaded in two operations. The cartridge case, containing a primer and a propellant charge is not crimped to the projectile. The propelling charge is in bags and the charge can be varied at the point of firing. The projectile is packed and shipped separately, and the cartridge case and propellant are packed as one unit. The Germans employ cartridge cases in all their artillery ammunition. The cases are employed for the main purpose of preventing the escape of gas to the rear. Examples: 7.5-cm Howitzer, 105-cm Howitzer, 15-cm gun and Howitzer, 17-cm gun, 21-cm, 24cm ammunition.

word for all the various types of rounds. By adding a prefix and/or a suffix to the word, the exact nature of the projectile is indicated.
PREFIX ADDED TO THE WORD "GRANATE"
PREFIX ABBREV. COMBINED WORD COMBINED ABBREV. AMERICAN TVPE

Spreng.. Nebel Panzer

Spr Nb Pz

Spreng-granate Nebel-granate Panzer-granate

Spr.gr Nbgr Pzgr

H.E.shell. Smokeshell. A.P.shell.

In order to differentiate between the various types of Armor Piercing Rounds, numbers are added after the word Pzgr. Panzergranate 39, Pzgr. 39—APCBCHE (Armor Piercing Cap, Ballistic Cap [Winshield] [High Explosive]). Panzergranate 40, Pzgr. 40—A. P. Shot with a tungsten carbide core. Panzergranate 41, Pzgr. 41—A. P. Shot with a tungsten carbide core for tapered bore gun (Geruch round). Sprenggranate 41, Sprgr. 41—H. E. Shell for a tapered bore gun.
SUFFIX ADDED AFTER "GRANATE"
SUFFIX ABBREV. COMBINED WORD COMBINED AMERICAN TYPE

Beton

Be HI

Granate Beton... OranateHl

Gr. Be Gr. HI

Anticoncrete shell. Hollow charge shell.

Designation of Artillery Projectiles
The Germans designate a round of artillery ammunition by the caliber, type of ammunition (model number of the round), type of weapon fired from, and (model number of the weapon). The caliber of German artillery ammunition is measured in centimeters. The Germans, refer to calibers approximately; for instance, the 10.5-cm gun is always known as the "s 10-cm K. 18" (heavy 10-cm model No. 18). In naming the various types of projectiles, the Germans employ the word, "Granate" (abbreviated "gr." or "Gr."). "Granate" is used as a base

For the most part the Germans do not give model numbers to their artillery ammunition. In several of the old rounds model numbers are indicated. The numbers used are the last two of the year in which the round was made standard. These are only used in the nomenclature when there is more than one model of any specific type. In the case of the "Pzgr." (Armor Piercing) rounds, the numbers appearing after the word merely indicates the type of Armor Piercing round and are not model numbers. Rot. or L'spur. (Leuchtspur) included in the designation indicates tracer. This nomenclature is followed by the word "Patronen" abbreviated Patr., meaning cartridge.

347

zer. Heavy field howitzer. (caliber) Sturm Geschütz Field gun. DAY. (cal..11. K___ — — Feldkanone Flak.). Stu. I. k. K— Sturm kanone. MONTH AND YEAR. H Leichte Feldhaubitze s. Leichte Infanterie Light infantry howitzer. Antiaircraft gun. H. In some instances a letter in parenthesis is added to the nomenclature after the word indicating the type of projectile. F.g. F. Leichte Geschütz Light reeoilless gun. It is similar to the British nomenclature. Antitank gun.g.... Geschütz. Q. F.40 Xfi Figure 316—Projectile Stampings This is the German way of indicating a complete round. FOREIGN ORIGIN DESIGNATION. Assault gun.I. MONTH AND YEAR. This nomenclature is given in the form of an abbreviation. Schwer Feldhaubitze. S. ABBREVIATION TVPE AMERICAN EQUIVALENT ABBREVIATION TYPE AMERICAN EQUIVALENT Oeb.. WORKMARK. Ah 8. These letters are used to indicate 348 . H. Mountain howitzer. Naval gun. Pat-Panzerabwehrkanone.K.CLASSIFICATION Tp (FOR TROPICAL AMMUNITION) Ub (FOR PRACTICE AMMUNITION) Nb (FOR SMOKE AMMUNITION) LOCATION. L. Mountain gun. Gebirgskanone L.. (model No. The Germans include the name of the type of the weapon in designating their ammunition.. Lg 4. WEAPON TTPE.) (E). s. FILLING NUMBER LOCATION.. Geblrgshaubitze Oeb.Heavy infantry howitschütz.OF THE H.. Lignt field howitzer (British equivalent: Gun howitzer).O.. Assault gun. in that the British use the word "cartridge" to designate all their complete rounds.E.1. Schwer Geschütz Heavy gun.) K L. S.39 Ab IV WEIGHT . Schwer Infanterie Ge. OAY. K.G. (model No. Kanone (Eisnbahn) Railway gun.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE A NUMBER INDICATES THE NATURE . O. (FILLING OF SHELL) e.. Flugabwehrkanone Kwk Kampf wagenkanone.. WöRKMARK (SHELL ASSEMBLY) e. Tank gun...). (model No. Stu..

Nbgr. C. Amatol 40/60. NB (White) Smoke shell. shot—tungsten carbide core for A. 8. and to some extent the nature of filling. (f) French. iron covered with tating band and shoulcopper.—A..62-cm Pzgr. projectile (H. Picricacidin cardboard carton packed with magnesium putty or wax. Cyclonite/Wax 95/5. (Hi)—Hollow: Deep olive green. 7. Base ejection shell with flashproducing charge.2 mm (3 inch) A.Indicates a sintered iron rötattering above the rotating band. P. Z. A. ing band). T.) STENCILING INDICATION 1 1A 2 5 10 13 14 32 36/38 91 95 TNT in cardboard carton packed with magnesium putty. STENCILED CODE. Modified. C. F (Black) Shell to be fired with super charge F only. gun. E. filled TNT. E. projectile: Yellow. (o) Austrian. E.—H. Naval and flak (antiaircraft) H. 40 Pak. FES (White or red let. Ex (Red) Drill projectile. T.Indicates a rotating band of the way between the robimetal type. The identification of German projectiles can be made by the following means: Stenciled code figures on the ogive and body of projectile. P. g. E. der). projectile for the A. C. filled gunpowder. distance from the rotating band). E. copper. The following are some examples of German ammunition nomenclature. Cyclonite/TNT. In the following instances the type of projectile. AorLS (White) The place and date of assembly. Sprgr.4-inch lettering. 349 . projectile (except A. Arabic numerals (in black on the head of the projectile just below the fuze hole. In some cases the following may be included in the nomenclature: GERMAN ENGLISH NA umg St New pattern. Al (Black) Filling includes aluminum powder to produce flash. iron covered with ing band).PROJECTILES material of foreign origin. A. Steel. T. TNT.640L. (See fig.Indicates a rotating band of the tering above the rotatbimetal type. 316. "Lr 4. 40 Pak—37 mm A.4-inch letters stencilled at two positions round the shell midway between the rotating band and bourrelet. Indicates a light case shell of in black. the color of the projectile. üb (White) Practice projectile. The following color scheme is always used: Pzgr.7-cm Sprgr. or on the body of the projectile) indicates the type of H. cast. (r) Russian. gun 36 (Russian design). projectile for the antiaircraft gun 36.—Anticoncrete: Deep olive green.): Black. filler. 4.-B.7-cm Pzgr. are stencilled in 4-inch black or red lettering above the rotating band. A. TNT in cardboard carton packed with paper. PETN/Wax 60/40 or 65/35. cast. shot: Black. e. P. Flak 36—88-mm H. Ub. KPS (White or red let. F. and the stamping marks on the projectile body. The more common of these follow: STENCILING INDICATION 3. Patr. at a short cast steel. Patr. gun of Czech make. projectile: Black. P.8-cm Sprgr. Bo (1-inch lettering mid. Patr. Stg (2. Vp (Black) Dummy projectile. Gr. TNT/Wax 90/10 in paper or cardboard carton.B (White) Practice projectile. PETN/Wax 90/10. Shottungsten carbide core for A. R or Mr (in black near the tip) indicates the presence of a smoke box. Pak(t)—47-mm H. P. projectile indicates the use of a nose fuze under the windshield. Be. Hbgr. E. Patr. and Naval) : Deep olive green. followed by a lot number. is indicated by 2. The following details of stenciling on projectiles are arranged in the sequence in which the markings are normally found commencing at the nose of the projectile." COLOR OF THE PROJECTILE.—Smoke projectile: Deep olive green. E. The following are some of the letters used for this purpose: (t) Czech. (p) Polish. Gr. Bl (White) Inert filling. (in black) on the windshield of an H. TNT/War 95/5 in paper or cardboard carton. 36(r)—76.

one filled H. FIRM. (See fig. TEST) ACCEPTANCE STAMP (HARDNESS) SHELL DESIGN NUMBER ACCEPTANCE STAMP (RELEASE) DELIVERY NUMBER. projectile with a two-compartment cavity.) 1. tracer shell. Projectiles of the latter type are sometimes painted white. 350 indicating a tracer.7-cm. and the other filled with tracing composition: Aluminum color—yellow band midway between the rotating band and fuze hole. Acceptance test number. STAMPING ON THE PROJECTILE. is on the shoulder of the projectile in the form of an abbreviation. E. black in color near the bourrelet. YEAR OF MANUFACTURE PROJECTILE DESIGN NUMBER ACCEPTANCE STAMP ACCEPTANCE STAMP FOR FITTED BASE Figure 317—Projectile Stampings 3. YEAR OF MANUFACTURE ACCEPTANCE STAMP OF RELEASE DELIVERY NUMBER.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE . E.7cm aluminum colored H. 317. and a yellow band for the 3. followed by lot number in black. ACCEPTANCE STAMP (l ST. FIRM. TEST) DELIVERY NUMBER. The weight zone of the projectile is indicated by Koman numerals. YEAR OF MANUFACTURE MARK OF ASSEMBLY FIRM ACCEPTANCE STAMP (WATER PRESSURE TEST) ACCEPTANCE STAMP (2ND. FIRM. . The following are stamped on the ogive in the order in which they appear.K A. This color appears to be used for projectiles in the experimental stage supplied for trial by the Army in the field. Band marking is not in common use except for a red band above the rotating band in some shells. The place and date of the filling of the projectile.

An acceptance stamp.5 CM.KWK Figure 318—Fixed Cartridge Cases 2. Acceptance stamp for fitted base. Delivery number. Firm's proof mark. Acceptance stamp. Shell model number. firm. 2. Delivery number. firm and year of manufacture. acceptance stamp of release. 351 .PROJECTILES 7. 2. 4. firm.KWK 40 75 CM. 3. second test.PAK 40 FiXED CARTRIDGE CASE 15 CM. Projectile model number. water pressure test and an acceptance stamp. 3. The following appear on the base: 1. The following appear on the body of the projectile : 1. Delivery number. Acceptance stamp (Hardness). 4. year of manufacture. 3. year of manufacture.

H. shape.5 CM. and model numbers of the weapons for which the round is suitable are stenciled in the form: 7. The caliber. 318.LG 40 r T-s®?1' 4% —• (SEMI-FIXED CARTRIDGE CASE) 15% 10. The following markings are used to indicate the nature of the propellant: STENCILING INDICATION Digl Gu Ngl Nz Double base propellant of diethylene glycoldinat and nitrocellulose.-. (See fig.. Double base propellant of nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose. followed by the letter "g" below the nomenclature of the ammunition (e. in the case of double base propellant. g. Where a round is suitable for more than one equipment.5 CM. These letters. and size of the propellant are stenciled below the marking indicating the charge weight.. Double base propellant with the addition of nitroguanidine (Gudol).5-cm KWK 40 (7.) 1.I8 . The nature. 2. the designation of the equipment is stenciled in sequence with the letter "u" signifying "and" as a conjunction. are followed by figures or letters which also 10. Nitrocellulose. -.5-cm tank gun model 40). Figure 319—Semi-Fixed Cartridge Cases 352 .F. The weight of the propellant charge in grams is stenciled in the form of numerals. The following details are arranged in the sequence in which the markings are normally found between the approximate center of the case and flange at the base.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Identification of the Fixed Cartridge Cases and Charges STENCILLING ON SIDE OF CASE. 3. "164 g").47/8 . types.L.

The size of the propellant is given by a statement of the dimensions in millimeters following the letters used to indicate the shape. (See Fig. found on the closing cup. STENCILING ON THE BASE OF FIXED CARTRIDGE Type of the projectile is stenciled in white or black to the left above the primer hole. 85). followed by a lot number are stenciled below the marking relating to the manufacture of the propellant: (on 17. Ngl. Indicates that the normal or standard charge temperature on which the weight of the charge is based is 25° C. R. Perforated disk (thickness. 8. Model number of case: St. Kind. The following is a typical example: dbg 1942/3 5. The markings are the same as those stenciled on the side of the case except that the caliber. The dimension figures are enclosed in a bracket and are arranged as follows. STAMPINGS ON THE BASE OF FIXED CARTRIDGE CASES. type and model number of the equipment are not included. 353 . 85). Year of manufacture. In the case of a double base powder the number outside the brackets indicates the percentage of explosive base added to nitrocellulose. 2).5). Bl. CASES. 5/2). 2 (175-2. or higher up the side of the case.—Blatchen Pulver: Flake. 0. P.). Gu. followed by a lot number are stenciled below the marking relating to nature. 5). P. with commas serving as decimal points: Flake (length-breadth-thickness) (3. Indication of propellant charges for hot climates. Digl. Charge weight. Str.-9. Type (size and shape of the charge). (50° F.9 x 15/4). P.3. The shape of propellant is indicated by the following letters added to those used to indicate the nature: Bl. cal. P. just above the flange. Manufacture's initial. The German standard charge temperature for normal European temperatures is 10° C. 319. In some instances cases are stenciled: "Abgebr Ldg" in red.) A label.8). The red stenciling used to indicate propellant charges of a reduced weight for hot climates may be found near the base of the case. Place and date of manufacture of propellant. and type of weapon. external diameter/internal diameter) (175-2/0. In some instances the Roman numerals indicating the weight classification of the projectile are stenciled in white to the right below the primer hole. (135-5. R. above the other stenciling. 6). The place and date of the filling of the propelling charge. 12. e. Examples: Digl. 4. marking) and probably refers to the propelling charges of low stability which are to be given priority in expenditure.5 (40 x 40 x 0. Model. shape. Identification of Semifixed Cartridge Cases and Charge A cardboard or leatherboard cup is used to close the mouth of the cartridge case in a round where the cartridge case is packed separately.2-(125x5x0. Kg. Bl. contains information corresponding to the stenciling on the side of the fixed cartridge case.—Striefen Pulver: Strip.—after model number of case—indicates a steel case. A. P.PROJECTILES appear to relate to the composition.). Place and date of filling. Tubular (length with minus tolerance. The place and year of manufacture of the propellant. g. The marking used: Tp 25° C. P. O. Str. The information is as follows: Details of the weapon. (77° F. P.. This marking is found near the base (corresponding to the position of the Tp—25° C. P.4. 2/0. external diameter/internal diameter) (1. 7.642 xv) 6.—Rohren Pulver: Tubular. (125 x 5 x 0.0. (4. Nz R. MARKINGS ON CARTRIDGE BAGS IN FIXED ROUNDS. P. Delivery number. An "x" is sometimes used instead of the "-" between the length and the tolerance (length-breadth-thickness. and size.: Perforated disk (resembling a washer).

The letter D often follows this number and in some instances the marking is encircled by a red ring. to be used for long ranges in place of those in the cartridge case. < " GUNPOWDER "PELLET ANVIL PLUG BRASS BLACK POWDER Figure 320—Electric Primers c/12nA and c/22 354 . Cartridge. 194 0 1 N> ■'« ■\. 320. Stamping on the base of the case is the same as that on the base of a fixed round. followed by the abbreviation indicating the weapon with which used and the weight of the charge in grams. diameter of lip. however. SONDERKART — SUPERCHARGE.) DESCRIPTION: 1. are supplied in cylindrical cardboard packages. German Percussion Primer used in the 5-cm Q. Marking of Primers for "Fixed" and "Semifixed" Ammunition Designation—C followed by number. except that the designation of the weapon is included. f-: ":. have neither labels nor stenciling relating to the propellant charge except the stenciling "Tp 25° C.-- 1 SPRim TOP VIEW IGNITER BRIDGE INSULATION WASHER BRASS WASHER GRANULAR CAP GUM POWDER r. R. Bleidraht im Beutel indicates lead wire is included in the bag as a decoppering agent. With certain weapons additional charge sections.0 inch. MARKINGS ON THE CARTRIDGE BAGS OF A "SEMI- those supplies for use at normal ranges in the case. The number indicating the charge is marked prominently in black.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Cases with steel covers for packing and transport.25 inches. which are removed before loading. except that the caliber of the equipment is sometimes omitted." imprinted on the base where applicable.. Example: C/33 NA—New Pattern St—Steel These bags are marked similarly to the markings on fixed bags. diameter of body. Markings of Flash Reducing Charges This charge is found in a flat circular silk bag and is identified by the word's Kart. E. 1. (See fig. Vorl. \ ^ C/5 •'^o /f#9 169 JwS&v yii BRASS ANVIL PLUG VARNISHED FABRIC DISC <... PERCUSSION PRIMER C/12nA EMPLOYMENT. from the stenciling on the charge bags. In some cases the caliber is not included._j X) "TTT. Cardboard packages containing these additional charge sections are marked "Sonderkart" followed by the numeral of the section. Details of the propellant are available. These sections are numbered in continuation of FIXED" ROUND. H.

CONSTRUCTION. CONSTRUCTION. 29. 0. The upper recess of the primer houses an 8-grain black-powder charge. 320.6 percent potassium chlorate.188 inch.28 inch. The cap is pressed against the anvil by the firing pin. ACTION. The top of the primer is sealed by a brass washer and a plastic disk.25 inches.63 inch.56 inch. Number of threads. in both pellet and granular forms. threaded length. diameter of body. 0. F. 5 RH.09 inch. The magazine contains a 1.7 percent antimony sulphide. 321. This bridge has a resistance of approximately 2.31 inch. 5 RH. The cap is forced against the anvil by the firing pin. sets off the propelling charge. and back to the source by way of the spring washer and primer body. The resulting flash passes through the anvil firing the black powder and this.75 inch. 0.PROJECTILES 0. An electric current is passed through the insulated contact plug in the base of the cartridge case. Number of threads. The cap is a push fit in the underside of the anvil plug. The composition is sealed by a covering of varnish without the addition of a foil disk. The current passes through the igniter bridge.281 inch. threaded length. PERCUSSION PRIMER C/13nA EMPLOYMENT. which is screwed into the primer. The flash from the igniter bridge ignites the black powder and this. (Seefig. F. Cartridges. CONSTRUCTION.25 inch. 1.65-gram of granular black powder.0 inch. The primer is of the normal German type consisting of a brass body with the enclosed cap and brass anvil plug. The anvil. threaded length. diametrically opposite along its sides. The flash from the primer fires the two chambers of black powder and these in turn fire the propelling charges. The anvil. has two flash channels. The cap contains: 24.) DESCRIPTION. Number of threads. thickness of lip. H.2 percent abrasives. F. igniting it. thickness of lip. Number of threads. The top of the primer is 355 . which is screwed into the primer. diameter of body. in turn. ACTION.56 inch. The cap is sealed by a tinfoil disk without varnish.6 percent antimony sulphide. the spring washer. German Electric Primer used in the 7:5-cm Q. German Percussion Primer used on Q.7 grains of black powder. 34 percent potassium chlorate. ACTION. The primer houses an igniter bridge which consists of lead styphnate dipped in gelatin. 37. 52. diameter at lip. E. ELECTRIC PRIMER C/22 EMPLOYMENT.19 inch. length of body. 5 RH.63 inch. 19.0 percent potassium chloride.09 inch. 0. Cartridges. threaded length. 8. 0. has a flash channel through its center. over-all length. 0. and the primer body. thickness of lip.2 ohms and is in the circuit with the insulated contact plug. The cap contains: 23.75 inch. (See fig. fires the propelling charge.44-gram pellet of black powder over a 0. diameter of body. diameter at lip. diameter at lip. 0. The upper recess of the primer houses 8.) DESCRIPTION: 0. 0. 0. in turn.6 percent mercury fulminate. 0.0 percent mercury fulminate. 6 percent glass powder. A brass cap is positioned under the anvil in the base of the primer.) DESCRIPTION: 0. thickness of lip.50 inch. 1. (See fig. 0. 32 percent antimony sulphide. 0.50 inch. The primer is closed by a brass washer and a varnished fiber disk.3 percent abrasives. The top of the primer is closed by an aluminum disk and disks of paper or varnished fiber. CONSTRUCTION. German Percussion Primer used on Q. length of body. The cap filling is shaped to fit around the anvil and consists of: 28 percent Mercury fulminate. is housed in the upper recess of the primer. A 31 grain black-powder filling. 0. 5 RH. PERCUSSION PRIMER C/33 EMPLOYMENT. A brass cap is positioned under the anvil in the base of the primer. Cartridge. 5. 321. length of body.

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE HEAD OF ANVIL PLUG FLASH SLOT FLASH SLOT CAP BRASS WASHER" BLACK POWDER". 0.) DESCRIPTION: 0. is coated with black varnish. This 99-grain charge fills the whole upper recess of the primer and extends slightly below the upper end of the anvil. 356 . . The flash is then transmitted through the anvil igniting the black powder which.8 percent antimony sulphide. (See fig. 0. ACTION. PERCUSSION PRIMER 42/M EMPLOYMENT. The hrass anvil is screwed into the primer body and houses a copper sealing cone.938 inch. over-all length. Russian Primer from German 7. The top of the primer is sealed by a brass closing ring and the whole primer. thickness of lip. The cap consists of: 21 percent mercury fulminate. in turn. The cap is forced against the anvil by the firing pin. diameter of body." FLASH CHANNEL J- PLASTIC DISC -■ PAPER OISC — 2 GRAINS GRANULAR POWDER jBRASS ANVIL PLUG BRASS CAP BRASS BODY'" A. 5 RH. / \ VARNISH TIN FOIL DISC Figure 321—Percussion Primers c/13nA and c/33 sealed by a plastic disk inserted over a brass washer. 37. The cap is forced against the anvil by the firing pin. Through the center of the anvil and the sealing cone is a flash channel leading to a black-powder charge in the top of the primer. 1.3 percent potassium chlorate.TT FLASH SLOT ANVIL ^ f. 0. The resulting flash passes through the two channels in the anvil firing the black powder and this.875 inch.094 inch. diameter of lip. T31: BRASS WASHER 6 GRAINS POWDER PSLL. ACTION. 40. in turn. The brass body of the primer houses a percussion cap which fits in the base below a brass anvil. threaded length. fires the propelling charge. except the base. Number of threads.188 inches. fires the propelling charge.375 inch. CONSTRUCTION. 322.62-cm round.

16. The Figure 323—Percussion Primer M33 C3 y ■ A "' 357 . Into the base of this primer is screwed an extra 3.4 percent antimony sulphide. Percussion Primer used on the German 47-mm cartridge case.1-gram charge of black powder. 30. Number of holes.PROJECTILES BRASS CLOSING OIS< BRASS SOU.625 inch. 0. 0. (See fig.) DESCRIPTION: 2.438 inches.' 43 GRAINS GUNPOWDER PELLET BRASS ANv-i.8 percent abrasives. body diameter. 0. 323.1 percent potassium chloride.250 inch. 43. diameter of holes. r LUG' COPPER SEALING CONE DKEWEO PAPER DISC 42 GRAINS GUNPOWDER PELLET 14 GRAINS -GRANULAR GUNPOWDER — PAPER DISC OCULAR #29 Co 00 BASE MARKINGS Figure 322—Percussion Primer 42/M PERCUSSION PRIMER M33 EMPLOYMENT.094 inch. 10. over-all length.875 inch.. The firing pin hits the rear of the primer forcing the cap against the anvil. 6 RH. The brass body contains the standard anvil with a flash hole and a cap consisting of: 29. lip diameter.7 percent mercury fulminate. 0. CONSTRUCTION. Number of threads. threaded length. ACTION.

Figure 324A—20-mm Ammunition . The armor-piercing type projectile body is painted black over-all and contains no color bands. or high explosive. The identification of various types of 20 mm ammunition. if the armor-piercing round contains an incendiary mix. both high-explosive and armor-piercing rounds. 324A and 324B.._.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 1 1 Ä MAUSER A P ''.P SOLOTHURN A P. flash passes through the anvil firing the blackpowder charge which then fires the propelling charge.JL.Ji . OERLIKON Ä. corresponding color bands are marked on the projectile body. However. is shown in figs. 358 . 20-MM AMMUNITION DESCRIPTION.

penetration at 100 yards. mauser and solothurn ammunition and are discussed in detail in the fuze section. The high-explosive type projectile body is painted yellow over-all with the corresponding color bands indicating a high-explosive/tracer. Figure 324B—20-mm Ammunition No fuzing is employed in either the oerlikon. Z. or solothurn armor-piercing ammunition.iafz To m OERLIKON HE MAUSER H. a high-explosive/incendiary or a high-explosive/incendiary /tracer. trace. material. and fuzing for 20-mm 359 .PROJECTILES 3i:::. and Z. A chart showing the type projectile.E. AZ 1504. filling. The AZ 1502. normal impact. 1505 fuzes are normally employed in 20-mm high-explosive oerlikon. SOLOTHURN H. projectile markings.E. mauser.

GERMAN FLANGE GESCHOSS INTRODUCTION. The principal source of information.5/8-cm squeeze-bore projectile is one which is fired from a 10. German research personnel worked on the projects of developing high-velocity guns and projectiles.1 projectiles which were contemplated. The principal advantage of the squeeze-bore projectile in comparison to the other sub-caliber projectiles is that it has no discarding parts. by stating that the projectile fired from a tapered bore gun must be stronger than that fired from the squeeze-bore gun as maximum setback force occurs at the same time that the projectile is being squeezed. The projectiles fired from guns of the type with the tapered muzzle extension resemble the projectiles which are fired from the Gerlich gun which is a tapered bore. although the Krupp Co. for the period from late 1939 through until the end of the war. Thus the 10.5/4. This type of projectile is called a "Littlejohn" by the British and a "Squeezebore" by other services. AG in Magdeburg also built projectiles of this type but had worked only on sizes 5.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE decreasing the time of flight in comparison to standard type projectiles. This statement is then modified. In the FUZE BURSTER CHARGE Figure 32SA—German Flange Geschoss mauser and oerlikon ammunition is given at the end of this chapter. The firm of Polte. rifled barrel to which a smooth bored. Projectiles of this type were designated to show the original caliber and end caliber of the gun.. Development and testing of the squeeze-bore projectiles was handled primarily by the private firms in Germany. however. CONSTRUCTION. and Bochumer Verein Co. Werner Banck. Dr. the Triebspiegel geschoss of Sabot projectile which is fired from a normal rifled gun and the flange geschoss. Three types of sub-caliber projectiles were used: The Pfielgeschoss which is a fin stabilized projectile fired from a smooth bored gun. Banck was in charge of this project for the Rheinmetall-Borsig Co. on construction details of the German squeeze-bore projectiles was Dr.5-cm gun to which is attached a conical muzzle extension tapered to an emergent caliber of 8 cm. tapered muzzle extension is attached. From the start of the war in 1939.0 cm and smaller although they were going to build the 5. rifled gun. both built experimental projectiles. German personnel have stated that projectiles could be interchanged between Gerlich and squeeze-bore guns as the basic problem is the same. The principal firm working on this project was the Rhinemetall-Borsig Co. In the high-velocity projectile field subcaliber projectiles were judged by the Germans to show the most possibilities of increasing range and 360 . The flange geschoss is fired from a cylindrical. although all branches of the service were interested in and advised of the developments.

5/5-cm sizes. forward and rear. Projectiles were actually built in two parts with the explosive cavity divided. production of the projectile was considerably complicated. The first type of construction developed employed two solid flanges. Dr. This resulted in destruction or deformation of the projectile body. This construction was abandoned. even in spite of the drilled holes in the forward flange.8 cm and above since it proved to be unsatisfactory. the ribs caught and the bolts could not be thrown out by centrifugal force. Both of these constructions were made up and fired. an improvement could be achieved only by splitting up the forward guide into individual supports.uncertain the complete detonation of the high-explosive filler and impaired the efficiency of armor-piercing projectiles since the cap and nose were weakened. as Bourrelet and rotating band respectively. Some of these constructions were fired but this construction was also abandoned early in 1942 in favor of the hollow support studs which have been recognized as the best type of forward support. large gas pressures were built up (gas pressures up to 6. Additional infprmation has been gained from interrogation of proving ground personnel at the German Army Proving Grounds at Hillersleben and interrogation of Rheinmetall-Borsig and German Navy ordnance personnel. Then when the projectile passed through the conical muzzle extension the gas was compressed and.PROJECTILES organization chart for the company. however. This type of construction proved to be unsatisfactory because it was found that the propellant gases leaked past the rear flange. in principle. Several methods of providing a possibility of escape for the enclosed gases were tried other than drilling of the flanges. The final type of projectile which was built for the squeeze-bore guns was the type with the so-called hollow support studs. Banck was in charge of the Army high-velocity projectile subsection of the weapons construction and ballistic department of Kheinmetall-Borsig. HOLLOW SUPPORT STUDS. Two FLANGES. To attempt to eliminate the disadvantages involved in the use of long bolts various attempts were made with telescoping bolts of various types. In an attempt to be able to use normal projectiles an attempt was made to enclose the bolts in individual casings which were screwed or attached to drilled holes in the projectile bodies. This made. On the base of the bolts' ribs were arranged so that once the bolts were pressed into the projectile body. The first type of individual forward supports that was attempted involved the use of three individual bolts in place of the forward flange. in calibers 24/17-cm and 10. In the end it was recognized that. Also it was found that at the moment when the projectile left the barrel the extra pressure caused the deformed forward flange to tear and fly off. FORWARD BOLTS AND REAR FLANGE. This eliminated none of the disadvantages of this type of construction and considerably weakened the projectiles due to the drilled holes.000 atmospheres were recorded). They were so placed and arranged that they were pressed into the projectile body when the projectile passed through the muzzle squeeze. Construction of projectiles of this type was Figure 325B—German Flange Geschoss 361 . No drawings are available for this type of construction. in small quantities. Since these bolts actually extend into the explosive cavity of the projectile. This was modified slightly by drilling holes in the forward flange but this type of construction was abandoned in sizes 8. because of the disadvantages.

the material is strained beyond the elastic limit and. in larger sizes such as the 24/21-cm projectiles five studs were used. The 10. No special machines are necessary to drill the holes for the studs.5/8 cm was fuzed with the standard 30-second time fuze. German personnel who have been interrogated have stated that use of copper might be advantageous and feel that it might allow a larger reduction in caliber. No manufacturing tolerances were available for either the studs or the rear fittings as no quantity production of these projectiles had been made. The advantages claimed for this type (hollow support stud). Use of normal projectile bodies because: No gas is compressed. No experimental work was done with copper or copper alloys. Figures 325A and 325B show the 24/21-cm projectile with hollow support studs. Other projectiles were fuzed with impact fuzes and an impact fuze with self-destroying device was reportedly under test. it was the German claim that the studs could be constructed lighter and better since the strengtli is increased. Rotating bands. All of them pointed out that the material of the forward studs and rear flange should be the same or trouble would be experienced with heavy erosion in the muzzle extension. E. existing projectiles were built up by the addition of studs and a rear flange. The most satisfactory method of manufacture was found to be pressing them from sheets and then further pressing of the studs into drilled.120° C. E. Less irregular wear in the cone. consequently there is no pressure on the projectile body. No special H. projectiles) was used.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE begun in May 1942.0-cm round only three studs were used. and forming it while pressing the flange into the projectile body with a hydraulic press. If the muzzle extension is worn and studs not completely collapsed. In this type of construction the stud. then heat the projectile and press the cold flange in. is pressed into a drilled hole in the projectile body.5/8-cm projectile 150 tons. Trouble was experienced with this system due to the projectile base cracking after cooling and it was abandoned. Because of the small depth of the attached studs the projectile body does not need to be thicker than normal. Studs weigh less and use less material than the flange. The effect of the muzzle squeeze 362 . Then when the projectile is fixed and passes through the muzzle squeeze the studs are forced down into the drilled holes in the projectile body. FUZING.8/7. of course. No space is taken from the explosive chamber. Pressure used on the 24/21-cm projectile was 400 tons and on the 10. Rheinmetall-Borsig shop personnel stated that from the manufacturing standpoint it was found that this system of hot pressing the rear flange on was cheaper than the assembly of ordinary rotating bands. In this pressing. filler was used.8/7. REAR FITTING. holes in the projectile body. Normal loading (same as ordinary H. for equal thicknesses. In all cases the rear fitting was of soft iron. are as follows: Considerably less wear of the conical muzzle squeeze. A sharp edge on the lower portion of stud engages a recess in the drilled hole and thus the stud is secured. whereas. In smaller sizes such as the 8. An ordinary lathe can be used. Less sensitive to steep cones in the muzzle piece. had to be removed. of soft steel. In armor-piercing projectiles the projectile nose is not weakened. High explosive loaded projectiles were built and fired in all sizes. All studs for these projectiles were made of soft steel. In the conversion of existing projectiles difficulty was encountered only when boat-tailed projectiles were worked on. In the 24/21-cm size the fuzing was a sensitive impact fuze. The first method of attaching the rear fitting was to machine a groove around the base of the projectile body. EXPLOSIVE LOADING. projectiles and in some cases such as the 24/21-cm projectile. Wall thickness was the same as ordinary H. This was the only material made available for experimentation due to the German copper shortage. The increase in air resistance caused by the protuberance of the studs is considerably less than that caused by a forward flange not being completely collapsed. In all cases the studs were wider than the grooves of the rifling with the Germans using a figure of 1/5 caliber for the width of the stud. For projectiles ranging up to 8. E. The most satisfactory method of attaching the rear flange was found to be that of heating the rear flange to a temperature of 1.0-cm in size it was expected to press the flanges on without heating them.

5-cm Pak (antitank) gun had been introduced to service.5/8-cm gun and projectiles were believed to be ready for service but had never gone into production. German personnel feel that copper or a copper alloy might be more satisfactory. Actual service tests showed frequent wild shots. and at the same time obtain a profitable increase in muzzle velocity. The following conclusions have been formed on the German high velocity projectiles of this type designed to be fired from guns with tapered smooth bored muzzle extensions: Only the 7. High explosive loaded projectiles were designed for all sizes and fired in all sizes which reached test status. No material other than soft iron had been made available for manufacture of studs and flanges. For example.5 mm. to be the most feasible service velocity. even if muzzle velocity remained constant. However. Standard types of H. Favored construction is the type with collapsing (hollow support) studs forward and soft iron flange pressed on the rear as rotating band. 1. E.5/8-cm muzzle extension was changed when 2 mm of wear could be measured. MUZZLE VELOCITY. The 10. EXTERIOR BALLISTICS. It is obvious from the collection of different kinds and types that an attempt was being made to achieve the most satisfactory and economical discarding sabot elements. however. DISPERSION. In many instances the projectiles were fitted with dummy fuzes and were ready for test firing. „ CHANGE IN FORM FACTOR. Dispersion with this type of projectile was expected to be as good as that obtained with normal projectiles. SABOT PROJECTILES GENERAL.PROJECTILES on the rotation of the projectile was stated to be very little if the squeeze dropped on a ratio of 1-mm with per 30 mm in length. CONCLUSIONS. Other changes in construction necessary before converting standard fuzes into service in high velocity projectiles were not ascertained. As the muzzle extension wears the studs and rear flange are not completely forced down so a change in form factor results. The maximum muzzle velocity attained with this type of projectile was stated to be 1. however. Lift of the gun was stated as being determined by actual wear on the muzzle extension.150 to 1*120 m/s was believed. Range dispersion of 1 percent was expected and deflection of around 1. The projectiles of this type that were found at the proving ground were neither loaded nor fuzed.400 m/s. means a decrease in range and an increase in flight time. the 10. Most of their work was done at the Hillersleben Proving Ground. if this ratio was changed to 1/50 the revolutions per minute of the projectile was slowed down.tMSN"1 Figure 326A—Sabof Projectile Type A 363 . German personnel stated that the hollow space formed at the base of the projectile due to the folding of the flanges had an effect of increasing the stability. The German Army began work on the sabot type of projectile better than a year before the end of the war. This change. Different methods of discarding or ejecting the sabot BURSTER Cr-ARS: DISCARDING S. fillers were used and well thickness of the projectiles was the same as projectiles fired from normal guns.

particular attention being paid to the design of the contour or streamlining of the projectile in order to obtain better flight characteristics. E. B. The single mm BURSTER CHARGE UiSCARD'Nv __ SABOT ELEVEN Figure 327—Sabot Projectile Type B 364 . therefore the following illustrations will be identified by types A. divided into. It was.'three pieces. IN TYPE A (see fig. impossible to obtain the nomenclature of the projectiles. BURSTER CHARGE IN TYPE B (see fig.. This band is cut by the rifling of the projector. 326B) and are contained therein until the projectile leaves the muzzle of the projector. Upon leaving the muzzle. Since the high pressure gas within the trap cannot escape quickly enough through the small opening. allowing the segments to fall free due to centrifugal action. and J respectively and °nch type will have the caliber and subcaliber «riven. The gases from the propellant powder enter the gas trap by a small hole (see fig. the entire after sabot element is blown free. F. C. This retaining DISCARDING SABOT ELEMENT __ NOSE FU:E n Figure 3266-—Sabot Projectile Type A DISCARDING i"BOr ELFMEN1" elements were tested. H. shearing the three pins. G. the projectile is then subject to atmospheric pressure. 327) the discarding bourrelet element of pressed steel is divided into three separate segments held together in a groove in the bourrelet by soft iron wire. is held in position by a soft iron band. D. in most instances. I.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE piece discarding base element is held in position by three shear pins and is ejected by trapped gases in the base gas trap. after leaving the muzzle. DESCRIPTION. 326 A) the discarding bourrelet element.

These segments are held together by a single soft iron rotating band. partially divided to break into three segments by centrifugal force. Same type of gas pressure ejection as in type A. The forward element is positioned on the body of the projectile by four wooden plugs extending through the element and into the body. The single piece discarding base element is held in position by a single shear pin through the base of the projectile. This forward element of pressed steel is partially divided to break into three segments and Figure 328—Sabot Projectile Type C 365 . allowing the segments to fall free due to centrifugal action. 330) the arrangement is the same as type D except for the bourrelet discarding element. The base element is divided into three segments which are held to the body by six steel pins. 328) the discarding bourrelet element is a single piece of soft iron. Both the bourrelet and the base sabot elements are discarded by centrifugal action. These plugs are retained by soft wire bands which are cut by the rifling of the projector. IN TYPE D (see fig. IN TYPE E (see fig.PROJECTILES wire is cut by the rifling of the projector. The single piece base element is held to the base of the projectile with four shear pins.Jfb-' SABOT ELEMENT'! :¥'" BURSTER CHARGE _ NOSE FUZE DISCARDING—--» SABOT ELEMENT •DISCARDING SABOT ELEMENT Figure 329—Sabot Projectile Type D BURSTER CHARGE DISCARDING SABOT ELEMENT tially divided to break into four segments. The element is held in position by the nose cap which screws into the main body of the projectile. 329) the discarding bourrelet element is a single piece of fibre material par- £ DISCARDING. IN TYPE C (see fig. This type also has the same type of base gas pressure ejection as type "A '. allowing the segments to fall free due to centrifugal action after leaving the muzzle.

The copper wires are soldered together to form rings. are locked in position by grooves and slots in the body of the projectile and secured by two turns of copper wire. 331 A) is the same as that for type E. 332) the discarding bourrelet element is of three sections fitting into a groove in the ballistic cap of the projectile and secured by four turns of iron wire. An after discarding sabot element is effected by eight separate segments located on the body of the projectile above the boat tail. 331B. (See fig. constructed by plywood with steel inserts. the details of which are shown in figure 333B. Method of discarding is BURSTER CHARGE DISCARDING SABOT ELEMENT Figure 331A—Sabot Projectile Type F-l 366 . In projectile F-2 the base element of fibre material is held in position by two small shear pins. These segments are retained by thi*ee steel balls located in holes in the body of the projectile and secured by set-screws. is base gas pressure ejected the same as type A. 333A) the discarding bourrelet element is divided into six separate pressed steel segments held together with copper wires. Both of DISCARDING >ABOT ELEMENT BURSTER CHARGE NOSE FUSE DISCARDING SABOT ELEMENT Figure 330—Sab of Projectile Type E DISCARDING SABOT ELEMENT be discarded by centrifugal action. These segments. The rotating band is an integral part of the base element on both of these projectiles.) IN TYPE G (see fig. IN TYPE F the bourrelet discarding element for type F (see fig. IN TYPE H (see fig. The base discarding element for F-l.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE the same as that described for type A. Further obturation is effected by gaskets located off the rear element. The three segments of the base element are positioned on the body by steel pins and secured by a single iron rotating band.

These segments are then discarded by centrifugal action. Figure 332—Sabot Projectile Type G the sabot elements are freed by the rifling of the projector cutting the wire bindings. This case forms the bourrelet and the base element forms the rotating band. 367 . IN TYPE J (see fig. IN TYPE I the discarding bourrelet element is constructed of pressed steel and is in five separate segments. 334) the projectile is fitted in a light metal case welded to a base element. After leaving the muzzle of the projector.PROJECTILES DISCARDING SABOT ELEMENT FUZE FUZE ADAPTER BURSTER CHARGE DISCARDING SABOT ELEMENT DISCARDING SABOT ELEMENT Figure 33IB—Sabot Projectile Type F-2 BURSTER CHARGE BALLISTIC CAP ARMOR PIERCING CAP Figure 333A—Sabot Projectile Type H DISCARDING —„-'j£ SABOT ELEMENT BURSTER CHARGE DISCARDING SABOT ELEMENT. There is no base discarding element. The method of discarding is the same as in type A. the metal case is ejected by the resistance of the air. The segments are held together in grooves in the projectile by soft iron wire.

5-cm F.171 pounds. Color: Aluminum body. Weight of A. "SABOT" PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 75/58-mm Brandt "Sabot" A. Weight: Total weight: 5. P. P. (See fig. P. P. projectile. Kind: "Sabot" projectile. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75/58 mm. Type: A. K.) WEAPONS: French field gun: 7.2 pounds.5. ■&>■ "*^*%»^ im RETAINING BAND2 TURNS OF COPPER WIRE FORWARD DISCARDING SABOT ELEMENT (4 SEGMENTS OF 65 RETAINING BAND 2 TURNS OF COPPER WIRE REAR DISCARDING SABOT ELEMENT (5 SEGMENTS OF 8} BURSTER CHARGE OBTURATOR GASKET RING (STEEL) DISCARDING SABOT ELEMENTS OBTURATOR GASKETS t CARDBOARD! Figure 333B—Sabot Projectile Type H Figure 334—Sabc? Projectile Type J 368 . 232 (f) Model 97/33. 335. with black ballistic cap. core: 4.-cm K. French gun: 7. Weight of discarding sabot: 1.93 pounds. 231 (f) Model 97.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE A.

painted yellow: 23. PROJECTILE WITH DISINTEGRATING BANDS.1 pounds. therefore.—It is believed that the 75/58-mm projectile is fired from the above listed weapons. PROJECTILE. NOTE 3. weight of bursting charge. REMARKS: NOTE 1. which. would therefore be free to fall away from the shell body. which is a push fit on the shoulder.1 pounds. At the shoulder of the projectile is a detachable guide band. PACKAGING: One in a wooden crate. The rotating band holder is located at the base of the shell. AZ 23 v.PROJECTILES small fragments at a short distance in front of the nozzle. NOTE 2. 1. is held in position by three ball bearings. There are also three cylindrical pins between the segments. thus indicating a hit.—The aluminum body is disassociated from the A. These are seated in cavities spaced equally round the periphery of the shoulder of the shell and project into cylindrical drillings through each segment of the guide band. Zdlg. The drillings are threaded toward the outer circumference and the ball bearings after insertion are finally located by screws which seat the outer surface of the bearings. TNT. CARTRIDGE CASE: Not known.—This projectile is a development by the French establishment of Edgar Brandt. P. the guide band is firmly attached to the shell body. C/98 Np booster. NOTE 4. total weight. type of bursting charge. which is keyed to receive it. After insertion of the balls and the positioning of the three screws. TRACER: None. but should trisection of the guide band be completed. together DISCARDING SÄBOT ELEMENT Figure 335—A. 75/SB-mm Brandt Sabot CHARGE: No charge present. The holder itself is in three detached segments held in position only by the soft iron driving band. each segment. Movement is prevented by three cylindrical pieces fitting into cavities located in the shell body and the driving band holder. together with its retaining ball. Sabot Projectile 75-mm. REMARKS. This band is trisected by cuts almost completely through the band and the complete band. thereby causing a flash when striking the armor of a tank. core and ejected in the shape of 369 . FUZE: Nose percussion fuze. It is believed that after leaving the gun the guide band and the rotating band holder are each split into three separate segments. 105-MM GERMAN DESIGNATION: Not known. E.) EMPLOYMENT: Not'known. BALLISTIC GAP H.—The ballistic cap is of magnesium. 336. P. FUZE: None. (See fig. BOOSTER: None.

Projectile with Disintegrating Bands. Zdlg.6 inches.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE % 1\ STUD HOLDING BALL BEARING ^ " \\ te?5ETXjSg^a!8jSSES)'i{^i|Sir/ 0 ^ 43. 5. composition of rotating band. E. "156" Stamped on base. . Soft iron.48 pounds. H. E.9 cm CAVITY FOR CYLINDRICAL LOCKING PE. diameter of base. 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Not known.CE S0FT IR0N DR(V|NG ^ Figure 336—H.) EMPLOYMENT: Not known.01 inches. Smoke box present beneath booster. 7. "R 9" stenciled on body. 337.14 pounds. (See fig. The remaining projectile is then of much better aero-dynamic shape than is possible with a conventional projectile. 63. 36 booster. diameter of bourrelet. 6. PROJECTILE WITH DISINTEGRATING ROTATING BANDS (SABOT TYPE). pins and cylindrical pieces retaining them are flung off. total weight.84 inches. 105-mm with the ball bearings. over-all length. 370 PROJECTILE: 25. weight of bursting charge.

Pz.129 inches. diameter of neck. diameter of base. P345. Tracer present. After insertion of the balls and the positioning of the three screws. diameter of bourrelet. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuze AZ 23v.8 ounces. which is keyed to receive it.) EMPLOYMENT: s. diameter of body midway.128 inches. 1. PROJECTILE FOR TAPERED BORE GUN. total weight. painted black: 2. The drillings are threaded toward the outer circumference and the ball bearings after insertion are finally located by screws which seat the outer surface of the bearings. 3.20-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Sprgr. 150-mm 371 . ROUND: 8. is held in position by three ball bearings. Projectile ISabot Type). H. would therefore be free to fall away from the shell body. Pz. 1.6" PROJECTILE. 0. PETN/Wax. over-all length. REMARKS: At the shoulder of the projectile is a detachable guide band. E.1 ounces.5 inches. The rotating band holder is located at the base of the shell. COMPLETE length. 28. B41 (schweres Panzerbuchse 41)—Gerlich type tapered bore gun. There are also three cylindrical pins between the segments. together with the ball bearings. B41 (Spreng-granate patrone Panzerbuchse 41). 1. Movement is prevented by three cylindrical pieces fitting into cavities located in the shell body and the driving band holder. weight of bursting charge. The holder itself is in three detached segments held in position only by the soft iron driving band. type of bursting charge. pins and cylindrical pieces retaining them are flung off. Figur« 337—H. 338. (See fig. each segment. over-all length. Patr. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature.531 inches. 1.): 7. therefore. These are seated in cavities spaced equally round the periphery of the shoulder of the shell and project into cylindrical drillings through each segment of the guide band. the guide band is firmly attached to the shell body. This band is trisected by cuts almost completely through the band and the complete band. 25. The remaining projectile is then of much better aerodynamic shape than is possible with a conventional projectile.175 inches.375 inches. E. but should trisection of the guide band be completed. It is believed that after leaving the gun the guide band and the rotating band holder are each split into three separate segments which. together with its retaining ball. over-all jif?8-42.752 inch. which is a push fit on the shoulder.Ma-.PROJECTILES CARTRIDGE CASE: Not known.

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE A. 5. Shot with Core. FUZE: AZ5072. 1. depth of extracting groove. FOR TAPERED BORE GUN. Nz. B 41 (Panzergranate patrone Panzerbuches 41).3 ounces. 1. for Tapered Bore Gun. B41 1. 28-20-mm Sprgr. Pz. P. 339. over-all length. Pair. 28-20 Pzgr. Figure 339—A. width of body midway. 1. C/13nA primer. 0. Pz.) PAINTED BLACK EMPLOYMENT: s. weight of propellant. E. Bu 41 (schweres Panzerbuchse 41) —Gerlich type—Tapered bore gun. COMPLETE ROUND: 8.567 inches. total weight. 4. diameter of shoulder.129 inches.752 inch. over-all length. PZ. Patr. RP (tubular nitrocellulose) type of propellant. SHOT WITH CORE.885 inches.531 inches.6 ounces.5 inches. (See fig. Pz.B41 372 . diameter of base. 28-20-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Pzgr.128 inches. 5 HOLES TUNGSTEN CARBIDE -\ CORE 5 HOLES Figure 338—H. PROJECTILE: black with red band: 2. P. diameter of bourrelet. Projectile for Tapered Bore Gun.

diameter of core. over-all length. Projectile with Core {Arrowhead Design). 40 1.4 ounces.-'"" IGNITER CHARGE — GELLULOiD (CMSC CRIMPED IN PLACE) Vv Figure 340—A. weight of propellant. width of rotating band.-CHARGE —-. 37-mm. diameter of neck. diameter of shoulder. 0. total weight. 0. A. 2.7-cm Pzgr. P.7-cm. P.175 inches. 1.7-cm. Pzgr. 1. depth of extracting groove. Tracer present.447 inches. over-all length.1 pounds. over-all length. PROJECTILE: 3.567 inches.PROJECTILES WINDSHIELD TRÄGER. Patr. 37-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 3. type of propellant.531 inches. Pak (Panzerabwehrkanone). COMPLETE ROUND: 11.) EMPLOYMENT: 3. 340. FUZE: None.593 inches. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature.95 inches. 1. diameter of bourrelet. P 345): 7. 1. Tubular nitrocellulose. PROJECTILE WITH CORE (ARROWHEAD DESIGN). Pair.375 inches. length of core.885 inches. 373 . C/13nA primer.430 inch.375 inch. 3. 5. 40 (Panzergranate Pateonen 40) (see fig.

6329): 15.) EMPLOYMENT: L. 1. P. over-all length.34 ounces. 0. type of bursting charge.) (See fig.65 inches.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 1. Tubular double base propellant (nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose). Digl.2-cm—2. weight of bursting charge. 2.2-2. 342.1 inches. over-all length w/o fuze. total weight.625 inches. Panzerabwehrkanone 41).0 inches.8cm Pzgr. tungsten carbide core.2-2. 41 (L.031 inches. 2. Projectile for Tapered Bore Gun. Panzerabwehrkanone 41). H. Pak. 41. Markings: "Aux 7a40. 41 CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature.0 ounces. diameter of Tungsten carbide core. 10. L.26 inches. 1. over-all length.45 inches.87 ounces. 2. 1. painted black: 3. Tracer present. over-all length. diameter of body midway.456 inches. Pak. diameter of rim.94 ounces. COMPLETE ROUND: 18. Patr.937 inch. Cyclonite/Wax (90/10). 41 (Panzergranate Patronen L. diameter of base. 11. L Pak.8-cm Sprgr. over-all length.748 inches. Patr. length of Tungsten carbide core.62 inch. (See fig. 1. 0. 0. weight of propellant. L. (tubular diethylene glycoldinitrate and nitrocellulose) type of propellant. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. JE?ZJZ A. diameter of neck.748 inches. 374 . 42-28-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 4. FUZE: AZ 5072 (similar to AZ 5045).76 inches. Tracer is present. PROJECTILE WITH CORE FOR TAPERED BORE GUN. 1. 2. diameter of body midway.6 inches. 1.98 ounce.594 inch.34 pounds.86 ounces. 9.992 pounds. FUZE: None. E.875 inches. over-all 1. total weight. total weight.) EMPLOYMENT: L Pak. weight of propellant. total weight. 6329) : 15. C/13nA primer. P. Pair. over-all length. Figure 341—H. diameter of neck.656 inches. Panzerabwehrkanone 41). diameter of shoulder. 0. diameter of shoulder. diameter of base. PROJECTILE FOR TAPERED BORE GUN. 2. PROJECTILE. 4. COMPLETE ROUND: 17. 3. 6331) : 9. total weight. diameter of body midway. 5. diameter of base. 42-28-MM 5 HOLES * GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 4. 1.0 inches. 341.062 inches. Pak.125 inches. R. E. PROJECTILE: 4.8 Sprgr.5 inches. 41 (Sprenggranate Patronen L Pak. 12. 41 (L. diameter at extracting groove.75 inches. 42-28-mm. diameter of tungsten carbide core." CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature.25 inches.

343. weight of propellant. 2. (See fig. Patr. EMPLOYMENT: 4.76 10 EQUI-SPACED HOLES TUNGSTEN CARBIDE CORE TRACEK COMPOSITION TRANSPARENT DISC Figure 342—A. diameter of shoulder.) PLASTIC VENT HOLE .0 inches.812 inch. P.94 inches.6 inches. diameter of Tungsten carbide core.7-cm K 36 (t) (Kanone 36 (t)). total weight. C/13nA primer. 40 (Panzergranate Patronen 40). L Pak. Tracer present. 41 375 . 1. 3. width of rotating band. 1. 4.7-cm Pzgr. (t) abwehrkanone (t)). type of propellant. (Panzer- COMPLETE ROUND: 18.81 pounds.. 0. Projectile with Core for Tapered Bore Gun. depth of extracting groove.2-2. PROJECTILE WITH TUNGSTEN CARBIDE CORE (ARROWHEAD DESIGN). 4.8-cm Pzgr. 47-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 4. 0. diameter of neck. Patr.375 inches. 1. P.PROJECTILES 1.. PROJECTILE painted black: 5.187 inches. A.50 kg.45 inches.7-cm Pak. diameter of body midway. ALUMINIUM ALLOY BALLISTIC CAP DARK RED PHENOLIC PLASTIC FILLING 3. over-all length. 15. 42-28-mm. over-all length with tracer.32 ounces. length of Tungsten carbide core._ . 2. Tubular Gudol.0 inches. total weight.51 inch.

376 . diameter of neck. depth of extracting groove.12 inches. 47-mm CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. over-all length. diameter of shoulder. Patr. 40 KwK (Panzergranate Patrone 40 Kampfwagenkanone). 344.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE T PAINTED BLACK 5. 50-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 5-cm Pzgr. M 33 primer. M 36): 15. Projectile with Tungsten Carbide Core {Arrowhead Design). (See fig.) EMPLOYMENT: 5-cm KwK Kampfwagenkanone—Tank Gun. P. Tubular propellant. 2.52 inches.944 inches.37" TUNGSTEN CARBIDE CORE TRACER Figure 343—A. 2. P. A. PROJECTILE WITH TUNGSTEN CARBIDE CORE (ARROWHEAD).98 inches. 1.

2 pounds.085 inches. length w/tracer. 6317 (fixed)) : 11. FUZE: No fuze is employed.258 inches. 1. 2. weight of case. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature.035 inches. total weight. over-all length.342 inches.95 pounds. width of rotating band. 14. 2. COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r is for 5-cm KwK. tubular diglycol propellant. 1. diameter of core.75 inches.87 pounds. diameter of neck. total weight. weight of core. 5 pounds 3 ounces. Tracer in cup at base. diameter of bourrelet.81 inch. 2.269 inches.5 inch. 5-cm Pak 38 Panzerabwehrkanone 38—Antitank Gun 38.937 inches. PROJECTILE painted black: 5.95 inches.48 inches.15" BODY PAINTED BLACK TUNGSTEN CORE TRACER ASSEMBLY-'"" Figure 344—A. 1. 50-mm 377 . Projectile with Tungsten Carbide Core [Arrowhead). over-all length. diameter of body midway. diameter of shoulder. over-all.PROJECTILES 5-cm KwK 39 Kampfwagenkanone 39—Tank Gun 39. 2. 1. 0. 0. diameter of base. 0. *. 1.74 pound. 3. PLASTIC NOSE r\> STEEL CAP 5. length of tungsten carbide core. diameter of rotating band.668 inches. P. C/22 31 grain electric primer.

7. weight of tungsten carbide core. 345. Patr.65 pounds. 75-mm.16 inches. 6344) : 5. 2.8 length. diameter of core. painted black: 5.68 pounds. Patr.5-cm Pzgr.01 pounds. tubular Diglycol propellant. KwK 39—6360 (fixed). PROJECTILE WITH TUNGSTEN CORE (ARROWHEAD). 16. Tracer is present. 41 (Panzergranate Patrone 41). P. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. inches. COMPLETE ROUND: 29. total weight. C/12nA primer. over-all A. 378 . Projectile with Tungsten Core {Arrowhead).43 pounds.) EMPLOYMENT: Pak 41 (Pangerabwehrkanone 41) anti-tank Gun 41.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE BALLISTIC CAP SCREW HEAD — TUNGSTEN CARBIDE CORE ~~ OUTER CASE— T RACER Figure 345—A. total weight. PROJECTILE. 75-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Pzgr. 1. 41 REMARKS: Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: Pak 38—6360 (fixed). (See fig. P.

75 inches long.25 inches.187 inches. 3-cm Solothurn—(Akcraft COMPLETE ROUND: 11. 1. 30-mm.719 inches. "Wb K2 41". 1 pound 12. P. Pzgr.) EMPLOYMENT: Cannon). PROJECTILE.) (See fig. 1. Tracer present. 30-mm. over-all length w/fuze.0 inches. over-all length. type of propellant. 0. diameter of base. over-all length.125 inches. 40 shoulder. Filled with inert Bituminous composition.187 inches. yellow band above rotating band: Two cannelures below rotating band.5 inches. Information is from captured document. fig. base to band.PROJECTILES FUZE: No fuze is employed. PROJECTILE WITH CORE FOR AIRCRAFT CANNON. 1. K2) : 7.25 inches. Projectile with Core for Aircraft Cannon. C/33 St primer.5 ounce total weight. 1. 346. 40 (Panzergranate 40. INERT-LOADED PROJECTILE FOR AIRCRAFT CANNON. 1. PROJECTILE painted black.25 inches. diameter of rim. 347. 3-cm. 5. 30-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 3 cm. over-all length. width of rotating band. FUZE: Dummy. makings.625 inches. diameter. white tip: 1. painted grey.781 inch. of bourrelet. Smokeless powder. 30-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 3-cm. 3-cm 379 . Figure 346—inert-Loaded Projectile for Aircraft Cannon. diameter of neck. A. REMARKS: This round has not been recovered to date. diameter of Figure 347—A. 3-cm Pzgr. 1.375 inches. over-all length. 0. CARTRIDGE CASE. P.) EMPLOYMENT: cannon).312 inch. (German nomenclature. 5. (See Solothurn—Aircraft 5" COMPLETE ROUND: 11. diameter of bourrelet.

25 inches. Tracer present (not self-destroying). (See fig.25 inches. 1.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 0. 1. Smokeless powder.25 inches. Stenciled in white "UNT 1C" and date. diameter of base. 1. C/33 St primer. "Wb K2 41". Projectile tor Aircraft Cannon. width of rotating band. E. width of rotating band.156 inches. diameter of bourrelet. PROJECTILE FOR AIRCRAFT CANNON. (Sprenggranate). K2): 7. H. 1. H. type of propellant. There is one cannelure below the rotating band. base to band. 1. white band above rotating band.781 inch.375 inches. diameter of neck.125 inches. "Wb K2 41. over-all length.156 inch. E. PROJECTILE WITH TRACER FOR AIRCRAFT CANNON. Smokeless powder. 0. recess at its base 0.156 inches.) EMPLOYMENT: 3-cm solothurn (Aircraft). K2): 7. depth of extracting groove. No tracer present. over-all length w/fuze. 1.5 inches. type of propellant. total weight Tungsten carbide core. 1.375 inches. 0. width of rotating band—bimetallic. (See fig. PROJECTILE painted yellow.5 ounces. depth of extracting groove. diameter of bourrelet. diameter of neck. over-all length. base to band. diameter of shoulder. over-all length. 348. PROJECTILE. 1. diameter of shoulder.75 inches. 1. L'spur (Sprenggranate Leuchtspur).312 inch. 0. painted yellow. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. 30-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 3-cm Sprgr. 13. over-all length. WHITE BAND NOT PAINTED . base to band. 349.375 inches. markings.25 inches." marking. black band below screwed-in nose piece: 5.875 inch. 3-cm Sprgr. 1.375 inch. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. COMPLETE ROUND: 11.625 inch.5 inches.375 inches. diameter of shoulder. CARTRIDGE CASE (undesignated Solothurn type): 7. depth of extracting groove.) -YELLOW 5* °8 BLACK BAND EMPLOYMENT: Cannon).25 inches. 1.5 inches. 30-mm. 0. diameter of base. 380 . type of propellant. width of bourrelet. aluminum fuze: 5. Smokeless powder.5 inch in depth. 0.312 inch. C/33 St primer.718 inches. 0. diameter of neck.25 inches. E. REMARKS: This projectile has a hollow. over-all length.156 inches. 3-cm Solothurn (Aircraft COMPLETE ROUND: 11.25 inches.r_ Figure 348—H. 1. 30-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE. 1. 3-cm Sprgr.156 inches. diameter of base. 1. over-all length.

C/33 St primer. Projectile for Aircraft Cannon. (See fig. depth of extracting groove. red band above rotating band: 5. L'spur YELLOW BAND C/33 St primer. A. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. base to band.PROJECTILES PAINTED YELLOW Sri 1. diameter of base. 30-mm.) EMPLOYMENT: 3-cm Solothurn (Aircraft Cannon). AZ 1504.687 inch. diameter of neck. Projectile with Tracer for Aircraft Cannon." markings.375 inches. PROJECTILE FOR AIRCRAFT CANNON. TNT. REMARKS: Two cannelures below rotating band.25 inches. 1. Smokeless powder. K2): 7. over-all length. over-all length w/o fuze.25 inch. over-all length.156 inches. width of rotating band. 3-cm Sprgr. 381 . yellow band above bourrelet.5 inches. 3-cm Pzgr. P.187 inches. 1. 0. E. 0. 1.218 inches. diameter of shoulder. type of propellant. diameter of bourrelet. BLACK Figure 349—H. FUZE: Base fuze for 3-cm Pzgr. (Panzergranate). Tracer present.25 inches. -RED BAND Figure 350—A. REMARKS: Two cannelures below rotating band.656 inches. FUZE.187 inches. COMPLETE ROUND: 12. PROJECTILE. painted black. "Wb K2 41. P. 30-mm. 350. over-all length w/fuze. type of bursting charge. 1. 5. 30-MM BLACK GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 3-cm Pzgr.

(Panzerover-all Figure 351—H. (P) inches.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE A.T. Three. 3. PROJECTILE FOR NAVAL GUN C/30. E.7-cm Pak. 382 TRACER Figure 352—A. E.7-cm Pzgr. length. 37-mm. PROJECTILE WITHOUT CAP FOR POLISH A. P. Projectile without Cap tor Polish A.7e-cm Sprgr.7-cm Naval C/30.3 length. 3. COMPLETE ROUND: 20./T. 2. . FUZE: C/30. P.7-cm Sprgr.0 inches. number of rotating bands—Bimetallic. 351. 37-mm. (See fig. total weight. GUN.97 pounds. Gun. (See fig. 352. over-all FUZE PROJECTILE: Yellow body with black and red rings. abwehrkanone) (Polish). Panzergranate)./T. 37-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 3.) EMPLOYMENT: 3.) EMPLOYMENT: 3. C/13 n A primer. L'Spur H. 4. T.5 pounds. Projectile tor Naval Gun C/30. COMPLETE ROUND: 13. i . total weight.7-cm Pzgr. CARTRIDGE CASE: German Nomenclature. L'spur (Spenggranate Leuchtspur). 37-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 3. P 397.

7 WZ 36. T. 383 . (See fig. 3.687 inches.375 inches.5 inches. FUZE: 3. type of bursting charge. Figure 353—Rodded Bomb for A. weight of bursting charge.5 ounces. TNT. 1.98 ounces. weight of propellant. 0.7-cm Pak 41 (Panzerabwehrkanone 41). type of propellant. Gun 41. 1.7 WZ 36.. red band below nose: 4. GUN 41.187 inches. Stamped: C-21 PK-21-38.37-mm. 37-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 3. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. 0.44 ounce. There is a deep cannelure 0. base to band. 1.7 cm.625 inches. 0. 0. diameter of bourrelet. 37wz36Pk39): 10. 1 pound 7.812 inch.125 inches.. 353. diameter of shoulder.562 inch. Stielgranat 41. width of rotating band. Markings: 3.437 inch from the mouth of this case.) EMPLOYMENT: 3. 6.7-cm Pak. total weight. 2. No tracer present. diameter of base. over-all length with fuze. depth of extracting groove. Strip propellant. diameter of neck. RODDED BOMB FOR A. 41 PROJECTILE painted yellow. T. over-all length.437 inch.PROJECTILES AIR SPACE ■\ / ' v_ BURSTING CHARGE W 11^ 29i -HOLE • «It • #: • %m• • » i FINS C 'H NUMBER :.

519 inches. over-all length. 37-MM Figure 354—A. 1. 10. REMARKS: The rodded bomb is fitted with both nose percussion and base fuzes and incorporates the hollow charge principle. A.7-cm Pzgr. GUN.) 384 .68 ounces. P. 6. 6348) : 10.) EMPLOYMENT: 3. weight of bursting charge. Zdlg. diameter of base. (See % 354. diameter of bomb body.055 inches.625 inches. 6331) : Standard cartridge case closed by two cork disks. Patr.156 inches. PROJECTILE WITHOUT CAP FOR A. E.7-cm Flak." diameter of shoulder. 36. 5.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE PROJECTILE: 27. 37-mm.7-cm Flak.7-cm Sprgr. 24. (See fig. 18. 37-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 3. FUZE: AZ 5075 (as in German rifle grenade) and BdZ 5130. width of rotating band. 34 Np end to end. 1. 3. 78 GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 3.362 inches. H. weight of propellant. 355. total length. diameter of neck.28 pounds.844 inches. PROJECTILE: 4. Digl R. type of bursting charge.52 ounces. total weight. The bomb has a rod which fits into the bore. depth of extracting groove. 3.826 inches. (tubular double base propellant nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose) type of propellant.708 inches. over-all length. Projectile without Cap for A. A.49 inches. P. Tracer is present. P. one detonator facing forward. Gun. diameter of bourrelet. Ngl R. 18. total weight. 2 blocks in wax paper wrapping cemented to interior wall of bomb) type of bursting charge.58 ounces. 1. 1. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. P. A. 0. length of bomb body. 1. 5103. 6.476 pounds. 18 (Sprenggranate Patronen 18). TRACER FUZE: Bd.26 pounds. (tubular diethylene glycoldinatrate and nitrocellulose) type of propellant.61 ounces. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. Two boosters Kz. A. weight of bursting charge.Z. 3.7-cm Pzgr. Patr.437 inches. the other aft. and a concentric perforated sleeve which fits over the barrel of the gun. PETN/Wax. Cyclonite/TNT (60/40. 4. 5.594 inches.312 inch. overall length. total weight. Pair. GUN. PROJECTILE FOR A. COMPLETE ROUND (C/R is identical for both weapons) : 12. 18 (Panzergranate Patronen 18). (Flugabwehrkanone 18). weight of propellant. (Flugabwehrkanone 36).

1.32 pounds.33 inch. (Panzerabwehrkanone) . PROJECTILE painted silver-grey. 1.0 inch. weight of propellant. E.454 ounces.779 inches. total weight.PROJECTILES EMPLOYMENT: 3. Two.75 inches. PROJECTILE (TYPE 40) FOR A. 1. 0.5 inches.625 inches.599 inches. Ngl.7-cm Flak. 23. 0. diameter of bourrelet. diameter of shoulder.7-cm Pak. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. COMPLETE BOUND (C/R is identical for both weapons) : 13. 6331): 9. type of bursting charge. 40 (Sprenggranate Patronen 40). diameter of rotating band. Projectile for A.844 inches.039 inches. 1.7-cm Sprgr. depth of extracting groove. Figore 355—H. 356. number of rotating bands. 1. type of bursting charge. 2. E.7-cm Sprgr. PROJECTILE.0 inches. PETN/Wax (90/10). FUZE: 3. P. two deep cannelures below rotating band: 5. 3. diameter of neck. depth of propellant.943 ounces.448 inches. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6348) : 10. 6. H. Z. diameter of base. COMPLETE ROUND: 13. 6. 1. over-all length. 2. C/13nA primer. 37-mm. Patr. or 3.90 pounds. Patr.156 inches. total weight.7-cm Kopf.587 ounces. Z. 3. painted yellow. A. (See fig. diameter at rim. Tracer is present. R. width of rotating bands. weight of bursting charge. 18 (Flugabwehrkanone 36). 37-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 3. 0. 1.375 inch.7 ounces. 18 385 . 1. Small tracer present.594 inches.) EMPLOYMENT: 3. PETN/Wax.625 inches. over-all length.437 inches.0 inches.7-cm Kopf. no colored bands: 5. 1. Zerl P. diameter of shoulder. diameter of bourrelet. 21. Gun.937 inches. diameter of neck. over-all length. over-all length.469 inches. base to band. width of rotating band. Zerl Fg. GUN. weight of bursting charge. over-all length. 1.856 ounce. total weight. over-all length. 1. total weight.T. (tubular nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose) type of propellant.17 ounces.

(See fio> b 357.75 inches. kanone). 18 umg (Sprenggranate Patronen 18 umgeändert). weight of bursting charge. 40 Digl. diameter of rotating band. (See fig. total weight.897 inches.33 inch. diameter of bourrelet. Gun. 6. type of bursting charge. base to band.7-cm Pak.7-cm Sprgr." Stamped on base: "G251 DL 608 1939C. over-all. 1. 2. PROJECTILE. total weight. 2. Patr.46 ounce. K. GUN. 1.502 inches. type of bursting charge. 1. P.5 pounds.9 pounds.447 inches.66 ounces. painted silver-grey. PROJECTILE. G. Projectile [Type 40) for A. Digl. C/13nA primer. over-all length.7-cm Sprgr.T. T.5 inches.562 inch.767 ounces. FUZE:AZ39. 1. 358. over-all length. (Panzerabwehrkanone). diameter of copper rotating band. total weight. weight of propellant.7-cm Pak. E. Patr. DETONATOR BURSTING CHARGE U i FUZE: 5103.093 inches. GUN. P.0 inches.) ' EMPLOYMENT: 3.503 inches. 6331) : 9.599 inches. 21. 1. (Panzerabwehr- Figure 356—H. E. 1. 0. over-all length. 0. Stenciled in red: "Co 7. diameter of base." CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. TRACER H. total weight. TYPE 18. (tubular diethylene glycoldinitrate and nitrocellulose) or (tubular nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose) type of propellant. PROJECTILE WITHOUT CAP FOR A.40. 1. PETN/Wax (90/10). P. diameter of bourrelet. R. 37-mm.838 pounds.741 G Tp 33 11 Cw. Tracer present. P. FOR A. PETN/Wax (82/18). A. yellow band : 5. 37-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 3. (tubular diethylene diglycoldinitrate and nitrocellulose) type of propellant. C/13 n A primer. R. (Panzergranate Patronen).27 inches. length. 0. PROJECTILE painted black: 3. Pair.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE FUZE COMPLETE ROUND: 13. diameter of neck.7-cm Pzgr. weight of bursting charge. 2. 0. 386 .) EMPLOYMENT: 3. width of rotating band.T.437 inch. 37-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 3. depth of extracting groove. or 177 gm Ngl. over-all length. Large tracer present. 3. 0. COMPLETE ROUND: 13.448 inches.917 ounce.

. 37-mm. Patr. 3. Projectile without Cap for A. 37-mm.<<?■■. P.v- 5. TRACER j. SHOT WELD Co774IE BURSTING CHARGE DETONATOR CHARGE 3. E. T. for A: T.7-cm Pzgr.8 9?" DETONATOR ASSEMBLY FIRING PIN FUZE ASSEMBLY Figure 357—A. Type 18. Patr.PROJECTILES .0 9" Figure 358—H. Projectile. 18 umg 387 . Gun. 3.7-cm Sprgr. Gun.

diameter of shoulder. 4 pounds. Three copper rotating bands. PROJECTILE FOR GUN C/30. width of rotating band—Bimetallic. CARTRIDGE CASE: 15 inches.3 inches. PROJECTILE FOR ANTIAIRCRAFT GUN. over-all length. Digl. 6. Stamped in base: "P 180 G d. 1.to 12-second self-destroying). (tubular diethylene glycoldinitrate and nitrocellulose) —type of propellant. C/30 388 i .88 inches. 360. diameter of extracting base. 1. 1.) EMPLOYMENT: Flak. 0.25 inches. Pair.571 inches. (Sprenggranate Patronen).) EMPLOYMENT: 3.7 inches. 9. C/30 (Sprenggranate Patronen 30).61 inches. diameter of shoulder. 6331. 2. weight of propellant. weight of bursting charge.7 ounces. 3. Sprgr. C/13nA primer. Patr.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature.44 inches. PACKAGING: 12 rounds to a metal carrier.7 cm 30 st stamped on base. 7 cm Pak. FUZE: C/30. weight of propellant. asr/amp.51 inches. diameter of neck. NOSE FUZE COMPLETE ROUND: 20. over-all length. total weight. 1. COMPLETE ROUND: 17.2 pounds.0 kgH. 37~mm. E. diameter of bourrelet.7-cm. 20. diameter of base.80 inches. H. 40-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 4-cm Sprgr. (red tip). P. 2. over-all length with fuze.28 inches.75 inch. over-all length. 2. 3:7-cm Sprgr. E. PROJECTILE: Yellow body with white bands and black lettering. 1. diameter of neck. R. total weight.437 inches. 359. 1." FUZE: 3. 6331) : 1.7-cm C/30.6 inches. Patr. BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BAND TRACER Figure 359—H. diameter of base. Projectile for Gun C/30.7-cm Kopf Z. diameter of flange. Zerl P. 1.38 ounces. TNT. 37-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 3. E. 4-cm 28) • 12. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. (See fig. type of bursting charge. (See fig. AZ 39 (yellow tip). 28 (Flugagwehrkanone 28). Tracer present (11.17 ounces.

FOR ANTIAIRCRAFT GUN. REMARKS: Similar to British Quickfiring H. diameter of rotating band. diameter of bourrelet. Patr. 0.-. 28 (Flugabwehrkanone 28).__.70 inch. painted yellow. Larger streamlining at base. 2.75 inches over-all length. j 1 t t-: TRACER PLUG (BRASS) \ Vr'--:*-. Sprgr. Ngl.) PAINTED YELLOW FUZE EMPLOYMENT: Flak..63 inches. (See fig. FUZE: KZ 38. 250. Larger tracer. E. (Sprenggranate Patronen). R. PROJECTILE. 40-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 4-cm Br. (tubular nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose) type of propellant. COMPLETE ROUND: 17. red band: 1. E. 4-cm Sprgr. 40-mm Bofors. black lettering.. E. Smaller bursting charge. P. B.56 inches. 361. 3.) 1. Pair. Patr. Projectile for Antiaircraft Gun. width of rotating band (iron D. E. C/13nA primer. 4-cm Br. 389 . Mark 1—T shell except for the following differences: 1. fj£zA®k ■?4 Y~ ..PROJECTILES H. Figure 361—H. f -: Figure 360—H. Sprgr. Projectile tor Antiaircraft Gun. 40-mm. Fuze same as British DA No. 40-mm. Tracer present.

I .7-cm Pak. 6. 47-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 4.7-cm Sprgr.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. 16.36 inches.) EMPLOYMENT: 4.25 pounds. total weight.i-i'"" ~ PELLETS BURSTING CHARGE j Dc. 362.*- \\ \ \ BOOSTER . E. over-all length. 1.61 inches. E. 36 (t) (Sprenggranate Patronen 36 [t]). over-all length w/o fuze. PROJECTDLE: 7. over-all length. FUZE: KZ 38. diameter of extracting base. 2.20 inches. (t) (Panzerabwehrkanone [t]). H. Design) 47-mm. PROJECTILE TYPE 36 (CZECH DESIGN). 4.7-cm Sprgr. / -T \ Y T LZAsTEAR STRIP SOLDEREO / .7-cm K 36 (t) (Kanone 36 [t]).4« V <i Figure 362—H. --TO FUZE BODY AND \ WATER PROOFING COVER / / / M I \ I \ \ 'DcZailM Inr . diameter of neck.44 inches. 4cm 28st): 12.8. COMPLETE ROUND: 22. Patr.44 inches. 36 It) 390 ( . 4. Patr. Projectile Type 36 (Czech. (See fig.

7-cm J. IB) 391 .T.944 inches.7-cm.348 ounces.625 inches. Strip propellant (nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose).36 COLOR. Fuze is similar to AZ 23 except that it has no optional delay. 47-mm. width of rotating band. 6.) EMPLOYMENT: 4.312 inches. 193. over-all length.7-cm M 35. depth of extracting groove. 35/36 Ö. M 36): 15. over-all length. TNT.7-cm Pak. 0. CARTRIDGE CASE (German Nomenclature M35): 9.7-cm K 36 (t) (Kanone 36 [t]). 364. 4. No tracer present.7-cm Sprgr. Sprgr. Böhler K. 363. Patr. (t) (Panzerabwehrkanone [t]). 1. 2. Patr.375 inch. diameter of extracting groove. width of rotating band.25 inches.PROJECTILES 1. 4.52 inches. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. Patr.7-cm. PROJECTILE FOR A.3 pounds. FUZE: 4.625 inches. A.67 inch. 35 (Ö) (Panzergranate Patronen 35 [Ö]). 47-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 4. (Ö). 3. 4. 2. PROJECTILE: 81. Projectile for Böhler Gun {Austrian Design). (See fig. diameter of base. 1 pound 15. FUZE: Czech time or S/D. PROJECTILE FOR BÖHLER GUN (AUSTRIAN DESIGN). P. diameter of shoulder. 47-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 4.7 M35. REMARKS: Fuse is marked 4.K. over-all length. weight of propellant.12 inches. There is an AP round which is the 47/32 Italian round in an M 35 case. (Ö) (Sprenggranate Patronen [Ö]). Strip nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose—type of propellant. E. DARK GREY GREEN / i Figure 363—H. 7. E. 1. Markings: 4. weight of propellant. diameter of neck.) EMPLOYMENT: 4. 0. 35 or 4. 1. over-all length. diameter of base. (See fig.7-cm Pzgr. type of bursting charge. 0. total weigh}.7 Pak.98 inches.. H.0 grams.35 ounces. GUN (AUSTRIAN DESIGN). 1.594 inches.875 inches. COMPLETE ROUND: 16. weight of bursting charge.7-cm Pak. 2.84 inches.187 inches. diameter of bourrelet. diameter of neck.

7-cm Pzgr.) EMPLOYMENT: 4. 47-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 4. REMARKS: Same projectile is used in the Böhler gun except that driving band is narrower and has two grooves instead of three." CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. diameter of bourrelet.98 inches. weight of bursting charge. over-all length. 1. type of bursting charge. 0.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE TIP PAINTED BLACK UNPAINTED Figure 364—A. 6. Gun {Austrian Design). Unpainted projectile. black tip. P. diameter of base. 0. 15. C. weight of propellant.25 inches.14 pounds.43 ounces. over-all length. M 36) : 15. diameter of shoulder.944 inches. PROJECTILE TYPE 36 (CZECH DESIGN). 365. A. Patr.52 inches. 1. Stenciled in red: "ENZ. Projectile for A. base to band. over-all length. PKOJECTILE. total weight. 1. depth of extracting groove.7cm Pak (t) (Panzerabwehrkanone [t]). 35 (öJ COMPLETE ROUND: 19. 36 (t) (Panzergranate Patronen 36 [t]). diameter of neck. 4.312 inches.687 inch. Tracer present.12 inches. P. 47-mm. Pair.719 inches. 1. 4. width of copper rotating band. ( 392 . Strip propellant (nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose). (See fig. TNT. 37 (Flugabwehrkanone 37). T. 2. A red band is painted around the shoulder. 3.7-cm Pzgr. total weight.48 inches. M 33 primer. blued from rotating band to beginning of % inch boat-tailing: 5. 2.7 pounds.844 inches.7-cm Flak.74 ounce.

Set screw in projectile holds fuze in place. 47-mm. 2. base to band. Projectile curved in toward base. C. Tracer present in fuze. diameter of shoulder. Stenciled in red: "pla".625 inch.844 inches. 1.5 inches. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. diameter of base. 0.PROJECTILES COMPLETE BOUND: 21. Pro/ecfi»e Type 36 (Czech. type of bursting charge. "1". PROJECTILE. 36 (f) > 393 . Parr. diameter of extracting groove. weight of propellant. P.64 pounds.74 ounce. Design). lot number.944 inches. over-all length. over-all length. FUZE: Base fuze (2 steel balls). diameter of bourrelet. M 33 primer. width of copper rotating band. 2.7-cm Pxgr.98 inches.625 inches. 1. total weight. 1.069 inches. 4. 0. diameter of neck.49 ounces. TNT. 15. 1. painted black. capped: 6.12 inches.52 inches.625 inches over-all length w/o tracer. M36): 15. weight of bursting charge. PAINTED BLACK COPPER DRIVING BAND Figure 365—A. 3. Strip propellant (nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose) .

5 inches. Patr. diameter of base. PEOJECTILE.357 inches.406 inch.938 inches. over-all length. ( 394 . Tracer present in fuze. PETN/Wax bursting charge. Patr. Pzgr. 2. (Kampwagenkanone) tank gun. A. diameter of bourrelet. KwK. 6317) (fixed): 11. diameter of neck. PROJECTILE WITHOUT CAP FOR TANK GUN. P. 50-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 5-cm. C FES. 7 pounds 10 ounces. 0. 1. (See fig. distance from base to band. painted black: 7. 5-cm Pzgr.342 inches.58 ounce. 366. Projectile Without Cap for Tank Gun.) EMPLOYMENT: 5-cm KwK.035 inches. over-all length. 1.963 inches. 1. (Panzergranate Patrone Kampwagenkanone). over-all length.156 inches. KwK. 50-mm. COMPLETE ROUND: 16. width of rotating band—soft iron.25 ounces. 0. Stamped in base: "164DL 608 1940. P. total weight. 4 pounds 8. total weight.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 1 / / \ PAINTED BLACK Figure 366—A." CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature.

diameter of base.85 pounds. REMARKS: Cartridge cases for other weapons as follows: KwK 39—6360 (fixed). 5103. 6317) (fixed) : 11. 1 pound 12.76 ounces. PROJECTILE.61 inches. over-all length with fuze. (See fig.085 inches. 5-cm Pak. 2. Type 38.873 inches. 5-cm Pak 38 Panzerabwehrkanone—antitank gun 38.035 inches. PROJECTILE WITH CAP FOR TANK GUN. weight of case. PETN/Wax booster.82 inches.E. KwK) : 18. 5-cm KwK 39 Kampfwagenkanone 39—tank gun 39. 0. 3.) EMPLOYMENT: 5-cm KwK Kampf wagenkanone—tank gun. 395 .10. 1. Red band around fuze. flaked gudol propellant.87 pounds. TYPE 38. 38 KwK—Sprenggranate.668 inches. EMPLOYMENT: 5-cm KwK Kampfwagenkanone—tank gun.55 inches. 5-cm KwK 39 Kampfwagenkanone—tank gun 39." CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. Projectile. FILLING SOFT IRON A.376 inch. diameter of base. c/22 31 grain electric primer. 1. P.87 ounces. 367. 368. diameter of neck. 5. 50-mm. over-all length.PROJECTILES 2. Patr. COMPLETE ROUND (description of c/r is for 5-cm. Patr. painted green: 8.34 inches. FUZE: Base detonating fuze—Bd. diameter of shoulder. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze AZ 39. PROJECTILE. total weight.668 inches. E. 50-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 5-cm Pzgr. 0. TNT with red phosphorus smoke box.085 inches.9. Patr. total weight. There are no markings on this fuze. KwK (Panzergranate Patrone Kampf wagenkanone). Figure 367—H. 38 KwK. Patrone 38 Kampf wagenkanone. R. (See fig. over-all length. 3. 4.) H. Diglycol propellant C/22 primer. 38 Panzerabwehrkanone 38—antitank gun 38.16 pounds. Stenciled in black in two places on body: "L. distance from base to band. Pak 38—6360 (fixed). Z. 6. 50-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 5-cm Sprgr. width of rotating band—soft iron. 5-cm Sprgr. E. 25. 2. diameter at rim. 1. total weight of case. H.40.332 pound. diameter of shoulder.

56 pounds. Sprgr. 3. 2. 0. 5Q-mm. Projectile with Cap for Tank Gun. PROJECTILE.1 pounds. Projectile. painted black. 1. distance from base to band. diameter of bourrelet. Figure 368—A.87 pounds. 50-nrnt. 1.87 ounce. diameter of shoulder.969 inches. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. diameter of base. over-all length. width of rotating band—soft iron.985 inches. unpainted band at nose: 6.035 inches. total weight.7 pounds. Figure 369—Incendiary with H. diameter of base. 7. over-all length. 4. C/22 31 grain electric primer. 5-cm Br. 0. 2.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Tracer present in fuze.312 inches.34 inches. 5-tm Psgr.156 inches.406 inch. Pair. diameter of neck. Pair. total weight. tubular diglycol propellant. 1.668 inches. 1. weight of case. 87/13 bursting charge. KwK. 41 L'Spur 396 . over-all length. 6317) (fixed): 11. 1.683 inches. PETN/Wax. P. E.51 inches. COMPLETE ROUND (description of c/r is for 5-cm KwK) : 16.

diameter of bourrelet.75-mm Sprgr. E. 2.04 inches. 41 L's pur. black lettering: 1. E. total weight (not scaled). CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. over-all length. 50-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE 5-cm Br. REMARKS: Cartridge cases for other weapons as follows: Pak. Sprgr. over-all length. 369. TYPE 34. COMPLETE ROUND: 20. 2. KwK (34) (Sprenggranate Patrone Kampf wagenkanone 34). Patr. Type 34.80 inches. PROJECTILE.PROJECTILES 13 Figure 370—H. Pair. 2. 38—6360 (fixed). 5103. Patr. INCENDIARY WITH H. (See fig. 75-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Sprgr.) EMPLOYMENT: Flak 41 (Flugabwehrkanone 41).9 inches. Patr. diameter of base. painted yellow. 5-cm Flak 41): 13.65 inches. PROJECTILE.) 397 . 9 pounds 7 ounces. PROJECTILE. Z. KwK. 370.68 inches. E. This fuze has no distinguishing markings. diameter of band. Projectile. H. (See fig.97 inches. 134) FUZE: Base detonating f uze—Bd. KwK 39—6360 (fixed). diameter of shoulder. St.

diameter of neck. Pair. G. 30. diameter of base.01 inches.0 ounces. K. 40 is identical except that its rotating band is soft iron.5 inches. 40)—6339 (fixed). 40 (Sturm Geschütz 40) Assault Gun 40. 40 (Sturm Geschütz 40) Assault Gun 40.) EMPLOYMENT: 7. G.6 pounds. 12. 40 (Leuchtes Geschütz 40) Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops. 7. 9.7 inch.56 inches. amatol 40/60 bursting charge plus smoke box of red phosphorus (TNT/Amatol 90/10 when used for Geb. PROJECTILE WITH BALLISTIC CAP AND PIERCING CAP. 0.25 ounces.5-cm Stu. Patr. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature.6 inches. P. Geb.5-cm L. 6354 or 6354 St.5-cm KwK (Kampf wagenkanone) Tank Cannon.5-cm KwK 40 (Kampf wagenkanone 40) Tank Cannon 40. 7.187 inches.64 pounds. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze Fl Az 23. KwK40 (Stu. 11. 36) Zdlz. 371.656" I Figure 371—A. tubular nitrocellulose propellant. 7.5-cm Stu.60 inches. 3. F.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE EMPLOYMENT: 7.5 inches.6 25 PACKAGING: Two rounds to a metal container 46.93 inches. 2. 398 .5-cm L.5-cm KwK 40 (Kampfwagenkanone 40) Tank Gun 40. L. over-all length. distance from base to band. Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: Pak. total weight. painted green. 12. TYPE 39. 39 KwK. over-all length w/o fuze. C/22 31 grain electric primer. 7. 36 (Gebirgs Geschütz 36) Mountain Gun 36. 39 KwK 40 (Panzergranate Patrone 39 Kampf wagenkanone 40). diameter of shoulder. G. Projectile with Ballistic Cap and Piercing Cap. Type 39. 2. G. G. 18—6316—(semifixed). COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r is for KwK (Stu. A. 7. 13. 40—6340 (fixed). F.5-cm Geb. Leuchtes Geschütz 40—plastic base case (S-F). G. C/98 booster. 3. 2.5-cm Stu. 75-mm Pzgr. G.5-cm Pak 40 (Panzerabwehakanone 40) Antitank Cannon 40. P. 36—(semifixed).). 18 (Leuchtes Feld Kanone 18) Light Field Cannon 18. K.) (fixed): 9. over-all length w/fuze. (Sturm Geschütz) Assault Gun. 7. diameter of base. REMARKS: The projectile as used in the Pak. G. 75-MM } . 40 GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Pzgr. G. 7. (See fig. 7. width of bimetallic rotating band.

5. 38. diameter at base. PROJECTILE painted green: 11.98 inch. width of bimetallic rotating band. This projectile may or may not have a cannelure on the cap. 75-mm. 3. distance from base to band.8 inches. FUZE: Bd.95 inches. diameter at base. 3. 18 w?^"* ibi iQ 35. 0.4 pounds. diameter at mouth. A round exists for the Pak. width of bimetallic rotating band. over-all length. tubular diglycol propellant. the projectile will be found with 28 grooves in the band. Cyclonite/Wax/TNT bursting charge. 29. 39 9. 40 designated "Pzgr.5-cm Pak.181 inches. K.9 pounds. TYPE 39. 75-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. 399 .06 pounds.625 inches.94 inches. PACKAGING: Three projectiles and three cartridges in a wicker basket. 40.34 inches. No shoulder.) EMPLOYMENT: Geb.7 inch. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. 0. 11.It) iSMO'-. 6339 (fixed) : 19. HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE. diameter at shoulder. Tracer is present in fuze. C/22 electric primer. Kanone 15) Mountain Gun 15. 39 (Granate 39). over-all length w/fuze. /^E\" L.PROJECTILES 7. diameter of base. REMARKS: The bursting charge is in an aluminum container which is a tight fit in the projectile cavity. projectile with a tungsten carbide core. Z. 0. (See fig.67 inch.43 inch. 5103. 7. . w/o tracer. over-all length. Z. 3. It has not been recovered as yet but is reported to weigh 7. Patr. flaked nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose with Nitroguanadine C/12n/A primer.078 inches. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze A. total weight.5-cm Gr.0 inches. 0. over-all length. COMPLETE ROUND (description of c/r is for KwK40): 29.400 'wr''' Figure 372—Hollow Charge Projectile Type 39. 4." which is an A.5-cm Gr. P. total weight. distance from base to band.6 ounces. 372. 3. 6335) (semi-fixed): 5. PACKAGING: Two round to a metal container. diameter at mouth.15 inches. over-all length.3 inches. 2. 40 (Panzerabwehrkanone 40) Antitank Gun 40. COMPLETE ROUND: 14. over-all length.4 inches.03 inches. 15 (Gebirgs.. 40 Pak.35 pounds. 2. diameter of base. PETN/Wax booster. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature.68 inches. REMARKS: When fired. PROJECTILE painted black with red band and red stenciling: 9. Cyclonite bursting charge.

12. F. 7.) (Granate Patrone 38 Kampfwagenkanone) (Hohl Ladung). L. (H.5-cm.5-cm Geb.2" -CENTRAL TUBE GAINE Figure 373—Hollow Charge Projectile tor Tank Gun.5-cm Stu. Patr.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE AIR SPACb. G. 38 KwK (H. KwK (Kampfwagenkanone) Tank Cannon.0 ounces. 18 (Leuchtes Felf Kanone 18) Light Field Cannon 18.)): 18. 373.5 inches. 38 KwK.5-cm L.5-cm Gr.5-cm KwK 40 (Kampfwagenkanone 40) Tank Cannon 40.5-cm Gr. Pair. 75-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. L. . 7. G. 36 (Gebirgs Geschütz 36) Mountain Gun 36. over-all length. (Sturm Geschütz) Assault Gun. K. 7. G. G. (See fig. 40 (Leuchtes Geschütz 40) Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops. 400 7. 7. 14. CUP 11.) EMPLOYMENT: 7.0 pounds.5-cm L. 75-mm.5-cm Stu.) HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE FOR TANK GUN. total weight. 7. COMPLETE ROUND (description of c/r is for KwK (Stu. 7. G. 40 (Sturm Geschütz 40) Assault Gun 40.

22 pounds.5-cm Stu. C/22 31 grain electric primer.63 inch. K.5-cm Gr.00 inches.2 inches. L. 0. (See fig.5-cm L. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature.56 inches. 1.60 inches. There are two spanner flats on the nose piece. over-all length. 2. tubular nitrocellulose propellant. diameter of neck.) (fixed): 9.56 inches. 374.PROJECTILES PROJECTILE painted green: 11. REMARKS: Hollow charge projectiles are made in two pieces.79 ounces. w/fuze. 7. 0. 3. KwK.00* GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7.5-cm Gr. 38. 2. G. 1. 2. 2. w/fuze.93 inches.G.5-cm KwK (Kampfwagenkanone) Tank Cannon. L. HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE FOR TANK GUN.61 ounces.01 inches. BURSTER CHARGE p GAINE S. TYPE B. diameter of base. G. 6354 or 6354 St. distance from base to band.L/B) 401 . 12. 7. weight of case. PACKAGING: Two rounds to a metal container.40) 6339 (fixed). diameter of shoulder. 75-mm. width of rotating band (bimetallic or sintered iron). weight of case.48 inches. 3.36 inches. 75-MM COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r is for KwK 19. 7. over-all length. K. 40 6340 (fixed). 2.93 inches. G. L/B) (Granate Patrone Kampfwagenkanone (Hohl Ladung/B). PROJECTILE (painted green) : 12.) (fixed) : 9.66 inch.79 ounces. diameter of base. cyclonite wax. 7. W.01 inches.55 inches. 2 pounds. over-all length.5-cm L. 2 pounds. 40 (Panzerabwehrkanone 40) AntiTank Cannon 40. over-all length. TNT bursting charge Zdlg.2 inches. width of bimetallic rotating band. the male nose being threaded into the body. Patr. KwK (H. 3.5-cm Pak. 40 (Leuchtes Geschütz 40) Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops. 18—6316 (semifixed).48" Figure 374—Hollow Charge Projectile for Tank Gun. diameter of shoulder. F. 3. F. diameter of neck. 36 (Gebirgs Geschütz 36) Mountain Gun 36. 2. G. Pak. NOSE FUZE *T: re«P0RAT£D METAL OiSC 12. Cyclonite/Wax/TNT bursting charge. over-all length. (Sturm Geschütz) Assault Gun. w/fuze. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze A. diameter of rim. 1. 18 (Leichte Feld Kanone 18) Light Field Cannon 18. 9. 36 (semifixed). Type B.60 inches.75 pounds. 40—Plastic base (semifixed). G. 7. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature.2 inches. Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: KwK40 (Stu.5-cm Geb. Geb. total weight. 40 booster. distance from base to band. Patr. "HL/B" stenciled in black on nose. diameter of rim. 7.Z.) EMPLOYMENT: 7. 6354 or 6354 St.

61 ounces. 2.187 inches. picric acid burster charge.61 ounces. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. «SKk. K. 12. 40 6340 (fixed). w/o fuze. tubular nitrocellulose propellant. G.5-cm Stu. diameter of neck. Patr. 2. 23 Nb. 7. width of rotating band. REMARKS: This projectile is machined to the same design as the H. 2.5-cm Nbgr. L. tubular nitrocellulose propellant. 402 . FUZE: Nose percussion fuze Kl A. weight of case.79 ounces.5-cm Stu. the male nose being threaded into the body. PACKAGING: Two rounds to a metal container. 11. There is a threaded plug in the side wall used to close the filling hole. 40 (Sturm Geschütz 40) Assault Gun 40. over-all length. 7. G. (fixed) : 9. PACKAGING: Two rounds in a metal box. G. 0. PETN/Wax booster.6 pounds. Pak. w/f uze. F. painted green: 13. 7. 36 (Semifixed). KwK. Patr. 38.) EMPLOYMENT: 7. projectile. G.^ : A\A'/. F. G.0 ounces. diameter of rim. Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: KwK40 (Stu. 75-mm.5 inches. total weight. "Nb" stenciled on body in white. 40 plastic base (semifixed).5-cm Nbgr. 40 (Leuchtes Geschütz 40) Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops. G. (See fig. 7. C/22 31 grain electric primer. (Sturm Geschütz) Assault Gun. Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: L. Type 34.93 inches. with the exception of a recess one inch in diameter. KwK. COMPLETE ROUND (description of c/r is for KwK): 20. Z. 3. REMARKS: Hollow charge projectiles are made in two pieces. 7. smoke mixture. L.56 inches. 2. K. (Nebelgranate Patrone Kampf wagenkanone). 2 pounds.08 inch in depth provided at base of cavity for seating lower end of burster tube. diameter of shoulder. 18—6316 (semifixed). 6354 or 6354 St.5 inches.60 inches. There are two spanner flats on the nose piece. F.6 inches. Geb. SMOKE PROJECTILE FOR TANK GUN. over-all length.01 inches. 18 6316 (semifixed). K. 75-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. PROJECTILE. 80/20 Oleum impregnated in pumice. 0. 3. 40) 6339 (fixed). 18 (Leichte Feld Kanone 18) Light Field Cannon 18.67 inch. over-all length. diameter of base. Z.5-cm KwK (Kampfwagenkanone) Tank Cannon.5-cm KwK (Kampfwagenkanone 40) Tank Cannon.5-cm L. over-all length. C/22 31 grain electric primer.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 12.5-cm L. 7.9 inches.l$H\ ne: FILLER PLUG Figure 375—Smoke Projectile for Tank Gun. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze A. 1. E. 375. 13. distance from base to band.

93 inches. 12. C.95 inches. C/98 Np. EMPLOYMENT: 7. Case will be stamped on base: "6354 7.312 inches. Tracer is present in fuze. PROJECTILE FOR MOUNTAIN GUN. distance from base to band.5-cm L. 2. (See fig.39 ounces. Patr.5-cm (so marked).687 inch.) EMPLOYMENT: 7. diameter of shoulder. 40) 6339 (fixed). G (Sturm Geschütz) Assault Gun. L.T. diameter of base.89 inches. 2. 0.67 inch. Patr. distance from base to band. 75-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Geb.56 inches. total weight. over-all length. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature.N WAX PRESSED PELLET TNT CAST WASHER CARDBOARD WASHER ALUMINUM WASHERS FUZE H. PACKAGING: Two rounds to a metal container. 0. (See fig. over-all length. G. 7. width of rotating band (bimetallic). w/f uze. 2. KwK (Panzergranate Patrone Kampfwagenkanone). F.—40-plastic base case. COMPLETE ROUND: 15. total weight. over-all length.75 inches. 2. over-all length. (Gebirgs Granate 15 Aluminum). L. 19. P. Pak.98 inch. Booster. K. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. COMPOSITION COAL TAR BITUMEN • PELLET TNT CAST CONTAINER ALUMINUM PELLET PE. Z. 7. 377. w/o tracer. 3. painted green: 12. 403 . F. 6335) (semifixed) : 5. 40 6340 (fixed). K. 15 Al. 6354 or 6354 St. G. 376. TNT and PETN/Wax bursting charge. REMARKS: There are two cannelures below the rotating band. F.433 inch.01 inches.5 pounds. tubular nitrocellulose—propellant.5-cm Geb. 7. 75-mm Pzgr. P. Tank Gun Pro/ecfi/e. diameter of neck. PROJECTILE. 15 (Gebirgs Kanone 15) Mountain Gun 15.0 pounds. (fixed)) : 9. painted black: 11.5-cm L. G.5-cm KwK. C.078 inches. TANK GUN PROJECTILE. K—18-6316 (semifixed).PROJECTILES KwK 40 (Stu. Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: L. PROJECTILE. width of rotating band.92 pounds.5-cm Stu. 12. A. TNT/Aluminum. E.) Figure 376—A. over-all length. 18 (Leuchtes Feld Kanone) Light Field Cannon 18. 40 (Leuchtes Geschütz 40)T Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops. 3.60 inches. diameter of base. 40 plastic base (semifixed). 0. 0. 75-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Pzgr.5-cm KwK (Kampfwagenkanone) Tank Cannon.93 inches. 15." FUZE: Bd. 90/10 and red phosphorus smoke box bursting charge.99 inches. G. G. 7. diameter of base. Kwk. over-all length. COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r is for KwK.

6 ounces. 378. Gr.cartridges in a wicker basket.99" 'Xzm&i&mailmzzmimt R8 Al ■4S 25A0OM M ~'i/S. Time and percussion fuze Dopp Z. REMARKS: There is round designated: "Geb. No shoulder. Gr. Projectile for Mountain Gun. I. 404 . E. Oopp Jg 25. Figure 377—H. G. PACKAGING: Three projectiles and three .GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE ae: ""ur ■yom.5-cm L. 23 Geb. flaked nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose with nitroguanadine. 15 rot" which is identical with the above except that it does not contain any aluminum. G. 7.5-cm L. C/12nA primer. diameter of neck. 38 (lager 38). over-all length. s/60 Geb. diameter of rim. 75-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. 75-mm Geb. Z.5-cm Igr. 18 (Leichte Infanterie Geschütz 18) Light Infantry Gun 18. Geb. 3. 3.25!fO(% HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE FOR INFANTRY GUN. (See fig.03 inches.562 inches. 18 (Leichte Gebirgs Infanterie Geschütz 18) Light Mountain Infantry Gun 18.) EMPLOYMENT: 7. COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r is identical for both weapons.34 inches. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze A. 11. 11. IS Al. I.4qji' I 12.

total weight.52 ounces. Geb. No shoulder. 38 405 . 1.875 inches.125 inches. bimetallic or sintered iron. L.21 pounds. 3.PROJECTILES PROJECTILE. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze L. distance from base to band. C/12nA primer. 38. /!# 912 J Figure 378—Hollow Charge Projectile for Infantry Gun. I. Geb.5 inches. (See fig.0 inches.95 inches.5-cm Igr. 18 (Leichte Infanterie Geschütz 18) Light Infantry Gun 18. L. REMARKS: This is evidently an H. diameter of base. diameter at mouth. I. 23nA (lager 18 Aufschlag Zunder neu Abteilung). 6 pounds 10 ounces. Booster. H. nitroglycerine. PROJECTILE painted green: 12. 3. 3. 75-mm. 23nA. 379. L/A type is to be introduced. diameter of neck. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. over-all length. total weight. 1. Stenciled: "7. PACKAGING: Three projectiles and three cartridges in a wicker basket. G. 1. length.236 inch. G. 18 A. 18. Z. 6341 (semi-fixed). type projectile. Z. PACKAGING: Three projectile and three cartridges in a wicker basket with metal bottom and metal cradle—49 pounds. 23nA. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. diameter at base. Z. 3.5 inches. Zdlg.102 inches. Cartridge case for L. C/98 Np. Disk powder. 7. L. painted green: 9. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze A. PROJECTILE FOR INFANTRY GUN.375 inches. Z. I. distance from base to band. 18) : 15." Gr.375 inches. Igr. Igr.134 inches. 2. 75-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Igr. G. diameter of base. I. I. Amatol 40/60 bursting charge.0 inches. over-all length. Cyclonite bursting charge. E. 6341 or 6341 St. No shoulder. REMARKS: This projectile is sometimes filled TNT/Amatol—90/10.) (semi-fixed): 3. C/12nA primer. the rotating band will show 24 riflings. width of bimetallic rotating band. 0. 40 booster.49 inches. over-all length w/o fuze. width of rotating band. 13 pounds 10 ounces. G. diameter of base. Zdlg.5-cm Igr. 6341 or 6341 St. 18 (Leichte Gebirgs Infanterie Geschütz 18) Light Mountain Infantry Gun 18. over-all length w/fuze. nitroglycerine. 2. 0. 2.52 ounces. Disk powder.) EMPLOYMENT: L.99 inches. G. 18. COMPLETE ROUND (description of c/r is for L. When this projectile has been fired from the L.) (semi-fixed): 3. 2. An H.236 inch.

TNT bursting charge.472 inches.511 inches. 2. total weight. width of rotating bands 2. not known) : This is a brass case.740 inches. diameter of bourrelet. M39s percussion primer (f). 7. A. 3.1- !6d l#a 10.41 Ca^ _ ::\ / /3 He 20-1 \ GAINE C/98 IV SMOKE BOX f3 8-1. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature.i. (See fig. PROJECTILE FOR DUAL-PURPOSE SKODA GUN. 23nA 406 . tubular propellant. 1919 \ /M' .N ' -A / 1 ' qr. stenciled in red: 14. Stamped-on base: "1941 38 75AA". 510. REMARKS: This projectile is the most common of a number of types seized by the Germans for . over-all length w/fuze.5-cm 18 A. PROJECTILE.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE H. 0.0 grams. red banded. diameter at rim. 22. 5. 4. E. 3.228 inches. 75-mm.Z. \ Rhs 3. 0.948 inches. Z 2 5 n. COMPLETE ROUND: 27. number of rotating bands.96 inches. 3. 75/50 (Sprenggranate Patrone 75/50). 75-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Sprgr. Projectile for Infantry Gun. diameter of shoulder. Patr.5 pounds. width of bourrelet.) EMPLOYMENT: 75/50 Skoda dual-purpose gun. 380. 30X Figure 379—H.6. A brass gaine attached to fuze in distinction from German system contains detonator. diameter of neck. over-all length. E.15 inches. FUZE: Time fuze of combustion type is fitted.201 pounds.83 inches.

Figure 387—Hollow Charge Projectile. Z. 38 HL/A. 75-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. Type 38. (See fig. TYPE 38. 75/50 use in captured French 75/50 dual-purpose guns. 2 wrench grooves in Ogive. 14 96" FUZE WELL RED BAND =5PE BÜRSTE* CHARGE Figure 380—H.PROJECTILES COLOR: Light gray—dark olive green below rotating band.) WEAPONS: 7. FUZE: A. 75-mm. Sprgr. 6AINE 407 . Projectile for Dual-Purpose Skoda Gun. 38 HL/A. HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE.5-cm Gr. 381. 18. K. of which one authority estimates there may be 20. 38. 1. REMARKS: Experimental shell. Bimetallic or iron rotating band. 1 row vertical serrations. Patr.000 pieces on the Continent. 7.5-cm light field gun 18. F.5-cm Gr. E.

Internal diameter.25 kg tubular "diglykol" propellant size: Length: 6.) EMPLOYMENT: Pac. 40 (W) Pack. 75-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. IKwK.25 pounds total weight.125 pounds. 38) 408 .8 mm. External diameter. 382. P. 4 mm. propellant charge: (a) An igniter containing 25 gm of the usual German igniter powder. C. 1. P. 40 A. 40 (W) Pack.5-cm Pzgr. P. COMPLETE ROUND: 20.) (See fig. 240 mm. painted black with white W stenciled on body: ROTATING BAND BASE FUZE Figure 383—A. (c) A flash reducer containing 35 gm of potassium sulphate. Projectile 75-mm. CARTRIDGE CASE.25 mm. 75-mm Pzgr. 7. BALLISTIC CAP STEEL BODY DRIVE BAND BURSTER CHARGE TRACER Figure 382—A. PROJECTILE. 40 (Panzergranate Patrone 40.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 9. (b) 2. total length. 40 (Panzerabwehr-Kanone 40) Antitank Gun 41.5-cm Pzgr. Tank Gun Projectile. Pafr. total weight. PROJECTILE.

Patr. 75-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. 38. (KwK 38). PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BAND Figure 384—Hollow Charge Projectile for Tank Gun. 38 HL/A KwK. H.) WEAPONS: 7. 18. E. 7.5-cm. CHARGE: Number: T. K. 383.5-cm Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops 40— L. 2432 (h). REMARKS: One row of vertical serrations. WEIGHT: 15. (See fig. G. Patr. 7.5-cm. 7. Patr.5-cm Assault Gun—Stu. Patr. Threads: Fuze hole 6. 409 . 75-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Pzgr.5-cm Mountain Gun 36—Geb.5-cm Antitank Gun 40—Pak. 7. G. model L30. 7.36 inches. 7.5-cm Gr. Z.) WEAPONS: 7. (See fig. K. Iron rotating band. BURSTING CHARGE: TNT and Petn/wax 2. 7. 7.5-cm Light Field Cannon 18 I. 75-mm. 38 HL/B has same external dimensions as this shell.5-cm Tank Cannon 40—KwK. FUZE: A. Sprgr.5-cm Assault Gun 40—Stu.5-cm Tank Cannon 38—KwK.. F.92 pounds. 243 (h).PROJECTILES APC TANK GUN PROJECTILE. 38. 18. 40.5 pounds (loaded and fuzed). f. Pzgr. COLOR: Black. 7. E.5-cm.5-cm Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops— L.) WEAPONS: Dutch field gun: 7.5-cm Light Field Cannon 18-1. 7. Adaptor hole 11. 7. K. Z. 40. 38 HL/A KwK. Weight: 13. F. 385.5-cm Field Gun 16 (new type)—F.4 pounds. 16. 384. 7. 40. Width of bourrelet 1. G. Kind: Shell. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. Color: Green with black band at rotating band.5-cm Gr. COLOR: Dark olive green.5-cm Tank Cannon—KwK. K. Gr. (See fig. HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE FOR TANK GUN. F. Type: H. Panzergranate Patrone Kampfwagen Kanone. G. C. 40. 40. REMARKS: One vertical row of serrations. 36. FUZE FUZE: Base fuze Bd.

13 28. £.) WEAPONS: German antitank gun: 7. 40/1.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE A. 39 FES. Shell for 7S-mm Gun. German tank gun: 7.5-cm Sprgr. Figure 386—A. Shell for 75-mm Gun. PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. C.40/3 (Sf). Kind: TNT. 7. 40 (L/43).5-cm KwK. D. 2432 Ih) FUZE AND TRACER Weight: 0.5-cm Stu. (See fig. 39 FES 410 . P. 7. 40.5-cm Pzgr.5-cm Pzgr. FUZE BOOSTER BURSTER CHARGE CHARGE Figure 385—H. German assault gun: 7. K. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze.5-cm Pak 40. 40/2. FUZE: Nomenclature: Zunder Nr. P. C. Type: P.75 pounds. 386.

40. 40/3 (Sf). Z 5103.5-cm Gr. Type: Hollow charge. 411 . German Antitank Gun: 7. Z. H.13 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Type: A. 387. Pak. BOOSTER: None. TRACER: None. HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. 40.5-cm Pak. 1 in fuze.5-cm L.5-cm Pak.5-cm Gr. Weight: 10 pounds (loaded and fuzed). 40/1. Kind: Shell. D. 7. (See fig. German Light Airborne Gun (recoilless) : 7. G. (See fig.PROJECTILES PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. CHARGE: Number: 91.) WEAPONS: German Antitank Gun: 7. Kind: Cyclonite/wax (95/5) pressed in blocks wrapped in waxed paper. Color :O. 42 (L/70). K. German Antitank Gun: 7. K.5-cm.D. Type: P. CHARGE: Number: 92. P. Kind: R. BOOSTER: Petn/wax.) WEAPONS: German Tank Gun: 7. X. Type: Base. K. Weight: 15.5-cm Sprgr. 38 HL/B FUZE: Nomenclature: A. TRACER: Nr. 40 (L/43). 40. Color: Black with red markings. German Antitank Gun: 7. 42. Kind: Shell. German Assault Gun: 7. Weight: 2.5-cm Stu./wax (90/10) pressed in blocks—wrapped in wax paper. PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7.5-cm KwK. 388. BURSTER CHARGE FUZE GAINE Figure 387—Hollow Charge Shell for 75-mm Gun. German Antitank Gun: 7. 42. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. German Assault Gun: 7. 40 (L/48).25 pounds.92 ounces. German Assault Gun: 7. 38 HL/B.5-cm KwK. 40/2.5-cm Pak.5-cm Stu. C.D. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd.5-cm Stu. 38. Weight: 1. E.

Shell for 75-mm Gun. 42 PKOJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. Color: OD. BURSTER CHARGE Figure 389—H.5-cm Jgr. FUZE: Nomenclature: Kl. 7. CHARGE: Number: 13.15). 23 (0.7 pounds (loaded and fuzed). E.44 pounds. A. Np. D. Type:H.) BOOSTER FUZE FUZE BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BANDS ßOOSTER Figure 388—H. E. Shell for Howitzer 75. H. Weight: 12. 78 FES 412 . PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM HOWITZER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. 18 FES. Type: P. E.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE TRACER: None. 389.5-cm Sprgr. BOOSTER :wlf. 10. Z. Kind: Amätol 60/40 (poured). (See fig. Weight: 1.7. E. Kind: Shell.5-cm Jgr.

Jgr. 413 TRACER Figun 390-^-HoHow Charge She« for 75-mm Gun. Jgr. 23 n. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. J.D.5-cm Gr. A. BOOSTER :wlf.5-cm KwK. Z. Kind: Shell. Type: P.—An "f" is stenciled in white on shell body. Z. 18. 18. Kind: TNT poured. Type: P.23 pounds. Z.5-cm Sprgr. Color :O. BOOSTER: None. Z. CHARGE: Number: 14. K. (loaded and fuzed) 13. (See fig. 391. CHARGE: Number: 25. L/30. E. 23. 390. 38 HL/C (h). G. French Tank Gun: 7. 251 (f) Model 1935. 38. HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. 38 Ht/C (h) . Jgr. Kind: Cyclonite/wax (60/40) pressed in blocks wrapped in waxed paper. (See fig. 238 (f) Model 1928.D. BURSTER CHARGE- TRACER: This round may or may not have a tracer. with white markings. REMARKS: NOTE 1. G. Color: 0. K. 23. Weight: 2 pounds.. FUZE: Nomenclature: I. PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN GAINE GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm.D. 7.5-cm Geb. 243 (h)—holl. Jgr. Type: H.03 pounds with fuze I. Weight: 12.NP 10.5-cm Gr. D. Kind: Shell. German Light Infantry Mountain Howitzer: le Geb. Z.25 pounds. 23 n. A. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm.) WEAPONS: French Mountain Gun: 7. Weight: 1. Its meaning is unknown. Type: Hollow charge. H. E. Weight: 11 pounds (loaded and fuzed). I. 231 (f).) FUZE WEAPONS: Dutch field gun: F. with fuze I.PROJECTILES WEAPONS: German Light Infantry Howitzer: le J.

Z. 24/31 RYG 21. 7.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. Weight: 12 pounds (loaded and fuzed). D. Z. E. CHARGE: Number: MF.E. (2) (3) A. Kind: Cast melinite. Kind: Shell. 237 (f). Gr. Rot FES 414 . Shell for 75-mm Field Gun. V. Type:H. TRACER: None. Sto.5-cm Sprgr. (3) P. D. 231 it) PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. 24/31 99-08. Shell for 75-mm Gun. m. BOOSTER FUZE BURSTER CHARGE BOOSTER BURSTER CHARGE Figure 391—H. Weight: 2 pounds. Figure 392—H.5-cm K. Z. 24/3199. D. 335 (f). (2) P. FUZE: Nomenclature: GERMAN FRENCH FUZE WELL (1) A. 269 (f) (1) o. 7. (3) Type: (1) P. (2) A. Color: Yellow. E.

Type: P. Z. Z. II. Gr.5-cm F. Kind: Cyclonite/wax (95/5) pressed in blocks. 23. Weight: 1 pound. NOTE 1.—This projectile of German manufacture for use in the weapons listed above. BURSTER CHARGE FUZE HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7.5-cm Gr. Jugoslav Field Gun: 7. 97/38. 393. K. 415 . Kind: Shell. French Field Gun: 7.5-cm F. 6AINE Figure 393—Hollow Charge Shell for 75-mm Gun. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze.5-cm Pak. 231 (f) Model 1897. 7. D. D. Weight: 10. K. 97/40. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. D. Color: O. K. Zdlg. C/98 Np.) WEAPONS: German Field Gun: 7. Weight: 123/4 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Type: Hollow charge.5-cm 15/38 HL/B (f). 392.3 pounds (loaded and fuzed). WEAPONS: Belgian Field Gun: 7. P.) Gr. BOOSTER: Gr. E. . 234 (b) Model G. CHARGE: Number: lb. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm.5-cm F. 38. Kind: TNT pressed in blocks in cardboard container packed with montan wax in a metal container. K. FUZE: Nomenclature: Z. 249 (j) Model 12. Color: O. German Antitank Gun: 7.5-cm Pak. German Antitank Gun: 7. Weight: % pound. TRACER: None.5-cm F. French Field Gun: 7. 15/38 HL/B if) CHARGE: Number: 91. Type: P. (See fig. 38. Rot FES. K. D.PROJECTILES H. Type:H. 252 (f) Model 1897-1933. E. PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM FIELD GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: K. with red band above rotating band.5-cm F. (See fig.Kind: Shell. FUZE: Nomenclature: A.

E. E. Z.5-cm Sprgr. with red and yellow bands around body. G. 394. Z. c/98 Nitropenta: -UZE AND BOOSTER WELL BOOSTER ROTATING BAND Figure 394—H. PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM MOUNTAIN GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: K.5-cm K. 7. Rot Al.E. A. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. Kind: TNT/Aluminum powder (90/10) poured. Dopp. Rot Al. Kind: Shell. Zdlg. Type:H.. FUZE CHARGE: Number: 15. D. BURSTER CHARGE Figure 395—H. H. Gr. Gr. Shell for French 75-mm A. BOOSTER. Dopp.) WEAPONS: German Mountain Gun. (See fig. Color: O. TRACER: None. 28 (f) 416 . Geb. 7. Gr. E. Shell for 75-mm Mountain Gun.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Weight: 13^4 pounds (loaded and fuzed). 36. Weight: Vfa pounds.

5-cm Sprgr. A.—R S smoke box contained in shell. REMARKS: NOTE 1. A. E. E.PROJECTILES FUZE: Nomenclature: Dopp. BOOSTER FUZE BURSTER CHARGE ROTATiNG BAND Figure 396—H. 395.5-cm Sprgr. Weight (loaded and fuzed) 9% pounds. Kind: Melinite with dinitronaphthaline added. BOOSTER :Zdlg. 40/2.5-cm Flak M. GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. 417 . Type: P.D. H. 28 (f). Kind: Amatol (60/40) poured. A. BOOSTER: Separate. German Anti-Tank Gun: 7. E. Type:H. FUZE: Nomenclature: Kl. Kind: Shell. E. PROJECTILE FOR FRENCH 75-MM A. 23 umg (0. FUZE: Nomenclature: Unknown. TRACER: None. Type: H.5-cm Pak. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm.—KPS rotating band. German Tank Gun: 7. 40 (L/43).15^second delay).5-cm KwK. Type: Time. Gun 7. H. 40 (L/48). Color: Yellow with black markings. S. 7. REMARKS: Upper band at bourrelet. Kind: Shell. 40/1. Weight: 2 pounds.5-cm Stu.) WEAPONS: French A. TRACER: None.5-cm Stu. fuze. K.) WEAPONS: German Assault Gun: 7.E. Type :T. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. (See fig. 7. CHARGE: Number: MDN. 40.5-cm Sprgr. Weight: 1 pound. but unknown. 40. Z. NOTE 2. 396. A.5-cm Flak M 17/34 (f )— 75-mm sur plateforme Mle 17/34.40/3 (Sf). (See fig. 10. K. 34 CHARGE: Number: 13. 36 (f). 34. PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. O. Projectile for 75-mm Gun. French A. machined metal./60s. Z. Color: Shell. and P. D. Gun 7.Np..

397. 38/97 Hl/C it) . J. G.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Type: Hollow charge. Geb. 18.5-cm Jgr.) WEAPONS. (See fig. 18.5-cm JÄr 38 HL/B. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. 7. German Light Infantry Howitzer— le J. 7. 38 HL/B HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM LIGHT INFANTRY HOWITZER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. D. FUZE CHARGE: Number: 97. G. Weight: 1 pound. Kind: Shell. Kind: Unknown (believed to be a cyclonite/wax mixture). Weight (loaded and fuzed): 7V2 pounds Color: O. German Mountain Infantry Howitzer—le. 418 GAiNE — rRACER Figure 398—Hollow Charge Projectile 75-mm.5-cm Gr. FUZE BURSTER CHARGE GAIN E BURSTER CHARGE Figure 397—Hollow Charge Shell for Howitzer 75-mm. TRACER: None. BOOSTER: None.

231 (f) Mle 1897 ("97").5-cm F.5-cm Pak. Type: P. H.5-cm Gr.5-cm K.P. Weight: % pound. P. 7. 7. 7. 296 (b) 16 G. K. Shell for 75-mm Gun. CHARGE: Number: 97.5-cm F. (See fig. 232 (f) Mle 1897-1933.5-cm Sprgr. Polish Field Gun: 7. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm.5-cm F. 231/1 (f). 97/40.5-cm F. Type . FUZE: Nomenclature: A. WEAPONS: French Field Guns: GEBMAN NOMENCLATURE ORIGINAL MODEL BURSTER CHARGE Figure 399—H.—The A.PROJECTILES FUZE: Nomenclature: A. K. III. except that a steel body has replaced the older aluminum one. PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. 7.5-cm F. K. Fuze is essentially the same as the standard A. 38. K. £.D. P. 38/97 Hl/c(f). REMARKS: NOTE 1. 38.D. 38 St. Z. German Antitank Guns: 7. no markings. 02/26 (p) Model 02/26. 231 Model 1897. (See fig. K.5-cm Sprgr. 399. Z. 97/38.) 419 . Z. Kind: Projectile. HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. 97 (p) Model 97 (French "97"). Type: Hollow charge.5-cm F. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. 398.) WEAPONS: French Field Gun: 7. K. K. 234 (b) G. 231/1 (f) Hi (7. K.5-cm F. H. E.5-cm F. 38 St. Kind: Unknown (believed to be a cyclonite/wax mixture). (7. BOOSTER: None. 232JVfodel 1897-1933. Belgian Field Gun: 7. Z. TRACER: Yes. Jugoslav Field Gun: 7. FUZE AND BOOSTER WE'LL. II. 249 (j) Model 12 (Schneider).

E. A. 234 (b) Belgian Field Gun: 7. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze.5-cm Sprgr. 229 (f) o.) WEAPONS: NOMENGLATDBH MODEL Wt Li French Field Gun: 7. 1900/75 if) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) A.253(f)kz. Kind: Pressed melinite. K. K. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 12y2 pounds. 231 (f) " 232 (f) Polish Field Gun (also on A. Color: Brick-red body. Model 97 97/3. yellow ogive. 235 (f) A.5-cm F. Color: Yellow. Z. V. Z. Z. K. 400. 259 (f) o. Z.5-cm Pak. V. TRACER: None. 247 (f) A. Shell for 75-mm Gun. Type: H. PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. Weight: ly2 pounds.5-cm F. r. E.V. A. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze.5-cm Pak. (m. 236 (b) Jugoslav Field Gun: 7. C. A. K. CHARGE: Number: S.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Kind: Shell. 97 (p) Polish Field Gun: 7. CHARGE: Number: M. Z.) Model 02/06 Model GP II Model 16 GP II Model 12 PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. 249 (j) German Antitank Gun : 7. P. 237 (f) A. P.5-cm F. 97/38 7. Weight (loaded and fuzed) 12 pounds. Model 97 (fr. Kind: Projectile. mount) : 7. 97/40.5-cm F. Weight: iy2 pounds.) frz 24/31 Sehn 16 B SR frz 24/31 99 frz 24/31 99/08 frz 24/31 TCAL 17 frz 24/31 TCAL 18 frz 24/31 RYG 18J frz 24/31 RYG 18 CR frz 24/31 RY 17 SR (a. E. C. Type: H.Z. 245 (f) A. E.) 420 . 02/26 (P) Belgian Field Gun : 7.5-cm F. 7. Z.5-cm F. H. K.5-cm Sprgr 1900/15 (f) (See fig.Z. 251 (f) o. K. TRACER: None. A. r. verst. Kind: TNT with pressed pellet of ammonium nitrate and dinitro nepthalene. FUZE: Designation: NOMENCLATURE NG BAND-» GEBMAK FBENCH Figure 400—H. F. V.

15). D. D. Z. (8) P.HARGf. D. GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: k. 16 n/A.Jf p BU^S^'t:« -. Kind: TNT poured. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 11 pounds. Color :O.Z. Weight: 1 pound. D. and P.5-cm. A. E. D. E.PROJECTILES GERMAN FRENCH H. 240/2 (b)..D. 16/1.448 (f) frz 24/31 16 (15) Dopp. Gr. rot KPS.D. E..) WEAPONS: German Field Gun (new model) : F. 402. (10) P.5-cm F. with yellow and red bands around shell body. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm.V. Z. (3) P. Color: Dark O. 401. Gr. (See fig.&P. (See fig. (2) P. (9) P. 243 (h) L30. Zdlg. Kind: Projectile.P. '-. Z. Z. (7) P. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. Z. RotKPS 421 . Dutch Field Gun: 7. CHARGE: Number: 14.28l(f)o.. K. D.Z.&. German Field Gun: F. 261 (f) (10) A. frz 24/31 TCAL 26 3 frz 24/3115 (12) ZT. German Light Field Gun: le.Z. (13) Time (6) P. Type: H. FUZE: Nomenclature: Dopp. E. Kind: Projectile. Z. \c HAN: Figure 401—H.5-cm F. K' 235 (b) belg 06 TR. (11) P. V. BOOSTER: Gr. (15) T. 7. C/98 Nitropenta. (11) A. PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN (9) A. Projectile. and D. Type: T. r\.5-cm Sprgr. H. (12) Time (5) P. D. K. F. D. K. D. 416 (f) (14) Dopp. 18. 75-mm. PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN frz 24/31 JAL 16 frz 24/31 TCAL 26 CR GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. K. S/60. D. 277 (f) kz. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 15 pounds. (4) P. K.415 (f) frz 24/31 A 16 (13) Zt. (14) T. 449 (f) frz 24/31 A 18 Type: # (1) P D. P.) WEAPONS: Belgian Field Gun: 7. 23 (0. TRACER: None.

422 Figure 403—H. Projectile.) . E. REMARKS: NOTE 1. PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. 7. £. 264 (/) H. Type: Unknown. Kind: Unknown. Projectile. Weight: 2% pounds. 75-mm. (See fig. CHARGE: Number: None. 240/2 (fa) ROTAÜNG BAND Type: H.—This projectile was not fitted with a fuze but from the adapter it appears that French fuzes of the 24/31 series may be used. E. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE FUZE: Nomenclature: Unknown. 403. FUZE WELL- FUZE WELL BOOSTER BOOSTER — BURSTER CHARGE BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BAND J| Figure 402—H. TRACER: None.5-cm Sprgr. 7.5-cm Sprgr. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 12 pounds.5-cm Sprgr. E. 75-mm. 264 (j). Color: Yellow with black band above rotating band.

Color: Body. K. CHARGE: Number: 92. Type: P. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. Kind: Projectile. F. ARMOR PIERCING PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM TANK AND FIELD GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: K.-18. Z. German Assault Gun: 7. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 16 pounds. P. G. 404. Kind: Unknown. Dutch Field Gun: 7. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. D. 231 (f) Mle 1897.5-cm Pzgr. 42. ogive.5-cm KwK.K. BOOSTER: Integral with charge. 249 (j) Jug 12. yellow. 75-mm. CHARGE: Number: None. French Field Gun: 7. 237 (f) 24/31 99-08. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. German Tank Gun: 7. Weight: 2 pounds.5-cm Stu. 243 (h) mit aufgeb. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : liy2 pounds.5-cm F. Projectile. Z. D.5-cm F. ARMOR PIERCING PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. K. K. 42 (L/70).PROJECTILES WEAPONS: French Field Gun: 7. 39/42. K. K.5-cm Stu. German Assault Gun: 7. German Field Gun (new model) : F. 5103. (See fig. Type: H./a. 7. Kind: Projectile. 1 A.) WEAPONS: German Tank Gun: 7. Gr. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. TRACER: No. Figure 404—A.5-cm F. E. Raum. Model L 30 Ldgs. rot Pz. K.5-cm Pzgr. (See fig. 405. FUZE: NOMENCLATURE: Bd.) WEAPONS: German Light Field Gun: le F. red. Type: A. 16/1.5-cm KwK. Color: Black with red markings. K. P. 232 (f) Mle 1897-1933. Weight: % pound. 39/42 423 . TRACER: None. Kind: Cyclonite/wax (90/10) pressed in blocks wrapped in waxed paper.5-cm F. 16 n. Jugoslav Field Gun: 7. Type: B.

Color: Black with red band. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 15% pounds. Gr. 2a. 406. BOOSTER: Integral with charge. 7. Type: B. (See fig.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE TRACER: No. Rot Pz.5-cm Jgr 38 HL/A. P. HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM LIGHT INFANTRY HOWITZER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. Kind: TNT poured in aluminum container and PETN/wax (90/10) as exploder. Weight: % pound. 7. Z.) 8URSTEH CHARGE FUZE BURSTER CHARGE "RACER Figure 405—A. CHARGE: Number: 16.5-cm Jgr. 38 HL/A 424 . f 7. 75-mm. Kind: Projectile. PKOJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. Type: A.A»i£r-~"~ Figure 406—Hollow Charge Shell for Light Infantry Howitzer. D. P. S.5-cm Pzgr. 75-mm.5-cm K. Projectile for Tank and Field Gun.

) 425 . 251 (f) o. Kind: Cyclonite/wax (95/5) pressed in blocks wrapped in waxed paper. K. Model 97.237(f) frz 24/31 TCAL 17 (4) A. K. 231 (f). 38 St. 234 (b). Belgian Field Gun: 7. 235(f) frz 24/31 99/08 (3) A. 253 (f) kz. Z.5-cm F. Projectile. Model 16 G. 259(f) o. P. TRACER: None. G.) (a. frz 24/31 99 (2) A. Model G. Weight (loaded and fuzed): &% pounds. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. 230/1 («(French 1900) FUZE: NOMENCLATURE GERMAN FRENCH f rz 24/31 Sehn 16 B. 7. frz 24/31 RY 17 SR (m. frz 24/31 RYG 18 CR (8) A. 97/38. Kind: Projectile. CHARGE: Number: M. Z. ROTATING BAND ^^vji -m**i•. FUZE WELL BOOSTER TRACER: None. BOOSTER: None.■-'■■■- Figure 407—H. Color: O.—The A. (1) A.V. 245 (f) frz 24/31 TCAL 18 (5) A. CHARGE: Number: 91. III. 232 (f). verst. Weight: 1% pounds. German Mountain Infantry Howitzer: le Geb. Z.PROJECTILES WEAPONS: German Light Infantry Howitzer: le J. 18.Z.5-cm F. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. Type: Hollow charge. r. (See fig. REMARKS: NOTE 1. 18.5-cm F.5-cm Sprgr. P. Z.D. E. Kind: Melinite. F. 38 St. 75-mm. Sprgr. PROJECTILE FOR 75-MM GUN BURSTER CHARGB GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. Kind: Projectile. G. Z. Weight (loaded and fuzed): 12 pounds.Z. Weight: 1% pounds. K. r. Type: H. II. Color: Yellow with black markings. 230/1 (f) (French 1900). J. E. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 75 mm.229(f) o. 38 except that a steel body has replaced the older aluminum one. Type: P. Belgian Field Gun: 7. E.5-cm Pak. 97/33. German Antitank gun: 7. 407.Z. 236 (b). V.) WEAPONS: French Field Gun: 7.Z.5-cm. 247(f) frz 24/31 RYG18J (6) A. H. D.Z. (7) A. fuze is essentially the same as the standard A.Z. V.

284 (r) 426 .52 inches. (5) P.Z. (8) P.62-cm F. diameter of base.V. 76. CHARGE: Number: T. Weight (loaded with fuzed) : 13% pounds. Type 284 Russian. ~-4——~~~ BLUE BAND Figure 408—H. 39. H. 39 (Sprenggranate Patrone 39).D. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. 449 (f) Type: (1) P.D. (4) P. frz 24/31 JAL 16 frz 24/31 TCAL 26 CK frz24/31TCAL26 3 frz 24/3115 frz 24/31A 16 frz 24/31 16 frz 24/31 A 18 (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) P. 3.2-MM MOUNTAIN GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7.2-mm. 281 (f)o. with black markings. TRACER: None. 368 (r) (Russian-KTM1). 7.Z. 2. E. P. (12) ZT.D.D.D. P. E. 307 (r)—russ 38. Z.187 inches. 415(f) (13) Zt. Kind: TNT. 7.) WEAPONS (German nomenclature original model) : Russian Mountain Gun: 7. (2) P.D.312 inches.Z. over-all length. D.D.) EMLOYMENT: 7. (11) A. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 76. Color: O. E.2-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. 277(f) kz. distance from base to band. Time Time T. diameter of bourrelet. (6) P. Weight: Impounds. K. COMPLETE ROUND: 39. over-all length. 22. Pak. H. (See fig.97 inches. Patr.D. Projectile.95 inches.D. total weight. 0.D. Type: P. 36 (r) (Feld Kanone 36 [russ]) Field Gun 36 (Russian).Z.—Shell has second bourrelet just forward of rotating band.0 pounds. width of rotating band—soft iron. 36 (r) (Panzerabwehrkanone 36 (russ)) Antitank gun 36 (Russian).62-cm Sprgr. Patr. T. 2.62-cm. Z. Z. Type: H.62-cm Sprgr 28V4 (r). white band below nose fuze: 13.&P. PROJECTILE FOR 76. (See fie S 409. (3) P. D. V. K.2 mm.62-em Sprgr. 408.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE GERMAN FRENCH (9) A.&P. REMARKS: NOTE 1. 261 (f) (10) A.Z. 416 (f) (14) Dopp. PROJECTILE painted green. Kind: Projectile. 76.687 inch.62-cm Geb. E. 448 (f) (15) Dopp. PROJECTILE TYPE NO.

K.13 pounds. 40 (r) (Panzergranate Patrone 40 [russ]). Stamped on body: x CYW «41 y . diameter of neck. * COB" CARTRIDGE CASE (German and Russian nomenclature. Zdlg. over-all length. 7.0 grams.28 inches. over-all length. 296 (r) (Feld Kanone 296 [russ]) Field Gun 296 (Russian).74 pounds. 7. 4. 3. 3. 76. 42/m or 33 primer. 76. total weight. PROJECTILE. total weight. 36 (r) (Panzerabwehrkanone 36 (russ)) Antitank Gun 36 (Russian). 1.0 inches.07 inches. painted black: 10. diameter of base.0 grams. F.125 inches.062 inches. 7. diameter of base. Patr. 0. 775. 1. 9.11 inches. length of ballistic cap. 37r or 42M [fixed]) : 15.) EMPLOYMENT: 7.2-MM BOOSTER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Pzgr. 4.921 inches. PACKAGING: Either five rounds to a box—110 pounds or six rounds to a box—145 pounds.531 inches.125 inches. 364. total weight.62-cmF. 3. 568. 3. width of rotating band. 427 . E. (See fig. A.0 grams.07 inches.62-cm. 39 12. u ft NOSE FUZE i PACKAGING: One round to a metal container.62-cm Sprgr. Tracer present in base of projectile. Po7r. 20.0 grams. Z.16 inches. diameter of neck.157 inches. 42m or 37r (fixed) : 15.44 inches. 2. 28 pounds. 3. Amatol bursting charge.62-cm Pak. -BURSTER CHARGE Figure 409—H. diameter of shoulder. CARTRIDGE CASE (German and Russian designations. distance from base to band. 3.91 inches. diameter of shoulder. FUZE: No fuze is employed. potassium sulphate flash reducer42M or 33 primer. 36 (r) (Feld Kanone 36 [russ]) Field Gun 36 (Russian). diameter of core.2-mm. Gr. Projectile. over-all length. C/98 Np booster.687 inch. P. tubular Diglycol propellant. diameter of base.K. REMARKS: This German projectile may also be found (fixed) in the cartridge case 6340 for use in rebored Russian equipment. PROJECTILE WITH TUNGSTEN CARBIDE CORE. 23. over-all length. 14.344 inches. Flaked Gudol propellant plus.PROJECTILES FUZE: Nose percussion fuze—Kl A.64 pounds. length of tungsten carbide core. COMPLETE ROUND: (description of c/r is for projectile in Russian cartridge case): 24. 410. Type 39.

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE
REMARKS: There is a bakelite sheath forward of the core, and a setscrew forward of the bourrelet. This German projectile may be found (fixed) in the German case 6340 for use in captured weapons which the Germans have rebored. 28.6 pounds, total weight. PROJECTILE, painted black, with white tip: 12.062 inches, over-all length. 0.969 inch, distance from base to band. 0.687 inch, width of rotating band. 2.906 inches, diameter of base. 16.72 pounds, total weight. 2.519 pounds, Russian nitrocellulose powder; or 2.886 pounds, tubular diglycol. Tracer is present in fuze. CARTRIDGE CASE (German and Russian nomenclature, 42m or 37r (fixed) : 15.125 inches, over-all length. 3.07 inches, diameter of mouth. 3.062 inches, diameter of shoulder. 3.44 inches, diameter of base. 775.0 grams, flaked Gudol propellant plus.

A. P. PROJECTILE WITH CAP TYPE 39, 76.2-MM
GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7.62-cm. Pzgr. Patr. 39 (r) rot (Panzergranate Patrone 39 (russ) rot). (See fig. 411.) EMPLOYMENT: 7.62-cm Pak. 36 (r) (Panzerabwehrkanone 36 (russ)) Antitank Gun 36 (Russian). COMPLETE ROUND: 26.219 inches, over-all length.

iKELITE SHEATH

9»" 32

rUNGSTEN CARBIDE TORE

METAL LINER

TRACER Figure 410—A. P. Projectile With Tungsten Carbide Core, 76.2-mm. 7.62-cm Pzgr. Patr. 40 (r)

428

PROJECTILES H. E. PROJECTILE FOR 76.2-MM GUN HOWITZER

GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7.62-cm Sprgr. 280/2 (r). (See fig. 412.) WEAPONS: Russian Infantry Gun Howitzer: 7.62-cm J. K. H., 290 (r)—russ 27. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 76.2 mm.

Fuze

_GAINt

BURSTER CHARGE

BURSTER CHAW

FUZE

Figure 411—A. P. Projectile With Cap, Type 39, 76.2-mm, 7.62-cm Pzgr. Pair. 39 (r) Rot

ROTATING BAND

20.0 grams, potassium sulphate flash reducer. 33 or 42m or C/12nA primer. FUZE: Base detonating fuze—Bd. Z. f 7.5-cm. PACKAGING: One round to a metal container— 34.32 pounds. REMARKS: This German projectile may also be found (fixed) in the cartridge case 6340 for use in rebored Russian equipment. A 7.62 A. P. projectile with a small bursting cavity containing RDX is also made. Bd. Z 5103 will be foundin this type.

Figure 412—H. E. She» for Howitzer, 76.2-mm, 7.62-cm Sprgr. 280/2 (r)

429

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE
Kind: Projectile. Type: H. E. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 14% pounds. Color: Grey with black markings; bourrelets unpainted. CHARGE: Number: T. Weight: 2% pounds. Kind: TNT. TRACES: None. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. Z. 367 (r) (Russian—KT1). Type: P.D. REMARKS: NOTE 1.—Shell has a second bourrelet just forward of rotating band.

H. E. PROJECTILE FOR 76.2-MM MOUNTAIN GUN
-FUZE

GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7.62-cm Sprgr. 284/4 (r). (See fig. 413.) WEAPONS: Russian Mountain Gun: 7.62-cm Geb. K. 307 (r) russ 38.

GAINE

PROJECTILE: Caliber: 76.2 mm. Kind: Shell. Type: H. E. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 13i/2 pounds. Color: O. D. with black markings. CHARGE: Number: T. Weight: iy2 pounds. Kind: TNT.

BURSTER CHARGE

TRACER: None. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. Z. 368 (r) (Russian-KTM1). Type: P.D.

-ROTATING BANDS

REMARKS: NOTE 1.—Shell has second bourrelet just forward of rotating band.

HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE FOR 76.2-MM HOWITZER
GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7.62-cm Gr. 38/2 HL/B. (See fig. 414.) Russian Infantry Gun Howitzer: 7.62-cm J. K. H. 290 (r), Model 27. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 76.2mm. Kind: Projectile. Type: Hollow charge.

Figure 413—H. E. Shell for Mountain Gun, 76.2-mm, 7.62-cm Sprgr. 284/4 (r)

430

PROJECTILES FUZE: Nomenclature: A. Z. 38. Type: P. D.
BÜt

H. E. PROJECTILE FOR 76.2-MM GUN HOWITZER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7.62-cm Sprgr. 39/2 (r). (See fig. 415.) WEAPONS: Russian Infantry Gun Howitzer: J. K. H. 290 (r), Model 27.
SB,

7.62-cm

FUZE

SAiNE

ROTAIIN;-

fcAN"

BURSTER CHARGE

fRACti ROTATING BAND

Figure 414—Hollow Charge Projectile tor Howitzer, 76.2-mm, 7.62-cm Gr. 38/2 HL/B Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 10y2 pounds. Color: O. D. with white band below fuze. CHARGE: Number: 91. Weight: 1 pound. Kind: Cyclonite/wax (95/5) pressed in blocks wrapped in waxed paper. TRACER: Yes. but un-numbered. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze.

TRACER

Figure 415—H. E. Shell for Howifzer, 76.2-mm, 7.62-cm. Sprgr. 39/2 (r)

431

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE PEOJECTILE: Caliber: 76.2 mm. Kind: Projectile. Type:H. E. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 13.75 pounds. Color: 0. D. CHARGE: Number: 13. Kind: Amatol 60/40 (poured). TRACER: cpn 43. BOOSTER: Np 10 ldn. FUZE: Nomenclature: Kl. A. Z. 23 umg. (0.15). Type: P. D. HIGH EXPLOSIVE PROJECTILE FOR 76.5-MM FIELD GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7.65-cm Sprgr. (Dopp. Z.) 276 (j). (See fig. 416.) WEAPONS: Jugoslav Field Gun: 7.65-cm F. K. 404 (k), Model 28 Skoda. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 76.5 mm. Kind: Projectile. Type:H. E. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 18 pounds. Color: Yellow. CHARGE: Number: TTT. Weight: iy2 pounds. Kind: TNT? TRACER: None. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. FUZE: Nomenclature: Dopp. Z. VG—SKR (t) ; Dopp. Z. VG—CR (t). Type:T. andP.;T. and P. HIGH EXPLOSIVE PROJECTILE FOR 76.5-MM FIELD GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7.65-cm Sprgr (A. Z.) 275 (j). (See fig. 417.) WEAPONS: Jugoslav Field Gun: 7.65-cm F. K. 304 (j), Model 28 Skoda. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 76.5 mm. Kind: Projectile. Type: HE. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 18 pounds. Color: Yellow. CHARGE: Number: T. Weight: 2% pounds. Kind: TNT? TRACER: None. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze.

ROTATING BAND

Figure 416—H. E. Projectile for Field Gun, 76.5-mm, 7.65'cm Sprgr. (Dopp. Z.) 276 (/)

432

SKHZR (t). 28 Skoda.PROJECTILES FUZE PROJECTILE: Caliber: 76.5 mm.65-cm Sprgr. P.) WEAPONS: Jugoslav Field Gun: 7. CHZK (t) or A. Projectile tor 76. (A.65-cm F. 277 (j) 433 . 7.5-mm. Z. PROJECTILE FOR 76. A. 277 (j). P. CHARGE: Number: T.65-cm Pzgr. P. Kind: TNT in cardboard container (?) BOOSTER BURSTER CHARGE BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BAND Figure 417—H. Kind: Projectile. Weight: % pound.D. Color: Machined metal.65^cm Pzgr. Type: P. (See fig. 7. K.5-mm. Projectile tor Field Gun. Z. Z. Type: A. E. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 18 pounds.5-MM GUN ADAPTER BASE FUZE GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7. 418.) 275 (j) 6AINE FUZE: Nomenclature: A. Figure 418—A. 76. 304 (j).

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE TRACER: None. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. FUZE: Nomenclature: Unknown. Type: B. D. H. E. PROJECTILE FOR 7.65-CM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7.65-cm Zt. Z. Gr. Ml9(t). (See fig. 419.) WEAPONS: Czech Field Gun: 7.65-cm F. K. 5/8 (t), Model 5/8. Austrian Field Gun: 7.65-cm F. K. 5/8 (o), Model 5/8. Austrian Field Gun: 7.65-cm F. K. 17 (o), Model 17. Czech Field Gun: 7.65-cm F. K. 17 (t), Model 17. Jugoslav Field Gun: 7.65-cm F. K. 300 (j), Model 5/8 (Skoda). Jugoslav Field Gun: 7.65-cm F. K. 303 (j), Model 17 (Skoda). PROJECTILE: Caliber: 7.65 mm. Kind: Projectile. Type: H. E. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 19 pounds. Color: Unpainted with red and black markings and red band around body. CHARGE: Number: TR. Weight: 2y2 pounds. Kind: Cast TNT. TRACER: None. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze—without bore safety device. FUZE: Nomenclature: VZ 19. Type: Time (powder train). REMARKS: Very slight, if any, bourrelet. H. E. PROJECTILE FOR 76.5-MM GUN
-BURSTER GriARSE

m

x
t,——

J*iM
.L04iiIiiiUM

_

a- . j

;AiN£

L

ML
-ROTAT:Ny BANT

Figure 419—H. E. Projectile for 7.65-cm Gun, 7.65-cm Zi.Z.Gr.M J9(/) 434

GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 7.65-cm Sprgr. M25 (j). (See fig. 420.) WEAPONS: Czech Field Gun: 7.65-cm F. K. 5/8 (t), Model 5/8. Austrian Field Gun: 7.65-cm F. K. 5/8 (o), Model 5/8. Austrian Field Gun: 7.65-cm F. K. 17 (o), Model 17. Czech Field Gun: 7.65-cm F. K. 17 (t), Model 17. Jugoslav Field Gun: 7.65-cm F. K. 300 (j), Model 5/8 (Skoda). Jugoslav Field Gun: 7.65-cm F. K. 303 (j), Model 17 (Skoda).

PROJECTILES Kind: Unknown (believed to be picric acid).
f n /F

TRACER: None. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. FUZE: Nomenclature: Unknown. Type: Unknown. H. E. PROJECTILE FOR 76.5-MM GUN
G A' N t.

GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8-cm A. Z. Gr. M. 30 (t) or 8-cm A. Z. Gr. 30 (t). (See fig. 421.)

3AIN

6 0 P S ■ t- *""' C H A H C

Figure 420—H. £. Projectile for 76.5-mm Gun, 7.65-cm Sprgr. M 25 (/)

.ROTATING BAND

PROJECTILE: Caliber: 76.5 mm. Kind: Projectile. Type: H. E. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 12 pounds. Color: Brick red with bright red band below bourrelet. CHARGE: Number: None. Weight: '2 pounds.
Figure 421—H. E. Projectile for 76.5-mm Gun, 8-cm A. Z. Gr. M 30 it) or 8-cm A. Z. Gr. 30 It)

435

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE WEAPONS: Czech Field Gun: 8-cm F. K. 30 (t), Model 30. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 76.5 mm. Kind: Shell. Type: HE. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 18.2 pounds. Color: Machined metal or O. D. CHARGE: Number: 14 or TP. Weight: 2.5 pounds. Kind: TNT poured. TRACER: None. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. Z. CHZR (t) or Z. Z. SKHZR (t). Type: P. D.; P. D. REMARKS: NOTE 1. This projectile is of German manufacture for the 8-cm F. K. 30 (t). NOTE 2.—This projectile may have either German or Czech markings. A. P. PROJECTILE FOR 83.5-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 9.45-cm Pzgr. (t). (See fig. 422.) WEAPONS: Czech A. A. gun: 8.35-cm Flak M/22 (t), Model 22. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 83.5 mm. Kind: Shell. Type: A. P. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 22% pounds. Color: Black. CHARGE: Number: 16. Weight: y3 pound. Kind: TNT poured in aluminum container PETN/WAX (90/10) as exploder. TRACER: Yes. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. Z. f 7.5-cm Pzgr. Type: B. D. H. E. PROJECTILE FOR 83.5-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8.35-cm. Gr. 23/30 (t); 8.35-cm Gr. (t). (See fig. 423.) WExVPONS: Czech AA. Gun: 8.35-cm. Flak M/22 (t), Model 22. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 83.5-mm. Kind: Shell. Type:H. E.

BALLISTIC

CAP

ARMOR

PIERCING

CAP

BURSTER

CHARGE

ROTATING

BANDS

BASE

FUZE

Figure 422—A. P. Projectile for 83.5-mm Gun, 8.35-cm Pzgr. (t)

436

PROJECTILES

BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. FUZE: Nomenclature: Dopp. Z. 23/30 (t). Type: Time. REMARKS: NOTE. 1.—This projectile may have either Czech or German markings and color.
-FUZE

SAFETY

CLIP

A. P. C. PROJECTILE, TYPE 39, 88-MM

GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Pzgr. Patr. 39 Panzergranate Patrone 39). (See fig. 424.)

■ !■**

-GAiNE

•BURSTER CHARGE

•ROTATING BANDS

BURSTER CHARGE'

Figure 423—H. E. Shell for 83.5-mm Gun, 83.5-mm Gr. 23/30 it) or 83.5-mm Gr. it)

Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 22.5 pounds. Color: Yellow or machined metal with red markings. CHARGE:
CZECH GERMAN

— BASE

V'j'lt

Number TTRP 13 Weight 3.2 pounds. Kind: TNT pressed; Amatol (60/40) poured. TRACER: None.

Figure 424—A. P. C. Projectile, Type 39, 88-mm Pzgr. Patr. 39

437

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE
EMPLOYMENT: 8.8-cm Flak. 41 (Flugabwehrkanone 41). Antiaircraft Gun 41. COMPLETE BOUND: 45.5 inches, over-all length. 46.0 pounds, total weight. PROJECTILE, painted black with white tip. 13.5 inches, over-all length. 1.937 inches, distance from base to band. 0.469 inch, width of rotating bands. Two, number of rotating bands. 3.437 inches, diameter of base. 22.44 pounds, total weight. 2.12 ounces, Cyclonite bursting charge. Tracer present in fuze. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 8.8-cm Flak. 41 (fixed). 33.687 inches, over-all length. 3.562 inches, diameter of neck. 4.094 inches, diameter of shoulder. 4.844 inches, diameter of base. 11.91 pounds, tubular Gudol propellant. C/22 primer. FUZE: Base detonating fuze—Bd. Z. r 8.8-cm (unmarked). REMARKS: This is the "small cavity" type of German APCBCHE with Cyclonite bursting charge and a spring-loaded fuze.

H. E. PROJECTILE TYPE L/4.5, 88-MM
GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Sprgr. Patr. L/4.5 (Kz) (Sprenggranate Patrone Ladung/ 4.5 [Kopfzunder]). (See fig. 425.) EMPLOYMENT: 8.8-cm Flak 18 (Flugabwehrkanone 18), Antiaircraft Gun 18. 8.8-cm Flak 36 (Flugabwehrkanone 36), Antiaircraft Gun 36. 8.8-cm Flak 37 (Flugabwehrkanone 37), Antiaircraft Gun 37. PROJECTILE, painted yellow or green: 15.51 inches, over-all length. 1.375 inches, distance from base to rotating band. 0.531 inchj width of lower rotating band. 0.469 inch, width of upper rotating band. Two, number of rotating bands. 3.446 inches, diameter of bourrelet. 3.447 inches, diameter of base. 20.35 pounds, total weight. 1.9 pounds, weight of bursting charge. 40/60 Amatol, type of bursting charge. C/98 booster. No tracer is present.

BURSTING CHARGE

Figure 425—H. £. Projectile, Type L/4.5, 88-mm Sprgr. Patr. L/4.5 [Kz.)

438

33. 13* K x I ■• . 8. Type of propellant—Tubular Diglycol. 41 439 . C/12 nA primer. width of rotating bands.03 pounds. total weight. diameter of neck. C/22 electric primer. Z.65 inches. PROJECTILE: 13.0 inches. 3. Antiaircraft Gun 36. Patr. over-all length. 1.8-cm Pzgr. 5. REMARKS: All three weapons employ the same cartridge case. Tubular Diglycol.4 inches. 3. 5127. weight of propellant. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze—A. 3.8 cm Flak 41) : 33. (See fig. diameter of base. 0. One has a screwed-in base plate and a bursting charge in a cardboard container.625 pounds. 5. diameter of neck. Z.55 inches. P. diameter of shoulder. P. Patr. PROJECTILE WITH TUNGSTEN CARBIDE CORE (TYPE 40). (See Fig. 4.) EMPLOYMENT: 8. 88-cm Pzgr. 4. Antiaircraft Gun 41. PACKAGING: Three rounds in wicker basket—123.':■■' BALLISTIC CAP . 3/30. diameter of base. 88-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8. P. There are two types of this projectile. COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r is for Flak 36.3 pounds. 3. 427.48 inch.1 inches. 8. distance from rotating bands to base. 23/28 or Mechanical time fuze—Zt. The other has a solid base and is poured filled. Z. weight of case.02 inches. diameter of base. 11. 426.PROJECTILES CAETKIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6347 (fixed)): 22. PROJECTILE FOR 88-MM ANTITANK GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8. FUZE:Bd.625 inches.) EMPLOYMENT: 8. 4.8-cm Flak 36 (Flugabwehrkanone 36). diameter of shoulder.8 pounds.45 inches. weight of propellant. 22. Projectile for 88-mm Antitank Gun.375 inches. 41 (Panzergranate Patrone 41). •WHSTE PIERCING CAP " \ BLACK A. over-all length. jffpjgB ' "■■ f 11 8 -TRACER t±i Figure 426—A.0 pounds.99 inches. A. One round in metal cylinder—47. 40 (Panzergranate 40).625 inches. over-all length. over-all length without fuze.38 kg. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 8. type of propellant. Antiaircraft Gun 41. Antiaircraft Gun 36.812 inches.8-cm Flak 36 (Flugabwehrkanone 36).8-cm Flak 36 (Flugabwehrkanone 36).8-cm Pzgr.8-cm Flak 41 (Flugabwehrkanone 41).

40 PROJECTILE.7 FES 440 .166 inches. 6347 (fixed)): 22. weight of case.437 inches. weight of core. distance from base to band. 11. 3. diameter of base. length of tungsten carbide core. 88-mm. 0. diameter of shoulder. number of rotating bands. diameter of base. E. over-all length.812 inches.7. diameter of core.75 inches. 3.625 pounds. 8.02 inches. P.8-cm Pzgr. 1/4. Projectile. 4. 16. Figure 428—H.625 inches.0 pounds. Type 1/4. total weight. 5. Tracer is present in base of projectile. 3. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. width of rotating bands. 1.437 inches.437 inch.25 pounds. Two. 1. 3.406 inches.4 inches. Projectile with Tungsten Carbide Core {Type 40). painted black: 12.562 inches. 4. 88-mm Sprgr. diameter of neck. Pair.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE J L Figure 427—A. diameter of bourrelet. over-all length.

Antiaircraft Gun 43. 3. 1. distance from base to rotating band. (See fig. BÄLUSTiC CAf H. L/4.844 inches. 88-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Pzgr.) EMPLOYMENT: 8. diameter of base.8-cm Flak 36 (Flugabwehrkanone 36). Antiaircraft Gun 36. 23/28v or Mechanical time fuze—Zt. m. diameter of bourrelet. (Panzergranate Patrone mit Boden Zunder). 3. 8. 4. 46. diameter of shoulder.51 inch. Z.9 pounds. 20. C. Gun 78. PROJECTILE FOR A. A. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze—A. 4. Two. 2. over-all length. 429. Z. total weight. m. 35.687 inches. Patr. 8. Bd.8-cm Flak 37 (Flugabwehrkanone 37). 441 . over-all length.35 inches. 0. Antiaircraft Gun 18. REMARKS: No information is available on cartridge case for Flak 43. C.8-cm Flak 41" (fixed).PROJECTILES Diglycol. Z. Patr.68 pounds. 8.562 inches. painted yellow: 16. GUN 18.031 inches.7 FES). P. COMPLETE ROUND (description of c/r is for Flak 41) : 47. (See fig. TYPE L/4. number of rotating bands. Bd. 428.7. COMPLETE ROUND: 34.2 pounds. diameter of neck. Antiaircraft Gun 37. over-all length. A. PIERCING CAP TRACER — —| I ' Figure 429—A. P. type of propellant. over-all length. width of rotating bands—soft iron.8-cm Flak 41 (Flugabwehrkanone 41). Tubular Gudol propellant.25 inches. Patr. E.094 inches. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 8. REMARKS: The cartridge case employed for Flak 41 is "8. 88-mm Pzgr.42 pounds.) EMPLOYMENT: 8.8cm Flak 41 (fixed)) : 33. Antiaircraft Gun 41. s/30. Projectile for A.425 inches. diameter of base.0 inches. Z. A. PROJECTILE. 3. total weight. 40/60 Amatol bursting charge.8-cm Flak 43 (Flugabwehrkanone 43). FUZE: No fuze is employed. 88-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Sprgr. total weight.7 FES (Sprenggranate Patrone Ladung/ 4. C/22 electric primer.905 inches. C/22 electric primer.8-cm Flak 18 (Flugabwehrkanone 18). PROJECTILE.

One round to a metal container. diameter of base. Np.) WEAPONS: German Tank Gun: 8. 431. D. 43/41 (L/71). total weight. 8. REMARKS: This projectile is the large cavity design of German A. 0. Weight: 2*4 pounds. Kind: Amatol 60/40 poured.02 inches. 20. CHARGE: Number: 13. 43.8-cm Stu.65 pounds. P. weight of bursting charge.437 inches. PROJECTILE FOR 88-MM GUN FUZE GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8. Color: O. Z. BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BANDS A. over-all length.625 inches. K. 43.8-cm Sprgr. 8.) Pzgr. diameter of shoulder. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6347 (fixed)) : 22. 43 (L/71). 5.15). 43. German Tank Gun: 8. type of propellant. Figure 430—H. Shell for 88-mm Gun.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE PROJECTILE painted black: 13. D. 43.8-cm Sprgr. 43/41 (L/71). Dopp. 5. German Assault Gun: 8.8-cm Pak.4 inches. diameter of neck. 3. E. BOOSTER: Zdlg.812 inches. type of bursting charge. 3. (See fig. Type: H. Kind: Shell. (See fig.8-cm 39/43.5 ounces. TRACER: None. German Antitank Gun: 8.8-cm Kw.469 inch. Type: P. PROJECTILE FOR 88-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 21 pounds. P. FUZE: Base detonating f uze—Bd.75 pounds. Z. 4. diameter of base. 3. H. 43 WEAPONS: German Antitank Gun: 8. 10. Two. Z. C.8-cm.8-cm Stuka 43 (L/71).8-cm kw. 430. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. K. Tubular Diglycol. T. PACKAGING: Three rounds to a wicker basket. over-all length.8-cm Pak. German Antitank Gun: 8.. 23/28 (0. TNT/WAX.25 inches. K. width of bimetallic rotating bands. number of rotating bands. weight of propellant. f. E. and P. Tracer is present in fuze. 43. 442 . E. German Assault Gun: 8.8-cm Pak. GAINE PROJECTILE: Caliber: 88 mm.

Type: Armor piercing. 5127. 8. Flak 41 443 . PROJECTILE FOR 88-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8. Color: Black with white nose.8-cm Sprgr. 8. E. Kind: Shell. H. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze.) FUZE BURSTER CHARGE • BOOSTER FUZE AND TRACER BURSTER CHARGE Figure 431—A. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 22. Kind: Cyclonite/wax (990/10) pressed blocks wrapped in waxed paper. D. CHARGE: Number: 92. 432. Weight: 0. Z. E. Projectile for 88-mm Gun. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. Type: B.8-cm Pzgr. in fuze.8-cm Sprgr. P.8 pounds. Projectile for 88-mm Gun. 39/43 PROJECTILE: Caliber: 88 mm.3 pound.PROJECTILES TRACER: Yes. in Figure 432—H. (See fig. Flak 41.

German A. Weight: 2 pounds.8-cm Kw. German A.8-cm Gr.. Kind: Shell. Type: P. CHARGE: Number: 13. Kind: Shell. Color: O.L.8-cm Kw. BURSTER CHARGE BOOSTER: None. 444 RESTRICTED .8-cm Flak 41. TRACER: None. Type: H.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE WEAPONS: German A. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 88 mm.8-cm Gr.5/8.5.8-cm Flak 18.) GAINE TRACER WEAPONS: German Tank Gun: 8.8-cm Flak 37. Gun: 8. S/30 Fg \ Type: Time. Kind: Amatol 60/40 poured. 434.8-cm Flak 36.. BOOSTER? Np 10. (See fig. PROJECTILE FOR 88-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8. Modified Russian A. Kind: Shell. Weight: 1V2 pounds. Z. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 88 mm.8-cm Sprgr. Gun: 18. Gun: 8.L. A. K 36 (L/56). 8. CHARGE: Number: 91.8-cm Flak 39 (r). E. FUZE: Nomenclature: Zt. Type: Hollow charge. A. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 88 mm. D. H.) WEAPONS: German Tank Gun: 8.—FES rotating band.—Controlled fragmentation. D. 39 H. A. FUZE HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE FOR 88-MM TANK GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8. Kind: Cyclonite/wax (95/5) pressed in blocks wrapped in waxed paper. German A. NOTE 2. 38. TRACER: Yes. Figure 433—Hollow Charge Projectile for 88-mm Tank Gun. 39 H. Weight (loaded and fuzed) :"20% pounds. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. A. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 17 pounds. L/4. Z. REMARKS: NOTE 1. gun: 8. E. (See fig. K 36. 433. Gun: 8. Color: Yellow with black markings. A.

5 TyperH.Z. ROTATING BAND Figure 435—High Explosive Projectile for 88-mm A. L/4. HIGH EXPLOSIVE PROJECTILE FOR 88-MM A. 445 . FUZE: Nomenclature: A. E. Guns. 8. Weight: 2 pounds. Color: Yellow. Shell for 88-mm Gun.8-cm Sprgr.5 Zt.D. Weight (loaded and fuzed): 20. Type: P. A. GUNS NOSE FUZE GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8. 36 (L/56). K. Kind: Amatol 60/40 poured.5 Zt. CHARGE: Number: 13. Z (Controlled Fragmentation). BOOSTER: WlfNp 10.8-cm Sprgr.PROJECTILES REMARKS: NOTE 1. TRACER: None. L/4. (See fig.) WEAPONS: German Tank Gun: 8.—FES rotating band. 435.8-cm Kw. 23/28.5 pounds. Z. GAINE NOSE FUZE BURSTER CHARGE GA!NE BURSTER CHARGE Figure 434—H.8-cm Sprgr. L/4. A. 8. E.

PROJECTILE: Caliber: 88 mm. Grooves may vary slightly between different shells.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE German A.8cm Flak 39 (r). German A. Type: Time.—Rotating bands for this shell may be KPS or soft steel (FES). 36. Color: Black with red markings. Kind: Amatol 60/40 poured.5/8. German A. and 15 longitudinal grooves. extending from rotating band to just forward of bourrelet. Kind: Projectile. A. 8. D. C/98 Np. TRACER: Yes. 8.8-cm Pzgr. (See fig. BOOSTER: Integral with charge. Gun (Modified Russian) 8. REMARKS: NOTE 1. with two different contours. Type: HE.8-cm Pzgr 39/1. A. ARMOR PIERCING PROJECTILE FOR 88-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8. 37. NOTE 2. Guns: 8. CHARGE: Number: 13. CHARGE: Number: 28. Weight (loaded and fuzed) : 21 pounds. Weight: 2 pounds. Weight: y3 pound (approximately). GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8. Type: Armor-piercing. TRACER: None. Zdlg. Assumed purpose of grooves is to control fragmentation.8cm Flak 39 (r). 436. PROJECTILE FOR 88-MM A. Color: Yellow.) 446 . GUN Figure 436—Armor-Piercing Projectile for 88-mm Gun.5/8.—Shell has a circumferential groove just to rear of bourrelet. Guns 8. P. but no number. FUZE: Nomenclature: Zt. equally spaced. -BURSTER CHARGE BASE FUSE TRACER A. Weight: 21 pounds (loaded and fuzed).8-cm Flak 18. Z. Kind: TNT/WAX (90/10) and PETN/WAX (90/10) pressed in blocks in aluminum container. Kind: Shell.8-cm Pzgr (See fig.) ARMOR PIERCING CAP WEAPONS: German A. A. BOOSTER: Gr. 36.8-cm Flak 18. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 88 mm.8-cm Pzgr Type: B. 37. A. 437. f. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. Gun (Modified Russian) : 8. Z. S/30. A.

BOOSTER: Integral with charge. Color: Black with red markings and white tip at nose. P. CHARGE: Number: 92. TRACER: Yes. Projectile for 88-mm Gun. 43 (LAI)PROJECTILE: Caliber: 88 mm. German Antitank Gun (self propelled) : 8. 39/1 WEAPONS: German Antitank Gun: 8. Weight: 22y2 pounds (loaded and fuzed).PROJECTILES BALLISTIC CAP — ARMOR PIERCING CAP •:x PLOSIVE CAVITY BASE FUZE TRACER UNIT Figure 437—A. 43. K. Kind: Projectile. Type: A.8-cm Pzgr. German Antitank Gun (Self propelled) : 8. K. 43.8-cm Pak. Kind: Cyclonite/wax (90/10) pressed in blocks wrapped in waxed paper. German Tank Gun: 8. P. Weight: y$ pound. 43/41 (LAI). 8. Marked "L".8-cm Kw. 447 .8-cm Stu.8-cm Pak.

ARMOR PIERCING PROJECTILE FOR 88-MM GUNS GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8. Flak. Color: Black with red markings. Kind: Projectile. GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8. 37. Diameter: 0. Weight: 14 pound.8-cm Flak 1-8. 6. 39 FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. 8. marked "AB. Kind: TNT or Amatol and Wax pressed in pellets.58 inch. A. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 88 mm. Gun (Modified Russian): 8. P. EXPELLING CHARGE: Weight: 2 ounces (approximately). Weight: 22 pounds (loaded and fuzed). 5103/1. BURSTING CHARGE: Number: Weight: 4 ounces (approximately). Weight: 20 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Kind: Smokeless powder. Armor-piercing. TRACER: Yes. Type: B.) WEAPONS: German Antiaircraft Gun: 8.8-cm Flak 18.8-cm Kw. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 88 mm. Z.8-cm Flak 37. Z. Color: Body—blue. 36. 5103 or Bd.8-cm Flak 39 (r). K. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. D. Fuze—unpainted with green tip.8-cm Pzgr. German A. INCENDIARY SHRAPNEL PROJECTILE FOR 88-MM A. 36 (L/56). 8. Sehr. 5127. 438. D. A. 39.8-cm Pzgr. (See fig. (See fig. ogive—red. 448 .8-cm Gr. Type: Incendiary shrapnel. Kind: Shell." BOOSTER: Integral with charge. Kind: Cyclonite/wax (90/10) pressed in blocks wrapped in wax paper. Number of pellets: 72. Type: B. A. INCENDIARY CHARGE: Dimensions: Length: 1. REMARKS: FES rotating band. CHARGE: Number: 92. 439. Z. Br.Guns: 8. Type.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE German Tank Gun: 8.8-cm Flak 36.) WEAPONS: German A. ARMOR PIERCING CAP RSTER CHARC BAU Figure 438—A.5/ 8.14 inches. Projectile for 88-mm Gun.

24.--.6 percent.^---|f'J?.8 percent.jgs 'CARDBOARD SPACER \ :^: ..::hd>~i lES-^t^cSi >JC_Jli--.—jfiKw :4HD»0ARD FLASH TUBE F_£3H DISTRIBUTOR '•-AfwNf LS »ROTATING BAND vSpr-sl . Acid insoluble.PROJECTILES 81. Aluminum alloy. S/30 Kurz.OR Tv 3LACK POWDER PELLET 3S—— FLASH T UBE Hill ^EXPELL'NG CHARGE ir Jr — STEEL SPACER FIRING PIN % /• DETONATOR HOUSING DETONATOR — OUTER CASING ^S "II STEEL.yppFR BURSTER TUBE ^ .8-cm Gr... Br. Gun. ST^sTEE^ RING CARDBOARD WASHER h "'"-CAP08CARD SPACER K BLACK POWDER PELLET Figure igore ■439—Incendiary Shrapnel She» for 88-mm A. AC* POWDER PEi-LET i. 449 . 8. A. Sehr. Type: Time. Magnesium alloy.|! [CAHOBC^D ■ LOWER BURSTER TuBf H t. TRACER: None. Flak Composition: Barium nitrate. RETAiNE» SPACER %. FUZE: Nomenclature: Zt. BOOSTER: None. 24. PELLE"1 . 48 percent. 2."'" -STEEL SPACER iRDBOARD iNSbUATOR OE TOMÄT. Z.6 percent.ftim H.

9 percent.1 percent. 39 Hl/B. Wax. FUZE: A. Steel cavity liner. (See fig. P_t. RDX. 4. H5 42 cwg 91 541/42. 155-mm (static) 100-mm (dynamic). WM. Semispherical cone. 441. Filling. 10-cm 39 Rot Hl/B 1FH 18 Hl/B HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE 10-CM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 39 rot Hl/B 1FH 18 (Sprengladung)..lO-cr. 100-mm. 450 .GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE STEEL LINER BITUMINOUS SUBSTANCE MAIN FILLING GAINE ZDLG 41 PLASTlC WASHER Figure 440—Hollow Charge Projectile. Gr.«Pera„t PK. :L. Hl/C HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE 10-CM ™„g ?x.) U over-all length Semipherical cone. 440. Versch.Z.. 95.) PROJECTILE: 18.—™ GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 39 rot Hl/C 1FH 18 (Sprengladung).9 inches. over-all length. 38. REMARKS: Performance against homogeneous armour. Label on shipping box: Sprengladung d. Steel cavity liner. (See fig.

Versch. Gr. Z. 21 (t) 451 .) Figure 442—H. 442. Model 14/19. F. 155-mm (static) 100-mm (dynamic).Gr. STEEL FRUSTRUM CARDBOARD WASHERS STEEL LINER NOSE FUZE "^-BITUMINOUS SUBSTANCE MAIN FILLING ALUMINUM TUBE GAINE PLASTIC WASHER BURSTER CHARGE Figure 441—H. 10-cm 39 Rot Hl/C 1FH 18 FUZE: A. E.PROJECTILES WEAPONS: Czech Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. Label on shipping box: Sprengladung d. M. Projectile for 100-mm Howitzer. Z. Jugoslav Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. 10-cm Dopp. PROJECTILE FOR 100-MM HOWITZER ROTATING BAND GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Dopp. 10-cm Gr. F. 100-mm. Z. H5 42. REMARKS: Performance against homogeneous armour. E. Jugoslav Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. H.M. Model 28 (Skoda). 316 (j). Z. 317 (j). Hollow Charge Projectile. H. 38. 21 (t) or 10-cm Dopp. F. H. E. F. 39 Hl/B. Polish Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. 14/19 (t). Model 14/19 (Skoda). (See fig. Model 14/19. cwg 91 55/43. 21 (t). H. H. 14/19 (p). Gr.

Projectile for 100-mm Howitzer. and P. Model 14/19. H. Z) 311 (j). (Dopp. Polish Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. F.) 452 . Type:H. E. CHARGE: Number: T. Dopp. F. VC-Cr (t). T. Color: Machined metal with red markings. Z. Z.75 pounds (loaded and fuzed).5 pounds. Weight: 3.—This round may also be fired from the 10-cm Geb. E. (See fig. Model 28 (Skoda). 316 (t). Type: T. Model 14/19 (Skoda). M. Color: Yellow—unpainted on the boat tail and bourrelet. Weight: 35. E. 14/19 (p). 16/19 (t) which is a Czech mountain Howitzer. PROJECTILE FOR 100-MM HOWITZER Figure 443—H. (See fig.3 pounds (loaded and fuzed). BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BAND H. FUZE: Nomenclature: Dopp. Type: T. Jugoslav Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. 317/1 (j). 21 (t). Z.—Red band around body of projectile at ogive indicates T. 14/19 (t). Weight: 36. and P. (A.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE PROJECTILE: Caliber: 100 mm.. E. Czech Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. mm H. TRACER: None. F. H. and P. Kind: TNT pressed. PROJECTILE FOR 100-MM HOWITZER FUZE GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Sprgr. and P. REMARKS: NOTE 1 .) 317 (/) GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Sprgr. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 100 mm. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. H. Z. Kind: Shell.)310 (j). Model 28 (Skoda). Kind: TNT (?). E. Model 14/19. 317/2. Kind: Shell. CHARGE: Number: TTR. 443.) WEAPONS: Jugoslav Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. H. FUZE: Nomenclature: Dopp. H.50 pounds. VG-Skr (t). H. fuze. Type: H. 10-cm Sprgr. 444. Weight: 3. (Dopp. F. Jugoslav Mountain Howitzer: 10-cm Geb. NOTE 2. TRACER: None. Z.

F.PROJECTILES PROJECTILE: Caliber: 100 mm.D. Model 14/19. H. Kind: Shell. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. 10-cm Sprgr. Z. Type: H. H. H. D... 14/19 (t). F. Figure 444—H. 453 . P. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. 14/19 (p).D. Jugoslav Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. F. Weight: 35. A. CHARGE: Number: T. 30 (t). F. E. 30(t). J. Model 28 (Skoda). 316 (j). Gr. Polish Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le.5* pounds. Jugoslav Mountain Howitzer: 10-cm Geb. Model 14/19. Weight: 4. or machined metal with red markings. 316 (j). 445. 317/2 (j). Kind: TNT(?) TRACER: None. Weight: 3. F. D.Z. TRACER: None. H. E. F. Model 14/19 (Skoda). Color: Yellow. Weight: 32 pounds. REMARKS: NOTE 1. Z. H. PROJECTILE: Coliber: 100 mm. SKHZR (t). 14/19 (p). H. H. Kind: TNT poured. fuzes listed above are identical to the fuzes in the Jugoslav projectile. 317/1 (j). 317 (j). Kind: Shell. Model 14/19 (Skoda). F. Model 28 (Skoda). BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. 10-cmSprgr. Z. E. Color: O.) WEAPONS: Czech Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. H. Model 30. H. 14/19 (t). Jugoslav Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. (A. [A. PROJECTILE FOR 100-MM HOWITZER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Dopp. Z. Czech Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le.5 pounds. Model 28 (Skoda).—The two Czech P. Jugoslav Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. H.) 310 (j). F. Model 14/19.3 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Type:H. (See fig. Polish Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. H. Jugoslav Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. F. Model 14/19. CHZR (t). Projectile for 100-mm Howitzer. E.) 310 ij) WEAPONS: Czech Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. P. CHARGE: Number: 14.

Polish Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le F 14/19 (p). and P.) 454 Figure 446—H. Model 14/19. Gr. F. Z. Projectile for 100-mm Howitzer. fuze. 446.—Red band on projectile indicates T. ADAPTER RING H H H. 38 rum. E. Gr. Model 28 (Skoda). and P. E. Projectile for 100-mm Howitzer. F.. 38 rum . Gr. Model 14/19. PROJECTILE FOR 100-MM HOWITZER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Spr.T. F 14/19 (t).GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE WEAPONS: Czech Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le.VG-CR(t). E. Model 14/19 (Skoda). H. 317 (i). (See fig. JO-cm. 316 (j). andP. Spr. ' Type:T. FUZE A ROTATING BAND BURSTER CHARGE Figure 445—H. 10-cm Dopp. Z. REMARKS: NOTE 1. 30 It) FUZE: Nomenclature: Dopp. Jugoslav Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. Z. VG-SK R (t) : Dopp. Jugoslav Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. H.

Jugoslav Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. Z. 24/31. ADAPTER RING 6AINE ROTATING BAND Figure 447—H. TRACER: None. 317 (j). Weight: 3 pounds. 447. GM. Type: H. Z. Model 28 (Skoda). Kind: Shell. LDM 31. Z. E. 24/31 M. Kind: TNT (?) TRACER: None. Weight: 5 pounds.—Bimetallic rotating band—FEW. 10-cm Stg. Gr.—The marking "Tt" for shell charge is believed to denote TNT. (1) P. REMARKS: NOTE 1. D. Kind: Amatol 50/50. Weight: 32 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Z.0 pounds (loaded and fuzed). 24/31. Projectile for 100-mm Howitzer. Kind: Shell. Type: HE. and P. 316 (j). H. D. Z. Jugoslav Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. Gr. (2) P. H. D. Model 14/19 (Skoda). (See fig. 14/19 (p). Type: (4) P. E. Polish Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. Z. PROJECTILE FOR 100-MM HOWITZER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Stg. (6) Dopp.D. Color: O. Weight: 30. 9/15 K. H. H. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. 455 . 24/31 M. (6) T. Z.—This projectile is of German manufacture and apparently made to supplement the diminishing supply of rounds for the above weapons. (5) T. (p). (2) A. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 100 mm. 23. (5) Dopp. F. 99/15 B.PROJECTILES PROJECTILE: Caliber: 100 mm. Type: P.) WEAPONS: Czech Light Field Howitzer: 10-cm le. Y. Z. COLOR: Yellow. P. FUZE: Nomenclature: (1) A. Model 14/19. D. 24/31 M. 99/15 D. E. F. Z. CHARGE: Number: Tt. (p) (4) A. FUZE: Nomenclature: AZ. 24/31 R. F. Model 14/19. 14/19 (t). (3) REMARKS: NOTE 1.D. AM 18. NOTE 2. CHARGE: Number: 13A. BOOSTER: hlu Np 10 or wlf Np 10. H. (3) A. 18. and P.

(0. 19. Type. PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Gr. TRACER: None. D. 23 v (0. 19 H.15). Shell for 105-mm Gun. Dopp. E. S/60 P.25).5 pounds. 448.. .4 pounds (loaded and fuzed). D.H. (See fig. Weight: 33. BOOSTER :hluNp 10 St. Kind: Amatol 50/50.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE CHARGE: Number: 13A. E. Shell for 105-mm Howitzer. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. E. Kind: Shell. P. Z. 456 Figure 449—A. 10-cm Pzgr. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. 10-cm K 18. FUZE IK r \U—r ROTATING f / BAND? Figure 448—H. Color: O.) WEAPONS: German Gun: S. 10-cm Gr. Weight: 3.

(0. (0. F. BOOSTER: wlf Np. or T. Für 10-cm.D. 18/1. Type: Base.5 lbs. 10. le. Pzgr. P. CHARGE: Number: la. Kind: Shell. H. 16. F. 18 mM. "Weight: 30. (loaded and fuzed). H. 10-cm K 17. Weight: 33. Z.25). 23v. PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: F. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze.15). (See fig.9 (loaded and fuzed). F. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. Figure 450—H. E. H. P. Kind. (See fig. Gr. Z. Type: P. F. and P. le. le. H. Projectile for 105-mm Gun. Weight: 3 pounds.) WEAPONS: German Gun: 10-cm K 17/04 n A. le. le. Color: O. REMARKS: NOTE 1. 18/39. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm Kind: Shell. E. E.—Projectile has two rotating bands. F. PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM HOWITZER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Pzgr. 457 . 450. le F. Weight: 1. 449. Kind: TNT pressed in blocks in cardboard container. TNT poured in aluminum container plus PETN/wax 90/10) as exploder. H. 18/2. Rof TRACER: None. H. H. 18. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. H. CHARGE: Number: 16.07 pounds. F. H. rot. A. with red band at rotating band. D. F. TRACER: In base of fuze.—Red band around the projectile at rotating band indicates high velocity round. Z. Gr. Color: Black with red markings. S/60s. Type: A. Type: H. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm.PROJECTILES REMARKS: NOTE 1.) WEAPONS: German Light Field Howitzer: le. Dopp. H. 18/40.

105-mm.45 pounds (loaded and fuzed).5-cm K..3 pounds. 324 (f). F. P. Color: O.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE FUZE Type: Hollow charge. HL/C Granate 39 FES HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM HOWITZER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10. Rot FES . 10-cm Pzgr. 324 (f) C35B. HL/C Granate 39 FES (f). (See fig. BURSTER CHARGE GAINE BURSTER CHARGE Figure 457—Hollow Charge Projectile for 105-mm Howitzer. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. Projectile. Weight: 26. Kind: Shell. H. Model: C34S. Kind: Cyclonite wax (95/5). D. 451. TRACER: None. 10. CHARGE: Number: 91.5-cm K. red band around body of rotating band. Weight: 3. 458 FUZE TRACER Figure 452—A.) WEAPONS: French Light Field Howitzer: le. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm.

Kind: Projectile. Weight: % pound. Type: A. (See fig. F.5-cm K 13 (p) 13.PROJECTILES FUZE: Nomenclature: A. Type: B. f. BURSTER CHARGE FUZE ARMOR PIERCING PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Pzgr. D. CHARGE: Number: 16. WEAPONS: German Medium Gun: s. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. (See fig. PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10. Type: P. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. 105-mm. 5. (f). Type: A.—KPS rotating'band. 10-cm Pzgr. rot FES. FUZE : Nomenclature: Bd. 43 (PG). TRACER: Yes.5-cm K 333 (b) L 13 S. 38. 38 St. Z. 452). 10-cm K 18. P. A. Projectile.D.5-cm K 331 (f) 1913 S. Weight: 31 pounds (loaded and fuzed). 453). Kind: Shell.5-cm K 338 (j) 13 (Schneider). ARMOR PIERCING PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Pzgr. E. Belgian Medium Gun: 10. 10-cm Pzgr. TRACER Figure 453—A. Kind: TNT poured in aluminum container PETN/Wax (90/10) as exploder. Weight: % pound. WEAPONS: French Medium Gun: 10. Color: Black with red markings. H. Z. Z. BOOSTER: Integral with charge. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. Color: Black. 10-cm Pzgr. Weight: 34% pounds (loaded and fuzed). Type: Base. Polish Medium Gun: 10. CHARGE: Number: 86.) 459 . 454. Jugoslav Medium Gun: 10. P.5-cm Sprgr. REMARKS: NOTE 1. (See fig. P. Kind: Ethyl/enediamine dinitrate/cyclonite/ wax (46/18/36) pressed in blocks wrapped in waxed paper in aluminum container. Z. It) TRACER: No.

CHARGE: Number: 9. Type: H. 38 Stg. 18. Type: P. 23 (0. TRACER: None. Kind: Unknown (believed to be TNT/Wax).M. H. Kind: Shell. Projectile for 105-mm Light Field Howitzer. 18/40. 105-mm. 18 m. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. 43 iPG) WEAPONS: German Light Field Howitzer: le. BOOSTER :Np 10. Gr.MO«E 80* BOOSTER BURSTER CHARGE Figure 454—H. FUZE . F. E. REMARKS: NOTE 1. D.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Weight: 3 pounds. BURSTER CHARGp. FES 460 . Color: Brick red. H. Projectile. S. 18/39. ROTATING BAN Figure 455—H. 18/2.15). E. 10-cm Sprgr.18/1. F.—Contains R 11 smoke box. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. E. Weight: 3234 pounds (loaded and fuzed).

H.5 pounds. Type: H. Model C 34 S. Type: (1) P. 324 (f). (3) Dopp.25). picric acid. (See fig. and P.. Color: O. 10.PROJECTILES H. Kind: Amatol 60/40 (German). F. E.5-cm Gr.6 pounds (loaded and fuzed). 18/40. Z. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. CHARGE: Number: 13 (German). 1 (0. 461 . CHARGE: Number: 13A. (3) T.15). S/60s. 38 Stg. BOOSTER: Booster integral with fuze. H. REMARKS: NOTE 1. 324 (f). E.) WEAPONS: French Light Field Howitzer: le. Color: Yellow-brown or red body with yellow olive. TRACER: None. H. (See fig. 18/1. F.15 or 0. 344 (f). PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. E. FUZE: Nomenclature: (1) A. 18/2 18 m. Weight: 33% pounds (loaded and fuzed). BURSTER CHARGE TRACER: None.5-cm Gr. Kind: Amatol (50/50). Weight: 4 pounds. and P. (4) P. H. BOOSTER: Np 10. F. Weight: 34. PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM HOWITZER Figure 456—H. or MF (French). 456. cast (French). (2) Dopp. D. H. le. FES. (2) T.Z. 16. 23 (0.M. Kind: Shell. Z. Kind: Shell.Z. E. le. S/60 Fl. Gr. H. 324 if) ROTATING BAND GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10. E.—Shell contains R 11 smoke box.) WEAPONS: German Light Field Howitzer: le. Type: H. 18/39. 455. F. Model C 35 B. Weight: 3. PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM LIGHT FIELD HOWITZER FUZE AND BOOSTER WELL GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: F. 18. Projectile for 105-mm Howitzer. (4) A. D. D.

H. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. M. 445 24/31 LD 17 (f) (4) Zt. Weight: 28% pounds (loaded and fuzed). 70-cm Weiss.—Marking "El" in black letters on opposite sides of shell body. 18/39. Kind: Black powder in wooden block. D. 417 (f) 24/31 LD 18 Type: (1) P.) (3) Dopp. CHARGE: Number: None. s/60 Fl. BOOSTER: None. 18/2. Z. Weight: 1/4 pound. 458.—The le. REMARKS: NOTE 1. 18m. 324 (f) and 325 (f) weapons are actively being used by German manufactured projectiles. (1) A. PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM ITALIAN GUN BRITISH NOMENCLATURE: Italian 105-mm 28-cal H. (3) T. le. le. Rot Geschoss 462 . F. and P.) WEAPONS: Italian Gun: 10. Z. 251 (f) 24/31 EYG 18 I oV (2) A. F. Nomenclature: Dopp. Shell. le. Z. H. 18/1. REMARKS: NOTE 1.5-sm K338 (i) 105/28. le F. 18/40. Z. D. TRACER: None. H. NOTE 2. Weight less leaflets—27% pounds. white ogive. LEAFLET CONTAINER Figure 457—Propaganda Projectile for 105-mm Howitzer. FUZE PROPAGANDA PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM HOWITZER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Weiss Rot Geschoss. (See fig. E.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE FUZE: NOMENCLATURE GEBMAN : PEENCH H. and P. Z. Type: Propaganda. F. F.—Insert band on bourrelet.—Shell contained roll of two types of leaflets. (See fig. H. V. (4) T. le. H. E. (2) P. H. H. 253 (f) 24/41 RYG 18 CR (Kz. Color: Red body.) WEAPONS: German Light Field Howitzer: le. Type: T. NOTE 2. 18. F. F. Kind: Shell. 457.

105-mm. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. AE No. 28-Cal. E. 348 (f) (French 36). O. Mod 40 P. FUZE FUZE: Nomenclature: I. PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10. CHARGE: Weight: 6 pounds. E. H. 459. Italian 105-mm. Kind: Shell. E. E. Type:H. Type: P. C. 2 Mod 38.5-cm Sprgr. Color: Gray with orange ogive and green band just forward of rotating band.5-cm Sprgr. Shell tor 105-mm Italian Gun. D. 348 (f) (French 36) 463 .PROJECTILES BOOSTER: Det. 10. (See fig. H. TRACER: None. E. Kind: Tritolo (TNT) or Amatolo (Amatol) 80/20.) BOOSTER FUZE WELL BURSTER CHARGE BURSTER CHARGE Figure 458—H. ROTATING BANDS Figure 459—H. Projectile. Weight: 36 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Sec.

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE
WEAPONS: French Gun: 10.5-cm K 322 (f), Model L-36 S. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. Kind; Shell. Type: H. E. Weight: 34.5 pounds 28.75 pounds. Color: Yellow. CHARGE: Number: DM (French). Weight: 5.75 pounds. Kind: Dinitronaphthaline. TRACER: None. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. ADAPTER: LJT. Mle. 1915 Type B. FUZE:
NOMENCLATURE
GERMAN FBENCH

(15.48 kg).

Empty,

FUZE

(1) A. Z. 251 (f) (1) o. V. (2) A. L. 253 (f) (2) Kz. V. (3) (3) Dopp. Z. 446 (f) m. verst F. Type: (1) P.D. (2) P. D

24/31RYG18I 24/31 RYG 18 CR 24/31 LD 17 (a. r. r.)

(3) T. and P.

STAR PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM GUN
EXPELLING CHARGE

STAR

PARACHUTE

GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10.5-cm Lt. Gs. FES. (See fig. 460.) WEAPONS: French Gun: 10.5-cm K. 331 (f), Model L Mle 1913 S. Polish Gun: 10.5-cm K. 13 (p), Model 13. Belgian Gun: 18.5-cm K. 333 (b), Model L13 S. Jugoslav Gun: 10.5-cm K. 331 (j), Model 13 S. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. Kind: Shell. Weight: 31.3 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Color: Light green. CHARGE: Kind: Small expelling charge. TRACER: None. BOOSTER: Primer relay to ignite expelling charge. FUZE: Nomenclature: Dopp. Z. S/60 v. Type: T. and P. REMARKS: NOTE 1.—The parachute and illuminating container are base ejected.

H. E. PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM GUN
GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: F. H. Gr. 38 FES. (See fig. 461.) WEAPONS: German Light Field Howitzer: le. F. H. 18.

Figure 460—Star Shell, 105-mm, 10.5-cm Lt. Gs. FES

464

PROJECTILES CHARGE: Number: 13. Weight: 3 pounds. Kind: Amatol 50/50. TRACER: BOOSTER: Grid Np. 10. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. S. 23 (0.15) or (0.25); Dopp. Zs/60 F. II. Type: P. D. H. E. PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10.5-cm Gr. 346 (f). (See fig. 462.) WEAPONS: French Gun: 10.5-cm K. 331 (f), Model L Mle 1913S. Polish Gun: 10.5-cm K. 13 (p), Model 13. Belgian Gun: 10.5-cm K. 333 (b), Model L 13 S. Jugoslav Gun: 10.5-cm K. 338 (j), Model S. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. Kind: Shell. Type: H. E. Weight: 35.5 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Color: Body, brick red, olive-yellow. CHARGE: Number: S. Weight: 7 pounds. Kind: Tolite. TRACER: None. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. FUZE:
NOMENCLATURE
GERMAN FRENCH

NOSE FUZE

GA1NE

BURSTER CHARGE

ROTATING BAND

Figure 461—H. E. Projectile, 105-rhm, 10.5-cm F. H. Gr. 38 FES

le. le. le. le. le.

F. H. 18/1. F. H. 18/2. F. H. m. m. (muzzle brake). F. H. 18/39. F. H. 18/40.

PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. Kind: Shell. Type: H. E. Weight: 33.08 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Color: O. D.

(1) A.Z. 235 (f) (2) A. Z. 237 (f) (3) A.Z. 251 (f)o. V. (4) A. Z. 253 (f) Kz. V. (5) A. Z. 257 (f) Kz. V. (6) A.Z. 261 (f) (7) A. Z. 277 (f) Kz. V. (8) 281 (f) o. V. (9) Dopp. Z. 445 (f) (10) Zt. Z. 417 (f)

(1)24/3199 (2) 24/31 99^08 (3) 24/31 RYG 18 (4) 24/31 RYG 18 CR (5) 24/31 RY 17 CR (6) 24/31 JAL 16 (7) 24/31 JAL 16 (8) 24/31 TCAL 26 J (9) 24/31 LD 17 (10) 24/31 LD 18

465

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Belgian Gun: K. 333 (b), L 13 S. Jugoslav Gun: K. 338 (j), 13 S. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. Kind: Shell. Type: H. E. Weight: 33.016 pounds- (loaded and fuzed). Color: O. D. CHARGE: Number: 13 A.

_ FUZE ADAPTE?

GAINE

BURSTER CHARGE

GAINE

ROTATING BAND

BURSTER CHARGE

Figure 462—H. E. Projectile for French 105-mm Howitzer, 10.5-cm Gr. 346 if)

Type (1) P. D. (2) P. D. (3) P. D. (4) P. D. (5) P. D. ((») P. D. (7) P. D. (8) P. D. (9) T. and P. (10) T. H. E. PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10.5-cm K. Spr 38(f). (See fig. 463.) WEAPONS: French Gun: K. 331 (f), L 1913 S. Polish Gun: K. 13 (p), 13. 466

ROTATING BAND

Figure 463—H. E. Projectile, 105-mm, 10.5-cm K. Spr. 38 if)

PROJECTILES Weight: 4.0 pounds. Kind: Amatol 50/50. TRACER: None. BOOSTER: None. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. Z. 23 (0.15) Dopp. s/60 T. and P. Type: P.D. REMARKS: NOTE 1.—This round is of German manufacture for the above-listed weapons. NOTE 2.—The FEW stenciled on the body of the projectile in white letters denotes a soft iron rotating band. H. E. PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10.5-cm FES Gr. 345(f). (See fig. 464.) WEAPONS: French Gun: 10.5-cm K. 331 (f), L Mle 1913 S. Polish Gun: 10.5-cm K. 13 (p), Model 13. Belgian Gun: 10.5-cm K. 333 (b), Model L 13 S. Jugoslav Gun: 10.5-cm K. 338 (j)-, Model 13 S. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. Kind: Shell. Type: H. E. Weight: 34 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Color: Yellow with white band around body, black markings. CHARGE: Number: M. Weight: 5^4 pounds. Kind: Melinite. TRACER: None. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. FUZE:
NOMENCLATURE
GEBMAN FRENCH

GAINE

BURSTER CHARGE

ROTATING BAND

Figure 464—H. £. Projectile, 105-mm, 10.5-cm FES Gr. 345 («

(1) A. Z. 235 (f) (2) A. Z. 237 (f) (3) A. Z. 251 (f) o. V. (4) A. Z. 253 (f) Kz. (5) A. Z. 257 (f) Kz. V (6) A. Z. 261 (f) (7) Dopp. Z. 445 (f)

(1) 24/31 99 (2) 24/31 99-08 (3) 24/31 RYG 18J (4) 24/31 RYG 18CR (5) 24/31 RY 17CR (6) 24/31 JAL 16 (7) 24/31 DD 17

Type: (1) (2) (3) (4)

P. D. P.D. P. D. P. D.

(5) P. D. (6) P.D. (7) T. andP

H. E. PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM ANTIAIRCRAFT GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10.5-cm Sprgr. L/4.4. (See fig. 465.) 467

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE
Kind: Amatol ((JO/40) (poured). TRACER: None. BOOSTER: No. 10. FUZE: Nomenclature: A. Z. 23/28 ZT. Z. Z./60. Type: P. D. time.

A. P. C. PROJECTILE WITH TRACER, 105-MM
GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Pzgr. rot (Panzergranate rot). (See fig. 466.) GAINE EMPLOYMENT: 10-cm Flak 38 (Flugabwehrkanone 38) Antiaircraft Gun 38. 10-cm Flak 39 (Flugabwehrkanone 39) Antiaircraft Gun 39. s 10-cm K. T. (Schweres Kanone Turren) Heavy Turret Gun. s 10-cm K. 18 (Schweres Kanone 18) Heavy Gun 18. COMPLETE ROUND (Description of c/r is for Flak 38 and Flak 39) : 44.25 inches, over-all length. 57.625 pounds, total weight. PROJECTILE (painted black with 0.5 inch red band above rotating band) : 15.4 inches, over-all length, w/o fuze. 1.15 inches, distance from base to band. 0.905 inch, width of rotating band. 4.125 inches, diameter of bourrelet. 4.133 inches, diameter of base. 34.7 pounds, total weight. TNT in aluminum container, type of bursting charge. 0.812 inch, width of bourrelet. Tracer is present in fuze. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6307 (fixed)): 30.17 inches, over-all length. 4.204 inches, diameter of neck. 4.628 inches, diameter of shoulder. 5.450 inches, diameter of base. 12.85 pounds, weight of propellant. Tubular Diglycol, type of propellant. C/22 primer. FUZE: Base detonation fuze—Bd. Z. f. 10-cm (so marked). REMARKS: There are two cannelures below the

BURSTER CHARGE

ROTATING BANDS

Figure 465—H. E. Projectile for 105-mm A. A. Gun, 10.5-cm Sprgr. L/4.4

WEAPONS: German Antiaircraft Gun, 10.5cm Flak 38. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. Kind: Shell. Type: H. E. Weight: 33y2 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Color: Yellow with black markings. CHARGE: Number: 13. Weight: 3y2 pounds.

468

Rot 469 . C. P. 10-cm Pzgr.PROJECTILES PLASTIC BUFFER PAINTED SLACK RED BAND -CANNELURES Figure 466—A. Projectile with Tracer. 105-mm.

Rot L'Spur rotating band. A. 105-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Pzgr. P. 10-cm K.12" SHELL PA1NTE0 BLACK THIS CANNELURE PAINTED WHITE TRANSPARENT DISC Figure 467—A. 18—6349 (semifixed). 10-cm LFH 18 (Leichte Feld Haubitze 18) Light Field Howitzer 18. rot L'Spur (Panzergranate rot Leuchtspur). 10-cm K. 105-mm Pzgr. 470 . T. Projectile for Light Field Howitzer. P.441 inches. (Kanone Turren) Turret Cannon. Cartridge cases for other weapons as follows: 10-cm K. COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r is for LFH 16. 37. 10-cm LFH 18M (Leichte Feld Haubitze 18 Mundungsbremse) Light Field Howitzer 18 Muzzle Brake. (See fig.) EMPLOYMENT: 10-cm LFH 16 (Leichte Feld Haubitze 16) Light Field Howitzer 16. T.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 11. 10-cm K. (Kanone Kasematte) Casemate Cannon. 467. PROJECTILE FOR LIGHT FIELD HOWITZER.—6356 (semifixed). over-all length. K.

diameter of neck.17 inches. 468. width of single rotating band. 6342 [semifixed]) : 6. 10. over-all length w/fuze. red phosphorus smoke box. 4. FUZE: Base detonating fuze—Bd.625 inches. 10-cm LFH 18 M (Leichte Feld Haubitze 18 Mundungsbremse) Light Field Howitzer 18 Muzzle Brake. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. painted green: 19.54 pounds. 25. distance from base to rotating band. Projectile for Field Howitzer. type of propellant. Gr. f.579 inches. 0. LO-cm LG 42 (Leuchtes Geschütz 42) Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops.062 inches. 4. Flaked Diglycol.0 ounces. type of bursting charge. REMARKS: There are two cannelures below the rotating band. 15. 3. 471 . PROJECTILE. over-all length w/fuze.125 inches. K—6356 (semifixed).08 pounds. weight of bursting charge.55 inches. 4. T.6 Figure 468—H. over-all length w/o fuze. 10-cm. (Feld Haubitze Granate).295 inches. width of rotating band. 1. COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r is for LFH 16. H.937 inches. Gr. weight of bursting charge plus.59 inch.385 inches.PROJECTILES PROJECTILE (painted black with red stencilling: 11. Z. H.62 pounds. When projectile has been fired from LFH 16 there will be 32 engravings on the band. over-all length.285 inches. 10-cm Stu. 3. total weight. diameter of base. E.375 inches. t . 34. diameter of base. TNT. 2. (See fig. K. K. distance from base to band. LFH 18 M—6342 (semifixed). 33. 4. 10-cm LFH 18 (Leichte Feld Haubitze 18) Light Field Howitzer 18. over-all length. weight of propellant.5 inches. over-all length w/o fuze.5 inches.0 pounds. PROJECTILE FOR FIELD HOWITZER. 0. 105-mm F. total weight. Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: LFH 18—6342 (semifixed). 10-cm LG 40 (Leuchtes Geschütz 42) Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops. 105-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: F.11 ounces. 8. 4. H. diameter of shoulder. H 42 (Sturm Haubitze 42) Assault Howitzer 42. E. Tracer present in fuze.—6356 (semifixed).) EMPLOYMENT: 10-cm LFH 16 (Leichte Feld Haubitze 16) Light Field Howitzer 16.

Stu H 42 (Sturm Haubitze 42) Assault Howitzer 42. s/60. H.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE TNT or Amatol. 6342/h5C. Gr. unpainted steel. weight of propellant. type of bursting charge. 4.125 inches. This case may be of brass-coated steel. FH Gr. They do not differ materially from each other and have approximately the same weight.8 pounds. LFH 18 M (Leichte Feld Haubitze 18 Mundungsbremse) Light Field Howitzer Muzzle Brake. 4. They use the same fuzes. type of propellant. 30. Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: LFH 18—6342 (semifixed). 472 . width of rotating bands. Stg. 38. ZO-cm F.. In the last instance. Stu H 42— GAINE EXPLODER PUMICE OLEUM SLEEVE JOINT ~~" SMOKE PROJECTILE FOR FIELD HOWITZER. 17. 3. Nb. 3. Zdlg.385 inches. C/12nA primer.) BURSTER — (PICRIC ACID) DRIVING BAND - if' I Figure 469—Smoke Projectile for Field Howitzer. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature— 6342 [Semifixed]): 6.8 pounds.3 inches. Their ballistic qualities are the same.905 inches.3 ounces. Are designated: FH Gr. C/98 Np booster. is of cast steel and the bursting charge is poured. over-all length w/fuze. Gr. diameter of base.5 inches. EMPLOYMENT: LFH 16 (Leichte Feld Haubitze 16) Light Field Howitzer 16. LG 42—Plastic disk base side primer (semifixed). diameter of base. FH Gr. total weight. 4. LFH 18 (Leicthe Feld Haubitze 18) Light Field Howitzer 18.54 pounds. diameter of neck. COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/4 is for LFH 16. LG 40—Plastic disk base side primer (semifixed). over-all length. (0.32 inches. Flaked Diglycol. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuze AZ 23v (0. diameter of shoulder. painted green. it is designated and marked. or Time and Percussion Fuze Dopp. FH Gr. When the projectile is fired from the LFH 16 there will be 32 engravings on the band. PACKAGING: One projectile in a wooden crate— 41.29 inches. 105-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm F. 15. 33 Stg. 1.375 inches. Gr.25).. FH Gr.15). Z. 4. E. 0. FES. over-all length.937 inches. REMARKS: Four types of H.59 inch. are fired. over-all length w/o fuze. LFH 18—6342 (semifixed). H. or black steel spirally wound. (Feld Haubitze Granate Nebel). Nb. (See fig 469. weight of bursting charge. 105-mm. PROJECTILE. stenciled in white: 19. distance from base to band.

PACKAGING: One round in wooden crate—40 pounds. over-all length. (Feld Haubitze Granate (distance)). "F. 1. Gr. PROJECTILE FOR LONG DISTANCE USE IN FIELD HOWITZER.375 inches. over-all length w/fuze. FUZE GAINE BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BAND Figure 470—H. H. Projectile for Long Distance Use in Field Howitzer.77 inches. Adlg C/98 booster. (See fig. total weight.125 inches. distance from base to band. type of propellant.PROJECTILES Picric acid. 38 Nb" similar to the above but producing a large cloud of smoke. PROJECTILE. diameter of base. Z. Gr. 23 Nb. type of propellant.125 inches. REMARKS: There is also a round designated: "F. diameter of shoulder. Painted green: 20. type of bursting charge. Amatol. H. (0. and a round "F. Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: LFH 18—6342 (semifixed).233 inches. J0S-mm. diameter of neck.54 pounds. 4. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze—Dopp. E. Gr. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6342): 6. 32. 4.4 pounds. Gudol. Stu H 42— When this projectile has been fired from LFH 16 there will be 32 engravings on the band. F.59 inch. Z. LFH 18 M—6342 (semifixed). H. width of rotating band. diameter of shoulder. weight of propellant. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6342 [semifixed]) : 6. type of smoke mixture. Time and percussion fuze—Dopp. 105-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm F. H. over-all length. F. s/60 Fl.375 inches. FUZE: Nose percussion Fuze Kl A. H. 2. 4. 4. 4.15) or. 0. Gr. 10-cm F. H. weight of propellant.58 pounds. type of bursting charge. 16.47 inches. "Nb" Stenciled on body. 4. Gr. over-all length w/o fuze. and a round. 3.1 pounds.5 inches. 4. C/12nA primer.362 inches.937 inches. over-all length.5 inches. 40 Deut" which emits a cloud of blue smoke lasting one to two minutes and is used as a marker for air support.937 inches. Flaked Diglycol. 473 . diameter of base. weight of smoke mixture.) EMPLOYMENT: LFH 18 M (Leichte Feld Haubitze Mundungsbremse) Light Field Howitzer 18 Muzzle Brake. 40Nb" believed to be of the ejector type. COMPLETE ROUND: 24. E. diameter of neck. 470. Oleum impregnated in pumice.

39RofHL 474 . 25. 39 rot HL/A (Granate 39 rot Hohl Ladung/A). Zdlg. 3. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze Az 38.05° ---*•. over-all length w/fuze. REMARKS: When used with Lg 40. weight of propellant. and cartridge cases as the LFH 18 with the above addition. C/12nA primer. 4. distance from base to band. 4. 105-mm. 2. diameter of neck. total weight.■ Figure 471—Hollow Charge Projectile. Flaked Diglycol. diameter of base. 1.5 inches. over-all length. LG 42—Plastic disk base with side primer (semifixed).699 inches. 10-cm LFH 18 (Leichte Feld Haubitze 18) Light Field Howiteer 18. 0. painted green.314 inches. PROJECTILE. 105-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Gr. (See fig. diameter of shoulder. type of bursting charge. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6342 [semifixed]): 6.) EMPLOYMENT: 10-cm LFH 16 (Leichte Feld Haubitze 16) Light Field Howitzer 16. over-all length. 4. 39 rot HL (Granate 39 rot Hohl Ladung).937 inches.055 inches. (See fig.165 inches. »5. 4. When projectile has been fired from LFH 16 there will be 32 engravings on the band. with red band above rotating band: 15. Cyclonite/Wax/TNT. 10-cm LFH 18 M (Leichte Feld Haubitze 18 Mundungsbremse) Light Field Howitzer 18 Muzzle Brake. J0-cmGr. HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE. 105-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Gr. 40 booster. 10-cm LG 40 (Leuchtes Geschütz 40) Light Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops. HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE. LFH 18 M—6342. charges.) EMPLOYMENT: 10-cm LFH 16 (Leichte Feld Haubitze 16) Light Field Howitzer 16. type of propellant. 10-cm LG 42 (Leuchtes Geschütz 42) Light Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops.314' 4. 472. weight of bursting charge. 471. width of rotating band.56 pounds.375 inches. 12.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE REMARKS: LFH 18 M uses same projectiles. 10-cm LFH 18 (Leichte Feld Haubitze 18) Light Field Howitzer 18. LFH 18—6342. diameter of base. Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: LG 40—Plastic disk base with side primer (semifixed).59 inch in width.669 inch.91 pounds. rotating band is 0. TYPE A.54 pounds. 10-cm LFH 18 M (Leichte Feld Haubitze 18 Mundungsbremse) Light Field Howitzer 18 Muzzle Brake. COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r is for LFH 16.125 inches.

painted green. 4. 23. HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE. C/12nA primer. there will be 32 engravings on the band. 105-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Gr. 39 Rot HI/A 475 . over-all length w/fuze. 27.937 inches. type of propellant. 39 HL/B (Granate 39 Hohl Ladung/B).76 inches. 105-mm.5 inches. with red band above rotating band: 19. rotating band is 0. distance from base to band. PROJECTILE. over-all length. 2. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze A. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6342 [semifixed]): 6. 10-cm LG 40 (Leuchtes Geschütz 40) Light Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops.165 inches. COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r is for LFH 16. Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: LG 40—Plastic disk base with side primer semifixed). 1.699 inch. (See fig.07"'— Figure 472—Hollow Charge Projectile. type of bursting charge. LFH 18—6342.76 inches.59 inch in width. 19.074 inches. 2. 10-cm Gr. 10-cm LG 42 (Leuchtes Geschütz 42) Light Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops. 10-cm LFH 18 (Leichte Feld Haubitze 18) Light Field Howitzer 18. 38. 4. 10-cm LG 42 (Leuchtes Geschütz 42) Light Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops.8" .373 inches.156 pounds. Cyclonite/Wax/TNT. diameter of neck.) EMPLOYMENT: 10-cm LFH 16 (Leichte Feld Haubitze 16) Light Field Howitzer 16. LFH 18 M—6342. 10-cm LFH 18 M (Leichte Feld Haubitze 18 Mundungsbremse) Light Field Howitzer 18 Muzzle Brake. painted green. width of rotating band. total weight. 473. Zdlg. Type A.803 inches.PROJECTILES 10-cm LG 40 (Leuchtes Geschütz 40) Light Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops. diameter of base. 4. diameter of shoulder.165 inches. with red band above rotating band: 19. COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r is for LFH 16. Z. TYPE B. over-all length. 0.■« .803 inches. 23. 4.125 inches. over-all length w/fuze.54 pounds. PROJECTILE. When projectile has been fired from LFH 16.4. 40 booster. over-all length. REMARKS: When used with LG 40. Flaked Diglycol. weight of propellant. diameter of base. distance from base to band. LG 42—Plastic disk base with side primer (semifixed).

937 inches. total weight. total weight. distance from base to rotating band. TYPE C. painted green. there will be 32 engravings on the band.179 pounds. CARTRIDGE CASE 6342 [semifixed]) : (German nomenclature . 39 rot HL/C (10-cm Granate 39 rot Hohl Ladung/ C). Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows : LG 40—Plastic disk base with side primer (semifixed).074" *-. over-all length. weight of propellant. 0.074 inches. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze A.80 HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE.XTXL 4. 10-cm Gr. Flaked Diglycol. 38. 3. C/12nA primer.669 inch.165 inches.074 inches. 474. diameter of base. 105-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Gr. type of bursting charge. 40 booster. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6342 [semifixed]) : 6. diameter of shoulder. PROJECTILE.375 inches. 4.125 inches. (See fig. Cyclonite/Wax/TNT. Zklg.5 inches. type of bursting charge. Zdlg. 476 . 19. Cyclonite/Wax/TNT. COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r is for LFH 16. over-all length w/fuze. 105-mm. 10-cm LFH 18 (Leichte Feld Haubitze 18) Light Field Howitzer 18.286 pounds. Type B. 4.54 pounds. 4.) EMPLOYMENT: 10-cm LFH 16 (Leichte Feld Haubitze 16) Light Field Howitzer 16. LFH 18—6342. LFH 18 M—6342. 28. 2. 40 booster.875 pounds. 10-cm LFH 18 M (Leichte Feld Haubitze 18 Mundungsbremse) Light Field Howitzer 18 Muzzle Brake.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE . When projectile has been fired from LFH 16. width of rotating band. 10-cm LG 42 (Leuchtes Geschütz 42) Light Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops. Z. over-all length. rotating band is 0. red band above rotating band: 19.803 inches. 4. diameter of base. 4. diameter of base. 10-cm LG 40 (Leuchtes Geschütz 40) Light Recoilless Gun for Airborne Troops. weight of bursting charge. 23:76 inches. diameter of neck. LG 42—Plastic disk base with side primer (semifixed). 26. width of rotating band.59 inches in width. 39 HL/B 0. type of propellant. Figure 473—Hollow Charge Projectile. REMARKS: When used with LG 40. 1.650 inch.

lO-cm Gr.54 pounds. black. 18.) EMPLOYMENT: 10-cm Skoda Howitzer. LG 42—Plastic disk base with side primer (semifixed).12 inches. (See fig. black.57 inches. Z. 99/15. 17. AZ 24/31 RYC wz 18. 3. 105-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Not known. over-all length. FOR SKODA HOWITZER.59 inches in width. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze AZ 38. Z. 39 Rot HL/C CARTRIDGE CASE (Nomenclature unknown). detonator violet. And three types of the Nose Percussion Fuze 477 . Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: LG 40—Plastic disk base with side primer (semifixed). 0. Nose Percussion Fuze Model 18. rotating band is 0. weight of propellant. 24/31 Wz.937 inches. Dopp. On base of case is stamped year of manufacture. German designation. width of rotating band.5 inches. 28.—Hollow Charge Projecfile. over-all length w/q fuze. PROJECTILE. Z. H. (2) Short delay (K.12 inches.PROJECTILES 6. LFH 18—6342. Dopp. 4. German designation. l_ 407« *~j Figure 474. 0. A. MODEL 15. Z. unpainted: There are two types: I 15.375 inches. Z. PROJECTILE. (2) is used for screw-in type of primer (diameter of primer 1. distance from base to band. 475. 105-mm. TNT—type of bursting charge. TNT 19. 24/31 A wz. Time and Percussion Fuze Model 15.). E. LFH 18M—6342.62 pounds. 24/31 L. (3) Long delay (D. Nose Percussion Fuze Model 15. There are three types of the Nose Percussion Model 18: (1) Instantaneous (B. German designation. Typ« C. diameter of neck.62 pounds. type of propellant. C/12nA primer. D. diameter of shoulder.). 1.58 inch.55 inch.8" II 15. lot number.83 inch). Z. diameter of base. FUZES: Fuzes of French origin are used as follows: 1. There are two types of cartridge cases: (1) is used for a plug-in style of primer (diameter of primer 0.125 inches. Flaked Diglycol. 4. 2. When projectile has been fired from LFH 16. 28. 4. and caliber of piece. total weight. 4.55 inch. 0. German designation. 1.) tip painted green. REMARKS: When used with LG 40. Time and Percussion Fuze Model 18. there will be 32 engravings on the band.3 inches).

REMARKS: The position of the rotating band. Time and percussion fuze Model 17 is similar to 18. 105-mm Model 15: (1) Instantaneous (B. detonator violet. upper part of fuze painted white. Model 15.15 second). E. These projectiles have fallen into German hands in considerable quantities and are reported to be in use with the German Army. for Skoda Howitzer.). Time and percussion fuze Model 18 has a cap which is black with a green strip on its lower edge. 51 seconds. Z. PROJECTILES.05 second). Maximum time of delay.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 4A TIE /ART M|S~\ 'HAPR .1 p 1 34 \ 15. is the only distinction between these two projectiles.) EMPLOYMENT: 10-cm Skoda Howitzer. (See fig. E. H. upper part of fuze painted black. Projectile. upper part of fuze painted black. Maximum time of delay. 478 . it will be noted. MODELS 23 AND 28 FOR SKODA HOWITZER 105-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Not known.12" C Figure 475—H. 31 seconds. (2) Short delay (0. (3) Long delay (0. 476.

18. Z. 24/31 A wz. TNT—type of bursting charge.83 inch) . distance from base to band.PROJECTILES MOD. 0. Time and Percussion Fuze Model 18. Dopp. TNT 0.56 inches. width of rotating band. total weight. A. German designation. 479 . Yellow 18.3 inches). Pro/eefi/e. Unpainted—color of projectile. 3. E. 31. 28 *~-#\ ÄA-9-3| t-90-21 m fTtiMOD 23 ~-r ~fr~" S8. Models 23 and 28 for Skoda. over-all length.51 inch.56 1583 *+ Figure 476—H.59 inch. On base of case is stamped year of manufacture. 24/31 Wz. 2. German designation. 0. CARTRIDGE CASE: Nomenclature unknown. lot number and caliber of piece. (2) is used for screw-in type of primer (diameter of primer 1. Nose Percussion Fuze Model 18. 18. Z. 30. There are two types of cartridge cases: (1) is used for a plug-in style of primer (diameter of primer 0.21 pounds.6 pounds. A.74 inches. Nose Percussion Fuze Model 15. 2. German designation. Z. 99/15. 705-mm PROJECTILE: MODEL 23 MODEL 28 15. FUZES: Fuzes of French origin are used as follows: 1.83 inches.63 inch. 24/31 RYC wz.

Z. 2.628 inches. projectile will be found with 36 engravings on the rotating band.369 inches. upper part of fuze painted black. Two—number of rotating bands.05 second). 105-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Sprgr. diameter of neck. Projectile. E.) EMPLOYMENT: 10-cm Flak 38 (Flugabwehrkanone 38) Antiaircraft Gun 38. Patr. 51 seconds.. (3) Long delay (D. 17. 4. (Sprenggranate Patrone Ladung/ 4.). Maximum time of delay. PROJECTILE.4 Kz. Type L/4. H.2 pounds. 5. (2) Short delay (K.4 Kz. Diglycol. weight of bursting charge.669 inch. PROJECTILE.133 inches. D. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze A. 23/28 v. painted yellow: 14. are three types of the Nose Percussion Fuze Model 1$: (1) Instantaneous (B. 105-mm. 4. black.). E. weight of propellant. 46. 33. L/4. width of rotating bands. upper part of fuze painted black.480 inches. Maximum time of delay.. 10-cm Flak 39 (Flugabwehrkanone 39) Antiaircraft Gun 39. L/4. detonator violet. Time and Percussion Fuze Model 1$ German designation.).15 second). type of propellant. (See fig. 10. diameter of base. Time and percussion fuze Model 17 is similar to 18.450 inches. over-all length w/o fuze.Z. REMARKS: These projectiles have faulen into German hands in considerable quantities and are reported to be in use with the German Army. COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r fits either weapon. s/30. There. REMARKS: There are two cannelures below the rotating band on this projectile. 4. Dopp. (3) Long delay (0. 477.4 Kz. over-all length. Z. C/22 primer. Figure 477—H. total weight.204 inches. black. distance from base to rotating band. 31 seconds.4 KZ. Time and percussion fuze Model 18 has a cap which is black with a green stripe on its lower edge. Z. 24/31 L. detonator violet. TYPE L/4. (2) Short delay (0. over-all length.). 10-cm Sprgr. upper part of fuze painted white. 480 . diameter of shoulder.9 pounds. 0.4 Kopfzunder). diameter of base. And three types of the Nose Percussion Fuze Model 15: (1) Instantaneous (B. Pair.0 inches. TNT—type of bursting charge. Z. Z. Z. 3.17 inches. Ji 13 N95I84: CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6307 [fixed]): 30.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 4. tip painted green. When fired. or Mechanical time fuze Zt.3 pounds.

13 (Granate 19 Kopfzunder 13).669 inch. (Kanone Turren) Turret Gun. number of rotating bands. H. 18 (Schweres 10-cm Kanone 18) Heavy 10-cm Gun 18. painted green: 19. (r). Z.75 pounds (loaded and fuzed). TYPE 19.5 inches. width of rotating bands.5 pounds. 6356 (semifixed) lg. PROJECTILE FOR 122-MM GUN DOP ZS/fcös ■ nt ^ GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 12. 0. 19 Kz. No shoulder. over-all length 4. 32. total weight. T. 105-mm Gr. Color: O.464 inches. 10-cm K. weight of propellant. 5. 10-cm K 18 projectile will bear 36 engravings on rotating band. 33. E. type of bursting charge. C/12nA primer.) WEAPONS: Russian Gun: Russian Gun: 12. 23v (0. 3. type of propellant. Weight: 49. 10-cm K 18. 3. Type: H. diameter of base. weight of bursting charge. 13 H. over-all length w/fuze.41 inches. D. C/98 Np booster. Two. . REMARKS: When fired from s. 481 GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Gr. Type 19.12 inches. Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: 10-cm K. 479.09 inches. E. (See fig.PROJECTILES COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r is for s.W.85 pounds. Pro/ee»i/e. diameter of base. A. 12. F. TRACER: None. E. PROJECTILE. CHARGE: Number: 13A. MODEL K 390/1 (r) K 390/2 (r) 31 31/37 Figure 478—H. PROJECTILE. Weight: 7. Tubular Diglycol. 3. T. E. 105-MM PROJECTILE: Caliber: 122 mm.) EMPLOYMENT: s. distance from base to band.58 pounds. FUZE: Nose percussion fuze—A.17 inches. T. 10-cm K. over-all length. 478.582 inches. BOOSTER: wlf Np 10. (See fig. s/60. TNT.15) or Time and percussion fuze—Dopp.E.2-cm Sprgr.75 pounds. (lange 10-cm Kanone Turren) Long 10-cm Turret Gun. 10-cm K. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6349 [semifixed]) : 17. diameter of neck. T. Kind: Shell. 19 Ki. 10-cm K. 1 g.2 CM. Kind: Amatol 50/50.

2-cm Sprgr. E.8-CM PROJECTILE GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 12. total weight. Patr. E.—This projectile is of German manufacture for the Russian weapons listed above.5) (See fig. Pro/ecfi/e. NOTE 2.) EMPLOYMENT: 58. J2. Amatol 40/60 cast (7 pounds. (FEW) (r) FUZE: Nomenclature: A. L/4.—FEW on the body of the projectile indicates the presence of a bimetallic rotating band. over-all length. 100. 122-mm. 480.5 Sprenggranate Patrone Ladung/4. Z. Patr.D. 1/4. ROTATING BANDS Figure 480—H. 7y2 ounces. REMARKS: NOTE 1. PROJECTILE black) : SAINE FUZE (Painted yellow.8-cm Sprgr. 128-mm. 12.8-cm Sprgr.5 482 . Type: P.25 pounds. 23 (0.5 inches.Z. s/90 T &P.) FUZE BURSTER CHARGE BOOSTER ROTATING BAND BURSTER CHARGE Figwre 479—H. stenciled in Filling.15) Dopp. Projectile. E.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE H. 12.

Weight: 58*4 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Z. 5121. A. 72. ARMOR PIERCING CAP ARMOR PIERCING PROJECTILE FOR 128-MM A. D. A. Gun. GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 12. Gun. FES 483 . Kind: Ethylenediamine dinitrate/cyclonite/wax (46/18/36) pressed in blocks in waxed paper in aluminum container. GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 12. (See fig. Type: Armor piercing. Projectile for 128-mm A. KPS except for type and contour of rotating band. Kind: Projectile.—This projectile is identical to the 12. PROJECTILE CASE: Material—brass. weight of projectile filled and fuzed. BOOSTER: Part of charge.Z.6/2). Over-all length—37.8-cm Pzgr. 12. P. Gun. TRACER: No. 5121.8-cm Pzgr. Type: Armor-piercing. CHARGE: Number: 86. Figure 481—A. Weight: 58% pounds (loaded and fuzed). CHARGE: Number: 86. 4. Z. 482. 481. BOOSTER: Part of charge. Color: Black with red marking. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 128 mm. A.62 kg. FES. FUZE:Zt. Kind: Ethylenediamine dinitrate/cyclonite/wax (46/18/36) pressed in blocks wrapped in waxed paper in aluminum container. Kind: Projectile. Primer—A c/22 electric.) WEAPONS: German A. Propellent charge—9.8-cm Flak 40. Igniter—239 grams nitrocellulose composition. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. ARMOR PIERCING PROJECTILE FOR 128-MM A.8-cm Pzgr. B. REMARKS: NOTE 1. 12. Weight: 1% pounds.) BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BANDS BASE FUZE TRACER WEAPONS: German A. TRACER: No. S/80. D. 5 ounces. A. Dig RP-Kn (850-5. (See fig.75 inches.8-cm Flak 40. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. KPS. Color: Black with red markings. 4. Type: B.8 Pzgr.PROJECTILES 57 pounds. Weight: iy2 pounds. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 128 mm. A.

FES except for type and contour of rotating band. 484 . Type: Armor-piercing.8-cm Pzgr.—This projectile is identical to the 12.8-cm Pak. 72. self-propelled antitank ARMOR PIERCING PROJECTILE FOR 128-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 12.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE ARMOR PIERCING CAP BALLISTIC CAP BURSTER CHARGE BURSTER CHARGE ROTATiNG BANDS ROTATING BANDS BASE FUZE ASE FUZE TRACER TRACER Figure 482—A. 12. 43.8cm Pzgr. Weight: 62% pounds (loaded and fuzed). 72. \28-mm. 483. P. KPS Figure 483—A. WEAPONS: German Gun.) PROJECTILE: Caliber: 128 mm. Pzgr. 43 REMAEKS: NOTE 1. P. 44. 128-mm. Color: Black with red markings. Kind: Projectile.8-cm. Projectile. (See fig. Projecf/fe.8-cm Pzgr. CHARGE: Number: 86.

D. Gr.PROJECTILES — FUZE BOOSTER BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BAND Figure 484—H. Type:H. 1. Type: B. Kind: Ethylenediamine dinitrate/cyclonite/wax (46/18/36) pressed in blocks. 37 it) Weight: 1^4 pounds. (See fig. Gr 37 (t). H E. 4. BOOSTER: Part of shell charge. Z. in aluminum container. E. Models. Projectile for Czech ISO-mm Howitzer. F.E.) WEAPONS: Czech Medium Howitzer: s. wrapped in waxed paper. 485 . TRACER: 1 spufhulse Nr. 25 (t). 484. Z. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. 15-cm A. PROJECTILE FOR CZECH 150-MM HOWITZER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm A. 5121. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 150 mm. Kind: Shell. H.

Weight: 13. 42. REMARKS: NOTE 1. Kind: Amatol 50/50. FUZE: Nomenclature: AZ-1 Vo (0. TRACER: Yes.D. Gr. (See fig.8 pounds.15) or Dopp Zs/90 T. TEACEB: None. Jgr. PBOJECTILE: Caliber: 150 mm. Color: O. G. Kind: Shell. Kind: Pressed TNT. waxed paper.8 pounds (loaded and fuzed). CHARGE: Number: 95. E. wrapped. (2) P. FUZE: Nomenclature: (1) AZ-SKHZR (t) . 39 43 33. CHAEGE: Number: TP.—This projectile has soft iron rotating bands. 18.) WEAPONS: German Gun.42 486 . Weight: 13. E. (See fig. Type: P. J. 15-cm K. 486. D. Kind: Shell.3 pounds (loaded and fuzed). BOOSTER :fdeNp 10. Projectile. Weight: 55 pounds (loaded and fuzed). H. Weight: 94. 485. SOFT IRON ROTATING BANDS in Figure 485—H. (L/12). BOOSTER: Integral with fuze with bore safety device. TyPe:H. Gr. 15-cm K. Type: Hollow charge. CHAEGE: Number: 13A.D. PROJECTILE FOR 150-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm K. Color: O. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 150 mm.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Weight: 92.. Color: machined metal with red band around body. BOOSTEE:dmzNpl0. Weight: 8.5 pounds. D. and P. FUZE BOOSTER BURSTER CHARGE HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE FOR 150-MM HOWITZER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm. H. TRACER: None. 150-mm. German Heavy Infantry Howitzer: s. Kind: Cyclonite/TNT (60/40) pressed block.D. E. Type: (1) P.) WEAPONS: German Assault Howitzer: 15-cm Stu. HL/A.5 pounds. (2) AZSKHZE (t).

Color: O. Kind: Shell. German Gun: 15-cm. 487 . 75-cm Gr. Weight: 95.—Narrow rotating band.PROJECTILES FUZE BALLISTIC CAP PLASTIC GAINE F1LUNS BALLISTIC CAP BURSTER CHARGE CONE HIGH EXPLOSIVE CHARGE BOOSTER GAINE ^> ROTATING BANDS •BASE FUZE TRACER Figure 486—Hollow Charge Projectile for 150-mm Howitzer. K.5 pounds (loaded and fuzed). 15-cm Jgr. ANTICONCRETE PROJECTILE FOR 150-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Gr. 487. 79 Rot Be. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 150 mm. no upper cone. 39 HL/A Figure 487—Anticoncrete Projectile for Gun. (See fig. 39.) WEAPONS: German Gun: 15-cm. CHARGE: Number: 1. 150-mm FUZE: Nomenclature: KLAZ 40 Nb ans. REMARKS: NOTE 1. D. 18. K. Type: P. D. Type: Anticoncrete. 19 rot Be.

Gr. V. Gr. 488 . CHARGE: Number: TP. Type:B. E. 25 it) GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm. Type: H. C/98 c. PROJECTILE FOR 150-MM HOWITZER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm. Kind: Pressed TNT in cardboard container. TRACER. Type: T. Kind: TNT pressed in blocks in cardboard container. Z. Color: Machined metal with red markings. 488. H. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. 15-cm. 34(t). REMARKS: NOTE 1. F. F. Weight: 94 pounds (loaded and fuzed).: Number: TTR. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. Weight: 12 pounds.D. M. Type: H. (See fig. 489. Z. Weight: 82 pounds (loaded and fuzed). and P. FUZE: Nomenclature: Dopp.25 (t). H. Color: Machined metal with red markings. BOOSTER: Gr. 19 Be. Model 14/16.—Red band around body of projectile at the ogive indicates T. H. fuze. Model 25. M.) WEAPONS: Czech Heavy Field Howitzer: 15cm. s. 25 (t).—This projectile has a coating of sulphur on the interior surfaces.L. E. H. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 150 mm. REMARKS: NOTE 1. Z. E. ADAPTER :D. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. 14/16 (t). PROJECTILE FOR 150-MM HOWITZER BURSTER CHARGE FUZE SAINE ROTATING BAND Figure 488—H. Gr. CHARGE. 25 (t). TRACER: None. Kind: TNT pressed. Kind: Shell. Weight: 9 pounds. Projectile for 150-mm Howitzer.5 pounds. f. 15-cm Gr. TRACER: None. auxiliary booster tube in shell body. A. and P. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 150 mm.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Weight: 10. E.) WEAPONS: Czech Heavy Field Howitzer: s.M. E. (See fig. Zflg. Kind: Shell.

490. GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15.Gr.PROJECTILES FUZE GAINE BURSTER CHARGE BURSTER CHARGE GAiNE BASE FUZE 4 CARDBOARD WASHERS ROTATING SAND ROTATING BAND BASE PLUG Figure 489—H. 15-cmMin. Type: P. Projectile for 150-mm Howitzer. (See fig.34it) Figure 490—H.Z. F. Type: A. PROJECTILE FOR 150-MM HOWITZER PROJECTILE: Caliber: 150 mm. 15-cmA. 13/19 (t). Kind: Pressed tetryl.Gr. Projectile for 150-mm Howitzer. H. M.M. Weight: 10 pounds. Weight: 94 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Gr. Kind: Shell.) WEAPONS: Czech Heavy Field Howitzer: s. red and black markings.0-cm. Color: Polished metal. Model 14/16. H. E.).M. Min. 489 . E. D. Z. P. P. 14/16 (t). 13/19 it) FUZE: Nomenclature: CHZR (A. CHARGE: Number: TT.

BOOSTER: R. P. Projectile for 150-mm Howitzer. Min. 28 it) Figure 492—H. Type: Base fuze—instantaneous or short delay. S. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 150 mm. 15-cm.) WEAPONS: Czech Medium Field Howitzer: s. 15-cm Jgr. F. P. Kind: Shell. (See fig. M. M. PROJECTILE FOR 150-MM HOWITZER FUIE GAINS BURSTER CHARGE BURSTER CHARGE GAINE ROTATING BAND BASE FUZE ROTATING BAND BASE PLUG Figure 491—S. FUZE: Nomenclature: BEZZP.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE TKACER: None. Model 25. 15-cm Min.—This Czechoslovakian round is unusual in construction and is rarely used by the Germans. GERMAN "NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm. 28 (t). A. 491. 28 (t). REMARKS: NOTE 1.H. E. Projectile for 150-mm Assault Howitzer. A. Gr. Min. Gr. Gr. 38 FES 490 . 25 (t).

PROJECTILES

Type: S. A. P. Weight: 92.5 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Color: Machined metal with red markings. CHARGE: Number: TTR. Weight: 12.5 pounds. Kind: TNT (pressed). TRACER: None. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. Z 28 (t). Type: Base.
H. E. PROJECTILE FOR 150-MM ASSAULT HOWITZER

STEEL BODY —~4

GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm. Jgr. 38 FES. (See fig. 492.) WEAPONS: German Assault Howitzer: 15-cm. Stu. J. 43 (L/12). PROJECTILE: Caliber: 150 mm. Kind: Shell. Weight: 84 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Color: O. D. CHARGE: Number: 13A. Weight: 19 pounds. Kind: Amatol (50/50). TRACER: None. BOOSTER: Dmz Np 10. FUZE: Nomenclature: Jgr. Z. 23. Type: P.D. REMARKS: NOTE 1.—FES rotating band.
ARMOR PIERCING PROJECTILE FOR 150-MM HEAVY GUN

BURSTER CHARGE

FUZE

Figure 493—A. P. Projectile, ISO-mm, 15-cm Pz. Sprgr. L/37 m. Hbc.

GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Pz. Sprgr. L/37 m. Hbc. (See fig. 493.) WEAPONS: German Heavy CJun, 15-cm K18. PROJECTILES: Caliber: 150 mm. Kind: Projectile. Type: Armor-piercing. Weight: 99% pounds (loaded and fuzed). Color: Blue with black markings.

CHARGE: Number: Unknown. Weight: 2% pounds. Kind: Unknown. TRACER: None. DETONATOR: Integral with fuze. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. Z. C/38. Type: B. D. REMARKS: NOTE 1.—Of three original rotating bands, the forwardmost one has been machined off. 491

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE
FUZE

GAINE

BURSTER CHARGE

4.409 inches, distance from base to band. 0.866 inch, width of rotating band-sintered iron. 5.196 inches, diameter of base. 84.7 pounds, total weight. CARTRIDGE CASE: (German nomenclature 6350) : 10.255 inches, over-all length. 6.338 inches, diameter of mouth. No shoulder. 7.007 inches, diameter of base. C/12nA primer. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuzes: A. Z. 23 (0.8) umg; A. Z. 23 (0.2) umg; A. Z. 23 m. 2 V umg or Time and Percussion Fuzes: Dopp. Z. s/60 Fl. REMARKS: This round has not been recovered as yet. Information is from captured documents. After firing, rotating band will bear 40 engravings.

HOLLOW CHARGE PROJECTILE, TYPE 39, 150-MM
GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Gr. 19 HL (15-cm Granate 19 Hohl Ladung). (See fig. 495.) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm s. F. H. 18 (schweres Feld Haubitze 18) Heavy Field Howitzer 18. 15-cm s. F. H. 13 (schweres Feld Haubitze 13) Heavy Field Howitzer 13. PROJECTILE, painted green: 22.834 inches, over-all length. 5.905 inches, diameter of base. 54.076 pounds, total weight. Cyclonite/Wax. type of bursting charge. Tracer is fitted in base of projectile. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6350 [semifixed]) : 10.255 inches, over-all length. 6.388 inches, diameter of neck. No shoulder. 7.007 inches, diameter of base. C/12nA primer. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuze Kl. Az. 40 Nb. PACKAGING: One projectile in a wicker basket, 58.3 pounds. REMARKS: Cartridge case for s. F. H. 13-6303 (semifixed). Information is from captured documents. Projectile has not as yet been recovered. After firing from s. F. H. 18, rotating band will bear 40 engravings.

ROTATING BAND

Figure 494—H. E. Projectile, Type 36, 150-mm, 15-cmGr. 36 FES

H. E. PROJECTILE, TYPE 36, 150-MM
GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Gr. 36 FES (Granate 36 FES). (See fig. 494.) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm s. F. H. 18 (Schweres Feld Haubitze 18) Heavy Field Howitzer 18. COMPLETE ROUND: 28.916 inches, over-all length. PROJECTILE, painted green: 23.07 inches,, over-all length.

492

PROJECTILES

ANTICONCRETE PROJECTILE, 150-MM

NOMENCLATURE, GERMAN DESIGNATION: 15-cm Gr. 19 rot Be (Granate 19 rot Beton). (See fig. 496.) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm K. 18 (Kanone 18) Gun 18. 15-cm K. 39 (Kanone 39) Gun 39. 15-cm K. (e) (Kanone [Eisenbahn] Gun [Railway] ).

WOODEN BLOCK

3,25* FUZE

GAINE

5.842 DIA.

BALLISTIC CAP CARDBOARD CARTON""""'

CONE

BURSTER CHARGE 5.30

Figure 496—Antieonerete Projectile, 150-mm Tracer, 15-cm Gr. 19 Rot Be. BOOSTER

ROTATING BAND

TRACER

Figure 495—Hollow Charge Projectile, Type 39, 150-mm, 15-cm Gr. 19 HL/A

PROJECTILE (Red band above rotating bands): 23.25 inches, over-all length. 5.86 inches, diameter of bourrelet. 95.37 pounds, total weight. 7.12 pounds, weight of bursting charge. TNT, type of bursting charge. Tracer is fitted in base of fuze. CARTRIDGE CASE (for K. 18) (German nomenclature 6352 [semifixed]) : 32.07 inches, over-all length. No shoulder.

493

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE

■loUMA

%

14
I ■ M.
26.771"

\
\

36

5.825 OIA.

t)g 1.7.40R

r^^^--'-t^zSr-'m,.

LA J
Figure 497—H. E. Projectile, Type 19 with Gaine 36, 150-mm 15-cm Gr. 19 mit Idlq. 36

7.007 inches, diameter of base. Tubular Diglycol, type of propellant. 20.0 pounds, weight of propellant, small charge plus. 3.0 ounces, igniter powder. 39.0 pounds, weight of propellant, medium charge plus. 3.0 ounces, igniter powder. 43.0 pounds, weight of propellant, large charge plus. 3.0 ounces, igniter powder. C/12nA primer. FUZE: Base Detonating Fuze Bd. Z. f. 15-cm Gr. 19 Be. PACKAGING: One projectile in a wicker basket, 102 pounds. REMARKS: Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows:

K. 39—6318 (semifixed). K. (E)—6352 (semifixed).

H. E. PROJECTILE, TYPE 19 WITH GAINE 36, 150-MM
GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Gr. 19 mit Zdlg. 36 (Granate 19 mit Zundladund 36). (See fig. 497.) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm s. F. H. 18 (schweres Feld Haubitze 18) Heavy Field Howitzer 18. COMPLETE ROUND: 31.239 inches, over-all length w/AZ fuze. 33.799 inches, over-all length w/Dopp. Z. fuze. PROJECTILE, painted" green: 24.211 inches, over-all length w/AZ fuze. 26.771 inches, over-all length w/Dopp. Z. fuze. 3.22 inches, distance from base to band. 0.472 inch, width of rotating bands. Two, number of rotating bands.

494

PROJECTILES

mm m
14
SMOKE BOX

III
25.98*

3gp3Ä3 23.42'

Figure 498—H. E. Projectile of Cast Steel, ISO-mm, 15-cm Gr. 19Stg.

5.825 inches, diameter of bourrelet. 5.196 inches, diameter of base. 95.7 pounds, total weight. 11.22 pounds, weight of bursting charge. Poured TNT, type of bursting charge. Projectile has screwed-in base plate. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6350 [semifixed]) : 10.255 inches, over-all length. 6.338 inches, diameter of neck. No shoulder. 7.007 inches, diameter of base. Flaked Diglycol propellant. C/12nA primer. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuzes: A. Z. 23 (0.8) umg; A. Z. 23 m. 2 V umg or Time and Percussion Fuzes: Dopp. Z. s/60s; Dopp. A. s/60 lm.

PACKAGING: One projectile to a wicker basket, 100 pounds. REMARKS: After firing, projectile will bear 40 engravings on rotating band. H. E. PROJECTILE OF CAST STEEL, 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Gr. 19 Stg. (Granate 19 Stg.). (See fig. 498.) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm s. F. H. 18 (Schweres Feld Haubitze 18) Heavy Field Howitzer 18. 15-cm s. F. H. 13 (Schweres Feld Haubitze 13) Heavy Field Howitzer 13. 15-cm s. H. T. (Schweres Haubitze Turren) Heavy Turret Howitzer. COMPLETE ROUND (description of c/r is for s. F. H. 18) : 32.991 inches, over-all length w/Dopp. Z. fuze.

495

228 inches. 5. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6350 [semifixed]): 10.7.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 30.8) umg: A. PROJECTILE. 36 booster. Z. 11. A. 9. 25. 150-mm. 2V umg or fits I' HI 26. stenciled in black: 23. TNT (poured).68 pounds.472 inch. diameter of bourrelet. diameter of mouth.750 pounds. fuze. Z. 3. 95.IOR| Figure 499—Smoke Projectile. 496 .2) umg.984 inches. metal weight. 15-cmGr.338 inches. 19 Nb. diameter of base. Z. width of rotating bands. type of propellant. number of rotating bands.7 pounds. over-all length w/AZ fuze/. C/12nA primer. 0. Two. over-all length. 23 (0. type of filling plus smoke box below gaine. Type 79. distance from base to band. weight of case. No shoulder.196 inches.826 inches. Zdlg. Z.007 inches. 23m. 7. over-all length w/AZ fuse/.431 inches. 23 (0. diameter of base. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuzes: A. Flaked Diglycol. painted green.424 inches. 6. 5. over-all length w/Dopp. weight of bursting charge.77" III H IJg 1.255 inches.

150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Gr.255 inches. composition of rotating band. total weight. Gr. 85. s. 5.93 pounds. H.) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm s. diameter of base.21 pounds.007 inches. F. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6350 [semifixed]): 10. 13—6303 (semifixed). Dopp.PROJECTILES Time and Percussion Fuzes. 19 Nb. H. 5. (See fig. SMOKE PROJECTILE FOR HEAVY INFANTRY GUN. Gr. type of smoke mixture.196 inches.2 pounds. 18.771 inches. weight of smoke mixture. H. over-all length.22 inches. PACKAGING: One projectile in wicker basket. I. painted green. stenciled in white: 25. mixture.433 inch. 500. 23 Nb. diameter of base. type of smoke . H.—6357 (semifixed). (Granate 19*Nebel). Zdlg. total weight. "Nb" stenciled on body. diameter of base. 18 (Schweres Feld Haubitze) Heavy Field Howitzer 18. 13—6303 (semifixed). 3. type of bursting charge.472 inch. EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm s. stenciled in white: 26.338 inches. 84. 0. width of rotating band.) 497 .8 pounds. F. diameter of neck. 150-mm. F. 499. distance from base to band. over-all length w/fuze.905 inches. Dopp Z. diameter of bourrelet. s/60s. Bimetallic or sintered iron. Oleum impregnated in pumice. 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Jgr. 33. SMOKE PROJECTILE.825 inches. No shoulder. REMARKS: This projectile is made of cast steel. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuze A. F. 13 (Schweres Feld Haubitze 13) Heavy Field Howitzer 13. COMPLETE ROUND: Description of c/r is for s. T. SMOKE MIXTURE BURSTING CHARGE b Figure 500—Smoke Projectile for Heavy Infantry Gun. over-all length. 7. C/12nA primer. 38 Nb (Jaeger 38 Nb). type of bursting charge. TYPE 19. 1. painted green. 15-cm Jgr.778 inches. over-all length. Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: s. H. REMARKS: Cartridge case for s. Z. 6. Picric acid. H. 38 Nb. F. width of rotating band—Bimetallic. 0. Oleum impregnated in pumice.08 pounds. PROJECTILE.0 pounds. s/60 lm. C/98 Np booster. 33 (schweres Infanterie Geschütz 33) Heavy Infantry Gun 33. Z. C/98 Np booster. 14. Picric acid. G. weight of bursting charge. weight of bursting charge. (See fig. 90. 5. Zdlg.747 inches. "Nb" stenciled on body. PROJECTILE. 4. 15-cm s.

0 pounds. Az. diameter of bourrelet. 94. FUZE: Nose porcussion Fuze Kl. No shoulder. 33 (Schweres Infanterie Geschütz 33) Heary Infantry Gun 33. 6.102 inches.39—6318 (semifixed). PACKAGING: One projectile in a wicker basket. FUZE: Nose percussion Fuze A. CARTRIDGE CASE (for K18) (German nomenclature 6352 [semifixed]): 32. number of rotating bands. 150-mm. 7. 15-cm K. -Two.3 pounds.35 inches. (E) (Kanone [Eisenbahn] [Railway]).75 pounds. 90. igniter powder.0 ounces. over-all length. PROJECTILE. Z.0 ounces. K. 18 (Kanone 18) Gun 18. stenciled in black: 50.) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm K.5 inches. 23 Nb. TYPE 18. over-all length. Tubular Diglycol. C/12nA primer. H. 5. over-all length. 6. 15-cm K. 11. (See fig. (E)—6352 (semifixed). 43. 39. type of propellant. 18 498 . I.07 inches. diameter of mouth. 3.448 inches. E. Gr. PROJECTILE. No shoulder. s/90.0 pounds. G.653 inches. total weight. weight of propellant large charge plus. Gun FUZE AINE PROJECTILE: 27. Ig (Kanone Granate 18).0 ounces. 39 (Kanone 39) Gun 39.) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm s. BURSTER CHARGE REMARKS: Cartridge cases for other weapons as follows: K. 3. 102. igniter powder. Gr. 15-cm K. over-all length. painted field grey. igniter powder. 105. 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15 cm K. or Time and Percussion Fuze Dopp. (See fig.0 pounds. maximum diameter.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6303 [semifixed]) : 4. total weight. 150-MM ROTATING SANDS GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Stielgranat 42.2 pounds. weight of propellant medium charge plus. PACKAGING: One projectile in a wicker basket. Z. 3. 501. diameter of base. Projectile. Figure S01—H.5 inches.0 pounds. RODDED BOMB FOR HEAVY INFANTRY GUN 33. E. diameter of base.007 inches. Type 18. 23v. 502.86 inches. weight of propellant small charge plus. 20.

type of bursting charge.0 pounds. 36.102 inches. diameter of base. 12. C/12 nA primer. Z. this cup has a machined surface. 6. No shoulder. 40/60 Amatol.653 inches. weight of propellant.PROJECTILES NOSE FUZE GAtNE WELDS BOOSTER SECONDARY FINS Figure 502—Rodded Bomb for Heavy Infantry Gun 33. diameter of neck. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6303 [semifixed]) : 4. "13 A" stenciled on nose. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuze Wgr. over-all length. 6. 15-cm Stielgranat 42 60. weight of bursting charge. The stick unit has not been 499 .448 inches. REMARKS: It is presumed that a stick unit fits over cup at the base of the bomb. 750-mm.1 pounds.

COMPLETE ROUND: 24. distance from base to band. C/98 booster. F.711 inches. 503. over-all length. painted green: 21. AZ 23 (0. (See fig. over-all length. Nc shoulder. C/98 Np or Zdlg. w/Dopp Z.605 inches. C/12nA primer. This projectile is used against personnel and to clear minefields and wire obstacles. PROJECTILE. TYPE 19. PACKAGING: One projectile in wicker basket— 94. over-all length. over-all length.2) umg. 18 (Granate 18).1 pounds. AZ 23 m 2 V umg or Time and Percussion Fuzes: Dopp Z s/60s. w/AZ fuze. 13 (Schweres Feld Haubitze 13) Heavy Field Howitzer 13.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE recovered but is reported to weigh 48. F. E.59 inch. H. 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Gr. over-all length. 15-cm's. Zdlg. Projectile.778 inches. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature €303 [semifixed]) : 4. H. 18 (Schweres Feld Haubitze 18) Heavy Field Howitzer 18. over-all length. 19. G. diameter of base. w/AZ fuze.062 inches.653 inches. Fuze. 6.095 inch. Gr. w/o fuze. 15-cm Gr. H. F. w/fuze. FOR HEAVY FIELD HOWITZER. 0. PROJECTILE. (See fig. EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm s.) FUZE GAINE H.8) umg. diameter of base.842 inches. H. 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Gr. Dopp Z s/60 lm. over-all length. 19 (Granate 19). fuze. width of rotating bands. E. 15-cm s.211 inches. over-all length. T. 0. 26. diameter of neck. PROJECTILE TYPE 18. distance from base to band. ROTATING BAND Figure 503—H. 0.76 pounds. H. 5. 31. Type 18. w/Dopp. total weight. 13 (Schweres Feld Haubitze 13) Heavy Field Howitzer 13. E. (Schweres Haubitze Turren) Heavy Turret Howitzer. 18) : 33.102 inches.448 inches. COMPLETE ROUND (Description of c/r is for s.) BURSTER CHARGE EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm s. 18 500 . PROJECTILE (Painted green) : 24.905 inches. 150-mm. Z. F.472 inch. 6. width of bimetallic rotating band.218 inches. 504. 89. 3.4 pounds and leaves projectile 150 yards from muzzle of the gun.22 inches. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuzes: AZ 23 (0.

79 Two. over-all length. AZ 23 (0. diameter of base.7 pounds. s/60s.196 inches. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6350) (semifixed)) : 10. 5. Zdlg.825 inches. C/98 Np or Zdlg. AZ 23 m. 7. Z. Flaked Diglycol. s/60 lm. PACKAGING: One projectile in a wicker basket—100 pounds. 95. Type 79.338 inches. TNT in carboard container with smoke box at its base. Z.150-mm. 5.PROJECTILES -SMOKE BOX 91 Figure 504—H.8) umg.750 pounds. 23 (0.007 inches. 2V umg or Time and Percussion Fuzes: Dopp. 501 .255 inches. 4. 11. number of rotating bands. Gr. C/12nA primer. total weight. 9. Projectile. type of bursting charge. weight of case. weight of propellant. Z. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuzes: A.46 pounds. Dopp.2) umg. £.1 pounds. type of propellant. Projectile has a screwed-in base plate. weight of bursting charge. 15-cm Gr. diameter of neck. 6. No shoulder. diameter of base. C/98 booster.

type of propellant. Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: s. Z. 83. 38 (Jaeger 38).6 pounds.—6357 (semifixed). Figure SOS—H. TNT in cardboard container.89 inches. Hbgr. 150-mm. PROJECTILE FOR GUN 16. It is the same weight and employs the same propellant charges. PACKAGING: One projectile to a wicker basket—118. PROJECTILE: 29.54 inches.0 ounces. over-all length. width of rotating band—single. weight of propellant medium charge plus.0 pounds. 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Hbgr. 16 umg" using fuzes AZ.86 inches. 5.905 inches. 505. PROJECTILE FOR HEAVY INFANTRY GUN 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Jgr. over-all length. 506. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuze Hbgr. Bimetallic or soft iron. 16.747 inches. 0.0 pounds. Ballistic cap. s. 13-6303 (semifixed). type of bursting charge. 3. 17/23 or 17/23 umg or Time and Percussion Fuze Dopp. 6. 26.) 28. (See fig. composition of rotating band.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE REMARKS: There is also a projectile designated : "15-cm Gr. 16 (kanone 16) Gun 16. diameter of bourrelet. T. 19 mit Zdlg 35/2000" of approximately the same dimensions but with poured TNT filler.433 inch. Projectile for Gun J6. igniter powder. E. 5. It has "35/2000" stenciled on body. E. Z. 29.86 DiA. over-all length.8 pounds. igniter powder. weight of propellant large charge plus. H. weight of propellant small charge plus. Z. 3. f. diameter of base. igniter powder. or Dopp. E.) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm schweres Infanterie Geschütz 33 (Heavy Infantry Gun 33). EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm K. total weight. total weight. s/60 (ms). No shoulder. 3. 15-cm Hbgr. diameter of base. H. 6304 (semifixed)) : 28. H. REMARKS: There is also a round designated "15-cm Hbgr. 113. Tubular nitroglycerine and nitrocellulose with nitroguanadine. 16mK or 16 mF. PROJECTILE.59 inches. F. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature. 16 (Haubitzergranate 16). 5.0 pounds.929 inches.0 ounces. diameter of base. Unstreamlined base. (See fig.54 I 5. H. 76 502 .0 pounds.0 ounces. painted green: 25.

7' Spl. there will be 44 engravings on its rotating band. E. Projectile. L 4/5 Bd. There is also a round designated "15-cm Jgr. Projectile for Heavy Infantry Gun. Figure 506—H. 15-cm Sprgr. weight of bursting charge. REMARKS: When this projectlie has been fired. C/12nA primer. m. E. PROJECTILE. 4 4 OK 26. TNT plus Smoke Box. 23 (0. Flaked Diglycol. 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Sprgr SMOKE BOX BLACK BURSTING CHARGE W41' blu. No shoulder.448 inches. Haube 503 .102 inches. Figure 507—H. diameter of mouth. TYPE L 4/5 WITH BASE FUZE AND BALLISTIC CAP.26 pounds. 33" which is similar except that the projectile has a screwed-in base plate. 36 booster. type of bursting charge. Zdlg.4). over-all length. Z.a ♦ &' BED. 15-cm Jgr.PROJECTILES I FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuze s. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6303 [semifixed]) : 4. diameter of base. 6. Jgr. 5111.2 pounds. PACKAGING: One projectile to a wicker basket. 150-mm. 6. Z. E.653 inches. Type L 4/5. 38 18. 150-mm. 1. weight of propellant. type of propellant. H.

total weight. S.71%.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE L 4/5 Bd. P." Ballistic cap. diameter of bourrelet. Two. Haube (Sprenggranate Ladung 4/5 Boden Zunder mit Haube). A. 13Ed. "303 W41 blu. Nitroglycerine—26. black arrow on cap.866 inches.67 inches. Unstreamlined base. stenciled in black: 26. 6. painted yellow. Stenciled markins. number of rotating bands. PROJECTILE FOR GUN 39. 7. over-all length. Z. Sodium Nitrate—0.0 pounds. (See fig. Volatile' Matter—1. PROJECTILE: 23. with one lead band behind them.283 inches. 100.7 inches. ins.) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm K.56%. (kanone ins Morser Lafette) Gun in Mortar Mounting.0 pounds. PROJECTILE (black tip) : 23. total weight. P.542 inches. over-all length. Graphite—0. 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Hpzgr.150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Pzgr. A. 39 (Kanone 39) Gun 39.76 %. 7. A.90 %. Figure 508—S. No shoulder. m. over-all length. C/38.) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm K. Z. over-all length. REMARKS: Information is from captured documents.9 prg. 5. (See fig. Tubular in form and composed as follows: Nitrocellulose—64. total weight. a+b. FUZE: Base detonating type. 99.28 inches. PROJECTILE FOR GUN 39. diameter of base.866 inches. with black tip. diameter of base. over-all length. 509. Laf. 44. 507. Mrs. (See fig. Screwed-in plug in ballistic cap. diameter of base. PROJECTILE.102 inches.20%. C/12nA primer.66 inches. CARTRIDGE CASE (not known) : RPC/32 propellant. (Halbpanzergranate).87 %. FUZE: Base detonating Fuze Bd. diameter of base. 99.40 fl. 4. Spl. 150-mm. Projectile for Gun 39.) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm K. P. 504 . (Panzergranate).0 pounds. 5111. Ethyl Centralite—5. 5. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6318 (semifixed)) : 20. C/12nA primer.53 inches. 15-cm Hpzgr.39 (Kanone 39) Gun 39. 508. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6318) (semifixed) : 20.

88 inches. 15-cm Pzgr.54* 5. Projectile. 15-cm Sprgr. 150-mm. C/12nA primer. Tubular Diglycol. 31. 26. 23. Type L/4.86 inches. over-all length.6 (Kopfzunder). FUZE: Base detonating type. 1/4.6 {Kopfzunder) 505 . 39 (Kanone 39) Gun 39. 5.PROJECTILES 99. L/4. Projectile for Gun 39. diameter of base. 150-mm. over-all length. Unstreamlined base. H.88" i^P|§§l-^°' Figure 509—A.9 pounds. PROJECTILE: 26.28 inches.6 WITH NOSE FUZE.67 inches. 510. (See fig. No shoulder. PROJECTILE TYPE L/4. P.6. 7.86* DIA.) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm K. type of propellant. weight of propellant. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 3318 (semifixed) : 20. Figore 510—H. 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Sprge. total weight. diameter of bourrelet. REMARKS: Information is from captured documents.0 pounds. E. E.

SMOKE PROJECTILE. diameter of bourrelet. 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Gr. 15-cm Gr. (See fig.825 inches.) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm s. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuze E. "38 Nb" stenciled on body. TNT. i BURSTING CHARGE III R. 511. 38 Nb.12). distance from base to band. H. Kz. Z. 5. over-all length w/f uze. m. 38 Nb (Granate 38 Nebel). COMPLETE ROUND: 31. (0. s/60.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE / SMOKE MIXTURE IDqS/WOK' .751 inches.150-mm.732 inches. 5. REMARKS: Information is from captured documents. Type 38. Two. F. or Time and Percussion Fuze Dopp.472 inch. Oleum impregnated in pumice.7. width of rotating bands. number of rotating bands. 3. TYPE 38. 506 . C/98 Np booster.6. type of smoke mixture. stenciled in white) : 24. over-all length. 18 (Schweres Feld Haubitze 18) Heavy Field Howitzer 18. V.22 inches.4|5H ffS'S*. Gr. 0. Zdlg. PROJECTILE (painted green. type of bursting charge. Figure 511—Smoke Projectile.40'3q4.196 inches diameter of base.

F.255 inches. over-all length. No shoulder. H. F.472 inch. 19 Be.215 inches. Type 79. 507 . Heavy Turret Howitzer. 512. 0.H.PROJECTILES Figure 512—Anticoncrete Projectile. AS 40 Nb PACKAGING: One projectile in wicker basket. C/12nA primer. over-all length. T. 7. 19 Be (Granate 19 Beton).) EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm s. 15-cm s. 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm Gr. lSO-mm. (Schweres Haubitze Turren). distance from base to band.007 inches. (See fig. 6. 15-cm s. number of rotating bands. TYPE 19. 18 (Schweres Feld Haubitze 18). F. 18) : 30. 13 (Schweres Feld Haubitze 13). FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuze Kl. width of rotating bands—bimetallic. COMPLETE ROUND (description of c/r is for s. 15-cm Gr. ANTICONCRETE PROJECTILE. diameter of base. H.228 inches. Two.338 inches. 3. diameter of mouth. Heavy field Howitzer 18. Heavy Field Howitzer 13. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6350 (semifixed) : 10. H.

Ballistic cap is welded to shell. 7. C/98 Np booster. Gr. diameter of bourrelet. 6.338 inches. diameter of base.825 inches.Hr 3! 3 St 5114! Bldb Z6 LEAD RING Figure 513—A. diameter of mouth. TNT. zwrl a) Spl b/ : l EXTERIOR PAINTED YELLOW 8 STENCILLED IN BLACK | l.255 inches. From base to nose: TNT.007 inches. TNT/Wax 90/10. 7. Four blocks in cardboard carton cemented to internal walls of projectile. ISO-mm for Unknown Weapon 508 . FUZE: Base Detonating Fuze Bd. 19 Be. C. F. 15-cm Gr. No shoulder. Projectile has sere wed-in base plate. Zdlg. Z. 5.196 inches. C/12nA primer. over-all length.1 pounds. 95.7 pounds. TNT/Wax 95/5. CAETEIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6350 [semifixed]): 10. diameter of base. PAINTED BLACK BLACK ARROW 248 1 Se 4 J..GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 5. total weight. weight of bursting charge. type of bursting charge. Projectile. P.

47 pounds. (See fig.) EMPLOYMENT: Not known but believed to be for naval use.PROJECTILES PACKAGING: One projectile in a wicker basket. FUZE: Not known. F. 13—6303 (semifixed).) EMPLOYMENT: s. (See fig. s. P. Heavy Field Howitzer 18. ROCKET ASSISTED PROJECTILE. 18 (schweres Feld Haubitze 18). HAND GRIP CHARGING CUP CONTACT POINT Figure 514—Rocfref Assisted Projectile. 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15-cm R. CARTRIDGE CASE: Not known. 513. PROJECTILE FOR UNKNOWN WEAPON. REMARKS: Cartridge cases for other weapons are as follows: s. over-all length (approximately). 514. H. black arrow pointed down towards base. C. F. REMARKS: Information is from captured documents. Granate 19. total weight. 98. T. H. 150-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Not known. 15-cm ft. H. black stenciling) : 24. 100 pounds.—6357 (semifixed). Granate 79 509 .8 inches. A. PROJECTILE (painted yellow with black tip.

) WEAPONS: Russian Gun Howitzer: 15. 433/1 (r) Model 17. 436 (r) 510 . Two types were designed. Color: O.25 pounds. graze operated. "R" stenciled in red on charge bag. A. On the first the base plate is held in position with magnesia luting. diameter of base. 433/2 (r) Model 10/34. total weight. Tubular Diglycol. H. of Russian Origin. diameter of mouth.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE PROJECTILE: 99. FUZE: Nomenclature: German: (1) A. with blue band near bourrelet. 433/1 (r).2-cm Sprgr.2-cm K. instantaneous: El. Color: Dark O. Weight: 101 pounds (loaded and fuzed). 15. Russian: (1) PM N 65 60 39 (r). CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6350 [semifixed]): 10. Z. Kind: Tetryl.D. Z. weight of propellant.64 pounds. E. 360 (r). Type: H. 516. type of propellant.5 pounds (loaded and fuzed). E. H.338 inches. Model 10/34. D.007 inches.2-cm Sprgr 436 (r).2-cm Sprgr F. 15. Kind: Shell. Type: (1) P. over-all length. H. Type: H. PROJECTILE FOR 152-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15. Weight 96. REMARKS: This is an experimental projectile. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. It is thrown clear when the gun fires. E. CHARGE: Number: 13A. (See fig.2-cm K.) WEAPONS: Russian Gun Howitzer: 15. E. D.2-cm K. Weight: 14. m. PROJECTILE FOR 152-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15. In the new pattern the jets are closed by small individual plugs which fall out when the gun fires.2-cm K. No specimens have been recovered as yet. 152-mm.5 pounds. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 152 mm. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 152 mm. Base Fuze R (transition fuze). H. R. Projectile. 515. C/12nA primer. 7. 13. 6. E. Model 37. 15. Kind: Shell. H. W. FUZE GAINE ADAPTER BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BAND Figure 515—H. E. (See fig. H. FUZE: Electric Nose Percussion Fuze. CHARGE: Number: T. 433/2 (r).23 inches. No shoulder.

Type: P. Kind: Shell. E. 752-mm. W. S.2-cm K.) PROJECTILE FOR 152-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15. (See fig. Kind: Amatol 50/50. 511 .2-cm Sprgr. TRACER: None. 15. D. E. 434 Be. BOOSTER: cwg Np 10. REMARKS: NOTE 1. F. Projectile. 433/1 (r).2-cm K. FUZE: Nomenclature: A.2-cm Gr.—This projectile is of German manufacture for the weapons listed above. 322/2 (r). I5.) WEAPONS: Russian Gun Howitzer: 15. Figure 517—Anticoncrete (H.2-cm Gr. Model 10/34. 23 (0/15) Pr. 152-mm. E. Model 37. 15.) Projectile. 434 Be (r). (r) ANTICONCRETE (H. Weight: 9 pounds. H. H. E. 517.PROJECTILES FUZE GAINE BURSTER CHARGE BURSTER CHARGE „GA1NE ROTÄTiNG BANC ROTATING BAND THREADS FOR BASE FUZE Figure 516—H. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 152-mm.

E. T. 418 (f). Model G. F.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Type: Anticoncrete (high explosive). 519. Weight: 11% pounds. 422 If) 512 . 422(f). PROJECTILE: Caliber: 155 mm. (See fig.Model 1916 St.5-cm K.L.5-cm K. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze.) WEAPONS: French Gun: 15. 420 (f). Weight: 99.1916St. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze.7 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Projectile for 155-mm French Gun. Weight: 87. TRACER: None. Model G. Z. BOOSTER: Separate type but unknown. 15.—T. Kind: Unknown. D. NOSE PLUG FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. or with blue stripe around ogive. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 155 mm. ogive black. Number: T. CHARGE: None. 493 (r) russ K. TRACER: None. F. E. 420 (f).5-cm K.D.5-cm 427(f). P.8 pounds. ADAPTER: PEK 10 18.5-cm. FUZE: Nomenclature: Unknown. D. without red stripes. Kind: Amatol 50/50. Type: H. Figure 518—H. 15.5-cm Gr.) Gr GAtNE BURSTING CHARGE ROTATING BANDS WEAPONS: French Heavy Gun: i5.. Color: O. 518. Type: Smoke. Color: Shell may be unpainted and greased. H. CH. PROJECTILE FOR 155-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15. P.CH. CHARGE: Number: 13A. 15. or painted gray with two red stripes around shell body.5-cm Stg.8 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Weight: 12 pounds. £. SMOKE PROJECTILE FOR 155-MM FRENCH GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15. CHARGE: Number: Unknown. Weight: 97% pounds (loaded and fuzed). Kind: Shell. Kind: Shell. 419 (f).Mle. Type: B. Weight: 10. (See fig. Color: Base to bourrelet olive green. Kind: TNT. Gr.

Weight: 96. 520.5-cm Gr. 155-mm.2 pounds (loaded and fuzed).) WEAPONS: French Heavy Field Howitzer: 15. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 155 mm. FUZE ADAPTER . 15.5-cm s. F. Kind: Melinite. (See fig.PROJECTILES H. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze.5-cm s. 417 (f). 427 if) Figure 520—H. Type: H.5-cm Gr. Polish Heavy Field Howitzer: 15. FUZE ADAPTER Kind: Shell. 414 (f).8 pounds.CMlel9l7S.GAINE 6AINE BURSTER OHARSE BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BAND ROTATING BAND Figure 519—Smoke Projectile for 155-mm French Gun. Color: Black body with yellow ogive. CHARGE: Number: M. Weight: 10. TRACER: None. 15. PROJECTILE FOR 155-MM HOWITZER GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15. H.5-cm Gr. 417(f) 513 . Projectile. H. F. E. E. E. 17 (p) Model 17.

PROJECTILE FOR 155-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15. Z. 423 (f). D. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. (1) (2) (3) (4) (4) FUZE ADAPTER . E. Projectile. E. (See fig.8 pounds (loaded and fuzed).) WEAPONS: French Heavy Field Howitzer: 15. Z. Z. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 155 mm.) WEAPONS: French Gun: K420 (f).3 pounds. and P. E. Type: H. Weight: 94. Z. 240 (f) 24/21 99-15 SE A. Z. 240 (f) 24/31 99-16 SR (5) A. ROTATING BAND Figure 521—H. Type:H. CHARGE: Number: MF. 521.GPF—T. 155-mm.BURSTER CHARGE (1) A.5Langgr. Kind: Shell.5-cm Langgr 415(f). 522. F H 414 (f).Z. TRACES: None. K418 (f). E. 259 (f) 24/31 RY 17 SR Dopp. 239 (f) 24/31 99-15 LR (7) A.Z. Color: Yellow. Z. Dopp. 259 (f) 24/31 RY 17 SR (8) Dopp. Z. (3) P. Model C/Mc 1917 S. D. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 155 mm. Weight: 82 pounds empty (loaded and fuzed). Model 17. FUZE: NOMENCLATURE GERMAN FRENCH A.5-cm s F H 17 (p). Polish Heavy Field Howitzer: 15. H. 241 (f) 24/31 99-15 CR (6) A. (2) P. Kind: Shell. D. Kind: Cast Melinite. 251 (f) 24/31 RYG 18 J A. PROJECTILE FOR 155-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15. 251 (f) 24/31 RYG 18 J (2) A. D (7) P.D. 255 (f) 24/31 RYG 18 LR (4) A. D. E.5-cm s. D. Color: O. D (3) P. (2) P. Z. (8) T. D. 445 (f) 24/31 LD 17 Type: (1) P. CH. D. Z. 445 24/31 ID 17 (f) Type: (1) P.L1916St.GPF. 15. (4) P.5-cm Stg. Z.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE FUZE: NOMENCLATURE GEBMAN FRENCH H. 253 (f) 24/31 RYG 18 CR (3) A. K419 (f). (See fig. Z. (6) P. D. Weight: 23. 415 if) 514 . (5) P.

421 (f). Ch. Gr.5-cm Gr.) WEAPONS: French Gun: 15. PROJECTILE FOR 155-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 15. 421 if) NOTE 2. but in all instances empty of explosives. E. FUZE: Nomenclature: same as 15. (See fig. REMARKS: NOTE 1. 523. 155-mm. 423 (f). 423 if) Figure 523—H. Model L 1916 St. 15.5-cm Gr.PROJECTILES FUZE ADAPTER GAINE BALLISTIC CAP THREADS FOR FUZE BURSTER CHARGE BURSTING CHARGE ROTATING BANDS ROTATING BAND Figure 522—H. E. E. TRACER: None: BOOSTER: Booster integral with fuze. 15. Projectile 155-mm.—This projectile has been found in large quantities in German Dumps. Gr.—This projectile is of German manufacture for the above-mentioned weapons and differs from the French in that it has only one rotating band which is bimetallic. frz 18 FATO.5-cm Stg.5-cm Stg. 515 . Projectile. H.5-cm K 420 (f).

8. 38 (Hb) (Kanone Granate 38 [Haube]). 6.984 inches.37 pounds. Weight: 95. Type 38. 35 K. 1. C/12nA primer. distance from base to band.0 pounds. Kind: Shell.967 inches. 15. Mrs. Figure 524—H. (Kanone ins Morser Lafette) Gun in Mortar Mounting. weight of bursting charge. Z. E. 36 booster.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE PROJECTILES: Caliber: 155 mm.3 pounds. 5. E. No shoulder. type of bursting charge. 524. 138. Type: H. 170-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 17-cm K. 145. composition of rotating bands. Zdlg. over-all length w/o fuze. Two. diameter of base.023 inches. Gr. 7. CHAEGE: Number: 13 A. H. 38 (Hb) 516 . REMARKS: Fuze is under ballistic cap. diameter at mouth. TNT in cardboard container cemented in projectile. diameter of bourrelet. PACKAGING: One projectile to wicker basket. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuze Hbgr.5 inches. total weight.2 pounds. width of rotating bands. Laf. Color: O.921 inches. i. or Time and Percussion Fuze Dopp. Tubular Diglycol. PROJECTILE. TYPE 38. Bimetallic. CARTRIDGE CASE 6324 [semifixed]) : (German nomenclature 28. Smoke box present. After firing. Z.5 inches.622 inches. (See fig. s/90s. 170-mm 17-cm K.3 pounds (loaded and fuzed). painted green: BALLISTIC CAP FUZE HAMMER FUZE GAINE 30. over-all length. Kind: Amatol 50/50. 4.) EMPLOYMENT: 17-cm K. COMPLETE ROUND: 54. Weight: 15. Projectile has streamlined base.56 inches. Gr. PROJECTILE. WITH BALLISTIC CAP. number of rotating bands. over-all length. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. E. type of propellant. Projectile. rotating band will bear 48 engravings.983 inches. diameter at base. D.

Bimetallic—composition of rotating bands. Kind: Shell.5 inches. 36 booster.4-cm K. 170-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 17-cm K.Gr.) PROJECTILE: Caliber: 194 mm. TNT in cardboard container cemented in projectile. PACKAGING: One projectile to a wicker basket. E.023 inches.172 inches. Gun in Mortar Mounting. s/90K. Mrs. 525. 170-mm 17-cm K. diameter at base. Projectile. PROJECTILE FOR 194-MM FRENCH RAILWAY GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 19. No shoulder. EMPLOYMENT: 17-cm K. (German nomenclature FUZE GAINE BURSTER CHARGE „ROTATING BANDS REMARKS: Projectile has streamlined base. Adapter in base for tracer. Weight: 182 pounds (loaded and fuzed). 64 pounds. over-all length. (E) 486 (f) Mle 1870-1893. type of bursting charge. E. Gr.35 inches. diameter of base. ^L-J-JC . 39 517 . yellow ogive.4-cm Gr. over-all length w/o fuze. 150. Type 39.771 inches. Tracer present in base. C/12nA primer. Type: H. Zdlg. 3.5 inches.TRACER Figure 525—H. 5. distance from base to band. PROJECTILE.562 inches. Z.8 pounds. E. 35 K or Time and Percussion Fuze Dopp. 1. Two—number of rotating bands. 6. i. PROJECTILE. width of rotating bands. E. CARTRIDGE CASE 6324 [semifixed"]) : 29. H. Color: Black body. total weight.0 pounds.) Stg. weight of propellant. 8.PROJECTILES H. Laf. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuze A. diameter of bourrelet. Z.984 inches. Tubular Diglycol. 486(f). diameter at mouth. type of propellant. painted green: 29. 39 (Kanone Granate 39). WEAPONS: French Railway Gun: 19. (Kanone ins Morser Lafette) Gun. 156. (See fig. 526. 7. (See fig. TYPE 39.

503-russ. Gr FUZE ADAPTER BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BAND BURSTER CHARGE' Figure 526—H. 503/2 Be.4-cm Stg. 19. (See fig. 518 Figure 527—Anticoncrete Projectile for 203-mm Howitzer. Kind: Melinite with dinitronapthaline added. 486 If) ROTATING BAND CHARGE: Number: MDN. Gr. FUZE: Nomenclature: Unknown.3-cm Haubitze.) AlNE WEAPONS: Russian Heavy Howitzers: 20. 527. E.3-cm Gr.3 cm Haubitze. 31. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. TRACER: None. (r) -BASE 6A!NE FUZE . 20. 20. Projectile for 194-mm French Railway Gun. 503/2 i-uss.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE ANTICONCRETE PROJECTILE FOR 203-MM HOWITZER GEEMAN NOMENCLATURE: 20. Weight: 22 pounds. 31.3-cm 503/2 Be (r).

20.PROJECTILES TIME FUZE DETONATOR BLACK POWDER EJECTION CHARGE -EJECTION PLATE CANDLE FLARE UNIT SUSPENSION RING- PARACHUTE ROTATING BANDS BASE PLUG* SHEAR PIN Figure 528—Flare Projectile for 203-mm Railway Gun.3-cm Leuchfgr 247235 O—53 12 519 .

D. 529. REMARKS: NOTE 1. Z. Type: Time. REMARKS: NOTE 1. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 203 mm. NOTE 2. Color: Green. and white band around middle bourrelet. Kind: Shell. Kind: Shell. Unknown. Z. TRACER: None. K. Figure 5291—S. A. with red band above upper bourrelet. BOOSTER: Integral with fuze. with blue band below bourrelet (unpainted). TRACER: None. 493 (r). FUZE: Nomenclature. Type: Flare. m/Hb.) WEAPONS: German Railway Gun: 20-cm.3-cm Sprgr. CHARGE (expelling) : Number: Weight: V2 pound.—Weight of flare and parachute ass'y. (See fig. L/4. m/Hb 520 . (E).3-cm Sprgr. Kind: TNT. Color: O. but undoubtedly a At. CHARGE: Number: T. 528.—Shell is somewhat unique in having an additional bourrelet machined near middle of shell body. D. black band below nose. L/47 Bd.—Second bourrelet forward of rotating band. P. Kind: Black powder. Weight: 22614 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Type: Anticoncrete.7 Bd. (time) of some type. Weight: 33 pounds.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE PROJECTILE: Caliber: 203 mm.) BALLISTIC CAP WEAPONS: German Railway Gun: 20-cm K. is 47 pounds. Type: B.Z. Projectile for 203-mm Railway Gun.3-cm Leuchtgr. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. (See fig. Z. FLARE PROJECTILE FOR 203-MM RAILWAY GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 20. BOOSTER: None. •ARMOR PIERCING CAP BURSTER CHARGE -GAINE ROTATING BANDS BASE BASE PLUG FUZE SEMI-ARMOR-PIERCING PROJECTILE FOR 203-MM GERMAN RAILWAY GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 20. (E). Weight: 220 pounds (loaded and fuzed). 20.

Kz. Three. E. (3) M. E. Figure 530—H. A. 20. (E). D.—This projectile has a magnesium-aluminum alloy ballistic cap. Dopp. C/38. D.) WEAPONS: German Railroad Gun: 20-cm K.7 Kz. BOOSTER: 4 separate boosters: 1-Zdlg. 28 K.3-em Sprgr. Weight: 270 pounds (loaded and fuzed). B. Weight: ll1^ pounds. . Z. Weight: 268. (Eisenbahn)). CHARGE: Number: 1. GAiMt BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BANDS TRACER H E. Color: Dark O. FUZE: Nomenclature: (1) Kz. Mb) 521 . (2) Kz. type of bursting charge. L/14 Ki. FUZE: Nomenclature: Bd. over-all length. Type: B.A.5 pounds (loaded and fuzed). 203-mm. D. (m. Unstreamlined base. weight of bursting charge. 28 K. 26. C/27 Im (3) M. L/4. number of rotating bands. A. -BALLISTIC GAP FUZt HAMMER -FUZE H.519 inches. TNT in cardboard container. E. L/14. (Hb). Zdlg.84 pounds. (2) Kz. P. D. Projectile. (e) (Kanone PROJECTILE: 37. 531. C/27St. BOOSTER: Zdlg. CHARGE: Number: 1. TRACER: None.7 WITH NOSE FUZE AND BALLISTIC CAP. Ballistic cap. Z. 530. Haube) (Spreggrante Ladung Kopfzunder [mit Haube]). (See fig. Type: H. Z. Dopp.3-cm Sprgr. 203-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 20. Kind: TNT pressed in blocks in cardboard container packed with magnesium putty. Gun (Railway). 3L. Kind: Shell. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 203 mm. Type: S. Type: (1) P. C/27 Im. which provides a spotting flash upon impact. TYPE L/4.3-cm Sprgr. Weight: 22% pounds. (See fig.PROJECTILES PROJECTILE: Caliber: 203 mm. PROJECTILE FOR 203-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 20. Kind: Shell. TRACER: None. Color: Dark O. REMARKS: NOTE 1.) EMPLOYMENT: 20-cm Kan. PROJECTILE. Kind: TNT pressed in blocks in cardboard container.

L/4. L/4.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE FUZE ROTATING BANDS Figure 531—H. Z. 203-mm. Projectile." which is identical except that this type is also fitted with base fuze Bd. PACKAGING: One projectile in wicker basket. m. ANTICONCRETE PROJECTILE. 18 Be.3-cm Aprgr.. (See fig. REMARKS: There is also a round designated: ^'20. Z.7m Bd.3-cm Sprgr. 18 (Mörser 18). 522 . 20.6 pounds. type of propellant. FUZE: Nose Percussion Fuze Kz. C/38. Haube) CARTRIDGE CASE C/34): (German nomenclature 61. E. im. 532.7 Kz.) EMPLOYMENT: 21-cm Mrs. or Ms. C/12nA primer. 286 pounds. (Granate 18 Beton). C/27 Lm. TYPE 18. PRC/32. Haube. weight of propellant. St. 210-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 21-cm Gr.

8. weight of bursting charge.£. f.PROJECTILES BALLISTIC CAP TNT 36. distance from base to band. 18 (lange Morser 18). type of propellant. CARTRIDGE CASE (German nomenclature 6351 (semifixed)) : 16. 7. painted green: 36. 21-cm Mrs. REMARKS: Projectile has streamline base.6 pounds. 9.75 inches. 0. Type 78. PROJECTILE.0 pounds. C/98 booster (picric acid).0 pounds.75 i fc She 23§4I. Diglycol. 31. 4. 523 . number of rotating bands. C/12nA primer..125 inches. 270-mm. No shoulder. PACKAGING: One to a wicker basket. 27-cm Gr. Two.534 inches. weight of propellant.480 inches. diameter of neck. Zdlg.50 inches. diameter of base. BASE FUZE Figure 532—Anticoncrete Projectile. TNT. 21-cm. FUZE: Base Detonating Fuze Bd. over-all length. 268. over-all length. width of rotating bands. Z.590 inch. diameter of base. 78 Be. 25. Mortar 18 lg. type of bursting charge. ballistic cap. total weight. Long Mortar 18.606 inches.

im. Bd. weight of propellant. Kanone (Eisenbahn) Theodor Bruno Gun (Railway).S. E. K.GAINE BASE BASE FUZE PLUG BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BANDS . 2. Shell tor 240-mm Gun. E. diameter of base. 24-cm Sprgr. ROTATING BAND BASE FUZE Figure 534—H.) EMPLOYMENT: 24-cm Th. Haube).TRACER Figure 533—H.5 mit Boden Zumder (mit Haube).2 pounds. (m.5 WITH BASE FUZE AND BALLISTIC CAP. Bd. Number of rotating bands.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE PROJECTILE: 42. (E)): 68.448 inches. Type L/4. type of bursting charge. 9. TNT in cardboard container. Projectile. Br. (E) Theodor Bruno. 524 . 240-mm. E. 332.5 m. Th. Haube) H. 24-cm Sprgr. BALLISTIC CAP CARTRIDGE CASE (German Nomenclature— KarthS.5-m. (See fig. Spreggranate Ladung/4. Itb. 1. Z. Br.0 pounds. 533. over-all length.2 m.175 inches. total weight. 240-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 24-cm Sprgr. L/4. 1/4. K. BALLISTIC CAP HAMMER BURSTER CHARGE GAI N F . 1/4. PROJECTILE TYPE L/4.

E.2-m. CHARGE: Number: 1. 24-cm Gr. Fuzes. E. Kind: Shell. (2) P. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 2*40 mm. (3) Kz. FUZE: Nomenclature: (1) Kz. (3) P. BOOSTER: Base booster. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 240 mm. (3) Dopp. D. FUZE: Nomenclature: (1) A. Projectile for 240~mm Czech Heavy Gun. lv (0. 535. Z. A.ed). E. A. H. PROJECTILE FOR 240-MM CZECH HEAVY GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 24-cm Gr.PROJECTILES RPC/32—type of propellant. L/4. ltb. E. (3) T. Sprgr. E. and B. S. Weight: 326 pounds (loaded and fuzed). (See fig. Nose booster. DVR(t). Dopp. D. (2) A. 3— L. with white band around body. PROJECTILE FOR 240-MM GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 24-cm Sprgr. FUZE: Base detonating fuze: Bd. D. C/27 St. Kan. (5) Bdz. (See fig. but only plugs provided. Kind: Shell. 60 St. D. A. 534. K. s/90 St. integral with fuze. 10. Weight: 36 pounds. C/27 Ms. and P. 40 (t). Type: (1) Combination using both P. C/38. BOOSTER: 4 separate boosters: 1—Zdlg.15) and Bd. Kind: TNT pressed in blocks in cardboard containers. (4) M. (2) P. 40 It) TRACER: Two tracer cavities. REMARKS: Projectile has ballistic cap. D. Color: O. A. CHARGE: Number: 1. H.15). Color: Dark O. Type: H.) WEAPONS: German Railroad Gun: Th. Zdlg. Np. D. 24-cm K (t). Kind: TNT pressed in blocks in cardboard container packed with magnesium. TYPE: (1) P. C/27 Lm. Type: H. (4) T. 525 . f. TRACER: None. (E). (5) Base. Information is from captured document. D. unstreamlined base. Weight: 437 pounds (loaded and fuz. Weight: 70 pounds. FUZE GAIN'E BURSTER CHARGE ROTATING BANDS GAINE BASE FUZE Figure 535—H. m. Z. 23v (0. Z.Z. D. (2) Kz. and P.) WEAPONS: Czech Heavy Gun: S.

Z. S827 I 3 z_ GROVE CONTAINING SPLINE SECTION OF SPUME COPPER DRIVING BAND LONGITUDINAL INCLINED SPLINES OH f-ROJEGTILE (ANGLE OF TWIST APPRO*. 280-mm.-. PROJECTILE. (See fig.ru----" BASE Figure 536—H.-ibQt 7 35 K JSG^EW THREADS FOR ATTACHMENT Of BAUJS.. E. Total .'!0 o. -:CK"' _ ZlOUP '. Rifled.'t.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE ':.) 526 EMPLOYMENT: Not known.-. GAP N03c. Projectile.v i^ ® 43 4 {APPRO■< . known. 536. 28-cm RIFLED H. BASE FUZ£Bd. 28-CM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: Not known. COMPLETE ROUND: Not weight not known.35K ^" /■/ . 5° RsGHT) ula. E.

These grooves are undercut to produce secure attachment. Projectile has rifled design which takes the form of 12 longitudinal inclined splines (inclination 5° (approximate)). width of rotating band-bimetallic. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 28 cm.4 inches.897 inches. REMARKS: NOTE 1. rocket-assisted. Zdlg. Bursting charge in cardboard container. BALLISTIC CAP GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 28-cm R. Kind: Double base powder. E. Z. 49. Gun. EXPLOSIVE CHARGE: Number: Unknown. 66. 4331 fuzes initiate the explosive charge on impact. Z. 4331. Type: H. 18. length of splines. total weight. Small tracer is fitted. over-all length (approximately). FUZE: Nose. SAINE BOOSTER: (2) Z. Type: Percussion and Time. FUZE: Nomenclature: (2) AZ 4331 and Zt. CARTRIDGE CASE: Not known. Z S/30.0 pounds. To the rear is a copper or bimetallic driving band. 5 (E). Z.0 pounds. 4331 527 .—Zt. Gr. Gr.4 pounds. weight of bursting charge. These are approximately 60 mm apart and are probably intended to engage in the rifling of the gun. Weight: 546% pounds (without rocket ignition fuze) (loaded and fuzed). the probable function of which is to act as a gas seal. Weight: 303.787 inch. ROCKET PROPELLANT i BURSTER CHARGE -— SPLINE ROTATING BAND Figure 537—H. Zdlg. base to band. Kind: Shell.079 inches. E. Color: O.PROJECTILES PROJECTILE: 5. The two A. C/98 Np. ROCKET-ASSISTED PROJECTILE FOR 280-MM RAILWAY GUN PERCUSSION FUZE . 0. C/98 booster. 28-cm R. D. Bd. 551. REMARKS: Slightly streamlined base. Kind: Unknown. . Ballistic cap threaded to body of irojectile. Base. 35 K. Gr. E. Z S/30 Fuze functions after 19 seconds to ignite the rocket propellant.) WEAPONS: German Railway Gun: K. 537. The splines do not appear to be machined from the main projectile body but are constructed separately on strips of steel which are then fitted into grooves cut in the projectile body. 35 K. Hbgr. PROPELLANT CHARGE: Weight: 43 pounds. (See fig. R. Rocket Assisted Pro/ecfi/e for 280-mm R. TRACER: None. H.

) WEAPONS: German Railway Gun: K 5 (E). TRACER: L'spur No. or Zdlg. (See fig. BALLISTIC CAP FUZE HAMMER CHAEGE: Number: 30. Hbgr. Type: H. Projectile for 280-mm Railway Gun. 36 F. FUZE GAtNE BALLISTIC CAP PRE-J*IFLED SPLINES FUZE . E. E. E. D. Kind: Shell.„BURSTER CHARGE GAiNE ROTATING BAND -BURSTER CHARGE TRACER Figure 538—H. 538. 528 m ROTATING BANDS Figure 539—H. 28-cm Gr. Weight: 671/4 pounds. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 280 mm. Projectile for 280-mm Railway Gun. Weight: 562 pounds (loaded and fuzed). 35. 28-cm Gr. 5 cavity provided but no tracer found. 36 Np. BOOSTER: Zdlg. 39 m. 35 1 if HIGH EXPLOSIVE PROJECTILE FOR 280-MM RAILWAY GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 28-cm Gr. Z.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Color: O. . Kind: TNT and TNT/wax (95/5) pressed in blocks in carboard carton.

(E). Zldg. Z. 3. 3. K. diameter of fins. diameter of bourrelet. weight of bursting charge. booster. 35K (0.) EMPLOYMENT: 8-cm s. (4) Dopp. 541.75 pounds. BALLISTIC CAP SMOKE BOX -BASE FUEE ROTATING BANDS TRACER UNIT Figure 540—C. Weight: Approximately 93 pounds. Filling: TNT. "38" stenciled on body.265 pounds. Be. 34 Np. Kind: Shell. D.D. Z. CHARGE: Number: 30. 529 .) PROJECTILE: Total Weight: 1.D. number of fins. PROJECTILE CASE: Brass cartridge case.10).15). 1. Z. Granat Werfer 34. E. TRACER: None.3-CM HOWITZER Ml GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 35-cm Gr. over-all length. length of body. Be. BURSTER CHARGf COMPLETE ROUND: 12. 39 m. 35K. PROJECTILE FOR 35. Kind: TNT and TNT/Wax (95/5) pressed in blocks in carboard container. 45K. Color: O. Type: HE. 1. Weight of Filling: 75 pounds. 540.—Four (4) R 10 smoke boxes.3-cm Gr. 539. 80-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8-cm Wgr. PROJECTILE FOR 280-MM RAILWAY GUN GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 28-cm Gr. (2) P. (2) Hbgr. 35.11 pounds.187 inches. D.188 inches. (3) Hbgr. (See fig.189 inches. 7. width of bourrelet.05). Z. (See fig. Howitzer Ml. Type: P. H. 35K (0. Type: (1) P. (3) P. Propellant—Tubular nitrocellulose. M. total weight. Hbgr. Z. (4) T. (See fig. PROJECTILE (painted grey green) : 8. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 280 mm. H.) WEAPONS: German Railway Gun: Bruno N. and P. E. Z. 38 (Werfergranate 38).99 inches. MORTAR PROJECTILE TYPE 38. 35K (0. Twelve.5 inches. REMARKS: NOTE 1. Kz. BOOSTER: Np 10. D.PROJECTILES FUZE: Nomenclature: (1) Hbgr. "Weight: 585 pounds (loaded and fuzed). FUZE: Nomenclature: Hbgr. 353-mm.

) EMPLOYMENT: 5-cm L. Granat Werfer 36. Figure 542—H. 50-mm. REMARKS: Contains a powder pellet under fuze to give delay action. E. 542. MORTAR PROJECTILE. E. E.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE PROJECTILE (painted dull red) : 8. booster. number of fins. Mortar Pro/ecfi/e. Eight. Kz. type of propellant. over-all length.937 inch. Zldg. 8-cm Wgr. Bomb. 38 FUZE: Wgr. 4. E. 112 grams TNT type of bursting charge. Bomb 530 .312 inches..25 inches. 34 Np. 38 or 34. 2. 1. (See fig. Mortar Projectile. diameter of bourrelet. T«gSS3! JSZ: 1299" D9. diameter of base. width of bourrelet. 1. CARTRIDGE CASE 4 grams or powder.&.2 pounds.]|42N !=♦ © i $' #¥ 7f* 3. fcr: "SZ- . 5-cm H. -CARTRIDGE H. 80-mm. One charge only in firing cartridge. 0. E.0 inch. length of body.149 Figure 541—H. Z. total weight. 50-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 5-cm H.625 inches. Type 38.

type of bursting charge.PROJECTILES ptzzzni iy—"Hj blaiT" Deut 0g.1Ä42R' . 39 (Werfergranate 39). 38 Deuf. PROJECTILE: 8. FUZE: Wgr. 8-cm Wgr. Zdlg. MORTAR PROJECTILE. COLORED SMOKE MORTAR PROJECTILE.) EMPLOYMENT: 8-cm s. 80-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8-cm Wgr. (See fig. Grant Werfer 34. Twelve. 1. 34 Np.189 inches.109 inches. 39 FUZE: Wgr. diameter of fins. over-all length.5 inches. E. Z. TNT.l. 3. Mortar Projectile. 38 Deut. number of fins.5 kg- Figure 544—Colored Smoke Mortar Projectile. COMPLETE ROUND: 13.9. Type 39.188 inches. \ Sg. 38 or 34. (Werfergranate 38 Deut. 38. 3. Z. 8-cm Wgr. TYPE 39.11 pounds. H. length of body. 1.) (See fig. width of bourrelet.42 N/ «&«»=/ I • i • ±f> _Ji =s 3fcgs Figure-543—H. REMARKS: An improved model of 38. 80-mm. 543. E. REMARKS: Ten rounds in metal container.187 inches. 544. 80-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8-cm Wgr. weight of bursting charge. Z. Z. total weight. booster.) 531 . 7. 80-mm. 12. diameter of bourrelet.75 pounds.

80-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8-cm Wgr.5 inches. 34 532 . FUZE: Wgr. 80-mm. 34 A jq. (Werfergranate 34 Nebel).42Nj 12 93? PAiNTEO RED Kq. 1. length of body. number of fins. Zdlg. 38 or 34. E.937 inches. Gr.l.) EMPLOYMENT: M.5 inches. Type 34. MORTOR PROJECTILE TYPE 34.187 inches.85 pounds. number of fins. 7. 1. total weight. 1. 34 Np booster. 80-M GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 8-cm Wgr. FUZE: Wgr.42 N TIT Figure 545—Smoke Mortar Projectile.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE EMPLOYMENT: 8-cm s. 38 or 34. 1. diameter of bourrelet.187 inches. 3. H. Figure 546—H. COMPLETE ROUND: 12. diameter of base. 34 Nb. over-all length. Twelve. 42. 34 Nb.187 inches. COMPLETE ROUND: 12. Type 34. length of body.9. 34: Kz. W.874 inches. 80-mm. PROJECTILE: 8. Kz. Gr. Sulphur Trioxide smoke mixture—type of bursting charge. H. over-all length. MORTAR PROJECTILE TYPE 34. 8-cm Wgr. W. width of bourrelet. E. 3. 8-cm Wgr. E. PROJECTILE: 8. Mortar Projectile. 545. Werfer 34. Twelve. Z. diameter of base.187 inches.9. width of bourrelet. 1. 36 grams of Penthrite Wax. diameter of bourrelet.187 inches.187 inches. (See fig. Gr.

070 inches. 100-mm. PROJECTILE (painted reddish brown) : 8. 35."v H t . weight of bursting charge. W. MORTAR PROJECTILE. booster gaine. width of bourrelet. E. 1. 7. Aiorfor Projectile. 3. W 42.10. (See fig. (See fig. over-all length. number of fins. diameter of bourrelet.) FUZE: Wgr.189 inches. n Figure 547—H. total weight.11 pounds.09 inches. COMPLETE EOUND: 13. EMPLOYMENT: Kz. C/98 Np. 10. 37 (Werfergranate 34). Gr. Twelve. 4. PACKING: Three rounds in a metal carrier. 533 . 546. length of body.PROJECTILES 4 U. 1.) EMPLOYMENT: 19-cm Nb.12 inches. 37 (Werfergranate 37).H4QÄK SMOKE BOX ■NT so IV El. JO-cm Wgr. The latter consists of strip propellant in silk bag. REMARKS: Propelling charge for this weapon consists of a primary cartridge and four augmentary charges. Gr. Zdlg. PROJECTILE: (painted grey green) : 17. 100-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 10-cm Wgr.188 inches.40 YELLOW BAND CARTRIDGE CONTAINER • § 9 |J ® t : © § 'U. H. over-all length. 38 or 34. 547. diameter of fins. E. diameter of bourrelet. 3.5 inches.187 inches. Z. Granat Werfer 34. 8-cm s.75 pounds.

5 inches. 200-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 20-cm Wgr. TNT.125 pounds. 36. 200-mm. total weight. COMPLETE ROUND: 30. 40 (Werfergranate 40. weight of bursting charge. Mortar Projectile. Z. 38. REMARKS : Information is from captured documents. 548. 10. Ladingswerfer.) EMPLOYMENT: 20-cm L. MORTAR PROJECTILE. Booster. C/23 primer. Gr. H. 20-cm Wgr. diameter of fins. 16. type of bursting charge.0 inches. C/98 Np. W6R. Six. total weight. diameter of body. TNT. Z.94 pounds. length of body.86 inches. E.94 pounds. 3. 2 36 FUZE BURSTING CHARGE J 534 JLjä Figure 548—H. 49. FUZE: Wgr. CARTRIDGE CASE: Propellant—three parts. 7. 40 . number of fins. each weighing 12 grams. weight of bursting charge. type of bursting charge.63 inches. Zdlg.) (See fig. E. over-all length. FUZE: Wgr.0 pounds.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 16. PROJECTILE: 13.

21. 380-mm. 36. 40 Nb. Ladingswerfer. COMPLETE ROUND: 59.96 inches. CARTRIDGE CASE: C/23 primer. 40 H. maximum diameter of body. Mortar Projectile. REMARKS: A smoke bomb exists with the nomenclature : "38-cm Wgr.18 inches.PROJECTILES NOSE PUZE WGR 2.0 pounds. PROJECTILE: 24. number of fins. Z. total weight. 549. £.21 length.) EMPLOYMENT: 38-cm s.8 pounds. E. 327. (See fig. FUZE: Wgr. 40 (Werfergranate 40). inches. ^ Figure 549—H. Six. diameter of fins.606 inches. 38-cm Wgr.36 V ~ifr" 59 . MORTAR PROJECTILE: 380-MM GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: 38-cm Wgr. weight of bursting charge. length of body. 110." 535 . over-all 14.

D. 02 (pressed) in cardboard containers with: (a) paper. S..—R-ll smoke box. Fp. D. H. F. small 13A. 5. S. Fp. Fp. 02 (poured) . 2. H.25). Zdlg. Weight: 35 pounds (loaded and fuzed). Type: H. 8 10 11 12 13 NATURE OF FILLING 2 3 4 5 7 Fp. Fp. C. Grf. 02. E. Weight: 3 pounds. Projectile for 105-mm Howitzer GERMAN H. E. H. shells. PROJECTILE FOR 105-MM HOWITZER FUZE GERMAN NOMENCLATURE: F. E. shells. 02. D. S. F. FILLINGS CODE No. S. 18 m. S. E. Substitute H. Color: Red Body. C. S. 250. 10 Fp. papier mäche wrap> pings. F. 500. F. 250. 1800. S. 1. TRACER: None. 20 (pressed). mines and bulk charges. (6) with Montan wax or paraffin binder in metal containers. 88—Loose in paper cartons. Fp. Fp. E. D. C. O. H. E. for grenades and bombs. H.. M. Stg... 6A!NE Figure 550—H. E.. E. E. S. Kind: Shell. shells.. F. 5. 1. D. C. Fp.. 1. 50/50 536 . S. Fp. Stick hand grenade 24. Grf.. Stick hand grenade 24. 500.—KPS rotating band. 18/2. depth charges Engineer explosives. Fp. 1000. E. S. F.) WEAPONS: German Light Field Howitzers: 1. 500. C. R. 60/40 (poured). Gr. ogive. Primers.. FUZE: Nomenclature: AZ 23 v (0.. filling for shells. C/98 Nitropenta. As for 1. shells. H. PROJECTILE: Caliber: 105 mm. BOOSTER: Gr. C. 18/1. 1. H. 10. 88 (pressed)—As for 1 Np Fp. 10 (pressed). Tellermines. 1. D. H. 1. 18/39. Fp. H. H. H. 250.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE H. Type: P. CHARGE: Number: 14. NOTE 2. 02 (pressed). Fp. REMARKS: NOTE 1. 02. 11. shells. Kind: TNT poured. 18. m. 550. 1 NATURE OF FILLING USE CODE No. 50. 18/49. H. 15. 02—Loose in paper cartons-. S. Shell filling. Fp. Fp. (See fig.

95-.. belgisch Belgian. Projectiles. S. (X. 10 percent aluminum) H. 02. 5.Hand grenades.und . (pressed) H.. 250. H.. shell. P. S. A/tk Np. S. B. C. Wax/E. E. Pentol (pressed) H..10 (pressed) Armor-piercing shell. Aufschlag .. 500A.18 Be.5/1. Be. 50.H. 02/Al/Naphthalene./Cast Poured filling for projectiles and bombs. C. 10. C. Aufschlag-Zünder Percussion fuze.5/2. Special projectiles. 105. S. D. 106. 500. 55/45 E. Ammonium nitrate. E. Pot. S. H. C. Be Bett. H. 10 H/Fp. shells. P. Battr b. 10 (pressed in con. D. P. H. 500.Shells and bombs. 60/40. 1. 02/AmatoI. Be. Trinitrochlorobenzene Trinitrochlorobenzene (poured). 10 (pressed in waxed paper). 60/40 As.) (poured).5/ (Stemmed ammonal)./H.8-cm Pzgr. E. C. Np. Amatol41 H. D. S. Nit. mixtures. 1800. 80/20 Fp. 50. Concrete. C..Brenn .. Fp. S. (X) H. D.. C. 53/30/17.. Kr. shells. Np. 30 Practice H.Fp. Abpraller Ammonsalpeter Trinitroanisol Anisol60/40- English Equivalent Abbreviation B. 1000..E.Aluminum. C.C. 101. E. Trinitrobenzene (pressed) Ethylenediaminedinitrate (E. 21-cm Gr. Blue cross. Fp./Naphthalene/Al/ S. of old pattern.-.. 65 H. D.. Biscuit Filling: Amm. H. (poured) H. Antiaircraft gun. C. Body Nit. C. is (52). 500 S. Primers. C.50/25/25). 10.. A. P. S. Plastic pentrit Special projectile. S. Arsenik Arsenic. Balloon-Abwehr-Kanone.. Nit. 02/H/A 1. H. 250. E. 20/80 S./H. 56/35/10. Fp. 90/6/4. S. 50. shell. 02. C. 40 ---. Grf. 92. 500. ABBREVIATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH GERMAN ORDNANCE AND AMMUNITION English Equivalent Abbreviation A a/A abg-. (T. 500 L2. 50. Fp. 02 crystallized. poured). belg B. A. --. 30/H. Gun on platform mountings. Three pressed pellets in waxed paper. S. C. etc. 8. shells. chlorate (70/30). Stick hand grenade 24. E. D. C. (Fp. rounds. shell.. C. D. 1000. 02 (poured). 46/18/36. Primer for H. E. Nit. 50. 10. 60 percent trinitroanisole and 40 percent ammomum nitrate. 1000. Fp.. Fp. Fp. shells.. Az. C. Beton Bettungs-Geschütz Boden-Zünder Blind Blaukreuz Bleiplombe Brand Imcendiary shell..Am An An. Lead seal of protective cap (of fuze). Projectiles. --. E. S C. S.Amm./Wax. C. P. 10./TNT/Al—70/20/10 or S. H.. Np. H.Percussion and time fuze Zünder. Z Bl Signification Artillery. -- TNT. Fp. G. rounds. 500. Brand. Be. mixtures. Carbon/Mineral Matter.250. Base fuze. Np. 500. . 02/H. Az. 02. m.D. S. 5 (pressed) Np. E. NATURE OF FILLING USE 15 16 17 18 19 20 24 27 28 29 30. S. Blind (inert) (dud). 32 33. Brand-Geschoss Brand-Granate. S . Ricochet. 14 NATURE oy FILLING USE No. S.10 percent aluminum Fp. E. P. H. Np. C.Incendiary.Delay action percussion zögerung. E. shells. Trialen (Fp. 56 57 60 61 64 H. Np. Gesch Bd.(Y)/(X) Amatol. converted. Fp. shell./Amm. Pot. (X) . Fp. PETN. 10. 1400. S. (Hexogen) H. Picric acid. Be 250. E. Grf. 1000. S. 1800 R. Donari t . C. 109. 500. Bz Signification Artillerie alter Art abgeändert. E. Np. E. shell. 1800. 50. RDX. P.10 (pressed). S C... 250. C. 91. E. Gesch.H. 50 Practice H. Primer for H. shells. Nit. 02 (X) percent wax.60/40 (pressed in waxed paper). 70/15/15. Projectiles. (X) Al U. D. H. (X) percent wax. Nit. S. Trialen (Fp. E... S. Nit. 1200. Fp. 8 percent Montan wax Primers. shell./Calc.50. shells. 10. Fp. RDX. Trinitrochlorobenzene/Amm. S. E. Trialen (Fp. 1000. Amm. 250. shells.PROJECTILES CODE CODE No. 70. E.. 83. 1000. tainers). Nose: S. S. Brd. E. Primers. P. D.S. (X) percent wax RDX. 250. 74/12/14).. Woodmeal 90/5/2.V. S. C. C. C. D./ S. Stemmed Ammonium Nit. 02/H/A1. 88 (poured) H. D. 02 (Fullpulver). H/Al.5/45. Az. D. S. PETN.. 5 H. Aufschlazzünder mit Ver. fuze. D. shells. shell. E. 50/50 Dinitrobenzene/Amm.)/(Y) Fp. C. = Ubertragungskorper=Primer. chlorate (50/50). 90-. H./TNT—74/26. P. E. mixtures. Nit. 250. 53. Abonachit 2 Projectiles. 88 (Grenat Füllung) Fp. S. Bat. Fp. D. Nit. 45/55 Diamin/Amm. with Np. C. Br 537 . C. 02. Amm. E. 34 36 37 38 42 43 45 52 52 A./Al.. A/tk Mines.). K Bd.2. Batterie Battery.. 02. 1400./Al. 1000.02. 02/Amm. etc. 70/25/5 (pressed) 110. 102. Trinitroanisole. Gr.. 250 JA. 15Mines. Np. shell. (Nitro-ponta) Np. and P. (?) KEY Fp. Fp. Nit. u. 250. D. 112 13-113. S..

"C" shell (streamline).. 10-cm. Gesch i. E. Flug-Abwehr-Kanone.. B K. Brig. jap K KK Kwk K. G. Gr. including weight of bag. Empfindlicher Kanonen. Küsten-Kanone Coast defence gun. grobes Blättchen-Pulver. Haub. leichte Feld-Haubitze Light field howitzer langer Mörser Long mortar (21-cm). Leuchtgeschoss-Zünder. Flugzeug Aircraft. Explosive tracer ammunition (rifle). G lg. Gr K. L. S. Hülse Kg -kg. i. Zünder. Howitzer shrapnel. 14. Dopp. Sehr H. G Grosse-Zündladung Large exploder. Sehr. i. -Kilogramm mit Beutel. H Kl„ kl Kl. Gesch. Signification Bronze-Mörser Blättchen-Pulver Beobachtungs-Stelle Buntrauch Brenn-Zünder C-Geschoss Construction/92 Dum-dum Geschoss. Kampfwagen Kanone Tank gun. c/92 D. Dum-dum bullet.. rifle grenade. -kg. Field howitzer. E. 1. Mrs 1.. gezogen Rifled. or Fliehb. Granatfüllung 88. Munition-. Fliehbolzen Centrifugal bolt (safety device). Mar. leichte Infanterie Ge.Gun on howitzer carLafette. Kartusche Cartridge. Haubitze Howitzer. Gr H. Kanone Gun.. Gas Gas. H Kst. Feld-Schrapnel Field gun shrapnel. Antiaircraft gun. Lg.. Gr. Empfindlicher Haubitz. Kt. taneous howitzer fuze. Rg. shell. Gel. Ob. Z Lg. e. Hauben-Granate Shell with false cap.... Bl.. Zdr 1. g--. W_.. G Deut Di Digl Dz. für 10-cm KanoneFor 10-cm gun.. instantaneous (fuze).. Z.. Kanonen-Zünder Gun fuze. F. in Panzer-Lafette On shielded mounting. Split cartridge case (steel). Infanterie-Geschütz Infantry gun. Light field howitzer shrapnel. P. Kilogramm Kilogramme (2. Powder in large flakes (propellant).. Feld-Patrone Field gun cartridge (fixed ammunition).. Bronze mortar. in Rad-Lafette On wheeled carriage. Lang-Granate Long shell.. Gerbirgs Mountain (gun). P Signification English Equivalent F. Kaliber. Haubitz-Granate Howitzer shell.. Gr. gel.d. L i.. Bd.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Abbreviation Br.. Eisen-Centrierung. Kartusch-Hülse Cartridge case (separate ammunition). Gr (gr) gr. Short mortar.. 1914 pattern short naval gun. Haube False cap. K. Gramm Gramme. L i. Innen-Zünder Internal fuze. e. Gr. Z E E„ Eis Ec.. Kappe cap (offuze). langer Boden-Zünder Long base fuze.. Sehr... in Kusten-Lafette On coast defence mounting.Light infantry howitzer. Indicator(colored smoke) Dinitrobenzol. Gewehrgranate Spreng. in Kasematten-Lafette. on railway mounting.Instantaneous gun fuze. Gas-granate Gas shell. Gross large. Kas. Carriage. Granat-Zünder.. einf Kart. Kleine Small. Fuze for H. Kan. grau grey. Fl Flak Flzg F. Z.. Küsten Mörser Coast defence mortar. K. instanZünder. Gr. kleine Zündladung Small exploder.. Kartätsche Case shot.C/02. Festung Fortress. Fb. L. F.. kleine Ladung Reduced propelling charge. i.. Z Kz... Gg G.. gez. Kz K. Geschoss Projectile. Lggr Lg. Munition-. 538 . m.. Patr Fp. Z Kz kz. R. {Geschütz-Fabrik Gun factory. Hauben-Schrapnel Shrapnel with false cap. Ers f. Küste Coast (defence). Z E.. R. lang long. E. Gelbkreuz Yellow cross. Sehr H.Sensitive... With rear driving band only. Gr F. E.. geliefert Manufactured. On casemate mounting. Fest F. lange Brennlänge Long burning (fuze). Bd. S. gl Gr. E. Lift-Einschiess Munition. L Iz j. Kp — Kst Kst. 88 Grkz. Grf. fr. kurzer Boden-Zünder Short base fuze. Fuze for star shell. riage. K Ksi. Geladen Loaded.. I.. P. Diglykolnitrat.. Eisenbahn Railway.. Dinitrobensene. 1892 pattern. Colored smoke.H F.. Ldg .. light.. P. Kurz Short. as opposed to metal case. (TNT).. Geschoss-Fabrik _ Shell factory. Grünkreuz Green cross. Zdlg. Empfinlich Sensitive. Casement gun. Feld-Haubitze Feld-Haubitz-Sehrapnel. Feld-Kanone Field gun. L„ 1. Observation post. Dopp. Kanone-in-Haubitz. Hülzenreisser. Kal Kart Kart.. Füllpulver 60/40 40/60 amatol (i. Caliber. Hulsen-Kartusche Cartridge case as opposed to bag. Licht-Spur-Munition Tracer ammunition. Lafette.. Kopf-Zünder Nose fuze. ! Geschütz. shell. e. Kurzen Granatewerfer. H.. Doppel-ZünderTime and percussion fuze. W Kz. H. shell.-. Fp. H. Haubitz-Schrapnel.2 pounds). Granatwerfer Bomb thrower (mortar).. English Equivalent Abbreviation Gr.-S teile Bu Bz C-Gesch. Mrs K. P.. franz f. L i.. Gudol A flashless propellant. Kl.. H Inf. Flaked powder. e.. glatt smooth bore.. L L Ldg L.. i. E. H. 40 percent ammonium nitrate and 60 percent TNT). shell. Küsten-Haubitze Coast defence howitzer. Mrs Bl.Z Hulsenkart i.02 or Fp. Granate H. Gr. Doppel-Zünder Time and percussion fuze. französisch French. Zdlg Gu Gwr. Ladung Propellent charge. granate H. 1888 pattern explosive (picric acid). Kanone-Kasement. Feld-Granate Field gun H. Füllpulver Construction 1902 pattern explosive 02.. Ers... kurze Marine-Kanone 14. Haubitz-Ring-Pulver Powder in rings for light field howitzer. Kartusche einfach. in Haubitz-Lafette On howitzer carriage.. Diglyeolnitrate. Sprgr H Haub Haub. Haubitz-Zünder Howitzer fuze.-. Time fuze. Kanonen-Granate Gun shell.60/40.. in Schirm-Lafette On carriage with overhead shield. Ersatz Röhren-Pulver Substitute tubular powder. B. Grauguss Cast iron.. L i.v Gun. japanisch Japanese. E. Gf. P. schütz.. Ersatz Substitute. Leicht. Z E. Cartridge in bag. B. Kst. Flügel Vanes (on bomb). K..

Patr Patrh. Nz o. Used in the nomenclature of naval projectiles to indicate that the length is 3. Designation of cast-iron shell introduced in 1914 AMMUNITION SUPPLY DIVISION ORDNANCE SERVICE HQ.05 Sekunden Verzöger.. Zündung Fuze.. A. Ubungs Practice. Propagandagrehate Propaganda grenade. E. Mi L. H. Umgeändert or umgear.-. Maschinen-Gewehr Machine gun. bt Stgr St. L. Pz. T.. russisch Russian.Cartridge (fixed ammunition). shell. H. Zdlg ZI Zt. Seconds.. ung.1 Ac L'Spur. M antel-Kanone Jacketed gun.. Heavy Howitzer Turret. Panzer granate A. A. Ordinary S. K T. S. Zünder Fuze. russ Rev. (groove round bullet into which cartridge case is crimped). Leuchtpistol Flare pistol. Long fuze for gun. Gesch. Patronen-Hulse Cartridge case (fixed ammunition).. A Nb Nb. P Mrs Mtl. Assault gun.. Mi.7-cmF lug-Abwehr 3.. Nitrocellulose. G m. Z Z... Sprldg m. Ring-Kanone Gun with chase rings. beitet. Turm-Kanone.with. mit Oberzündung With overhead ignition. F m. Versuchs-Haubitze Experimental howitzer. Spitz-Munition. Stielgrenate. m. Shrapnel mine (antiperSchrapnellmine. Rauchentwickler Smoke producer. n. 3. Zünder-Vorrichtung. P. H. ger.. Licht-Spur-Geschoss. V 0. Zylinder-Pulver Powder in cylindrical pellets. Wgr.. S. Leichte Panzermine Light antitank mine. Nitroglycerine. Verz Vers Verst V. Vst. Zerlegung Self destroying. Seh. ohne Aufschlagzündung... H. r Rillen-Munition S. O. F n. Röhren-Pulver Tubular powder (propellant). (pointed bullet). etc L/3. Spitz-Munition mit Kern. Muzzle brake. Pist -1. Stick bomb. M m m__.. T schwere Haubitze Turin. Zdr Zdg Zdldg.. Z L. Revolver-Kanone. V.. / June 1944. -. Nummer -... P Range table. Teilladung Army gas officer. Leuchtspur Tracer.. Vorst V. Sehr Sch. mit geringerer Spreng. R. m. Gun in turret. band. calibres. charge.with forward driving ring. Mundlochbüchse Old pattern type of fuze. Primer (to screw Schlg. m. P W.. Ldg Umg 92umg 1.PROJECTILES Abbreviation L. sonnel).: 1892 pattern converted. m. Armor piercing S.. P S S. Nebel Smoke. Gas Stogas Str Stu. i.-. N n/A.. Versuchs Experimental.. Propgr Pzgr K r.. Grab. B St. Schusstafel Sek Sekunden s. Schwere Panzerabwehrge. 0. L R. Partial propellant charge for howitzer. 71 Ngl.. Gew. SOS ETOUSA. K M.. Zündladung Exploder (booster). H V. R. A. Neues Gewehr-Pulver 71.. ammunition. Used in the nomenclature of naval guns to indicate that the length is 40 &c. centrifugal safety device.. Flak — Signification English Equivalent Abbreviation Signification English Equivalent M.Tracershot. K Schlgzdschr. mit. Werfgrenate Mortar shell (or rocket).. Schwer Heavy. P.... K. Verkürztes Röhren-Pul. short lengths. Az o. erste Verzögerung Short delay. _ With armour-piercing head. u.Wheeled earriage. Safety pin (on fuze). Bursting charge.. P UA. Nebel Smoke (shell). V. Antitank mine. V. Stabs-Offizier für Gas. Patrone . Mundungsbremse. Ozdg. Ohne Verzögerung Without delay action (direct action).. Treibladung Propellant charge.. A. v... Without percussion system. Zinklegierung Zinc alloy.. mit Verzögerung und With delay action and Klappensicherung. Mörser Mortar.. 539 ..7-cm automatic antiMaschinen-Kanone. safety device.l/20th second delay. K. neuer Art of new pattern.-.05 Sek. K-Munition.. Ubungsgranate Practice shell. Z Z... &c calibres. m..With reduced bursting ladung. ^ Revolver gun.. Nebelwerfer smoke mortar (or rocket projector). und and. Pulver Powder (usually black powder. F. K. Mit Verzögerung with delay action.Heavy antitank rifle. Panzerabwehr Kanone.. K Rg.1._ Ti U u üb Ubgr Üb. Sprengladung Sprenggranatenzunder mit Fuze with centrifugal Klappensicherung.Converted. (P)-_ Pak. '71 pattern powder (for igniters).Number. P R. shell.. craft gun. Streifen Sturn Geschütz. Fuze (Austrian term). R.. Meter._. Pz. neuer Form of new shape. Spgr Sprgldg Spgr. Unterrichts Instructional. s/Mi S-Munition Sprgr.. Ring-Pulver ^. Percussion rod (inserted in instantaneous firing before firing). Schrapnel Shrapnel. mit vordorem Fuhrungs. Langer Kanonen-Zünder. K S. Heavy field howitzer. Mundlochfutter. P. common shell). Nitroglyzerin .. Munition. A... V Zyl.Tubular powder cut in ver. E. Gaine.. G T.V P. Howitzer in turret. Or L/40. Flaked powder (propellant in small rectangular tablets)...n. Verstärkt Reinforced.. Rad-Lafette . 1892 umgeändert. e. Vorl m. s. JStellstift Fuze setter. Nr.w. Mdlchb Mdlchf M. Spreng-Granate. K. Steel (bullets). Istellschlüssel.. T. Phosphor Phosphorus.. Stahl Schlagstift . Zweite Verzögerung Long delay. Schützen-Graben-Kanone Trench gun. K Vrst. zdschrb. H schwere Feld-Haubitze. mit Vorlage with flash reducer. Ubungsladung Practice charge. Nitrozellulose. Shortened central tube (of shrapnel) Vorstecker. wehr. shell. Licht-Spur-Granate Tracer shell.. Tellermine Turm-Haubitze._ Strip. Verkürzte Kammerhülse.Antitank gun.Schlagzündschraube cartridge case). V 2. Metre. 1914A. Zeitzünder Time fuze.. mit Panzerkopf. Würfel-Pulver. Powder in rings (propellant). S.

062"..62-cm FK. 3. C/12N/A. (E). 6347. 18.187"-3.290 (r)____ 8. Same as 7.5-cm Pak.. C/12N/A.338".93". 39 15-cm K. C/12N/A.. CAILBEB No. . -.6340---6340. 540 ..75". s.102"-. 10-em K. 21-cm Mrs.___ 24-cm Th. KH. 6303----. A black painted steel case also is in use.1".3.5-cm Pak..-.01".-4.. SeP- .-- Sep 5.--..-. 3.. 7. 18 10-cm K. Fixed . 296 (r) 7. and m. C/12N/A C/22....562". 38. 5.. 7.. 28.13"-. Br.75"..15. 18 21-cm Mrs.C/12N/A-. Br.- C/12N/A. 6335.l. .687".5"--..C/12N/A .56"-. 7.. 7. 7.7. (E).40 15. 4..-42 M or 33. i.02". (E) 28-cm Lg. 40.62 Pak... FH.C/12N/A. L 6324.8-cm Flak 41.. Kan.. 3. 10cm KT. 28. --6.125". FH. 18 Th. Kan... 18.-6354-.062".5".. 36 and 37 KWK. Mrs Laf 15-cm s.42 M or 37 (r... 40. 6340 st.312* diameter. 3. Kan. 15-cm K. 6349--... Plastic Base primer on side base 3... 28. (E). TJ. C/22 C/12 C/12N/A . 13 SFH. H.. 6..031".. 17. A black spiral steel case 6324/78C also exists. K. 22. 8.5-cm Pak.562".625'.625' 4.62"--3.C/12N/A.844"-.078"... 6.---. LENGTH DIAMETER AT MOUTH DIAMETER AT SHOULDER DIAMETER AT RIM MARKINGS REMARKS JO-cm L. 15 7. O._ m..937".929". .007"-- 17-cm KAN..67"-. 3.5". 10-cm KK. Sep Fixed 34. 6.--8.5". 6340 St. . er.--.—German DIMENSIONS CARTRIDGE CASE DESIGN WEAPON. ---..187". 15-cm SFH. W.. Kan. C/12N/A. 33. Kan..1"..GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Table 3..... 8. 3...07'. 36..'(E) C/95Th. 40.8-cm Flak 18... Mrs. 375".. ins.. (El 21-cm Lp.- 4. Fixed. 3.653".8-cm Flak 41 - er... 28..125".. 36. 16 15-cm s.9. 20-cm KAN. C/12N/A. 18.448".--Sep---_ 16. -- 20.62-cm Pak. T 15-cm K.- 6352.531".5-cm Geb. 40 7.. 13 and 10.. C/12N/A--.3. 10.. 6357.- C/12N/A. 9. C/12N/A. 36 7. 18 and 15-cm K. 7. C/12N/A C/22 C/12N/A. Mrs.23".. C/12N/A.125". (E) 17-cm K. Fixed. .34" .2. 15-cm K.007'-- C/12N/A 6304.. C/22 8. C/12N/A 17-cm KAN.-.. 3.283'. C/13N/A... Br.5-cm K. It has a vertical lap joint and is stamped 6350/17.3.. .812"-.062". 4. 6302 6356 Sep. (E) L/45/40 - L/45/50. S. Fixed. 6303 lgs.62-cm Inf. (E) C/95. 4. 17 and 17/04n/a .937"-. C/34 6305 6351. 3. 32. 6318-. ..5-cm Pak.062". Same as 7. 7...312". K.54".... 3. 24-cm Th..3.

5-cm KWK. 41.5-cm L. 3.97' - - — 28-cm K»rth: C/95.125'..375". 4-cm28st-..83'. 42/28 L.7-cm M.5'.875'-.6342 st.437'.5-cm FK..5-cm Pak. —Sep. 38. 10-cm KT. 2. 4.7 Bonier Gun.7 Czech 4. 6310-7.3. 1.7-cm Pak. —----- 7. 3. CAILBER TYPE LENGTH No. 4. 6348. L.4..5'.5"..875'9. -- 10-cm Flak 38 4.937'-. Fixed.062" 6359.„.-3. G . G. Fixed. 6. C/12N/AC/12N/A. 41 3.7 WZ.1. 1. --- 16. C/13N/A.0" 22. Enz.. —13. 6317-. 15. 1941 38 75 AA- P-397. 7. 6342Scp. G.. 4.- 1.7-cm Flak 18 and 36 !. 35. 5-cm Pak..582'.. G.. 10.... 4.875' 1.Fixed. 5-cm KWK. 4.5' Mi Fixed.0*. P. M39s C/22. ---3. --..15" 2. LFH.. . 36 Pk. 3.375'.. unpainted steel. 18andl8M. 10...921'. 18 L. L.7-cm C/30 (Naval). 7.562'.5'..345 P.687' — . I. Pak. KUT.74'. 3..st. 5-cm Pak 5-cm Pak. (E) 6316. 1. C/22 C/13N/A.5-cm GEB.25" Fixed. 2. 3..7-cm Polish AT 3.PROJECTILES Cartridge Cases DIMENSIONS CARTRIDGE CASE DESIGN DIAMETER AT SHOULDER PRIMER MARKINGS REMARKS WEAPON.. 11. KZ. Bu... 4-cm M. 397 C/30. C/12N/A. 3.-- FixedFixed Fixed.-. 10-cm LFH.409'.4.6331.6341--6341. Br.375*.062*-.875'.937'-.2-cm Pak. (Kz.96'--' 7.. 5-cm Pak. 30. 4-cm Flak 28 4. Fixed. Kan. —- --. 6343Sep. 3.5-cm L.. 41-.. 541 . C/13N/A... — 4.6329--.228"-3.. 7. 16 n/a 6307*..625'-. 18 28-cmK..0' 1. 5.. 2. 1. C/22. C/12N/A. 4 398m.-. DIAMETER AT MOUTH DIAMETER AT RIM Lg..This case may be of brass coated steel.5-cm LIO.187'-.. In the last case it is marked: 6342/65C. 1.. 2.-.. C/22 C/22.C/12orC/33 2. 10-cm Flak 38 28/20 s. or black-painted steel spirally wound.375*. 'Usually absent. 18.125'. 4.5'.. K.-. 18 7.625"..625'. 75/50 Skoda.812' C/13 -. C/22..7-cm Pak.15'.0'. Fixed. C/12NAAC/22-. I.H 28<m Kz. 5-cm Pak.375'.156". 16. 38. C/12N/A.-. IG18 7. 1.. C/13. Fixed-..625'-. 6360 St.0'.125" 1. -- 3.062*-3.). 1.. 2. Fixed. 407. 36..5-cm self-propelled gun.Pz.0'. 14.25'.. C/12N/A. Fixed. F.844" C/13N/A.. C/22 5-cm KWK..5-cm LGEB.187'-. C/12N/A. 40..

S.Black annulus. A.5 mm green ring./I. metai.. 5 mm green lac. V. A. coated gilding Steel core 38 grains. H.. A.Plain. Practice tracer. coated gilding Steel 89 grains 1.. Change at 400-500 yards.5 mm. coated nickel. quer band across base. metal (both sides)./I-Black or red an. Black tip (10 mm) Steel..92 mm iBfiNTIFICATION MARKINO TYPE CARTRIDGE CASE PROJECTILE MATERIAL FILLING AND/OR CORE PENETRATING HARD ARMOR AT 100 YARDS REMARKS N. Black annulus. Base fuze detonator splij Practice Ball 5 mm green lac. A. Change at 400-500 yards. . Steel. gilding Aluminum 42 grains. coated gilding Steel 89 grains above cartridge case. Redannulus Green tip (10 mm) or Steel. Used in practice mannanvroc . 400-500 H. P. striker and sleeve in tube. metal (both sides). P. O Black annulus. at 30°. A. P Deep green an.P. V.. Plain or red ring Steel. coated. A p - Bed annulus Red annulus 12 mm.0 mm. Steel. plain tip. A. 7. A. V. Steel coated metal. coated gilding Steel core 38 grains 9 mm 1. Green tip (10 mm) or Steel. Steel. Base fuze detonator sp]i' H. coated gilding Tungsten carbide 127 19. I.5 mm tungsten carredcap. coated. Plain. coated gilding Phosphorus 6 grains. swing. striker aad sleeve in tube. tip with black rear part... . (H. coated gilding Phosphorus 6 grains .000 yards.. 8mm nulus or red above cartridge cases. P/T__ Redannulus Black tip (10 mm) green Steel. gilding Lead../T 400-500 Green changing to red. copper Machine steel core 90 12mm grains. 9001. plain or copper Steel. V.lOmmblacktip quer band across base Ban Green annulus. V. Chromium plated tip Steel. P. metal (both sides). All yellow or all green. 9001. blaok - 10. (obsolete) or plain metal (both sides). I. Green changing to red. Phosphorus 6 grains stripe. bide core).000 yards.5 imp below metal (both sides). Steel. gilding Aluminum 25 grains White trace 800 yards. White smoke yards. metal (both sides).Plain or Black Band Steel. with green ring. metal (both sides).. Phosphorous 6 grains. 13. All yellow or all green. green tip with R. 8 mm White smoke yards. 542 .5 mm green ring or metal (both sides).GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Table 4..5 mm Semi-A. (with Red annulus or Black. nickel coated steel.Coppernickel nulus. coated gilding Steel 39 grains ring 1. grains.—German Cartridges. H. A. Black body. 14. P. R. metal (both sides).. Incendiary ob. coated gilding Steel 39 grains metal (both sides)..).

P.None. D. (S. None band above driving band. Yellow. None. A./I/T.Pale green 2. at 20 °carbide None -. Yellow 0.38mm at 200 yards.0 sees. E..2sec Red. E. or Steel Penthrite wax—18./T. Normal 0. or red brown band.. H..I. pale green or night trace 0. 1551 (brass). or 1532 BrassA.. Z./T. Tungsten Black 10-mm tip None. un. H E/I/T Yellow Yellow None.2 sec Thermite—4. A. 1551 (brass). .Penthrite wax-14..—German 15-mm. Yellow band above Steel driving band. A. H. FUZE H. Red. None .— Grey A P/T Black None Yellow 2. None. 10 mm at 30°..) PENETRATION AT 100 YARDS N. Lightalloy Tungsten 5gnt Pale green 2..25" blue band 1.8 sec. None.800 yard17 mm.0" Steel from nose or in middie of projectiles. unpainted. yellow or brown A.0 sees. Penthrite wax 43. A. White band or brown Steel. E.. D. band above driving band.steel.). A.PROJECTILES Table 5. 1551 (brass).Pale green 2.Z. Black band in front Steel — of driving band. P. Tracer Green 6mm Practice Tracer. Table 6. Solothurn PROJECTILE MARKINGS TYPE BODY BANDS MATERIAL FILLING (GRAINS) TRACE (SECS.3" yellow band in Steel front of driving band.20 mm at 200 yards 30°. None Brilliant night.. Mauser PROJECTILE MARKINGS TRACE (SECS. Z. 543 .Pale green or red or ™f*t trace 1. 23. white or 4-5mm 3-4 mm Brass A.) PENETRATION AT 100 YARDS N. None.steel.5 mm None. Black 0.—German 13-mm. Penthrite wax 20./T (S. A" or 1532. None front of driving band. Steel Pale green 2. 26 mm. Carbide core.P.8.).8 sees. FUZE Tv PE BODY BANDS FILLING (GRAINS) Tracer Olive green 0.2 sees./T. P.25" yellow band in A. 4 incendiary pellet 21. I. Pale green 2. H. E. Yellow or painted. Blue band at center Steel of body or below fuze. A.

1505. Z. Brilliant white. above D. Aluminum plated A. Yellow H. 6 0 A. None Brilliant white 7.7" yellow band at 0./I Black 0. D..D.1. 0.)i. 544 .2" red band above DB. (S. 20° Z. un. 1504 Alum.4" above D. Navy blue. 1504. or yellow..None spherical base.—German 20-mm Mauser and Oerlikon Ammunition PROJECTILE MARKINOS TYPE BODY BANDS MATERIAL FILLING (GRAINS) TRACE (SECS..__ Yellow. None Penthrite wax-49.. E. Z. 2. D. _.E. 0.25" green band below Steel fuze. A. 30° 17 mm None.2. in nose (strikerless). in. 0. None.. Yellow. 10 mm 100 yards... Z. None. Steel. E Black Penthrite wax 78./T. B. Z. A Z 1502 (Brass) H. 0.E.Steel ing band. or 0. Penthrite wax-36. Penthrite wax-55. P. Z. Incendiary 6. Yellow. H. 0. cendiary pellet.Steel painted. (S. (S. Yello w and mauve Steel above driving band. Olive green. E. 17 mm normal. Pale green. Z.). E. P. driving band or 0..4" above driv. yards 20■> Brilliant white .. 1 These types are out-of-date but may be still in service.Yellow JectileH.. Penthrite wax-57. Phosphorus 52. steel. In None light alloy case. Yellow above driving Steel.. None Black None- Steel A. 6mmat200yds. ing band.1. Incendiary Ailing Approx.)..25" blue below fuze... band and white below nose with 3 arrows stamped on nose plug./H.../T. 1502 (Brass). Drawn steel hemi.2" yellow band 0. Penthrite wax—57. A.) PENETRATION AT 100 YARDS NORMAL IMPACT FUZE BsU Olive green./I/T (S.0 Aluminum det. blue Steel helow fuze _ ' H.P. None spherical base.E. steel.4.2" blue band at 0.D.8.. P./T. 4 secs similar to green band type.2" blue band at 0./I/T(S.Penthrite wax.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE Table 7. A. barss coated.). Brown above DB.. 1504. Yellow Black below fuze Green below fuze Drawn steel hemi.P... A Z 1501 (Brassl H... 1.Yellow tllel tile).2" A... steel None Inert None None.2" red band or maroon Steel Dan d' Black 0. . A. HE (M Projec.7" below nose. D. Aluminum plated A. Alum.White band above 'driv. None 17 mm None Tracer' Olive green.)i. Bright night. B.7" A. Yellow./I (M) Pro. steel from nose or 0. H.). 1504.5 mm at 200 None . Tracer None I/T.Penthrite wax-262. None Steel..4" above Steel. P..D../I/T (S.2" blue 0.. Deep yellow Incendiary 34.. None. A..E.

Zdr.: Time fuze. K." "V. indicates the presence of a gunpowder pellet which is destroyed on firing to release a centrifugal safety device. 23 v. an ordinary P. Z. is printed after the fuze number on package labels and also on the fuze body. One (1) white band at each end. except in the case of the K. Z. The letter indicates delay and the figures the period of delay. P. Box contains a point detonating fuze. The letter "S" with an oblique stroke immediately in front of the fuze number indicates a mechanical fuze. The exception 3. V (0. f 7. O or OV without delay.7-cm fuze referred to is designated 3.: Time fuze. With nose fuzes the "M" and the "V" are normally diametrically opposite and the plug is turned so that the slot in its head is alined with them to obtain "with delay" action." The stamping settings are colored in red. Bd. The following are typical examples: Bd.: Point detonation fuze. (0." indicates a nose fuze. the lot number. Kl. Zt. The following letters included in the designation of nose fuzes will precede the model number (or letter and number) : A. Box contains fuzes with a short delay. point detonating fuze boxes are marked at each end with vertical stripes. INTRODUCTION Nose Fuzes Nose fuzes. E. the 23 fuzethere is more than one type of the model. Z. In addition. Dopp.: Smaller size of a point detonating fuze model. With these types of fuzes the letter "V" followed by numerals enclosed in brackets. 19 Be— indicating base fuze for 15-cm anticoncrete shell Model 19. One (1) violet band at each end. One (1) black band at each end. 23 m. Z. for example. the manufacturer. Base Fuzes Base fuzes are designated to include the calibre of the equipment and the nature of projectile in which used.'' "O. (Ohne versogerung. 23 with 0. Examples: A. Z. Wgr. Z. A. Zerl.: Fuze for infantry gun or howitzer shell.7-cm Pak. Box contains a point detonating superquick fuze. and the number of fuzes packed. Z. P.5-cm Pzgr—Indicates base fuze for 7. Z. with the exception of one of the models used in the 3. Z. f 15-cm Gr.) Markings on Fuze Boxes Fuze markings give the type of fuze. With base fuzes the "M" and "V" are stamped together as "MV" and the slot in the setting plug is alined with this stamping to obtain delay action. Zt. Delay and Superquick Settings Fuzes with a setting device for optional delay are stamped with the letters "M.Chapter 6 GERMAN PROJECTILE FUZES piercing projectile. 38.: Point detonating type under a ballistic cap. In some instances—as. but these are all designated under the same number.25second delay.5-cm armor 545 . K. MV (mit versogerung) with delay. Z. Z. Box contains fuzes with long delay." to indicate the positions to which the slot in the setting plug must be set to obtain either delay or nondelay action. Z. Z. (antitank gun) ammunition. The letters "Kpf.: Sensitive type of point detonating fuze.7-cm Kpf. The "O" stamping indicates the setting position for "without delay. Fuzes for smoke shells have the letters NB following the fuze number. fuze. while Zerl. Examples: One (1) red band at each end.25)—Point Detonating Fuze No. Z.: Combination fuze—time and impact. D. are designated in a numbered series.25) or A.

Number of threads: 8 KH. sometimes with a letter and an oblique stroke immediately in front of the number. Zdlg. Boosters Boosters are designated in a numbered series. The following is the self-destroying actions: Preparatory to firing. Fg. This lever is held in position by the catch. This movement Zdlg.375. the marking "Zdlg.062 inches. 546 . Larger booster C/98. the firing spring bushing is under tension because of the firing spring and is held in a cocked position by the firing lever. one of the bands mentioned above is replaced by a green band. Should this lever unhook itself the firing spring bushing. Zdlg. A. The PETN/Wax used in exploders is colored pink. Zei7. C/98 Auxiliary Boosters Booster A.inch. the rotation imparted to it by the rifling causes the spiral bore safety ribbon to unwind enabling the firing pin to pass on to the primer on impact. A B C/98 C/98Np Gr.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE If the fuzes are of the type with reinforced springs. Maximum diameter: 0.75 inch. Zdlg. CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENT FIRING LEVER CATCH STRIKER POSITION BEFORE FIRING POSITION AFTER tiRlUG Figure 551—Z. Booster B. because of the firing spring. PETN/Wax. ACTION: As the projectile leaves the gun. ZERL FG. 551. centrifugal force causes the centrifugal lever to move outward. The centrifugal segment allows the catch to remain in the locking position and prevents the lever from unhooking itself. The Cyclonite/Wax used in exploders is colored blue or bluish-green. (See fig. would force the lever out of position and the firing pin would be shoved through the central hole stopping on the spiral bore safety ribbon. Threaded length: 0. projectile with self-destroying arrangement. Booster C/98. Booster C/98 filled. Upon firing. BLACK MARKINGS INDICATIONS NOSE FUZE Z.) DATA: Over-all length: 1." is also used as the designation for auxiliary boosters and for the bursting charge similar to a burster which is used in smoke shells. Zdlg. EMPLOYMENT: Nose fuze for 20-mm A. Where paper wrappers are used.

because of centrifugal force. A floating striker is held in position by a coiled aluminum tape bearing against a shoulder on the striker body. 553. 1503 AND A. On impact. 552. This smoothness is probably necessary for the proper functioning of the fuze. As the rotation of the projectile decreases. Z.PROJECTILE FUZES Maximum diameter: 0. 1504 EMPLOYMENT: Nose fuzes used in German 20-mm. A wooden hammer rests against the striker head and is just below the nose closing cap. Z. employs the standard German centrifugal segments surrounded by a coiled strip of brass. NOSE FUZES A.) DATA: Over-all length: 1.781 inch.) HOLDER NEEDLE } i I—f DETONATOR NOSE FUZE A. there is no spring action to bring it back to its former position. As soon as the segment is set free. Z. Since the spiral bore safety ribbon has now completely unwound. it is bent outward because of centrifugal force. Z. CONSTEUCTION: The fuze is aluminum and has a recess in the base which houses a detonator cup. together with centrifugal force. continues to hold the catch in the locked position. 1502 F EMPLOYMENT: Nose fuze used on German 20-mm.000 inch. Since the metal in the segment is soft. The firing spring and bushing. the hammer forces the striker into the detonator. The tension of the spring opens the catch which releases the firing lever. 1503 and A. REMARKS: The A. >7 Figure 553—A. Number of threads: 6 BH. Of special note in the mechanism is the highly polished surface of the firing spring bushing. Threaded length: 0. Z. ACTION: Centrifugal force unwraps the aluminum tape freeing the striker. Z. the centrifugal force accordiingly decreases causing the centrifugal lever to relax its pressure on the catch. 1502. the firing pin will carry through and fire the primer. allowing the firing spring bushing to pass through the central hole. (See fig. The mechanism remains in this position as long as centrifugal force can equal the tension created by the spring which tends to release the catch. 1504 547 . but that is the only difference in the two fuzes. ammunition. an earlier version of the 1502 F.250 inch (with washer). STRIKER INERTIA 8L0CK CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS causes the catch to pivot slightly taking the strain off of the segment. moves the lever outward. ammunition. (See fig. During flight the lever.

Threaded length: 0.'-iiHG PIN SPRING PERCUSSION PLUNGER Ki^JGAL 5TEEL RING NEEDLE FIRING PIN FUZE eoDv SPLIT COLLAh METAL 'WASHER -4=a. Number of threads: 9 RH. 1505 EMPLOYMENT: German self-destroying nose fuze used in the 2-cni Mauser (H. CONSTRUCTION: The steel body has a closing disk in the nose and threads on the base of the fuze for engaging the projectile. Maximum diameter: 0. 1504 is that the 1504 is made of aluminum not steel. Z.) — CLOSING DISC f. ACTION: Centrifugal force opens the split ring withdrawing the detends from the striker holder. a striker holder keeps the striker out of line with the detonator. Inside the fuze body.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DATA: Over-all length: 1. ammunition). 1505 548 . A small steel ball rides in a slot below the striker holder and keeps it in the offset position. A detonator screws into a recess in the base of the fuze body. NOSE FUZE Z. the small ball creeps forward into a recess in the top of the striker holder. Z. During deceleration. it may pierce the detonator.375 inch. 1503 and the A. This holder is kept from moving down by two detents attached to a split ring which surrounds the holder.750 inch. E. Z. The holder is then free to move over bringing the striker in line with a central channel so that. SPIRAL RIBBON PRIMER Figure 554—I. on impact. 554.094 inches. Z. REMARKS: The only difference between the A. (See fig.

The balls are retained in position by a steel ring which increases in its internal diameter towards the top and is supported by the body of the fuze. Z.063 inches. 1531 EMPLOYMENT: Nose fuze used in 20-mm Aircraft Cannon Ammunition. 555. Z. the striker creeps forward.781 inches. however. A shoulder on the floating striker bears against two half collars on the bottom and a light spring on the top.PROJECTILE FUZES DATA: Over-all length: 1. the spring overcomes the decreasing contrifugal force and causes the balls to be cammed back into their housing again releasing the plunger so that it may force the firing pin into the primer. the latter piercing the primer. SPRING NEEDLE HALF COLLARS / Figure 555—A. (See fig. The bottoms of the half collars are locked in a seat in the fuze body and are kept there by the force of the light spring. Inside the fuze a shoulder on the firing pin bears against a split collar on the bottom and a percussion plunger on the top. These collars creep forward out of the seat and are separated by centrifugal force. The percussion plunger in the upper recess of the fuze is surrounded by a compressed spring bearing against the fuze body at the top and a shoulder on the plunger at the bottom. Maximum diameter: 1. The striker is then permitted to pierce the detonator upon impact. Upon deceleration. Threaded length: 0. Number of threads: 7 RH. CONSTRUCTION: The steel body of the fuze has a metal closing disc at the nose which protects the striked from air pressure and it is threaded at the base to engage the threads of the projectile. The split collar is housed in a recess in the center of the fuze and is held together by a spiral brass ribbon.) CONSTRUCTION: The single piece body has a closing disk in the nose and threads at the base to engage the projectile. A primer detonator is screwed into the base of the fuze. Upon impact the steel balls are cammed back into their housing and the compressed spring aids in activating first the plunger and then the firing pin. 1531 549 . ACTION: The striker and half collars are held in position during the initial phases of the projectile's flight. There is a central hole in the fuze to permit the striker to reach the primer.250 inch. The shoulder on the plunger is grooved to house eight steel centrifugal balls. ACTION: Centrifugal force causes the steel balls to fly out into the enlarged portion of the retaining ring thus locking the percussion plunger and its compressed spring in place. NOSE FUZE A. Centrifugal force also loosens the brass ribbon permitting the split collar to be thrown free of the striker. When impact does not occur before a certain length of time. compressing the spring and thus freeing the half collars.

1551 AND A.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE LOSING CAP STRIKER CENTRIFUGAL BOLT SPRING Figure 556—A. Z. Maximum diameter: 0.188 inch. A detonator screws into a recess in the base of the fuze body. Z. 556.) DATA: Over-all length: 0. 1. The striker is then free to strike the detonator upon impact. Maximum diameter: 0. the striker creeps forward permitting the bolt to move outward clearing the central channel.406 inch.688 inch. The under side of the shoulder on the striker is grooved to engage the top of the half collars holding them in place during set-back. 1532 NOSE FUZE A. 1532 EMPLOYMENT: Nose fuze used in German 13-mm ammunition. A striker is supported in a central recess of the fuze by two half collars surrounded by a split ring. ACTION: On set-back. (See fig. Number of threads: 5 RH.594 inch. Threaded length: 0. Z.) DATA: Over-all length: 0.500 inch. CONSTRUCTION: The brass body has a closing disc in the nose and threads near the base of the fuze for engaging the projectile. ACTION: After set-back has been overcome. the striker engages a groove in the centrifugal bolt locking it in place. A long striker is housed in a central cavity and it is held in place by a centrifugal bolt. 1552 EMPLOYMENT: Nose fuzes used in German 15mm ammunition. the striker creeps forward freeing the hold collars. During deceleration. 550 NOSE FUZES A. Number of threads: 5 KH. CONSTRUCTION: The fuze is of single piece construction with a closing cap in the nose and threads on the base for engaging the projectile. . 557. (See fig.156 inch. Threaded length: 0.

250 inch (with washer). ALUMINUM BODY WOOD HAMMER STRIKER ALUMINUM TAPE COILED DETONATOR HOUSING Figure 558—Z. 45 551 . Number of threads: 6 RH. (See fig. 1502 F. Z. however. Z. 558.000 inch. Z.PROJECTILE FUZES NEEDLE SPLIT RING HALF COLLARS DETONATOR -£ Figure 557—A. Maximum diameter: 0. 1551 except that it is made of steel. 45 EMPLOYMENT: Nose fuze used on German 20-mm ammunition. CONSTRUCTION: The body construction is similar to the A. 1552 is the same fuze as the A.) DATA: Over-all length: 1. Threaded length: 0.781 inch. REMARKS: The A. employs the standard centrifugal segments surrounded by a coiled brass strip. Z.1S51 and 1552 Centrifugal force then throws the half collars and the split ring outward permitting the striker to pierce the detonator upon impact. This fuze. NOSE FUZE Z.

ACTION: On acceleration the split collar is held by the set-back of the striker. D. the striker is driven into the detonator.. HAMMER STRIKER HEAD COLLAR STRIKER BODY ? J "«' """■I11» C^ in i'M"<K > > J -----*? "" >| win »"' i"W£ ""!" n>~ BOOSTER Figure 559—A. The striker and hammer of the 1502 F are replaced in Z. The front face of the body is recessed to house the split collar and is bored centrally to receive the striker. 5045 DESCRIPTION: This fuze is of the detonating type with a direct action of the floating striker type. 559. The striker assembly consists of a steel striker fitted with an aluminum head. BRASS DISK' FUZE. Z. A. The aluminum body is screw-threaded externally for insertion in the shell and internally at the base to receive the magazine. A.) The aluminum head is recessed at the nose to accommodate a wooden hammer. The head is screwed to the body and secured by a small set screw. The magazine is of aluminum and is similar to the type descriped for the A.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE These segments are grooved on the top to engage the small projections on the bottom of an inertia block which surrounds the striker. During flight the phosphor bronze spring uncoils and the split collar is thrown clear by centrifugal force. The recess is closed against air pressure by a brass closing disc at the nose. The fuze is used in the 2-cm shell. The split collar prevents the striker being driven into the detonator before the fuze is armed and is further retained by iy2 turns of phosphor bronze strip surrounding it. The striker. Z. the inertia block creeps forward and the segments are permitted to fly out as the brass strip uncoils. ACTION: On set-back. 45 by a striker of single piece construction. PERCUSSION. On impact the hammer is forced in and drives the striker into the detonator. The hammer is in the form of a disc with a stem on its underside which passes through a hole in the base of the recess and is aligned with the head of the striker. During flight. now unsupported and the hammer are moved forward by creep during deceleration and are protected from air pressure by the brass closing disc. 1501. Z. 5045 552 . the inertia block engages the centrifugal segments preventing them from releasing the striker. The underside of the head is shaped to retain the brass split collar in the safe position. (See fig. On impact.

projectile in 28-20 and 42-28 tapered bore guns. After the projectile leaves the weapon. This is a bore safety feature. (See fig.25 inch. CONSTRUCTION: Aluminum body with brass and bronze internal parts. disengaging the lip from the centrifugal segments.687 inch. STRIKER FUZE BODY COILED SPRING INERTIA PELLET NEEDLE CREEP SPRING STIRRUP SPRING RETAINER STIRRUP SPRING DETONATOR DETONATOR HOLCER Figure 561—A. A. GLOSIMC' W STRIKER ALUMINUM BODY STEEL RING SPRING BAND CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS DETONATOR Recess Figure 560—A. Z. Z. K. Z.) DATA: Over-all length: 0. E.PROJECTILE FUZES Maximum diameter: 0. 5072 EMPLOYMENT: Mechanical impact nose fuze for H.5075 M. Contains expanding centrifugal segments in a phosphor bronze spring and a movable striker and creep spring. 5075. Threaded length: 0. deceleration causes the steel ring to creep forward. 553 .937 inch. Z. Number of threads: 6 RH. Centrifugal force causes the segments to expand the centrifugal spring so that on impact the striker may pass through the segments and pierce the primer. 560. 5072 MECHANICAL NOSE FUZE A. ACTION: Initial set-back of the steel ring causes the lip on its lower edge to engage with notches on the centrifugal segments thereby keeping the segments from opening while the projectile is in the bore of the gun.

Z.875 inches. ACTION: On acceleration the arming ferrule in the fuze sets back over the stirrup spring which engages in its groove and retains it clear of the coiled spring. and propellant gases. 561. Number of threads: 7 EH. During flight the coiled spring is expanded into the annular recess in body by centrifugal force. A." CREEP SPRING SPIRAL SPRING STRIKER SPRING FINGER -SAFETY PIN DETONATOR Figure 562—A. The holder is secured in the fuze body by a set screw. K. (See fig. The detonator holder is screwed into the base of the fuze and carries an igniferous detonator in a perforated screwed plug. brings about the detonation of the bursting charge. The body is screw-threaded for insertion in the grenade and has an internal circumferential recess below the striker to permit the expansion of the coiled spring in flight. On impact. Maximum diameter: 1. During this period the coiled spring is held by the set-back of the striker.25 inch. A stirrup spring is held between the retainer and the detonator holder. The striker carries a needle surrounded by a spiral spring which is held between the underside of the striker and a cup-shaped retainer. The flash from this detonator initiates the detonator in the grenade.7-cm Strelgranate (3. Z. 5095 554 .GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE NOSE FUZE A. The coiled spring is retained by a cylindrical arming ferrule with an internal groove near its base end. E. CONSTRUCTION: The fuze is of aluminum and has an ogival body with a hole at the nose through which the cylindrical striker protrudes. REMARKS: This fuze is also used in the German H.) DATA: Over-all length: 1. Z.187 inches. ignite the delay pellet. EMPLOYMENT: Nose fuze for the 3. the striker is driven in and the needle pierces the igniferous detonator of the fuze. which in turn. The retainer has a central hole for the needle and has a step formed near the front end around which a length of flat spring is coiled.7-cm Rodded Bomb) fired from the 3. 5075 M. thus leaving the striker with its needle supported only by the striker spring. 5075. Rifle and Hand Grenade "Gewehrgranate Spreng. entering the flash hole in the screwed closing plug at the base. Threaded length: 0.7cm Pak.

The coiled spring strip is then free to expand into the enlarged part of the body recess. The retaining spring supporting the arming sleeve has only two arms.8-cm A. On acceleration the arming sleeve sets back on the rubber ring in the adapter and bends back the four arms of the retaining spring. 5075 AND A. it is identical with the fuze 5075. is held between the spring holder and the top of the magazine holder. A. The magazine holder consists of a cylindrical aluminium plug recessed and screw-threaded internally at the base for the insertion of the magazine. is fixed in a groove in the top of the adapter. Near the top the holder is reduced in diameter to form a step for the assembly of the coiled spring strip. The designation has not been stamped on fuzes examined to date. 562.. PERCUSSION. The weight of the fuze is 2-oz.3 percent of tetrazene. The aluminium striker is cylindrical with a flange at the base which engages a step in the body and so limits its upward movement. The interior is recessed for the mechanism. The steel arming sleeve. near the base. A projection at the top of the holder is bored centrally for the needle and is chamfered near its base for the attachment of the spring holder. 4. The four portions remaining of the wall of the recess in the base of the spring holder are bent inwards to engage an inclined surface near the top of the magazine holder. the coiled spring strip prevents the striker spring being compressed and thus holds the needle away from the detonator. The spring holder is cut in two places to accommodate the arms. Z. The striker is made of black plastic. The detonator contains 93. (See fig. The spring holder is in the form of a cylinder with a central hole for the needle and a recess in the top to receive the base end of the spiral spring surrounding the needle. excepting the magazine and magazine assembly. 5095 is used in the nose of the German 8. surrounding the coiled spring strip fits around the upper part of the spring holder and is supported by the retaining spring. Inside the sleeve.PROJECTILE FUZES FUZE. D. selfdestroying grenade. ACTION: With the arming sleeve supported on the retaining spring. A. The ogival aluminium body is screw-threaded externally for insertion in the bomb and is screwthreaded internally at the base to receive the adapter for the magazine. is similar to the nose fuze described for the rifle and hand. 555 . A shoulder formed around the exterior engages a corresponding shoulder in the adapter and carries a locating pin which enters a hole in the shoulder of the adapter. the recess being enlarged near the top to permit the expansion of a coiled spring strip. Tk.) The aluminum body protruding from the nose of the bomb is ogival in shape with an aluminium striker protruding from a hole at the top. The aluminium magazine contains 6. The retaining spring consisting of a steel disc with a hole for the needle in the center and four arms curved slightly upwards. and these are thinner to permit the fuze to be armed at a much smaller acceleration.7 percent of lead azide and 6.7 Pak. The lower part of the spring holder is recessed to fit over the top of the magazine holder. On impact the striker is forced in and the needle pierces the detonator. A steel needle protruding from the base of the striker is secured by an aluminium screw inserted in the head. 2. A rubber ring. to cushion the set back of the arming sleeve. Z. REMARKS: The fuze A. Z. The striker is supported by a spiral spring and a coiled spring strip. 1.2 grains of PETN under a 5. The aluminium adapter for the attachment of the magazine consists of a screwed ring with a stepped hole for the magazine holder. The body is made of steel. leaving the striker supported only by the spiral spring. 4y2-drs. Except for the undermentioned differences. a circumferential groove is cut to engage the arms of the retaining spring when the sleeve is in the armed position. Stielgranate 41 or hollow charge muzzle stick bomb and.4-grain detonator. Rebound of the sleeve is prevented by the arms entering the groove inside the sleeve. 3. Hollow Charge Rocket projectile. both of which are positioned between the base of the striker and an aluminium spring holder. 5075 is used in the nose of the 3. 5095 DESCRIPTION: The fuze A. instead of four. Z. The wall of the recess is cut away at four places to permit the four arms of the retaining spring to protrude for the support of the arming sleeve.

Maximum diameter: 1. 40 EMPLOYMENT: Mechanical Nose Fuze with self-destroying arrangement for 3. Number of threads: 5 E. and thus leaves the striker held off the detonator only by the creep spring. 564.02 ounces.057 inches and the over-all length 2. causing it to cut the shearing pin away from its screwed end. The base end of the cutting pin passes through a hole in the circular plate and is thus exposed to the pressure of the propellant gases. FUZE.12 inches. The adapter has been omitted.125 inches. 563. drive the pin forward. CONSTRUCTION: this fuze is essentially the same in construction as the 3. Details of the magazine filling and the composition in the detonator are not available. On firing the hollow wooden bullet is shattered by the propellant gases which project the grenade and. which is of steel. overcoming the spring of the cutting pin. Z. A. D. ACTION: The rubber plug is removed from the tail unit and with the cartridge loaded into the rifle in the normal way the tube of the tail unit is placed over the spigot device at the muzzle. E. containing a cutting pin with spring.312 inch.) NOSE FUZE K..7-cm Kopfzunder 556 .) DATA: Over-all length: 2. A central recess contains the striker and creep spring and is closed at its enlarged front end by an aluminum magazine which is screwed in and contains a detonator and intermediary explosive. Another channel. On graze the momentum of the striker overcomes the creep spring and the detonator is pierced. The magazine holder.7-cm H.HG \ \ SPRING IN CUP ON SHEARING PIM Figure 563—A. 1. screws into the fuze body direct. This passes through the fuze body and a circumferential groove cut in the arming collar. retains the cutting pin in its channel. A safety pin is provided. shells. secured in a recess in the base of the body by two screws. A circular plate. 6. Length of threads: 0. The shearing pin is then ejected by the spring held in compression under its head. is bored from the base of the body and communicates with the shearing pin channel at a point where the shearing pin is reduced in diameter. (See fig. 2492 5. The weight of the fuze is 3. The diameter of the threads is 1. (See fig. H. A. A transverse channel near the base contains a spring-loaded screwed shearing pin which engages in a recess in the stem of the striker.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE SCREWS" D END CRFFP SPRING 'RiHfR SHEARING PiN h">H.0 inches. 2492 DESCRIPTION: This fuze body is cylindrical with an external screw-thread at each end for assembly as the connecting piece between the tail unit and the body. Z.

(See fig.312 inch. A. E.75 inches.) DATA: Over-all length: 1.25 inches. NOSE FUZE 3. Maximum diameter: 1. (Z. When direct action does not occur before the composition burns to the base of the second channel. CONSTRUCTION: The above is apparently an improved type of the earlier version of the 3. the disk of gunpowder confined to the top of the magazine adapter is ignited and explodes and thus initiates the detonation of the magazine. When the pellet in the radial channel disintegrates the bolt is thrown outwards by centrifugal force leaving the striker held off from the detonator in the magazine by the creep action resulting from deceleration. Z. PV. the burning of the delay composition in the first vertical channel is transmitted by the gunpowder in the traverse channel to the delay composition in the second vertical channel. During flight. 16) and the 3. Zerl. EMPLOYMENT: Mechanical Nose Fuze with self-destroying arrangement for 3.7-cm Kopfzunder Zerl.7 A.7-CM KOPFZUNDER ZERL. ACTION: On acceleration the igniferous detonator in the displaced recess sets back on the. 565. the striker is driven in by the hammer and pierces the detonator in the top of the magazine.PROJECTILE FUZES Zerl. The flash from the detonator passes through the flash channels to the powder pellet in the radial channel and to the lower end of the delay filling in the first of the vertical channels. ACTION: On acceleration the igniferous detonator in the displaced recess sets back on the striker. Number of threads: 5 R. Z. On impact. Z. except that the delay in the self-destroying arrangement is longer. H.striker. Threaded length: 0.7-cm Kpf. 40 557 . P. The centrifugal bolt holding the striker off the detonator is flat and is held in position by a detent which sits on a gunpowder pellet. Only minor modifications are incorporated. P. Pv. gun H. CENTRIFUGAL LUG SELF DESTROYING POWDER TRAIN RETAINING PIN STRIKER SETBACK PRIMER — SPRING GUN POWDER PELLET NEEDLE VENTS Figure 564—K. shells.

NOSE FUZE 3.) DATA: Over-all length: 1. 558 . E.75 inches. P.7-cm Pak H. On impact the striker is driven in by the hammer and pierces the detonator in the top of the magazine. Z. Zerl. (See fig. P. is also colored red.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE RETAINING PIN CENTRIFUGAL LUG SET BACK PRIMER SELF DESTROYING POWDER TRAIN SPRING STRIKER NEEDLE GUN POWDER PELLET VENTS Figure 565—3. Maximum diameter: 1. The detonator which ignites the powder pellet also ignites a delay composition which connects with the magazine of the fuze and provides a selfdestroying action when direct action does not occur. When direct action does not occur before the composition burns to the base of the second channel. The tip of the fuze is red and the stamping. Z. 566.7-cm.7-cm Kopfzunder Zerl. 16. the burning of the delay composition in the first vertical channel is transmitted by the gunpowder in the traverse channel to the delay composition in the second vertical channel. Pv. ZERL. Kpf." on the side of the body. CONSTRUCTION: The fuze is of aluminum alloy with a body tapering towards the flat topped nose.7-CM KPF. "3. the disk of gunpowder confined in the top of the magazine adapter is ignited and explodes and thus initiates the detonation of the magazine. REMARKS: Now issued in a light steel body and known as Z. Number of threads: 5 RH. EMPLOYMENT: Mechanical nose fuze with self-destroying arrangement for 3. Z.25 inches. When the pellet in the radial channel disintegrates the bolt is thrown outwards by centrifugal force leaving the striker held off the detonator in the magazine by the creep action resulting from deceleration. The flash from the detonator passes through the flash channels to the powder pellet in the radial channel and to the lower end of the delay filling in the first of the vertical channels. During flight. Threaded length: 0.437 inch. The fuze is of the direct action type and includes a safety device which is released by the disintegration of a pellet of gunpowder. shells.

The recess is closed at the top by a thin brass. Near the top of the channel a traverse :W NEEDLE DETONATOR CENTRIFUGAL BOLT SYSTEM SELF DESTROYING FLASH CHANNEL POWDER PELLET SELF DESTROYING PELLET MAGAZINE Figure 566—3. 559 . The two inclined flash channels connecting the recess with die radial channel are located one near the top of the recess and the other near the bottom. The recess containing the detonator with its spiral supporting spring and screwed striker is displaced from the center of the fuze. An additional inclined flash channel. also near the bottom of the recess. P. The brass centrifugal bolt is slotted at its inner end to fit around the stem of the striker and has a collar formed round its center which limits its inward movement. The striker pellet is supported by a centrifugal bolt which protrudes from a radial channel in the body. The flash channel from the detonator recess leads into the closed lower end of the first vertical channel. The inner end of the capsule.PROJECTILE FUZES The direct action mechanism is contained in a central recess in the body and consists of an aluminum hammer supported by a steel pellet which is integral with the striker. Two inclined flash channels connect the radial channel with a recess containing a detonator and striker assembly. The delay composition for the self-destroying action is contained in two vertical channels with a transverse connecting channel.disc and has a hole at the base for the stem of the striker which enters a guide in the magazine adapter. connects with the channels containing the delay composition for the self-destroying action.7-cm Kopfzunder Zerl. The hammer consists of a circular disk with a stem which passes through a guide screwed into the body recess. The screwed closing plug carrying the capsule has a lightly closed vent at its center for the escape of pressure when the powder is ignited. which bears against a lead washer supported by a shoulder in the radial channel has a hole in the center to receive the stem of the centrifugal bolt. The capsule is cylindrical with a concave wall with perforations equally spaced around it. A stem formed on its outer end bears against a pellet of gunpowder contained in an aluminum perforated capsule attached to the inner side of the closing plug of the radial channel. This channel is filled from the upper end with delay composition and closed at the top by a plug which is machined to correspond with the tapering body of the fuze.

64/42 A <r 0 ■':<*•>. Z. The flash from the detonator passes through the flash channels to the power pellet in the radial channel and to the lower end of the delay filling in the first of the vertical channels. 1. Figure 567—K. The circular recess in the top of the adapter has a cylindrical projection in the center which is drilled to form a guide for the striker.v »*<"V^-"W — LOCKING BALLS STRIKER RETAINING COLLAR —. When the pellet in the radial channel disintegrates. ACTION: On acceleration the igniferous detonator in the displaced recess sets back on the striker. 39. the bolt WOOD HAMMER -. 38 560 .GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE channel containing pressed gunpowder leads into the upper end of the second vertical channel which also contains delay composition and is open at the base where it is in contact with a circular disk of pressed gunpowder carried in a recess in the top of the magazine adapter.COLLAR SPRING 3»& -> USA.PRIMER HOUSING _-£>-'?►) . The magazine adapter screws into the underside of the body and carries a magazine similar to that of the A. The pressed pellet of gunpowder contained in the recess is in the form of a washer to fit over the needle guide.

striker. rests on the top of the striker and is retained in position by a copper disk. which closes the nose of the fuze. During flight. Z. In the lower body is the primer housing. Z. A. which screws into the bottom of the channel.125 inches.006 inch thick. The striker guide is screw-threaded externally to suit the adapter and to receive a gaine body. 568. Three radial holes are bored in the upper part of the channel and partially accommodate three balls which rest against the underside of the striker head and thereby hold the striker off the detonator. leaving the striker held off from the detonator in the magazine by the creep action resulting from deceleration. (See fig. and a second step which forms a shoulder and bearing surface for the upper end of the ferrule. A pin through the side of the adapter prevents the ferrule from turning. shell. When direct action does not occur before the composition burns to the base of the second channel. The upper part of the channel forms a guide for the hammer and striker. and the principal parts are. D. (See fig.75 inch. the striker is driven in by the hammer and pierces the detonator in the top of the magazine. ACTION: Set-back causes the inner housing to move back. with a central fire channel. and the lower part accommodates an igniferous detonator held between a shoulder and a plug. the length of the body protruding from the nose of the shell is 0. igniferous detonator and gaine. the burning of the delay composition in the first vertical channel is transmitted by the gunpowder in the traverse channel to the delay composition in the second vertical channel. 567. arming sleeve and arming spring. which may be identified by the stencilling "Kz. the disk of gunpowder confined in the top of the magazine adapter is ignited and explodes and thus initiates the detonation of the magazine. The striker is of steel and flanged at its upper end to enable it to be engaged by the three balls and held in the safe position. shaped with a head. and below it. Centrifugal force causes the pin to move out and upon deceleration. three balls. Maximum diameter-: 0.) DATA: Over-all length: 1. Internally it is screw-threaded to receive the striker guide and its upper end has a chamber to receive an arming sleeve and arming spring which surround the upper end of the striker guide. 1 ounce in weight and 561 . The smaller diameter at the forward end houses the head of a wooden hammer. 38" on the dome-shaped body is. The adapter is screw-threaded externally to receive the body and to screw into the shell. 250. As the collar moves up. E. NOSE FUZE K. stirrup spring and ferrule. On impact.) The dome-shaped body has a flat nose and is prepared with an internal channel stepped in four diameters and screw-threaded internally at its base to receive an adapter. Threaded length: 0. FUZE. CONSTRUCTION: Fuze is identical with the British Type No. The sleeve and spring are retained in the unarmed position by a stirrup spring and ferrule. The empty fuze is similar to the British Fuze No. Before firing. The fuze is made of brass and steel. the hammer forces the striker onto the primer. 38 DESCRIPTION: This fuze. striker guide. the balls in the primer housing are free to move out under centrifugal force. the body with adapter. Number of threads: 5 RH. The channel is closed at its front end by a copper disk 0. K. releasing the pressure on the centrifugal pin. striker and hammer. This releases the striker and it drops into position so that on impact. A wooden hammer.PROJECTILE FUZES is thrown outwards by centrifugal force. The fuze is of the direction action type. they are retained in position by the arming sleeve. 2 inches in length. The upper and lower body surround the inner housing which contains the retaining collar and the retaining collar spring.219 inch. 250 Mk II. REMARKS: The self-destroying element is in the tracer. striker retaining balls. including the gaine.06 inch. and has a central channel. In the top of the upper body is a wooden hammer. is a chamber to accommodate the arming sleeve after firing. the retaining collar moves up under pressure from its spring. 38 EMPLOYMENT: Mechanical Impact Nose Fuze for 40-mm Bofors Gun H.

It is the same size as the ignitory detonator in Fuze No. antimony sulphide (with. approximately 1.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE WOOD HÄMMER OPPER CLOSING DISK BODY FERRULE STRIKER BALL ARMING GUIDE SLEEVE ADAPTER GNIFEROUS DETONATOR BOOSTER DETONATOR Figure 568—D. It is flanged at its upper end to form a seating for the arming spring and has a curved periphery to suit the stirrup spring. 38 The arming sleeve is cylindrical and fits around the striker guide to retain the balls. A.5 grain of a mixture of mercury fulminate. its lower edge has a number of external projections which fit under the ferrule. 250. A pin engages a slot cut vertically in one side of the ferrule and prevents its rotary movement in the fuze. possibly. The ferrule is cylindrical.05 inches long is a steel cylindrical body closed at its bottom end and containing 7 grains of CE/TNT (40/60) pressed extremely hard into the base with a thin layer of the same composition in the form of loose crystals 562 . and its upper edge has a number of internal projections which fit over the arming sleeve and keep the arming spring under compression. K. followed by a thin layer of gunpowder. its upper end engages a shoulder in the body and its lower end the stir- rup spring. potassium chlorate. The gaine. The stirrup spring is cylindrical. The igniferous detonator contains about 0. Z. a small proportion of ground glass).

The flash hole in the top of the capsule is closed by a fabric disk on its underside. it. 563 . E. cann'ot be overemphasized that before being fired the closing disk in the nose of the fuze should be examined to see that it is not damaged or perforated. On firing. S. 2. ISO Rh. ACTION: This fuze is of the floating striker type and is not provided with a supporting spring.PROJECTILE FUZES on top. The mouth of the gaine is screw-threaded to enable it to be screwed on the striker guide of the fuze.46 grain of C. under 6 grains of fulminate of mercury. Above this is an inverted cup-shaped capsule containing a detonator composition consisting of 0. otherwise the round may be fired prematurely by air pressure acting directly on the hammer. the ferrule sets back and takes the COVER PLATE HAMMER STRIKER CENTRIFUGAL PRIMER STRIKER HORIZONTAL PASSAGE BOLT DETONATOR VERTICAL RECESS CENTRIFUGAL BOLT POWDER PELLET Figure 569—A. therefore. and contains a leather washer under a metal washer which fits over the detonator cap.

During flight. The hammer is aligned with the striker in the fuze body. the three balls are released and fly outwards under centrifugal action and so release the striker. S. On impact. (See fig. A channel is formed through the center of the body for the striker. is retained in the safe position in its slot by a detent carried in the body. creep action and protection from air pressure provided by the cover plate results in a forward movement of the hammer and striker. the primer in the recess sets back against its spring and is pierced by the striker. which is forced upwards by its spring and unmasks the three holes in the striker guide. PERCUSSION FUZE A. away from the striker head. set up by the rotation of the projectile and fuze.) The head of the fuze which screws on to the body is recessed at the front end to accommodate the hammer. the shell filling. The body is screw-threaded externally behind the flange for insertion into the projectile and has an internal left-hand screw-thread for the gaine. HAMMER BRASS S'-'F'AR ~nU fH '" UGAU SEGMENT ~*PäI\DINö SPR'N'G Ri»iG STRIKER IGNIFEROilS DETONATOR FLASH CHANNEL Figure 570—E. The flash passes through the channel to the detent recess and ignites the gunpowder pellet thus depriving the detent of this support. the channel being of larger diameter at the front end to receive the head of the striker on functioning. the striker and hammer tend to creep forward owing to deceleration. C/28 564 . A centrifugal bolt. shaped to fit the stem of the striker below the enlarged head. Z. 569. DESCRIPTION: This fuze is of the detonating type with a direct action of the floating striker type. T50 RH. The recess has a central hole through which the stem of the hammer passes and is closed against air pressure at the front by a cover plate. driving the striker into the detonator. A flash channel in the recess behind the powder pellet leads to another recess containing a primer held off a striker in the base of this recess by a spiral spring. Centrifugal force. A similar empty recess is diametrically opposite in the fuze body. Idt. which is fired and in turn set off the gaine detonator and gaine which detonates. the hammer is forced in. During flight. and is probably intended to preserve the balance of the fuze and to divert some of the pressure produced by the functioning of the primer in the connected recess. K. ACTION: On acceleration. causes the centrifugal bolt to move outwards.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE stirrup spring with it. thereby releasing the arming sleeve.

or graze. On impaet.) The hollow ogival aluminum head of the fuze is screwed on the body and secured by a grub screw. PERCUSSION.K. A flash hole is formed in the base of the recess for the passage of the flash from the detonator to the gaine. The aluminum body has a hollow cylindrical projection on its front face in which the base end of the wooden hammer is housed in contact with a striker holder. and the wire sheared. 570. ZDR. whilst the inertia pellet overcomes the creep spring and carries the detonator forward. Z. The striker and the pellet are then held apart by the shearing wire and creep spring only. (See fig. The aluminum body of the fuze is screw-threaded externally at the base for insertion into the shell BRASS SHEARING WIRE SCREW PLUG EXPANDING SPRING RING NEEDLE STRIKER CREEP SPRING SEGMENT PIVOT IGNIFEROUS DETONATOR CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENT FLASH HOLE Figure 571—K. The flash produced by the piercing of the detonator passes through the hole in the base of the pellet holder to the gaine in the exploder container of the projectile. The hole formed in the nose of the head to receive the outer end of the wooden hammer is closed by a brass disk. The fuze is of the combined direct action and graze type and. ACTION: During flight. C/27 (LAI) 565 . FUZE BODY NAVAL TYPE K. with the exception of the igniferous detonator. C/28 DESCRIPTION: This fuze is used over a gaine and is designed on the combined direct and graze action principles for sensitivity and instantaneous functioning. 571. The inertia pellet carries an igniferous detonator secured by a perforated screwed plug and has a creep spring position between it and the striker holder. The pellet holder is of steel and is recessed to carry the inertia pellet. and is supported by a brass shearing wire. the striker is driven in by the wooden hammer. FUZE. has no explosive filling. C/27 (LM) DESCRIPTION: It is used in shell for heavy guns. Z. The striker holder carries a steel striker. E. the ammunition of which is often of naval design. The body is recessed and screw-threaded from the underside to receive the pellet holder. the striker is driven into the detonator by the hammer. secured by a screwed plug. Five centrifugal segments of brass with steel pivot pins are fitted on the front face of the holder and are positioned to overlap the inertia pellet by an expanding spring ring. The disk is secured by a brass ring.) The design includes a hole at the nose to receive an extended form of hammer for use under a ballistic cap.PROJECTILE FUZES On impact. the expanding spring ring is opened and the segments rotated clear of the inertia pellet by centrifugal force. (See fig.

An aluminum pellet holder with a central flash hole at the base and recessed internally to house the inertia pellet is screwed into the base of the fuze. Spgr.003 inch thick and contains 2. The composition is made up of mercury fulminate 27. The balls are located in the internally coned metal cup and retained by the ferrule which is pressed on to them by the spiral spring. The inertia pellet which is of steel. The head of the striker is housed in a -•FERRULE CONED CUP FELT WASHER COPPER DISC LEAO AZIDE COPPER CAPSULE P. brass plated. and ground glass 6. On top of this holder are fixed five pivots on which are mounted five brass centrifugal segments surrounded by an expanding spring ring of phosphor bronze which maintains them in position overlapRING ping the top of the inertia pellet and preventing it from forward movement. Maximum diameter: 1. The striker is of steel and is secured by a steel plug which screws into the striker holder. The stem of the striker is surrounded by a creep spring and the point protrudes into the top of the inertia pellet. The flash produced by the striker piercing the detonator passes through the flash channel to the gaine of the shell.86 grain of glazed gunpowder.).7-cm H. Threaded length: 0.7-CM. TEAR OFF STRIP NOSE FUZE FOR 4. The hollow stemmed aluminum striker with enlarged head passes through a cup-shaped ferrule and is supported at the cone.7 percent. has a central cavity housing the igniferous detonator and is closed at the base by a paper washer and a brass screwed plug with a central flash hole. E.) BRASS COVER NEEDLE HEAD COPPER DISC — BRASS CAP FERRULE SPRING DATA: Over-all length: 1.3 grains of composition above 0. H.7-cm Pak. E. near the point. Centrifugal force set up by the projectile in flight causes the spring ring to expand and permit the segments to rotate clear of the inertia pellet thus leaving the striker and inertia pellet held apart by the shear wire and creep spring. Spgr. antimony sulphide 26.7 percent. ACTION: On acceleration the striker is prevented from setting back onto the detonator by the shear wire.0 inch. The striker holder is supported in the body by a brass shearing wire. The detonator consists of a copper shell closed at each end by a copper disk 0.7 percent. On graze or impact the shear wire is broken and the spring is compressed by the striker being driven in the graze pellet setting forward.7-cm Pak. 572. (See fig. MAGAZINE f STEEL BALL •*•COPPER DISC DETONATING COMPOSION Figure 572—Fuze for 4.N. The cone of the striker corresponds with the coned interior of the cup so that a force acting along the axis of the striker will not displace the balls. Number of threads: 3 EH. by four steel balls. SHELL EMPLOYMENT: Used in 4.312 inches. CONSTRUCTION: This fuze is of the direct action detonating type in which the striker is held off the detonator by four steel balls.ET.9 percent.312 inch.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE and recessed internally to take an aluminum striker holder and the graze mechanism. potassium chlorate 38. 566 . Shell (4.

ACTION: The cover is removed before loading.PROJECTILE FUZES recess in the cap of the fuze. the striker is driven in and pierces the detonator. The striker is then held off from the detonator by creep action. The detonating composition consists of: Mercury fulminate 28. and it appears that the striker CLOSING DISC WOODEN HÄMMER J. During the acceleration.8 percent. nor the spring are positively located. ferrule. the recess being closed against air pressure by a copper disk. and antimony sulphide 31.5 percent. potassium chlorate 39. the balls are held by setback and the ferrule. The initiator filling in the capsule consists of a 25-gram layer of detonating composition over 31 grams of lead azide.7 percent. When acceleration ceases and the rate of spin is sufficient. such as might occur if the copper disc in the cap of the fuze were punctured. The strip is provided with a finger ring which is lightly soldered to the cover. Neither the striker. REMARKS: The copper disc over the initiator capsule is probably intended to act as a resistance to the striker and to prevent premature action by wind pressure acting on the striker. The magazine is screwed into the underside of the fuze and contains the initiator compositions in a copper capsule over a 48-gram filling of PETN. The fuze is fitted with a brass cover secured by a tear-off strip. 3/40 567 . the balls are forced outwards by centrifugal force and retained in this position by the ferrule under the pressure of the spring. On impact. interposed between it and the striker point. The copper capsule has a copper disk soldered in the front end and a second copper disc.UZE BODY L_- NEEDLE -CREEP SPRING CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS /SSV/ '€ is PRIMER HOLDER • INNER HOUSING "IT LOCKING NUT Figure 573—M35 enx. with felt washer attached.

A central channel is formed between the upper and lower recess for the striker. which. creep spring. The steel striker is carried in an aluminum pellet supported by the centrifugal segments which are retained in the supporting position by an expanding spring ring. Z. ACTION: Centrifugal force throws the centrifugal segments outward freeing both the striker and the primer housing which are then separated only by the creep spring. the hammer forces the striker back to meet the primer which has been thrown forward by inertia. NOSE FUZE A. CONSTRUCTION: The body has a closing disk in the nose and threads on the base to engage the projectile. Threaded length: 0. should it occur. and centrifugal segments are all contained in a single inner housing which screws into the base of the fuze body and is secured by a locking nut. Number of threads: 7 RH. A recess formed in the underside is screwthreaded to receive tiie magazine which contains a 6. A light creep spring surrounds the striker and bears against a lip on the primer housing. The striker. 38 CONSTRUCTION: The body of the fuze is screw-threaded externally to 0. would render the fuze insensitive on a light target. Beneath the closing disk is a wooden hammer which bears against the striker.) . (See fig. Threaded length: 0.125 inches.2-grain filling of PETN under a 5. Z. WOOOtN HAMMER MEtOLE r-F.25 inch.S_J DATA: Over-all length: 1. Lf"T NEEDLE —-T SPRING RlNC GEMTRF.625 inches.cT ee. Upon impact. 574. 3/40 EMPLOYMENT: Czech nose fuze used in German 4.9-grain detonator of lead azide/calcium silicide 65/35.625 inch.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE is so designed that the point of the striker may rove considerably off its normal axis without jamming. The aluminum head of the fuze is recessed in the underside to accommodate the striker pellet 568 .937 inch. The resulting flash passes through the central channel into the detonator. 38 EMPLOYMENT: Mechanical Impact Fuze used in Hollow Charge shells.''■> '-it '-P f.) DATA: Overall length: 2. Maximum diameter: 0. 35 ENZ. (See fig. 573. Maximum diameter: 1. PIVOT PETN SPRING RING ~A Figure 574—A. NOSE FUZE M. The centrifugal segments are interposed between the striker and primer housing. ''£.438 inches.. The upper part of the body is recessed to accommodate six pivoted centrifugal segments and threaded internally to receive the aluminum head of the fuze.7-cm ammunition. Number of threads: 10 EH.69 inch gage with a pitch of approximately 1 mm for insertion in the shell. primer holder. V.

719 inches. Number of threads: 5 RH. Z. Maximum diameter: 1.312 inches. On impact. EXPANDING SPRING RING CENTRIFUGAL "BOLT NEEDLE HEAD BEFORE FIRING AFTER FIRING Figure 575—A. the hammer and striker are driven in and the detonator is pierced. (See fig. The hammer is of wood and rests on the head of the striker pellet. The striker is then held off the detonator by the creep action resulting from deceleration. Z. 39 569 .) DATA: Overall length: 1. The impulse setup by the detonation is communicated through the aluminum tube in the shell to the gaine in the base of the shell cavity.T. 39 EMPLOYMENT: Used in 5-cm H. Threaded length: 0.E. 575. the coil of the expanding spring ring is enlarged and the segments rotated clear of the striker pellet by centrifugal force.PROJECTILE FUZES and recessed at the nose to take the hammer which passes through a hole in the diaphragm between the recesses. E. shell. ALUMINUM DISC NEEDLE HEAD SHUTTER "— NEEDLE ~f £- BRASS DISC BRASS CAP' P. ACTION: During flight.312 inch. The construction of the detonator in the gaine is such that it could be initiated either by a flash or a pressure gaine. The recess containing the hammer is closed at the nose against air pressure by an aluminum disk sealed with a fillet of synthetic resin. NOSE FUZE A.N.

The shutter has two holes formed in it. with the ball as a displaced weight. the needle is driven in and pierces the detonator. The rotation of the shell also causes the spring ring to expand and the bolts to disengage the shutter which. The bolts are housed in holes in the body within an expanding spring ring and engage in slots in the shutter. The magazine is fitted with a brass detonator containing 0. During flight. the ball is caused to move forward by creep action combined with the effort of the slope of the channel and centrifugal force until it enters the hold in the shutter. The brass magazine of the fuze is fitted to the underside of the body by means of an aluminum screwed plug. Z. One of these holes has formed in' the inner side of its periphery. WINDSHIELD HAMMER STRIKER SOFT METAL TAPE GAINE WELL Figure 576—A. REMARKS: Sometimes marked A. 39ZN. The shutter slides in a diametrical groove in the front face of the body where it is retained in the safe position by means of two centrifugal steel bolts.33 gram of lead azide with calcium suicide over a filling of 48 grams PETN. Z. The dimensions of the recess prevents the head of the needle passing it but the hole will permit this movement when the shutter is in the armed position.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE CONSTRUCTION: This is a detonating type with a direct action in which the needle is supported by a shutter. The needle is then held off the detonator by creep action. a recess which expands to the center of the shutter and receives the needle. the second hole coincides with a channel in the body which houses a shell ball. which engages under the enlarged head on the needle. An aluminum striker is positioned in front of the needle in a recess in the cap of the fuze. With the shutter in the unarmed position. slides across the body and ceases to support the needle at the head. 49 570 . one on each side of its center. ACTION : On acceleration. On impact. The recess is closed against air pressure by an aluminum disc. The direct action mechanism consists of an aluminum needle supported over the detonator by the shutter. the ball is held in the channel by set-back.

25 second delay. As a result of centrifugal force. CONSTRUCTION: The aluminum body of the fuze is in two parts. 2. Threaded length: 0. Maximum diameter: 2. 23" is stamped above the flange of the aluminum body diametrically opposite the optional delay setting plug.PROJECTILE FUZES NOSE PERCUSSION FUZE A. 49 EMPLOYMENT: Nose fuze for 20-mm ammunition. It is designed to function on impact or graze. A slot formed in the top of the holder to receive the shutter extends to just beyond the central flash channel. 576. Z. O. DATA: Over-all length: 4. Near the top it is reduced in diameter and screwthreaded to receive the head and it is recessed to accommodate the graze pellet. The period of delay is stamped adjacent to the plug in the form "V. (See fig. is solid and tapers towards the nose. The main components consist of: 1. The graze steel pellet carries an igniferous detonator supported by a perforated screwed plug.375 inches. For action without delay the plug is set to the "O" index. Number of threads: 4 RH. 49 are: A. Z. is used in the 105-mm howitzer and also in 75-mm separate ammunition. Aluminum hammer head.) The lower portion of the body is tapered above the flange to correspond to the head and is screwthreaded below the flange for insertion in the shell. the tape unwinds so that on impact the striker is forced onto the detonator. 23 v (0. The channel is closed against air pressure at the top of a brass disc which is secured by a brass collar fitted around a stop formed in the nose of the fuze. displaced from the center. 5045 NOSE PERCUSSION FUZE. The fuze has a circular groove on the body. (See fig.375 inches. EMPLOYMENT: This percussion fuze.24) The designation "A. Some are designed for use with H. A tin disk with perforations corresponding to the channels in the holder is inserted above the holder. Z.15 or 0. Z. The head portion. The shutter assembly consists of a copper plate attached to a cylindrical bolt and is contained in the delay setting plug with a spiral spring which tends to retain the shutter in a position to close 571 . REMARKS: Fuzes similar in construction and operation to the A.) DESCRIPTION: This fuze is constructed mainly of aluminum. E. 23 SERIES GENERAL: There are a large number of fuzes of this series which are designed for use with projectiles for a wide range of equipments. contains the delay holder with a shutter and is screw-threaded to receive the magazine. At the outer end of the slot the holder is recessed to receive the inner end of a centrifugal bolt forming part of the shutter. A. 4. ACTION: The striker is held off the detonator by a coiled soft metal tape. 15. which contains a delay filling and coincides with the inclined flash channel from the recess containing the graze pellet.625 inch. Soft metal tape. projectiles and are normally fitted with an optional delay and others for use with smoke projectiles and have no optional delay.15) or (0. The two recesses are connected by a central flash hole and an inclined flash channel. 48 A. "Duplexkapsel" containing a detonator and magazine. The head is secured to the lower part by a fixing screw. 577A. The delay holder consists of a cylindrical aluminum pellet with a flash channel through the center and a second channel. is supported above the graze pellet by a creep spring and by five centrifugal aluminum segments pivoted on the top of the lower portion of the body. formed in the base. Steel needle. with 0. The aluminum striker pellet. Another recess. which is screwed to the lower part. 3. Z. A channel is formed through its center to accommodate the wooden hammer and the striker pellet. 47 A." To obtain delay the slot in the head of the setting plug is set coincident with the index marks letter "M" and "V". Z. A radial channel for the optional delay assembly leads from the exterior to the lower recess. The segments are held between the base of the striker pellet and a shoulder on the graze pellet by an expanding spring ring. Z. fitted with a steel striker.

The magazine contains a pressed perforated pellet of gunpowder weighing approximately 2 grams and has a flash hole in the base closed by a paper disk.-:.1 COPPER PLATE DELAY A ■ % SE*Tii-. ACTION: Before loading. the coil of the expanding spring ring is enlarged and the segments swing clear of the graze and striker pellets by centrifugal force. the fuze is set for delay or nondelay action by means of the setting plug.15) the central flash channel. The striker pellet is then held in the forward position by "creep" while the graze pellet is held 572 .GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE NEEDLE EXTENSION SECTION THRU XY BEFORE FIRING BODY DETONATOR PELLET' NEEDLE PELLET CENTRIFUGAL BOLTS SET SCREW . During flight. BOLTS AFTER FIRING i DETONATOR PELLET COPPER ■' PLATE "i MAGAZINE INDEX PLUG CENTWUGAL BOLT . The outer end of the setting plug is closed and has a groove for the setting key. 23 (0. The plug is retained in the fuze body by a screwed securing ring which engages a flange on the plug but does not prevent it being turned in setting.-~£— CENTRIFUGAL BOLT INDEX PLUG DELAY HOLDER A CENTRIFUGAL BOLT SPRING Y CENTRIFUGAL . The delay setting plug is recessed from the inner end to accommodate the centrifugal bolt and the spiral spring and has two slots to receive the sides of the shutter projecting beyond the bolt.'. The width of the shutter is greater than the diameter of the centrifugal bolt. Z. FOrt DELAY Figure 577A—A.

(0. A.25) Zn. and impinges the detonator on the striker. Z.15 second. This is similar to the A. if the shutter has opened. The movement of the shutter and bolt is thus prevented and the shutter remains closed. REMARKS: 1. This is an early version which was constructed mainly of brass and is fitted with an optional delay of 0. 23 v. This is an early version which was constructed mainly of brass. The flash from the detonator ignites the delay composition in the delay holder through the inclined flash channel and.15 second. Z. On graze. 3. 23 (072) 573 . Z. (0.8). This is similar to the A. Z. the central flash hole is masked by the shutter and the explosion of the magazine filling is brought about by the delay composition. It is fitted with an optional delay of 0. at the same time passes through the central flash hole and explodes the powder pellet in the magazine.25) Pr. 23/42 (0. It is fitted with SETTING FOR NON-DELAY BEFORE FIRING AFTER FIRING Figure 577B—KI. (0. 4.8 second. Z. (0. 23 v. the graze pellet moves forward. Z. 23 v. With the plug set in alinement with the "M" and "V" markings the slots in its inner end are not in a position to receive the protruding sides of the shutter. It is distinguishable by having a yellow tip.15) OR (0. With the plug set to "O. Z. With suitable impact.PROJECTILE FUZES back by the creep spring.15) except that it is constructed mainly of zinc alloy. compressing the creep spring. With the fuze set for delay action. taking with it the shutter and exposing the central flash channel in the delay holder. This is similar to the A. 2. 5. Z.15). A. (0.10 or 0.15). the hammer and striker pellet are driven in as the graze pellet moves forward and a more rapid action is obtained. A. A. A. 23. but is fitted with brass centrifugal segments and has an optional delay of 0.15) except that it is constructed mainly of plastic. 23 v.15) OR (0. 23 (0." the slots at its inner end are aligned with the projecting sides of the shutter and permit the centrifugal bolt to move outwards. 23 v. A. Z. The action of the shutter is governed by the setting plug.

23 Nb. 6. This is similar to Kl. A Z. A. however. This is similar to A.2 second and a noteworthy feature is that it is fitted with four centrifugal segments instead of the usual five. A.2). 23 v.5-cm PAK 40. Z. Z. 23 (0. Kl. (0. A. Z. The above fuze was found to arm too quickly when used in the following high velocity guns: 7. which must be withdrawn -before firing and prevents the centrifugal segments opening. Z. but they are designed for use with smoke shell and as a result are not fitted with an optional delay: 1. Z. 8. 23 (0. A. 23 (0. Z. 23 Nb a safety pin. KwK 40 and 42 7. 23 (0. On introduction. 23 (0.15). (See fig. Z. The following fuzes are of the same gage as the A. the fuze is similar to Kl. Kl. In construction and operation.62-cm PAK 36 and FK 39 This fuze was introduced to overcome this difficulty.2) but is constructed mainly of plastic. It has an optional delay of 0. except that there is no optional delay and also a 574 . Z.2) umg. This is constructed of aluminum and is of similar construction and operation to the A. Kl. A. it was found to be unsatisfactory and is to be replaced by Kl. 23/1.2) Pr. Z.2). 577B. A.) 7.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE WOODEN HAMMER FIRING PIN SPRING SAFETY PIN FLAT COIL SPRING PIVOT PIN INERTIA PELLF" PERCUSSION PRIMER ENTRiFUGAL SEGMENT STRIKER Figure S77C—A. 23 v. Z. 23 v.

One channel leads direct to the magazine through an open channel in the delay holder. Z.8" fuze are being replaced by the "0. Three types of the "umg" fuze have been found. These are: A.5 inch.15" fuze. E. DESCRIPTION: The A. This is similar to the s. (See fig. Z.PROJECTILE FUZES safety pin passes through the body of fuze. The striker pellet with a steel sleeve surrounding it and a wooden hammer above it is carried in the head of the fuze. 23 except that there is no optional delay. Threaded length: 0. Details of the fuze are not yet available. The "0. Maximum diameter: 2. 2V A. and graze mechanism consisting of a steel graze pellet carrying the detonator and an aluminum striker pellet held apart by a creep spring and five brass centrifugal segments encircled by an expanding spring ring. 23 umg 0. Z. 23 umg m. 577C.) The graze pellet is contained in a central recess in the body which has two flash channels at the base. 23 fuzes in having a much shorter coned head and are longer between the flange and the base.15 has the usual combined D. Z.312 inches. 23 umg fuzes differ externally from the A. 23 Nb.8 A. the other leads to the magazine through the delay composition in the delay holder. DATA: Over-all length: 3. 23 UMG EMPLOYMENT: Used in 15-cm H. Z. Z. projectiles. A. has only a few screw-threads below the flange. Number of threads: 4 RH. Igr. Z. (See fig. the remainder being plain. umg 0. Z. CONSTRUCTION: The A. s. 23 umg 575 . 578. The steel head is retained in A.15" fuze with an optional delay of 0.15 = Er_r:NG HEAD METAL DISC WOODEN HAMMER CREEP SPRINC NEEDLE POINT STRIKER LOCKING BOLT{DEPRESSED BY CAM ON SETTING HEAD) GNI FERGUS DETONATOR \%£ COMPRESSED SPRING CENTRIFUGAL BOLT WITH SPRING SCREW SECURING PuATE FLASH CHANNELS DELAY COMPOSITION GUNPOWDER PELLET SHUTTER ' »FLASH CHANNEL Figure 578—A. 23 umg 0.8" fuze only in the time of the delay. This lower part.) 2. Each of these fuzes can be identified by the designation stamped above the flange.125 inches.15 of a second is here described and differs from the later type of "0. Z. Both this and the "0. The "m 2V" fuze is also an optional delay fuze with two alternate delays. which enters the fuze hole in the projectile. Igr. Z.

Thus. 7. the detonator is carried forward by the graze pellet and pierced by the striker. Z. thus accelerating the action. Nb. NOSE FUZE KL. (See fig. Z.375 inches. G. ACTION: The fuze is set for "delay" or "nondelay" by turning the head to bring the appropriate setting marking into coincidence with the index line. 7. The setting line for delayed action is marked "MV" and that for nondelay "OV. 10-cm Gr. H E.562 inches. 41 Nb. EMPLOYMENT: It is used in the 75-mm Mountain Gun. the hammer and striker pellet are driven in as the graze pellet moves forward." The delay holder. On graze. projectile. projectile.5 Geb. 23 type. Z. Maximum diameter: 1. riN Pi ATE COPPEk PS . 7. Nb.) DATA: Overall length: 3. projectile. With the head set for "nondelay" the flash from the detonator passes direct to the magazine. permitting the bolt to be raised clear of the shutter recess by its spring. 23 GEB.687 inches. A.5 KwK. 23/28 except that the detonator housing is steel rather than brass and that a paper-thin aluminum shield has been inserted between the copper slider and the black powder pellet. CONSTRUCTION AND ACTION: This fuze is identical with the A. (See fig.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE the body by a retaining ring which screws into the top of the body and engages an external flange near the lower part of the head. shutter assembly and magazine are all of the same type described for other fuzes of the A. 38 projectile.5-cm F. When suitable impact is obtained. Gr. the bolt is pressed down into the radial recess containing the shutter in the lower part of the fuze and prevents the shutter from opening. 579.5 inch. 7. NOSE FUZE A. Z. Number of threads: 4 KH. Gr. 36 H.) DATA: Overall length: 2. H. Kot. 23 GEB 576 . Forward movement of the graze pellet is prevented by the creep spring. 580.iV?f- Figure 579—A. E.5-cm K. the coil of the expanding spring ring is enlarged and the segments swung clear of the graze pellet by centrifugal force. 23 EMPLOYMENT (used in) : 7. During flight. Z. Threaded length: 0. If set for "nondelay" the shutter is also thrown outwards and the open flash channel in the delay holder is exposed. Gr. Ster G. projectile. If set for "delay" the open channel in the delay holder is masked by the shutter so the flash has to burn through the delay composition to reach the magazine. 38 Nb. When set to MV the locking bolt is pressed down by the deep part of the rim at the bottom of the head and locks the shutter in the closed position.5-cm F. The circumferential rim at the bottom of the head varies in depth to act as a cam which positions the spring loaded locking bolt of the shutter. H. Maximum diameter: 2.687 inches. projectile. when the head is rotated to bring the deepest portion of the rim over the locking bolt. The setting positions of the head are marked on its protruding part by two lines at right angles which are set to an index line on the retaining ring and body. When set to OV the short part of the rim is over the locking bolt thus.

ACTION: When the round gains sufficient centrifugal force. 23/28 fuze has the same construction as the A. Selection of action is accomplished by turning a set screw in the side of the fuze. The A. 23/28. Z. in place until centrifugal force overcomes the spring and allows the plate to slide from over the center hole if set for instantaneous action. both aluminum. Underneath the impact cap is a wooden plunger which rests on an aluminum plug containing a firing pin approximately 1 inch long. The center hole is covered by a sliding copper plate which is locked in place for delay action or slides out due to centrifugal force for instantaneous action. After pivoting outward their maximum distance the blocks lock in place and the fuze is then in the armed position. a difference chiefly made up in the length of the wooden hammer. 577 . If set for delay action. Z. REMARKS: This fuze is identical in operation with the A. 23V nose fuze. 23 Threaded lengths: 0. the split hollow shaft is turned so that the copper plate is locked in place covering the center hole and the split of flame goes through the side hole into the black powder pellet contained below.625 inch. It is set for delay in the same manner as the other fuze. It is smaller. This fuze is made of aluminum with the exception of some small parts which are made of copper and brass. A.■• SPRING RtNO PLASTIC PRIMER HOUSING Figure 580—Kl. the only difference being in the time of delay. On impact the fuze upper detonator compresses the spring and impales itself on the firing pin. the centrifugal detents spread a split ring spring which is wrapped around the blocks. Z.PROJECTILE FUZES CLOSING CAP WOOD HAMMER METAL CASINO --■ PLASTIC STRIKER CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS . the cap is screwed into the body and held by a set screw. on top of the aluminum circular block. There are four centrifugal detents in place of five. CONSTRUCTION: This fuze is made up in two sections. This set screw turns a split hollow shaft inside of which is a spring-loaded centrifugal plug. Z. When the groove in the set screw head points toward O the fuze is set for instantaneous action and when it points to M and V the fuze is set for ^-second delay action. Beneath the brass housing containing the upper detonator is a circular aluminum block which contains two holes. Number of threads: 10 RH. This" centrifugal plug holds the sliding copper plate. the cap and the body. To assemble. This firing pin is pointed downward and is held away from the upper detonator by four centrifugal detents and a spring which is fitted around the firing pin. Beneath the aluminum circular block is a large black powder pellet which has a hole through its center and this hole is lined up with the center hole in the aluminum circular block. The hole in the center is for instantaneous action and the one on the side has a charge of compressed black powder which is used for the delay element.

(See fig. Z. On graze or impact. A steel spiral spring. where they are retained in the safe position by an expanding spring ring of phosphor bronze. 23 NB.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE STRIKER SPRING CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS DETONATOR Figure 58JA—Kl. which is closed at the top by a brass cap. the spring is compressed by the striker being driven in and the graze pellet setting forward. REMARKS: The KLAZ 23 Nb (Pr). (See figs. AND GRAZE KL A. DESCRIPTION: This fuze has a combined direct and graze action and. fitted between the striker holder and graze pellet. The flash produced by the striker piercing the detonator passes through the flash hole in the base of the plug to the detonator in the gaine. Z. thus leaving the striker and graze pellet held apart by the spiral spring. A flash hole is formed in the ACTION: Centrifugal force set up by the spin of the projectile in flight causes the spring ring to expand and permit the segments to rotate clear of the graze pellet. base of the plug. 23 Nb FUZE. A. 581A.16-grain igniferous detonator and receives the pointed end of the striker.) 578 . 581B and 581C. The recess in the underside of the striker holder fitting over the projection on the front of the graze pellet prevents the flash escaping in the wrong direction.) The aluminum body of the fuze. carries a wooden striker positioned over a steel striker secured in an aluminum holder. KLAZ 40 Nb and KLAZ 40 Nb (Pr) fuzes are similar in operation and construction to the KLAZ 23 Nb and are likewise designed for use in smoke projectiles. An aluminum plug screwed into the base of the body contains the brass graze pellet with its 3. keeps these two members apart during flight when the centrifugal safety segments which prevent the striker approaching the detonator in transport and in the bore are of aluminum and are pivoted on steel pins at the front end of the plug. D. A. excepting the ignif erous detonator. has no explosive filling.

Z. 40 Nb (Pr) 579 . A. 40 Nb WOODED HAMMER STRIKER FLAT COIL SPRING FIRING PIN SPRING „CENTIFUGAL SEGMENT PIVOT PIN INERTIA PELLET PERCUSSION PRIMER Figure 581C—KI.Z. A.PROJECTILE FUZES WOODEN HAMMER STRIKER FLAT COIL SPRING FIRING PIN SPRING CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENT PIVOT PIN PERCUSSION PRIMER INERTIA PELLET Figure 581B—K1.

— DELAY GHANNE-. ^ DATA: Over-all length: 4.%■. 35 K EMPLOYMENT: Use in H. (See fig 582. The over-all length of the fuze is 4. 35K" is stamped near the base of the cone head.94 inches and the weight 2 pounds 3 ounces 5 drams.-OCKiNG BOLT C. 'NTR{rU6AL BOLT . the portion protruding from the shell is coned with a flat top and is closed at the nose by a brass disk.< brariSr £38? -. Constructed mainly of steel. The fuze body is screw-threaded externally for insertion in the shell and below the thread it is reduced in diameter and has a side aperture for the assembly of a centrifugal bolt attached to a shutter. engraved with an arrowhead. 580 .GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE £ WOOD g HAMMER A. jt.3-second delay. Maximum diameter: 2. Diametrically opposite is a delay setting plug with setting marks lettered "M" and "O" stamped adjacent to it on either side. L. Above the threaded portion a flange is formed which is coned to match the head. equipment. The aperture is closed by a plate secured by a screw.-.5 inch.312 inches. The designation "A. E. SHUTTER NOSE FUZE A. shell "K Gr. >■.. The delay setting plug. Above the flange the body is reduced in diameter and screw-threaded externally to receive the head.SPRING Rfi*' u fc. SEGMENT^ NEEDLE •GRAZE PELLE^ SETTING PLUG "T W DETONATOR . AY i '.937 inches. ^4 j CENTRlFUGAi. 39" in the 17-cm Mrs. The portion which is exposed when in the shell protrudes to a length of 3 inches. Z. Number of threads: 4 EH. L. Threaded length: 0. CONSTRUCTION: The fuze is of the igniferous type with a combined graze and direct action mechanism and an optional delay setting devk? which produces a 0. Z.

which contains a pressing of delay composition. against this spring. which consists of a slightly modified le. A guideway for the shutter is cut in the top of the pellet and extends beyond the central open flash hole. The shutter consists of a copper plate which fits in the guideway on the delay holder and is connected at its outer end to a centrifugal bolt. thus preventing the centrifugal bolt from moving outwards. Z.30 (indicating a delay of 0. When set for nondelay. DESCRIPTION: This fuze. 35 K. 23 nA with the addition of a wooden striker extension rod and nose bush to fit into the ballistic cap. striker holder. is driven in at the same time as the pellet moves forward and direct action results. detonator pellet. A flash channel in the top of the recess communicates with an upper recess containing a steel graze pellet carrying the detonator. Z. carried in a cylindrical pellet of aluminum. down into the aperture in the side of the fuze body.PROJECTILE FUZES is screwed into a radial hole in the flange. delay mechanism and a magazine. detonator collar. Jgr. On graze. If set for delay. At this setting the eccentric on its inner end is lowered and the shutter locking bolt is pushed. the pellet being kept in alignment with the wooden hammer in the fuze head by a steel sleeve which fits over and protrudes above the pellet. which has been described.3 second) are stamped in the base of the holder. the centrifugal bolt is held by the locking bolt. ACTION: When delayed action is required the delay setting plug is turned so that the arrowhead engraved in its head is set to the M graduation on the flange. The eccentric is then in the raised position and the shutter locking bolt is clear of tne path of the centrifugal bolt. expanding spring ring.15 second. the empty channel in the delay holder is masked by the shutter and the path is through the channel containing the delay composition. the coil of the expanding spring ring is enlarged and the segments swung clear of the graze pellet by centrifugal force. For nondelay action the plug is set to the O graduation. It is designed to function on impact through a wooden extension rod or on graze and has an optional delay of 0. The figures 0. It is being replaced by the Hbgr. This recess contains a steel graze pellet carrying the detonator. EMPLOYMENT: This aluminum fuze has so far only been found in 7. the flash passing through the exposed empty channel will reach the magazine first. The path of the flash from the detonator to the magazine is governed by the setting. the upper end of which is engaged by the eccentric projection on the inner end of the delay setting plug. and consequently the striker. The striker. hammer. JGR. When suitable impact is obtained. and on its inner end has an eccentric projection which bears on the upper end of the shutter locking bolt. LE. is used in projectiles with ballistic caps. If set for nondelay. This recess is enlarged near the top to form a platform for five pivoted centrifugal segments of aluminum. The bolt is pressed towards the center of the body by a spiral spring held between the outer end of the bolt and a ring-shiped recess in the plate closing the aperture in the side of the body. the. A thin disk of tin placed over the top of the holder has two perforations which correspond with the holes in the holder and is cut away to permit movement of the centrifugal bolt. "creep" of the graze pellet is prevented by the creep spring.5-cm separate ammunition. and is closed by a screwed plug with a central flash hole. the centrifugal bolt is alsp thrown outwards. 581 . the pellet overcoming the spring by its momentum. The shutter locking bolt is contained in a vertical channel between the top of the aperture and the top of the body and consists of a solid cylindrical pellet of steel with a stem at its base. 23 N. The pellet and sleeve are accommodated in a central hole in a screwed plug which closes the top of the upper recess. A spiral spring surrounding the stem supports the pellet. moves forward and the detonator is pierced by the striker. The delay holder consists of an aluminum cylindrical pellet with a flash channel through the center and a second channel. taking with it the shutter and thus exploding the open flash hole in the center of the delay holder. The body is recessed from the base to accommodate the delay arrangement with a perforated pellet of gunpowder. A. creep spring. centrifugal segments. displaced from the center. Z. The fuze consists of an aluminum body. During flight. striker. is supported above the graze pellet by a spiral creep spring. If set for delay. The segments are held in a position to overlap a shoulder on the graze pellet by an expanding spring ring surrounding them. During the period of deceleration.

The detonator pellet is of steel. a recess to accommodate a wooden rod forming an extension to the striker. A. The body is in three sections. screw-threaded internally at the top to receive the nose section and externally at the bottom for insertion in the base section. The steel cylindrical striker holder is bored centrally in two diameters to receive the steel striker. The upper chamber receives the base end of the creep spring and the point of the striker and the lower chamber the detonator. cylindrical in shape. The detonator is retained in the pellet by a light alloy plug with central fire channel. it is screw-threaded for insertion in the center section. The chamber at the top houses an iron inertia ring rustproofed by some process which leaves a matt surface. centrally to form chambers for the collar. Z 23 n. delay holder and magazine. and radially to accommodate the delay mechanism. 583. and smaller in external diameter at its forward end. The base of the plug is coned and located in an iron inertia collar. at rest. The segments are surrounded by an expanding spring ring which. (See fig. The chamber formed in the top houses five brass centrifugal segments each pivoting on a pin. The top of the recess is coned outwards. CONSTRUCTION: The nose section is bored centrally in two diameters to form a chamber at the base to accommodate the striker holder and above it. Externally. The ring 582 .) The center section is bored centrally in two diameters. It is bored centrally in three diameters to form an internal flange separating two chambers. The base section of the fuze body is bored. The lower chamber houses the detonator pellet. The underside of the holder is recessed to form a bearing for one end of the creep spring which surrounds the stem of the striker. The plug is secured by a steel pivot. prevents the striker and detonator pellet moving towards each other to fire the detonator.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE WOODEN HAMMER NEEDLE PELLET EXPANDING SPRING RING CREEP SPRING GN1FER0US DETONATOR CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS COLLAR WEIGHT CENTRIFUGAL DELAY COMPOSITION BOLT GUN POWDER PELLET SHUTTER Figure 583—ie Jgr. to facilitate the assembly of the mechanism which is screwed together and secured by splining. It is screw-threaded internally at the top to receive the center section and externally at the base below the flange for insertion in the shell. Paper washers are inserted between the plug and detonator. at the bottom. The striker is secured in the holder by turning the metal at the top of the boring over the head of the striker.

L. ON IMPACT. The delay channel is always uncovered. filled with delay composition. On graze. Threaded length: 0. The flash from the detonator passes either through the delay channel or through the central channel to the magazine.15 second. For delay action. Employment: 21-cm Wgr. DELAY ACTION. the detonator pellet is carried forward on to the striker.2 percent. centrifugal bolt. Number of threads: 4 KH. The plug is retained in the fuze body by the steel screwed ring.35 inches. The delay composition in a similar fnze. or it may be forced on to the striker by a sideways movement of the inertia collar. thereby bringing the slotted recess in the plug opposite the shutter. and thence to the gaine in the shell. Diameter: 2. plate and screwed ring. When set to delay. This position is maintained whether the fuze is set for delay or nondelay.2 percent. A. The centrifugal bolt of the delay mechanism moves outwards compressing its spring. The shutter of the delay mechanism closes the central fire channel by pressure from the centrifugal bolt. During deceleration. five 583 . A flash hole in the base of the magazine is closed by a paper disc inserted below the pellet. and in this position the plug. DURING FLIGHT—NONDELAY ACTION.5 inch. The delay holder is an aluminum pellet with a central flash channel and another channel. 42 Spr. ACTION: BEFORE FIRING.6 inches. the plug prevents the shutter sliding under centrifugal action and the central fire channel remains closed. The centrifugal segments swing outwards one after another. Z.PROJECTILE FUZES is square in section and coned internally at the top to match the coned portion of the plug in the detonator pellet. Both channels are in communication with the magazine filling and there is an inclined channel between the delay composition and the center of the fuze. and the plate under centrifugal action slides into the plug and opens the central flash channel. a slot cut diametrically across the mouth of the cavity. The fuze consists of a three-section aluminum body containing a striker and spring. prevents movement of the shutter during flight. The ring is centered by five upturned lugs of a rustproofed steel washer which fits closely at the bottom of the chamber. charcoal 18. The diameter of the ring is considerably less than that of the chamber which houses it. A brass plate with holes bored to correspond with the delay and central fire is placed on the holder and forms an upper surface for the copper plate. DESCRIPTION: This fuze is designed to operate on impact. A recess in the top surface of the holder accommodates a centrifugal shutter. The magazine is screw-threaded externally and contains a perforated pressed pellet of gunpowder. and has an optional delay of 0.6 percent. The cavity in the plug houses a cylindrical steel centrifugal bolt and spiral spring. spiral spring. which are retained in the closed position by the expanding spring. receives a centrifugal copper shutter that slides in a recess in the top surface of the delay holder and unmasks the central fire channel. according to the setting of the fuze. The central flash channel in the delay holder may be closed or opened by an optional delay mechanism. so closing the central fire channel. By direct action the extension rod forces the striker directly on to the detonator. and the surrounding spring expands. displaced from the center. The delay mechanism consists of a setting plug. potassium nitrate 72. only the creep spring prevents the detonator pellet carrying the detonator on to the striker. The chamber at the bottom houses the delay holder above a magazine which closes the base of the fuze. The setting plug is tubular steel closed at one end and has a slot on the outside which serves as a setting index. Whien the fuze is set to nondelay. the setting plug is turned at right angles to the axis of the fuze to the marking M and V on the fuze body. 23 N. consisted of sulphur 9. JGR. or on graze. through a wooden extension rod. The striker is separated from the detonator by the centrifugal segments. To set the fuze for nondelay action the slot in the setting plug is turned to a position in prolongation with the axis of the fuze to the marking O on the fuze body. ROCKET NOSE FUZE DATA: Over-all length: 3.

allowing the shutter to slide into the setting plug and open the instantaneous channel. an inertia collar. If set for instantaneous action. leaving only the delay channel open. the striker is separated from the detonator by a light spring and by the five segments. The delay chamber is uncovered. the plug prevents movement of the shutter. A.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE NEEDLE PELLET CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS AND SPRING DETONATOR INDEX PLUG -COPPER PLATE CENTRIFUGAL BOLT DELAY HOLDER Figure 584—L. pivoted centrifugal segments retained by an expanding circular spring. leaving the detonator carrier riding only on the light spring. Jgr. If set for delay action. a delay mechanism. thereby bringing a slotted recess in the plug into alinement with the shutter. with the slot in the setting plug at the M and V marks. 584. (See fig. the screw driver slot in the setting plug is turned to the O mark stamped on the fuze body. When set for delay action. thus keeping the instantaneous flash channel closed. A wooden actuating rod extends from the forward end of the striker in the nose of the fuze to the inside of the top of the ballistic cap. To set the fuze for instantaneous action. a detonator carrier containing the detonator. Z 23 n. the plug prevents movement of the shutter. OPERATION: During flight the centrifugal segments swing outwards. The shutter of the delay mechanism is held over the instantaneous flash channel by pressure of the centrifugal bolt and its spring. and a magazine.) In the unarmed position. the centrifugal bolt in the delay mechanism moves outward. 584 .

(See fig. DESCRIPTION: This fuze is screwed into the nose of the projectile.PROJECTILE FUZES Direct impact will force the striker into the detonator through the medium of the wooden actuating rod. An actuating rod reaches from the nose cap to the nose of the fuze and transmits the shock of impact directly to the striker. Z. screwing directly to the projectile. 42 Spr.5 inches. Threaded length: 0. Diameter: 2. or it may be forced against the striker by the camming action of sideways movement of the inertia collar. This upper housing is free to turn in order to set the cam with relation to the spring-loaded plunger. 35 D 585 . PLUNGER UPPER FUZE HOUSING STRIKER CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS CAM PRIMER SPRING LOADED PLUNGER PRIMER HOUSING DELAY CH&NNEL CENTRIFUGAL SUDER Figure 585—Hbgr. The striker is held in the safe position by the standard German centrifugal segments. Number of threads: 4 EK.) The fuze itself is fitted with a plunger in the nose which bears against a striker. Employment: 21-cm Wgr. The primer housing is also held in position by these same segments. and a long ballistic cap is fitted over the fuze. HBGR.5 inch. The base of the plunger forms a lock for a centrifugal slider in the side of the fuze body. the detonator carrier may ride forward against the striker. To one side of the striker assembly is a springloaded plunger which rides against the cam-shaped base of the upper fuze housing. This slider is used to open or close the instantaneous firing channel through the center of the fuze. The flash from the detonator passes through the delay or instantaneous channel to the black powder pellet in the magazine and initiates the booster in the shell. On graze impact. 585. 35 D ROCKET NOSE FUZE DATA: Over-all length: 3. 1.375 inches.

Hbgr. forcing the actuating rod into the fuze. OPERATION DELAY SETTING. the centrifugal slider moves out to open the instantaneous channel. EMPLOYMENT: This fuze is used in the 15-cm Hbgr. 586. carries a wooden hammer positioned over a steel striker. A. the striker moves forward. moving out against the expanding flat coil spring. 23v and appears to be an attempt to overcome some of the difficulties that have been encountered with the latter. freeing the striker and the primer housing. WOODEN HAMMER STRIKER FLAT COIL SPRING _ FIRING PIN SPRING ENTsFUGAL SEGMENi PIVOT PIN INERTIA PELLET _J__ PERCUSSION PRIMER f Figure 586—A. 16 umg projectile. 15) NOSE FUZE DESCRIPTION: This fuze can be used in place of fuze A. due to centrifugal force thereby leaving the striker resting on its spring. If the fuze does not fire immediately. (See fig. The striker is thus pushed backwards to meet the primer. On impact. which is thrown forward by inertia. The fuze is armed in the same manner as with the delay setting. Z. which fires the projectile. The striker and striker spring are held away from the primer by centrifugal segments held in position by a flat coil spring. the centrifugal segments start to pivot on their cylindrical pins. INSTANTANEOUS SETTING. it will fire after the short delay expires. f. OPERATION: After the projectile has been fired. HBGR. NOSE FUZE A. The head of the fuze is turned so that the cam does not hold the springloaded plunger in place. but in addition. Upon impact the ballistic cap crushes. 586 . The head of the fuze is turned so that cam holds the spring-loaded plunger in place thus locking the centrifugal slider. and it is free to move up and release the centrifugal slider. (O.) DESCRIPTION: The body of the fuze which is closed at the top by a discharge plate. compressing the spring and fires the primer. In the locked position the central or instantaneous channel is closed. Z. Z.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE This fuze also has a 0. The resulting flash fires the delay pellet.15-second delay firing channel which is always open. Z. 1 V. Centrifugal force throws the segments outward. F. These segments which pivot on cylindrical pins prevent the striker and detonator to contact each other during transport.

5 on the ballistic cap. As in the A. The striker is separated from the detonator by the centrifugal segments which are retained in the closed position by their spring. Z. Z. 23v. There is no gunpowder . depending on the setting of the index peg. Z. For delay action the plug is turned until the slot is positioned at right angles to the fuze axis and in alinement with the stampings. it is fitted with an optional delay which is operated externally in a similar manner.M and V O. 587. Below the detonator pellet is an aluminium plate containing a central flash hole and a flash hole to the side which contains a delay element. the spring surrounding the segments expands. (See fig. the detent sets back on firing and so permits the segments to open out through centrifugal force during deceleration. 23v. In this fuze. Z. e. OPERATION BEFORE FIRING. there is in addition a detent which prevents the "opening" segment from opening until after firing. it is similar to A.) The lower part of the fuze shows some modification. Internally it is similar to A. There are 6 aluminum centrifugal segments. the slot in the index plug is turned to a position parallel to the axis of the fuze thereby permitting the shutter to slide out under centrifugal action when in flight. The holder for the detonator pellet is made of plastic. The shutter of the delay mechanism closes the central fire channel by the pressure of its spring. and as in the case of the latter. 23v there is a steel striker and a detonator pellet which are kept apart by centrifugal segments which are kept closed by a split spring. A creep spring is present.magazine. in this position the plug retains the shutter in the closed position. The fuze is constructed largely of steel. and the segments swing outwards 587 .PROJECTILE FUZES WOODEN HAMMER CREEP SPRtNG CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS AND SPRING STRIKER DETONATOR DELAY COMPOSITION DELAY SETTING PLUG SHUTTER AND SPRING Figure 587—A. ON FIRING : The detent locking the centrifugal segments sets back. The wooden hammer extension is longer and that part of the fuze body containing it is hollow. however.. This plate can move outwards or remain fixed. The central flash hole is covered by a plate which is kept in place by a semicircular spring. To set the fuze for nondelay action. The latter joins the central flash hole at its base. 7 Externally. i. except for some modifications.

ON IMPACT. If the fuze is set for delay action. 2 588 . the detent sets back on firing thereby permitting the segments to STRIKER SETT. The flash from the detonator passes either through the central flash channel or the delay channel according to the setting of the fuze. i.TOH DISC f LASH FLASH i crffi r~L i J> Figure 588—A. There is a detent in the fuze which prevents the opening segment from opening until after firing.rgG PLUG rpBmmm DcT Z-NS. 2 fuze consists of a steel striker and a detonator pellet which are kept apart by centrifugal segments which are kept closed by a split spring. Z.. Z. e. If the fuze is set for nondelay action. the setting plug retains the shutter which masks the central flash channel. the position of the setting plug permits the shutter to slide outwards and unmask the central flash channel. 2 DESCRIPTION: The A. The creep spring however prevents creep action. NOSE FUZE A.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE one after the other under centrifugal action thus allowing the striker and inertia pellet free movement towards each other. On graze the inertia pellet carries the detonator on to the striker. The striker is forced on to the detonator by direct action. Z.

The flash from the detonator can then only pass through the transverse channels in the base of the nose and so through the delay filling to the gaine. The detonator consists of fulminate of mercury and compressed TNT grains carried in a holder and retained by a washer. Four castellated notches formed by cutting and bending the top end of a small tube of sheet iron through which the striker passes. which is removed before firing. 3. due to gravity. soldered on. closes the central channel. OPERATION: After the projectile is fired. 2. The detonator (copper tube) is secured in the detonator holder by a screwed plug. The flash from the detonator can then pass direct through the continuous central channel of the fuze. The nose is unscrewed and the ball. A transverse hole is drilled through the detonator holder to form a seating for the spiral spring which holds the lower set of balls in the circular run in the body. Fragments of this type of fuze were also found with splinters which appear to be from 75-mm and 83. passes through either the central flash channel or the delay channel depending on the position of the setting plug. being coned.) The setting plug can be so set to include nondelay or delay action pending the amount of travel the disk is allowed to move out by centrifugal force opening the central flash hole or the flash hole to the side containing the delay element. It consists of equal parts by weight of fulminate of mercury and inflammable composition. and safety devices. Four polished nickel steel balls which fit between the striker and the detonator holder. The conical steel body is fitted with a brass nose which can be screwed in or out of the body and forms the means of setting the fuze for instantaneous or delay action. The upper part of the tube has three equidistant rectangular notches through which the upper set of balls pass by centrifugal force after firing and two lateral grooves in which the lower set of balls are forced when the brass tube sets back on firing. SETTING DEVICE—INSTANTANEOUS ACTION. is screwed into the lower part of the fuze. setting device for delay or instantaneous action and gaine. It is protected by a bronze cover plate set into the nose of the fuze and retained with sealing composition. The striker (percussion mechanism) is of nickel steel with a head of duralumin screwed on to it. and sealed with solder. The gaine. and with the ball closing the central channel. displaces the ball from the central channel. when the nose of the fuze is unscrewed. SKODA PERCUSSION FUZE EMPLOYMENT: This fuze was found in a 100mm projectile. 589 . The striker is prevented from striking the detonator before impact by: 1. The lower part of the body is threaded to take the gaine and the upper part hollowed. (See fig.PROJECTILE FUZES swing out through centrifugal force during deceleration. the flash from which. DELAY. (See fig. The nose is screwed into the body and its lower portion. 588. This leaves the striker resting on the creep spring.) DESCRIPTION: The principal parts of the fuze are the steel body. It consists of a detonator. PERCUSSION MECHANISM. is closed by a ball. The holder has a central fire channel which. STEEL BODY. screw-threaded. The delay holder contains two parallel delay fillings of loose powder and compressed powder. and the segments swing out one by one due to centrifugal force. 589. the detent locking the centrifugal segments sets back. the spring surrounding the segments expands.5-mm projectiles. After unscrewing. The amount of unscrewing is limited by a ball which is carried in a seating in the body and is free to move in a groove out in the threaded portion of the nose. of steel varnished black. percussion mechanism. Externally the body is given a protective coating (nature not specified) and fitted with a brass cover. A creep spring which keeps the striker away from the detonator during flight. The detonator holder is seated in a brass tube which has at its lower end two semicircular notches which retain the lower set of balls in position before firing. Upon impact the striker moves forward to fire the detonator. the nose of the fuze must then be screwed in again in order to seal hermetically the junction of the ball and channel and to prevent the ball from moving outwards due to centrifugal action in flight. exploder.

there is. no communication between the detonator and the exploders. A ball limits the upward movement of the ring. The normal position of the bolt is at right angles to the axis of the fuze where it is retained by a ring held in position by a spiral spring. larger charge of TNT. In this position the explosive pellet in the bolt is at right angles to the axis of the fuze. On firing. the ring sets back compressing its 590 . The bottom of the gaine is filled with a. therefore. The safety device consists of a rotating bolt containing an explosive pellet.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE COVER PLATE STRIKER CREEP SPRING UPPER SET OF BALLS DETONATOR LOWER SET OF BALLS BALL SEALING FiRE CHANNEL CENTRAL FiRE CHANNEL Figure 589—Skoda Percussion Fuze The exploders consist of TNT pellets in varying degrees of compression and are held in a brass tube.

ACTION: On firing. The detonator holder is held by the lower set of balls. The ball. (See fig. which is designed to prevent the upward movement of the ring.HOLE SECTION AA METAL HOLE' tfflSHyi—'SPRING STRIP HALF SEGMENTS PLASTIC STUD Figure 590—Wgr. CONSTRUCTION: The black colored plastic body has a closing plate in the nose to protect the striker from air pressure and it is threaded at its midsection for screwing into the mortar shell. The striker is held in the top of the fuze by a light creep spring and extends down into a central cavity. Number of threads: 5 EH. ACB EMPLOYMENT: Plastic nose fuze in German 8-cm smoke mortar shells.625 inches.PROJECTILE FUZES spring.313 inches. The balls are thrust into the hole of the detonator holder. after the shell has left the bore. pass along the grooves and return in the circular runway. the brass tube which retains the lower set of balls in position. NOSE FUZE WGR. bearing in the circular runway. Maximum diameter: 1.) DATA: Over-all length: 1. On impact. The pellet in the bolt is then in line with the axis of the fuze and completes the transmission of the detonation to the exploders. Allowing the balls to escape one at a fime is an added safety device against prematures.— CREEP SPRING STRIKER SLEEVE" ■ -: GROOVE . 590. Threaded length: 0. is now free to move outwards under centrifugal force. sets back. During flight. the striker is forced inwards. On acceleration. GROOVE -\ BALL~v~Mjl . the striker is kept from the detonator by the creep spring and by the notches cut in the sheet iron tube in the nose.375 inch. ZT. 11. The detonator holder slides through the brass tube overcoming the resistance of the lower set of balls and is carried on to the striker. Z1G-ZA6GE0 PRIMER CELLULOID DISC Trf LOCKING BALL the creep spring. A stud on the sleeve rides in a zig-zagged groove in the inside wall of the fuze body. stripping the notches of the tube and compressing CLOSING PLATE PLASTIC BODY. the ring is forced forward by its spring and this movement rotates the bolt through 90°. acb 591 . Centrifugal force causes the upper set of balls to pass one after the other through the upper notches of the brass tube and come to rest in the runway of the fuze body. The primer fits into the base of a sleeve which is slipped into the bottom of the fuze.

A celluloid disk seals the base of the fuze and helps to hold the sleeve from falling out of the bottom of the fuze. Upon impact. NOSE FUZE WGR. The flash from the primer melts the celluloid disk and fires the round. Z. Overall length: 1.Z. E. (See fig. CLOSING DISC STRIKER CREEP SPRING SET-BACK SLEEVE SUP-SHAPED PLUNGER ALUMINUM BODY LOCKING BALL- L SET-BACK SPRING STRIKER GUIDE TUBE RETAINING SPR!f>4G PRIMER POCKET PRIMER DETONATOR vi__ ':::'"'"j'T::"m >J1 Figure 591—Wgr.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE A locking ball which is held in place by a spring-loaded plunger locks the primer sleeve in the unarmed position. 591. 38 592 . 5-cm Mortar Bomb.) DATA: Overall length: 2.563 inches (with gaine). forcing the striker into the primer. In the base of the fuze. the primer will impinge upon the striker and at the same time the nose of the fuze will give. This releases the locking ball and the primer sleeve is free to creep forward toward the striker during flight.563 inches (without gaine). 38 EMPLOYMENT: Mechanical Impact Nose Fuze for German H. is a metal spring strip which causes a plastic stud to catch and hold the spring-loaded plunger on set-back. ACTION: Set-back throws the spring-loaded plunger back until it is caught and held by the plastic stud.

Diameter: 1. 593 . Threaded length: 0. REMARKS: According to a German firing table.) OPERATION: The safety pin is withdrawn and protective cap removed before firing. both striker and detonator carrier are held in place by a pair of centrifugal detents. and the detonator carrier rides forward due to inertia against the firing pin. Wfk. instantaneous ignition type. Z. A shipping safety pin passes through the fuze body.PROJECTILE FUZES Maximum diameter: 1. 38—Ausf. SO WGR. Z. Upon impact or graze. Z. and a protective cap. Z. These balls are arranged around a central set-back sleeve which is held in position by a set-back spring. Wgr. the fuze is armed with only the creep spring preventing contact of the striker with the primer. The fuze. In this position. The fuze is kept in the unarmed position by nine steel balls located between the striker plunger and the primer pocket. Employment: 28-cm. 38 st—Steel. PROTECTIVE CAP STRIKER SAFETY PIN __. striker.T <I Figure 592—Wgr. Z. Number of threads: 11 R. There is a brass closing disk over the head of the fuze which prevents air pressure from functioning the fuze in flight. 592. Z.375 inch. 32-cm.69 inches. The tube is attached to the primer pocket and is separated from the striker plunger by a creep spring. Another fuze which can be used on the 5-cm mortar is the plastic fuze. Fl. 50 ROCKET NOSE FUZE DATA: Over-all length: 2. designates the model number and the type of metal used in the fuze construction: Wgr. and an inertia weight. It is believed the German nomenclature. H. 30-cm. Z. by removing the brass closing disk. CENTRiFUGAL / > 8QL. All of the fuzes are of the set-back armed. Zt. Wgr. the fuze can be made more sensitive in order to function in mud or snow.. centrifugal force causes the detents to move outward. M. 38 z—Zinc. C. The set-back sleeve has a flange formed around the rear end to engage with the tongues of the retaining spring (fitted in the primer pocket) when the fuze is armed. the creep spring is overcome and the striker pierces the primer. 42 Spr. freeing the striker and the detonator carrier. the set-back sleeve is driven down compressing the set-back spring and engaging the tongues of the retaining spring.625 inch.and 8-cm mortars. 50. This creates a clearance in the striker plunger into which the nine steel balls are forced by a creep action during flight. which differs internally from the Wgr. 38—Aluminum. 1. Wfk. (See fig. stamped near the base. Wgr. Mgr. ACTION: Upon discharge. The striker and detonator carrier are separated by a light spring. floating detonator carrier. Spr. DESCRIPTION: This fuze consists of an aluminum body containing a floating striker. CONSTRUCTION: The fuze body is aluminum and houses a steel primer pocket and a brass retaining spring. 38 is interchangeable with all German 5. Upon impact the striker is forced aft. Threaded length: 0. Wgr.87 inches.250 inches. and in the unarmed position. Wfk. As the projectile leaves the launcher. "Within the fuze there is a striker secured to a cup-shaped movable plunger in the head and a striker guide tube which leads to a primer in the base. The striker extends through the forward end of the fuze body. 38. Number of threads: 5 RH.

The upper end of FUZE NOSE MECHANICAL TIME Zt. Z. The tensioning of the cap is approximately 400 inch/ounce. is inserted into the cap where it is held. S/30 EEMAKKS: 1. with its hand race. to turn with the cap.5 inch. S/30 EMPLOYMENT: Mechanical Time Fuze used in 8.) 594 . Maximum diameter: 2. 2. Number of threads: 4 EH. E.''* I 8"15 Figure 593A—Zf. Externally the fuzes are similar. 593A.375 inches. Z. A modification of this fuze has been recovered.8-cm and 105-cm H.'•■-ijK. When this fuze is armed.' ?■. except that the modified version is cannelured near the nose to receive the expanding wire. a red line is visible around'the protruding end of the striker. by four lugs on its base flange which engage in stops formed in the base of the cap. lu-b s . 207 fuze. Either a steel or a bakelite fuze adapter may be found fitted to this fuze. but with centrifugal detents which expand a steel wire and fall clear rather than move outward against a spring. Threaded length: 0. (See fig.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DIAGRAMMATIC ARRANGEMENT OF MECHANISM .375 inches. DATA: Over-all length: 4. The mechanism is assembled in a cylindrical unit of superimposed brass plates and consists of: The center arbor in the form of a tubular shaft with a pinion at its base end. 3. antiaircraft shells. The base piece is not graduated for setting and the dome.j 8 AT . CONSTEUCTION: The fuze has a time of running of 30 seconds and is similar in design to the British No. similar in construction and operation.

One end of the spring engages the center arbor whilst the other engages the casing. The main spring coiled under tension in a brass barrel or casing. These teeth are engaged by a ratchet and provide the means of revolving the case to wind the spring during the assembly of the fuze. An external projection is formed near the base of the shaft to engage one end of the main spring. Z. open at the base. An escapement engaging the base pinion of the center arbor comprising two spurs with pinions and a spur with the escapement wheel. The ratchet teeth of the escapement wheel are engaged by two vertical arms on the pallet which is weighted at each end and controlled by a straight adjustable hair spring. fitted with two rectangular brass arms carrying a ring near the head. The hand center consists of a short hollow cylinder. S/90 595 . The hand is of aluminum CLUCK __ STRlK£R STRIKER CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS AND SPRING DETONATOR _ FLASH CHANNEL DETONATOR Figure 593B—Dopp.PROJECTILE FUZES the shaft is open and has two slots formed in the wall which engage the hand center. the hand and the hand spring. The cylindrical casing fits around the lower end of the center arbor and has ratchet teeth formed around its periphery. The hand assembly carried at the upper end of the center arbor consists of the hand center.

GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE STRIKER CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS ^^ AND SPRING '^m DETONATOR STRIKER DETONATOR FLASH CHANNEL Figure 593C—Dopp. Z. The striker is held off the detonator by its cam collar resting on a conical headed steel pillar and on a step in the centrifugal safety catch. The brass trigger. The spiral hand spring is inserted in the open base end of hollow cylinder in the hand center and is compressed when the hand assembly is inserted in the center arbor and depressed to engage the rectangular arms in the slots of the arbor. The step is slightly undercut. The plunger is pressed into the hole by contact with the side of the slot in the top plate in which the trigger is located. is a steel spindle with a cam collar near the lower end and a pyramid shaped point at the base. The hand is retained in this position by the hand race on the dome inset and is thus prevented from rising until it has been rotated into alinement with the cut-away portion of the hand race. The outer end of the hand is recessed at one side to engage the spring catch on the trigger. The spiral striker fits over the spindle and is compressed between the cam collar and the sleeve portion of the safety lever. shaped internally to fit the flat surfaces on the spindle of the striker. fitted across the slot has a projection which overlaps the hand and thus prevents the hand rising until it has been rotated clear of the projection. S/160 Geb and is fixed to the ring of the hand center. The striker. This movement takes approximately 1 second of time. A small hole in the outer side of the trigger contains a minute spring-loaded plunger. consists of a brass arm pivoted at one end and stepped at the other to engage the hand. A safety bridge. and carrying an arm 596 . located near the circumference of the cylindrical mechanism unit. Two flats are formed at the upper end of the spindle to engage with corresponding surfaces in the safety lever. holding the outer end of the hand. The safety lever is of steel and consists of a sleeve.

The fuze is set by turning the cap with the aid of a setting device. The plungers project below the base of the mechanism unit into recesses formed in the platform of the fuze body. S/160 Geb fuzes are identical to the Zt. and the mechanism. ZT. Threaded length: 0. the knife edges cut into the wall of the dome and thus prevent rotation of the dome relative to the mechanism. with the hand race formed in its upper part. the two tapered plungers set back into the recesses in the platform.) In some instances a substitute material has been used in the construction of the fuze.8-cm and 10. S/30 time fuze in construction and arrangement. As their wider portions with. EEMAKKS: The Dopp Z. The plungers are comparatively weighty and consist of steel strips tapering towards the base on the inner side. The turning of the cap is retarded by the waved wire tension spring between the screwed collar and the flange at the base of the cap. is rotated with the cap to the set position. The rotating hand. under the control of the escapement.5 inch. EMPLOYMENT: Mechanical Time Nose Fuze used in 8. a projecting vertical knife edge is formed. S/30 in external appearance but differs in the internal mechanism in which the motive power is derived from centrifugal force instead of from a clock spring. ACTION: The time of running is governed by the size of the arc extending counterclockwise between the position of the hand when held by the trigger and the position of the cut away portion of the hand race. The arm bears against the underside of the top plate and the upturned end is held adjacent to the center arbor by the ring of the hand center. The centrifugal safety catch pivoted in the lower plate is of brass and has a step formed in one side to support the cam collar on the striker. At the same time. A curved slot is cut in the top plate to permit a swinging movement of the arm. S/90 and Dopp Z. Z. is pressed up against the hand race by the spiral spring in the hand center. The spring-loaded plunger in the side of the trigger then emerges and prevents rebound of the trigger. it is forced upwards and the ring on the hand center moves clear of the upturned end of the safety lever. (See figs. The fuze consists of the base piece or body. through which the pin moves. sets back and releases the hand. Two tapered steel locking plungers are carried in vertical slots formed down the side of the cylindrical mechanism unit. E. 593B and 593C. bearing on the cam collar. 594. in the lower plate. hinging on its pivot. then drives the striker away from the safety lever on to the detonator. The fuze is igniferous and has a maximum time of running of 30 seconds. S/30 Fgl" around the side of the body above the flange. Number of threads: 4 EH. The end of the safety lever is then swung outwards by centrifugal force. approximately at the center. Z. the trigger. Z. CONSTRUCTION: The fuze shell resembles the Zt. FUZE. The striker is turned by the lever so that the cam collar loses the support of the pillar. (See fig.375 inches. NOSE. the screwed collar.PROJECTILE FUZES with an upturned end. The dome inset. The pivot pin is slotted to engage a coil spring which keeps the catch in the safe position. The slots are diametrically opposed and each has a hemispherical recess in one side to receive a corresponding projection on the side of the tapered plunger. When the hand reaches the part of the hand race which is cut away. the projecting knife edge move back through the slots. During flight. The release of the hand enables the main spring to rotate the center arbor. moving clear of the safety bridge.375 inches. S/30 FGL. Maximum diameter: 2. The difference comes in the length of running time for the clock. the cap. On the outer side of each. antiaircraft shells. MECHANICAL TIME. The swinging movement of the catch is limited by a steel pin fixed in the catch near the free end and a curved slot. Z. On acceleration.) DATA: Overall length: 4. The spring. The type is identified by the stamping "Zt. the safety catch is swung clear of the striker which is then supported only by the pillar. The recesses are sufficiently deep to permit the plungers to set back during acceleration. The mechanism governing the setting is designed to prevent the fuze functioning at settings shorter than approximately 1 second. 597 .5-cm H.

The cap is cone shaped with a rounded head and is screwed to a base ring with which it forms a groove to receive an internal rib on the screwed collar and the waved tensioning wire. The upper part of the shaft is reduced in diameter to receive 598 . The mechanism is assembled in a cylindrical unit of superimposed plates of brass and aluminum and consists of a central shaft with a spur near the lower end and a pinion at the base.Ji i uj »•»»«.t*j<<f«r «ftj / > *-S^ iu Figure 594—Zt. The hammer spring is secured to the shoulder in the cap base by two screws at one end and extends . The screwed collar fitting over the lower portion of the cap is attached to the cap but is free to turn for insertion in the base piece. The base piece is screw-threaded externally below the flange for insertion in the shell and has a large cylindrical recess in which the mechanism is located. The steel pin is let into the base and engages an upturned forked strip on the setting disk of the mechanism.. and the third smaller piece is nearer the center of the spring.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DIAGRAMMATIC ARRANGEMENT OF MECHANISM tV f= > -^*W<r. Z. The recess is screw-threaded internally for the assembly of the screwed collar retaining the cap and has a flash hole and a number of holes for the retaining bolts of the mechanism in the base.-N "■■"■•^i*r:"'"»'. These positions coincide respectively with the projections on the fork end of the strip on the setting disk and a locking pin carried in the setting disk. e. each side of the setting pin.-*Sif diametrically across the interior of the cap. S/30 Fgl. i. The two larger of these pieces are fitted one on each projection of the fork. The unsupported end is forked to fit around the setting pin and is fitted with three brass hammer pieces on the underside. The base ring carries the setting pin and the hammer spring and is secured by a fixing screw.

The pinion at the base of the shaft is fitted with a stop pin which limits its rotation. consists of a flat brass plate shaped at its inner end to engage the front end and one side of the detonator pellet. The strip bears against the edge of the setting disk and the lower end of the shaft obstructs the rotation of the retaining bolt. A curved spring strip between the outer end of the pellet and one end of the pellet slot is held under compression by the retaining catch engaging in one of the side recesses of the pellet. Before firing. The radial arm engages the firing arm and provides the weight for centrifugal action whilst the flat engages the end of the flat side of the retaining catch. ACTION: The time of running is governed by the size of the arc extending clockwise between the curved slot in the setting disk and the position of the vertical projection on the cross head of the firing arm. Two weighted centrifugal toothed segments pivot near the circumference of a circular plate and each enmesh with a spur. the disks are locked together when the locking pin carried in the setting disk is driven into the safety disk by the hammer spring. The safety catch. operated by centrifugal force. the safety disk. The bolt consists of a short shaft with a radial arm attached at the head and a flat formed near the base. 599 . consists of a shaft with a flat formed by a recess near its lower end and with a cross head at its upper end. The uppjv disk is the setting disk and is held on the sleeve of the bush under the tension of a saucer-shaped spring compressed and locked by two nuts on the central shaft. The spurs carry pinions at their base ends which enmesh with the spur on the central shaft. The firing arm. The wheel is engaged by two vertical arms on the pallet which is weighted at each end and controlled by a straight adjustable hair spring. The sloping shoulder formed by the reduction of the diameter is serrated to engage with similar serrations on the bush so that the bush is locked to the shaft.PROJECTILE FUZES the bush carrying the setting and safety disk and is screw-threaded to receive the tensioning and locking nuts. The bush is in the form of a sleeve with a hemispherical flange at the base. The setting disk has an upturned forked strip which engages the setting pin in the cap and. A flash channel from this recess emerges at the underside of the pellet. The pallet is locked at one end by a centrifugal safety lever which is fitted with a weighting pin and held by a retaining spring. The cross head has a weight attached to the underside at the end of one arm and a vertical strip projecting upwards from the end of the other arm. located in a channel cut in the side of the pellet slot. A step formed on the pivoted end of the lever is engaged by the end of the spring strip when the lever has swung to the armed position. The retaining catch in the form of a hook is pivoted at one end and hooked to engage the detonator pellet at the other. a curved slot which when alined with a projection of the firing arm releases the firing mechanism. The catch is retained in the safe position by a spring-loaded plunger with a rounded base which enters a recess in its surface. The disk is smaller in diameter than the upper disk but has a projecting leaf formed at one part of its circumference to close a slot in the upper disk and so prevent the operation of the firing mechanism. The retaining bolt securing the retaining catch in contact with the detonator pellet is a centrifugal device held in the safe position by the shaft of the firing arm. The detonator pellet contained in a transverse rectangular slot in the base of the mechanism unit is of brass and is rectangular in shape. The sleeve portion fits over the head of the central shaft and is serrated at the lower end to engage a corresponding shoulder on the shaft. A notch is cut in the two vertical sides and the detonator is contained in a recess at the inner end. diametrically opposite. the setting disk can be rotated relative to the bush and safety disk. An escapement engages the base pinion of the central shaft and is comprised of three spurs with pinions and a spur with the escapement wheel. The plate carrying the centrifugal segments is cut away to provide clearance for the movement of the segments and the recesses thus formed are fitted with a spring strip which imparts the initial movement to the segment. The lower of the two disks. A disk assembly fitted at the upper end of the central shaft consists of a bush carrying two disks and a tensioning arrangement. The detonator pellet is also held by a centrifugal safety catch. is keyed to the flange of the bush and so must always turn with the central shaft. but after firing. The striker is fixed in the'opposite end of the slot.

595A. When the safety lever has been thrown clear of the pallet by centrifugal force. Number of threads: 4 EH. closed at the base by a screwed plug.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE The fuze is set by turning the cap with the aid of a setting device. The width of the leaf and its position relative to the vertical projection on the firing arm are so arranged that the leaf still closes the slot at settings up to approximately 1 second and so prevents the fuze functioning dangerously near the gun. B. 38 (Hb)) for the 17-cm K. (See fig. CONSTRUCTION: The fuze has a mechanical time action with a maximum time of running of 90 seconds and a graze action of the normal German type. Gr. S/90/45 EMPLOYMENT: The fuze is presumably used as an alternative in the H. The time mechanism appears to be a 45-second mechanism modified by a change in the ratio of the gear train and an increase in the strength of the main spring.25 inches. S/90/45. The body is recessed at the base to accommodate the shutter assembly and. The designation of the fuze. the spring-loaded plunger of the safety catch is eased from the catch by deceleration and the catch is thrown clear of the detonator pellet by centrifugal force. When the slot in the setting disk reaches alinement with the upturned end of the cross head. shell (K. The catch is then thrown clear of the detonator pellet which is driven onto the striker by its spring.5 inch. Threaded length: 0. "Dopp. Also. Maximum diameter: 2. E. the hammer spring sets back. and a flash channel in the center of the top connects with a recess in the upper part of the body. Z. The upper part of the body is coned above the flange to match the head. The curved slot in the setting disk is thus rotated clear of the projecting leaf on the safety disk. BODY. When inserted in the shell the fuze protrudes to the extent of approximately 3 inches. flattening permanently the forked strip on the setting disk and thus disengaging it from the setting pin.96 inches. At the same time. the firing arm is revolved to the extent permitted by the slot and the recess cut in its lower part is turned to provide clearance for the arm of the retaining bolt. equally spaced around the recess. the weighted end of the cross head on the firing arm is tending to swing outwards but is prevented from so doing by the upturned end bearing against the edge of the rotating disk. Gr. A radial channel in the wall of the recess contains a brass centrifugal bolt and is closed at the outer end of a screwed plug. it is retained in this position by its spring engaging a step at its outer end. then revolve the central shaft by means of the spur. 600 . On acceleration.) DATA: Over-all length: 4. A portion of the top of the recess is cut away to permit movement of the bolt. the hammer spring strikes the small locking pin and drives it into an unsupported part of the safety disk. Below the flange it is screw-threaded for insertion in the shell and below the thread there is a plain cylindrical portion. The weight of the fuze is 1 pound 12 ounces. and pinions. The rotation of the cap is transmitted to the setting disk by the setting pin engaging in the forked strip of the setting disk whilst the safety disk is held keyed to the stationary bush on. The disk assembly rotates with the shaft. Z. Laf. In external appearance the fuze consists of a flat-topped cone-shaped head of aluminum secured to a dull steel body near its base by a bright steel securing ring. Whilst this movement is in progress. An additional vertical channel. C. operated initially by the springs fitted in the plate and subsequently by centrifugal force. 39) and the H. the central shaft.812 inches. The diameter of the screw-threaded part is 1. accommodates the holder of the detonator for the time action. there are three vertical channels for the bolts securing the time mechanism unit. Mrs. shell (K. The toothed segments. Rectangular key slots for setting are formed in the head and the body and a setting arrow for percussion action is engraved in the head adjacent to the slot. The arm then moves outwards and the flat surfaceron its shaft is rotated through a right angle so that it clears the side and the curved end of the retaining catch. NOSE FUZE DOPP. E." is stamped in the body above the flange. the rate of rotation being controlled by the escapement. The setting disk is then locked to the safety disk.

CENTER ARBOR TRIGGER ^rR'KER SPRING i'TR-KER f \PANOtNG £. are formed in the platform to receive the locking plungers of the time unit. 'RtK£ R . diametrically opposite. S/90/45 The upper recess contains the graze pellet of the percussion mechanism and is connected to the channel containing the detonator for the time action by an inclined channel which enters the recess near its base..1 DEi'ONATyR J-'WCuSStON AC HON) h Giift^NELS I "~\. Near the top. Two holes. * SPRING SHUTTER Figure 595A—Dopp. Z. Above this the recess is screw-threaded to receive the percussion striker holder. and a circular seating for 601 . The coned flanged top of the body is recessed to form a platform for the time mechanism unit and is screw-threaded internally to receive the securing ring for the aluminum head. the recess is enlarged to form a platform on which four centrifugal segments of brass are fitted on steel pivots. There is also a locating stud for the unit.(-fifNG PING Dt.PROJECTILE FUZES CAP SAFETY BRIDGE .. TCNATCR (TIME acriON) rmm iwr /. i-i :ri plÜU ■XX SAFETY tEVER P..Hit ^ .

Adjacent to the trigger a safety bridge is fitted which overlaps the hand to prevent functioning at settings of less than approximately 1 second. A thin disk of tin. approximately at the center. is of brass with a shoulder near the top which is engaged by the four centrifugal brass segments. The recess containing the shutter assembly is closed at the base by a screwed plug which has a central flash hole. carrying an igniferous detonator secured by a perforated screwed plug. The segments are retained in a position overlapping the pellet by an expanding spring ring. On the outer side of each. fitted inside the head. The graze pellet. TIME MECHANISM UNIT. has resulted in the use of a thin steel disk instead of the normal base of the spring barrel to support the spring. The spring plunger supporting the trigger engages in the end of the trigger instead of the inner side as with the S/30 and S/60s fuzes. The dome. A spiral creep spring is fitted between the pellet and a striker holder which consists of a steel disk screwed into the top of the recess containing the graze mechanism. The use of a stronger main spring. that is. The centrifugal bolt is a cylindrical pellet of brass with a recess at its outer end to locate the inner end of its spiral spring. The flash hole is closed by a thick disk of tin fitted between the inner face of the plug and the base of the shutter holder. The underside of the flange is cutaway at four places to receive corresponding projections at the base of the dome. By this means the tensioning of the head is adjusted during the assembly so that it can be turned for setting but will not slip. under thfe pressure of its spiral spring. is placed on top of the shutter holder. The cam collar is kept in this position by a safety lever which fits over flats formed on the forward end of the striker and is held by the ring shaped center of the hand. Four small screws are inserted through the coned flange to lock the securing ring when the fuze is tensioned during assembly. with a central flash hold and with part of its circumference cut away for the centrifugal bolt. The mechanism is similar to that in the S/30 and S/60s fuzes. The holder has a central flash hole and is recessed at one side of the centrifugal bolt which. between the ring and the flange when the ring is screwed down. which is of wider strip than the original. SHUTTER ASSEMBLY. The flat-topped aluminum head is in the shape of a cone with a cylindrical portion near the base. A spring-loaded ball protruding from one side of the plunger engaged a corresponding recess in the slots and thus supports the plungers which protrude below the base of the unit into recesses in the fuze body. The assembly contained in the lower recess in the body consists of a copper plate shutter moving in a guideway formed in the top of a cylindrical aluminum holder. is keyed to rotate with the center arbor under the control of a train of gear wheels and an escapement and. The outer end of the spring is held under the compression by the screwed plug closing the radial channel in the wall of the recess and located by a circular grove in the inner face of the plug. before firing is held by the pivoted trigger. bears against the outer end of the shutter and keeps the shutter in a position masking the flash hole in its aluminum holder. with a spiral spring beneath it. The plungers are comparatively weighty and consist of steel strips tapering toward the base on the inner side.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE a fiber washer. The head of the fuze is secured to the body by a steel securing ring which screws into the internal screw-thread above the flange. HEAD ASSEMBLY. The hand. Part of the race is cut away so that the hand can be pushed upwards by its spring when in alinement with the slot so formed. The time mechanism is assembled in a cylindrical unit of superimposed brass plates with an aluminum hand on the top and two locking plungers in slots cut down diametrically opposite sides of the cylindrical assembly. is of thin aluminum and is in the form of an inverted cup which fits over the time-mechanism unit and is keyed to the flange at the base of the aluminum head by four projections at its base. Between the base of the securing ring and the flange at the base of the head there is a length of waved spring wire which is compressed. a projecting vertical knife edge is formed. An external flange is formed at the base which supports the tensioning wire. it consists principally of a springloaded striker held off the detonator by an eccentric cam collar on the striker which is supported by a pillar and a centrifugal safety catch. The striker protruding from its underside has a pyramid shaped point. PERCUSSION MECHANISM. The inside of the top of the dome is shaped to form a 602 race against which the hand on the top of the time unit bears when rotating. .

with the hand race formed in its upper part. engages in the key slot in the head of the fuze. The inner ring is then rotated by means of its handle until the index is alined with the required graduation and takes with it the head of the fuze. is clamped by a key engaging in the key slot above the flange in the fuze body. As their wider portions with the protruding knife edges move back through the slots. At the same time. bearing the graduations. The turning of the head is retarded by the waved wire tension spring between the securing ring and flange at the base of the head. The small spring-loaded plunger in the trigger is then free to emerge and thus prevents the trigger rebounding. The dome inset. On acceleration the two tapered locking plungers set back into the recesses in the top of the body. the knife edges cut into the wall of the dome and thus prevent rotation of the dome relative to the mechanism unit. The fuze is set by turning the head with the aid of a setting device which consists of a. the trigger hinging on its pivot. bearing the index. 1. 28 K ACTION: The time of running is governed by the size of the arc extending counterclockwise between the position of the hand when held by the trigger and the position of the slot in the dome hand race. sets back and releases the hand. is rotated with the head to the set position.PROJECTILE FUZES ■NOSE CAP CLOCK MECHANISM STRIKER STRIKER SPRING AND DETONATOR DETONATOR NERTSA PELLET FLASH CHANNEL Figure 59SB—Dopp. The release of the hand enables the main spring to rotate the center arbor. The device is placed over the fuze. moves clear of the safety bridge and is pressed up against the hand race in the top of the dome by the spiral spring in the top of the arbor beneath the hand center. 603 . and the outer ring. A key in the inner ring. graduated ring surrounding a movable ring on which there is a setting index and a handle.

the slot in the hand race of the dome is masked by the safety bridge so that although the hand is released when acceleration occurs. REMARKS: The Dopp. and the shutter opens. S/90/45 except for variations in WOOD FIRING P!N ROD CENTRIFUGAL FORCE GEAR TRAIN ' Dopp z. The flash from the detonator passes through the hole in the base of the recess. surrounding the segments engaging the shoulder of the graze pellet. and the key slots in the head and body are in alinement.l bolt is thrown outwards. with the lever. at the base of the fuze. the coil of the expanding spring ring.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE During flight. Z. On graze. is enlarged and the segments are swung clear of the pellet by centrifugal force. through the channel exposed by the open shutter.S. The flash from the detonator. Z. is then rotated by the pressure of its spring combined with the effect of the inclined surface of the pillar. When the rotating hand reaches the slot in the hand race.23'1 väfe: 1938 S VteMpa Figure 596—Dopp. 28 K is identical to the Dopp. it is forced upwards by its spring and thus releases the safety lever keyed to the top of the striker. The striker. Z. directed by the shape of the detonator holder. compressing its spring. the safety catch is swung clear of the cam collar on the striker by centrifugal force and the striker is then supported only by the pillar. S/60 Ft. During flight. When set for percussion. 604 . the graze pellet overcomes the creep spring by its momentum and carries the detonator forward to be pierced by the striker. the contrifugp. The striker is driven away from the safety lever by its spring and pierces the detonator. the arrow on the head of the fuze coincides with the index line on the securing ring. passes into the lower part of the recess containing the graze pellet and follows the same course as that described for the percussion action. PERCUSSION ACTION. perforates the tin disk and emerges through the hole in the screwed plug. At this setting.s/eoa 1 Rh. At the same time. it cannot rise through the slot to release the safety lever and the striker.

see figure 597A. This section will deal only with the electrical time fuze for projectiles.PROJECTILE FUZES the gear train ratios used in the clockwork mechanism. EMPLOYMENT: Mechanical time and/or impact nose fuse used in German 8. Electrical firing is also used in some contact fuzes. E. this energy is leaked onto the actual firing condenser through a charging resistor (rang 0. Z. It may be charged as long as 30 minutes before firing. to contact a muzzle charging ring as the projectile leaves the gun. (See fig. which puts voltage on the annular storage condenser. CONSTEUCTION: The body construction and clock mechanism are similar to the Zt. In various types of fuzes this condenser varies from 0. S/60 FL. Z. 28 K is employed in the 21-cm K. the fuze is hand or machine charged by putting 300 to 500 volts across the . (See fig. S/30 shell and an insulated contact. S/30 Fgl.'8-cm and 10. It differs in that the time can be set up to 60 seconds and it has an impact firing pin. 595^. This rod is kept in place by the fact that its diameter is larger than the hollow center hole. ) The Dopp. S/30 Fgl. antiaircraft shells.C5 Figure 597B—Wiring Diagram 605 . EL. DOPP. 596. ZT.5-cm H. Threaded length: 0. The whole diameter is enlarged.0 mfd. Maximum diameter: 2. ACTION: The clockwork delay action is the same as that in the Zt. Z. A firing pin rod passes through the hollow center of the fuze. the firing pin rod is driven through the enlarged hole in the hollow shaft forcing the firing pin into the detonator. S/30 DESCRIPTION: The electrical time fuze has been worked on in Germany for about 15 years and has been in standard service in bombs with the armed services for some time. 39 projectiles. 597B.5 mfd.2 to 0. All electrical time and influence fuzes have fundamentally the same firing circuit.375 inches. Figure 597A—El. Before firing.) DATA: Over-all length: 4. 2. however. Z. This may also be accomplished by allowing the feeler wire. Z. It. 38 and 28-cm Gr. This muzzle charging ring will be described at the end of this section. Number of threads: 4 EH. and this has been standardized. Gr. When the fuze is set for impact. The firing pin is also released during flight by a centrifugal arm.2 to 2.0 meg).25 to 3. The usual values for the firing condenser vary from 0. by means of a switch. (See fig.500 inch.375 inches. by the action of a gear train which is activated by centrifugal force. At set-back.) The triggering voltage may then come from either the output of the influence device or from the charging of a condenser network in the case of the electrical time fuze.

In the general types used.000-5. one has a 160-volt break-down and the other 190volt for bomb and shell respectively. The control element is sometimes center-tapped on a 10. thus making new connections. allows the switch to come back up 4 or 5 mm further than before.0 seconds. On set-back the spring is depressed and a 4. or putty. Molded plastic blocks hold all the parts securely in individual holes. The remaining 3 volts to trigger the fuze then comes from the control device. The number and size of parts varies only slightly between^ models so standard molds may be used for all types of electrical fuzes. It is packaged into a small capsule with explosive around it and sealed up. about 500 volts (on C2) some time before firing and a "vernier" charge from about + 120 to —90 volts (on C5). 606 . The 2-element tube is used with 10. This is done to give the control element the correct initial voltage.35-mfd.to 15volt control. they had used squibs with resistances of 1. This "vernier" charge is either applied before firing with the time interval to the gun very accurately controlled. say 187 volts for a 190-volt tube.to 5-mm ball is allowed to spin out.000 ohms but the newer type had been much more reliable. The squibs can be fired 100 percent from an 0. The correct initial voltage has to be applied so that when this storage condenser voltage is leaked through a resistor onto the firing condenser a margin of safety is left. and a spin operated plug under the squib are the only safety features except for the booster which is separate. also its position during flight. The control tube is of the cold cathode arc discharge type. The electrical connections to the set-back switch are the same before and during set-back.000megohm voltage divider in parallel with the firing condenser and the glow tube. after the set-back forces are over and the projectile is out ©f the muzzle. If no vernier charge is applied the time to burst is 16. Electrical time fuzes usually receive an initial charge of. giving a range of about 3-30 seconds. Formerly.and 4-element types are used in the influence types. which. and are further potted in place with pitch. condenser charged to 42-50 volts. KC safety.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE GUN 3ARRE CHARGING RING ELECTRIC FUZE Figure 597C—Muzzle Charging Ring Condenser values ace kept fairly high to insure firing of the primer with a minimum of delay. The outside metal parts used in influence fuzes also use standard electrical time fuze parts. The squib itself has a resistance of 5 to 10 ohms and is of bridge wire construction. Various types are used anywhere from 2 to 4 elements. This set-back switch. or by use of a "feeler wire" from the nose contacting a metal charging ring at the muzzle of the gun and picking up the charge as it is fired. The sketch shows the position of the set-back switch before and during set-back. The initial charge on the storage condenser determines the sensitivity. Two element tubes are used in electrical time fuzes and the 3. wax.

PROJECTILE FUZES BOLT ENTRtFUGAL SEGMENTS AND SPRING CREEP SPRING — DETONATOR FLASH CHANNEL Figure 598—A. H. Direct connection is made be- tween the cylinder and the charging ring via the three arms welded to the charging ring. 23 NB (PREBSTOFF) EMPLOYMENT: GUN PROJECTILE s. Z. The charging point inside the cone that contacts the insulated charging point on the fuze is connected to the switch on the handle. F. F. They are argon or krypton filled to a 20. s. The glow tubes generally have iron or steel electrodes.) The cylinder is connected by means of a cable to the battery and voltage-control mechanism. A. 36 lg. nickel plated and then potassium or barium coated. H. s. H. F. (See fig. so the gas pressure is controlled as well (over the above range). (t) 607 .to 30-mm pressure. being regulated for each tube when it is made to get the striking voltage exact. 37 (t) (See fig. F. at the breech end of the gun. 15-cm Gr. 13/02 s. H. H. F. 597C. The hand charging device consists of a truncated cone so designed that it will fit snug on the fuze. 1. 25 (t) s. 23 NB iPrebstoff) Some of the tubes are externally coated with graphite or a similar material to leak off any stray charges. F.000 g. H. 19 Nb. When the tubes are finished they are supposed to stand 12. 18 s. 19 Nb. F. 15 (t) s. H. In manufacture the striking voltage cannot be held close enough by the spacing of the elements alone. This enables the operator to charge the storage condenser and govern the charging time to the exact second necessary.) 15-cm Gr. 598. MUZZLE CHARGING RING: The muzzleloading device consists of a cylinder which fits around the barrel of the gun just behind the muzzle and the charging ring which is held out in front of the muzzle by means of three arms located 120° apart. 13 lg.

Z. the safety bolt moves back on its spring thereby allowing the centrifugal segments to pivot outwards against the flat coil spring due to the centrifugal force set up by the spin of the projectile in flight. in turn. The flash from the detonator passes through the flash channel to the detonator in the gaine. ACTION: After the projectile is fired. are held in position by a safety bolt. 1.) 608 .GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE CLOSING CAP STRIKER DETAINING SLEEVE INNER HOUSING LOCKING BALLS SPLIT RING DETONATOR PELLET Bd. (See fig. 1511 AND BD. Z. BASE FUZES BD. 1512 EMPLOYMENT: Base fuzes used in German 20mm ammunition. 2. 1511 and Bd. 15 12 DESCRIPTION: This fuze combines graze and direct action and carries a wooden hammer positioned over a steel striker. The striker is held off the detonator by centrifugal segments which bear against a flat coil spring and which. Z. 599. The striker is now resting on the firing pin spring and on impact moves forward to fire the detonator. 1513 (NOMENCLATURE UNCERTAIN) -—i Figure 599—Bd.

B. As the striker is pulled free from the springs. Z. C. Z. REMARKS: It is believed that this fuze is being used extensively today. A fixed detonator is held in the central flash channel of the fuze body. but the exact nomenclature is uncertain. A striker with a large circular head which tapers outward is retained by two spring strips which partially surround the head. 1. inertia causes the detonator pellet to set forward impinging upon the striker. A movable detonator pellet is retained by two small locking balls in the base of the fuze body. A fixed striker is housed in the top of the fuze. Z. it is assumed that the fuze is designated Bd. PiN CONSTRUCTION: The fuze which screws into the base of 20-mm ammunition contains no tracer element. but the 1511 has a tracer and the 1512 does not have a tracer. One end of each spring is fixed to the fuze body and the remainder follows the contours of the striker head fitting closely against it. P. the enlarged diameter of the tapered striker head spreads the springs apart. ACTION: Centrifugal force opens the split ring releasing the locking balls. ACTION: On impact. Upon impact. C. shell for INERTIA SLEEVE DETONATOR -DETONATOR HOLDER FUZE 6CDY _TRACER COMPOSITION PRIMER COMPOSITION COMPOSITION Figure 600—Bd. Z. 1511 and Bd. GAINE GYCLONITE LEAD AZiDE STYPHATE 65/35 ___. The nose is closed by a cap containing a central flash hole. 1513 (NOMENCLATURE UNCERTAIN) EMPLOYMENT: Base fuze used in German 20mm ammunition. Since it is used interchangeably with the Bd. 5127 DESCRIPTION: This is a base fuze fitted with a tracer and is used in the A. A split ring holds the balls in the unarmed position. inertia forces the striker forward onto the detonator. REMARKS: Both fuzes function in the same manner.PROJECTILE FUZES CONSTRUCTION: The fuzes are threaded at the center of the body to engage the threads of the projectile. Z. 5127 609 . 1513. FUZE BASE BD.SHEAR STE EL RETAINING BALLS™. 1512 fuzes. BASE FUZE BD.

600. The tracer alone weighs % ounce. 5130 610 .8-cm Pak.KI f'LATf: ■ i " ' < CO '■•■ tr OO 2* > roLo \K {BASE MARKINGS IN WHITE} Figure 607—Bd. closed on the outside by the inertia collar. STRIKER WIRE ZfHitiG f^p TTT? <T 3ÄLL- PEIXET W. which is held under compression bears against a shoulder in the channel at the forward end of the holder whilst the other end fits into the cup-shaped body of the striker. The front end of the fuze body is closed by a gaine containing cyclonite over lead azide and lead styphnate. The interior is divided into two compartments by a diaphragm forced into the body. its forward end is slightly less in diwv. 43 antitank gun. The fuze body is approximately 2. One end of the striker spring.) The tubular holder is screw-threaded externally for approximately two-thirds of its length from the base. Two flash holes are formed in the base of the striker body on diametrically opposite sides of the striker. (See fig.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE the 8. Nearer the forward end of the holder are two radial channels diametrically opposite. two steel balls and an inertia collar. Two steel balls are held partially in the channels and partially in two recesses in the body of the striker thereby holding the latter off the detonator. Z. The rear compartment contains the tracer and is smaller than that in the front which is screw-threaded internally and contains the fuze mechanism.8-cm Flak 41 multiple-purpose gun and for the 8. The weight of the fuze with tracer is 1114 ounces. ameter and is surrounded by a loose fitting inertia collar secured by a shear wire. The fuze mechanism consists mainly of a tubular mechanism holder having at its rear end a fixed pellet containing a detonator and at its front end a striker with a compressed spiral spring.8 inches long. The base of the holder is closed by a cup-shaped pellet containing an igniferous detonator. and screw-threaded externally at one end for insertion in the shell.

A large recess formed from the head. Internally it is recessed and threaded to take the gaine and detonator holder. On acceleration the detent. threaded externally and formed with two recesses at the base to take a key for screwing into the base of the shell. BASE. A ball which engages a shoulder on the graze pellet is held in this channel. through the recess containing the detent and into the recess containing the graze pellet. The striker. Number of Threads: 5 KH.PROJECTILE FUZES ACTION: On impact. under the action of its spring. CONSTRUCTION: The fuze is used in the 3. Threaded Length: 0. A channel. The detent is a solid cylindrical pellet with a concave head and a short stem at the 'base around which the upper end of spiral supporting spring is positioned. Two key flats are formed near the base end of the body. FUZE.65 inches. 15-28-39 DESCRIPTION: This fuze is screwed into the base of the shell on a copper washer and is secured by a fixing screw. On graze. 602. This recess is closed at the base by a disk secured by the turned over metal of the body. SKODA B. compressing the creep spring and the striker pierces the detonator." The detonator is retained by the mouth of the cup being turned in to overlap a washer. between the two recesses.)DATA: Over-all Length: 1. hollow charge. An inclined shoulder. The flash from the detonator passes through the flash channels on either side of the striker to the gaine at the forward end of the fuze. A helical spring is held between the head of the pellet and the base of the detonator holder. overcoming the spring. The detonator holder consists of a flanged cup with a flash hole in its base and contains an igniferous detonator stamped with the number "26. The weight of the fuze is 4 ounces 12 drams. contains the graze pellet and is closed at the top by the detonator holder. 5130" is stamped in the base.7-cm Stick Bomb (3. the smaller end of the spring fitting around the striker. by the detent. the pellet moves forward. the inertia collar sets forward and breaks the shear wire thereby allowing the steel balls.0 inch. The pellet contains two polished nickel steel safety balls which are carried in a recess at the bottom of the pellet. The function of the safety balls together with the creep spring is to retain the pellet in a safe position before firing. with which the ball engages. detonator holder. varnished black. is drilled from the exterior of the body. under centrifugal action. The gaine is of steel. 601. striker pellet.7-cm Stiel Gr 41). The graze pellet consists of a solid cylindrical pellet fitted with a striker at the head. It contains the detonator and exploder and is screwed into the upper end of the fuze body against the detonator holder. these lead into a lateral recess in the body into which the safety balls move after the shell has left the bore. (See fig. Z. Z. muzzle stick bomb and is of the igniferous type with a graze action. Two inclined grooves are cut in the body near the base. to move outwards and unlock the striker. ACTION: During transport the graze pellet is held away from the detonator by the ball which is held in contact with the shoulder on the pellet by the detent. The body of the fuze is cylindrical with a threaded portion of reduced diameter at the head for insertion in the bomb. The holder is supported at its flange by a step formed in the top of the recess and is secured by turned in metal of the body. The designation of the fuze "Bd. with a downward incline towards the side. Maximum Diameter: 1. A smaller recess near the periphery is formed from the base and contains a detent supported by a spiral spring. 611 . sets back and thus releases the ball which moves down the inclined channel and leaves the graze pellet held off the detonator only by the helical creep spring. (See fig.7-cm Pak. is forced back on to the detonator. The concave head of the detent is apparently designed to receive the ball when the detent rises again so as to push the ball up into the top of the recess.) The body is of steel. is formed below the head.25 inch. varnished black. It consists of a body. 5130 EMPLOYMENT: Base fuze for the 3. Z. creep spring and gaine. The aluminum striker pellet with steel striker is housed inside the detonator holder. BASE FUZE BD.

) CONSTRUCTION: The fuze is an ignifercus base fuze of the graze type with a delay action. An eccentric flash hole leads to a larger recess in the forward end of the unit which contains 1. BASE FUZE BD. This movement locks the safety balls in the recess in the body. The point of the striker protrudes into the top of the graze pellet.3 percent. The delay unit is in the form of a brass plug with a central flash hole in the base and a recess filled with 0. 603. The composition is made up of mercury fulminate 21.7 percent.2 grains of detonating composition over 13 grains of gunpowder. the creep spring reasserts itself and returns the pellet to its original position.0 percent and grit 0. After firing.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE GAINE PERCUSSION DETONATOR CREEP SPRING _ NEEDLE POINT STRIKER S4FETY BALL Figure 602—Skoda B. and closed at the forward end by a screwed in brass head with a central cavity and flash hole sealed with a brass disk and varnish. The brass graze pellet. The segments are encircled by an expanding ring of phosphor bronze which retains them in the overlapping position and thus prevents forward movement of the graze pellet. The forward pressure of the safety balls on the pellet having ceased. On impact. The detonator consists of a copper shell closed at the top by a copper disk and at the bottom by a copper disk with a square hole in the center covered by a paper disk. This movement is assisted by the safety balls which. The latter. The filling consists of 1. Z. brass plated. detonates the bursting charge of the shell. lock the pellet to the detonator holder. houses a detonator holder resting on a fibre washer. C/38 EMPLOYMENT: Used in shells for heavy guns the ammunition for which is often of Naval design. potassium chlorate 44.8 grain of pressed powder. Above the delay unit is 612 . The body is screw-threaded ex- ternally with a right-handed thread for insertion into the shell and recessed internally to take the grazed mechanism. On deceleration. (See fig. Z.2 grains of pressed gunpowder. The striker is of steel and is secured by a steel plug which screws into the striker holder. in turn. antimony suphide 34. the pellet tends to creep forward overcoming the resistance of the creep spring. The recess in the fuze body houses a steel platform which carries five centifugal segments overlapping the top of the brass graze pellet. The flash ignites the detonator in the gaine which.of set-back keeps the pellet held against the fuze body. fuze is at rest. The brass head is internally screw-threaded -to take a brass plug which holds a screwed brass delay unit at its forward end. which is closed at the base by a screwed in steel plug. the pellet is carried forward on to the detonator overcoming the spring. The body is of steel. acting under centrifugal force. are caused to ride up the inclined planes in the detonator holder into the lateral recess in the body.0 percent. when the. after the shell has left the bore. The pellet is now held from the detonator only by the creep spring. the effect. 15-28-39 ACTION: Before firing the striker pellet is kept from the detonator by the creep spring and the two safety balls.

Z. The detonator is pierced immediately on graze or impact and the flash pro- DELAY UNIT BRASS PLUG FLASH HOLES CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENT EXPANDING SPRING PIVOT — STEEL PLATFORM DETONATOR GRAZE PELLET CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS EXPANDING SPRING Figure 603—Bd. tends to creep forward toward the striker. OPERATION: Centrifugal force set up by the spin of the projectile in flight causes the spring BRASS HEAD GUN POWER ring to expand and permit the segments to rotate on their pivots thus freeing the graze pellet which. as there is no creep spring. C/38 613 .PROJECTILE FUZES a filling of 23 grains of pressed gunpowder contained in a recess in the brass head of the fuze.

It operates with a delay of 0. a steel body. The tapered portion is bored radially to form two rows of three holes each. and above the recess are two indents. and bored in two diameters to accommodate the fuze mechanism. The Bd.■'! •' -ARGE STiRRUP SPRING \ 'ALL STiKRUP SPPING Figure 604—27/34 W. brass ferrule. near the base. and is tapered to the front to a tubular closed end. diametrically opposed. it is screw-threaded to receive the front portion. (See fig. and a felt disk. REMARKS: The Bd. The fuze is used in the 28-cm range of shell.) DESCRIPTION: The fuze consists principally of STRIKER BAL . The fuze is constructed largely of steel and the segments are of aluminum. C/38 except that it has a larger gage and is fitted with a creep spring. C/38. The body is in two parts. Shell of Polish origin. Internally. 27/34 W. and screw-threaded externally for insertion in the shell. two steel balls. FUZE.7-cm A. Z. P. steel inertia pellet containing detonating composition. BASE. An internal striker is formed in the closed end and is integral with the body. 604. Z.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE duced passes through the flash holes in the striker holder to the delay unit. The front part is screw-threaded externally at one end for attachment to the rear part. Externally. Z. a small and a large stirrup spring. 2. Z. 36 614 . The rear part is flanged. brass arming sleeve. It is constructed largely of steel and is fitted with brass segments.03 second. 40 K base fuze is also similar to Bd. it is recessed circumferentially. 36 EMPLOYMENT: This base fuze is of the graze type and used in German 3. which partly accommodate the two balls. The inertia pellet is cylindrical with a solid closed base end. Z. except that it is of smaller gage. C/36 fuze is similar to Bd.

which partly accommodate the two steel balls. Two lugs. CONSTRUCTION: The body is threaded externally at the middle to engage the threads of the projectile.656 inches.) DATA: Over-all length: 2. AFTER FIRING. (See fig. 605. On impact. 606. The stirrup spring is cylindrical. and a capsule of detonating composition. BASE FUZE W. The sleeve is supported by the larger stirrup spring. Threaded length: 0. On acceleration. When set-back has been overcome. on the outside of which is fitted a stirrup spring. The copper capsule is cup shaped with a hole in its base which is closed on its inside by a copper disk 0\003 inch thick. thereby freeing the two balls which move outwards under centrifugal action. Threaded length: 0. Surrounding the base of the detonator and the small spring is an iron ring.89 gram of C. BASE FUZE M. P. the inertia pellet moves forward onto the striker and detonates its filling. Number of threads: 11 RH. The ferrule surrounds the base end of the inertia pellet and is supported by the smaller of the two stirrup springs. Creep action is prevented by the smaller of the two stirrup springs. Z. intertia forces the detonator pellet to free itself from these spring extensions and to move forward against the fixed firing pin in the top of the fuze. Number of threads: 7 LH. Near the top of this ring.57 gram with a thin layer of TNT weighing 0. ammunition.026 gram. Maximum diameter: 1. its lower edge has three external projections which fit under the ferrule and its upper edge has three internal projections which engage in the recess near the base of the inertia pellet.406 inches. CONSTRUCTION: The upper body. It surrounds the forward part of the ferrule and retains the two steel balls locking the inertia pellet in the safe position. ACTION The inertia pellet is locked and held away from the striker by the two steel balls which are retained by the arming sleeve. are two holes for holding the locking balls.7-mm A. shell.0 inches.5 inch.0625 inches. The capsule is inserted in the inertia pellet open end first.) DATA: Overall length: 2. The arming sleeve is cylindrical with a circumferential internal recess near its base edge.04 gram on top. the arming sleeve sets back and is retained by the larger stirrup spring which engages the circumferential groove. On impact or graze. The ferrule is cylindrical with an external circumferential recess about its center. 35 EMPLOYMENT: Base fuze used on German 4.688 inch. The lower body is threaded to engage the threads on the projectile. and consisting of mercury fulminate 22. P.6 percent and ground glass 3.PROJECTILE FUZES The pellet contains 0. BEFORE FIRING. (See fig. The detonator pellet is now held only by the three spring extensions at the base. Above this composition is a pellet of mercury fulminate weighing 0. cut diametrically opposite in its lower edge. potassium chlorate 40. the brass ring has been driven to the base of the fuze creating a clearance into which the locking balls are thrown by centrifugal force. The stirrup spring is cylindrical and split.7-cm A. project and fit under the arming sleeve. A felt disk is inserted between the base of the inertia pellet and the fuze body. Compressed composition explosive beneath the pellet acts as a booster. Maximum diameter: 1.9 percent. which extends into the projectile.0 percent.5 percent. A detonator is screwed into the top of 615 . bored diametrically opposite. Near its forward end are two holes. antimony sulphide 33. The detonator pellet has two indentations on the side to hold locking balls and a groove near the base which engages three vertical extensions of a spring which surrounds the pellet. 36 EMPLOYMENT: Mechanical Impact Base Fuze for Polish 3. ACTION: Set-back causes the brass ring to bear against the stirrup spring located outside the iron ring. The two locking balls engage the indentations in the detonator pellet and are positioned by a brass ring which surrounds the whole assembly. Above the disk is a composition weighing 0. houses a fixed firing pin and a chamber into which is slipped a detonator pellet with a detonator on top of it. and secured by turning the end of the pellet over the base of the capsule and varnishing the join. E.

The collar which retains these balls increases in diameter towards the top. Inertia causes the housing to move forward compressing its spring.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE the fuze and a tracer is crimped into a recess at the base.-'. ACTION: The primer housing is locked in place by the steel balls until the projectile strikes an object.5-CM (SMALL CAVITY) EMPLOYMENT: Base fuze used on German I jässti:*wS!8seS$6iBifc. FIRING PIN «es| DETONATOR DETONATOR PELLET iKON HMG - LOCKING BAU BRASS RING - STIRRUP SPRING GROOVE DETONATOR PELLET SPRINC Figure 605—W. The locking balls move forward also and are cammed out into the enlarged portion of the retaining ring. 2. A primer housing with a funnel-shaped hole through it and surrounded by a compressed spring is held in place by six steel balls. 36 616 . BASE FUZE FOR 7. The primer then impinges upon the striker and the flash passes through the funnel-shaped hole firing the detonator.

PROJECTILE FUZES SPRING STEEL BALL RETAINING COLLAR STRIKER TRACER Figure 606—M.5-cm Projectiles [Small Cavity) 617 . 35 BOOSTER ALUMINUM ADAPTER WASHER FIRING PIN ~ > BRASS SHEAR WIRE < DETONATOR ^mmmnaSBB STEEL 80DY Figure 607—Fuze for 7.

5 cm-Pzgr.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE 7. Maximum diameter: 1. Number of threads: 6 LH. shells. CHAMBER FLASH HOLE STRIKER CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS PRIMER INERTIA PELLET PLAN WITH GAINE ADAPTER REMOVED \ SHOWING \ CENTRIFUGAL \ \ SEGMENTS Figure 608—Bd.563 inches (without tracer). calcium silicide. and PETN wax DETONATOR COMPRESSION. (targe Cavity) 618 . The center of the body is threaded externally to engage the threads on the projectile.063 inches. It. Threaded length: 0. A booster. CONSTKUCTION: The base of the steel body is threaded internally to receive a brass tracer container. 7. Over-all length: 1.438 inch. An aluminum adapter is screwed over the top of the fuze body. E.) DATA: Over-all length: 1. P.781 inches (with tracer). 607.5-cm H. containing either pellets of lead azide. projectiles and 5-cm A. (See fig.

ACTION: Centrifugal force causes the centrifugal segments to expand against the expanding spring ring thus releasing the inertia pellet. Maximum diameter: 2. Number of threads: 6 RH.8-cm A. The flash passes through the firing pin.8-CM PZGR. The detonator is fixed in the fuze. Four flash holes around the striker lead to a compression chamber which is closed by a brass disk with a pin-point hole in the center. the primer holder moves forward shearing the shear wire and impinging the primer on the firing pin. The flash. CONSTRUCTION: This fuze contains a springloaded striker and is contained in a housing that fits into the base of the projectile. Threaded length: 0. The centrifugal segments of the customary arming device are of light alloy rather than brass and a steel detonator holder replaces the brass type. (See fig. Threaded length: 0. P. projectiles. BD. The firing pin is fitted with a spring under compression by two balls which are held stationary by a spring clip in a slight cannelure just forward of the collar.75 inch.PROJECTILE FUZES or tetryl. the funnel washer.563 inches. goes forward impinging upon the fixed firing pin. the paper and gauze disks. P. A light creep spring is incorporated as an added safety feature between the detonator holder and the fixed firing pin.) DATA: Over-all length: 3. When the pressure has been built up sufficiently. Maximum diameter: 0. CONSTRUCTION: This fuze is similar in construction to the fuze used on the 7. P.50 inches.8-CM. Maximum diameter: 2. and PETN/wax. CONSTRUCTION: This fuze is similar in exterior construction to the 7.5-cm A. BD. Threaded length: 0. This hole leads to another detonator composed of lead styphnate.5-cm A.) DATA: Over-all length: 2. PZGR. (See fig. shell. C. The flash from the primer passes through the washer and a channel in the firing pin. 7. The top of the fuze closing plug is threaded externally to accept an aluminum cap which has a center hole lining up with the hole in the disk. ZF.188 inches. (See fig. The balls are free to move out of position. REMARKS: The building up of pressure in the compression chamber determines the delay in the fuze. a shear wire restrains the collar until impact. C.875 inches.812 inch. ACTION: Upon impact. containing the primer. EMPLOYMENT: Small cavity fuze for 8. 610. Z. shells.812 inch. The washer is separated from the booster by a series of paper and gauze disks which delay the action of the fuze.5-CM PZGR. (LARGE CAVITY) EMPLOYMENT: Mechanical Impact Base Fuze used on German 8. FOR 8. It has a fixed striker and an inertia pellet containing a primer in the top. the flash passes through the pin-point hole in the closing disk firing the detonator. REMARKS: Another version of this fuze has been identified in which there is no spring clip or cannelure but in their place.875 inch. 608. BD.8-cm A. The flash is transmitted through four holes surrounding the striker to a compression chamber closed by a coned brass disk with a pin-point hole leading to the booster. Number of threads: 6 RH. Number of threads: 14 RH. 609. A funnel-shaped washer secures a firing pin in the body of the fuze. after passing through the four holes around the striker. It has the standard German centrifugal arming mechanism. (LARGE CAVITY) EMPLOYMENT: Mechanical Impact Base Fuze used in German 7. Upon impact the inertia pellet. projectile. The primer holder is held away from the firing pin by a heavy brass shear wire. is screwed into this adapter and is sealed by an aluminum cap. ZF.) DATA: Over-all length: 2.312 inches. 619 . The booster then fires the shell. ACTION: Upon impact the collar moves forward due to inertia forcing the spring clip out of position. releasing the spring-loaded striker which is forced on to the primer.5-cm (small type) fuze. enters the compression chamber. 8. P. and into the booster. lead azide.

Z.8 OT^ 1 Figure 610—Bd.■ 6. ■. COMPRESSION CHAMBER STRIKER CREEP SPRING T0P_ae«.R « >1 i '% ' ^ o5: Figure 609—Bd.jÄfc 'HI flFl TPAOF. If. for 8. (Large Cavity) kMm:% 620 . 8.■.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE SPRING * ST •-- ß^{ — SPRING CLIP — COLLAR .8-cm Pzgr. SEGMENTS & JI«L„äll||iL PRIMER INERTIA PELLET < ^ *. ~. COPPER j »IT CENTRIFUGAL. If' 'VU /#^£t.>.BALL -■• FIRING PW PRIMER .8-cm Pzgr.

V. REMARKS: The building up of pressure in the chamber apparently is what determines the delay in this fuze.) DATA: FUZE: Over-all length: 3.0 inch. Number of threads: 8 RH. The flash. Number of threads: 12 RH. builds up a pressure in the compression chamber. When a great enough pressure is reached.125 inches. (without delay). BOOSTER HOLDER: Over-all length: 6. 611. it flashes through the pin-point hole in the coned disk firing the detonator. Z. (long delay). Threaded length: 1. (15-CM GR. rides easily on an aluminum foil-covered steel plate towards the base of the fuze. V. K.062 inches.) 621 . (15-cm Gr.0 inches. Upon impact. V. Maximum diameter: 2. a locking ring on which are marked the setting indications G. to the bottom of which is affixed a felt disk. A notched setting disk which gives choice of two delays or instantaneous action is seated in the fuze head and held in the fuze by. A second notch on the underside of the setting disk engages a ridged portion of the aluminum striker holder. after passing through the four holes below the striker. 19 BE. Threaded length: 1. CONSTRUCTION : This steel fuze threads into a large steel booster adapter.) EMPLOYMENT: Base fuze for 15-cm Granat 19 anticoncrete shell. J9 Be.0 inches.PROJECTILE FUZES ACTION: Centrifugal force causes the centrifugal segments to expand the copper ring releasing the inertia pellet containing the primer. Three 800STER ADAPTER POWOER TRAY ALUMINUM ~ DISC . (See fig.0 inches. Z. O. Maximum diameter: 3. the primer overcomes the creep spring and impinges upon the fixed striker.STRIKER HOLDER -£ — STRIKER DETONATOR STEEL BODYSTEEL PLATE CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS DETONATOR HOLDER SETTING DISC Figure 611—Bd. This holder. (short delay). BASE FUZE BD.

The body is screwthreaded externally with a left-hand thread for insertion in the base of the rocket. determines delay. Z. Thus. rocket. A powder tray with one hole giving access to the gaine screws into the fuze base. 612. All steel components are rustproofed. arming the fuze. FUZE. 1.) Rakaten Oranate. BASE. DOV EMPLOYMENT: 15-cm (See fig. igniferous/ detonator and steel screwed plug. to the aluminum disk containing the delays. The fuze consists of a steel body. BD. It may be identified by the stamping "Bd. The detonator in a brass holder is held from the fixed firing pin by means of five centrifugal detents in a spring ring. steel detonator holder. over the threads. E. five centrifugal segments of light alloy. steel striker. DOV" in the base. the detonator impinges on the striker and flashes through a flash hole beside the striker.GERMAN EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE holes drilled in this plate give access to three holes in an aluminum disk below it. creep spring.4 inches and its maximum diameter. DOV 622 . the turning of the holder which has a single flash hole. The firing mechanism is standard and simple. and the forward end is reduced in diameter IGNIFEROUS DETONATOR CREEP SPRING EXPANDING SPRING RING CENTRSFUGAL SEGMENTS NEEDLE PELLE' EXPANDING SPRING RING \ CENTRIFUGAL SEGMENTS Figure 6J2—Bd. DESCRIPTION: This is a direct action base fuze used in the 15-cm H. The over-all length of the fuze is 1. is 1. Z.75 inches. expanding spring ring. On impact. ACTION: Rotation of the projectile causes the centrifugal detents to swing out against the spring. Two of these contain black powder delays while the third is empty.

438 inches. Maximum diameter: 0. CONSTRUCTION: The body is made of a black colored plastic with an aluminum band around the shoulder. (See fig. One wire is connected to the aluminum band around the shoulder and the other to a metal disk in the base of the fuze. On deceleration and when the necessary rotational velocity is reached. IGNITER BRIDGE ELECTRIC FUZE ERZ 39 EMPLOYMENT: This base fuze fits into one of the venturi of the German 15-cm and 21-cm rockets. The spiral creep spring surrounding the striker is held between the smaller shoulder of the striker pellet and a seating in the detonator holder. S. On impact or graze. ACTION: An electric current is passed through the fuze firing the igniter bridge. which are connected by a coned boring with a seating for one end of the creep spring. In the unarmed position. and provided with two shoulders below the needle. It is bored centrally from the front in two diameters to form chambers to house the needle pellet and centrifugal segments. 613. The smaller chamber houses an igniferous detonator and is closed by a perforated screwed plug secured by stabbing. The detonator holder is bored centrally to form two chambers. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1956 O . They are surrounded and retained in this position by an expanding spring ring. Creep action by the striker pellet is prevented by the creep spring.PROJECTILE FUZES and screwthreaded for the attachment of the detonator holder. The striker is held off the detonator by the centrifugal segments which are retained in the closed position by the expanding spring ring. in turn. ACTION BEFORE FIRING. This. REMARKS: This fuze is to be replaced by the type ERZ 39 (B) which is manufactured from heat resistant materials.407079 . 8L. the pellet moves forward.) METAL DISC Figure 613—Electric Fuze ERZ 39 623 ■frU. compressing the creep spring and carries the striker on to the detonator. swing outwards under centrifugal force.ACK '-'OWDtH ALUMINUM „ ^ PLASTIC BODY w. The larger chamber is screwthreaded to receive the forward end of the fuze body.536 inch. The five centrifugal segments are pivoted on pins and are shiped so that one locks the other. The pellet is housed in the base of the body. Within the body is a igniter bridge from which runs two wires. DURING FLIGHT. No threads. the segments. clear of the striker pellet. the segments engage the larger shoulder of the striker pellet and hold the striker off the detonator. overcoming the spring ring.' The distinguishing feature of this new fuze is the grey color of the body. fires the black powder charge which sets off the propellant. A black powder charge is located just above the igniter bridge. which is located centrally in the larger chamber. The needle is integral with the inertia pellet. DATA: Over-all length: 1.